ck'´uedum,f

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
jrefrmjyef
-----earm wó b*0awm t&[awm or®morÁK'¨ó/

1 - {uuedygwf
1 - yXr0*f
2 - 'kwd,0*f
3 - wwd,0*f

2 - 'kuedygwf
1 - yXr0*f
2 - 'kwd,0*f

4 - pwkuúedygwf

£wd0kwfygVdawmf jrefrmjyef
rmwdum NyD;\/
------

3 - wduedygwf
1
2
3
4
5

- yXr0*f
- 'kwd,0*f
- wwd,0*f
- pwkw¬0*f
- yOör0*f

ck'´uedum,f
£wd0kwfygVdawmf
jrefrmjyef
-----earm wó b*0awm t&[awm or®morÁK'¨ó/

1 - {uuedygwf
1 - yXr0*f
1
2
3
4
5

- avmbokwf
- a'gookwf
- arm[okwf
- aum"okwf
- ru©okwf

6 - rmeokwf
7 - oAÁy&dnmokwf
8 - rmey&dnmokwf
9 - avmby&dnmokwf
10 - a'goy&dnmokwf
------

2 - 'kwd,0*f
1
2
3
4
5

- arm[y&dnmokwf
- aum"y&dnmokwf
- ru©y&dnmokwf
- t0dZÆmeD0&Pokwf
- wPSmoHa,mZeokwf

6 - yXraocokwf
7 - 'kwd,aocokwf
8 - oHCab'okwf
9 - oHComr*¾Dokwf
10 - y'k|pdwåokwf
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
1 - {uuedygwf
3 - wwd,0*f
1 - yoEépdwåokwf
2 - arwåokwf
3 - Ob,w¬okwf

4 - t|dykOÆokwf
5 - rkom0g'okwf
6 - 'geokwf
7 - arwåmbm0emokwf
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
2 - 'kuedygwf
1 - yXr0*f
1
2
3
4
5

- 'ku©0d[m&okwf
- okc0d[m&okwf
- wyeD,okwf
- twyeD,okwf
- yXroDvokwf

6 - 'kwd,oDvokwf
7 - tmwmyDokwf
8 - yXr euk[eokwf
9 - 'kwd, euk[eokwf
10 - aomreóokwf
------

2 - 'kwd,0*f
1
2
3
4
5
6

- 0dwuúokwf
- a'oemokwf
- 0dZÆmokwf
- ynmy&d[Deokwf
- okuú"r®okwf
- tZmwokwf

7 - edAÁme"mwkokwf
8 - y#dov’meokwf
9 - odu©medoHookwf
10 - Zm*&d,okwf
11 - tmyg,duokwf
12 - 'd|d*wokwf
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
3 - wduedygwf
1 - yXr0*f
1
2
3
4
5

- rlvokwf
- "mwkokwf
- yXra0'emokwf
- 'kwd,a0'emokwf
- yXr{oemokwf

6 - 'kwd,{oemokwf
7 - yXrtmo0okwf
8 - 'kwd,tmo0okwf
9 - wPSmokwf
10 - rm&a",sokwf
------

2 - 'kwd,0*f
1
2
3
4
5

- yknud&d,0w¬Kokwf
- pu©Kokwf
- £`Ed´,okwf
- t'¨gokwf
- 'kpö&dwokwf

6 - okp&dwokwf
7 - aomap,sokwf
8 - armae,sokwf
9 - yXr&m*okwf
10 - 'kwd,&m*okwf
------

3 - wwd,0*f
1
2
3
4
5

- rdpäm'd|duokwf
- or®m'd|duokwf
- edó&Pd,okwf
- oEÅw&okwf
- ykwåokwf

6 - t0k|duokwf
7 - okcyw¬emokwf
8 - bd'k&okwf
9 - "mwkaom oHoE´eokwf
10 - y&d[meokwf
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
3 - wduedygwf
4 - pwkw¬0*f
1
2
3
4
5

- 0dwuúokwf
- ouúm&okwf
- a'0o'´okwf
- yOöykAÁedrdwåokwf
- A[kZe[dwokwf

6 - tokbmEkyóDokwf
7 - "r®mEk"r®y#dyEéokwf
8 - tE¨u&Pokwf
9 - tEÅ&mrvokwf
10 - a'0'wåokwf
------

5 - yOör0*f
1
2
3
4
5

- t*¾yÜom'okwf
- ZD0duokwf
- oCFm#duPÖokwf
- t*¾dokwf
- Oyy&du©okwf

6 - umrlyywådokwf
7 - umra,m*okwf
8 - uvsmPoDvokwf
9 - 'geokwf
10 - aw0dZÆokwf
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
4 - pwkuúedygwf
1 - jAm[®P"r®,m*okwf
2 - okvbokwf
3 - tmo0u©,okwf
4 - orPjAm[®Pokwf
5 - oDvorÜEéokwf
6 - wPSKyÜg'okwf
7 - ojA[®uokwf
8 - A[kum&okwf
9 - uk[okwf
10 - e'Daomwokwf
11 - p&okwf
12 - orÜEéoDvokwf
13 - avmuokwf

£wd0kwfygVdawmf jrefrmjyef
rmwdum NyD;\/
------

ck'´uedum,f
£wd0kwfygVdawmf
jrefrmjyef
-----earm wó b*0awm t&[awm or®morÁK'¨ó/

1 - {uuedygwf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
1 - avmbokwf
1/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY wpfckaomw&m;udk y,fMuukefavmh? oifwdkY tem*grfjzpfa&;twGuf igbk&m;
wm0ef,l\/ wpfckaom w&m;[lonf tb,fenf;/ &[ef;wdkY wyfrufrI ]avmb} [laom
wpfckaom w&m;udk y,fMuukefavmh? oifwdkY tem*grf jzpfa&;twGuf igbk&m; wm0ef,l\/
þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuif avmbjzifh wyfrufol owå0gwdkYonf raumif;aom vm;&m ]*wd} odkY vm;a&muf
Mu&ukef\/ xkdavmbudk aumif;pGmodí (cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk) tedpöpaom tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh
½IolwdkYonf (xkdavmbudk) y,fpGefY ukef\/ (,if;avmbudk) y,fpGefYaomaMumifh þavmuodkY
wpf&HwpfcgrQ rvma&mufukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yXrokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
2 - a'gookwf
2/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY wpfckaomw&m;udk y,fMuukefavmh? oifwdkY tem*grf jzpfa&;twGuf igbk&m;
wm0ef,l\/ wpfckaom w&m;[lonf tb,fenf;/ &[ef;wdkY jypfrSm;rI ]a'go} [laom
wpfckaom w&m;udk y,fMuukefavmh? oifwdkY tem*grf jzpfa&;twGuf igbk&m; wm0ef,l\/
þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifa'gojzifh zsufqD;cH&ol owå0gwdkYonf raumif;aom vm;&m ]*wd} odkY vm;a&muf
Mu&ukef\/ xkda'goudk aumif;pGmodí (cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk) tedpö paom tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh
½IolwdkYonf (xkda'goudk) y,fpGefY ukef\/ (,if;a'goudk) y,fpGefYaomaMumifh þavmuodkY
wpf&HwpfcgrQ rvma&mufukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'kwd,okwf/
------

3 - arm[okwf
3/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY wpfckaomw&m;udk y,fMuukefavmh? oifwdkY tem*grf jzpfa&;twGuf igbk&m;
wm0ef,l\/ wpfckaom w&m;[lonf tb,fenf;/ &[ef;wdkY awGa0rI ]arm[} [laom
wpfckaom w&m;udk y,fMuukef avmh? oifwdkY tem*grf jzpfa&;twGuf igbk&m; wm0ef,l\/
þteuf oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifarm[jzifh awGa0ol owå0gwdkYonf raumif;aom vm;&m ]*wd} odkY vm;a&muf
Mu&ukef\/ xkdarm[udk aumif;pGmodí (cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk) tedpöpaom tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh
½IolwdkYonf (xkdarm[udk) y,fpGefY ukef\/ (,if;arm[udk) y,fpGefYaomaMumifh þavmuodkY
wpf&HwpfcgrQ rvma&mufukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
wwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
4 - aum"okwf
4/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY wpfckaomw&m;udk y,fMuukefavmh? oifwdkY tem*grf jzpfa&;twGuf igbk&m;
wm0ef,l\/ wpfckaom w&m;[lonf tb,fenf;/ &[ef;wdkY trsufxGufrI ]aum"} [laom
wpfckaomw&m;udk y,fMuukef avmh? oifwdkY tem*grf jzpfa&;twGuf igbk&m; wm0ef,l\/
þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk - ]]tMuif
aum"w&m;jzifh trsufxGufol owå0gwdkYonf raumif;aom vm;&m ]*wd} odkY vm;a&muf
Mu&ukef\/ xkdaum"udk aumif;pGmodí (cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk) tedpöpaom tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh
½IolwdkYonf (xkdaum"udk) y,fpGefYukef\/ (,if;aum"udk) y,fpGefYaomaMumifh þavmuodkY
wpf&HwpfcgrQ rvma&mufukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
pwkw¬okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
5 - ru©okwf
5/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\ [k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf- bk&m;
a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifru©w&m;jzifh ollUaus;Zll;udk acszsufaom owå0gwdkYonf raumif;aom vm;&m
]*wd} odkY vm;a&muf Mu&ukef\? xdkru©ukd aumif;pGmodí (cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk) tedpöpaom
tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh ½IolwdkYonf (xdkru©ukd) y,fpGefYukef\? (,if;ru©udk) y,fpGefYaomaMumifh
þavmuodkY w&HwcgrQ rvma&mufukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\?
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuRefEkfyf Mum;emcJJU&ygonf/
yÍörokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
6 - rmeokwf
6/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfMuD;aom jrwfpmG bk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxll;udk
cHawmfrl xdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuRefEkfyfMum;emcJJU&ygonf&[ef;wdkY wckaomw&m;udk y,fMuukefavmh? oifwdkY tem*grf jzpfa&;twGuf igbk&m;
wm0ef,l\? wckaom w&m;[llonf tb,fenf;/ &[ef;wdkY axmifvTm;rI ]rme} [laom
wckaom w&m;udk y,fMuukefavmh? oifwdkY tem*grf jzpfa&;twGuf igbk&m; wm0ef,l\/
þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk
]]tMuif rmejzifh ,pfol owå0gwdkYonf raumif;aom vm;&m ]*wd} odkY vm;a&muf
Mu&ukef\/ xkdrmeudk aumif;pGmodí (cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk) tedpöpaom tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh
½IolwdkYonf (xkdrmeudk) y,fpGefYukef\/ (,if;rmeudk) y,fpGefYaomaMumifh þavmuodkY
wpf&HwpfcgrQ rvma&mufukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
q|okwf/
------

7 - oAÁy&dnmokwf
7/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tvHk;pHk awbkr®uw&m;udk xl;aomÓPfjzifh rodol ydkif;jcm;í rodol
xkdydkif;jcm;tyfaom w&m;ü pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI uif;atmif rjyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk ry,fpGefYEdkif
olonf qif;&Jukefjcif;iSg rxkduf? &[ef;wdkY tvHk;pHk awbkr®uw&m;udk xl;aomÓPfjzifh odol
ydkif;jcm;í odol xkdydkif;jcm;tyfaom w&m;ü pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI uif;atmif jyKEdkifol
udavom0#fudk y,fpGefYEdkifolonf qif;&Jukefjcif;iSg xkduf\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifolonf tvHk;pHk awbkr®uw&m;udk tvHk;pHk tzdkYtm;jzifh odaomaMumifh
tvHk;pHkaom ouúm, w&m;wdkYü rwyfruf? xkdolonf tvHk;pHk awbkr®uw&m;udk ydkif;jcm;odí
qif;&Jtm;vHk;udk rkcs vGefajrmuf Edkif\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\ [k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
owårokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
8 - rmey&dnmokwf
8/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY rmeudk xl;aomÓPfjzifh rodol ydkif;jcm;í rodol xkdrmew&m;ü pdwfudk
wyfpGef;rI uif;atmif rjyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk ry,fpGefYEdkifolonf qif;&Jukefjcif;iSg rxkduf?
&[ef;wdkY rmeudk xl;aomÓPfjzifh odol ydkif;jcm;í odol xkdrmew&m;ü pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI
uif;atmifjyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk y,fpGefYEdkifolonf qif;&J ukefjcif;iSg xkduf\/ þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]þowå0gwdkYonf rmeESifh jynfhpHkukef\/ rmejzifh txHk;tzGJU cH&olwdkYonf b0ü arGUavsmf
ukef\/ rmeudk ydkif;jcm;í rodolwdkYonf wpfzef b0opfodkY vma&mufMu&ukef\/
tMuifolwdkYonf rmeudk y,faomaMumifh rmeukefcef;&m edAÁmefü (udavomrS)
vGwfajrmuf ukef\/ xkdolwdkY onf rmexHk;zGJUjcif;udk vTrf;rdk;EdkifukefaomaMumifh qif;&Jtm;vHk;udk
vGefajrmuf ukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
t|rokwf/
------

9 - avmby&dnmokwf
9/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY avmbudk xl;aomÓPfjzifh rodol ydkif;jcm;í rodol xkdw&m;ü pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI
uif;atmif rjyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk ry,fpGefYEdkifolonf qif;&Jukefjcif;iSg rxkduf? &[ef;wdkY
avmbudk xl;aomÓPfjzifh odol ydkif;jcm;í odol xkdw&m;ü pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI uif;atmif
jyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk y,fpGefYEdkifolonf qif;&Jukejf cif;iSg xkduf\/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk -]]tMuif avmbjzifh wyfrufol
owå0gwdkYonf raumif;aom vm;&m ]*wd} odkY vm;a&mufMu&ukef\/ xkdavmbudk
aumif;pGmodí (cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk) tedpöpaom tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh ½IolwdkYonf (xkdavmbudk)
y,fpGefY ukef\/ (,if;avmbudk) y,fpGefYaomaMumifh þavmuodkY wpf&HwpfcgrQ rvma&muf
ukef}} [k *gxmjzifh qdktyf \/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
e0rokwf/

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
10 - a'goy&dnmokwf
10/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY a'goudk xl;aomÓPfjzifh rodol ydkif;jcm;í rodol xkdw&m;ü pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI
uif;atmif rjyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk ry,fpGefYEdkifolonf qif;&Jukefjcif;iSg rxkduf? &[ef;wdkY
a'goudk xl;aomÓPfjzifh odol ydkif;jcm;í odol xkdw&m;ü pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI uif;atmif
jyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk y,fpGefYEdkifolonf qif;&J ukefjcif;iSg xkduf\/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk -]]tMuif a'gojzifh zsufqD;cH&ol
owå0gwdkYonf raumif;aom vm;&m ]*wd} odkY vm;a&mufMu&ukef\/ xkda'goudk
aumif;pGmodí (cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk) tedpöpaom tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh ½IolwdkYonf (xkda'goudk)
y,fpGefYukef\/ (,if;a'goudk) y,fpGefYaomaMumifh þavmuodkY wpf&HwpfcgrQ rvma&mufukef}}
[k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'orokwf/
a&S;OD;pGmaom yg#dabm*0*f NyD;\/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
1 - arm[y&dnmokwf
11/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\ [k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY arm[udk xl;aomÓPfjzifh rodol ydkif;jcm;í rodol xkdw&m;ü pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI
uif;atmif rjyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk ry,fpGefYEdkifolonf qif;&Jukefjcif;iSg rxkduf? &[ef;wdkY
arm[udk xl;aomÓPfjzifh odol ydkif;jcm;í odol xkdw&m;ü pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI uif;atmif
jyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk y,fpGefYEdkifolonf qif;&Jukejf cif;iSg xkduf\/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifarm[jzifh awGa0ol owå0gwdkYonf raumif;aom vm;&m ]*wd} odkY vm;a&muf
Mu&ukef\/ xkdarm[udk aumif;pGmodí (cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk) tedpö paom tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh
½IolwdkYonf (xkdarm[udk) y,fpGefY ukef\/ (,if;arm[udk) y,fpGefYaomaMumifh þavmuodkY
wpf&HwpfcgrQ rvma&mufukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yXrokwf/
------

2 - aum"y&dnmokwf
12/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY trsufxGufrI ]aum"} udk xl;aomÓPfjzifh rodol ydkif;jcm;í rodol xkdw&m;ü
pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI uif;atmif rjyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk ry,fpGefYEdkifolonf qif;&Jukefjcif;iSg
rxkduf? &[ef;wdkY trsufxGufrI ]aum"} udk xl;aomÓPfjzifh odol ydkif;jcm;í odol xkdw&m;ü
pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI uif;atmif jyKEdkifol udavom 0#fudk y,fpGefYEdkifolonf qif;&Jukefjcif;iSg
xkduf\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuif aum"w&m;jzifh trsufxGufolwdkYonf raumif;aom vm;&m ]*wd} odkY
vm;a&mufMu&ukef\/ xkdaum"udk aumif;pGmodí (cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk) tedpöpaom
tjcif;t&mwdkYjzifh ½IolwdkYonf (xkdaum"udk) y,fpGefYukef\/ (,if;aum"udk) y,fpGefYaomaMumifh
þavmuodkY wpf&HwpfcgrQ rvma&mufukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\ [k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'kwd,okwf/

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
3 - ru©y&dnmokwf
13/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\ [k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY olUaus;Zl;udk acszsufrI ]ru©} udk xl;aomÓPfjzifh rodol ydkif;jcm;í rodol
xkdw&m;ü pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI uif;atmif rjyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk ry,fpGefYEdkifolonf
qif;&Jukefjcif;iSg rxkduf? &[ef;wdkY olUaus;Zl;udk acszsufrI ]ru©} udk xl;aomÓPfjzifh odol
ydkif;jcm;í odol xkdw&m;ü pdwfudk wyfpGef;rI uif; atmif jyKEdkifol udavom0#fudk y,fpGefY
Edkifolonf qif;&Jukefjcif;iSg xkduf\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/
xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifru©jzifh olUaus;Zl;udk acszsufolwdkYonf raumif;aom vm;&m ]*wd} odkY
vm;a&mufMu&ukef\/ xkdru©w&m;udk aumif;pGmodí (cE¨mig;yg;wdkYudk) tedpöpaom
tjcif;t&m wdkYjzifh ½IolwdkYonf (xkdru©udk) y,fpGefY ukef\/ (,if;ru©w&m;udk) y,fpGefY
aomaMumifh þavmuodkY wpf&HwpfcgrQ rvma&mufukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\ [k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
wwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
4 - t0dZÆmeD0&Pokwf
14/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tMuif eD0&Pjzifh wm;jrpf ydwyf ifcH&aom owå0gwdkYonf &SnfMumpGmaom
aeYnOfhywfvHk; oHo&mü ajy;oGm; usifvnfMu&ukef\/ xkdeD0&Pum; t0dZÆmeD0&Paywnf;/
&[ef;wdkY t0dZÆm eD0&PrS wpfyg; oHo&mü ajy;oGm; usifvnfapwwfaom tjcm; eD0&P
wpfckudkrQvnf; igbk&m; jrifawmfrrl?rSef\ &[ef;wdkY t0dZÆmeD0&Pjzifh wm;jrpf ydwfyifcH&aom
owå0gwdkYonf &SnfMumpGmaom aeYnOfhywfvHk; oHo&mü ajy;oGm; usifvnfMu&ukef\/
þteuf oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteuf oabmudk -]]tMuif
arm[[laom t0dZÆmeD0&Pjzifh wm;jrpfydwfyifcH&aom owå0gwdkYonf &SnfMumpGmaom aeYnOfh
ywfvHk; (oHo&mü) usifvnfMu&ukef\/ xkdarm[[laom t0dZÆmeD0&P uJhodkY ydwfyif
wwfaom tjcm; eD0&PwpfckrQvnf; r&Sd/
tMuif t&d,mom0uwdkYonf arm[udk y,fpGefYí trdkufwkduftpkudk azmufcGJukef\/
xkdt&d,mom0uwdkY onf oHo&mü wpfzef rusifvnf&ukef/ xkdt&d,mom0uwdkYtm;
(oHo&mü wpfzef usifvnf&ef) taMumif; w&m; r&Sdawmhay}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
pwkw¬okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
5 - wPSmoHa,mZeokwf
15/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tMuif oHa,mZOfjzifh aESmifzGJUcH&aom owå0gwdkYonf &SnfMumpGmaom aeYnOfh
ywfvHk; (oHo&mü) ajy;oGm; usifvnfMu&ukef\/ xkdoHa,mZOfum; wPSm oHa,mZOf
aywnf;/ &[ef;wdkY wPSm oHa,mZOfrS wpfyg; oHo&mü ajy;oGm; usifvnfapwwfaom
tjcm; oHa,mZOfwpfckudkrQvnf; igbk&m; jrifawmf rrl?rSef\ &[ef;wdkY wPSm oHa,mZOfjzifh
aESmifzGJUcH&aom owå0gwdkYonf &SnfMumpGmaom aeYnOfhywfvHk; (oHo&mü) ajy;oGm; usifvnf
Mu&ukef\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]wPSmvQif tazmf&Sdaom a,musfm;onf &SnfMumpGmaom umvywfvHk; usifvnf&onf
jzpfí vlUb0ç wpfyg;aom b0[laom oHo&mudk rvGef ajrmufEdkif/
owd&Sdaom &[ef;onf qif;&J\ taMumif;jzpfaom xkdwPSmudk tjypftm;jzifh odí
wPSmuif;aom aMumifh aemifwpfzef y#doaE¨udk r,lawmhbJ (oHo&mrS) xGufajrmufEdkif&m\}}
[k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yÍörokwf/
------

6 - yXraocokwf
16/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þa,medaomreodum&onf t&[wåzdkvfodkY ra&mufao;aom twkr&Sd
jrwfaom t&[wå zdkvfudk awmifhwvsuf aeaom aou©&[ef;\ twGif;tZÑwåjzpfaom
taMumif; t*Fgwnf;[k ESvHk;jyKí aus;Zl;rsm; ouJhodkY þtwl a,medaomreodum&rSwpfyg;
tjcm; aus;Zl;rsm;aom w&m;wpfckudkrQvnf; igbk&m; jrifawmfrrl? &[ef;wdkY a,medaom
reodum&&Sdaom &[ef;onf tukokdvfudk y,fpGefYí ukokdvfudk yGg;ap\/ þteuf oabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]a,medaomreodum&onf aou©&[ef;tm; jrwfaom t&[wåzdkvfodkY a&muf&ef aus;Zl;
rsm; ouJhodkY? þtwl a,medaomreodum&rS wpfyg; tjcm; aus;Zl;rsm;aom w&m;r&Sd? toifh
tm;jzifh tm;xkwfaom &[ef;onf qif;&Jukef&m edAÁmefodkY a&mufEdkif&m\}}[k þ*gxmjzifh
qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\ [k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
q|okwf/

