the pResence of this Book

thej.m.kelly LIBRARY has seen nu&e possiBle thRouqh the qeneRosity

Stephen

B.

Roman

From the Library of Daniel Binchy

HIBERNLE LEGES ET INSTITUTIONES ANTIQUE
;

OR,

ANCIENT LAWS AND INSTITUTES OF IRELAND.

ANCIENT LAWS
*ND

INSTITUTES OF IRELAND.
the 19th day of February, 1852, the Rev. James Henthorne Todd, D.D., F.T.C.D., and the Very Rev. Charles

ON

to the Irish Government Graves, P.D., F.T.C.D., submitted a proposal for the transcription, translation, and publication of the Ancient Laws and Institutes of Ireland.

the llth day of November, 1852, a Commission was issued to the Right Honorable Francis Blackburne, then Lord Chancellor of Ireland the Right Honorable

On

;

Edwin William, Earl of Rosse; the Right Honorable Mount-Earl Richard Wyndham, Earl of Dunraven and the Right Honorable James, Lord Talbot de Malahide ; Honorable David Richard Pigot, Lord Chief the
;

Right Baron of Her Majesty's Court of Exchequer the Right Honorable Joseph Napier, then Her Majesty's Attorney;

General for Ireland the Rev. Thomas Romney Robinson, the Rev. James Henthorne Todd, D.B. the Rev. D.D.
;
; ;

and Major George Thomas Aiskew Larcom, now Major-General and Knight Commander of the Bath appointing them Commissioners
Charles Graves, D.D.
;

Petrie, LL.D.

;

to direct, superintend, and carry into effect the transcription

and translation of the Ancient Laws of Ireland, and the and the Commisfor publication preparation of the same sioners were authorized to select such documents and
;

as they should writings containing the said Ancient Laws, deem it necessary to transcribe and translate; and from fit and proper persons to transcribe time to time to

employ and translate the same. In pursuance of the authority thus intrusted to the

Commissioners, they employed the late Dr. O'Donovan late Professor O'Curry in transcribing various Lawtracts in the Irish Language,, in the Libraries of Trinity of the Royal Irish College, Dublin, Academy, of the British Museum, and in the Bodleian Library at Oxford.

and the

The

transcripts*

made by Dr. O'Donovan extend

to

nine volumes, comprising 2,491 pages in all; and the made transcripts* by Professor O'Curry are contained
eight volumes, extending to 2,906 pages. transcripts several copies have been taken
in

Of
by

these

the

anastatic process. After the transcription of such of the Law-tracts as the Commissioners deemed necessary
i$

to publish, a preliminary translation of almost all the transcripts was made by either Dr. O'Donovan or Professor

O'Curry, and some few portions were translated by them both. They did not, however, live to revise and complete
their translations.

The preliminary translation executed by Dr. O'Donovan contained in twelve volumes, and the preliminary translation executed Professor is contained in by
is

O'Curry

thirteen volumes.

"When the translation had so

far progressed, the

Com-

missioners employed W. Neilson Hancock, LL.D., formerly Professor of Jurisprudence in Queen's to
College, Belfast,

part of the Senchus Mor for publication, in conjunction with Dr. O'Donovan. The steps taken by Dr. Hancock in carrying out the directions of the Com-

prepare the

first

missioners, first with Dr. O'Donovan, and after his death, with the assistance of the Rev. Thaddeus Pro-

O'Mahony,

fessor of Irish in

the University of Dublin, are

fully

detailed in the preface to this volume.
Trinity College, Dublin, 3Wh January, 1865.

'
I

li.'M'

transcripts are referred in throu-limit this vnliime

l.

v the

initials

O'D. and C. respectively.

page only, with

tin-

LONGMAN.1SHIXU THE ANCIENT LAWS AND INSTITUTES OF IRELAND. ROBERTS. GRAFTOX-STREET. SMITH.ANCIENT LAWS OF IRELAND.NUEK DIRECTION Of THE COMMISSIONERS FOR PUBI. AND GREEN. AS CONTAINED IN THE HAELEIAN MANUSCRIPTS. ABBEY-STREET. PUBLISHED r. CO. : LONDON 1865. LAW OF DISTRESS. 104. & 87 & 88. DUBLIN PUBLISHED BY : PRINTED FOR HER MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE. moil.. VOL. AND OR. INTRODUCTION TO SENCHUS MOK. HODGES. GREEN. I. LONGMAN. . ALEXANDER THOM.

.

Professor O'Mahony.. in carrying out the Commissioners' directions. with the assistance of the Rev.B. I have now the honour to submit to the Commissioners the first volume of the Senchus Mor. Your obedient servant. W. the Senchus Mor for pub- lication. Sir. 24. my ' I am. so much of the manuscript and translation as had been revised and partly prepared by Dr. O'Donovan.th December. A. and on Dr. O'Donovan. have to report the cordial co-operation and valuable aid of Professor O'Mahony. Busteed. 1864. Dean GRAVES. to prepare. SIR. a 2 .DUBLIN. Having received instructions from the Commissioners for publishing the Ancient Laws and Institutes of Ireland. Brehon Law Commission Office. having been directed by the Commissioners to complete. O'Donovan's death. in conjunction with the late Dr. The Very Rev. and the efficient I services of Assistant. NEILSON HANCOCK. Thomas M. Dublin. Trinity College.

.

Westmeath. (1522) recites that at that time the English laws /. 693. c. vol. meath. for many years scarcely prevailed beyond the narrow limits of the English Pale (comprising the present counties of Louth. made the subject of glosses and commentaries of more the Senchus Mor would appear to have maintained its authothe native Irish until the beginning of the sevenrity recent date. called Brehons. 13 Hen. and Dublin included Wicklow. p. ifc. Kildare. any The has been original text. of high antiquity. VIII. Vide Sir John Dt... It exhibits the remarkable ucation. Patrick that the Senchus Mor is described as having been called in aftertimes " Cain Patraic. which have been preserved - modification which these laws of Pagan origin underwent. introduced by King Henry the Second in the twelfth century. But Meath then included imt Reprint of Irish Tracts. Dublin. as being one of the oldest and one of t heSen<Thus SI " r for the most important portions of the ancient laws of Ireland earl v pub . and amongst teenth century. or for a period of twelve hundred years. who were practically excluded from the * Stat. and Wicklow). i.PREFACE. ' . on the conversion of the Irish to Christianity. were not authorized to abrogate thing contained in it. in the fifth century... The English law.* Throughout the rest of Ireland the Brehons still administered their ancient laws amongst the native Irish. so The Senchus Mor was much revered that the Irish J udges. THE Senchus Mor has been selected by the Commissioners Reasons for for early publication. 3. Heath. were obeyed and executed in four shires only. This modification was ascribed so entirely to the influence of St." or Patrick's Law..

(1534). the Earl of Kildare obtained an eric of 340 cows for the death of his foster Nugent. the Irish laws to such an extent that efforts were made to prevent their doing so by enactments first passed at the Parliament of Kilkenny in the fortieth year of King Edwc. passed the judgment respecting II. Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of Ireland. son of Aighe. at 1 The wars of Cromwell.VI PREFACE. of The account of the *iex ^i f ^ ne Senchus Mor origin of the Irish laws given in the is a very natural one. the policy pursued by King Charles the Restoration. c. Henry VII. obtained a formal pardon for having used the Brehon laws. .nl III.. 79."| * Patent f and Close Rolls of Qhanoerj in lirhm. Thus " it is Sean. followed as it was by the complete division of Ireland into counties and the administration of the English laws throughout the entire country. Portions of them are ascribed to the decisions or authority of particularsaid first judges and lawgivers. The authority of the Brehon laws continued until the power of the Irish chieftains was finally broken in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. twenty -fifth years of the reign of King Henry VIII. and subsequently renewed by Stat. George Cromer. J Sciicluis p. adopts privileges of the English law. prevented and before the end of the seventeenth century the whole race of judges (Brehons) and professors (ollamhs) of the Irish laws appears to have become extinct. 24 & 25 Mor. 088. and the results of the Revolution of any revival of the Irish laws . So late as the twenty-fourth and 8. Annals of the Four Mastt-rs. 1 The Anglo-Irish. distress. terminated at once the necessity for and the authority of the ancient Irish laws. Robert by the proclamation of James I.f under the Brehon law.. and all the Irish were received into the king's immediate protection brother. (13G7). in 1495.l. This proclamation. VIII. II. too.* In the reign of Queen Mary (1554).

VHEFACE."J whom the Ulster- men Other judgments are mentioned with censure. Mcenach Mac also refer to the judgments of These judgments are stated to Nine. Mac Doidin Uin. Note vi. who was the son of Cairbre.D. and so preserved in memory. MacDurthacht. who did not consent that any right Coirpre should be upon one day. In the commentaries on the Senchus Mor other judgments Fachtna are mentioned. Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach. Anuals of the Four Masters. of the Iberno-Celtic Society. such as the " sudden Matach. who dwelt at Feisin. 1 4. before the time of Conchobhar probably Conchobhar Mac Nessa. who was Monarch of Ireland at the time of the Christian and of era when the judicature belonged to the poets alone as is having represented these poet-judges Amergin Glungel . p. 14.* 100 ished about years before the Christian " fixed the distress of law the nature. A."t are ascribed to Brigh Briughaidh Again. 151. guided by for every at two days. and was appointed Chief Brehon by Cairbre's successor." 1820. to submitted. Monarch of Ireland. Senchus Mor.. Eoghan The commentaries Doet of Neimhthinn. passed the first sentence in Erin. have been in a metrical form. and by Sencha. xvi." The fine of five "Beds" for neglecting to redeem every distress is stated to have been the fine fixed by Morann. other decisions "Thus far we have mentioned the distresses of two days. son of Ailell.D. Carat-Nia Teiscthi. : as decided by Brigh Briughaidh. A. . son of ments are stated to have prevailed "until the coming of Gnathchoir. Vll referred to is supposed to have flourera. Sencha. Mac-Senchath.. p. f J Ibid. and Diancecht. which is between one and three days. and Credine Cerd. p. The Lawgiver thus female possession." These judgjudgments of Ailell. son of Culclain. The commentaries allude to a still earlier period. as those of Eochaidh MacLuchta. O'Reilly's "Transactions 127.

" This account of the matter is in strict accordance with what St. ii. are a law unto themselves. "For when the Gentiles. was composed in the time of Laeghaire. it was probably introduced at a later period for the purpose of As east. whose son. not the law. according to the account in the introAuction."* having It corresponds. Nel. Patrick's arrival is fixed in of the reign of Laeghaire. too. representing him to be the foster- In one of the manuscripts there name of son of Cai Cainbrethach. Paul says. supporting the statement that Cai.in the law of Moses in Egypt. is a commentary upon the Amergin Glungel. Paul's Epistle to the Romans. and in the fourth year St. that it was at the end of nine years after "the arrival of Patrick in Erin that the Senchus was completed. with what we know of the Eoman civil law. * St.Vlll PREFACE. this story of Cai Cainbrethach is found in only one manuscript. 14. before he came from the had learned the law of Moses. is stated to have married Scota. The introduction to the Senchus Mor. "for the law of nature had prevailed where the written law did not reach. and that he founded his judgments upon it. were in the island of Erin. before the conversion of the Irish to Christianity." In the introduction the date of the ninth year of the reign of Theodosius. The time law. these. King of Erin. as Monarch of the World. which have not the by nature the things contained in the law. which is more ancient than the commentaries. a contemporary of Moses. In the commentary it is stated. King of Egypt. attributes it to the influence of the Holy Spirit upon the just men. who. and a of Fenius disciple Farsaidh. do sior was The Senchus Mor. . King of Erin. son of Niall. daughter of Pharaoh. a large portion of which was developed during the Pagan period of Roman history. adding the reason. when Theodosius was Monarch of the World. and not in the text but in the commentary. instead of ascribing what O was good in the judgments of the Pagan Brehons to direct instruction .

no statement in the Senchus Mor as to when its but this information is supplied composition was commenced. The Theodosius thus Younger. the on and the East! in A. ." From this and the Ireland were There is of purified statement in the commentary. Senchus Mor sojourned in the different seasons that the inference of the corroboration affords considerable several years. the West in 425 to Valentinian. The Seanchus and Feinechus and written.D. St Patrick. and when when and in arrival his they saw Erin. of Patrick since the overcome with his Druids great signs and by Laeghaire * Senchus Mor. chief of the royal poets and chief " Brehon of Erin.. and hence is dein A. 423. death charioteer. the West. period the description of Monarch of the World could be 432. it the introduction of the places where those who composed of the year. Patrick. work extended over of its In the Introduction to the Senchus Mor the occasion is thus explained being combeing compiled P and his of Odhran." heard" Erin of men the power all. after the Dubhthe case on which was pronounced by the : thach judgment Mac ua Lugair. as Emperor his Honorius. 15. the Gospel of Christ was preached all the . of death uncle. 17. after St. would appear that the sixth and ninth years the Senchus was composed between The notice in the Patrick's arrival in Ireland.D. pp. When they came to place to to them the conference. in the Annals of the Four Masters: The tenth year of Laeghaire. requested the men of Erin to come to one hold a conference with him.. which corbe applied to Theodosius would thus the date of the arrival of St. "The age of Christ 438. who scribed the Notwithstanding his resigninth year from the nation of the Empire of the West. 407. referred to was Theodosius the of succeeded his father. as given responds with and in many other Irish in the Annals of the Four Masters when authorities.PREFACE. Arcadius. became also Emperor of of He resigned the Empire as Monarch of the World.

Feis of Temhair were of rare and The laws of the ancient Irish appear to have depended upon the decisions of the Brehons and Lawgivers. and in the poets. . of the Church and people. except the faith. it as being the Fei. Petrie has called attention to the fact that in the time of King Laeghaire and of his successor the assemblies of the irregular occurrence. in the presence of every chief in Erin. and its and the obligations. "/us ' Mo"' describe the conferen ce with respect to f Temhair but as being a special St. What did not clash with the Word of God in the written law and in the New and with the consciences of the believers." p. were all texhibited bowed down in obedience to the will of God and Patrick. miracles wrought in the presence of the men Erin were assembled. and every law which prevailed amongst the men of Erin. they by Dubhthach to Patrick. from the first occupation of this island down to the reception of the faith.PREFACE. for the law of nature had been quite right." "Now the judgments of true nature which the Holy Ghost had spoken through the mouths of the Brehons and just poets of the men of Erin. Where an assembly is spoken of.s assembly convened by Patrick Dr. * Petrie's "History an. and each of them exhibited his art before Patrick. in 454." "It was then Dubhthach was ordered to exhibit the judgments and all the poetry of Erin." account of the origin of the ^ Senchus Mor does not ascribe its which authority or composition to an y senate or legislative body in Ireland nor does it co'ioT* ' be observed that this ^ 1 s. It will And harmony this is the Senchus. 82. Testament." "It was then that all the professors of the sciences in of Erin.! Antiqoitlee of Tara Hill. and in the judgments of the island of Erin. was confirmed in the laws of the Brehons Patrick and by the ecclesiastics and by the chieftains of Erin. through the law of nature and the law of the seers. only one* such assembly being specially noticed in King Laeghaire's time. with the assent of the Kings.

435.u. decide against every class of persons except of the two orders of religion or learning who are of equal rank with himself. dignity given to the Kings distress at a territorial high it in the subsequent part of the same passage.D." is illustrated The learned. and <s between the Ulaidh. numerous constitutions and rescripts. The gin " the decided means decided by then explains that by them. have to in the glossf plained of dividing Erin into provinces." been held at Uisnech." The date of the Senchus Mor A. changed the laws by the force of of their Pagan predecessors. it is X1 the Brehons and Lawgivers or Kings who decide the it is said.D. the writings of eminent Pagan jurisconsults.* question* first Thus " Sean. and had given all Christian the establish to religion their imperial authority the empire. as a colbut preserved to a great extent. still regulated the forms of procedure of the courts and all the ordinary transactions of life unconnected with religion.. and the Ernai.PREFACE. 79. morality was made manifest to the Roman world Senchus Mor. 438 to 441 has con. resting and on 011 the perpetual edict of the Pagan Emperor Hadrian. the Feini of Temhair. The exact state of the Roman law lection of Pagan institutions modified so as to conform to Christian doctrine in this respect.cb siderable historical interest in connexion with the change K on in the Roman law at that period. where " he for can. this who divided tribes noble held by the three all for allowed be should one day it was decided by them that exis to referred thus The meeting &c. the Christian Emperors had. 81. passed the ' meeting judgment respecting There island. which was ^nl going """^'"f In the century which had elapsed between Constantino witll the Sem-hus and Theodosius the Younger. p. or Ultonians. by t! his mere word. p. is said. the Galeoin. For the King excels all in testimony. son of Aighe. throughout The great body of the civil law of Rome. t Ibid. between the f. and Christian in A.the purpose the Ernai-Dedadh. necessary things. . in Meath. however.

56.* It finished than it was published. from Dr.D. Civil La\v. private lawyers. so far as these were not modified by subsequent constitutions. Christian Emperor. that. by Caius. This ever since known as the Theodosian ceived imperial sanction in A. a Roman citizen. who the governed in the west. gave as a reason for adopting " Theodosian Code. would be certain to obtain reform of the laws of the emearly intelligence of the great * Summary of the " f Colquhoun's Roman Law. Patrick. Ulpian. the earlier codes of of the time of Gregorius and Hermogenes. If the opinions of these on any point were divided. a casting vote was ascribed to the superior wisdom Of the jurisconsults." p. 438. 7. the Theodosian Code The preparation and publication of are events of such importance that the knowledge of them would be rapidly diffused through the provinces of the The success of the Christian Bishops in the requisite modifications of Pagan laws. St. and an eminent Christian missionary. . the most distinguished Papinian and Ulpian were Pagans." p. containing Pagan emperors from the time of Hadrian. would spread with equal rapidity to the Christian missionaries throughout the world. and received in both the eastern Code rewas no sooner Valentinian the Third. Papinian. Paul. thus recognised by a of Papinian. Theodosius. so there ought likewise to be and western empires.xii PREFACE. recognised as of authority also selected the writings of five an edict. and Modestinus jurisconsults as those which should be binding on be established to the judges. as the empire obeyed two princes whose wills were inseparable. directed the constitutions from when the Emperor Theodosius the time of Constantine to his collection own time to be collected. Valentinian at Rome. of the the constitutions Constantine the Great. a native of a Roman province. were still in the tribunals. an exact uniformity in their laws/'-f Along with the Theodosian Code. Taylor's " Elements of Summary of Roman Civil Law. by the securing of Theodosius at Constantinople and imperial authority Kornan empire.

St. and only insisting on such modifications and adaptations as Christian morality and Christian doctrine rendered indispensable and such is precisely the course which . Authors gi - The number of the authors of the Senchus Mor is preserved in a name often given to it. probably.. therefore. pp. t Ibid. and .e. 17. . Patrick.e. and Core. by recognising all that was good in the Pagan laws of Ireland. 17. three bishops Laeghaire. p. and Fergus. and would facilitate the conversion of the Irish and strengthen the Church he was founding. xviii and 31. and Daire. Patrick When and his companions are placed before the kings who sanctioned the composition of the Senchus Mor. Dairi. viz. is the name of this book. 5. Core."* The most ancient account of the authorship of the Senchus Mor tion. Patrick.e. which is believed to have been composed in the tenth century." i. is that contained in the verses quoted in the introducits which were. the hardy.e. the order of the precedency of the authors is stated differently. Introduction to Senchus Mor. St. Ferghus. Dubhthach. Mor the knowledge of nine persons. a poet. three kings Kosa. p. The introduction states "Wopif (Nofis). Patrick is described in the introduction to the Senchus Mor as having pursued. i. " Nine persons were appointed to arrange this book.e. * Introduction to Senchus Mor.. Dubhthach. a doctor of the Be'rla Feini. Rossa. no-fiss. Benen. and Benen. i. pire." " i. . the just. with science These were the nine pillars of the Senchus Mor. p. and Cairnech. He would naturally be influenced in the work in which he was engaged by so remarkable a precedent."f : These verses are also quoted to explain the word " Moe-p. I Stokes's Old Irish Glossaries. Cairnech." in Cormac's Glossary. X1U and of the great triumph of the Christian Church. Thus we have. contemporaneous with : com- position " Laeghaire.PREFACE. i. Mac-Trechim.f Christianity was fully established..

and which they explained to Patrick.. pp."f In a poem quoted in another part of the commentary on the introduction " it is said : The poets of Fail here look upon The Fenchus as the work of Fergus. But if it be viewed as regards the chief Dubhthach was above all of the work.sf St. who put a thread of poetry around it for Patrick. it is stated" The Seanchus and Feinechus of Ireland were purified and written. the three kings and Benen. the three saints Ross. &c. and Feargus. the three antiquaries. compiled in ] 632. Dubhthach." Dubhthach In the -t Mac ua Lugair. Dubhthach he held from the jx>sition as chief poet mission." " It was only necessary for them to exhibit from memory what their predecessors had sung. the writings and old books of Ireland having been collected and brought to one place. and Cairneach. the King of Ireland. i. 438. lives of St. '1~>. And they arranged and added to it. and it was corrected in presence of Patrick according to the written law which Patrick had brought with him. Patrick the conversion of . Patrick. . '23.PREFACE. the poet. besides the judgments of previous authors which had been pronounced by them. . . at the request of St. important events at the commencement of Patrick's The prominent part he took in the composition of the Senchus Mor is illustrated a by poem of his commemo* t Introduction to Annals of the Four Masters."* The part taken by each of those who in the Patrick. one of the mo. the men. joined prepara- tion of the Senchus is thus explained in the commentary on : the introduction : "The following now were the chief authors of the Senchus -Fergus. . Core. These were the nine supporting props by whom this was done Laeghaire. and Dubhthach Mac ua Lugair. r T M ac ua Lugair is noticed as being. and chief Brehon in Ireland. Senchus Mor.D. This account of the authorship of the Senchus Mor seems to have been generally received as long as the ancient laws were in force. for in the Annals of the Four Masters. and Daire. A. .e.

which was given to him by Crimthan in a note. which took place in A. in the . Professor O'Curry has." 1820. King Book of Rights a a in adds and Dr.." Doctor of the B<?rla Feini but Doctor of the hr. p." ' liurla Feini. 5.D. p. St. xxvii. 39. " Extant penes me diversa hujus inter suos g-Ceart. Fergus and * O'Cuny's Lectures. an his own countrymen. or in A. Dubhthach is described as "pm in the Commentary. written by Aengus the Culdee (Ceite T)e) at the end of the eighth centiuy. amongst account of the festivals of the Church. Dublin. Colgan's Trias. composed at the same time the in the 0' Professor Appendix* to his "Lectures on Curry. whom In the Felire of Aengus. 234. as "f>cn beilUt." a poem ascribed to Dubhthach. traced and for his assistance. ten to celebrate the deeds of Crimthan. according to some authorities. et seq. In one of these poems Dubhthach refers to his giving There between Laeghaire and St. XV of the case of Nuada Derg. from ancient names the situation of this territory. as a poet. and Fergus is described in the commentary Rossa as a doctor of the BeYla Feini." Manuscript MSS. Thaum. had in his possession different he that from which it appeal's he describes as "a man celebrated works of Dubhthach." " Transactions of the Iberno-Celtic Society. with a transwritlation and notes. who was rating his decision condemned to death for the slaying of Odhran. three remarkable poems of Dubhthach. there ascribed to Dubhthach. p. 478. App. 8. .D. t Leabhar Na J O'Reilly's In the text of the Introduction. n. The indicated by the territory in judgment is also for his poems Wexford. 16. 17. from has Irish of Materials published History. King of Leinster. pp. .J so that there is evidence is a from hymn many sources of his having been a remarkable poet and author. in the Library of Trinity College.PREFACE. Celebris viri opuscula alibi ssepius citanda. i. Patrick. the dialect in which the ancient Irish laws were written." Doctor of Literature. O'Donovan notef quotation from Colgan. pp.. and which is described and place as the Senchus. is reputation of Dubhthach 482 according to others. p. Patrick's in the introduction as charioteer. 482. The after latest of these poems must have been composed not long the battle of Ochra. and Rossa as yui befxla Peine. 38.

after the baptism of Clovis. near Downpatrick. as it 'is supposed about the beginning of the fifth century. * Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of Ireland. on his consecration as a Christian bishop. all took place in the century in which the Senchus Mor is stated to have been composed. Senchus Mor a Roman p. the composition of such a law treatise as the i i m * . citizen. i. Patrick. This drawing up of the Salic law and its sub- St. before the conversion of those tribes to Christianity. is also described as son of Trichem. on the south side. it is interesting to notice that the Salic lawf was drawn up by four eminent chieftains of the Franks. and of the important and varied nature of his services to Ireland. t Gibbon's . Patrick is described as having taken in revising the ancient laws of Ireland affords additional ^ evidence of the greatness of his character. 421. reformed him in the by by Pagans. is mentioned as one of the principal early converts to Christianity. The part which St. devoting his life to the conversion and improvement of a people with whom he had been a captive and in bondage. and in the lives or Ross. sequent revision under the influence of Christian teachers. corwe woidd anticipate from the incirespect to him in the introduction of the and the son of a Roman magistrate. Towards the end of the fifth century the Salic law was. so soon after their conversion to Chrisi u <y.* ^Rossa of St. 6'27. as sketched by his latest biographer.H COD temporaneous In conn exion with the important part ascribed to these poets and Brehons..PREFACE. p. 21C. responds with what dents stated with His character.D. several articles that appeared incompatible with Christianity.Patrick. vol. Rus h po suio7of the Salic I8. Roman Empire. where his memory is still cherished as the patron saint of the country. and as living in a town called Derluss and afterwards Iineathan. son of Trichem. Sen- Senchus c hus Mor. and before A.

were St. who went forth in the sixth and seventh centuries to evangelize the barbarians of central Europe. Patrick. xxiii. or amanuensis to St. g-Ceart. * Todd's St. He after" wardsf commenced and composed that famous Chronithe laws." original He also appears]: to have been the author of the of Rights. Tliaum. to the rude and barbarous tribes of He dealt tenderly with their usages and prejudices. not only of the monarchs of all Ireland. wrote out the Irish part of Bem s nu *- His labours in connexion with the laws of Ireland were not confined to the Senchus Mor alone. It was endowed by the chieftains.. in which are described the acts. con called the Psalter of Caiseal. v. in a book. Apostle of Ireland. A native himself of another country. p.. 514. g-Ceart. Benignus. Ireland. he adopted the language of the Irish tribes. Cairnech. t O'Donovan'a Introduction to Leabhar No. he was guilty of no offensive or unnecessary iconoclasm. laws. " Trias extracts from Life of St. the germ of the elaborate Book Leabltar No. By his the which he founded judicious management. Patrick" pourtray " in liis character the features of a great and judicious missionary. Patrick in the revision of the ancient laws of Ireland. vi. Although he sometimes felt it necessary to overturn their idols. p. and in recording them St. pp. citing Colgau's 20j."* The Christian missionaries who assisted St. but also those of the kings of Minister. and succession. pp. iv. It was supplied with priests and prelates by the people themselves. Christianity became self-supporting. of more modern composition. Patrick. in which his name is so often mentioned. acting probably in the character of secretary St. 33. which was drawn up after the establishment of Christianity. "The biographers of St. Benignus and St. and on some occasions risked his life. 515. the glory of the Irish Church. prerogatives. without any foreign aid. and its fruits were soon seen in that wonderful stream of zealous missionaries. He seems to have made himself 'all things/ in accordance with the apostolic injunction. J Ibid. . Benignus.PREFACE. and conformed to their political institutions." c.

very improbable only seven years old. and at his death he would have attained the of age fifty-three years. saint of His name now being patron The remains of a round tower still indicate the importance of the place. is more consistent with St. rev i s i on o f The other missionary who assisted St. The j^ in the Na g-Cearl. ii. iv. the grandson of that to whom monarch. f Ibid. O'Donovan* as of the family of Olioll Olum. Patrick's arrival. his father. . where St. The date at which St. 455. king of Munster. and died in 468.XV 1U PREFACE. Patrick.D. was seventeen. as he would then have been a bishop at twenty-nine or thirty. including the Duleek. St. and county of Galway.D. Patrick.. in Gill district round Sescnean. St. Kilbannan' Benein. Benigmis is described by Dr. at the very commencement and dangerous part of his mission. place of his burial is stated in one of the commentaries to be at * Introduction to Lealiliar p. The latter hypothesis would accord with the dates in the Senchus Mor. Patrick t } ie ] awg was gt Cairnech. O'Donovan notices. Patrick. f St. Benignus being seventeen years old than seven. He resigned the bishopric in 4G5. p. Benignus became one of the most favourite disciples of St. being descended from Tadhg Mac Cein. Patrick when he St. as he would then be engaged in assisting in its preparation between the twenty-third and the twentysixth year of his age. Benigmis resided with at the time of St. in the barony of Dunmore. where he erected his principal church. in A. his elevation to the bishopric of Armagh would have taken place when he was thirty-nine or forty. is preserved. Cormac Mac Art gave some land. as stated by some. and was his coadjutor or successor in the bishopric of Armagh in A. The description of him as a youth who left his father's house to follow St. Benignus is said to have become Bishop of Armagh makes it that he was Connaught. If he was converted by St. as Dr. when he first met 432 or 433.

son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. though not Meathmen. and Daire. respect to his character as an author. Early these men quaff their metheglin . Core.PREFACE. and went to Ireland shortly after him. St. Cairnech. It is also stated that there were churches and cities of his name in the region of Leinster. translation in Kees' Lives of C'aiubro-Britisli Saiut-i. morated in connexion with Tuilen. near in the county of Meath. as the miracles of the blessed Apostle. arranging to meet him each year. which is called Civitas Cairnech. Are the Fir-Eoohain.Library. The Irish kings who in sanctioning the are mentioned as having taken part King composition of the Scnchus Mor. written in the fourteenth century ' : The three septs of Tuilen without blemish. xiv. XIX the town the parish of Duleen or Dulane. it is stated that the works of the blessed Caimech were read in Ireland With through the whole country. the Co ttonian. it is stated that he was a native of Cornwall. Tuilen. and that he died in his own celebrated city. and under that date Felire of Aengus " his death is thus recorded in the The illustrious death of Caimech. is O'Donovan remarks on this passage that St. Cairnech's day : in the Irish calendar is the 16th of May. 15. t Dr. pp. Cairnech still remembered as the patron saint of Dulane. are Laeghaire. which is preserved in calendar. His name is commeof Kells. "t His name at the same date appears also in the British In the memoir of his life. the truly-powerful. O'Oonovan has giveu in a note to the Irish Topographical Poems. p. Laeghaire. St. Patrick. in the Topographical now Poem of O'Dubhagain. '2(J'J-'2ll. and the Britons of lasting fame. They are the congregation of Caernech. were read at Rome. 12 ."* Dr. distinguished among them The Maini. p. has usually * Irish Topographical Poems. British Museum. Peter. The Life has been published with a extracts from the Latin Life of St. In Heath. and a contemporary of St. the best of all his cities.

428. been described as Monarch of Ireland at the time of the conversion of the Irish to Christianity. 168 Trans. it appears certain that "St. one year after the foundation of Armagh by St. and which was known in aftertimes as district in Heath. Patrick's people." King Laeghaire is described as at first directing the slaying of one of St.. ing the revision of the laws.. indicate rather an assent to the proceedings of St. afterwards as overcome. in the external rampart of the rath which he had erected there. 14. four years before the arrival of St. p. p.I. greater parts A was also called after him.XX PREFACE.. * There is Petrie's History a description of this rath and an account of Laeghaire'l death in and Antiquities of Tara Hill. vol. on condition that the peace of the kingdom should not be disturbed. Patrick received permission from him to preach the Gospel. been justly doubted whether he himself became and continued till his death a Christian. because in his reign the conversion of a large number of the Irish took place and the foundation of the Christian Church in Ireland was undoubtedly laid. his descendants. however.D. . Whilst Dubhthach Mac ua Lugair is " called a vessel full of the grace of the Holy Ghost. t Brenan's Ecclesiastical History of Ireland. with his Druids and only then as agreeing with St." King Laeghaire has been usually placed at the head of the list of Christian Kings of Ireland. Whether he was really converted or not. and in the commentaries thereon. He was buried at Temhair. Patrick respect. and after a reign of thirty years he died in 458. p.* comprising the of the baronies of Upper and Lower Navan. t Irish Topographical Poems. It has. 7. llath-Laeghaire."| The references to King Laeghaire in the introduction to the Senchus Mor. According to the Annals of the Four Masters his reign commenced in A. part ii." is men- tioned in O'Dubhagain's Topographical " O'Coindealbhain of troops Is the surpassing-wise Poem :t king of Laeghaire. called " Laeghaire. Patrick than an earnest conversion. xviiii. Patrick. and note iv.A. 15. Patrick. and was long in the possession of This territory. K.

and Rossa. or Word of God. He is also as son of : " That is the tribute of Mumha. by is St. topographical poem. Benignus. p. 99. who came to an agreement with Mor to these three allowing him to pursue his mission. were not disturbed.PREFACE. Patrick of this city over cities. They are also described as assenting to the abrogation of such parts of the Pagan laws. are associated. Core. In the time of Core adjusted it. implying that they took part in sanctioning the Senchus Mor. the addition from the law of the letter. "Strength from the law of nature" is explained such part of the law of nature from which the Pagans passed their judgments. 51. Patrick. and Daire. : " Our visit shall be Caisel of the Kings. . and St. St. t Leabhar Jfa g-Ceart." referred to the work " Addition from the law of Fergus."* mentioned in the Book of Rights as a contemporary of St. of the letter" explained to mean that the Senchus Mor was harmonized with the written law. Patrick and Lughaidh. St. as representing the law of nature common to Pagans as well as Christians. Cairnech. and the authority of the laws. The seat of Core who practised no evil deeds. pp." and an explanation that "the composition of the poets. previously prevailing. perpetual. Until the end of time shall come."f * Irish Topographical Poems. strength by the law of nature . when revised and settled. as were inconsistent with Christianity. The part thus ascribed in the introduction to the Senchus monarchs would imply that they were tolerant Pagan monarchs. Dubhthach. and is added. XXI is said to have been preserved in part In the commentary on the introduction the Senchus Mor "by the composition of the poets. provided the power of the Kings and Brehons. 29. of King Core were long cherished King In the in Irish histoiy. Patrick. his name is selected for commemoration in connexion with Cashel The name and character Core. With this part of the work the names of Laeghaire. written in the fifteenth century by O'Huidhrin.

In the absence of any record of King Core's death we cannot know how iMur. twelve years after the composition of the Senchus Mor would appear to have been completed. and as winning the battle of Ochra.t states that King Aenghus reigned only thirty-six years. f Dr. of Laeghaire. Lanigan's conjecture. and makes the reign of Aenghus to have commenced in A.. On the contrary Dr.XX11 Dr. 478. but his defeat by Crimthan is celebrated in the interesting poems of Dubhthach Mac ua Lugair : " A It battle To brave In which which Crimthan gave. and son of Nadfreach. 489. translated by O'Conor. noble. whom he tamed. Core.j As he was killed in the battle of Cell Osnadha. tion of the described in the commentary as taking part in the preparawork with a view of representing " the parts of * O'Curry's Lectures. But it is not certain that either Aenghus or Nadwas then on the throne. p. . t Keating's History of Ireland. in A. App. He wrote his History in the Wood of Aghnrlow. Lanigan conjectures that Aenghus had not succeeded to the throne at the time of his baptism. PREFACE. O'Donovan was unable to ascertain the date of Core's death from the authentic Irish annals. Aenghus has been commonly mentioned as the first Christian King of Munster. ing. like King Laeghaire. Laeghaire's successor. Dr. 445. and of Dubhthach Mac ua Lugair. Vol. long he survived the composition of the Senclnis The date of its completion is said to be A. was defeated. grandson of Core.D. and on St. II. 491. Keating's statement supports Dr.D. fought in A. Patrick's visit to Munster."* Crimthan is described as a contemporary of St. 453. KeatPatrick. 43. p. in which Oilioll Molt. freach . 441. the law of nature from which the Pagans passed their judg- near Cashel. prosperous buttle-. and no doubt had access to some ancient account of the length of the reign of King Aenghus. in A. Aenghus.D. Keating died iu 1G44.D. fell was the the hosts of Caisel. having already been instructed to some extent in Christianity.D.. but was only a youth and Dr. Patrick. was baptized by St. and was probably the first who was instructed in ChrisKing Core. is tianity and baptized.

and that St.PREFACE. Patrick and the other ecclesiastics could Objections statements M to tlu '. son of Niallan. Doubts have been suggested in modern times as to the possibility of the nine persons said to have taken part in the composition of the Senchus Mor having actually done so. Daire In one copy of the Senchus Mor it is mentioned that the who took part in its composition was a chief in Ulster. App. Daire. A. Patrick is quite consistent with his having lent his sanction to the revising of the Irish laws. t p. and makes it all but certain that it was Daire.. who did so. who is described by Dubhthach Mac ua Lngair as defeated by Crimthan when the hosts of Munster were cut down. t O'Curry's Lectures. O'Donovan states that the latter was a descendant of Cilia Dachrich.-f.I>. and whom Professor O'Curry has identified with Daire Cerba.! an d ^he part ascribed to Now the date foundation of Daire of granting the site of Armagh to St. the name of which is preserved in that of the baronies of Orior. Patrick : nah-c. But the early assembly respecting the Senchu.* There would appear to have been two Daires cotemporaries of St. another Daire who is in the county of Limerick .and mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters. Annals of the Four Masters. and as granting Armagh to St. and is not described. 437. Dr. ard chief of the Regio Orientalium in the county Armagh. as son of Finnchadh. 491. son of Eoghan. and chief of the Ui Fidhgente. 438. in either the Senchus Mor or in the Annals of the * Introduction to Senchus Mor. 39. Patrick. p. chief or king in Ulster.D. It has been urged that St. given in the Annals of the Four Masters for the Armagh is 457. XXlii merits . the younger brother of Core.s Mor is stated to have been convened by St. Patrick." in fact as representing with the two other kings the Pagan element retained in the Senchus Mor. so soon after their arrival in Ireland. Assembly could not have been old to be a senator as Benignus enough as A. . not have been members of the Irish National o" ^ enchus JMor considered.

ledge which Rossa. 438 to none in the years when the Senchus Mor was being 441. the dialect in which the ancient laws were written. but to St. The engaged in aided by Fergus. Benignus of composed. an Irishman. is the kind of person who . but the one account no more implies that he was a bishop at the time when he took part in writing out the Irish laws in a book. Benignus could not have been a bishop so early as A.XX1V PREFACE. must have been essential in . In the Annals of the Four Masters. youth at his baptism in saint . describing the authors of the Senchus Mor. St. assisting St. as the Feis of Temhair. Patrick in out the laws in a book.D. and might be well performed by him at any time after he was twenty years of age. does not indicate writing the position of a senator. Benignus is not mentioned as a bishop. Four Masters a celebration of the Feis (or feast) of Temhair by King Laeghaire. with which it would be peculiarly ing. expounding the received laws of the country. 432. a doctor of the Berla Feini. inasmuch as he is represented as a The part assigned In the apparently cotemporaneous quatrain. but as " coifi. or were otherwise within the province of the poets. and in the Annals of the Four Masters as a A. than the other implies that he had been canonized as a saint before he did so. The know- Dubhthach. -to 4. must have been one of considerable importance. two poets. is noticed." the just. it is urged that St. or embodied in verse. whose task of explaining such portions of the ancient laws as were traditional. such as St. In the account written after his death he is described as a bishop. It is natural to expect that an eminent divine.D. work among the several persons as described in the introduction and commentary.D. A. in A. as they were written in the existing books and manuscripts. Again. is such as might naturally be expected. from A. is described as possess- the province of such a person to be acquainted. would be employed in modifying such portions of the ancient laws as were inconsistent with Christian doctrine and morality and St. Benignus.D. The principal part of it is said to have devolved on distribution of the it. and acquainted with the language. 438.D. Cairnech appears to have been.

issued his abridgment the time after in A. . after a reign of tifty-six years. Patrick. he is stated to have done so ancient the his bishops. in A. not. was baptized by St. neither does his superintendence constant residence at Teamhair or at Kath-guthaird. and direct the whole St. Patrick. Augustine. Edicts.D. And. and Codes. . which and son of a Roman magistrate. in St.D. in the year A. again. The laws begin : " These are the douins which King . according to Becla.. fourth in and died. 597./Ethelbright. xxv would be intrusted with the duty of transcribing and writing out the laws thus expounded and modified. 506. as well as of his nobles. just without as the code of France is called the Code Napoleon. require any of it imply his Patrick. in A. to the Code Theodosian the of Alaric II. known to St. was made by the and that bishops had a very large authority of an emperor the emperors in advising them with influence of share their Constitutions. complete standing his absence during part work would be called Cain Patraic. of advice the on of St. the the of time. it is right to of observe that the Theodosian Code of Rome.Ethelbriglit established in the days of Augustine. that St. Patrick's days. the nature a Roman as no doubt. preaching Connaught than But the preparation of the Senchus Mor did ing senates. 616.D. that the mixture of ecclesiastics with laymen in the states-general of nations was quite unknown was. Augustine. succession after Hengcste. kings It has been urged. attendance on senates by St. as we have seen.D. Patrick would naturally superintend would assent to it in its comand the undertaking. published by commences with the laws of King ^Ethelbright* which were revised under the advice and influence of * respecting St. not very long Visigoths in France. Record the of laws England. pleted state. without citizen . finally.PREFACE. The volume of Commissioners. during Notwiththe entire of the three years the work occupied. Patrick was better in attend- in employed. or Patrick's Law. When becoming members of any legislative assembly. With respect to another objection. the entire was at Paris during that the Emperor implying time the code was being composed under his sanction." &c. 438.

Patrick in puts an end to the alleged anachronism so far as the date of Aenghus's accession is concerned. Keating that Aenghus reigned only thirty-six years. If Aenghus A.D."f This account. The statement of Dr." The most ancient Christian analogies appear. We have " Howel the Good. 438 to A. Patrick's mission. seeing the perverting the laws.D. and so commenced to reign in A. published by the same authority. of whom two clerics were summoned for every four laymen. was the first Christian St. to be all in favour of the clergy being associated with the laity in the preparation of codes of laws. Prince of all the Cymra. being then (let us suppose) twenty years of age. The reason of this arrangement is set forth in " The clerics were summoned lest the laics should ordain anything contrary to Holy Scripture. commences with the laws of Howel Dda* The preparation of these laws. Patrick and in the poems of Dubhthach he is described as the con. he would have been seventyone when killed at the battle of Cell Osnadha in A. summoned to him six to the White House of Tor.D.D. A." Annals of the Four Musters. 445.vnmvd laics.D. from A. taken in connexion with that of Dr.D. it besides expressly stated in the Leabkar Nn that g-Ceart.D. when it is said " his prosperity was cut off. four of them t Cymry men from each r. _ _ '""[ Kh. at the time the composition of the Senchus Mor was commenced. since his freach. Lanigan that grandson Aenghus Mac NadKing of Munster.'V to the account given of the Senchus Mor. and King of Cashel. Aenghus was only a youth when baptized by had been King of Cashel in A. should remove all doubt about his grandfather being alive. King Core was a contemporary of St. Christianity.XXVl PREFACE. 453. 943. . that King Core was not a contemporary with King Laeghaire. when the Anglo-Saxons were converted to volume of the ancient laws of Wales.' implying a premature death. therefore. or alive at the time of "^ com P objection has been made sition of the St. The have been made after consultation with a number of representatives. 441. the son of Cadi'll. about the is stated to year A. 438. in the principality and two clerks. 480. 48*9.D.

Opinion. were these objections that the nine authors of no reason to doubt the statement and alive at the time the Senchus Mor were contemporaries. that Patrick. could not have has been urged that St. 534.D. With c nch evidence. Crimthan as defeating and King Laeghaire. r to have taken part in the the St. .my for publication. This or Carentach. ^^ ismastnSt . O'Donovan and the late Professor saltation with O'Cuny on that the subject. J-^ contemporary mentions two St. . the The Felire of Aenghus describes of Britons the of as being 16th of May as of Tuilen. Cairnech he whose day is the 1 6th of May. a century before the other bt. a Caimech. CairEre who died in A. the late Dr. name of the These objections to the account of the composition and were supported by Senchus Mor appeared so plausible. is the saint of that composition who was a contemporary of St. Patrick. and is it and in the commentary on the Senchus Mor. no anachronism. Cornwall- Cairnech of Tuilen who took stated expressly that it was St. 441.art in its composition. King Core was a contemporary and it alive in A. <y Donovan * before recommending the { such respectable authority. But Colgan and the other is the 28th of March. as h s taken part in the composition A. and as he was the death is placed by Colgan at of the monarch Muirchertach Mac cousin and Again.D.PREFACE. that as cona had I o'C.D. it is also King Core. 530. one whose day second St. whose day in the identifies with St. and we came to the conclusion tawta^ was Mor there that and not well-founded. as having flourished about of St. and as having been contemporary of the Cairnech St. therefore. unreasonable to doubt the statement the Senchus Mor. work to the Commissioners *. Patrick and of A D 478 and who was a contemporary in the same poem described is Dubhthach himself. Cairnech who is said tor of the Senchus Mor. when the work is said to have been composed. Patrick. nechs. of St. There is. Cairnech of the Senchus Mor. Cernach and whom he mentions is the 16th of English calendar May. XXV11 who fought the battle of Ochra in temporary of Crimthan.

O'Donovan made further investigations respecting St and published the result of his ery interesting note on the word graphical poems. was. n 60 . at the time the Senchus Mor was composed." Places subsequently made O'Curryf was M composed. from which I have largely quoted. the monarch of Erin. the residence of King Laeghaire. "It was Teamhair in in the autumn. Dubhthach Mac ua Lugair. he says:-" I believe it will show that the recorded account of this great revision of the body of the laws of Erin is as fully entitled to confidence as any other well-authenticated fact in ancient history. referring to the forthcoming pu blition of the Senchus Mor. and : warmth in the time of winter's cold. who took such a leading part in the work. which attest the ancient importance of the place. and of his chief poet. now Tara. p. from its exposed position. Teamhair ceased to be the residence of the kings of Ireland after the death of King Dermot. 17. notes.D." Teamhair. on account of its cleanness pleasantness during these seasons.400 years. a different place for the when and would not be composition of the * Irish TopOfeTaphioal Poems. PREFACE. The description of Teamhair. as a pleasant place in summer and autumn. but is very peculhr in representing the book as having been composed at different ' r 1 'enchus In ancient Irish books the name of the place where they re C mpOSed is usua mentioned. p. and on account of its Teamhair.. in A. The introduction Mor % places in different seasons of the year the summer and and Rath-guthainl was the place during the winter and the spring.* in the topo- public in his "Lectures on the Materials of ish History. The opinion which Professor entertained inquiries in the Tuilen. >o present. xiv. to the contains this information. about a century and a quarter after the Senchus Mor was composed. to be still found the most remarkable of their kind in Ireland. after the lapse of nearly 1. airnech." in which. Remains are. Tara. agreeable. is true of Tara at In winter spring. on account the nearness of its fire-wood and water.XXV1 " Dr. Curry's Lectures. 565.

in the county of Louth. but there are several now called Lisanawer. called There was also." of Patrick is "at tins described as being where the stone the time when the introduction was composed. where it issues from the Ordnance on wood lake. The situation of these raths in a valley. day. Dr. within two fields of this three fields of within rath another until very recently. especially fulfils the condition of being warm in the time of winter's cold. on the top of a hill called of Nobber. a high moat. flowing through the Muirtheimhne. Lisanawer. near fort the that it is most probably and northern the village of Nobber. in a note of the river of Ardee. and contrasts most favourably with Tara. and the same stone.i. the one called Lisanawer. a stone is to be found. at as being "near Nith-nemonnach. and stiU called it is situate is is named Nobber-beg. miles sixteen of Meath. O'Donovan adds. in the parish of Nobber. and sheltered.M. Gallows Hill." i. 4i<. marked "Patrick's stone. In the commentary it is mentioned that Nith-nemonnach was on the banks of the river Nith. . from the north and east. stone. in good preservation. Tins place is Senchus Mor was chosen-" Rath-guthaird. There a very large rath. There is considerable evidence that there was in ancient the raths times an abundance of wood in the vicinity of * A.. in good preservation.* where its irruption " Nith was the mentioned. The river Nith is noticed in the Annals of the Four in " Magh Muirtheimhne" is Masters. I made a search from the outlet to the source of the ancient name on the Ordnance Maps Ardee river for any means of identifying Rath-guthaird.PREFACE." plains of Conaile With the clue afforded by this information.." and the place where Map.e. on the banks there is also. and about portion of the county from Tara. which must be a bleak place in winter." described It is further not hitherto been identified or dehas Rath-guthaird circumstances which indicate scribed. adjoining the village of the river Nith. Whiteand at the source of the river.

Patricks stone' t0 Glenn-na-mbodhur." woods. two townlands are ancient called which might be only supposed to be a corruption of it are Nobber. and a holy well there e also small glens at the south side of the The valley' beauty of this place must have attracted attention in is the stone of Patrick valley where situate. in which Kath-guthaird is said be situate. derived by pniT>e. the great number of raths in a small space is remarkable. Co.J the village and parish . O'Donovan from . all in the vicinity of St. Townlands. Whitewood Demesne and there is a tradition of the wood times. "na-mbodhur/'f has left no trace in the locality The trimr. One of the neighbouring townlands " Donovan.XXX PREFACE. and the spot where Patrick's stone is situate but Dr." (hoc opus) as the derivation of Nobber On examining the map of the district. through which the Kilmainham river flows. and late as the reign of v. called Patrick's cascade. there is on the west side of the The f a remarkable glen. having extended to the townland of Kilmainhain Wood. imes. The names of the townlands Whitewood and Kilmainham Wood afford some indications of a prevalence of wood in former near Patrick's stone. from CCn Eeny. and at the head of it is a cascade. is close to them. There are still traces O'Donovan has given m Ordnance Survey Office Records of Names of Townlands. Meath. which was m a space of an obain. as or Oc hill by the name "Alt Mush" Altmoyshe-derived.. is called Dr description of the place as being "near water" is borne out by the existence of Whitewood lake. " . Meath. being the glens which are in these townlands. according to Dr.* The rest of the name.s fortified King Henry afan important .!e. Book ffice Record9 of *" of p. Being in the county of Meath. or beautiful brae or piece of a the origin ascribed in the to this locality name names twenty-four square miles of upwards of sixty raths-indicating that it was a place of great importance ancient times. Nobber-beg. beautiful heights. Moyna^h lake and Newcastle lake. I Nobber was a place of importance so was one of the boroughs of the P. Book 20. Co.

H. and spring." Dr. from This manuscript appears. The first of these (H. Cairnech were. The manuscripts of the Senchus Mor. " t O'Connor's Ogygia. the Dubhthach." Vindicated. MSyn It consists of 874 columns. Trinity College. 15. be a trace of the O'Donovan derives from Cuil. 432. A Dublin. 3. and St. a thick vellum manuscript. in the vicinity under others would. number : Senchus Mor. according to the sanction of King Laeghaire and winter have composed the Senchus Mor in tto account given. formerly numbered H. is wood in the valley of Glenn-na-mbodhur. 17. Dublin. An extensive fragment Museum. 2. 4. 18. the manuscripts of Trinity College. the King of Erin. Benignus. H. Dublin. of the first part." This may of which name of the ancient royal residence. A. ix. A fragment among 3.D. hand Dubhalthach Mac been in 1666 the property of have to of Lecan in Firbis the last of the hereditary antiquaries " law a family whose reports and Tirfiacra on the Moy. lianotetothe Annals of the Four residence in Me a O'Donovan states that there was royal called "Cuilt. 53. of the 2. scripts of Trinity College.PREFACE. Glennthe territory assigned to support of one of the royal resi seat the na-mbodhur was probably and spring winter in used dences ' an by King Laeghaire Masters. Patrick. ^ nuscript3o{ four in 1. . Ilarleian manuscripts in the British latter part among the manuthe of 3. 17) is H. large fragment H. where the city and only six miles p.t * Glenn-na-mbodhur of St. in a modern numbered and marked with Arabic figures a note to page ]. it or of the portions which have been are transcribed for the Commissioners. . Coole. A comparatively full copy among the manuscript? 3. is church from Dulane. which he had been unable to identify Wood and White one of the townlands between Kilmainham which Dr. and St. 890.

great number of thick volumes " characLynch* says he saw. the Earl of Desmond. 1578." vol. and This manuscript has there is a copious gloss of derivations. middle of the sixteenth century. 3. and a large space between the lines to of the veniently in smaller letters a glossary on the meaning wrote the Firbis Mac Dubhalthach which from and words. II. dicated in the Annals by the statement : His position is in- "There was no son had better tillage who his in in Brehon time. collections have derived great credit to their as in his time country . O'Donovan's conjecture. may be taken as the nearly date of the Harleian manuscript." of the laws given in The text of the manuscript is written in large letters. one of the " of Irish laws" which Dr. 3. uf a lay This he. 1 7 manuThe lying dispersed in England and France. 1-139. Edward Lhwyd. and the writing is. " John M'Clancy is mentioned. written in large admit more conters. chief Brehon of just heard. the script appears to have been subsequently purchased by celebrated antiquarian. before 1 GO 2. is recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters as having taken place in 1578. in the Commissioners' titles . was. O'Donovan. " Cambrensis Eversus. and he describes the glosses and " commentaries therein as very full. 18 190 and 2015. but adds that the text is clearly defective in most instances." than date. a. coinciding so or a better house with Dr. The manuscript in H.XXX11 historical PREFACE." many of these O'Connor describes H. He was probably of the person referred to by the transcriber." apparently of the It appears from notes to the manuscript) that it was transcribed at a place called Desert Labrais and the death . of which the transcriber had The death of a John M'Clancy. t Fol. probably. Ireland. *. twenty leaves. O'Donovan as consisting of in his opinion.. 17. 375. p." transcripts. large folio. O'D. whose name appears on the fly-leaf. been transcribed by Dr. Harieian MS The Harleian fragment of the Senchus Mor in the British Museum is described by Dr. ." " Cambrensis Eversus.

756first 892." "The writing. "I have. and the fragments appear evidently to have belonged to various compilations. but some on paper. it being apparently more ancient It is on vellum. H. in H. 1511. 2. ml. in some respects. chiefly written on vellum. from page 331 to page 350. is. 15) in the library of Trinity Dublin. 2. College. I'M. The law manuscripts are all on vellum.PREFACE. though difficult to decipher. was transcribed by Professor O'Curry. f Eml of p. and the gloss very full.". 18. are stated by Professor O'Curry to be " made up of various fragments of laws. to the Senchus Mor.. in the now county of Galway. pedigrees. over and hither. " to use a very powerful magnifying glass to read some of the which are written glosses. C . O'D. on " 15- account of its than any of the other * Tide p. although only a fragment of the latter part of the work. the most interesting. Carbre O'Maolchonaire. XXXlii the poem Mac ua Lugair. "is in various hands."t At page 25 "the transcriber gives his name. This manuscript which contains. poems." in Trinity College library. 9. 3. in the MS. excepting a few lines on paper." in Professor O'Curry's opinion.MS. contained in the volume of the manuscripts. in H. antiquity. con. and a very copious gloss of the terms which occur in the Senchus Mor." The tract relating to the Senchus Mor. at Moycullen. together with 3 18taining portions relating a number of other tracts. was transcribed by Dr. It contains the introduction. and the date.. up and down. in the Commissioners' transcripts. 1752-1929. C. in large attributed to Dubhthach letters. and date from the year 1511* to 1565. now divided into two volumes ' The manuscripts octavo. The fourth manuscript of the Senchus Mor contained volume of manuscripts (H. glosses. &c. and carried into the margin in the most irregular and unsatisfactory manner. and is in the Commissioners' transcripts." he writes. O'Donovan. of folio copies. He considered the introduction in this copy more complete than in the Dublin manuscripts. 1. a.

antiquity of this manuscript. it is and the volume in which " contained is " composed.XXXIV size. was. He of Ireland. Brehon Ma" Egal. a : . the son of Conor MacEgan. MacGeoghegan* under the * Note to his version of the Annals of Clonmacnoise. 1350 " One thousand three hundred ten and forty years from the birth of Christ till this night and this is the second I have of the plague into Ireland." written according to Dr. have to O'Donovan has translated a note which purports As showing the been written in A. are noticed by O r family of Brehons of that name. This employed profitably. of various fragments." In the Annals of the Four Masters a great plague is mentioned as raging in 1 349. who wrote this in his own father's book in the year of the great plague. as he believed. son of Gilla-na-naeve. is described as the choicest of the Brehons made who of Conor MacEgan.D. prayer on this night I place myself under the protection of the King of Heaven and Earth. the Hugh. who recorded the death of Hugh. cited by O'Donovan. written this in the twentieth year my age. volume are 391. 1317. O'Donovan. who The of name MacKeigans. in A. PREFACE.D. son of Dunslavey) MacEgan. &c. and whoever reads it let him offer This is Christmas night. Date of *%**" Dr. It description of 1350 being life was spared for some nine his that would also appear for in 1359 there is which he years. son of Conor MacEgan. which contains the in the entry Senchus Mor manuscript. and of mercy for my soul. beseeching that He will bring me and my Hugh (son of friends safe through this plague. note (m) to Annals of the Four Masters. a fact which coincides with MacEgan's the second year of the plague. no doubt. words The hands. Conor. MacEgan would appear to have belonged to a tribe . son father's his in 1350 book." several "Senchuf different at periods by head being. year since the coming I am of Hugh. in the handwriting TTlofx" at the The numbered pages of the of Dubhalthach MacFirbis.

1399 there recorded the death of another Gilla-na-naev. for in A. or parts of that A. was in the possession of one of the most distinguished families of Irish Brehons prior to 1350. son of Conor . A. an island in Lough Ree "Ollav of Clonmacnoise. and to maintain their controversies against their neighbour countries. A. Brehons of his man in John MacEgan slain "O'Conor's Brehon.D. died in Inniscloghran. "Chief Brehon illustrious of the of Connaught. The facts thus recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters. tend to confirm the conclusion that the manuscript in H. and most probably The MacEgans appear position as Brehons for is to have retained a distinguished many years." or ancient laws of Ireland. Maelisa Donn MacEgan died "Chief Oik v of Connaught. "were divided into several tribes and families." A." In the Annals of the Four Masters the deaths of several are recorded.D.D. 1329. O'Deorans. O'Bi leans. they held province : office was generally Connaught. 1317. nearly all of whom are stated to have been Brehons or Ollamhs and the country for which MacEgans . Every country had its peculiar Brehaive dwelling within itself. Saerbraethach. 1354." A. and MacTholies.PREFACE. 15." Maelisa Roe MacEgan died "the most learned Ireland in law and judicature. was probably his grandfather. that had power to decide the causes of that country. who all Gilla-na-neave MacEgan.D.D. prior to 1309. Gilla-na-neave MacEgan slain. and the most time. 1316. died in 1309. 2.D. Teige MacEgan died "a Fenechus. as the MacKeigans." he says." A. 1309. son of Maelisa Donn MacEgan." 1355. by which they held their lands of the lord of the country where they dwelt. man learned in the These were all MacEgan who made predecessors or contemporaries of Hugh the entry in the book containing the manuscript of the Senchus Mor.D. XXXV Brehons of Ireland.

2. died " . t There are two other Gilla-na-naev MacEgans mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters: A. commences with a statement that it was changed from hard original Gaelic and put into fair Gaelic by Gilla-na-Naemh. the ancient royal residence of the kings of Connaught. and was interred at Elphin. died. Gilla-na-naev. C. p.* there is a poem embodying in verse some of the leading principles of the law of distress. MacEgan. The fact that such translations were made Commissioners' Transcripts. 742. who died in 1309. already referred to. 3. 157. He was arch-ollav of the Fenechus law.! son of Dunsleibh Mac Aedogain. a man extremely skilled in the Fenechus law. MacEgan. and to have been written for the noble company of O'Connors at Cruachan. p. This would appear to be the grandfather of Hugh MacEgan. "the most distinguished adept in the Fenechus [or ancient laws of Ireland] poetry and lay Brehonship in all the Irish territories. died he was "OIlav . C. son of Gilla-na-naev. 15. son of Donough Duv MacEgan. 1443. Another law tract preserved in H. Mac Aedhagain. Gilla-na-naev.D.XXXVI PREFACE. already referred to as connected with the manuscript in H. Munster in law. ." come down Other law tracts attributed to the MacEgans have to us. Gilla-na-neave MacEgan. 18. The existence of such a tract proves that there were in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries in the hands of the MacEgans ancient law tracts of such considerable antiquity that it was thought a work of importance to translate them into the ordinary Irish language of that period. This was. it is recorded that Corcnamhach. and most probably brother of Hugh MacEgan. already referred to. H 3. 17. and in the same year died Boethius MacEgan. 285." I Commissioners' Transcripts. most probably. Even so late as 1529. the son of Aireachtach. a man generally skilled in each art" A. 355. son of of Hugh. son of Dunslavy Gilla-na-neave. son of Farrell. It is described as having been composed by Gilla-na-naev MacEgan.D. In the volume of manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College. the most learned Brehon and Professor of who was son of Solomon Law in Ireland. who died in 1309. 1447.

so far as it goes. Lhwyd's possession about appears to have also come one the same time. of Trinity College A few years afterwards perty of Dubhalthach MacFirbis. near Lame. O'Donovan. from ancient grammatical forms in any copy so treated. vol. I. p. 2. against the antiquity of the original text. R. This entire collection of manuscripts at his in are time belonged to him. . At the tury. vol. H.* T^ J J ot Edward it appears to have come into the possession " which was Lhwyd. in the law schools in Ireland. p. from John Agnew. The manuscript into Mr. 15. t Stokes's Old Irish Glossaries. after being in the the MacEgan family for possession of the seventeenth cenmany years.S collection. about the middle of of Dubhalthach Mac Firbis. in the possession it formed part of the beginning of the eighteenth century from various collected had been that "Irish manuscripts " Mr. was. O'D. XXXV11 it makes unreasonable to the age of the language or the absence of very argue. t The manuscripts 459 and 565. in the Commissioners' transcripts. published in Oxford in the Trinity College collection." * Mr. Lhwyd. was. 17. 993-1225. v. J of the Iberno-Celtic Society for 1820. 17. 303. has been transcribed by Dr. 3. contain two notes by handwriting. better. 147. He describes this fragment as 3. Ixvi. 15. 3. the in year 1700." second edition. in the year 1700. in manuscript from Cornaii O'Cornin. pro. published of the Philosophical Irish Institutes.Ledwich's 'Antiquities. ment Transactions. Vide O'Reilly's Essay on Ancient Tram. xiv. frx- in 1707. iii. p. who kept a law seminary in Tipperary in the reign of Charles p. and the paging numbers Mr. p. author of the Archaelogia Britannica. H.I.PREFACE. in the county of Sligo. A. 2. The manuscript in the Trinity College collection. twenty or thirty in parts of Ireland"}: by number. in the county of Antrim. Charles O'Conor states that MacFirbis was instructed by the MacEgans. H. much than the manuscript H. stating that he bought one at Lhwyd pp." f* in the History It has been already noticed that the manuscript the in 1666. O'Reilly's Transactions in Baddam's AbridgLetter of Edward Lhwyd to the Royal Society. The manuscript in H.. another and Connaught. 2. 18.

Dublin." he adds. manuscripts afterwards came into About 1 782. should be published." antiquities. collection of Lhwyd's the hands of Sir John Seabright." since called Seabright manuscripts. and in some From an examination . It is accordingly the text which has been followed in this volume. O'Donovan executed his Dr. 18. of the text and translation of the manuscripts it appeared to Dr. the celebrated The trust upon which these manuscripts were restored to Ireland is stated in Mr. Selection of The manuscripts of the Senchus Mor were translated by some portions were translated also by Professor O'Curry and the manuscript H. the Lhwyd collection of manuscripts. to whose active intervention we are indebted for the safe custody of. which preceded the Irish Royal Academy." It is interesting to trace in the present publication a fulfilment of the plan of Edmund Burke. 1783. translation of it. "It was in the hope. the founda- tion of the Society of Antiquarians.XXXV111 PREFACE. Burke's letter to General Vallency of 15th August. and that I sent them by Dr Leland to Dublin. "that some such thing should be done that I originally prevailed on Sir John Seabright to let me have his manuscripts. 3. was translated Professor by O'Curry before Dr. foresight and wisdom in this matter we find traces of that greatness of mind which is at length about to receive a tribute from his fitting countrymen. Words and sentences and whole passages of gloss and commentary have however been supplied from the other manuscripts. with a literal translation into Latin or English. in which he suggested that the originals of the Irish manuscripts. that they might become the proper subjects of criticism and comparison. . O'Donovan and myself that the Harleian copy was the most satisfactory to adopt as a basis for the first volume of the Senchus Mor. O'Donovan . the In his manuscripts. having attracted attention to Irish John Seabright the " Edmund Burke "prevailed on Sir to present to the library of Trinity College. and ready access to.

" Patrick of stone the "where Rath-guthaird. as In the original manuscript of the Senchus Mor a difference marked by the size of the letters already noticed. that this introProfessor O'Curry has stated his opinion introduction the duction is itself of high antiquity* Upon * O'Curry's " Lectures on the Materials of Irish History. speaks of the authors of the book which they ar"Nofis. the Irish text had been prepared by Harleian the portion with he compared the entire of A ^ew fessor sheets by before his death and the entire of the proofe have since Probeen read and compared with his revised transcript by . other the of one from has been introduced complete passage are introduced so the words and cases.PREFACE. Museum. between what is text and what is gloss Irish and in the in both This distinction has been marked distinction further a distinct type. a more a defective passage in the Harleian copy. therefore. Dr. is ut til" <lay. is the name said to be one of the places of the poem is ranged. and he was enabled the text and correct the entire of the Irish text. ascribed to Aged * The language of the text and of the poem Dr. were read him." p. 10. O'Mahony. By the translation. All passages is marked with brackets. or commentary." Again. O'Donovan Dubhthach Mac ua Lugair was believed by t to be of the age in which it is said to have been composed. . which of words. and there or passage page of the Commissioners' transcripts to the given a reference from which the word When for press. From been has volume printed so settled by him the present second and first in proof. there is. is distinguished from more lengthened explanation commentary or illustrations. On this the original manuscript in the British were detected which had escaped comparison some phrases to check him in his first transcription. is taken. of the Senchus in the third person. by is merely gloss or in type the explanatory matter. Senchus Mor The introduction describing the origin of the It and of the poem purports to be a subsequent production. for copies.

" a reference is made to the case of 'the " The Law taken by Asal from Mog son of Nuadhat. scarcely regarded as of later date than the ninth or tenth Dr." and that two poets. Comae's Glossary. Todd's " St. . as stated Senchus Mor. " History and Antiquities of Tara Hill. part of which was most probably composed in the ninth or tenth century. has noticed that the Senchus Mor is quoted several times in is gloss and commentary of more recent composition. Apostle of Ireland. J Mr. 484. Fergus and Dubhthach were the chief authors of the Senchus have all received . In Cormac's " important position which law treatises occupied in the early literature of Ireland is proved by the fact that the books cited in Cormac's Glossary are. the greater law treatises. belonged to the poets that the judgments of Doidin Mac" Uin and others were in verse that Fergus and Dubhthach explained to St. Patrick." or knowledge of nine.D.|| a fact which places beyond a doubt the high antiquity of the portion of the Senchus Mor condistress in the tained in this volume. p. Patrick what their "predecessors had sung. CCtsaGail." that Dubhthach "put a thread of poetry round the Senchu's for St. Petrie's * Glossaries. xviii ) Stokes's Old Irish liv. Todd* considers portions of the Senchus Mor of great antiquity. if not in the time of Cormac at rithfa a century or so after his death (A. The statements in the commentaries on the Senchus Mor -that the judicature of Ireland. with one exception. before the Christian Era. . Petrief century." p. 9Q3). the same account is given of the composition of the Senchus Mor as is contained in the passage from the Annals of the Four Masters." of Distress. can be Dr.xl there PREFACE. under the word.} and that upon the word " Moipi r. Patrick. Glossary. and that the remainder." p. already quoted. Stokes says-" On the whole we may safely say that the proofs adduced in the former part of this preface sufficiently show that the greater part of what is immonly called Cormac's Glossary was written."-Old Irish Glossaries. 71. | Page 65. making allowance for comparatively modern alterations. p.

