Progress on

SANITATION and
Drinking-water

2013
UPDATE

WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data
Progress on sanitation and drinking-water - 2013 update.
1.Water supply - standards. 2.Sanitation - trends. 3.Drinking-water - supply and distribution. 4.Program evaluation.
I.World Health Organization. 2.UNICEF.
ISBN 978 92 4 150539 0

(NLM classification: WA 670)

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Contents
Global Sanitation Trends 1990–2011......................................................................................................................... 4
Trends IN OPEN DEFECATION 1990–2011. . ...................... ............................................................................................... 6
GLOBAL Drinking-water TRENDS 1990–2011.. ............ ............................................................................................... 8
Towards a post-2015 development agenda............ ............................................................................................ 10
THE JMP METHOD.. . . . . . . . ............................................................................................................................................................. 12
Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water. ............................ 14
Trends in urban and rural sanitation coverage, 1990–2011. ..................................................................... 36
Trends in urban and rural drinking-water coverage, 1990–2011. ......................................................... 37
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS: REGIONAL GROUPINGS. ................................................................................ 38

JMP 2013 update:
Highlights
This JMP 2013 update presents country, regional
and global estimates for the year 2011. Since the
JMP 2012 update, which presented 2010 estimates,
results of 230 surveys have been added to the JMP
database, bringing the total number of surveys in
the JMP database close to 1700. As is to be expected
from an annual update, the global estimates have
hardly changed. Drinking-water coverage in 2011
remains at 89% – which is 1% above the MDG
drinking-water target. In 2011, 768 million people
relied on unimproved drinking-water sources.
Sanitation coverage in 2011 was 64%. The world
remains off track to meet the MDG sanitation target
of 75% and if current trends continue, it is set to
miss the target by more than half a billion people.
By the end of 2011, there were 2.5 billion people
who still did not use an improved sanitation facility.
The number of people practising open defecation
decreased to a little over 1 billion, but this still
represents 15% of the global population.
Since 2011, the JMP has facilitated broad
discussions among more than 200 representatives
from the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)
sector, academia and the human rights and global
monitoring communities to formulate new global
WASH targets and indicators for consideration under

the post-2015 development agenda. On page 10 of
this report, this process is further explained, and
the preliminary outcomes of these discussions are
presented for further consideration.
With less than three years to go, a final push is
needed to meet the MDG sanitation target. This
requires providing around 1 billion people with
access to sanitation – a daunting task that can only
be accomplished through the concerted efforts of
many partners.
In March 2013, the Deputy Secretary-General of the
United Nations called upon the world to increase
global efforts to accelerate progress towards the
MDG sanitation target, which is among the targets
for which progress has fallen furthest behind. In
particular, he called upon governments, civil society,
the private sector and UN agencies to pull together
and help end the practice of open defecation by
the year 2025. Page 6 of this report shows which
countries have decreased open defecation rates
the most since 1990. Some of these countries still
have a rather large proportion of the population
practising open defecation, while others have
reduced the practice to only a few per cent of the
population.

4

1.

Global Sanitation Trends
1990–2011

In 2011, almost two thirds (64%) of the world
population relied on improved sanitation facilities,
while 15% continued to defecate in the open. Since
1990, almost 1.9 billion people have gained access
to an improved sanitation facility. The world, however,
remains off track to meet the Millennium Development
Goal (MDG) sanitation target, which requires reducing

the proportion of people without access from 51%
in 1990, to 25% by 2015. The greatest progress has
been made in Eastern Asia, where sanitation coverage
has increased from 27% in 1990 to 67% in 2011. This
amounts to more than 626 million people gaining
access to improved sanitation facilities over a 21-year
period.

There are 45 countries where sanitation coverage is less than 50 percent

76–90%

91–100%

50–75%

Insufficient data or not applicable

<50%

Figure 1. Proportion of the population using improved sanitation in 2011.

Open defecation rates have sharply declined in almost all developing regions
14
26
39

36

31

13

10

16

4
0
6

7

5

10

64
Coverage (%)

16

8

10

6

3
5
4

7

1
13

2

18

6

59

4

4

72

82
68

80

41
26

88
7

96

2011

1990

2011

1990

2011

36

36

1990

2011

1990

2011

Northern
Africa

1990

2011

Latin
America
& Caribbean
Open defecation

1990

2011

Western
Asia

1990

13
6

64

67
57

49

36

27

SubSouthOceania
Saharan
eastern
Africa
Asia
Improved
Shared
Unimproved

11

7

91

30

15
10

21
26

71

24

19

47

Southern
Asia

18

12

50

90
14

1990

0
1
3

6

24

11

24

1
6
2

31

5
47

26

6

8

5
10

9

17

4

2011

Eastern
Asia

1990

2011

1990

2011

Caucasus Developing
and Central countries
Asia

1990

2011

World

Figure 2. Sanitation coverage trends by developing regions and the world, 1990–2011.

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

By the end of 2011, there were 2.5 billion people who
lacked access to an improved sanitation facility. Of
these, 761 million use public or shared sanitation
facilities and another 693 million use facilities that do
not meet minimum standards of hygiene (unimproved

sanitation facilities). The remaining 1 billion (15% of
the world population) still practise open defecation. The
majority (71%) of those without sanitation live in rural
areas, where 90% of all open defecation takes place.

Since 1990, 1.1 billion people in urban areas gained access to improved sanitation whereas
the urban population grew by 1.3 billion people
4 000

4 000

Urban

3 500

Population (millions)

133

2 500

133

2 000

196
204

Rural

3 500

150

3 000

3 000

471

198
309

2 500

1 152

2 887
1 736

2 203

500
0
1990

2000
Improved

2011
Shared

728

1 500

885

1 000

120

500

1 092

934

543

2 000

1 500
1 000

107

861

0
1990

Unimproved

290

208
1 230

1 568

2000

2011

Open defecation

Figure 3. Global sanitation coverage and open defecation trends in urban and rural areas by
population, 1990–2011.

27 Countries have more than a quarter of the population still practising open defecation

>50%

26–50%

11–25%

1–10%

No open defecation

Insufficient data or not applicable

Figure 4. Proportion of the population practising open defecation in 2011.

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

5

6

2.

Trends IN OPEN DEFECATION
1990–2011

Open defecation rates declined globally from 24%
in 1990 to 15% in 2011. In absolute numbers, this
signifies a drop of 244 million people to 1.04 billion in
2011. The decline in the population practising open
defecation has differed from region to region. Eastern
Asia, South-eastern Asia and the Latin America and

Caribbean regions have seen a steady decline since the
JMP’s earliest measurements describing conditions in
1990. In Southern Asia, the population practising open
defecation peaked around 1995, after which it declined.
Only in sub-Saharan Africa is the number of people
defecating in the open still increasing.

Population practising open defecation
(millions)

The global population practising open defecation is slowly declining
1 400
1 200
1 000
800
600
400
200
0
1990

1995

2000

World
Sub-Saharan Africa
Eastern Asia

2005

2011

Southern Asia
South-eastern Asia
Latin America & Caribbean

Figure 5. Open defecation trends in developing regions and the world, 1990–2011.
Many countries have made remarkable progress in reducing open defecation rates
Open defecation rate (%)

Percentage
point decline

Annual rate of
decline (%)

Country

1990

2011

1990–2011

1990–2011

Viet Nam

40

3

37

12.3

Bangladesh

32

4

28

9.9

Peru

34

6

28

8.3

Malawi

31

6

25

7.8

Honduras

33

7

26

7.4

Lao People’s Democratic Republic*

69

32

37

4.8

Plurinational State of Bolivia

46

19

27

4.2

Pakistan

52

23

29

3.9

Angola

57

26

31

3.7

Haiti

50

23

27

3.7

Ethiopia

93

45

48

3.5

Nepal

84

43

41

3.2

Benin

80

54

26

1.9

Cambodia

84

58

26

1.8

* There are no 1990 open defecation estimates for Lao People’s Democratic Republic, so the range given here is for 1995–2011.

Table 1. Countries where open defecation rates declined 25 percentage points or more since 1990

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

8

3.

GLOBAL Drinking-water TRENDS
1990—2011

By the end of 2011, 89% of the world population used an
improved drinking-water source, and 55% enjoyed the
convenience and associated health benefits of a piped
supply on premises. An estimated 768 million people did
not use an improved source for drinking‑water in 2011,
including 185 million who relied on surface water to meet
their daily drinking‑water needs. Urban drinking-water
coverage has remained high over the past two decades,
and currently only 4% of the urban population relies

on unimproved sources. However, in spite of the high
urban drinking‑water coverage rates, issues of service
quality remain. Supplies are often intermittent and this
increases contamination risks. Of the 2.1 billion people
who gained access since 1990, almost two thirds,
1.3 million, lived in urban areas. By the end of 2011,
83% of the population without access to an improved
drinking-water source lived in rural areas.

Sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania have the lowest drinking-water coverage

91–100%

76–90%

50–75%

Insufficient data or not applicable

<50%

Figure 6. Proportion of the population using improved sources of drinking-water in 2011.

Less than a third of the population in four regions enjoy piped water on premises
24

1

4

13
31

32

9

24

2

9

9

Coverage (%)

7

1

6

7

8

7

3

12

1

2

2

9

11

6
9

9

25

20

21
33

24

4

8

6

8

19

12

10

23

15

15

1990

2011

SubSaharan
Africa

1990

2011

Oceania

Piped on premises

19
1990

2011

Southern
Asia

88

83

81
71

28

32

38

56

25

8
18

33

31

27

3

6

34
40

54

53
48

59

62

3

22

13

29

17

2

7

33

27

34

4

72

68
58

53

47
35

30

55
44

32

17
1990

2011

Southeastern
Asia

Other improved

1990

2011

Caucasus
and Central
Asia
Unimproved

1990

2011

Eastern
Asia

1990

2011

Western
Asia

1990

2011

Northern
Africa

1990

2011

1990

2011

Latin
Developing
America
countries
& Caribbean

1990

2011

World

Surface water

Figure 7. Drinking-water coverage trends by developing regions and the world, 1990–2011.

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Over 70% of the global progress made in access to
improved sources of drinking-water has been achieved
through gaining access to piped drinking-water on

premises. More than two thirds of the 1.5 billion people
who gained access to piped supplies at home live in
urban areas.

In rural areas, 1.7 billion people rely on public taps, handpumps, protected wells, protected
springs and rainwater
4 000

4 000
3 500

Population (millions)

3 000
18
93
334

2 500
2 000

Urban

15
117

3 500

19
109
442

595

3 000

171

266

322

465

669

2 500

814

2 000

1 500
1 000

Rural

2 888
2 273

1 823

1 500

1 732
1 538

1 367

1 000
500

500
0
1990

2000
Piped on premises

0
1990

2011
Other improved

785

516

2000

Unimproved

967
2011

Surface water

Figure 8. Global drinking-water coverage trends in urban and rural areas, 1990–2011.

Piped drinking-water supplies on premises are associated with the best health outcomes

>50%

26–50%

11–25%

1–10%

Insufficient data or not applicable

Figure 9. Proportion of the population using piped water on premises in 2011.

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

9

10

4.

Towards a post-2015
development agenda

The WHO/UNICEF JMP-led technical process on the
formulation of post-2015 WASH targets and indicators
A new era: the post-2015 consultations

Process

Anticipating the discussion on post-2015 development
goals, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) convened a
first consultation with broad stakeholder representation
in Berlin in May 2011, to start a process of formulating
proposals for post-2015 targets and corresponding
indicators for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), in
the context of possible goals.

Over the ensuing 18 months, the working groups
developed proposals for targets and indicators. These
were based on the above-mentioned principles and a
shared vision that:

The first consultation reviewed the current global
drinking-water and sanitation monitoring landscape,
identified the strengths and weaknesses of the current
MDG targets and indicators, discussed the relevance of
the principles underlying the human rights to water and
sanitation for consideration in future goals and targets
and reached agreement on a roadmap towards the
formulation of a menu of options with a limited number
of viable global targets and indicators corresponding to
a possible global WASH goal.
As an outcome of the Berlin consultation, four working
groups1 were established: Water Supply, Sanitation,
Hygiene and Equity and Non-Discrimination (END),
consisting of WASH sector and human rights experts
and representatives from academia and the global
monitoring community tasked with the development of
targets and indicators for the specific subsector (except
for END, which was cross-sectoral). Participants agreed
to reconvene for a second consultation in The Hague,
the Netherlands, in December 2012 to review the work
of the respective groups.
In the development of targets and indicators, all working
groups were asked to consider the following principles:

They should be formulated in the context of a
simple, inspirational vision, articulated around
universal access and use of safe drinking-water
and sanitation, with hygiene being added to the
scope of the new targets. 
They should reflect progressive realization of
the human rights to safe drinking-water and
sanitation. 
They should build on existing indicators and
monitoring mechanisms to ensure continuity in
global monitoring.

No one should practise open defecation. 
Everyone should have safe water, sanitation and
hygiene at home. 
All schools and health centres should have water,
sanitation and hygiene. 
Water, sanitation and hygiene should be
sustainable.
Inequalities in access should be eliminated.

The targets and indicators were presented in a
consolidated document to the wider development
community during the second consultation, held in The
Hague in early December 2012.
The proposed targets address the objectives of
progressive realization through increasing the
numbers of people using services, reducing inequalities,
increasing service levels, driving progress in schools
and health centres as well as households and achieving
sustainable, universal coverage. At their core, the targets
are aspirational and visionary. They do not merely
formulate what is practical to achieve, but instead strive
for the best we can do as a global society.

Detailed targets
The four targets include both interim and final targets
and indicators and have received broad support among
experts in the sector.
Target 1: By 2025, no one practices open defecation
and inequalities in the practice of open defecation have
been progressively eliminated.
Target 2: By 2030, everyone uses a basic drinkingwater supply and handwashing facilities when at home,
all schools and health centres provide all users with
basic drinking-water supply and adequate sanitation,
handwashing facilities and menstrual hygiene facilities
and inequalities in access to each of these services
have been progressively eliminated.

Working group leads: Water Supply: WaterAid and International Water and
Sanitation Centre; Sanitation: World Bank Water and Sanitation Program; Hygiene:
United States Agency for International Development; Equity and Non-Discrimination:
United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Special Rapporteur on the Human Right to
Water and Sanitation/Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights.

1

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Target 3: By 2040, everyone uses adequate sanitation
when at home, the proportion of the population not
using an intermediate drinking-water supply service
at home has been reduced by half, the excreta from at
least half of schools, health centres and households
with adequate sanitation are safely managed and
inequalities in access to each of these services have
been progressively reduced.
Target 4: All drinking-water supply, sanitation and
hygiene services are delivered in a progressively
affordable, accountable and financially and
environmentally sustainable manner.
Scope of targets:
The targets are global, are outcome-focused and
reflect a progressive realization of the human rights to
water and sanitation. Based on the simple inspirational
vision of the universal access to safe water, sanitation
and hygiene, they focus on the poor, disadvantaged and
those excluded at the individual and household level,
as well as in schools and health centres. Pursuing the
elimination of inequities and inequalities, the targets
seek to both increase the number of people using
water, sanitation and hygiene as well as progressively
improve levels of service.
Format of targets:
There are between one and three targets per subsector,
each with a set of accompanying indicators that are
unambiguous, expressed in simple language to be
as easily communicated as possible and without
professional jargon. The targets are cohesive, each
with clear and comprehensive definitions, expressed
in terms of a set of dates by which various levels of
inequality reduction and improvements in service levels
and practices will have taken place, while respecting
each subsector equally (not allowing one subsector
to subsume another). As the target year of the future
global development framework has not yet been set, a
25-year period is assumed, between 2015 and 2040.