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
7 - 'kwd,aocokwf
17/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þrdwfaqGaumif;&SdrIonf t&[wåzdkvfodkY ra&mufao;aom twkr&Sd jrwfaom
t&[wåzdkvfudk awmifhwvsuf aeaom aou©&[ef;\ tjyifAm[d&jzpfaom taMumif;
t*Fgwnf;[k ESvHk;jyKí aus;Zl;rsm; ouJhodkY þtwl rdwfaqGaumif;&SdrIrS wpfyg; tjcm;
aus;Zl;rsm;aom w&m;wpfckudkrQvnf; igbk&m; jrifawmfrrl? &[ef;wdkY rdwfaqGaumif;&Sdaom
&[ef;onf tukokdvfudk y,fpGefYí ukokdvfudk yGg;apEdkif\/ þteuf oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]rdwfaqGaumif;&Sdol tMuif&[ef;onf wkyf0yfjcif; &Sd\/ ½kdaojcif; &Sd\/ rdwfaqGaumif;
wdkY\ pum;udk vdkufem jyKusifh\/ ynm tqiftjcif &Sd\/ owd tjrJjyK\/ (xkd&[ef;onf )
0dyóem tpOftm;jzifh oHa,mZOf tm;vHk;wdkY\ ukef&m edAÁmefodkY a&mufEdkif\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh
qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
owårokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
8 - oHCab'okwf
18/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY wpfckaomw&m;onf avmuü jzpfay:vmonf&Sdaomf vltrsm; pD;yGg;rJh&ef
vltrsm; rcsrf;om&ef vltrsm; tusKd;rJh&ef ewfvlwdkY tusKd;pD;yGg; r&Sd&ef qif;&J&efomjzpf\/
wpfckaom w&m;[lonf tb,fenf;/ oHCm uGJjym;rIwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY oHCm uGJjym;onf
&Sdaomf oHCm uGJjym;jcif;aMumifh tcsif;csif; jiif;cHkrIwdkYonf vnf; jzpfukef\/ tcsif;csif;
Ncdrf;ajcmufrIwdkYonfvnf; jzpfukef\/ tcsif;csif; ½Iwfcs ypfy,frIwdkYonfvnf; jzpfukef\/
tcsif;csif; ESifxkwf pGefYvTwfrIwdkYonfvnf; jzpfukef\/ xkdoHCm uGJjym;&mü rMunfndKao;aom
olwdkYvnf; rMunfndKukef/ MunfndKNyD;aom tcsKdUolwdkYvnf; tMunfndK ysufukef\/
þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]oHCmudk oif;cGJolonf tyg,fü jzpfxkduf\/ (t0Dpd) i&Jü jzpf&\/ (tEÅ&)
uyfywfvHk;wnf\/ oHCm uGJjym;rIü arGUavsmfí rw&m;rIü wnfolonf a,m* av;jzmukef&m
edAÁmefrS qkwf,kwf\/ nDñGwfaom oHCmudk oif;cGJaomaMumifh (tEÅ&) uyfywfvHk; i&Jü
usuf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
t|rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
9 - oHComr*¾Dokwf
19/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY wpfckaomw&m;onf avmuü jzpfay:vmonf&Sdaomf vltrsm; tusKd;pD;yGg;
&Sd&efvltrsm; csrf;om&ef vltrsm; tusKd;&Sd&ef ewfvlwdkY tusKd;pD;yGg;&Sd&ef csrf;om&efom jzpf\/
wpfckaom w&m;[lonf tb,fenf;/ oHCmnDñGwfrIwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY oHCm nDñGwfonf
&Sdaomf oHCm nDñGwfjcif;aMumifh tcsif;csif; jiif;cHkrIwdkYonfvnf; rjzpfukef/ tcsif;csif;
Ncdrf;ajcmufrw
I dkYonfvnf; rjzpfukef/ tcsif;csif; ½Iwfcsypfy,frIwdkY onfvnf; rjzpfukef/
tcsif;csif; ESifxkwfpGefYvTwfrIwdkYonfvnf; rjzpfukef/ xkdoHCm nDñGwf&mü rMunfndKao; aom
olwdkYonfvnf; MunfndKukef\/ MunfndKNyD;olwdkYonfvnf; wkd;í MunfndKukef\/ þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteuf oabmudk ]]oHCm nDñGwfrIonf vnf;aumif;? nDñGwfolwdkYtm; csD;ajr§mufrIonf vnf;aumif;
csrf;om\/ nDñGwfrI ü arGUavsmfí w&m;ü wnfaomolonf a,m* av;jzmukef&m edAÁmefrS
rqkwf,kwfEdkif? oHCmnDñGwfrIukd jyKaomaMumifh tm,kuyfywfvHk; ewfjynfü arGUavsmf&\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifhqdktyf\/
þteuf oabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
e0rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
10 - y'k|pdwåokwf
20/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þavmuü a'gopdwf&Sdol tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfudk þodkY (igbk&m;\) pdwfjzifh
xkdol\ pdwfudk ydkif;jcm;í od\ ]]þa'gopdwf &Sdaomtcgü þyk*¾dKvfonf aocJhrl 0efxkyfudk
aqmif,lí csxm;ouJhodkY þtwl i&Jü us&av\/ þodkY i&Jus&jcif;onf tb,fhaMumifh
enf;/ &[ef;wdkY xkdol\ pdwfonf a'gojzifh zsufqD; tyfaomaMumifh wnf;}}? &[ef;wdkY
a'gopdwf&Sdjcif; [laom taMumif;aMumifh þavmuü tcsKdUowå0gwdkYonf cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í
aoonfrSaemufü csrf;om uif;aom raumif;aom vm;&m ysufpD; usa&muf&mjzpfaom i&Jü
jzpfMu&ukef\/ þteuf oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabm
udk- ]]jrwfpGmbk&m;onf þavmuü a'gopdwf&Sdol tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfudk odí &[ef;wdkYtm;
þqdkvwåHUaom teuf oabmudk a[mMum;awmfrl\/
þyk*¾dKvfonf a'gopdwf&Sdaom tcsdeftcgü aocJhrl 0efxkyfudk aqmif,lí csxm; ouJhodkY
þtwl xkdodkY oabm&Sdaom yk*¾dKvfonf i&Jü jzpf&m\/ (tb,fhaMumifhqdkaomf) xkdyk*¾dKvf\
pdwfudk a'goonf zsufqD;tyf aomaMumifhwnf;/
rSef\/ owå0gwdkYonf a'gozsufqD;tyfaom pdwf[laom taMumif;aMumifh raumif;aom
vm;&m 'k*¾wd b0odkY vm;a&mufMu&ukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'orokwf/
'kwd,0*f NyD;\/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
1 - yoEépdwåokwf
21/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þavmuü pdwfMunfvifol tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfudk þodkY (igbk&m;\pdwfjzifh)
xkdol\ pdwfudk ydkif;jcm;íod\ ]]þpdwfMunfvifaom tcgü þyk*¾dKvfonf aocJhrl 0efxkyfudk
aqmif,lí csxm;ouJhodkY þtwl ewfjynfü jzpf&\}}/ ,if;odkY ewfjynfü jzpf&jcif;onf
tb,fhaMumifhenf;/ &[ef;wdkY xkdol\ pdwfonf MunfvifaomaMumifhwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY
pdwfMunfvifjcif; [laom taMumif;aMumifh þavmuü tcsKdUaom owå0gwdkYonf cE¨mudk,f
ysufpD;í aoonfrSaemufü aumif;aom vm;&m ewfjynfü jzpfMu&ukef\/ þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk -]]jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
þavmuü pdwfMunfvifol tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfudk odí &[ef;wdkYtm; þqdkvwåHUaom
teufoabmudk a[mMum;awmfrl\/
þyk*¾dKvfonf pdwfMunfvifaom tcgü aocJhrl 0efxkyfudk aqmif,lí csxm;ouJhodkY?
þtwl xkdodkY oabm&Sdaom yk*¾dKvfonf ok*wdb0ü jzpf&\? (tb,fhaMumifhqdkaomf)
xkdyk*¾dKvf\ pdwfonf Munfvifaom aMumifhwnf;/
rSef\/ owå0gwdkYonf pdwfMunfvifjcif;[laom taMumif;aMumifh aumif;aom vm;&m
ok*wdb0odkY vm;a&mufMu&ukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yXrokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
2 - arwåokwf
22/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ukokdvfaumif;rIwdkYudk raMumufMuukefvifh? &[ef;wdkY ukokdvfaumif;rIwdkY[laom
þtrnfonf xkdtvdk&Sdtyf ESpfouftyf cspfciftyf jrwfEdk;tyfaom csrf;omokc\ trnf
aywnf;/ &[ef;wdkY igbk&m;onf &SnfMumpGmaom aeYnOfhywfvHk; rdrdjyKtyfaom ukokdvfwdkY\
tvdk&Sdtyf ESpfouftyf cspfciftyf jrwfEdk;tyfaom tusKd;udk cHpm;zl;onfudk rsufarSmufxifxif
odjrifawmfrl\/ ckepfESpfwdkYywfvHk; arwåmpdwfudk yGg;í ckepfurÇmwdkY ywfvHk; þumrbHkodkY
rvma&muf&awmhay? &[ef;wdkY urÇmysufaom tcgü tmbó&bHkodkY a&mufae&\/
urÇmwnfrdaom tcgü owå0guif;aom jA[®mhbHkü jzpfvm\/
&[ef;wdkY xkdjA[®mhbHkü jA[®m jzpf\/ r[mjA[®m jzpf\/ vTrf;rdk;Edkifol jzpf\/ rnfolurQ
rvTrf;rdk;Edkifol jzpf\/ pifppf (tvHk;pHkudk) jrifol jzpf\/ tvdktwkdif; jzpfapEdkifol jzpf\/
&[ef;wdkY igbk&m;onf oHk;q,fh ajcmufBudrfwkid fwkdif ewfwdkYt&Sif odMum;rif; jzpfzl;\/
tBudrf&maygif; rsm;pGm ork'´&mav;pif; tydkif;tjcm; &Sdonfh av;uRef;vHk;udk tpdk;&aom
&efoltaygif;wdkYudk atmifaom wkdif;EdkifiH wnfNidrfapaom &wemckepfyg;ESifh jynfhpHkaom
w&m;apmifhaom w&m;ESifhtnD rif;jyKaom pMu0aw;rif; jzpfzl;\/ ya'o&mZfrif; tjzpfrSm
um; tb,fqdkzG,f&Sd&m tHhenf;/
&[ef;wdkY ]],cktcg igbk&m;\ þodkY wefcdk;BuD;jcif; þodkY tmEkabmfBuD;jcif;[laom
þtusKd;w&m;onf tb,fuH\ tusKd;enf;/ tb,fuH\ 0dygufenf;}} [k þodkY igbk&m;tm;
tMuHjzpf\/ &[ef;wdkY ]],cktcg igbk&m;\ þodYk wefcdk;BuD;jcif; þodkY tmEkabmfBuD;jcif;
[laom þtusKd;w&m;onf ay;urf; vSL'gef;rI £a`E´ udk qHk;rrI udk,fEIwfudk apmifhpnf;rI
[laom þuHoHk;yg;wdkY\ tusKd;wnf;/ þuHoHk;yg;\ 0dygufwnf;}} [k þodkY igbk&m;tm;
tMuHjzpf\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]xkdolonf ukokdvfaumif;rIudk omvQif usifh&m\/ aemiftcgü jrwfaom csrf;omusKd;
&Sdaom 'geudk vnf;aumif;? aumif;aom tusifhudk vnf;aumif;? arwåmpdwfudk vnf;aumif;
yGg;rsm; &m\/
ynm&Sdonf okcvQif tmedoif &Sdukefaom þw&m;oHk;yg;wdkYudk yGg;rsm;í aMumifhMurI
]Asmyg'} uif;aom csrf;omaom avmuodkY uyfa&muf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifhqdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'kwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
3 - Ob,w¬okwf
23/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY yGg;rsm;tyf Budrfzefrsm;pGm jyKtyfaomwpfckaom w&m;onf rsufarSmuftusKd;
wrvGeftusKd; [laom tusKd;ESpfyg;wdkYudk aumif;pGm,lí wnf\/ wpfckaom w&m;[lonf
tb,fenf;/ ukokdvfaumif;rIwdkYü rarhravsmhrI ]tyÜrm'} w&m;yifwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY yGg;rsm;tyf
Budrfzefrsm;pGm jyKtyfaom þwpfckaom w&m; onf rsufarSmuftusKd; wrvGeftusKd;[laom
tusKd;ESpfyg;wdkYudk aumif;pGm ,lí wnf\/ þteuf oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/
xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]ynm&SdwdkYonf ukokdvfaumif;rIwdkYü rarhravsmhrIudk csD;rGrf;Muukef\/ ynm&Sdonf
rarhravsmh onfjzpfí tusKd;ESpfyg;wdkYudk ,lEdkif\/
rsufarSmuftusKd; wrvGeftusKd;[laom tusKd;ESpfyg;wdkYudk &jcif;aMumifU ynm&Sdudk
y@dw[lí qdktyf\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
wwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
4 - t|dykOÆokwf
24/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonfpkaqmif;xm;olvnf; &SdcJhrl pkaqmif;xm;wkdif;vnf; rysufpD;cJhrl wpfurÇmywfvHk; ajy;oGm;
usifvnfaom yk*¾dKvfwpfa,muf\ BuD;pGmaom t½kd;aygif; t½kd;yHk t½kd;pkonf þa0ykv’awmif
BuD;rQyif &Sdonf jzpf&m\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteuf
oabmudk ]]wpfurÇmywfvHk; (usifvnf ajy;oGm;&aom) yk*¾dKvfwpfa,muf\ t½kd;pkonf awmifrQ
avmuf tpktyHk&Sd onf jzpf&m\[k jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/
xkdawmifudkrlum; r*"wkdif;wd\
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ajrmufbufü wnfaom BuD;aom a0ykv’awmif[k qdktyf\/
'ku©opömudk vnf;aumif; 'ku©jzpfaMumif; ork',opömudk vnf;aumif;? 'ku©udk
vGefajrmuf&m ]eda&m"} opömudk vnf;aumif;? 'ku©\ csKyfNidrf;&m (edAÁmefodkY) a&mufaMumif;
jzpfaom jrwfaom t*Fg&Spfyg;&Sdaom r*¾opöm [k qdktyfaom t&d,opömwdkYudk vnf;aumif;?
tMuiftcgü aumif;aom ynmjzifh jrif\/ xkdtcg xkdyk*¾dKvf onf (umrbHkü) ckepfBudrf
tvGefajy;oGm;í oHa,mZOf tm;vHk;wdkY\ ukefjcif;aMumifh 'ku©\ tqHk;udk jyKavawmh\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
pwkw¬okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
5 - rkom0g'okwf
25/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY wpfckaomw&m;udk vGefusL;í wnfaom yk*¾dKvftm; wpfpHkwpf&maom
raumif;rIudk rjyKvkyf[lí igbk&m; ra[m? wpfckaomw&m;[lonf tb,fenf;/ &[ef;wdkY
,if;wpfckaom w&m;[lonf odvsuf cRwf,Gif;aom pum;udk ajymqdkrI ]rkom0g'}
w&m;yifwnf;/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabm
udk]]wrvGefavmuudk pGefYvTwfNyD;aom wpfckaom w&m;udk vGefusL;aom rkom;
ajymqdkavh&Sdaom yk*¾dKvftm; rnfonfh raumif;rIudkrQ rjyKEdkif[lí r&Sdawmhay}} [k þ*gxmjzifh
qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yÍörokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
6 - 'geokwf
26/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY owå0gwdkYonf vSL'gef;a0zefjcif;\ tusKd;udk igbk&m; odouJhodkY odMuukefrl
ray;vSLbJ rpm;ukef &m? 0efwkdrIESifh jiLplrIpaom tukokdvftnpftaMu;onf xkdol\ pdwfudk
odrf;usKH;vTrf;rdk;í rwnfEdkif&m? tvSLcH yk*¾dKvf&Sdukefrl xkdolwdkYonf aemufqHk;jzpfaom
xrif;vkwf xrif;qkyfrSaomfvnf; rcGJjcrf; ra0zefrlí rpm;ukef &m/ &[ef;wdkY owå0gwdkYonf
vSL'gef; a0zefjcif;\ tusKd;udk igbk&m; odouJhodkY rodukefaomaMumifh om ray;vSLbJ
pm;Muukef\/ 0efwkdrIESifh jiLplrIpaom tukokdvftnpftaMu;onf xkdol\ pdwfudk
odrf;usKH;vTrf;rdk; í wnfav\[k þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]cGJjcrf;a0zefrIonf þodkY BuD;aom tusKd;&Sd\[k cGJjcrf;a0zefrI\ tusKd;udk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrlonfh twkdif; tu,fí odMuukefrl 0efwkdrIESifh jiLplrIpaom tukokdvf
tnpftaMu;udk y,fazsmufí txl;Munfvif aom pdwfjzifh tMuif t&d,myk*¾dKvfwdkYü ay;vSL
aom tvSLonf tusKd;BuD;\/ xkdt&d,myk*¾dKvfwdkYü avsmufywf aomtcg ay;vSLukef&m\/
vlrsm;pGmtm; xrif;udk vnf;aumif;? jrwfaom tvSLcHyk*¾dKvfwdkYü jrwfaom tvSLudk
vnf;aumif; ay;vSLaomaMumifh tvSL'g,umwdkYonf þvl\ tjzpfrS pkawonf&Sdaomf
ewfjynfodkY vm;a&mufMu&ukef\/
ewfjynfü a&mufMuukefaom xkdowå0gwdkYonf xkdewfjynfü tvdk&Sdtyfaom umr*kPf
wdkYESifh jynfhpHkukef onf jzpfí 0rf;ajrmufMu&ukef\/ 0efwkdrI r&SdolwdkYonf cGJjcrf; a0zefjcif;
tusKd;udk cHpm;Mu&ukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
q|okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
7 - arwåmbm0emokwf
27/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY cE¨m[laom Oy"dtusKd;&Sdukefaom yknud&d,0w¬K[laom ukokdvfaumif;rI
[lorQ tm;vHk;wdkYonf arwåmESifh,SOfaom pdwf\ vGwfajrmufrI (tyÜempsmef)\ wpfq,fh
ajcmufpdwf pdwfí wpfpdwfrQ rxkduf wefukef/ arwåmESifh,SOfaom pdwf\ vGwfajrmufrI
(tyÜempsmef) onfomvQif xkdyknud&d,0w¬K ukokdvfaumif;rI wdkY udk vTrf;rdk;í
awmufajymifvnf; awmufajymif\/ xGef;yvnf; xGef;y\/ wifhw,fvnf; wifhw,f\/
&[ef;wdkY Mu,fwm&mwdkY\ ta&mif[lorQ tm;vHk;wdkYonf va&mif\ wpfq,fhajcmufpdwf
pdwfí wpfpdwfudkrQ rxkdufwefukef/ va&mifonfomvQif xkdMu,fwm&m ta&mifwdkYudk
vTrf;rdk;í awmufajymifvnf; awmuf ajymifxGef;yvnf; xGef;y wifhw,fvnf; wifhw,f
ouJhodkY þtwl cE¨m[laom Oy"dtusKd; &Sdukefaom yknud&d,0w¬K ukokdvfaumif;rI[lorQ
tm;vHk;wdkYonf arwåmESifh,SOfaom pdwf\ vGwfajrmufrI (tyÜempsmef) \ wpfq,fhajcmufpdwf
pdwfí wpfpdwfudkrQ rxkdufwefukef/ arwåmESifh,SOfaom pdwf\ vGwfajrmufrI (tyÜempsmef)
onf omvQif xkdyknud&d,0w¬K ukokdvfaumif;rIwdkYudk vTrf;rdk;í awmufajymifvnf;
awmufajymif\/ xGef;yvnf; xGef;y\/ wifhw,fvnf; wifhw,f\/
&[ef;wdkY rdk;Owk\ aemufqHk;jzpfaom wefaqmifrkef;v o&'Owkü aumif;uif[if;vif;
jzpfí rdk;wdrfuif; vwfaomf aerif;onf aumif;uifodkY wufvsuf aumif;uif&Sd trdkufwkduf
tm;vHk;udk y,fazsmufí awmuf ajymifvnf; awmufajymif xGef;yvnf; xGef;y wifhw,fvnf;
wifhw,f ouJhodkY þtwl cE¨m[laom Oy"d tusKd;&Sdukefaom ukokdvfaumif;rI yknud&d,0w¬K
[lorQ tm;vHk;wdkYonf arwåmESifh,SOfaom pdwf\ vGwfajrmufrI (tyÜempsmef)\
wpfq,fhajcmufpdwf pdwfí wpfpdwfudkrQ rxkdufwefukef/ arwåmESifh ,SOfaom pdwf\
vGwfajrmufrI (tyÜempsmef)onfomvQif xkdyknud&d,0w¬K ukokdvfaumif;rIwdkYudk vTrf;rdk;í
awmufajymif vnf; awmufajymif\/ xGef;yvnf; xGef;y\/ wifhw,fvnf; wifhw,f\/
&[ef;wdkY nOfh\ rdk;aomufcgeD;üaom MumMu,fonf awmufajymifvnf; awmufajymif
xGef;yvnf; xGef;y wifhw,fvnf; wifhw,f ouJhodkY þtwlomvQif cE¨m[laom Oy"dtusKd;
&Sdaom yknud&d,0w¬K ukokdvf aumif;rI [lorQ tm;vHk;wdkYonf arwåmESifh,SOfaom pdwf\
vGwfajrmufrI (tyÜempsmef)\ wpfq,fhajcmuf pdwf pdwfí wpfpdwfudkrQ rxkdufwefukef/
arwåmESifh ,SOfaom pdwf\ vGwfajrmufrI (tyÜempsmef)onf omvQif xkdyknud&d,0w¬K
ukokdvfaumif;rI wdkYudk vTrf;rdk;í awmufajymifvnf; awmufajymif\/ xGef;yvnf; xGef;y\/
wifhw,fvnf; wifhw,f\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk]]tMuifolonf tjrJowdjyKvsuf twkdif;t&Snf yrmP r&Sdaom arwåmpsmefudk yGg;rsm;\/
cE¨m [laom Oy"dukef&m edAÁmefudk jrifaom xkdoltm; oHa,mZOfwdkYonf acgif;yg;ukef\/

(Asmyg'aMumifh ) ysufpD;aom pdwfr&Sdolonf wpfOD;wpfa,mufaom owå0gudkaomfvnf;
tu,fí arwåm yGg;rsm;cJhrl xkdarwåm yGg;rsm;jcif;aMumifh vGefuJaom aumif;rIukokdvf&Sdol
jzpf\/ owå0g tm;vHk;wdkYudk pdwfjzifh apmifha&Smufaom pifMu,faom pdwf&Sdolonf
rsm;pGmaumif;rI tpkudk NyD;ap\/
tMuif&mZdo, rnfukefaom w&m;apmifhrif;wdkYonf owå0gwdkYjzifh jynfhMuyfaeaom
ajrjyif tvHk;udk atmifEdkifí tcGef q,fcdkifhwpfcdkif ,ljcif; ]oóar"}? ppfolBuD;wdkYtm;
ajcmufvwpfBudrf &du©may;jcif; ]yk&doar"}? olqif;&JwdkYtm; vufrSwf a&;xkd;apí
tojymwpfaxmif ESpfaxmif twkd;tyGg;r&Sd xkwaf cs;jcif; ]or®mygo}? cspfom; OD;&D;ponfh
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ylaZmfukefí tdrfwdkYü wHcg; tydwfr&Sdonfudk jyKukefvsuf vSnfhvnfukef\/
tvHk;pHkaom Mu,fwm&mtaygif;wdkYonf va&mif\ wpfq,fhajcmufpdwf pdwfí wpfpdwfrQ
rxkdufwef ouJhodkY xkdrif;wdkY\ oóar"paom o*F[ w&m;av;yg;wdkYonf aumif;pGm yGg;rsm;
tyfaom arwåmESifh,SOfaom pdwf\ wpfq,fhajcmufpdwf pdwfí wpfpdwfudkrQvnf; rxkdufwef
ukef/
owå0g tm;vHk;wdkYü arwåmESifh ,SOfaom pdwftzdkY tpk&Sdaom tMuifolonf
(wpfpHkwpfa,mufudk) udk,fwkdif vnf; rn§Of;qJ? rowfykwf? tEdkiftxuf jyKívnf; tEdkifr,l?
olwpfyg;udkvnf; rqHk;½HI;ap? xkdoltm; wpfpHkwpf&maom taMumif;aMumifh ab;&ef rjzpfEdkif}}
[k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
owårokwf/
wwd,0*f NyD;\/
{uuedygwf jrefrmjyef NyD;\/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
'kuedygwf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
1 - 'ku©0d[m&okwf
28/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY w&m;ESpfyg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom &[ef;onf ,ckb0üyif yifyef;jcif;
jyif;pGmyifyef;jcif; ylavmifjcif; &Sdonfjzpfí qif;&JpGm ae&\/ cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS
aemufü raumif;aom vm;&m 'k*¾wdb0odkYom rcRwfa&mufvdrfhrnf[k arQmfvifhtyf\/
tb,f ESpfyg;wdkYESifhenf;/ £a`E´wdkYü ydwfqdkYrxm;aom wHcg;&Sdonf\ tjzpfESifh vnf;aumif;
pm;zG,fabmZOfü twkdif;t&Snf rodonf\ tjzpfESifh vnf;aumif;wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY
þw&m;ESpfyg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom &[ef;onf ,ckb0üyif yifyef;jcif; jyif;pGmyifyef;jcif;
ylavmifjcif; &Sdonf jzpfí qif;&JpGm ae&\/ cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü
raumif;aom vm;&m 'k*¾wdb0odkYom rcRwf a&mufvdrfhrnf[k arQmfvifhtyf\/ þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteuf oabmudk ]]tMuif &[ef;onf rsufpd em; ESm vQmudk,f pdwf[lukefaom þ'Gg&wdkYudk ydwfqdkYrxm;?
pm;zG,fabmZOfü twkdif;t&Snfudk rod? £a`E´wdkYü rapmifha&Smuf? xkd&[ef;onf udk,fqif;&J
pdwf qif;&J [laom qif;&Judk&\/
xkdodkY oabm&Sdaom &[ef;onf aeYü vnf;aumif;? nOfhü vnf;aumif; ylavmifaom
udk,fylavmifaom pdwfjzifh qif;&JpGm ae&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yXrokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
2 - okc0d[m&okwf
29/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY w&m;ESpfyg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom &[ef;onf ,ckb0üyif yifyef;jcif; jyif;pGm
yifyef;jcif; ylavmifjcif; r&Sdrlí csrf;ompGm ae&\/ cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü
aumif;aom vm;&m ok*wdb0odkY rcRwf a&mufvdrfhrnf[k arQmfvifhtyf\/ tb,f w&m;
ESpfyg;wdkYESifhenf;/ £a`E´wdkYü ydwfqdkYxm;aom wHcg;&Sdonf\ tjzpfESifh vnf;aumif; pm;zG,f
abmZOfü twkdif;t&Snfudk odonf\ tjzpfESifh vnf;aumif;wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY þw&m;ESpfyg;
wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom &[ef;onf ,ckb0üyif yifyef;jcif; jyif;pGmyifyef;jcif; ylavmifjcif; r&Sdrlí
csrf;ompGmae&\/ cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü aumif;aom vm;&m ok*wdb0odkY
rcRwfa&mufvdrfh rnf[k arQmfvifhtyf\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/
xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk tMuif &[ef;onf rsufpd em; ESm vQmudk,f pdwf[lukefaom þ'Gg&wdkYudk aumif;pGm
ydwfqdkYxm;\/ pm;zG,f abmZOfü twkdif;t&Snfudk od\/ £a`E´wdkYü apmifha&Smuf\/
xkd&[ef;onf udk,fcsrf;om pdwfcsrf;om[laom csrf;omudk&\/
xkdodkY oabm&Sdaom &[ef;onf aeYü vnf;aumif; nOfhü vnf;aumif; rylavmifaom
udk,f rylavmif aom pdwfjzifh csrf;ompGm ae&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'kwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
3 - wyeD,okwf
30/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ylyefapwwfaom w&m;wdkYonf þESpfyg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,fESpfyg;wdkYenf;&[ef;wdkY þavmuü tcsKdUaomolonf aumif;rIukd rjyKol ukokdvfudk rjyKol oHo&mab;udk
aMumufolwdkY\ tapmifhta&Smuf w&m;udk rjyKol jzpf\/ ,kwfrmrIudk jyKol Murf;MuKwfrIudk
jyKol cufxef &ufpufrIudk jyKol jzpf\/ xkdolonf aumif;rIudk igrjyKvdkufrd} [lívnf;
ylyef\/ raumif;rIudk ig jyKvdkufrd\} [lívnf; ylyef\/ &[ef;wdkY ylyefapwwfaom
w&m;wdkYonf þESpfyg;wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk- ]]ynmrJholonf um,'kp½kduf 0pD'kp½kduf raem'kp½kdufwdkYudk jyKaomaMumifh
vnf;aumif; (&m*paom) tjypfESifh,SOfaom tjcm;trIudk jyKaomaMumifh vnf;aumif;
ukokdvfuHudk rjyKbJ tukokdvfuHudk om tBudrrf sm;pGm jyKjcif;aMumifh vnf;aumif; cE¨mudk,f
ysufpD;aomtcg i&JodkY a&muf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
wwd,okwf/
------

4 - twyeD,okwf
31/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY rylyefapwwfaom w&m;wdkYonf þESpfyg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,fESpfyg;wdkYenf;&[ef;wdkY þavmuü tcsKdUaomolonf aumif;rIudk jyKol ukokdvfudk jyKol oHo&mab;udk
aMumufolwdkY\ tapmifhta&Smuf w&m;udk jyKNyD;ol jzpf\/ ,kwfrmrIudk rjyKol Murf;MuKwfrIudk
rjyKol cufxef &ufpufrIudk rjyKol jzpf\/ xkdolonf ]]aumif;rIudk ig jyKvdkufrd\}} [lívnf;
rylyef? ]]raumif;rIudk ig rjyKvdkufrd}} [lívnf; rylyef? &[ef;wdkY rylyefapwwfaom
w&m;wdkYonf þESpfyg;wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]ynm&Sdolonf um,'kp½kduf 0pD'kp½kduf raem'kp½kdufwdkYudk y,fpGefYaomaMumifh
vnf;aumif;? (&m*paom) tjypfESifh,SOfaom tjcm;trIudk y,fpGefYaomaMumifh vnf;aumif;?
tukokdvfuHudk rjyKbJ ukokdvfuHudkom tBudrfrsm;pGm jyKjcif;aMumifh vnf;aumif; cE¨mudk,f
ysufpD;aomtcg ewfjynfodkY a&muf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
pwkw¬okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
5 - yXroDvokwf
32/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY w&m;ESpfyg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom yk*¾dKvfonf 0efxkyfudk aqmif,lí csxm;ouJhodkY
þtwl i&JodkY usa&muf&\/ tb,fESpfyg;wdkYESifhenf;- ,kwfnHhaom oDvESifhvnf;aumif;
,kwfnHhaom t,lESifh vnf;aumif; wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY þw&m;ESpfyg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom
yk*¾dKvfonf 0efxkyfudk aqmif,lí csxm;ouJhodkY þtwl i&JodkY usa&muf&\/ þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifolonf ,kwfnHhaom oDvESifh vnf;aumif;? ,kwfnHhaom t,lESifh vnf;aumif;
þw&m;ESpfyg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHk\/ ynmrJhaom xkdolonf cE¨mudk,fysufpD;aomtcg i&JodkY
usa&muf &\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf \/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yÍörokwf/
------

6 - 'kwd,oDvokwf
33/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY w&m;ESpfyg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom yk*¾dKvfonf 0efxkyfudk aqmif,lí csxm;ouJhodkY
þtwl ewfjynfü jzpf&\/ tb,fESpfyg;wdkYESifhenf;- aumif;jrwfaom oDvESifh vnf;aumif;
aumif;jrwfaom t,lESifh vnf; aumif;wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY þw&m;ESpfyg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom
yk*¾dKvfonf 0efxkyfudk aqmif,lí csxm;ouJhodkY þtwl ewfjynfodkY a&muf&\/ þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifolonf aumif;jrwfaom oDvESifh vnf;aumif;? aumif;jrwfaom t,lESifh
vnf;aumif; þw&m; ESpfyg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHk\/ ynm&Sdaom xkdolonf cE¨mudk,fysufpD;aomtcg
ewfjynfodkY a&muf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
q|okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
7 - tmwmyDokwf
34/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY udavomudk ylyefapwwfaom vkHYvr&Sdol raumif;rIrS rxdwfvefYwwfol
&[ef;onf opöm av;yg;w&m;udk odjcif;iSg rxkdufwef? edAÁmef&jcif;iSg rxkdufwef? twkr&Sd
jrwfí a,m*\ukef&m t&[wåzdkvfudk &jcif;iSg rxkdufwef? &[ef;wdkY udavomudk ylyef
apwwfaom vkHYv&Sdol raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYwwfol &[ef; onf opömav;yg;w&m;udk
odjcif;iSg xkdufwef\/ edAÁmef&jcif;iSg xkdufwef\/ twkr&Sd jrwfí a,m*\ukef&m
t&[wåzdkvfudk &jcif;iSg xkdufwef\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/
xkdokwfü þteuf oabmudk ]]tMuif&[ef;onf xderd'¨rsm;onfjzpfí udavomudk ylyefapwwfaom vkHYvr&Sd?
raumif;rIrS rxdwfvefY wwf? ysif;&d\/ 0D&d, ,kwfavsmh\/ raumif;rIrS r&Sufwwf? tusifhü
r½kdao? xkdodkYaom oabm&Sdaom &[ef;onf jrwfaom t&[wåzdkvfudk awGUxd odjrifjcif;iSg
rxkdufwef/
tMuif &[ef;onfum; owd&Sd\/ &ifhusufaom ynm&Sd\/ orx0dyóemjzifh ½Iavh&Sd\/
udavomudk ylyefapwwfaom vkHYv&Sd\/ raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYwwf\/ arhavsmhrIr&Sd?
(xkd&[ef;onf) oHa,mZOfudk vnf;aumif;? y#doaE¨aejcif; tdkjcif;udk vnf;aumif;
jzwfawmufí þb0üyif twkr&Sd jrwfaom t&[wå zdkvfudk awGUxd od&SdEdkif&m\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
owårokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
8 - yXr euk[eokwf
35/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY vltaygif;udk tHhMoap&ef vltaygif;u ypönf;av;yg;jzifh zdwfMum;ap&ef
vmbfylaZmfoum tausmftapm[laom tusKd; tmedoif&&Sd&ef þjrwfaom tusifhudk
usifhoHk;onf r[kwf? þodkY usifhoHk;ojzifh ighudk vltaygif;onf odapownf;[k ESvHk;oGif;í
þjrwfaom tusifhudk usifhoHk;onf r[kwf? &[ef;wdkY pifppf (um,'kp½kdufponfrS)
apmifhpnf;&ef vnf;aumif;? (w'*Fy[mefponfjzifh) y,f&ef vnf;aumif; þjrwfaom
tusifhudk usifhoHk;\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpmG bk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteuf
oabmudk ]]edAÁmef wnf;[laom axmufwnf&m urf;odkY a&mufapwwfaom rsufarSmufrsufuG,f
ab;&efr&Sdaom jrwfaomtusifhudk (um,'kp½kdufponfrS) apmifhpnf;&ef w'*Fy[mefponfjzifh
y,f&ef xkdjrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/
þr*f (vrf;pOf) udk jrwfaom pdwf"mwf&Sdukefaom bk&m;t&d,mwdkYonf tpOftwkdif;
<uoGm;awmfrlukef\/ tMuif tMuifolwdkYonf jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum;awmfrlwkdif;xkdr*f
(vrf;pOf)odkY oGm;a&mufMuukef\/ jrwfpGmbk&m; qHk;ronfhtwkdif; jyKusifhukefaom xkd xkd
olwdkYonf qif;&J\ ukefqHk;&m edAÁmefudk rsufarSmufjyKEdkif ukefvwåHU}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
t|rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
9 - 'kwd, euk[eokwf
36/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY vltaygif;udk tHhMoap&ef vltaygif;u ypönf;av;yg;jzifh zdwfMum;ap&ef
vmbfylaZmfoum tausmftapm[laom tusKd;tmedoif &&Sd&ef þjrwfaom tusifhudk
usifhoHk;onf r[kwf? þodkY usifhoHk;ojzifh ighudk vltaygif;onf odapownf;[k ESvHk;oGif;í
þjrwfaom tusifhudk usifhoHk;onf r[kwf/ &[ef;wdkY pifppf xl;aomÓPfjzifh od&ef
ydkif;jcm;od&ef þjrwfaom tusifhudk usifhoHk;\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]edAÁmef wnf;[laom axmufwnf&murf;odkY a&mufapwwfaom rsufarSmufrsufuG,f
ab;&efr&Sdaom jrwfaom tusifhudk xl;aomÓPfjzifh od&ef vnf;aumif;? ydkif;jcm;od&ef
vnf;aumif; xkdjrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/
þr*f(vrf;pOf)udk jrwfaom pdwf"mwf&Sdukefaom bk&m;t&d,myk*¾dKvfwdkYonf tpOftwkdif;
<uoGm;awmfrl ukef\/ tMuif tMuifolwdkYonf jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum;awmfrlwkdif; xkdr*f
(vrf;pOf)odkY oGm;a&mufMuukef\/ jrwfpGmbk&m; qHk;ronfhtwkdif; jyKusifhukefaom xkd xkd
olwdkYonf qif;&J\ ukefqHk;&m edAÁmefudk rsufarSmufjyKEdkif ukefvwåHU}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
e0rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
10 - aomreóokwf
37/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY w&m;ESpfyg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom &[ef;onf ,ckb0üyifvQif udk,fcsrf;omjcif; pdwf
csrf;omjcif; rsm;vsuf ae&\/ xkd&[ef;onf tmoa0gw&m;wdkY ukefjcif;\ taMumif;udk
tm;xkwf tyfonf jzpf\/ tb,f ESpfyg;wdkYESifhenf;- oHa0*jzpfapwwfaom t&mwdkYü
oHa0*jzpfjcif;ESifh vnf;aumif;? oHa0*jzpfoltm; taMumif; tm;avsmfpGm tm;xkwfjcif;ESifh
vnf;aumif;wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY þw&m;ESpfyg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom &[ef;onf ,ckb0üyifvQif
udk,fcsrf;omjcif; pdwfcsrf;omjcif; rsm;vsuf ae&\/ xkd&[ef;onf tmoa0g w&m;wdkY
ukefjcif;\ taMumif;udktm; xkwftyfonf jzpf\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteuf oabmudk ]]ynm&Sdaom udavomudk ylyefapwwfonfh vkHYv&Sdaom &ifhusufaom ynm&Sdaom
&[ef;onf oHa0* jzpfapwwfaom t&mwdkYü ynmjzifh qifjcifí oHa0* jzpfonfomwnf;/
þodkY jyif;xefaom vkHYv&Sdvsuf rwkefrvIyfrlí NidrfoufpGm jzpfjcif;&Sdaom pdwf\
wnfMunfrIudk tm;xkwfí aeavh&Sdaom &[ef;onf qif;&J\ ukefqHk;&m edAÁmefodkY
a&mufEdkif\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'orokwf/
yXr0*f NyD;\/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
1 - 0dwuúokwf
38/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ylaZmftxl;udk cHawmfrlxkdufaom (tvHk;pHkaomw&m;wdkYudk) udk,fwkdifrSefpGm
odawmfrlaom jrwfpGm bk&m;\ ÓPfawmfü acr0dwuf y0da0u 0dwuf[laom 0dwuf (tMuH)
ESpfyg;wdkYonf tBudrfrsm;pGm tqifhqifh rjywf jzpfukef\/ &[ef;wdkY jrwfpGmbk&m;onf
qif;&Jr&Sdjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m &Sd\/ qif;&Jr&Sdjcif;ü arGUavsmf\/ &[ef;wdkY qif;&Jr&Sdjcif;vQif
arGUavsmf&m&Sdaom qif;&J r&Sdjcif;ü arGUavsmfwwfaom xkdjrwfpGmbk&m;\ Ópfawmf ü
]]þtrlt&mjzifh udavom&Sdaom owå0gudk vnf;aumif;? udavom r&Sdaom owå0gudk
vnf;aumif; wpfpHkwpfa,mufudkrQ igonf rqif;&Japvdk}} [k þ0dwufonfyifvQif
tBudrfrsm;pGm tqifhqifh rjywfjzpf\/
&[ef;wdkY jrwfpGmbk&m;onf qdwfNidrfjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m &Sd\/ qdwfNidrfjcif;ü
arGUavsmfwwf\/ &[ef;wdkY qdwfNidrfjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m&Sdaom qdwfNidrfjcif;ü arGUavsmf
wwfaom xkdjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmfü ]]tukokdvfudk y,ftyf\}} [k þ0dwufonfyifvQif
tBudrfrsm;pGm tqifhqifh rjywfjzpf\/
&[ef;wdkY xdkYaMumifh oifwdkYonfvnf; qif;&Jr&Sdjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m &SdMuukefonf
qif;&Jr&Sdjcif;ü arGUavsmfMuukefonf jzpfí aeMuukefavmh? &[ef;wdkY qif;&Jr&Sdjcif;vQif
arGUavsmf&m &Sdukefonf qif;&Jr&Sdjcif;ü arGUavsmfukefonfjzpfí aeMuukefaom oifwdkYtm;
igwdkYonf þtrlt&mjzifh udavom&Sdaom owå0gudk vnf;aumif;? udavom r&Sdaom
owå0gudk vnf;aumif; wpfpHkwpfa,mufudkrQ rqif;&JapukeftHh}} [k þ0dwufonfyifvQif
tBudrfrsm;pGm tqifhqifh rjywf jzpfvwåHU/
&[ef;wdkY qdwfNidrfjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m&Sdukefonf qdwfNidrfjcif;ü arGUavsmfukefonfjzpfí
aeMuukefavmh? &[ef;wdkY qdwfNidrfjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m&Sdukefonf qdwfNidrfjcif;ü arGUavsmf
ukefonfjzpfí aeMuukefaom oifwdkY tm; ]]tukokdvfrnfonf tb,fenf;/ tb,fudk
ry,ftyfoenf;/ tb,fudk y,fpGefY&ukeftHhenf;}} [k þ0dwufonfyifvQif tBudrfrsm;pGm
tqifhqifh rjywfjzpfvwåHU[k þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmf rl\/ xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]&GufaqmifEdkifcJaom bk&m;udpöudk &Gufaqmifwwfaom opömav;yg;udk odawmfrlaom
xkdjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmfü xkdESpfyg;aom MuHpnfrI ]0dwuf} wdkYonf tqifhqifh rjywf
jzpfukef\/ ab;r&Sdaom MuHpnfrI ]acr 0dwuf} udk a&S;OD;pGm qdktyf\/ xdkYaemufESpfckajrmuf
qdwfNidrfaom MuHpnfrI ]y0da0u0dwuf} udk jytyf\/
trdkufwkdufudk y,fvTifhwwfaom edAÁmefwnf;[laom urf;wpfzufodkY a&mufaom
*kPfaus;Zl; txl;udk &SmrSD;wwfaom a&mufoifhonfh t&[wåzdkvfodkY a&mufNyD;aom
0oDabmfESifh jynfhpHkawmfrlaom tmoa0guif; aom oHo&m0#fqif;&Judk ul;ajrmufNyD;aom
wPSm\ ukef&m (t&[wåzdkvfedAÁmef)ü uif;vGwfaom tqHk;jzpf aom udk,fudk aqmifaom