Comopuifi. modern more of addition The glosses and the existence of glosses in some copies not to be found in of alone. 'CoicTme'o fu.* to deterIt will be a matter of interest to Irish Scholars mine the extent to which traces of verses exist in the rest To whatever extent the Senchus Mor underof the text. Traces of be found at pp. bicrctxro aifiec. CCfim VT11 11 ch. 150. 160. x from the interesting discovery of the strong corroboration that portions of the text of VeryRev. aenaig. and a large portion Similar specimens may flow. CCiet ocu-p caifie. of the thirteenth Gaelic fair into from hard original Gaelic would be distext of the original century. copying or wilful tampering * The following is a specimen of these verses.PREFACE. 12G. the reliance to be placed on the authenticity of the Such variations. "Dam VT11 ti-afi." p. in the case of the copies of a would be evidence of careless poem. mbi-o batle. the Senchus Mor are in regular Irish verse. the versification versification of absence might turbed.D. or an epistle. 151 i conch. and so the existence or of the text which are in the original to the afford a Law key parts language of the dialect. Charles Graves. and 184. century. or an essay. Cauyiu co 11. D. went the process described with regard to another Brehon as being translated manuscript. 166. with an original document. meich ai)\ech. manuscript composed glosses not affect text. bo ppi blichc. in the Berla Feini and commentaries. Lofac ocuf C|iiac1iai\. . &ch fia 0156. necatjxt. yc.. ITlucc co nufi. from the " Senchus Mor. does and of a fifth others. which. 122: each vfn kich. of the old text has a rytliiuical a different metre appear in p. cadi out. 120. already referred to.

' manuscript. only indicate that the glosses and commentaries. or. they each also contain such explanations and renderings of the rules of law as were considered the correct expositions of them by the particular individuals or schools whose obviously the copies belonging to particular Brehons." he observes. 218. of Balanagar. or added to. Patrick. and in the several copies the copies they were glosses and commentaries. as indicated by the dialect of the Irish rejected to be supposed. would. in the last century. that the translation of the ancient Irish laws would be a work of considerable difficulty." Trans. accompanied by an interlined which in more modern language explains the terms it. perhaps. are not to be as fraudulent interpolations. It I V vol . law schools and while they .xlii run FACE. moment that they are of the same Mr. as it is not for a is it stated. too. but gloss. The glosses and commentaries. p. which contain matters and ideas belonging to a period much later than the fifth century.* "of it is all our law books is in the Fenian dialect. . and were capable of being modified or added to by subsequent Brehons. Charles O'Conor. are omitted. O'Reilly's xiv. modified. were of much less authority than the text itself. nor date as the text. like notes in different editions of the Statutes. "The text. or any similar English law book.. The copies of the laws which have come down to us are each for the most part embody the same original and binding text. though practically identical as a general rule. O'Eeilly notices this difference of date between the text and the gloss. obviously according to the judgment of the author of the The mistakes and erroneous views in some of these later glosses and commentaries are not to be ascribed to the authors of the Senchus Mor. Irish antiquarians. or of Coke Littleton's upon Tenures. used ." contained in Transia- It appears to have been generally anticipated. amongst SenchL Mor. they only indicate that such views were held by certain Brehons at some time subsequent to St. in the case of law books like the Senchus Mor.. or families of Brehons. Essay on the "Ancient Institutes of Ireland. Mr.

or O'Clery's dictionary. furnished only with Lhwyd's. O'Flaherty. O'Cuny." second edition.. who kept and I their it dread that since that time law school in Tipperary has been lost." . 217. so late as the reign of Charles the First. Macurtin's. pp. it is confessed. and the commentator is their meaning. many words and phrases were left untranslated. both was. says Royal that the translation of the Brehon Law would be a work of "Both text and gloss considerable labour and difficulty. that.I. and the sense of many of the passages remained obscure."! The difficulties so fully predicted became manifest in the in the preliminary translation process of the work and of the Senchus Ator manuscripts. and to them both the text and they freely confessed to me that The key for expounding gloss were equally unintelligible. 218. but in vain. R. Ireland. 203.. t Ledwich's "Antiquities. possessed by the MacEgans." for Irish the vulgar dialect of the modern Irish acquainted with only must be unintelligible. and the editor of them his translations.f and the great Lhwyd tells the Royal Society he consultad the best Irish scholars upon this subject. " Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy." vol. was read over by my * O'Reilly's Essay on the ''Ancient Institutes of Ireland. could scarcely explain one page of by them . by a common Irish scholar. which was made for the Commissioners by the late Dr. wrote*: xliii "I have had an opportunity of conversing with some of the most learned Irish scholars in our island. 302. because the [General Vallency] distrusts various of text admitted expositions."and to the person who is are. in his Essay on the Ancient Institutes of which he was awarded the gold medal of the " It must be admitted Academy in 1824." frequently at a loss for " Mr.PREFACE. . O'Conor never attempted them. vol. xiv. O'Donovan and Prof) . "though instructed MacFirbis. Ledwich expresses his opinion. Dr. the fragments of the Brehon Laws " cannot be understood. xiv. A. O'Brien's. The entire translation. Trans. O'Reilly.." he observes. J p. in this state. obsolete. p.

D.. Busteed. and the difficult or unsatisfactory passages carefully noted. The entire volume had. Charles another of the Commissioners. For the translation of such passages. with sucli aid entire translation as could be derived from a reference to other portions of the Brehon Laws. and upon consultation with him the entire was revised. O'Donovan translation script. was read in proof by the Very Rev. D. O'Donovan himself. and different parts of the laws compared. translated by Dr. such as 'cain.. been amended in manu.D. the result of his consideration of the suggestions consultations with him which I have referred to and. however. It has been . but his untranslated. Some few words have been left Cain Patraic. a portion was set up and revised on first and second proof by Dr. benefit of his numerous valuable suggestions. After the death of Dr. the glosses explanatory of particular terms or phrases were studied. . Mr. James H. though not all read in proof by him. a name for the Senchus Mor. When the translation had been thus amended.' appears to have been a law or decision applying to all Ireland. Cain'-law urradhus.' ' &c. in order to have the benefit of his suggestions also sudden death prevented this being carried out. PREFACE.D. and suggestions were made to Dr. and meanings assigned to the great majority of the untranslated words and phrases. it had the benefit of his latest views of the interpretation and translation of the law terms. O'Donovan and Professor O'Curry. the Commissioners proposed to submit the proof sheets to Professor O'Curry. as made to him and of the . Todd.xliv assistant. The proof sheets have all been finally considered and revised by Professor O'Mahony and by myself. but at the time of his death only a few sheets had reached this stage. Untranswords. and myself. and has had the Graves. one of the Commissioners and the . O'Donovan. On a few of the sheets observations were made by the Rev. such as Cain Adamnain and ' .

Some other words have been left have reference cattle. to mean common Urradhus' law has been by some supposed 'common law term the of law but the English meaning be 'Urradhus' appears to would not translate the word. 103. Cairde' has been translated Its common meaning is amity .. Acts of Parliament. seems to ori<nnally probably meaning sense of is frequently used in the to a standard of value. therefore.' a native.PREFACE.' i. ' Roman and to apply to the local derived from 'urradh. ' two seds. more dealt with by chiefs of subordinate . like the pandects of the statute law. 1 i. 01 the 'cairde appears not to have ea< on general laws. . but to have been regulated partly by untranslated." Stnchut Mor. rather than on legislation of approved judicial Mor itself is an authorized collection of the Roman law. or like our modern or the constitutions of the emperors. on the division modifications of the general laws. like the decrees Senate or people." three two cows.t and The early laws or property. were not apply. " three in-calf cows for J "R^Lto. The term inter- questions comprised ' in it. of Ireland into separate kingdoms the Senchus Mor* in four 'urradhus' laws recognised 'intertenitorial regulations. independent. decisions. have rested on the decisions ot in early times appears to and the Senchus Brehons or judges. Ireland the questions dence is called international law onlyin territories. as goods invest and history of Ireland have not been yet sufficiently word the of exact meaning crated to enable the value or 'aed' to has accordingly be determined. that the term international would territorial has. and is not . p. but partly rested on treaty alone. of what. been used to indicate the class Again. the territories being partly also subordinate to the general laws. and the Irish term been retained in the translation. but it relates to a branch at in the science of jurispruleast if not to the entire.e. consequent and territories. cows after calving. but the Irish law thought that the word meant statute law. that which has value.e.

The original words for the different kinds of fines and eric. seized his distress. in the case of a defendant or debtor not c." This fast- ing upon him consisted in going to his residence.' penalties. or debtor were a person of chieftain grade. proceeded. varying according to fixed rules. wit- and others. to make the meaning no corresponding words in the Irish. are marked in italics. as airer.xlvi ' PREFACE. so far as it is contained in the Harleian manuscript. All Irish terms retained in the translation are marked with single inverted commas. during which the nesses. and will help towards the understanding of the several rules of law as given in detail in the book itself. and thence became a measure of value. and so was retained long after slavery was abolished. Such a distress is (' " athgabhail ar fut') a distress with time. The plaintiff or creditor having first given the proper notice. m ^ ie present volume The subject-matter of the portions of the Senchus Mor is the law of distress. If the plaintiff did not within a certain time receive satisfaction for his claim. lation. but also to "fast upon him. came afterwards to mean the value of a female slave." but under cer- . it was necessary not only to give notice. was debtor received back the distress. It appears to have been the universal remedy by which rights were vindicated and wrongs redressed.' which originally meant a female slave.' smacht. ' Athgabh- Lawof Distress.' dire. which was a period. The distress when seized in certain cases liable to a " stay" (' anadh'). the creditor having a lien upon it. Cumkal. to distrain. and waiting there for a certain time without food. however. The following account will give an idea of the general steps of the process. or a pledge therefor.f chieftain If. accompanied by a law agent. Where remarkable Irish idioms receive a very free translation the literal supplied in the transintelligible. for which there are Words meaning is given in the margin. the defendant grade. and retained it in his own keeping. he forthwith.' have been re' ' ' ' tained as descriptive of classes of fines.

nesses of the various steps. was taken distress this. At the end of the delay in pound the distress the which to run. the pledge original debt. a second this proceeding was managed All the overplus was returned. that during the fixed period of the stay the distress was not allowed to remain in the debtor's possession. but in that of the creditor.g. the debtor gave a sufficient pledge ('gell') e. his son. If he did not go to law. was exactly equal to the original debt and the subsewas liquidated if it was less than quent expenses. with the several witby the party himself or his law agent. or some to the creditor that he would within a cerarticle of value But if. the creditor was bound to receive such pledge. He then served notice of the distress on the debtor whom he had distrained. Such is ' a general outline of the ordinary process of distress. and put it into a pound. and was payable out ing and tending ran against forof it for this period. tain circumstances.. . became forfeited for the as he so undertook. then he could only redeem such of them as were still unforfeited. the debt for the difference and if more. or in one of the recognised greens or pounds. letting him know where what in the pounded. " delay in fixed according to its nature (' dithim. and the expense of feedpound. But if he neglected to redeem them until the 'dithim' had expired. during time feiting (' lobadh') began became entirely forfeited forfeited at the rate of three 'seds' per day until If the entire value of the distress thus forfeited. distress" ('tul and in particular cases. tain time try the right to the distress by law. The distress remained was distrained was im- pound a certain period. . the peculiarity which was. and other necessaiy parties. an "immediate of athgabhaiT) was made. instead of allowing his cattle to go to pound.' translated is the name of this period). At any time up to the end of the 'dithim the debtor could recover his cattle by paying the debt and such expenses as had been incurred. If the debt was not paid by the end of the stay the creditor took away the distress.PREFACE." the distress. .

This sort of compulsion resisted is and must not be and is by force.. he must pay five and proved. sec. 139. they prevent their debtors eating by an appeal to his honour.-f- sitting 'dherna' at the door of the debtor. compliance on the part of Acharitan is explained to mean "the the debtor is prohibited in the Bengal Provinces exacted. three days. or the sovereign himself. 282. In " Elphinstone's India. p. twice as much. . i. used even against It is a very common mode employed by arrears. can only be ascertained from the work itself. p. and also by stopping his supplies." vol. or ten days." Chap.. of Distress.* The Laws of Menu comprised a process called 'Acharitan. Sir William Jones. 37-'."i "Dherna" is described byElphinstone somewhat differently: "Common creditors also resort to the practice which is called 'dherna. abstaining from food till.. 308. Parallels in LawsTo Fasting in Irish Distress The most remarkable peculiarity about the Irish Law of is the fasting. five days. 8. but the distinctions in the different cases in which the distress has a stay of one day. p. which formed a portion of the process . * The fines in the thus it is . troops to procure payment of then directed either against the paymaster. and they fast themselves the whole time they compel their debtor to do so. t J " Laws of Menu.' sometimes translated distress. by fear of the creditor dying at his door. Hi. which the Bramins use. Strange's Hindu Laws. and all the other details. an alarming species of importunity by one of the Bengal Kegulations.' but without threats of self-murder. i. 549. but if it be denied as a fine to the king in hundred the fendant. " viii. sec. the prime minister.." chap. which was one of the processes by which a creditor might recover the property lent. Law o f distress. princes." vol. vol. r or this peculiar custom the only precedent I have met with is in the Hindoo laws." Hindoo laws bear some analogy to the fines in the Irish law: " a debt being admitted by the deprovided by the Laws of Menu that.xlviii PREFACE. two days.

d . than which nothing can be more conducive to the public interest. since it serves to curb that spirit of revenge which is the natural result of liberty in the excess. p. the Germans. was analogous to the eric fine for murder in the Irish Brehon Laws. note i. vol." Of the same kind as the weregilds of the Germans is the kinbote of the Swedes.iti-d hy Tiinn-r. 421. thus referred to by Sir William Blackstone. too. which is called '61 pic' (eric). Translated by Murphy. to expiate enormous oifences. and which was only abolished in 1819. 59 Geo." vol. happy regulation. injuries are adjusted by a settled measure of compensation atonement is made for homicide by a certain number of cattle and by that satisfaction the whole family is a . Xlix is Principle of 01 A supposed peculiarity of the ancient laws of Ireland the compensation for murder. xiii.PREFACE.* more justice. :il:{. ^a!]" to Spenser. " Blackstone's Commentaries. was constantly paid to the party This injured. they are not implacable. I'l." "Manners of the Germans" ?. + J Tacitus. Kl. vol." ransoming "himself from the wood. Sir William Blackstone. Geijer's History of the Swili^. "Murphy's " \\ T. derived from the person who sought to atone for his crime by "bote.. or his relations.. i. called weregild.-u itn>. p. from our ancestors. "De situ Moribiis ct Populis (icrmanin?. as having its original in those times when a pecuniary satisfaction. with by Stat. the appeal for murder in the English " law."|| "Spenser's View of the State of Ireland. "| The German customs. p.." in Thorn's Reprint nj Irish Tracts. though peculiar Brehon laws to a the show of possess great admitting equity Irish Laws." lraii-il. in determining the right between party and party. appeased.. are described by Tacitus : "In their resentments.. III. in common with other northern nations. c. 46. . on account of eric. however. was a custom derived to us. points out that the process of appeal for murder which existed in his day in the laws of England. iv. </." < h. writing in the time of Queen Elizabeth. yet condemned it as containing matter quite repugnant to human laws.-fKe describes.

there is no foundation for the representation that the is repugnant to all principle of eric. in O'Reilly's p.A. cotemporaneous to the Christian era. K Tit. About a death-flue . completely the knowledge of the ancient Irish laws the end of the seventeenth century is indicated the Senchus Mor has been commonly referred that fact the by as a history or chronicle of Ireland. The forfeiture received. revised by St. v. Germans. 34. vol. originating in the with or prior iudgments of Pagan Brehons. Conclusion. his just revenge." : J Iliad. Tit. Again. quoted I. 187. xiv. The debt discharged the other will forego. 44. or that it is really peculiar to the ancient laws of Ireland. . constitutes an important portion of the ancient laws which hundred years. to the public one . in the description of Achilles' shield " Meanwhile a busy throng the forum fill'd There between two a fierce contention rose. 540 Earl of Derby's Translation. Similar compensations are appointed in the Salic and Ripuarian Laws of the Franks. may be aton'd The slayer may remain in peace at home. Tacitus. 732 Earl of Derby's Translation. asserting to have paid the whole While one denied that he had aught receiv'd. however objectionable. 57 pars secumla Lex Kipuar Tit. prevailed in Ireland for upwards of fifteen * Leg Sal.. Greeks.. Angloamongst prevailing Saxons. Appealed.* existence of compensation for murder amongst the ancient Greeks is shown by different passages in Homer The " A son's or brother's death. v. murder and the Franks. historians modern to by How was lost after The law preserved in the Senchus Mor. : .1 PREFACE. and Tit. and recognised throughout the greater part of Ireland till the reign of King James I. find the principle of compensation for When we human laws." Trans. By payment of a fine. noticed with approbation by the Roman historian. 7 and Essay on "Ancient Institutes of Ireland." 18 Iliad.. and leaving traces of its existence in English law till 1819. . Patrick on the conversion of the Irish to Christianity.

appreciated.PREFACE. NEILSON HANCOCK. as in Ireland. a fitting commencement of the tributions to the materials for the History of Ireland which the Commission under whose directions it has been prepared was intended to secure. in the sixth and seventh centuries. and who zealous missent. forms. and underconstood. li The publication of the Senchus Mor. and have Britain in Great as numerous nearly contributed so large an element to the great nations which are arising in America and Australia. therefore. . with such a translation as will lead to its being studied. in our own day. such It is a contribution to sionaries civilization and learned teachers to advance Christianity and are throughout Europe who. W. the history of the Irish or Scotic race who in early times so colonized Scotland as to give their name and a line of kings to that country.

.

fauv . .f Iff?.Ufa. o. * SENCHUS MOR.

.1. ocup an. 3 3 omitted in the original 5IS.i Pucpaic. Utyxro c i$ . f\f ibu tiun ni bia in. .w M3.aic na bjxiacliiia-pa t>0 P acn alc eipiTn. um iayc lain co|iaT>. if aifii crcbeyitiifi Raic gucoiTXT). - '1ubu f\f ciT>be fp. Ko coma-o e pacixip" T>O ocuy |io cana"D ipn ic intnTDa airnfep. a loc a nseimfUT) ocup a ap. m conplicc K\O no [llemance] nem^oiliaomec. ibu lieu. or noble. na neotac.1. ocu-jp gunaT) unnpn CCjv bn. m nomme "Dei Ocuf gabu^ pn -pop. ocuy T>O fiinue Pacn. T)oib. 1 gaipe leo a conat> ocup a tiipce. . . famjiaT) ocup 1. naimpji m geampuacca. or distinguished men. 1. no Mic. Place.ocaib na nan/o. ixaic 1 n riech ina 5116 nayi7>.ai'Dib T)0. f- / sendius moil.\ ibu.coic Tie. na nua-pxU O'D. mm no nee aiTo. . 'Ceamum. . Mich nemurTDacli. Locc. an. . aimfeji Lae^aifie nuc Gifienn 1 .1. m 1 baili at>ca Lee pacfiaic amu. Raic sue 10 aifiT) r>ono. no tlic nemuiToach. n'glm'D na mboTnifi. no na nufiT>. a]i a glainm [ocup a^i-a-hailine] ip na haiTnpe]iaib pm . amm 1 1 .e. . t/ occ -O OTI tait>p6 1 O'D. no guma gum "DO ifionca u ueog neime DO ^aT>aT> itiuci "DO Cuach Ian 7)0 neim DO i\crc T>iaui -00 na on. pafi|xaT) t4emanT>c1n 5.y f CUf '^ ' -non abumt). INTRODUO TlCfV TION. no net gut ti-iiiT>ti5tec." or voice of the high. mitt netnunn ipo gabcaiy tna no Mic nemneac. ocup Raich ^nc 1 aifVO./7 erf. ocup loc t>o Seanchup hi po^rnuji. was composed." . tio a nj. which in 'Oomam Place. i. is The capital it was evidently intended to be an ornamented one. ocuf 'Cecofiuf ]iob m]\T> fug L. where Loud speaking.u tlicha.A 6 tiri. a.1.1. Guth aird may signify " " high voice. Ilich na geinci OUT) pn.

appear to have no meaning. fis ibu anfis. Rath guth aird was i. drink which was u'iven then.to Patrick.. a poisonous *(nng* they used to find in its strand or it was callnl Xith from or 'Nith nemhneach. during the winter and the spring. or of the ' ards. where the day in Glenn-na-mbodhur. $c. king of Erin. of the nobles. poem and the Senchus. _These words. 2 nopr Xith nemonnach. posed.pun. was the place. to him. and Theodosius was monarch of the world i And lubu.' from a slaughter committed along with Nemannaeh.' nach. or it toot called Nith from the contest or 'nemhshomaoinech. 5 They. the like some of the charms of the middle ages. he then comliquor. or for unlawful speaking i. i. or from the voices of the ards. Or it was pronounces these words over poison or liquor shall receive no injury " In nomine Dei the prayer let/tuning Patris. i.e. gpy\ tluru&pt A cup full of to Patrick. on account of its cleanness and pleasantness THE place of this 1 Poem and INTRODUCTION. .' i. in the summer and in the autumn. " Fris bru uatha. 'Xemance' unproductive of fish and produce.' of the learned . the place of the Senchus was Teamhair. son of Niall." &c.e.e. ibu lithu. and pronounced over the 5 they were composed at the same time in the time of Laeghaire. ' VttWtiff ^ 3 igl for loud speaking.e. Nith was the name the river. and this was revealed poison was given by one of the druids and thereupon Patrick pnmounced these words over the liquor: " lubu 4 fis fri ibu. Christi Jesu. or 'Nith nemun. which the pagans had there with Patrick. and Rath-guthaird. on account of the nearness of its fire-wood and its water. so called as being a fort ('rath') where a person was ." And whoever from it. of On the bank of Xith.e. stone of Patrick at this in the time of winter's cold. and on account of its warmth during these seasons is .' i.SENCHUS MOR. B 2 .e.

"Oaifii . octif "oeifmeftecc aiiifiT>e. "*Oo cuaic molpaij mac TniteT). 490. a J*M Utt Pefifa na filet) lame imofifio "Oubchac TTlac tia Lti5ai|i. T)o Caegaifie ngialltn'oecc ac Laegai^e. or C. "1n aimfifi T^echofi. flaiauf Laegaiiie mic Neitl. nomat) blicroam TIO plaiceaf 'Cecop.5. octif if in T)o ceqiamat blmtain 6fienn. Derg. mac e Meill.r"Pfiiccuif foifcela cen mec. a T>enmti m c-Senctifa. nor ia the copies of this preface preserved in O'D. Caijineach fin c-8encuif coif\ r " . *0ubcac.1. mafibat).aT) T)o. 756.Senchtif Tnu ISTRODOC. ocuf fio fu- 1 Xuada He is not mentioned by name in any of the published lives of St. Patrick. . Ocuf a cucaT) caifit>ecc matxcfltiais Laegaiiie T)o. ocf i^'Oubaificp'oe T>a fuaflaiccea T)e. uc mixic in "Paqaaic p. 'Dejibfiachaip. pacfiai^ T)o coiT>ecc n 1 n6-|xmT) T>O filat) if . m batuif octif qieT)nie T>o 'gaei'Deluib. . 'Cucaic actijiail ap. laii)i . e . .COTO pi let) m can fin. "Pepgup co peib. T>o TntnnT>ap. no muijifei) nee T)o mtnnncin> pacfiaic. muififefi. Cofic.o baichuif 50 li. co T>o cualait) m Ocf Nuat)t] *0ep. ocuf a eipT)eic. ocuf 50 cucca cuma eli T>o." Ocuf pefifa t>o -Seanctif tin pefifannu m cencufct. fiig a T3enmti na imojifio: Laegaifie "Da 'Do cac fe^^ ocuf a bjiec finmtTifiTn paqiaic fem o Cae^aifie T>on a no T)il5at) T)o bep. beneom.1. fiij 'Cucaic bfe^ n^ixent).

son of Mall. and in the fourth year of the reign of Laeghaire. brother of Laeghaire. i. And the command of Laeghaire's cavalry was given him. the poet said " " Patrick baptized with glory. Cairnech. give his own man. Ferghus. Dairi. that he of Patrick's people . Core. royal poet of the men of Erin. the hardy. in the ninth year of the reign of Theodosius. and got other rewards. and he said that if he were released. king of Erin. number of the persons of the Senchus Laeghaire. Rossa. heard this. These were the nine pillars of the Senchus Mor. Patrick.e." To the And " " the authors of the Senchus were the viz.. In the time of Theodosius. the just. Benen. he would kill one of Patrick's people. and Laeghaire agreed to award to the person who should kill the . at that time. who was in captivity in the hands of Laeghaire. Dubhthach.. " " He preached the Gospel without failure glorious people of Milidh's sons. The cause of the Senchus having been composed Patrick came to Erin to baptize and to was this : disseminate religion among the Gaeidhil." " " But the author of the Poem was Dubhthach Mac ua Lugair. it. with science. But the cause of the Poem having been composed was as follows : a Laeghaire ordered his people to kill man might discover whether he would grant And Nuada Derg the son of Mall. and he was released from forgiveness for 1 .SENCIIUS HOE. and : it was in commemofatten of this INTRODUCTIOX.

octif po aemtifcaip. octif capapti m fleig fincib octif po| . octif ir\io m aiccicea a "DO Ogepna pif na lamu bpec fin o gabail ma 1 fep mtiin'ocipi T>o . titil a i^eip ingptiT) innp "Oubchac fllac na Lti^aip. . 2 Inclined. Ocuf c. ocuf cogaib a lamu fuaf T>ocum a d^efina.1.o gabtifcaip a fleig a <* Tioip. pn 1 icip "Oia ocuf Tiume . biT) ma'oea'D afbepfa a neolc T)oc mcaibpu.icnuaf) ocuf cattmicunifgaT) ifin baile. tefcap Ian do 01 I ^ 1T1 rP 1 ^ "f* 1 inr111 - IfW P n gabchup. a cleipig. ap meipic Came. m gnimafa is bef. octif guma cuigi buTiem befiuT) m cujicti^. mapbtifcam OT>pan. 220.1. Topcheru an. fom Ocuf 10 ife . . ocuf camij cn. Ocuf p. mn spem.ech anT).o fep. octif fio bi^ cpofp^ilt. olfe if amnuf T)am beich ipn "Dail .ec.gai'De'D m clepec. ociif ni of This event related in Probus and the Book hill is differently Armagh. tia cleip. a jioga bpecemon ifin ctuceT) Tio. a paT) fjiim. "Oupfain Ttnc. octif po ^abtifraip plant! tun a coTntillat) fin pif . he-ipenn. ocuf 50 fiabuf 05 impoT) na comT) ann fin po claenca 'Cemuip. a poga bpetemon n-6ipmn T>o. - aflaiccea t)ia ^lalltn'Oecc. octif mop. ocuf a T)o [?'' J poga bpecemon n-6pmn po haicceT) T)ia p. octif ac bepc. . i mtup acpa [nee] Ti'acpa a T>ata.Senchtif til op. ocuf o bf cap epic cuiciT) cicfa. octif T>O cuaiT) TnnTifaiji Itnj. Octif po pa 'ooiti'o la 25*Oubchac mi fin. p. octif p. coipnem tim 'Dolmapbat). o btif cap. This inclination of the accounted for in the Lebhar Gabhala. ocuf r<qv > ocuf iffei) crr>efitncfem co noflaiocea anT) 'Do|uij uaqi fin. T10 poga |itic.-pacpai 5 Ho no fio iv jurna mu capptic no bee in clep. ocnf ODjian oc cofiugct'D in cafiptnc. See Petrie's Antiquities of Tara Hill.if.

And the cleric was angered. it is irksome . And the judgment of the royal poet was a who ua Dubhthach Mac Lugair. " " to " to cleric. . and he said" fcr4s-se*eFe-ki thee. he shall have his choice of the Brehons and when he shall have come across the in Erin . and that Temhair was being overturned and then it 1 .SENCHUS MOE. he shall this And thing was grievous Brehons in the province. captivity. and remained in the attitude of prayer with his hands crossed and there came a at the place. and hurled the lance at them and slew Odhran. vessel full of the From this is derived the cusgrace of the Holy Ghost. and Odhran was adjusting chariot. the his chariot at the time. God and man for if I say that this deed is for thy honor. raised up hands towards his Lord. jfl Jfty this me me. "by 'eric'-fine. of island of Erin." said he to be in this cause between " . according to others. have his choice of the boundary of a province. viz. it shall be evil not to be atoned for and . the Lord was that Temhair became inclined.that whenever a person cute his cause. and he gave guarantees that he-srottM-Mfil and he took his lance at once. and . and there was an eclipse and they say that the gate of hell was then opened. and great shaking and an earthquake darkness came upon the sun.. him to lower his hands to obtain judgment for his servant who had been killed. the cleric (Patrick} was in Or. to Dubhthach. tfrdesed. Patrick's charioteer. And the choice he made was to go according to the 2 . and it was at Patrick himself the shot was his aimed. comes over the sea to prosetom. and told him that and he would get his choice of the Brehons in Erin he consented to this as God had ordered him. and went towards the clerics.

c. ocuf mbp. . -Senchuf flDojv TTla'Dea'D apbefi "oono. 1fet) "Do cin*D HIT) fio 6i|mTD bfiec fiechca. 1 1nin C1T1 CUT> The first two syllables of this word are not in the manuscript. octif T)o c in fpifiaca naim pop. ifiiafi o each ocuf cojat) /s p. ocuf ifet) pil innapt>e caca tulc o each coimnefam T>1 afiaili. hamm nechqianT) Tdjail. ifpep. pecaT) ni T>li5 T>o cofc gacha clame. 757.iaia each aDgaijichefi. octif fuil a amm 1 n-anm. fuil.1. afeT>/ cucaifi lee n-dfienn bfiec foifcela. is but are supplied from the fourth line above. script (. T)emun tulguT). pfimTii.ec.eic ajiennacc. TTlaic qia. tiaip.1. cm *OociallacTiap. iiTDechaT) cof 1 coif. ni biT) mate la T)ia fon. mi[itii'Dniidie. "Duine.] [uefcfii] qtn loquictifi m uobif. c. tiejvca-D airo) a gloss upon it. m 7)0 befux *0ia pofi feT> tiefila- bpA T^ctiT). con T)ebaip. ol Pacfiaic. 1 .8 INTRODUCTIOS. [Won uof efcif qui loquimmi. po|ij. cumuchca la 6luT> bachif. bennachaif paqaaic w^tiTti a pnfum. .1 ngemclrcc. a efilabjia. After the word there in the manu- vrv . a eijuc octif a m'oecha'O 1 /7 ^- bef.1.eiTmi. uaip. octif . po toe. Cecajvoa TJO fiitne ipti T>O IUID fee.1. ocuf o ipejiaib olc mat coimec cp.c t)o fiaT>a.

then. i.. And if I . &c. favMjf+<)4"rn> Not a 3 * so the sinful Exod.. For the demon is not entitled to forgiveness In the day of judgment.SENCHUS MOK.' 3 &c. x.. What was in Erin before thee was the judgment of the law. xxi. and he " It is the strengthpronounced the poem beginning and the judgment. 2 " " " retaliation life : a foot for a foot. 757. See O'D. An eye In you. b. which speaketh in you.e. 'It is not ye that speak. and "Well. p. b. and what it contains is perfect forgiveness of every evil by each neighbour to the other. they relate. say it. Patrick. sin without atonement By " "* Truth is balanced. and their choice to all who are sued. was left to check each vice. Brehon..e. Matthew soul. " . of Ireland. C. for i. obedience from all are sued. and that it is to be avenged. 18. ening of Paganism. If/an evil deed teasfifignd Stw+W For it is Power to preserve religion. and his demand from the men of Erin. it be will not good in the sight of God for what thou hast brought with thee into Erin is the judgment of the Gospel.e. and the grace of Holy Ghost alighted on his utterance. say that ' eric'- be paid." the Four things are enumerated in this poem. was given his choice. i. 6." said Patrick. by which they go into purity. " " " " thou wilt not deem fine is to it good. "what God will give "for utterance." Patrick then blessed his mouth. 20. and Egerton. who It is the strengthening of Paganism . but for life.. 24. 4 a foreign soul was corrected The neglect of baptism. Foreign by Patrick who was not a native . for he. man." " " the spirit of your Father. and an eye " an eye.

e '. notwithstanding means. ocu^ nach cabuiyi loguT) non anigel o uafjjtie unafibaf. octif if CCiliu T)ia. CCitm is glossed ctumci. cfiochaD CembaT* m olc ncult n CiT> fo -oe^a co rabtnyi logu-o Don oinne. ace co TToejina atrjiigi. beseech.J T)a fiechc 'oeirmifiechc Tim tlaT) goiftpec j. The word geneto and this meaning would perhaps be better. arrma najvofiach. aicynje? 1f e . mac ma T) anaiT) afi chet. pijigeT) mo fee.el. mo baichif . rally I Hear me the authority of the gloss. Mucroac foperafi. . pf 'oeo'oa ("Omrnchuibfe cacait)). o T>O tugne pecan. in the marpin. na m m pac ^po TDefia. co^ip 1C "Dia f oycro if ai|it)e oca Tiutne. bui mo'D caich in jCCfifio s" CCijiiltniT) lap. fofcro a fiaibi nocho nwt 1C "Ota ^o|xit) if ai^Tii na m ^rofaT) i |voibi ocup uime na if cayin 10511-0 T>O o tio jvijne miaiibuf cm no . T)ian Tim Tulachafi if "Dilep abdiain CCbdiain ajoanai 1 caifimdirechc t^aji . hear ye. | Sinn aichfubj mdijub nae NaT> claen coicejic coinTDm Co na poficiiaiT) po|ibaifi pip. 10 cm no cifia-o ^ie aibfufc TiaenTia aca nn an . 30 TTVrDajji Tnefemnachc flan Seclnm mp. ocuf coyip femiT)e glan imo^fio oca mion ainj.10 Senclitif TDofi.

For repentance has been the custom of all . fathers the oldest fathers. I shall not pronounce such a sentence as will bring on blotches which point out the false judgment. contain examplesof vengeance. pass a sound judgment I follow Patrick since baptism. Absolution for his crimes. I\. after he has he has repented. That each man for his crime Shall depart unto death. even though he should him forgiveness man has a frail even though he should repent ? human body. and that the angel ieceiiS after his rebellion. prove^ by my my cheeks That I shall not stain their white honor. in which he was placed. 2 I $U/H. If he has atoned he is entitled. . The two laws. but the higher dwelling than that has not a higher habitation and God a subtile pure body. The path. for his transgressing The will of the supreme King. and God has a angel has than that not grant repent. to absolution . in which he had been .SEXCHUS MOR. ^direct of potent knowledge. The reason is. since Christ's crucifixion.indeed. provided because that/orgiveness is granted to man. decides (To which veneration is due). Divine knowledge.!^HAfl/Nte % v4-. ! God my Perverted not tEe judgmentsl^the Lord That 1 may not heap aggravation Upon the bloody crimes of men. my cheeks the 2 Honor. \ The truth of the Lord^ *f * The testimony of the New Law. it-is known. And As long committed they deserve pardon as they do not relapse into evil again. and this is the reason that He-weld after his rebellion. What is the reason sin. .

nanachc. CC mfcep. "Oia rnbi nnap. Seepage 21. i"bauT) ina chmaiT* each. baf . a\i na p. cTlocct1 Tiecri1rio1c. Oacro each oen oijigep T>ine. This is obscurely stated. Ocuf m afi baf beajiaja.b neach fuait fnaice. 1 Irish to Law. 1 olc noD 11011 minim. : Ma beo faifielfjitnche b|iont)tif bap. Pmticaji leifi tam ariT>fioilte. ^iTibu each bea^iti leicep biT>buT)ti biT)buT)ti. ba . It means that before Patrick's time the had the law of nature and the law of Moses. mignnna. 30 1f amlaiti fio comaitteea in -oa fieachc. CCfi if each beo beifiep bfieeh bep ahae a Oui if 111 coga.o foijvbfie in pecca-o aicTie]ifiach ifin inDfi feo. bfiech aji neirn Klua'Da.o ConiT) airfiejifiacli aDfioitte. pep. * jx ehinait).' Concejicaim bjieicheTnnacc baip.12 Senchur TTloji. iiCCT>ain CCp. breach fieachca TtomfttnTimeiii meicp. afi baTiafi . if feat) iniTjeifiT) fifiu Ofieanti la each ina chmaiT). cecna noup *Oia "Deilai T>ctTT1 mna nua . ("Dej. fio hofica in bit>bu ma ocuf T>O fiuigle'D [nem] ma tianmain . which Cai Cainbhrethach is said have taught the ancestors of the Scoti in Egypt. First . "Oeilb^ig fio"Da ftuagaib feji Oc eljnaf Wac namj T)eafi5.

not to death he is adjudged. . pp. and his soul was jSnrdniMd and sent to heaven. Even the king who seeks a wreath with "Who inflicts red wounds intentionally. up for his crime. What was agreed upon by the men of Erin was.^) It I is I^jis ivpntrt. by a foul deed pronounce the judgment of death. <v 'c^m^u^ .SENCHUS MOR. Let every one die who By kills a / human being . Through heavenly strength to save Adam. who 1 o^v '& judgment cV-f- There was in the First Law of the men of Erin That which God has not YOHohpiifed in his New Law. ' atbufyd' . have ** A> ^. The Trinity did not vouchsafe mercy. Yea. AVhose misdeeds are judged. He who lets a criminal escape is himself a culprit He shall suffer the death of a criminal. For it was perpetual -existence God goji&Aiai of his mercy. that sin might not otherwise increase in the . . ^Every hand t -*4. that every one should be given island. was thus the two laws were fulfilled the culprit was put to death for his crime. shall suffer death. . Or noblest of the learned . ***& ^ . Of which any person dies . evil to kill is 'Of death for his crime tcwwoy^jae^fii Nuada And It it is adjudged to Heaven. gives Forjevery living person Mttst have~%eeB-cbosea-4e-4t. In the judgment of the law which received. Until otherwise he merited -f* deserving death. every living person who inflicts death. his hosts. awj^ . 13 i$ punished as it deserves es.rsrni.

e. ciaccam miuppo T>oib /ft)on T>ait p. . o'anrnam 'Mucroaic. i. ocuf oc cuaf t)pepaib e-ip. pepaib 6ipenn ap.icca'D fofcela Cp. tna cmuii). ocuy innecTiaT) poyv a copp. uaiT\ nacb fWtcomnf trnne ac neocb mnm. ogpeip ocup poftecqpac n-dpenT). . T)O. ip c. .1. . naip pe|i 7)o fapujat qua pipca ocuf mipbaite Tteiima|xa 1 Pacpaic. "Dm -DO 1f fe-o cuicchefi qaiafin Tnbn. an cem pojaba eir\ic. ina cmait). In O'D.14 enchup 171 op.1. ocuf a chuyx ayx nnn^ ma e]-nc.enn mapbcro na mbeo ocuf beou^aT) na mapb. 758. this is somewhat more clearly stated. .eicfea anuaf. TiilguT) ocuf 1 y\o bi |xia pacfiaic 1 llticroa -DO inafibcro n-eifum>.o 1iep. a T)enam" ol paqiaicc. a pipu [ciT) 6ipenn. a to the soul of Nuadha. ciaccain inn.aici. ann apbepc Caegoctfve : "Riccai a tep. ocuf tuli comacca parpaic. J0 paT)"Oe pop. i. .rollout ifin mbfieic fen. to kill it for his crime. Laegaipe cona 'Dpvu'Dib n-6ip.0 boi in la pn. a rnayibciT) WtSti*/ocnf irroechoti *-f'^3 wcmcaib anpoic ocuf uvoeirhbiiie coyibu cop. punDiujaT) ocup cenmoca in m feo"J. ociif trtlsu-o cue paryiaic laif. fio faillfig uroechcro im>ecbaT>: uai}\ "Oubcbac. thus : "DilgcrD ab-jxec pop.1.nin 1 .1. cen r>wne DO ttiayxbaT) ma cmcaib conip.e. dec oca 1f e ciaeram ici|v oca infection. ocuf fft'A \itt~} vo nirhefiinnm. "1p pepp. p. ap belaib caca ptaca t>o "Oubcliac cappenaT) bpeicem1p anT) p. anD pin cappcomlaT) cac aep Tiana ta h&pmt) co oji'Duga'D cacli peclica tmT) cappen each a la ceipT) pa paq\aic. tnb|ieic 11^ pn q^a jio poficongfiaT) o'paq\aic co rifcaif co haen 111015111 ppi pop. haencaiT) imac[a]lma lap.bat) 1 Retaliation. iap ciaccam T)o ocuf oc conDcacap. . ocuf ^05110111 uati ma ocuf ma eiint>i\ati. mm. forgiveness maiibcro and retaliation upon his body. to bring it to heaven .o pp. ocuf each uaiyi na ^uigbe ina cmcaib coni|\ain. amuil 11.ifc "ooib uili . octi^ nein o parjiaic t>o.

: understood from the above decision.SENCHUS MOR. as long as eric'fine is obtained . When they came to the conference the Gospel of Christ was preached to them all . Unne- required of him for his unfulfilled contract and covenant.. Then Laeghaire said " " men It is necessary for you.e. of Erin. in obedience to the will of God and Patrick. as well as this. he is put ' to death for his intentional crimes. and whenever 'eric'-fine is not obtained. and Patrick brought forgiveness with him. i." " It is better " It was then that all the proto do so. to exhibit the cmccain im Since his arrival ciaccam tio. so no one is put to death for his intentional crimes. and when the men of Erin heard of the killing of the living and the resuscitation of the dead. for as at present no one has the power of bestowing heaven. before Patrick. Nuada was put to death But there is for his crime." said Patrick. It 8 was then Dubhthach was ordered Instead of iafx so. which God revealed INTRODUCE TION is that it was a middle course between forgiveness and for retaliation prevailed in Erin before Patrick. ^T """"^ After this sentence Patrick requested of the men of Erin to come to one place to hold a conference with him. intentional crimes and for those and placed on the sea for his una ofsuppoood utility . 1 At this day we keep between forgiveness and retaliation. it is icqa tioib in the original. they bowed down. fessors of the sciences in Erin were assembled. as Patrick had that day. that every other law should be settled " and arranged by us. What to is 15 Dubhthach. and service is * Ir. 2 with his druids cles and when they saw Laeghaire overcome by the great signs and mira- wrought in the presence of the men of Erin. and there is also retaliation. and each of them exhibited his art. retaliation forgiveness in that sentence. in the presence of every chief in Erin. but corruptly . and Patrick obtained heaven for him. and all the power of Patrick since his arrival in Erin.

eicium anatt. 1 The letter. tli T)m nat> uite "Do paqiaic. put bepta. PT16011 i Harl. the New Testament. T>o aiTVcecno-oup. ocup Cope. m opTi bpeicemcup ppi cuibpena cpepon. iiechc s licpe ap m -Spipuc naem po labpapcap ocup cecham cpia 5inu na pep ppeon cec pabacup c. T)m. pecc aicmn [uite] msi cpecium. pp nonbup.1. 758.echca patnapac ta paiTu] ocup i p. ocup beneom.ecc aicniT) map naT) pochac pechc i1na bpeca pp.1. T)op aippen "Oubehac cau-ocai-D ( r (/. amait T>o n-atpcecam cpia 5inu a po pace ocup na n-uapat atcpe. .1. 2^ Hopp. . o consabat) m mp po co cp. ocup .1. qii eppcuib . they foretold that the white language would come. ocup . conaip-5eT> nacca ta pacpaic ocup ectaip ocup ptaice 6p. ocup ptetaib. 1 p-ecc aicmT) ocup [a pecc 1 mbpecaibjmnp eipenT) "Coaipnsepcacup. pteT).o op. ocup nach p.1. rcnif C iff p. T)o aip.enn. 2 Chief prophets.enn -ooneoch piobba "Dip. . Paqiaic. . 3T-J30. ocup TDubeac. ConiT)e -Sen- cnup map mpen.'oaispec. ocup T)aipe. p^ bpeicip.3I-J-- c. ocup oca a Tiepnepecc p. ocup comuaim n-Cctaip pw cuaic.e. n"0e 1 peccttcpi ocupnupatnaipe.o ppu Cipenn. In C. .- 1 n-myiip na [ppim paitu] 6p. canom. . mac T^picim.mn anuap. biap. qii p.155 Hopa.16 -Senchup 171 6p. aicniT) cpa 'Din px> tabaipupcap m 8pipic naem cpia smu bpeicemon ocup ptiti ppeoin pep n-dipenn. .1. the canon. nupa ocup uile pliT)ecca 6ipenn.1." viz. ocup Caipnech. amm m Liubaippe p. 758 the reading is. For pyinn vai-6i there is vep. 759.1. l3 a coip. i.. 432. T>o opTtugaT) )'Art M^onbup cpa T>O epstap m tiubaipp. -DO icpar> in befita " of beatitude tnban tnbiai'o . pecc pecaptaice 1 . To nicpaT) bepta ban . laesaipe.

Mac-Trechim. 3 Feini. i. as he had prophesied through the mouths of the chief prophets 2 and noble fathers in the patriarchal law for the law of nature had prevailed where the written law did not reach. and in the poets. viz. were all exhibited by Dubhthach to Patrick. and have the psoef of this above. was eenimmsd in the laws of the Brehons" by Patrick and by the ecclesiastics and law of nature had been and the its obligations and faith. Nine persons were appointed to arrange this book. and with the . 17 judgments and all the poetry of Erin. except the harmony of the church and the people. three bishops Laeghaire. i. for the ^ Order eho "~ . i.e.d. Xow the judgments of true nature which the Holy Ghost had spoken through the mouths of the Brelions and just poets of the men of Erin. down to the reception of the faith. i.e. Berla Feini was the dialect supplied from Cormac's Glossary. three kings. a poet. and in the judgments of the island of Erin. where this passage is in which the ancient Irish laws were written. ir.e. and Benen. is the name of this book which they the chieftains of Erin . consciences of the believers. and Dubhthach. the law of the letter. Rosa. therefore. and Fergus. for it was the X Holy Spirit that spoke and prophesied through the mouths of the just men who were formerly in the island of Erin. a doctor of the 3 Berla Feini. and Core. Patrick. They had foretold that the bright word of blessing would come. And this is the Senchus Mor. and Daire. the knowledge of nine persons. i. and every law which prevailed among the men of Erin. Noiis.e. What did not clash with the AVord of God in the written law and in the New Testament..e. we The word Feini is quoted. through the law of nature. cupation of this island. and Cairn ech. and the law of the seers. SKXCIIUS MOR. . quite right. from the first oc1 . fr arranged.

ocuf byietu CCmbue. 1 lenl1 F ^|^ T aniail -|io jabfac [ujtiaifi. ce fio bacufi fitie 1 cup.f'oecnebap. extant his time. col. 2210 20." Trias Thaum." na ftace. ocuf bfieca "Oencliecc o lejib. peyiceiyxcne pie. The time allowed each person to plead his cause was long or short according to his dignity. ocuf bjiecu ITloyiainti [imc TDam]. pacfiaic T><> cuiT>ece n-Gpint>.a ace t>o rpuip n-Cpmn. . in Patrick's law. "Jls^num . 1.'ruc convenit.18 po in Sen cli up 1p 1 TT)6]i. et salutem aniniie obtinendam satis i-uni. ctiiim volumen quod dicitur Canoin Phadruig. octif jubpeca Cafiacnia : nm e. 1 unoppo niDiprep. . amail po ip na Opecmb nemeD.. cuf m itnacallanji 111 "On n-6main tTlache.ec 1 n-Ope. "biaiti cmc 20 in T>O bf T)ucliai5 "Oo atlan ' noibf om tie. octip itletie mac "Cuap l CCT)na. . 227. ypl. id est Canones Patricii seripsit cuilibct persona. afi pichic).-s. i. 2 Brealhinys. ocuf bfieca acena nnc Senchac. cfict Ccon _ pcrcyicnc.enn 1p m romup nae [anal] ocup ^ubpac 1 innpci -DO cacb uip na micro. /0 O caimc -piyt imo|iixo paryxaic. na pipu po anaenii|X a mb]xeceninufu octiy a n-eotiif.1. bfieitem ip|ii pafatjib. ace a nT>ucai T)e ocu ^ 1XO 5 ab ca6 w efwn a 'DT le cc 'oon bfieicemnuf.." . pep. na m-bjiet fo fiof] bpeca Oacac mic Lucca. m f jxicpa each an-ofom o nmu. imun nujam fuaD bin ac CCona.e.1. OCntiifism ma canome. '' wiia ^lonuc 5^un 5 e cec bp. ocup bfieca "Ooec llemcmne. / pobu ta ptetiu anaenup. pepjcqira f|ii i 1p e tin /ILL/ M^^"/?/ "lotati ocuf aifi . ucc 111 jebait) each a Dfiecca T>e. t>o na On pitb fo T>O tiaqi m Beiita bain. ocuf nip bu jxeitt tionaib plctcib m b^etemntif \io nucpac. Cain Patraic. (I'D. ad justitiam exercendam." ol Concobayi. about ei^htt-en buin^ considered equivalent to a minute. . ocuf bjieca "Ouficachc. bjvetemnaif a\\ pte-oaib utji fin. See C.. ippef) ncfO TXj] cumaic nac nacli 111 1" b]ieicem oaenna no '^ae'oelaib pogebct 1 ccucbitictj -Senctiup mop. but Jocelyn mentions a larjje work of this kind as he apparently misnames it Canoin Phadruig. byieinemnuf. p. 8 Dignity. 214. Co camic paepaic rpa in eabapca uplabp. 2204. "11i cuicamne cecumuf a]\aiT)iT. annpifi pm cpa no aencaigpec tnace pep n-6ip. nnc Utchifi.." "1p inenann. (no oeenemap.. The time allowed for advocates w:t< divided by brcathin. ap pecc picluc. mac f Oa T>ofica T>m in labpcro fio labaqifec na plefia if 111 1 pn. iy biieiccninuf a fiofccroaib ocuf v"iii a^a cac uj\labi\o .1.i apntxJip ocup fcetujcro. comgne pp.

of the Gospel. <fec. indeed. son of Uither. to pass sentence from the precedents and commentaries. as found in the Bretha Ne- mhedh. " what they say. and t^eJ^e_ju^gjn^n^ofCaj5t-KiaJ!eiscihi. indeed. iu that disputation." said Conchobhar. a Poet. We do not. and speech to be allowed 3 to each. ment they had " "These men. which the poets spoke Obscure. and no human Brehon of the Gaedhil is able to abrogate any thing that is This is found in the Senchus Mor. until the lime of the the Erin. judicature belonged to contention which took place at Emhain Macha. viz. or one score and ten came only three of persons were permitted to a Chronicler. son of Adhna. to relate events and tell classes into Erin persons. breathings. in the first place. a Brelion. however. The number of companions with whom Patrick is said to have come was seven score and ten persons. according to his dignity.SENCIIUS MOR. and the judgments of Doet of Neimhthinn. son sages. the f> tut first of all. and each of the men of Erin took his own part of the The the following judgments judicature. which. and of the and son of the judgments of Morann Eoghan Main. understand "all evidently the case." "shall partake in " It it is from this loWy..e. stories . Ferceirtue. was the language the chieftains what judgto and it was not plain passed." is subject to the man of the time that Amergin Glungel passed the first sentence in the poets alone. and the judgments of Diancecht. and the judgments : judgments Gtv Mac-Scnchath. except their proper share of it. Until Patrick speak in public in Erin. part-of day . and Neidhe. for the sage's gown which Adhna. viz. had possessed. c2 . between the two From the poet. each utterance of these professions the white language. Since Patrick's arrival. *~^ " fii4br_iliese-i^9hntt not be~takefr-fwHn_ilieni " share of it. to eulogize and satirize . it whroh is the but forth. of Uither.. 1 19 the Cain Patraic." said the " chieftains. were It was at this time the chiefs of the men of Erin agreed on 2 the measure of pleading-times. physician. i. judgments MacDurthacht. and the of Brigh Ambue. ~7V each shall have his * '*** The poets were then deprived of the judicature. as did the authors of of Fachtna judgments of Eochaidh MacLuchta. have their judgments and their knowledge to themselves.

ec ailia que leje fc^ipru func. calls him JEne&e (ilium nomine Nelum seu Niulum. no teg-oi-p T)ia -poglumi leo.. TIO . [Cecna 5Dup. 1fipn amifiii 1 nT)enra na 1iaifa>e mojia i n&gepr.echc tTluifi p. ocuf a aicbi^ cmccum.ait)ib a bunut)Uf. aji -oo ba ryxia foyicjiaiT) neolufa ocuf ffcirgnama no aiD -Don na T)-ixviiTie G^epcaca..o buiD n-6ifiiTiti CCivneip. DO mileDUib TTIileD.m ciji Dia p.n5ip. fin 1n can imop. co p.pn . tap. co pxibuDUp. ocu-p -DO ina aijxi>e untia. and 8 only. ocuf ay\ oman fop. Inntie Tnciruii Scui 1ajx cecc T>on fcoil cuna naici leo co pojiunt).p.e . camicc Cae la TTluifi. 1na Scoci olcena fio eluiDfiuc ayi oman na v?epeivca..1. fin. TIO connuqic r^ia pemnif ocuf na htnle fint) 11 a bjiera moyva m fe^uof "Oei. gm cecc ifin fluaigeT) lap. lap. 1f e 111 Cae ifin fopifoglainn p. ceca p. 5. lumgef maccTDile'D co fiabacup. ocuf IT: bp. 7.cup. fop. . and 8. Ocuf ba fi c^ia focbiiaic TJUCC t>oib Scoc.eclira no beip. m ma baip. msen po]\uimD. fin Da nocc Dec lum^ep af a ci|\. an ecplatj.e caiDecc anaip. 110 if an be|vla nC^epcaca la Cai. 1 . a naoncaiD mac ocuf DO gellacup.e [DOp. fio cuip. pip. Cae Dna if e Gijipc. j\\l. 7. p. T)icyxib. ocuf yio foglunn an bej\ta nG^ebcacca octif af e ar cuaif) TJO po^iann -DO 1115 G^epcaca.in Dalca Cm Cambp.. published by Colgan. DO pemuf Ro bui rfia Cat i caonnecc ITluifi ffiif m pn. yiobui Po^umn. -j\\l.o DO foglmm na nitbefit/a fon t>oman.et>. locu|\ a'Cjiacm cip. eicm.m. 1f|iaelit>aiT> ceicet).eca p.echai5 eiftDe. ^aoiDil na miliD pn DO cunaD uaichib Cp-uicmg. pDe p. ifeD DO DechuDUp. la poyiuiiT) luif) -p. f if amlait> mtMUfcup.. Ocuf [a|\] fcaotlei) na fcoite fon T)onian mle. fojluim- DO 'Gift I3aifip. caifciul map. . 495.far6. ocuf ma gnaif ac cuiDecc cap. ace ocuf fiechca 1lluifi so ifin n^p-eg. if la Cai t>o cuanufi na cecra 6 poiiann T>O chumaf) peniufa cuice. cabuific T5O 11el mac pennif a. son of Fenius. clu ocuf aip. Colgan. 6. Niul. 1 The author of the life of Cadroc. 6.ac fcoile Peinnifa p<rp.oibe i Gp-acia.Chp. p. fcap.p.uichnec ap. cap.o fio puiDi : pemnif a t>a t>eifcipul feccmogec p. lap.ufcup. 1n can imop-jio cancucup.ecup.p. This interpolation is in O'D.o gabuDaif fetpn cip. fiacc co ge^ bo t>o 6bp.iacc] fon. in the Leabhar Gabhala. fo na lumgfi uc.Dei\cuf DO chuaDUp. Ocuf in file.j.a 1 lap. 1n can cjia ]\o cuacup.20 ISTRODUC- Senchur 1 O'D. mtup. in Dala Depcipul Ixx. a Ntl.1.

King of Egypt. Cai was in the meantime along with Moses. and from fear of Pharaoh. are Scuit Hence the son of Fenius. who promised they should themselves acquire a country. And on the dispersing of the school throughout the When was with Cai the messengers went from Pharaoh. and it was the judgbefore he Moses the law of ment of the Law of Moses he used to pass. called Scoti. . for they thought that it was through superior knowledge and and wrought study the Israelites overcame the Egyptian Druids. 21 1 poet. to request come to him. After the coming of the school and their tutor to Pharaoh. Cai came with Moses. when i. it of Fenius to learned the Egyptian language with Cai. This was the time at which the great signs were wrought in the other things which are Egypt. This Cai had learned came from the East. languages throughout the world. Fenius put to sea. but into Greece. come into Germany. such was the fame and renown of that fleet. was given in marriage to Nel. i.N'CIU S MOK. nigh. the many signs. by force in the country of the Cruith- into the eastern part of after that thirty-six them lands if are descended from them.bK. and it was not in to the Land of Promise he set out. one of the seventydisciples of the school of Fenius Farsaidh. the daughter of Pharaoh. And the reward which they got was 2 that Scota. Now. The first author that ever was in Erin was Anierg'm Glungeal. the Israelites -went on their flight. the fleet of the sons of Miledh had it. champions went in ships from their country. Scoti in general fled from fear of the signs aforesaid. they world. the INTRODUCwho was foster-son of Cai Cainbrethach. Now. AYhcn. and it was he who went to Pharaoh. and The not go .e. and was in liis company while going across the desert. the Gaedhil landed those champions who had set out from Thracia. Cai was and he learned the from his derived he Hebrews. lineage although the language of the Egyptians. the destructive plague and written in the law.e. however. etc. they went to learn with them. and he abode Thracia. Having afterwards traversed the aea.of his reproach after his return. And thus his story is told two : Fenius sent his seventy-two disciples to learn the various he who went to Egypt. so that the Cruithnigh (Ficls). but parted from him when he had learned the law of Moses. and did in the host with Pharaoh . when Fenius and all the learned saw the great judgments executed by the servants of God. <fcc. and united with the sons of Miledh.

1 nji [Connachr] |iobuifim imoyifio. ocuf if fochaif>e con 7)eirnni5t." afi afi mbp. : af beftrfum i\aiT>e ffiiu i ""Oetiait) ocuf Siiein ocuf efcca " 7fil. T>O fioif cfitie . a nami- 3S"lce imoixyio aifv-oug-oup. Brethchath or Brathcai. the judgment of Cai. two t>in "Do Cae minnT>cifii feifin. pp. buiji. |n pp. of Brighi. " mi) each irm_ bfieti. picul.ecc aen laichi no aon oit>chi -oen cmi- oca aon ina tiuile fin t>o fteift "Oe -De|iofcaba. ol fe.." 1nnat> aice nacae bui coniuc joTioibfiann.e. .]T)tip. i ngaif ocu^ cfie- 1na pn Connta i Cainbjiechac. 7)\l.e ocuf ti[5]DU^ jaffi fe^ nGjiunT). "caob TIO cabuific "Ota nmie ocuf caiman.a ba COT ba laifin Itnngef TX> luiti ]\o 1 ocuf * fCm. Itroe Tucicup. \-et> uei\iuf mac tnojiuitin. 111015 -/fit. \\ m rSencufa: rhuc TTlac ua 1 Lugtiift. mte.a|i lee 1 f. tlefiif) mac pmncmll a pt>ib. octif cfiec- mi no af hec fip. i. aniyia Dana. . um. ocuf ifeti uno^fto af moam ill ba TIO Sencha mac CCililla bit) maccfitie.1 fefc noQpofac 8am.'Deimni5ttifi < ma T>iai5fiT>e . lib gin TDO cumfcutiuT) 511) UJXT) iA"cip. amuil afbefiup. ocuf nach maDit) peiijijouint). words . 3 . Lao5iiif.1. Ofieccac no byiat bjveicem laipn tuitigiHf tnle. aTTfieccuTHi^ i.obuifii)e. peyiaTiuc pm-ofechtnach. fofi bfiat Tieisiiiuig bei^iuf 18 e iric-U5DU|x ranatfe a^ aifieja ]\o bui i n Otfie 1 njaif Sen m 10 mace Cdge.afi cumaccuib. raifech fill pe^gufa mice Lea fio bui. T>O |uincep. f in Connachc. mic 11ell |\. Seancha mac (Jdlella lafitmi. ocuf buDap. ocuf -oon T)ia a otnlr-. Sencha inacCuil Clam Pachma." ot fe. ifin fencuj\ 1 naim- 0^115 CCmbui T>ano banu^T)!]^ fefi n Gfieiro 1iroe DICICUI\ Oinat-|\a Oyiiji.22 INTRODUC- Senchur mop. fuamemam pefiguf pile. " omma. Rechc "Oe T>O a "Cfiaaa naificif a raifben Tioib a gfief o |\o fcafvfar.af: camgne. bfiat T>O poificmiro beta. oamib ocuf a bfiecha.1. 7|\l. DO pe^uib Gjienn is- ngaif of e co |\ac l m Spifiuca naomi if e TIO- gne conptiucc \^\\f na "D^unJe.hufi a nennrfenchaif) f iTie.e.erh uf t>ia each bp. a mace." ma oiagp'oe. rem baT> octif calani eifitie acuf j\\i.eifin .e. ol na pi cumachrach f. in m[j. afbe]X Dt)iyxp'&e batwfi ^c no Tiena 11111111. ocuf "OubpliTiecca fou la See also Cormac's Glossary. 7jxl." . cojib caitne Sfiian ocuf efcca piint) cuait> TDO fe|iuib becha. 2 Brintlira lirighi. TDoiiunn mac TTlaom. fam kroifu ocuf itmuine imc ~0& nacha cuifiiT>fi if. 7fil. afbefirfiom. Icifi fin r\\.

SENCIH'S MOH.' the world is called 'brath. go Mac Ailella. and do not boast " Son of God. -. to " of change the order of whereas ye have not power your powers. Fachtna. poems were celebrated. who with contend he used to g-ace of the Holy Ghost. Nendh Sencha Mac Ailella came next. which claim not ye for yourselves .' of end the as covenant. the weight of evidence.. author of wisdom and prudence among Brigh Ambui was a female is also the last the men of Erin. It Coimaught Erin attest his eminence. &c. doctor of Connaught. and many and bishe in was lived. king Fithel flourished in the of wisdom of the men of Erin came next.e. Drehon was Cai this After men. that ye speak the "for' the men of the world. ' as will pass on his creatures. his son. and and heaven earth. The following now were the chief authors of the Senclius : Ferof gus the poet. <tc. ic. is uniform "even one day or one night. the Druids.ic. 23 Thrace to meet his IXTK.." " established all these the God of heaven and earth. W however. After her came Connla Caiubhrethach. 1 From him is named. is better place said" It us. he no " truth. and his j udgments. as some say. that he was the sou of Sencha show to rather would ' tt. i.. was Sen Mac Aige. son of Niall. " Different Different is the strength and the manifold powers of the ! . ' ^ - Brath' is the will follow every for it is the judgment which meaning of every broth ." Do you " cause the moon and the sun to shine in the North then. after him .e. &c. and Dubhthach Mac ua Lugnir. said that it was they that made and the sun and moon. the sea. who pwt a thread . Morann Mac Main. but more correctly and c/ii<f author son of Morann. things. judgment which God wisdom who was in Erin in author illustrious The second most He in the Seuchus. and the law of God to i. the elements according to God ^ of the men of After him came Sencha MacCuil Clain . and we will believe to do this. Now own C-. and Feradhach Finnfechtnach. he showed them his work since they had parted. &c. Brethchath or BnthoaL to the whole fleet. of the administratioiyvhich 1 " decree.. time of Laeghaire. From her is named Briathra Brighi.M. ic. It was this ho said to them '. the first author mentioned lived in the time of Fergus Mac Leti.ii went in the fleet which had sailed from people. Mac Finnchuill from the fairy hills. chief was filled with the he for he excelled the men of Erin in wisdom." had that seen was power it When they " to faith in Him who our said for he." said he. as some say.