Moving forward
During 2013, proposed indicators and their data
sources will be further validated to ensure that the
indicators robustly measure the proposed targets.
Time permitting, the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring
Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP)
intends to collect information on the indicators where
data are available in order to be able to establish a
credible baseline by 2015.
While the JMP is facilitating the technical process, a
parallel political process has begun, with many groups
reaching out to UN member states, championing WASH
in the wider post-2015 discussions. No matter what
framework is adopted for the post-2015 development
agenda, these ambitious yet realistic targets can guide
the way towards better water, sanitation and hygiene
for all people and in doing so will help reduce poverty
and achieve sustainable development.
The reports of the consultations held in Berlin and The
Hague, along with the consolidated proposal document
and the detailed reports of the four working groups, can
all be downloaded from www.wssinfo.org/post-2015monitoring/.
Some proposed definitions for post-2015
Basic drinking-water supply:

Use of an improved drinking-water source*
≤ 30 minute water collection round trip

Intermediate drinking-water supply at
home:




Use of an improved drinking-water source on
premises* 
Available in acceptable quantities at least
12 of the past 14 days 
Water quality of < 10 cfu (colony-forming
units) of E.Coli/100ml

*for urban areas excluding protected dug wells and protected
springs

Adequate sanitation at home:

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update 

Use of an improved sanitation facility at home 
Shared between five households or less

11

5.
Open defecation
Open defecation: when human
faeces are disposed of in fields,
forests, bushes, open bodies of
water, beaches or other open
spaces or disposed of with
solid waste.

UNIMPROVED SANITATION

Unimproved facilities
Unimproved sanitation
facilities: do not ensure
hygienic separation of human
excreta from human contact.
Unimproved facilities include
pit latrines without a slab or
platform, hanging latrines and
bucket latrines.

Shared
Shared sanitation facilities:
Sanitation facilities of an
otherwise acceptable type
shared between two or more
households. Only facilities that
are not shared or not public are
considered improved.

Improved
IMPROVED SANITATION

12

Improved sanitation facilities:
are likely to ensure hygienic
separation of human excreta
from human contact. They
include the following facilities:
• Flush/pour flush to:
- piped sewer system
- septic tank
- pit latrine
• Ventilated improved pit
(VIP) latrine
• Pit latrine with slab
• Composting toilet

Sanitation ladder

THE JMP METHOD
The JMP is tasked with providing estimates that
are comparable among countries and across time.
Because definitions of “improved” sanitation facilities
and drinking-water sources can vary widely among
countries, the JMP has established a standard set
of categories that are used to analyse national data
on which the MDG trends and estimates are based
(see page margins for the categories and definitions
of access to drinking-water and sanitation). The
population data used in this report, including the
proportion of the population living in urban and rural
areas, are those established by the UN Population
Division (World Population Prospects: 2011 Revision).
The definitions and data sources used by the JMP
are often different from those used by national
governments. Estimates in this report may therefore
differ from national estimates. According to the JMP,
an improved drinking-water source is one that, by
the nature of its construction, adequately protects
the source from outside contamination, particularly
faecal matter. An improved sanitation facility is one
that hygienically separates human excreta from
human contact. The coverage estimates for improved
sanitation facilities presented in this report are
discounted by the proportion of the population that
shared an improved type of sanitation facility. The
percentage of the population that shares a sanitation
facility of an otherwise improved type is subtracted
from the trend estimates of improved sanitation
facilities. This is derived from the average of data from
household surveys or censuses with such a ratio.
For each country, the JMP estimates are based on
fitting a regression1 line to a series of data points
from household surveys and censuses. Because the
regression involves retrofitting the entire time series,
estimates may differ from and may not be comparable
to earlier estimates for the same reference year
(including the 1990 baseline year). This is a result of
adding newly available data and filling in missing data

1

for past years. Questions are often raised about the
appropriateness of using a linear trend line. It can be
argued that other types of curve-fitting procedures
might better reflect the progression of coverage over
time. However, the paucity of data points in many
countries makes the use of more complex procedures
inconsistent with good statistical practice. When MDG
monitoring commenced, linear regression was deemed
the best method for the limited amount of often poorly
comparable data on file (some countries had as few
as two data points for many years), especially given
the relatively short time frame of the MDGs – 25 years
is only a fraction of the time needed to go from no
access to full coverage. Unfortunately, the current
use of linear regression to derive estimates does not
allow rapid changes in coverage to be captured. The
increased availability of comparable data now allows
for the exploration of more sophisticated modelling
in preparation for a new, post-2015 drinking-water
target.
Since the publication of the JMP 2012 progress
report, 230 datasets from 117 countries have been
added to the JMP database (see map on page
13). The new estimates are based on almost 1700
datasets, nearly double the number of datasets on
file five years ago. The JMP has benefited from the
increased availability of household survey data on web
sites of national statistics offices as well as from the
survey repository of the International Household Survey
Network hosted by the World Bank. Collaboration with
the Secretariat of the Pacific Community resulted in
an additional 20 datasets for the countries in Oceania,
a region for which the JMP previously had few data.
In total, 59 datasets from countries in Oceania were
added to the JMP database, significantly increasing the
robustness of estimates for that region. The table on
page 13 gives a breakdown by region of the data added
since the publication of the 2012 report, for the periods
before and after the year 2000.

S 
imple linear regression is used to estimate the proportion of the population using the following drinking-water sources:
- Piped supplies on premises
- Improved drinking-water sources
- Surface water
and sanitation facilities:
- Improved types of sanitation facilities (including shared facilities of an improved type)
- Open defecation
The remaining population uses unimproved drinking-water sources and unimproved sanitation facilities, respectively.
For communication purposes in its report, the JMP displays these proportions as rounded integers, which together add to 100% for drinking-water and sanitation,
respectively. For its database on the JMP web site (www.wssinfo.org), we use unrounded estimates to achieve greater accuracy when converting coverage estimates
into numbers of people with or without access. Any “apparent” discrepancies between the published estimates and those derived from the JMP web site are due to the
published estimates appearing rounded to the nearest integer.

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

The JMP 2013 report includes new data for 117 countries

Surface water

Unimproved sources
Unimproved drinking-water
sources: Unprotected dug well,
unprotected spring, cart with
small tank/drum, surface water,
bottled water.

UNIMPROVED DRINKING-WATER

Surface drinking-water
sources: river, dam, lake,
pond, stream, canal, irrigation
channels.

Other improved

Data added for the 2013 update

No data added

Not applicable

Figure 10. Countries where new data were added since the 2012 report.

Piped water on
premises

Table 2. New datasets added to the JMP database since the publication of the JMP 2012 progress
report.
Number of pre-2000
datasets

Number of 2000–2007
datasets

Number of post-2007
datasets

Western Asia

1

5

3

Sub-Saharan Africa

5

4

33

South-eastern Asia

2

1

6

Region

Southern Asia

0

3

9

Oceania

16

27

16

Northern Africa

0

0

1

Latin America and the Caribbean

15

28

32

Caucasus and Central Asia

2

1

3

Eastern Asia

0

0

0

Developed countries

0

10

7

Total

41

79

110

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Piped water on premises:
Piped household water
connection located inside the
user’s dwelling, plot or yard.

IMPROVED DRINKING-WATER

Other improved drinkingwater sources: Public taps
or standpipes, tube wells or
boreholes, protected dug wells,
protected springs, rainwater
collection.

DRINKING-WATER
ladder

13

Country, regional and global estimates1 on sanitation and drinking-water

14

Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium

Open defecation

Australia

Unimproved

Aruba

Shared

Armenia

Improved

Argentina

Open defecation

Antigua and Barbuda

Unimproved

Anguilla

Shared

Angola

Improved

Andorra

Open defecation

American Samoa

13 032
22 856
32 358
3 289
3 072
3 216
25 299
30 534
35 980
47
58
70
53
65
86
10 335
13 926
19 618
8
11
16
62
78
90
32 642
36 931
40 765
3 545
3 076
3 100
62
90
108
17 096
19 164
22 606
7 671
8 005
8 413
7 212
8 111
9 306
256
298
347
493
638
1 324
105 256
129 592
150 494
260
268
274
10 260
10 058
9 559
9 949
10 176
10 754

Unimproved

Algeria

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

National

Shared

Albania

Population
(x 1000)

Unimproved

Improved

Afghanistan

Year

Rural

Unimproved

Percentage urban population

Country, area or territory

Urban

18
21
24
36
42
53
52
61
73
81
89
93
95
92
87
37
49
59
100
100
100
35
32
30
87
90
93
67
65
64
50
47
47
85
87
89
66
66
68
54
51
54
80
82
84
88
88
89
20
24
28
33
38
44
66
70
75
96
97
97


32
46
93
94
95
99
99
98



100
100
100
67
75
86

92
98



89
93
96
95
96
96



100
100
100
100
100
100

73
86






54
55
55



91
91
92
100
100
100


14
20
4
4
4






0
0
0









2
2
2
3
3
3



0
0
0
0
0
0

9
11






29
30
30



8
8
8
0
0
0


43
34
3
2
1
1
0
1



0
0
0
0
2
11

6
0



9
5
2
2
1
1



0
0
0
0
0
0

18
3






10
10
13



1
1
0
0
0
0


11
0
0
0
0
0
1
1



0
0
0
33
23
3

2
2



0
0
0
0
0
0



0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0






7
5
2



0
0
0
0
0
0


21
23
74
81
93
77
82
88



100
100
100
7
11
19
NA
NA
NA



68
83
98

77
81



100
100
100
100
100
100

50
78






34
42
55



96
96
97
100
100
100


7
8
5
6
7






0
0
0



NA
NA
NA



1
1
2

3
3



0
0
0
0
0
0

2
3






16
20
26



2
2
2
0
0
0


40
48
21
13
0
8
4
2



0
0
0
21
22
22
NA
NA
NA



31
16
0

20
16



0
0
0
0
0
0

48
18






12
14
14



2
2
1
0
0
0


32
21
0
0
0
15
14
10



0
0
0
72
67
59
NA
NA
NA



0
0
0

0
0



0
0
0
0
0
0

0
1






38
24
5



0
0
0
0
0
0


23
28
81
86
94
89
92
95
97
97
97
100
100
100
29
42
59

92
98
75
85
91
87
92
96

89
90
99
98
98
100
100
100
100
100
100

62
82

88

99
99
99
38
45
55
82
90

93
93
93
100
100
100


9
11
5
5
5






0
0
0









2
2
2

3
3



0
0
0
0
0
0

6
7

5




19
23
27



6
7
7
0
0
0


40
45
14
9
1
3
2
2
3
3
3
0
0
0
14
12
15

6
0
20
13
9
11
6
2

8
7
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

32
11

6

1
1
1
11
13
14
18
9

1
0
0
0
0
0


28
16
0
0
0
8
6
3



0
0
0
57
46
26

2
2
5
2
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0

1

0
0
0
32
19
4
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
0

Unimproved

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Use of sanitation facilities (percentage of population)

16
14
24
23
25
37
41
30
20
NA*
25
20
6
34

57
23

NA*
6

“NA” represents data not applicable. A dash (–) represents data not available at the time of publication. * Shown as NA for countries with a declining population over the period 1995–2011.

1 

For communication purposes in its report, the JMP displays these proportions as rounded integers, which together add to 100% for drinking-water and sanitation, respectively. For its database on the JMP

web site (www.wssinfo.org), we use unrounded estimates to achieve greater accuracy when converting coverage estimates into numbers of people with or without access. Any “apparent” discrepancies between
the published estimates and those derived from the JMP web site are due to the published estimates appearing rounded to the nearest integer.

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium

Surface water

Azerbaijan

Unimproved

Austria

Other improved

Australia

Piped on premises

Aruba

Total improved

Armenia

Surface water

Argentina

Unimproved

Antigua and Barbuda

Other improved

Anguilla

Piped on premises

Angola

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Total improved

Andorra

Year
Surface water

American Samoa

Unimproved

Unimproved

Algeria

Improved

Other improved

Albania

National
Unimproved

Piped on premises

Afghanistan

Improved

Total improved

Country, area or territory

Rural
Unimproved


36
85
100
100
95
100
93
85



100
100
100
43
52
66

93
95



97
98
100
98
99
100



100
100
100
100
100
100
88
88
88






87
86
85



100
100
100
100
100
100

3
10
27
96
95
91
87
84
80



100
100
100
16
23
33

58




74
86
99
95
96
98






100
100
100
67
72
78






24
27
31




90
95
100
100
100


26
58
4
5
4
13
9
5



0
0
0
27
29
33

35




23
12
1
3
3
2






0
0
0
21
16
10






63
59
54




10
5
0
0
0


54
11
0
0
5
0
7
15



0
0
0
44
36
31

7
5



3
2
0
2
1
0



0
0
0
0
0
0
11
11
10






13
14
14



0
0
0
0
0
0


10
4
0
0
0
0
0
0



0
0
0
13
12
3






0
0
0
0
0
0



0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
2






0
0
1



0
0
0
0
0
0

3
18
53
95
95
94
88
84
79



100
100
100
42
39
35
NA
NA
NA



69
81
95

82
98



100
100
100
100
100
100
49
59
71






74
77
82



99
99
99
100
100
100

0
0
4

44
71
48
52
56



100
100
100
1
1
1
NA
NA
NA



13
50
90
52
68
91






100
100
100
17
18
20






0
0
1




31
79
96
99
100

3
18
49

51
23
40
32
23



0
0
0
41
38
34
NA
NA
NA



56
31
5

14
7






0
0
0
32
41
51






74
77
81




68
20
4
1
0

49
45
34
3
3
6
10
15
20



0
0
0
28
24
15
NA
NA
NA



18
12
0

18
2



0
0
0
0
0
0
33
24
13






22
20
16



1
1
1
0
0
0

48
37
13
2
2
0
2
1
1



0
0
0
30
37
50
NA
NA
NA



13
7
5

0
0



0
0
0
0
0
0
18
17
16






4
3
2



0
0
0
0
0
0


22
61
97
97
95
94
89
84
94
100
100
100
100
100
42
46
53

93
95
97
98
98
93
97
99

93
99
91
94
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
70
74
80

96
96
95
99
100
76
79
83
95
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
2
9

65
82
69
72
74
65
79
81
100
100
100
6
12
20

58

61
76
86
66
82
98
81
86
96
90
91
93



100
100
100
44
46
51

93

39
92
100
5
7
10
94
96
97

72
91
100
100
100


20
52

32
13
25
17
10
29
21
19
0
0
0
36
34
33

35

36
22
12
27
15
1

7
3
1
3
5



0
0
0
26
28
29

3

56
7
0
71
72
73
1
3
3

28
9
0
0
0


47
28
2
2
5
5
11
16
6
0
0
0
0
0
34
29
25

7
5
3
2
2
5
2
1

7
1
9
6
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
21
17
12

4
4
5
1
0
21
19
16
5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0


31
11
1
1
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
24
25
22






2
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
9
8





0
3
2
1


0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Urban
Improved

58
0
11
26
25
27
36
23
18
5
29
20
6

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

Use of drinking–water sources (percentage of population)

21
19
59
23
6
NA*
6

“NA” represents data not applicable. A dash (–) represents data not available at the time of publication. * Shown as NA for countries with a declining population over the period 1995–2011.