udavomrm&fudk pGefYNyD;aom tdkjcif;\ wpfzufurf; (edAÁmef)odkY a&mufaom xkdjrwfpGmbk&m;\
ÓPfawmfü (0dwufESpfyg;wdkYonf) tqifhqifh rjywfjzpfukef\/
ausmufawmifxdyfü &yfwnfvsuf&Sdaom a,musfm;onf xuf0ef;usif vltaygif;udk
Munfh½I ouJhodkY xdkYtwl aumif;jrwfaom ynm&Sif jzpfawmfrlaom xuf0ef;usif jrifEdkif
pGrf;aom Ópfrsufpd &Sdawmfrlaom pdk;&drfylaqG; uif;a0;awmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf ynm
("r®) zGifhNyD;aom jymom'fxufodkY wufawmfrlí y#doaE¨aejcif; tdkjcif;wdkY Esdyfpuftyfojzifh
pdk;&drfylaqG;jcif;odkY oufqif;usa&mufaeaom owå0gtaygif;udk Munfh½Iawmfrl\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yXrokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
2 - a'oemokwf
39/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ylaZmftxl;udk cHawmfrlxkdufaom razmufrjyef (tvHk;pHkaomw&m;wdkYudk)
udk,fwkdifrSefpGm odawmf rlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;\ w&m;a[mjcif;ESpfyg;wdkYonf taMumif;tm;jzifh
jzpfukef\/ tb,f ESpfyg;wdkYenf;- raumif;rIudk raumif;rItm;jzifh Munfh½IMuavmh? þonfum;
yXrjzpfaom w&m;a[mjcif;wnf;/ raumif;rIudk raumif;rItm;jzifh jrifí xkdraumif;rIü
NiD;aiGUMu ukefavmh? wyfjcif; uif;Muukefavmh? uif;vGwfMuukeaf vmh? þonfum; 'kwd,
jzpfaom w&m;a[mjcif;wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY ylaZmftxl;udk cHawmfrlxkdufaom (tvHk;pHkaom
w&m;wdkYudk) udk,fwkdifrSefpGm odawmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;\ w&m;a[mjcif; ESpfyg;wdkYonf
taMumif;tm;jzifh jzpfukef\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]owå0gtm;vHk;udk apmifha&Smufawmfrlaom opömav;yg;udk odawmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;\
taMumif;tm; jzifh a[mawmfrltyfaom a'oemudk ÓPfjzifh ½Iygavmh? (jrwfpGmbk&m;onf )
w&m;ESpfyg;wdkYudkvnf; aumif;pGm jyawmfrltyfukef\/
xkdraumif;rIudk ÓPfjzifh ½IMuukefavmh? xkdraumif;rIüvnf; wyfjcif; uif;Muukefavmh?
xkdwyfrIuif;jcif; aMumifh raumif;rIü wyfjcif;uif;aom pdwf&Sdukefonfjzpfí qif;&J\ qHk;&m
edAÁmefudk rsufarSmufjyKMuukef vwåHU}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'kwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
3 - 0dZÆmokwf
40/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY t0dZÆm ]arm[} onf tukokdvfw&m;wdkY jzpfjcif;\ a&SUoGm;jzpf\/ t&Sufr&SdrI
]t[d&du} rxdwfvefYrI ]taemwåyÜ} onf aemufvdkufw&m;om jzpf\/ &[ef;wdkY 0dZÆm
]tarm[} onf ukokdvfw&m;wdkY jzpfjcif;\ a&SUoGm;jzpf\/ &SufrI ][d&D} xdwfvefYrI ]MowåyÜ}
onf aemufvdkuf w&m;om jzpf\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]þvlUjynf avmuü vnf;aumif;? wpfyg;aom avmuü vnf;aumif; 'k*¾wd[lorQ
tm;vHk;wdkYonf t0dZÆm]arm[} vQif taMumif;&if; &Sdukef\/ r&ao;aom tm½HkukdvdkcsifrI
]£päm} ESifh &NyD; tm½Hkudk wyfrufrI ]avmb} wdkYjzifh yGg;pD;ukef\/
tMuif t0dZÆm[laom taMumif;aMumifh ,kwfrmaom tvdk&Sdol t&Sufr&Sdol ½kdaorI
r&Sdoljzpf&\/ xkdt0dZÆm[laom taMumif;aMumifh raumif;rI yGg;rsm;\/ xkdraumif;rIjzifh
tyg,fodkY vm;a&muf&\/
xdkYaMumifh &[ef;onf tvdk ]qE´} udk vnf;aumif;? avmbudk vnf;aumif;? t0dZÆmudk
vnf;aumif; y,fpGefYum 0dZÆm ]tarm[} udk jzpfapvsuf tvHk;pHkaom 'ku©\ wnf&mvm;&m
]*wd} ig;&yfwdkYudk y,fpGefYEdkif &m\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
wwd,okwf/
yXrbmP0g& NyD;\/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
4 - ynmy&d[Deokwf
41/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY pifMu,faom 0dyóemynm r*fynmrS qkwf,kwfaom owå0gwdkYonf (orÜwåd
tm;vHk;wdkYrS) tvGefYtvGef qkwf,kwfaom owå0gwdkY rnfukef\/ xkdowå0gwdkYonf ,ck
b0üyif yifyef;jcif; jyif;pGm yifyef;jcif; ylavmifjcif; &Sdonfjzpfí qif;&JpGm ae&ukef\/
cE¨mudk,f ysufpD;í aoonfrSaemufü raumif;aom vm;&m 'k*¾wdb0odkY rcRwf
a&mufvdrfhrnf[k arQmfvifhtyf\/ &[ef;wdYk pifMu,faom 0dyóemynm r*fynmrS rqkwf,kwf
ukefaom owå0gwdkYonf (orÜwådtm;vHk;wdkYrS) rqkwf,kwfaom owå0gwdkY rnfukef\/
xkdowå0gwdkY onf rsufarSmufb0ü yifyifyef;jcif; jyif;pGmyifyef;jcif; ylavmifjcif;r&SdbJ
csrf;ompGm ae&ukef\/ cE¨mudk,f ysufpD;í aoonfrSaemufü aumif;aom vm;&m ]ok*wd}
b0odkY rcRwfa&mufvdrfhrnf [k arQmfvifhtyf\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]ewfESifhwuGaom avmuudk Munfh½Iavmh? ynmrS qkwf,kwfjcif;aMumifh emrf½kyfü
trSm;ESvHk;oGif;onf jzpf&um; þonfomrSef\[k atmufarhrSwfxif\/
rSef\/ tMuifynmonf azmufxGif;í edAmÁ efodkY a&mufapwwf\/ tMuifynmjzifh
Zmwdb0\ ukefjcif;udk aumif;pGmod\/ xkdynmonfom avmuü tjrwfqHk;jzpf\/
owd&Sdawmfrlukefaom
&Tifaom
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cE¨mudk,fudk
aqmifukefaom xkdopöm av;yg;udk odukefaom bk&m;&[EÅmwdkYtm; ewfvlwdkYonf
cspfjrwfEdk;ukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
pwkw¬okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
5 - okuú"r®okwf
42/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY jzLpifaom þw&m;ESpfyg;wdkYonf avmuudk apmifha&Smufukef\/ tb,f
ESpfyg;wdkYenf;- raumif;rI rS &SufrI ][d&D} vnf;aumif; raumif;rIrS aMumufvefYrI ]MowåyÜ}
vnf;aumif;wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY jzLpifaom þw&m;ESpfyg;wdkYonf avmuudk rapmifha&Smufukefrl
þavmuü ]]trd}} [líaomf vnf;aumif;? ]]rdBuD; rdaxG;}} [líaomf vnf;aumif;? ]]OD;av;
OD;BuD;\ r,m;}} [líaomf vnf;aumif;? ]]q&m\ r,m;}} [líaomf vnf;aumif;?
]]tav;jyKxkdufolwdkY\ r,m;}} [líaomf vnf;aumif; rxifEdkif&m? vlUavmuBuD;onf
qdwfESifh okd; Muuf 0uf acG; ajracG;wdkYuJhodkY a&maESm ysufpD;jcifodkY a&muf&\/ tMuifhaMumifh
jzLpifaom þw&m; ESpfyg;wdkYonf avmuudk apmifha&Smufukef\/ xdkYaMumifh ]]trd}} [líaomf
vnf;aumif;? ]]rdBuD; rdaxG;}} [lí aomf vnf;aumif;? ]]OD;av; OD;BuD;\ r,m;}} [líaomf
vnf;aumif;? ]]q&m\ r,m;}} [líaomf vnf;aumif;? ]]tav;jyKxkdufolwdkY\ r,m;}}
[líaomf vnf;aumif; xif&Sm;\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmf rl\/ xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifolwdkYtm; t&SuftaMumufonf tcgcyfodrf; r&Sd? xkdolwdkYonf jzLpifaom
w&m;rSoufavQm aomaMumifh (tzefzef) y#doaE¨aejcif; aojcif;odkY a&muf&\/
tMuifolwdkYtm; t&SuftaMumufonf tjrJxif\/ jrwfaomtusifh jyefYyGg;í udavom
Nidrf;ukefaom xkdolwdkYonf wpfzefy#doaE¨aejcif;rS ukefNyD;olwdkY jzpfukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh
qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yÍörokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
6 - tZmwokwf
43/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf- &[ef;wdkY
jzpfay:rIr&Sdaom xif&Sm;jzpfaerI r&Sdaom jyKvkyfxm;rI r&Sdaom pD&ifxm;rI r&Sdaom edAÁmefonf
&Sd\/ &[ef;wdkY jzpfay:rI r&Sdaom xif&Sm;jzpfaerI r&Sdaom jyKvkyfxm;rI r&Sdaom pD&ifxm;rI
r&Sdaom þedAÁmefonf tu,fí r&Sdygrl þavmuü jzpfay:vmrI xif&Sm;jzpfaerI jyKvkyfxm;rI
pD&ifxm;rI[laom cE¨myÍöurS xGufajrmuf&monf rxif&Sm;&m/ &[ef;wdkY tMuifhaMumifh
jzpfay:rI r&Sdaom xif&Sm;jzpfaerI r&Sdaom jyKvkyfxm;rI r&Sdaom pD&ifxm;rI r&Sdaom
edAÁmefonf &Sd\/ xdkYaMumifhom jzpfay:vmrI xif&Sm;jzpfaerI jyKvkyfxm;rI pD&ifxm;rIjzpfaom
cE¨myÍöurS xGufajrmuf&m onf xif&Sm;\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/
xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]jzpfay:aeaom xif&Sm;jzpfay:aeaom aumif;pGm jzpfaom jyKvkyfxm;aom pD&ifxm;rI
&Sdaom rjrJaom tdkjcif; aojcif;wdkYESifh a&mpyfaeaom a&m*gtaygif;wdkY\ (wnfae&m)
todkufozG,f jzpfaom ysufpD;jcif; &Sdaom tm[m&ESifh wPSmvQif jzpfaMumif; trGeftp&Sdaom
xkdcE¨mig;yg;udk ESpfoufjcif;iSg roifh? xkdcE¨mig;yg; (ouúm,)\ xGufajrmuf&mjzpfaom
(udavomocFg&wdkY\) Nidrf;at;&mjzpfaom MuHpnfrI wuúÓPf\ tm½Hk r[kwfaom cdkifjrJaom
jzpfay:rIr&Sdaom aumif;pGm rjzpfaom pdk;&drfrIuif;aom udavomjrL uif;aom oHo&m qif;&J
ESdyfpufcH&olwdkY usifhtyfaom qif;&Jw&m;wdkY\ csKyf&mjzpfaom ocFg&wdkY\ Nidrf;&mjzpfaom
edAÁmefonf csrf;om\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
q|okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
7 - edAÁme"mwkokwf
44/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY edAÁme"mwfwdkYonf þESpfyg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,fESpfyg;wdkYenf;[lrl- cE¨mig;yg;
t<uif;&Sdaom ]oOyg'daoo} edAÁme"mwf cE¨mig;yg; t<uif;r&Sdaom ]tEkyg'daoo}
edAÁme"mwfwdkYwnf;/
&[ef;wdkY cE¨mig;yg; t<uif;&Sdaom ]oOyg'daoo} edAÁme"mwf[lonf tb,fenf;/
&[ef;wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef;onf ylaZmftxl;udk cHxkdufol tmoa0gukefcef;ol
tusifhjrwfudk usifhoHk;NyD;ol jyKtyf NyD;aom(r*f) udpö&Sdol cE¨m0efudk csNyD;jzpfol rdrdtusKd;
(t&[wåzdkvf)odkY a&mufNyD;ol b0oHa,mZOf ukefcef;NyD; ol aumif;pGmodí (udavomrS)
vGwfajrmufol jzpf\/ xkd&[EÅmyk*¾dKvftm; (aemufqHk;b0\ taMumif;uH rukefao;orQ)
£a`E´ig;yg;wdkYonf wnf&SdukefonfomvQif wnf;/ xkd&[EÅmyk*¾dKvfonf ,if;£a`E´ig;yg;wdkY\
(tEkyÜg'eda&m"\tpGrf;jzifh) rcsKyfukefaomaMumifhyif ESpfoufzG,f rESpfoufzG,f tm½Hkudk
cHpm;\/ csrf;om qif;&Judk cHpm;\/ xkd&[EÅmyk*¾dKvftm; tMuif &m*ukefcef;rI a'goukefcef;rI
arm[ukefcef;rIonf &Sd\/ þ&m* a'go arm[ ukefcef;rIudkyif cE¨mig;yg; t<uif;&Sdaom
]oOyg'daoo} edAÁme"mwf[k qdktyf\/
&[ef;wdkY cE¨mig;yg; t<uif;r&Sdaom ]tEkyg'daoo} edAÁme"mwf[lonf tb,fenf;/
&[ef;wdkY þomoem awmfü &[ef;onf ylaZmftxl;udk cHxkdufol tmoa0gukefcef;ol
tusifhjrwfudk usifhoHk;NyD;ol jyKtyfNyD;aom (r*f) udpö&Sdol cE¨m0efudk csNyD;jzpfol rdrdtusKd;
(t&[wåzdkvf)odkY a&mufNyD;ol b0oHa,mZOf ukefcef;NyD;ol aumif;pGm odí (udavomrS)
vGwfajrmufNyD;ol jzpf\/ þtwåabmüyif xkd&[EÅmyk*¾dKvftm; cHpm;rI ]a0'em} tm;vHk;wdkY
onf &m*ponfwdkYjzifh rESpfouftyfukefrlí wpfzef rjzpfaomtm;jzifh Nidrf;at;ukefvwåHU/
&[ef;wdkY þcHpm;rI [lorQwdkY\ wpfzef rjzpfaomtm;jzifh csKyfNidrf;rIudkyif cE¨mig;yg;
t<uif;r&Sdaom ]tEkyg'daoo} edAÁme"mwf[k qdktyf\/ &[ef;wdkY edAÁme"mwfwdkYonf þESpfyg;
wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]wPSm 'd|d tpGrf;jzifh wpfpHkwpfckaom w&m;udk rrSDaom wm'd*kPf&Sif jzpfawmfrlaom
pu©Kig;yg;&Sdaom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf þESpfyg;aom edAÁme"mwfwdkYudk jyawmf rltyfukef\/rSef\ wpfrsKd;aom (oOyg'daoo) edAÁme"mwfonf þrsufarSmuf twåabmü jzpf\/ cE¨mig;yg;
<uif;usef\/ b0wPSm ukefcef;\/ cE¨mig;yg; t<uif;r&Sdaom ]tEkyg'daoo} edAÁme"mwf
onfum; cE¨mysufNyD;aomtcgü jzpf\/ ,if;edAÁme"mwfü tvHk;pHk tm;jzifh b0wdkYonf
csKyfukef\/
tMuif yk*¾dKvfwdkYonf jyKjyifjcif;uif;aom xkdedAÁmefudk odí udavomrS vGwfajrmufaom
pdwf&Sdukef\/ b0 wPSm ukefcef;ukef\/ xkdyk*¾dKvfwdkYonf w&m;tESpfudk &aomaMumifh
&m*ponfukef&m edAÁmefü arGUavsmfukef\/ wm'd*kPf&Sif xkdbk&m;ocifwdkYonf tvHk;pHkaom
b0wdkYudk y,fpGefYukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/

þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
owårokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
8 - y#dov’meokwf
45/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY wpfa,mufwnf; udef;atmif;jcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m&Sdukefonf wpfa,mufwnf;
udef;atmif; &jcif;ü arGUavsmfukefonf tZÑwåoEÅmefü pdwf\ Nidrf;at;jcif;udk tm;xkwfMu
ukefonf rysufpD;aom psmef &SdMuukefonf 0dyóemESifh jynfhpHkMuukefonf qdwfNidrf&m
t&yfwdkYudk yGg;apukefonfjzpfí aeMuukefavmh? &[ef;wdkY wpfa,mufwnf; udef;atmif;jcif;
vQif arGUavsmf&m &Sdukefaom wpfa,mufwnf; udef;atmif;&jcif;ü arGUavsmfukefaom
tZÑwåoEÅmefü pdwf\ Nidrf;at;jcif;udk tm;xkwfMuukefaom rysufpD;aom psmef&Sdukefaom
0dyóemESifh jynfhpHkMuukefaom qdwfNidrf&m t&yfwdkYudk yGg;apukefonf jzpfí aeMuukefaom
yk*¾dKvfwdkYtm; t&[wåzdkvfudk vnf;aumif;? udavom t<uif; &Sdao;rl tem*grdzdkvfudk
vnf;aumif; þESpfyg;aom zdkvfwdkYwGif wpfyg;yg;aom zdkvfudk þb0üyif rcRwf&vdrfhrnf[k
arQmfvifhtyf\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGm bk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteuf
oabmudk ]]tMuif yk*¾dKvfwdkYonf Nidrf;at;aompdwf &ifhusufaom ynm owd&SdukefvsufomvQif
orx0dyóem ESpfyg;jzifh ½Iavh&Sdukefonf umrwdkYü iJhuGufjcif; uif;ukefonf jzpfí cE¨mig;yg;
w&m;udk toifhtm;jzifh ½Iukef\/
rarhravsmhrI ]tyÜrm'} w&m;ü arGUavsmfukefaom arhavsmhrI ]yrm'} w&m;ü ab;[k
½Iukefaom olawmf aumif;wdkYonf qkwf,kwfjcif;iSg rxkdufukef edAÁmefESifhomvQif eD;ukef\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
t|rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
9 - odu©medoHookwf
46/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY odu©m[laom tusKd;&Sdukefonf ynmvGefuJukefonf t&[wåzdkvf[laom tESpf
&Sdukefonf owd [laom tBuD;trSL; &Sdukefonfjzpfí aeMuukefavmh? &[ef;wdkY odu©m[laom
tusKd;&Sdukefonf ynmvGefuJ ukefonf t&[wåzdkvf[laom tESpf&Sdukefonf owd[laom
tBuD;trSL; &Sdukefonfjzpfí aeMuukefaom olwdkY tm; t&[wåzdkvfudk vnf;aumif;
udavom t<uif; &Sdao;rl tem*grdzdkvfudk vnf;aumif; þESpfyg;aom zdkvfwdkYwGif
wpfyg;yg;aom zdkvfudk þb0üyif rcRwf&vdrfhrnf[k arQmfvifhtyf\/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGm bk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]jynfhpHkaom tusifh&Sdaom rysufaom w&m;&Sdaom xl;uJaom ynm&Sdaom Zmwdukef&m
edAÁmefudk jrifavh &Sdaom tqHk;jzpfaom twåabmudk aqmifaom udavomrm&fudk pGefYaom
xkd&[ef;udk Z&m\ urf;wpfzufokYd a&mufol[k ig a[mawmfrl\/
&[ef;wdkY xdkYaMumifh (oifwdkYonf) tcgcyfodrf; ESpfrsKd;aompsmefü arGUavsmfMuol
wnfMunfMuol jyif;pGm tm;xkwfaom vkHYv&SdMuol Zmwdukef&m edAÁmefudk ÓPfjzifh
½IMuolppfonfESifhwuGaom rm&fudk vTrf;rdk;í y#doaE¨aerI aorI\ wpfzufurf; (edAÁmefodkY)
a&mufMu&olwdkYonf jzpfMuukefavmh}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
e0rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
10 - Zm*&d,okwf
47/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf Edk;Mum;rIESifh,SOfol atmufarhrI ]owd} qifjcifÓPf ]orÜZOf} &Sdol
wnfMunfrI ]orm"d} &Sdol 0rf;ajrmufrIrsm;ol aumif;pGm Munfvifol jzpfívnf; ae&m\/
xkdur®|mef; tm;xkwf&m0,f ukokdvfw&m;wdkYü tcgtm;avsmfpGm txl;½Ivsufvnf; ae&m\/
&[ef;wdkY Edk;Mum;rIESifh,SOfol atmufarhrI ]owd} qifjcifÓPf ]orÜZOf} &SdolwnfMunfrI ]orm"d}
&Sdol 0rf;ajrmufrIrsm;ol aumif;pGm Munfvifol xkdur®|mef; tm;xkwf&m0,f ukokdvfw&m;wdkYü
tcgtm;avsmfpGm txl;½Ivsufaeol &[ef;tm; t&[wåzdkvfukd vnf; aumif;? udavom
t<uif;&Sdao;rl tem*grdzdkvfudk vnf;aumif; þESpfyg;aom zdkvfwdkYwGif wpfyg;yg;aom zdkvfudk
,ckb0üyif rcRwf&vdrfhrnf[k arQmfvifhtyf\/ þteuf oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]Edk;Mum;Muukefaom oifwdkYonf þig\ pum;udk emMuukefavmh? tdyfaysmfaeMuukefaom
oifwdkYonf Edk;Mum;Muukefavmh? tdyfaysmfjcif;xuf Edk;Mum;jcif;onf jrwf\/ Edk;Mum;aomoltm;
ab;r&Sd/
tMuifolonf Edk;vnf; Edk;Mum;\/ atmufarhrI ]owd} qifjcifÓPf ]orÜZOf} vnf; &Sd\/
wnfMunfrI ]orm"d} vnf; &Sd\/ 0rf;ajrmufrIrsm;í Munfvifaom pdwfvnf; &Sd\/ xkdolonf
tcgtm;avsmfpGm toifh tm;jzifh w&m;udk pl;prf;&SmazGvsuf Nidrfouf wnfMunfonfh tjzpfodkY
a&mufum t0dZÆm[laom trdkufwkdufudk y,fazsmufEdkif&m\/
xdkYaMumifh þavmuü Edk;Mum;oludkom qnf;uyf&m\/ udavomudk ylyefapwwfaom
vkHYv&Sdaom &ifhusufaom ynm&Sdaom psmef&aom &[ef;onf y#doaE¨aejcif; tdkjcif;\
(taMumif;) oHa,mZOfudk jzwfawmufí þb0üyif twkr&Sdjrwfaom t&[wår*fÓPfodkY
a&muf&m\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'orokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
11 - tmyg,duokwf
48/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þqdkvwåHUaom taMumif;w&m;ESpyf g;udk ry,fEdkifí tyg,fü jzpf&rnfh i&Jü
jzpf&rnfh yk*¾dKvfwdkY onf þESpfa,mufwdkYwnf;/ tb,fESpfa,mufwdkYenf;- tMuifolonfum;
jrwfaom tusifhudk rusifhbJvsuf jrwfaom tusifhudk usifh\[k 0efcH\/ tMuifolonfum;
xuf0ef;usif jynfhpHkí jzLpifaom jrwfaom tusifh udk usifhaomoludk tajctjrpf r&Sdaom
rjrwfaom tusifhjzifh pGyfpGJESdyfpuf zsufqD;\/ &[ef;wdkY þ,kwfrm aom w&m;wdkYudk
ry,fEdkifí tyg,fü jzpf&rnfh i&Jü jzpf&rnfh yk*¾dKvfwdkYonf þESpfa,mufwdkYwnf;/ þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü þteuf oabmudk ]]r[kwfrrSef ajymqdkaom olonfvnf; i&JodkY a&muf&\/ (rdrd) jyKvkyfvsuf rjyKrvkyf[k
ajymqdkaom olonfvnf; i&JodkY a&muf&\/ xkdolESpfa,mufwdkYonfvnf; ,kwfaom trI
&Sdukefonfjzpfí aemifwrvGef b0ü i&JcH&jcif; wlukef\/
,kwfrmaom oabm &Sdukefonfjzpfí (udk,fEIwfESvHk;udk) rapmifhpnf;ukefaom ouFef;udk
vnfyif;ü ywfMuukefaom rsm;pGmaom xkdol,kwfrmwdkYonf ,kwfrmaom raumif;rIwdkYaMumifh
i&JodkY usa&muf&ukef\/
oDvvnf;r&Sd? udk,fEIwfESvHk;udkvnf; rapmifhpnf;bJ wkdif;oljynfom;wdkY o'¨gMunfjzL
ay;vSLtyfaom qGrf;udk pm;&jcif;xuf rD;vQu
H JhodkY ylavmifaom oHawGcJudk pm;&jcif;uomí
aumif;jrwfao;\}} [k þ*gxm jzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
{um'orokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
12 - 'd|d*wokwf
49/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ESpfyg;aom 'd|dt,lwdkYjzifh ESdyfpufcH&aom ewfvl tcsKdUwdkYonf wGefYwkd qkwfepf
ukef\/ tcsKdUwdkY onfum; vGefí ajy;oGm;ukef\/ pu©Ktjrif &SdolwdkYonfum; rZÑdry#dy'gjzifh
rsufarSmufjyKEdkifukef\/
&[ef;wdkY tb,fodkYvQif tcsKdUolwdkYonf wGefYwkdqkwfepfukefoenf;/ &[ef;wdkY ewfvl
wdkYonf b0vQif arGUavsmf&m &Sdukef\/ b0ü arGUavsmfwwfukef\/ b0ü ESpfouf wwfukef\/
xkdolwdkYtm; b0csKyf&eftwGuf w&m; a[majymonf&Sdaomf pdwfonf rouf0if rMunfvif
aumif;pGm rwnf ESvHk;roGif;? &[ef;wdkY þodkYvQif tcsKdUolwdkYonf wGefYwkd qkwfepfuek f\/
&[ef;wdkY tb,fodkYvQif tcsKdUolwdkYonf vGefí ajy;oGm;ukefoenf;/ tcsKdUolwdkYonf
b0jzifhyif NiD;aiGUukef b0rS &SufEdk;ukef b0ü pufqkyfukefonf jzpfí b0uif;jywfjcif;udk
ESpfouf ukef\/ tcsif;wdkY tMuifhaMumifh þtwåonf cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü
jywf\/ ysufpD;\/ aoonfrSaemufü rjzpfawmh? þw&m; onf Nidrf;\/ þw&m;onf jrwf\/
þw&m;onf razmufrjyef rSefuefaom oabm&Sd\/ &[ef;wdkY þodkYvQif tcsKdUolwdkYonf
vGefí ajy;oGm;ukef\/
&[ef;wdkY tb,fodkYvQif pu©Ktjrif&Sdaom olwdkYonf rZÑdry#dy'gjzifh rsufarSmuf jyKEdkifukef
oenf;/ þomoemawmfü &[ef;onf [kwfrSefaom cE¨mig;yg;udk [kwfrSefaomtm;jzifh jrif\/
[kwfrSefaom cE¨mig;yg; udk [kwfrSefaomtm;jzifh jrifjcif;aMumifh [kwfrSefaom cE¨mig;yg;udk
NiD;aiGU&ef wyfjcif;uif;&ef csKyf&efusifh\/ &[ef;wdkY þodkYvQif pu©Ktjrif&Sdaom olwdkYonf
rZÑdry#dy'gjzifh rsufarSmufjyKukef\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifolwdkYonf [kwfrSefaom cE¨mig;yg;udk [kwfrSefaomtm;jzifh jrifjcif;aMumifh [kwfrSef
aom cE¨mig;yg; udk vGefajrmufvsuf b0wPSm ukefjcif;aMumifh [kwfrSefaom edAÁmefudk
(tm½HkjyKí) udavomrS vGwfajrmuf ukef\/
cE¨mig;yg;udk ydkif;jcm;í odaom b0BuD;i,fü wPSmuif;aom xdk&[ef;onf cE¨mig;yg;\
rjzpfjcif;aMumifh wpfzef b0opfodkY ra&muf}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'Gg'orokwf/
'kwd,0*f NyD;\/
'kuedygwf jrefrmjyef NyD;\/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
3 - wduedygwf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
1 - rlvokwf
50/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyfMum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tukodkvfrlvwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- avmb[laom
tukodkvfrlv a'go [laom tukodkvfrlv arm[[laom tukodkvfrlvwdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY
tukodkvfrlvwdkYonf þoHk;yg; wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/
xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]avmbonf vnf;aumif;? a'goonf vnf;aumif;? arm[onf vnf;aumif; rdrdü
jzpfukefaom þw&m;wdkYonf 0g;yifudk rdrdtoD;onfyif zsufqD;ouJhodkY ,kwfrmaom
pdwf&Sdoludk zsufqD;ukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyfMum;emcJh&ygonf/
yXrokwf/
------

2 - "mwkokwf
51/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY "mwfwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- ½ly"mwf t½ly"mwf
eda&m""mwf wdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY "mwfwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteuf oabmudk ]]tMuifol wdkYonf ½ly"mwfudk ydkif;jcm;odí t½ly"mwfwdkYü ruyfNidbJ eda&m""mwfü
tm½HkjyKum t&d,r*f jzifh udavomrS vGwfukef\/ xdkolwdkYonf aojcif;rS vGefajrmufukef\/
tmoa0g uif;awmfrlNyD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf emrum,jzifh Oy"duif;aom
trw"mwfodkY a&mufawmf rlí Oy"dwdkY\ pGefYvTwf&m edAÁmefudk rsufarSmufjyKNyD;vQif pdk;&drfrI
uif;aom udavomjrL uif;aom edAÁmefw&m;udk a[mawmfrl\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'kwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
3 - yXra0'emokwf
52/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY a0'emwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;-okca0'em 'ku©a0'em
Oayu©ma0'em wdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY a0'emwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]jrwfpGmbk&m;\ wynfhonf wnfMunfrI ]orm"d} qifjcifÓPf ]orÜZOf} atmufarhrI
]owd} &Sdonfjzpfí a0'emwdkYudk vnf;aumif;? a0'emwdkY\ jzpfaMumif; ]ork',} udk
vnf;aumif;? a0'emwdkY\ csKyf&m ]eda&m"} udk vnf;aumif;? a0'emwdkY\ ukef&m (edAÁmef)odkY
a&mufaMumif;jzpfaom t&d,r*fudk vnf;aumif; ydkif;jcm;íod\/ &[ef;onf a0'emwdkY\
ukefjcif;aMumifh wPSmuif;onfjzpfí udavoy&dedAÁmef cE¨y&dedAÁmefjzifh y&dedAÁmef jyK&\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\ [k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
wwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
4 - 'kwd,a0'emokwf
53/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY a0'emwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;-okca0'em 'ku©a0'em
Oayu©ma0'emwdkY wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY okca0'emudk qif;&J[lí ½Ityf\/ 'ku©a0'emudk
ajimifhwHusif[lí ½Ityf\/ Oayu©ma0'em udk tedpö[lí ½Ityf\/ &[ef;wdkY tMuifhaMumifh
&[ef;onf okca0'emudk qif;&J[lí jrif\/ 'ku©a0'emudk ajimifhwHusif[lí jrif\/
Oayu©ma0'emudk tedpö[lí jrif\/ &[ef;wdkY xdkYaMumifh þ&[ef;udk jzLpifí aumif;aom
tjrif&Sdol wPSmjywfNyD;ol oHa,mZOfuif;NyD;ol t<uif;rJhrmeudk y,fjcif;aMumifh qif;&JtqHk;udk
jyKNyD;ol[k qdktyf\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü
þteufoabmudk -

]]tMuifolonf okca0'emudk qif;&J[lí jrif\/ 'ku©a0'emudk ajimifhwHusif[lí jrif\/
Nidrfoufaom Oayu©ma0'emudk tedpö[lí jrif\/
a0'emoHk;yg;wdkYudk aumif;pGm jrifNyD;aom xdk&[ef;onf xdka0'emü orkapä'0drkwådtm;jzifh
vGwfajrmuf\/ xdkYaMumifh xdk&[ef;onf tbdnmOf udpöNyD;qHk;NyD;í Nidrf;at;NyD;vQif
a,m*av;yg;udk vGefajrmufNyD;oljzpf\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
pwkw¬okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
5 - yXr{oemokwf
54/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY &SmrSD;jcif;wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;-umrudk &SmrSD;jcif;?
b0udk &SmrSD;jcif;? tusifhjrwfudk &SmrSD;jcif;wdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY &SmrSD;jcif;wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/
þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]jrwfpGmbk&m;\ wynfhonf wnfMunfrI ]orm"d} qifjcifÓPf ]orÜZOf} atmufarhrI
]owd} &Sdonfjzpfí &SmrSD;jcif;wdkYudk vnf;aumif;? &SmrSD;jcif;wdkY\ jzpfaMumif; ]ork',}
udkvnf;aumif;? &SmrSD;jcif;wdkY\ csKyf&m ]eda&m"} udkvnf;aumif;? &SmrSD;jcif;wdkY\ ukef&m
(edAÁmef)odkY a&mufaMumif;jzpfaom t&d,r*fudk vnf;aumif; ydkif;jcm;í od\/ &[ef;onf
&SmrSD;jcif;wdkY\ ukefjcif;aMumifh wPSm uif;onfjzpfí udavoy&dedAÁmef cE¨y&dedAÁmefjzifh
y&dedAÁmefjyK&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yÍörokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
6 - 'kwd,{oemokwf
55/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY &SmrSD;jcif;wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;-umrudk &SmrSD;jcif;?
b0udk &SmrSD;jcif;? tusifhjrwfudk &SmrSD;jcif;wdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY &SmrSD;jcif;wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/
þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tusifhjrwfudk &SmrSD;jcif;ESifhwuG umrudk &SmrSD;jcif; b0udk &SmrSD;jcif;[k &SmrSD;jcif;
oHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ þonf om rSef\[k trSm; oHk;oyfjcif;onf 'd|dvQif taMumif;&Sd\/
(udavom) tqifhqifh wdk;yGg;\/
&m*tm;vHk;wdkYrS uif;aom wPSmukef&m t&[wåzdkvf ]0drkwåd} &Sdaom &[EÅmyk*¾dKvfonf
&SmrSD;jcif;wdkYudk pGefYvTwf\/ 'd|d[laom wnf&m taMumif;wdkYudk y,fEkwf\/ &[ef;onf
&SmrSD;jcif;wdkY\ ukefjcif;aMumifh tvdk tmom r&Sdol odkYavm odkYavm awG;awmrI r&Sdoljzpf\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
q|okwf/
------

