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Electric Fields

# Electric Fields

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use it to know all about electrical line of forces
use it to know all about electrical line of forces

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10/17/2011

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Earth’s surface

m

m g

Negatively charged surface

q E

+q

g

E

To lift an object of mass m a height h in a uniform gravitational field
g without acceleration, you must apply a force m g. The work you do
is + m g h, while the work done by the field is - m g h. When you lower
the object, you do negative work and the field does positive work.
Near the surface of a negatively charged object, the electric field is
nearly uniform. To lift without acceleration a positive charge q in a
downward field E requires a force q E. You do positive work in lifting
the charge, and the field does negative work. The signs reverse when
you lower the charge.

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