Pilet>a -Dana (imoixiao if a ni^coitbich log enech la each pep.onpp.1. 1 bfieich njua. ocuf T>of lec-oaif it> . 1p et rp. ocup luchrume paop.maicif no beixet jubpec. ran fiucet> ptie paclihia. Me'ohe mac CCfma nuc \lm-\i.Tin libpo . ma-o a naimpji lacra noe feiroai^ na ba a mat) pyx unoyiyio a nobe^e-6 ba hogflan m me]. ace -DO cinre mef ciyie 1 mbi-6 i m m naon aiDche.uc om no bejiet) 5001 no treantiat) m p'n ima bjxajuir. 47. yxo bui ff ngua gin reofia [/]ail< lie a prhel. Ocuf o]iT)vi5af) ocuf pjilleD uaiT>ibpvn. a mbetpe no lebjiumg ime pp corjbejiet) bjiec 8encba mac nfrinja cacha CCiltlla m byietche. cecamup. laeju .24 INTRODUC- Uiwv - ' bai ap a cmn -DO bperha nettle anjuplam po oopputTOtup . ocuy.Din mac 1. hastily " jud^iii).a5ab each Tub a tijcapap.a -01 poiUpDib. TTlofiunT) biiech nfjorjp.o bacu^ aT)amp.a pampiUT) ip. to be rendered (irophetic. Ftannch. a mac. yfil.l.ayiuf panach a qxich Cmp. opna. in Kerry. ec aln qm . Cen at /^Connta F airi ' m )uicp-oe 501 iri]i la ^arh m 8pi^ara naom'i fio but Senclia mac Col ic^taCltiin m ao ankhe y. ocup pachna palbperhuc. buf> eicm T>in ooibpmni ace raippemro a comine Tioneoch cachnui-ap a ceite ixeimib. ocuf Cpewne Cep-o. 56 p^eDp-uigpec pf>e lam DO opechcaib alanailcjnug1 TulbrethackLp. Sen mac CCige ocup T)o. 46.naicne fio baca^ ipn urop p. pp. 3o pie. Pv.o iiiapu qia cif pacfiaic p. : tncmepefranrup. now 8 Certain incantations by which the poet's mind was supposed Fennet.1.'. cona jiuca cm pn mia byiaginr: m ran ifjaof. nrconjbejxe-Dh bfiedi cont)ai\oniucaT>aT) b^u. man namip^ mept yp.1m ocup TTIoenach mace 11me. ocuf ba epcomun a cemm laotu no mibaf pop. ocuf pilei>a 6)ainT) t>ano olchena . i>ib ocup nij..ifDe ifamm pacrna Tulbixerliach. Nip p.yiai5e Luach)iu). p. a imropmach la pepgiipocup "Oubcach. Pile mac CCidnyine. CCirhiiine CCiimuf. pupate 5 mmorha ""5^ . ponn Senchtipa ?. 1nrcm not) neyimaictrif ma byieirennim a p^ atcnet). See Battle nf Mngh Rath. in can no beifieti claonb|ieic. . ocup "Giancecc.mm ma . 7)o cuij\ef> [bolja voia a nsjiuawnb] -DO cui|ieT> botga ceramuf -po^i T)e^vanJe Sen true CCigi.rmoip.p^if m p* . ypl. ocuf a cejiru^df) pat) pcnr|iaic p^ia iiecc liqae 7)0 ucc parpaic laif. la Sen mac CCighe. TTla-D pip.

had passed a false judgment.. he pronounced a false judgment the If he passed a true one it exviz. through the grace of the Holy Ghost. as first of all on the right cheek of Sen Mac Aige. his son. hence he received the name of Fachtna Tulbrethach. if in the time of fruit.SEXCIIUS MOK. and Credine Cerd. revelations. and the addition of the Senchus Mor by Sen Mac place. pondered upon it in his breast the night before.bhildies Fithel had the truth of nature. but if he passed a true judgment the fruit was perfect on the trees . Fergus the poet. 1 Aililla . panded down upon him. Sencha Mac Col Cluin was not wont to pass judgment until he had Fachtna. . pronounce by pronounced to Patrick . an .j't A^** j f ^ . .. and it was corrected in presence of Patrick according to the wri ten Law which Patrick had brought It they arranged and added to it. cbd. so that he pronounced no false judgment. and false judgment. in of Erin generally the first Aishe. but they used . whenever he pronounced a false judgment. the poets who were called from Fianach. i. and Fiachna Fialbhrethach. there appeared blotches upon their cheeks .. authors which ey exy tem. 25 /W*^v aeuvtJk' -who besides the judgments of previous IXTBODCCpoetry around it for Patrick. was only necessary for them to exhibit from memory what their predecessors had sung. &c. or Imbas for osna. the cows refused their calves . and Doidin Mac Uin.. When chain tightened round his neck. chain around his neck._. which was upon him. . The particulars which each of them took from authority are. and Luchtuine Saor. all the fruit of the territory in which it happened fell off in one night. Fer- ceirtne the poet. the foundation to it by Fergus and Dubhthach. And Connla never passed a false judgment. never pronounced a false judgment without . Neidhe. and plained Moenach Mac Nine. and which they been een had them. son of Adhna. . &c. and the poets not a man of them had honor-price who passed he was deprived of his profession. Aithirne Amhnus (the severe).e. with him. ic. However. uu lna face fof each judgment. son of Aithirne. . gjBttwg-thrcc permanent. <tc. Morann never pronounced a judgment without having a Sencha Mac <''. 2 in the island Fergus Fianach (so in the territory of Ciarraighe Luachra). son of Uithir. 3 unablo to prrfnrm Teinm Laodhu. and was.-] . of Sen Mac Aighe. but they disappeared again when he had passed a true judgment. Now. before the coining of Patrick there had been remarkable When the Brehons tkyintod from the truth of nature. if in When time of milk. and the others who are men- wc ^ /^ ^^ta ff^ fa J^ji 7-J tioned in the book. and Dianchecbt.

ocup po cum in ppmanninc imucuai]ic uime. oeup ir -A. Zo Ho nelb nona nuca na . amap : CCnaip an onup Tliis is m . ocup cucan CCnam npu!- lomnacc poppu. CCi Gmnacb pichel a ugcapap. person.IMIICUIII/ mine no uuui}:e]l co inn mine. tti * I . com na gaecba nee amlain pn ami.1. ocup co cpochan in uipci pin. "Oo caiman no CCnam ocup Gua amgel bepc aipchmnecc co na ^ 10 damn. pumni tpin luc rciiicupi. miinna. POC aipc unoppo pa neom. is compo- sition of this 2 work as set down. corporeal" are supplied from the Preface to Feilire Aenguis. &c. anmanna ip m ma Sacaipti caiman apchena. Ho nelb nono na bocc ngaeca. ceicpi ppnnsaeca ocup ceicpi pogaeca acbepap nono cetcpi pogaeca eili ann. of the sey. Vpi apaile. . uaip ip ne Cecam cucan jpian ocup epca pop pic noap. aneap m geul. uaip ip o copp ocuf 6 nemcopp p. an allusion to the place. mp ? ^ 1 : ID calam ocup nem no ponan ap cup. co ocup ppebaib cpe me^apnacc.uiii aipcmnechc HIH. ypl 1mapn naipechca no Connla. . ocu r 1fl calam po mcpamatl ubaill pip rpumn pop lap na ppafmanmnci. alan ocup in cntnii. pcppa nnoppo /fipm cpep luc.] <J- nil) f Cm 11m. ocup Clece bp. ap nemcoppapna 111 aunpip pep pa nnoppo ip an cpey luc. Coip pcme map.echa. 1.1. ocup TTIinba bpeca.L. uaip ip ne 1lame no pigne CCnam ocup Cua. . liac. Ho nelb nono iupcin nluma ocup uip in radium. comn neps. ocnp Hechol mbpech. . pain nafe caca gaeice mb gel ocup copcpa. ^ i... ocup ami pip ipin luc canatpi. nub ocup onup.. uaip ip ma m((ipc no ponan an calam ocup in mmp. in gaec copcpa.15 f nono cec m po ceip "Oia ap 111 maipi. vjrt*^ ju.1. a m ciap. ocupcoip Peme bee. buine ocup ngaec.^ iapum !u|<. culbpeca parcna. uaip na ppic pemcepcup peomanin no na no pep na pellpam no ipon ponepa loc ap nup.o unoppo pa neom. T)o \j\j bepc oo Lucipep nai jpanaib uc|i. . ei The words " for plaee Corporeal.26 . cause. time. ocup ip pjnapne piajailcep annpip. uaip no bennuchan na ntnli. glap ocup uame. ip i Opn appicj:puca na .^. m nepg ocup m bume icip ngaic ngil ocup 1'lai'e. rtiaic ocup in an nub. Seiichup IXTRODUO cap. p. ocup Caipt bpecha inopa. ocup ip 6 pich nin oeoip uipcini. [ap ip coppapai loc] annpip. coman locc po aipnemen ap nup nnul. m calam co na poc ocup a lecec.

and the earth was on it Tuesday is. many of the works of other authors. and he of a form in the the earth and around it. and the currents of the watery air. between the are the and red the the west yellow from the pale . and the Coir Feiue the Coir of the Tulbretha Fachtna. from the the south from white. son comes in the third place. the vapear-and and ordained that it and rivulets. the Rechol m-Breth. and by these time is But person is put in the third place because it was on Wedall the animals of the earth in general. so that there are twelve winds accordingly. moon were placed ruled. with their earth to Adam and Eve He Now the first thing which God separated from the mass was the formed the firmament earth. in their mundane course.SENCHUS MOK. speckled and pale gray the east blows the From the and pale. because it was on Saturday the elements were blessed. perfectly round ball. The order of the creation of the elements . white and purple. the north the black. these winds are different from each other and black and and green. children. What is the reason that it is the place that is mentioned Answer. Fcine Mor.e. and the and Midhbha the and Bretha.. by Connla. and winds are mentioned. The cause of was found before us for these things last. and four subordinate winds . He also formed the colours of the winds. is placed body. four chief four other subordinate winds. and the Cairi Bretha Mora. and were made. or. for it 1 first ? is 2 the earth and heaven that were made first. Bee. for place is corporeal . nesday Adam and Eve. yellow red. the dark-brown. because it then consists of body and non- its having been composed. He also should gently fall in rain.. the Ai Eamhnach. Clothe Bretha. 27 such as the Imarcl Arrechta i ST noi>r which Fithel took from authority. and Adam was placed to have dominion over them. He afterwards formed the fixed in the soil of the earth. and form the streams formed the eight winds i. with length and breadth. And the cause of its being composed was placed last. so that the colours of all i. and the sea were made. . &c. purple wind. are between the and the the and gray wind pale green white purple . . afterwards gave the presidency of heaven to Lucifer with the He gave the presidency of the nine orders of the angels of heaven. was its middle of the firmament. for time is incorporeal . however. because no precedent the reason that place is put first according to the philosophers . gray. but perthe time comes in the second place.e. because was on Wednesday the sun and it because second the in time place. the dark.

ocuf fio nub ocuf m co]\q\a Corn m cat- pfuni5aic mpn. O h&MJn (xk&W-f^ rfe^-^0 1f e comaif m fii cecna ma pnl 6 calmam no trnce^ cij. . in liac ocuf m ocf m ajinub bic. mb pftinammc no caicneni foillp cf. Recto. . See I'ontenelle.28 IJJTRODDC. fii nime ocuf caiman. no 1Tleixctii|i.1. icifi. co pi m pfimammc na r\ier\ b]iac gemnciine ocuf ma ^i pn cfief m 1 Ttrelre Milt.1. cfiif cenriT>e ocuf T>a meffiaigci. we must read C|ii mile. 111 caftfna comufcafc. lafipn na f ecc fianna 6 ra pi\inaitninc co ralniam pupn : ^arofin.cc in caiman. ocuf uafina a cuanj. J toinaif o tu efca co Jiiein. 1n mec -non a f. com-o pn m Olmip cen cunifcujat) tiunT) ainm 1f e Tiono fio romaif ma piiil o ca p|iinaiTiinc 50 calm am. . in 'Senoliuf 1)16)1. ocuf ftOft-onij cine criefa af (. cenmota pftitiammr. ^. m ftig fin. yio rep in pftan maif moiri necfiucnaij.5" ocuf in alun idp. . Miles. "Plurality of Worlds. ocuf ma full 6 calm am co pifimammc aca o pifimammc co ftigrec. . seventy-two. ocuf ume mff no gne m gac paiyic. s Suty-iix. Ooip. m no. \ f(j f(^Jj ( . Sol. cuqi irqi in uiniix ocuf m t>i cemm fojaic ." where an account of the is ancient belief on this subject 2 ^iven. tiaiW LS- 1f ainlaiT) fin nono fio hofi-oaigcea ceccjiuc na amail bif a blaefc im if amlait) aca pfimammc mi uig| m calmam inaiiipt) . mile Tiec a|\ cine ceraib nee mill.1. uame ocuf m glaf 111 icij\ m woi}\ in btc. The text is evidently corrupt for uxr. / 4. bic. Ocuf fio o-|\T)ai5 m |ii lap.1. coni-o Ho f uij. /t>ocuf a ceca|\ cerh^iacac. Uentji.m.coficjia bic.1. cetcfci mile ficec aft t/acx. J "Do milib. ? h j) -oa cec .1.*. oa fe mif 3o ma nificomaifo. Luna. 1 com ta r e T)OT10 1 W COTIlai r t>o if amn) nem necei\T)a cm ajtfll in cuqiuma fin hi ocuf sixen.ml o calmam co -]iuicefuiT)e if feT) T>ono fuil o ralniam fif co piT>omam 1f e -oono w>mammc inci. . j ioj. ocuf miacuai|\c T>ono focefic a comuf ocuf . comn fefca pC no pmfC|iiB ann. ocuf DO Tait)nacc no fumaifxib. T10 Tnai^c. ocuf comla slamejf^ii cac (0$ pmfCfti ocuf^fe pmfcift. ocuf pn na fe paip. Se f mifcfii caca paifici comn hi cmn bltanna nof cmidllenn. meffiaijchi) ocuf T>a uafina anef.ci no bee mnci. Ko tielb 7)ono co pyimannnc.eicib.

And the first form of the firmament was ordained thus zones). <M*f. Venus. as -it bag becu_ma^m^<l by this is *vd> ^- **" fitirG' and the immovable Olympus which is called the third heaven. from the earth And the distance besides the thickness of the firmament. Jupiter. is viz. the 29 and the dark-brown are LXTP. zone to the south and a frigid one to the north. a frigid : as the shell about the egg. - The same King measured.SENCIIUS MOR. the firmament to shed light through. between the two temperate was and two frigid zones and two temperate zones. three thousand and twenty-four of the space five is The measurement one thousand 1 2 miles. the gray TIOX between the pale and the jet black . and corresponding to them twice six months. and in diameter it is measured.e. earth between the firmament and the hundred and twelve miles. and a glass shutter for each window. And thus there are two subordinate winds between each chief wind. and in circumferencefits measurement-it! taken. The distance which he measured from the moon to the sun is two hundred and forty-four miles. so that the fir- niameiit is/a migltty-sbgot-sf crystal and-arprotecting bulwark round the earth. not . the King of heaven rated the firmament from the great formless mass . so is the firmament around the earth in 6xeJ-gsit is pension .'/ And the heavenly King after this ordered it to be divided into twice six parts. each so that it is at the end of a year the circuit part to make a month. Luua. /t*/< . that is. so that there are wttyisii 3 is windows in it. also formed and measured the space from the it is earth to the firmament... to the latter is equal to the distance from the earth and down It to the depth of hell. and by this the thickness of the earth is He earth : fixed after this the seven divisions from the firmament to the Saturn. a fiery zone (i. and the distance from the earth to the firmament is equal to that from the firmament to the celestial palace. the name of this is the nothor heaven without wind. and the . with three heavens. earth who sepathis King. and three heavens around it. and he ordained five zones in it viz. is of the space which he left between the sun and three times the above.ODUCpale and the pure white . The measurement the firmament calculators . Sol.. the dark and the speckled are between the black and the purple. Mars. Mercury. There are six windows in each part of them through complete.

caT) pp. nee comn c^aica laici ocuf -oec nuai|\e l\eic 5i\ian ocuf efca lee naifi bif ST11011 1T1 CQ c T1011111 "tf> fin. octif a cute -oec tec in jac 111 nn. tin peb-|\n tnpjiiian mif TDafiCa btf n-CCtfa:eic. 'Cauiji. ocuf |xic feili naeiii. ocuf mne. . . ciTmacul cluaife Dia }iaite.1.o ceyx-afu rp/i numb.30 INTUODUC. octif . nono fin fofan am -00110 ap. ocf ara fuac caca ^xaiiDa -oib a rnnceU. Seandiuf . na . Uof CCp. cuif a neicenf. o ca in tiaip. cuif if fain fTUf na hofcuyiaib. Leo. a|i ice qie n-aitce mfein p]\if a n-apcaiceft bp.conaig coftacca in itn -SencTiuf ralmain. f oena a 5fi el 5 no fuof a Gbfia. no fenchamgne Bpeap. ni fiif i . ayxni rmcaic ace eotaij. fiif 1 n. co tyu nimili ociif co rfu niihe unpi tli tie : feccma*imofifu> p. CC cine -olejuii 51ianaib Gclaifi : no fif caca lae no cac mcleccac noneoc bif fo laici 1111 f gfieme. mif nnf 1Jotninbiii bif Occmibifi bif Scofp/p.ennai. 3cain5 catn 11156110 . Com-o iac fin m -oa -|\ann ubta. Saigica]!. mafia. fin. mif Onai^ nono bif 5^11 an n-CCcfuaii\. Tncecat pie. fiann in jug cecna 1 nmtJ fiannaib -oec. yiaidix f encuf fam no [era] n. mif 1uil bi|. fio no cac Pifc. 11-eitMon-o. ^emme.1. t>a annpn m iiann neacc fuf 1 iiecann 5fiian. nnf Sepnmbift bif UibfUiTn.o comecafcomecafcayv fencaf. . ca cae nae .1. mif 1 1 1 1 Pifc.1. . .ieic. nnf 1in bif Canfi^i. pixniannnce.1^ f" . caf camj. Capjucoiinuf .aceyi. CI-D coni-oivuicean. . ocuf -oo fiac ainm fian-o po tec . Saigecofx. Ti-CCibf^il.1. aingel.1. n-&ifiinTi.i |iecTic aicnif) : . "Cauifi.ine.eca m bechu. octif P .. mif TTlai bif n^einm. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 1 bif 1 Capincoixniif. com-o -oona -oelbatb' ainminijchefx CCquaift. ocuf aef efca. m flit m pfunaminc ociif na fece naiyinp. ace a bet am ail fion imacuai|\c. Unigo.tf * ^ ilj 1 ^L -Seanchuf p eaji n-6i^ean'0 ciT) coniTtjuiiceqi ? Comijrcuimne T)a rpean. mif CCugtiifc bif 1111150.1. Canfiyi. Sencnae pf na pep. co]imach o Rechc tiqie. no CIT> \io 35 Ounun no fon a Ounan. nep. ocuf aijibefcr: cona^aii non focul if fencliuf 6bfia. ocuf Unci feccmame.Leo.

strength from the law of nature for these are the three rocks by which the judgments of the world are supported. Gemini in the ber it is in Capricornus. in the month of Decem.' are Hebrew 'son. and on the fifteenth it enters each division. the day of the week. In the month of January the sun is in Aquarius. the old road to the knowledge of the men of Erin. its mini. has preserved it. Tliis last. the tradition from one ear to another.' a shining question. loveable question. cas caingne.SEXCHUS MOR. but is like a wheel revolving round. Cancer.e. There are five things that shoidd be known every day to every intelligent person solar who has ecclesiastical orders : viz. and the figures of the divisions are each in figures own place around the firmament. the age of the moon. the addition from the law of the letter.e. Libra. a question which is difficult to the ignorant. and the sun is thirty days ten hours and a half in each division of these.. it stand ' contracts of the What The men of Erin. or how was the science which called the Senchus preserved or how was the Senchus preserved. : i. : The Senchus of the men of Erin What has preserved it? The joint memory of two seniors. Taurus. And these are the twelve divisions through which the sun and moon run . 31 seventh was arranged in throe heavens. and the festivals of saints. in the month of October it is in Scorpio. since the time they were created. .-(jt . and also the seven planets. Finit. in the month of November it is in Sagittarius . required.. in the . is thus revolving. in the month of September it is in Libra. i. in the month of March the sun is in Aries month of April in Taurus in the month of May it is in month of June it is in Cancer. i. the day of the month. Aries. Pisces. is i. however. in the month of February the sun is in Pisces . These are the twelve divisions through which the sun runs. Scorpio.e. Aquarius.e.e. and it is from these Gethey are named i. . and gave a name and the firmament to each division respectively . Virgo.e. i. what fine science is so called . or the old The Senchus. the composition of poets..' the Greek 'soena. the flow of the tide. Sagittarius. Its root is the and meaning.' or the . Leo. Capricornus. and import of the word Senchus. for none underexcept the learned. beautiful. in the month of July it is in Leo. ' root. The same King divided it into twelve divisions. in the month of August it is in Virgo. is not INTRODUCthe habitation of the angels.

fen cae fif na fen. "Oeifiinriecc ai|ipT)e. euif. convnji fif na fen. fuene a 5^ e '5- fttnrcio a Lairen. 'suuifiit o 'gao-oat slaf tro f. fencaf. "Oe" pem o pern uf afbe|icacotrv" Ocuf a cennfocriuf af fiia m focail TIO fii^neT) ant>. . m caf full ann "Ot. . rech fif na fen." p.1. ef callat> nef 3 . if amlaiT) pn cactnamgef Dlijet) m rfencafa cafe cae irolije'D. . Dnafen. Uofencaf.32 - -Senchup T116]i. .1. cucaic fif na fen. pnechai. fuacc ociif ayi tioininT). camgen. aniaiL a Dubairu. if anitait) najuft. mcaic. i-oonni if fenbajif. comect)ti5i |fuilanT)oni'if Mo fencaiff.. "Otigei) a ^aoiTieJg. . no na fen. CCniuil nagari cq\ no chum p^xnn aifdf. CC mt>e. if aiiiltut) pn m iget) ocuf eoluf an cf encliuf a nech ayi mnhjet) ociif cqi each camgne ocuf Tieifiiiifcecc [a]i] an in if cae rci: aneoluf : .1. given " In the Leabhar Gabhala of the O'Clerys. fenctif Senchuf. cech tiech ap. . if p m fen ftnl ant) on m cnf .1. conaifi na pne. fencamjne fefi n-&iienn ara OITD. 55. All the mm. \le\i^UY 1Tla iarv nial each niame unach. " Cejicai. fencaf. 111 focail if . m pie : " " " " 1 pegfOC pllT) pencaf co feij la Pl 1 fOf '. line 69 Irish Nennius.1.ijje'o . aft oltjeT) an eotuf cacliu camgne: T)eifniiftect.1. caill fei)a. 11<> ftnex fen [ara:] ociif in caf .1.1.1. TICIJIT) fe|x n-&itenT). u ruirhmeach a ivme .(()ira -Scuic u -Scoca.1. Ocuf pene o pennif jJa^faiT).fencufroDia. a : inmurhnicur. ociif T>lief> a oijiberic. conairi." See also the Duaa Erinneaeb. the whole of this quatrain U peim 6 Peniuf tro byxeca bfii 50 bocca. contniub fcai. caif. caei pf na pne.ionT>." ""tlo fencuf . . "Do rvoifce T>ame "Oubcach. fenctnf. in fen ftnt ant> if onni if fenex [oca] ocuf cafuff. . no na fene.i. Txtficaf no cacinaingef ra]\ cae nnliget) tiligeT) in rfenchafa aniaiL cacniamgef bafi]i in C]iainT> cafi bun in qiainD. baftft. muitleni). penchaf in focut fem. fen chat pf fe]i n-6Tp. ufi ini if ur -oomamic a\\ cue a Ocuf 5i!la no^irotis Wo CCintn?.

'dligheilh' INTRODUCTIOX. i.' a contract.e." 'M/.e. so they come 4&~the law of the Senchus is an example to show by the knowledge of every cweeaant.' i. the cause of the know- the 'sen' which is in it is derived ledge of the ancients. ' ' and Senchus.e.' i. 'senchas . cai." ic. be viewed as regards the chief of the work.e. or of the Feini. ' sen chaiss. As people go by many *S to a chief residence. the old contract of the men of Erin.e.' the sen' which is in it is from the word senex. j na sen' (the house of the knowledge of the As the house protects a person against the cold and inclemancients ent weather.'acause. i. the keeping of the law of the ancients. And this: the Feini are so called from Fenius Farsaidh. so the law of the Senchus overtops every law. senchas. '_T was of this is thus given by the poet : \e t "The poets of Fail here look upon " The Fenchus m the work-of Fergus " But if it . and the 'cus' which is in it is from the word 'custodia.r.e.e. so the law and the knowledge of the Senchus protect a person against injustice and against ignorance of each contract .' old . The law of the Senchus the old top is a law which excels and overtops every law .' 33 which is 'suene' in Greek. ' ' youth fis is not entitled to the sen' (the old Or. i.e. A " ' And i.e. 'sen chai fis' (the old road to ' of the men of Erin.e. 'suos. And a change of '_B? initials substituted for An example has taken place in the word. a mill. Senchas. 'caei fis na fine. a wood of trees.' ' i. the way of the knowledge of the tribe. ' Or. 'ratio' in Latin. fair.' ' ' the ' cas' which is in it is from the word ' casus. Or.' i." Or. or of the ancients.e. and law is its import.' from ' senex. knowledge of the ancients. Hebrew in Irish. according to the meaning of the word 'Senchus:' Scnchus.' 'cuis. Fenchus' is the word itself. its resolution ' knowledge) i.' a way.' Sen cae tech fis na house of the knowledge of the ancients) i. as the top of a tree overtops its trunk. ' and here is an example to show that cae' means house : " ' A forge i.' cais. of the law of the men of Erin. " Dubhthach was above all the men." 1 D . i. Its analytic composition. Here that cae' means a way the way of the '/ i ' : " A youth jjrotocted his me on the C way (' cae').' top.SENCHUS MOR. An example of " Feini from Fenius are called. i. Senchns. quasi 'Fen chai fis. Or.' i.' 'senchuis. (' Cerd-chae ').e.

mafcul. T>O Coi|i eim a nt>ebaipe pom ip tiaipli aipechup T>O eabaipr. ' D - 3 - ocu f Caip." manner there are many churches called Domhnach Mor' Beg' (little be found in the lives of Patrick. ip uifi capac mutieip.ip pop. [pacpaic ocup Oemom. no cia no bet pencup aiie mro oc Via pencaitiaib. Cprpc Soehep. the following reason is given for the name ' ' Senchus Mor :' " It is called Senchus Mor.34 INTRODUCr -Senchtir TTIoji. 762. e. tiai-p. . " remain on Sunday is called ' Domhnach-Mor' (great Lord's day or Sunday). Wo -oono a pen pil ann ip om ip penpup. peancnaroib maptinn T>pepuib 6p. cuga-o. called Senchus Beg. a cap pil Sencup a pen 1 Senchus Mor. pen 01501-0 mnpin 6 cem maip. but on " account of the of the men of Erin who were at the making of it.ijne Ocup a cinT) noi mbtiar>an iap.jpencup aile T>o bee an-o icip. 1 np? noc octip 1p aipe i npepaib Giperro.e. not because it contains a great deal of matter. no oc na piteT>aib. T>on pant> capuc 111111. lap. uaip. uaip. p.o pcpjbupcup. eip ropach in pocail ip poipcela. ceiro if cen-o T>O ocf i?e|i Cpifc T>piyi. a n-ecapbaige iap pipm'oe. 1 ropach nac jjuitatjrhi ruccro ant>? Coip in pocail ip penchup am 1 n-oepna. there is not a single church of one to mention ' nor is be met to any with. or any other Irish document. Domhnach Domhnach)..necn utl ac Dtnlen. i caitc liubuip. (great Lord's In like called house or church) to be found throughout Ireland.. CiT> apmon confam [CIT>] icip? puil 1 -DO bepap. number great " and at the used to arranging of it in the same way as every place where Patrick . ocup ap. ap meic tio maicib pep.ip. oep-ap Sencap mop. ocup a cap pi an-o ip [onni ip] caupa.' In C. uaipli m 1 luclica T>O p. ip tia icrc p. Sencupmap pp\. ocuf ayi ttiiuaiflnDecaiT) /ofio caifelbaT) he 1 leic jxtf m p ]i. ' Domhnach Beg is not to be found at all. j-f-J CCji Cut macmuscro t>o f. DO cenet eite bopTjaijet).if. no ip mnnm ant) Ci-o cuniaT) pencap pep n-Cpenn T>O -olijeT) at) bepuit> /ara aipneip pep n-6ipent> atro. . ruf. and used to give him great gifts. pencup m 2? ecna imuppo po -oono.enn po ff bui ga -oenam. ace pum.1. ciall. lap. n-6p.one fenctif pep. n-Gpeni) T>O |iaT) meic T)O maitaib pep. "from the number " ' of the hosts ' who used to be about him. . There is a tract preserved in the Book of a name evidently applied to it to distinguish it Ballymote. ip bee cac pencup tub 1 n-aicpegat) . mnai ocuf uaifli m peyx inaf in ben. i. naccain parpaic n-6pmt> ip am> caipmc m pencap uite T>O Tienam. ap.] na ^ae^ilgi annpo anuap.' from the ' Senchus Mor. nac mo na TJO T>li5eT> ban? p. n-Gpenn no bui 'ca T)enani t>o i\if . pip- I pil ann ip onm ap penex crca. From this remark- . 20 ap. -ooti ann Cfiifctif . the great Senchus. i.unti.e.1.ip.1. Ocup m mine a-o bepap.

e. Dulane. From ' the historians of the Irish the above has been taken. 2 Tuilen. in O'D. without any reference to a 'Senchus He-. and the the man is the head of the it more noble than the woman. and man's dignity it was ascribed to him.. this is an old cause from time remote. whin the Book of Ballymote was compiled. but we have hart a law tract called 'Senchus Beg' at least since l. 3. and 2 Cairnech who is Inn-it d ut Tuilen.SENCHUS MOR. Now 8 Chalk-book. D2 . is man woman.' a cause. to " Christus Christ is the male. the 'sen' which is in able fact. indeed. indeed. i. And it was at the end of nine years after the arrival of Patrick in Erin that the Senchus was completed. 4. The parchment or vellum used by the Irish was prepared with chalk. that it should be so that called. et vir caput mulieris" the law of the the head of the man.e. every one of them of their uselessnes/after the introduction oj) truth.!t)5. though there What consideration caused of Erin 1 . and was on account of it to be called the Senchus of the men The number of the chiefs of the men of Erin who were kt the making of it and it was not to any other race it was ordered It was also called Senchus to compile it. white-book. for caput viri.' and the 'cas' which is in it is from the word causa. because poets. and because of the "A** dignity of the people who composed it. as is it the reason that it called the Senchus of the men does not treat more of the law of the men of Erin than of women ? It is proper. ' ' i. What Erin. because ' at the beginning of the word of Soiscela' (gospel). in Meath. but to the men of Erin. because there was another Senchus in existence or. superiority should be first given to the noble sex. or with the was small in comparison with this. or because ' Soter' is is a name for Christ. may have been the case in this commentator's time. 35 - Why ' is it a consonant that it Senchus?' why was is placed at the beginning of the word IXTRODI-I This not a vowel that was placed there ? 's' is was properly done. from the great number of the chiefs of the men of Erin who were at the making of it. Patrick. near Kells. There i> no nutic-e nf this fact in any other copy but that preserved The word may be translated. should have been another Senchus with the Senchies. And it was not called Senchus Mor. Mor. Senchus :' the sen which is in it is derived from the word senex. and Benen. is ' The following ' from the writers q/'the history of philosophy. the commentator persuaded himself that 'Senchus 1 Mor' was similarly And it is probable that thia named. Or. were they who wrote it in a chalk- book 3 to preserve it for the men of Erin. 1 .

1n pf iniujifxo H(fifuiT)t. ciT>nucul acai in gleyif a T>ia imcoi- cac T>ia imcomec.1. Sencuf .1. . mai5ifcap. o ftoffa ocuf o "Dubcacli ocuf o Peji^uf no[i]f accu fin fio bui m glepiff eile. ocuf IXOCTO a Laicm. . ij. cotnfiaip. cim 011151:15.1. 111 t>a eolncli. emit 11)101)1505 5 fen fit ann if oni i[f] fueni n 5lT. ocuf DliseD a ^aeDils.36 ISTRODUC.1.' 'cuimnes' quasi 'coin- strengthening. T>O sni m ainnn ic laiiyvai* if if . am7>il acai a cul. Ocuf cit> m fif Dono. comet). ace nama if DO 5iaef inafiuf DtiseD an ecaf^muche. 1 . met no coma .ai|i caifC6T>o -Decliin. T>on tieifcibul.e.fticc [acgabata] if in T>ail oc Uipiech no if cac fen oca ci-onacul T>m laili. . if T>onT> efiiilaime DejvmuD eifitie co mime. amait afbe|vap. caiiiT>ell acat in sf*V'fK jo o each T)ib T>a ceili. uaifi amuil aichnef fop. |iechc licjii no ^lepeffa in maisifcn.1. 'cuma' quasi is in comcuinne. In cuinsiD imufcfio layifinDi. irCoinctiimne v"t*4 T>a cf ean. i. ocuf ic hefio ofiT>ai5efcafi cecan. .l Ocuf m Dtigei) fin if e ffiem ocuf buncco af a n-fafa ann if om af caifcisacufi.' whidi ' equal memory. no nmae T>O mT>ell cul 1 comec ni if jxif yiaicep. if om if cufcoDia.1. i fenchaf. . Mo Dono a ufirf: I ^ '/. "'Ci'Dnuij.ufca)x bfieclia. wo in cuniine. .ec1i Dia p. or men whose names began with Sen. 13 given a Latin derivation of this ' compound word 'cuma.1.1. Wt*v gac fif ocuf if DI af amm Don poifi octif von byus aicenca o amini cac fieD Dliscig. fen T>O fen. titjnucul glepefa mec. . uji Joint-memory. . ^ 3/) Sencaf Sin nnc CCi^e can. .' is the same as communis.1. " : In O'D.1. uai|\.1. ocuf if eifTOe ni irna comai T>O nach aitiu. 2<"ocuf 10 Senca mac CCilella. ni DO 5|ief mafiuf.1.aitiTiec. . a comec. .1. . . ifin |iif i HUICPII 'Ct'onacul cluaife T>ia |iaile. na fenpileT>a. fiaeDa ma Dli5et>.e. . co facaib a fuillecc if in etejisna. comcutmne. tf/*tf cuiftniep DO aintn Don cofiaT) ocuf T>on each. -ol^e-b come-oa 5ach jain mfin.e in T>a fen imjiuiten.' a i. cai irniil col in clopef. ocuf ni DO jftef niaftUf Dbgei) in cuinchi.eic.1." no ^en ocuf Sencha mac CCilitla. ." .rrJti^wv trirJ/ febcana i<fe 8m . no "oeifgipal. ac Sen mac CCige.Yvgi'D 8encna mac no jio comecafcan.1.aile.-DeiyiiuT) cuimne. is (.1. fun-o. ocuf a caf fil ann. ocuf coinaf> e'D buf fencuf ant> an ni comeT)cafi ince. oca. . ' . cac fen mac CCi^i. mic Coil/ Ctom if teo fio map. 10 DO if aintn nun ro]uro Donn ocuf afaf lafifiaiD.1. as follows The ' com. CCilella. "cronaic fen -DO cf in caifceTja anr> an . cuf an 111 comecan. .' munio. J '. cmniif t>o bcai\ati in cuitnne on cfin T>on cfin eite." Seniors. 1ffeT) if comp. ocuf ni jac iiaeca. oca cit>nacal T>O alaite. cuimne cutnaiT>e -DO bi ac in TJU: Sen.

the sen which ' ' which in Latin is ratio. to the disciple. of candle the bright knowledge. is a 7VcrTf</.t-l">*. seeking thin? : given to the fruit. "the tradition of old to old.e. or. 9 are the two .e.e.e.. 3 what is called Senchus. i. and Dubhthach. Or.e.i. Tirnincul cluwpe explained inniU. i.e.e. knowledge. but only that the law of the intellect law of inquiry does not exist always. it. and this i. Sen mac Aige and Sencha mac Ailella.e. i." or. the Senchus is what is preserved in it.. 14. >ry and what is preserved it.' 'cas' which is in it is the law of keeping every derived from the word 'custodia. I.e. i. i. it does not always subsist. the repository in the bright knowledge of one master to another.e.' and the ' every thing in ^ uc - *" > sueni. and true or the in preserving shrine is the memory.e. the written law . The knowledge now and for the from it is name for the fruit prepared- on ness which grows from inquiry.SENCHUS MOR. so that it leaves its impression exists always. indeed.K '"' nnr-AJlalla lnrnod. but it is through it it is conveyed. ni. often by forgetfulness. ocuy ocur ir vtupi" 1 D^ e '. of. which is arranged to be stored up and in .e ' i - ' ni clucrp -DO n-n>mn-6 ace 1-ptjxea -DO rnrniaitiTi. the ' cas' in it is from Ilf i.' sense ' ' .e. of distress division a fourfold who ordered were they From is .-&E oujxeejflrg sense^of 'castigat/r/ is in it is from the Greek word its law.e.eI. each preserving it. -eiiiors. i. _ : *~ A . for it-waa tho pbilost4H<r-fc^vlcdgQ jhicjv^n ^pac /hon j. tocavmch imcoirner. at the meeting at Uisnech or. i. the old poets." the master to the disciple.e. it is by them the judgments lived. 704 and O'D. keeping. the conveyance of bright knowledge from one of them to the other and from Fergus. lighted preserve it. the storehouse and treasured was up for preservation arranged ledge preserved which this famous know- for hearing is conveying.' and in Irish dlighedh . and from it its name -lawful of name the which from force every natural the power and it name is from this after the drawn.e corrected. it was they who had the other bright from Tradition from ear to i. and it is the V- A C itz . to the other.' fi-mii!Twliie'li'4t is called Sen's Law or It ii so fnllt'l because he preserved the Senchus. to ear. and it is not the ear that conveys ministering organ. And this law is the root and stock one. man transmitting it to the other.e. the intellect . / or^/et^fav^rt V Sen mac Aige and Sencha mac Ailella they the Ill y "f. from Kossa. the transmission of bright knowledge i.individual old i. i. In C. is Now. retentive medium of preserving knowledge. is given to from which -rows every knowledge. inquiry which the mind after makes this : in the seeking after derived the every thing. i. to itilUllICl. and to the colour. i. as the The preserving shrine is the mememory conveyed from one old man to another. memory. it is evcrj. and these f Coil Cloin. it is 37 which is from the word 'sensus. And as to knowfor though it is committed to the ledge. or.C. every senior conveying it U is said. nr. U *-"J) "* common memory. is " TJia44i*ioii of old to " vf 44. n pM man. the thing wind - rted Ml another. it is overtaken a id the the joint-memory 1 of two seniors. of two learned men. Seniwho are Aige had mentioned here.

caipceTia ati-o.e. . 1peT> ip compaip. in 111 Top. no coniaT) ei) bu pencup ant) m ni comecap.mach /.up.ac piamemain pat p.ibenn. ocup ic pep. ocup T)ubach macllui Lugaip.aip.efta co p. aTjb'al T>O cancam filidh. 'Dichetal great recital preserved it which the poets inscribed on rlairstom-s.1. ip pet) p. Pep-gap pile. pjncnp. no p. ippeTi 710 conierjap. 111 crobul cancain Tjligchec p.la Peme. i /o ocup Pep^up pip comecapcap.e. atiT>jSCCp. am> Tjicecul na yile'o. ocup Caip. pencapp. m pilroecc. ice cp.o comet) -oono i. p m licfii.a'Dpa'o na pilii> i lecaib.eicip.omi "neyvcaT) pp. peancap pin no.1. co cap. to whom they were exhibited. ocup a coipicni co rnoc o 7)ip.i.eccpecaip. clump. they lived until of this article. nenc jyou co nepcma]x T>O p^eip.ip apcaichep.eicip. no eipceclic in po t>ia p.1 aicneD. .oniamT). clump . clopepa.iT)ecaiT> ap a tnbep.e. pio coipmet) T)ani UII-D.caT) pp.o mup-apcap. .aic.1. .ip. uaip.o . in [Cluaipi]. cuipceiia aim. . cuille-5 o p.o comecupcup. .. pcp.o come- cupcap. -Don aicne-6 t>o genet a mbp.i px> ocup comecapo inT>ct no cumaT) ef> bu comp. i*^ ann cona micofimuch -DO p^eip. .6 n ailce mpein pp. pai bep.eta. nT)e.38 INTHODUC. T)icetal file. no a 3ocup T>O Cop..luime t>ullinu5u-&. clumpin. .m pepa T> comlai junle.aip. i. . lapidea scilicet vel lateritia (sicut de . p. oculup ppo oculo. nT)e. i.ia Pacp. bp. -oicecal pilro exhibited to Patrick. clump in -oeipsipuil. caip:eT)a anT) in c-aicnet>.aic.echc aicnin. no pcipe pile TIO p. caipce-oa anT).1. ocup ic "Oubcac.mac o p.e. aiiT>.nec. tie piliT> T>O i.5fDecuiT) na licp. The same copy adds at the end . op. ip m p.e. ^Sipin cecap.1.oibe m licip.penca T>O PCTCJUIIC. .1.echa in bechu. clupip mt) po. po-6 pp. ocup cotna-oe-6 bu psncup unn.T)a coipech p. psncup pn.ip tochanach "x - -Senchup THoji. aicni-o CC-omm.T.1. popbicnn piacca T>O cup. aicmT> CC-oaim.ip a psncapp pin . -oicicup. 1.ip a p-ai-ocep.T)ip na a cinnto co nepcmap. pencap. pacp. . innciCoixup &cluipi o cuaic ocup cuaici o &cluip. 764.e n-ailci.1. or whoever was the poet that put the judgments into poetry. a oetu licpi in pip pvocomeccqx v n-anpop.1. Dip. Sicip pxro T>icliecal po bp. no. hie). araa cuiIipusaT) ppi bp.1. m p. .o bi ac no ac ple-oaib. in maippnp. caipce7)a am>. they lived clown to the time of St. CIDUT).1. m 111 na camic no na p. cucp-umujaT) na ciiinecap. .i p. 1 lecaib J~. coipmoigci.echc licpie. . p.no cp.1. coniecup. ocup puilleT) a nepbaT) a 1per> tp comp.f.o but T>O p. . ma c-eiprechrj).' the Compare history: this statement with what (iinddiis Cainbrcnsis says of ancient Irish " sed forte in aliqua matcrii inscripta.aile. Ipe-o ip cotnpiaip.1.e.1. ac Ropp ocup ac "Oubttiac. ip 111 pmcep. in piliTiecc cup a ni comecup innci no comaT>eT> bu psncap pn . m licip.1.laicciocu pjxip T>o canoiti. (. 1p ni p. yp.1. . pai pili-oecca. 1 e-oon m T>icecul.o mapapcup. ocup conuro e-o bu pencup ann.1.eip.ecc Thread ofpoetry.1. but cup 111 cp.cc. . i. co caippenca -DO Pacp.aip. imam p. the reading is no Patrick.aic. canome. uaip T>O "Ouip. -DO Lae5aip.o coniec((]i cuT>c1iaT> pp-i bp." . p. . Mep. ipe-6 puc i pjnchap.I. app. piameniam pai. whoever was the poet that first linked the judgments ti^tlier in one consecutive poem. ocup benem. iiai-ocep.1. p. ic Hop. taipceT>a ami. in m cotnecap. m pepa -Dip-iacaTO aicni-o na pep. "-oicecul pilets" cop. p.1.1. in c-atcne-6 cup am no comcro bu comp. 111-oci. In C. comp.iuppa. fat. 1p 111 flip a p-aitep.i ue)ic ann pn.

tflafytones.' i." arte " addition from the written law. for the balancing Adam. Cluinsin. an eye for an eye. L'242. i. l-Yrgns Ross and Dubhthach and the great lawful recital which the poets had i. Zt i. . to return mightily the it knowledge which was preserved therein with an . receptacle of the knowledge which the master con. Fergus the poet. i. or." are here alluded to). letter. it was soon corrected by the just rules of (iod. note 6.-ua Lughair. and according mightily of crimes was the thing dictated. This is called Senchus.e. preserved in it. Addition from " It should probably be increase to the added what Patrick is to and diminution from the written law.e. a. increase of men or.e. 39 'clo-fhesa. it is it that preserved the Senchus. first before rhus.well as of Pagan Irish superstiand reduced them to harmony with the Gospel of Christ.~cs.. and of the i. There seems to be a defect in the text here.. and Core. to .e. or they preserved _ wa> the poet that connected it was exhibited to Patrick.e. is called Seiichus.<- severity of the which these three had. i. or the preserving shrine the poetry. it was attted the New Testament. according to the nature of Daire. sltriiu. or the three rocks are "the composition of the poets. i. the preserving For these are the U>ru~ rocks by which the judgments of the world are supported.ISTROUUC' vrvs to another . people from the church. Midi part of the lam of nature.. i.. to turn ' to strength what is in the strength by the law of nature.-h is and were removed. a doctor of poetry. and Fergus.e. by i. Preserciiiy Cumuli ia in original. the Senchus is what is preserved in it it. or whoever is what is called Senchus.e.e. i.ore Ho fi&nl*. fuerat reservata. it lived until The preserving shrine in this case is is the poetry with is what what is preserved in it . i.e. what is The preserving shrine is the letter the preserving shrine is the letter. or. the composition. 4 Mast.e.-aic which the old Irish are said to have learned from Cai Cainbhrethach.e. the Senchus. 'Tf^tk^l^C' 2 Addition from the law of the letter. preserved in it or. from the patriarchal-law and i. The shrine s is nature and what is preserved in preserving . ' Ma. J. Patrick and Benen and Cairnech.." ed." The allusion Pagan Irish laws from the Gospel. a ilcpc-tor of literature. from which the Pagans passed their judgments. 'Cluaisi.e.e. four matters before mentioned. increase." "strength from the law See Ann. i. by Ross. or.' ." and its defects were its crudities supplied wlii.e. i. Cluaisi.. i. &c.e. 'Cluaisi. is preserved therein.e. musiea legitur ants diluvium) inventa istorum ruemoria. Patrick purged the laws of the severities of the law of M. preserved here is the composition of 7- in inscriptions. they preserved the Seiichua.e. which is written. &c.-hrine is nature .e.SENCHUS MOK.e. and the Senchus /). i.' or this hearing Wanothei^jrwTy what is The the poets ompOHlon (i. but it is wrong.e.f from the rules preserved in the written law." i.. it was harmonized with the word the canon. i. and the Senchus is The right of the church from the people. O'D. and by Dubhthach.' this is -Clufis. or. i.' is in the ear of the disciple. And this is what is called Senchus. \\. addition to it from the canon. i.e. to change its strength according to the rules of the nature of to the rules of the nature of Adam.M. &c. moved Irish tions. by Lacghaire. viz. as from the Sendid not or could not agree with the word of God. . the over" law was taken from it. jjlr. and what he relaw an eye for an eye. of poets. A. a doctor of the Berla Feini. the law of Ike Utter. and Dubhthach . s of the over-severity of the Mo. it by a thread of poetry* before Patrick. t/te i.' i.e. is what was taken Strength by the law of nature.e.e.

peich inbleojain . Rig.egen'DO. Diana coip. onni . bfieicheninuj an ticiyx. ocuf iy e cuic anT> ayia aiiT>. bfieicetnnuf T>O bfieic f ocuf bic fin an.o eo qtuyo continetufi.] -i. ip in Sencuy jio hep. aitfiebachaib. Senchup nenxaT) n. .i..1. cam lanamafi p. . 1p an"D fio 1iai|iteT) ^15 ocup aicbech.e uoDem. . 1p ap- na fiuccha match T>o a -Sen chap ITIapi fio aifiledia cam mjifiaiT). .CCmtvigan. met if f.1. .1. . flip a naf caicliep. aicec ceiti. a faejvceili ocuf a T>aeri.ecc L)c-|ai [yjxl. . aici pach. cmmoca pencap.1. atnuil acci IT> quot) concmec pn. icic pin ailci o'icri\ebcachaib fiecc UICTITO. miuap no pli. rce 1 ail 015 ?oy. atn. 1p ant> jio aijitet) T)ip. ic viach pfiif m tvig. pona ocup Tiotiai. uai|i if nemcunipcaieca in beta. ocup puaT) ptet> p-ojican T)i cetiTDaib pofiopnct. a cap. . m aictiech glfiaT) peini af bein.1.o bui " nup]"a cechca . -)ro . -DO fiij. r>o cum^ugat) a n-&ixinn. ocup olc T)i maich. uip.p.i. |io bui in bich 1 cuqiuma comT) camic -Sertdictp TTlapi. ocuf a cuacna olcena.1. -oicecul pite'6.1.atuaiT)eT). ap.. cognac 6 p. /f 1p a -Sencap TTlap. comoro ben 1x15 Ofienn. oj^caiclieiv c|ii an-o uiti. -i. paoji ocup T>CCOJI. ocup co T>o bfiiugaT) T)i|ienati cecaib. mbailiuch mani apcaicip cuifie bel. ocup CIT> byieca ipm uomun u)ti .ai^cen. ocup cage iieclira liqie. no onni if yieccicu-otne.40 ISTBODUC1ONticn. Ri5an. cecmuinnnp.1. . na cecheofia can a: cam aicillne. fio mpLeT> comTi^e T>o 1115 ocup eppcop. gem if coin. no a|v tee airo ixo yxj nailci iiemcunrpcaici T>O na cuitncrclieiT. vollamnujafi.1. liomaiiTD.iT. CCptuT> caich hi cofiuib bel. funT). no T>OIIO. oca mbi cai|ie anpc na chochup cechca. am fo . bioch m i anT) fio hatixtet). ocu^ . 1pa-8enchapTT)aji conaniup ioulcc.e caich po micro. .1.1.i Tfloji. uai|i nT>i\ubiiainup. ap.1. cam paepijiaid). comceneoil. ach. CCichech.1. jugcm ocup poctice'Dach ocup 'Dodice'D- amjugan.

' hy -"verning or. and nature. and who has the ever-full caldron and his lawful wealth. i.e. chief ^BOand unprosperous. and for the brewy. were established. in general.z. and the chief poet who composes extemporaneously. from the word 'rcgendo. for these are IXTRODUC- of the world.e.' .e. he for whom it is proper to pay debts. and a bishop. Subject (' Amhri- . who is paid 'dire' for his hundreds.e.e." ii i. in the Senchus Mor were established. In the Senchus was established equal 'dire'-fine for a king. Vassal. of nature. the proper name. poet. wife of equal family. to pay debts for rectitude. from the word rectitndine.e.e.e. or else. nor bad to good. were established laws for king and vassal. and the laity i.' by i. . and the MHtaincd the judgment which is passed on the inhabitants for that which is contains which that as its for here inhabitants. the law relating to free to base tenants. wealthy and queen and subject. the free tenant and the base tenant. Queen. (' aithech') called. In the Senchus Mor were promulgated the four aws _the law of fosterage. i. or these "the composition of poets.e.e.e. and the law relating l : binding of all by verbal contract.SENCHUS MOR. letter. i. and the head of the written law. poor. is so In it ' ' righ. and on which are supported all the judgments the judgments of all the above mentioned are the three perfect rocks on which St^-u world are sustained. i.e. the increase from the written law.e. prosperous In it was established the 'dire '-fine of each one for the world was at an to his In it according dignity. for the world would be in a state of confusion if verbal contracts were not binding.e. these in Erin. the tenants. i. law of social relationship . world is put here is. wife of the king of Erin. 41 the immovable rocks by which besides the Senchus. i. King. the King. the vassal is mentioned here it is not the vassal of the inferior grades that because the debts of his kinsman were visited upon him. i. i. In the Senchus Mor it was provided that good should not be assigned to bad. and the force of the "for" &c. . also the ^ HL-Z. cannot be removed which rocks immovable th which I have mentioned are the of the world." i. a first a woman who is fit for a king. 8 and dependent. i. this is her own i. equality until the Senchus Mor was established. because we have mentioned before remained.

See O'Flaherty's West Connaught. supra. .iacai na licp.ca- CCige ixechca licjxe.\ i'D T10 a'T1 ^ 6 miaT>. hi cucn.c. . 1-Jo oona. coip.1.anT> can pnuameTi. Too.1- Sona. . ce'Djaip i nibicro aice np. pochbia-oach.eicme. ap. ocup nt hi Sencay bee pixipailichep. . -1.. ip anT) jxo 'D't 16 caich v IT" tuaroeT) enectann T>O each po uaiylrTOecaiT). 1 m collain words puap-apcaib T>a pup/pannaT>anT> no T>a paillpgenT) iman yui pile co nnenann p.1. .15 cuac. ocup coi^ i coip. where he says that the Territories of West Connaught.1.cm pp 00)111^0 cn.1. ocup pennaic D'tmap. . . no pep.. Saop. -poatia 1 i 1 .1.i 1p 6 cuic . T>O T>aimb faefi pocce'Dach |xibiaT)ac pocce'oach pona.' compare with note at page 34." jt p a Senca-p 111 a|X. nocma aici im cocliup ng. [no iiomamn. leismn eclaip p. Slor' from the 3 territory Here the commentator elearly contradistinguishes the 'Senchus Senchus Bee. caich \x> miaTi.cp.c. no cabajxm eneclann T)O each co camic a cabaiixc fencay.1. poairi -DO bia^o T>O pagbail ap.ba!l ap. pocce'oac "Do J5obuitac1i ^ona.a-o plata.1. -i. . . T>'air. SochceT>ach.1. pep. Saop. .1. cutfxuma aneolaip no iiTDligTO co cuinic caiy mop. T>oaiT> -DO . /. (Jppcop. . .1 cinncech ap.ai'D T>O. a tm T>'pen. . comenectann no 1x15 cuarh ocup o'eppcop. p.1. no 1 cucixuma etfxci.c caich amait a neixc. . cefxc c(iic atiiai?/ a nen. [ace ip- ap coin.umai)x ocuy T>'uapal. . 3sb-T '/ T>occarrro curr. in a^ mepa -DO T>amib Tjopep. map (Lit) ^i. na uipnuen 05 p. . 2 Senchus Bee.. Oj^. TJO n. T)ona. na ^en. m an.1.].1.at> peine. m a fopefa (-1.. S/ buro opaj. ocuy na mi comenectamn T>oib co cainicc a cabaiyic i pencup-. ocu-p T>O ^ubcqi in T>aop. a poay) pileT) lap.a'DU'D.na h-&|>. . a caicmec ap O'D 16 C.ubn.1. jx> "eneclanii 1 T>O each cochay. or Ui Briuin Seola was conterminous with the ' diocese of Annaghdown. no cucixuma anpiy. . |io bui ' m bit -..1. conaip. . . .ig cuach margin of the manu- The Irish for the in this parenthesis is written in the script. coc " j-cibum. ap. eclaip ^. T)aop. amuit apbep. "laim 1 iaim.42 INTUODUC"N "' Seiichur conac coip.1. no clmn'o. ocuy tucc 1 1 iiTDixucuf. mbjxiugaT).1.uma. . Ti'i^el aT>n. ." a|i jio but m beta. cen. . no if e aneolufoo but cam. nen.1- iT>na.15 cuac.1. pea|in.Sabctix imuyiixo in paeix -Docce-oac t>obiaT)ac -oona. T>occeT>ac T>ona.atuai'De.1.aib Gpienn yxo bui oca T>enani. . cona pecacayx a ciaeTOi. cucn. co comayita 110 cen corn ap. cocujai) na n-itroite.i. conaip. Tjon ogae 'ca tnbiT> Din. . ocup . "T>in.1.. aiyxiileTi.enn. "DO 1x15 1716)1.1.ap. 5p. ocup T>aop. TJO cen imp. co hog -Din-secaiT) na licp. pp.1. . .ecmncerh-pin ttixtmuileT>amei Senchapfflap.1?.hec T>iutcaT>. bmt> [ip] in bepla. T)onai. no cm ctam-o uaiyi T>o 5aba)x 111 piep.1. 1-3.1. fio bu cucfiuma ac tucc in beca nejxt jfocu-p cep. ocuy i i^ocup iT>na.1. 5p.umup uile 1 i i - 1*773 ) loeneciamm uiiT> uaip. .1.1.c na cuyxuT) ocup cefxc nu V-'N '" "f na P'tef>. 1 cucyxuma eqxeicme." no cejxt caich amccit ct nejxc. "Oochcetjach.1. CC]X TXO but in bit uite 1 cucixuma. pococac. ocu^ T>o jjabaix in "oaeix oocce'Dac oobia'Dac.1. ." ^j" Hi. 1-1x0 hep. Cotn-oiyie ocuy epycop.p> aifxilleT).

-r. and worth.e. "hand for a hand.H> J." "The free. 'do ana. to his dignity.e. or no children.e. i. houses in which he has a difficulty. and purity." but the bishop has penance as excess. i. knowledge) by composing a quatrain without thinking. certain. i. prosperous person. i. tchich reynUikd it by desert. equal honor-price had been given and of the know for tlie brewys.<fr head of the written law. is. Or. i.* was promulgated." and we perous person.e.e. Poor (' Dotheedach').e. ( Chief.e. equality might. equality of honor-price to low and high because we said before. because the people of the world. i.. or the ignorance which prevailed was the right of or. according to his desert.e. right of each person being according each one according to his might.e. i.n. wealth in his i.e. with a . ). i.' Unprosperous Prosperous i. a negative.e. i. wealthy.e. or in children. In the Senchus Jlor. 'amb.e.e.e.e. inhospitable person.e. in the easy for ' to get food on a journey. wealthy. cibu. for uncer( gan'). the chief professor who has the just rule The of the letter." i. ' of the. it church of a king of territories. well supporting. i. are applied to all men in the Seiichu> Mor. the learned poet who the ' exexplains or exhibits the great ollanih '-poet did this after his ap- tent of his knowledge (i. prosperous person house. i.e.e.' as used in cothughadh na n-iuclile' (support of the cattle).e. men It was established. i. irding to his might.e. perfectly tpt* the just rules of the letter. "the dire'-tine of each person is according "for" ' . 'so-ana.e. indigent. at an equality of irreligion.e. 'dire'-fiue of In it was established the in it each according to his dignity.e.-i<+ Bishop. Dependent. of Erin.f him to divorce her. of the chieftain grade. For all the world was at an i. or. it is (or law) for a foot . and we prosperous person. i. so as not to fume honor-price had been given to all to the Senchus. each person's right was ace. be to it came according until given with the people of and worth. at an equality of ignorance. his i. Equal 'dire'-fine for a king to the king of territories and the bishop. i. or a man who "f the i. food supplying.. i. means food Berla-Fe(V. and a bishop. without studying.)' i. unprosfind also "The free. i. the 1 lector of the church king of territories." i.e.e. that she is not fit for a king.' and daer. ' 1 i. men were without of eric'-fine. was at an equality of ignorance or injustice until the equality. unfree man. The chief poet. i. for we lind ftu'h tranijiks as lind . the the knowledge of the true law of religion . of territories.e. hospitable. the three things . It. he has a difficulty in a journey.e.e. the inferior grades Sa. and purity.sign or without a sign." We The best of men is find "The unfree. 'coth. and it was not in the Senchus Bee. who test. &c." or. came to lie eitablMed.e. came in proportion to his to be given according to the Sciichu* to each person wealth. -real cus.' tain." men is the indigent. unprosof worst the the free. an at his to or.SENX'IU S MOR. he has no goodly ('Donai').' i.e. indigent.' i. = tni/ra^A^ . the might of the champions and the right to them until honor-price i.e.e. inhospitable.. pointment by the king . i. i.e. .e.e for all the world foot of the seniors. i. i. ISTROU TIPS c- and that is right for i. might and right were at an equality of kings and of the poets. it I. equal honor-price of the of Erin who were at the making mis so called from the great number of the of it. was promulgated honor-price for each person according to his dignity. the world. 1 43 but only for a vassal. The force i. "The unfrt-c. were at an equality.. perous. wealthy. getting food on ('Sona'). it is Wealthy him it is aothndMh. he has a goodly wealth in his house. inhospitable.e.e. i.

occmogar. co [eewo] nomaiDe 'jfo Dala no cfti . " For Brecan and his people were drowned in the vortex. ( '. ocuf] genelaige fefi n-Oiienn. fam cmel paqfiaic nnofijio an rjiei'oe fo o ncub plenaib. ace DO beftCD m file aufclanD a amm ocuf amm fofif m colamn no foyif m cenD. ocuf f-. Hi heD Din ran jio m . caeca la DOf. An example the nf this kind of poetiral inspiration is given Cormac's Glossary. ocuf DO finnoD cac anpf DO cui|\cea if anilaiD DO nicheji fon .1. ocuf ba fam nuDbaifcC DO imofifio aiiiail DO gmcea ceccaji De. In the latter work. the waters of the vortex : Destroyed Brecan this is the skull of Brecan's lap-dog.e.44 INTBODI-C" N1riDiu if -Senchuf 171 uji- DO cenDaib colla call.e. the reading i. gmcea oc ceccai\ De. afc if mariD m DO faillfijjcea cfteoca. DO gntD comfiuciDo foceeaifi DO cenDaib a cnama. ocuf gelugaD co laiDib. whose skull it was. introduecd as ili-. aifci cac aificeDail. 767. no a menman cen fquicain. ocuf if miale no . but it is incorrect it should be cent) . 708-9.aca la mac1 The poet in is tis< / /. . ocuf DUile feDa. In C. uno if 1muf pofiofna ifin. Ocuf if iafi nuapatmaife m fin ocuf ni atnlaiD fon DO bin fua pacyxaic. la cli. fin [Dicecal DO cenDaib. Cw P cuice. qaecfec." i.1. oca mbet UDbatyic DO Diabal. Two or three. is T)e is in the original. in voce Coin Breaiin. much better. Sti-- fecc caecar la hollamam. is. The blind poet came to the estuary of Inbher Bece. m rein ODCID m pliD m Dume Ocuf anall ma Docum. "And but little of greatness here remains.. Ocuf fio facaib acu iaf.rcanaD ocuf DO gniD. gives here an instance the text is the celebrated Finn kind of poetical incantation called Teinm Laegha. cecp.-s. the right reading 3 inserted from Cormac's Glossary. in uenca 'Cemm Laega. ocuf cfii caecac co let la hanfiuc. co fin'ouD flonDUD cfiie beof. on fco lecei> DO naib a\\ if foyicfiaiD foif ocuf fixirjnan'iu foDefia f fofiacaib acu iafi fin m fileaDaib. 5111 trebai^c DO Deib itiat ocaib.ofna. uaifi fiob iDan [ma cejvo].-s stuff. ayi i"na linuf pojiofna. l/i. where. by poetical inspi- ration. to the end of the of a minute or two or three. and his attendants finding the bare skull of a small animal upon the strand. as performed by mac Cumhaill. the skull. "co cetro nomcifoe no a TJO no a cfll. 1S 'fc. which being done. voce imbctf vop." 2 A minute. no m caDbuji. more or h-.oivi'ring name of a certain lap-dot. co -oe Jiniuf uel Tjuovvum uel C|xiutn '" pluf rnniuf ue. voce 1mbaf voTXCfna. he said : "The tempestuous " waters.> //'"<. near Rancor. uaifi fiob amt>an.the blind poet. fefca la cana. Lughaidh Dall. for a*rrlmrte or two or three. 7C7. In Cormac's Glossary.1. . the manner of performing the Imbas . joocuf Duili flnmnci. asked the He desired them to place the extremity of his wand upon poet.. .o finnaD a achafi ocuf a niaehafi. . thus. ocuf if 'Cemm uae^a..