7 - yXrtmo0okwf
56/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tmo0wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;-umrmo0? b0go0?
t0dZÆmo0wdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY tmo0wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]wnfMunfrI ]orm"d} qifjcifÓPf ]orÜZOf} atmufarhrI ]owd} &Sdonfjzpfí
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ wynfhonf tmo0wdkYudk vnf;aumif;? tmo0wdkY\jzpfaMumif; ]ork',}
udkvnf;aumif;? tmo0wdkY\ csKyf&m ]eda&m"} udk vnf;aumif;? tmo0wdkY\ ukef&m (edAÁmef)odkY
a&mufaMumif; jzpfaom t&d,r*fudk vnf;aumif; ydkif;jcm;í od\/ &[ef;onf tmo0wdkY\
ukefjcif;aMumifh wPSm uif;onfjzpfí udavoy&dedAÁmef cE¨y&dedAÁmefjzifh y&dedAÁmefjyK&\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
owårokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
8 - 'kwd,tmo0okwf
57/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tmo0wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- umrmo0 b0go0
t0dZÆmo0wdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY tmo0wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifyk*¾dKvftm; umrmo0onf ukefcJhNyD/ t0dZÆmo0onfvnf; uif;aysmufNyD/
b0go0onfvnf; ukefcef;NyD/ xdkyk*¾dKvfonf (udavomrS) uif;vGwfNyD;vQif Oy"dr&Sdrlí
ppfonfESifh wuGaom rm&fudk atmifvsuf tqHk;pGefaom udk,ftwåabmudk aqmif\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
t|rokwf/
------

9 - wPSmokwf
58/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY wPSmwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- umrwPSm? b0wPSm?
0db0wPSmwdkY wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY wPSmwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]wPSma,m*ESifh ,SOfí b0BuD;i,fü wyfaom pdwf&SdMuol edAÁmef t&[wåzdkvfudk
r&Muonfh xdkowå0gwdkY onf rm&fewf\ ausmhuGif;wnf;[laom a,m*ESifh ,SOfukefí
y#doaE¨aejcif; aojcif;odkY a&mufukefonf jzpf& um; oHo&modkY oGm;ukef\/
avmuü tMuifolwdkYonfum; wPSmudk y,fowfNyD;í b0BuD;i,fü wPSm uif;ukef\/
tMuifolwdkYonf
vnf;
tmo0ukefjcif;odYk
a&mufukef\/
xdkoltm;vHk;wdkYonf
edAÁmefwnf;[laom wpfzufurf;odkY rkcs a&mufukef \}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
e0rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 11 -- yyXXrr00**f f ======
10 - rm&a",sokwf
59/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY w&m;oHk;yg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom &[ef;onf rm&frif;\ EdkifiHudk vGefí aerif;uJhodkY
wifhw,f\/ tb,f oHk;yg;wdkYESifhenf;- &[ef;wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef;onf (&[EÅmwdkY\
Opöm) taou©jzpfaom oDv tpkESifh jynfhp\
Hk / taou©jzpfaom orm"dtpkESifh jynfhpHk\/
taou©jzpfaom ynmtpkESifh jynfhpHk\/ &[ef;wdkY þw&m;oHk;ygwdkYESifh jynfhpHkaom &[ef;onf
rm&frif;\ EdkifiHudk vGefí aerif;uJhodkY wifhw,f\[k þteuf oabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m;a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifyk*¾dKvfonf oDv orm"d ynm[lukefaom þw&m;wdkYudk aumif;pGm yGg;rsm;
tyfukef\/ xdkyk*¾dKvf onf rm&frif;\ EdkifiHudk vGefí aerif;uJhodkY wifhw,f\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh
qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'orokwf/
yXr0*f NyD;\/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
1 - yknud&d,0w¬Kokwf
60/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY yknud&d,0w¬KwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- ay;urf;rI ]'ge}
[laom ykn ud&d,0w¬K? usifhoHk;rI ]oDv} [laom yknud&d,0w¬K? yGg;rsm;rI ]bm0em} [laom
yknud&d,0w¬KwdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY yknud&d,0w¬KwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]xdkolonf ukodkvf aumif;rIudkomvQif usifh&m\/ aemiftcgü jrifhjrwfí csrf;omusKd;
&Sdaom 'geudk vnf;aumif;? aumif;aom tusifhudk vnf;aumif;? arwåmpdwfudk vnf;aumif;
yGg;rsm;&m\/
ynm&Sdolonf okcvQif tmedoif &Sdukefaom þw&m;oHk;yg;wdkYudk yGg;rsm;í qif;&J
uif;aom csrf;omaom avmuodkY uyfa&muf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yXrokwf/
------

2 - pu©Kokwf
61/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY pu©KwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;-rHopu©K? 'dAÁpu©K?
ynmpu©KwdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY pu©KwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteuf oabmudk ]]rHopu©K 'dAÁpu©KESifh twkr&Sdaom ynmpu©K[lukefaom pu©KoHk;yg;wdkYudk a,mufsm;jrwf
jzpfawmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mMum;awmfrl\/
rHopu©K\ jzpfjcif;onf 'dAÁpu©K\ taMumif;wnf;/ tMuiftcg twk r&Sdaom
ynmpu©K[laom tmo0u©,ÓPfonf xif&Sm;jzpf\/ xdktcg ,if;ynmpu©K[laom
tmo0u©,ÓPfudk &jcif;aMumifh qif;&J tm;vHk;rS uif;vGwf\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'kwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
3 - £`Ed´,okwf
62/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY £a`E´wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;-aomwmywådr*fÓPf
[laom tenmwn ómrDwda`E´? txufr*foHk;yg;ESifh atmufzdkvfoHk;yg;[laom tnda`E´?
t&[wåzdkvf [laom tnmwm0da`E´wdkY wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY £a`E´wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/
þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]ajzmifhrSefaom vrf;odkY tpOfvdkufaom usifhqJ aou©yk*¾dKvftm; udavomukef&m edAÁmefü
yXrtenmw nómrDwda`E´ÓPf jzpf\/ xdkÓPfrS tjcm;rJhü txufr*foHk;yg;ESifh atmufzkdvf
oHk;yg; [laom tnda`E´ jzpf\/
xdkt&[wår*f\ tjcm;rJhü t&[wåzdkvf[laom tnmwm0da`E´ jzpf\/ udavomrS
vGwfNyD;aom wm'd *kPf&Sif &[EÅmyk*¾dKvftm; b0oHa,mZOf ukefcef;jcif;aMumifh ig\
t&[wåzdkvfonf rysufpD;[k ypöa0u©Pm ÓPfonf rkcsjzpf\/
pifppf £a`E´ESifh jynfhpHkí Nidrf;at;vsuf Nidrf;at;&m edAÁmefü arGUavsmfaom xdkyk*¾dKvfonf
ppfonfESifhwuG rm&fudk atmifvsuf tqHk;pGefaom udk,ftwåabmudk aqmif\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifhqdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
wwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
4 - t'¨gokwf
63/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY umvwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- twdwfumv? tem*wf
umv? ypöKyÜef umvwdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY umvwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]cE¨mig;yg;ü ig olwpfyg;[k trSwf&Sdukefaom owå0gwdkYonf cE¨mig;yg;ü wnfukefvsuf
cE¨mig;yg;udk ydkif;jcm;í rodaomaMumifh aorif;ESifh pyf,SOfjcif;odkY a&mufukef\/
(&[E¦myk*¾dKvfonf) cE¨mig;yg;udk ydkif;jcm; odaomaMumifh cE¨mig;yg;udk ig olwpfyg; [k
ratmufarh? udavomrS vGwfonf jzpfí twkr&Sd jrwfaom Nidrf;at;&m edAÁmefudk pdwfjzifh
awGUxd odjrif\/
cE¨mig;yg;udk ydkif;jcm;í odjcif;ESifh jynfhpHkvsuf olawmfaumif; jzpfí Nidrf;at;&m edAÁmefü
arGUavsmfum qifjcifí rSD0Javh&Sdaom w&m;ü wnfol xdk&[EÅmyk*¾dKvfonf owå0g[laom
a&wGufjcif;odkY ra&muf}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
pwkw¬okwf/
------

5 - 'kpö&dwokwf
64/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY 'kp½dkufwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;? tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- um,'kp½dkuf? 0pD
'kp½dkuf? raem'kp½dkufwdkY wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY 'kp½dkufwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]ynmrJholonf um,'kp½dkuf 0pD'kp½dkuf raem'kp½dkufudk jyKjcif;aMumifh vnf;aumif;?
&m*paom tjypfESifh pyf,SOfaom tjcm;aomtrIudk jyKjcif;aMumifh vnf;aumif;? ukodkvfuHudk
rjyKbJ tukodkvfuHudkom tBudrfrsm; pGm jyKjcif;aMumifh vnf;aumif; cE¨mudk,fysufpD;aomtcg
i&JodkY uyfa&muf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh &ygonf/
yÍörokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
6 - okp&dwokwf
65/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY okp½dkufwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf; - um,okp½dkuf?
0pDokp½dkuf? raemokp½dkuf wdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY okp½dkufwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]ynm&Sdonf um,'kp½dkuf 0pD'kp½dkuf raem'kp½dkufudk pGefYjcif;aMumifh vnf;aumif;?
&m*paom tjypfESifh pyf,SOfaom tjcm;trIudk pGefYjcif;aMumifh vnf;aumif;? tukodkvfuHudk
rjyKrlí ukodkvfuHudkom tBudrfrsm;pGm jyKjcif;aMumifh vnf;aumif; cE¨mudk,fysufpD;aomtcg
ewfjynfodkY a&muf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
q|okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
7 - aomap,sokwf
66/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY pifMu,fjcif;wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;-udk,f\ pifMu,fjcif;?
EIwf\ pifMu,fjcif;? pdwf\ pifMu,fjcif;wdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY pifMu,fjcif;wdkYonf þoHk;yg;
wdkYwnf;/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/ xdkokwfü þteuf oabmudk ]]udk,fpifMu,frI EIwfpifMu,frI pdwfpifMu,frI&Sdaom tvHk;pHkaom udavom tnpftaMu;
wdkYudk y,fNyD; jzpfí jzLpifrI ]aomap,s} w&m;ESifh jynfhpHkaom tmoa0guif;ol &[EÅmyk*¾dKvfudk
pifMu,fol[lí qdkMuukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
owårokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
8 - armae,sokwf
67/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY &[EÅmtjzpfudk jyKwwfaom ]armae,s} tusifhwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/
tb,f oHk;yg;wdkYenf;- um,armae,s? 0pDarmae,s? raemarmae,swdkYwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY
&[EÅmtjzpfudk jyKwwfaom ]armae,s} tusifhwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;? þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteuf oabmudk]]um,'kp½dkufudk y,fzsufrI 0pD'kp½dkufudk y,fzsufrI raem'kp½dkufudk y,fzsufrI&Sdaom
r*fa&pifjzifh raumif;rIudk aq;aMumNyD;aom jrifhjrwfaom armae,sw&m;ESifh jynfhpHkaom
tmoa0g r&Sdol &[EÅmudk rked[lí qdkMuukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
t|rokwf/
------

9 - yXr&m*okwf
68/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tMuif wpfpHkwpfa,mufaom olonf &m*udk ry,fEdkifao; a'goudk
ry,fEdkifao; arm[udk ry,fEdkifao;? &[ef;wdkY þyk*¾dKvfudk rm&fonf aESmifzGJUxm;ol rm&f\
ausmhuGif; tpGyfcH&ol rm&fewf tvdk&Sdwdkif; tjyKcH&ol[k qdktyf\? &[ef;wdkY tMuif
wpfpHkwpfa,mufaom olonf &m*udk y,fEdkif\? a'goudk y,fEdkif\? arm[udk y,fEdkif\?
&[ef;wdkY þyk*¾dKvfudk rm&fonf raESmifzGJUEdkifol rm&f\ ausmhuGif; tpGyfrcH&ol rm&fewf
tvdk&Sdwdkif; tjyKrcH&ol[k qdktyf\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü
þteuf oabmudk ]]tMuifolonf &m*udk vnf;aumif;? a'goudk vnf;aumif;? arm[udk vnf;aumif;
uif;uGmapEdkif\? xdkoludk yGg;rsm;NyD;olwdkYwGif wpfa,muf tygt0ifjzpfí jrwfaom
t&[wåzdkvfodkY a&mufNyD;ol a&S;a&S;&[EåmwdkY uJhodkY <ua&mufvmol tvHk;pHkaom
udavomwdkYudk y,fNyD;jzpfol ab;taygif; &eftaygif;udk vGefNyD;ol opöm av;yg;udk odNyD;ol[k
qdkukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
e0rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 22 -- ''kw
kwd,
d,00**f f ======
10 - 'kwd,&m*okwf
69/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY &[ef;a,mufsm;jzpfap? &[ef;rdef;rjzpfap tMuif wpfpHkwpfa,mufonf &m*udk
ry,fEdkifao;? a'goudk ry,fEdkifao;? arm[udk ry,fEdkifao;/ &[ef;wdkY þyk*¾dKvfudk vSdKif;wHydk;
0Jç zrf;,lwwfaom ig; rum&f; &u©dKofESifhwuG jzpfaom ork'´&mudk rul;ajrmufEdkifao;ol[k
qdktyf\? &[ef;wdkY &[ef;a,mufsm;jzpfap? &[ef; rdef;rjzpfap tMuif wpfpHkwpfa,mufonf
&m*udk y,fEdkif\? a'goudk y,fEdkif\? arm[udk y,fEdkif\? &[ef;wdkY þyk*¾dKvfudk vSdKif;wHydk; 0Jç
zrf;,lwwfaom ig; rum&f; &u©dKofESifhwuG jzpfaom ork'´&mudk ul;ajrmufEdkifol[k qdktyf\?
ul;ajrmufNyD;ol urf;wpfzufodkY a&mufNyD;ol raumif;rIrS tyjyKNyD;ol jzpf\? edAÁmefwnf;[laom
Munf;ukef;ü wnfol[k qdktyf\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü
þteuf oabmudk ]]tMuifyk*¾dKvfonf &m*udk vnf;aumif;? a'goudk vnf;aumif;? arm[udk vnf;aumif;
uif;uGmapEdkif\? xdkyk*¾dKvfonf zrf;,lwwfaom ig; rum&f; &u©dKof aMumufrufzG,f
vSdKif;wHydk;ESifhwuG jzpfí vGefajrmufEdkifcJ aom þork'´&mudk vGefajrmufNyD/
tMuifyk*¾dKvfonf &m*paom ig;yg;taygif;udk vGefajrmufvsuf aorif;udk pGefYNyD;vQif
udavompaom Oy"dr&Sdrlí wpfzef y#doaE¨aejcif; qif;&Judk y,fpGefYEdkif\? &m*ponfwdkY\
csKyfjcif;odkY a&mufaom xdkolonf oDvponfjzifh wpfpHkwpfa,mufESifh EdIif;,SOfxdkufol\
tjzpfodkYra&muf? aorif;udk awGa0ap\[k igqdk\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'orokwf/
'kwd,0*f NyD;\/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
1 - rdpäm'd|duokwf
70/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY igbk&m;onf um,'kp½dkuf 0pD'kp½dkuf raem'kp½dkufESifh jynfhpHkMuol t&d,mwdkYudk
pGyfpGJwwfMuol rSm;aom t,l&SdMuolrSm;aom t,ljzifh aqmufwnftyfaom uH&SdMuol
owå0gwdkYudk vnf;aumif;? xdkowå0gwdkY cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü csrf;om
uif;aom raumif;aom vm;&m ysufpD;usa&muf&mjzpfaom i&JodkY uyfa&muf&onfwdkYudk
vnf;aumif; igbk&m; jrifawmfrl\/
&[ef;wdkY igbk&m;onf xdktjcif;t&mudk wpfyg;aom orPxHrSaomf vnf;aumif;?
jAm[®PxHrSaomf vnf;aumif; Mum;í a[monf r[kwfay? &[ef;wdkY um,'kp½dkuf 0pD'kp½dkuf
raem'kp½dkufESifh jynfhpHkMuol t&d,mwdkYudk pGyfpGJwwfMuol rSm;aom t,l&SdMuolrSm;aom
t,ljzifh wnfaqmuftyfaom uH&SdMuol owå0g wdkYudk vnf;aumif;? xdkowå0gwdkY cE¨mudk,f
ysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü csrf;omuif;aom raumif;aom vm;&m ysufpD; usa&muf&m
jzpfaom i&JodkY uyfa&muf&onfwdkYudk vnf;aumif; igbk&m; jrifawmfrl\? &[ef;wdkY pifppf
aomfum; udk,fwdkifod udk,fwdkifjrif udk,fwdkifxif&Sm;aom tjcif;t&mudkomvQif igbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\/
&[ef;wdkY um,'kp½dkuf 0pD'kp½dkuf raem'kp½dkufESifh jynfhpHkMuol t&d,mwdkYudk pGyfpGJ
wwfMuol rSm;aom t,l&SdMuol rSm;aomt,ljzifh aqmufwnftyfaom uH&SdMuol owå0gwdkYudk
vnf;aumif;? xdkowå0gwdkY cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü csrf;omuif;aom
raumif;aom vm;&m ysufpD;usa&muf&mjzpfaom i&JodkY uyfa&muf&onfwdkYudk vnf;aumif;
igbk&m; jrifawmfrl\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmf rl\? xdkokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]þavmuü tMum;tjrifenf;aom yk*¾dKvfonf þvlUjynf0,f toufwdkonf jzpfygvsuf
udk,fjzifh rSm;aom trIwdkYudk jyKírSm;aom pum;udkvnf; ajymqdkí rSm;aom pdwfudkvnf;
aqmufwnfí raumif;rIwdkYudk jyK\? ynmrJhaom xdkolonf cE¨mudk,f ysufpD;aomtcg i&JodkY
a&muf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yXrokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
2 - or®m'd|duokwf
71/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY um,okp½dkuf 0pDokp½dkuf raemokp½dkufESifh jynfhpHkMuol t&d,mwdkYudk rpGyfpGJ
wwfMuol aumif;aom t,l&SdMuol aumif;aom t,ljzifh aqmufwnftyfaom uH&SdMuol
owå0gwdkYudk vnf;aumif;? xdkowå0gwdkY cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü aumif;aom
vm;&m jzpfaom ewfjynfodkY uyfa&mufonf wdkYudk vnf;aumif; igbk&m; jrifawmfrl\/
&[ef;wdkY igbk&m;onf xdktjcif;t&mudk wpfyg;aom orPxHrSaomf vnf;aumif;?
jAm[®P xHrSaomf vnf;aumif; Mum;í a[monf r[kwf? &[ef;wdkY um,okp½dkuf 0pDokp½dkuf
raemokp½dkufESifh jynfhpHkMuol t&d,mwdYkudk rpGyfpGJwwfMuol aumif;aom t,l&SdMuol
aumif;aom t,ljzifh wnfaqmuftyfaom uH&SdMuol owå0gwdkYudk vnf;aumif; xdkowå0gwdkY
cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü aumif;aom vm;&mjzpfaom ewfjynfodkY
uyfa&muf&onfwdkYudk vnf;aumif; igbk&m; jrifawmfrl\? &[ef;wdkY pifppfaomfum;
udk,fwdkifod udk,fwdkifjrif udk,fwdkifxif&Sm;aom tjcif;t&mudkomvQif igbk&m; a[mawmfrl\/
&[ef;wdkY um,okp½dkuf 0pDokp½dkuf raemokp½dkufESifh jynfhpHkMuol t&d,mwdkYudk rpGyfpGJ
wwfMuol aumif;aom t,l&SdMuol aumif;aom t,ljzifh wnfaqmuftyfaom uH&SdMuol
owå0gwdkYudk vnf;aumif;? xdkowå0g wdkY cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü aumif;aom
vm;&m jzpfaom ewfjynfodkY uyfa&muf&onfwdkYudk vnf;aumif; igbk&m;jrifawmfrl\/
þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteuf oabmudk ]]þavmuü tMum;tjrifrsm;aom yk*¾dKvfonf þvlUjynf0,f toufwdkonf jzpf&um;
udk,fjzifh aumif; aom trIwdkYudk jyKí rSefuefaom pum;udkvnf; ajymqdkí aumif;aom
pdwfudkvnf; aqmufwnfí ukodkvf aumif;rIwdkYudk jyK\? ynm&Sdaom xdkolonf cE¨mudk,f
ysufpD;aomtcg ewfjynfodkY a&muf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'kwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
3 - edó&Pd,okwf
72/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY xGufajrmufaMumif;ESifh pyfukefaom "mwfwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;? tb,f
oHk;yg;wdkYenf;- umr wdkYrS xGufajrmufaMumif;jzpfaom yXrpsmef[laom ]aeu©r®} "mwf? ½lyg0p&
w&m;wdkYrS xGufajrmufaMumif; jzpfaom t½lypsmef[laom ]t½ly} "mwf? xif&Sm; jzpfay:
vmaom taMumif;w&m;wdkY jyKjyif pD&iftyfaom taMumif;udk pGJí jzpfaom tvHk;pHkaom
w&m;wdkYrS xGufajrmufaMumif;jzpfaom edAÁmef[laom ]eda&m"} "mwfwdkY wnf;? &[ef;wdkY
xGufajrmufaMumif;ESifh pyfukefaom "mwfwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;? þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]udavomwdkYudk ylyefapwwfaom vkHYv&Sdaomtcg cyfodrf; edó&P oHk;yg;wdkYudk
aumif;pGmjrifaom yk*¾dKvfonf umrwdkYrS xGufajrmufaMumif;udk vnf;aumif; ½lyg0p&w&m;wdkYrS
vGefajrmufaMumif;udk vnf;aumif; odaomaMumifh ocFg&tm;vHk;wdkY\ Nidrf;at;&m edAÁmefudk
awGUxdodjrif&í xdkumr½lyocFwwdkYü orkapä'0drkwåd tm;jzifh vGwfajrmuf\? xdkYaMumifh
xdk&[ef;onf tbdnmOfudpö NyD;qHk;NyD;í Nidrf;at;NyD;vQif a,m*av;yg;udk vGefajrmufNyD;ol
jzpf\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
wwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
4 - oEÅw&okwf
73/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ½lyg0p&w&m;wdkYxuf t½lyg0p&w&m;wdkYonf txl;Nidrf;at;ukef\? t½lyg0p&
w&m; wdkYxuf (½kyfemrfcsKyf&m) edAÁmefonf txl;Nidrf;at;\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]½lyb0odkY uyfa&mufMuukefaom tMuif owå0gwdkYonf vnf;aumif;? t½lyb0ü
wnfMuukefaom tMuif owå0gwdkYonf vnf;aumif; edAÁmefudk rodMuukefaomaMumifh wpfzef
b0opfodkY vm;a&muf&ukef\/
tMuifolwdkYonf ½lyg0p&w&m;wdkYudk ydkif;jcm;odukefí t½lyg0p&w&m;wdkYü rwnfMuukefbJ
eda&m"ü tm½HkjyKum t&d,r*fjzifh udavomrS vGwfajrmufukef\? xdkolwdkYonf aorif;rS
vGefajrmufukef\/
tmoa0g uif;awmfrlNyD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf emrum,jzifh Oy"duif;aom
trw"mwfodkY a&mufawmf rlí Oy"dwdkY\ pGefYvTwf&m edAÁmefudk rsufarSmufjyKNyD;vQif pdk;&drfrI
uif;aom udavomjrL uif;aom edAÁmefw&m; udk a[mawmfrl\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
pwkw¬okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
5 - ykwåokwf
74/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þom;oHk;a,mufwdkYonf avmuü xif&Sm;&Sdukef\? tb,foHk;a,mufwdkYenf;(trdtzwdkYxuf) *kPfvGefaom twdZmwom; vnf;aumif;? (trdtzwdkYESifh) *kPfwlaom
tEkZmwom; vnf;aumif;? (trdtzwdkYatmuf) *kPf,kwfaom t0Zmwom; vnf;aumif;
wnf;/
&[ef;wdkY twdZmwom;onf tb,fodkY jzpfoenf;? &[ef;wdkY þavmuü om;\
trdtzwdkYonf jrwfpGm bk&m;udk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfolwdkY r[kwfukef? w&m;awmfudk udk;uG,f
qnf;uyfolwdkY r[kwfukef? oHCmawmfudk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfolwdkY r[kwfukef? toufowfjcif;rS
a&SmifMuOfow
l dkY r[kwfukef? t&Sifray;aom Opömudk cdk;,ljcif;rS a&SmifMuOfolwdkY r[kwfukef?
umrwdkYü rSm;,Gif;pGm usifhjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfolwdkY r[kwfukef? rrSefpum; ajymjcif;rS
a&SmifMuOfolwdkY r[kwfukef? rl;,pfarhavsmhaMumif; jzpfaom ao&nfao&uf aomufjcif;rS
a&SmifMuOf olwdkY r[kwfukef? oDvrJhukef ,kwfrmaom oabm&Sdukef\? xdktrdtzwdkY\ om;
onfum; jrwfpGmbk&m;udk udk;uG,f qnf;uyfol jzpf\? w&m;awmfudk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfol
jzpf\? oHCmawmfudk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfol jzpf\? toufowfjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol jzpf\?
ray;aom Opömudk cdk;,ljcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol jzpf\? umrwdkYü rSm;,Gif;pGm usifhjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol
jzpf\? rrSefpum; ajymjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol jzpf\? rl;,pfarhavsmhaMumif; jzpfaom
ao&nfao&uf aomufjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol jzpf\? oDv&Sd\? aumif;aom oabm&Sd\? &[ef;wdkY
twdZmwom;onf þodkY jzpf\/
&[ef;wdkY tEkZmwom;onf tb,fodkY jzpfoenf;? &[ef;wdkY þavmuü om;\
trdtzwdkYonf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfolwdkY jzpfuke\
f ? w&m;awmfudk udk;uG,f
qnf;uyfolwdkY jzpfukef\? oHCmawmf udk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfolwdkY jzpfukef\? toufowfjcif;rS
a&SmifMuOfolwdkY jzpfukef\? t&Sifray;aom Opömudk cdk;,ljcif;rS a&SmifMuOfolwdkY jzpfukef\?
umrwdkYü rSm;,Gif;pGm usifhjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfolwdkY jzpfukef\? rrSefpum; ajymjcif;rS a&SmifMuOf
olwdkY jzpfukef\? rl;,pfarhavsmhjcif;\ taMumif;jzpfaom ao&nfao&uf aomufjcif;rS
a&SmifMuOfolwdkY jzpfukef\? oDv&Sdukef\? aumif;aom oabm&Sdukef\/ xdktrdtzwdkY\
om;onfvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;udk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfol jzpf\? w&m;awmfudk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfol
jzpf\? oHCmawmfudk udk;uG,f qnf;uyfol jzpf\? toufowfjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol jzpf\? t&Sif
ray;aom Opömudk cdk;,ljcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol jzpf\? umrwdkYü rSm;,Gif;pGm usifhjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol
jzpf\? rrSefpum; ajymjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol jzpf\? rl;,pf arhavsmhaMumif;jzpfaom
ao&nfao&uf aomufjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol jzpf\? oDv&Sd\? aumif;aom oabm &Sd\?
&[ef;wdkY tEkZmwom;onf þodkY jzpf\/
&[ef;wdkY t0Zmwom;onf tb,fodkY jzpfoenf;? &[ef;wdkY þavmuü om;\
trdtzwdkYonf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfolwdkY jzpfuke\
f ? w&m;awmfudk udk;uG,f

qnf;uyfolwdkY jzpfukef\? oHCmawmfudk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfolwdkY jzpfukef\? toufowfjcif;rS
a&SmifMuOfolwdkY jzpfukef\? t&Sifray;aom Opömudk cdk;,ljcif;rS a&SmifMuOfolwdkY jzpfukef\?
umrwdkYü rSm;,Gif;pGm usifhjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfolwdkY jzpfukef\? rrSefpum; ajymjcif;rS
a&SmifMuOfolwdkY jzpfukef\? rl;,pf arhavsmhaMumif;jzpfaom ao&nfao&ufaomufjcif;rS
a&SmifMuOfolwdkY jzpfukef\? oDv&Sdukef\? aumif;aom oabm&Sdukef\/ xdktrdtzwdkY\
om;onfum; jrwfpGmbk&m;udk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfol r[kwf? w&m;awmfudk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfol
r[kwf? oHCmawmfudk udk;uG,fqnf;uyfol r[kwf? toufowfjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol r[kwf?
t&Sifray;aom Opömudk cdk;,ljcif;rS a&Smif MuOfol r[kwf? umrwdkYü rSm;,Gif;pGm usifhjcif;rS
a&SmifMuOfol r[kwf? rrSefpum; ajymjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol r[kwf? rl;,pfarhavsmhjcif;\
taMumif;jzpfaom ao&nfao&uf aomufjcif;rS a&SmifMuOfol r[kwf? oDvrJh\? ,kwfrm aom
oabm&Sd\? &[ef;wdkY t0Zmwom;onf þodkY jzpf\/ &[ef;wdkY þom; oHk;a,mufwdkYonf
þavmuü xif&Sm; &Sdukef\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]ynm&SdwdkYonf (trdtzxuf) *kPfvGefaom twdZmwom;ESifh (trdtzwdkYESifh)
*kPfwlaom tEkZmw om;udk tvdk&Sdukef\? tMuif om;onf trsKd;tEG,fudk zsuf\?
(trdtzwdkYatmuf) *kPf,kwfaom xdkt0Zmw om;udk tvdkr&Sdukef/
þoHk;a,mufaom om;wdkYonf avmuü xif&Sm;&Sdukef\? tMuifom;wdkYonf
&wemoHk;yg;udk qnf;uyf ukef\? o'¨goDvESifh jynfhpHkukef\? awmif;qdkolwdkY\ pum;udk
odukef\? 0efwdkjcif; uif;ukef\? xdkom;wdkYonf wdrfwdkufrS vGwfaom vonf wifhw,fouJhodkY
y&dowfwdkYü wifhw,fukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yÍörokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
6 - t0k|duokwf
75/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þyk*¾dKvfoHk;a,mufwdkYonf avmuü xif&Sm;&Sdukef\? tb,foHk;a,mufwdkYenf;r&Gmaom rdk;ESifh wlaom yk*¾dKvf? wpfpdwfwpfa'oü &Gmaom rdk;ESifhwlaom yk*¾dKvf? t&yf
tm;vHk;udk ysHUESHYí &Gmaom rdk;ESifh wlaom yk*¾dKvfwdkYwnf;/
&[ef;wdkY r&Gmaom rdk;ESifh wlaom yk*¾dKvfonf tb,fodkY jzpfoenf;? &[ef;wdkY þavmuü
tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfonf tvHk;pHkomvQif jzpfukefaom orPjAm[®P txD;usefol {nfhonf
olzkef;pm; olawmif;pm;wdkYtm; xrif;tazsmfudk vnf;aumif;? t0wfudk vnf;aumif;? ,mOfudk
vnf;aumif;? yef;eHYom eHYomaysmif; tdyf&m ae&m qDrD;udk vnf;aumif; ay;vSLwwfol r[kwf?
&[ef;wdkY r&Gmaom rdk;ESifhwlaom yk*¾dKvfonf þodkY jzpf\/
&[ef;wdkY wpfpdwfwpfa'oü &Gmaom rdk;ESifh wlaom yk*¾dKvfonf tb,fodkY jzpfoenf;?
&[ef;wdkY þavmu ü tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfonf tcsKdUaom orPjAm[®P txD;usefol {nfhonf
olzkef;pm; olawmif;pm;wdkYtm; xrif; tazsmu
f dk vnf;aumif;? t0wfudk vnf;aumif;? ,mOfudk
vnf;aumif;? yef;eHYom eHYomaysmif; tdyf&m ae&m qDrD;udk vnf;aumif; ay;vSLwwfoljzpfí
tcsKdUwdkYtm;um; ay;vSLwwfol r[kwf? &[ef;wdkY wpfpdwf wpfa'oü &Gmaom rdk;ESifh wlaom
yk*¾dKvfonf þodkY jzpf\/
&[ef;wdkY t&yftm;vHk;udk ysHUESHYí &Gmaom rdk;ESifh wlaom yk*¾dKvfonf tb,fodkY jzpfoenf;?
&[ef;wdkY þavmuü tcsKdUaom yk*¾dKvfonf tvHk;pHkomvQif jzpfukefaom orPjAm[®P
txD;usefol {nfhonf olzkef;pm; olawmif;pm;wdkYtm; xrif; tazsmfudk vnf;aumif;? t0wfudk
vnf;aumif;? ,mOfudk vnf;aumif;? yef;eHYom eHYomaysmif; tdyf&m ae&m qDrD;udk vnf;aumif;
ay;vSLwwf\? &[ef;wdkY t&yftm;vHk;udk ysHUESHYí &Gmaom rdk;ESifhwlaom yk*¾dKvfonf þodkY jzpf\/
&[ef;wdkY þoHk;a,mufaom yk*¾dKvfwdkYonf avmuü xif&Sm; &Sdukef\? þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuifolonf xrif; tazsmf abmZOfudk &í orPjAm[®P txD;usefol {nfhonf
olzkef;pm; olawmif; pm;wdkYudk xrif; tazsmfudk vnf;aumif;? abmZOfudk vnf;aumif; &onf
jzpfvsuf ra0zef? pifppf xdkodkY oabm&Sdaom xdka,mufsm;,kwfudk r&Gmaom rdk;ESifhwlol[k
qdkukef\/
tMuifolonf tvSLcH tcsKdUwdkYtm; ay;vSL\? tvSLcH tcsKdUwdkYtm; ray;vSL? xkdodkY
oabm&Sdaom oludk ynm&SdwdkYonf uGufusm;&Gmaom rdk;ESifh wlol[k qdkukef\/
xrif;&vG,fonfh pum;udk ajymwwfaom tvHk;pHkaom owå0gwdkYudk oem; apmifha&Smuf
wwfaom a,musfm;onf ESpfouf&Tifvef; 0rf;ajrmufonfjzpfí jzefYMuJ ay;vSLwwf\?
ay;vdkufMuygukef? ay;vdkufMuyg ukef[k qdkwwf\/