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

15

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

16

Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China

Open defecation

Burkina Faso

Unimproved

Bulgaria

Shared

Brunei Darussalam

Improved

British Virgin Islands

Open defecation

Brazil

Unimproved

Botswana

Shared

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Improved

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Open defecation

Bhutan

190
251
318
4 773
6 518
9 100
60
63
65
559
571
738
6 658
8 307
10 088
4 308
3 694
3 752
1 382
1 758
2 031
149 650
174 425
196 655
16
20
23
252
327
406
8 819
8 006
7 446
9 324
12 294
16 968
5 602
6 374
8 575
9 532
12 447
14 305
12 181
15 678
20 030
27 701
30 667
34 350
348
437
501
26
40
57
2 935
3 702
4 487
6 011
8 222
11 525
13 188
15 420
17 270
1 145 195
1 269 117
1 347 565

Unimproved

Bermuda

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

National

Shared

Benin

Population
(x 1000)

Unimproved

Improved

Belize

Year

Rural

Unimproved

Percentage urban population

Country, area or territory

Urban

47
48
45
34
38
45
100
100
100
16
25
36
56
62
67
39
43
48
42
53
62
74
81
85
38
39
41
66
71
76
66
69
73
14
18
27
6
8
11
16
19
20
40
46
52
77
79
81
44
53
63
100
100
100
37
38
39
21
22
22
83
86
89
26
36
51

76
85
93
14
19
25




66
74
41
49
57
98
98
100
61
70
78
79
83
87






100
100
100
44
47
50
33
38
45
36
50
76
63
61
58
100
100
100

61
74
96
96
96
21
32
43
21
26
31
91
95
100
48
61
74

6
6
7
20
28
37




19
21
20
24
28
0
0
0
5
6
6
1
1
1






0
0
0
32
33
36
26
31
36
5
7
10
20
19
18
0
0
0






12
18
24
12
15
18



15
20
24

14
7
0
14
13
11




10
5
14
11
10
1
2
0
23
18
16
14
13
11






0
0
0
13
10
5
40
30
17
9
6
1
15
19
23
0
0
0

12
8
4
4
4
57
44
30
42
39
37
5
2
0
34
18
2

4
2
0
52
40
27




5
0
25
16
5
1
0
0
11
6
0
6
3
1






0
0
0
11
10
9
1
1
2
50
37
13
2
1
1
0
0
0

27
18



10
6
3
25
20
14
4
3
0
3
1
0

76
81
87
0
3
5
NA
NA
NA

30
29
12
18
24

93
92
22
32
42
31
39
48






99
99
100
2
4
6
42
46
51
3
10
22
37
37
36
99
99
99

25
45
NA
NA
NA
5
16
28
4
5
6
53
70
89
15
35
56

6
6
7
1
6
12
NA
NA
NA

28
28
3
4
5

1
1
6
8
11
1
1
1






0
0
0
3
6
9
5
5
6
1
2
5
8
8
8






NA
NA
NA
2
8
14
1
1
1



4
9
14

9
7
3
3
4
7
NA
NA
NA

30
38
13
16
22

5
7
20
17
12
20
26
33






1
1
0
6
7
10
50
46
40
6
6
4
38
40
44
1
1
1

17
13
NA
NA
NA
44
36
27
2
7
13
41
26
9
72
51
28

9
6
3
96
87
76
NA
NA
NA

12
5
72
62
49

1
0
52
43
35
48
34
18






0
0
0
89
83
75
3
3
3
90
82
69
17
15
12




58
42
NA
NA
NA
49
40
31
93
87
80
6
4
2
9
5
2

76
83
90
5
9
14




39
45
28
37
46

95
96
39
52
64
67
75
81
98
98
98



99
100
100
8
12
18
42
46
50
9
18
33
47
48
48
100
100
100

44
63
96
96
96
11
22
34
8
10
12
85
92
99
24
45
65

6
6
7
7
15
23




26
26
12
16
20

1
0
5
7
8
1
1
1






0
0
0
7
11
16
6
7
9
1
3
6
13
13
13









6
12
18
3
4
5



7
13
19

11
7
2
8
7
9




24
26
14
13
15

3
4
21
18
15
15
15
14
1
1
1



1
0
0
7
7
8
49
44
38
6
5
3
29
30
33
0
0
0

15
10
4
4
4
49
39
28
10
14
18
10
5
1
62
38
15

7
4
1
80
69
54




11
3
46
34
19

1
0
35
23
13
17
9
4
1
1
1



0
0
0
78
70
58
3
3
3
84
74
58
11
9
6
0
0
0

41
27



34
27
20
79
72
65
5
3
0
7
4
1

Unimproved

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Use of sanitation facilities (percentage of population)

35
10


22
11
28
23
21

NA*
12
19
25
15
15
34
41
23
6
25
34

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China

Surface water

Cambodia

Unimproved

Burundi

Other improved

Burkina Faso

Piped on premises

Bulgaria

Total improved

Brunei Darussalam

Surface water

British Virgin Islands

Unimproved

Brazil

Other improved

Botswana

Piped on premises

Bosnia and Herzegovina

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Total improved

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Year
Surface water

Bhutan

Unimproved

Unimproved

Bermuda

Improved

Other improved

Benin

National
Unimproved

Piped on premises

Belize

Improved

Total improved

Country, area or territory

Rural
Unimproved

88
92
97
72
78
85



99
99
100
91
93
96
99
99
100
100
99
99
96
98
100






100
100
100
75
85
96
97
90
82
48
63
90
76
86
95
100
100
100

84
91

93
96
78
85
92
49
60
71
99
99
100
97
98
98

74
80
86
16
23
32




81
81
79
87
95
96
96
94
39
64
90
92
94
96






96
97
98
11
18
26
32
39
46
16
33
65
23
25
26
100
100
100

42
59

73
87
8
7
6
7
15
24
97
98
99
92
93
95

14
12
11
56
55
53




18
19
12
6
1
3
3
6
61
35
9
4
4
4






4
3
2
64
67
70
65
51
36
32
30
25
53
61
69
0
0
0

42
32

20
9
70
78
86
42
45
47
2
1
1
5
5
3

12
8
2
19
17
13



0
0
0
8
6
4
1
1
0
0
1
1
4
2
0






0
0
0
24
15
4
1
7
13
30
22
7
11
8
4
0
0
0

16
9

7
4
20
14
7
48
38
29
1
1
0
2
1
2

0
0
1
9
5
2



1
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0






0
0
0
1
0
0
2
3
5
22
15
3
13
6
1
0
0
0

0
0



2
1
1
3
2
0
0
0
0
1
1
0

59
79
100
49
59
69
NA
NA
NA

82
96
41
56
72
96
96
98
86
90
93
68
76
84






100
99
99
39
55
74
68
70
73
28
40
61
31
42
52
99
99
99

81
86
NA
NA
NA
47
49
51
37
41
44
47
67
90
56
70
85

20
44
69
0
2
4
NA
NA
NA

45
44
12
33
57

77
71
10
24
38
39
51
65






67
77
92
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
2
5
2
2
3

38

0
8
43
NA
NA
NA
0
0
0
0
0
1
29
42
56
12
28
45

39
35
31
49
57
65
NA
NA
NA

37
52
29
23
15

19
27
76
66
55
29
25
19






33
22
7
39
55
74
67
69
72
28
38
56
29
40
49

61


73
43
NA
NA
NA
47
49
51
37
41
43
18
25
34
44
42
40

30
15
0
22
23
25
NA
NA
NA

4
0
19
12
5
4
4
2
6
4
3
18
15
12






0
0
0
51
37
21
23
18
12
36
31
21
17
18
18
1
1
1

18
14
NA
NA
NA
34
38
43
47
49
52
40
16
10
34
24
13

11
6
0
29
18
6
NA
NA
NA

14
4
40
32
23
0
0
0
8
6
4
14
9
4






0
1
1
10
8
5
9
12
15
36
29
18
52
40
30




1
0
NA
NA
NA
19
13
6
16
10
4
13
17

10
6
2

73
85
99
57
66
76




86
97
69
79
88
97
98
99
92
95
97
88
93
97

95




100
100
99
44
60
80
69
72
74
31
44
67
49
62
74
100
100
100

83
89

93
96
58
63
67
40
45
50
90
95
98
67
80
92

46
61
77
5
10
16




54
57
49
66
83

85
82
22
46
70
78
86
92

75




86
91
97
2
3
7
3
4
6
2
8
17
10
12
15

87


26
53

73
87
3
3
3
2
4
6
86
90
95
33
52
70

27
24
22
52
56
60




32
40
20
13
5

13
17
70
49
27
10
7
5

20




14
9
2
42
57
73
66
68
68
29
36
50
39
50
59

13


57
36

20
9
55
60
64
38
41
44
4
5
3
34
28
22

21
12
1
21
21
20




3
1
12
8
4
3
2
1
3
2
1
8
5
2

5




0
0
1
48
34
16
23
17
12
35
29
18
14
13
12
0
0
0

16
11

7
4
29
29
29
46
46
47
8
2
2
26
16
7

6
3
0
22
13
4




11
2
19
13
8
0
0
0
5
3
2
4
2
1






0
0
0
8
6
4
8
11
14
34
27
15
37
25
14
0
0
0

1
0



13
8
4
14
9
3
2
3

7
4
1

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Urban
Improved

44
38


33
12
24
22


NA*
48
24

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

Use of drinking–water sources (percentage of population)

41
36
15
25
42
23
24
21
25

17

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

18

Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia

Open defecation

Democratic Republic of the
Congo

Unimproved

Democratic People's
Republic of Korea

Shared

Czech Republic

Improved

Cyprus

Open defecation

Cuba

Unimproved

Croatia

Shared

Côte d'Ivoire

Improved

Costa Rica

Open defecation

Cook Islands

33 203
39 764
46 927
438
562
754
2 389
3 136
4 140
18
18
20
3 070
3 919
4 727
12 518
16 582
20 153
4 517
4 506
4 396
10 570
11 104
11 254
767
943
1 117
10 303
10 243
10 534
20 143
22 894
24 451
36 406
49 626
67 758
5 141
5 340
5 573
562
732
906
71
70
68
7 195
8 592
10 056
10 261
12 345
14 666
56 843
67 648
82 537
5 333
5 940
6 227
374
520
720
3 158
3 668
5 415
1 568
1 371
1 341

Unimproved

Congo

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

National

Shared

Comoros

Population
(x 1000)

Unimproved

Improved

Colombia

Year

Rural

Unimproved

Percentage urban population

Country, area or territory

Urban

68
72
75
28
28
28
54
59
64
58
65
74
51
59
65
39
44
51
54
56
58
73
76
75
67
69
70
75
74
73
58
59
60
28
29
34
85
85
87
76
77
77
68
67
67
55
62
70
55
60
67
43
43
43
49
59
65
35
39
39
16
18
21
71
69
69

79
81
82
34
42


21
19



93
94
95
38
37
36
99
99
99
86
90
94
100
100
100
100
100
100

65
88
32
31
29
100
100
100
69
71
73

80

82
84
86
86
91
96
91
95
97
70
75
79

92

58
54

96
96
100

14
14
15
2
2


42
39



4
4
4
25
24
23
1
1
1
4
4
5
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
6
27
26
25
0
0
0
5
5
6



10
11
11
2
3
3
3
3
3
8
8
9






4
4

3
2
1
64
56


35
39



2
1
1
31
33
35
0
0
0
9
5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

30
6
36
39
45
0
0
0
16
17
19

2

5
2
1
5
2
0
5
1
0
18
14
10

8

10
8

0
0
0

4
3
2
0
0


2
3



1
1
0
6
6
6
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0



5
4
1
0
0
0
10
7
2

18

3
3
2
7
4
1
1
1
0
4
3
2



32
38

0
0
0

40
52
65
11
23


18
15



83
87
92
8
10
11
98
98
98
68
77
87
100
100
100
100
100
100

55
73
11
19
31
100
100
100
39
33
22

84

61
67
74
49
67
86
57
79
93
31
42
53

87

0
2
4
94
94
94

4
5
6
1
2


30
25



4
4
4
8
10
12
1
1
1
5
6
6
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
3
5
8
13
0
0
0
5
4
3



11
13
14
2
3
4
4
5
7
3
4
5






6
6
6

13
12
11
88
74


34
43



9
7
4
28
27
27
0
0
0
22
12
5
0
0
0
0
0
0

43
24
61
55
43
0
0
0
6
12
21

2

8
7
5
11
5
0
22
9
0
32
32
33

13

0
1
0
0
0
0

43
31
18
0
1


18
17



4
2
0
56
53
50
1
1
1
5
5
2
0
0
0
0
0
0



23
18
13
0
0
0
50
51
54

14

20
13
7
38
25
10
17
7
0
34
22
9



100
97
96
0
0
0

67
73
78
18
28


20
18
100
100
95
88
91
94
20
22
24
98
98
98
81
87
92
100
100
100
100
100
100

61
82
17
23
31
100
100
100
62
62
61

81

73
78
82
69
81
93
72
86
95
50
61
70

89

9
11

96
95
100

11
12
13
1
2


37
34



4
4
4
15
16
18
1
1
1
5
5
5
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
5
11
13
17
0
0
0
5
5
5



11
11
12
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
7
8






4
4

6
5
3
81
69


34
40
0
0
4
6
4
2
29
30
31
1
1
1
12
6
2
0
0
0
0
0
0

36
13
54
50
43
0
0
0
14
16
20

2

6
4
3
8
3
0
14
6
0
26
22
18

11

2
2

0
1
0

16
10
6
0
1


9
8
0
0
1
2
1
0
36
32
27
0
0
0
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0



18
14
9
0
0
0
19
17
14

17

10
7
3
21
13
4
10
4
0
19
10
4



89
87

0
0
0

Unimproved

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Use of sanitation facilities (percentage of population)

24


5
28
9
NA*
11
23
2
34
19
6
18

23
34
36
19


NA*

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia

Surface water

Djibouti

Unimproved

Denmark

Other improved

Democratic Republic of the
Congo

Piped on premises

Democratic People's Republic
of Korea

Total improved

Czech Republic

Surface water

Cyprus

Unimproved

Cuba

Other improved

Croatia

Piped on premises

Côte d'Ivoire

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Total improved

Costa Rica

Year
Surface water

Cook Islands

Unimproved

Unimproved

Congo

Improved

Other improved

Comoros

National
Unimproved

Piped on premises

Colombia

Improved

Total improved

Country, area or territory

Rural
Unimproved

97
98
100
98
93

95
95
95



99
99
100
90
91
91
100
100
100
94
95
96
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
88
85
80
100
100
100
81
88
100
96
96
96
99
91
82
83
89
96
96
98
100
92
93
94

66

62
70

99
99
99

96
96
97
31
45


46
35



93
97
100
50
57
64
96
96
96
77
80
83
100
100
100
97
97
97

81
94
49
38
22
100
100
100
67
73
79

78

95
85
75
69
81
95
90
95
100
69
77
85

10

40
42

92
95
97

1
2
3
67
48


49
60



6
2
0
40
34
27
4
4
4
17
15
13
0
0
0
3
3
3

19
5
39
47
58
0
0
0
14
15
21

18

4
6
7
14
8
1
6
3
0
23
16
9

56

22
28

7
4
2

3
2
0
1
6

4
4
5



1
1
0
10
9
8
0
0
0
6
5
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
13
17
0
0
0
19
12
0
4
4
4
1
9
18
16
10
4
4
2
0
7
7
6