. story-telling with lays. viz. And this is after tie reception of Wben not the his staff his way 1 it person's upon aud mother. But Patrick abolished these three things among tbe poets when were {ttafano rites. i. the Drisac with bis it whatever he likes or deforosna is described thus:" The poet discovers through " sires to reveal. di bois uimme. left extemporaneous recital.' i. in order that " on his two cheeks. and if until every thing about which he is engaged is revealed interrupt or disturb him. used to be revealed by means of them.SEKCIIUS MOR." . or of a dog. in a two^ <tuy> every unknown thing 3 for tbe same or three . and iff era it to idol gods. or in his mind time. He did not leave them after tbis any rite in wbich offering And he should be made to tbe devil. " the incantation on it. the Fochluc with his thirty. for tbe Teium Laegha and they believed.' i. 45 and be it is this day covers the s t iji s: it is by tbe ends of bis bones he effects it.e. as they Iraus Forosna could not be performed by them without offering to idol gods. and lie lays his two palms gods. the fifty. and the Teinm Laeghdha. because it was acquired and also the registering of through great knowledge and application . because it was renouncing baptism. and he adjudged that " whoever would " practise them should have neither heaven nor earth. palms upon him. a different kind of offering was made at each. name by tbis means. for their profession was pure.INTROIHTC done TU '- N . one palm over and the other hither on his checks. the Mac-fuirmidh with his forty. " the it is called therefore Imbas. in order that no one may " he then invokes his idols . and found ' thing formed after a different manner. and door. he makes a verse at once with tbe ends of bis fingers. and falls asleep . and this is Teinrn Laegba. and the name of his father minute 2 or was that proposed to him. the Anruth with his thrice and half tbe Dos Cana with bis sixty. the~~0liamh" with bis seven fifty times fifty stories. the poet sees the person or thing before him.. This is the way in which it is done the poet chews a bit of the " flesh of a red or cat. in a minute or two or three. and of men Erin. And tbe way in wbich dis. and pronounces an : < he obtains not his desire on the day following. his and offering " ' ' . the Cli with his eighty. the artistic rules of poetry. " two i. and invokes again unto him his idol incantations pronounces " his sleep may not be interrupted . the genealogies of the and Duili and fedha. Patrick abolished this. or as long as he was supposed to be at " to him. or Imus Forosna. but they were per- was done before Patrick's time. and he is watched.e. ho " over both his palms. and discovered name. without studying.e.e. and he composes and repeats at tbe same is tbis but New the Testament. and he conveys it afterwards to the flag behind pig. with his fifty. but the poet placed out the body or upon bis head. and the Duili sloinnte. At . " St. them after this viz.

gaiT) ctiocbtif cecnca.1. bn-tuga-D Leicecti.abluib.\. tojlct. .1. Tjec f ceoil ac tamtim. fiia pafirolon.^i^claif a. caif. Cotmiafic Otame.e. if octif na cat TT1 11151 Ctufie. an'iail fto 5ab: "aft Ro facaib mpn oc na fileT>aib. . Ocuf bfieiT-benmuf pyieon a cofitif a cefitie.e anfic.1. ocuf "Oacoc. 1f iat na tana. Mmjh Tuire. fin. Mo. mbefaib mogaT) leif.1. occur in H. The stories hen. a cet aji. . cm T>iabat cocjtifa. Many in a ten years' war story are still extant.1. na to^la. copies of this The Carlingford Mountains is the locality here indicated.1. qruca ta focluc. 5 legal . pep fo.a Oft. a If it has been sung (cifia cet. ocuf ifijala.eicf et. ocf ocuf ft^oa cec yen. a . . and Dachoc. Co5ail tiji tlectam.st of the stories here referred to arc still extant. eccfia. . ON T)o pftmifcela ocuf t>o fofcela ant) oblaifie.1. Dublin. ocuf cat Caillten.1. The cattle-spoil was taken in the first century. ocuf ni in . .t T)Oib layuiin.1. was person. 1f Cfiecuatfvt tige btifiaTiaij.1 "DO cacb. octif Cam bo Regatmnn. 445).1. . Cam bo Ctutilgne. fice la -oftif ac. ocuf fnnitgat ri5. it attributed to him by the pnets in tln-ir songs.1. oca bniujaT) if \:e\v(i naf coin-e amficc. octif OfunwiG T>aT>efi5. Tja itijin Cuatbail. fet l 1^ arl T10 5abf at olT>af can yOcuf aca bif '5" T)O byviu^aT) oin-enajv cecaib. Connate Sainbe.1. faite. between Connaught and Ulster the Royal Irish Academy./cata. afi if an fio tp. . nine na Co lec-oec. CocmaftC 6irnifte. The stories of the demolition of the forts of is Daderg and Dachoc are still mi the Dodder.f tiifoniT>. no af a neifcicben.). Cam bo Pftaic. Breen-more in Westmeath.1. 3 1 Tuathdl. near the Shannon. ocuf if eifib T>iixenn. 18. The words in the text which it appears that land having been walled or trenched by a from (C. octif cata UemiiTi fie ponioficaib. cotjie aitificc. ica n-eip. if epTip in btiniy.!vni. or the possession of The following is the translation of gloss on the words evidence of his title.1. 3. puctiuf fon. j]\l. octif fefa.46 Senchtif tHu IXTRODUC. ceca inroa. na 1 Oca mbi - - \)y'' ' Cuailgne. . Coctnafic pitiii ocuf "Oaip. octif aifigne. Coanayic TTIeitibi. octif tana.. 7-0. "oa cec TIO cac cfiut) aici.i. a nibioDa coin. ocuf Cam bo plinaf. ocuf tipxa. co na cocuf oligcbec ocur cunu ocur bo cnebitta an-o rin oc in bniucaif) to commix m cain. 1f iat na cata. and about six miles from Athlone. . 2 Copies of most of the other stories referred to also still exist in the libraries of Trinity College. mgrne Seifcrrm <1f CCilbe.referred to are all extant. ' m m octif tocmafica. ocuf aroetia.nictie. . and of the latter. iat / k'fi 11 C na Cocmafica. . 239. The locality of the former Bolier-na l'. "Ouniach. feet fceoil oc 1f iat mioftfio pyumfceil mtiifef ant>. j-ocuf fofibafa.1. b)\iu5aT> oc ambt cinmoca com coxa.1. miles from Dublin. fie Clani>aib TTlilet).me." catu nac fofifosam Tioib a n-&i\mn m paqfiaic ocuf a^ubaifit 10 T>o^5nitif a r|\eiT)i fiemepefitai Tia cabaift. iat Cam bo "Oafcta'oa. about six extant. aice feic bif in coiyie pn. m in in m . cat TTliiige 1ta.

and the two battles of right of their profession.e.e. and is in ri. combats. elopements. and the demolition of the fort of Derg. walled. whom o hundreds bJfi are Iftpt. tragedies.e.e. and the on he is i dfva cec: tions).. rcoign whatever honour tlioytocoivca in Erin when they that what they received in lieu of (Acwlrf*** Vt performed these three thom4o them. the brewy who has the ever-full caldron. and two hundred men in it the condition of workmen.SENCIIUS MOR. has the ever-full caldron. tlie Taman with C^laire.' i. is referred to in the story of the Battle of gical Society. adventures. and of the 2 fort of Dachoc. the courtship of daughter These are the : Fithir and Dairinn. tion*. the demolition of the house of Nechtain. killings. and a ploughing ox for the use of the caldron. and the cattle-spoil of Regamuin. or out of which their proper shares of food are cut for all persons. the stories of courtships of the of Emir. and it is not he that has the ever-full caldron. and the 4 the battle of Tailltin. a sheep. ^ 1 riles. i. its he who luisthe caldron which truly hooks.e. 6 i." All these things were left to the poets and Patrick teM . 6 i~ : &f C-'W ^ r\|j has trenched. courtships. 3 &c.^lor f*w And is was better than what they abandoned. and the twenty. during the time of six persons (six generahas been sung to him through the composition of a poet.' Who boils i. cattle-spoil of Dartadha. there a brewy w ho is better than this man. the brewy-' lethech.e. encampments. Etain.u'ht of these it is he is ' paid dire.e. feasts. The ' coire ansic. :iml the burning of the house of Dumhach. courtship of Ailbhe. 47 IT/ with IXTRODVOhis ten stories. i. i.e." " If it The ever-full caldron.e.'. battles of These are the stories of battles: Partholan. iCke has iS"n*o . c. by Neimhidh with the Fomorachs.' his lawful wealth. the battle of Magh Ithe. two hundred he by.' And his lawful wealth. if who knew 6 it has been sun. And he left them also just judgment in as we find "M-it has been sung. of demolitions are the threefold assault on the house of Buradach. etc. the courtship of Sadhbh. he that is without double wealth. the The stories the cattle-spoil of Fraich. i. cattle-spoils. courtship courtship the of Seiscinne.e. in the publications of the Irish Archaeolo- . treated of demolistories. i. by parties equally well with himself. &c. TIOV the were the chief stories and minor These stories. 1 The stories of cattle-spoils are the cattle-spoil of Cuailgne. Magh Rath.' ever-full caldron. and the cattle-spoil of Flidas. battles. ' -jLtyt dogs and cats.e. and plunderings. the courtship of Medhbh. Magk Tuire. a pig. i. i.. for the brewy who is paid 'dire' for his hundreds. he has of each kind of cattle. i. ">1. and by the sons of Milidh. his seven The chief stories which they repeated. the brewy bavin. two daughters of Tuathal. p. the brewy-' lethech.

on account of the though (the food) should remain " the truth of person whose caldron it is.1. He should have tlirue kinds of meat raw.a).- DO bep. an. a\\ ip _ %d. tia pep. no mate eneclamni oo ulc T>on ci na TilipT) enectann no T>in..n. m legent) co ci a a Sen cap mop. ffl a\i con am up.1.' see Fledh Duin In C.uic [can. ocup m cetc mu'oa ann. enectann mon. Mo unaific. conu fcuiclnrhen T)ia jablaib.i b. jocechca.'*' 1p a Sen chap na ceic^i at ct TITIan. \io caniaimpijeT). ocuf rn T>0 byiuite ace T>aium na T>ainie. three kinds always hoiled. caipic app cia beic co cerni nibliaTina an TJO beyian. ocup na cyn beo catina.ia5ail m tanamnu C CCpT>uT> caich hi cofiuib bel.- Ian am n a but. comt) af fio gaba^ . ocof efpoc. ap.1. . No na cocup cechca. 17 l*77fc capna. no CCn. a biai> coi|\ .5 O'D. .1 aipic. ni cechca cm \io in cuice'6 Lebajx [no Cain bepccna] Meat. and no waste is caused. See the account of the different joints served in the banqueting hall at Tara. conach ciynni. m^coriliiaja caifiif (no a muj.1. -i- fiiajail uctt ceitpine inn T)aen." See also C. .un. 1 . ~~) (. 51. no canaip aificinnig [p s] 7V^'. JXc- Ocup t Cfrft ? otc t>o maich. na fiuccha aoiiaich. caifie anaific.pain -oepoeit.1. p. cumn ig. . lef jitgna. enrctann be5 T)on ci Tiligip etiectanti mon. f a Sen chap fio cocaimpije-o.i timge narna DO bet anti? cap.e. cia beit a d at1T> T>am. For some na ngedh.iajta po: Cam ip tan. T>O pen. ).' i.Mo. mn. no ^c ^ e ^ ca ellec ^ arlrl TICHC. . inn uite. ace mat) ptiucli DO .48 VfT-/ -Senchuf INTRODUC- cn. T>un ci -oil gup eneclann . . uluaine-6 nab fo j.1.1. cm 1 bee co foea anT). it disgorges or returns back from it all that "is put into it. T>on ri Titigep eneclann beg. co i t'tf- 1 CID pani ap. llo anpcuiche.|iuic.i hai^e bjxuiti atiT>. Cum fiiajait tialian.ich.Haunch fur Ike kiiuj. la pn.1. . fio hen. tic " epc.i T>en. Cain. ocuy afiati.1. T)li5chi5. . DO each aiiiait jio jab tai\ac no yiig.nimaib no mepa Sencap man. a Tjuuitn no a n^cfpcayiaic bom. Cam paiv. cn. 1554." CTO Tiono an. an. " it in it to the end of a year.e. . a^atle von innup pin.p.1. . "Oia po)\ T)Uine. ocup na tn. conac ficcuf. .nittiaib miTiicen. T>ecc. co na tirntac TH paill no cajina. OTO mm TIO 111 coipe ampic Cai|ie T>le5ap. ip . p.1.1.i moin. ? POUIC niceije leo- oam no capcup. 771 . an.nu].pxroa Cain ''' Mn paep. ' in Petrie's Antiquities of Tara Hill.1. na fiuccha niaich . . in ci ipu cai|ie. n. in the Battle of Magh legendary notices of the caire ainsic. 1 colpca oOageftna. ' fo j. a somewhat similar account is given of this caldron: Rath. . 11)9.1.1.aiT). i. -oo utcc. mm siaef 071 cin-o cac bewail inn no af m-oigi. annpcc. cine t>o T>O mimic. 'caire aisic. fio aii\lecha. T>O beic pop. cyioichec . juajail in pacha e. nibuT) ep. ocuf co - legaiT) m cac caiyie olcena. J. 771. n.1. and three living animals of different kinds fit to be killed. ^o . jy emnai gcefi T)Uine pon. teipm lenum.

it would noithor iitoroase (nor be wasted).e. every party that should arrive. Why should it be three joints only that ought to be in it? Because there never goes to be entertained by them a party or company exceeding twelve men. "because it is according to his deeds God judges man. the haunch for the king.e. o/raw meat. the three kinds o/"boiled meat. of the ox or the cow.' i.e. i. iff . i.e..e.e.SENCHUS MOR. anaisic. -> Kor bad is to good. A caldron which should be always kept on the the acet-foll caldron. . In the Senchus Mor were promulgated the four laics. The law relating to base the rule of the choice of tenancy in the case of the base tenant. and ever is put into there would not be more found boiled than what would be sufficient for the company.' ' oft' its hooks. for . a leg for the young chief. to an unimportant person. three kinds 49 meat.e. Or it is with its legitimate wealth.e.e. it was provided. or Cain Bescna.e. for the share of food sufficient for a company should remain in although it till their arrival. 1 be in it. i. ' but always wet.e. Or. while every other caldron would dissolve it . a 'croichet' for a king opposed in his government. to no eric'-fiue can compensate for his death.e. the heads for the his charioteers. the rule of the price of fosterage which is given with the child. that which is not removed In the Senchus settled. i. to a man to whom honor-price is not due. fi large honor-price due. with the accompaniments of fat or lean. and the three kinds o/live IXTRODUCTIOS.e. that which returns in a perfect state what- it. The law of social relationship. r a small honor-price to the person to whom 3 fvtry hi'mr-pri"? it pri! to the good. <ic. that a large honor-price should not be given to the person to whom only small honor-price is due .e. i. The binding of all by verbal con- ing to free tenants.e.' i. 'an. Every honor-price is evil. person to whom honor-price is due. 'annsic. tenants.. i. anscuithe. the fifth book. i. that good should not be given. i. or a tanist of a-uiouacch. i. What is the ever-full caldron fire for ? Answer. it does not dissolve until the class of persons for whom it is intended arrive. it was not lawful previously. i. Or. for example. ' i. if a good man. the rule of free stock.e. i. and literary doctor own proper kind of food iff got out of it 2 example. tract." why then should it not be according to his deeds that one man should judge another in like manner. i. .e. though long it (the meat) should be there.e. it is in the Senchus it was fixed or That good should not be assigned to bad. in the Senchus Blor were promulgated these four rules: The law of fosterage. i. the binding of every one to the thing killed.e. a steak for a queen. i. or a great 'dire'-fine. '/r. i. The law relati.e. bishop.' a nif** * negative i.e. Or. or a good honor-price to a bad man. it is not ' siccus. is E .' dry. that three boiled joints may always i. the rule of social relationship lawfully constituted. to the i. and : for each person as.J{jA.e. ' whom honor-price is due.

aib. ariiml . mo^tlac mumcin. co coin.h i mbailiuch mam mam aftcnci-p TIC. bail- becha.colam. Duinebadh.eT>uic. the carrying off of the people.1. mo^a caichmeclica la peine. Senchur 111 apcat> caich if m fiipe cue ' cn." ifco con.1. o neoch ipn nibif. na Tiaini hi bui m ocu^an-mT>i\ucuy. In O'D.eiT>i elaf uanaib 1^ na cn.o bui /platcib. nf in nibic a cue cyiebaifve co coin o belaib. efc "ban. [.ipm mac m m oc in aicci.1. soiycejnsabala. manaig cen apaiT).ip nech uaT>a. Chunnall. i| e tmac coccm . ba elo-oac a ba.1. m cn. 18. . imbeich cocca. no in Soyxca. m m pna icac.1. .ebuin. CC-|an. the reading is oumeba'6 . puaphicaT) co]i Cjt !Jl I.1. acaic cpi %uc la "le lncro elo'Dach a ba (. 1ye cn. Tin yoconn co pp ocup cp. na 7>a Ceitt oc na bior.] na ceicjxi eabayiea. a|^a^a1J^ cuafiarhlm coccha. . acatc ceon.e. no m i.1.] con. cn.1. cae uin. . ben ac in pn.t . Tie chuaific TiuinebaT). t>ibat> buit>e cunnull.1. no ip i-p cuan. T^uariach lia i:laca oy cac.. yiobui cun. o belatb. T1CC : C111C ^r10 cop. . n tiimf.' ' c^ 1 Destruction of the people.1. . nT>ame m camlacc.1. ocnralmrana. .1. iy< lia biy aca coca-o.ebuip. a T inaic).1.iy-1 cuca* criebuiixi uacuay-luca-6 o belaib'. cij^ca T>CI apca-6 i nech yiiy ua7> o belaib.e nee UOT>. no fio ceofia a^mpt^a unbi bailecach m birli : ]\e 'Dumeba'D. afigaip. .1. ocup ruaich.ebain. fio Id o belaib. ay-cat) ain. [. no oca cjieiTje naim^ep. qiaechat* caifiT)e ta fiij. . mbi 1ielo7>acn a maic o luce ij-in beca.1. > CCcccac a qu noT>a CCfcaT) caich in focliaji ocu]- ma mch m T>ochup. ncocca no can. or the Buidhe 2 This must have been the Barrjiatha as each exemplifying the prerogatives of a king.a hinba-DOD. fie.i\ 1^ e cuan. an.1. ocuy a ^ ' 1 i n-tnt>ile. title or beginning of some tract.1. neich -n. a cuin. . i*p e cofiaT) lia an-o. 6 belaib.1. the dysentery (flava icteritia). no amuil . ocu^ a nemaiciciu. no DO each T>ib ipm con. a iroaine. a|\O5ai|iec \ie cuatfic 'Duineba'D. FuaflucaT) coin.1. i. na i. mbel. ocuf pjUTnia.1.J. nmcell . no cuin.a-p cain. cuaipx |ie. CCcdic ceorva aim^eifxa inibi bailecach in bicli. cop..-o na jie. tnbet. . .50 IXTRODIJC.i.1.1 ainrpejxaiB. a'|V eicin. lm. in neich fiiy a cabmn.a-0 lia. cm fio cen a ptaich.e.1 iac tic bi|^ an-o.i co coin. tmac. nibri-o na mjainp. no cabaiyic .. baat> eipilcm . 111 cabaii\c. an. cona bee/ cipimiuy vonuaplaicchen. [no] con. nniT)ligiT). .e. cuqictclilm cocca. 'Oechma'Da. no cocat> co coipcenT) 111 -p. amuil |io buiT>e Connaill.e Pap.

e. For the world if verbal contracts were not bindwould happen that its worth. i. i. and the suspension of amity between a king and the country. and which also prevent the occurrence of a general Avar. i. tiini'. of the dissolution of verbal contracts. until the king checks them.e. suck as the four gifts. Except the five contracts which are dissolved by the the contract Feini. The dissolution i. or. . each party is to abide by the contract which he made by word of mouth. there are three periods. The three things^which depart from them in these three times are their people. he is bound as to the thing for which he has properly given security by word of mouth or. sensible adults with . i.e. i. the gift. or. its dies. tythes and first-fruits. i. is a for example. 'Barr flatha os each.SENCHUS MOR. much prevalence of prognostic of illegality. or ' i. . i. much.worthiness. 1 General war ('tuarath lia coctha'). their cattle. such as a famine. all.e. denying it. the evil omen or disgrace that prevails most in war.e- war is the fruit that most exists in it or it war that exists. There are three periods at which the world ticular times in t2-\ fj which its worth. The period of a plague. of a general war. in which their goodness departs from the people of the world. or of the gift which one has of verbal contracts.e. or goiste ngabhala. i. knowledge of all the circumstances and security..e.' destruction of the people. which prevent the period of a plague.e.. i.e. the contract of the son .e a circle of time. u fc/4/^r flWfJWUr U There are three things which are paid.e. or three things in t^e times."- the superiority of a chief over i. for 51 which he has properly given security by word of month. in a state of confusion for it There are three periods at which the world ')) die*: fe the period of "a plague. i. or not acknowledging it. the contract of a monk without his abbot. The binding of all to their good and bad contracts prevents the lawlessness of the world.e. i. n'j. i. 'lia.e. i.e. and alms. and then. or setting it aside in anyway & %(/ Iff W fa> (M> \Jt Whatsoever. or of war.e. or that which he gave away by word of mouth.e. destructive plague on the people in the course of the i. the mortality of the people of Partholan. a boy with the foster-father.e.e. there are pargoodness) departs from every one in the world.' i. as by force. the two kinds . i. the contract of two IXTRODUCTIOX./"tenants with the chieftains. given away. going back of the thing for which security was properly given by word of mouth. its goodness would depart from the world if a person was not bound to the thing for which he gave security properly by word of mouth.e. ' toradh lia.' .e.e. would be ing. 'cuairt-re. such as was the Buidhe Connaill.e. (i. which one gives away. i.' i. even though they be perfected : of a labourer without his efeef. the wife with the husband.

-oaepmanaij.riahuilibcop..i.1.o napacap^ ugrp^noca eaicmicep. au^saiine conac e cuap. -DO p. an. cp. ma f o c h a p. cuaip-c -oumehaT). CCp. in a'oalcp. cuip.1. ." Monk.nacuip. . in the original. 'Cn.1. Tjligcheca his fraud is Jcnnien. T>o bee ap. 11 o m 1 p. .no vecap.'DO'^aic'biucn. T)p. e. c/p m bic 1 nibia pm.it Zff' i. cjienaiteT) cuac T)0n 1115 fo pmacc cana no caiii-oe. Cia p. cacn cec lae ac neoch.ipnet}i Ocup ip e cuir*m olcenu.1. Cop.aecha'o (Clmpana. CIT> icip. t. aip. . ariiait goixcai.p. cuip. mge an. c-pon. oca cop. Cen apcu cacnaip. cuan.1. ep.1. m cap cic Cop. ocu p- ma oochup.1.ae. .1. aip/o..e. ^><>5Op. . .1. . . -i.'~^oTfrm 050. .omamiiji. mncc fecn a ceibi.aib.e icup pin.naile icup pin. . but a tenant holding ecclesiastical lands under the abbot or bishop. m peme' chaipv Ciaponaipccep. Cop.cuip.eni. na caft ocup no coiigatcaiTXT)e ^115 ta ocup cuaich. .1. .t'tinl.achtia coccha. inT>li5ceca : -po pf which follow are unlawful. cup. ocup noco npuit cinnet) an. io dpaicuiT>? -1. oaip.1. Sending TTIofi. ocup cp. ac aiiiuit 1 ly no cn. 111 -i- aipT>.co cinniuT>.m ben mep. bailiuch in conac ela-oac a ba a mair. . .no pen- /. ache cuic cupu ceip/o co coip.1.i.aib. but appears to have been misplaced. o belaib uile cena. occurs after cop. cop. T>. pep.iac ipam tiuni ocupna p cuip.]\ (Toum in atbach m aen ubatl. vm'rj'P. apeairliep.1. cic po con. ocup rue cec nan. uecha. those cuip.1. na rjp.inia]xcain na uc epc "cacn cm-o a ctiinnyiech. CTO icip. no cap. . "Oeclimccoa. meic beoortmfi cen ccrhatji noca. 8 the following in the margin opposite this paragraph Cuip. TjtigtJgcTKt p.u 1C h. .ejbaip. cop. -po mna pecna of whom ceijli."Dumeba'D. cae uii\T> na \ie.ea pepu a up.1.52 cop. oca ace lium ant>. miti.1. co]i T)jxinc1i no Olcena aqrtnceji ctuji bel atnail bich uile cfOfio'Oa'O a.1. cen p. r>a paen. . ocupcac^i cuipmi-p ailim ipon no aitiD in 'com on 10 "DO |iein. m almpam ll^^ainec |ie aptai^pep "Dia a cabanx. . co p.1JIII>.i iieicni ac ic aen neicn. cmmoca in cleici. uatp. comloige. ..T>. comloige. iaepa De.e "Oochup. o.. no .1. there is anuaf. TT ii. TilijiT).1. . ace na cuic caicnmichep. . caich ylan.1. itifro^ Cen "a^vTST^"^.1. ip tia ann cocai) o hec pin aiTo. x 1)1 *f' 1X. meic beoacTiap. . ip papcaij^e.eip. 2 In the original copy Except the fire contracts which an t/itmilnil //// tin.. 1 peca pep. '.aiT>.i IOT. 7>a poconn no puapnuij.ebaipe.1.5aip. nacn pochonT) up^m-ocap.5atp. Socnap.acn. Tjli^ehcapo "The foregoing are lawful contracts. uyijaipc pin co na bia baa7> eipitnn cqx na oamaib. ^ CITJ icip. The monk here referred to was not a monk in the strict sense of the word. cm CUTDITO. manaig.ap. < CCacac a pin cp. 'Diubap. -i. cuip. a plaic cic fo copmb.1. .u aca caichmechca ta pem e. . .fap. CVD mgop.1. Of any sensible adult The Irish for these words." CCn-asain.ac cen clamnsii. era po cop. rnqie. . .aibipeaienniii5ehe. no almpana. mac paejxleicci. (C op. ommic. Cen achai p. 7 CCcnc na cuic ace. T>icup. "Da .. copach gabalacach nuarop.1.1.

Without a rr his abbot.it Mi. The con.e. between amity a king and the country.e. i. a female lunatic.e. being present.e.e. Though they are perfected. it prevents e. Mnge' contracts which are dissolved by the 2 Feini. i.e.all the world died for the one apple. The contract of a monk. or which may be set aside. i. calf. or of the alms according to law. i. the first of the gathering of each new fruit.e. i.. the . and there is no limitation 'ailim son. i. and every thing that is first born to a man.e." Which prevent the occurrence of a general war. riwnlyed. with limi- First-fruits.e. i. The Without they (perfected contracts) cannot be discontract of a labourer. as exemplified in i. whether the son be obodiant or ttwaluaWrTit.". or three classes pay these are the three things which pay one thine. and which are proper. The contract of a fool. i. 53 of a living father without the father. - K the security. being present. or two tr good and bad contracts. i.e. i. without limitation. every first lamb. the contract of a woman without . but as bwd^w.' i. one who cannot do work. a male fool.manach.e. for his chief. a 'fuidhir' or a 'senchleithe. i.e. i. Even ftfj though they be perfected.e. or charity. whether between two sensible adults the dispute should arise. 3 i. i. The binding of all to their between two exempt persons. The contract of a woman without her man. Which prevent the period of a plague. which remove the battles and the conflicts. i. a concubine without children. I rank them among the general contracts which may.e. a base" tenant of ecclesiastical lands. it &k!rvi:&k2' tv 2H5Ji2*&&* goodness from abandoning the world in which exi-t-. first and every i.SENCHUS MOB. Alms.e.e. I consider them different from the lawful contracts mentioned before. Ty thes. as Adam was condemned for . its frondiiE^fQwSSSaft of the ojreum^a^es and of Prevents the lawlessness of the world. which prevent the existence of war from being the prevailing evil omen or disgrace. one who can do work. i. i. case of the emancipated son.e. the abbot impugns the contract.e. the contract of a i NT Rom-cTIOX fool or mad woman. i. solved.e. i. except the five contracts which she makes independently of the man with whom she live.e. serfs.e.e. I make an exception here except the five contracts which . or the forcible reduction. are dissolved according to the Fenechus.e. i. her man.e. his chief impugns the contract. the mighty subjugation. his red fraud: three individuals pay them.e. i.e. except in the. Except the five signifies A good <'' contract-i. 1 raquiws them to be given. There are three things. contracts are binding. i. Or mad woman. rti"iiTvpi pronpority . i.e. them.e.e. Without the father. tation. or i. except. i.e. wflftm hiTfruidiiiTftriXrii.e. the father opposes the contract. i.' I beseech prosperity. i. i. being present. i.e..! ^ w '^n4i!}i<v^.be. the king under the sway of law or amity. In like manner are fixed the contract by word of mouth. such as follows famine. a con-' inv is rivcn i. they prevent that a plague or carrying off of the people should take its course! The suspension of I'lague.e. of the territories by "every head 'K eunw4we.e. free persons. Go i. tract of the son of a living father.

5 each nom T>eotaiT>. CCmait aT>n.iay oca T>oib pn. no co iToen. gabufcain. ai|ie eipiTDjiaic'TiaT) ceji T>ifie. no niyligenn cuiyLm'D m T>ae un.. "Deyyiuiclieclian. in aen abaill. cia bee cochuf occa nt emectunt) TIO muna T>ena niaich ne. an aen no an. CIT> im tu.1. i mbecaib.1. is is bound to observe truth.' Eve Both corrupting. a bishop bound to observe purity. 1n 1115 a J^c eneclann e^bu^ uar>a T)ia nT>ep.am epeyvcach beiyxey oiubain. pn na comoigenn a moamujaT) no a eiben. no a ceicn.1. no ceitp.1.eca gua.i cn. CTO im cteici. nfoi co hi^eL oc (roatcjwtpi no . . ITlai) cm march -oo oenum t)iub.i yapuiT) me.iuni. cochu^ cu tnaic T>O Tienutn tub.jiorncnnn. IT a <^y CCi|ie ei^pimjiaaic. 1 at>ae.1. Ri 5 5iibp. a chief is bound to observe uprightness. i 1 aen ubatl. epfcop caifteTHXch. each nom cac nmT>li5C6c no t>ep. 3 Dae. an. .1. nocu T>Li5enn ^e enectann. no iman. inaen -oon abailtttnan. ceicfn ^apuiT) ica. is copies add here for a kiiif. .1- .ceicp. gp-aiT) ptata.mbecaib co mbic ici]\ becaib T>e. ^This is an attempt to derive This text is ' uball. . ["Oia mbe -oe. fjfiebull ai^ae. b. ubuU. .i. . .in cuaic na T>ipxui5enT) ^o no na oeyioligenT). 2 Due to these. from ' eba eiH. fO]\ a ceiliu y C*4 beip-ey^ bn. eiptep-ain. 5.c. -1. Opycop cui-pleT>ach.' an apple.cipe t3aT> oigec a > T>ib T>O ni gaic ocuy bn. soinnfiucuf ocuf cochu^ nania ofi^ui). 7W/ .1. am ait t>o fio on cinder) CCoam pafca-o ma Tjiupaipx co t>einiin.nac |xs. .1511111 Wfie enectamni m O'D. iy Ian einecluriT) DO T>enuTD Tf\cm inni\ucuf cm cochuf. -t.A.T>en.c at>b mbfieicin. T>e. uafp.. bee na yiei lajx-pa iToenat. ocuf .20 21. every poet bound to reject lies from his compositions.cach. .ecacTi. ay* arrtnjiacap. mamu m d i^5p. 1C c b a t n b c h u 1 1 e a p.1.o epbup on v'teT> /Focuyon eypoc.i no co n-oefinac yx> t|. -1.a ^abait) cuaice. 35.I. cict'Do^niacmaic'Diacochuj^. . 7/f ^(t.1. -1. T>ib otegaic T>oib -oiyie. This is a play on the word ' dae. cutti^i^ ni. oigeca mamu.1. . and K.cech. . pile ajicach. TION. ta oo co comlxin 131. in bit uili an.uctif nama. if coctiuf cm mnp. . ^m no 1-p bee na neici cn. CCcac cetcheon. ? = <v t>e. : fuller in C. . irinyiucuf ocuf o]i|iut).enn otigiT).o7>a'o CCT>ti m. coai^ple'oac'h a-oae/a gae a otc. 1n oen. ocuf maicli TTlat) af let eneclturo in 5iiaiT) af 5i\im gabuf . noca mama no'ooij. 1 Eve.1. Cfcac ceicheojia fabaiti cuaice 1 nota ne T)iub- mbecaib Doib : luggub^ecach.b-oiubaip. 48. in olc- Ptie "Diuban.54 (/ Senchup T^ &3 " 2- INTRODUC. -DO eitl &ba.i. &ba eill.na maic T>m cochu]^.ci. .' which has several meanings. uile miun.aic. iy> comTnoix T>O m eiyinni\aic . fgiaebult tnaich -oo oenum af tec emeclun-o nono beof Cm mtiiiucuy oono cm TIO befiu-p. . 1130.p.

' corruption 1 1 on Eve.' every bloody i. it. ne-s. i. chieftain grade. . they are four dignitaries There are four dignitaries commit thet-e of a territory.price if he does good with but the poet and the bHiop lo>c all. as i. There are four dignitaries of a territory who : may be degraded a false-judging king. Who people in consequence. i. wicked thing.e. If they have worthiness and property and do not good with it. or. lawful.e.e.e. until they crimes .e.e.e. an unworthy chieftain who does not fulfil his duties. i. his wickedness (' dae') lowers him (' gae') i.' Eve contracted corruption. who demands an chief./ half his honor.e.e. false it committing these or small are the A false judging king. contracts 55 The by force of the which a person makes properly by word of mouth are likewise binding. makes him equally unworthy. the world became subject to death on account of the one adjudged to be bound means every thing Womrr All the world died for 7H/Jr w one of the apples of the tree. For his red fraud. it shall not increase his . his property. the man falls into evil ('dae').') he placet his hand ('dae')' et penem low under him in committing adultery. a stumbling bishop. i. there is not full honor-price in consequence of ' the duty which he does not perform. in word. i.e. one screpall' shall be for them.e.rimes in the territory which lowers or degrades them. exorbitant or fraudulent reward for bis composition. T&tt/ fflfwjLr Vita ' Hfl If they have worthiness and property with which they do good.. 'derg. things through which this happens to them. A stumbling bishop. If they have worthithey have full honor-price because of them.e. whi pronounces thing or a large. i. may be degraded.e. small are the^ iU'tur . i. i. or four The king loses nn!. whether it be concerning a small i. or.e.e. a fraudulent poet. As Adam was condemned. or. it insures halt honor-price only. If they ' given for and should a person have property honor-price unless he do good with it. all the one apple. good have worthiness alone without property.e. ness without property and do good. is. i. even though they do good with their property. there shall be only one 'screpall' have property only without worthiness. Adam was 'derg' his fraud indeed. stumbling ( toaisleilech. or for one 'abaitt.SENCHUS MOK. apple. one sentences on his tenants. &ba. and that be done with Should they it. they are four dignitaries they are four dignitaries until they commit . ' 2 Dire'-fine is not clue to these. engagements the person among them who does not fulfil duty or his lawful is not entitled to honor-price. or 'eiU. An unworthy theft one of the whichever of them commit- or plunder loses his worthi- AVlio does not fulfil his duties. i. 'Dire'-fine is not his due to these. i. so that they are among small mighty men. on account of which 'Cba eiM. i e. ISTRODUC" in like manner" TIOX. because the contracts before mentioned are i. it is one-half the honor-price of the grade to which they have a claim.' n/)/fe. or unlawful. A fraudulent poet.

. ci each syiaiT). : . As to difficulty of attaining former dignity there is the " Patricius Qui sub gradu peccat Episcopus dicit. Tiibuf ffti gac Gcutfa.uf. ocuf echuch 1 coiccenn. ocuf gucuafdifmt. pngat no Dumecaige. Re Diiine eite T>iubtif m teceinecttiiro i on cfief pechc ocuf tan eine- ctunT) atec T\if pen. ocuf aichij. ocuf a aiTiicut) amtuch a tecemectunn mbuf umie cacha efintnle Tjiubfin m cyief fecc. C. iT) a tan tog einec lumput) fo cecoift. mjenuc gum. no fett f.ett ctunn T)ibuf inme each erxntnt C ann no a bee a einetan ocuf fingat ocuf T)tnnecai5e. ociif pmnec na gtxaDa Gcuitfi. [-Qta ntienaiT) gate. ocuf a cimnriuiT). l^umpu foceroqi. in Bibliotheca Cottoniana. aichfiige aft. 1130. ocuf fio fochut na jtxatia cerna cmmocha m c Gfpoc.1. ocuf jac no amtuch. ocuf ^um crie efcce. cu^xu griati. ocuf cufcu penmc. Ixvi. 1 Except the Bishop.or\ con. ocuf gtifoifijitt. no ecech -oaime. ocuy cefbuit) imorirxo a tech einectuiro pfit each iri]i amach. efpucc enf eicche 'f eicchiy . cmmocha jfiatia TDaf) iaT)faiT)e nnofirio T)O5ne if a tan emtctunn T)ibuf icuic. fyuf met fyuf TII TDiubunn umie n-oenun-o in cotcc cu fiice pp. ocuf cujiu mnfgucii> Ocuf tiono f.puib no cottuib. ocuf jueceixef. euftu icuic. fecc.tnitentiam ad priorem grailum venire dillicilo. " Nescio an non. no a-outcfiuf no gTurmnb Gcuitfi.. m fioichfiT>e ace aibtecceoi^ no cum an efpucc 0151 na rioifet) a jftaT) no a 0151 T>ofuT>ift ocuf fio f oirh *Oia . ocuf peer. ocuf ocuf gueefcuf ocuf rmfocut ocuf mtfjet.1 jach naon cena cu rxuice 1 m ciief m r\\e\. OCU T Stipieronuift. no] 501: T>ichef> a T>O grief. CC tan emectunn unorifto prvi gac aen cena cu txuice . Octuif ocf euach. no fietf mci pfiif nt>eminn in pojutt. . i<tienuni ocuf byiach ocuf farvuijti. following Canon Patrlcii: " debet excommunicari tanion potest quia magna est dignitaa hujus nominis: "redimere animam suam post p." Canomtm tttulorum. t$ 3f CCuficuimne no auincuiT>beT> imo^iio mi bmt) ocuf fotxtofccrm. ocuf pf a coiiii\amne. ocuf f.on COITX cecna atiutcrxuf TDO 5nec. T>ib fo cecoii\. Deus scit. cfiefi -DO m feic. a tec emectunTj T>ibuf umpu cadi erxnuit .56 ISTRODUC- Senctnip ^ubfveiceniTiuf. chuic aon icifi on cfief fecc amach.

-ct treachery food in it constantly.LNTROTH-O and false testimony. the or church of the case in the in general. and burning. the of the grades out. whether story. or eating stolen food in the having sec. murder each of these deprives a person of his stolen and and fratricide. and false character-giving. and do penance. and vioRefusing to give food. 158. if it be committed by any one of an ecclesiastical pany. punished if they have of treachery. persons. bad and bad and word. hermit or. i. or Theft. house of one of any grade. or secret murder. person . must be similarly or committing acts Inflicting wounds. 57 and and frau. information. and fraudulent -fO4gig. deprives and they all return to until they pay eric-fne. . dignity <>f Li-lu-p. honor-price If they commit it. or having knowledge of its division amonj tie of its having been received thieves. the bishop ' of one wife does return. or adultery. And may and he thus loses full honor-price with respect to the latter -S with respect to the person against whom he-feg^ commit/^ person. 1 does not return. and do penance . either as a hermit or a pilgrim. it church. except among from them at once until they pay their full was obtained. -*ith n wanpun. but who the bishop. and move from their grade. See also Villaneuva. such ecclesiastical orders of full honor-price at once grade. 1 Btthfflteoir. that o{ or miracle worker. but it does not deprive qf half his honor-price up third time. but he might attain to a "higher grade. and betraying. according becomes a j who does not recover his grade or his perfection again . and it him with regard to every one of them until the from the third one faon half every honor-price -Utfi&aw&y even this lose this half honor-price by a different he time out. full and honor- price at once. false proof.e.e. and wounding another territory. their former dignities except it is the virgin bishop only to others. or the first injury. upon bodies or or refusing to entertain a comor fratricide. and false witness.SENCHl'S MOK. when he performs penance within three days. false and dulent security. or of the way it acts deprives a person in these of one from another territory every it is committed the third until his half of honor-price every instance from the third time taken is full the away But time. Fake judgment. and committing theft in lating. or takes away honor-price 'eric'-fint. i." that is. And they committed adultery. thaumaturg not return to his According to these Laws he could p. and lying ef-snrh these 4spwww tfcfr-U-wlu>-W-gB% every one of laity to the third time.

ocuf jona.i. m if a tan emectunn iiini nech.58 IN-TRODUC- -Beuclmr tlloji. ma n-oenirc c |?a cfii. ei^ce vo mec m cmuit>. no aT>utq\tif 1)05116 e-ppuc. no nach mii-p. T>ia 1i jug a tecemectunn ce^buf uatia nuejina match T)ia TOchuf . 110 no saic. 11(i 5fiat>a ruairhe . the higher chief having one tenant more than the chief immediately below him.|io. m aibitceoiiiacc Tenant. accutn itnop. cia -DogTiec niuic t>a coding. no retT 1:011 coibDeLmcTi 730 - b ixuige aifie icifi bo ' e '1 u T) CClt r e ^ itnojifio fio foicec na 5i\t>a cerna. an 5iiat>a bef aiiiT>e. . yeofvtnorofec peb 511 O'A. CC fecc DO p. no cuma'D Oi-ptic otje na iioifet>. no . 1n 111 cfiech if ununt aT>atciauf 10 no acixay in met) na af a tecemectunn T^buy tunic each efinuit -omb i?fii 506 aon co yiuice m rjxef ^ecc.cjxurD Tjuaip. in gutn. in point of rank. no ocuf cuiau 5ceiTUf i\o ^oich m 5ixat> cecna. ocuf a tan emectunn 11110111x0 on cyief pecc amach. riiorrliaiti a tog loeinech itmpu. no jinnrf. C / Sf 37 Ocuf afe an inT)vciichaT) fo m 1 m ipeix tesinn t)o T>ut a nefpucoit>ec. cei^puc T>O -out i. SamaifCT)O occeiv-i5- ma iitiifi. CCTtutciiuf imo^yio. cc i-'ixca. no gupaT)no subfieiceninuf. ocuf coittce iiechcse. ocuf T>ebcha comaitcefa. y aT>m. bain-benneanna c^e p. no echuch. no ereiiif.e. ocuf 110 . no gnbfieicemniif. -om cete ce-pbait) T>O cadi jiuro iiaite o clia 1115 -oa eiyxij. no t>o m aifi inT)ti5cech. cuneyita T)ti5er) umptiT). 1TlaT> 511111. 1m "caince fcoitce. ocuf nania. otijenn. aiixcmT)ech -DO ce pniT>e. ite Tjono cunnuiT) i?op. the lowest chief has a tenant less than the chief next above him ami thus the seven grades of lay chieftains gradually rise above each other up to the king. foich ei^puc aonvecce 110 ma m aich^ise aix ri\eip. each aen cena. ocuf ma ni>e]anuc mnfcuchat). attfeT) na-om. inte unofifio ej-pur on Gy-poc ocuf on ptef>. cm ai\ aon tuf T>O gnecuii.opach. ace cu^o pemne. 1HaT> 511^0111- no 5iipa-Dninfi. no po[ttofccoc6. aDutriaui m ^oichec in sixaiia cecna.&1I> . no i\urh. no 511^0111511111. if munn oeuf m c-eipnuiiucui' tm ocuf qaecha cotccmna. no mDeojxuigecc X)e. 1 . no gtnn iiiT5ili^.

or false or guaranty. though done intentionally. tjS~3ts 7 *. deprive any the grades of the church alone. unfaithfulness ecclesiastic) equal to ^ and general plundering. they one of his full honor-price. and if they move from their dignity. the bishop of one wife resumes it if he does If he has within three clays. of the Ifwoundiny. or vi$Kfie <*^f>- ^ _ 60. e> time. one tenant. or is in the case of every one. or adultery be bishop. but so as he does penance. ' or by a Herenach to whom marriage" is not allowed. or who composes unlawful satire. and pays eric'-fine in proportion to the crime . or lying. the lector shall be installed in the bishopric. Adul- If wounding. even though they these crimes is deprived of half his honor. (lay or cohabiting with a kinswoman in word. wounding The poet who demands an excessive reward. orsrefetyf or of false witness. they shall not resume the same pay eric'-fine . i. s* . and of his full honor-price from the third time out. or or false testimony. judgment. or or unlawful wounding. The lay grades resume the same dignities. and if they. burning. of a eestjweit. or of giving false character. And adultery. it is the virgin bishop only that does not resume it . and wounding. and dignities. If they arc guilty ef violation of a contract &M*C< which their qualifications are increases 1 ^j t>. except and plundering are punished like adultery. and breakthe law. is deprived of half his honor-price for each of them until committed the third committed by a a lr.INTUOIH rafter committing and the poet his with does property. or claims an amount to which he is not entitled. The king 59 good price if he should do arc deprived of all their honor-price. every grade of founded Aire-itir-da-aire lessens by to the down the from king chit/tains Seven to the king.K. . ' he resumes the same dignity. become a hermit or a pilgrim . a cow to the Bo-aire.e. ing and violating do not of and quarrels neighbour*. And this is the and the bishop - shall change. false arbitration. T re s a heifer to the Og-aire. The remainder of this interpolation seems to be another version law on this subject. until he evades the law with AS t. taken by the commentator or scribe from a different copy of the work. or false testimony. it deprives them of their honor-price.n satirizing. in whom respect to them. three times.* or theft. or false judgment. penance beenguilty of false witness.SENCHUS MOK. or false arbitration. even though they do penance as some say. but the bishop good with their property. if their property on . and inflicting a white wound by striking." or. they should attain to a higher one.

ocup pennaiCTjon n p-. -DO iioclirtiin a nemeDostiiar po. The contents Its ascertained.-. 11o ip po Tieclibiiiep a neineclumtie. na rxiguib. m pit emeclunn noib no . no biinigfroa. cluitine po niec epbtif tiaicbtb. no gum mn-niJyi. TTIfro cumal /f T)oib a]\ atchigit) neculfa. Sechc mbia-oa ac pe a piarrh TJO ceile utle ac] cacb piij 730 m 01^115 poipigill ip pepiji. TDO epbuit) biat> Ocup [pea.o cm ipl m cm.aij\T>e. a\\ ip ami p. ai a naipctnptecca. pinnic. niapa^gyiaTj nacb Dtig penninc. ip miTDltgtech T>oib ol?)ap each nin7)liei) oilcetia. pennuic ocup eipucc. ainial] ra nnop.e a coiucinne ocup a lee o each ocaifie. man rinplen po gpianaib uaipli.. m erapi nqieY ace cumat no na gpanaib ecna/ octip ni pi I ni no na fgfMiflliib Cculpa.cu yxo icnir in cm -nono. 1n tiai^ na pi roiinnuli rocbufa ooib. Ocu\. cu |iub e in cucpiuma r>a coib -p ( j.ai5. i ft TtiwM/1 " * " f a f 5 abtl ^ eiptnec. na pecc ngfiainh placha no gniar na gnniia prt. ocup aon biaTb nnupiait ogapTJe pecb a cochup piiam. cuqxunia -DO bepia na pecc lTDoepiceliTJib pin. pgucha ctn^^at) buy.. Ocup a loga no qn miach each 7)a in cucpiiniia T>oi\ach TJO betpi m Ocup raqie inpi eipug api in tulndfi ipo. no aictpie. ocup nojne pogail.ipi i^Dia niTjlepiTj pennuic.i'pm TJO pecuib ropimuijep Tjon bp. no ntutt ecini..uict> na eip^ij. ocup m Ocup niecb. ' ' ' now be accurately . pecuib) TJO beipi in boeipie ip pepyi no nono each boeip. no eculfa. no ollamam.pio Txm pup i puaccntnjpec. na ora na ye j^aiia ecutfa pinmc po iimvti in %\iam. ocup a tion bpiiuait> lecach. aijxe iri]\ o 506 gptat) cu biati Dib po. ocup m mo puacmniT). of a miauh.1. no eipucc [.1. no a fuidia. r\ 113.1. nT)aop. no popitopcuf). no inja. cia eipicn. [. cannot value was estimated at one screpall of silver. 1 Corn. . ape a cucpainia TJO rochup (. iiuiTj na ^iicroa cam.niait) cecacli.o pojtainen p^ni ocup ap a 1 nobm emeclunn 11a huile noib Dame 511111101 T)onaiab OJIT) Ocltnf -n'mcijiT) ciifri\a)-ra. .' or measure of com. joociip n Q ty ap nopiniuch rochupa pint Tjoib -DO fiocbrtmi a n5p. pen no gpiumaib peme. ap pennuic uaicbib T>ia necluif pem. acn cu^. p.60 - ocup man iat>pine cm .1.

e. s. is if -penance is. and there is nothing for the grades of the church. and the Brewy-' lethech should have twice as many. or kings. he shall move to a higher grade. best Aire-forgaill has a right to the maintenance of seven And every king of the kings has seven base tenants. commit TIUN - pay 'eric '-tine. or they must do penance and pay 'eric '-fine. or indeed any Bo-aire. or the grades of the church. they sliall do penance. ' seds that the best Bo-aire.e. a 'cumhal' to the person whom they have injured. or Ollamhs. "When the\' (the Brewys)." All men whose office did not compel them to frequent the church If a person of before. is ' "What this derived from is this " : if any one stumble under ' noble rank. if it be persons of the grades of wisdom. to recover as much of their honor-price as they have lost.tltte-ttr-him. the six grades of the church has done these deeds. And the maintenance of one person in these cases is worth a calf of the value of one or three measures of corn. or profes- sors of learning. or. or unlawful or burning. If it be any of the seven degrees of chieftains that have done these i. have a 'cumhal' for frequenting the church. (!l trespass. The equal to the number of 'seds' that the Brewy-' cedach should have . i. so as he does penance in proportion to the dignity And the crime is of the grade. no dire'-fine can be had except a cumhal' for the grades of wisdom. according . ' 1 And the amount of stock which the Aire-itir- da-aire gives for this food-tribute is equal to the amount of property. even though they while in either condition of ikes*. Lave not increase of property tu entitle them to recover their rank. it is increase of property they must have to K^cl^. for it was in that grade they violated their dignity. and adultery -&t^/&* not more unlawful for them than any other illegality. it is of their that difference to the honor-price regulated. of Or it is gives. f- ^ recover their grade. and the half of it is given by every Og-aire. or guaranty. it is 'eric '-fine alone. And the same proportion less has every grade of chieftains down to is ' ' the Aire-itir-da-aire. they must do penance at their own church. in right of which they hitherto had honor-price. persons.e. and the amount of stock which he gives to the seven base tenants. ot Brewys. wounding. however insignificant the crime. also to be paid for.SKXCHL'S M01!. and penance for the person whom ft. i. t/tat have committed these deeds. violation of security. if he be of a grade to which penance is not due. in general. who has a right to the maintenance of one person in addition to his former property. or pledge. deeds.10 they have quarrelled with. and should ncver have honor-price.

If ofgabtrfi jw : Don ptij. ocuf m cmn aga nnejvna . [ocuf ju cap. 1f " fin.] cw^ C.icc.0 caqi m bee no gfief. m m nume emeclunn aom fecc a nualjuf a coibneluch. na a nualjuf a nana. ocuf eiyxicc. 3 C [T)o gabaft. H emecltmn a tiualgtif a cenn each foguil no nenmt.ce . a " nono CCf af jabu^ pn Peyi ciafingbu af a cmnn a nemnachrum fie nligen. ocuf eifucc ocuf mnfcuchaD aifi [no gm 50 nTieiinarcifiTifchtichu mp]. C. fecennaofi ceile rofimaijitif yudnne ociif ^up. Ho^cu^ub buf cmnn. ce ci cm co n ffii nlijen. 113G.O. ociif cm emeclunn. oca [m] emectunn [cetinu] tioib." C. iiatyx naji comuifcc a n-efinnfiiicuf fo\i a coclnif no uai^ . 7 no neoch n nualjuf a nana ocuf a tocufa a naonfecc.. af gabufi Cm niayxb in cachuifi. an'iuil ara T>on Gcluif." 7fil. cm co-Definaicitinfju" "Do em i>of TMCin cqi nmrcencuf cliat>5i\aiT). tla Sfiain filen af fojuil lain noib each foj.C>2 Senchuf 111 6^ i. ocuf o m : m noib a O oca tain. a nibec C.1. emechinn a Tiiial^tif ai^i [if] foguit lain noib ocf a mbetcm emeclunn no cu mjefaiuic pennuic.fi. ocuf a ocuf coibnelaca no nono 50 f atafi eneclann no a nualguf a nana . 1137. 1 i:.ncrc U3C.o tiefia emecltmn tioib ia|\ penninr. (I- V IZ. K na Tieftnur. ocuf mnfguchcrti aqi.uil no nenuiT. emeclunn fin no no jfief. ocuf noca fajbayi a nualguf a cmn ecafifgafvtai a coibnelaca. ocuf o . seffieireac a mignmia . C. C. ociif oca emeclunn 7)oib laWfUimiJa ocuf afet> f." no cu na bee acn a cana. INTKOPUC. if Sfian. 1136. ocuf a mbeic cm if emeclunn no cu nnefaiuc pennuic octif ep.uil Cach aon fogml lam t>oib noib.1. no cu fio pmne ocuf cu fio ei-p. nochu nuil nach . if fen ball emeclunn am fecc a nualguf cmn. 113G. .no ceile no 5.fnonentnc.croai1j florrha. ptnl . Cach aon na C. 11a batll \\o ruiflen ann [fin f o on : . eneclann d 7 lie. niaiu T>ia trochuf. ttfe-o fot>efia cu^iub fogtul lam t>oib each otiil -DO T>enuic. ociif a cmn.] ocuf o no nenuc crcu [in] emeclunn cetmu t>a f. 1137. ab a cotbeif fin eofiiiiaigif gach fii. octif f /ccach fogoil t>o T>emnc.] ocuf niar> pan na cmn.

shall they had forfeited. and in this rises over another. Dd IXTKOTU-I-the inferior grades have a 'sed' where the chieftain grades have _' a tenant. his right of his chief and his relations. and when this is certain. afforded for the dignity of the and let their laws be examined. As to all persons who have honor-price in right of their age. he shall always retain it. and pay 'eric '-fine. or without attaining to greater age is. according to others. and make atonement for their evil deeds. it be Ir. " A. every crime they commit is full crime to them." &c. . though they This is derived from "Protection have not moved from their grade. shall have back the same honor-price which done have so. " But a man who falls from his This is derived from." &c. and do until without remain penance they honor-price they but when pay 'eric'-fine. can be chief. and the reason that they shall have honor-price after penance and eric '-fine and greater age. ' because their unworthiness did not affect or lessen their property It is the or because they have not done good with their property. i. . When a person has once taken honor-price in right of his relations. or. the chief. proportion each king As to the poet grades. and attain to higher age. : who have stumbled in this case and if be regulated thus when the follower has ." it shall taken honor-price in right of.e. or in right of his profession. and until they do penance and pay they shall he without honor-price done so they shall have the same have when but they 'eric'-fine. It is the followers" the chiefs. and they shall remain without honor-price until they do penance. and of his person gets honor-price in right of his profession be obtained for him in separable property together. the king exceeds by seven base tenants. reason that every crime they commit is full crime. Memffeath once f "' Or it is certain that he will not submit to law. whether he submits to law or not. honor-price cnjain." or they shall be like the church-men.SENCIIUS MOR. i. grade. he shall have nothing in right of him. and his relations . they they relatives. Though the father be dead. honor-price obtained for him in right of his profession and of the chief under whom he was appointed. but it cannot This is derived from.e. every crime they commit is full crime. is poet . his chief. and they shall have honor-price afterwards . As and to all persons who have honor-price in right of their chiefs and every crime they commit is full crime to them. he shall always have this honor-price.

'geUra T)ib lajium ta Coijipjie "010110111- TH gabaiL. aptuipec hucroaib celtjiaij. in the e. teciu. ' 1 iot'/j Budhraidhe.! 5uin bfiediaT>o]in in anpaijie. co fio vefecap.t. . IJaipc a cliiji.pjii ngnaccuiyv no -1. ba -ofvuim fT1 ^ la f ta e 5 ann f " boin-o. taicb pnt amajiaiji co rocra pe "Delecliaib . naViacligatiata Co poecan airochi amach. . now Slane. po|i Peticapeig poll b|vu bomne. ail coiD)nticl). arched) cpojita |ii ' bm 1 10 'CetnjiacTi. mac co poecqi aitichi . . 777 this place described as on the south side of the Boyne. now the Bay of Dundrum. gabail co coxal pejiba pifia t>op nachc CCpal a|i ITIuj. jpeiiaippejigup pefiechcupmneclf 1 iLoch Ru'Dpai'DejDi TriqibaT) a tnaji1 cnica. mac llua-oar. Ti T>enu. ciaccam \ie ol^ je-6.|popelba In CumT) co- as i 'J""Ceojia peyiba V'T1 "? caip.*oo 11ucroac.1.. a CbuiiTD Ceccboiiaij. . ceojxa ba blecta.ba pifia tnbeic co rue. County Down. in the Four Masters.1. aicec poiica Cotp. . 6cha pacubpac a taegu. 'Oornachc . In C.)'0i Ccbacb bt3tbuiT)e. . ^abail co coxat. efitai poji OomT) .1.j inc(]iba. imu|i|io.1. yajx THug mac aicec yoyica Cuinti ceccaca. More usually is called Ferta-fer-feg. PT la - 1- V' nT)a no |io mainepcaiTi CCyxil mac ceoyia myi V'T T tnotcepCuirn).g. t1uaT>ac. . *0o | ' li | ceipqunapiiinTOepicb tipiuip peiigupa. TI adigabait. z Ferta-feig.1 ar>)5abail eanntec a railcep. yeitine'oa. ap a ngabai'O itbenT)a. CC-pal ayx TTlh. bejica Pe^up "pejiglecec n-T)i5ail a dijioin5fieipi.

1 the possession of the heir of Conn. i. Pledges were given for them afterwards by Coirpre Gnathchoir. three cows which. Coniya son of Nuadhat.e. called . by the killing Dorn was also given him in bondage.. there be submitted to.e. three milch cows. Eochaidh of done him. i. i. i. Fergus made a manly attack upon Finech in Loch Rudhraidhe. And they lay down a night at Ferta on the Boyne. had been given to the great injury Fergus Ferglethech in atonement for Belbhuidhe.e.e. house at day-break. for acknowledgment by one chief. i. restored into depredations. in truth. THREE white cows were taken by Asal from Mogh. Three white cows. Mogh. He went in milch cows at the pursuit of them. who was the steward-bailiff of Coirpri Gnathchoir. )i~fa- son of Nuadhat.e. for triple acknow- ledgment. and ^ : -" .J. for double these acknowledgment. they eslay down a night at Ferta . were seized or taken by Asal. it was true that bailiff of Conn of the Hundred Battles. by which it was thought the law would an immediate seizure. from which horned cattle were taken away. or the stewardi. The Tir-ba of Conn Cedcorach. c*rr^ if on the Boyife . for the seizure. from Mogh champion.MS*. i. F ft- #. Were taken by Asal not the exact measure of the claim but distress. % caped froin^in) they had left their calves. i.. white milk flowed upon the ground. for acknowledgment. they had milk. and steward-bailiff of the king of Temhair. to kill it for its great His land was.e. . J-/7 0. and seized six their .e. She was killed in her truth for remarking the blemish in the counten- ance of Fergus. is and they lay down at 2 which Ferta-Feig on the bank of the Boyne. for the distress. from son of By wasimhwrofraivesthere.e. out. however./X OF THE FOUR KINDS OF DISTRESS. of the distress. and they '^yv ate-inHftodittte seizur? son of Xuaclhat.

oonni ty celluy up. mac 1?eiTjlime. Tlluna paib if ap7>apc -olijiTi ami.ach gab'ala. TJBCIU. CCp. T>a niappaifj. aipcriu nama antap. po elayacap. ppi pe Cuint). Tjeipgcaipic'na maicne. "Di aip. conac a yaipe. a paicep. n-Tjigail i n~ i Cxjchaifi OelbuiTje TJO mapBaTJ ap a 3* ocuy bpuchaip CumTj eipTje. 77.1.. la cp. no'oa'Daingni'De'D coin. cuirjpuch lai ocuy arochi.i p.abil.UT>apca TM> pmieyunn. comaipce.ay nambo iapy a calmam.66 DISTRESS. because of his many war-horses. pi Ularj. o.1. T)eciu aenpip. .1.1..1.cyiu. .1. no pop cul TT>peice in caiman. . i. oenpip].1. mic CCinmip. . pe p.1. /ecpey uocapum cpey uocapum cpemapam yecunTjapum apuT> pacpem.ca Pepguy pepglecec. "Di gab'ail. a enec/jl-eipic m ^piyca cpuim.1. . TJO gufn ap mapb'aTJ mapbaT) frchac oca poibi m belbuiTje.1.1. po Tjiulcafj. piy ap muij cec each. . 1ye pe po but pepunrj amui. which consumed the grass of Ulster. bep. . ocuy -oiablaTj . Tjopuy cige HUOTKIC] .1. conac an-oaipe.ach. p. "Oiguin &chach. battles.in amlacha laiy co cpeib ap.iiya no la achaip.1. iy ay ytn TJO gabuycap benna ilapTju na hachgabdla. &cha amapaip. . . TJO bpeicemnaije-o "Dopn.1. -ye cucuycap ye yuJt.1. Cpaeb Pacpaic iy in can ya.1. . 773. no co Co cocca cae Tjipiuch na tnaicni. m m ' IL CjuJyiw* in cipe ChuniT) Cecchopaig. 5 e ^lca Dib lapum la Coipppi.1. Laich pint) pop cellpaij. CCyluiyec huaTjaib. no la yenachaip. yecc pichiac blucDam po ifbui cip po Ulcaib'. no an.l<i TTIuj. T>a platrfeman. mic Tuachail Techcmaip. . TJO gnacaigeTi coip. CCn. tap neloT) na ye baC. . sc.1. .i. po be cucaic a n-elaiTji. ne pe i ppi pe nCCyail. CCya ngabaiT) ilbenT>a.1. . .1. Pjtfeuy Pepgliacach. no an po Tjiulca-6.1.1.i. ppiy -Bench up til op.j. "Oi atciciu. no cuicpuch yuilyi. ('. . no co amm cucaT>t>o \?ep5uy e manmech.e p. nip na j.ec.om speiyt. ocuy aiciciu oeiyi. 778. TJO . aicepp. i Of .cm cyatpi ppi himcomuy anaiTJ a mic .1. "Di chonroeciu. cotrjpiuch. o peimb iy i >'Cemp.tap pe p. aictciu ampiyy inTjyo. . . ace a nTjatpe. uaicib. bpeicemnaije-D yo TJ' pepjuy Tjo^niTjtliaTja. na gpetye cpuime cucarj ap. bpecha "Oopn in anyaip..1. no DO gelciy a ech pep. "Cip-ba lyumie T10 'Jtt ' 1ln Caul 51l1 i ' ci r" T10 ' )U1 acu Cunn. ocuy conroeiEiu cpip.1. or . co no TJO ecaTj o T>elechaib [. o bui Pepguy conro catnic Coipppi n'Snaccop.1. . [luiTj CCyal m a n-T>iait>] co haTja. "Di achgabail.1. calam.. . na ceopa mbo ace ma po bi ap-oapc oli^i'olann.1. T)i TJBCIU [.e pepj.1. cucaf) olige'D cap a mm. a yapaigche. . ingen buroe. 1ym lo pincaicnemach pop cullpech caiman. n^naccoip. na ye mb6. . uaicib rjul T>a n-iappaiT>. ppi annytp. . 1 Fergkthech. mac MUOTJOC. . in achgab'ail yo. Tliis cognomen of Fergus may be interpreted either Fergus of the Fergus the grazier.e Coippp. ye ymecaib. -1. m C. n-rjigaila chp. cpeibe. far and wide. iy popamm TJO. . Pacubyac a laegu.1.\. ocuy aiciciu ocuy comtuciu caip ppi pe cpip.1.e. haic. . po gell Concub'aip 5 nac caip.o gaba achgabail 1 n-&pe. . .. yin cec uaip. iy elot> fio leicei) im na cpi cec butnb. f^naccaip. i.

with Mogh. on account Dorn.e. and brother of King Conn. i. during the time of three kings.e.e for seven score years the land was under the Ultonians.e. it was adjudged to Fergus who fought with bravery. Dorn was given i. G7 UMTIOW. ' ' i. for < them afterwards by Coirpri Gnathchoir. i. and 'comdetiu' of three persons. Given to Fergus Ferglethech. 'aititiu' of ignorance. i.e. king of Ulster.e.e. in the time of Conchobhar (iiiathchoir.e. ami means that she was given not F 2 in . or at the redcofs^with streaking of the morning. a second taking. as 'eric '-fine for the injury.e. son of Ainmire. the milk of the cows upon the earth. i. came to the throne.e.e.e. (lie sepaas the second seizure at the house of MngKs father. daughter of Buidhe.. i. son of Xnadhat.e. from which the horned cattle were taken in distress. or.e.e. i. during the time of Fergus or his father. in of the Feini of Temhair.e. on his protege. to him. i. in double acknowledgment person.e. i. concerning which the contract theheirofConu. For acknowledgment by one chief. in bondage. until it was given to Fergus as a mulct. contracts were confirmed. i. i. from the door of Nuadhat's house. in I n atonement atonement for the great injury inflicted for the great injury done him. (it Temhair.e. i.e. during the time of Coirpri Gnathchoir or his grandfather. ~ Craebh-Patraic at the present day.e his protection. during the time of Asal.e. And seized six milch cows i.e.e. from the time that Fergus flourished until Coirpri Gnathchoir. the Yellow-mouthed. 4t*v were sent by him to seek them. ment i. land which had been in the possession of that grazed or eat grass. from the word tellus. Asal went after them quickly or with earth.-es was. this is Delhi' means the acknowledgment of one two persons. the name of the land. i. who gained one hundred battles. the double restitution after the evasion. For the distress. i. It is the time during which the land was out of their possession. of the crime of her son.' i.e. r'///<// Imttliclioir (the rn-r just). i. i. i. i.e. triple there was acknowledgment and double acknowledgment and acknowledg- the east.-trc-s the six cows. i. i. people * Fv'M-lb fay- 1*' at the house.e. If at the time. The Tir-lia of Conn Cedcorach. i. dut> fe Jo MUt fan fLfflJ' ration of day and night. three cows. i. during the time of i.' He went in pursuit of them. i.e. From which these horned cattle were taken. they strayed away from him. Eochaidh Belbhuidhe was killed while under heavy i.e.e. i.e. who gave pledges for this distress. By the killing of Eochaidh. cowsTand the six cows are i. this was the reason of their straying. i. during the time of three persons. talamh. i.e. i. acknowledgment by For double acknowledgment. Their white milk on the ground. haste.e.e. was awarded uns/mire' 'An' is here a negative. because of his hor. i. or as being one by whom he offered to submit to law respecting them.e. i.e. six milch cows.. this was the first was taken For acknowledgment. or on the surface of the earth. 1 i. and three cows more At day break. or the first dawn of the light.e. Pledges were given i. one chief only in the west. of one man. They escaped from him. without freedom. by the murder of Eochaidh. at Tirba.e. son of Feidhlime. i. son of Tuathal Techtmhar. i.e. For triple acknowledgment. as having always observed justice.SKXCIIUS MOR.e. In the bright beautiful day upon the face of the ground. which is reckoned the period of prescription. but so there was it was not^established law) first of the . time that di. and Uwy brought -nx WT^v** similar t4t*v* from the house at the^dawrjjof morning. Conn. or he was called Fergus. after the seizure_of_tliej]i^ For the seizure.Fergliathacli. Had left their ealves. as there wasfestablished la^j e asion that was effectedwith respect to the three threeJuaLiaws.e. in Erin. during the time of two chieftains of Eamlxim. the violation of his protection.

501x5 a 11516.-15.-oa -pecher> no jvo hin^aijeT) pop. (N. noca CUCOTI in ben no -oono ce po bui in pepann nnuich pe pe punapca. . no a|i Vop-cent). Oochu. ce^b pp. o'imapqaaiT) ant) m m mapBa-6.ic m . poicline. . m veififcaii\ Pe^ju-p echca-p pf.t.Fefvaip -i.DISTRESS.1. hi Cuin-D comayvba. ctnai'o T>O pepgu-p no Actinia ngill. Sliabh Fuaid. Now Fuad mountain. "Dopn.inT)e ' m pn ' ma mnai." .1 ocu'p iy e V ea a T>e DCt Fen-gupa.. . a cmaiT> a tiieic.och. ocup cap ' rapuj.. The parchment. no Tai-pic a chip miuppo yo -petba m 1 (P uui -punT) icip in -papugu-o. map piji TDon -oml a |voib. numbered following pages up to page 75. apt. lap. no ip an-o cainic pni-p. ocu-p pecacap -pi Cunro ap ma-o leo.) a celebrated in Irish history. an a clu. n-uacaT). Tiia . *oF e "-5 u T V e Tve an.. na uroayvba in bficrcliaii\ fvetni. aip mac -oeopaiT) he.1.u^. . near Newtown Hamilton. year Monster. mic CCmmipec. . . mbepc ocuy mben.1. afi coniaiyige. COTH-D enro : fiala -ooib a ocuf oeiftTiii\ecc aiyi " " " " CCfal. e-ocbu. ace i tigill cuca-o ^ bU ' -DO . mapba-6 ina cmcaib inopa in mnai.1. no / i n-anpp pie machap.1. cjvich cSinij. . c1icup. T>O pineT> a machaip -DO CiT>taccr6 ma pigne he.^ ij-maplkro in muipgpip. ocuy ifpe* pp. uaip -oob aiipif 111 hinan-D 1 ocu-p in ben. pop. Sefep.1. this monster teats. a place much 3500 A. CCibtt.1.TJuiin T>on cloich Sicli i ngnuif fie iiTiul pon !. ' in county Annals ufFonr Masters. mafibcro a reifefi eochait) DO Conn Ceccatacb T>a DO cua^Tiugaf) /B 1 beUwoe. -DI mm |vo latdni. m abaip "Di 1 lLoch UiiTipaitie ac in 1 mapba-o amapcinca. Ocup 001 b in c-1nbejv nCCilbine 1 cmaiTj m cuicipi |X|xcro. Peyvsuf gnui-p nn cuba n-ainme Tai-py. &iroa. Armagh. ocup an-oaifie. XT "Do cei|iyx ina piinti-oe. . iy> xaipe nap bo -oile-p uaichib ppi pe cpip. 1|> e ctnc imuppo aiiT>.' 'Sinech' literally means. are written on a small piece of folio 5 of the manuscript. In C. . laf cojicaip. . ocuf ^ibfiaice. "oo Stiab n-Uan>. . cia cuca-6 in pepann imuich.M. uaip cm cmnet) pe cucati. . 111 ^eife-6 pep t>p Fepgup. |io i-p na pp.cf6 ip-e-o pne mcrdhap. ceofia 1 pfiba nc fo.1. -811115 Loca Hu-Dpai-oe . .1. ci -po ba aipciT) a pepaiiT) imuppo po peilb comecaro opb T>O ConnJ.1. fin T>O 2. pechc vervoa. -peilp cotnapba COIII-D Ocup cotiiap'ousa'D po no m pei-pc.1. pe pe cpip cucai) imuich he. cuba nanime T>O Taignet) jie Veiaj. is called Sphiron. /. Poiclme. Pinech 1 lLoch Uut>rvaiT>e.1.1. Co tToeocacap.1. ocu-p in mnai T>O cip. TnaTlba 6 ec1lacJl belbuiTje. having dugs or 3 Occurs. 774. pen-gu-pa. ingen buroi. . Ocu-p \<f an-o -pin fio marib Peiijuy.T>a peipc.