rdk;onf xpfBudK;jrnf[nf;í &GmNyD;vQif a&jzifh pD;vsufomvQif Munf;ukef;udk vnf;aumif;?
csKdifh0Srf;&mudk vnf;aumif; jynfhap ouJhodkY þtwlomvQif þavmuü xkdodkY oabm&Sdaom
tcsKdUyk*¾dKvfonf w&m;ojzifh pkaqmif;í x<urI vkHYvaMumifh &aom Opömudk a&SuarSmuf
a&mufvmukefaom olzkef;pm;wdkYtm; xrif; tazsmfjzifh a&mifh&Jap\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh
qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
q|okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
7 - okcyw¬emokwf
76/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þcsrf;omoHk;yg;wdkYudk awmifhwaom ynm&Sdonf oDvudk apmifha&Smuf&m\?
tb,foHk;yg;wdkY enf;- ausmfapmowif; csD;rGrf;jcif;onf ighxHodkY a&mufygap[k tvdk&Sdol
ynm&Sdonf oDvudk apmifha&Smuf&m\? pnf;pdrfcsr;f omwdkYonf ightm; jzpfay:ygapukefownf;
[k tvdk&Sdol ynm&Sdonf oDvudk apmifha&Smuf&m\? cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü
ewfjynf avmuü jzpf&vdrfhrnf[k tvdk&Sdol ynm&Sdonf oDvudk apmifha&Smuf&m\? &[ef;wdkY
þcsrf;omoHk;yg;wdkYudk awmifhwaom ynm&Sdonf oDvudk apmifha&Smuf&m\? þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk csD;rGrf;jcif;udk vnf;aumif;? pnf;pdrfOpöm&jcif;udk vnf;aumif;? wrvGeb
f 00,f ewfjynfü
0rf;ajrmuf 0rf;om vm;a&muf&jcif;udk vnf;aumif; (þ)csrf;om oHk;yg;wdkYudk awmifhwaom
ynm&Sdonf oDvudk apmifha&Smuf&m\/
raumif;rIudk (rdrd) rjyKaomfvnf; raumif;rI jyKoludk rSD0Jqnf;uyfrl raumif;rIü
jyKavoavm rjyKav oavm[k awG;awm ,HkrSm;cH&\? raumif;owif; ausmfapmjcif;
onfvnf; xkdolUtay:odkY a&muf\/
tMuifolonf tMuif aumif;raumif; oabm&Sdaom oludk taqGcifyGef; jyKí
rSD0Jqnf;uyf\? xkdolonf xkdaumif;raumif; &Sdolom jzpf\?rSef\? twlwuG aygif;azmf
aexkdifolonf xkdtwlwuG aexkdifolESifh wlaom oabm&Sdonfom jzpf\/
tqdyfvl;jrm;onf tqdyf rvdrf;usHao;aom jrm;pnf;udk rdrdtqdyfjzifh vdrf;usH
ul;pufouJhodkY rSD0J qnf;uyfcH&ol ol,kwfrmonf rdrdodkY rSD0Jqnf; uyfvmol olawmfaumif;
udk rdrd\ ,kwfrmrIjzifh vdrf;usH ul;puf\? twlwuG aygif;oif; qufqH vufcHol
ol,kwfrmonf rdrdodkY aygif;oif; qufqH vmol olawmfaumif;udk rdrd,kwfrmrIjzifh vdrf;usH

ul;puf\? ynm&Sdonf þodkY ,kwfrmrIjzifh vdrf;usH ul;pufjcif;rS aMumufaomaMumifh
,kwfrmaom taqGcifyGef; &Sdolrjzpf&m/
tMuifolonf ig;ykyfudk oref;jrufjzifh xkyf\? xkdol\ oref;jrufwdkYonfvnf; tykyfeHY
vIdifukefouJhodkY olrdkufudk rSD0JolwdkYonf þtwl tykyfeHY vIdifukef\? tMuifolonf
ayguf&Gufjzifh awmifZvyfyef;udk xkyf\? xkdol\ ayguf&GufwdkYonfvnf; tarT;eHY vIdifukef
ouJhodkY ynm&Sdudk rSD0JolwdkYonf þtwl tarT;eHYvIdifukef\/
xdkYaMumifh zuf&GufxkyfuJhodkY rdrdaumif;usKd; raumif;usKd;udk odí ynm&Sdonf ol,kwfrm
wdkYudk rrSD0J&m? olawmfaumif;wdkYudkom rSD0J&m\? ol,kwfrmwdkYonf i&JodkY aqmifwwf ukef\?
olawmfaumif;wdkYonf ewfjynfodkY a&mufapwwfukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
owårokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
8 - bd'k&okwf
77/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þcE¨mudk,fonf uGJNyKdjcif; oabm&Sd\? 0dnmPfonf uif;jywfjcif; oabm&Sd\?
cE¨-udavo-tbdocFg&-umr*kPf[laom Oy"d1tm;vHk;wdkYonf tjrJr&Sdukef? qif;&Jukef\?
azmufjyefjcif; oabm&Sdukef\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]uGJNyKdjcif; oabm&Sdaom cE¨mudk,fudk vnf;aumif;? uif;jywfjcif; oabm&Sdaom
0dnmPfudk vnf;aumif; odí Oy"d tm;vHk;wdkYü ab;udkvnf; awGUjrifvsuf yGg;rsm;NyD;aom
udk,fpdwf&Sdolonf jrwfaom Nidrf;at;&m edAÁmefodkY a&mufí y#doaE¨aejcif; aojcif;udk
vGefajrmufNyD;jzpf&um; rdrdtoufudk rESpfoufbJ y&dedAÁmefjyK& rnfhumvudk Munfh½I qdkif;iHh\}}
[k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
t|rokwf/
-----1/ Oy"dav;yg; (1) cE¨mig;yg;onf cE¨Ky"d (2) udavom[lorQonf udavoky"d (3) ukokdvfuH
tukokdvfuHonf tbdocFg½ky"d (4) umr*kPfig;yg;onf umr*kPky"d/

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
9 - "mwkaom oHoE´eokwf
78/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY owå0gwdkYonf owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG tZÑmo,"mwftm;jzifh ESD;aESmMu
nDñGwfMuukef\? ,kwfaom ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom owå0gwdkYonf ,kwfaom ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom
owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG ESD;aESmMu nDñGwfMuukef\? aumif;aom ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom owå0g
wdkYonf aumif;aom ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG ESD;aESmMu nDñGwfMuukef\/
&[ef;wdkY twdwfumvüvnf; owå0gwdkYonf owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG tZÑmo,"mwf
tm;jzifhom ESD;aESmcJhzl; nDñGwfcJhzl;Muukef\? ,kwfaom ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom owå0gwdkYonf ,kwf
aom ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG ESD;aESmcJhzl; nDñGwfcJhzl;Muukef\? aumif;aom
ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom owå0gwdkYonf aumif;aom ESvHk;oGif; &Sdaom owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG
ESD;aESmcJhzl; nDñGwfcJhzl; Muukef\/
&[ef;wdkY tem*wfumvüvnf; owå0gwdkYonf owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG tZÑmo,"mwf
tm;jzifhom ESD;aESmMu nDñGwfMuukefvwåHU? ,kwfaom ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom owå0gwdkYonf
,kwfaom ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG ESD;aESmMu nDñGwfMuukefvwåHU? aumif;aom
ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom owå0gwdkYonf aumif;aom ESvHk;oGif; &Sdaom owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG
ESD;aESmMu nDñGwfMuukefvwåHU/
&[ef;wdkY ,ck ypöKyÜefumvüvnf; owå0gwdkYonf owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG tZÑmo,"mwf
tm;jzifhom ESD;aESmMu nDñGwfMuukef\? ,kwfaom ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom owå0gwdkYonf ,kwfaom
ESvHk;oGif;&Sdaom owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG ESD;aESmMu nDñGwfMuukef\? aumif;aom ESvHk;oGif;
&Sdaom owå0gwdkYonf aumif;aom ESvHk;oGif; &Sdaom owå0gwdkYESifh twlwuG ESD;aESmMu
nDñGwfMu ukef\/ þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteuf
oabmudk ]]a&maESmjcif;aMumifh udavomjzpf\? ra&maESmjcif;aMumifh udavom ysufpD;\?
ao;i,faom opfom; azmifudk wufpD;í r[mork'´&mü epfjrKyf &ouJhodkY þtwl ysif;&doludk
taMumif;jyKí aumif;aom touf arG;jcif;&Sdaom olonfvnf; oHo&mü epfjrKyf&\?
xdkYaMumifh ,kwfavsmhaom 0D&d,&Sdaom xkdysif;&doludk a&SmifMuOf&m\/
um,0da0uponfjzifh uif;qdwfMuol edAÁmefodkY apvTwfaom pdwf&SdMuol orx
0dyóemjzifh ½Iavh&SdMuol tjrJxufoefaom vkHYv&SdMuol t&d,m ynm&SdwdkYESifh twlwuG
aexkdifrSD0J&m\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
e0rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 33 -- w
ww
wd,
d,00**f f ======
10 - y&d[meokwf
79/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þw&m;oHk;yg;wdkYonf usifhqJ ]aou©} &[ef;tm; rwkd;wuf rBuD;yGg;&efom
jzpfukef\? tb,f oHk;yg;wdkYenf;- &[ef;wdYk þomoemawmfü usifhqJ ]aou©} &[ef;onf
trIudpövQif arGUavsmf&m&Sdol jzpf\? trIudpöü arGUavsmfol jzpf\? trIudpöü arGUavsmfrIudk
tm;xkwfol jzpf\? pum; ajymjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m&Sdol jzpf\? pum;ajymjcif;ü arGUavsmf
wwfoljzpf\? pum;ajymjcif;ü arGUavsmfrIudk tm;xkwfol jzpf\? tdyfjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m&Sdol
jzpf\? tdyfjcif;ü arGUavsmfol jzpf\? tdyfjcif;ü arGUavsmfrIudk tm;xkwfwwfol jzpf\? &[ef;wdkY
þw&m;oHk;yg;wdkYonf usifhqJ ]aou©} &[ef;tm; rwkd;wuf rBuD;yGg;&efom jzpfukef\/
&[ef;wdkY þw&m;oHk;yg;wdkYonf usifhqJ ]aou©} &[ef;tm; wkd;wufBuD;yGg;&efom
jzpfukef\? tb,f oHk;yg;wdkYenf;- &[ef;wdYk þomoemawmfü usifhqJ ]aou©} &[ef;onf
trIudpövQif arGUavsmf&m&Sdol r[kwf? trIudpöü arGUavsmfol r[kwf? trIudpöü arGUavsmfrIudk
tm;xkwfol r[kwf? pum;ajymjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m&Sdol r[kwf? pum;ajymjcif;ü arGUavsmfol
r[kwf? pum;ajymjcif;ü arGUavsmfrIudk tm;xkwfol r[kwf? tdyfjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m&Sdol r[kwf?
tdyfjcif;ü arGUavsmfol r[kwf? tdyfjcif;ü arGUavsmfrIudk tm;xkwfol r[kwf? &[ef;wdkY þw&m;
oHk;yg;wdkYonf usifhqJ ]aou©} &[ef;tm; rqkwf,kwfjcif;iSg jzpfukef\? þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGm bk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuif &[ef;onf trIudpövQif arGUavsmf&m &Sd\? pum;ajymjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m&Sd\?
tdyfjcif;vQif arGUavsmf&m &Sd\? wkefvIyf ysHUvGifUwwf\? xkdodkY oabm&Sdaom &[ef;onf
jrwfaom t&[wåzdkvfodkY a&mufjcif;iSg rxkduf/
xdkYaMumifhyif trIudpöenf;ol tdyfjcif;enf;ol rysHUvGifhol jzpf&m\? xkdodkY oabm&Sdaom
&[ef;onf jrwfaom t&[wåzdkvfodkY a&mufjcif;iSg xkduf\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'orokwf/
wwd,0*f NyD;\/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 -- ppw
wkw
kw¬0¬0**f f ======
1 - 0dwuúokwf
80/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tukokdvfESifh pyf,SOfaom MuHpnfrI ]0dwuf} wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;/
tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- olwpfyg;wdkYu rxDrJhjrif rjyKjcif;ESifh pyf,SOfaom MuHpnfrI ]0dwuf}?
vmbfylaZmfoum tausmftapmESifh pyf,SOf aom MuHpnfrI ]0dwuf}? olwpfyg;wdkYü cspfcifrI
]a*[ódwayr} ESifh pyf,SOfaom MuHpnfrI ]0dwuf} wdkYwnf;? &[ef;wdkY tukokdvfESifh
pyf,SOfaom MuHpnfrI ]0dwuf} wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]olwpfyg;wdkYu rxDrJhjrif rjyKjcif;ESifh pyf,SOfol? vmbfylaZmfoum tausmftapmü
av;pm;ol? cspfuRrf;0if olwdkYESifhwuG (a*[ódwayrjzifh) ESpfouf 0rf;ajrmufavh&Sdolonf
oHa,mZOf ukefcef;&ef a0;uGmvS\/
tMuifolonfum; om;orD; uRJEGm;udk vnf;aumif;? xdrf;jrm;jcif;trIwdkYudk vnf;aumif;?
ypönf; y&du©&m odrf;qnf;rIwdkYudk vnf;aumif; y,fpGefYí &Sif&[ef;jyK\? xkdodkY oabm&Sdaom
xkd&[ef;onf jrwfaom t&[wåzdkvfodkY a&mufjcif;iSg xkduf\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yXrokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 -- ppw
wkw
kw¬0¬0**f f ======
2 - ouúm&okwf
81/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ylaZmfouúm& jyKrIjzifh ESdyfpuftyfukef odrf;usKH;,ltyfaom pdwf&Sdukefaom
owå0gwdkY cE¨mudk,f ysufpD;í aoonfrSaemufü csrf;omuif;aom raumif;aom vm;&m
ysufpD;us a&muf&mjzpfaom i&JodkY uyfa&mufMu&onfwdkYudk igbk&m; jrifawmfrl\/
&[ef;wdkY ylaZmfouúm& rjyKrIjzifh ESdyfpuftyfukef odrf;usKH;,ltyfaom pdwf&Sdukefaom
owå0gwdkY cE¨mudk,f ysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü csrf;omuif;aom raumif;aom vm;&m
ysufpD;usa&muf&m jzpfaom i&JodkY uyfa&mufMu&onfwdkYudk igbk&m; jrifawmfrl\/
&[ef;wdkY ylaZmfouúm&jyKrI ylaZmfouúm& rjyKrI[laom xkdESpfyg;pHkjzifh ESdyfpuftyfukef
odrf;usKH;,ltyfaom pdwf&Sdukefaom owå0gwdkY cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrSaemufü csrf;om
uif;aom raumif;aom vm;&m ysufpD; usa&muf&mjzpfaom i&JodkY uyfa&mufMu&onfwdkYudk
igbk&m;jrifawmfrl\/
&[ef;wdkY igbk&m;onf xkdtjcif;t&mudk tjcm;wpfyg;aom orPxHrS vnf;aumif;?
jAm[®PxHrS vnf; aumif; Mum;í a[mawmfrlonf r[kwf? &[ef;wdkY pifppfrSmrl igbk&m;onf
udk,fwkdifod udk,fwkdifjrif udk,fwkdifxif&Sm;aom tjcif;t&mudkomvQif a[mawmfrl\/
&[ef;wdkY ylaZmfouúm& jyKrIjzifh ESdyfpuftyfukef odrf;usKH;,ltyfaom pdwf&Sdukefaom
owå0gwdkY cE¨mudk,f ysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü csrf;omuif;aom raumif;aom vm;&m
ysufpD; usa&muf&mjzpfaom i&JodkY uyfa&mufMu&onfwdkYudk igbk&m; jrifawmfrl\/
&[ef;wdkY ylaZmfouúm& rjyKrIjzifh ESdyfpuftyfukef odrf;usKH;,ltyfaom pdwf&Sdukefaom
owå0gwdkY cE¨mudk,f ysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü csrf;omuif;aom raumif;aom vm;&m
ysufpD; usa&muf&mjzpfaom i&JodkY uyfa&mufMu&onfwdkYudk igbk&m; jrifawmfrl\/
&[ef;wdkY ylaZmfouúm&jyKrI ylaZmfouúm& rjyKrI[laom xkdESpfyg;pHkjzifh ESdyfpuftyfukef
odrf;usKH;,ltyfaom pdwf&Sdukefaom owå0gwdkY cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoonfrS aemufü
csrf;omuif;aom raumif;aom vm;&m ysufpD; usa&muf&mjzpfaom i&JodkY uyfa&mufMu&
onfwdkYudk igbk&m; jrifawmfrl\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]ylaZmfouúm& jyKrIaMumifh vnf;aumif;? ylaZmfouúm& rjyKrIaMumifh vnf;aumif;?
ESpfyg;pHkaMumifh vnf; aumif; ylaZmfouúm& tjyKcH&aom rarhravsmh aeavh&Sdaom tMuif
yk*¾dKvf\ orm"donf rwkefvIyf/
odrfarGUaom ynmjzifh ½Iavh&Sdaom tjrJrjywf orx 0dyóemjzifh ½Iavh&Sdaom
Oyg'gefwdkY\ ukef&m t&[wåzdkvfvQif arGUavsmf&m &Sdaom xkdyk*¾dKvfudk olawmfaumif;[k
qdkMuukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/

þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'kwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 -- ppw
wkw
kw¬0¬0**f f ======
3 - a'0o'´okwf
82/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ewfjynfwdkYü tcsdefumv wpfckrS tcsdefumv wpfckudk taMumif;jyKí
þoHk;rsKd;aom ewfwdkY tcsif;csif; ajymqdkoHwdkYonf jzpfay:vmukef\/ tb,foHk;ygwdkYenf;&[ef;wdkY tMuiftcgü t&d,mwynfh onf qHrkwfqdwfudk y,fí zef&nfpGef;aom t0wfwdkYudk
0wfNyD;vQif vlUabmifrS &[ef;abmifodkY 0ifa&muf (&[ef;jyK)&ef BudK;pm;tm;xkwf\? xkdtcg
]]þt&d,mwynfhonf rm&fESifh ,SOfNydKifí ppfwkduf&ef BudK;pm; tm;xkwf\}} [k ewfjynfwdkYü
ewfwdkY tcsif;csif; ajymqdkoHonf jzpfay:vm\? &[ef;wdkY ewfjynfwdkYü tcsdefumvwpfckrS
tcsdefumvwpfckudk taMumif;jyKí yXrjzpfaom þewfwdkY tcsif;csif; ajymqdkoHonf
jzpfay:vm\/
&[ef;wdkY aemufwpfrsKd;um; tMuiftcg t&d,mwynfhonf aAm"dyu©d,w&m;
ckepfyg;wdkYudk yGg;rsm; tm;xkwfrIESifh rjywf,SOfvsuf ae\? xkdtcg þt&d,mwynfhonf rm&fESifh
,SOfNyKdifí ppfwkdufae\[k ewfjynf wdkYü ewfwdkYtcsif;csif; ajymqdkoHonf jzpfay:vm\?
&[ef;wdkY ewfjynfwdkYü tcsdefumvwpfckrS tcsed fumv wpfckudk taMumif;jyKí 'kwd,jzpfaom
þewfwdkY tcsif;csif; ajymqdkoHonf jzpfay:vm\/
&[ef;wdkY aemufwpfrsKd;um; tMuiftcg t&d,mwynfhonf tmoa0gw&m;wdkY\
ukefjcif;aMumifh tmoa0g uif;aom udavomrS vGwfajrmufrI t&[wåzdkvfpdwfESifh
udavomrS vGwfajrmufrI t&[wåzdkvf ynmudk ,ckb0üyif udk,fwkdif xl;aomÓPfjzifh odí
rsufarSmufjyKum a&mufvsufae\? xkdtcg ]]þt&d,mwynfh onf atmiftyfNyD;aom
ppfajrjyif&Sdí xkdppfajrOD;udkyif atmifEdkifum vTrf;rdk;vsufae\}} [k ewfjynfwdkYü ewfwdkY
tcsif;csif; ajymqdkoHonf jzpfay:vm\? &[ef;wdkY ewfjynfwdkYü tcsdefumvwpfckrS
tcsdefumv wpfckudk taMumif;jyKí wwd,jzpfaom þewfwdkY tcsif;csif; ajymqdkoHonf
jzpfay:vm\? &[ef;wdkY ewfjynfwdkYü tcsdefumvwpfckrS tcsdefumvwpfckudk taMumif;jyKí
þoHk;yg;aom ewfwdkY tcsif;csif; ajymqdkoHwdkYonf jzpfay:vmukef\/ þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]atmiftyfNyD;aom ppfajrjyif&Sdaom oDvpaom *kPftm;jzifh BuD;jrwfaom aMumuf&GHUjcif;
uif;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;\ wynhfom;udk awGUjrifMu&ukefí ewfwdkYonfvnf; &Sdcdk;ukef\/

a,musfm; tmZmenfjzpfaom toQifbk&m; toQifbk&m;onf wm;jrpfjcif;iSg cJ,Of;
vSpGmaom aorif;\ ppfonfudk t&[wår*fjzifh atmifEdkifaomaMumifh vlrsm;pGmwdkY\
atmifEdkifcJonfudk atmifawmfrlayNyD? xkdtoQifbk&m;tm; &Sdcdk;yg\/
t&[wåzdkvfodkY a&mufawmfrlNyD;aom þ&[EÅmyk*d¾Kvfudk ewfwdkYonf þodkY &Sdcdk;Muukef\?
rSef\-tMuif taMumif;aMumifh a,musfm; tmZmenfonf aorif;\ tvdkodkY vdkufem&\?
xkda,musfm; tmZmenf\ aorif;tvdkodkY vdkufem&rnfh xkdtaMumif;udk ewfwdkYaomfrSvnf;
rjrifEdkifMuukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
wwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 -- ppw
wkw
kw¬0¬0**f f ======
4 - yOöykAÁedrdwåokwf
83/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ewfwdkYonf ewfjynfrS pkawcsdef eD;aomtcg xkdewfom;tm; ]]yefqifaom
yef;wdkY n§dK;EGrf;ukef\? t0wfwefqmwdkY npfEGrf;ukef\? vufuwD; (csKdif;) Mum;wdkYrS acR;xGuf
ukef\? udk,fü ta&tqif; rvSjcif;odkY a&muf&\? ewfom;onf rdrdae&m ewfAdrmefü
rarGUavsmf}} [laom þykAÁedrdwfig;rsKd;wdkYonf xif&Sm;jzpfay:vm ukef\/
&[ef;wdkY xkdewfom;udk ewfwdkYonf ]]þewfom;um; pkawcsdefeD;\}} [k odí ]]t&Sif
þewfbHkrS ok*wd b0odkY oGm;ygavmh? ok*wdb0odkY oGm;NyD;vQif aumif;pGm &Edkifaom vmbfudk
&,lygavmh? aumif;pGm &Edkifaom vmbfudk &,lNyD;í aumif;pGm rwkefrvIyf ouf0ifí wnfol
jzpfygavmh}} [k pum;oHk;cGef;wdkYjzifh 0rf;ajrmuf apMuukef\/
þodkY a[mawmfrltyfaomf &[ef;wpfyg;onf jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; ]]toQifbk&m; ewfwdkY\
ok*wdb0odkY oGm;jcif;[k ajymqdk csD;rGrf;jcif;onf tb,fygenf;? toQifbk&m; ewfwdkY\
aumif;pGm &Edkifaom vmbf[k ajymqdk csD;rGrf;jcif;onf tb,fygenf;? toQifbk&m; ewfwdkY\
rwkefrvIyf ouf0ifí wnfjcif;[k ajymqdk csD;rGrf;jcif;onf tb,fygenf;}} [k avQmuf\/
&[ef; ewfwdkY\ ok*wdb0odkY oGm;jcif;[k ajymqdk csD;rGrf;jcif;onf vlUtjzpfyifwnf;?
ewfonf vljzpfonf &Sdaomf jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum;tyfaom "r®0de, ]omoemawmf} ü
,HkMunfrI ]o'¨g} udk&\? &[ef; ewfwdkY\ aumif;pGm &Edkifaom vmbfudk &jcif;[k qdkjcif;onf
,HkMunfrI ]o'¨g} udk &jcif;yifwnf;? xkd,HkMunfrI ]o'¨g} onf xkdewfom;\ pdwftpOfodkY
ouf0if\? tjrpft&if; jzpf\? rwkefrvIyf ouf0ifí wnf\? jrJjrH\? orPaomf
vnf;aumif;? jAm[®Paomf vnf;aumif;? ewfaomf vnf;aumif;? rm&fewfaomf vnf;aumif;?

jA[®maomf vnf;aumif;? avmuü wpfpHkwpfa,mufaom olaomf vnf;aumif; rz,f&Sm;Edkif?
&[ef; ewfwdkY\ aumif;pGm rwkefrvIyf ouf0ifí wnfjcif;[k qdkjcif;onf rz,f&Sm;Edkifaom
,HkMunfrI ]o'¨g} yifwnf;? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteuf
oabmudk ]]tMuiftcgü ewfonf toufwrf; ukefjcif;aMumifh ewfjynfrS pkaw\? xkdtcg
0rf;ajrmufapaom ewfwdkY\ oHk;rsKd;aom rSmMum;oHwdkYonf jzpfay: vmukef\/
t&Sif þewfbHkrS ok*wdb0jzpfaom vlwdkY\ toif;0if tjzpfodkY oGm;yg avavmh? vljzpf
aom oifonf olawmfaumif;w&m;ü twkr&Sd jrwfaom ,HkMunfrI ]o'¨g} udk &,lygavmh/
oif\ xkd,HkMunfrI ]o'¨g} w&m;onf tjrJ pdwftpOfodkY ouf0ifí tjrpft&if;jzpfum
rwkefrvIyf aumif;pGm wnfNyD;vQif aumif;pGm a[mMum;tyfaom olawmfaumif; w&m;[laom
omoemü toufxufqHk; wpfpHkwpfa,mufurQ rz,f&Sm;Edkifaom o'¨gw&m; jzpfygap/
um,'kp½kdufudk vnf;aumif;? 0pD'kp½kdufudk vnf;aumif;? raem'kp½kdufudk vnf;aumif;
y,fpGefYí tjcm; wpfyg;aom a'goESifh,SOfaom trIudkvnf; y,fpGefYNyD;vQif twkdif;t&Snf
yrmPr&Sdaom udavom (Oy"d) uif;pifaom ukokdvfaumif;rIudk udk,fjzifh vnf;aumif;?
Eiwfjzifh vnf;aumif;? pdwfjzifh vnf;aumif; tBudrf rsm;pGmjyKí xkdewfjynf avmuü ay;urf;
vSL'gef;jcif;jzifh cE¨mudk,f ]Oy"d} \ wifhw,f jynfhpHkaMumif;jzpfaom xkdukokdvfaumif;rIudk
tBudrfrsm;pGmjyKí wpfyg;aom taygif;tazmfwdkYudkvnf; olawmfaumif; w&m;wnf; [laom
jrwfaom tusifhü ouf0ifapygavmh/
tMuiftcgü ewfwdkYonf pkawrnfh ewfudk odMuukef\? xkdtcg þoem;apmifha&SmufrIjzifh
tcsif;ewfom; þewfjynfodkY tzefzef vmvSnfhyg[k 0rf;ajrmufapukef\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifhqdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
pwkw¬okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 -- ppw
wkw
kw¬0¬0**f f ======
5 - A[kZe[dwokwf
84/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonfþyk*¾dKvf oHk;a,mufwdkYonf avmuü jzpfay:ukefaomf vlrsm; tusKd;iSg vlrsm;
csrf;omjcif;iSg avmuudk apmifha&Smufjcif;iSg ewfvlwdkY\ tusKd;iSg pD;yGg; tvdkYiSg csrf;om
tusKd;iSg jzpfukef\? tb,foHk;a,mufwdkYenf;- &[ef;wdkY þavmuü ylaZmftxl;udk cHawmfrl
xkdufaom (tvHk;pHkaomw&m;wdkYudk) udk,fwkdifrSefpGm odawmfrlaom todÓPf ]0dZÆm} tusifh
]p&P} ESifh jynfhpHkawmfrlaom aumif;aom pum;udk qdkawmfrlaom avmuudk odawmfrlaom
qHk;rxkdufoludk qHk;rwwfonfh twkrJhyk*¾dKvf jzpfawmfrlaom ewfvlwdkY\ q&mjzpfawmfrlaom
opömav;yg;w&m;udk odawmfrlaom bkef;wefcdk;BuD;awmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf yGifhawmfrl\?
xkdjrwfpGmbk&m; onf tp\aumif;jcif; tv,f\aumif;jcif; tqHk;\ aumif;jcif;&Sdaom
teufESifhjynfhpHkaom o'´gESifh jynfhpHk aom w&m;udk a[mawmfrl\? tvHk;pHkjynfhpHkaom
xuf0ef;usif pifMu,faom jrwfaomtusifhudk jyawmfr\
l ? &[ef;wdkY a&S;OD;pGmaom þyk*¾dKvf
onf avmuü jzpfay:onf&Sdaomf vlrsm; tusKd;iSg vlrsm; csrf;omjcif;iSg avmuudk
apmifha&Smufjcif;iSg ewfvlwdkY\ tusKd;iSg pD;yGg; tvdkYiSg csrf;omjcif;iSg jzpf\/
&[ef;wdkY aemufwpfrsKd;um; xkdkjrwfpGmbk&m;\ wynfh ]om0u} onf ylaZmftxl;udk
cHxkdufol tmoa0g ukefcef;ol usifhoHk;NyD;ol r*fudpöudk jyKNyD;ol cE¨m0efudk csNyD;ol t&[wåzdkvf
odkY a&mufNyD;ol b0oHa,mZOf ukefcef;NyD;ol aumif;pGmodí udavomrS vGwfajrmufNyD;ol
jzpf\? xkdwynfh ]om0u} onf tp\aumif;jcif; tv,f\aumif;jcif; tqHk;\ aumif;jcif;
&Sdaom teufESifhjynfhpHkaom o'´gESifh jynfhpHkaom w&m;udk a[m\? tvHk;pHkjynfhpHkaom
xuf0ef;usif pifMu,faom jrwfaom tusifhudk jyawmfrl\? &[ef;wdkY 'kwd,jzpfaom þyk*¾dKvf
onf avmuü jzpfonf&Sdaomf vlrsm; tusKd;iSg vlrsm; csrf;omjcif;iSg avmuudk apmifha&Smuf
jcif;iSg ewfvlwdkY\ tusKd;iSg pD;yGg; tvdkYiSg csrf;omjcif;iSg jzpf\/
&[ef;wdkY aemufwpfrsKd;um; xkdkjrwfpGmbk&m;\ wynfh ]om0u} onf usifhqJ ]aou©}
yk*¾dKvfjzpf\? r*ftusifhjzifh t&d,mZmwf&Sdol tMum;tjrifrsm;ol oDvtusifhESifh jynfhpHkol jzpf\?
xkdwynfh ]om0u} onf vnf; tp\aumif;jcif; tv,f\aumif;jcif; tqHk;\
aumif;jcif;&Sdaom teufESifhjynfhpHkaom o'´gESifh jynfhpHk aom w&m;udk a[m\? tvHk;pHk
jynfhpHkaom xuf0ef;usif pifMu,faom jrwfaom tusifhudk jyawmfrl\/ &[ef;wdkY wwd,
jzpfaom þyk*¾dKvfonf avmuü jzpfonf&Sdaomf vlrsm; tusKd;iSg vlrsm; csrf;omjcif;iSg
avmuudk apmifha&Smufjcif;iSg ewfvlwdkY\ tusKd;iSg pD;yGg; tvdkYiSg csrf;omjcif;iSg jzpf\/
&[ef;wdkY þyk*¾dKvf oHk;a,mufwdkYonf avmuü jzpfay:ukefaomf vlrsm; tusKd;iSg vlrsm;
csrf;omjcif;iSg avmuudk apmifha&Smufjcif; iSg ewfvlwdkY\ tusKd;iSg pD;yGg; tvdkYiSg csrf;omjcif;iSg
jzpfukef\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmf rl\? xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]avmuü *kPfaus;Zl;udk &SmrSD;aom a&S;OD; yXrjzpfaom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf vnf;aumif;?
xkdjrwfpGmbk&m; odkY twkvdkufí usifhaom yGg;rsm;tyf NyD;aom t&[wåzdkvfpdwf &Sdaomwynfh
]om0u} onf vnf;aumif; xdkYjyif r*ftusifhjzifh t&d,mZmwf&Sdaom tMum;tjrifrsm;í