26

37
30

1
1
1

0
0
0
1
1

1
1
0



0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
0



0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

8

1
0

0
0
0

70
71
72
83
92
97

36
32



87
89
91
67
67
68
97
97
97

77
86
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
97
26
27
29
100
100
100
56
60
67

92

77
79
81
69
75
82
90
95
99
57
69
81

42

39
50

97
97
97

58
60
61
10
17

4
4
2



73
80
88
5
10
16

77


45
57
100
100
100

91


72
80
1
1
1
100
100
100
13
11
9

49

47
49
50
34
50
68
39
66
93
16
32
48
1
1
1
0
0
0
51
65

12
11
11
73
75


32
30



14
9
3
62
57
52

20


32
29
0
0
0

9


27
17
25
26
28
0
0
0
43
49
58

43

30
30
31
35
25
14
51
29
6
41
37
33

41

39
50

46
32

13
10
6
7
5
3

52
37



5
4
4
17
23
28
2
2
2

21
11
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
41
43
47
0
0
0
38
34
32

8

11
14
16
13
9
4
7
4
1
35
26
18

5

34
37

3
3
3

17
19
22
10
3
0

12
31



8
7
5
16
10
4
1
1
1

2
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
33
30
24
0
0
0
6
6
1



12
7
3
18
16
14
3
1
0
8
5
1

53

27
13

0
0
0

88
91
93
87
92


71
72
100
100
100
93
95
96
76
78
80
98
98
99

91
94
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
98
43
44
46
100
100
100
75
82
92

94

89
86
82
76
84
92
93
96
99
74
83
90

51

43
54

99
99
99

84
86
88
16
25


28
23

72
72
83
90
96
23
31
40

87


71
76
100
100
100

95


77
89
14
12
8
100
100
100
54
58
63

68

74
71
67
53
69
86
61
78
96
42
59
72

4

6
7

80
86

4
5
5
71
67


43
49

28
28
10
5
0
53
47
40

11


20
18
0
0
0

5


23
9
29
32
38
0
0
0
21
24
29

26

15
15
15
23
15
6
32
18
3
32
24
18

47

37
47

19
13

6
3
2
6
6


23
17
0
0
0
3
2
2
14
16
18
2
2
1

8
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
33
35
37
0
0
0
23
16
8

6

5
11
17
15
9
3
5
3
1
22
15
9

13

34
35

1
1
1

6
6
5
7
2


6
11
0
0
0
4
3
2
10
6
2
0
0
0

1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
24
21
17
0
0
0
2
2
0



6
3
1
9
7
5
2
1
0
4
2
1

36

23
11

0
0
0

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Urban
Improved

23


10
27
24
NA*
7
23
2
9
18
6

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

Use of drinking–water sources (percentage of population)

40

13
30
28
17


NA*

19

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

20

Greenland
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea–Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras

Open defecation

Greece

Unimproved

Ghana

Shared

Germany

Improved

Georgia

Open defecation

Gambia

Unimproved

Gabon

Shared

French Polynesia

Improved

French Guiana

Open defecation

France

48 333
65 578
84 734
728
812
868
4 986
5 173
5 385
56 708
59 048
63 126
117
165
237
195
238
274
929
1 235
1 534
966
1 297
1 776
5 460
4 746
4 329
79 098
82 349
82 163
14 793
19 165
24 966
10 161
10 987
11 390
56
56
57
96
102
105
386
427
463
134
155
182
8 923
11 237
14 757
5 759
8 344
10 222
1 017
1 241
1 547
725
733
756
7 125
8 645
10 124
4 889
6 218
7 755

Unimproved

Finland

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

National

Shared

Fiji

Population
(x 1000)

Unimproved

Improved

Ethiopia

Year

Rural

Unimproved

Percentage urban population

Country, area or territory

Urban

13
15
17
42
48
52
79
82
84
74
77
86
75
75
76
56
52
51
69
80
86
38
49
57
55
53
53
73
73
74
36
44
52
59
60
61
80
82
85
33
36
39
99
98
98
91
93
93
41
45
50
28
31
35
28
36
44
30
29
28
29
36
53
40
45
52

19
22
27
85
89
92
100
100
100
100
100
100

87
95




37
33

67
70
97
96
96
100
100
100
12
15
19
100
99
99
100
100
100




94
97



81
85
88
19
26
32

27
33

86
88
37
36
34
71
78
86

28
34
42
4
4
4
0
0
0
0
0
0







40
36

24
25
3
3
3
0
0
0
45
59
72
0


0
0
0









9
9
10
23
32
40

22
28

8
8
39
38
36
6
7
8

12
17
23
10
7
4
0
0
0
0
0
0

13
5




21
30

8
5
0
1
1
0
0
0
32
17
3
0
1
1
0
0
0




6
3



5
3
0
52
39
27

47
37

5
4
11
15
22
14
10
5

41
27
8
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0







2
1

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
9
6
0
0
0
0
0
0









5
3
2
6
3
1

4
2

1
0
13
11
8
9
5
1

0
6
19
37
61
82
100
100
100
100
100
100

60
76




30
30

60
65
96
94
91
100
100
100
3
6
8
93
96
97
100
100
100





90



49
60
72
6
9
11

4
8

76
82
14
16
17
34
53
74

0
2
6
2
3
4
0
0
0
0
0
0







24
25

14
15
1
1
1
0
0
0
19
32
44



0
0
0









4
5
6
4
5
6

2
4

8
9
9
10
12
1
2
2

0
7
22
52
32
14
0
0
0
0
0
0

40
24




41
43

18
15
1
3
6
0
0
0
49
31
16
0
0
1
0
0
0





10



13
13
12
35
44
53

41
45

15
8
13
19
30
16
12
9

100
85
53
9
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0







5
2

8
5
2
2
2
0
0
0
29
31
32
7
4
2
0
0
0









34
22
10
55
42
30

53
43

1
1
64
55
41
49
33
15

2
8
21
57
74
87
100
100
100
100
100
100

80
90
99
98
97

36
33

63
68
96
95
93
100
100
100
6
10
13
97
98
99
100
100
100

92



97
97
97
97
62
71
80
10
14
18

12
19

79
84
21
23
26
49
65
81

4
7
12
3
4
4
0
0
0
0
0
0







37
34

19
21
2
2
2
0
0
0
29
44
59



0
0
0

8







6
7
8
9
13
18

9
15

8
9
18
20
24
3
4
5

1
8
22
35
20
9
0
0
0
0
0
0

20
10
0
0
1

24
32

13
9
1
2
4
0
0
0
42
25
10
1
1
0
0
0
0

0



3
3
3
3
10
8
6
40
43
44

43
42

12
6
11
18
27
15
11
7

93
77
45
5
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0



1
2
2

3
1

5
2
1
1
1
0
0
0
23
21
18
2
1
1
0
0
0






0
0
0
22
14
6
41
30
20

36
25

1
1
50
39
23
33
20
7

Unimproved

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Use of sanitation facilities (percentage of population)

19
28
5
8
46
19
7
29
NA*
0
8
7
3


20
35
10
11
9
9
40

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras

Surface water

Grenada

Unimproved

Greenland

Other improved

Greece

Piped on premises

Ghana

Total improved

Germany

Surface water

Georgia

Unimproved

Gambia

Other improved

Gabon

Piped on premises

French Polynesia

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Total improved

French Guiana

Year
Surface water

France

Unimproved

Unimproved

Finland

Improved

Other improved

Fiji

National
Unimproved

Piped on premises

Ethiopia

Improved

Total improved

Country, area or territory

Rural
Unimproved

80
87
97
94
97
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

89
95




95
95
86
90
92
95
97
100
100
100
100
83
88
92
99
100
100
100
100
100



98
98
99



91
95
99
87
88
90
45
68
94

94
98
88
84
77
92
94
96

9
26
49
92
94
96
96
99
100
100
100
100


89




52
49
25
40
51
80
86
96
100
100
100
41
37
32
99
100
100
100
100
100



98
98
99



68
83
98
21
25
29
14
13
11

74
80
26
22
15
84
90
96

71
61
48
2
3
4
4
1
0
0
0
0


6




43
46
61
50
41
15
11
4
0
0
0
42
51
60
0
0
0
0
0
0



0
0
0



23
12
1
66
63
61
31
55
83

20
18
62
62
62
8
4
0

10
7
3
6
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

11
5




3
1
14
10
8
5
3
0
0
0
0
8
8
8
1
0
0
0
0
0



2
2
1



7
4
1
5
9
10
55
32
5

5
2
7
12
22
7
5
4

10
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0







2
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0









2
1
0
8
3
0
0
0
1

1
0
5
4
1
1
1
0

4
19
39
79
86
92
100
100
100
100
100
100

72
75




47
41
67
77
85
72
81
96
100
100
100
36
58
80
92
98
99
100
100
100



100
100
100



74
81
89
37
52
65
32
43
54

87
93
51
50
48
60
70
81

0
0
1
32
36
40
85
92
96
95
99
100


49




8
10
0
3
5
21
34
58
97
99
100
2
3
3
82
95
99
100
100
100



100
100
100



35
53
73
0
0
1
0
0
0

56
59
2
3
5
43
60
77

4
19
38
47
50
52
15
8
4
5
1
0


26




39
31
67
74
80
51
47
38
3
1
0
34
55
77
10
3
0
0
0
0



0
0
0



39
28
16
37
52
64
32
43
54

31
34
49
47
43
17
10
4

40
40
41
17
9
2
0
0
0
0
0
0

28
25




18
13
33
23
15
28
19
4
0
0
0
11
10
9
8
2
1
0
0
0



0
0
0



8
7
5
9
15
21
63
53
43

7
2
26
33
42
4
8
12

56
41
20
4
5
6
0
0
0
0
0
0







35
46
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
53
32
11



0
0
0



0
0
0



18
12
6
54
33
14
5
4
3

6
5
23
17
10
36
22
7

14
29
49
85
91
96
100
100
100
100
100
100

85
90
100
100
100

85
88
74
83
89
85
89
98
100
100
100
53
71
86
96
99
100
100
100
100

94

98
98
99
100
99
99
81
87
94
51
63
74
36
52
72

89
95
61
62
64
73
81
89

1
4
9
57
64
69
94
98
99
99
100
100


79
98
98
97

43
44
10
21
32
53
61
78
99
100
100
17
18
18
92
98
99
100
100
100

75

98
98
99
99
98
98
49
66
85
6
8
11
4
5
5

61
65
9
10
10
60
73
87

13
25
40
28
27
27
6
2
1
1
0
0


11
2
2
3

42
44
64
62
57
32
28
20
1
0
0
36
53
68
4
1
1
0
0
0

19

0
0
0
1
1
1
32
21
9
45
55
63
32
47
67

28
30
52
52
54
13
8
2

36
35
34
13
6
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

15
10
0
0
0

6
3
26
17
11
15
11
2
0
0
0
10
9
9
4
1
0
0
0
0

6

2
2
1
0
1
1
7
6
3
8
13
17
60
45
26

7
1
21
26
31
5
7
8

50
36
17
2
3
3
0
0
0
0
0
0



0
0
0

9
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
37
20
5


0
0
0
0






0
0
0
12
7
3
41
24
9
4
3
2

4
4
18
12
5
22
12
3

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Urban
Improved

36
17
5
8
41
21
29
39
NA*
0
44
8
3

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

Use of drinking–water sources (percentage of population)


14
20
36
31
40
10
16
34

21

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

22

Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic
Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia

Open defecation

Jordan

Unimproved

Japan

Shared

Jamaica

Improved

Italy

Open defecation

Israel

Unimproved

Ireland

Shared

Iraq

Improved

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Open defecation

Indonesia

10 376
10 211
9 966
255
281
324
873 785
1 053 898
1 241 492
184 346
213 395
242 326
54 871
65 342
74 799
17 374
23 857
32 665
3 531
3 804
4 526
4 500
6 015
7 562
56 832
56 986
60 789
2 365
2 582
2 751
122 251
125 720
126 497
3 416
4 827
6 330
16 530
14 957
16 207
23 447
31 254
41 610
72
84
101
2 088
1 941
2 818
4 395
4 955
5 393
4 192
5 317
6 288
2 664
2 385
2 243
2 948
3 742
4 259
1 639
1 964
2 194
2 127
2 847
4 129

Unimproved

India

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

National

Shared

Iceland

Population
(x 1000)

Unimproved

Improved

Hungary

Year

Rural

Unimproved

Percentage urban population

Country, area or territory

Urban

66
65
69
91
92
94
26
28
31
31
42
51
56
64
69
70
68
66
57
59
62
90
91
92
67
67
68
49
52
52
77
79
91
72
80
83
56
56
54
17
20
24
35
43
44
98
98
98
38
35
35
15
22
34
69
68
68
83
86
87
14
20
28
59
44
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
50
54
60
61
67
73
84
91
100

84
86
100
100
100
100
100
100



78
78
78
100
100
100
98
98
98
96
97
97
26
29
31
43
47
51
100
100
100
94
94
94

65
87

82

100
100
100

37
32

23
30

0
0
0
0
0
0
17
18
20
8
9
10




11
11
0
0
0
0
0
0



20
20
20
0
0
0
2
2
2
3
3
3
40
44
47
9
10
11



5
5
5

4
5

13





34
29

23
30

0
0
0
0
0
0
5
6
7
12
8
3
16
9
0

5
3
0
0
0
0
0
0



1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
31
24
19
4
10
17
0
0
0
1
1
1

8
2

5

0
0
0

18
34

29
15

0
0
0
0
0
0
28
22
13
19
16
14
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0



1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
3
3
44
33
21
0
0
0
0
0
0

23
6

0

0
0
0

11
5

25
25

100
100
100
100
100
100
7
14
24
24
33
44
76
85
99

58
80
98
98
98
100
100
100



81
82
82
100
100
100
95
96
98
97
97
98
24
26
29
20
25
30
100
100
100

93
93

17
48

71


87


22
24

3
7

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
4
6
8
11




6
8



0
0
0



14
14
14
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
16
17
19
2
3
3




2
2

0
1

3





3
4

8
23

0
0
0
0
0
0
2
4
6
22
17
10
23
14
0

20
10
2
2
2
0
0
0



4
3
3
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
38
38
35
14
15
18
0
0
0

5
5

10
6

26


13


22
23

9
8

0
0
0
0
0
0
90
79
66
48
42
35
1
1
1

16
2



0
0
0



1
1
1
0
0
0
3
2
0
2
1
0
22
19
17
64
57
49
0
0
0

0
0

73
45

0





53
49

80
62

100
100
100
100
100
100
18
25
35
35
47
59
81
89
100

75
84
99
99
99
100
100
100



79
80
80
100
100
100
97
98
98
96
97
97
25
27
29
28
34
39
100
100
100

93
93

28
62

79


98


25
26

12
18

0
0
0
0
0
0
5
7
9
7
8
10




9
10



0
0
0



17
17
17
0
0
0
2
2
2
2
2
2
20
22
26
5
6
6




3
3

1
2

10





9
11

15
26

0
0
0
0
0
0
3
5
6
19
14
7
18
10
0

11
5
1
1
1
0
0
0



3
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
36
35
31
10
13
18
0
0
0

4
4

9
4

11


2


21
26

17
12

0
0
0
0
0
0
74
63
50
39
31
24
1
1
0

5
1



0
0
0



1
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
19
16
14
57
47
37
0
0
0

0
0

62
32

0





45
37

56
44

Unimproved

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Use of sanitation facilities (percentage of population)