3 Fergus made a fierce attack upon the woman. noble their fame. " " Enda.e. meaning that in bondage. or as a pledge to Fergus. the monster and the woman. and the race of Conn did not know whether the land was theirs or tint. daughter of Buidhe. Ailbine was given up to Fergus for the crimes of the the six having killed Eochaidh Belbhuidhe..e. i. nut in bondage but as a pledge. countenance i. end. She was killed i. " Foitline and Tibraide. if it be true for the book in occurs. V f/^ ^f^ua^. they restored his land. For remarking the blemish in the which she ascribed or attributed to Fergus in his countenance as a reproach of blemish to him. for was in pledge. though what she said was true Fergus with a blemish. bpciiiid it hd. to kill the woman for His land was.e. or she was given to Fergus. To kill it for its great depredations. however. restored into the possession of the heir of Conn. killed >he was killed in her truth for reproaching and this was the canse ing stone 1 of Fergus's death. or death. And Inbher five natives. one of the six men who were at the killing of Kochaidh Belbbuidhe.e. i. for the crime of her son Foitline. or without the knowledge of the mother's tribe for his crime. into the possession of the person who was the heir to the lands of Conn. fierce and fair. mother's tribe. son of Ainmire. Dorn. Sinech of Loch Rudhraidhe. took place was there Loch Kudhraidhe that $Gr T- by the Sinech.e. i. La since there was ignorance rwp it it MI the woman. was out of during the the i'" perioil of three ' 'luring the period it persons since was given out. i. .e. i.lfcn Mt/ "J"-^'" f|irf"jtn~The ontTjfr-thttr^aaaaaion during Ihfi raifgi "f tlirje persons force of the "however" here is. i.e. her great crimes. or to kill the sea monster only.restored. i.1 a or though the land of prescription. or upon the monster. fur he was the son of a stranger. of Fergus. Finech in it Loch Eudhraidhe.e. however.e. without any limit as to time she had been given. Were the six by whom Eochu was killed. Eochu. The six persons had gone to search for him in Sliabh 1 Fuaid. under protection. into the possession of the heir of Conn. or end.e. in her truth. 3 . and the difference that was found between them was the mine of the land.e. i. And there was an adjustment here between the violation of Fergus's jn'^txi'mn and the killing of the woman. upon the his finis.e. On which three white cows this it is written. i.e." for her. or the monster.rtnnk And killed him. and had been begotten against the wish of the and it was he that.e. Fergus made a manly attack. the woman was not . gave up his mother in bondage.SENCHUS MOR. as this quotation shows: " Asal. It was then Fergus Dorn with the bath- icfore he entered the loch. where they -tarp. a manly expedition. who was brother. Ailell. i. in i. after his expulsion sometime previously by his Conn of the Hundred Battles. an' is a negative in a M. Ja. freedom but 4 69 DISTRESS. though the land wa. i.

ocuf mean "Ooun. Conn Ceccarach oaif Oochaif* Ro hmnafiban lajxam ru6tbim>e. in the ^lo. mic CCmmiftec.1. ocuf ). ocuf ca]i fuiiugu. mac "Guachail Tecrmaip.70 ''""' ^m C1)1 >1 l gaban in .nan . 775. m 6j\. mpn In . no cum mafia. cumcda ocuf [fecc cumala m] a|xjaic. the sister of il'.e. rni fecr:(cumaCa^-fec7.inchc moji iriyi Penib if 111 atmfiyi fin .a neu. o CunT) co peyijtif [mac LeiT)i] co fug Ulati. afta. naiifif fine mait|ie.puin C. 6odiaif> Ofiefacb. arhgabcul fo. DO 6ochaiT) iayi -p. . btnni. ocuf ceityxi nuc bui-oe. ocuf 5 al ^ eoir>Octif bui conpj. Gnna CCigenbjiaf. 77") it is Delvin.' meaning controversy. . no ttlbanaig he.ana. north of tlie Howth. : ocf peim.uip. icip.ss in C. C. ocuf beifv a cumal laif 1 A (at i7JL eer: naen ann ^* Peer: ta]i fin. [-DO chuin-ochiT) neijiz: ocuy foch|xan). ocuf] luin C11\ mfi fin. 77-".aiT). 1 njeJJff. con a Tnbe^rartiyx af a f.15. uai|i mac t>eofi.aif. comaip. ocuf ba f.. cm p.]ii? pium cineJ. 774 is explained as another name for ^ 4 The son of Dorn..e amic. .'liin. Inbher-Ailbfil/te.ec f. co ra]xla inu T)ocutn if Sleib puair. It is many hattles and disputes there were aliout it the same place that Doru.uc bn. ocuf bactqiCfti cm i yio gab. on account of the 1 artls.o . tum um pefi^uf efi^uf ocuf a cuf I'llii. stated that the land given to Fergus it was property of Cimn Coraeh.'liiidh. feiaf ocuf itntififio lui-of-.eMiu nf IJnidhe. cmam m cm 110 i ctncift. Tx>n T)eop. and that added in got the name of ' Nitha. ocf CCitilt CCnrua- ocuf T3ibfiaini Tixaiglecan. IUIT> co cmel no cefir vfiiu. 77t yvo cocailfic fofi m W) jf ' ' T)o tocaft 1 m 11.1. This wonl Leinsternien. This was the Several otlicr lines of this quotation are given in C. .1.] bin ian.51 [Siachc pefcjtif co ftua^aib a m^um ocurl no hacria rni n ruainjfocuf C. riiiim. tif. Ocuf t I |io man-bfcrc 6odiain belbmne ap.eib cianatb.1. i. octif[rif7fec cumata] m i /* vtlnbep nCCilbme. 775. ocuf Ulain. TTluena a . 111 it is written in]. no nmne ma M ["Oogem pejigiif ojcufiii rayif an eyuc fo. CCfat mac Ctunn Cecccrchaig.i m 0. 1f T>e fio cer m : mac D fofoi mac no "Oufin." Tjxl. no bnera cenr no. name of a townland at the mouth of the river In C. c-Oochait) OetbuiT>e la^v pogtaib mo^a. 771.emT)iT>fiT)e. fin yie ciana 1 maille f^n pefiguf peclic ant) imix|>. ocuf porlme.

made i perfect covenanUrespecting this 'eric'and returned to his own country. of. was given of her son.i 1 have paid seven 'cumhals' for every hand engaged The term I. him in bondage. justice Conn of the Hundred Battles.e. For what crime was this distress taken.. Fergus and his charioteer. Fuait by Asal.v. until they slim. was expelled by Conn. Etida Ajgeniras. 5 took and the to king. brought whom was said Buidhe. it . son of Ainmirech. i. H-fr. remained after this for a long time with Fergus. One time. for the crime as a the five natives.KSS. and Dorn. the tribe of the or without the knowledge After this Fergus fine. and by Fotline. they him out of his chariot.uarcan. howto go to his tribe to demand ever. and this time. 71 and who took it. One time after Muena by name. : " The son of Dorn is 3 a trespasser on us/' <tc. the sea-shore.e. between Conn of at the Feini great dissension among 1 Tuatbal the Hundred Battles and Eochaidh Belbhuidhe. the Fcini. the Ulaidh.SENCHUS MOK.e. is Uij. '" Waterfrd.)" Utj. the daughter of Buidhe.' Inbher-Ailbhine. Eochaidh Belbhuidhe. was given in I'lrn-r as a pris'mer. /. son of Sliabh met at was but from them. and Tibraidi Traiglethan." See Croker's Fairy Tales. three times seven seven cumhals' of gold. long afterwards. the son Ailell Antuaraid. And they slew Eochaidh Belbhuidhe. of whom Dorn. i. by name. son of depredations. " " Fairy Mythology.-atican . 2 And there was a Erin. There were three principal races in it ? pronounced judgment upon the Galeoin. Eochaidh set out. in In the counties of Kilkenny. grandson of Techtmhar. is still preserved imi'cr various corrupted forms in the country. . the daughter of Buidhe. on and it reached slept set out for the sea. i. after having committed great and fled to Fergus.-.' meaning fairy. a to forth stranger. of an Albanach (Scotchman). He assistance to seek Leidi. and who DISTT. and was begotten against mother. having his bondmaid with this. satisfaction. ' cumhals' : who was under the protection witfc forces from the north to demand went Fergus and justice was c\ded to him. of Fergus. ' in the killing.yieji. King of Uladh. Tipperaiy. and land ' 4 of of seven 'cumhals. or pledge for the crime the wish c '. Now fairies came who committed ." and Keightley's West Minister. a champion. and seven of silver. and forces from him. for he was the son of a stranger. this slaughter. and by the four sons of " Eochaidh Oresach.

1. [Ronucfae iapam cofiaimc a tntiiWe]. C. octif ifbefic 111 niaic T)O cayia f|iif gne. crcnjniT)i|x peftgtif fobaiftc Loca 'OCY p<cbaiT> a a]ia ocuf a caftpac fO|i bjxu m loca.] pejaguf 1n C.ufa ^115 co nainini n-C'tham. octif afo a rnm o car rmt-'fnip. CCn" (fTnaiti 1 nanmain" [. peifc uifcn>e [uarmap.um 1 concuilfitini. Oocp tun comaifili gaet n-Ula*.. m bi up. 777-8. bacup. m : C. anacal].. " Roc buili. a bpumnib. 777. : [Lafo- T)ona tuig ina cafipac ocuf concuil. 777. ol in cabac. poja). ol pepgup.1. ol 111 cabac. 776. T>oib.J76. ann. ap. C. octif fio gab epjap. ocuf r>o in niuifiT)|iif tuiTi af fop.1. a eifi." ot fe [ace nib tm bef^tt cocltiT) -oic] "^o t>uic cm no cocaiteea. cm no get beat f cap. [altmt> foti C. octif rete in c-afta co gaeta Ulcro." loch] co nacca C. pep. 776. mcuib mt> 1 pj^. . cein ian. Oa mall Lain lapuni afbep.r cluafa. in p-ig no cunjecc T)ia 05. mo epi Dpmiipoifc." Tto cumtie peiijuf faip. nac mce-o afi-uc n-tiifce. .fhmg. tn T>eochaif fo Loc RtrofiaTDe fit 1C ecniacc c^ich feifin. octif pucfac a ctoi-oem uaT> 1 rofac. "Oo gpef. ap.] CCtLa nuai|i fiOfince-D afa)ite nof nnaif^ceT) amait botc njobann. uaici C. -Sencliup C. "Oo fiuchrjieroafx lafor>ain]. ann icifiani. 777. cecrap. laif t>m TIO gent m brn m pj?caf>. ace [tiac] tn bef cappac. necfam tio fuiftfti fio fiabfta a beoil T>O rub culaT>aib. rfbyiac DO. -1 tt 'Cobefiracai\ ^a ae liicnifip tuibe t>o ia\\. CCcbe|xac a|iaite if in cafica-o pefijtif fo cetin. " nib. a cofa a mtnp.uir na an-o. 776.c ppi a ctimail folcan [TIO -oenani] T>O. fin ina ^ . [ocuf afbeyxc fi\ia afiait). eoltif fobejura fo lochaib octif tiiroaib octif tntiifiib.tim a imcoiniec co cenn cpi mbtiarian. C. 777. cm fif [a faen amriie] T)on pij. 776. ocuf pep.r btn??iT) ni co . ocuf imregeT) Leo fo rabuc^ercbeixr. m> bcp. DUITIT>. octif p. a T>a Idim. [octif ocuf f^iifcoiiKijicuni. octif intiifiib. ftonpac iap. lllaclia. cm cunii " iacci ?]. cifi ajx ornun. . pop. fin [6 puncaeap. na beicif t>p. i :tif C. up." [Caficccfi] (.72 DISTRESS. ace aen ti|\cuillim aiftiuc.of naipig pepgtif tap. octif nncejeT) fo muifiib fathl fathlai*. n-6niam acfec 1 T)6ib imcecca 1x15 m fiig. "Roebiah. na aef -oo T>O ait>bpef>a ainnie fop.

that there might on his blemish the face. granted. said they." beyond him a knowledge of the mode of passing under loughs and pools " " Thou shall have it. Fergus " How do I appear : . a frightful tract. a choice). the touched Whereupon " Life for on his breast. and he gin of the lough . while he slept." said he . except as regards and seas. and that a would reproach the Jkingvith he might not him that for mnlly bath thoukT be always prepared afterwards the water. . having first 73 They afterwards taken away his sword from him. "provided be shall said Fergus.e. One day afterwards he bade his bondmaid make a bath for He thought ihat the woman was making the bath too slowly." : Mfr sleep.-ter and he asked them of the king. said the fairy.e. * "2" 1 // / to put it upon his head. not go under Loch shalt thou one. which is in thine own country. that the king '? before him of should return to his house. " Give me three wishes" (i. and Fergus felt them when his feet he awoke and caught three of them. charioteer and his chariot on the marand as he went into the lough. but thou shouldst take a that well be it would sleep will qi^toUltfc into his chariot and went therefore. they ** say. " and the charioteer replied to him " it shall not be so long . viz." either with one hand.. which I prohibit thee to enter : this the fairies After Rudhraidhe. for it was not easy to keep a what ." under the seas. The advice of the wise men of Ulster then was. On his beholding it and he his mouth became permanently distended to both his ears. sea. Ul. them with went he put herbs in his ears. one and life. carried Lira as far as the sea. ignorant of his own blemish. which should be cleared or in idiots or be no fools it.SKNCHUS MOB. left his and then dilate like a smith's bellows." slept. Fergus took into his head to enter Loch Rudhraidhe. charioteer. One day after this. and thus pass under the it seas." "They our be not such as are Fergus requested of (i. to his said he and fled out of the lough into the country from fear. to the wise men of Now. him. Thy aspect is not good. he saw in it the One moment it used to consea-monster. king they king with a blemish at Enihain. persons who rabble. and what was the matter with him would take after him." said the fairy. quarter). my power. Muirdris. and and that his him that the fairy gave Fergus used Others hood. in kept the king in his shadow see this They manner for three years. Upon which. A^/. the charioteer went the adventures them told and were at who Emhain-Macha.

777. biapra conacacayi Ulan) utle. Lwo a pe^iraif RuT>iuuf>i. aiuec pojica Coiyxpyii 5 T1a* co1 1 octi r T10 cuifiefra^ af iar. uatji m\\ cocca bui in^ peme octif Ulca. ocuf p. [CiD po Deyia 1 ' m pefiunD D'aipucc a cuaiD. "a Ultu. fin.. p. com l><e iy nugbeo.o ocuf ba : T>eji5 in loc myium co cent) mip. ocuf ctfbeyir: pjiiu. ocuy cenn na na tanh. befic 1nifoi iaiifviiT)tu conluiT) mfV Loc RuDfiame [ta co n-aiT>ce]. son champion of the I-Viin Tt-mhrach. Uac DO nafi^af pa ganti jte. ocuf " arbefic.74 DISTRESS. mac Ctunn. Ulraib o peyiguf co ocu^ iiob uaTi-pem oeicm Tiltjet) DO CCyul. m 1115. ocuf DO robach in CffM ocf na cumaile a cuaiD. ti-echlaifc. Ro y 111 loch T>e [ocuy 111 TmiifiT>i ur] co reijet) a conngaii T)o poftfcifi. eric'-fine for their bondmaid and restoration Eight was Hot ceded on this head in the time of Ailell. 778. this paragraph differently given as follows: "After this the Feini sent to ' demand 'eric'-fine. uiinei\ocuifiif c'ecb anD fo a|xa cabai-|\r uatb peclirc naill?" " 1n uamn cucati Dono?" ap. i\e fie Pefigu^a. mii"i T3eic -pon locli lap. octif fio gab t-adiec pif qxi bu n-arh^doctiy fio elaific uaiD. ocuf |\e |ie Concobaiia. Ocuf |\ac cvnfufcaip. peimb a ruai-o co hairnfifi no mfi jab ^u infi ap." ot fe. abaif *~oififi. jMiich r TiKqxb. -pn. aicec pojica ^.e ocuf ni|i tianiaT) ntiget) T>O . because of their having lieen <>f overreached. wpeitinef). ocuf |io gab fe bu m^i pn cf> na m 1 1 1 Dut n-arhgabait. mac llurroar." it from . but no one durst drive it off until Asal. s<m of Conn. son of Matach. pobic m 1f \v> joDe fvo jabot) artijabait coxal icifi c|iichaib iniDeiijaib. a eochu if n-1nnbi|X n-CCilbme. and the Ultonians had no full king until Coirpri (inathrhoir came. tTcena DO gabait arbgabala." t IF tlo cinntdgfic pern iaj\ pn eijuc uaiyv fecc pcic bliar>ain yvo bui a cumaili. peme -|xe fo Ulcu. and they demanded their land. 777.15 'Cemi\ac eipDe. rifi octi^ caiftc a ri}\i. . Oa fi pochtinn a ainnn. Atfjrc C. a of Mogh.1 liaf. ocuf 1^ T)e pti cec " / " " " peyijtif mac Len. Ocuf nncaD Dtijef) ^nf umpafeic. ItnDfium layumi conibui uay in tocb. C. ocuf ctnia is Eric' -fine. took Nuadhat. -Sencliur ITIoi. ocu-p coxut rue po|\i\u. the steward-bailiff of the king of Uladh. ocuf ruba a ainmi pjrtf in ^115 DO buitli D1 co cloiDun co nDefina DI blaiD t>i. In C. in whose time the Feini wished to take an immediate distress from the Ultoninns. ocuf ramc TTlug. fe no cuma-''oo \DoroeiynT: rt-' m m .

son of Nuadhat. and their right had not been ceded to the Feini by the people of the North until the time of Coirpri Gnathchor . came and drove them out of it. the stewardbailiff of Coirpri Gnathchor. for the land of the Feini had been for seven score years under the Ultonians. and the restoration of their land. whereas woman and that eric the North. but afterwards with their they escaped from him. son of Leidi the king. during the time of Fergus. having the head of the monster in his hand. Fergus. And his right was ceded J-fJJ . so " I am the that all the Ulstermen saw him.is ceded to Asal. because it was "Was it from us then it was taken?" 1 distress. viz. He afterwards came up and appeared on the /. because of the war that prevailed between and the Ultonians. and he took six cows calves in distress. -fine for strife. for a month afterwards. who was the steward- placed his horses on the land of Inbher Ailbhine. by whom law . land was restored by the people o/the What is the reason that the ' was not restored. and of Conchobhar. And he ' " Is it taken from thee formerly !" said he. Concerning which was sung " afterwards descended into the lough. and drove them off ct{*yiy-. and the to put them into a shed. for they were unable the ' cumhal' from the men of the North. saying. He saw a form of no great beauty. son of Conn. survivor. a champion. and he said to them. Ultonians. " Which was the cause of his blemish.SENC1IUS ilOK. and of Coirpri Gnathchor . From this is derived the rule that an immediate distress may be taken between countries which are at the Feini to him respecting them. so that the noise thereof reached far into the land. surface of the lough. She became vexed and reproached the king with his blemish . or no king had at all ruled over the Ultonians from Fergus till Coirpri Gnathchor." 1 & 6tW W**' ****<* After this the Feini demanded 'eric'-fine for their bondmaid. " Went into Fertais Rudhraidhe.. 75 and he gave her a stroke of his horsewhip. The lough bubbled up from the contest li'-r-cn him and the sea-monster. Or he went to take the ' the reason that thou hast put thy horses here. He then went off and plunged into Loch Rudhraidhe where he remained a day and a night. bailiff to the king of Temhair. and Mogh. whereupon he gave her a blow with his sword and divided her in twain." He : and died and the lough was red from them . and to recover the land and eric-fine for steward of the men of the South took three cows in distress.

ife in fat na voS^ib ann.cti|i fe\\ nech coitiuii-Dugat) T>O jxinnei) icifi Oelbunie he.1. Compare C. Uai^i p. whilst ln> only got It is stated in the Book of half honor-price for Dora's having reproached him. Ho mac .. .-ocuf efijupx. -Senchup ocuf cuyiub 1" yie heijrticc oj. m f e lecaiyine paic luchc a ruatt). bin ^n p3iumn a cuatn fie fie Concubuifi.o bui pfiefabyia ac yeii^uy ]Wf can ym. ocuf T>O buiTie. that was the rule that when the latter eric'- . in ben. ci\i placuib ^iniiti^CTiii rut nep.' But it appears. T'-'comaix'ouga'D ecuiiyiu.i cumala pchtn no 1 n-aiyiafi ocuf 1 n-eneclunn.' it is evident that there of the a balance of three 'cumhals. of Fergus was full 2 For Me authority oppfiseil This \voulil appear to be an explana- honor-price for the (loath of Doni. }\o ntigflfCBfl nof cumala ma let atfie^ ocuf ma lee eneaclann.15 ctncif> T)li5Ufnufi ocn cuinala necc iciji 1-p. Ho Dligii^cufi a t>ei\bbiaati-p. ocuf cumula haipcet) t>'iumufiqiuiT> ap. bu mluf hi. emeclann a mafiboT) -DligufTn]^ ioa inline.dini ina yuiiugoT). ocuf ^e cumala DO ma emeclann. m CCinnnyiech. Goclia cimnnyice pe^ju^a ann.lu cuccat) ceccayi tie ? ^ T)e Tla ' T)0 111 oejinu bean cuain pogtnt pefiunn yojuil. uaifi ni fio bu p>lluf Ho r>"an annul aiyi. ocuf ^.1.. ocuf dn po nejia a1 U> . T>acecmuT) nenum i\if m ri 6 mbejwfl. cunaf) mnci . naman pe^fi hi ma etyncc ele]. ocii]" i\o 1 <*t*4K " cont>a eneclunn a niafibati a 51 II. Ballymote. cu n-uixailiunT> c-1nnbi]\ eifiicc bunein no. that when a king was opposed he only got half honor-price. 1y a\]ie na haipccufi a ruanj. uaiia ba jeall gan cniT)eT) fie 111 geall cucai) aiiiaoh. . m bu mluy he 1111116 m m . . i:p. cuba na hatnine |ie peiijuf. ociif ceicfii cumula T>O ma emuclunn cumula fecc ajx pchic pn fio aqiunifi m luchc apif. |io nia|xbaT> a\\ ^eme pojluafacc. 1p in pic ocuf nochu 1 octiy fio cuic fern niifi- jiaiinnf tion pjjuil pn.T> he.aii ocuf enead. 1 T/ie heirs. comt) fecc cumala picic pn uile T>O pe-p-iajuf. tion why Fergus paid Other ' eric -fine If one 'cumhals. m pefiunn Ti'aifiucc a ruaif) ocu|^ nbec a vnuit> "uiivolijeT) 1115 lap.1. aifie pot^igill meoDunuch he. ' from the words commentator. emeclann no ma mafibaf) cuna ciii atfve a\\.' and that afterwards the other man commits a man is it crime for which he pays another six injures him to the amount of nine 'cumhals. ocuf fecc cumula pchun ^o acjiucufX mluchc a cuait. 2216." . C. pn 110 m Ocuf if yo^tnl T>O n-T)eblmne a nuait> ajiif polluf af pn m eifiicc no be^a nume amac. 1534.76 DISTRESS.

and the land did not commit any offence . who. possible. and the men of the North demanded twenty-seven and a balance was struck between them.e. Ifanui'- prit-p w. buth had been given as 'eric'-fine for trespass ? North for which she was forin the offence an woman committed feited. for which Inbher Debhline was again restored by the men of the North.' both as irar'-fine and honor-price for the violation of his protection . time. and it was found that an excess of six cumhals' was due by the men of the North. What is the reason that the land was restored by the people q/"the North when it had been out of the possession of the Feini during the " The time of three persons. (' the killing of Dorn. foiJie was aot aware that^ hfi-ka4 the blemish. should fine . for privilege of a king is established 1 after three reiirns. . the law orders that his own eric'-fine should be restored to the former. ' And it is evident from this. the a balance was struck between the crimes here.e." i.e. son of Ainmirech. 3 exceeded the former. but it was returned in part is payment for that trespass. was not restored by the people of the North. And this the reason why it erw-Jinefor the woman).. in compensation for Dorn having reproached Fergus with the blemish.e. he was an Aire-ard. was entitled to honor-price for the of the middle killing of his daughter. amounted to thirty-three cumhals. 77 The reason is. so there were also due to ' ' that this was altogether twenty-seven deniamled liv ' cumhals' to Fergus.is the pledge they had the Ftini for the killing of the pledge. the DISTRKSS. so that this which the men of the South demanded. had been Conchobhar. Her brother rank. *Jf' it be better than the other if ' eric'-fiue.SENCIIUS MOR. and was also entitled to honor-price for her death . for which it could be forfeited i. for given was a pledge without limitation of time. Eochaidh Belbhuidhe was killed while under the protection of Fergus. was entitled to eighteen 'cumhals. and it (the in the possession of the North during the reigns of f'ni'J). should the person to whom it has been paid commit a crime against ' luin. 2 For Fergus was opposed at this Buidhe. i. the former. and Coirpri Gnathchoir. that when a man has paid 'eric'-fine. i. should itself he returned in part payment . ' and for it twenty-three cumhals' were payable by him for the authority of ' irar'-fine and honor-price. he was an Aire-forgill ' to six cumhals' as was entitled honor-price. Fergus. and the Feini cannot remove the heirs. of the iii'. ' him nine cumhals' for his half irar'-fine and half honor-price. being the king of a province. reason is. and was entitled to four 'cumhals' as his honor-price.

17 col. cec bpec pop-p arhjdbail po ifin T>dil cpicbe but laif ria rpi cmela bump if 111 in-p m V eiT)1 ocu f tllnrt. ache ia Tia comgiiaT) t)e. ocuf cm ptic cec bpec fjtnppe ? [Sen mac CCije bepr. 29. Cftfao) I Sean mac CCige bepra cec bpecha po|i[c(ch]5abuil co Tiait qiichi bvn la qii ceneta faejia ]ianT)fac m fo. adds that before this time even- that he was the first who dcri. Ti'mfwiicaib. 1-p T>e oca " : wba a cm la Oepr cuipitcc na arhgabala a fpirlufi.1. octif in robucli io\\r\ BO bee la tuaiu ocuf a ctmul no gpep if in ninpi fo ctibpdrh. pun. -Senchup TTlup.lvd concerning the immediate . na cumuile on pe po ammefntip m pi. ti!la$l#j /-few -nwo forf fawM. oena T)o neoch nefom. 'Dechma'D uT)iiaT). aji a mocli- "Dec T>o ra|i qnch qi"aeach a pccn- "ecmai a nire. qaeipe T>o hrcamup. ocuf a cimul. . *po\i 111 cec U|ieif1u innu^ ucbain.t distress.1.ocBf Leogjp.] b wu.78 DISTRESS. atle T>o mnaib. ap. canaipb. Cmt) cin map gabcro acbgabail. 779. ocuy> CCij. tio eprcop. in cec bixechernnu-p." T)i!fi a ^eilb Cmnn Cercoping. no TieopaT) Sean mac mac CCitetla. no j ip e fiucuycap.1. 31. Veichetii coicTieT>a c^xeip pn. C. t)ia 1r an"D bfieca teo. Sen mac . each fiecht. aile T)ec Tioib im ]ioe. CCigi. a vail yo^i am ba am vl -1- l cfieip ba cpeip pop. i-u-p. . -i- 'DO Conacraib T>O. 3. fait)b|ie each. its own particular custom. pjijellefrap TUTI Sen mac imin ige arbgabdtl fo.1 fie nuptiTO cumgi pecemun. ctucche p|n conT) ctunTJegaji. aji po|ib|\ife |n ij^ caqlam^ fotn poii^ell pop. a^Wta/fc o*<4 (fajfjt. a -puil pofi t>ia v'S1 lu m m T>le5Ujv fie eile i Sean. no rui. pencTiap gabail air. O'D.o5iui. ocuy cia po jab. T)o qiep uactiaiT) dnmich. . ocuf'nnnun cumtnl. :m. r\o a-oa. ocuf nn a rip. - 1 - > OeixrfiiSe raifiucc in ripe ocuf bejifite cinruch.e. territory had The copy in II. octip af aipe inapb'uf pcpguf ma cmca. "DO 1115.p6c-|aa.

e. five to sue tho chief. son - of Aighe. and from the time that Fergus is from which be made by his people and his race for ever in this island. 79 What was took it." Sean 1 son of ir. * " and the Laighin. so as quickly to get rid of him from the territory . decide against every class of ^ persons except those of the two orders ti-rel-iqien-vr .SENt'IIUS MOR. first pronounced sentence respecting it ? Sen. was decided by them that one day should be allowed for all necessary things. passed the first j udgrnentf re- specting distress at a territorial meeting held by the There it three noble tribes who divided this island.e. for the king excels all in testimony. for he can. a restoration of the distress. 1 of Aighe. . tnTLdf""'' ""n. and the Ultonians. two for women. if the plaintiff has given a notice of three days as the period of notice of suing the "defendant.ninjr this He made a restoration of the land into the land and the bondmaid.e. or Sencha. i. and ordered that the levying of it should ished. i. 1 -777U&mrng who are oi equal rank wwi himself. there iV one day alluirtil for giving notice. and who the crime for which the first distress was taken.e. there ^re notice. thirteen days for him go across a territory whore afr4iave the property o4keir_cank. i. respecting that which has a stay of one day. who DISTRESS. i. three days for the next to them. Aighe." He gave derived. three days for giving and respecting that which has a stay of three days. he is not entitled to any other time to (sue the defendant/ *O^A 4* . son of Aighe.e. Sean. Exile of God. i.e. as the # to T doctor. son of was he who passed the first judgment. three days to the same for levying a distress in a subordinate territory. twelve for the same respecting land. " the crime dies with the criminal. Sen. the Feini. by his mere word. three for the king. ten for prescription. son distress. pronounced the first decision respecting this distress at the territorial meeting held by the three races who were then in this island./Sen. and he pronounced the possession of Conn Cedcorach from the bondmaid the time that the king was blemforfeiture of killed her for her offence. and concerning the "- <*M*ui ' * and his tribe. the first judg- ment mentioned in the Senchus concerning immediate or lawful distress. son of Ailell. or the pilgrim. he was of the Connaughtmen. i. or the bishop.

anan necmame yx>n.1. . no iocona vaicesnaif muige ictn.i cmngit) liiaftUit) m fecumun].1 ic. . . . no fena. mi um ann ecm fencain no cunigin. no peicnemnuf.1.1. ocuf cuicri rofirn 11150 f cac co fvia in tii nn tio cuic ta -o6c vi-fecnoyl e^ninr) vule. . na fecaib bif i\e necli umuicli jie comae punanca. fin. tanuifi coifci. dWn ^ ^4 frtfaflw WM^ bwv <&& c . [nefarn . 5(111 ocuf nefam comaicrub'. [Cyuch 1 nieoKun ftn. . ocuf po bui tn achOetia no neoch nef om. in a different hand. . m ef ariiaif c *. coif. if apan ceopa cecpuimce no bepac mna. .ub en bef an.1. .oa laririaiT) an. ceinan fee aine he af a nuatcuf vein. -oa tnbec. nech ele. <fak<Jv txvf (UtrUAitv * -fri Va.eif oia canaiy ib.1. 1190. oeuf ocuf &pna.aea 110 in na veicheman i criic in cuicti. Senchu'r cenela faepa. naen Ute ap coifgeia. if atnLaii) vaieigic anan na pri. bfietemnaij. 5tin. m errenga m feft [rue] an oxhgab'ail latf rmaf) cutcci co cuca cac a CODTI. <vnk cu^cl* vW^wa* ^tTV|*ot&jdji/& -t. a aige fine. no na caicem ?o cecoiyi. ocuf if ini a cmoD pein film na hanca fin. lulgach d^x n-tlifnec. feicheman. i 1f if ann no C.in fie. leo.a nefcnm 111-0. no Utain. each uatri if apan eeoria nnecmame no bepac pip. no p-ri. ^uf a [ctnnneguii] cm .80 DISTRKSS. 31.1. in fee if canaife T>I. "Oecliman ppi punfian. . each achgabait uili gebuf ben. anan icatc na ceceon. There is . cac fee dec! /rt>a cabairic an. ana-o aine ain. . ocuf if a naen muis.oe. aiti nee noib. -i.na "Oenan. ifin cpich mopnail Uvpiig 111 me.. ocof noca rnbia |ie ftiil m |\e T>O Mo enf. ocuf ainail ixtcaigic 1HU151 ocuf cjxicha ana* na fee. O'D. m can na bi m foanbun. cuf in nail TIO piiniei) icip IKI i i ocuf Peni T~emp.. aite nee noib im n.ach ocuf &n. . . no pe .1. nefamfaiT)bn..1 conn cumnegari. Cuicche pn. in fee.1.1.1.e 66 he \ie beic na -poanboji bunein ^an a lan-iiftTO an.1.i Maghinseladh. i CiF H 3i nefam if coifgeiia teif T>O gabail yve caicetii po ce-Doiji.1. nuicixeib. .1. ocuf T>ieim cyietp. T>oib a leic ma caerrroa ocuf nefuin cinai-DT)6hen. cit> nefam cm nemnefam. uaiyv .cuicei pn. ipn cuicet).1. i i ian. Vlannf ac ann bpeca leo. Tve <o. fechuminif mce ann pn.ichi but Ice epi cuicena no nenam -01. laif na heotcaib. ocuf if vp. ~C -? CCil-e no mnaib. .1. nefam. . aifneif in fo ff. na fecaib. nee aile.1. o7vrtt4 P'A a-ft** pjicliemnuf. ocuf noca cefca ace aen nefam T>I.ann. in bo innlxiej. a. vpi . cumge vechemctn. CITJ fee aine.n. but copies.eicacinaT> poce-ooiix. cen apan. Illai-n m mnf aileoin. > Ernai. gabail cen anan. )'<i<-|irlai]naib. and is not in the other .1. no in cancro biaf an.1. 4fo.1. . it is reference in the Harleian copy to a meeting with Patrick lit in the margin. Co nail cp. in pp. 31. cen nicim.1 cunigm na famaifce on connach cpicn. ocuf O'D. cuicena no nenam TO. ii'imm ven. no na ninnit>. anon na pp.1. ancro -]\ei-pi pon.] T3n. .

/. or according to others. fr-r neuui. and these stays an. or proof. Ten days for prescription. i. at the meeting held between the noble tribes.e. every thing which is given. the head of his tribe. and he has not legal assistance then. a milch cow. the thing for which it is necessary to seek an antiquary.<. without notice. meeting held by the three noble tribes.e. or legal assistance.*** *? lmtJLtr*fJr&.e. purtbifi V^t rirnk.e. when the heifer is not in a person's >n.e. G .e. they. and the Feini of Temhair. i.. in the territory. the necessaries o r the next to it.e.e. i. i. &>. r---ii . so they extend the stay for the proof. Five days to sue. and the Galeoin. live .-Uf&-j* sucli as are a persun s "wn if"il prr[M'rty fritlvnt the next to them.U.--.e. to Ut . cow. whether it a jr .e.ary for. by the learned. have twelve day 8 respecting land.e. i. i. 'l*&. i. whenever it is a notice of thrice ten days men give. and the Krnai-Dedadh . to divide it DISTRESS. One day for all necessary things. and if he had. . i. what is for the proof . iv iituuj^jiate use.-. This is there should not be time to seek the defendant..e.e. a stay of tine day upon the distress for a thing which A thin:. whether it bean indi>pcn>ahle thing or not. i. Or the proper information here to be given is to seek the defendant.-) is for payment.- chaid/te. in every distress that a woman takes. denial. or fifteen days in a province . and it is the next indispensable thing but one to it.e. i. dr-fa ttfWM a^aentrnl territory. article. Three days for a stay of three days for the tiling next to it.SEXCIIUS MOR.e. the women. o.lays for suing the heifer from the chief in the territory. and when there is but one territory in question and it (the tliftn . At a territorial 81 i.fm persons own "flem es. or thrUTe-days is the period for seeking deferrtents in fterritoru. i. i. twelve days for the same respecting land. as places or territories extend the stay for the things themselves. and. . i. i. without delay in pound. n<^" tr ft. i. or one of immediate use. lias a .e.: any other per-on. ninn e- . Two days for women. if the man who carried off the distress with him be not a lawyer. for there are four nt>o i. accordingly. jLt I .e. * ' . (Ei in) into provinces. and a delay in pound of three days. stay of five days until lie names who is sued for the crime of his kinsman. or they were the Ulaidh. and which is an article of sily or 'i-l-in. and the distress had been without stay. who made i. 1 isiieeh in Meath.* though it be a thing on which the stay is one daj. there is a his chief. and each territory increases it by five days until it amounts to a month throughout all Erin. for the period or the time that is is for the things themselves. the incalf- thifH "f of life ne< -ea- stay of one day upon the distress for it. i. is an article of necessitv.' _ .ml.e. it is a' notice of thrice four days women give. there is a inn during the. for his offences. i. i ~1 .e. stay of ten days for the things which arc out of a perperiod of prcscrijitiou. i. i. places should not at all extend the stay for the proof.e. ^^ a. provinces of There it was decided by them. at Uisnech. be a thing on which the stay is one day in its own nature. at the great meeting at it.e. or u-/itn they have not legal asssistance.e. without having to ' Manet of life. and the Ernai. AVho divided this island. 1 i.e. s4 ask w*r-m of any other person 7***>^>^*4jvtv. the Ultonians.?<. .

. apa^ 111 tiaili. is CCn. and part of barony of Ballimoe. ocuf no qieife iixn(d5. ocup 111 710. na fiij. cuuic ocup 1115 nmpo. Part of the process of distress amongst the ancient Irish. a oinjbail na 1. cotnoch T>onctiait.cac '1 Toume ip ipli tnap yp-epan V'cr'"1 '11 ^6 nocan vopbpipipe im vf1 "^'"^^ a coic1iet>a. ocup pi cevfav goma 5aip. it. cu\ia.aib 13011110- 1 o iar. . Ciarraighe Luachra County of Kerry. a coicro. TIO cach. $j 1 ^naige. m in iiria ae.1. Now an^liri. a camjjni. apai>a. aini ' r u 5 a* apach. ocup bmro tpeipi uarjha 710.. ip uime T>O beip. biup T>O cac gpa-D ua-pal cena.1. 1^X1 fie acam oec utrchai7)T>ono^a|iT>in5bailaiTiach cp. Fasting. ^\ipT)e af eccen ufiyocixo no 1nann cfteife einiceimnijci ociif rfieife laixtiaige. . was 2 8 Ciarraiyhe Cuirche. * Raithltnn. aiiiatl ara p.1. mice caingm. af. a rnocli -Dingbatl i-paifie T>O chuaich. "Ot na gfianaib ptata ara fin. J1n rixet^e nec[t1jlge] no necniam apain. ocup cp. . . .tai. ruip.m^e Luacjxa fO]\ Cofica baivcmn. 1 1 ' Tna5^1 ^ ec a r Tla ^5 ^1f x ai]ie if 5aii>ic . in the west of the county of Clare.1.chi no n aparo. enicuinsirliep. no 1:011 1115 llainlent).-cd Cruffon. . Tpeipi no pij. tfietpi iap.1. eimcenrinuigaT) no can arligabail no jabail. no aniail ara fvi Ciiumtaint> <po]i Coyico ITlunice. Tiectnaf) i apaTO a necini)iy a pai-obn. in certain that the parties before makin<. ana-o ctabetc aufipociao ant) : cembe ace fcen mo T>lief> ocu^ ni Decmuf) na cuicri beii i^nf. ocup a rt\eipi mficaigi fio cui]inn m ocu-p m . t am. tpepue. tpeipi -Dec acbeipmi.1. The two Corca Baiscinns originally comprised the haronies of Clondulaw. na tfieifi.1.1. aft uaiiliaruise no be)xaix noib.e.opcT>. taixpnn apana arapn. ip . .ic>i. 1111115 bici cpcli ainn|t0ijinaiT). Th*rtlnnrt nf Tfnthl. . comprising barony of Klllyan. sliould go to the residence of the defendant.1. co 1x0 eiincunncen cac a robacli yxif m ixe pti.im in opa-6.1. Tpefi uachatTj TJO In crunup.n rnr* 11 " f nf | ""'inty /Vntrim * Crimi/it/innn. 5 1ct ^ aiiiail Ciai\i\ai5e Cuixche.1. uacliaTi T>O riietpb.ap. in c^eife T>ecTnaiT>e.Cji 1111 |xi. cyxei-pi .1. iimp I WMk MM'" n f)k no ac^chmuf. ap. Moyarta. . a barony in county of Cork. tiaeixruarha no uft/pocjia.\ Cm-[ip.1.i po. ociiy 1-p afi ni bpuigtic'cuicin inibi.no ac comlogoT) icip. ^00 tia vediemnaib(. and Ibrickan. . ni cuiTigro yoni abicro up. * Corca Baiidnn. a fie coicheti fo.T)e a coicmr) pirn CCi\ ! cjieip Itncfttnnigtl) ocup ij> a-p pn ip polup conaT> uT>ai5 Dei^nnicli Don apa-6 a-oatg civoi\.r>isTRES3. auntie pom apaT>. .1. "C-j\e\^e T>O cap. tlataT) T>O Cjxeife hi ahaenajx m m ocuf m ioimceimni5Ci.uirnti. Kerrycurrihy. in the county of Galway. . cia vT1'^Tll r lT> ln T 11 a V. gp/roatb plata acpup-. -oo m po in Titigep. ociip ana naili ocup T>icmi cet1ip. m utiicaijt beop CCen Cjieiii TIO ac in airtipugai) a ae. ocup rpeipi imoeimnijrlii map. ace map. 1 cam. ipi m rp.1.ep m T>O beip. and wait there without food fur a certain time.

and the three For the chiefadditional days . king rugged position. i. For he can decide against every kind of person. it is for this reason that lowed him. :ind they do not seek notice.e. He ! sue for debts. a stay of two days. thirteen days verily. such as Ciarraighe Cuirche. added to ^*^. the reason that he person who is extending is the For the king excels. avoiding without taking distress. it 83 is a notice of flit two day-. he will not excel them in time nfhh suit.e. there they are whether there it is notice or no notice.e. to send him // . is on this account a notice of three days grace. with respect to tendering G 2 . trosa<V which is one of the three things that the king gives for his ae. of as the Crumhthann or lenn. and the three additional days. <ui> i.SEXCHUS MOB.e. i. a . and it his suit is thought that shorter in a territory on account of his nobility. i. or -rH-a has three days to prosecute his cause. and a delay in pound of four DISTRESS. nllnw.e. the ten days for notice. i.e.e. or his notice and his three additional days are reckoned here. his cause. and The / ~fiw come after the notice. The reason is that the time of suing is short. The three days with ten correspond with the ten days of notice. i. this a case in which there are three addi- and the notice is not reckoned in it. upon the king of EaithCiarraighe Luachra 6 5 is in Corca Muinche. '/ notice the three days of avoiding. rijflit. king. Where all have the property is of their rank. i. i. i. granted to them. for although the king excels every lower than himself respecting testimony. / the three days only are alquickly out of the territory/. i day. one instance of the tlin < day-. i. days instance of the three days.:iu grade. t^w.e. i. i.' in a small plain in a territory ' } Mi- KMM t Ml- Mg^. but he is like every other person of noble grade.e. Thirteen days for him to go across a territory. i.e. notice and fasting.. or to to sue in a camus. entitled from the debtors. ' 1 1 dinate territory. the three additional days > <>* So as quickly to get rid of him from the territory.e. i. is i.e.lays tlml uiv. he doec not is tVr food-tribute in one e.it Three days for i. on is account of their it rank it is and this is tain grades allowed. that he may here get the thing to which he brings his suit. are the same. but "pay mo my it.e.if he sues persons of the rhiei'( in a suborTh ree day s only for h ini _/'/ lery' t.. i. the three additional days also. and three day* gran.e. and i/ litoff-wrrf it days or ten days would be necessary.e. this is liis an adjustment between the country and the king. a small plain out of which he is not en2 titled to a hostage. or as the king of 4 3 or in Corca Baiscinn. and each can levy it in that time. and he shall have three days only. to drive him out within the period of three days. tional days.e. and from this it is evident that the last night of the is the night of the fasting. is because is stay tributary territories to these kings. !. his contract. and the three The three days grace is the one with ten.e." he says: and is not fif WX ten days or five days he gives for because there no Ugaision five respecting it.

naT)ma. pep. nocha gabaic hi 111 luce p.uicem baile i mbi [in ae O'D. . ab t>o p.1.utnaip. cu liap ocup macha.eicein [no comar> e in caijne] ma comicecc ac agabail.1.pa'oa leo po Ian leo.1. CCp. -t. . ip an. na -oeop-a^a. if cuatamg pom pop-gell pop. Na irctnmcech a uayxA pojitiai'pc. each im pp.o ppe.1.gaibec ecuma aipechca. na peji O'D. cpeiyi Vop. ana-o ap. ocup vp T>eofiaT> -oe.echca. TM mamb p.opc p.1.echc m T>icp. cup.umaiiT> Ian p.otiiainn.ichc omne ip ipli map.eip. T>ec -no cap. a-pp ym gabcu|X vetToaic -oo na ap.cet) amacli hi. ni na-o aip. .o heccucp. na jaibec ecuma aifiechca. hachgabala. no poipjchmcetin peicco p.ecc] no m ae voT>ip.1. n puip. ^6 ^eap. in tnvma bp. no T>a pileT) . 34. .1. . pen. J'. ip -01 coip. No put. each p.ai7> inT>p.1. 1 i O'D. -ponaT>ma ap. m ecnat. nococucaic up.ecc. na aujicuiUre ficrch[a].1.uaipliT>ec.i lq[Mnrtf otpechca ^2IQ5? ' ^ fWfc titufichefi. ub paimaipe a p. 85. . gaec eolac m cac cacpa. enchup nflofv pechc. . .c. . -pp. Na aup.1. CCp. . 3oNip. na uatf naifiechca. icpich an. 34. . each p. TT1 an -p aca comec in T>e5tenj.1. na pulta. la Peine. .5iT>ecaiT). a t>ubp.iche. 610.1. na buachail.1.- . 1 p in aip. mp gaib mug. e cuic cp. in ni nac -oeimm pemechaip laip.oib [comcheic] yutcengcaT).ecc. na pui-oiji. . puc . noca vofislici -no neoch t>o p.1. .tiip.echca o lep ip cobatp. .chep. 2raip.1.i lo'olige'Oin aip.ic.at) aip. in achgabail. muna be a paronai-pe noc cutmcech jvo gabata na pechem ai^aif. ni puifxjle nech ta feme m -Diqie o lejxtib aipechca tieich Ni cuatamg ^OTJ gaba achgabail. 3 *' f [ ( Mi nualainj ^ot) jaba acgabail nq T)1 po^naifc.n.1.te nech. O'D. cup.uipc i\o aip.1. eolaig p. mamf 1C ] rui ^ en 5^ a D PO coniT) pp. p.. . m . p. pop. 1jr ap. .e 6 te-paib ci nach aichnenn am ait gebcap. i i m Sabata na achgabala na po bpipcep. ecoip.ip na hup. penT>aic ocup no -oa placa.a airo. uaip. in ci na laim ancalg tall.aiT> uai-p.L ace na sp. no No m r>a byxiugaiT) T>acutp.etais ConiT) vp. .84 DISTRESS.1. No c-eppoc.epan paTinaipe pop. bcra6in.aice -oaca eijxic. CCchc aT>a corngp-aT) T>inp.[aT>]atb [bicl ip in aip.1.aicaib.timupeneclainni icip. ina tip.eip.echca. .1.1.j.1. pon.ecnc.

speaker. the force of the DISTRESS. is Or doctor. the two poets. i. is woluded from the benefit of the law. neither shall it be taken by a labourer. or the two this chiefs.^ with the Feini witnesses a thing of which he is not ^ ^^J^.e.case at the court i.e.e. for one should not bear witness. in every pleading. i. f.f nor a cowherd. in his country. i.support. it ?t*/ 4nHtfu( fo Nor should natives those persons do not take who sit in be taken by those unqualified for the court. the strangers.e. the it who have a qualification inferior to that of them i. He Wad.e. for no one speaker. i. nor a lunatic. according to the Fenechus..e.e. li-a -vBieB-it has been taken out before his eyes.e.:TriM~C a*a. he is not competent to take the Who is not able to bind it. i. nor unless. i. . with the Feini witnesses.e. by court. concerning a thing of which he is not certain. i. unlcoa taken before his eyes.' nor a man wittuw*. . "penance i. unless the noble him in taking it.ti*~ '^^ff^f' L^Sr?r-tf -<H~ J f.e. until they bring natives with the court. El - tke-eourt. i. 85 evidence against every kind of person who is lower than he is.e. i.e. Shut out from who know how to be taken. he is accompanied by an c J <*(*^<. fa*As. rued man of truth. is for. who is capable of binding it to the full time of stay in the hands 6 Unless accompanied by an advocate. who ntuitfi thn . derived. by those who are 'Ti^vw-^Tyvs f -^>ur4' 1 those incapable of maMng a cofrtfaret. i. . he has thirteen days to go across a territory. He who does not know these disit ia quent 'h ~ ' tinctions is shut out from the benefits of the court. . unless he is a law agent who can a person of the debtor. A-uinst every kind of person. i. who are of equal rank with have twice the amount of his honorhimself. i.e. forbioTdca-4o -ge-6eetHaty. and from Or pilgrim. i. a man wise and learned Taken before his eyes.e. to witness that it the benefit of the court. For no one. Nor should it ' : . is distress. Good spea To aid him until cfrijfTi'fin <\f ihn rnnrt i. him the or the Brehon. Except those o/the two orders of religion and learning. according to the direction of a &c. i." Or the bishop.e.e. not capable of taking distress who is not able to bind it.Ike-deemm. unless he has been present at the taking of the distress.e. by the cnieis 01 the court.e. i. advocate* w6o-t&-ablej>-aidr^bm-trfrtt!. nor a ' fuidhir. as such.SENCHUS MOR. or the two brewys. except tlje grades of purity. be taken byjho^e unqualified for the ttdjA jfT-rr. in the bringing of it. does not has not been injured." because.e.e. the man of learning.e. who price between penance and ' eric'-fine. i. advocateJaccompany tojguard flic b It. for the grades of wisdom. he the distress is i. not capable of taking distress. " we have said before.of He is Ir - !-. he assists him until he reaches the place where the cause is heard and adjusted.

86 t)iSTKESs. 1.1. ocuf T>a nue^xna 1 m a gabail na hafjabala. necn im camj. O'D.1. the |?ui ticular department of learning. ociif cm 5abain he ayx lo m cucfac ocuf t>a also [ocuf ni caficuf TilijeT) t>6ib. ~ . . tminafi finn ..! one who cannot bind. ri-mtjlijcec nemuftfaemaD a coice'oa. mac beo acnafi. -/.1.' and said to is called yeajx Lei jinn.re. cm cobe. canimt who cannot himself be bound. i a HU in luce T>O '. Cia cucaT) fon. no co rucatti ufiiiaT) maf. 1la TieoftufiK ociif na fuil liaf na machat). ci if ecoin. ma fio icufnqi if flan eifuin. noro n-i cam na n-ufqxaTiuf no co cticaiT) i 1 . na nufi. in oeon. m . can levy 2 Licyu.1. c. 35. ocuf a n-achcuyi DO gfief.. co f ajbuc. . na cuaiT) voix in uiipocp. TTlayio atfibeifteT) fim ufifiafi t>o cabai|ic leo. ara fiach eloite T>O. man is learned in written history. nafcaiiiecc.if . aen ftif.cun. 'the fessor.uiT) ocuf na mun. 787 : (tfi no yoniumyWuf poi\ na^uiibavj2 m naif c la P^ine nrc pun.. acuf na h-ecoT>nai5.aich oo 1T1 af fie aific ra fee T>O cuaiT) fi.1. -MAwn/ cuillce nctcha. ocuf cap. oca pac In T>eo|iaiT) nnuftfio ac niTjligit) arhgabala OD.f. culu. No jicrsiiii who cannot be levied upon. ci .573. ayi and they are O'D. aen f. ocuf lecceyvo.T>. na nafcuia. DO gabail an. ii<nT>m Ma . nocha n-mnligcec nennififaenia a roichetia a n-iifiixaT>uf. Ocuf] flan a n-elot> 1 tio lecut).1.if. aif[i]crafi wnne iar. |j. in C. i fui. for he cannot l>ind with the Feini robunif.7)01151 f ^ oiuechc. 1n T>eo)iaiT> cia beic lutf ociif maclia aice. no-oma. if eceti aicligm -D'IC a ti-eifi. tnaf fie -Dilfi D1 na -pec T>O cuaiT) m iicurh. The following words 111 are added in the margin. cit> im a lef uoT>em. m if un. Contract. rec nemufifaemati a roichet>a tijiyioT) maf(. nee yofi 110 robun^af. IS a ecoin. or chief prohave the same honor-price as the king of one territory. . -Deofiaif) 1f m-nhgiT) imoyifoi a cam neinixfaeiiia a uoicheTia ifoca ra lutf ocuf macha.acacuf. nocu t>aiii. . octif t>a leiccefx a elot.ca]. In the Book of Ballymote. . inu nenilecuT) T>O jabail na liarjabala. ban. . Senchiif o^xov . naca nemlecut) no 5abail arhgabala.cuillci n.fl. ocuf cuinci [. no co rucaic ufqxati mafo aen im. na tnuficuif. mbel. ffloji.if if'n '*.1. DO . uaif n-aii"iechca. 36.1. ir> . cit> mi lef ocuf na neic eile. cm co cucca Uftfoai) ma^x aen p.a con.in|vn. efiic tfioifce cafi nligeT) uaichib. This word is applied to a man of eminence in any parChief jtrofessvr. fin. levy.

a king. i 87 DISTKMS. and if and if illegality has evasion is to be paid by the person who evades. ocuf 1 in the county Kilkenny. if illegal they It is safe to evade them. ocuv erpuc. Urradhus'-law. it is not he from him to taking distress. 787. La. ). Le. of full qualification. a bishop.= king. if the other does not pavit .e. Oatof such instance. or in their own behalf. not unlawful not to allow them to levy their suit. a chief professor. they shall pay be non. Le.e. it is restored by him. and in some other counties.and ' done so. with them. who wnt If he foreigner.e.' "' taken have distress. and Who are forbidden to ^ndamUk-vard.e. for the gS&^eenthe property be ^JwaSfif p'fiaJj gone security he must uaateM^in the goochxmditian. . In the east of notice of a verbal . the uaif n-ail\ecr. butif it is paid. i. rui 4 --Marha' is still a living word for farm-yard. whom it is difficult for one to urge a cause at the court. theTO^S^nd the satirist. whether native a until along with them. a chief professor. lunatics. i~t . or should r. i.security stranger and the i. suited. a fine for not bring a native along with him. &^ y c t. eveu though he does stranger who has a fold there be evasion. . until he brings a to levy his suit in 'Cain'-law or As to strangers it is and infants foreigners. and they shall. (****. persons against a chiefs of the court.ta prince. with brin <rs a native along to the suit of the But it is unlawful in Cain'-law uot to submit and a milking-yard. But when the stranger has not a cow-shed allow him it is ' uot unlawful not to native along with him. Of& f> - i. vf-it-be-Tiot B Tthose incapable of is in a contact. and idiots. in every fasting illegally. or a milking-yard.e. the son of a living father. A are described as being |xi.Mr. until prevent Urradhus'-law.e. not to permit them to take distress.ot possess a cowshed and not to submit to his suit in unlawful a milking-yard. and or bondmen. the person whom i.^v ^1V ( ~^ went security to restore the property. or him. Though the stranger should 4 ' ' to pay a fine for illegal distress.' i. with a shed . forbidden to take as a surety.SENCHUS HOE. the bard. has he (the stranger). wheof others. the person whom it a prince. and have not If they were ordered to bring a native eric'-fine for and law was not offered them.' improper to receive as security i. he is safe. the behalf they bring ther they procure him for a fee or not. been committed in the taking of the distress. v. diti^H of "* ^^ ^ property. the surety <>** . the contract. * In C.

. ocup na .] ocuf cecaic 1 cuibDttif po Ian m Tieopxroa no 111 . ocuf icaiT) 111 c-uixp. ocuf on Tieoi\uiT) aca ea liaf ocuf inacbu cm cu T>ecbip.' ip pach iTTolijiT) arhjabula T>'IC T>oib po aicnei) m u|i|iaiT). no muftcuiyice. m c-ufipscfiac. 1nT)li5it> Don pscliunmm T>o eoicet)a.37. ocuy nocha f TTlunayi ri-elot). |ii5T)atnna. ocuf efiofcui). niu|icui|ice.88 DISTRESS. noca n-m-olijtec neniufipiema-o a eoichef>a nac jc a neriilecut) T>O gaBail na naebgabala nn lef nee eile.36. O'D. ocup m bafiT). ceeti)\umie muyichuficha. map um a lef ooT>em Five ' noca Sids. /T1fla rucpac ujijiaT) leo. ocuf . ocup in lee ele. ocuf lee T>i?fi a cuic fern on aehjabala uataib. m m ocuf > m lee T>ilp pach . no in ceehi\uime na cute per. 36. O'D. fo atcnet) T)eoyiatia O'D. apaT). ocuf tia nnejinac inT>liet> tiarhgabdla. aa Do'^ierfum mtiligiT) achgabala noca nicac nac ni ann ocu-p ^vecfia tio naccain p) cofiaib na iroeoiiaT) ocuf na Tiiuixctnfice ocuf faei\ait) tiligef) na ini|i. . -DO ocuf on muficufieu ber)h. ocuf cm co pxgbac. if r>i\i a coicheT) o'u|ipaemu'6. no co eucait) ui\-p. in ui\iiutiuf. octi-p na ecoT>nai. aehgabail gabail um ni na]\ ) t>on biunbut) 1 a elui) fun -oo lecun nn TiliseT).] .viiT) no in inuyicuiacti co n-icair erafiivu. nocnu npjil an cit> -oeoixuiT) i\ofiinuchc on -ooep. a lecut> 1 no gabail na bacligabala. pach . ma pjgabaie he a^ comlog tu> 1 n-aifciT>. ocuf m pit. if leiccheyx a n-elot). T)ia eaificeeiifi T>lieT> imoii^iu ocuf efiofcuT) eaifiif if pacb m^lijiT). [111 c-U]iiiaT) lee. . t>'ic ocuf T>a pac elorote |nu. no na rp. no pac poni T)orfjmec ocuf cuic p30ie. ocup m ocup m camei. 1^ r>i|i a roiclie-6 -o'ti^aeniaT).' are equivalent to two cows throughout the Senchus Mor.a'D m iDiaiiqxait) af ap. ocup m mac beoaehafi if 50^1. ocuf lecceyiT). oehgabala. 1n paen'ole'Dach. tieon. rn>qitiac mpltj.1. ocuf ceehfiunne T>i?p pach. seds. aea pach int>li J1T> [' lee cuittpeea 611 T>eofiai7>.i /reedifiaiifie. T>U leiccefx a if pach eloit>ce 'o'lCjim. aifibeiyiet) -jxiu tif^icro T>O cab'aifie leo.aT) niu^x aen leo. -Sencbuf 171 op. cuf [lee na cine pec. octif . ocuf aea a cam. 36. -p. ocup atia n-mnligeT) atiaij n-anaig.

SENCHUS MOK,
they shall pay a
1

89

fine for illegal distress, i.e. half five 'seds' shall be paid DISTRESS. and the the forfeiture of one-half his claim the fourth by stranger, ; ' of five seds' by a foreigner, and the forfeiture of the fourth part of
;

his claim

hirt ft/4?vi

r

my. IllHJi payable by the bondman taAy.

1 ^ty- fa f^th

If they were not ordered to bring a native with them,

and

if

they
*/

are evaded, a fine for evading shall be paid to them ; and even though they have taken illegal distress, they shall not pay any thing for it ;

U.

he olialLanawr/ii>- it who geeks to gct.rid of his contracts with the stranger or the foreigner ; and the law shall free the lunatics,
ttttt

and the
If

infants

and

idiots,

and the bondmen.

they have brought a native with them, it is right to submit to their suit, and if evasion be committed, a fine for evading shall be paid to them according to their condition, whether it be that of strangers or foreigners and if they have taken illegal distress, a fine
;

for illegal distress shall be

the native, and the native shall
'seds,'

paid by them according to the rank of pay the excess first, i.e. half the five

the three quarters, and they go into equal shares refull amount of the fine of the stranger or the foreigner, and they pay it equally between them, the native the one half, and the stranger or the foreigner the other half; or the fourth of the five

or

specting the

seds,' and the half of the lawful fine which accrued is to be paid by the bondman, the stranger, and the foreigner; whether the stranger has or has not a cow-shed or a milking-yard makes no difference in
'

'

Urradhus'-law, but

it

does in

'

Cain'-law.

It is unlawful for a plaintiff to give notice, to fast, distress respecting a thing to which heSg^not entitled.
It
is

and

to

take

unlawful for a defendant to evade him as to law

does, there are

two
a

illegalities face to face.

But

if

; and if he. his right has been

offered to

him

(a plaintiff),

and

if

he

still

for illegality, or

fine according-to ili-lpnuik

p^jseie**, he pays a fine tr. Hiii-h hn ha? gone,

and

five 'seds.'

As to
and the

the wanderer, and the outlaw, and the bard, and the haif-peelf; satirist, and the chief professor, king, prince, and the son of a

who is obedient to his father it is not unlawful not to submit to their suit or not to permit them to take distress in behalf of another, until they bring a native along with them, if they can obtain him for a fee or gratis ; but even though they do not, it is right to submit to their suit, and to permit them to take the distress
living father

90

Senchur

1T16|i.

n-iriT)licec nennififaetnoTi

a coichetia, no co cucac

ufi|iaf>

leo t>a

fagot; he
O'D. 37.

an
5

?<>jv

[ITkro fio aifibeiftet> fim ufifuiT> T>O cabuifa; leo ocuf fogeb-oaif j, e g irl ^ O g |,} jrtt , , n-eluT> T>O lecan, ocuf Da n-oefinfar; in^ligeT)

rarligabata, olc
clof)

DO rabat^c leo, r>a leicce^i an utu pach eloit)te T>oib; ocuf cia Dqjhecfuin niDtigeT) arhgabala, noco mcac nac m, ocuf pjxecfia T>O ciaccam fo coiicub 111 no if y^xoqia r>o nemra^ixari5 ocuf in ^uiipoqiatg
;

fern.] Tllan jio aijibeifiet) fim uiifiao

m

tecceyin, ocuf ac

37

i dJiAAwrt,

Dtijii) ac in IKIIID, ocnp ac m cainn, ocui" ac rpai, p,i, ingnannm ocu^ V1 lec 1 la ^o ciarrum po co|\aib m nnc HTDaij- 5a'i\e, um\i if cm co 1f fen if cm co girlie ann, uyipaemaT) a roicheDa, piuchejoo.

ocu^

7:1X60110 T>a

nemoecin

m

m

;

no
tsrto

aiijX'pKenia'D'DO gabai?, artigabula,
1

paT)tiaiye,
itijofi,

mac

noau^aeniaf)! ^icb( innuf, mbyxecemnu^. 1n mac fae^leicci, ocuf m noca racafv fo co^xaib nn a cm co ^xiche, ocuf cecufi
no
1

pon nocafiaib utle.
1Tla cticfar; tifi|xaT) leo, no cm co cticfar;, nitina ^ajbaic he cm T>a leiccefi a n-elof), iy lo^;, if T>i'i\ a roichef) ti'ixipaeinaT), ocuf
K,

puch eloiiice D'IC inu ocuf t>a ntie|inat: muliget) achgabala, if pac m-oligifi arhgabala ti'ic T>oib, ocuf noca recup, f.o coi\aib
;

timn fin,

tiai^i

if T)ligeT) ufifaernuf

a

coichet).
'

Ntf 5aib mug na buachail,
IMI pui'DinV cii) on,' a^x

^ctbail, T>ia buachait/ coinecu tia mbo.
.1.

.1bamaccna'D cm cof gabaiT) tnug acaic cuic feoic na j;at5aiL CIT> on ci if coip, -Dm .1. T>aen,. buaclunl, .1. fecnmallai) tn nia T>li5e-6. Illug,
i

m

pulla,

.1.

v cabaifi
.1.

m 75101

^utta-

VuiTun,,
inin

in T>aeix vufO'l 1

-

P 6 !1 oipaep aim,

comgiiaiT) no

ap no munap

ci|xi

no comiflveUi cuaiche.

.

*'

g ^^)
-so

CCp,

^'**

5abail,|

acaic cuic feoic ina gabail ecechca, no ina pop,la feme iri^e qii baegail na^ne-Da |io raefia-0
;

a cuitwie cm chmaiD; a
The
to

cuiT)Tne

pp.1

cmaiT)

T)ia

1

Lunatic.

'fulla'

was a man
set

of the

was supposed

have been

mad by throwing

same description as the 'geilt,' but a wisp at him which had been

saturated with magical charms.

SENCHUS MOR.
if

9

I

in their

own

behalf;

it is

their suit, uatil they bring a native with them,

not unlawful, however, uot to submit to if they can procure

him without a

fee.

If they were told to bring a native with them whom they might have procured without a fee, it is safe to evade them, and if they

take illegal distress, it is an offence. If they have not been told to bring a native with them, and

if

they have been evaded, they

shall

have the

fine for evasion

;

and

though they should take illegal distress they shall not pay any thing, but he shall answer for it who seeks to get rid of his contracts withj)
tl:<>

wanderer and the outlaw
is

;/

or he

ance; and he

to

answer

for his

is to answer for his^ non-appearnon-observance of law with the bard,

and the

half-poet, and the satirist, and the chief professor, king, and rid of his conprince; and he shall answer for it who seeks to get ti-wts with the son who ouppopto hto father, for it is a juotificd HieQ This is justified illegality to submit to his suit, gality in hii rj his to or to assent taking of distress, or to assent to his prosecution, As to the emancipated son, or to his or evidence, or his judgment.

M\

^^^.

tft, 'Aj^,
(/

p,

the disobedient son, their contracts are not set aside where their bad contracts shall be set aside. illegality i.s justified, but all their
If

not, unless they could have procured

or even they have brought a native with them, him without fee,
to their suit,

if

they have
right to

it is

submit
IIL'

and

if

they be evaded, a fine for evasion shall

them ; and if they have committed illegality in taking they shall pay a fine for unlawful distress, and their contracts shall not be set aside for this reason, for it is the law that allows
paid to
ili.stress,

them

to levy.
it

Neither shall

be taken by a labourer nor a cowherd,
'fuidliir'
it,

i.e. it

isno

^

wonder that a labourer nr a
to be i>niil nyji/if for tin;

should not take

it,-for
is

there are five 'seds'
qualified to take
i.e.
it, if

** *

taking of

even by the person who

he omits anything required by the law respecting it. niaii. Cowherd, i.e. the herd who minds the cows.
'

A

labourer,
'

the bond-

Lunatic, 1

i.e.

upon

whom

f uidhir'. an i t hthe magical wisp has been put. ,' out support, i.e. a man who has fallen from his rank, and who has no support
i

Fu

dhi

r

i.e.

the bond-

A m

w

vi^M-

either

from the land or the regulation

of the territory.

For there are
it,

the unlawful taking of of it, except in the three or for the JGm^lU^-UrkTDg s of error on the part of the advocate, which a
five
'

c

seels' for

exempted by the Feini
being due
;

to -take

it

without a debt
dis-

-MA^C

to take

it

for a debt

which has been

92
DISTRESS.

encnuf
acabaific hi faichd uctfccl tienuT), if
CC cabaific T>O fncrou'O/af rualaing

^ aicne ji;

a

T)icen.

a

cup,yion

ccii^dn mat)
gabctiafi,

cenaquf fnaice, mat)

T)on

fncfOuT)

apjiencqi log nenech
111

m

fnaice, ocuf ftnch

na

r hachgabala

fen co

jio

gabaicep, aichejijiacli.

CCp.

ataic cute f eoic,
ocuf
cfii

f

irnaifc

colpcacha

hiiTDligchec, ce bet ni if mo HIT) a|V anT>, uairi a Dubp.utnaiT,
/

cecaic Tia ba pii, .1. T>a ^eoic nut gabatt co uai|i eite arm [niTxiic] cuic |^eoir. 1y e cuic
.1-

cuic
;

feoic

r>a.

cfvin

ap, ctcaic cuic

iiutiKiinn

my

f;aibec
ocu-j"

ectitna

atriecca.

1n a voixgabait,
rig vein,
.1.

.1.

pfigabail/ uimpi -Dap, getlaib

TJa^airigib, ic

a

ipn

-oriuim vi^ 1 tiaf,

no ifm mbac-nuchat).

Ma

cuic feoic ian, ftin,

no cuic ba aiiimt

ifbeiyx if in nat

nGninaiT)e,lec caca harhjabata ina hmt)li5eT) achgabala, co iiutce Mi ceic inT>tiet) n-arhgabala rap, cuic bu, cia fio fia aeic mbu.

feu rp,icmc fecc cumala, ocuf
O'D. 612.

if T>O na fiachaib bunaitt if t)ilef na [fiacha] fin, cia comaicef, lor fiif m arhjabait. Luga lee na hachgabala ann pn naic cuic feoic, no if cuqiuma fie cuic fecaib ocuf Tjaniati mo tec na barhjabala maic ctnc feoic. 1f
;

cac achgabata ma hmT>tigeT> achgabala -DO cuaca jie no t>ilfi na hach^abala joinapat) ocuf ^xia Cf.ofca co fitiici cuic bu uile ina hmtilijef) achgabala T>O eclaif fiia n-apar> ocuf -p.ia
oilfi leicb
;

CfiofcaT), co f,uice ueic

mbu.

Ria napat ocuf
uui]i

c-pofcat) fin

;

ocuf

maf

iayi n-apai>

ocuf

c-pofcai), acaic cuic feoic T)o

cuaca ann,
-01.

ocuf noca

n-fiiil
T>O

m

T)O eccaif,

no

m
to

eifinnjiaic lain T>on

iTeclaif eloT>

lecan, ocuf if coin,

cm

co beic
lecaT),

m

Moca

7>enanT> eifinn^aic

lam

TIO

tuaca

eloi)

ocuf

coin, cia

|io beicif cuic feoic TIO.