oDvESifh jynfhpHkaom usifhqJ ]aou©} yk*¾dKvfonf vnf;aumif; ewfvlwdkYxuf jrwfukefaom
xkdoHk;rsKd;aom yk*¾dKvfwdkYonf ynmta&mifudk jyKwwfukefvsuf w&m;udk a[mMum;ukefNyD;vQif
tNrdKufedAÁmef wHcg;udk zGif;vSpfMuukef\? xkdyk*¾dKvfwdkYonf rsm;pGmaom vltaygif; udk a,m*
av;yg;rS vGwfajrmufapukef\/
tMuifolwdkYonf twkr&Sdjrwfaom vSnf;rSL;ozG,f jzpfawmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;
aumif;pGm a[mawmf rltyfaom t&d,r*fudk twkvdkufí usifhukef\? tMuifolwdkYonf
jrwfpGmbk&m; omoemawmfü rarhravsmh Muukef? xkdolESpfOD;wdkYonf þb0üyif qif;&J\
tqHk;udk jyKMuukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yÍörokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 -- ppw
wkw
kw¬0¬0**f f ======
6 - tokbmEkyóDokwf
85/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY cE¨mudk,fü tokb tjcif;t&mudk ½Ivsuf aeMuukefavmh? tmemygeówd
onfvnf; oifwdkY\ ur®|mef;tm½Hkü a&S;½IwnfapMuukefavmh? tvHk;pHkaom ocFg&w&m;wdkYü
tedpö[k ½Ivsuf aeMuukefavmh? &[ef;wdkY cE¨mudk,fü tokb tjcif;t&mudk ½Ivsuf aeMu
ukefaom olwdkYtm; wifhw,fonfh tjzpf[laom okb"mwfaMumifh &m*udef;0yfrI &m*gEko,
onf uif;aysmuf\? tmemygeówd\ ur®|mef;tm½Hkü a&S;½I wnfrIaMumifh tyjzpfukefaom
qif;&Jjcif;tzdkY &Sdukefaom tvdkqE´ tmo,odkY tpOfvdkufwwfonfh rdpäm 0dwufwdkYonf
rjzpfay:ukef? tvHk;pHkaom ocFg&w&m;wdkYü tedpö[k ½Ivsuf aeMuukefaom olwdkYtm; t0dZÆm
arm[ uif;aysmufí 0dZÆmÓPf jzpfay:\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\?
xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]udavomudk ylyefapwwfaom vkHYv&Sdaomtcg cyfodrf; aumif;pGm jrifaom
xkd&[ef;onf cE¨mudk,fü tokb tjcif;t&mudk ½Ionfjzpfí vnf;aumif;? xGufouf
0ifoufü xifaom owd&Sdonfjzpfí vnf;aumif;? tvHk;pHkaom ocFg&wdkY\ csKyfNidrf;rIudk
½Ionfjzpfí vnf;aumif; xkdtvHk;pHkaom ocFg&wdkY csKyfNidrf;&mü t&[wå zv0drkwådjzifh
vGwfajrmuf\? xdkYaMumifh xkd&[ef;onf tbdnmOfudpö NyD;qHk;NyDjzpfí Nidrf;at;NyD;vQif a,m*
av;yg;udk vGefajrmufNyD;ol jzpfawmh\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
q|okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 -- ppw
wkw
kw¬0¬0**f f ======
7 - "r®mEk"r®y#dyEéokwf
86/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonfavmukwå&mw&m;udk;yg;tm;avsmfaomtusifhudk
usifhaom
&[ef;tm;
"r®mEk
"r®y#dyEéyk*¾dKvf[k ajymMum; &ef þtavsmfoabmonf jzpfay:vm\? xkd"r®mEk "r®y#dyEé
&[ef;onf ajymqdkonf&Sdaomf w&m;ESifhpyf,SOf aom pum;udkomvQif ajymqdk\? w&m;ESifh
rpyf,SOfaom pum;udk rajymqdk? MuHpnfonf&Sdaomf w&m;ESifhpyf,SOf aom tMuHtpnfudk
omvQif MuHpnf\? w&m;ESifhrpyf,SOfaom tMuHtpnfudk rMuHpnf? xkdajymqdkrI MuHpnfrI
ESpfyg;pHkudk rjyKrlí aeonf&Sdaomf atmufarhrI ]owd} qifjcifÓPf ]orÜZOf} &Sdonfjzpfí
vspfvsL½Ivsuf ae\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpmG bk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteuf
oabmudk ]]w&m;vQif arGUavsmf&m&Sdaom w&m;ü arGUavsmfwwfaom w&m;udk MuHpnfwwfaom
w&m;udk tpOf atmufarhaom &[ef;onf olawmfaumif; w&m;rS rqkwf,kwf/
oGm;aomf vnf;aumif;? &yfaomf vnf;aumif;? xkdifaomf vnf;aumif;? tdyfaomf
vnf;aumif; ur®|mef; tm½Hkü pdwu
f dk udavomwdkYrS Nidrf;at;apaom &[ef;onf Nidrf;at;&m
(edAÁmef)odkYomvQif a&muf\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
owårokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 -- ppw
wkw
kw¬0¬0**f f ======
8 - tE¨u&Pokwf
87/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þtukov 0dwufoHk;yg;wdkYonf ynmÓPf uef;onfudk jyKwwfukef\?
ynmpu©Kudk rjyKwwf ukef? rodjcif;udk jyKwwfukef\? ynmudk wm;jrpfydwfyifwwfukef\?
qif;&Jjcif;tzdkY &Sdukef\? udavom Nidrf;at;rIudk rjzpfapwwfukef/ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;&[ef;wdkY umr0dwufonf ynmÓPf uef;onfudk jyKwwf\? ynmpu©Kudk rjyKwwf? rodjcif;udk
jyKwwf\? ynmudk wm;jrpf ydwfyifwwf\? qif;&Jjcif; tzdkY&Sd\? udavom Nidrf;at;rIudk

rjzpfapwwf? &[ef;wdkY Asmyg'0dwufonf ynmÓPf uef;onfudk jyKwwf\? ynm pu©Kudk
rjyKwwf? rodjcif;udk jyKwwf\? ynmudk wm;jrpfydwfyifwwf\? qif;&Jjcif; tzdkY&Sd\? udavom
Nidrf;at;rIudk rjzpfapwwf? &[ef;wdkY 0d[ðom 0dwufonf ynmÓPf uef;onfudk jyKwwf\?
ynmpu©Kudk rjyKwwf? rodjcif;udk jyKwwf\? ynmudk wm;jrpf ydwfyifwwf\? qif;&Jjcif;
tzdkY&Sd\? udavom Nidrf;at;rIudk rjzpfapwwf/ &[ef;wdkY þtukov0dwuf oHk;yg;wdkYonf
ynmÓPf uef;onfudk jyKwwfukef\? ynmpu©Kudk rjyKwwfukef? rodjcif;udk jyKwwfukef\?
ynmudk wm;jrpf ydwfyifwwfukef\? qif;&Jjcif; tzdkY&Sdukef\? udavom Nidrf;at;rIudk rjzpfap
wwfukef/
&[ef;wdkY þukov 0dwufoHk;yg;wdkYonf ynmÓPf uef;onfudk rjyKwwfukef?
ynmpu©Kudk jyKwwfuek f\? odjcif;udk jyKwwfukef\? ynmudk yGg;apwwfukef\? qif;&Jjcif;
tzdkYr&Sdukef? udavom Nidrf;at;jcif;udk jzpfap wwfukef\ tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- &[ef;wdkY
aeu©r®0dwufonf ynmÓPf uef;onfudk rjyKwwf? ynmpu©Kudk jyKwwf\? odjcif;udk
jyKwwf\? ynmudk yGg;apwwf\? qif;&Jjcif; tzdkYr&Sd? udavom Nidrf;at;rIudk jzpfapwwf \?
&[ef;wdkY tAsmyg'0dwufonf ynmÓPf uef;onfudk rjyKwwf? ynmpu©Kudk jyKwwf\?
odjcif;udk jyKwwf\? ynmudk yGg;apwwf\? qif;&Jjcif; tzdkYr&Sd? udavom Nidrf;at;rIudk jzpfap
wwf\? &[ef;wdkY t0d[ðom 0dwufonf ynmÓPf uef;onfudk rjyKwwf? ynmpu©Kudk
jyKwwf\? odjcif;udk jyKwwf\? ynmudk yGg;apwwf\? qif;&Jjcif; tzdkYr&Sd? udavom
Nidrf;at;rIudk jzpfapwwf\? &[ef;wdkY þukov0dwuf oHk;yg;wdkY onf ynmÓPf uef;onfudk
rjyKwwfukef? ynmpu©Kudk jyKwwfukef\? odjcif;udk jyKwwfukef\? ynmudk yGg;ap wwfukef\?
qif;&Jjcif; tzdkYr&Sdukef? udavom Nidrf;at;jcif;udk jzpfapwwfuke\
f þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]a,m*g0p&yk*¾dKvfonf ukov0dwuf oHk;yg;wdkYudkom MuHpnf&m\? tukov 0dwuf
oHk;yg;wdkYudk rlum; ESifxkwfy,fpGefY&m\? tcgrJh &Gmaom rdk;BuD;onf ajrrSxaom
jrLrIefYtaygif;udk wpfcPjcif; Nidrf;aysmufap ouJhodkY xkda,m*g0p&yk*¾dKvfonf tukov0dwuf
wdkYudk vnf;aumif;? xkdESifh,SOfaom 0dpm&wdkYudk vnf;aumif; Nidrf;at;uif;aysmufapNyD;vQif
rdpäm0dwuf Nidrf;at;aom r*fpdwfjzifh þb0üyif Nidrf;at;&m edAÁmefudk &Edkif\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh
qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
t|rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 -- ppw
wkw
kw¬0¬0**f f ======
9 - tEÅ&mrvokwf
88/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY þoHk;yg;wdkYonf pdwf\ tnpftaMu; pdwf\ rdwfaqGysuf pdwf\ &efol pdwf\
olowform; pdwf\ qefYusifbufom;wdkY jzpfukef\? tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- &[ef;wdkY
avmbonf pdwf\ tnpftaMu; pdwf\ rdwfaqGysuf pdwf\ &efol pdwf\ olowform;
pdwf\ qefYusifbufom; jzpf\? &[ef;wdkY a'goonf pdwf\ tnpftaMu; pdwf\ rdwfaqGysuf
pdwf\ &efol pdwf\ olowform; pdwf\ qefYusifbufom; jzpf\? &[ef;wdkY arm[onf
pdwf\ tnpftaMu; pdwf\ rdwfaqGysuf pdwf\ &efol pdwf\ olowform; pdwf\ qefYusif
bufom; jzpf\? &[ef;wdkY þoHk;yg;wdkYonf pdwf\ tnpftaMu; pdwf\ rdwfaqGysuf pdwf\
&efol pdwf\ olowform; pdwf\ qefYusifbufom; jzpf\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwf ü þteufoabmudk ]]avmbonf tusKd;rJhudk jzpfapwwf\? avmbonf pdwfudk acsmufcsm; apwwf\?
twGif;pdwfü jzpfaom xkdavmb[laom ab;udk vltaygif;onf rodEdkif/
wyfrufaom olonf tusKd;udk rod? wyfrufaomolonf w&m;udk rjrif? tMuiftcgü
avmbonf vludk vTrf;rdk;zdpD;\? xkdtcgü trdkufwkdufozG,f jzpf\/
tMuifolonf avmbudk y,fEdkifaomaMumifh wyfrufzG,f ½lyg½Hkponfü rwyfruf?
a&aygufonf Mum&GufrS avQmusbd ouJhodkY xkdol\ avmbonf xkdwyfrufzG,f tm½HkrS
uif;aysmuf\/
a'goonf tusKd;rJhudk jzpfapwwf\? a'goonf pdwfudk acsmufcsm;apwwf\?
twGif;pdwfü jzpfaom xkda'go[laom ab;udk vltaygif;onf rodEdkif/
trsufxGufaom olonf tusKd;udk rod? trsufxGufaom olonf w&m;udk rjrif? tMuif
tcgü a'go onf vludk vTrf;rdk;zdpD;\? xkdtcgü trdkufwkdufozG,f jzpf\/
tMuifolonf a'goudk y,faomaMumifh trsufxGufzG,f ½lyg½Hkponfü trsufrxGuf?
xef;oD;rSnfhonf tn§mrS a<uus& ouJhodkY xkdol\ a'goonf xkdtrsufxGufzG,f tm½HkrS
uif;aysmuf\/
arm[onf tusKd;rJhudk jzpfapwwf\? arm[onf pdwfudk acsmufcsm;apwwf\?
twGif;pdwfü jzpfaom arm[[laom ab;udk vltaygif;onf rodEdkif/
awGa0olonf tusKd;udk rod? awGa0olonf w&m;udk rjrif? tMuif tcgü arm[onf
vludk vTrf;rdk;zdpD;\? xkdtcgü trdkufwkdufozG,f jzpf\/
tMuifolonf arm[udk y,faomaMumifh awGa0zG,f ½lyg½Hkponfü rawGa0? xGufay:
vmaom aerif; onf trdkufwkdufudk y,fazsmuf ouJhodkY xkdolonf tvHk;pHkaom arm[udk
t<uif;rJh y,fazsmufEdkif\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
e0rokwf/

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 -- ppw
wkw
kw¬0¬0**f f ======
10 - a'0'wåokwf
89/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY rolawmfw&m; oHk;yg;wdkYjzifh tESdyfpufcH&aom odrf;½Hk;,ltyfonfh pdwf&Sdaom
a'0'wfonf tyg,fü jzpf&\? i&Jü jzpf&\? tEÅ&uyfywfvHk; wnf\? ukpm;í r&aumif;?
tb,foHk;yg;wdkYESifhenf;- &[ef;wdkY ,kwfrmaom tvdkqdk;jzifh tESdyfpufcH&aom odrf;½Hk;,ltyf
onfh pdwf&Sdaom a'0'wfonf tyg,fü jzpf&\? i&Jü jzpf&\? tEÅ&uyfywfvHk; wnf\?
ukpm;í r&aumif;? &[ef;wdkY rdwfaqG,kwf &So
d nf\ tjzpfjzifh tESdyfpuf cH&aom odrf;½Hk;
,ltyfonfh pdwf&Sdaom a'0'wfonf tyg,fü jzpf&\? i&Jü jzpf&\? tEÅ&uyf ywfvHk;wnf\?
ukpm;í r&aumif;? psmeftbdnmOfwdkYxuf tvGefjzpfaom r*fzdkvftwGuf jyKzG,fudpö &Sdao;
onf jzpfygvsuf tenf;i,frQaom psmeftbdnmOf w&m;xl;udk &jcif;jzifh tMum;üom
NyD;qHk;jcif;odkY a&mufae&\/ &[ef;wdkY þrolawmfw&m; oHk;yg;wdkYjzifh tESdyfpuf cH&aom
odrf;½Hk;,ltyfonfh pdwf&Sdaom a'0'wfonf tyg,fü jzpf&\? i&Jü jzpf&\? tEÅ&uyf ywfvHk;
wnf\? ukpm;í r&aumif;? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk]]avmuü wpfpHkwpfa,mufaom olonf tb,ftcgrQ ,kwfrmaom tvdk&Sdol
rjzpfygapvifh? ,kwfrm aom tvdk&SdolwdkY\ vm;&m ]*wd} uJhodkY xkdodkYaom vm;&m ]*wd} udk
þqdkvwåHUaom taMumif;jzifh odMuukef avmh/
ynm&Sd[k xif&Sm;aom psmeftbdnmOfwdkYjzifh yGg;rsm;tyfNyD;aom pdwf&Sdol[k orkwftyfaom
a'0'wfonf tjcHt&Hjzifh awmufy ouJhodkY wnf\[k xif&Sm;cJh\/
xkda'0'wfonf rdrdtwkdif;t&Snf yrmPudk rodaomaMumifh xkdjrwfpGmbk&m;ukd n§Of;qJí
wHcg;av;ayguf &Sdaom aMumufrufzG,f t0Dpdi&JodkY a&muf&\/
tMuifolonf raumif;rI uHudk rjyKonfh rjypfrSm;oifhaomoltm; jypfrSm;\? ½kdaorI
uif;aom jypfrSm; aom pdwf&Sdaom xkdolodkYomvQif raumif;rIonf awGUxdusa&muf\/
tMuifolonf ork'´&mudk tqdyftdk;jzifh zsufqD;&ef MuHpnf atmufarh\? xkdolonf
xkdtqdyftdk;jzifh rzsufqD;Edkif&m? rSefvS\- jyefYajymeufus,f aMumufrufzG,f aumif;aom
ork'´&monf BuD;rm; us,f0ef;vSay\/
þtwlomvQif tMuifolonf nDñGwfonfjzpfí Nidrf;at;aom pdwf&Sdaom jrwfpGmbk&m;
udk a'gojzifh n§Of;qJ ESdyfpuf\? xkdol\ a'goonf xkdjrwfpGmbk&m; tay:ü rusa&mufEdkif/
tMuif aumif;aom tusifh&Sdol\ y#dywfvrf;pOfodkY tpOfvdkufaom &[ef;onf qif;&J
ukef&m edAÁmefodkY a&muf&m\? ynm&Sdonf xkdodkY oabm&Sdaom aumif;aom tusifh&Sdoludk
taqGcifyGef; jyK&m\? xkdaumif;aom tusifh &Sdoludkvnf; rSD0J&m\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'orokwf/
pwkw¬0*f NyD;\/

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 55 -- yyOOörör00**f f ======
1 - t*¾yÜom'okwf
90/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tjrwfqHk;wdkYü MunfndKjcif;wdYo
k nf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;? tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;&[ef;wdkY tajcr&Sd aom owå0g tajcESpfacsmif;&Sdaom owå0g tajcav;acsmif;&Sdaom owå0g
rsm;aom tajc&Sdaom owå0g ½lyowå0g t½lyowå0g onDowå0g tonDowå0g ae0onD
emonD owå0g[lorQwdkYwGif ylaZmftxl;udk cHawmfrlxkdufaom (tvHk;pHkaomw&m;wdkYudk)
udk,fwkdifrSefpGm odawmfrlaom jrwfpGmbk&m;udk tjrwfqHk;[k qdktyf\? &[ef;wdkY bk&m;ü
MunfndKukefolwdkYonf tjrwfqHk; yk*¾dKvfü MunfndKonf rnfukef\? tjrwfqHk; yk*¾dKvfü
MunfndKolwdkYtm; tjrwfqHk; tusKd;jzpfEdkif\/
&[ef;wdkY jyKjyiftyfaom ]ocFw} w&m;? rjyKjyiftyfaom ]tocFw} w&m;[lorQwdkYwGif
rmef,pfjcif;udk qHk;r&m rGwfodyfjcif;udk y,fazsmuf&m tmv,udk y,fcGg&m 0#fudk jzwf&m
wPSmukef&m udavomwdkY uif;jywf &m 0gewPSmrS xGufajrmuf&mjzpfaom 0d&m*[k
qkdtyfaom edAÁmefudk tjrwfqHk;[k qdktyf\? &[ef;wdkY &m* uif;&m edAÁmefw&m;ü MunfndKol
wdkYonf tjrwfqHk;w&m;ü MunfndKonf rnfukef\? tjrwfqHk; w&m;ü MunfndKolwdkYtm;
tjrwfqHk; tusKd; jzpfEdkif\/
&[ef;wdkY oHCm*kdPf;[lorQwdkYwGif tpHktm;jzifh av;a,mufaom a,musfm;jrwftpHk
yk*¾dKvftm;jzifh &Spfa,mufaom a,musfm;jrwf yk*¾dKvf[k qkdtyfaom jrwfpGmbk&m;\ wynfhom;
oHCmonf ta0;rS aqmif,l vmaom tvSLudk cHxkduf\? {nfhonf tvdkYiSg xm;aom tvSLudk
cHxkduf\? jrwfaom tvSLudk cHxkduf\? vuftkyfcsDrdk; &Sdcdk;jcif;udk cHxkduf\? vltaygif;\
aumif;rI wnf;[laom rsKd;aphwdkY pdkufysKd;&m tjrwfqHk; v,fajr jzpf\ [laom *kPfwdkYESifh
jynfhpHkaom jrwfpGmbk&m;\ wynfhom; oHCmudk tjrwfqHk;[k qdktyf\? &[ef;wdkY oHCmü
MunfndKolwdkYonf tjrwfqHk;ü MunfndKonf rnfukef\? tjrwfqHk;ü MunfndKolwdkYtm;
tjrwfqHk; tusKd; jzpfEdkif\? &[ef;wdkY þoHk;yg;wdkYonf tjrwfqHk; MunfndKjcif;wdkYwnf;?
þteuf oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tjrwfqHk; &wemoHk;yg;ü MunfndKukefaom &wemoHk;yg;\ tjrwfqHk; oabmudk
odukefaom jrwfaom tvSLudkcHxkdufí twkr&Sdonfh tjrwfqHk; bk&m;ü MunfndKukefaom
olwdkYtm; vnf;aumif;tvHk;pHkaom udavomwdkY uif;jywfaMumif; Nidrf;at;aMumif;jzpfí 0#f qif;&Jukefjcif;jzifh
csrf;omonfh tjrwfqHk; w&m;ü MunfndKolwdkYtm; vnf;aumif; twkr&Sd aumif;rIwnf;[laom
rsKd;aph\ pkdufysKd;&m v,f,m ajr aumif;ozG,f jzpfonfh tjrwfqHk; oHCmü MunfndKolwdkYtm;
vnf;aumif;? tjrwfqHk;jzpfaom &wem oHk;yg;ü tvSLudk ay;vSLukefaom olwdkYtm;
vnf;aumif; tjrwfqHk; ukokdvfonf wkd;yGg;\? jyefYajym rsm;jrwf aom toufonf
vnf;aumif;? tqif;onf vnf;aumif;? tjcHt&Honf vnf;aumif;? tausmftapmonf
vnf;aumif;? csrf;omonf vnf;aumif;? cGeftm;onf vnf;aumif; wkd;yGg;\/

tjrwfqHk;jzpfaom &wemoHk;ygtm; ay;vSLwwfaom tjrwfqHk;jzpfaom MunfndKrI
ay;vSLrIpaom w&m; ESifh jynfhpHkaom ynm&Sdonf ewfjzpfaomf vnf;aumif;? vljzpfaomf
vnf;aumif; tjrwfqHk; jzpfaom r*fzdkvfudk &onfjzpfí 0rf;ajrmuf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh
qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yXrokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 55 -- yyOOörör00**f f ======
2 - ZD0duokwf
91/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY toufarG;rIwdkYwGif qGrf;cHvSnfhvnfí toufarG;&jcif;onf ,kwfnHhvS\?
avmuü þqGrf;cHí toufarG;olonf ]]þolzkef;pm;um; cGufvufpGJvsuf vSnfhvnfbd\}} [k
tqJa&; cH&wwf\? xkdodkYyif qJa&; cH&wwfaomfvnf; tusKd;xl;udk tvdk&Sdukeaf om trsKd;om;
wdkYonf tusKd;&SdrIudk pGJí xkdqGrf;cH vSnfhvnfí toufarG;jcif;odkY uyfa&mufMuukef\?
rif;taESmiftzGJU cH&í uyfa&mufMuonf r[kwfukef? olcdk;wdkY zrf;,l aESmifzGJUcH&í
uyfa&mufMuonf r[kwfukef? a<u;NrD ESdyfpufcH&onfjzpfí uyfa&mufMuonf r[kwfukef?
ab;ESdyfpufcH&í uyfa&mufMuonf r[kwfukef? toufarG;cufonf jzpfí uyfa&mufMuonf
r[kwfukef/
pifppfaomfum; y#doaE¨aerI tdkrI aorI pdk;&drfrI idka<u;rI qif;&JrI ESvHk;rom,mrI jyif;pGm
ylyefrIwdkYjzifh oHo&m 0#fwGif;odkY oufqif; usa&mufukef\? qif;&Jjzifh ESdyfpufcH&ukef\
þtvHk;pHkaom qif;&Jtpk\ tqHk; udk jyKjcif;onf xif&Sm;jzpfay:Edkifwef&m\[k ESvHk;oGif;um
qGrf;cH vSnfhvnfí toufarG;jcif;odkY uyfa&muf cJhMuukef\? &[ef;wdkY trsKd;aumif;om;onf
þodkY ESvHk;oGif;í &[ef; jyKcJh\?odkYyif jzpfjim;aomfvnf; þtrsKd;aumif;om;onf tbdZÑm
rsm;\? umr*kPfwdkYü tm;BuD;aom &m*&Sd\? azmufjyefaom pdwf&Sd\? jypfrSm; vdkaom pdwftMuH
&Sd\? vGwfaom owd&Sd\? qifjcifÓPf r&Sd? rwnfMunf? wkefvIyfaom pdwf&Sd\? rapmifhpnf;
aom £a`E´&Sd\? &[ef;wdkY (t&if;tzsm;) ESpfzufü rD;vQHpGJNidí tv,fü rpifvdrf;aom
olaumif zkwf<uif; xif;rD;ponf &Gmüvnf; xif;tjzpfodkY ra&muf awmüvnf; toHk;rus
ouJhodkY &[ef;wdkY vlUpnf;pdrfrSvnf; qkwf,kwfí &[ef; jzpfusKd;vnf; rjynfhpHkonf jzpf&um;
þyk*¾dKvfudk xdkOyrmESifh wl\[k igbk&m; a[m\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]vlUpnf;pdrfrSvnf; qkwf,kwfí &[ef; jzpfusKd;udkvnf; raumif;ojzifh &aomolonf
olaumifzkwf<uif; xif;rD;p ysufpD; ouJhodkY ysufpD;vsuf z½dkz&J jzpf&\/

,kwfrmaom oabm &Sdukefonfjzpfí (udk,f EIwf ESvHk;udk) rapmifhpnf;ukefaom ouFef;udk
vnfyif;ü ywfMuukefaom rsm;pGmaom xdkol,kwfrmwdkYonf ,kwfrmaom raumif;rIwdkYaMumifh
i&JodkY usa&muf&ukef\/
oDvvnf; r&Sd? udk,f EIwf ESvHk;udkvnf; rapmifhpnf;bJ wdkif;oljynfom;wdkY o'¨gMunfjzL
ay;vSLtyfaom qGrf;udk pm;&jcif;xuf rD;vQu
H JhodkY ylavmifaom oHawGcJudk pm;&jcif;uomí
aumif;jrwfao;\}} [k þ*gxm jzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\ [k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'kwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 55 -- yyOOörör00**f f ======
3 - oCFm#duPÖokwf
92/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf tbdZÑmrsm;ol umrwdkYü tm;BuD;aom &m*&Sdol azmufjyefaom
pdwf&Sdol jypfrSm;vdk aom pdwftMuH&Sdol vGwfaom owd&Sdol qifjcifÓPf r&Sdol rwnfMunfol
wkefvIyfaom pdwf&Sdol rapmifhpnf; aom £a`E´&Sdol jzpfcJhrl xdk&[ef;onf igbk&m;\
ouFef;pGef;udk udkifí igbk&m; ajc&mü ajcudk cseif;vsuf aemufrS aemufrS vdkufyif
vdkufaomfvnf; xdk&[ef;onf igbk&m;rS a0;onfomwnf;? igbk&m;onfvnf; xdk&[ef;rS
a0;onfomwnf;? taMumif;um; tb,fenf;? &[ef;wdkY xdk&[ef;onf w&m;udk rjrif? w&m;udk
rjrifonf&Sdaomf igbk&m;udk rjrifaomaMumifhyifwnf;/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onfvnf; tbdZÑmrrsm;ol umrwdkYü tm;BuD;aom &m*r&Sdol
azmufjyefaom pdwfr&Sdol jypfrSm;vdkaompdwf tMuHr&Sdol xifaom owd&Sdol qifjcifÓPf&Sdol
wnfMunfol rwkefvIyfaom pdwf&Sdol apmifhpnf;aom £a`E´&Sdol jzpfcJhrl xdk&[ef;onf
,lZemwpf&m a0;aomt&yfü aeyifaeaomfvnf; igbk&m;ESifh eD;onfomwnf;? igbk&m;
onfvnf; xdk&[ef;ESifh eD;onfomwnf;? taMumif;um; tb,fenf;? &[ef;wdkY xdk&[ef;onf
w&m;udkjrif\? w&m;udk jrifonf&Sdaomf igbk&m;udk jrifaomaMumifhyifwnf;? þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tvdkBuD;í n§Of;qJwwfaom wPSmtvdkodkY tpOfvdkufaeolonf wkefvIyfrI
wPSmuif;aom xdkjrwfpGm bk&m;odkY tpOfvdkufaeaomf vnf;aumif;? udavom rNidrf;olonf
udavom Nidrf;at;NyD;aom xdkjrwfpGmbk&m; odkY tpOfvdkufaeaomf vnf;aumif;? rufarmol
onf rufarmjcif; uif;aom xdkjrwfpGmbk&m;odkY tpOfvdkufae aomfvnf;aumif;
xdkjrwfpGmbk&m;ESifh tvGefY tvGefa0;onfomwnf;? (xdktjcif;t&mudk) ½Iygavmh/

tMuifynm&Sdonf opömav;yg;w&m;udk 0dyóemÓPf txl;jzifh odí opömav;yg;
w&m;udk r*fÓPfjzifh odí avNidrf&mü wnf&Sdaom a&tdkifuJhodkY wkefvIyfrI wPSm uif;onf
jzpfí Nidrfouf\/
wPSm uif;aom xdkyk*¾dKvfonf wPSm uif;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;ESifh (Xmetm;jzifh a0;ae
jim;aomf vnf;aumif;) Nidrf;at;aom xdkyk*¾dKvfonf Nidrf;at;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;ESifh (Xme
tm;jzifh a0;aejim;aomf vnf; aumif;) rufarmrI uif;aom xdkyk*¾dKvfonf rufarmrIuif;aom
jrwfpGmbk&m;ESifh (Xmetm;jzifh a0;aejim;aomf vnf;aumif;) tvGefY tvGef eD;onfomwnf;/
(xdktjcif;t&mudk) ½Iygavmh}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
wwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 55 -- yyOOörör00**f f ======
4 - t*¾dokwf
93/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrl xdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY rD;wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;? tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- &m*rD; a'gorD;
arm[rD;wdkYwnf;? &[ef;wdkY rD;wdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]umrwdkYü wyfpGef;ol awGa0ol owå0gwdkYudk &m*rD;onf avmifNrdKuf\? olUtoufudk
owfavh&Sdol azmufjyefaom pdwf&SdolwdkYudk a'gorD;onf avmif NrdKuf\/
t&d,mw&m;ü rvdr®mol awGa0olwdkYudk arm[rD;onf avmifNrdKuf\? þrD;oHk;yg;wdkYudk
rodMuaom owå0g wdkYonf cE¨mig;yg; (ouúm,)ü tvGefarGUavsmfMuukef\/
xdkolwdkYonf rm&ftaESmiftzGJUrS rvGwfMuukefrlí i&J wd&dpämef tok&um,f NydwåmbHkwdkYudk
yGg;rsm;apukef\/
tMuifolwdkYonfum; jrwfpGmbk&m; omoemawmfü nOfhaeYywfvHk;tm; xkwfukef\?
yk*¾dKvfjrwf jzpfMuaom xdkolwdkYonf tokb[k tjrJ ½IrSwfukefonfjzpfí &m*rD;udk Nidrf;at;
apMuukef\/
a'gorD;udkrlum; arwåmjzifh Nidrf;at;apMuukef\? tMuifynmonf udavomudk azmufcGJ
Edkif\? xdkynmjzifh arm[rD;udk Nidrf;at;apMuukef\/
nOfhaeYywfvHk; rysif;&dukefaom &ifhusufaom ynm&SdwdkYonf xdkudavomwdkYudk Nidrf;apMu
ukefí t<uif;rJh Nidrf;at;MuukefNyD? t<uif;rJh qif;&JrS vGwfajrmufMuukefNyD/