NA*
18
19
25
33
39
20
29

9
2
31
2
12
16
42
14
46


6
13

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic
Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia

Surface water

Kenya

Unimproved

Kazakhstan

Other improved

Jordan

Piped on premises

Japan

Total improved

Jamaica

Surface water

Italy

Unimproved

Israel

Other improved

Ireland

Piped on premises

Iraq

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Total improved

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Year
Surface water

Indonesia

Unimproved

Unimproved

India

Improved

Other improved

Iceland

National
Unimproved

Piped on premises

Hungary

Improved

Total improved

Country, area or territory

Rural
Unimproved

98
100
100
100
100
100
89
92
96
90
91
93
98
98
98
95
95
94
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
98
98
97
100
100
100
99
98
97
99
99
99
92
87
83
74
80
87
99
99
99
97
97
96

72
83
100
100
100
100
100
100
95
94
91

74
89

94
95
95
100
100
100
48
49
51
25
29
33
96
96
96
95
93
84
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
88
90
91
97
98
99
98
96
93
91
87
82
56
50
45
43
54
65



75
82
87

37
58

93

100
100
100
25
39
65
3
4
8

4
5
5
0
0
0
41
43
45
65
63
61
2
2
2
0
2
10
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10
8
6
3
2
1
1
2
4
8
12
17
36
37
38
31
26
22



22
15
9

35
25

7

0
0
0
70
55
26

70
81

2
0
0
0
0
0
10
8
4
9
8
7
2
2
2
3
3
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
3
0
0
0
1
2
3
1
1
1
4
9
12
26
20
13
1
1
1
1
2
4

23
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
6
9

25
10

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
4
5






2
1
0

5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1

91
98
100
100
100
100
64
76
89
61
68
76
81
84
90
39
49
67
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89
89
100
100
100
91
91
90
92
91
90
33
43
54
36
43
50
99
99
99

73
85

38
63
96
96
96
100
100
100
78
76
73

50
60

72
86

100
100
100
7
10
14
2
5
8
67
74
86
29
37
54
99
99
99
98
99
100
96
100
100
35
41
47
86
91
95
86
83
79
28
26
24
10
11
12
16
13
10



25
31
36
3
4
5

59


85

2
3
4
1
1
1

19
12

0
0
0
57
66
75
59
63
68
14
10
4
10
12
13
1
1
1
2
1
0
4
0
0
54
48
42
14
9
5
5
8
11
64
65
66
23
32
42
20
30
40




42
49

34
58

37


15

76
73
69

49
59

9
2
0
0
0
0
32
21
10
31
26
20
15
14
10
15
16
22
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
5
6
0
0
0
8
8
9
5
6
7
18
17
16
64
57
50
1
1
1

4
3

29
25
4
4
4
0
0
0
20
23
26

27
17

0
0
0
0
0
0
4
3
1
8
6
4
4
2
0
46
35
11
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
6
5
0
0
0
1
1
1
3
3
3
49
40
30







23
12

33
12
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
1

23
23

96
99
100
100
100
100
70
81
92
70
78
84
91
93
95
78
80
85
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
93
93
93
100
100
100
97
97
96
96
96
95
43
52
61
50
59
66
99
99
99

81
89

45
70
98
98
98
100
100
100
80
79
78

61
74

87
92

100
100
100
17
21
25
9
15
21
83
88
93
75
75
74
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
100
100
61
66
70
94
97
98
95
93
91
64
60
55
18
19
20
26
31
34



44
49
54

11
24

82


98

6
10
21
2
2
5

9
7

0
0
0
53
60
67
61
63
64
8
5
2
3
5
11
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
32
27
23
6
3
2
2
4
5
32
36
40
25
33
41
24
28
32




32
35

34
46

16


2

74
69
57

59
69

4
1
0
0
0
0
27
17
7
24
18
14
7
6
5
7
8
11
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
4
5
0
0
0
3
3
4
3
3
3
16
15
15
50
41
34
1
1
1

3
3

28
22
2
2
2
0
0
0
19
20
21

25
13

0
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
1
6
4
2
2
1
0
15
12
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
3
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
2
41
33
24







16
8

27
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1

14
13

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Urban
Improved

NA*
18
33
24
22
36
20
29
6
10
2
29
0

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

Use of drinking–water sources (percentage of population)

30
25
42
23
39
NA*
19
12
45

23

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

24

Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States
of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar

Open defecation

Mauritania

Unimproved

Martinique

Shared

Marshall Islands

Improved

Malta

Open defecation

Mali

Unimproved

Maldives

Shared

Malaysia

Improved

Malawi

Open defecation

Madagascar

4 334
5 231
6 423
3 696
3 500
3 307
381
435
516
11 281
15 364
21 315
9 381
11 229
15 381
18 209
23 415
28 859
219
273
320
8 673
11 295
15 840
368
397
418
47
52
55
359
385
407
1 996
2 643
3 542
1 060
1 196
1 307
84 307
99 960
114 793
96
107
112
31
35
35
2 193
2 411
2 800
609
633
632
11
5
6
24 781
28 793
32 273
13 547
18 201
23 930
39 268
44 958
48 337

Unimproved

Luxembourg

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

National

Shared

Lithuania

Population
(x 1000)

Unimproved

Improved

Libya

Year

Rural

Unimproved

Percentage urban population

Country, area or territory

Urban

76
76
78
68
67
67
81
84
85
24
27
33
12
15
16
50
62
73
26
28
41
23
28
35
90
92
95
65
68
72
86
90
89
40
40
41
44
43
42
71
75
78
26
22
23
100
100
100
57
57
69
48
59
63
13
11
14
48
53
57
21
29
31
25
27
33

97
97
97
95
95
95
100
100
100
14
17
19
48
49
50
88
94
96
98
98
97
33
34
35
100
100
100
77
80
84

94
94
29
38
51
91
91
92
78
82
87
49
64
83
100
100
100
66
65
64

92
92



81
82
83
35
37
41

79
84







0
0
0
22
26
30
43
44
45
4
4
4
2
2
2
36
37
38
0
0
0
11
12
12



10
14
18
8
8
8
10
10
11



0
0
0
32
32
31

3
3



14
14
14
7
7
8

12
12

3
3
3
5
5
5
0
0
0
41
36
32
5
4
3
7
1
0
0
0
1
26
25
23
0
0
0
10
6
2

6
6
38
28
16
1
1
0
2
3
2
46
31
12
0
0
0
2
3
2

5
5



0
2
3
27
31
38

7
3







0
0
0
23
21
19
4
3
2
1
1
0
0
0
0
5
4
4
0
0
0
2
2
2



23
20
15
0
0
0
10
5
0
5
5
5
0
0
0
0
0
3

0
0



5
2
0
31
25
13

2
1

96
96
96

69

100
100
100
6
8
11
37
45
53
81
90
95
58
72
98
10
12
14
100
100
100
41
48
55


73
8
9
9
87
88
90
35
55
77
9
25
47
NA
NA
NA

28
29

87
87



27
43
52
2
5
9

56
74







0
0
0
8
12
16
22
26
31
3
4
4
1
1
2
6
7
9
0
0
0
9
11
12



3
4
4
9
9
9
5
7
10



NA
NA
NA

21
22

3
3



3
5
6
0
1
2

10
14

4
4
4

31

0
0
0
23
24
24
7
8
9
7
2
0
10
8
0
47
53
58
0
0
0
29
20
12


27
20
15
11
4
3
1
9
9
8
80
64
42
NA
NA
NA

15
23

10
10



2
2
4
23
26
34

18
4







0
0
0
63
56
49
34
21
7
9
4
1
31
19
0
37
28
19
0
0
0
21
21
21



69
72
76
0
0
0
51
29
5
11
11
11
NA
NA
NA

36
26

0
0



68
50
38
75
68
55

16
8

97
97
97

87

100
100
100
8
11
14
39
46
53
84
92
96
68
79
98
15
18
22
100
100
100
65
70
76


92
16
21
27
89
89
91
66
75
85
19
34
55
100
100
100

49
53

90
90
70
80

53
64
70
9
14
19

62
77







0
0
0
12
16
20
24
29
33
4
4
4
1
2
2
13
16
19
0
0
0
10
11
12



6
8
10
8
8
9
8
10
11



0
0
0

27
28

3
3
8
9

8
10
11
2
3
4

11
13

3
3
3

13

0
0
0
26
26
27
6
6
8
7
2
0
8
5
0
43
45
45
0
0
0
17
11
5


8
27
20
12
3
3
0
4
4
3
72
56
35
0
0
0

8
9

7
7
10
7

1
2
2
23
28
35

15
4







0
0
0
54
47
39
31
19
6
5
2
0
23
14
0
29
21
14
0
0
0
8
8
7



51
51
51
0
0
0
22
11
1
9
10
10
0
0
0

16
10

0
0
12
4

38
24
17
66
55
42

12
6

Unimproved

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Use of sanitation facilities (percentage of population)

25

21
8
26
32
44
11
7
13

15
13
28
31
7
12


21
12
30

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Micronesia (Federated States
of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar

Surface water

Mexico

Unimproved

Mauritius

Other improved

Mauritania

Piped on premises

Martinique

Total improved

Marshall Islands

Surface water

Malta

Unimproved

Mali

Other improved

Maldives

Piped on premises

Malaysia

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Total improved

Malawi

Year
Surface water

Madagascar

Unimproved

Unimproved

Luxembourg

Improved

Other improved

Lithuania

National
Unimproved

Piped on premises

Libya

Improved

Total improved

Country, area or territory

Rural
Unimproved

54
54

98
98
98
100
100
100
73
75
78
91
93
95
94
99
100
100
100
100
53
70
89
100
100
100
91
92
93

86
100
36
45
52
100
100
100
92
94
96
94
94
95
100
100
100
74
86
100
100
100
100



93
96
98
73
75
78
80
85
94




89
93
98
100
100
100
23
19
15
40
35
30
86
95
99
50
67
99
17
26
35
100
100
100
4
4
4

86
100
15
26
35
99
100
100
86
90
94


42
100
100
100
53
42
26
98
98
98



74
82
89
22
21
19
17
18
18




9
5
0
0
0
0
50
56
63
51
58
65
8
4
1
50
33
1
36
44
54
0
0
0
87
88
89

0
0
21
19
17
1
0
0
6
4
2


53
0
0
0
21
44
74
2
2
2



19
14
9
51
54
59
63
67
76

46
46

2
2
2
0
0
0
15
13
11
5
5
5
6
1
0
0
0
0
45
29
11
0
0
0
9
8
7

14
0
63
54
48
0
0
0
4
4
4
3
3
2
0
0
0
20
11
0
0
0
0



7
4
2
24
21
18
8
6
5







0
0
0
12
12
11
4
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
0
0
0
0




0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
4
2
0
3
3
3
0
0
0
6
3
0
0
0
0



0
0
0
3
4
4
12
9
1

55
55


81

100
100
100
15
24
34
35
57
82
82
93
99
91
93
98
20
36
53
98
100
100
94
96
97
100
100
100
26
37
48
99
99
100
59
73
89
90
89
88
NA
NA
NA
27
37
53
95
95
95



54
58
61
24
27
33
48
60
79




46
60
73
98
98
98
1
2
2
2
2
2
59
80

0
0
1
0
1
1
98
100
100
0
0
0



0
8
14
98
98
100
49
62
75


36
NA
NA
NA
0
1
2

77
77



4
12
19
1
1
1
1
2
3





21

2
2
2
14
22
32
33
55
80
23
13

91
93
97
20
35
52
0
0
0
94
96
97



26
29
34
1
1
0
10
11
14


52
NA
NA
NA
27
36
51

18
18



50
46
42
23
26
32
47
58
76

45
45


19

0
0
0
35
31
27
46
31
14
16
5
0
9
7
2
70
57
44
2
0
0
6
4
3
0
0
0
65
56
46
1
1
0
6
9
11
2
3
4
NA
NA
NA
18
20
23
5
5
5



41
27
16
43
47
53
20
16
14







0
0
0
50
45
39
19
12
4
2
2
1



10
7
3
0
0
0



0
0
0
9
7
6
0
0
0
35
18
0
8
8
8
NA
NA
NA
55
43
24
0
0
0



5
15
23
33
26
14
32
24
7

54
54


92

100
100
100
29
38
48
42
63
84
88
96
100
93
95
99
28
45
65
100
100
100
92
93
94

88
100
30
40
50
99
99
100
82
89
94
91
90
89
100
100
100
54
65
85
97
98
98
97
99
99
73
78
82
34
41
47
56
67
84




75
82
90
100
100
100
7
7
7
6
7
7
73
89

13
19
41
4
8
13
100
100
100
3
3
3



6
15
23
99
99
100
75
83
90


37
100
100
100
30
25
19

90
91
91
95
96
38
49
59
5
7
6
5
6
8





10

0
0
0
22
31
41
36
56
77
15
7

80
76
58
24
37
52
0
0
0
89
90
91



24
25
27
0
0
0
7
6
4


52
0
0
0
24
40
66

8
7
6
4
3
35
29
23
29
34
41
51
61
76

46
46


8

0
0
0
30
26
22
41
27
13
11
3
0
7
5
1
63
50
33
0
0
0
8
7
6

12
0
64
55
47
1
1
0
5
5
6
2
3
4
0
0
0
19
15
8
3
2
2
3
1
1
24
15
8
39
39
42
17
13
11







0
0
0
41
36
30
17
10
3
1
1
0



9
5
2
0
0
0




0
0
6
5
3
0
0
0
13
6
0
7
7
7
0
0
0
27
20
7
0
0
0



3
7
10
27
20
11
27
20
5

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Urban
Improved



21
27
50
33
26
43
8
8
26
27
13

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

Use of drinking–water sources (percentage of population)

26
2
7
39
NA*
NA*
19
22
33

25

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

26

Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal

Open defecation

Norway

Unimproved

Northern Mariana Islands

Shared

Niue

Improved

Nigeria

Open defecation

Niger

Unimproved

Nicaragua

Shared

New Zealand

Improved

New Caledonia

Open defecation

Netherlands

1 415
1 896
2 324
9
10
10
19 081
24 401
30 486
14 892
15 863
16 665
170
212
255
3 398
3 858
4 415
4 121
5 074
5 870
7 788
10 922
16 069
97 552
123 689
162 471
2
2
1
44
68
61
4 241
4 491
4 925
1 868
2 264
2 846
111 845
144 522
176 745
15
19
21
2 416
2 956
3 571
4 158
5 379
7 014
4 244
5 344
6 568
21 686
25 862
29 400
61 629
77 310
94 852
38 056
38 302
38 299
9 925
10 336
10 690

Unimproved

Nepal

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

National

Shared

Nauru

Population
(x 1000)

Unimproved

Improved

Namibia

Year

Rural

Unimproved

Percentage urban population

Country, area or territory

Urban

28
32
38
100
100
100
9
13
17
69
77
83
60
62
62
85
86
86
52
55
58
15
16
18
35
42
50
31
33
38
90
90
91
72
76
79
66
72
73
31
33
36
70
70
84
54
66
75
15
13
12
49
55
62
69
73
77
49
48
49
61
62
61
48
54
61