Inge

Cfxi

baegail n-aisner>a,
cyxeTOi if

.1.

c-aigne, no

m

baegal T>on

ci

30 naif, if eiycepcuf marc in
cuic peoit pop. nech eile,

m pi

funn

tru h-en,naile ima bdeglaichett in atgef tn ae, ocuy ni haigne pqinruro CCn, acaic CITJ 6n? T>O aigne;

nnupp.ovai1i.fium.
cop,

ab

015116 vein,

.1.

muna be aigne oga agabail a arngabaUi, pjil be aigne oca, ace Tlo faep.aT> la l^eine, .1. cm no pip, p,o vemechaif cen ni t>'tc ann

m

m

fop-UToeT)

m

SENCHUS MOR.
charged
;

93

into the green of a noble digable to protect it. To take nitary, (^*[" <'.Uiig-bmi=te>Jat-. which it could be protected .in it from a protection to

remove

it

wmtottt ollowmguLt-to remain -Mi-the protection if it has been taken from such a place of protection the honor-price of the protector shall be paid, and there
is

.

\*<t

wii*}* fify"*

*W4^._*

,

...

.

return of distress until aaetfeer
For there are
five 'seds,'
i.e.

is

taken.
to

five 'seels'

which amount

two cows,

i.e.,

two three-year-old heifers and three young heifers ('colpach'), worth one-third of a cow each; for there are five 'seds' for taking it unlawfully, though there are more for it at another time than five seils.' The force of the "for" here is, becauai'

we said before "Nor should it be taken by these unqualified for the court." For the forcible taking of it, i.e. the taking of it, notwithstanding pledges and ties from a person's own house, i.e. from the cow-shed or the enclosed paddock.

_

,

i

.

^*!/ft

.

i

Tne

five

'

seds,'
it

seizure, for

is

with time, or five cows are paid for the unlawful said in the Aei Enihnaidhe, " The half of each
it,

" distress for the unlawful seizure of

until

it

reaches ten cows."

The

fine for illegal taking of distress does not exceed five cows,
'

though it (the distress) should amount to thirty times seven cumhals,' and these fines are forfeited out of the original debts, though
they are measured by the distress. Half the distress is, in this case, less than five 'seds,' or it is equal to five seds;' and if half the disThe half of every tress be more than five seds,' it will be the same.
'

'

distress is forfeited for illegal distress

by a layman before

notice

and before

fasting, as far as five cows; or all the distress is forfeited for the illegal taking of it by the church before notice and before
fasting, as far as ten cows.
if it

This

is

before notice and fasting; and
'

' be after notice and fasting, there are five seds coming to the layman for it, but nothing to the church, for to evade justice renders

the church perfectly unworthy, and

it

is

right that there should be

nothing coming to

it.

To evade, however, does not render a layman
and
of
it is

perfectly unworthy,

right that there should be five 'seds'

coming

to him.

Except three cases

error on the part of the advocate,

i.e.

the

three cases in which the advocate has erred, or the three things which are a danger to the person who pleads a cause, and not to an advocate as such for what is men;

a good exemption to an advocate. Why so? For five ' seds are he unless has an as a advocate at the taking of the Jine upon any one, imposed Which are exempted by the distress, but not upon the adrocate himself.
tioned here
is
'

Feini,

i.e.

though he has no advocate, being an advocate himself,

i.e.

he

is

exempted

94
t/

*w cw oiiw
.

Off b>Z

DISTUKSS. fin.
,.,
.,,,

stn-ome cm ctiincnr> fo. -non aipiefi], .t. he cm qicp, onif nt icinfium na fioibi, .1. gaibiT) fiutn in ur1i=;<ct><iil [ocaf txvjnflimcifk bit> on; ecmums itnon,n,u ni bi, ni hen,unun, f utn -Din aii-D fin]. CC cuiTime
CC
[.i.

V|ii cniatT),

gaibTO fium

m

achgabaii, in-mum?;
.1.

uno^m 5aibren.ium
T>O,

j-iin in cinofOfin],

ocuf T>ilUichan,;
UT>erib7)iloT>.
T>O].

icnn,,

.1.

fio

oev-bmlivo fioime, octiy
an,

nocha

npiciri

fium

[Mi pacach imoyxpu

if

eimple a^pronuiT)

O'D. 40.

m batte oca 1 cam, "ni nac cenn cefi artigabail aicmecafi aftuile"? 1nn /in acbjabail ann fern, noca jviacc m cm atfi ann afa
Caim
neitbifi etafif.u [fin] ocuf

na a nuatuf mbleogam, ocuf fio fin-pi ci f.o gab m arbgabail nafi ntij;, ocuf coif, cia no beic fiacb mnligm arbgabala aifi. Sunn, nnu-p,-p,o, noc ntejufi m cm ne infi, ocuf nocan m n fio gab m acbgabait na nlegafi, no ce fio nligm fio
fern
1
,

m

fiomn
no.

;

ocuf noca

nficifi f uni

a ml, ocuf

coift

ceman flan

"Ota fefcafi
fth.
T)'*-;qufi

m

fefi

cmam m, pacb

arbgabatl ffn cmam cona ctimnief oonnnet; uan, ocuf cuic feotc ma fo

m

m

roificcefi nligen no.

TTluna TOifTcrefTnlijen no, ctnc feoin no,

vocuf
D. 40.

cuic feoic uan,'ocuf

m

fiac

mnliin

fio

fiamif

1

ngabuil na

bacbgabala, ne^ib laif [cu nnltgen] no rna cunncabaiiic^ Ocuf nligin.cm cunncabaific, cuic feoic uun ocuf nilfi m feicb ceccafi ne. TDacunncabaiiii; laif, ocuf 111 oligin, cuic feoir uan
1

ma

naina ocuf cmcaicbefi [nligen] ffuf

m

cue pie

mb

fo.

if TDaT) in fe^x accrprhafc ann elaf, ocuf

fio finfi co iToleguii Tie,

mablan
TTla-D

fiac ua"6, ocuf cuic feoic.

cunncabai^c
TTlaT)

laif,

ocuf nlejufiDe, aicngm uan, ocuf cuic

feoic.
Laif,
So

cunncabaifu; laif, ocuf

m
1

nlestif, T>e,
;

no

ma

ne|ib
T)ilef

cona nlejuia ne, cmc f eoic uaT>

ceccaf, ne
octif

ocuf if

a arngabait fium no cuintne cm

cmam

ffii

cinam

ma

TTlan cvunnie
if

cm

cinaiT) nnujifvO

nogne, ocuf

fio finji

na

ntig,

pacb fon no munu
;

m

no nnnec uun, ocuf

cuic feoic, ma cuficuf ni fuil ni no na uan ; no caftcuf nnu|ifio,

SEKCHUS MOR.

(

J~)

To take it without according to the Feneehus from paying any thing for it. a debt being due, i.e. for the advocate to do so, i.e. no debt being due, yet he
does not

DISTRESS.

-

know
it

but there

is,

i.e.

he takes the

di-tivss.

and he thinks that there

is

a

debt due:

take

it

happens, however, that there is not, he does not pay in that case. To for a debt, i.e. he takes the distress, but it happens that distress was
It

previously taken for that debt, and the debt discharged. paid, but he (the .adromtt) did not know of its payment.
case, for
it

had been previously
is

He

not lined

in this

wan
is

tlifoii^i

ignorance and simplicity he-w*-led-taJake_it.
'

What
law,

irhi-n-

the difference between this and the place in the Cain 'it is said "No person shall take distress for another?"
distress

The person from whom the
liable for the debt

was taken

in that case,

was not

on his

and the person who took
due,
it
is

own account or the the distress, knew

account of his kinsman, that the debt was nut

right that there should be a fine for illegal distress im-

posed upon him. In this case, however, the debt was not due at all, and the person who took the distress did not know that it was not
due, or though it had been due, it was paid already ; but he did not know of the payment, and it is right that he should be free. If the man who distrains for debt knows that the debt is not due,

he

shall
'

five

seils' if

be fined according to the length he has gone, and shall pay what the law requires be offered to him. If what the
to him, there are five
five 'seds,'
'

law requires be not offered and there are due of him

seds

'

due to him,

and

also the fine for the ille-

gality which I have mentioned in taking the distress, whether he were certain that it was due, or whether he were doubtful. And

though
forfeits

be due, yet if he were doubtful, he pays five seds,' and the debt in each case. If he were doubtful, and that it is not
'

it

due, five 'seds' only are due of him, and offered to him in each case of these.
If the

what the law requires

is

man who

is

due of him, double the debt
'

sued evades justice, knowing the debt to be is payable by him, and a fine of five
it is

seds.'

due of him, he must make he be doubtful, and that it is not restitution, due of him, or if he be certain r KtZ that it is not due of him, five 'seds' are payable by him in each case ; and i^a_
If he be doubtful

and that
'

really

and pay

five

seds.'

If

it is

lawful to take distress from him, whether he owes the debt

pois

or not.
If a person distrains, there being

no debt due, and knowing that
offered to

no debt

is

due, he
'

is

fined according to titeeircTniiataiicergfTfee~C-a.~c',
if

and p

njs five

seds' besides,

what the law requires

96
DISTRESS,

-Senchup TDoji.

oono,

coma imlecan nona

uan fum.

cuic fecaib, octif fiarh fo no mrnec TYlan cunncabaific laif co nnli5, octif rcqxcuf nhjen

m

HI tin a ca^tif nligen -DO [no], if cuic feoic uan futn [nama]. f um if cuic feoic no o bmbuin. THa pnaiix nech ma n-iajifaijen,
Toctif
ucro

m
na

fto fiafifai^, if cuic feoir uaT),

ocuf lee tuqiutna
11111111110,
tii

m

fete
in

acfuif,

ma ca^xctif tiliget)
no.

TIO.

Uluna raiicuf

fwl

CC

cabaiixc hi patchi ua^at
.1

iieniiT),

.1.

a

rubmnc
.1.

i

v'

1

"

1

lie

111

neimi'&uapiil, 1^ cuitncecTi a oirm,
ic

fiuro yeadiru,

unyip

-DO, in \-\T\\\.

cumcro yoicci ua^al

Cm

fo
ic

T>e|ia co ftnl eiixic

-aiiatifi

aiyvec aifiti

1 pecmatl na acgab'ala 7>o no eclafa a cam, ocuf co i?uilic cine
1

na harhgabala
1

-pairci 5i\aii> ferret

1

niiiii\((f)ii^?

<po

T>efia, 'poca

fojail

TIO

T>enam
i\if

i\if in

urhgubail
1

1

fecra
>,

n-uiiiiami-p
1

na

m m

arlijabail

n-aii\li^

no eclafa cam,
arh^abail
1 1

octif cotyi cia

no bee cuic ^eoic on
fecca
1

n
;

m

i:aichci 5fiaiT>

n-umucnuf
neniet)
1111

no nono
n-arlija-

tuga lamaii ^ogail TIO nenam iny balan i cam na n-u

ap.T)

m

O'D.4^,43.

,

^n

iju^e

|x uc

l^aicce nenniT), octif ni ftiaiia
,

nemie, niun fen-\\ achgabuil cowiuch nan paiipnnet), no ce no cm ctifi paftftiiii, nnma octif flan T>6
1 ;

m

fairce, if

flun

TIO.

11o

cuniui)

lerhfu

1i

amfif ann.
\io fecift fern jviyi ttb fairce nennenh, cm cti fenfi, man nan fiaftftnnen, ocuf ni fiai\fuin, if cfnc feoic connuch piai-p, na ann, ocuf cute feoic npuix na hachgubuta, no faitce npufi cumun aon cuic feoic noib aftoen, octif a na cyiian nptifi na

faicce, ocuf aon ri\ian npitiii
1

na hachgabala.

Septenary grade.

in certain eases part of

In a subsequent part of the Senclms Mor, it is provided that tin- distress was to be carried to one of seven foruscs. \ i/..

of the Aire-tuise, of Airc-ard,

the forus of the Ollamb, of the Brehon, of the Aire-iter-da-aire, of the Aire-dr.su, and of the Aire-forgaill.

there is less attempt made to do injury to the high dignitary respecting the distress in contemplation ' ' of the Cain '-law than of the Urradhus '-law. and does not know that it is the What ' is the reason that there is ' eric '-fine for neglecting to bring ' ' the distress into the pound of an Aire-ard or of a church in the five Cain '-law. But if it is not offered. him. or a single fine of five 'seds' is due to both. if he did not inquire. is nothing due of him or to him. and five seds' to the owner of the distress . indeed. and seds' only are due of him. Or. he others. and that there are seds for bringing the distress ' likely that injury would happen to the distress in the green of one of the septenary grade in contem' plation of Urradhus '-law than to the distress in the pound of the it him the green of one The reason is. it into the green of a noble dignitary. ' been offered to him. there to others.SENCHUS MOR. or though he did unless he find one. If it if has not been offered. according got from him is the five 'seds' are remitted. of a noble dignitary. is nothing due to him or of him DISTRESS. knew that it was the green of a dignitary. it was the green ignorance. there is half fine for every case of is free . and if he did not find a sensible adult of whom to make inquiry. or now. and the fine the length he went.e. or of the church in contemplation q/'the 'Caiu'-law. To remove of into the green 1 to bring it. ' five what the law requires is offered to him. if he did not know himself that is free. i. is him to be able to protect one in ignorance. and one-third to the other. i. to If he is doubtful according if whether five ' it is due. i. and he forfeits one-half the debt ' which he demands. ' that it. 97 .e. he green of a noble dignitary.e. If what the law requires has not 'seds are due to him by tlie defendant. because of the septenary grade in is Urradhus '-law ( more Aire-ard. if it was the green of a dignitary. and ' it is right that there should be a fine o/five seds from the person ' who in ' Urradhus '-law brings the distress into the green of one of the septenary grade . five seds are due to the owner of the green. The person who brought the distress into the green of a dignitary. there it what the law requires has been offered to him. Whether he knew himself whether he did not know to inquire. or. according to or although he did inquire. five seds are due of him. of which two-thirds are due to the owner of the green. of a dignitary. H . or he did meet a sensible adult of whom ' ' and yet did not inquire. expecting the septenary grade. and that he did not ask. If he found a person of whom he might have asked.

^ mac. 1 There were periods at which persons were entitled to certain exExemption.p. TTluf 7>o mac i n-aif icca letroifie fio fiafiftnti. cn. On the death of the king of a province. . . his life for the his death. co lamne ocuf pf tutwhugcro accjiui. muna fuai^ -otune bn tileftiu. there was one month's exemption. T)pacbail .f fnaice.] CC cabaiyxc -i. log enech cm-o no bee na laim ]\e ne na'fain'e'. . ocuf na n-aile ocuf na n-aifibe on mace mac T>O reclu. every one in the province had exemption for three months. Suith 11 a hachgabala. ocuf -DO geba n-aif icca lee 7>ifie. emptions respecting the payment of debts. . lee cuic feoic ucroafum ann. mp nibliariain ap aichep. in /trgabuf in achgabail. fio ufifaem t>o l\ia rftofccro aifJgeibit) gfteim conach ecm r|xofcai) aifi fie faefam. if in flun T)o. tog enech pin. mat) pae-prnVycenae. ocuf faefiait) T)li5et m bitibai-6 can fie m faefma. ceic cufijicujat la f-ogail ann if flan arhgabail -DO jabail ne. Co n. geba na f n-aile ocu-p TTldf mac 1 no mac i n-aif icca aiehjma fio fian. mar) cm pf paepna i |io n-ectnaif gabcan lie. a apaf) trchapa'6. in paefma T>on ai:1ij. ocuf cftOfccro 1 faefam. Every chief had the privilege of giving protection during same length of time as that of the exemption which would happen at . vaefma iflan T>O. mom -oo fncrout) fio gabcap.o no gabal cipe. T>ul pop.1. po ^aibcep. Ula-o -DO fnauuT) . he.1. . .o sabaicerx .abatl T>O tecpn pon caill.1. mar> cap cp.1. ocuf fi uon feichemam roicet>a. &c. On the death of the king of a cantred. f CCf rienari tog neriech in fnaice. oetif m na h-atjabula o. cia a faefam jxia ngabail arhgabala T>e.ach. a cunn\a-o cen aiTii. On the death of the King of Ireland. cnui- caigclii. Ho oap. rie"i\e ianca aicenca in potc. ocuf let cuic feoic on TTlaf -DO mac 1 ti-aif icca aiehgma jio pa^ifm*. octif T>O co-onuc. .1. T>O fna-ouT).1. or of the successor of St. cuic feoie ucroaftim aiin.1 -DO commyici.Senchuf DISTRESS.6 no gabail cipi. Patrick.1. cuic feoic ncroafum ann.1. . Tf) ocuf am bia pop. impaic in achgabmt in m hifin tm a hanat> 1 laim cincaig. culu.1. tap cuic eoic. i m bit)baiT) aporo 3c m bitibait) apati.uiT). ocuf T>O co-onuch. accoiche-6 po cecoip. uiyvTVi. THoro fio ufifaem aijvbefie-D no . every one in Ireland was entitled to a year's exemption. iffecVicmafi n-enec- achappach pechrufa tio eile. no fecctnaTi eneclamni ma -oay. ocuf airhgina na n-aifibe on mace.1.puit>. CCf cualainj. if naif epmche-p. cibe Dume gac mat) tub fin can atroice impe. paefam . pai\f.1.

of the stakes in To take it it from a protection. tu -rmwi in the if hands of the debtor. under the is free.e. though ' he might have found a youth of the age of paying half dire '-fine. forfeited. i. the honor-price of the protector. shall If the defendant has submitted to receive notice during a period of 1 exemption. If the defendant has consented fasted to receive the notice and to be .e. or be sued for again immediately. i. after the i. i. from a place of protection. and the seventh of honor-price only if it has been taken from a fold or angle of tiie There is return of the distress.e. upon during the exemption.e. DISTRESS. i. though he a sensible adult. five seds ' 99 dire '-fine. i. compoiieafcroa-for damage sliftll be for it. after the expiration of the time of the exemption or of the protection. whatever person he has made the inquiry of. half five seds' are due of him for it. i. and the youth shall collect the distress every instance of these without any second suit respecting it. knowledge of its being under protection/ it (the fine) is one seventh of The honor-price of the protector shull honor-price and five 'seds'. Or. if [jmtection he tection. at the age of ' If he inquired of a youth of the age of paying restitution. have found might and of the youth restitution of the stakes and palisades.e this thing returns the distress country. i. after a year. i. unless he could have found a more lawful person. ami cauiCA-Lt taken.uJlt it to ramain in the protection. and of the youth restitution ' and palisades . in the absence of the distress has been taken without knowledge of prothe owner. Le. and it is safe to take the distress from him after 2 ' the exemption. indeed.e. _/<*-theattle. 2 and the law frees the defendant from being fasted upon during the period of the exemption. If it has been taken from such a. the notice takes effect for the plaintiff.e.Ui. taken out of the distress. Second notice.e. i. I"" be paid. Until another distress it is i/n/ taken from a fold or an angle of the country. Wi. i.SKNCHTJS MOR. so that he is not obliged to serve a second notice. If he inquired of a youth at the age of paying half ' though he might have found a sensible adult.e. In which could be protected. if has been taken from a place of protection.e. though the exemption was announced before the taking of the distress from him.e. to get protection for it.e. if it had been taken while under protection. and he announced it before being fasted upon. five seds are due of him for it. ' are due of him for it. is to be and the thing which is ulluwed for honor-price shall remain in his hands during the txl period. it place of protection. he is free. ' If it was of a youth paying restitution he made the inquiry. i. to go back. during the lawful time of the stay of the cattle. and half five ' seds ' of the youth. H2 .

-oirnia ramie an faofam. l ' fem iajv fin. ocuf no cumaT) aen cuic f eoic -ootb |?aepna. . ocuf Cfioifcci ocuf cfieifi imceimnici ocuf mafa a naimfiyi anca cannc an faofam. ocuf if pa aicenca na fee. cm be wb buf pa. ocuf ^aefinaann. no Dicim aicenca na buf T>icnn tn mji fin Decniai'6. and whichever of them the time of the exemption and the time of the stay shall be is the longer shall be the stay. cup. ocuf anat> /raicenca na fee pn. fie paefatn fin cainic fie fie n-apait> ocuf cfioifcci. comfieminiuja* Adjustment. ocuf maf na cfieifi imceimnigei came in faefum fin. oca i m achgabail ocuf -oiclum name ocuf 7560. compared. TTIa ab e-o faefam myif in oecniaii). cufi gaba-o aetigabail ne. faefum na T)ecmaT). TTlaf cen aifibefic aTla t) -DecniaiT)e a^ m ficronaife fio jabaf) acligabait Tie. f aefma 1 O'D. o'ctif a fuil faifie i\e yie in ann o ca T)O bic faepna. 1 n-ecmaif. com.. -oecmam.e.e-6 ceeoifi. ocuf fuil ana-6 t)ecmaiT)e uijiju ocuf a oicim aicenca fCfin T)ecmaiT).rTTlan fio aifibeficnais a faefam ana* oechmai'De aiyibeyic -paefma ay\ m pf . ace ma a faefani fo -oe fie fie in fio aifi7>o beif. cmc peoic cmc f eoic o'pii -oa na hachgabala cjnan o'piji in /ayiaen. ocuf if e-o if anat) T)1 jie ftnl m m m m faefuni m faepna. ocuf aen c^ian T>'prv na m hachgabala. i comjxeimniuscrD fie oecmait). if TTIa iao jab'at) achgaBail cap. T)'pp. fie Sen cti up ID op. anat> T>ecmatT)e uififii. . faefiaiti -oliget) he can uchgabuil faefnia. log T>O lecun fo caill. a i\e fuil [ann] T>on fee. 45. TTlaf cen pf paefma.100 DISTRESS. 1 ^aepna. fio gaba* achgabail T>e. c-anat>. no ^cronaife. ca m faefam m buT>em. ITIa-D m paefam i comfieimningcro fie ame -oec mil. ocuf a -oichini aicenca fieimmu5at> gufi icifi m faofum ocuf an t>i. ocuf m fuil ocuf cit> be i>ib bupa. ab ei> buf anai) TTlaf 1 a n-amififv i. 1 enech pr>- m pn T)on ach^abail i n-ecmaif.. paefma aniac lap. uaiyi TTIafa jaifiT)! na anati faefam iafifv 'an DecmanD. ocuf [poefum] ca 1 coniyieiinniujat) fie T)eci))uiT) |ie aine T)ec mil annfin. sopaefam camic fm fie fie apait).

and the three days grace . and the fasting. di. and whichever cf MJ. of . birtfk >fatrf ) the of the exemption after the ten days. and if the exemption occurred in the time of the stay. which two-thirds are for the protector of the exemption.SEXCHUS MOB. of out the taken of the exemption protector and what remains thereafter is to be free during the period of the in his absence. there is a stay of ten days upon it them is longer.' then its stay is the period of the exempIf the ' *A** tion. own lawful delay in pound remains afterwards. yet if the exemption has been at once made known. the j>- exemption. and not with ten_aiul eleven days b<^tfi. in the absence of tin' nouncement of the exemption of the distress in his presence. because the exemption does not go beyond ten days. 101 notice and the fasting. If distress has been taken.' it shall be the delay in pound ' exemption extends to the ten days. in pound of eleven days. the law frees him from having the distress taken from him during the period of the exemption. If the exemption be concurrent with the ten days. there shall be an adjustand its This is ment between the exemption and the 1 stay. or notwithstanding the an' seds are due to ' the protector of the exemption for it. and longer than the lawful stay of the seds..v= nut announced until the distress had been taken.ss is to be forfeited. five ' owner. an exemption which occurred before the period of the notice. and its own lawful delay in pound. seds. viz. This was an exemption which occurred during the period of the DISTRESS. and the natural stay of the 'seds' besides. and if it is during the period of the three days grace that that exemption has come. and the exemption is concurrent with both the ten and the eleven days then. If the exemption occurred in the time of the delay in pound. notwithstanding the knowledge of the exemption. If the distress has been taken in his presence without announce- and a delay ment of the exemption. there is a stay of ten days upon the distress. there it shall .strc. longer. If the exemption is shorter than fte ten days. the remainder (the distress). If the distress has been taken from him by a person without a *** honor-price of the knowledge of the exemption. If the exemption w. and whichever of them is be the stay. and does not go beyond the ten days. and five seds to the owner ' or it is a single fine of five seds' to them both. or the lawful delay in pound of after the ten days. there shall be a stay of ten days upon the distress. there is a stay of ten days upon it. and one- ' third for the owner of the distress.

ocup cupib'ai).i ba inlae^a ayi t>a m-buaib cyie laega.1.t. / . ocuf cm be nib buf pa. cuic peoic f-uig. Tli cuic mei^emTiai^e^caiip. cincaif.1. . T^txi peoca. Uoch -pil cyii ^peoca. noc feicim no inT)yxnpm co puilec cyii yeoic uar>a caca tfiaca o fio vollaigpe-p hi co huaf at cm-m-o a tornia man-o iac ocup na cuic peoic |xomaim>.. noch pi qn a cadia liaclisabala fio feorcTcacha cp. uaip. anpp. . .1. fcomlef . . . fee cacna cyxacha. co aufilaitro T)ir1ima.t. Cuic ^eoic.1. im-bp. -1. m'Da'D bi ce]ic qiebaib . puc. pogelca amach aca ^ ni Mi bi lepocli . .o .ec1iaiB nptnei) voiU-pigrhip. . ip each cyiaca -poti ace in cec cfvac. ocuf 1C inunna na cjvi |-eorc ocu'p na cuic peoic ion. 1 -. Cacha c^xdrha. ace am amcep a T>eicbi]x tun. a cuic n-acngabail cmcmj. ab TTIaf na ff~ a]\ aiic m a n-aimpi\ fobca. 6 n.1. CCch ni conanaig oeichbeip. m et> p.oib m pae]"am co cuin^iut) ^o]\ paDnaife pojiaif .arha ^o pollaigoch ni chep. . nach piatiach pnllenT) cont) |?o|^ . c|ii <fio i yeoic ly e m lobuT) cacha hachgabdla. noca-ftacha m achgabait illobcro -oia n.102 DISTRESS. -DI ba. acfiai cp. cn. noca pao|\unt> an. no ancep. roxal na fai^ech each a . naT) caemclai o T>i achgabail cechca. . an bpaopam ocup buf -Dichun TIL m Diclimi.1.e peoic itnuixiT. am pm.e. ucaip. no econnup. loban hi. fo^te na an. ni t>i|:ofinaifc ni cnanna hi cuatamj. ocup c|u taiaam each criat co urilainn a T)ichnia. cW/ i>Ui/ r .1. caca cyiacha 1 n-achgabail inCbleoguin. umii 111 reic an amuc'na paopam tieajaiT). T)i ni comqjiTiajb qiacli . Senchur 171 6ji. 111o|iann -DO t)ui ittobaT) t>o cac achgabait ayv cac laice n-aicenca o ctcpa mm^eyv lobca.1.abac na T>eicbi]i-p e po cun.baT>a. m T>ichim.

day except the first day. i. ' And . i. five 'seds. i. for every and three for every the law protects. or minority. or incapacity. an adjustment between the exemption and the delay in of them ia longer. the fine fixed redeem every distress and there are three seds' for every Five 'seds. was ' by Morann day that it is neglected to be redeemed to the end of its period of delay in pound. if tress shall not be forfeited these exemptions exist.SENCHUS MOR.e. and whichever delay in pound. live ' For neglecting to redeem every distress. Three 'seds. Every day. 1 i. or injury through inadvertence. except what the law of exemption protects.' i. 'seds' mentioned before. . for of a debtor. i. . it is in the Bretha Nemedh this is set forth. for day afterwards to the end of the from the period of the feeding forth delay in pound extends.e. i. a every day for there are three seds.e. i. To be asleep avails no one let : he cannot take imme. i. If it occurred during the period of forfeiture. Five ' seds' for neglecting to . and the three s. seds' is the tine which was fixed by Morann to be paid the neglecting to redeem every distress for every natural day since the period of forfeiture arrived. nor from the Irving person does not feiture. for the disexcept what the law of exemption protects. shall be 103 DISTRESS.exms*ftitmra/rded account of a death on the the distress follow out. ..e. it nothing his to attend each saves the active adult proper let it be closed up in the sheds at the proper duty hours no person who is under protection is qualified no one sues who cannot recover it from the to sue diate distress who is not able to bind . distress it does not save the for- from the expenses of feeding and tending. are equal to the five 'seds' in distress with time. which there are delay in pound. two cows.e. Except what three incalf cows for two cows after calving.' i. though exemption % does. . ' five for the distress seds' for the distress of the kinsman.e.e. until decide that it is it is put to witnesses to legal distress.e. I insist or maintain that there are three seds' due of him every day since the period of forfeiture set in until the full completion of the forfeiture they are the same as the five ' .ls' of the debtor. because ti&.e. it shall be the period of pound.e ignorance. but there are three sed' for every day i. sheds of the residence.e.

la-oa-oyum iy . co cocuipchep paTinaiye ac gabait na i hachgabata imaitte j. iciji cupgabait j. ni fui-oiji. . . noca nacpaiT) ach^abatt T>O subail mci oc na ctaechmaichep cpu co nmt>i yopaiy. ocuy nochu [1a]i eitc 1 'f ocuy cumcro cmn no bee yiti iy m yaycc ran rmtnc m c-mbleogun amach i nT)ejuiT) a ocuy inuna cannc cm cu yaycc yynu^ylecc he nocha nyuil arm t)'inbleo5uiii. no cu yiucrufi a yaycc.Senchur DISTRESS.1. . bty yop yaeyum ni cuatamg acpa. . cualaing coxal ^icai-o teiyci 0'0.1. nocu cunncec coxal O'D. 46. piy.j ache cof in "v Cw ^*" ' M ** 7 ^^M" oil/. nocha bi ley 05 -Don ci biy ma yuan can yayc na hachgabata T>O bpeic. .n. no cen nat>i coichefi coicerliru. no ian. Mi bi acpai T>ij:aeyarn. .abait. n-apat) ocuy cp. -no btxeic a ycufc ocuy 1aT>aT> in l no amail po cutruro uin. nochan votechttn-o cojibucu T>O coTinach bty ayiacnaimaibcan yopnaiyc. me hachgabala amach m ci nach cunticech a uayat vnai-Dm ap.1. TilijtT). Mi acaip naT> caemclai. nacpebaib acaceyica -oume. Co cuipiut> pop pia-onatye. mb|iec ymycc TIO. 47. >Ji vu'^^en'o COIITI en aim a. . . .1.1. o cpoaib yopaiy.1. munab ecm.ognach inbleic nacha lobinj. v u c iltann cmcaig cull. no cpu co mnT)e apaiy.1.1. v1 ^6Cep. . bee cuic yeoic yie caob pn.eip. a jabait a naitjci. uaqi nodia jiachuiT) in afgabatl a y. iy in ojiutm VT11 l-ifi am ait v-<> comannjmje'o lan. i>eop.c cpebaib.i T>O n. munub vechem].1. i D.1. 47. tn ausaijie. . . cechca.. ap. cein.c ocuy nom. yep. . . co paib occu cechca po sabcap aipi. cec^iauime each achjabata]. m -Da^a pen. . 171 oji.1. m yecc cigi mgabata taiy. . .1.1. m gaibchefi an-aecaini'pi^i 'Dliji'D na na poj\iiechcu cuaiche/he. bi teyach nach yuanach. "Oi achgabait co potb cechca oca. [. in oeopanb jomuna poib upput) map aen piy na cappuycap a tan [no] muna paib .eine ocuy a yuine. iti ci no r>o j. ocuy mat) acgatknt inbteogmn oni hi.aib in OT-hj.1. yep. no tap cpiyi laii'Daige.ach.. [.1. 110 in ci biy ma yuan lap mbpeic.oycaf>.1. anaT> an. m acapcup yum T>ono. cpecce cuaine. can in ci Mi r'ouljp'uaylucaT) ?-yoc. .1.1.aiT>. cup. biyy ma yuan lap piaccam a vyc cuia iy ucrou cuicic na ba peip.ubuy in ach^abait. u'nocna bi acpa achjjabata T>on ci biy ap vaefa neich m TDeopaiT) nocha bi acpa m pp catt cap yiy vncyma T>vacbait aip. 1li na achgatiala.] nyuit ni DOTI cinrach ylice in . .1. ni pullu. cae ui]i-n na cn. ni buacliail.n. eile T>a yuaylucar). no iy na cfiachaib ma comafi'oon^e*6 T>oib irip. each a comley. ab V m Ni mug.ni coip..

it is forfeits the/cows themselves.e. i. urgent necessity. the stranger. until the notice of it is sent . who is away his welfare. it is law. he . i. between the rising of the sun and its setting. or does not sue lawfully. or unless he has seven habitable houses.e. no cart-boy is distrained in a shepherd. and if it be the distress of a kinsman. A. it/i. or tending. the regulations of a territory. decision about debts due of himself or others. No person who is under protection is qualified to sue. or act in the i. i. his being employed at his proper profitable occupation does not avail the sensible adult who is ujxm his legs. manner required by the shut up in the sheds in which men cowshed. or after notice and fasting.e. or. man after it is known that he is under man who is under protection cannot sue or be sued. or cattlfcjriUi-iuCTOMKrof habitations. until he has the legal qualification by which he can take it. Until it is put to witnesses. and does not send the notice of the disi This is after giving notice.e. i. there shall be no suing of distress by the person who is under the protection of another protection. the person who is asleep on the i. i. ft/iA a. and does not go to redeem the distress.e. i. 105 who has taken him the distress. 'lUtress legally. due to the defaulter and where the track of the cattle. unless he has a native along with him who has full honor-price.e. i. -fi/nru^i. Nothing saves the active adult. or after the three days of grace. the person DISTRESS. for the distress shall not be charged with feeding. the fourth part of every distress. that he took the that he had the legal qualification. To be asleep avails no one. "/' I/if i. no no cowherd. "sloth takes distress out i.e. That it is legal distress. i. not to a person's advan- tage to be asleep and not receive the notice of the distress. there is no eric'-fine for it to the kinsman. arrival of his notice to i.ei the stranger shall not sue another the e. i. the one man is to bring the notice distress and the other in the is to redeem it. but nothing is .e- until witnesses are sent for to take i. the distress along with him. as appointed by the legal regulation of the hours.e.' no imbecile vagrant. i.e. ' and he did not come out. unless of are scarce. i. or for X<> labourer. does not sue to take distress wlwHras-not an interchange ef cattle vrith-mcreasrof growth.e. or within the hours which were appointed for them between the third hour and evening. the person who sleeps after receiving it.e. Let it be closed up in the sheds. he is not able to carry the distress who is unless he not able properly to bind it during its stay in the hands of the debtor. but his foot is fettered . the stranger. for it is not right to take it at night. is a law agent. if Let each attend to his proper duty.e.e. happens is in the case of notice by where the kinsman came out after the distress this .e. no 'fuidhir. No one who cannot recover it from the sheds of the residence. i." He cannot take immediate not able to bind it.SENCHUS MOR.e. there shall be five 'seds' besides for not sending notice. or fines for neglect to redeem it.e. i. even though it be not notice by the track of the cattle.e.

ni T)lej. -pern. a cenT> cam-oipgichep.1. . 48.1. ><iy. . gilla na pleti.Conat) fT11 a cent) cuin'op-igchep.i- na caifiecli. noca T>tej.1. . . . bairxsen huapat laiche. nocagabufi a nfecmanuja'D U|iyiaic Onachait. ajx a -0111a 1x050 oon -ouine oJligip pacha T>O na n-T)e|ioile. each ip. cumn cap.1. no ina cmcaib ucvoein... na -0001 n e po 7>o |veipi liubaiii.1.1. no ixiy m Ma oLegaic biachaT). T>ume T>iUnam bip ui. comecechc /caicTi bip abailm imbailiu. ip V'T1 a mbec na lige |xiy in cmait>. . no comaip-gichep. conaT) pjii a cenT> cuim>fii5chep.i^ ifa\f. ocup]. the law of Kincogus. jx>p.e. bechi ctiibn.1. . bip fo\i ullacecc. no in gix so . .1. a DualguY neic eile.ei -pli^e.1.1.-ot no puba ocuy fvuba. . . THU )I uii'rnra. no co m>echpac a loba-6 uite. cm cuaici coiccmne. ribul a Tnncro -o'ltiun. Uixchaelan. . coiccemi ooib uiti mpm. . i ! no^peine. CCchc cop nglaip. nacli in piach pyiTOixgiTiecu olejjuri 1^ in cuaic.1. co cuifican. gilla um\air. . ay a n-oualguf. T>ib].aic biachaT) ace Ian enn m boichc m comvar. wfiip miT> liiim.1. c6m bic i no nocUtc. pxncech. . in T>ib nib. . at the season when milk is plenty.1. tec ban^m. no cumrp.n. no N ^ixaij vr11 V iar11 ciiiiTin. 110 in j^alniyi T>on 11i pu iTJiii.aile a namipitx aixba. cein bic mt>' amait pem. oeup U1T>1 ci^xci iye-6 rpic mT> [in T>ala- ifnm m-aimpn. Milk-time.echcu cuaiclie.1- oeo)xi'6.1. [fjaep] J gabla. cup.1- mu$. . no me a cyiot) no t>ono cena. . noca n-achsabail aile ocrep. . . no baijigen huapal laidie. co ciyac a cmn mo mamujat). i. . . bee.a'D cechca Tilegap. baipgen cape oonmaii.1." ^ t>vw5' T<-if a cm fo-(i m cuaich a coiccmne. loma. "mb peo imac buDem jebup m arhjjab'ail.1. biy ac . . . i 1 Kinsmen. jvipiti -]ptabi\aT). .1. O'P.u|v T>ib. ab T>ap. a cenn pon gnmin. pomamu cechca.1. gitta Ill faibchefi an aecaim. no f-macc cain. cainain plii>. Cona hant>tonn.. 10 1li cjxecce cuaine. . J?ulla.1. cael a T>a hop. Txtep. achgabata . neicli eite cint>eT> Tiib f\^f.ec. Von. no m i niny-o. pom am a ceclica. . a pn. C 2664 " ^o"11 ! 1 - -on tan t>ec ^epcan. .1. no updiaelan.1.1. in in piach cofiuya pne. . ccqiput na cut comeca nu mbo. awbec amlafD pin.1. a T>a hnnel. i. Called in Anglo-Irish records. cema-o he a yxoga a c^xot) -DO gabail n-achgabail noca [Rtn-Dlep achjabala .iu5. no cm a n-athayi no a fenacnnjx. -Senchup twuv no bfiaij p^ti <v p_iam.1. tin 1 1 i 1 ! ' ' mei-pxm. . puiTjip.1. un cinraib a compocaif. in facade.1. ocup an.1. S" 11 i 111 u 5. piuum a pjieiflige na "Dle^aic bm- ctiaD ache boclican.1.1.1. ace ma po pp. cona haTTOlonn. m lecbaiixgen. no tan emi m bocheam m pyoUnn m 1 a cm AfUii'Dtiji'D. CCu^mixe. TIO im no T>O torni.106 DISTRESS. .

Until their chiefs compel them to submit to law.' or the urchaelan. it will not be lawful to do so. for the inter territorial regulations or the services of attack and in the territory.e. i. i. or for his crimes. or his grandfather. 2 chaelan. an honest person ('ai-gaire'). half a narrow at both extremities.e.e.e. i. i. tamain all ' the cart of the farmers' children.' ve el. until their chiefs compel them to do their duty.' while he milk. which is due of him on his own account. them that they do the proper duties due of them.- im/ii-ismied for the crime. i. The cake of the noble festival. and the man to \vlioni debts are due of these people has his choice whether he will take themselves in distress or their cattle others. the liabilities of their kinsmen. half cake.e. and remain imprisoned until they shall all become forfeited. the the servant of the poets. except as follows.e. Or a chain put about his neck. the debt of the country in general. the is gilla urraith. or lies down with the Not entitled i.' while he i. 'Uri. hotly. . i.e.e. full of the poor man's the 'meisrin. and though they should wish that such dis- . i. called i. i. it is true that lie lie. During his imprisonhis foot is < ment.e. But fettered. which contains twelve times the a hen-egg. the young guide.' i.e. the full of the poor man's vesfull of sel of a small vessel. and during his imprisoiiment he is not entitled to any food except the bochtan. Xo i. is in confinement. they shall so due of them is adjusted. moving about.e. i. i. These persons are themselves liable to he Uke4n distress. Le.e. of the chain. tmvUwt. chain. Shepherd or the ' who i. at both ends. indeed.e. and every information asked of him . file. Imbecile vagrant.e.' Is not distrained in a decision about detits. is minding 'ai.e. Or others. on account of their insignificance.e.' and the 'urto chaelan.e.e.SENCHUS MOR. a prisoner on whom it is put as a punishment. With its obsonium.e. i. or the Sunday cake. the one in milk.e.e.e.e. the bare links. i.e.e. i. 1 is Regulations i. /* ' .e. until the obedience or the claim for or their chiefs are bound if they do ?u>t.' Cowherd. ' f u i <1 h i r. 107 or a chain put about his neck. . i. who is moving from place sheep. he is not entitled is any food but the i.' Cart. i. i. i. on account of other persons. i. the cake. according to the book.e. this is common to them all. i. i. i.e. until their chiefs submit to law.' or the cake of the noble festival with its obsoniurn. the keeper of the rows. i. of butter orof milk. in confinement. nor the lawful debt which the debt of the tribe regulation or the 'smacht'-fine. is who accompanies he is from place to place. ' ' no other distress is taken from the bond-labourer but Ins the bond-' fuidhir' or the stranger. Ill" wanderer who is the hereditary bondsman. the Christ- mas or Easter cake. to any food except the 'bochtan. i. No labourer.e. i. due defence.e.e. while he is in confinement.j } or.-araire. i.e.e.e.boy. or for the debt not distrained in a decision about debts due by another person. of a territory. it is and the other in the time of corn.e. according to though it should be his choice to take their cattle in distress. for the crime f the country in general. i.' i.time. to place. or the liabilities of his father. i. the decision respecting distress to be 1akfn from him for his own liabilitv.e. the natural bondsman.e.

am uoneiti.e amuil bee curfiiima fio nligit)]. 49. SenchtiT 1 ocuf cetncro e a fiojafum erchgabail t>o gabatl tub. Ocuf Diaf e a intiechem co nac inefani leif [if] i O'D. CIT> im a cincn> bunem. CIT> im ciTiait) if luga maic. 1n T>aefi.abail ina n'oegabail. ocuf lobaTj t>o T>ul ma cenT) o T>O 11050 aimfefi lobca. ocuf araic fecit n-arhjatjuil. ancef arhjabata no fiia^ail 1\1U octif a ngabail tioT)em m aeiigabail. if cmc feoic DO T)ul lobaT) tub afi cac Lara naicinra. . TTlaf lobuD 11 uiliacait> -|\e lafif fia^a if /fia|Xfa lacfum na m cuci\uii)a 1 1 uroechem coniD mefa leif mcfum na in cucfiutna jio Tioca jabanT) ant) f um ace jfieim cumaile. 40. noif mo ocuf m pnlec feotc acu. . O'D. cit> im cinaiT> a comocaif. ocuf in |\e a|i cumal T)1 fecaib lobaT) if i fie lafif a nagarfuni. TDaf tin cinaiT) T>eofuri>a if lee cuic feoie.cinaiT) 1 if mo maie no T>ono. TTIafa cm if Itiga inaic. noca gebrhayx ace fiae boT>em. ocuf imserhem in -oum -|io gab iac n-achgabail no fturgait umpu. 2664. maf im cmai-o na nufifiaro [no a eigea^na] fio 5abat> .acu C. ocuf fiiafi n-achgatiala T>O fuagail |Hf m nnaficfiait) yuil funi) co fim cum ail. ace a nibec ina fon-olef acligab'ata TIO V-' '!'Senchufa. CIT> im cincro if COIT> J. m uili-oecai 1 lann ocuf m p.XO nlig. TTlaf im cinaiT) m i ufifiaii) |io 5abai) [m-acri5abail] iae. ocuf fogeile ocuf bleit aen anmann 7>o fvic leo. m can if m> cmaiT) curfiuma f\Wi. CCnaT) ocuf Turhim ofifia fo aicne* na fee imayi ^abaT) 1 n-arh- gabail iae. tTlaf im cmaiT) muixcuiiire if soceehftunne cuic fee. 2666. C. fvo a nagacfum. 1 . m fie alfiaga 111 bee fin no fecaib lobat> if e fie lafif ajiaja a cuci\uma -Dib fium 1 1 . cumat> if cuefiuma ffuu. . CID 1111 fio beie a nj.108 DISTRESS. if cmc feotra T>oib uonem ina jabail a Illuna fuller feoic . no cuma feftfi letf larfum [nd m T. ocuf afiaen arhsabail -DO feraib eile ocuf n)o na cun)al ^111 curt/mma lojio T)li5 am) fin ocuf mafa 11150 na cumal.

' the time in which that small amount of 'seds' would become become forfeited is the time in which his proportion of them would so . If his notion is that they are of less value to him than the amount due to him. pfsidfiiUUy-fe^eraoiisJiable to be themselves tekeujn distress. own or. or a liability which is equal value.' ' and the amount due to him at that time was greater than a cumhal . there ' ' a fine of five having been taken in distress. tress should be taken 109 be taken. and the expense of feeding and tending of one animal shall accumulate with them. and forfeiture sltaU-be added when the period of forfeiture shall have arrived. or that he deems them of greater value than the proportion due to him.' If seds. and the intention of the person they themselves are taken in distress. so is the time in which the total due would become for- feited to the time in which he becomes forfeited. and he shall take in distress other 'seds.DISTRESS. If it tress. and the common rule of distress shall regulate the excess in this case until it amounts to a 'cumhal'. it is be for the liability of a foreigner. according to the Senchns.are subject to the rule-of-4ektrf. whether for their own from them. and that they have property. he then gets but a claim to a 'cumhal. to him than the amount due to him. or which and when they have no property. seds due to them for who took them in distress is tion is that thya*e not witless value If his nothe rule respecting them. five be for the liability of a native they have been taken in dis' seds of them shall be forfeited every natural day/during ' vl the period of forfeiture) half five 'seds. greater than their own value.' it If it be for the liability of a stranger. If they have not property. then. whether for a liability own value.SEN'CHUS MOB. If it be for a liability which is smaller than their own value they is have been taken. as the total in hand (the value of the slave) is to the entire debt due. it shall not K ttiv/n^ liabilities or which value is smaller than their the liabilities of their kinsmen.' but if it be less than a 'cumhal. to their . but they them. They of the ' shall seds ' have stay and delay in pound according to the nature respecting which they have been taken in distress. then they. or a liability to others. it is one- fourth of five If ' a bondsman has been taken in distress for the liability of a .' and the time in which a 'cumhal' of 'seds' would become forfeited is the time in which he becomes so. selves shall be taken. distress . which is greater than their lie own according they is may themselves taken in dis- tress only for is a liability which equal to their own value.

noca Ocuf npuil till m cmaiT) 050 anrifin tio feraib . [TTlafa lua naici.- ^ 05 PT1 fognunia nocun ^Q no cuic fee . ocuf anaD ocuf Diehnn o^ifia fo f. no giaf. ^"ocuf blec DO Dul [f-ojelc] ceic ma nu fio jabat) Daefi m-arbjabatl. dcufJiKAit^J ) peichemun coichDa. bef acca DO feeaib. jof^abfia . fc|iepalt no aji cac laicbi natcenca. in bee fin no in mo^i . no fecemaD nietc maf nn cmaiD 1" 10 1 . fin afi cuf. if cine feoie ma jabail f. m cam CID a n-ufifiaDuf . 50. ocuf noca eeic lobaD ocuf if fe cenn miacb DO Dul 1 lobaD De afi cac laice .. maf im cmaiD DeofiaDu.a.cu|ira ocuf npuil finacc DO T)aofo ocuf noca npuil uaT)a. TTlaf ma cmaiD buDem y ')J*-fifo'D. TTlafa neuietatmac. maf nn cmaiD muficuifice. m m naicenea.oj\uf aicne na fee.1 10 Senchwr in6|i. if cuic feoie DO Dul i lobaD afi cac lain n-aicenea ne ocuf leccuicfee. ancef cerftaime cuic fee T>OH uyifiat). ocuf m o ea fin aniach. Tieicb'ii\ cinrmg na nibieogam -f. Da DO comieD. ocuf lobaD DO Dul ma cenn o cicfja am-if ifi lobca bleic. 9 L // leryvip . ^5"1Tlai5i ocuf cincha D'atfe^etD af m baile m fio gabai) iae co ' . ocuf m cobpot>atl Dil Ocuf comaD ann bu fiutDlef aeTigabala iae m can na fuil m cmaiD oca no CID bee CID mop. Ocuf ifeD ifet> if if elaDnac ann cac anelaDnac ann. occ- ocuf m feipT) fiant) ne^ cuic fee T>on noca inup. no gemel T i D..em. G14. ^Q g e) ^ er)T) ^ utjxaT) aim cu pein] ip lee yqxepatl -DO a^x cac lam ii-aicenra. ]\o : gabaT) larfuni 1 narbgabail. co fio gaibcep. ace maf ealat>atiacli \io bui aca comer. ocuf T>a nibeic. ocuf fogeile ocuf bletc aon anmann DO fiie fuu ocuf Da uile. ocuf ceelifiumu cuic fee. ocuf iviaguil T)OII tieofiaT). po^elea cenn. Ocuf noca . CID a letfqxipall ecufifia. put. maf mm cmaiD buDem. m oehjabail be. Ocuf Dama beiDif teaifirnuifcee Diaf fie ann DO beic DO beic gac Iae. DISTRESS. gtaf. if cuic feoie ai]i. no geitnel. T). ocuf |vo jabati fom ceuna 1 n-achgabcnt. no flabn.

a gyve. one-fourth of five ' seds is ' ' ' due to the native.' but if they had.' or a lock. fetter. is The time that they are themselves liable when they have not the amount of the is to be taken in distress . or gyve. liability or. unless that little or that much be taken. ' Aneladhnach means a ' lock. if taken for Lis own liability. expenses of feeding and keeping shall accumulate upon him. but forfeiture shall not and the feeding which shall accumulate upon him If a . whether fine of five first ' little there a seds ' for taking themselves.SENCHUS MOB. or a chain . and no smacht'fine is due to or of the bondsman. bondsman has been taken in distress for his own liability. and one-half of five 'seds' if for the liability of a stranger. and that they themselves were taken in distress. five ' ' Ill seds of the vilue of him shall be forfeited DISTRESS. according or much. In this case they had not the ' amount of the liability in 'seds. If it be an 'aneladhnach. and ' eladhnach ' means everything besides. And there is no difference in the expense of <Ww 4) . or the seventh of a measure if for the liability of is a kinsman. ' screpall for it for every natural day. and one-fourth of five seds if for the liability of a ' ' foreigner. or a chain causing pain. and liability to forfeiture shall arise when the period of forfeiture shall have arrived . a measure of corn to be forfeited every natural 'lay. one-eighth of five seds' to the stranger. and the sixteenth part of five 'seds to the foreigner . there shall be a there shall be half a ' ' screpall ' for it for every natural day. doubt of distress shall regulate the case . and there is a stay and a delay in pound for them according to the nature of the ' seds. to others. there shall be charged the double expense of tending. there shall be half a 'screpall 'for it for every day. and if it be required that two persons should keep them.' and the expense of feeding and tending one animal shall accumulate on them all. territories The places and the from which they have been taken to the dwelling of the plaintiff. there is no difference of debtor or kinsman with respect to it . And if it be a chain that is between them. whether in 'Cain '-law or 'Urradhus'-law. but if it is an ' eladhnach that secures ' him. and the same amount is due of him. every natural day. then five 'seds' are due to the native. native or of his chief. are to be considered. As to the wages of his keeper. If persons be taken in distress while less than their value is due. whatever property they have.

!xt* a V !1 aceili. apati ace. in a poliiing na huile m -oijienaii o T)ia na e peimb T)o pec aup.rT)o nemchib no ma po|X copec qiofcuT) a cobNecb naT) ^eLLa T)i qiofcuT) if eluchach tia achfaiDe.1. "Dm naqiaic apcrt [ocuf rriofcaT)] imunrio fop. cm ria sfiaiti fem na sp-ait) flata comstiar* [flaphaeile] 1 niailli eoic uaitib.1.ctea. 0'D?62.o ba Dilfi a piach DO DO cait> leif.pt>ipe. ocuf cap. CCca ace lium -no nemc1iib.aile sria D V inu tieitnchib.1. ocuf m n-arhjabata T>O miapcpa bmf ann p. a mbf. m ayx 11156 1nj. TYla in sporo feme o'acp.cuf DligiT) T>O.if Ocuf oama'D luga m cute peoic T>O T)ul a tobat) m m po Tileaclic ant> fin.ait> 111 flata cm 5p. TTlaf a V e 1M l ^e T a n5 at)a1 111 uiliacan) a fim a n-crchjabail naf a f eoic.] ' y r/ ^e 9 La peme. mule. at> nn cnuro n-mMeogain. ' 2-T.e jina-oaib feme. an. tia achgubail T>O ^abail T>ib cena iiTDUf eile. Ocuf if caifv^fin olije-o Doib pn apcro fop..achaf> fie utpf puaip rgabail n-arbjabail. ocuf a loba-6 if e yxe layif ^agacfOTn fein. 3o p. -Diacaip.. fojeilc ocuf lobai) aon aninann T>O piajailc p. neimcT).1. no gabaf n-crcbgabail 7>aina pepp. $\\<ro 11o \:o]\ ott Rnai-6 v^a^a. 5f.eip.eca P-1. Mo T>no. ocuf noca nfuil 1Tlaf iac pern 1 TieTrbip.aT>aib nama feme jxia -fi-C . T>a nemen an-D.aD m 5p. ma m coippT>tp.beip. . .112 DISTRESS. leif a feoic annul a m ni p.if . ngabatl acbjabala T)ib. .o aip. 110 if cut-puma m po tilefcea ant> ma m coip. . T)uine.i. oenani t>e.pocT\a . if CU1C T cm ap.at)aib flaca. athail afbeip. -oe ap gac lain naicmra.ei> p. if rietnceccaip tium aei voqrwro apaiTi afi na natna fo\t. ma T>O neme-n yop. in i\e \a]\f a iia^u 1 '- lobat) if e ^e m^xf a TY1o i. . 5p. -i.m^e ma "Oopec aufipqia each n-adisabala nemdub /. ocuf acchu|X. co amait mTHfi lebap. Senchuf -oecbtp ambit) nibeit cm mi a cincro bo-Dem.if.a-o flata eile ocuf p. a po^eilc nach ambteit.e p.

I deem it notice on the inferior grades than to take distress from notice only />*(/'"/ "n the inferior grades. judges. by a person i. If it be themselves he has taken in distress and that he would have preferred taking their property in distress. for. if it offered. bv the inferior grade upon the chieftain grade. liability of a whether they be detained for their own liability or the kinsman. the time in should be smaller in value than the body-fine. .' and shall be non-suited. the expense of feeding and the period of forfeiture of one animal shall regulate it. notice only is to be served on the inferior grades before taking distress from them.SENCHUS MOE. I make an exception here. Except more proper to serve legal them in any other way. viz -learned persons. and there is no difference in the expense of Or. and chief artinVrrs. 1 This is when what the law had been re- quires has not been offered to him. chieftains. he who disregards all things shall not be paid by God or man. the clergy. of distinction of tin.e. 2189. which treats of the law of persons of distinction.e. indeed. et fey. chieftain grade upon another of the chieftain grade. by one of chieftain grade upon another. i. he shall be fined five 'seds. i. poets.e. tress in their case. if it be by one person 'inge' means except. but could not find it. i. five seds of it shall be forfeited every natural day. or it is equal to it. as the book tells. by persons of distinc- tion. their food 1 1 3 DISTRESS. or upon persons of distinction . taking their property. Notice precedes every distress in the case of the inferior grades. If a person of the inferior grade has come to sue a person of the chieftain grade without having a person of the chieftain grade along 1 Bretha Seimhfdh.e. as stated in the Bretha Neimhedh.e. there is. but notice and fasting on the chieftain grades. feeding or tending. The thing due to him in this case is greater than the value of the If the thing due to him body-fine of the debtor. except it be by persons of distinction. That is. This is a law tract given in O'D. Notice precedes every distress. i. fasting precedes disHe who does not give a pledge to fasting is an evader of all . and the excess shall be adjusted ' ' according to the law of distress . Or upon persons of distinction. they shall become forfeited in the same time that a 'cumhal' would be forfeited. If a person of the inferior grades sues a person of the chieftain grade without having another chief of the same grade along with him. the debt is always forfeited. If he prefers taking themselves in distress to which the entire property would become forfeited is the time in which they shall become so. of distinction upon another.

if cuic t>o Sjief.. caificchei\ imu]\fiO tilijef) 750 ocuf c-p.1.1. im pennaic . aT)a nniT)ligiT) 015111 "Dia n-aij.1. ITlat) lie in fe\\ acayiafi .1.iT>. ocuf cayxcuf T>li5eT> 750. .if. .echca. if t>mblcn!> pach ocu^ feccmcro maiibca. if piacli fom if tuablaT) uat> ann elaf. na hutlp. T>ti5checa T>O bein. . 8enchup TTloji. inT)li5iT) T>ON T>e Tjo gabail a eloT)fUTD pechemani apam ocuf C|iofcat>. . T>O feoic ocuf atchufi Illunaft aifibefieD [. ^cuf bicro if T)iablaT) pacli t>o. vl u1T1 5 .1.1. no na geltann oliget) -DO caificf m T>O yionne. ocuf 111 ca)icuf biat> if rjilp a fiac vcm ocuf T>O. .1. inn]fi|xo jell T)ia rotiacreyi biaT) T>o ocuf m cabatfi gell.latf 1 gafi Tje. if cuic feoic nama afi a neloD . ocuf fio pcifo co iTolejufi 111 ocuf cuic feoic. if cuic feoic. fie DOIIO mam curiT)cabai|ic laif.1. n. necli eite ai)x cen pjaeqfia in ci lecef eloT) na nmle T>li5eT) no na n-uile coiche-6a.1. tia ocuf ni caficuf olivet) [oaif |io tyioifcc. niDligiT) T)ono rjon bit)baiT) im T)lij6 . fcmp.1. 1 f eluchach na n-uile. . nuite coicneT>a.] if a ^ aigait) an-ait>ai^. ut) a cobadiyafDe. an jell -DO.1. cuic /fMech naT) getta cyioifce. no na T>I . ta caeb apaiT).114 DISTRESS. necti na cabaiyi j. muna r m >c In ci olvsiT) . Tfia fio ai^be^e-D f. "Ota roiixcrlieix ocuf cuic feoic no nama. in ci impuitingif na huile intiligce aid buT>em. 1 . ocuf Tilejup.1. a]i 111 "Ota ryioifd peichem coicheixi T)iablat) mbiT). .ofcaT) cai]\if DO mmec uaT> ocuf cuic feoic.1. ocuf atcuji co latte pofi feccmam -poyx tnif -peep. bliatiain.ett >DO cjxofcuT). if lecTJiablat) uat) ocuf cuic feoir. ian. ocuf im mi nafi T>li5efca]i. octif enecclann. TTla oe\ib laif cona rjlegafi tie. nnfiifin] fiif. . if jxemcecracu na cobach acligabala T)ib. napcro.1. cit) cunT)cabai]ic. tia huile cinina- Mi Dijtenajx o TIIO na ouine. no na wte cocheTxi umpu. Tf\ar> cunncabaiiiT. . ocuf tia peidi Tj'ic. if elu-oach na nuile -Dlijei).

may all order. bring against him without giving a the p.' and shallftut-sue for a year and a month and a week/ If he has been noticed of the defect. or who does not offer what the law requires before it. a< r^j-anN i-iiance I .. wtadtfotmd not to be he were doubtful. defect.and that hefasts notwithstanding. he gets double seds' only. ur all suits. there are two and the debt must be paid. he is an evader of all laws. plaintiff to give notice.e. to fast. and yet he fasts. I deem it right that they be taken from them.e.is af.' and always non-suited.and five 'seds. 1 1.'U-itpjt^i /rf^/.ither IIISWIT respecting i. he shall pay double the debt and five that it is If he be doubtful due of him. the debt and five and a pledge has not been given him.. He is an evader of all. if food has not been offered him.e. If the plaintiff has fasted without receiving a pledge. requires has not been offered to him.e i. if and Fasting precedes distress IK- fasted upon before distress shall is to in their case. I. i. he who is guilty of all illegalities. knowing that the debt 'seds.". after the notice. i. i. and due of him. But if what the law requires has been offered to him. them. If the defendant evades the law. Shall nut paid by find ur man. - >-r*+n. if he be noticed of the defect. it is not notice alone that be given to them.i".e. or who lawful suits which an.' is is due of him.SENCHUS MOH. If he has not been ' noticed of the to him. were He who all disregards all.^1 He who does not give a pledge to fasting. and what the law DISTRESS. and that not due of him. i. he forfeits the debt. he shall be fined five I 'seds.e.' . or of all suits. i. unlawful for the defendant not to have offered him what the law re. thus. besides the notice. and take distress for a thing to which he was not entitled it is also . he shall pay it is not 'seds'if it due of him.' If he be certain that it is five cause for doubt. shall be fined five and what the law requires has been offered to him. though food be not offered.rights.e.e.e. and what the law requires has not been offered illegalities face to face. i. i. offered him. and the seventh of death-fine.1 with him. he shall be fined according to the length he went. also. if only for after- havinir evaded. and If food has been honor-price. he gets double the debt and double food. i.e. it to is unlawful for the is. But if a pledge has been offered ' him. he has fasted. i. That quires thus there are two illegalities face to face. he seds.e.u wlm evades all laws. and that there it is half double the debt and live 'seds. a person who does not give a pledge to stop fasting. and five 'seds' besides.

apan necmame ocuf noca necen cfiofcan na . oo ckklodh O'As'f ij) "Oume nac yilin fin ocuf mafa filen he. maf apan cucufcajx. "Oiacnicefcafi maicin ' m no if elam i^mialti TTIa caitnc 5p. CCpai) poyi cmcach gliaif) ^tata. ocuf cfietfi cp. piach no ocuf cuic feoic. feoic.1. no jfian peitie.p. La v el)1 im . oecniai'De po^ inbteogmn. . TuabuLneich afia rp. bif ac cp. mbin ocuf mabtan ma caificcep. m m T)li5if. . > . aicejurc iap. 2673. apan nectnaine aifi. in cn.of cai>. IDctfa sp-an feine if inbleogam no gyxan iptaca.1. in n lomgef m f.1. T)i ciiofcuTO. ocuf nip. cuic feoic uan ocuf mablan fiac ocuf . cmcach 5p. no. icuproiabUiT) na pac im a n-oencap.aic teici.ic. Tjon ci t>o jveifi in pemechaif.^ 1ti ci lomjeff affieti nctjcjoige fieip.oyx. ocuf cixofcat) ocuf cixetfe itncennnigti <0]\ /oTTlafa 5|vat) flata if inbleogam ai|i.116 DISTRESS. cuic feoic uan ocuf mafa qaofcan ctnc feoic uan. .um airep. . ma ca cocuf aici co nt>enam maiufa t>e.oifcche|i aifie. ocuf ni ' . a no cuic nemaqxa pach mlfi ocuf caificfin fieip. 'DO ni TOon mat> e a bef TJO Jinef elori catcti umyi eiftnT>n.fla pem. Senchur Tlloji. maf apan cucufcayi.aT). eneclann. ocuf mfi cmcan he. CCpan cuicci fop.1.rgabait ne.ep. in ct loingey m.1. bian mablan C. 1 m m ima |ia ci>o^ca'6 ain. mi . jp. ocuf cp.aic tain Cctaif eUro TOO lecon. brobaiT).eifi imcennnigti. 3o T>uine no cuam n'accfia a piach ann fin. sab. ace eif intin. call. inbleoain ma^a gftati peine if CCpun n-eicen noca T>O. ocuf im ein.am feme. ocuf nf bi co m bbanain ba ma becamnuf 7fil. ocuf fofi cecra-p.ach. ocuf tioca t>enann T>on Sfiai'D cuaithe. ocuf na comoigen-o . Jri/lt.an f em n'acfia [an gp-an plata] cm Sfcan flacha cuic feoic uan ocuf mafa fiif.1 n ci toitigeff. tnafa 5fiat> ftaca if mbleogain Tieccafi Tie. ocuf arTigabail no necmaine fo\\. cap ci cfioifcef TTIa cayiguf fiiap. ocuy qiofcat). ocuf 2o1T)tina raifigrefv bian no if mablan in cumal ocuf cuic feoic ocuf .o-]rcaT> aip.1- CCfV16 " "oiabul. cjiofcan cute feoic uan. na rjxeip irncenimijci mbleogain "Decniaifie T>e. ifi a bjiecti . apan T>O. m .. .

if his kinsman be of the days A not required that fasting be done. to sue for debt. he is fined five 'seds. for it renders an ecclesiastic DISTRESS. the defendant. and he was not five 'seds. This was a person who went sponded to. have evaded.' and shall not sue again. is fasted upon. and then distress is to be served on his kinsman-surety. If it is one of the inferior grade one of the chieftain grade. but it is not compulsory to fast or allow the three days of grace. i. i.e.' and if he has fasted. and 'eric'-flne. to the person who is fasting upon him for what is due to him. a notice of kinsman be chieftain grade is to be served on him. according to the 'Fenechus'-law. he who .' and shall not be entitled to his refection for two years. he shall justly pay double the debt for which he is is fasted upon. and has served notice. he This is is fined five 'seds. . According to the Feini. but it does not render the layman so.SENCHUS MOB. he is fined five 'seds . and that he has not accepted of it.e. That he pay double. and a 'cumhal' and five st-ds .' and offered to him he gets double the debt and five 'seds.' and if he has fasted upon him.shall pay and If what should be accorded to double the debt and honor-price. and there must be fasting and three ten his kinsman-surety. He who refuses t > cede what should be accorded to fasting. whom renders only half unworthy. He who refuses. inferior grade.' re- the defendant who refuses. the was Feini. i. a person who is not a poet and if he be a poet.e. spend If one of the inferior grade come to sue one of to ! ( % ^^ If he re- -ft"** chieftain grade ^ without having one of the chieftaiu grade along with him. if he has property with which he does good. if 117 perfectly it always evading everyone. ir. judgment on him according to the that he pay double the thing for which he lie who withholds a tiling ami dues not cede what should be accorded by law respecting the thing for which he was fasted upon. if his days that is kiusman to days of grace. i. and it is kinsman be of the chieftain grade. i.' if food be ** k him by giving a security all is right. and three the days of grace for either of them. is to be served on a debtor of the inferior A notice of five he is unworthy to days notice of ten is to be taken from him. grade.e.e. days of grace be allowed for a notice of ten days upon and upon the debtor of chieftain grade. If food be not offered to him he entitled to double the food ' and double the debt. If one of fasting and to one of the inferior grade. and if notice has been given. a notice of ten days is to be served on him. or three A notice of ten days either of them. he shall be fined five ' Beds. him be offered to him.