t&d,opömw&m;udk odjrifukefaom r*fynmjzifh oHo&mtqHk;odkY a&mufukefaom ynm&Sd
wdkYonf (ukodkvf cE¨mponfudk) aumif;pGmodí Zmwdukef&m edAÁmefudk xl;aom t&[wå
r*fÓPfjzifh odaomaMumifh wpfzef b0opfodkY ra&mufMu&ukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifhqdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\ [k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
pwkw¬okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 55 -- yyOOörör00**f f ======
5 - Oyy&du©okwf
94/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tMuif tMuif tjym;tm;jzifh pl;prf;qifjcifaom xdk&[ef;\ pdwf0dnmOfonf
jyifytm½Hküvnf; rysHUvGifh rus,fjyefYrlí ur®|mef; tm½Hküvnf; rwnfonf jzpfcJhrl
wpfpHkwpfckaom ½kyfemrfocFg&udk wPSm 'd|d pGJtm;jzifh rpGJvrf;rlí rawmifhw&m? &[ef;onf
xdkxdktjym;tm;jzifh pl;prf;qifjcif&m\/
&[ef;wdkY pdwf0dnmOfonf jyifytm½Hkü rysHUvGifh rus,fjyefYonf&Sdaomf ur®|mef; tm½Hkü
vnf; rwnfvwf aomf wpfpHkwpfckaom ½kyfemrfocFg&udk wPSm 'd|dpGJtm;jzifh rpGJvrf;rlí
rawmifhwaom oltm; aemiftcg y#doaE¨aerI tdkrI aorI[laom 0#fqif;&J taygif;wdkY
rjzpfEdkifawmhacs? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteuf
oabmudk ]]uyfNidrI ]o*F} ckepfyg;wdkYudk y,fNyD;í wPSmudk jzwfawmufNyD;aom xdk&[ef;tm; y#doaE¨
aejcif; wnf;[laom oHo&monf ukefcef;NyD;jzpf&um; wpfzef b0opfonf r&SdawmhNyD}} [k
þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yÍörokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 55 -- yyOOörör00**f f ======
6 - umrlyywådokwf
95/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY umrudk rSD0JrIwdkYonf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;? tb,foHk;yg;wdkYenf;- tjrJxif&Sm; &Sdaom
umrudk rSD0J olwdkY vnf;aumif;? udk,fwdkif zefqif;í arGUavsmfwwfol edr®me&wdewfwdkY vnf;
aumif; olwpfyg;wdkY zefqif; aom umrü rdrdtvdkodkY vdkufapaom y&edr®dw0o0wåDewfwdkY
vnf;aumif;wdkYwnf;? &[ef;wdkY umrudk rSD0JrIwdkY onf þoHk;yg;wdkYwnf;? þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuif y&edr®dw0o0wåDewfwdkYonf olwpfyg; zefqif;aom umrü rdrd tvdkodkY
vdkufapukef\? tMuif edr®me&wdewfwdkYonf udk,fwdkifzefqif;í arGUavsmfwwfukef\?
qdkcJhNyD;aom ewfwdkYrS wpfyg;ukefaom tMuifvl tp&Sdaom umr cHpm;olwdkYonf tjrJxif&Sm;
&Sdaom umrudk rSD0Jukef\? xdkowå0gtm;vHk;wdkYonf þb0 wpfyg; aom b0[k qdktyfaom
oHo&mudk rvGefEdkifukef/
ynm&Sdonf umr cHpm;olwdkYü jzpfaom xdktjypfrsKd;udk odí ewfü jzpfaom umrvlü
jzpfaom umr tm;vHk;wdkYudk pGefYypf&m\/
ynm&SdwdkYonf cspftyfaom oabm&Sdaom ½lyg½HkponfwdkYü okca0'emudk om,mrIjzifh
wyfrufaom vlomrefwdkY vGefajrmufEdkifcJonfh wPSm tvsOfudk t&[wår*fjzifh jzwfí
t<uif;rJh Nidrf;at;MuukefNyD? t<uif; rJh qif;&JrS vGwfajrmufMuukefNyD/
t&d,opömw&m;udk odjrifukefaom r*fynmjzifh oHo&mtqHk;odkY a&mufukefaom
ynm&SdwdkYonf (ukodkvf cE¨mponfudk) aumif;pGmodí Zmwdukef&m edAÁmefudk xl;aom
t&[wår*fÓPfjzifh odaomaMumifh wpfzef b0opfodkY ra&mufMu&ukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh
qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
q|okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 55 -- yyOOörör00**f f ======
7 - umra,m*okwf
96/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY umr*kPfESifhpyfaom &m*ESifhvnf; ,SOf ½lyb0 t½lyb0ESifhpyfaom &m*ESifh
vnf; ,SOfolonf þvlUjynfodkY vmwwfol tm*grDyk*¾dKvfjzpf\? &[ef;wdkY umr*kPfESifhpyfaom
&m*ESifh r,SOfrlí ½lyb0 t½ly b0ESifhpyfaom &m*ESifhom ,SOfolonf þvlUjynfodkY
rvmwwfol tem*grDyk*¾dKvfjzpf\? &[ef;wdkY umr*kPfESifh pyfaom &m*ESifhvnf; r,SOf ½lyb0
t½lyb0ESifh pyfaom &m*ESifhvnf; r,SOfolonf tmoa0g ukefcef;ol &[EÅmyk*¾dKvfjzpf\?
þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]umr*kPfESifhpyfaom &m*ESifh vnf;aumif;? ½lyb0 t½lyb0ESifh pyfaom &m*ESifh
vnf;aumif; þESpfyg;pHk ESifh,SOfukefaom owå0gwdkYonf y#doaE¨aejcif; aojcif;odkY
a&mufMu&ukefonf jzpfí oHo&mü usifvnfMu &ukef\/
tMuif owå0gwdkYonf udavom umr*kPfwdkYudk y,fNyD;ívnf; tmoa0gukefjcif;odkY
ra&mufEdkif Muukefao;? ½lyb0 t½lyb0ESifhpyfaom &m*ESifh,SOfukef\? xdkowå0gwdkYudk
tem*grfwdkY[lí qdktyfukef\/
tMuifolwdkYonf ,HkrSm; oHo,jywfNyD; jzpfukef\? rmeukefNyD; wpfzef b0opfü
jzpfrIukefNyD; jzpfukef\? tmoa0gukef&m t&[wåzdkvfodkY a&mufNyD; jzpfukef\? xdkolwdkYonf
avmuü trSefpifppf edAÁmef[laom urf; wpfzufodkY a&mufNyD;olwdkY jzpfukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh
qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
owårokwf/
wwd,bmP0g& NyD;\/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 55 -- yyOOörör00**f f ======
8 - uvsmPoDvokwf
97/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf- &[ef;wdkY
aumif;aom oDv&Sdol aumif;aom w&m;&Sdol aumif;aom ynm&Sdol &[ef;udk þ"r®0de,
]omoemawmf} ü wpfpHkwpfck ocFg&rzuf oufouf edAÁmefudk &NyD;ol usifhoHk;NyD;ol
]]a,mufsm;jrwf}} [lí qdktyf\/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf tb,fodkYvQif aumif;aom oDv&Sdol jzpfoenf;? &[ef;wdkY
þomoemawmfü &[ef;onf oDv&Sd\? ygwdarmu©oH0&oDvudk apmifhxdef;í tusifh
]tmpm&} usufpm;&m ]a*gp&} ESifh jynfhpHkonf jzpfí ae\? tenf;i,frQaom tjypfwdkYü ab;[k
½Ivsuf odu©myk'fwdkYü aumif;pGm aqmufwnfí usifh\? &[ef;wdkY þodkYvQif &[ef;onf
aumif;aom oDv&Sdol jzpf\? þodkYvQif aumif;aom oDv &Sd\/
tb,fodkYvQif aumif;aom w&m;&Sdol jzpfoenf;? &[ef;wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef;onf
ckepfyg;aom aAm"dyu©d, w&m;wdkYudk yGg;rsm; tm;xkwfjcif;ESifh ,SOfonfjzpfí ae\? &[ef;wdkY
þodkYvQif &[ef;onf aumif;aom w&m;&Sdol jzpf\? þodkYvQif aumif;aom oDv aumif;aom
w&m; &Sd\/
tb,fodkYvQif aumif;aom ynm&Sdol jzpfoenf;? &[ef;wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef;onf
tmoa0g w&m;wdkY ukefjcif;aMumifh tmoa0gr&Sdaom udavomwdkYrS vGwfajrmufaom
(t&[wåzdkvfpdwf)ESifh udavom wdkYrS vGwfajrmufaom (t&[wåzdkvf) ynmudk ,ckb0üyif
udk,fwdkif xl;aomÓPfjzifh odí rsufarSmufjyKum a&mufíae\? &[ef;wdkY þodkYvQif
&[ef;onf aumif;aom ynm &Sd\/
þodkYvQif aumif;aom oDv&Sdol aumif;aom w&m;&Sdol aumif;aom ynm&Sdol &[ef;udk
þ"r®0de, ]omoemawmf} ü wpfpHkwpfck ocFg&rzuf oufouf edAÁmefudk &NyD;ol usifhoHk;NyD;ol
a,mufsm;jrwf}} [lí qdktyf \? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü
þteuf oabmudk ]]tMuif&[ef;tm; udk,fjzifh vnf;aumif;? EIwfjzifh vnf;aumif;? pdwfjzifh vnf;aumif;
raumif;jyKjcif; r&Sd? &Sufpdwf&Sdaom xdk&[ef;udk pifppf aumif;aom oDv &Sdol[lí qdkMu
ukef\/
tMuif&[ef;tm; t&[wår*fodkY a&mufapwwfaom w&m;ckepfyg;wdkYudk aumif;pGm
yGg;tyfukef\? &m*yGg; jcif;ponf uif;aom xdk&[ef;udk aumif;aom w&m;&Sdol[lí qdkMu
ukef\/
tMuif&[ef;onf þb0üyif rdrd\ qif;&Jukefjcif;udk od\? tmoa0g ukefcef;aom
xdk&[ef;udk aumif; aom ynm&Sdol [lí qdkMuukef\/
xdkw&m;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkí qif;&Juif;aom ,HkrSm;rI uif;jywfNyD;aom wPSm 'd|dwdkYü rrSDaom
oludk tvHk;pHk aom avmuü tvHk;pHkudk y,fNyD;ol[lí qdkMuukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
t|rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 55 -- yyOOörör00**f f ======
9 - 'geokwf
98/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ay;vSLjcif;wdkYonf- ypönf;av;yg; ]tmrdo} udk ay;vSLrI ]tmrdo'ge} vnf;
aumif;? w&m;a[m jcif;paom ay;vSLrI ]"r®'ge} vnf;aumif; þESpfrsKd;wdkYwnf;? &[ef;wdkY
þ'geESpfrsKd;wdkYwGif w&m;a[mjcif;paom ]"r®'ge} onf jrwf\/
&[ef;wdkY cGJjcrf; a0zefjcif;wdkYonf- ypönf;av;yg;udk cGJjcrf;a0zefjcif; ]tmrdooH0dbm*}
vnf;aumif;? w&m;a[mjcif;paom cGJjcrf;a0zefjcif; ]"r®oH0dbm*} vnf;aumif; þESpfrsKd;
wdkYwnf;? &[ef;wdkY þcGJjcrf; a0zefjcif; oH0dbm* ESpfrsKd;wdkYwGif w&m;a[mjcif; paom ]"r®
oH0dbm*} onf jrwf\/
&[ef;wdkY csD;ajr§mujfcif;wdkYonf- ypönf;av;yg;jzifh csD;ajr§mujfcif; ]tmrdomEk*¾[}
vnf;aumif;? w&m; a[mjcif;ponfjzifh csD;ajrm§ ujfcif; ]"r®mEk*¾[} vnf;aumif; þESpfrsKd;
wdkYwnf;? &[ef;wdkY þESpfrsKd;aom csD;ajr§mujfcif;wdkYwGif w&m;a[mjcif; ponfjzifh csD;ajr§mufjcif;
]"r®mEk*¾[} onf jrwf\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]tMuif'geudk twkr&Sd jrwf\[k qdkukef\? tMuif cGJjcrf; a0zefjcif;udk (twkr&Sd) jrwf\[k
jrwfpGmbk&m; onf csD;rGrf;awmfrl\? oDvpaom *kPfwdkYjzifh jrwfaom aumif;rI\ wnf&m
&wemoHk;yg;ü MunfnKdpdwf&Sdí 'ge tusKd;udk ykdif;jcm;odaom tb,frnfaom ynm&Sdonf
oifhwifhaom umvü ray;vSLbJ &Sdrnfenf;/
tMuifolwdkYonf w&m;vnf; a[mukef\? w&m;vnf; emukef\? a[mol emol
xdkESpfOD;wdkYonf jrwfpGmbk&m; omoemawmfü MunfndKpdwf &SdMuukef\? tMuifolwdkYonf
jrwfpGmbk&m; omoemawmfü rarh ravsmhMuukef? xdkolwdkY\ jrwfaom xdk("r®'ge "r®oH0dbm*
"r®mEk*¾[) tusKd;onf t&[wåzdkvf[laom pifMu,fjcif;jzifh pifMu,f\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh
qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
e0rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 55 -- yyOOörör00**f f ======
10 - aw0dZÆokwf
99/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY oifhaom taMumif;tm;jzifh 0dZÆmoHk;yg;ESifh jynfhpHkoludk jAm[®P[k igbk&m;
ynwf\? rEÅef&Gwf qdkwwfumrQjzifh wpfyg;aom ZmwdjAm[®PrsKd;udk jAm[®P[k igbk&m;
rynwf/
&[ef;wdkY tb,fodkYvQif oifhaom taMumif;jzifh 0dZÆmoHk;yg;ESifh jynfhpHkoludk jAm[®P[k
ynwfoenf;? rEÅef &GwfqdkwwfumrQjzifh wpfyg;aom ZmwdjAm[®PrsKd;udk jAm[®P[k rynwf
oenf;? &[ef;wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef;onf rsm;jym;aom a&S;ü aezl;aom b0udk
atmufarhEdkif\? þonfwdkYum; tb,fenf;? wpfb0udk vnf;aumif;? ESpfb0wdkYudk
vnf;aumif;? oHk;b0wdkYudk vnf;aumif;? av;b0wdkYudk vnf;aumif;? ig;b0wdkYudk
vnf;aumif;? q,fb0wdkYudk vnf;aumif;? b0ESpfq,fwdkYudk vnf;aumif;? b0oHk;q,fwdkYudk
vnf;aumif;? b0av;q,fwdkYudk vnf;aumif;? b0ig;q,fwdkYudk vnf;aumif;? b0wpf&mudk
vnf;aumif;? b0wpfaxmifudk vnf;aumif;? b0wpfodef;udk vnf;aumif;? rsm;jym;aom
ysufuyfwdkYudk vnf;aumif;? rsm;jym;aom jzpfuyfwdkYudk vnf;aumif;? rsm;jym;aom
ysufuyfjzpfuyfwdkYudk vnf;aumif; ]]þrnfaom b0ü (igonf) þodkYaom trnf &SdcJh\?
þodkYaom tEG,f&SdcJh\? þodkYaom tqif;&SdcJ\
h ? þodkYaom tpm&SdcJh\? þodkYaom csrf;om
qif;&Judk cHpm;cJh\? þodkYaom touftydkif;tjcm; &SdcJh\? xdk(igonf) xdkb0rS aocJhí
þrnfaom b0ü jzpfjyef\? xdkb0üvnf; þodkYaom trnf&SdcJh\? þodkYaom tEG,f&SdcJh\?
þodkYaom tqif; &SdcJh\? þodkYaom tpm&Scd Jh\? þodkYaom csrf;omqif;&Judk cHpm;&\?
þodkYaom touf tydkif;tjcm; &SdcJh\? xdk (igonf) xdkb0rS aocJhí þb0ü jzpfjyef\}} [k
þodkY tjcif;t&mESifhwuG ñTefjyzG,f (trnftEG,f)ESifhwuG rsm;jym;aom a&S;ü jzpfzl; aom
b0udk atmufarhEdkif\/
xdk&[ef;tm; þyXrjzpfaom todÓPf 0dZÆmudk&\? rarhravsmh jyif;pGmtm;xkwfvsuf
edAÁmefodkY apvTwf tyfaom pdwf&Sdonfjzpfí aeaomoltm; rodrI ]t0dZÆm} aysmufí todÓPf
]0dZÆm} jzpfay:ouJhodkY xdk&[ef; tm; rodrI ]t0dZÆm} aysmufí todÓPf ]0dZÆm} jzpfay:\?
trdkufarSmifaysmufí tvif;a&mif jzpfay:ouJhodkY xdk&[ef;tm; trdkufarSmif aysmufí
tvif;a&mifjzpfay:\/
&[ef;wdkY aemufwpfrsKd;um; &[ef;onf txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom vlwdkY\ rsufpdxuf
omvGefaom ewfrsufpdESifhwlaom 'dAÁpu©KÓPfjzifh aoqJ owå0g jzpfay:qJ owå0g
,kwfaom owå0g jrwfaom owå0g tqif;vSaom owå0g tqif;rvSaom owå0g
aumif;aom vm;&m&Sdaom owå0g raumif;aom vm;&m &Sdaom owå0gwdkYudk jrif\?
uHtm;avsmfpGm jzpfay:aom owå0gwdkYudk od\ ]]tcsif;wdkY þowå0gwdkYonf udk,fjzihf jyKaom
raumif;aom tusifh ]um,'kp½dkuf} ESifh jynfhpHkukef\? EIwfjzihfjyKaom raumif;aomtusifh
]0pD'kp½dkuf} ESifh jynfhpHkukef\? pdwfjzihfjyKaom raumif;aom tusifh ]raem'kp½dkuf} ESifh
jynfhpHkukef\? t&d,mwdkYudk pGyfpGJwwf ukef\?rSm;aom t,l&Sdukef\?rSm;aom t,ljzifh jyKaom

uH&Sdukef\? xdkowå0gwdkYonf cE¨mudk,f ysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü csrf;omuif;aom
raumif;aom vm;&m ysufpD; usa&muf&mjzpfaom i&Jü jzpf&ukef\? tcsif;wdkY þowå0g
wdkYonfum; udk,fjzihfjyKaom aumif;aomtusifh ]um,okp½dkuf} ESifh jynfhpHk ukef\? EIwfjzihf
jyKaom aumif;aom tusifh ]0pDopk ½dkuf} ESifh jynfhpHkukef\? pdwfjzihfjyKaom aumif;aomtusifh
]raemokp½dkuf} ESifh jynfhpHkukef\? t&d,mwdkYudk rpGyfpGJwwfukef?rSefaom t,l&Sdukef\?rSefaom
t,ljzifh jyKaom uH&Sdukef\? xdkowå0gwdkYonf cE¨mudk,fysufpD;í aoNyD;onfrS aemufü
aumif;aom vm;&m ewfjynfü jzpfMu& ukef\}} [k od\? þodkYvQif txl;ojzifh pifMu,faom
vlwdkY\ rsufpdxuf omvGefaom ewfrsufpdESifhwlaom ]'dAÁpu©KÓPfjzifh aoqJ owå0g
jzpfay:qJ owå0g ,kwfaom owå0gjrwfaom owå0g tqif;vSaom owå0g tqif;rvSaom
owå0g aumif;aom vm;&m&Sdaom owå0g raumif;aom vm;&m&Sdaom owå0gwdkYudk jrif\?
uHtm;avsmfpGm jzpfay:aom owå0gwdkYudk od\? xdk&[ef;tm; þ'kwd,jzpfaom todÓPf
0dZÆmudk&\? rarhravsmh jyif;pGmtm;xkwfvsuf edAÁmefodkY apvTwftyfaom pdwf&Sdonfjzpfí
aeaomoltm; rodrI ]t0dZÆm} aysmufí todÓPf ]0dZÆm} jzpfay:ouJhodkY xdk&[ef;tm; rodrI
]t0dZÆm} aysmufí todÓPf ]0dZÆm} jzpfay:\? trdkufarSmif aysmufí tvif;a&mif
jzpfay:ouJhodkY xdk&[ef;tm; trdkufarSmif aysmufí tvif;a&mif jzpfay: \/
&[ef;wdkY aemufwpfrsKd;um; &[ef;onf tmoa0g w&m;wdkY\ ukefjcif;aMumifh tmoa0g
uif;aom udavomwdkYrS
vGwfajrmufaom
(t&[wåzdkvfpdwf)ESifh
udavomwdkYrS
vGwfajrmufaom (t&[wåzdkvf) ynmudk ,ckb0üyif udk,fwdkif xl;aomÓPfjzifh odí
rsufarSmufjyKum a&mufí ae\? xdk&[ef;tm; þwwd,ajrmuf jzpfaom 0dZÆmudk&\?
rarhravsmh jyif;pGmtm;xkwfvsuf edAÁmefodkY apvTwftyfaom pdwf&Sdonfjzpfí aeaom oltm;
rodrI ]t0dZÆm} aysmufí todÓPf ]0dZÆm} jzpfay:ouJhodkY xdk&[ef;tm; rodrI ]t0dZÆm}
aysmufí todÓPf ]0dZÆm} jzpfay:\? trdkufarSmif aysmufí tvif;a&mif jzpfay:ouJhodkY
xdk&[ef;tm; trdkufarSmif aysmufí tvif;a&mif jzpfay:\/ &[ef;wdkY þodkYvQif oifhaom
taMumif;tm;jzifh 0dZÆmoHk;yg;ESifh jynfhpHkoludk jAm[®P[k ynwfawmfrl\? rEÅef
&GwfqdkwwfumrQjzifh wpfyg;aom Zmwd jAm[®PrsKd;udk jAm[®P[k igbk&m; rynwf/
þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuif&[ef;onf a&S;ü jzpfzl;aom cE¨mtpOfudk od\? ewfjynf i&Jjynf udkvnf; jrif\?
y#doaE¨ukef&m t&[wåzdkvfodkYvnf; a&muf\? xl;aom r*fynmjzifh odrIudpö NyD;qHk;NyD;aom
xdk&[ef;onf þ0dZÆmoHk;yg;wdkYESifh jynfhpHkaomaMumifh aw0dZÆjAm[®Pjzpf\? xdkoludkom aw0dZÆjAm[®P[k
iga[m\? wpfyg;aom rEÅef &GwfqdkwwfumrQjzpfaom ZmwdjAm[®PrsKd;jzpfoludk aw0dZÆjAm[®P
[k igra[m}} [k þ*gxm jzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'orokwf/
yÍör0*f NyD;\/
wduedygwf jrefrmjyef NyD;\/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
1 - jAm[®P"r®,m*okwf
100/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY igbk&m;onf jAm[®Ptppf jzpf\? awmif;cHolwdkYESifh qufpyfaeol jzpf\?
tcgcyfodrf; ay;vSL&ef aq;aMumNyD;aom vuf&Sdol jzpf\? tqHk;jzpfaom cE¨mudk,fudk
aqmifoljzpf\? twkr&Sdaom aq;q&mjzpf\? (twkr&Sdrlí) ajimifhudk Ekwfwwfol q&mjzpf\?
oifwdkYonf xdkigbk&m;\ &ifü jzpfol cHwGif;rSjzpfol t&d,r*f w&m;ü jzpfol t&d,r*f
w&m;onf zefqif;tyfol w&m;tarGcHol tmrdotarGcH r[kwfol om;awmfwdkY jzpfMu
ukefavmh/
&[ef;wdkY 'gewdkYonf (ypönf;av;yg;) tmrdoudk ay;vSLrI ]tmrdo'ge} vnf;aumif;
w&m;a[mjcif;paom ay;vSLrI ]"r®'ge} vnf;aumif; (þESpfrsKd;wdkYwnf;)? &[ef;wdkY þ'geESpfrsKd;
wdkYwGif w&m;a[mjcif;paom ]"r®'ge} onf jrwf\/
&[ef;wdkY cGJjcrf; a0zefjcif;wdkYonf (ypönf;av;yg;) tmrdoudk cGJjcrf; a0zefjcif;
]tmrdooH0dbm*} vnf;aumif;? w&m;a[mjcif;paom cGJjcrf;a0zefjcif; ]"r®oH0dbm*}
vnf;aumif; (þESpfrsKd;wdkYwnf;)? &[ef;wdkY cGJjcrf; a0zefjcif; oH0dbm*ESpfrsKd;wdkYwGif
w&m;a[mjcif; paom ]"r®oH0dbm*} onf jrwf\/
&[ef;wdkY csD;ajr§mujfcif;wdkYonf (ypönf;av;yg;jzifh) csD;ajr§mujfcif; ]tmrdomEk*¾[}
vnf;aumif;? w&m; a[mjcif; ponfjzifh csD;ajr§mujfcif; ]"r®mEk*¾[} vnf;aumif;
(þESpfrsKd;wdkYwnf;)? &[ef;wdkY þESpfrsKd;aom csD;ajr§mujfcif;wdkYwGif tMuif w&m;a[mjcif;
ponfjzifh csD;ajr§mujfcif; ]"r®mEk*¾[} onf jrwf\/
&[ef;wdkY ylaZmfjcif;wdkYonf (ypönf;av;yg;jzifh) ylaZmfjcif; vnf;aumif;? w&m;a[mjcif;
ponfjzifh ylaZmfjcif; vnf;aumif; (þESpfrsKd;wdkw
Y nf;)? &[ef;wdkY þESpfrsKd;aom ylaZmjfcif;wdkYwGif
w&m;a[mjcif; ponfjzifh ylaZmjfcif;onf jrwf\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tvHk;pHkaom owå0gwdkYudk oem;awmfrlavh&Sdaom tMuif jrwfpGmbk&m;onf 0efwdkpdwf
r&Sdrlí w&m; a[mawmfrljcif; [laom ,ZfylaZmfjcif;udk ay;vSLylaZmfcJhNyD/
ewfvlwdkYxuf jrwfawmfrlaom b0\ urf;wpfzufodkY a&mufawmfrlaom xdkodkY
oabm&Sdaom jrwfpGm bk&m;udk owå0gwdkYonf &Sdcdk;Muukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yXrokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
2 - okvbokwf
101/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY udpövnf;enf;ukef &vnf;&vG,fukef tjypfvnf;uif;ukefaom xdkt&m0w¬K
wdkYonf þav;rsKd;wdkY wnf;? tb,fav;rsKd;wdkYenf;-&[ef;wdkY ouFef;wdkYwGif yHhoul ouFef;onf
udpövnf; enf;\? &vnf;&vG,f\? xdkyHhoulouFef;onf tjypfvnf; r&Sd? &[ef;wdkY
abmZOfwdkYwGif ovHk;jrif;acgif;jzifh &if;ESD;í &tyfaom qGrf;onf udpövnf; enf;\?
&vnf;&vG,f\? xdkqGrf;onf tjypfvnf; r&Sd? &[ef;wdkY ausmif;wdkYwGif opfyif&if; [laom
ausmif;onf udpövnf; enf;\? &vnf;&vG,f\? xdkausmif;onf tjypfvnf; r&Sd? &[ef;wdkY
aq;wdkYwGif EGm;usifi,fjzifh xHktyfaom aq;onf udpövnf; enf;\? &vnf;&vG,f\?
xdkaq;onf tjypfvnf;r&Sd? &[ef;wdkY udpövnf; enf; &vnf;&vG,f tjypfvnf; r&Sdukefaom
xdkt&m0w¬KwdkYonf þav;rsKd;wdkYwnf;? &[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf udpöenf;ojzifh vnf;aumif;?
&vG,fojzifh vnf;aumif;? tjypfr&Sdojzifh vnf;aumif; tMuif a&mifh&J\? xdk&[ef;\
þa&mifh&Jjcif;udk oDv oH0&ponfwdkYwGif wpfyg; tygt0ifjzpfí t&d,r*f\ taMumif;
t*Fg[k igqdk\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk]]tjypfr&Sdojzifh vnf;aumif;? udpöenf;ojzifh vnf;aumif;? &vG,fojzifh vnf;aumif;
a&mifh&Jaom &[ef;tm; ausmif; ouFef; tazsmfabmZOfudk taMumif;jyKí pdwfyifyef;rI rjzpf?
t&yfrsufESmudk rn§Of;qJ/
t&d,r*f tm;avsmfukefaom tMuifw&m;wdkYudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum; awmfrltyfukef\?
xdkw&m;wdkYudk rarhravsmh usifhaom a&mifh&JvG,faom xdk&[ef;onf odrf;usKH;,lEdkif\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/ þteuf oabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf
Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
'kwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
3 - tmo0u©,okwf
102/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY odol jrifoltm;om tmoa0gw&m;wdkY ukefjcif;udk igqdk\? rodol rjrifoltm;
tmoa0gw&m;wdkY ukefjcif;udk igrqdk? &[ef;wdkY tb,fudk odol jrifoltm; tmoa0gw&m;wdkY\
ukefjcif;onf jzpfoenf;? &[ef;wdkY ]]þum; qif;&Jwnf;}} [k odol jrifoltm;
tmoa0gw&m;wdkY\ ukefjcif;onf jzpf\? &[ef;wdkY ]]þum; qif;&J\ jzpfaMumif;wnf;}} [k
odol jrifoltm; tmoa0gw&m;wdk\
Y ukefjcif;onf jzpf\? &[ef;wdkY ]]þum; qif;&J\ csKyf&m
(edAÁmef)wnf;}} [k odol jrifoltm; tmoa0gw&m;wdkY\ ukefjcif;onf jzpf\? &[ef;wdkY ]]þum;
qif;&J\ csKyf&m (edAÁmef)odkY a&mufaMumif; tusifhwnf;}} [k odol jrifoltm; tmoa0g
w&m;wdkY\ ukefjcif;onf jzpf\? &[ef;wdkY þodkYvQif odol jrifoltm; tmoa0gw&m;wdkY\
ukefjcif;onf jzpf\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü
þteufoabmudk ]]ajzmifhrSefaom vrf;odkY tpOfvdkufaom usifhqJ ]aou©} yk*¾dKvftm; udavom ukef&m
edAÁmefü yXr t&[wår*fÓPf jzpf\? xdkt&[wår*fÓPfrS tjcm;rJhü t&[wåzdkvfjzpf\/
xdkt&[wåzdkvfrSaemuf t&[wåzdkvfodkY a&mufaom yk*¾dKvftm; jrwfaom edAÁmefESifh
t&[wåzdkvfü jzpfaom ypöa0u©PmÓPfjzpf\? oHa,mZOfwdkY ukefjcif;udk jyKwwfaom
t&[wår*fü ypöa0u©PmÓPfjzpf\? oHa,mZOfwdkY ukefNyD[k odaom ypöa0u©PmÓPf jzpf\/
ysif;&drdkufrJí todÓPfrJholonf tvHk;pHk taESmiftzJGUrS vGwfaom þedAÁmefudk r&xdkuf}}
[k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/ þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf
Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
wwd,okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
4 - orPjAm[®Pokwf
103/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ]]þum; qif;&Jwnf;}} [k [kwfwdkif;rSefpGm rodMuol ]]þum; qif;&J\
jzpfaMumif;wnf;}} [k [kwfwdkif;rSefpGm rodMuol ]]þum; qif;&J\csKyf&m (edAÁmef)wnf;}} [k
[kwfwdkif;rSefpGm rodMuol ]]þum; qif;&J\ csKyf&m (edAÁmef)odkY a&mufaMumif; tusifhwnf;}} [k
[kwfwdkif;rSefpGm rodMuol orPjAm[®P [lorQwdkYudk orPwdkYüvnf; orP[k igbk&m;
rorkwftyfukef? jAm[®PwdkYüvnf; jAm[®P[k igbk&m; rorkwftyfukef? xdktoQifwdkYonf
orPjzpfusKd;udk vnf;aumif;? jAm[®P jzpfusKd;udk vnf;aumif; ,ckb0ü yif udk,fwdkif
xl;aomÓPfjzifh odvsuf rsufarSmufjyKum a&mufí raeMu&ukef/
&[ef;wdkY ]]þum; qif;&Jwnf;}} [k [kwfwdkif;rSefpGm odMuol ]]þum; qif;&J\
jzpfaMumif;wnf;}} [k [kwfwdkif;rSefpGm odMuol ]]þum; qif;&J\csKyf&m (edAÁmef)wnf;}} [k
[kwfwdkif;rSefpGm odMuol ]]þum; qif;&J\ csKyf&m (edAÁmef)odkY a&mufaMumif; tusifhwnf;}} [k
[kwfwdkif;rSefpGm odMuol orPjAm[®P[lorQwdkYudk orP wdkYüvnf; orP[k igbk&m;
orkwftyfukef\? jAm[®PwdkYüvnf; jAm[®P[k igbk&m; orkwftyfukef\? xdktoQifwdkYonf
orPjzpfusKd;udk vnf;aumif;? jAm[®PjzpfusKd;udk vnf;aumif; ,ckb0üyif udk,fwdkif
xl;aomÓPfjzifhodvsuf rsufarSmufjyKum a&mufí aeMu&ukef\? þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmf rl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk]]tMuifol wdkYonf qif;&Judk rodMuukef? xdkYjyif qif;&J\ jzpfaMumif;udk rodMuukef?
cyfodrf;aom tjcif; t&mtm;jzifh t<uif;rJh qif;&JcsKyfNidrf;&m (edAÁmef)udk vnf;aumif;?
qif;&JcsKyfNidrf;&m (edAÁmef)odkY a&mufaMumif; vrf;pOfudk vnf;aumif; rodMuukef/
xdkolwdkYonf udavomrS vGwfajrmufaom (t&[wåzdkvf) pdwfESifh udavomrS
vGwfajrmufaom (t&[wå zdkvf) ynmrS ,kwfukef\? xdkolwdkYonf 0#fqif;&J\ tqHk;udk
jyKjcif;iSg rxdkufukef? y#doaE¨aejcif; tdkjcif;odkY {uef a&mufMu&ukef\/
tMuifolwdkYonfum; qif;&Judk odMuukef\? xdkYjyif qif;&J\ jzpfaMumif;udk odMuukef\?
cyfodrf;aom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh t<uif;rJh qif;&JcsKyfNidrf;&m (edAÁmef)udk vnf;aumif;?
qif;&JcsKyfNidrf;&m (edAÁmef)odkY a&muf aMumif; vrf;pOfudk vnf;aumif; odMuukef\? xdkolwdkYonf
udavomrS vGwfajrmufaom (t&[wåzdkvf) pdwf udavomrS vGwfajrmufaom (t&[wåzdkvf)
ynmESifh jynfhpHkukef\? xdkolwdkYonf 0#fqif;&J\ tqHk;udk jyKjcif;iSg xdkufukef\? y#doaE¨aejcif;
tdkjcif;odkY ruyfa&mufMu&ukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/ þteufoabmudk vnf;
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
pwkw¬okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
5 - oDvorÜEéokwf
104/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY oDvESifh jynfhpHkMuol orm"dESifh jynfhpHkMuol ynmESifh jynfhpHkMuol t&[wåzdkvf
0drkwådESifh jynfhpHkMuol t&[wåzdkvf ]0drkwåd} udk qifjcifaom ypöa0u©PmÓPf tjrifESifh
jynfhpHkMuol olwpfyg;wdkYudk qHk;rwwfol w&m;udk odapwwfol w&m;udk aumif;pGm jywwfol
aqmufwnfapwwfol xufoefapwwfol &Tifvef; apwwfol olawmfaumif;w&m;udk
aumif;pGm a[mMum;jcif;iSg pGrf;EdkifMuol &[ef;wdkYtm; zl;jrif½HkrQudkvnf; aus;Zl;rsm;\[k
igqdk\? &[ef;wdkY igbk&m;onf xdk&[ef;wdkY\ taMumif;udk Mum;&½HkrQudkvnf; aus;Zl;rsm;\[k
igqdk\? xdk&[ef;wdkYtm; csOf;uyf½HkrQudkvnf; aus;Zl;rsm;\[k igqdk\? xdk&[ef;wdkYudk
rSD0Jqnf;uyf½HkrQudkvnf; aus;Zl;rsm;\[k igqdk\? xdk&[ef;wdkY\ *kPfudk atmufarh½HkrQudkvnf;
aus;Zl;rsm;\[k igqdk\? xdk&[ef;wdkYodkY twkvdkufí &[ef; jyK&½HkrQudkvnf; aus;Zl;rsm;\[k
igqdk\? xdkodkY jzpfjcif;onf tb,fhaMumifhenf;? &[ef;wdkY xdkodkY oabm&Sdaom &[ef;wdkYudk
rSD0Jqnf;uyfol csOf;uyfolwdkYtm; rjynfhpHkao;aom oDv tpkonfvnf; yGg;rsm; jynfhpHkjcif;odkY
a&muf\? rjynfhpHkao;aom orm"dtpkonfvnf; yGg;rsm; jynfhpHkjcif;odkY a&muf\? rjynfhpHk
ao;aom ynmtpkonfvnf; yGg;rsm; jynfhpHkjcif;odkY a&muf\? rjynfhpHkao;aom t&[wåzdkvf
]0drkwåd} tpkonf vnf; yGg;rsm; jynfhpHkjcif;odkY a&muf\? rjynfhpHkao;aom t&[wåzdkvf
ypöa0u©PmÓPf tjriftpkonfvnf; yGg;rsm; jynfhpHkjcif;odkY a&muf\/
&[ef;wdkY þodkY oabm&Sdaom &[ef;wdkYudk ]]qHk;rwwfol q&mwdkY}} [lívnf; qdk&ukef\?
]]vSnf;rSL;ozG,f acgif;aqmifyk*¾dKvfwdkY}} [lívnf; qdk&ukef\? ]]udavomjrL tnpftaMu;udk
y,fpGefYay;olwdkY}} [lívnf; qdk& ukef\? ]]trdkufarSmifudk y,fazsmufwwfolwdkY}} [lívnf;
qdk&ukef\? ]]tvif;udk jyKwwfolwdkY}} [lívnf; qdk& ukef\? ]]ta&mifudk jyKwwfolwdkY}}
[lívnf; qdk&ukef\? ]]xGef;ajymifjcif;udk jyKwwfolwdkY}} [lívnf; qdk&ukef\? ]]rD;&SL;wdkifudk
aqmifolwdkY}} [lívnf; qdk&ukef\? ]]awmufyjcif;udk jyKwwfolwdkY}} [lívnf; qdk&ukef\?
]]t&d,mwdkY}} [lívnf; qdk&ukef\? ]]ynmrsufpdtjrif&SdolwdkY}} [lívnf; qdk&ukef\? þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]yGg;rsm;NyD;aom udk,fpdwf &Sdukefaom w&m;ojzifh toufarG;ukefaom t&d,mynm&SdwdkYudk
zl;jrif&jcif;onf 0rf;ajrmufjcif;udk jyKwwfaom taMumif;jzpf\/
ÓPfta&mifudk jyKwwfukefaom ÓPftvif;udk jyKwwfukefaom ynm rsufpdtjrif
&Sdukefaom udavom jrL tnpftaMu;udk y,fpGefYwwfukefaom xdkt&d,m ynm&SdwdkYonf
olawmfaumif; w&m;udk xGef;vif;apukef\? olawmfaumif;wdkY\ w&m;ta&mifjzifh avmuudk
awmufy apukef\/
,if;t&d,mwdkY\ tqHk;trudk Mum;em&í ynm&SdwdkYonf 0dyóemÓPfjzifh aumif;pGm
odNyD;vQif Zmwd ukef&m edAÁmefudk xl;aomÓPfjzifh odjcif;aMumifh wpfzef b0opfodkY