62
60
57
66
66
66
36
43
50
100
100
100






59
61
63
19
27
34
40
37
33






100
100
100
95
96
97
72
72
72
63
89
100
73
75
77
62
60
57
61
79

71
76
81
69
74
79
96
96
96
98
99
100

22
21
20
31
31
31
27
31
37
0
0
0






8
8
9
14
20
25
44
40
36






0
0
0



6
6
6



11
11
12
10
9
9
3
4

8
8
9
15
16
17





0

5
4
4
2
2
1
6
5
2
0
0
0






29
27
24
41
31
21
10
13
16






0
0
0
1
1
0
14
16
18
37
11
0
15
12
9
25
27
30
35
16

5
8
10
8
4
1
4
4
4
2
1
0

11
15
19
1
1
2
31
21
11
0
0
0






4
4
4
26
22
20
6
10
15






0
0
0
4
3
3
8
6
4
0
0
0
1
2
2
3
4
4
1
1

16
8
0
8
6
3



0
0
0

9
13
17
NA
NA
NA
4
17
32
100
100
100



88


26
32
37
2
3
4
37
33
28






100
100
100
55
71
95
7
20
34
8
63
100
40
47
54
13
13
13
15
31

17
27
38
45
57
69

80

90
96
100

2
3
4
NA
NA
NA
1
7
12
0
0
0






4
5
6
1
1
2
17
15
13






0
0
0



1
4
6



4
4
5
3
3
3
0
0

2
2
4
10
13
16





0

6
7
7
NA
NA
NA
6
6
6
0
0
0



12


25
32
37
2
3
3
12
19
28






0
0
0
8
4
0
20
23
26
92
37
0
32
32
31
66
68
71
81
67

7
20
32
22
12
3

20

10
4
0

83
77
72
NA
NA
NA
89
70
50
0
0
0






45
31
20
95
93
91
34
33
31






0
0
0
37
25
5
72
53
34
0
0
0
24
17
10
18
16
13
4
2

74
51
26
23
18
12



0
0
0

24
28
32
66
66
66
7
21
35
100
100
100
100
100
100



43
48
52
4
7
10
38
34
31

79
100
84
92
98
100
100
100
82
89
97
27
37
47
46
81
100
58
65
71
20
19
19
38
58

54
63
72
57
65
74

89

94
98
100

7
9
10
31
31
31
4
10
16
0
0
0






6
7
7
3
4
6
26
25
24






0
0
0



3
4
6



8
9
10
4
3
3
2
2

6
7
8
12
14
16





0

6
6
6
2
2
1
5
5
6
0
0
0
0
0
0



27
29
31
9
8
6
12
18
22

21
0
16
8
2
0
0
0
3
2
0
18
22
24
54
19
0
22
19
15
60
64
66
58
39

6
10
14
15
9
2

11

6
2
0

63
57
52
1
1
2
84
64
43
0
0
0
0
0
0



24
16
10
84
81
78
24
23
23


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
9
3
52
37
23
0
0
0
12
7
4
16
14
12
2
1

34
20
6
16
12
8



0
0
0

Unimproved

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Use of sanitation facilities (percentage of population)

14
2
26
7
25

16
6
6
NA*
15
11
30
24
46
25
5

24
30

9

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal

Surface water

Pakistan

Unimproved

Oman

Other improved

Norway

Piped on premises

Northern Mariana Islands

Total improved

Niue

Surface water

Nigeria

Unimproved

Niger

Other improved

Nicaragua

Piped on premises

New Zealand

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Total improved

New Caledonia

Year
Surface water

Netherlands

Unimproved

Unimproved

Nepal

Improved

Other improved

Nauru

National
Unimproved

Piped on premises

Namibia

Improved

Total improved

Country, area or territory

Rural
Unimproved

99
99
99

93
96
96
94
91
100
100
100



100
100
100
92
95
98
57
78
100
81
78
75






100
100
100
83
87
95
95
96
96
98
97
97
98
98
97
87
88
89
81
92
99
88
90
91
93
93
93
100
100
100
98
99
100

82
77
72


68
44
46
49
100
100
100



100
100
100
82
86
89
21
30
39
33
20
7






100
100
100
30
48
81
56
57
58
98
97
97
96
96
95
61
59
55
59
75

74
78
84
40
50
61
97
99
99
96
98
100

17
22
27


28
52
48
42
0
0
0



0
0
0
10
9
9
36
48
61
48
58
68






0
0
0
53
39
14
39
39
38
0
0
0
2
2
2
26
29
34
22
17

14
12
7
53
43
32
3
1
1
2
1
0

1
1
1

7
4
3
4
6
0
0
0



0
0
0
7
4
2
42
22
0
16
18
19






0
0
0
13
9
1
4
4
4
2
3
3
2
2
3
7
7
8
18
8
1
11
9
8
6
7
7
0
0
0
2
1
0

0
0
0



1
2
3
0
0
0



0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
3
4
6






0
0
0
4
4
4
1
0
0



0
0
0
6
5
3
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

51
72
90
NA
NA
NA
64
75
87
100
100
100



100
100
100
54
62
68
31
35
39
29
38
47






100
100
100
70
75
85
81
85
89
72
80
86
67
76
86
24
27
33
25
51

45
55
66
77
85
92



95
97
100

14
21
28
NA
NA
NA
2
8
14
100
100
100



100
100
100
17
24
29
0
1
2
4
2
1






100
100
100
3
15
37
8
15
23
72
80
86
60
72
83
4
3
3
0
21

13
29
47
9
17
25
73
89
96
83
92
100

37
51
62
NA
NA
NA
62
67
73
0
0
0



0
0
0
37
38
39
31
34
37
25
36
46






0
0
0
67
60
48
73
70
66
0
0
0
7
4
3
20
24
30
25
30

32
26
19
68
68
67



12
5
0

35
15
0
NA
NA
NA
29
19
9
0
0
0



0
0
0
30
27
25
66
62
58
31
31
31






0
0
0
20
15
15
8
7
7
28
20
14
21
13
4
27
24
19
63
42

28
23
18
21
14
7



5
3
0

14
13
10
NA
NA
NA
7
6
4
0
0
0



0
0
0
16
11
7
3
3
3
40
31
22






0
0
0
10
10

11
8
4



12
11
10
49
49
48
12
7

27
22
16
2
1
1



0
0
0

64
80
93

93
96
67
77
88
100
100
100

94
98
100
100
100
74
80
85
35
42
50
47
55
61
99
99
99
94
95
97
100
100
100
79
84
92
85
88
91
90
92
95
84
90
94
33
35
40
52
74

75
80
85
85
89
92



96
98
100

33
39
45


68
6
13
19
100
100
100

85
94
100
100
100
51
58
63
3
6
8
14
10
4
98
98
98
70
78
87
100
100
100
21
39
70
23
29
36
90
92
95
80
88
92
12
11
9
29
51

55
65
75
24
33
43
88
95
98
89
95
100

31
41
48


28
61
64
69
0
0
0

9
4
0
0
0
23
22
22
32
36
42
33
45
57
1
1
1
24
17
10
0
0
0
58
45
22
62
59
55
0
0
0
4
2
2
21
24
31
23
23

20
15
10
61
56
49



7
3
0

26
11
1

7
4
26
18
8
0
0
0

6
2
0
0
0
18
15
12
62
55
48
26
25
25
1
1
1
6
5
3
0
0
0
15
10
8
7
7
6
10
8
5
11
6
4
24
22
17
41
23

16
14
11
14
10
7



4
2
0

10
9
6



7
5
4
0
0
0



0
0
0
8
5
3
3
3
2
27
20
14






0
0
0
6
6

8
5
3



5
4
2
43
43
43
7
3

9
6
4
1
1
1



0
0
0

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Urban
Improved

42

36
7

17
24
28
26
NA*
7
11
29

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

Use of drinking–water sources (percentage of population)

29
19
29
18

22
29

8

27

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

28

San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia

Open defecation

Samoa

Unimproved

Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines

Shared

Saint Lucia

Improved

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Open defecation

Rwanda

Unimproved

Russian Federation

Shared

Romania

Improved

Réunion

Open defecation

Republic of Moldova

3 529
3 814
3 746
474
591
1 870
42 980
45 988
48 391
4 364
4 107
3 545
612
739
856
23 207
22 192
21 436
148 244
146 758
142 836
7 110
8 098
10 943
41
46
53
138
157
176
107
108
109
161
177
184
24
27
32
116
141
169
16 139
20 045
28 083
7 242
9 506
12 768
9 569
10 134
9 854
71
79
87
3 982
4 143
5 997
3 017
3 919
5 188
5 270
5 405
5 472
1 927
1 985
2 035

Unimproved

Republic of Korea

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

National

Shared

Qatar

Population
(x 1000)

Unimproved

Improved

Puerto Rico

Year

Rural

Unimproved

Percentage urban population

Country, area or territory

Urban

72
95
99
93
96
99
74
80
83
47
45
48
81
90
94
53
53
53
73
73
74
5
14
19
35
33
32
29
28
18
41
45
49
21
22
20
90
93
94
44
53
63
77
80
82
39
40
43
50
53
56
49
50
54
33
36
39
100
100
100
56
56
55
50
51
50




100
100
100
100
100
100

87
89
98
98
98
88
88

80
77
74
64
63
61



67
69
70



94
94
93




27
41



59
63
68
97
97
98



23
23
22
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100











7
7



3
3

16
15
15
23
22
22



3
3
3



5
5
5




4
6



20
21
22
2
2
2



43
42
42



0
0
0
0
0
0




0
0
0
0
0
0

6
4
2
2
2
9
9

3
7
10
10
13
16



24
20
18



1
1
2




4
5



12
11
9
1
1
0



34
31
27
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0




0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0






1
1
1
3
2
1



6
8
9



0
0
0




65
48



9
5
1
0
0
0



0
4
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0




100
100
100
100
100
100

72
83
95
95
95
52
54

58
59
59
30
45
61



54
60
64



92
92
91




14
23



21
29
39
95
95
96



5
6
7
NA
NA
NA
100
100
100
100
100
100











4
5



1
1

11
11
11
3
5
7



4
4
4



6
6
6




4
7



6
8
11
2
2
2



14
16
18
NA
NA
NA
0
0
0
0
0
0




0
0
0
0
0
0

24
12
5
5
5
47
45

30
29
29
59
45
30



31
26
24



2
2
3




4
4



17
20
22
3
3
2



55
46
36
NA
NA
NA
0
0
0
0
0
0




0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0






1
1
1
8
5
2



11
10
8



0
0
0




78
66



56
43
28
0
0
0



26
32
39
NA
NA
NA
0
0
0
0
0
0

99
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

79
86
98
98
98
71
72

74
72
70
32
47
61

87

58
62
65
63
73

93
92
92




21
34
92
97
100
36
43
51
96
96
97
97
97
97
11
12
13
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100











6
6



2
2

15
14
14
4
7
10



3
4
4



6
6
6




4
6



11
13
16
2
2
2



24
26
28



0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

15
8
2
2
2
27
26

10
13
15
56
41
27

10

29
25
23
33
23

1
2
2




4
5
3
0
0
15
16
16
2
2
1
2
2
2
47
40
32
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0






1
1
1
8
5
2

3

10
9
8
4
4

0
0
0




71
55
5
3
0
38
28
17
0
0
0
1
1
1
18
22
27
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Unimproved

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Use of sanitation facilities (percentage of population)

1
73
8
NA*
21

NA*
41

15

7

20
38
25
NA*
14
5
33
2
3

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia

Surface water

Sao Tome and Principe

Unimproved

San Marino

Other improved

Samoa

Piped on premises

Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines

Total improved

Saint Lucia

Surface water

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Unimproved

Rwanda

Other improved

Russian Federation

Piped on premises

Romania

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Total improved

Réunion

Year
Surface water

Republic of Moldova

Unimproved

Unimproved

Republic of Korea

Improved

Other improved

Qatar

National
Unimproved

Piped on premises

Puerto Rico

Improved

Total improved

Country, area or territory

Rural
Unimproved




100
100
100
97
98
100
98
99
99
99
99
99
93
97
99
98
98
99
91
86
80



96
97
98



97
97
97




86
99



88
90
93
100
100
99



66
75
84
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100







96
97
99

77
86
99
99
99
88
90
92
88
90
91
30
23
15



81
85
89



82
87
91




30
39



46
60
77
97
97
97



17
14
11
100
100
100
100
96

100
100
100







1
1
1

22
13
0
0
0
5
7
7
10
8
8
61
63
65



15
12
9



15
10
6




56
60



42
30
16
3
3
2



49
61
73
0
0
0
0
4

0
0
0




0
0
0
3
2
0
2
1
1
1
1
1
7
3
1
2
2
1
3
7
13



4
3
2



3
3
2




4
1



12
10
6
0
0
1



29
18
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0




0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0






0
0
0
6
7
7









0
0
1




10
0



0
0
1
0
0
0



5
7
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0




100
100
100

75
88

89
93
98
98
98
55
70

80
86
92
60
63
66



92
93
93



87
92
98




70
94



42
50
59
99
99
99



23
31
40
NA
NA
NA
100
100
100
99
99
99








46
64
0
1
23
98
98
98
13
21
28
37
46
55
0
0
1



65
72
80



72
78
84




14
22



1
9
18

72
72



2
1
1
NA
NA
NA
89
92

99
99
99








29
24

88
70
0
0
0
42
49

43
40
37
60
63
65



27
21
13



15
14
14




56
72



41
41
41

27
27



21
30
39
NA
NA
NA
11
8

0
0
0




0
0
0

25
12

11
7
2
2
2
45
30

19
12
5
14
17
20



8
7
7



13
8
1




7
2



56
48
39
1
1
1



28
23
16
NA
NA
NA
0
0
0
1
1
1




0
0
0




0
0






1
2
3
26
20
14









0
0
1




23
4



2
2
2
0
0
0



49
46
44
NA
NA
NA
0
0
0


94
94

100
100
100

93
98

93
96
99
99
99
75
84

93
95
97
62
66
69

98
98
93
94
94
88
93
95
89
93
98




78
97
92
95
97
60
66
73
99
100
99
96
96
96
37
47
57
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

87
87





87
93

35
53
99
99
99
53
57
62
74
78
82
2
3
4

92

70
76
82
52
74

74
80
85




23
33
58
63
67
18
30
43

85
86


92
7
6
5
100
100
100
95
94

100
100
100

7
7





6
5

58
43
0
0
0
22
27

19
17
15
60
63
65

6

23
18
12
36
19

15
13
13




55
64
34
32
30
42
36
30

15
13


4
30
41
52
0
0
0
5
6

0
0
0

6
6

0
0
0

7
2

7
4
1
1
1
25
16

7
5
3
13
16
19

2
2
7
6
6
12
7
5
11
7
1




6
1
8
5
3
39
33
26
1
0
1
0
0
0
29
21
13
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0




0
0
0




0
0






0
0
0
25
18
12









0
0
1




16
2



1
1
1
0
0
0
4
4
4
34
32
30
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Urban
Improved


73
14
NA*
21

NA*
37
18
16
5
15

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

Use of drinking–water sources (percentage of population)

41
36
32
NA*
13
30
33
2
3

29

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

30

Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia
Timor–Leste
Togo
Tokelau
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey

Open defecation

Syrian Arab Republic

Unimproved

Switzerland

Shared

Sweden

Improved

Swaziland

Open defecation

Suriname

Unimproved

Sudan

Shared

Sri Lanka

Improved

Spain

Open defecation

South Sudan

310
409
552
6 599
7 399
9 557
36 794
44 760
50 460


10 314
38 889
40 288
46 455
17 337
18 745
21 045
26 494
34 188
34 318
407
467
529
863
1 064
1 203
8 559
8 860
9 441
6 674
7 168
7 702
12 324
15 989
20 766
5 303
6 173
6 977
57 072
63 155
69 519
1 909
2 009
2 064
743
830
1 154
3 666
4 794
6 155
2
2
1
95
98
105
1 215
1 292
1 346
8 215
9 456
10 594
54 130
63 628
73 640

Unimproved

South Africa

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

National

Shared

Somalia

Population
(x 1000)

Unimproved

Improved

Solomon Islands

Year

Rural

Unimproved

Percentage urban population

Country, area or territory

Urban

14
16
20
30
33
38
52
57
62


18
75
76
77
17
16
15
25
29
33
60
65
70
23
23
21
83
84
85
73
73
74
49
52
56
32
26
27
29
31
34
58
59
59
21
24
28
29
33
38
0
0
0
23
23
23
9
11
14
58
63
66
59
65
72


81
81

45
52
80
82
84


16
100
100
100
78
80
83
52
48
44
90
90
90
63
63
63
100
100
100
100
100
100
95
95
96
93
93
95
87
88
89
96
93
97

53
68
26
26
26
NA
NA
NA
98
99
99
93
92
92
94
96
97
96
96
97





26
30
8
8
9


6
0
0
0
13
14
14
12
11
10
9
9
9
29
29
29
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
4
4
4
4
4
11
11
11

3
3

13
16
44
44
43
NA
NA
NA



7
7
7
2
2
2
1
2
2


15
15

16
15
10
8
5


20
0
0
0
5
3
2
28
27
26
1
1
1
6
6
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
2
2
1
1
1
0
4
4
0

10
8
5
8
11
NA
NA
NA
2
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
1


4
4

13
3
2
2
2


58
0
0
0
4
3
1
8
14
20
0
0
0
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0

24
8
25
22
20
NA
NA
NA



0
0
0
3
1
0
0
0
0


15
15

10
6
46
51
57


7
100
100
100
65
78
93
18
16
13

65
66
44
49
55
100
100
100
100
100
100
75
81
94

89
94
79
93
96

85
83

32
27
8
5
3
41
63
93
95
92
89
93
92
92
43
58
75
66
71
75





9
6
5
6
6


2
0
0
0
4
5
6
5
5
4

11
11
15
16
18
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
5
5

3
3
3
4
4

5
4

7
6
15
11
5






7
7
7
5
7
9
2
3
3


63
63

9
5
23
22
22


10
0
0
0
16
9
0
29
26
24

2
3
10
6
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
4
1

6
3
1
0
0

10
12

6
30
3
10
18
59
37
7
5
8
11
0
1
1
3
6
0
27
23
21


22
22

72
83
26
21
15


81
0
0
0
15
8
1
48
53
59

22
20
31
29
18
0
0
0
0
0
0
17
10
0

2
0
17
3
0

0
1

55
37
74
74
74






0
0
0
49
29
16
5
3
1


25
29

22
24
64
69
74


9
100
100
100
68
79
91
27
25
24

81
83
49
52
57
100
100
100
100
100
100
85
89
95

90
95
82
91
93

90
91

37
39
13
12
11
41
63
93
95
94
92
93
92
92
73
82
90
84
87
91





15
15
7
7
8


3
0
0
0
6
6
7
7
7
6

10
10
18
19
21
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
4
4

3
3
6
6
7

3
4

8
9
24
22
20






7
7
7
3
4
4
2
2
2


56
53

10
9
16
14
11


11
0
0
0
12
8
1
28
26
24

1
1
8
6
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
1

6
2
0
1
0

7
4

7
23
3
9
15
59
37
7
5
6
8
0
1
1
2
3
1
12
10
7


19
18

53
52
13
10
7


77
0
0
0
14
7
1
38
42
46

8
6
25
23
15
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
5
0

1
0
12
2
0

0
1

48
29
60
57
54






0
0
0
22
11
5
2
1
0

Unimproved

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Use of sanitation facilities (percentage of population)


9
20

15
28
0
17
17
7
9
37
21
19

11
3
33
5
5
24
23

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

The former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tokelau
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey

Surface water

Thailand

Unimproved

Tajikistan

Other improved

Syrian Arab Republic

Piped on premises

Switzerland

Total improved

Sweden

Surface water

Swaziland

Unimproved

Suriname

Other improved

Sudan

Piped on premises

Sri Lanka

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Total improved

Spain

Year
Surface water

South Sudan

Unimproved

Unimproved

South Africa

Improved

Other improved

Somalia

National
Unimproved

Piped on premises

Solomon Islands

Improved

Total improved

Country, area or territory

Rural
Unimproved


93
93

35
66
98
98
99


63
100
100
100
92
95
99
86
76
66
99
98
97
86
89
93
100
100
100
100
100
100
97
95
93

93
92
96
97
97
100
100
100

69
93
79
84
90
NA
NA
NA
98
98
99
92
95
98
95
97
100
94
97
100


61
61
0
12
53
86
87
89



99
99
99
37
53
67
78
63
46

91
78
67
70
74
100
100
100
100
100
100
94
93
91

77
87
74
77
80
97
97
95

24
45
14
13
12
NA
NA
NA



81
85
88
89
92
94
91
95
99


32
32

23
13
12
11
10



1
1
1
55
42
32
8
13
20

7
19
19
19
19
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
2

16
5
22
20
17
3
3
5

45
48
65
71
78
NA
NA
NA



11
10
10
6
5
6
3
2
1


7
0

59
30
2
2
1


16
0
0
0
8
5
1
12
22
31
1
2
3
6
5
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
5
7

3
1
4
3
3
0
0
0

28
6
20
15
9
NA
NA
NA
2
2
1
5
2
0
5
3
0
6
3
0


0
7

6
4
0
0
0


21
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
3
0
0
0
8
6
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
7
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
1
1
1
1
NA
NA
NA



3
3
2
0
0
0
0
0
0


76
76

15
7
66
71
79


55
100
100
100
63
76
92
61
56
50

73
81
25
41
67
100
100
100
100
100
100
75
79
87

49
57
82
90
95
98
98
99

50
60
36
38
40
90
93
97
99
99
99
88
91
93
63
76
89
73
85
99


16
16
0
0
0
23
28
36



100
100
100
6
15
23
16
15
13

49
45
4
13
26
100
100
100
99
99
99
49
60
79

17
34
10
22
31

85
83

11
14
0
0
1






68
71
74
22
33

51
73
97


60
60

15
7
43
43
43



0
0
0
57
61
69
45
41
37

24
36
21
28
41
0
0
0
1
1
1
26
19
8

32
23
72
68
64

13
16

39
46
36
38
39






20
20
19
41
43

22
12
2


21
0

56
52
7
8
11


14
0
0
0
28
19
6
29
33
36

6
0
18
18
17
0
0
0
0
0
0
24
20
12

14
5
16
9
5
2
2
1

43
29
37
33
30
10
7
3
1
1
1
10
7
5
35
22
9
26
14
1


3
24

29
41
27
21
10


31
0
0
0
9
5
2
10
11
14

21
19
57
41
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1

37
38
2
1
0




7
11
27
29
30






2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
0


78
79

21
30
83
87
91


57
100
100
100
68
79
93
67
62
55

89
92
39
52
72
100
100
100
100
100
100
86
88
90

61
66
86
92
96
99
99
100

54
69
48
53
59
90
93
97
99
99
99
89
92
94
82
89
96
85
93
100


23
25
0
4
20
56
62
69



99
99
99
11
21
29
32
29
24

76
68
18
25
36
100
100
100
100
100
100
71
77
86

33
48
29
39
48

92
90

14
23
4
5
5






69
73
76
61
71

75
87
99


55
54

17
10
27
25
22



1
1
1
57
58
64
35
33
31

13
24
21
27
36
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
11
4

28
18
57
53
48

7
10

40
46
44
48
54






20
19
18
21
18

10
6
1


19
0

58
43
4
4
5


14
0
0
0
25
17
5
25
29
35

4
2
16
15
15
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
12
10

11
4
12
7
4
1
1
0

40
23
32
27
22
10
7
3
1
1
1
9
6
4
17
10
3
15
7
0


3
21

21
27
13
9
4


29
0
0
0
7
4
2
8
9
10

7
6
45
33
13
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

28
30
2
1
0


0

6
8
20
20
19






2
2
2
1
1
1
0
0
0

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Urban
Improved


17
23

15
29
NA*
19
38
7
9
31
16

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

Use of drinking–water sources (percentage of population)

19
5
30
25
NA*
9
9
24
29

31

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

32

Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic
of)
Viet Nam
West Bank and Gaza Strip
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Open defecation

Uzbekistan

Unimproved

Uruguay

Shared

United States Virgin Islands

Improved

United States of America

Open defecation

United Republic of Tanzania

Unimproved

United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland

Shared

United Arab Emirates

Improved

Ukraine

Open defecation

Uganda

3 668
4 501
5 105
12
19
39
9
9
10
17 700
24 213
34 509
51 645
48 892
45 190
1 809
3 033
7 891
57 214
58 874
62 417
25 479
34 038
46 218
253 339
282 496
313 085
103
109
109
3 109
3 319
3 380
20 515
24 776
27 760
147
185
246
19 685
24 348
29 437
67 102
78 758
88 792
2 081
3 199
4 152
11 948
17 723
24 800
7 860
10 202
13 475
10 469
12 509
12 754

Unimproved

Tuvalu

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

National

Shared

Turks and Caicos Islands

Population
(x 1000)

Unimproved

Improved

Turkmenistan

Year

Rural

Unimproved

Percentage urban population

Country, area or territory

Urban

45
46
49
74
85
94
41
46
51
11
12
16
67
67
69
79
81
84
78
79
80
19
22
27
75
79
82
88
93
95
89
91
93
40
37
36
19
22
25
84
90
94
20
24
31
68
72
74
21
26
32
39
35
39
29
34
39

99
99
100



75
81
86
33
33
34
100
97
96
98
98
98
100
100
100
9
16
24
100
100
100



96
97
99
95
97
100

54
65
89
93

64
78
93
90
92
95
70
82
93
61
59
56
54
53
52







8
9
9
48
49
50
0
2
2
2
2
2
0
0
0
8
15
23
0
0
0



0
0
0




28
33



4
4
5
5
5
5
1
2
2
26
25
23
46
45
44

1
1
0



15
8
3
17
16
15
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
81
67
51
0
0
0



1
1
1
5
3
0

18
2
7
2

8
7
2
3
2
0
23
12
3
11
14
19
0
1
2

0
0
0



2
2
2
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
2
0
0
0



3
2
0
0
0
0

0
0
4
5

24
11
0
2
1
0
6
4
2
2
2
2
0
1
2

97
97
98



71
76
80
26
31
35

91
89
95
95
95
100
100
100
6
7
7
99
99
99



85
90
98
76
87
100

38
55
45
54

30
48
67

85
93
12
24
34
29
31
33
35
34
33







4
4
5
12
14
16

4
4
5
5
5
0
0
0
3
4
4






1
1
1




10
15



2
3
4

7
7
1
2
3
7
7
8
18
17
17

2
2
1



18
13
8
40
39
39

5
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
81
76
73
1
1
1



1
0
1
24
13
0

50
28
14
6

24
23
24

6
0
33
32
32
24
29
32
0
5
10

1
1
1



7
7
7
22
16
10

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10
13
16






13
9
0
0
0
0

2
2
41
40

44
26
5

2
0
54
42
31
40
33
27
47
44
40

98
98
99

81

73
78
83
27
31
35

95
94
97
97
98
100
100
100
7
9
12
100
100
100
96
96
96
95
97
99
84
91
100

42
58
82
89

37
55
75

90
94
24
39
53
42
41
42
40
40
40







6
6
7
16
18
21

3
3
2
2
2
0
0
0
4
6
9






0
0
0




14
20



2
3
4

5
6
1
2
3
14
13
14
26
27
27

1
1
1

16

16
11
6
37
37
35

2
3
1
1
0
0
0
0
80
74
67
0
0
0
4
4
4
1
0
1
16
9
0

42
20
8
3

21
20
18

4
0
31
27
22
19
24
27
0
3
7

1
1
0

3

5
5
4
20
14
9

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
11
12
0
0
0



4
3
0
0
0
0

2
2
10
8

40
22
3

1
0
44
32
22
25
22
17
34
30
26

Unimproved

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Use of sanitation facilities (percentage of population)

19

12
17
NA*
69
7
7
15
2
8
30
33

36
40
34
15
3

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Viet Nam
West Bank and Gaza Strip
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Surface water

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic
of)

Unimproved

Vanuatu

Other improved

Uzbekistan

Piped on premises

Uruguay

Total improved

United States Virgin Islands

Surface water

United States of America

Unimproved

United Republic of Tanzania

Other improved

United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland

Piped on premises

United Arab Emirates

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Total improved

Ukraine

Year
Surface water

Uganda

Unimproved

Unimproved

Tuvalu

Improved

Other improved

Turks and Caicos Islands

National
Unimproved

Piped on premises

Turkmenistan

Improved

Total improved

Country, area or territory

Rural
Unimproved

99
97
89



92
95
98
79
85
91
100
99
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
94
87
79
100
100
100



98
99
100
97
98
98
94
96
98
93
94

88
94
99
100
94
82
96
83
72
89
87
86
100
99
97


81
77



92
95
97
8
14
20

92
86

80

100
100
100
33
29
23
97
97
97



95
96
100
86
86
85
79
65
51
87
89

45
51
58

87
75
84
77
71
48
42
36
97
88
78


16
12



0
0
1
71
71
71

7
12

20

0
0
0
61
58
56
3
3
3



3
3
0
11
12
13
15
31
47
6
5

43
43
41

7
7
12
6
1
41
45
50
3
11
19

0
2
10



8
5
2
18
12
6
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
10
18
0
0
0



2
1
0
1
1
1
6
4
2
6
5

6
2
1
0
5
17
3
16
27
10
12
12
0
1
3

1
1
1






3
3
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
3
3
0
0
0



0
0
0
2
1
1
0
0
0
1
1

6
4
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
0
0
0


72
54



89
93
97
36
53
72

92
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
46
45
44
94
94
94



82
88
98
85
83
81
55
71
88
71
74

50
71
94

87
82
59
52
47
22
36
50
71
70
69


29
15



89
93
97
0
1
2

50
22

70

98
98
98
0
2
4
46





56
70
97
37
32
26
27
22
17
44
50

0
4
9

64
70
12
20
26
1
1
2
7
6
5


43
39



0
0
0
36
52
70

42
76

30

2
2
2
46
43
40
48





26
18
1
48
51
55
28
49
71
27
24

50
67
85

23
12
47
32
21
21
35
48
64
64
64


8
46



11
7
3
38
28
17

8
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
30
32
33
6
6
6



17
11
1
8
11
14
37
21
4
13
10

31
16
3

10
15
34
41
47
46
37
28
17
20
23


20







26
19
11

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
24
23
23






1
1
1
7
6
5
8
8
8
16
16

19
13
3

3
3
7
7
6
32
27
22
12
10
8


83
71

87

90
94
98
41
57
75

97
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
55
54
53
98
99
99
100
100
100
96
98
100
90
89
87
62
76
91
90
92