CCp. no gol'.1. . noca nreloT) -DO lecen can jxatt pif ini -Dli5iT>. ociif nitmap.118 DISTRESS. .iap. .mt -oo Na teicpe etor>.. nee oia nibt cuina eibin. ocup a cmncu ma mbtiatiain 7p. T)O jfief./ T>O geltaib bif aice ina cpeib. nech 'iia nT>encaifi ain.1. nacfia [if] na paca anti pac fom 1 fin. caiixcpin. acbatlt a r a ptn^mll pene.1. in T^ecnem coiche-oa.ebaijie if cuma epep. bliatjam. afiaile is cap.1.aD femi cp.c ocuf . . 56. . -Senchup Tllop. . nup fop.1. x -KC*. O'D. DO Txeip. Ro Tilig f)'D~55 "DO cuait> t>a . if aicain. . Hech VT^'f a cnoif cichen. fop.a.1. ta penn .. each cpoifcche. nncaD ana nini>liT:iT> ai^aiD n-enec. amuig.tf na piachaib poime. 11 o getl -DO gellaib 'Gpeibi. yeni. in pef. ocu-p acme cuic fW ftig mm feoic ocuy enectanti ma n. ni f-oib cpebaipi n. a peich.af> feme 7>obefia apat> f op.e jao bui " Ian gille no fmacc gille ocup eicifie im. TTla75 5p. ocuf a cmncu co f eccmam fop.1. "Oilfi i . T>asp.cpn p.iafia ocuf ma 5p. if e 111 if coin. TTIa 5p. .ach petiechaif. .a. 1p pen coip each qioipcche la apach pop popaidi nat> elm. ociif T>O nimec uat>. -olecnc. eipl)T> uar> im otigi'p'DO \w\\ puigill in t\. b coin.oifcef fof^gftai) flata co raificfin p.1. .o ba chmnci yio acain. in ci r^oi^cey cayx CCcbatM olijiT).ei|xi 1. a puigi nit peine.1.y<>t7 qioipcep rap raipcfin peip T)o.1. ify-if a pochaib 7x011111 fuim [.iap.c ocuf aicroi.1. M5- ^ <y<t.cpn p. a puch.1. if tutp a pac nania. in ticon. in comajXT) pif in getl ocuf m cn.at> plin ic ctnc feoic. .l. TT)unap. .1. raip. ocuf cuic feoic o neimtib qxofcan caip. 1C cuic feoic. n> 1n ci cjioipcep cap. no jell "Do geallaib qieibi 1n a jnech pjnp a qioipcidiep aipe.

e. fasts after 119 what should be accorded has been offered to him. -^ was a hwfng" that was i.e. ' i.e.' and shall not sue for a week and a month and a year.e. security for the debt before. forfeits his legal right fasts He who according to the decision of the Feini. i. it the house. this is the proper thing to stop the Ityal prnct. He forfeits his legal right according to the decision of the Feini.e.nui five 'seds' are paid by persons of distinction for having fasted after being offered what should be accorded to them . the plaintiff. the person who is fasted upon. the debt due to him. there are two illegalities face to face. notwithstanding the offer of what should be accorded to him. i. and that he went to demand it. and. The just rule of stopping each fasting with the Feini is to give the would not evade. all.. . seds. pledge or 'smacht' pledge and a hostage fox-tlit increase. i. the fine should be If he was not responded to at according to the length he went.e. i. he shall a pay fine of five 'seds. he nmr gives full- is fasted upon. Or a pledge i. fasts after the offer of his lawful right to him. or a security of a good surety who pledge of the pledges in the house of the person is who fasted upon. when there was no law.e. i. *l!l pay five 'seds.y / the surety whose word "d nrfimi* nm aliL-p . the man outside.e. If one of the inferior grade has fasted upon one of chieftain grade made t" him of what should be accorded to him. he shall be fined five after oiler ' . who would Who not evade but give security for what is due. That the forfeiture of the debt is mcttrr </. one whoso word is as good as his deed. Le.SENCHUS MOR. oi a goodly guarantee of the inferior grade. is. or a pledge of the pledges which he has in his house. He who fasts notwithstanding the offer. but if one of the inferior grade has served notice upon another after the offer of what should be accorded to him.e. i.' and forfeit the right of ever again suing for In this case the debt is due to him . for he deems as equally high the pledge and Who .e.e.u of fasting according to the 'Fenechns'To give the security of a good surety. for the debts before in this case. if the debt due to him.e. If he be one of the poet grade. and if he be certain that he is not entitled to what he demands he shall pay five ' seds' and honor-price. it were not. it is forfeiture of the debt only ttiat is incurred.' and shall not sue for-tww years. he loses what is due to him according to the decision in the Fenechus'-la w.e. DISTRESS.. &c. i. would not evade. he who i. The just rule of stopping each fasting with the Feini. in i. of the pledges i.

ni i>aim anat) ipa ma unaT> name.^' 5 -^-ejo ftata if apa ocuf -oecmaT) ocuf eyiofca-6 -DO beiyx. T>O bep.ai T>O m coicheT) DO jfief ace maf a^.1. noca T)amann in lanari imT>e5la enech m lulgacli Tjib anat) if fia pitn. no T>O camaimfigefcaiyx r\ono cocaimeftan. m aiLi cafi a ace fetch. dm era farobfve]. a law treatise. fech i" jett?"] ainfie T>O nait [octif gell 1lto ean-pruf cac T>ib fin T>ap. extracts from which are given in O'D.ula . .1 pi>- n-uini(--T> ro iiainna-oiix [!xiif]. no ap. 5*.1. [TTlana fioibe ajiac |\if tfcufi Cfiotfce jiait.8encliuf DISTRESS.fi an najia licnti yiL naiLi. ocuf cipe m ayiach ftif .uch. uili cayifiufrafi tio f ctifi cfioifce m ai7)6i if gell if |\aicr m geM imufiyxo CIT> itlo cit) cent) m aiT>ci cafiyxaifcayi. aile [. if cmcifin coif^ TTla |io bui. 01 man comaD gelt -01. efcep- CUf T>1. . Cqi ni aria c^ep af coip. ocuf apati cincci o ipl sfiaTiaib. fene if apati n-aile 5en Cfiofcai) fep. no t>a]i aili puil n-oen. e an. no t>an. noca choift. O bof ben T>O beficnj. i Ill t>am ene- clanTi >i> atiaT).a ban-ucli apr> p.ofca-0 -DO ben. acr mafatan ocuf cfiof cat) ocuf maf a ban S .1.i. [m ctifcuyinaT)] no Sm mac CCigi. Sencha mac CCileUxt. . enec na m n-mchaib 110151 an. Ocuf tnaf ajx ban ^lat) pene if apa cuicn gan cp. SiniT> unufcfio t>o fcun cnoifce aiT>ci cucat> fo.1. "gabtifi naie -DO -DO cumung ocuf DO attune. [Came] f-iclwt] .a ban. 56. flora if apa-o n-atte T>O * Ocuf o buf 5iaat> m beifi no jpef. m coin cac anach rub raft cenn a cheite ajcen-D.] 5u*e coria TniT)i|i riac fafai aena ca^ aiLe. ban . 11 ac fafat aena cap. TTloji. CCnat) 1 nmne int) fo fif This is uili. co na TiinT>fij7-ei\ aena itaivDa aili -oajv in -oap-a aili nam. Hi - . if nncifin coifi ca|\ cenn ocuf feic no 5 coirheT) no ocuf jell T>'aicifie. T>eicbin ecannu fin ocuf m baile [aed if in p O'D. ' 7)am etieclanT) anaT)f Hi auruifiis 50 aiiiechca cafi JRM^o ^111 ni >D. mi "DO i 1 U . p ln ^o 3 nl COTla mnjiri . 711. ocuf ip emcifin illo. . na pachaib a buna.fi' na ana-6 name. no -oa. Finraruth Fithlll. no in clannuf fo uili. ctcc jellca TII if in lau 1 ns be)xa nee buic cm f aiT>byie if in ta pn.a oen uit 1 ti-aiLi.

when he estimated not be extended beyond two days. .e. she gives a notice of two days with fasting and if she be a woman of the inferior grade. or for the thing whi"h i l(iYi'f' tnr t 11 " r"-" *""*'"" of all these no longer stay is allowed than the stay of one day. and a notice of five . i. of chieftain grade.e.e. these things were given to stop fasting at night. HonorThe false decision of a price does not admit of stay. and a pledge for tte hostage. and the debt itself in lieu of the pledge. and-^&s' Kbt Forth pledge?" In the day -time all those things were given the Finnsruth Fithill ^#3/7 j- lf for each other.e. and each of them in the day-time.' y^T/. If there was no security for the debt originally. two days. two days. it is not proper to tender anything else for the return except the debt. the full protection given in the case of the milch-cow does not admit of a longer stay for her than a stay of pledge instead. one day .e. and next day. son of Aigi. or beyond the second single day in the other. if Honor-price does not admit of stay. when it is a woman who brings a suit. i. for it is not at the end of three days it is right to give a but the pledge must be given the day on which it is taken. A stay of one day for all these which follow.SENCHUS MOR. next day . i. if she be a woman . i. the proper tender in lieu of the surety is a hostage. is a proper substitute for the other In this case. two days. it was the truth of nature that was estimated by him. or beyond the other. i.e. that is. as an exception in her behalf. What is 121 in DISTRESS. i. a surety is a proper tender to stop fasting. It court does not e-xtend the-eae day longer. second other single day. f^1 It for was just of Sen. Always. that is or adjudged that the one day should that one day is not extended beyond the in the added part of the other. pledge for it.^ and iJJfR^g for tEe surety.e. If there was security. it was no injustice for Sen. if a person says that he has not the means on that day.e. if it be against a woman of chieftain grade. And if it be upon a woman of the inferior grade. i. he serves a notice of five days without fasting. and whether a man gives his pledge by ^ day or of it night. i. for the protection of the virgin. he serves a notice of ten days and fasts. or the i. the difference between this and the case whjjchoccurs " :' TlfecS^tSDse^RSiBed a^corop&^itstire^. he gives a he has not procured the means.e. was just of Sen when he adjudged that one day should not be extended beyond two days. or Sencha.e. son of Ailell. &c. she gives a notice of two days without fasting. however. and whatever pledge is given to stop fasting ' called a at night gelF . and a pledge in lieu of the hostage. it is taken away. That one day should not be extended beyond two days. made by the one day added or beyond the one. i. And when it is a man who brings the suit..

cofiur puipc 1 . ba^Aai^ocur caqie. mi ctnmT)e jiaiag.isa Uap4f oh.122 1Tl6ji. lo r ac oc r qwarhari. nech t5o cofic ci op. ech r\u]i. hi caifiec a biT. no mole no m bef . mqieb n-ecatpa. im /f-oinsbail ca^cuip. 2766 ocuf aporo T>ecman>e o iiafal gyiaDaib.1 blichc. caein. DISTRESS. coicbneT) |u. ocuf Tiirr t>i a rpi?p . im inaiTHfep. 1 anat> THa | fio gcrca T>O.f Mi auptiifus 50 aifxechta . e^buiT) pleT)i. ocur iy e-o pofiyio ace T^e*a. comojibaib.mce. cuicchi 7>eclimaT> [poyifio]. afini p|ii mch. hi raijiec a chincuiji hi caijiec a age cechca. * Ft '5 e ) "oam h-aji. im chajip. ejiennae'oocinncai ' lau pn. hi caifxec a tega.ach. im cofiuf qieibe icip. im chain n-inbi]a.1 151 caicTi. biacha'Damec. ca]icax) p. C. mbiT) poxul meich ai]iech. bo pp. im ochfiuf cac am. comopuifi each cil.aib peDna. no ap.ancu|i -011^.1. li|i. m Ccmp. O'A-ltlf} jcofmoal ocuf tna no ifi tiam bef enec~|iuice T>uie.ceta aiyvuc. T>ai5ife ^ Aof gatb OfuiT)j^. nocan v'T1 P"T l5 ec " airwcc ipa uiniti na anaT) name. caficaT) aenaig. n-aimfejiaib .abap. mi co]iur 7)uin.i lich.i ecach pp. im coriup Lm. Htvrjhittjctk VA-sy I 10 aifiteT) pp. uaiyi 130 ba 50 -ooib T>ia nipvuiiigtciv. mucc co caujiu co li. im -Dingbatl au]icuiLce a jieifi lega.

e. from whom a notice of five days is required. the withholding of his food-tribute from a the food-tribute of a chieftain. the cleansing of roads. a horse for the race. bank in right in respect of the time of turf-carrying. for it would be an error on their part it. or a wether. . days is 123 DISTRESS. the requisites and a sieve the taking away of a a . f. on that back ^& . the deficiency of king. the requisites for the furniture of each person's every kind of music. for every person. a sheep with its fleece . and should he to have not face them. } ? ? day It is in it (the distresses for rule of one day's stay) were included raiment for the festival day. and the same is served upon them. to be given of ten days is served upon them. an ox for ploughing. for what for him a physician. for the sick-maintenance of . ajigjjvith fatness. should they extend or something If any one should take thy fatted hog. for such on each other. for what is . is right in respect of the set. for vagrant the law respecting a river. weapons for the battle. a feast. for providing for providing him proper bedproviding him food. a fork and a caldron. and a notice of ten days by the inferior grades. and a notice the poets. . the furniture of a church ^ i?*^ _ *WwW* ' fakf. measure from the chieftain. house. for what is right in of a house between heirs. except by the chieftain grades. a cow for milk.SENCHUS MOK. the court extend the stay beyond one day. for providing him proper house. if a respectable company similar. the or on same morrow. for cooking. i. for a car in time of . to pay it blush food for thy bring a it shall not go beyond it. is the notice they serve The in truth cannot false decision of a court does not extend. respect carriage the physician for ing against the things prohibited by what is right in respect of a fort. kneading-trough . and that it should arrive. the cleansing of the fair-green. for taking care of the green. for taking care of for the (Mrctrrtrreffiw-feg of a from the parties sea. for guarda furniture.

im gaifxe im gaipe n-acbctfi. im "Dingbail mic T)i cbpu. im . Ti 7)aill. 5im 1Tn im fcabtil cac paice. T)i claim. cochuifi. T)o puiT)ifi cachtaifi ecechcu . im aipnip gobann. im bom poj^ui'Decbap."fim cai^ec aji cent) naT)ma "Do tiuT) im chobatp.a pognac mtullonTi. mol. im ocbc mbullu ap. r ca "aficc..nip cfaiji. im aT)a|r. 7)i baclaim. 'cip.uf echo. im mic T>o chicli. T>1 mip. "Dopec a cepr cejicaib . oc l)a lL T>^oichicc. copiiji. maccp. im fecbc feocu " aje ' aijiech. 7)1 T)i cbaicb. im lomain age gniat). T)i buiT)ip. ap.op. im irblaiiro i cpebcbaige. enchuf TTI6p. liae. oipcel. vU-gm cumalae a corner. cafifiu-D^ im ounaiTi. 7)i 7)1 "Declaim. nn celjiiD mbpoga. im opap- cam. . macbap. lo im TMtigbail pairlie. T^ 1 11T1 im chop. 1117)60111. anbobpxrchc. "f wn/ 5? (^>t^ Cvm^|VU {f if.124 DISTRESS. naT) cumfanal^. cup comla ap. ctnniDe. T>o cbob^ainT). hefiinau.. im cop. im mifxe. im mep. im 1 . pol7)epb. im im celcuT) im fp. im all. im pobpiche.' im aip. luroe. im pabp. im cacb lefcap. im pocenn. im i>' pt)bae. im cbpomcm nj^e banim yaball 1 n-mmpji ecba. biaill. im chaifie cigi 511107).ian. cuiab.a mil moip. im fcua^acb. im gaifie ITDJIUIC.. . im epnaecbca . im ctiomm.uf cimeT)a. im nenech noi^e/im 7)uilcbine.

. for the toys of children. for mainfort chieftain . . 'for assisting tb hir' against every injustice . for the tools of a smith. for the blessing. for . for taktM-4M-ef. from the . the stone. 0. . from an -emaciated woman. the mill-race. from a lamehanded woman. for a barn in the time a/c^ of harvest. the : land of the pond. for reins.SENCHUS MOR. for a refieetor. for a cow which the champions provide. . ^o^bringmg-ft-^ef90ft4o-spply fuidevidence r cape eting-a^ofttr act.3. for ' maintaining mothers. paddle-wheel.. . . for wages. for the caldron of the house of the farmer. for the hook of a widow's house. for 125 DISTRESS. . for fruit. from a lunatic for a boat which lepress. for a halter. for Eemov4ftg-4e-the-feeees. a for ripe wood. for a knife. a taining a fool. because called originally the hopper ('cup coinla') so shaft. for maintaining rights precede all rights . for the pitcher.. the shaftstone. for the great caldron of each quarter. for a billhook. the supporting the the the axis. for the rope of the house of the farmer. stone. from a diseased woman. what is corn.3(1*. for the eight parts which constitute the mill the spring. for every vessel for which is not stationary.a son after a ****/ *" Vvjunj death. for erecting a bridge. for the victualling of a for the duties in respect of a captive. for a hatchet. from a blind woman. for the ccf /> 7* virgin. for the churn. for a bridle. for a haggard in shares. for taking care of a son from a mad woman. . for the distribution of the -bens of a whale. the bond-maid was bound to mind it for taking care of a son from the breast. for her for maintaining fathers. If from a near-sighted woman. from a deaf woman. tools of a carpenter. removing ia4b& bowses. for the cup. for the honor-price of a for shaving. madwoman. for the seven valuable articles of the house of the right respecting corn. .

.1. . vn' hm-o^ai. mi qiepec agi niodicc. . "Oam . caejichu. CCfim p^i n ch. no T>ebca. 1 1f auT> TXO airite-o.1.atun>eT> na hanie. aiiti acaic na i ceicp. m m if 7>in. n-aimpp oippn.1. eoclm. 1111 cliomctfi. itn - /JIT) nn cliamTielbjia age caicb.1. nn otjice. no tic foLlaiiian if anT> araic na ceicp. 3. cigi caich. no 1^ m vocal nT)tii^ ^enchuy mp. . .1. im p.. i bpecanaib ocuf T>O cen. rjiebcaif cyxzmjva-6. fad.1. . 143:) the word cuaT) TEwsexplained to .}* 7/Q ^ Bacon-making. co meice uin-rie a n-aimpn. mbiT) baile. . cumraclica. in <..L bo in-mmp^ ipti bliclic. i e^buiu pleT)i. . ecach vni ticli.eicht pop. ocuf a n-aimpfi cuati.rlainnin. .1. cheats. m bn. . p. bia-o pecnca veile na TM& no bio-6 placha cecgiaUnu. tin laitiT). no cua na nufi. 1 "Din. p i i han. baile in bi ep.1. ai|x. . bip oc unojicoji a piqic 1 aijiech. . paenan cuma. biac1iat> ain. i^ aim fio airxteT>.if anaT) n-aimp^ tac*a umeuime. . . caebecop. o ceilib na n-airxet. atv ame. .1.1 nefami Co- lej-ca n-aimf ITX airvpiciT) yp. ocuy if anai) name. mean peoil. comopaip.1. T)oneoch iy pUrc cecgiallno.achai]i no-o biaca.1. nefaini pfii aiyx.i n-aimpp. m ^-. im chcqib poji plabjia. im muccutlach po)i tnucu.1. im echccutlacb pop. Tmcun.*iTn chloc pertain ceqicc. -oeifmiyiecr.lami. imjchom poji a mbi ocqiacli.1. 111 -oo biiro na plei-oe 750 <i'c. .1. na ^canT>i\crD jeTiaib. CCchgabail aile 1 iciji uni ocuf qieipe fiop mi-Diji -Sencba ]iecbcaib aicniT) im cacb mbanT)ce. no 1x0 tiep.i comiiac. .1.1. -DO no ceca. bi'. .126 4 DISTRESS. bfiHijai-oiTn 5 la r coria altTntntie. ipann acme tiaceicn.*iT)encaii. ann raic nu ceit]\i 1|nepani) uirin'. . Ca fia co l\. up.if .1.fa.1. a nia|xbca.ech. also means winter.1. ride. oiwne"" each -om. frcli pj\i case. ii-otiseT) i . and the text and gloss above given quoted as authority cuufi .caillib.1. im ubia-o naiTVobi-oe. im ediup.. "muc co nuip.1. mi chomlepcha comtndiech. flesh.1. -Senchup r TTlofi.T. vp-if- maT) eybaTJach ni T>O flem ceilpne p^acha cecgiullna beo^ wne. ocu^ . <M&m is In a Glossary in C. i -1. na ngncro placo. fecti a nT>encap.. im pctntl ci 5 i im palunT) ci 5 i chotnairhchep.1.1.1 nej-ami aiT\.1. 1 aenaig. cjaan'o 5 . i /o ceclica.1.i. co lai a olla a n-aimp]x a lotnan. cac T>ia." Cua'D . . .TD ucc co nuyv. . ain.. aenaig ^ in eyxn-acn. i n-ep-riacli 7n. vp.1. nn con buachaiLl cacha cedifia. IL'IX n. 1ncp..1.eb n-ecal^a. imjxinie. apai> necttiaroe T)ia puislichep.ucaiyi TIOD biucha|i la laili ocuy.'""! if each cuil. co n-oUciTD 'Coichne'6 yxi .1. . nn ajichom. .

i. for the chess-board of the house of a chieftain. tress at Sencha. The withholding of his food-tribute from a king. at the time of its being killed.e.-i attach to it..y^i.e. A with fat upon it. fixed the distwo days. A horse for the race.e. and there is a stay of one day upon the .e. i e. . for a boar for sows. A cow for milk. i. the enterur the fo<>d-tribute of the chief of first tainment of the king for one night claim. The deficiency ia of first claim be deficient. for a lock for securing things cattle.e. i. i.e. and there is a stay of one day respecting it. common. of has a stay of one day._. which is between one and three \. in it law sections. for the lawful hunting hound. for every kind of cattle.e. wool in the time of shearing.e. Raiment i.e. for a lap-dog. //. it it. for every female possession. for of each person's house.e. i. i. for a bell fr-om-febe necks-ef / branch-light of a chief's house . ferries 127 DISTRESS. wore included or mentioned. the requisites celebrated every day. for the watch-dog !+***$**&/ fruw. for a griddle. in which mass Pi-cry day. y It the is were included.e. and a notice of ten days if jntlgment be passed upon such as are chiefs of claim.e. in the same way. by the tenants of the chiefs. for the blower the sea. every kind of music. or for a solemn festival. the luip-nmib in the Mt/rW*/.e. f. i. i. one brother paid it for another. i. it is then An ox for ploughing.e. it is ornamented. i. at the time of meati. for tillage in for the common bed in common./. i. *MV music. of a feast. or under the name of for the festival day. The furniture of each person's .e. from bank to bank. its fleece. for a ram for for a hound of the dunghill. <" though it lia" for the mass at the time of the mass have the four necessities attached to them. one brother supplied the food. The food-tribute first of a chieftain. i. for a watch-dog. i. in of it days. it is then the four necessities attach to i. i. his allotted food-tribute. stallion for mares. for the griddle-slice. &c. guided by the law of nature. for keeping a bull for cows. or the strings. for the battle. in the Senchus after being divided into i.-itii.e. &c.e. the Summer. i. in the time of races. Weapons ploughing in the Spring. in the time of it.e.. i.. A sheep with i. i. with its fleece of with its wool.SENCHUS MOR. if any portion of the feast due to the chief it also has a stay of one day. /< '- 1 saving or bacon-making. i. i. for a <f- ewes. -l'"toil The requisites time of for .e. for a combat.e. for an engagement.e.e. for the salt of the house of the from across the Brewy. one day. i. the dress for a fair then the fonr necessities attach to it.e.e.e. i. in the time of the four neces. distress for it. for herding of neighbours. milk in pig with fatness. in the Spring. to go to a fair. part of the food of ^ the fcn:t which is 4ffi"int The furniture * of a church.e. of the chieftain grades.

muip.ci. hop. paenan cuma beop. canccrcayi C. baile. tyvachc niafvu [Siche |iaec T>O ctn^e-oati na T>ame t>o im luchclaj -oomib. 791.aichsm ngmma.vp.i bpunroe aif. T>lesafi -DO ruait huite a rec aije pne a^ a ctp. ocuf m bpachaip. .o biacufcap. the time of horse-races. biachat) na tomgpech.i.1. p. . anTOnaiiDe.ecup. Lo-pac ocup cpiachap.e. that it is a name for the cauldron. po -oa ceite /o leic m bpachaip. winter. ocu-p anai> name ap. . oc abpoc.. .cuip.1.ca. that they are cleared . '/ mbichbaite. ) aifie. \WMMIfli *fUitv du/" ivrv <ti 1 C7 Boiling. -oona ap.1.1. a mbiaT)h. no pep.oc. i.1. na cop.1. aimpp an-uimpip. ame T>O. ocuf Dingaib Im uile ci -oana cech 4<r1m cuiniTje paicig. vp.' may have king's committed in the house until the food or spear.ec. ^".' that all the neighbours semita uniiu animate.1. because it It is added that rises from its edges on the fire.umpu. tip. . fury of the steam which been applied to the larder in which is good fare for preventing the the case of a house in blush of honorable shame. miach bpacha ypt.aiT>e.n ma bjiottac.tf af in m p. or that 'baile' is applied in '-fine is due for anything 'dire that his and is food which a being prepared. no pe bucn eutyip. .aD. puipc biaTjcup 1m -oingbait capcuip.6c. im in cenn uroe beip. CIpaT) naen tae aip. . up to the bothar' or great high road. |Toxut meich aip.e naen tae.1. no bee ma coimicecc pe p. no n-aimrip cua ocuf Cap. batna gaite toe i n-aimpip gnimpaT). a cuic t>o tin coiccp. pne p.1.1. in puip. caib.e mp. biachat) na mup. or is name of a wooden goad it is the or 'baile' prepared and consumed. no mil map. na fo. acaipecann fin. caupcaip. miacri T>O na cp. betm T>ib.1. name of the poet.x.cat> paice. the seats of kinga.aichib aca. inbi co ^15 cuarha. no cunCCiet ocuf caipe.e. ame Tjtesap. a ciaccain.ech. an acngabait ann.u f ti n -i. are in a territory who frequent the 'urscur' which is fronting ' bound to keep it clean . no pep. ap. .1. various conjectural explanations are Riven of "T)ip. the time of war. . uip^/nec coiiiaif. of brushwood. "Gap. fefi puipc j. a co. 790. .i mtachatbon aip. a n-op-aigne t>o a cocca cuae no ocup .ip apui-oicepl^tesdp.ichi ocur T>op. .ci noimacomec. and that there are three cleanings of each kind of road the time of three periods at which they are cleaned. Cap. . ciaccain. cip. . .abuf im cuiT>ecc r>o compamn tucc na baipci. n-op. mbiaT> pop.e of the It is stated first.1.caT) aena. > T>ame dff . is the It is stated in Cormac's Glossary under the word ROT Cleansing of the roads which it explains as that there are several kinds of roads or ways from the 'sed. . and of weeds. no co 1m cop.i'p aenaig. oap." ' In C. scibup achgabait 1 nefam ambro bait p.a capcup.128 DISTRESS.1.c -oon tip.1. a ceiti. 5abup.. of water. puyxc. uaip 1-p ta /rnabaip. ap. no ape no a comaip. cen-o a ceitt aichgin a bro an. ocuf tnheT) cancarayx co hi ctiairh.1. . no jaibait) an CCfcongaiix p-oe T>on cuaic i l. ap.1.1m can p.1. a lef beap. *(& .e DIOTJ pecra peite. .

K . The cleansing fair. of parties from the i. i. i. 1459 iti . in time of war their brambles and blackthorns to right to have it be cut away. This alluded to the various games or amusements which the ancient Irish carried on or celebrated at their public or fairs. the it when and a sieve.e. n. the feeding of the foreigner.e. whole territory is bound to save it from the strand. fwBitwe. and there is a stay of A kneading trough them. i.- 129 for DISTRESS. it is cast is bound to keep. the ritory. from the chieftain. i.e. 'Tincur. to clean the ways. 790. in time of sports.e. a measure it is The taking away of the three of a nnra-s--w! measures from the chief. or a whale. -ar*-*?*^ h o u s e. make provi- or it may be one of the tribe who feeds them for another in and he in one day. i.e.e. i. na 126. or the watching i. cluirhi.e. of the ways. is explained by . sea.' i. 4 left i.e. i. is i. For the dff-Hcult rum for the difficult jour- habitation but the road. for be.e. feed. i. gets restitution of the food have come. if of the fair-green. a meaeure-rf maft. Finr-yreen __ In C. which is 1 the -piece of the prepared food. the fair of Aonach Cholmain. i.e. a nT>fiepya ocup a tiTjjiaijjtie "DO beitn oiB a ti-uitn-pyi and their blackcucro. i. The cleansing time of waiter3 and of a fair. For taking care ners. required paid for rent.e. day of roads. and then they (the whole party) come "iri"[. in the of scales for measuring. i.e. family fasts upon him. i.e. goes to the king of the territory and the It is across the sea these people lg~C/Z.e. and it is not so the Whatever below. or to accompany him to the mearing of the territory holding Winter __ In C.SENCHUS MOE. i.e. . as.Mj means flesh. they are similar to the last mentinned. of work. of a gives notice to the territory that he to save it. i. &c. the head of in whose land it is.e. A fork and a caldron. of plaids i.e. what is due for the food which or the food of bargain and contract.e.e.e. their brambles 'Cuadh' nl. i.e. or he is to be in his company for the him space of one day. it is stated that 'cuadh' means winter. 2 i. vc-^el as the case may .e.e. protect. &c. mentioned thing is cast ashore in a terpersons of a crew whether shipwrecked people. i. cuyiccro oeiicni. Magh Life. work and the brother who did the work one brother has the to be done is immediately before by another here to take distress from the other. of a the. jiuc .1. owner of the port proceeds to divide or to preserve the crew of the vessel. such as the fair of Tailtiii. it is so called boiling. He (the king) will take distress. the holding of the he must give restitution. in one Or it is the name forthcoming. fury or^steaming of they are necessaries at the time one day upon the distress which is taken for from i. vagrant.1.e.e. k^. and bolsters.1. of the port that no party should come from the sea or the watching of party of them. * 1. ney ('tenn uide') which removes the person who has no A notice of one day is to be served on him. i. the district on whose share sion for such parties this instance. when they are required. the feeding of the marito plunder. vide p. the roads. or the owner of the port feeds the them after arriving. thorns to be cut away in the time of winter. a n-aiTnyrp. for the night's entertainment. The requisites cooking.

caitte . 7p.l. .1. ! bpachaip. 1 cuipxhep. 1tn cop.1 -oop-uip ap-p. ceicp. inrhi|v pnachc mecha . in achjabail gabu-p.1. u hinn iti uipci an. cainci. "Oum. amuit T>ti5ey.i teg-oaipi. W) Denam . comop. ocup ^abapi iapi fach a cpnan liag.1. na na p. Tli ic in pjp. ocuf _i_cen beif a oxhjjabail -pop. cenn no pne. inn bepa. T>pp. .ec a chmcuin.1.baib. .ct coiccem> m na pne.1. lepai-o Tli caitxec a cige cechca. each lech.i<qp cac aen nume. anat) name ayi in achgabail jabufi im biaT> im Imt) funn. a ctnc ipn ocup bp.1. mi ocof lia^. 2 i. is here referred to .1. ocup m ocuy ocaib roca. cpeb coiccenn.1. 1 ll 1 rai]xec a lega.p aen no na cp. . leica cuicup.ic pop. an.1.e. 1 m chap. a ceile tie. mna ocup com . aine beop. |U) leic a 1m chain nmbip.Tocup jbpachaip.eibeicip. and some particular law book possibly the Dull Roscadh.cuillci. .1.1. a iiamnpitie mt)e.eip. . ." 7iit. This means a law book. Dull. biaT>a up. I1 caijiec a biT>. *"* caip. coircenn an-oip. tirpa no eipc icip. 1 legal . *^* fc| a p.up 111 T>uin.1. Wo rjono ip fepi na puaccana icup m Tiaiptc fpn pepi na "Dm n-upi'pociaa . DISTRESS. gninipaiT). . ""Dm -peyichafi ptnl co roirva. T>p. no in con. ap. TDuna ujxpoc^a ip piachach. " y?o ^fio in ^ollugat) ocuf anaf) amatl each na cecma pojail -Don fiyv uichifi fuil arro.acaip. comop. gebep the T>CI ceiLi. ocuf if fen . i n-aini- Substitute.1. a ceile -oe. 1 m . no ip im a m m m ip nepam ciapc.p.abup. an. mania moT>. TDO 30 iiun coiccent> na pne. a cuic T>on cig no T>enum.baib. cocecnca. . no bn.1. pup. anau.o cuilli in lobup. .achaip.1. a rabaiyir i. .130 (L iffi(j\ Sencliur TT16|i.up cp.ecanaib ocup cen. 1 1n bp. octip na fola. Git> po T>efLa.uic he. . ame. in cmpc. . rech. IT m liaj iflan T>O. a lap. n#pam|Ti6 1 naimpip. ocvf fe aca pefiji fiat) if in -owl. inpi pepi na puacrana ocup fepi -Daipir.- cmlce p.. natQtp cech falac oellec no nap. -Dingbat I aup. oenarn j. beop. pip. man who does his work while he is sick. pola iapi nujipocyxa DO liaj. cecoifi. . dcyp -oo biur> ocup T>O liaj.po mini attpoipichin uaip orhpupa T>!.1. o.1.1. ? Tie Tjliet> caitnc in T>uine call. aine beop. 1m ochpup cac am.. cute ap. ocup -ouine nac cunncabap-cach baip ocup ap.1. na leccep. in 1m cop. . ocuf m camic |ie Tjligef) fo O'&fcO /f~tm a btaT) nefum pop. conaca-oap. ocup mpci cap.

his share in the common fort the stay is one day Sfeo. and divided in two. i. to do. for the For the sick mainwhich every and is tenance of every person. his share of the common net of the tribe. that the sick man may not be injured. as well as food a physician. smacht'-fine recoverable from him." <fec. it is notice has been given the aggressor that pays the heifer to the wounded man if by the physician. Le. (At distress has a stay is as he bound of one day.e. or that it be not one of the three inferior houses.e.e. / by the collar. for erecting his share of the house.e. that it be not 4 R. water or i. i. is safe.e.e. and one brother aVp. For providing him a proper house. or the common it weir of the tribe brother that here referred to. i. that the sick man may be seen from every side.e.e. one is goodly entitled to.-!i. right in respect of a house between heirs.e.e.e.e.e. is right in respect of a fort.e. ia he subject to fine. one brother left - his . and the stay is one day also. riz. For providing him food. i. Of a fort. For providing him proper bed furniture.e.SEXCIIUS MOR. i. i.e. that there Tie four doors out of it. that fools or female scolds be not let into the house to him. lish between is heirs. i. i. fay^t A* a dirty snail-besmeared house .. (':ir inn in bera') on the top of the spear. and water must run across the middle of it.e. i. i. between the aggressor and the wounded man.e. but in this case there is neglect. plaids and bolsters. that no injury may happen to the sick man . he is fined Or. and the fish is a necessity. i. is What distress the reason that is 2 : it is a stay of one day that upon the which in the Duil taken for food and drink here. for failure of maintaining a suitable bed. and he did not submit to law at once. For providing for him a physician. both (rt tflnrf_mirf tlic eroolinff) are common. 'Jtf/jiJj f If the physician has given notice notice he this is If he has not given a young heifer ('dairt'). death ia or that he may not lie injured by forbidden food: and he not probable. receives '+ one-third of For what of the tribe . fishing for the making is of the fishery the distress is taken. For guarding against the things prohibited by the physician.e. and there is is on the distress which while the distress the sick is is a stay as in. for hio oliiU. the substitute 1 and a man to attend him. and ' on stay. for the For what is erecting of it.e. is a person wjiow Tltlf i/n. w-ho. by women or dogs. and he is bound to take charge of him at once. Le. the case of every necessity taken for his food and the physician . i. ? The person above mentioned had submitted to law.m/ nf the a-ork on the other. i. the thing which brought from i. i. and relief in sickness was one left his share of the work upon the other. For the law respecting the surface of the water or it is a river ('ninbir'). of the common residence. For what is right in respect of the net. it is a necessity in time uf work. i. the tish. i. whereas it is said " If blood be shed it is better he should come. 131 DISTKVSS. One brother takes distress from the K 2 . i.e. i. i.

im in iniboimbep.1. saban.feif.uifi/)ie.p.o-.i.ut) fin : ian. . o pip.aib cocnttifi.e bif i cig m v'1^ 5""nai5 no 1 Scissnrs. mifi no cafina each left ma fefam ocuf -poDalomg. uaifc . f ecrmcro txmbiara m in bent>actiat) f/une.i. mom coiccen-o amifip. mi cetguni m bp-ofjpeoip. ocuf anat) name name tufijxe. . the workman was subject to a fine. nefam he n-aimfip. f.1.i af an puicce afup. [T)ecb'if. aip-51.chap. nefum iac..octmar> baip-5me. t>on paithjce peoip.' delivering it to their employer.uban.cu..rmbp.1.1.1. .1. 1 m imach i 1m tog effcep- nenech O'D. noca ba nefam lajicam m moin mam benraji no if mom ni\in) hi cena in aimfiyi a hi ma hamififi coifi caitme.abail uime. [. equal to a seventh part of his allowance of food while employed . ml m aip-nif cf aip. hi. mi m p. 1 m . im coip. . TiechmaT) cacha T>ula a Tjuitcme ihi bitTO ocuf mi tmn. 61. no Tjul 6 paita m fenlif pop. to the length of the blade of a knife.1. Smacc vu'TlTI11 . blessing. ecufif.e f utham a cochmp-tup.].1.c mona'D. ocuf iirnoca nfajabu^ hi no co ngabafi achsabail impi. or loss of a The It was customary portion of his fee. vnoc ' ^ebi'mu chba|xcam. fep. 61. 0<6 i ' m muclutiT) T>li5Uf m 015 ma ocuf fa^uga. n 0156. in m cup.. piece of 2 Srtuilth. m 1110111 cp.1.1.p. no in cac 1m cop.11) tiemef cujxf na inn aifle ' cigec ocuf letec. . . na cam.. ocuf gaic 110 jaraT) hi no if a n-Tilefcenuf nlegafi.1.e cigi gma-D.aib pe-ona. and This was the abarta. cmcaT) cen a ice no cup. T>O mbellcame. Cl. ap.1. a cocup.n na fcene T>I ocuf m buim fceoca] .c natmfep. af in pup. T cuf T>on coibci o pp.cin Dcec Tm h-aicoi ac connaip. O'D. fica?.a.r.).132 DISTKKSS.] 1m Tjtntchine. meat referred to was a sulid square portion."im na ninT>iti ocuf na muinTjcip.o. uo-oem. The The . . T>on fenbaibi nn ^amain. . 015 . bep. .-* bet.p.up puip. 71)2.uuiTj [if 111 p.ac pubanje.1. /A-"] Tjingbait paiche. and if this blessing was omitted. which was a sort of legal measure.a. .stated that this piece of for meat was cut out of the haum-h. on completing any work.1. feif coip.1. it is . ocuf compac emi iiafceme 7>o al ^V' ocu f comlecox a cuil -DO cum-o [aip. fenbaiLe.1. each side of which was equal In C. .c. ifin apa-)\a l x [ an ~] a '51T) pe'"' ce cainic vojail-oe cen co caimc yogaiiT'oei ocuf anaro name a)i achgabait gabap.ictie. . . . uime munap. toj. ocuf Tjon cecmumcip.. knife and the scissors were fixed measures. O'D.1. no ocflba. jabaT) achj. ocuf anaT> nefaim -pop.1. to give it their blessing.. imm c1iaip..] i 1 buam TDI ararhufi t)on T>mne co hi no no ocuf unu-o [npajjabaji co] njabu arhgabail inipi *' 11efani hi ocuf a jjabail. fp. ocuf irifi Ian . 1 m pobp. ' workmen. -> _ - trim opafvcatn. . a coca T>O . \bMr4<$JKj . T>OII cig ocuf hi rifinn. . pe-ona ifm pogman. 1m i m chaip.

it. i. i.e. and the full of the mouth of the 2 scissors' is the bulk of the joint in thickness and in breadth. of bacon. the seventh part of the full allowance of food of the person who has neglected the benediction of the work which he has seen. jr the price of shaving./ is a stay of one day upon it.e. For what is right in respect of the bank in time of turf-carrying. whilst he ij giving it. and there it a stay of one day upon the distress which is taken respecting been attended to and paid for before the taking of the di>trrs*. i. and it was stolen it was. meat in For the b 1 e s s i n g.e. i. until he is dis- trains for it. it is a necessity in the time DISTRESS. her own man. .e.e.e. a thin cake. winter residence at Allhallow-tide. indeed. i. i. i. i. 3 i.e. the eighth part of a griddle of bread. or in going from the green of in the mountains.. it and it is seeking for his share for cutting it the person is in this case. i. i. and it is not obtained until distress is taken for of it. ^. the hard turf in the proper time at For of carriage in carried. Autumn. this is common turf. whether injury has come of it or has not come of it. i.e. 133 a car in time of carriage.e. and there one day's stay upon for the turf not Or.e.e. and there i. or in any season.e.e. upon them. which it is is taken from the turf-bank.. is the price iiiiiinij'u'-tiii-ii'u it^ tngothor CE f 72_ . for there is an ex- i. or.e. fri I'erpout in May.e. ijoinrj a hen -fmt~ the field of grass or corn. / "* a su*w<-bit of which the blade of the knife would fit on every side and be supported .e. the case a necessity if it be not cut in its proper time.e. i.e. i. and the breadth of its back of the skin upon it. the food to which a to the first workman was it entitled being settled by the law in proportion rank of the art or trade person who saw which he professed. to carry or right rule respecting what it to the house when it is dry. if had not For the tools a necessity is of a carpenter. i.^. for the wages of sharing. There is a fixed 'eric'fine laid is tCff?-^ down for it. i. is and he does not obtain it. i. other. The caldron they are a necessity. taking care im the fields the green. lAnJaJr-'. the old vlntfr residence to a summer pasture to keep the cattle and the people out of the green in removing from the old winter residence. here is that of dry turf at the time of its being consumed. it was legitimately due. &c. i. for the right law. for the shaving morsel. . the tenth part of every article with food and drink. removing a shekel and a marriage gift from the man.e. For to the houses. Forwages. It is a necessity then.e. For shaving.e. is obtained for not yii'ing the blessing.e. There is a difference between this and the flesh ' I/I buim-sceota. i. and the stay of of the house of the farmer.SENCHUS MOR. for removing to thn bnylnftJinlangiup: to the old For the honor-price of a virgin. and the length of the haft of a knife. the honor price which is due ception in the case of the virgin and the lir-'t wife. And it would appear that the finished and neglected the blessing was also fined.' i. to the virgin for violating her.

.1.oichic coiccinT) tetc in bn. 1m lm is ime.n. 1 .eip. aichgm im beim at>ban. sp. alep. Olvba caT1 a cultl 5e^ta cems. . . nsnima ^o a ceile.1. T>O minlepcfiaib. cuain-c. me-o no qxuaicTie.ift b^aicp. Mat) cum pan (CD._.1. ocup anaT> name/uu m achgabail gebcaji nupe..1. -oun.1.1.c tocca no cuaict an ceicro TO> lecun -ooib. e .crchain. cmcci. OH/H. . Neyam n.1. in bn-iuguf).. i p. ocup a -oi^e pon.1. cn. .1. bip ocup an fcuaj.n. T)un i_ bun ocup sablaiB ocup a cjvaebaib pon.e ttainn pn. 1m pcabul cac . CI-D po T>ep. .n.1. in muroe. ' ocuf ima goixcglana'D gabaT) in achgabail. conaT) nieic. . ' Dn. ame beop. . ' 63. ocup p achgabatl sabtiji imin pocen-o -oo bit fop.n. CCichgm peT>a comaiccep a pc pon.ech. ( m<. out 1 pn pro oo_ben. cuicti. pcabel oil bip na . pine.1. cho)xii|> 6e " n echa. an.ib.oictitc.1.'bo caca pojruiT>echan. ocu.. jxecan. . a ceile T>I ann. ij.cetl co 7>ip.pon. ocup a -oin. i. .1. cn.an.i/o\ . no m mtlan T>uin. cin.amT> ocuy iWbiywnTiti pon. 1 n cnn b oc ^nan. u cm ra ^ a C8 in bn.aro . .1.aice. oabacrefcfia.1.r1m polT>en. bo manxa.1. . tiL-uk n-n D. . 1m pub]ia mil moiTi t)o chob^am^. CumaT) airfigin peTia T>epn> an. ap a catb. proall T>e. as Pitcher ('Cilorn')-This word is quoted a gloss. comiain. Stf^" ' "ecca ID PO feocu sna(ip enedlinaib ech-fyvtan Caifie. vol. {. ^ 1 p. na . ocup clan. . . .1.ip3nT>. bip ocuy m poil ap a caib. .1. to the Latin urceta. 1m chomm.eip. no -oenam ciricall t>e m baile ma bi pro. meic. Oi- 4 8.. ocup pro nemeT) ocup ip ama beim. 1m each le^can. gmccig. iati. 17. Grammatica Celtica.i. . cilon. . 1y aijve ir 1m boin poyv uini. -fo oi t>on neTV a cenT) puici.a no ca 'T>.nap3chnaicen. . in caigen bellecan. cro cloch T)noicic. no . ima im belcumang.1. an-aimpn. am.134 DISTRESS.achaii\ T*o kc a cuic an. mi 35. by Zeuss. 1m -pecc -peocti cige ain.. .1. pro -oepn) an. TTloji. nepam he anr> pn fve 36-oenam cul cjnachap.a in aem. pio im te|-usaT> mT> anba .1. no fx)T>e]\(x pacb T)unie caire pi am>? i|- acci niillet acachajx OTTD.b. T>uin. ocup a -oiyie T)ecmar6.^. CCicgin each pef>a o cain.: j -jjj.- 1fe in -pat neinlecun a tiefani imllci. . no m mecain.pem. 1m -pcuagach. in . DO cocbail T>n. na comanaT) no cac funte.. Impi-D.1.n. can. imm mbom popaigep no pocai^ep can. 1m ocbail -on-oichlcc. canu .1. an. bo btara . cm cop nepam atn. .1.0 v lata .1.1 pon. m cua clutc. .1.

tlie i. taken respecting the "the measures. i It of is a necessity for distribution. the required.e." JW ffcc^ Y was taken. i. though e. the rtssel which lias a circular handle out of or the hand-can. i.e. that it is prevention of What is the reason that the distress which is it is damage For sacred to being damaged it is a necessity. at.e. i.e. there go into the wood for timber to build the the other. the sacred wood q( the fort. i. a cow/or the chief i-hnnif:iniii prf"' Thi.e. i.e. head down. For the cup. nnijr. for the cow which is the champions or bailiffs of the people of the territory withprovided or procured by out allowing them to evade it.' i. for preright respecting corn. Which is not stationary. a cow to feed the chief during the time that he is making laws ami interterritorial regulations for them and one . ". which is in the house of the man of work or business. that imposed tho and iu this instance. There is restitution of the wood the fort. MI in it-elf.' i. to make hoops it in the town.e. <ir a wooden bridye.e. to bridge.-.e. it is the narrow-mouthed. day also. of necessity for the making it of the is n. t I and Middle trw". its side. i.e. i. is corn 'foe-a-cenn. horse-bridle. the For the churn. and pin. and 'dire'is fine in three days. vat. -*& ft* .e. brother allowed his i-hare of it to fall on the other. goblet. it wood from the outer limit to the mountain and a in the -mountain i. " i'"t "'.district uitr which 1m c'trrriiri rhjH>ijiL'1iii' i. its side.e.-f. where there is no timber. ij i. Wb-sereiooo hospite&ty in various ways A For what hanging caldron. of the chieftain grade.' \J^ i. the-nm4 'muidhe'-churn.' i-e. cow -n-hirh th the reason that it has a stay of one day. For the distribution of the bones of a whale.quarter i.e.'"'s e^'-d^L^ld. its the ripe Ripe corn ('focend'). i. For the great caldron of each quarter. 13-5 the for the caldron lirewy. and there is one day's stay upon the distress which is taken for it . i. i.e. ' There restitution for the is common wood in three days. ioJaiSh i.is Fora $>&> fa- for even. the ear is in a two-fold condition.e. i. and that ripe corn has a stay of The reason is.e. the great used for caldron.e. i. serving the corn. i.SENCHUS MOR. 1 i. t-Mtw. a fat lie.e.e.-titution for the work which one brother has left upon for a bridge. or not immovable. this is an article . There restitution of every in live days. /* frv*/// a wood. i. i. which is not fixed." not one day. or the hand-'mether. the s^if of tWrick. i.e.e. i. has the handle out of of small vessels. of trunk and arms and branches in one day. which For every vessel. 'cilorn. the wide- mouthed one.e. common bridge of the tribe. i. 'soabel' which is of a year. For the pitcher.e.' f " r """ rpasnn: and jLjaa-fo^eeding is itsthe distress Reins. preinratim.e. For the seven valuable articles of the house of the chieftain. DISTRESS. of featts even.e.e. ? it for is or fine for man-trespass. whether 1'e a stone-bridge and the 'dire '-fine in ten day. the bell-shaped cup. dM^at>Jf^ <I/T/& " The seven valuables of the chief of noble bounty.e. at the time that they are not Kfraei. its head hangs down. between brothers.e. and it is ripe. a stay of one is re. respecting the eutting of the materials and in a holy wood and it was for i-utting it tl<r til-itrea teat taken. and dire '-fine in live days. For erecting Le.e. i.

afp.a)\ on.uil fep. gin ficrch. -oia cuaic co ftuccaii bditT^abalo j. uyi cjuce. . im so't16 mijie.DISTRESS Uloji. to Ti-T>n. CCn ci -oiamti 1ioib fef.1. aehgabail. If locra bif if in T)una-6 fie beof.1.onT).ann guf na Jiocaib funT). briachaiix T>OT> ocuf v mbei]i a mbiun if e nof gatb.. coniaD cuiceT) buT) efbanach oon fmacc. m ftnacc mcinbleojon if nefo cafi a cenn cm co catfiaich e teici f. ben meji. a^c nenroenma if bee gaijie m T)p. "Dia tnbefictieji bo cac aicme r>o T>ono bin aen Corl 5 mctT: Oef ' j?ejx -oib 63> .em etoT>. - 1 - Smachc nemroenma T>ec.uich. If afccro T>oib in ai-oci -pn. if aiiie jaijie cac mi)\e.1. m ceil bef coifi mb cm aenayifm f.e bom ocuf ocuf log enecti in ci \io 10 f06 '"i 1" bom fin -oopim [nama. . /.y/. cimiT) coiccentii 1m sctiyve n-'oyxuic. . '- cm co ^m ^ nefa m e01T1 C01c1le ocuf ni icann fern co fto obu r fein gaifie.uic m ftnacc.uici cmc -oia cvii ocof nocon f. bnacliaip.aja ace aichgm nama m n inii\iao T>ia roibgicuii. cijn jaiyve gac 015 gaca rjiefi co p.] bom ppip mi) o mbe^iaii in bo fin cafi cent) Ima ^TDcrc coijiig .n. L f0 / (JlMjrrrtJG 0'A- a . .aibcei\ arligabail afi ma ciumnmgrhefi HOT) co fuif^iu.140. Cuic ba fmacc */1 ::a1 '1' 1trl P' . 1m biacTia-o ounait). nefam in bm-o ocuf in cecach c 1m coiiuf cime-oa. ^erv each op. jebuf .1. ocuf mbe-D.ip. ocuf icat) lajieam. T>eic mbai fmacc nenroennia co n-ofibo ocuf co n-obtoi|iecr. -i. ^115.1. T Ulle ' cobm-6. . 1m . "1 "'!1 6 ocu r a cotnbiacncro.1. . co nach |w> caichpchea IMU.ba ocuf a tiibiachat) /^-huauaib uile. .1. bo cacha hmcme. Of1 "*) e ocuf .1. no ce ftoib.1. combicrcliat) m m ma ' ixailc- im - arcgiti a biTi. me jxe o^x coicniclii aft aine . .Senchuf . ^115 co ftoige-o fop. f aiji . cumaD he fin a fmacc. ace if macli bep. na comcfieca m inborn fm : " t !$ f Oc Cia bee T>m ca^fui ifin cuaich b|iec i jrie T i 5 e rie r lua 5 . i^. no if fUnc if ecen -oo biar-haT> atro.TjJ 3.

and his having Ten cows is the fine for neglecting to provide smallness of the fine. mon captive. 137 DISTRESS.. the food and the clothing which a For maintaining a fooL i. This if cow is taken from some one man of They make good that is cow to him only. For maintaining a madwoman. when the king is on the frontier of a territory with a host.e. that them for the whole number.e. this shall be the He who is primarily bound to supply the maintensmacht'-fine. the feeding of the people who are in the-fcatthere is a stay of one day also. i. he must pay the fine. he despatches an order to the h> brought tobim by-trrem. the person alone.e. the For the victualling it at the of another territory . tine for neglecting to provide for the maintenance of the fool who has these is the cause of the land. to fortify boundary man out of even.e. offers among them who. can do work. an insane woman.e. . necessity.) not oonaont to be sued for it . one brother takes it from the other as Vf. and whosopeople that a distrained : is caltlu for champions in the territory a Imst. For maintaining a fool.e. who can do no work. That is. and the children have not land in this case but That is. distress." this Now. to For the duties in respect ol a captive. but after he has refused the maintenance. i. . for the maintenance of every madwoman . used by him are articles of i. the comone that guard and feed him. the case if it be a proper apportionment they make. i.holding. of a-o*t.e. though what just. ever does not^gy that cow " If there be i. i.e.e. or. there is ' of. i. but the person from whom the distress is taken shall the honor-price of the person who pay a cow and restitution. They may If they rest for that night. have brought a cow from each tribe to the king. is liable to resti- tution only . cow be takcmrad a cow from every tribe.SENCHUS MOB. the cusl(m4s. but it is out it is taken. should they have land. but he shall pay it afterwards. ' fv ft ance doc. i. and the nearest kinsman shall not pay for him (though he himself may not have been apprehended) Five cows is the until he absconds. and power of amusing. i. a . i. and the brother that supplies the food is he that takes it. . Off-fUff- smacht'-fine for neglecting to provide for the maintenance of every child for every three days as far as fifteen times three days . and supplied the cow to the king. Le. and the reason that the . and they are fed by all or it is the chief that must be fed in this instance.e.e. ^ restitution for the food. whether they have or have not land. the fifth part of the 'smacht'-fine shall be deducted .

. cenn nafcai|xe T>O t>il a vioDtiaife. 793. i. ocuf liacpoici. nn n-achgsabail -oon cigep-na muna ei DO cobaip.1. ppi heochu na cappac no bn>.j- IT) op.1. no rap. tienirenani gaifie 506 fen pne oca mbi "ffK ciniTiraba|icacl) na hocc mbtiaT>naib ocnno'&ac.caib.b)iuchaip. . T)O pec a cen. 1m effpechca macc|iu. ir ixemceccaigi lium aipieif -on nimjniUms fin na T)itTi)?uUm5 a nicrchanJocuf a n-achan. uaip ap cpip aicgin na cac.1. apaig ims eich. 1m fan. jaifie T>O iafif na neic mbtioronatt) ocmo6ccc.1.o uatp sacuf pns oon a macaib beca. . -i. nefam T>O gpef.if fun-o. itift 5T)eic mbliaT>na octif ceitfii pctnc t>on rpen pne. na hi p. m fen pne pne obloijiecz: fee pnacc aeon pn pne.1.ecach. uillici . ^ m ^e octif mo fmacc ina fttiacc m T>fiuc. . . op.1. if cunial neniTientna na 501111 ocuf la^x ceryait) oftbo ocuf na T>enann .. . caipgec fcena peif. .1.! -oo bepap. . natmpp -oechfa fcach af. 5o1m fca-oap. -Senehuf . a\\ ni liat^ipi'Dig m rnejv m bi feyxanii aid. ocuf pioDnaife fee ame p. 1T)ume fioib ojibo. in fcacan. acaic na ceirpi nefam uipp. 1m chobaip T>O vuiT>ip.i. . . . gaibchep. 1m all. anaicgm.cc. fan^rnbai T>etbift.i. vn. 1 i i ' 35-im oa. .1.1. geibef a chuic T>a celt. itroufcap cop. if cuic bat pnacc nenroenina gaqxe. gleich 6^711 a each.t. 1m caijuuc ayv cen^o naT>ma no ltuT> v'^^'im e> 'Dice |vmle. 1m gai^e nachan. . .1.no if pechem 501 bef -DO pannaip co ti'oefina a viaT>naife laif ^gaibif T>O naT>matm T>O cecc taif T>O cobach inT> na^ma 710 naifc. im celcun in "01 bpoga v eo 'I^ cip pocpatce no ona. 1m fpian. a pulnng2^3ep. cenn. . ocuf cac cunncabaficacb aip cm om>a.1.O5a.. in pep. ocuf m bpachaip. a fml. ap atn.1. oipce] no caic. .1.1. . pop. ' O^f-tur . am. moingi mn eich. ^ T11 aT)a r co Tx ' "TDunsan. ocuf caifce TIO gena inivulang a macha^ ocuf a acherfx. ocuf Luboca ace [no 1m celcuT) mbp. camana. na 7>eic mblicronaib Cuniat occ yif mba f niacr. t>on ' . no \\ iafif occrnoTjar:. T"9? \*l CCp. bif ma ail mo . he in fpeic T>O bee aip.ar\ ocuf wa mbecif anT)if 0151. coiccen-o na pne. na poTjaip. iiacliaii) a ^ejiemT) o J-fK\\ Tieic anpne DO ne m gat^e. ocuf cuic pchic bliar>am -Don cunncabaficach aip.1. . .1. Samam.1. cenn.138 DISTRESS. coicfochca co 1imT>li5cec. vuroip. .1.1. uilliu m-oapaill. . 1m biailt. .1.t. 1n peichem no -oa..1.1.o gab r>o laim. ' m Cfenbaili caen fp. no obtoifiecc ac in if comtnofi pnacc a sa^ie fupn me]\ cm in yen pine ocuf in cunncabayieach aip.c cejicoib. rnunu be initifoi\o if occ mba fmacc nenit>eniTia an (OH- 'V 7|T ^^-3 C. lrn ca 'Tle ccain na paTma'fe ap.

they must be restored in one day. her All rights. for removing to the hay lofts. in it. and one brother recovers his share from the other. *firf</ For end a halter. it is longer than the bridle from having two parts. to the old winter residence at Allhallowtide. i.e. fine is greater 139 than that of the fool is. and five score years is the supposed age of the man of unknown age. . for the madwoman is not a DISTRESS. the head. i. it is always an article of ' necessity. and power of amusing.e the four necessities attach to i. i. . or else the Itus-agent who come with him to enforce the o&Kiiit which he For assisting the 'fuidhir. it closes round *Qtr. Fora his reflector.e.e. Le.SENCHUS MUK. As to unknown age after his ninetieth year. one rein.e. or has not has minstrel. h IP U! I a.e. as a witness to give his evidence stay he undertook to give. are to be restored. As to every senior of a family family and man of unknown age without land.e.e. i.' i. '>i the common fuidhir' of the tribe.e.e. hurlets. these goodly things which remove dulness from little boys. he is so called. i. except little dogs and cats. to bring the contract-binder evidence respecting ' seds' of one day's he is in this case distrained. for distraining the chief if he did not come to assist the 'fnidhir. If the fool has not land. of the mane of the horse.e. .e. the man's. or whatit over the i.e. the fine for neglecting to provide for his maintenance is equal to that of the madwoman who can do no work. or it is after fourscore and ten years. the head.e.e.' who is being brought into trouble unlawfully. f. i. i. than the bridle . one brother recovers it from the other. she is maintenance. 10 the N5n-ew3r-fs^he difference between the senior of the family and man of unknown age. (Uadasterr^Tr^^aTte^-thaLjLuw-the horse.r it is in three days the cats. I deem it right to treat of support before the support of her mother and her father. viz. i. For a knife. For her rights precede all rights. It is the linr'agcnt that it is arrests the witness to give evidence in his favour arrests the cmrrraeCiiBder to ratified. i..e. i. the fine for not maintaining him is five cows but if . though the support of her mother and her father is attended to sooner.e. from the hired or land.e. the knife used at a feast. balls. he has them not. and hoops. A 'cumhal' of eight cows is the fine for neglecting to maintain any family senior who has land after his eighty-eighth year.. before all For of W <^ fathers. the fine for not maintaining him is eight cows. <UB. i. and it is assumed that the senior of the family in this case has land and the power of amusing should he have both. cfc. i. For removing let K>- I In i.e. i.e. the mirror. i.e. i. it has a stay of one day.' i. maintaining For bringing a person supply evidence respecting a contract. at the time of looking at image For the toys "f children. i..e. i. Fora bridle. it is t larger {^ pit. i. it is for the horses of the chariot it w-nrerf.e. a 'cumhal' often 'seds' is each man of pass from the family the fine for not maintaining him .e. to i.e. his land shall who have not maintained him to an extern who have maintained him.Four score and ten years is the age of the senior of the family. it. i. For reins. and it is i.e. not land.

1. im na hocc oepam nap tToejaiT). iy Ian T>inj. . T>ap m gamut. cumhal for what ia lost on the day on which mind it (the mill). . . ym . . which iyp. mop.1. ima coca i i neich eile bey.1. muilmT>. a cloc bee biy pop cmn in muil. " in ben cyipg cm yug mpc. bac no coppan buana eiT>ainn no cuilmn. ITlilaipe.1.1. in ben mep. . biy oc eibi in peua.. .1.140 DISTRESS. .1. . .1. m euae conaT>. icla coiccenT).1. comla nar>buT> mpiaT) a coibeiy TJO beic pop am CIT> on' ap a cometc [ocuy ni] oiabla'6 -DO b'eic pop oin. the following explanation is given under the word comae. m . . .1. m uiycii__C_iae. bee . 502. bpacc Mebpon bpu petp cm lace 11 mlponcnt. 1m T)ingbail mtc T>1 claim. [im an yaeb' bel oil iy in pe yucham a ypeaenaigeepin c-ich.1. Tl eptnciu. in O'D. 1m chpoman cige bancpebch aige. in bpiugai-o. paeT>. "Di ^j* . T>li5iT> cumal ma paibi log /A (0" ^ '9i*ij W>* li' cecpi pmgmne cac pip iym mbuth/ togenech.1. . . O'D.iylec togenech.1.1. mantTupchap 1m I.1. biy . iy amlufolym bey abeic ma neyam. aen m cloch uacraip. . . anbobpachc. . coppan tapn. "To preserve it. .^i." <Ju I 1 Comla. in euiyci eatpngichep irnym copup iy ami biy caipiymecu aip ctp na Imne. aichgm a "Di T>eclaim. comail T>O neodi tac uili. a camla no iy cumal The whole m ' ci lain.1. "Di chatch.1.omehap a cenn.1.1. lomancapp 1 . .1. a cpt.1. ./ 30 iap miy. . .1. in cuat.e. io eel yiliy m euiyci. camla or the person pays a it is his turn to cec muTiu mi anT> alia iy leiy comfic.1. T>e puyc aice. 793. gmrncng. yae-bel. na liail. .onn coll. . . . m O'D.1. oligiT) each nt iy cam anlaic pe nech T>ib ym a comec no TjligiT) cac ni iy mutlmn tnle. 64.1. Oi peel. ayliy ubel. uippi mipay m mol. 1m ichlamT) cuictb.bail mill T>1 chich. TuinniT>e. .1. ni ni iy m bif. "Di m ben clam no bpenanalach..1.1./. . buit>ip. map a . TTopup. po nam pon euige biy dgna mbanepebeach. . .1. (JC comae . i n-niTjjn ena . the coimec of the other copies. a n-aimyip gmmpaiT> uili biy 1 cig ocuy CIT> a m iy m iclainn.1. . imm lomam pip.1 6 copun.1. 64. .CCp T>li5iT> cumalae a comec. .1. Senctiuf no aill . 1m ochc mbullu ap-a Cognac mballa bty ac pognam m muilmT). no bic flail le . T>1 bit). n T> e o i iiT?! a cecaip. pai cp. tapnec a machap. . o comUtfo . . aip pein. .!!- Iff- mip. 1m lomum cige gn a-o. T>I arQaiy anT>. ocuy pen. ben boTjup. a ye.1.1. a cmc. ocuy beapc if. m ben bpenanalach.1. coiccenT) T>oib uile. m cloc mceaip.1. mcro lu.1. noty im aT>enam gabup. .1. a hoche. m ben Ian T>all.1..1. o i^-piu cumal biy ac nech to comla piy ac a chomec.1. . m . ocuy yaball coiccenT) he.uiyci. chpu. muillonT).1.en i.1. iapy am cupuy m capbup uaici m cloc uaccaip.1. no ni halap. aicicm . Til ol.1. 1m yaball.1. 1m pi Tjbae. its is of this gloss is exceedingly obscure in the Harleian copy and In C. . uc DIIIC Copmac: n Conbepbap. yecc. co Im-o. . Comla. Cup.1. . 1m T>ingbailmic o mapbcpu ac beip lebap." ' ' . heipi m muil. T)i T>aill. . . leyach po gabuycap aichgabail uime.T.1.1. m c-apb'up]. m ciap. . ay a cig. 1 "Cip linT>e. ym. a T>O.

i. i. or ('aill ni in bith') the na the wood-axe. which is i. by a gate ('comla') 1 th? TI'III of ivhirri h four prnnin fnr -tSfl overy man a month. the water. comes.' the eighth./ it.e.e. n was bound to mind cWrfij' rj^'^*^ every thing that one has. i.e. place of A bondmaid to a person. The shaft ('mol'). in the house of the head is bent under . which constitute the to the mill.e. the second requisite.' i.. if less.e. they are the first from the spring to the pond. For the bondmaidjwas bound to mind . i. a billhook or pruning knife for cutting ivy or holly.e. or the woman of fetid breath.. i.e. For the the house of the farmer. its man of work. For a barn(' sabhall '). The paddle-wheel ('dar a eel') ('oircel').e. or ('no bith the weapon with which one makes weapons. h ' / 'J If Ijnt. of the widow and it is corn. / n. i. its side open. i. the lower stone. it . after the death of his mother.e.e. i.e.e.e. i.e. From a blind woman.h ai-o nnt half honor-price. i. the whole mill. rope of wound of For a billhook. i.e.e. shaftstone. i. juice of strength. in the place - it. a d a t h. i. an iron hook. the woman with the fetid breath. i. it is kept under the rushes.uj blood as the book says. drawn from the spring The mill-race.. to them all. i.' is entitled to a gate ('comla') to protect it..e. the whole mill.' The The hopper stone. i. i. as mill.s nnt nnrspd on 4p. i. which is for cutting the wood.'je.e.e. because it drops the corn out of itself into the upper The 'com la' i.e. the From a nearsighted woman. for she 'ilf turdfTutf vt- because the bondmaid ('cuinhal') is bound to protect it. The requisite. its erection and it is a common barn. i.e. For a hatchet hail le ni (' 141 in request or under biaiu") is i. From an emaciated woman. i.e. third.e. the deaf woman.e. From the lepress.e. the 'gamul. from which water rests in the land of the pond." .e. the shrivelled woman without Cormac " Fat said is woman.e. The i. they are all in i.e. The land of the pond. the 'tual. (' cup ') i. i. the Brewy all this For the hook of a widow's house. i. e i. thit is its own proper name. ('bis ina ail') that which is always DISTRESS.e.e. . the burden of the shaft paddle the water flows. i. i. a totally blind she has but little sight. i. (/M* . after !: '"W /Ty^ (> T^ "&*fc t rftvtfl^y^// / . i. i.e. over its is axis. the upper stone/ i. the little stone which and on which the shaft turns.e. or it is taken for the cost of is 'sae-bel. the fifth. i. everything of these which a pefsorTwTshed or worth a 'cuinhal.e. we shall explain hereafter. and though kept in the house of another. i. and one of its parts has a stay of one day. is about the eight parts which are necessary The spring. From a diseased woman. it is from the breast.e. -farf. i. the rope for tying carts and loads. i. a feast for the stomach without milk. or hej. in the share in the corn-yard.e. the water which i.e.e. i.e. . i. i. For a haggard in shares. i. in i. the The supporting stone. it . which is at the head of the 'en.e.e. i. From a deaf woman. For taking care For taking care of a son after ^.e. i. i. on account of (' saebh bel') the great open side it has at the time of arranging the grain. is it is still an article of necessity.e. shaft.e. leprous woman. for his For the eight parts common haggard.e. the mill common - .e. hail') the it is weapon which makes the wound.e. is under the head of the i. the restitution of For taking care of a son from a mad woman.e. for the goodly rope that in time of work. the seventh.e. i. the insane woman.e. control.e.e. the food. the fourth.pplL^ it of a son is full honor-price. i.e. the perforated iron. the sixth. stone. the thatch in the house her guardian that takes the distress for it.SENCHUS MOR.e. . i. That relieves. by a gate ('comla') the_jBtHtieg-ef -which-should hare a stay of one day. i. on it.e. as boiled In a caldron.

ayx aitie beof. 111 cualaing a cefaiyigne.chup.a cige caicnemach amail canroil i ail T>ip.c pon-c. ni br. .1m cec]\a..aT)OT)enaiTi "Dibco ciaccam caiixmi|x. baii.1. . ap. cm -DO . CCicgm njnitha fio teicc m byvatuifi afi amafi oubfiumtiri 1m .1. lat n t).1.in. biachat) -oamie ca^ltnc bfiatuifv af.1.1.a bia 1 . oil in mafia. a pup. 1m c h o m a yi.1. ivet) pf/uaT)^uiii 1 -f.cam muna gabcan.1. U( i i ^ 1m echup.1. .eo "u. T>on_echap. aictij./cac conibenca a caicme he.1. - "^' paeth a cm. SOf gl-ay comecuy na hi r>o bejaap.1. nemeii cedin.. 1m pichitt cigi aiixecTi. . im ini cumchai\ ap. 1m cainT>elbp. (. 5ltiT) -plata in ainiyiT1 1t1le Tlra seibTO ^5116101 biT> Tioib.1. baip-gine. .5i ">bi in bp. 1 ni patuiro cigt b^iugait).1.1.1.1. -oan.a. mianacti cac am.. 1m chomTepcha.i.142 DISTRESS.1. m gpecet. . -pocaniif im bfiaigicna i T>O ni . im m benay von- T>on ^pecit. "Di -oa-pachcai.e on bficccmiT. 1 00 V yio cam uafatt. m a Tjeoixaif) \io 5ab -if in cuice. in tpliv>Jn sp-ecti. . . bip oc mofvcop. bi\achair>. ne^am lie in cac > ' inbi-6. . . This probably refers to the slaves imported into Ireland in early times. a ceile. 111 lebqip. baclaim. no nn jni T>O afi coinitepuir> ceile. noca uime [i riainrpri a biwna no ne-pam ian. [atjabail] 1m chom aichch ef. C5. aitgm ngmma p. rrn-aichne. coiccem>) biy ac imup. [CCicip. 5- CCncro naine afi an achgabail geabmr a <pe-\i lefaig na mban fo anuaf mil mi Tjingbail in atcyxuma t>ib.1. . .. .1. oc na .o leic m bp.1. . c/<*M/ rtn S^f. po cabap. nn ct m *- 1m gla'p conai altmuiiae. neme'o cecp. aicgin in comaiji afi ami uain. cecli T>ib . -oame gait Dfaf. 1m lai n n i n. . no v<> bjxaigic -oia n acnganemeT> cechjia T>O gabaiL .b? Ymmg foreigners. m fie aji a tiDlejafv. /. . m comaice. muna Tmigbaicefi tub he ap. in n. gebey . Senchuf mop. T>ia jiaile. .1.i cejvyx. ap in pu|xc tna ceil-e.1.] maya nainipn. afiaile. lr) ben if bacach lam. aMajf'VUL' 77" O'D.1. . niT>lai pulla. .1.1.achaip.. mi oopum ly m impa each namci. commume peme. oaiccey -DO aicicm.1. ' . ma fvcnle afi na hica cm mcep. . ocuf af 1 comileptut) puil ann. fab J&f't no eicti. na haugabaUt T>e. in comaithcec.