ra&mufMu&ukef}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/ þteuf oabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;
a[mtyf\ [k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
yÍörokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
6 - wPSKyÜg'okwf
105/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY &[ef;tm; wPSm jzpfonf&Sdaomf tMuif taMumif; 0w¬KwdkYaMumifh jzpf\?
wPSmjzpf&m xdktaMumif; 0w¬KwdkYonf þav;yg;wdkYwnf;? tb,fav;yg;wdkYenf;- &[ef;wdkY
&[ef;tm; wPSmjzpfonf&Sdaomf ouFef;[laom taMumif;aMumifh wPSmjzpf\? &[ef;wdkY
&[ef;tm; wPSmjzpfonf&Sdaomf qGrf;[laom taMumif;aMumifh wPSmjzpf\? &[ef;wdkY
&[ef;tm; wPSm jzpfonf&Sdaomf ausmif; tdyf&mae&m[laom taMumif;aMumifh wPSmjzpf\?
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;tm; wPSm jzpfonf&Sdaomf rGefjrwfonfxuf rGefjrwfaom axmywf
qDOD;ponfh aq;ypönf;[laom taMumif;aMumifh wPSmjzpf\? &[ef;wdkY &[ef;tm;
wPSmjzpfonf &Sdaomf tMuif taMumif;0w¬KwdakY Mumifh jzpf\? wPSmjzpf&m xdktaMumif;
0w¬KwdkYonf þav;yg;wdkYwnf;? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü
þteuf oabmudk ]]wPSmvQif tazmf&Sdaom a,mufsm;onf &SnfMumpGmaom umvywfvHk; usifvnf&onf
jzpfí þvlUtjzpf wpfyg;aom owå0g tjzpf[laom oHo&mudk rvGefajrmufEdkif/
owd&Sdaom &[ef;onf qif;&J\ taMumif;jzpfaom xdkwPSmudk tjypftm;jzifh odí
wPSm uif;aom aMumifh aemifwpfzef y#doaE¨udk r,lawmhbJ (oHo&mrS) xGufajrmuf
Edkif&m\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/ þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k
tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
q|okwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
7 - ojA[®uokwf
106/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tMuiftrsKd;wdkY\ om;orD;wdkYonf trdtzwdkYudk rdrdtdrfü ylaZmfxm;Muukef\?
xdktrsKd;wdkYonf jA[®mESifh twlwuG aeMu&olwdkY jzpfukef\? &[ef;wdkY tMuiftrsKd;wdkY\
om;orD;wdkYonf trdtzwdkYudk rdrdtdrfü ylaZmfxm;Muukef\? xdktrsKd;wdkYonf tdrfOD;ewfESifh
twlwuG aeMu&olwdkY jzpfukef\? &[ef;wdkY tMuiftrsKd;wdkY\ om;orD;wdkYonf trdtzwdkYudk
rdrdtdrfü ylaZmfxm;Muukef\? xdktrsKd;wdkYonf vufOD;q&mESifh twlwuG aeMu&olwdkY
jzpfukef\? &[ef;wdkY tMuiftrsKd;wdkY\ om;orD;wdkYonf trdtzwdkYudk rdrdtdrfü ylaZmfxm;Mu
ukef\? xdktrsKd;wdkYonf t&yfa0;rS aqmifvmíaomfvnf; ay;vSLxdkufolwdkYESifh twlwuG
ae&olwdkY jzpfukef\/
&[ef;wdkY ]]jA[®m}} [laom þtrnfonf trdtzwdkY\ trnfwnf;? &[ef;wdkY ]]tdrfOD;ewf}}
[laom þtrnfonf trdtzwdkY\ trnfwnf;? &[ef;wdkY ]]vufOD;q&m}} [laom
þtrnfonf trd tzwdkY\ trnf wnf;? &[ef;wdkY ]]t&yfa0;rS aqmifvmíaomfvnf;
ay;vSLxdkufol}} [laom þtrnfonf trdtzwdkY\ trnfwnf;? xdkodkY jzpfjcif;onf
tb,fhaMumifhenf;? &[ef;wdkY trdtzwdkYonf om;orD;wdkYtm; aus;Zl;rsm; ukef\? toufudk
apmifha&Smufwwfukef\? auR;arG;wwfukef\? þavmuudk jywwfukef\? þteufoabmudk
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]trdtzwdkYudk om;orD;wdkY\ jA[®m[lí vnf;aumif;? tdrfOD;ewf[lí vnf;aumif;?
vufOD;q&m [lí vnf;aumif;? t&yfa0;rS aqmifvmíaomfvnf; ay;vSLtyfaom
tvSLcHxdkufolwdkY [lí vnf;aumif; qdk&ukef \? om;orD;wdkYtm; apmifha&Smufwwfukef\/
xdkYaMumifh ynm&Sdonf xdktrdtzwdkYudk &Sdcdk;&m\? xrif;jzifh vnf;aumif;? tazsmfjzifh
vnf;aumif;? t0wf jzifh vnf;aumif;? tdyf&mae&mjzifh vnf;aumif;? eHYomaysmif;ponfwdkYjzifh
vdrf;usHay;jcif;jzifh vnf;aumif;? a&csKd;ay;jcif;jzifh vnf;aumif;? ajcaq;ay;jcif;jzifh
vnf;aumif; aumif;pGm jyK&m\/
trdtzwdkYü xdkvkyfauR;jcif;jzifh xdkoludk þb0üyif ynm&SdwdkY csD;rGrf;ukef\? wrvGefb0ü
ewfjynfodkY a&mufum 0rf;ajrmuf&\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/ þteufoabmudkvnf;
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
owårokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
8 - A[kum&okwf
107/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY ouFef; qGrf; ausmif; olemwdkY\ taxmuftyHh aq;wnf;[laom toHk;taqmif
wdkYjzifh vkyfauR; Muukefaom ykPÖm;ESifh trsK;d om;wdkYonf oifwdkYtm; aus;Zl;rsm; ukef\?
&[ef;wdkY xdkykPÖm;ESifh trsKd;om;wdkYtm; tp\aumif;jcif; tv,f\aumif;jcif; tqHk;\
aumif;jcif;&Sdaom teufESifh jynfhpHkaom o'´gESifh jynfhpHkaom w&m;udk a[mMum;í tvHk;pHk
jynfhpHkí xuf0ef;usif pifMu,faom tusifhjrwfudk jyMuonfh oifwdkYonfvnf; xdkykPÖm;ESifh
trsKd;om;wdkYtm; aus;Zl;rsm;ukef\? &[ef;wdkY þodkYvQif tcsif;csif; trSDjyKMuí (oHo&m) 0J
MoCrS xGufajrmufjcif;iSg 0#fqif;&J\ tqHk;udk jyKjcif;iSg þjrwfaom tusifhudk aumif;pGm
usifhoHk;tyf\? þteuf oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xdkokwfü þteufoabmudk]]tdrf&maxmifol tdrf&mraxmifol vlESifh &[ef;ESpfOD;wdkYonf tcsif;tcsif; rSDMuukefí
a,m* av;jzm ukef&mjzpfaom twkr&Sd jrwfaom olawmfaumif; w&m;udk NyD;apEdkifMuukef\/
tdrf&maxmifol vlwdkYxHrS tdrf&mraxmifol &[ef;wdkYonf Owkab;&efudk y,fazsmuf
wwfaom ouFef;udk vnf;aumif;? ausmif;tdyf&mae&mudkvnf;? aumif;? qGrf;ESifh aq;ypönf;udk
vnf;aumif; cH,lMuukef\/
tdrfü aevsuf pnf;pdrf Opömponfudk &SmrSD;ukefaom vlwdkYonf t&d,m yk*¾dKvfudk trSDjyKí
jzLpifaom ynmjzifh &[EÅmyk*¾dKvfwdkYtm; MunfnKdMuukefí orx0dyóemjzifh ½Imuukefvsuf
þb0ü ok*wd a&muf aMumif; jzpfaom vrf;pOfw&m;udk usifhMuukefNyD;vQif ewfjynfodkY
a&mufum ESpfoufMuukefvsuf tvdk&Sd&m umr0w¬KwdkYESifh jynfhpHkMuí 0rf;ajrmufMuukef\}} [k
þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/ þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGm bk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf
Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
t|rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
9 - uk[okwf
108/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxdkufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY tHhMozG,f jyKwwfol cufxefol jzm;a,mif; ajymqdkwwfol udavom OD;csKd
&SdMuol aoG;BuD;Muol rwnfMunfol &[ef; [lorQwdkYonf igbk&m; om;awmf&[ef;wdkY
r[kwfukef? &[ef;wdkY xdk&[ef;wdkYonf þ"r®0ed , ]omoemawmf} rS uif;a0;ukef\? &[ef;wdkY
xdk&[ef;wdkYonf þ"r®0de, ]omoemawmf} ü BuD;yGg; jcif; pnfyifjcif; jyefYajymjcif;odkY
ra&mufEdkifMuukef? &[ef;wdkY tHhMozG,f rjyKwwfMuol rjzm;a,mif;wwfMuol ynm&Sdol
rcufxefol aumif;pGm wnfMunfMuol &[ef;[lorQwdkYonf igbk&m; om;awmf&[ef;wdkY
jzpfukef\? &[ef;wdkY xkd&[ef;wdkYonf þ"r®0de, ]omoemawmf} rS ruif;a0;ukef? &[ef;wdkY
xkd&[ef;wdkYonf þ"r®0de, ]omoemawmf} ü BuD;yGg;jcif; pnfyifjcif; jyefYajymjcif;odkY
a&mufukef\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuif &[ef;wdkYonf tHhMozG,f jyKwwfukef\? cufxefukef\? jzm;a,mif; ajymqdk
wwfukef\? udavom OD;csKd &Sdukef\? aoG;BuD;ukef\? rwnfMunfukef? xkd&[ef;wdkYonf
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum;tyfaom omoemawmf ü rBuD;yGg;ukef/
tMuif &[ef;wdkYonf tHhMozG,f rjyKwwfukef? jzm;a,mif;rI r&Sdukef? ynm&Sdukef\?
rcufxefukef? aumif;pGm wnfMunfukef\? xkd&[ef;wdkYonf jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mMum;tyfaom
omoemawmfü {uef BuD;yGg;ukef\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/ þteufoabmudkvnf;
jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
e0rokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
10 - e'Daomwokwf
109/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY Oyrmaomfum; a,musfm;onf a&T aiG ywåjrm;paom cspftyfaom om,m
tyfaom 0w¬K oabm[laom taMumif;aMumifh jrpfa&tvsOfjzifh a&pkefarQmum vdkufoGm;
&m\? urf;ü wnfaom rsufpd tjrif&Sdaom (tjcm;) a,musfm;onf xkda,musfm;udk jrifí
þodkY qdk&m\ ]]tarmifa,musfm; oifonf a&T aiG ywåjrm;paom cspftyf om,mtyfaom
0w¬K oabm[laom taMumif;aMumifh jrpfa&tvsOfjzifh a&pkefarQmum vdkufapumrl þjrpf\
atmuft&yfü vIdif; wHydk;&Sdaom 0J&Sdaom zrf;,lwwfaom ig;ru&f;&Sdaom bDvl; &ud©Kof&Sdaom
a&tkdifonf &Sd\? tarmifa,musfm; oifonf ,if;a&tkdifodkY a&mufvQif aojcif;odkY rlvnf;
a&muf&vwåHU? aoavmufaom qif;&JodkYrlvnf; a&muf&vwåHU}} [k (qdk&m\)? &[ef;wdkY
xkdtcgü xkda,musfm; onf xkdajymaom a,musfm;\ toHudk Mum;&aomaMumifh vufwdkYjzifh
vnf;aumif;? ajcwdkYjzifh vnf;aumif; a&nmbufodkY a&muf&eftm;xkwf&m\/
&[ef;wdkY igbk&m;onf teufudk odapjcif;iSg þOyrmudk jyKtyf\? þqdkvwåHUonfum;
þt&mü teufwnf;- &[ef;wdkY ]]jrpfa&tvsOf}} [laom þtrnfonf wPSm\
trnfwnf;/
&[ef;wdkY ]]cspftyfaom om,mtyfaom 0w¬Koabm}} [laom þtrnfonf
tZÑwådum,we ajcmufyg; wdkY\ trnfwnf;/
&[ef;wdkY
]]atmuft&yfü
a&tkdif}}
[laom
þtrnfonf
atmufydkif;
oHa,mZOfig;yg;wdkY\ trnfwnf;/
&[ef;wdkY ]]vIdif;wHydk;}} [laom þtrnfonf trsufxGufrI ]a'go} yifyef;rI ]Oyg,mo}
\trnfwnf;/
&[ef;wdkY ]]0J}} [laom þtrnfonf umr*kPfig;yg;wdkY\ trnfwnf;/
&[ef;wdkY ]]zrf;,lwwfaom ig; ru&f; bDvl; &u©dKof}} [laom þtrnfonf rmwk*gr\
trnfwnf;/
&[ef;wdkY ]]a&nmbuf}} [laom þtrnfonf umrrS vGwfajrmufrI ]aeu©r®} \
trnfwnf;/
&[ef;wdkY ]]vufwdkYjzifh vnf;aumif;? ajcwdkYjzifh vnf;aumif; tm;xkwf\}} [laom
þtrnfonf tm;xkwf rIvkHYv\ trnfwnf;/
&[ef;wdkY ]]urf;ü wnfaom rsufpdtjrif&Sdaom a,musfm;}} [laom þtrnfonf
ylaZmftxl;udk cHawmf rlxkdufaom (tvHk;pHkaomw&m;wdkYudk) udk,fwkdifrSefpGm odawmfrlaom
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ trnfwnf;? þteuf oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü
þteufoabmudk -

]]a,m* av;jzmukef&m edAÁmefudk aemiftcg &jcif;iSg awmifhwaom olonf tusifhy#dywf
tm;jzifh qif;&JESifhwuG jzpfaomfvnf; umrwdkYudk pGefY&m\? qifjcifÓPf ]orÜZOf} ESifh jynfhpHkí
zv0drkwådjzifh aumif;pGm vGwfaom pdwf&Sdolonf xkdxkdumvü edAÁmefodkY a&muf&m\? xkdoludk
opömav;yg;udk odol usifhoHk;NyD;aom jrwfaom tusifh&Sdol avmu\ tqHk;odkY a&mufol
edAÁmef[laom urf;wpfzufodkY a&mufol[lí qdktyf\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyfMum;emcJh&ygonf/
'orokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
11 - p&okwf
110/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf oGm;aepOf umrESifhpyfaom MuHpnfrI ]umr0dwuf} aomf
vnf;aumif;? olwpfyg; ysufpD;apvdkjcif;ESifh pyfaom MuHpnfrI ]Asmyg'0dwuf} aomfvnf;aumif;?
n§Of;qJjcif;ESifhpyfaom MuHpnfrI ]0d[ðom0dwuf} aomfvnf;aumif; tu,fí jzpfcJhrl &[ef;
onf xkd0dwufoHk;yg;udk tu,fí vufcHcJhrl rpGefYvTwfcJhrl ry,fazsmufcJhrl uif;atmif rjyKcJhrl
wpfzef rjzpfjcif;odkY ra&mufapcJhrl &[ef;wdkY þodkY jzpfcJhaomf udavomwdkYudk ylyefapwwfaom
vkHYvvnf;r&Sd raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrIvnf; r&Sdrlí oGm;aeaom &[ef;udk vnf; tjrJrjywf
ysif;&dol 0D&d, ,kwfavsmhol[k qdk&\/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf &yfaepOf umr0dwufaomf vnf;aumif;? Asmyg'0dwufaomf
vnf;aumif;? 0d[ðom 0dwufaomf vnf;aumif; tu,fí jzpfcJhrl &[ef;onf xkd0dwuf
oHk;yg;udk tu,fívufcHcJhrl rpGefYvTwfcJhrl ry,fazsmufcJhrl uif;atmif rjyKcJhrl wpfzef rjzpfjcif;
odkY ra&mufapcJhrl &[ef;wdkY þodkY jzpfcJhaomf udavomwdkY udk ylyefapwwfaom vkHYvvnf; r&Sd
raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrIvnf; r&Sdrlí &yfaeaom &[ef;udkvnf; tjrJrjywf ysif;&dol 0D&d,
,kwfavsmhol[k qdk&\/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf xkdifaepOf umr0dwufaomf vnf;aumif;? Asmyg'0dwufaomf
vnf;aumif;? 0d[ðom 0dwufaomf vnf;aumif; tu,fí jzpfcJhrl &[ef;onf xkd0dwuf
oHk;yg;udk tu,fí vufcHcJhrl rpGefYvTwfcJhrl ry,fazsmufcJhrl uif;atmif rjyKcJhrl wpfzef
rjzpfjcif;odkY ra&mufapcJhrl &[ef;wdkY þodkY jzpfcJhaomf udavomwdkY udk ylyefapwwfaom
vkHYvvnf; r&Sd raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrIvnf; r&Sdrlí xkdifaeaom &[ef;udkvnf; tjrJ rjywf
ysif;&dol 0D&d, ,kwfavsmhol[k qdk&\/

&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf tdyfraysmfbJ avsmif;aepOf umr0dwufaomf vnf;aumif;?
Asmyg'0dwufaomf vnf;aumif;? 0d[ðom0dwufaomf vnf;aumif; tu,fí jzpfcJhrl
&[ef;onf xkd0dwufoHk;yg;udk tu,fí vufcHcJhrl rpGefYvTwfcJhrl ry,fazsmufcJhrl uif;atmif
rjyKcJhrl wpfzef rjzpfjcif;odkY ra&mufapcJhrl &[ef;wdkY þodkY jzpfcJhaomf udavomwdkYudk ylyef
apwwfaom vkHYvvnf; r&Sd raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrIvnf; r&Sdrlí tdyfraysmfbJ avsmif;aeaom
&[ef;udkvnf; tjrJrjywf ysif;&dol 0D&d, ,kwfavsmhol[k qdk&\/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf oGm;aepOf umr0dwufaomf vnf;aumif;? Asmyg'0dwufaomf
vnf;aumif;? 0d[ðom 0dwufaomf vnf;aumif; tu,fí jzpfcJhrl &[ef;onf xkd0dwuf
oHk;yg;udk tu,fí vufrcHcJhrl pGefYvTwfcJhrl y,fazsmufcJhrl uif;atmifjyKcJhrl wpfzef rjzpfjcif;odkY
a&mufapcJhrl &[ef;wdkY þodkY jzpfcJhaomf udavomwdkYudk ylyefapwwfaom vkHYvvnf;&Sd
raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrIvnf; &Sdonfjzpfí oGm;aeaom &[ef;udk tjrJrjywf xufoefaom
vkHYv&Sdol edAÁmefodkY apvTwfxm;aom pdwf&Sdol[k qdk&\/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf &yfaepOf umr0dwufaomf vnf;aumif;? Asmyg'0dwufaomf
vnf;aumif;? 0d[ðom 0dwufaomf vnf;aumif; tu,fí jzpfcJhrl &[ef;onf
xkd0dwufoHk;yg;udk tu,fí vufrcHcJhrl pGefYvTwfcJhrl y,fazsmufcJhrl uif;atmifjyKcJhrl wpfzef
rjzpfjcif;odkY a&mufapcJhrl &[ef;wdkY þodkY jzpfcJhaomf udavomwdkYudk ylyefapwwfaom
vkHYvvnf;&Sd raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrIvnf; &Sdonfjzpfí &yfaeaom &[ef;udkvnf; tjrJrjywf
xufoefaom vkHYv&Sdol edAÁmefodkY apvTwfxm;aom pdwf&Sdol[k qdk&\/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf xkdifaepOf umr0dwufaomf vnf;aumif;? Asmyg'0dwufaomf
vnf;aumif;? 0d[ðom 0dwufaomf vnf;aumif; tu,fí jzpfcJhrl &[ef;onf xkd0dwuf
oHk;yg;udk tu,fhí vufrcHcJhrl pGefYvTwfcJhrl y,fazsmufcJhrl uif;atmifjyKcJhrl wpfzef rjzpfjcif;odkY
a&mufapcJhrl &[ef;wdkY þodkY jzpfcJhaomf udavomwdkYudk ylyefapwwfaom vkHYvvnf;&Sd
raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrIvnf; &Sdonfjzpfí xkdifaeaom &[ef;udkvnf; tjrJ rjywf xufoef
aom vkHYv&Sdol edAÁmefodkY apvTwfxm;aom pdwf&Sdol[k qdk&\/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf tdyfraysmfbJ avsmif;aepOf umr0dwufaomf vnf;aumif;?
Asmyg'0dwufaomf vnf;aumif;? 0d[ðom0dwufaomf vnf;aumif; tu,fí jzpfcJhrl
&[ef;onf xkd0dwufoHk;yg;udk tu,fí vufrcHcJhrl pGefYvTwfcJhrl y,fazsmufcJhrl uif;atmifjyKcJhrl
wpfzef rjzpfjcif;odkY a&mufapcJhrl &[ef;wdkY þodkY jzpfcJhaomf udavomwdkYudk ylyefapwwfaom
vkHYvvnf;&Sd raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrIvnf; &Sdonfjzpfí tdyfraysmfbJ avsmif;aeaom
&[ef;udkvnf; tjrJrjywf xufoefaom vkHYv&Sdol edAÁmefodkY apvTwfxm;aom pdwf &Sdol[k
qdk&\? þteufoabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]tMuif&[ef;onf oGm;aeaomf vnf;aumif;? &yfaeaomf vnf;aumif;? xkdifaeaomf
vnf;aumif;? avsmif;aeaomf vnf;aumif; 0w¬Kumr udavom umrudkrSDaom ,kwfnHhaom
tMuHtpnfudk MuHpnf\/
vrf;aumuf vrf;rSm;odkY oGm;wwfaom awGa0rIudk jzpfapwwfaom tm½HkwdkYü
awGa0wwfaom xkdodkY oabm&Sdaom &[ef;onf jrwfaom t&d,r*fÓPfodkY a&mufjcif;iSg
rxkduf/
tMuif&[ef;onf oGm;aeaomf vnf;aumif;? &yfaeaomf vnf;aumif;? xkdifaeaomf
vnf;aumif;? avsmif; aeaomf vnf;aumif; 0dwufoHk;rsKd;udk Nidrf;at;apí rdpäm0dwufwdkY

Nidrf;at;&m edAÁmefü (vGefuJaomqE´jzifh) arGUavsmf\? xkdodkY oabm&Sdaom &[ef;onf
jrwfaom t&d,r*fodkY a&mufjcif;iSg xkduf\}} [k þ*gxmjzifh qdktyf\/
þteufoabmudkvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mtyf\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf/
{um'orokwf/
------

£wd0kwfygVdawmf
====== 44 –– ppw
wku
kuúeúedydyggw
wf f ======
12 - orÜEéoDvokwf
111/ þa'oemudk bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\? ylaZmftxl;udk
cHawmfrlxkdufaom jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\[k tuREkfyf Mum;emcJh&ygonf&[ef;wdkY oifwdkYonf oDvESifh jynfhpHkMuukefavmh? ygwdarmufESifh jynfhpHkvsuf aeMu
ukefavmh? ygwdarmu© oH0&oDvudk apmifhxdef;í tusifh ]tmpm&} usufpm;&m ]a*gp&} ESifh
jynfhpHkMuukefonfjzpfí aeMuukefavmh? tenf;i,frQaom tjypfwdkYü ab;[k ½Ivsuf
odu©myk'fwdkYü aumif;pGm aqmufwnfí usifhMuukefavmh/
&[ef;wdkY oDvESifhjynfhpHk ygwdarmufESifh jynfhpHkvsuf aeMuukefaom ygwdarmu©oH0&oDvudk
apmifhxdef;í tusifh ]tmpm&} usufpm;&m ]a*gp&} ESifh jynfhpHkMuukefonfjzpfí tenf;i,f
rQaom tjypfwdkYü ab;[k ½Ivsuf odu©myk'fwdkYü aumif;pGm aqmufwnfí usifhMuukefaom
oifwdkYtm; xdkYxuftvGef jyKusifhzG,fum; todkY jzpf&m oenf;/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf oGm;aepOf olwpfyg;Opömudk a&S;½IMuHpnfrI ]tbdZÑm}
uif;aysmufcJhygrlol wpfyg;wdkY ysufpD;apvdkrI ]Asmyg'} uif;aysmufcJhygrl xkdif;rIdif;rI ]xderd'¨}
uif;aysmufcJhygrl ysHUvGifhrIESifh aemifw wpfzef ylyefrI ]O'¨pöukuúKpö} uif;aysmufcJhygrl ,HkrSm;rI
]0dpdudpäm} udk y,fazsmufEdkifcJhygrl rwGefYwkdaom vkHYvudk tm;xkwfNyD; jzpfcJhygrl arhavsmhrI
r&Sdaom owdxifcJhygrl udk,fonf ylyefrIr&Sd Nidrf;at;cJhygrl pdwfonf wpfckwnf;aom tm½Hk
&Sdonf jzpfí aumif;pGm wnfMunfcJhygrl &[ef;wdkY þodkY jzpfcJhaomf udavomudk ylyef
apwwfaom vkHYvvnf; &Sdraumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrIvnf; &Sdonf jzpfí oGm;aeaom &[ef;
udkvnf; tjrJrjywf xufoefaom vkHYv&Sdol edAÁmefodkY apvTwfxm;aom pdwf&Sdol[k qdk&\/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf &yfaepOf olwpfyg;Opömudk a&S;½IMuHpnfrI ]tbdZÑm} uif; aysmufcJhygrl
olwpfyg;wdkY ysufpD;apvdkrI ]Asmyg'} uif;aysmufcJhygrl/y/ xkdif;rIdif;rI ]xderd'¨} ysHUvGifhrIESifh
aemifwwpfzef ylyefrI ]O'¨pöukuúKpö} ,HkrSm;rI ]0dpdudpäm} udk y,fazsmufEdkifcJhygrl rwGefYwkdaom
vkHYvudk tm;xkwfNyD; jzpfcJhygrl arhavsmhrI r&Sdaom owdxifcJhygrl udk,fonf ylyefrI r&Sd
Nidrf;at;cJhygrl pdwfonf wpfckwnf;aom tm½Hk&Sdonf jzpfí aumif;pGm wnfMunfcJhygrl
&[ef;wdkY þodkY jzpfcJhaomf udavomudk ylyefapwwfaom vkHYvvnf;&Sd raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrI

vnf; &Sdonfjzpfí &yfaeaom &[ef;udkvnf; tjrJrjywf xufoefaom vkHYv&Sdol edAÁmefodkY
apvTwfxm;aom pdwf&Sdol[k qdk&\/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf xkdifaepOf olwpfyg;Opömudk a&S;½IMuHpnfrI ]tbdZÑm} uif;aysmufygrl
olwpfyg;wdkY ysufpD;apvdkrI ]Asmyg'} uif;aysmufcJhygrl/y/ xkdif;rIdif;rI ]xderd'¨} uif;aysmufcJhygrl
ysHUvGifhrIESifh aemifwwpfzef ylyefrI ]O'¨pu
ö kuúKpö} uif;aysmufcJhygrl ,HkrSm;rI ]0dpdudpäm} udk
y,fazsmufEdkifcJhygrl rwGefYwkdaom vkHYvudk tm;xkwf NyD; jzpfcJhygrl arhavsmhrI r&Sdaom owd
xifcJhygrludk,fonf ylyefrI r&Sd Nidrf;at;cJhygrl pdwfonf wpfckwnf;aom tm½Hk&Sdonf jzpfí
aumif;pGm wnfMunfcJhygrl &[ef;wdkY þodYk jzpfcJhaomf udavomudk ylyefapwwfaom
vkHYvvnf; &Sdraumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrIvnf; &Sdonfjzpfí xkdifaeaom &[ef;udkvnf; tjrJrjywf
xufoefaom vkHYv&Sdol edAÁmefodkY apvTwfxm;aom pdwf&Sdol[k qdk&\/
&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf tdyfraysmfbJ avsmif;aepOf olwpfyg;Opömudk a&S;½IMuHpnfrI ]tbdZÑm}
uif;aysmufcJhygrl olwpfyg;wdkY ysufpD;apvdkrI ]Asmyg'} uif;aysmufcJhygrl/y/ xkdif;rIdif;rI ]xderd'¨}
ysHUvGifhrIESifh aemifwwpfzef ylyefrI ]O'¨pu
ö kuúKpö} uif;aysmufcJhygrl ,HkrSm;rI ]0dpdudpäm} udk
y,fazsmufEdkifcJhygrl rwGefYwkdaom vkHYvudk tm;xkwfNyD; jzpfcJhygrl arhavsmhrI r&Sdaom owd
xifcJhygrludk,fonf ylyefrIr&Sd Nidrf;at;cJhygrl pdwfonf wpfckwnf;aom tm½Hk&Sdonf jzpfí
aumif;pGm wnfMunfcJhygrl &[ef;wdkY þodkY jzpfcJhaomf udavomudk ylyefapwwfaom vkHYv
vnf;&Sd raumif;rIrS xdwfvefYrIvnf; &Sdonfjzpfí tdyfraysmfbJ avsmif;aeaom &[ef;udkvnf;
tjrJrjywf xufoefaom vkHYv&Sdol edAÁmefodkY apvTwfxm;aom pdwf&Sdol[k qdk&\/ þteuf
oabmudk jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrl\? xkdokwfü þteufoabmudk ]]&[ef;onf or®yÜ"mefvkHYvjzifh tm;xkwfonf jzpfí oGm;&m\? tm;xkwfonf jzpfí
&yf&m\? tm;xkwf onf jzpfí xkdif&m\? tm;xkwfonfjzpfí avsmif;&m\? tm;xkwfonf
jzpfí vufajcudk auG;&m\? tm;xkwfonf jzpfí vufajcudk qefY&m\/
txufü vnf;aumif;? t&yf zDvm &SpfrsufESmü vnf;aumif;? atmufü vnf;aumif;
owåocFg& tm;jzifh jzpforQaom avmutm;vHk;ü yk*¾dKvfowå0grS uif;qdwfaom cE¨mwdkY\
tjzpftysufudk aumif;pGm ½Iqifjcif&m \/
þodkY aeavh&Sdaom jyif;xefaom or®yÜ"mefvkHYv&Sdaom Nidrfoufaom jzpfjcif;&Sdaom
rysHUvGifhaom pdwfudk Nidrf;at; apwwfaom t&d,r*f tm;avsmfaom tusifhudk
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£wd0kwfygVdawmf jrefrmjyef NyD;\/
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