58
77
96

92
82
66
60
55
48
54
64
79
80
80


53
45

28

90
94
97
1
2
5

78
66

78

100
100
100
7
8
9
84


41
46

90
94
99
57
52
47
37
32
25
81
85

9
15
24

81
74
27
35
40
20
16
15
33
34
33


30
26

59

0
0
1
40
55
70

19
32

22

0
0
0
48
46
44
14


59
54

6
4
1
33
37
40
25
44
66
9
7

49
62
72

11
8
39
25
15
28
38
49
46
46
47


6
29

13

10
6
2
35
26
16

3
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
25
27
30
2
1
1
0
0
0
4
2
0
5
7
10
31
17
3
7
6

26
12
2

7
17
28
35
41
32
28
22
12
13
15


11







24
17
9

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
20
19
17



0
0
0
0
0
0
5
4
3
7
7
6
3
2

16
11
2

1
1
6
5
4
20
18
14
9
7
5

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Urban
Improved

0

12
45
NA*
70
7
18
15
2
7
13
43

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

Use of drinking–water sources (percentage of population)


39
21
16
30
7

33

Country, regional and global estimates1 on sanitation and drinking-water

34

World

1

Open defecation

Least developed countries

Unimproved

Developed countries

Shared

Developing countries

Improved

Caucasus and Central Asia

Open defecation

Latin America and the
Caribbean

Unimproved

Oceania

Shared

Western Asia

Improved

South-eastern Asia

Open defecation

Southern Asia

515 588
669 118
877 563
119 694
141 978
168 355
1 216 665
1 347 625
1 430 886
1 195 985
1 460 201
1 728 477
445 361
523 831
600 025
127 092
161 478
211 444
6 459
8 093
10 141
443 032
521 429
596 629
66 627
71 294
78 177
4 136 502
4 905 047
5 701 698
1 149 637
1 195 733
1 249 023
510 107
661 996
851 103
5 286 139
6 100 780
6 950 721

Unimproved

Eastern Asia

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Unimproved

Shared

Northern Africa

Population
(x 1000)

Total

Unimproved

Improved

Sub-Saharan Africa

Year

Rural

Unimproved

Percentage urban population

Region or world

Urban

28
32
37
49
52
55
29
38
52
26
29
33
32
38
45
61
64
68
24
24
23
70
75
79
48
44
44
35
40
46
72
74
78
21
24
29
43
47
52

43
43
42
92
93
94
53
64
76
56
60
64
69
74
81
94
94
96
77
78
78
80
84
87
96
94
96
65
69
74
97
96
97
40
45
48
77
77
80

28
29
30
6
6
6
16
19
24
16
17
19
9
10
10
2
4
4
8
8
9
6
6
7
3
4
4
13
15
17
2
2
2
24
23
26
9
11
13

19
18
19
0
0
0
29
16
0
6
7
7
9
6
2
2
1
0
12
12
11
8
6
5
1
2
0
13
9
5
1
2
1
22
21
20
8
7
4

10
10
9
2
1
0
2
1
0
22
16
10
13
10
7
2
1
0
3
2
2
6
4
1
0
0
0
9
7
4
0
0
0
14
11
6
6
5
3

19
20
24
54
71
84
16
36
57
12
20
30
37
50
62
59
63
71
23
23
24
38
49
63
86
86
95
21
32
43
90
90
92
16
23
31
29
38
47

8
9
11
4
5
7
4
9
14
3
5
7
5
7
9
2
3
4
3
3
3
3
4
6
1
2
2
4
7
9
3
3
3
7
9
12
4
6
9

27
28
29
13
6
0
71
50
27
5
7
9
18
14
10
22
20
17
58
59
61
17
18
17
12
11
3
32
24
17
7
7
5
24
25
25
29
22
16

46
43
36
29
18
9
9
5
2
80
68
54
40
29
19
17
14
8
16
15
12
42
29
14
1
1
0
43
37
31
0
0
0
53
43
32
38
34
28

26
28
30
72
83
90
27
47
67
24
32
41
47
59
71
80
83
88
36
36
36
68
75
82
91
90
96
36
47
57
95
95
96
21
29
36
49
56
64

14
16
18
5
6
6
7
13
19
6
8
11
6
8
10
2
4
4
4
4
4
5
6
6
2
3
3
7
10
13
3
2
2
11
13
16
6
8
11

24
24
26
7
2
0
59
36
13
6
7
9
16
11
5
10
7
5
47
48
50
10
9
8
6
7
1
26
18
12
2
3
2
23
23
23
21
16
10

36
32
26
16
9
4
7
4
1
64
53
39
31
22
14
8
6
3
13
12
10
17
10
4
1
0
0
31
25
18
0
0
0
45
35
25
24
20
15

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Use of sanitation facilities (percentage of population)

13
29
33
20
28
33
10
24
18
24
6
18
21 

For communication purposes in its report, the JMP displays these proportions as rounded integers, which together add to 100% for drinking-water and sanitation, respectively. For its database on the JMP

web site (www.wssinfo.org), we use unrounded estimates to achieve greater accuracy when converting coverage estimates into numbers of people with or without access. Any “apparent” discrepancies between
the published estimates and those derived from the JMP web site are due to the published estimates appearing rounded to the nearest integer.

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Unimproved

Surface water

World

Other improved

Least developed countries

Piped on premises

Developed countries

Total improved

Developing countries

Surface water

Caucasus and Central Asia

Unimproved

Latin America and the
Caribbean

Other improved

Oceania

Piped on premises

Western Asia

1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011
1990
2000
2011

Total improved

South-eastern Asia

Year
Surface water

Southern Asia

Unimproved

Unimproved

Eastern Asia

Improved

Other improved

Northern Africa

Total
Unimproved

Piped on premises

Sub-Saharan Africa

Improved

Total improved

Region or world

Rural
Unimproved

83
83
84
94
94
95
97
98
98
90
92
95
90
92
94
95
96
96
92
93
95
94
96
97
97
96
96
93
94
95
99
100
100
81
79
83
95
95
96

43
39
34
86
89
91
92
93
95
51
53
54
41
45
51
85
87
88
74
75
74
86
90
94
85
84
84
71
72
74
97
97
97
29
31
33
80
80
80

40
44
50
8
5
4
5
5
3
39
39
41
49
47
43
10
9
8
18
18
21
8
6
3
12
12
12
22
22
21
2
3
3
52
48
50
15
15
16

14
14
13
6
6
5
2
2
2
9
7
5
8
6
6
4
3
4
5
5
3
5
3
3
2
3
3
6
5
4
1
0
0
15
17
15
4
4
4

3
3
3
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
2
2
0
1
1
0
3
2
2
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
4
4
2
1
1
0

35
42
51
80
84
89
56
71
85
66
76
88
62
72
84
69
73
78
37
41
45
64
72
82
81
77
79
59
69
79
94
95
97
44
49
58
62
71
81

4
4
5
32
51
73
12
29
45
7
11
15
5
10
13
41
53
66
12
12
11
38
50
64
31
29
29
11
19
24
69
77
79
2
3
4
17
24
29

31
38
46
48
33
16
44
42
40
59
65
73
57
62
71
28
20
12
25
29
34
26
22
18
50
48
50
48
50
55
25
18
18
42
46
54
45
47
52

32
32
30
17
12
6
34
23
13
29
20
10
26
19
13
24
20
18
23
20
14
16
14
11
12
11
11
29
22
15
6
5
2
33
32
29
27
21
14

33
26
19
3
4
5
10
6
2
5
4
2
12
9
3
7
7
4
40
39
41
20
14
7
7
12
10
12
9
6
0
0
1
23
19
13
11
8
5

49
55
63
87
89
92
68
81
92
72
81
90
71
80
89
85
87
90
50
53
56
85
90
94
89
85
86
70
79
87
98
98
99
51
56
65
76
83
89

15
15
15
58
71
83
35
53
71
19
23
28
17
24
30
68
75
81
27
27
25
72
80
88
56
53
53
32
40
47
89
92
93
7
9
12
44
50
55

34
40
48
29
18
9
33
28
21
53
58
62
54
56
59
17
12
9
23
26
31
13
10
6
33
32
33
38
39
40
9
6
6
44
47
53
32
33
34

27
26
24
11
9
6
25
15
7
24
16
9
20
14
9
12
10
9
19
16
12
8
6
4
7
8
8
22
15
10
2
2
1
30
28
25
18
12
8

24
19
13
2
2
2
7
4
1
4
3
1
9
6
2
3
3
1
31
31
32
7
4
2
4
7
6
8
6
3
0
0
0
19
16
10
6
5
3

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Proportion of the 2011
population that gained access
since 1995 (%)

Urban
Improved

28
23
25
32
28
32
21
23
10
28
7
29

Country, regional and global estimates on sanitation and drinking-water

Use of drinking–water sources (percentage of population)

24

35

36

Trends in urban and rural
sanitation coverage, 1990–2011
10

10

9

2

8

10

6

22
7

19

9

19

6

1

6

7

13

2

3

5

12

7

11

0
0
6

2
2
2

0
0
4

0
0

2

0
1
3

0
0
4

29

9

4
5

6

17

9

74

77

3
4

8

13

24

9

8

9

2
0
6

13

13

19
16
Coverage (%)

16
28

30
81

1990

77

69

64

56

87

80

96

78

94

76

94

2011

Southern
Asia

42

1990

2011

1990

SubSaharan
Africa

Improved

2011

Southeastern
Asia

Shared

1990

2011

Latin
America
& Caribbean

Unimproved

1990

2011

Oceania

1990

96

80

65

92
43

96

53

2011

Northern
Africa

1990

2011 1990

Western
Asia

2011 1990

Eastern
Asia

2011 1990

2011

1990

Caucasus Developing
and Central countries
Asia

2011

World

Open defecation

Figure 11. T rends in urban sanitation coverage by developing regions and the world,
1990-2011.

2
14

19
46

36

40

Coverage (%)

54
80

10

17

9

6

8

30

2011

Southern
Asia

37

19

24

1990

2011

Improved

SubSaharan
Africa

1990

Shared

62

27

43

71

3

2011

1990

2011

Latin
America
& Caribbean

Unimproved

38

3

23

24

1990

2011

Oceania

4

2011

Northern
Africa

1990

2011

Western
Asia

9

1990

9

4
4

57

43
21

16
1990

32

86

71
59

54

28

16
29

95

63

31

17

14

38

Southeastern
Asia

0
3
2

4

2

4

1
12
1

22

61

9

17

84
11

12
1990

17

8

3

9
7
5
3

0
7

13

58

17

5

27

29

42

18
29

16

9

12

2011

Eastern
Asia

1990

2011

1990

2011

Caucasus Developing
and Central countries
Asia

47
29

1990

2011

World

Open defecation

Figure 12. T rends in rural sanitation coverage by developing regions and the world,
1990-2011.

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Trends in urban and rural
drinking-water coverage,
1990–2011
3

3

14

13

2
3

3
5
18

2

0
6

8

0
5

9

1
2

1
3

1
2
5

0
2
3

1
5
8

0
3
3

1
4
10

0
4

0
6

8

8

0
5
4

21

49
Coverage (%)

1

43

39

41

12

1
6
22

1
4
21

1
4

0
4

15

16

80

80

1990

2011

12

40
50

94
74

43

1990

41

34

2011

SubSaharan
Africa

95

74

1990

2011

Oceania

1990

51

51

2011

1990

Southeastern
Asia

Piped on premises

54

2011

Southern
Asia

Other improved

85

84

92

1990

2011

1990

Caucasus
and Central
Asia

86

2011

Eastern
Asia

Unimproved

85

1990

2011

Latin
America
& Caribbean

1990

88

2011

Western
Asia

91
86

1990

2011

Northern
Africa

71

1990

74

2011

Developing
countries

World

Surface water

Figure 13. Trends in urban drinking-water coverage by developing regions and the world,
1990-2011.

12

19
33

3

10

13
40

41

2

2
5

7
12

29

26

10

10

13

20

11

11
34

16

30
Coverage (%)

7

32

23

14

57
46
31

25

4

1990

5

2011

SubSaharan
Africa

1990

2011

Oceania

Piped on premises

5
1990

2011

Southeastern
Asia

12

6

5

11

14

15
27

29

12
48
52

55
48

44

7
1990

2011

Other improved

41

38

32

12

15

Southern
Asia

45

29

73

66

64

13

6

45
59

31
11

5

16

28

34

12

18

3
17

26

50

73

71

4

24

18

40
50

7

1990

2011

Caucasus
and Central
Asia
Unimproved

1990

11
2011

Eastern
Asia

1990

2011

Latin
America
& Caribbean

1990

2011

Western
Asia

1990

2011

Northern
Africa

1990

24
2011

Developing
countries

17
1990

29
2011

World

Surface water

Figure 14. T rends in rural drinking-water coverage by developing regions and the world,
1990-2011.

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

37

38

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS:
REGIONAL GROUPINGS

t

Developing countries by regions
Sub-Saharan Africa

Western Asia

Northern Africa

Oceania

Eastern Asia

Latin America and the Caribbean

Southern Asia

Caucasus and Central Asia

South-eastern Asia
Developed countries

Least developed countries

Not applicable

Developing countries
by regions
Sub-Saharan Africa
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina
Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape
Verde, Central African Republic,
Chad, Comoros, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire,
Democratic Republic of the Congo,
Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea,
Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya,
Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi,
Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte,
Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria,
Réunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and
Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra
Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South
Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Togo,
Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania,
Zambia, Zimbabwe

Northern Africa

Western Asia

Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco,
Tunisia, Western Sahara

Eastern Asia
China, Democratic People’s Republic
of Korea, Mongolia, Republic of Korea

Southern Asia
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan,
India, Iran (Islamic Republic of),
Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka

South-Eastern Asia
Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia,
Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic
Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar,
Philippines, Singapore, Thailand,
Timor-Leste, Viet Nam

Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait,
Lebanon, West Bank and Gaza Strip,
Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian
Arab Republic, Turkey, United Arab
Emirates, Yemen

Oceania
American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji,
French Polynesia, Guam, Kiribati,
Marshall Islands, Micronesia
(Federated States of), Nauru, New
Caledonia, Niue, Northern Mariana
Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea,
Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau,
Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu 

tin America & the
La
Caribbean
Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda,
Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas,

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Barbados, Belize, Bolivia
(Plurinational State of), Brazil, British
Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands,
Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba,
Dominica, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, El Salvador, Falkland
Islands (Malvinas), French Guiana,
Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala,
Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica,
Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat,
Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua,
Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks
and Caicos Islands, United States
Virgin Islands, Uruguay, Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of)

Caucasus and Central Asia
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

Developed countries
Albania andorra, Australia, Austria,
Belarus, Belgium, Bermuda, Bosnia
and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada,
Channel Islands, Croatia, Cyprus,
Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Faeroe Islands, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Greenland,
Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Isle
of Man, Israel, Italy, Japan,
Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco,
Montenegro, Netherlands, New
Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Republic of Moldova, Romania,
Russian Federation, San Marino,
Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, The former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland, United
States of America

Progress on SANITATION AND Drinking-Water2013 update

Least developed
countries
Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh,
Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi,
Cambodia, Central African Republic,
Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic
of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial
Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati,
Lao People’s Democratic Republic,
Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi,
Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique,
Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda,
Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe,
Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon
Islands, Somalia, South Sudan,
Sudan, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tuvalu,
Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania,
Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia

39

JMP web site: www.wssinfo.org

ISBN 978 92 4 150539 0

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