For which a boat which ferries from bank to bank. tress from him. i. For a griddle. /W- thing that is transferred to the neighbour. the common boat. which distress is alivays taken unless they are taken from them within the lawful time.e. i. for the . i.e. i. crippled./ * . hay jjther.e. lock for securing things which keeps those *f Mb l fa<j - from across the sea.jjv ] 43 the a lame handed. 'gretel. i. it is For f-' the salt of the house of the tim^s. i. the straight wand upon which the placed like a candle in the house of each person. the chessboard of the house of a chieftain. There is of all these a stay of one day upon the distress which the guardians women above mentioned take for removing tbeit-etil- fa fa&f<fy6 ('-6- -4ien from them. 1 that are brought over the great surface of the sea. (_F-or shall . though he (her went upon she would not be able Of to save him. For tillage in common. i. it it about them every night.e. turning the cake. which makes privileged cattle of them. or in the time of using it if it be already reaped. i. there is restitution in one day also. i. or horses. the little slice of the griddle. as we have said before. left T/iere is to be work which one brother has upon the other.e.e.e. i.e. " common bed. ' ..e. the fine which will be paid to a person for taking the privileged cattle in dis. _ I LJf h-*<y-B-g-in_cojnmon. other.e. or depending from their necks that they may be known.e. Brew y.e. or it refers to what is done A while occupying the restitution of the common bed of the neighbour. For a bell from the necks of cattle.SENCHUS MOE.' For the griddle i. i. from the chilif) i. it is tain grade in the time of playing." here referred to. which belongs to the griddle. \ For the common bed. is to be paid arrival of the tiiaejif their being by him for making privileged cattle exempted from-being-taken in of distress them before the from him. lie. pledge is given by one brother to another that he is to pay for the crimes of the stranger whom he has invited unto him and the . (_For a i. woman whose hand into the fire. of one of the chiefferries i.e. distress for the tillage in common has a stay of one day for it is not a thing of necessity afterwards unless distress be taken for it in the time of reaping. an article of necessity at all a thing which every one desires. or for the 'ail . i. i. woman.e. From a lunatic.e.e. whichsounds men for the lock from the necks of the cattle. i. i e.e. t -/rf4' If. is lame. .e. DISTRESS. like the case of their morsel of food. privileged cofe. means the feeding of a party which one brother transferred to the. whom the magical wisp has been thrown.e.e. every Boighhniij^-lo-hB-fajlhLi^J^f. for- i.e.j. From i/j. For from the one bank to the other. the bed the restitution of work which one brother left upon another. i. i.e.e. slice. i. the young foreigners. For the branchlight beautiful light of is each person's house.e. i. in the reciprocal obligation of the inferior grades.e. i. i.

. 1m oip. T>O peip. mi cac n Tdegaic na mil a. co nuice ^fo po cocaimpijeT) anat> naine ap. a t)ichim pop. piji [ocuf T)le] Mach mil conbeiji T)eicheip coi brie pjnu p. mime. iaji cho]imai5 cubuf ocuf Ni cechcac ^0]\ Tail if pop. na pep ppen. 1m cpepec in ceni.p.ch 1^-1^1 . n-annpp. apchom. pep.1. 1 i coipni?. 1m conbuachaitL cactia cechpa. o]\]\a. 1 pop. tn m peiccpemcp.. chapb pop plabp-a.1.1 bjitfin ni puacca. eochti. . .1. C u b u f. .1. . 1m coin pop. im airfigitiib na con pin. pecep 1 rpepa an terob. . cu apaig.1. icip. a copnailfib. TaiL chca. cu ^ _) ana-on-ame i apm .1. ^la huile hame. peire.1.i. i . no ac mnai coipcepach . . if airo nei^hi pn antiap aru anat) name Bite. . . .1. ambi occpach. ecach -DO nocc ocup pp.1. na cpepen. tij each inceice. m neoch ip copmail pip ocup teganT*. i.. .1. . . T>mj. -Sencliup ffl6|i.1. Ofitf O'A-tt .ce.o anTitigiT). m cu bip ap. ame na pep. S~ ! n-aimpip. im each ceccujati mbanT>a.1. ." . ancro name ap. nefam he cipe conbuachaitt T>O na cpi con ~buachaitlib. ache ni ima aicneD La pene.si-Decaro a m ban T>ce. oca atia na mban/ miT)ip. ' Sencha. . na cpi ngnim.1. iy> achgabail aile. ochcmaT). cae aice^oa na nsacaroej in cu Ian -otigchec no na naigi n-aimpp piaTjaig.aib pep poppatiu [ypc. . 1 p co pe co namup. 1 . T>apa.teni each uaputl. uaip -oa ma ben po ba ana-o aile. . co T e conatnup ^T ucc bfii^ bjxiu^uiT/bui poji pepen3 Cac achgabait aile a cechfiairncliain.1. CCchgabait aile. 1m ap. Dip. cup in boccaib.tepeici tij.1. . Ocuf aicneT).1. no im'anait bip oc imput).1.o aicniT) pein.1.1. m echccullach i pop.epapeicep. bip ap cae. caep. pip. po gab actijabail ime. no biaD T>O 3<J na cue ap. 1 .% appuc. 1m peitlii pop. 1m 1 naimpip echmapta- 1m muccullac laic. u. aipt>. . ocup cpeip na pep. I tifi r<Tf -C/bd?" 2V77. T>oipip.1. oipcne na pigna imepan OCUT> a * . m each CCp a puii anat> naili. o.1. naimpip. in lucca tegap. achgabail hume. in lucca na CC cop^mailpib i ap. . Tlop nieipetnnaigepcap Sencha. -i. in nathgabail. ac |iubp. muccu.1. tn achgabail gabup. . cu peccaip. . no im peicipi. -1.aniafi i ilroligeT) na n-inbaiti nafi rince mn .wj ?/ 144 DISTRESS. 111 ci 51 ypoch a. chocanj.] achgabail ^ebcap im aichgenaibna con pin uite.

e. of the just i. when the person of whom L . in time of bulling. the fully-lawful hound or lot pursuing the deer at the time of hunting. those i. i. For a watch-dog. i. there is the stay would be two days. the thing which like but which TTas not bee?Ge1f stated. a ap-dng nf a qncan or it is the lap-dog of the pregnant woman.e. the hound that does the three things. in the the dunghill. i.e. robbers.e. at Fesen upon eight days.e. to this the distress with one day's stay has been treated up to the those distress of two days.e. i. Fnralap-Hn^jp that ia inn tioinn Lr [J. have been named the distraints of one ^rw^vr^t^ ? day. drives off a stay of one day upon the distress which is taken for the re. ^ clothes to the naked and to such as require them at the approach of cold.e. session. their heat. Le. For a stallion taming round.e.e.e. who is are not instructed. there is a stay of one day upon the distress that is taken for obtaining restitution of these (TOfcA-dogS.e.e. on which there is a stay of two days. toirnigh. Conscience. from analofar 1 Thus w gies of truth and law. is it is upon judgment their law animals which bear twins are estimated by .* And nature. i. Who men. i. up of.e.e. Distress of two days. i. b it. I r. For a hound of door. through the leather. or it refers to the strong pipe through which the fire is blown in each chiefs house. . i. kindofcattle.e.-titution of all the>e dn-s.e. i. for every thing that titled to. which DISTRESS. fa frfi- fff/\.' i. i. female poswomen are en- .e. blr' truth.e.e. for i. For keeping a bull for cows.e. i. Sencha estimated For every according to rectitude from the law of nature itself. the ' kept for pursuing thieves. i. F . the two days of the women come.e.> r the lawful hunting-hound.' is 1 45 For the blower of a chief's house. . through it the fire is blown. in the time of time of their heat. i. of the believers. Thus far have been named.e. for mares.e.e.SEXCHUS MOR. for if it were a woman i. their equivalents as decided by Brigh Briughaidh all who dwelt bave its every distress of two days shall its right upon four days delay in pound . have a stay of one day.e. i. except those that &re_extended in_aeeei daTTce ^ e4at< *** wkh conscience and natureyJb^-febe-Eaini. who are instructed. i. the 'teite.e. The latter do not become lawful by judgment.e. for every female property. i.e..e. between the one day of the men and the three days of the men. in the time of covering. ^^ _JM "'<?& i. Sencha fixed. is hound which T!n<"'uVet. i. the bellows. i. i.e. it. For the watch-dog for every every watch-dog of the three watch-dogs isa thing of necessity. &c. i. From analogies olread. All those things which we have mentioned above in the law of the one day. i. and it is her husband that takes distress 1 . i. the distress with time. Fora ram for ewes. i. i. or food to the poor. the dog outside the For a boar for sows. the chained dog.

cmcro ocuf apa*. cnam. ai"* " C794 cer> im atsabail ame gabcap na mila if cofmail ppi tiac^igabail aile. cac. no cufi 1 gaboD achgabail con. no cun-opa* n-accatjcea p. a ^156^ .ocul mna T)ia fiaile. ocuf T>uine. f\\\ f** CCchgabail aite. Senchtif TTlop. y ' -tfrv amm m ' * I ?V- cecnyiariiain. ocuf apcro aiti. if pop T>ailft po -oeiligeT) uoib. -1. ceicrxi laice aicenca.. if apar> no -DecmaiT)e biaf cuicci fep. ban bpisui-o ugnap bpiuguiT). if in noma-o f if o mnai fon. TX> .ice op. if e aige a cimjaifte.1.1. if pop T>ait na "oaitp. M" e*W%</4*n. .o can achgabait olefca iac. "Oeiche. \ TTltii. no D'anfoc.1. of UtrwtforiMn/ Or. no T>O -DO jabait. -oe. (Wo^O) </-^V^J^ na p. Tie.1. mca m tf^ (VnvWv/ achgabail iac T)o a me fo aicne na fogla^cjief a comfvaice.|% ^m TJO gabail 1 n-achgabail. mnai. noca ceccaichep. . .146 DISTRESS. ban . occmaT). oeT)i. nafi 'otige'D iac.1.1.e aip. . r/ ni foftf na 7)ualcuf fogla TTlunap. TTla no cuicti f^p.if e ni coibmcise-o T>oib oo bpeife leo -oon cecncujaD.af fop. . if apa-o na aicenca anat> ima fiachu. . pop.michen. ancro . . aca anai) naili. nac an. f pop oca ooib am Tilesaic. ..-^.. a fuin.1. i. haccaijet) -p. fen. c^ fa- /ri .tawfu. "oa nan lap cae. i n-eip. ic Mt cechcac.1.p. T>e.. cac mil conbeippif T>eT>i. mnai.. ocuf if fee. tefach acfaif ceccap. i n-Ullcaib. . aige. p.1. CC T>ichim pop. CC .fi6. T)eirrcin but . i mif. a|i i. to. [enuga] fin.1.reren. icin. CIT> no 1 cunnpa-o ocuf T>a 1 cmcro a me p.. \. ocuf t>o bpeic 1 ceccugat).ic fogla p. no. if n^eyxncro vrv aA*?' Cyp T^-mi . Mif* /- i) CI^W^ fr M'4W*IO/ pop T>ail nac eile ace cuca nT>ti5iT).. ^ ^ con)croa t .1. ocuf T>icim cetpaocuf apaD ocuf T>itim. 1 m T)oib ni pop m t>aiJ. ociif oecmai'oe fuip. a fpuice. TT)aT> fon. im 'Dinsbdit mbanceLLais.ba T)o jabail CCcc 7>a ma [1] con. ocof a nT)icim aicenca CCpat) naile o mnai 30 biaf ' CCctigabail aile. ^o inpn im como^buf amachap. . .o t>ti$et> 7>e iac. icin.1.1.1.1. an cupa.).pa.lobut> ina cenn occmaD amlafo. fio T)li5eT) iac.m/ . apaT> naili. Ro .1. .obaT) amcla cecoip. acp. cit> . ocuf anar) natli.e aifiice of^fia idjx. tia s-\ fop. 1f /jcoibne pn.^ TTlaf cen iac ci -oa n^olegtip.ni..ee fin. _ . Nach mil conbeip^j. ucc bpis an.1. -oiablaT) buaip no emain. if cobac aile ceic poppa Oui 1 Tjoib in% ceccug coip..1.

There is a notice of two days by one If it be a by a woman upon a man. i. days. and the natural stay of the ' seds. then diatrcM is not takejUjQiuJxim. 147 DISTRESS.e. double. As decided by Brigh Bruighaidh.e.e. if the person of whom they are due pays them without it distress being taken. latter do not become lawful. two lambs at the foot. i. i. its judgment. two days.b-**- If it be a guarshall serve a notice of five^orjtenjlays upon her. i. 0" injury. he (icc.e. woman upon another.e. Le.e.e.e. Fesen. i. the thing that is estimated twins. or in the way of secret murder.e. it is like a distress of two days is in distress of one day. the occasional double offspring of kine.. were due on account of a bargain or a contract. Le- Twins. i. here nach' is put for 'each': every animal which bears twins. yet there their quality. whether they were due of him as eric'-fine for injury ' done. i.e. its recall then. i. upon four. If they are due as compensation for had been specified for piration of that time. they are due did not offer payment until distress had been taken from him. four natural days. as of equal value with them.e. i. fa vfaA.e. they are to be paid according to the nature of the injury. upon judgment their law it is not upon this judgupon the judgment of for this i.e. or on account of a bargain or a contract . i. they must be paid at once at the exIf no particular time had been specified. . no one of them i. it is is rendered lawful upon any other judgment but that It is of their equivalent. it is a thing w4*ee as time been fixed. All animals to them. between stay of two days. on which there is a stay of two days. taa-^iw>{ shall determine its time.SENCHUS MOE. daughter respecting word of one woman against anrespecting the evil is distress of two L2 . and man who sues a woman.' and their natural delay in pound shall be allowed in such case. i. and if a certain time them. but if he tendered But if thoy pa. and stay days of in alt. it was the a female Brewy.yment-fctf4ha>. i.e. The ment. Its delay in pound upon eight days. to take lawful possession. or Are estimated by their equivalents. i. i. i. Distress of two days.e. this is what they think right to seize in distress. and dwelt at Who name of the fort. or inadvertence. between stay and notice and delay in pound.e. it was judgment ' it which bear twins.notice of two days. there shall be a notice of five or ten " days served TJiere for their debts. according as was by design. the female author of the true mode of talcing lawful possession. she was at JIagh Deisitin in Uladh.e. two days they have that which is due was allotted to them. although these clparf animals are taken a levying of two days upon them on account of . in the case of a the property of her mother. and a notice Its right upon four days.e. i. and notice. and delay in pound of four days so that it is thus eight ike period of forfeiture for it commences on the ninth day. is that which is to be taken by them to give lawful possession. the sheep.e.e. i. dian who sues either of them. is. i.

ojiba 1T)ij:octil mna t>ia fpeiyicpi. rue .1. ace anar> naile. cona t>a laice oec. ocuf apat) pop ban jpaiti ptaca.1.1.1.1. anvocut na puin. ocup apaT) naili on ban aicipe pop m mbanbiDbaro .!. . a ceTjoin.ochpocul T>O bein.ib. nefmtn na nemnefaitn imti na mna.1. m-oligthec iobef. aceili im a tefainni.1. fiaile. puil neitbip. .1. an. m pe laima banpecheman ant). m ben an. cechpuime lo m m . Ocuf ben rue ratchet) fop. 1m -oingbail mbanceccaigti barnja. mattup^t^ca'T^'S. .. mipocui tia-o pu in sell. Lo^ac. caifiig ocup cfiela. conat> pe laice pin. apat> naile on banpeichemam pop an nibanbit>bait>. ocu^ noca n^uil T>eitbip. . no CCchgabail . m pechc Tje-oenacli. bi puifi|ii.1. ocup rpi apati puil ant>.1.1. im omgbail m 1 -Dlipi ben -ora laile..1. "Do mgin im comojvbupa im caem ofibatiaip a machan. m action.aib no pliapca a niachaji. . uaip. . cincaij na ocuf nocan poxtaic muige na cfiicha ana-o na wchim tioib. apan cuicci pop ban gpai-o peme. oca anat> naili. ocup -oiciin cechpaman. ocuf tucini cech^iaman. mDligi-o." on occmat) Oanaicipe ramie cap cerns cechpuime wbanbiT>bait> . T)0 b|ieic T>O ceccujat) -peiaainn ace caiyug Co ocu'p lamcQn. an. Wi{-. mo. ..1.(XV "' t>i 1 robancellach ace co cotn.1. . ocup \ rpopcaT) ocup rpeipi O 7)echmaiT)e ^ q%$ bail oca: "appen piachu -oia T)eichbip ecappo pin ocup to lo. a cfWD utli m i pon. .aT>. ocuf lofar.1. in T>n.1. no fop. anca ocup e pin appen piachu. ocup anaT> naile COTUT) ochc laici.ba cn. pac cellaij. mnai ant> j"in ocuf tnafa pep. .atcipn pen.n. a fiaite.1. ocuf apaD naite.1.ib. .1.ann. catijif1 in bi mbancellach ace co o each rnnai pop. tocoichei) 183 pop mnai. . .148 iTRESS " Senchur 17%.1. T>I cai|ng in cec vecnc.1. Cfnachaix. coip. . nocfian puil ni T^ligcec T>O na mnaib.3 aile. on.. .ba na cju cechjiaman. . pp. T)iabtaT) in ^'c otomup . . ocup apaD aile on ban peichemam pop ban arape .

the first possession of land. the respecting the fair noble property of her mother.e. except sheep i. making add a stay of two days. for 149 DlSTBES3 - seeusmg the possession-taking by women. and a notice of ten days upon a woman of chieftain grade v besides fasting and the three days of grace.e. i. for every woman from the other. In of her mother. for there is no possession-taking by women but 6 sheep wft.e.e.e. and three notices were served i.e.e.e. i. a notice of two days by the female plaintiff upon female the defendant.e. all There is no difference of necessity or non-necessity observed renor is there any specting the distresses which the women take. so that this is on the occasion. and a kneading-trough. a debt which one woman owes another. on the last occasion. illegal. Kneading-trough. i. whatever they take on the land is illegal. except sheep.e. i.SENCHUS MOE. Of* /T is lawful for the no possession-taking by women but of sheep. he shall serve of the inferior grade. and if it be a man that has brought a suit a notice of five days upon a woman against a woman. i. seeming the female property.e.mnrriagr gi evil word of one against another. and a notice of two days by the female plaintiff upon the female surety . upon which there is daughter respecting the property a stay of two days. pound the period at stay and the delay which the debts are paid. and a notice of two days. and a notice of two days by the female in all six days. i. i. and a delay in of four days. places or terribut in or them of tories deprive they have a stay delay pound . double the fine shfciteww.e. and a delay in pound of four In this case it is a woman that has brought a suit against a days.e. i. her poitiaa at the end of the thrice four days. Distress of two days. i. For securing for the possession-taking by women. and utgntiln. But of sheep. .e. time. The piapfiQv. i. into uiohancla the latter case.e. the case of a i. i. For there ^ <{ ifafr . to which surety upon the female defendant . " She There is a difference between the above and where it is said : pays debts the fourth day after the eighth day. two sheep on the first occasion. which will make eight days. and a sieve. which will make twelve days .e. the pledge. i. or an evil word respecting fault which she has not. i. other. i. sheep f* "T "*" fr**"" O f her mother. of the spindle. thr. i." A female suretycame to surrender herself on account of a female defendant. a bad word which she does not woman deserve. man or against a woman . i.e.e. . stay of two days. for there is nothing women.e. for A sieve. on the fourth day of the Here in pound after the eighth day of notice. it is not lawful for the women to bring any thing for taking and the produce of their hands.e. i. the bad word which one &*&&" woman a says of another with respect to a nickname.e. do neither difference of debtor or kinsman-swrety. i.

m //0/6-5C3 tf-ClW CCdijobait aile im lo^ lamdiofiaiT). 4m caip. im citanDbotg. ap.ee/naipm. ban ciaco-imap-gaec ^oe. mic 171 orach.p.e. ocuf cauLbfiecha Cotfipfie 'gnachchoifi CCilelLa. 1 pei|icpib.iuga'D bui peipn. im pnachaic. im cloinem co|ichaip.o taca caj\ aiLe. mi comopa]i nabaip. im baip. im cuicit. ap.. apcro naili. ap/nte. la lau ame. im pep bolg. im aiceT) p^e uite. uin.cne^qc ban. cotin> occ la.inT)e. im co]icaip. cul. im abfiup. Nni TUiitchme. mac CCilella. ap. m aiftcpenaT) nech a "DliseT) ufi'Dliget). mic oena Culclam t pongelltaip 1f la^punT) p. im apapram mna t>ia pxxile. im pnimaipe. Op. ocup -Senca. cainic nach [a] paiT)bjie.iol. im *. ocufoifcitn cedijiuman. im pcaiT>ei|ic pocoipte ben ap. im each <j-naT)btifi bip im pepxaip.pe. icbach pqi ^ene mana nac cipcaip qieipi. Senchup on occmcro lo mcma 8nm> iintijifw) nocan j?uil ace apaiT.. im tugafimam. lllat). im i^naiche liga. coniT) nan ^o T)amaiii nach nDliget) nat> beich pop. im aipce tamchopai'D. im plepc Im.150 DISTRESS. ocuf ancro tiaile. cia beich T)o lap. im oipxme t^'F10 1rn CITICUJI p.oe. im peichseifi. nach a jaip. ache a beich pop. \ 1f /j co ]'e conaimep In acligabail aile flop uc M C^MI. 1111 101105 cona ecopraij. ^ im pobfiiche. qaeipi ocup cuicci ocp . im chupail. im cp. N ) ip im pip.

for the yarn. son of Ailell. son of Matach. ^ <*'t ornamented thread. and five days. until the coming of Coirpre Gnathchoir who did not consent that any right should be upon one day. for the leather scoop. and ten . 151 indeed there is but a notice of two days. and a stay of two days. have he might property. who dwelt at and Feisin.SENCHUS MOR. for the reel for the border. making in all eight days. handiwork. the Feini would have perished. though in consequence of the suddenness of one day. for the hoops. for iheioool spinning-stick. < no one could distinguish his own or his wisdom. or his right. for sudden judgments of Ailell. for the basket. for the needle. for the wallet with its contents. for the flax spinner. for two the truth of the added to was one day days. *^wyVt>. it under his protection. for the lap-dog of a queen. for the weavers is reed. as decided . a delay in pound of four days. for for attending in the field. for the/a# spinning-stick. and the not been allowed . for the *ods. for the wool-bag. or his B^ig^eeW^s right. and DISTRESS. for the spool-stick. for wages. for the distaff. for all the implements of weaving. son of Culclain It was by these to whom the Ulstermen submitted. for the pattern of her of the . for the flyers of the spinning-wheel. for the scutch ing-stick. about the true right of women that the~eM-0/" battle was .for the blessing of one woman on the work of another. for the looking-glass for the black-and-white-cat. if the three days had days. for weaving. for every material which on the spindles. for supplying a weapon it is which one woman bwsews from another. but that it should be upon three days.. by Sencha.first entered^Mo #W -faufilcThus far weJoav^-meatiened the distresses of two by Brigh Briughaidh. Distress of two days for the price of the produce of the hand.

1m in bolg biy po pei^po p. . af a ctfvann a ab^uif.chaip>.T)0 beiix-pecl1 "T1 ite. i. . in pge. .1. the following explanation of this word is the price of weaving after its being taken from the beam.. . . aicDi na mna 111 eite annyniiT)e. .e.t.efa mnci.c. 1 t given i. 1m in Im. . 1m 107)05 cona ecop-caig. The price of weaving. pnac DOCO.a ouba. nabaip.] aya pigcnep. In C. cp. 1m oip. ma cp. . peixcm^ lomi.1.aiT> T>O 7>6 * mat> coc h a futa.1. |^eccmat) lanbiaca no bennacha-6. '' u '" c 1 laT) ""O S" taim m nuac teT)b ma pa'onaiyi.1. . puac r alce in sp.. 504.1. pcacan.1. .1. 1m pnaiche tiga. : Im fofbridhe.aiT>. .i pem.1. .1.oiatt. bep-ip m ben o ceiti.p.1. pec me piaic ma qxo.1.iche. . abaip. . . . .152 arccT) ITIofx. |x.1.ta. .e^ ap. ^00 safimnib ocuy^ T>O vleyxclieti in tin. . .1. in cop. na pse ptey-c .1.1..en. .an'obotg.1. M abatpf e...1.1.1. 1m cp.^e [. na placa pge.1.aiy. [. . .1. . im log in eop. ap.1.1.a pigt. . cucai) a baipc Opepait Opic tm-bic caic bpxsnpnna cp-uinT) p.cne p-tgna. . tnag pge.1. notta.na in ! )C-nV<(lt' ^<n^. r r"' rlcn Tie p ec h get i ' otla no iinin O'D. 3c1m fnathaic. vrv T>O oep. 1m atyce tamrhop. . 1m CCpafiCain. im baipcnia. . mnci. beca no bic aca anattoc im an abpap. bocaro bp.anT>of.1. Jt -Qt 7^5" . lee na puba TJOU mnai 151. penxaip.1.1- pge] 1m . . 794 a.p.1..1. mepan. a p^ cacfr a 1T1 t)tiiT>ib bfietche. no na mna ma ngaibchep. .1. 1m abp. Impe-plbo!?.1. uip. botg ay ombiT) cp. the tenth part of the price of the garment is the price of weaving it. no cpo a^-pjoiattaib. in ctcbpup. 1m p-inroe. techaip. naili. a-obup.atiT>a beca a cmn copxaip. qfiann coc]>ap. V'uba bep. . .r. . . m toman biy imbe.1. * mna nc. 1m tu5ap.1.1.1.1.1. ' m pobp. . 1. . no pT)56n. 1m tog ocup lamctioTvaiTi.1. tuga 5an. 1m cop.1.> t^ .p. 1m cuicit.man cen b/mp. uaiy^ acc. 1p i CCilelta acfigabail qieip ciaca-jia gba mic TTlacach. no tmgua gap-man. in ciag cup am ecap.1 nin-oich.1. .e. 1m comopaip.uy. c/p. o'l'attaib. . . [cp.bolc. . im cp.ic.1.cai no cocn. . 1m j>caiT>eip. in ^ 1 bif pon paic poitcci.j^chup. . pi oca anat> o taim.1.ac T>ep. O'D. 1m chupait. a comoibp-igenn . apaite. . til . .1. cuicet tin..1.mam..tnan. Pocoi-pte ben ap.1. 1lTI rf Mfcii ik C^OLi..e. 504.i5inT). inT)iaiT) opxan na p-'gno bip . m 5ap.aijj. aiceT> V'5 e comoban. TDO b'elp.^ch] a h-ab'pay. mi ap. gntm ap gnim. . atceog. in Gfii 1 tnecti " CCctigabatt aile. -piac pnn. .annbelhn anttuT>. cen paebap.1.taip. 1m each naaDbup. 1m ctoi'oem cofichaip. 1m cpiot. m peic j. m poca. cpo puaigchep. 5aip. tn. na ceipcti geta.eca-6 ocup pige. 1m baipcne cac ban.c namban. im a beotu.1.1. nembennachat) 1ni in ben an. t)0 (Tclai-omib.

a bag out of which there used to be tails. the smaller stick.e. the price of the produce which she makes *" with the hand. i. i.' which is sewed with thongs ('allaib') or a i. for wool. i. the 'fubha' of nap- the price of weaving. i.e. i. of leather. tough rods. i.e.e. For the i. its eye.e.e. i. work by having the leather pattern before her. which one woman takes from another. i. on itself. 1 allowance of food of the For the blessing. the which under the cleansing vessel. i. for flax.e. the white thread.' i.e. formerly a long. work upon work.e. about its mouth. on which there is a stay of two days. in this case the one woman omits the For every material. son Distress of two days.e. and weaving. i. or 'lingua garman.e.' i.e.') i.e.e. i. i. flyers. seventh of the full blessing. i.'J slip i. the work upon it. days for every 153 DISTRESS. s)*tfi*r^<f For weaving.') the implements of weaving. the weaving rods. her material. i. the string that is about it.e. For the price of the produce of the hand. thr fininhcd material all except the weaving. out of which she combs the material. (' ' pes.' i. work added to another.e. in which were white-breasted black cats. is 'cro' of slips ('ocdiallftib. the image reflector ('scat-derc') of the Which one woman borrows from another. i.e.') /wryy/) tyf t4 //" ? For the leather scoop. i. spool-stick ('lugarman. the aileog. which they For the needle.e.e. the lap-dog. For the yarn. a 'cro.e. the tenth part of each work.e. unbleached woman. For the border. the spinning-stick. women. the woman who omitted to perform the i. For the wool spinning-stick. half the 'fubha' to the female weaver. ('feth-geir.e.e. i. i.e. i. For the weaver's reed ') which brings a (' sharp sinew feith-ger on the weaving. For the wallet with its contents. i.e.e. or a sharp of wood fidh-ger. For the lap-dog a queen. 'crioll.' i. the bag with the nil uffu" "> things which are arranged in it.e. ping.SENCHUS MOR.e. i.e. For the-rrci-of the spinner.e.e. i.e.e.e.e.e. the distaff for flax. the mirror.e. i. i. i. i. For the lilnnk nnd white cat. For the looking-glass ('scaideirc. For the wool-bag. i. is For the woven. the passage of used to have formerly about the material. i. For the flax scutching-stick. i. i.e.e.e. stick. or of the woman for whom work the distress is taken.e.e. ' Of the spinner. of the wool. the coloured thread.e. of the border out of i. little rods at the head i. pattern of her handiwork. foot. after the foot ('orcan') of the follows. one could attain to his right by the proper periods of the judgment.e.') stick without a point. i.e. i.e. . the great champion which was taken from the queen he ship of Breasal ('oircne') of Breac. which the border i. the 'bairc-nia. all For distaff. . For the h*p. flax-thread. both beams and swords.e. i. i. the thread in For the ornamented thread. For the she can the more easily perform her handione picture of the needlei. or the bare spinning-stick. little rods. i. the white thread-balls. i. of the woof. i. For the which brings a sinew on the weaving.' i. For the the short.e.e. nishing men to the hosting of Ailell. The first distress of three days ever taken in Erin was for failure in furof Matach. i.e. by which the flax is scutched.e. i.e. i. i.e.' the without edge.e.e. all the implements of the weaving. i.e. the thing upon which the spinner works the winding tree. i. i.e- the bag which she has at her the combing-bag.e.e.e. blessing of the of the other i. the gray woollen thread. JwwJBgrnrhrmg.e. i. For the basket.e. For the flax spinning-stick. i. i. 'cro-iall. Which is on the spindles. the raterial.

1. - -I- i^iro 1m cmcun. flicc fo uile.oe. . in IIP.m comp. a ben. . -''"n-aine pongellcaif ocuf anac [. 1 innipc na fin.] coibr>elac eile. ocuf ' pepgnm na pp. aw 750 . ocu^ if mme jvo conifxaicfec. . ocuf m T>li5 m no if coibce na fechan.154 f*^ ^l ^W DISTRESS.1. if co nuice fo fio cainaimno iu> cocainifig anari aile i^p.i.1.1. uc tiixic: byxcrchairi eile.ca|i CCna* ceigoif Ulair> ma piigill..1. fjgni cen ace. This was a present given by the husband to the wife at their marriage. . CCin octif yvo bi a cec ba leipm T>O p. ail no cloeT) cac aen c|ie na i tvo t (JU<wv "** " ^^ ^ eoluf. Coibci. ocuf bp.1. if im pifi ban ciaco imap. ap.ra pe [.eiyi T>l^m m coibci. 501 bif ijife.1. . in m : -oa 10 Ocuf oeifmifiecc ' cecna pep.1.1. 505. .1.j. Sencha. Marriage gift. ap. .1.1. if pepgnia. uaiyi mj\ mmp. 1 " " " " "Oa 1f mac paficolam." ocuf i\o bai pe|X5nia ac iap. n. .1. . aile 1 aeme na ^ap. (Xitella. .o . pefi.e ciaca CCtffe [eite] CCme ocuf imaipgec ocuf a T>eip.fia a cocach Tjon coibci ocuf eifinT>fiaic he.1.echc(fec in p. .1. 1 . Rof uc 3cbTtiti5aiT>. CCnman'oa ap. -DO bui 1 tTlug T)efcen jJj wi. ci* -nl</v * ^ Ocuf Sencha mac '^ *1 c 11"1 ^ 11 n-Ulcaib. ^Hjy ** i If co fe conaimef achgabail aite.oisv-feir /Uai*l TOO pep. .etcliec. .1. p. 0151 pne. "aintn in'-oume. ocf f. . aile tia mban.1.1. machain. ocuf im 1am. /We.1. CCp. bui hi eif in. ben pip. c|teifi pop. open. im CCmi. 1 mbaile anmant>a na T>a mgm. co meic nal. lanbv>.1. .aec im na mnait> tap.15 bfvetac. m _jy O'D. mac in pp.o foet> nech o clam. mcro lap. 2^-lf impupn fp. .1.itie in comfiac. necmb a hachati . 50 cpip na peati].calom. ' uaitefe TO a ' peichem. in -oaina pefvgna cue a fiap.1. . m achgabait tiuciifcarx bi ban bp-iugai-o. oena cap. wcoibci.m. if i . (Xin ocuf 1am t>o cepcaf floig ^a ppim msm papcaLoin. vm TVO hemtpuachnaije-D in comcfyc ap cuf pepann. cucat> aigit) naigi* na coiba /*"fo. <" QsCtrMTtc. . ictc 7)0 m comufvC pep. ocuf cue in 1 . Ocuf Dib.aic bif oca gpef. T>a ingin pap. . enctiur TTIofi. i>a mac patvtaloin if icrc DO f. . octif pefignia. 1am. . . ." / 1fet> O'D. Tjoti . ban ugDaTtpeTX eiiainT).' T^b . . UtaT>. . llanamnuf. fijeT> .1. 69. If lap. lef ach gmbef 1m cai|vec nain. liiTnenoic. fum> |vo laca .1. . no ailt fame aice. in cfiuri eite. a achaifx ocuf a oeifv Ractiotl m-byvech [g^. " Lech cec coibci cacha mna oa.

Fer. i. tive. her husband. or who had a peculiar merit.e. of Sencha. in the land.e.e. and Brigh Brethach.e." an instance to the same effect : And this is " Fer and Fergnia were the men. it is after this particular time the one became ob- . so that it is three days for the men. who caused the hosts to be destroyed. i.e.e. of Erin. stay of three days upon all this kind. 155 field. the female Brewy. And i. Fergnia. i. " Were the names of the two brothers. i. of hi_tesi4nce. for it is said in the Racholl Bretha half the first marriage every woman belongs to the head of her tribe.e. the name *r fort. and the other brother. i. There is a stay of one day and a the two days.e. As decided by Brigh Briugaidh.DISTRESS. the Ulstermen submitted to his adjudication.SENCHUS MOR. i. i. to the other relaFor it is about the true right of women that the field was first entered. a merit which changed every one through his knowledge. as the poet has said " The two sons of Parthalon.e.e.e. the son of the man who turned men from blemished or false covenants.e.e. married his sister. i. i. if she receives it after the death of her father . from her guardian he takes it. two daughters of Parthalon. i. Ian. i. " " Were they who made the battle . as- but it is stated in another place that Aine and Aiffe were the names of the two daughters.e. the wife of the For sup. his the female author of the men i. according to law. " not alive.e. Were the two chief daughters of Parthalon. i. i.e.e. but he was a disqualified person. i. : Fer and Fergnia. To whom the Ulstermen "T^Tnittfrd. i.e. It was by these one day was added to i. and the marriage 1 gift which she received was her first marriage gift.e. of great valour. son of Ailell. i.e. the mother wife. i. " As the ancients do relate. full judging. without doubt. hitherto has been ordained or established a stay of two days upon the distress which was adjudged by Brigh.e. respecting Ain and Iain." It was about these that the first battle-field ever fought was sembled . the one day for the men beyond the two days for the women. married the other sister. " Ain " and Iain. Ain. i. for in truth it was about the women the combat was first waged in the i. and the reason for which they fought was this the one brother. i.e. man takes it from her. the weapon of combat which they always have. i. i. and was entitled gift of to nothing .e.e." and Fergnia was seeking his share of the marriage gift . For attending in the plying a weapon. \Vhp dwelt at Feisin. And by Sencha.e. Thus far we have mentioned the distresses of two days. from her to her protector. field. or it was the marriage gift of the other sister that was : brought face to face against this marriage gift. of who lived at Magh-Des- ten in Uladh. it was the two sons of Parthalon that fought the battle. and AaT/'the mar- because her father was riage gift belonged to him. Fer and Fergnia.

o -Damain. Cia beich T>O tap. maigin. .1.eT>. no an. "Do .1 achsabait aji a ca anaT> crxei-p n. beich . fatT>bn. 1o Cfctigabail qieip r^&'Q.l<i aicneb'a-o. chenjctD. poat>buri. . . cai^l. an each T)o huai. N ach ^fi-ol^ei).1. nabut) mbefce ion. na pecaib cuicti. . . *4-IL p. . T)o "Do eiffiectica. TT. ac n. snacaige-o COITV. . 'Denam oenaij.i. .1. na bjiefea ta i\o-lua^ yieca na home. me.1.m pttpn aile. each ni T)ib pn a htifoib in bfveche noip-n. im mic. pp. T)o i ace mech pleT>e. . .1.echemam in bn. v. 1^ achgabait ciaeiyi. . an. CCititt in cn. o neoch aile. Ciaca nagba i mech .mn ctchgabatt fio gabufcan. i muifichuijia. .ec t>o b|ieic. -01 CCchc a betch pon. . 1 cecachsabaitnogabufcarv mec a i O'/l[j 5Tb .^00 pechemum. .. . ancronaitt. com bete po|i tyveip. cu^ f loigiti. a pqfiucan ^ODipn. 7)0 sotnna pochfiaice.ciu . crieiyi.1. "Do mgme. cifp. T^off a T)ligeT> pcroeiti. .156 Senchup -oo ca ITIoji. -oo etpte-6 a pjunne ona Pemib niuna cipro ana-6 cn. Tio fula. T>O M ach brxeici.1. nach mil.1. Comi) camic Cotixpixe ^nachchoinJ.eip pon-nafecaib ctxetp.ui-p. na . Dfiuich. -DO fiathaib. CCn. conjbait. . no 710 canxro /fgnatachu.eca can pmuan.1. CCilitt mac Hlaca. Ocu^ t>echmaiT). .o taiche in aite t>o no mnaib anaenun. tio naTsman-Daib.. ciamat> amnup co ngaiy he. T>o bett. m aiixcfenau cap. Mac agaip .1. . T>on each if T>ait cpeip. nach nt>tij. ni m La bpecha. T>O net fiachaib.1.o sabu'pcan. pn nach otije'D no bee jn. bn. . cut.1. no ni uaifsenyet) nech a tiltjeTi vein.na pecaib cmcci.1. lap cut TilijiT) in .e. ocuy n. co cipro in canat) bu 7>in.eife cuice. mai-De.rtiech a nli^e-b. CCn. "Denum fiaicce. .oec.1.1. et\i |-toi5it>.1. mac Tllfrcach. cia beic T>O pja'oburv aici.1. Na-o n. tcbach fifi ^ene mana eipi. .1. uain. CCTaaci^aT) a pin. ^o plaichemnufa. cia pebe.1. Ocu^ cautcutta Tiucuyca|i CCilett.1. X zv>fiuba. . . . na tvo poec 0151 ap.1.1. co cainic Cotpp^e ^natcoitx n. ifo.e puicain bu -oitvoon bn. . iy. -ooib an. noca <fio aicicnigeycan. 1 m n-ein. puba ciriai'D tio ocf "Denum flige. ctnllem T)o no mechle giaLlna: ac aena.t. cin inbleogain.1.1. no ucro ^m. .i. ain.1. anat) tfiei-p an. each a mbuiTjib brieiche.1.1. "Do oblaijie cinait) T>o laime.

' in furnishing men to the hosting. : . for all Uttiw's right. for service fence . the liability of a kinsman. thy tongue. or who loved juit without consideration.e. though set down among the three days. And iif the iiuiini'iif tn the two days that Ailell established the three days for men. upon the seds' of For every one could attain to his right by the proper ten days. them for every periods of the judgment.e.e. For the truth of the Feini would have perished if the three days had not been allowed. thy fool. i. by the securities. i.e.e. rapidity of the passing of the one day. the foreigner that is with jf thy jester. thy daughter. Distress of three days for hosting. making a by-road. for the crime of thy son. did not acknowledge that i.e.e.e. no one could know or distinguish his own right.e. i. . or of himself. it was in a distress upon which there is a stay of three upon the 'seds' of five days. Who did not consent that any right. i.e. i. it under protection. or because they did not supply him in three days.e. thy chieftaincy for fftWdt. except the failure in supply in gJ/aA. thy messenger. i. by securities. for the crime of thy hand. period that should be allowed to tress of three days. for their truth would have departed that are in the second. from the Feini i.e. And i. Though Or his wisdom. i. own right. by judgment. jus. rent.e. of-. making a of attack and service of defair-green. i. 7$ the foe of thyhe rt. . i. by contracts. i.e. son of Matach. days. have the property of his rank. it is 157 two. i. or the band of reapers to-fehe -ehief these are of one day. a stay of three days upon the 'seds' of three days. though he should his own observation. Gnathchoir. i. i. i. he could not Or his neighattain to his own right.e. thy mouth. this property under protection of the In consequence of the suddenness of one day. that the stay which is due to one of these should be allowed by the periods of the judgment or it is the proper The disthe Brehon for giving his judgment. to the defendant. i.place. thee.ice. i.e.e. on account of the the sudden judgments. but-pon by nature upon one day. But upon three davs. i. took for the failure took it. i. an assembly.e. thy hired woman. i.e.e. passed.e.e. i.e. the first distress of three days ever son of Matach. thy grandson. For no one could distinguish his adjudged to have three days. for the trespass of every pet . i.e. of another person. who was accustomed to observe Coirpre coming choir.Jl p. he might have law. though he should be sharp with wisdom. that-it-could not be any right should be upon one day. Beyond beyond the two days DISTRESS. too great the sudden judgments which Ailell. the feast. thine eye. taken in Erin was the distress which of his hosting.e.e.e. making a high road.SENCHUS MOR. i. i. And ' five ten days.e. the judgments Until the coming of Coirpre Gnathof the until i. i.e. i. from Or his property. i.e. customs. i. and First ever taken in Erin for failure days'" \uu-uiade for the women only.e.e. from another. who three days. solete. after the stay of two days. if a stay of three days were not allowed for the 'seds' of three days. Tie Ailell. i.

"Denum . . -01 cu[a]ic oc -oenam cana ocuf caiyvoi lecgabail ijiabalca caca biaca congbaila nib fin an. 'Cis nincis. iy anoro name m ITluna- f-agba biactia-6 imufiyio. mnna nncufca-fi achgabail jjatbef ime. a mbiaj) feme an. Congbail. . cimQf Siwo cuaice TM> T>ul if ocuf cac foeic pn. fmacc nemglanca na TIOC. CIT> im biachaf). CIT> -pne a|i anpne. congbail cuatci vt" puba ocuf lauba no congbail cuachgabala. . m 1 Rack-rent wearisome rent mbliafJna. no if bfiarhaifi 501 bef T)ia fiaile. ocuf gabup.1. 2317 . tnbiarhaT) imufifvo.eifi.eifi. in carl) '. .eich. fmacc pill af[m]ann amjif.158 DISTRESS. cac rrnacc meta ^lotgi* tnli an. TDaD achjabail gaibef 105. biadicro cia beich cit) DO ficrcati -DO atp. ocup each oyvba T>O T)enatT) chana m 0'A ?efi each i?e|iainT> 1115.i. cif nincif o anpine. ingeUa-o -DO. ocuf ctf nain.1.Tjbi'oe cuma bif 6 pine ocup 6 anpme.1. CCchjabail cn. lechgabail -Diabulta m cifa an.398. . . a lotg O'fi-70 conjbala T>O cuifin la peme: congbail ^.e. T>O T>ul. is written i. biachcro fin. anti an. in gabail ^c brf icin. cac aen an.cn. i 1f ana* name iafi ma fiaile im biarhaD 7115.6t>. /o 1ti can aifwrep. . . fie na mbiachat).i fU>i. . it is .1.eT>aib. . ocf |io if anar> cfieifi Tpoia m '^ fio gabat) biachat) achgabait 501 bef tume. ape ploigei) TJO no rn.1. pjc fOfif m arhgabait gaibef m b|\achaiyi no fenans. 807.' In O'D. tn. . cia tm combiachat) m rf emo^ach. 1n frnacc puilanT) an. c|ieife.chaii\t)e.t. ocuy. T)entim f Itge. . ocuf cif ninyuiiamj. .eifi.eifi floij.i caille. iti fenoiyi.e. a cn. lap. cif nmfcif. i. fvaicce. ocuf iafi nufipoc|va. a|i in qxeicti .e..1.i coma no caiTiT>e. / .1. j Sencfitif 1716)1.1. "Denam oenaig. TJO cloro inie.i cn. T>an.1. Cm beTj cif TJO na C T1 ' cifaib. -oia fxaile. 1mac cac mif co cem> a cow constantly giving milk every month to the end of a year. explained b<5 birhblicc.T>a.1.-r TJO neorh buy irncomlainT). . fcach. cua. this In C. ac T>enatn cana no cai-p/oe.15 oc -oenam congbail cfenarj na h-&claifi oc cuingit) cuan. i n-ainif in. no im DO. cn. o pme. if anat> qxeip in bfiachain. 2.1. no cuaici.

e.e. and it has been promised him. to .e. there are three assemblies among the Feini: the assembly by make laws or interterritorial regulations.e. It is a stay of one day that is throughout upon the distress which one brother takes from the other respecting the food-tribute of the king.e. a high road./ i c<ft/^t or the assembly of Tuathghabhail. i. which is taken respecting it . the hood . i. a fair rent from one of the tribe. across the wood.e. i. viz. whether he be of the family or of a strange family. If he has not. they are both the same. received the food.e. has a stay of three days. i. there is a stay of one day on the distress which is taken for it. to make laws or interterritorial regulations.e.' is ' i. and after warning. whether the food has been received or not for maintaining the old man. however. has either received the food or heen given the price of it.. in each hosting of the three hostings. making it hat a ttay o/three days. When an old man is to be maintained. three days. and that he (the person who supports him). Making a by-road. and every shield to of every_jami]y "* **"* lay grades is to go into the battle plunder. Making fine for it.e. or a promise given to make good to him. i. a man out of every holding of chieftain ~ grade is to go along with the king. or it is one brother that takes it (the distress). 159 DISTRESS.e. in the time of * The fine for not i. rackrent from a person of tribe. a strange i. the food-tribute collected from the which between two territories at the making of laws and interterritorial regulations. before their food-tribute has been supplied.. or of the synod. i. every fine for failure of hosting i. the assembly of a synod of the Church to request a wsitotimi. unless such food he offered him. > K e n t. there is a stay of three days upon the distress. the assembly of the laity for services of attack or . . its price a king to defence 'tuath' assembly.e. i. every one who has a shield to shelter him. An ' . there is a stay of three days upon the distress which one brother takes from the other. i. or of the laity. is go upon the plundering excursion and every holding is to furnish men to make laws or interterritorial regulations.SENCHUS MOB. and the stipulated rent which is paid equally by the tribe and the strange tribe. the second portion of the double seizure for every food-tribute of each assembly of these has a stay of three days.e. and who is fit for battle. Distress of three days for hosting. whether respecting the food-tribute or its price. two -fences-** a fair-green. the 'smaeht'- Making not cleansing the road.e. i. from another . i. this fine has a stay of three days. But if it is after the food-tribute has been supplied.e its fences and its . That the second portion of the double seizure for the rent has a stay of 1 is in each rent of the three rents.

This is thus explained in O'D. 3 f na pecana. . ocuf fee atne po loicefcap ann. the second portion of the double seizure for the service of attack has a stay of three off.1. There are three services of 'Fubha. amait cm inbleogaiti 750 cin a ^mp. .1. octif inbleogaiTi nof beifi co efieifi.1.1. ocuf T>icim name.1. Senctiur ffloji. service of attack against pirates every third tribes every day. poime vpi pim> na neccpam> ocuf beloca.'ji.1. i . . . m m uili anaT> cpeifi ocuf ame pif a poglaicep. CCnar> cpeip Tjuicfi ime. cm f. ocuf puba ppi hecbcap cuaca cac laici. 1m cmaiT> ocuf fie -DO mic. a claroe ocuf a i?epca. . 71: "Service of attack. .1. Leegabail t>mbulca in piba ap f . nocan ftnl/ Till in cmait> ant> uoT>ein.1. . ocuf inbleof. T)o pip fin ocuf feoic . DO pip conai^ (. and every third day in the spring and in the autumn. fee aine po bponnfac. ocuf im macu dpi. fee j anai) cpeifi ocuf T>icim cuicci aca popf Cflicc fo ppim ben.o mill. fee ciaeifi fio ant> noT)ein. . Cm .aiii nom beip co cpeifi.1. na cpi puba. for .r Ocuf puba. . according to the Cain '-law. ocuf m puil T>il in cinaro am> n.. . Ocuf if ant> if amail a citi botiein T>o an a ftutp m can if flop TJO melaft.1.1. i.e. he. .1. no ben bif ^op )?oichill |?ochpaice.uip.op "DO melafo e. m ran if flop na coimlichefi he. to Cac uaip. attack recognisea by the Feini.160 DISTRESS. and every seventh day given by him. fie ec oc. ocuf im echccroaic. c-imbleo5ain af nefa fin uili. it ia is lands in the in the service of given by the base tenant of ecclesiastical attack against wolves.'/q-d. muna gabajqro nech buf uppar> . if . feoic cpeifi m fo imbu -Dicim nume m cmbleogam m if nefa uili (- i v\J' 1 Service of attack. po-oiuba im lonijfechaib.1.1. puba ppi loitigf echaib caca laici. *^ . tia bela uacha ocuf ci"cpic na n-eccpann. r>o mgine. If ann if amuil cm inbleojain T>O cm m -jxtup. each eif pecbca. puba. no a an uaTiem t)o cm a fee ame. . fee "Do ame 61 "' -p TIUIC mna r>o n\. chiof-of ' ' th friha? Where every seventh day 'Urradhus'-law. if pope a cm co cpeifi. i.1. aen OTDCTD lac. .1. . . fee aine po loicefcap. fee aine p. or what service is rendered by the bishop to the. fmacc.'fo-diubhadh. cutting days. tpefgaipe) ocuf coifcroe c mp nefum cinaT> 750 pip cuf a cuimiegap. service of attack against external wolves at the end of every week. service of attack against day. noca nuil till in cinait) p. . ocuf a ca Dil m TCinan) anti uonem ocuf a chufo mT) fo cecoip. ^puba j?pi macu cipe a cirro cac fecemume.1gilla eupufa bif pop poichill acuc. poime pinti ocuf belac ocuf cpicha DO vroari vptu. T>O huat. cep aQieccaip poaf caifcill. ^f__**ri. nefam m cpifi. or base tenant of ecclesiastical lands. What is this service. and every seventh day in the whole year is given to Urradhus'by every base tenant. ocuf in cmbleogam nom beip co T>oib uili.e.1. in the sumlaw. no Cac uaip. . na cpi puba.1. according mer and in the winter. if ariicnt CIT> null.e.1.

! the three DISTRESS. to the man of whom it in repnrtuinn). trespass of the beast like the trespass of pay The time that the A/Ww a kinsman.e. If . be a 'sed' of one day's stay.e. for the sen-ice of attack is not less required by the 'Cain '-law than by the 'Urradhus'-law. man who asks it (i. i. and this is the service which is due of the bishop to the-chiof of tho tribe.e. a stay of three days on them.e. and is not itself of sufficient value to pay for the trespass. these are all the nearest pay fines n the is one day. and it shall is be forfeited at once.e.SENCHUS MOR. mounds. thy grandson. it - trespass or should it days' stay that has been injured . pound of woman. and the kinsman being sued extends it to three days. the lonely passes that lead whatsoever of the strangers. and it is not an article fifth. is when it is it W jf V a beast the flesh of which is not eaten. and aggressors.e. and attacks upon strange The second portion of the double week. they injured kinsmen. i. bound the territories of strangers. Thy messenger. these are of which the all the nearest kinsmen. there is days upon or a woman who all this portion following. and a delay in pound of one stay. the trespass of his trespass of a person's beast is like ' been that has sed of one day's stay injured. i. the pet. i. life to a it is asked. "fhere is a stay of three days . and the kinsman being sued extends it to three days. attacks cutting off pirates. thy son's 'sed occasion. it is 161 i. is Thy i. to thee for it. i. seventh day in the 'Cain '-law. a 'sed' of three days' stay for thyself. that they have injured and they are all alike. aud its own value is sufficient to for its trespass . And where every third day is required of it is bound to and it is the same as every in the spring and in the autumn. tribes every day. And the case wherein it ia the trespass of a person's beast is like his own trespass is when a beast that is used as food.third "day he is bound to perform it. Whenever a man's own to any territory i.e. Service of attack. This word might also him is work.and to the lonely passes. upon wolves at the end of every And service of the attack hat a stay of three days. ta g bafnrt him to prnmnnteries that lonely passes. seizure for neglecting i. it is . be eaten its own For the crime on which the stay a necessary of necessary to is of thy son. or though value is not sufficient to pay for its trespass. as to the fine. the messenger whom thou hast on on every seventh day he perform it.e. Le. i. the same. defence. and it is a 'sed' of one day's stay hi respect trespass is committed. 2 is i. Whenever the ' it is a kinsman being sued extends kinsman. hired woman. services' of attack. and it was a 'sed' on which the stay i.e. is like the trespass of his beast.e.e. i. thy chief on hire with thee.e. the three services of defence. and wolves. and boundaries against them. day's of one day.e. and the it to three days. i. ami attacks upon pirates every day. five and there is a delay in i. these are all 'seds' of three days. it is a service of attack against pirates. i. to secure before him the promontories.e.e. and a delay in pound of one day.e. thy daughter. for it even. its own value is not sufficient to pay it is a ' ' sed of three for its trespass.e. itisa 'sed' one day. has injured a 'sed' of one day's stay. The trespass of every pet animal." 8 mean a labourer travelling about looking for Mettenger.

cnetri.cliuiti*i. i 1 cuillem T>O cuillef a peib cochufa ocuf cyuan einei a cmyip. n-apat) -DO itia meicc. t i n-aicqieb ma polomfia-D. vm-fi if ap. tlo mechle.Oft 73 pleT>e. .^ To fnun. Icitiai-o aiallmuf T>O. iti fmacc/ecaim floi 5 a.e]. It is for "the crimes of him who is fool to the king alone.1. hi a^aT) ic arc. t)o f ulct. .1. T>ipe in p-o nemit) no -oipe na pro comaicefa ap cpeif i. . feoic rpeip aca poibi oblate. icifi cnetf ib. a<f 7& -cain. v anal6 Tlanle a Ti an[a^arh5abalgib_'Doneoch _ if coifce'ouni T)ib ann! cm beic a fmachc no a n-eneclann an. . that he (rte king-).1. had undertaken "to be responsible on this occasion. Orh 5abail qiep ^chinmT) 1 n-epi -DO pe-oa.1. a ciacncam. the Thy fool "If he Is a fool who is with reading is different. . if pop.1. feoic cpeip in fo uili. m eneclann ocuf nAumal .1. "people. T *** ^ ' Jo 1Tr . puba -DO Efiega. hi poxal -DO moga. T>O ma pollfcut). -DO chlai-o.1. no mnme-o. "the king only. 72. hi fteich DO tnna.eip fio blaifif oc Del.eifi. no bricrt.eip no mapbufcan.1.1. mam conn cn. [an. chumaite. . p. is When a fool. . t)o plaicliemnuf a. each enech|iice. af -oo ptaicetnnuf. CCdigabail cpep no fniacc ocuf i n-epi T>O fe-oa. hi poxal mbleich ic muiLunT). fee cn.. there is then no portion of the body-fine due to the tribe. ponsmllna inn no^o *fo. . qieip aca. cainif. .1. who is accompanying the king. no tii T>li 5 if rim* -Dia im . in eneclann -oligif ic con. im -oitibai -01 JJ-r* 1!*fc. no fmachc na subneict. rn. hi hOjfeUh-c oo Lff-tf aup-jairie. . vuipfeoin. ina 1 ^rortucu-o. )'D.1. . if acgabdil ame gabup ime. gupor^eU. aile. does not "for his crimes. co perch. . aichgin in pe-oa comaicefa. . 1 n-apat) ^o ingine. ffellcecc.*> 7UCMt<fUtuf.1. To beil. bomg -oligif T>ia m fmacca cana. Cach sp. f ame -olegun. 72.1.. im chinaiT) -DO flejaT).1.1. fee cn. i In O'D. ." between the king and the undertake to be responsible . aep.1. . Tjipe feotc ame ocuf aicstn feoic cpeip. ocuf a feoic. CCcc tnech . nocha ne a oeinim. aichsin biT) placa cergiallna. . poivnbrufitTO -oo -DO ceib. -DO chip. -DO neoch if vtaic cecgiallna.1. . . no DO taime.. .1. ic. no co Tioloinge laif nach " "Do Tjianch.1.er. aichgin 5 mma: lecsabail wabulca in gnima ap ffc aenaciabeicn cfieif 1.f o ceilib 1 pogail fvif . .1. cincaib po|ic^. hi einiechra.1. . he (the king). cyimn a ecala.Senchtif <f 1 ' /i-21DISTRESS. no juparinoip. m eneclann T>li 5 . T)o feUmecc ap cpip. t)o chengaT). if meclann ole^arv ipn . . aicillmuf peibe.

i. and the Thine eye. i. for the notice respecting thy daughter. for stripping it. for injury caused by thy stakes. 'obroiie. for scaring thy horses. offences the reckoned among Distress of three days for cutting thy wood. for carrying off thy bondman. the bond. the DISTRESS.e. it is is speak. is with who can do work. putting the honor-price the honor-price honor-ririce to \V ill *<"* iVm which thoa or he to chiefs of second claim . though set down among the three days. is entitled to ' For the fee of etaim sloigj^ i. unless a native receives him 'i from thee. this relates which a chief is entitled to frnm his tenants .e. for attempting to violate thy . though them or their honor-price has a stay of three days. M2 . it is forthcoming in three days. or smacht'-fine and dire'-fine. i.e. h. 163 thee in a man not of thy tribe. rhieftainshin. jyftir. i. for taking posseskiln. unless it with a stay of one day that is taken for it.e. The crime thy hand. from his tenants in three days.. satire.e.e Thy of fool. for thy. of reapers. it is a stay of one V day that is the fine for upon the restitution of such of them as are articles oj necessity.e.eals-alangjwth-aiwtji*!-.' The foreigner that thee. restitution of the common wood. i.e. or beor false evidence. far -injury-d&ac by thy tenant. all insults. art entitled i.a i n tlino fni* for due to thee rmttirnr thee fhpp out ntit of nf thy thr chieftainship.e.e. _i. for carrying off thy pet animals.SENCHUS MOB. for the sacred wood or dire'-fine ' ' ' .>fitHiJ Jl/tJ Thy jester. These are of one day. to. i. Thy mouth. trayal. and of the. i. i. thy grinding sion of thy house. for thy-plouglted-fenc^fer for infringing thy privilege. I roperty gives the law.: n k which :* ^. there is restitution of the work the second por- tion of the double restitution for the work has a stay of three days. : it is Or the band i. Thy tongue. are wife. a 'sed' of three days' or the fine for false sentence is stay thou hast tasted in thy mouth. All attacks. the iggideiil fuuujiier. or slander. thou hast been looking on at 'seds' of three days' stay being injured.e. the honor-price and the to him. for three days.e. of three days' stay. or to the thing from vassals for having done injury to l^ee.e. i. for it is one day distress ought to be forthcoming. the thing which his dignity derived from cumhal of penalty for violating i. for injury caused by thy fence.e.e. the thine the fine. here alluded Thy is chieftaincy. for drying in in thy mill.e. is who lies down one night with Ay houte.. fine far injuring his 'sed. hire. for burning it. 1 i. i.e. Q. to one who a chief of first claim. so_thati.e. thy bond- maid for the notice respecting thy son.e. i. thy i.e. honor-price is dne for such looking on in three days. Except the failure in supplying the not of him I feast. for opening it . tion of a 'sed' of three days' stay three days' stay. i. ' ' third of his property.e. for breaking thy land. i. the in restitution of the food of the chief of first claim. for the common wood in three days. it killed a 'sed' of restitu- the 'dire'-fine for a 'sed' of one day's stay.' i.e. for forcing her. ><Ot / Distress of three days for cutting thy wood. crime responsibility of his upon thee i. i. ' Ufcs what he art. or false witness. i.e.e. due in all cases of this kind. and the third of his body-fine.

Ocuf ana-o efieifi ayim enectamn bmf m each m T)ib fin. -i. -ooib co na beich co moyifeiftp. he. . T ^ec w aine fio ioice^cafv.sp-eif f. ce no bee Cfeoic a haen 15 fiiu.im pefcfamt) af a po -oeyia neich a m mit)cuaiftc co mofifeififi. biT).1. . cfieifi.5umecc no cotpont) pofvoco mbfiipcen.eip.coc|T. ocuf -oa noca cafita ace ryviufi uafat [ann] mbeic m but) tta ann -oo bia-o aft a n-ajai-o mop. . uaifli bif an-o afi Ci-o co na fuil enectann ace TJO rfuufi an-o fo. ocaf* tflbteogmil beyxep 60 cjieip. la eneclann anD co |iuice in c|\iu|i if uaiyli bif if \f m maigm af a a njacaicne-p.n ina bfioltac ap.5~1m -ombai ctionlli -oec. tl 1 cauiif. i bait 1 n-aipatfi if na bjietaib \ henmaigm yviu. co teojia payva pupaill . 797. 1 ! - . The reading aifitiunn .1. munayv hican iae no cufi gaba-o atgabait umpu.1. -oecmavo. affienaji enectann each pp.eip. 1m ctiinctiT) -DO chtai-o.-. co tl Viin-Dligchec. feifip. no ^ yeoic -plcrc. cuma-o ime 1 Hill of meeting.ofi cuicci. eneclann ap. cop. Harleiau Copy is mm-D an.1. . mcroa cmp. 74.1. ic uaice VT11 ' cn. ocuf a -01711 fop. T>op. cefic. in aimmine occurs in C. "TTla-o 6 aimmine" ." co ftut enectann -non rnoyi feifiyi an-ofi-oe i rgaic m i feoic a haen in mofifefifi an-ofeic aji enectann -ooib n^aic m 15 yiiu ? 1f e fac fo -oefia catta-6 a n-ajai-o uo-oem. Tl 1 uba -DO gyvega. 72. .1. am.1. -oono.Tnint>. if e bmf in pupaiLl. . im ftnacc t>o mona.1. t>ai5in a payraice yie pachaib. it is mmn but the word above.1. i n-mot> t>a fmacc pocbaig. . ocuf " T3f. 01 ^6 ! ' b|xipT> cujxricaise. in enectann -oltse-p anri ctyv cjveip. caiiae.ebtiifce cif.. no. imtififio 3obo-oem. 1l i 1:0171. " tnille-pcajx ann -DO ctcro^ocuy itibteogam nof beiiT. cuic mT>. -OBI-OUT). . cuic feoic . ocuf coip. . in ptnacc piiit 'an-o on. a t>ifvi fofi ef.1.164 DISTRESS.1. in the O'D. ' fee cone fio 1m chin CM . . " enchur TTlop. CCirgm cacha fmafooQ. and hence the reading. if no in -oubaige j eneclann - OT). illecon -DO cyioiyce co i hin-oligcTiec. cm mota fro neitnit> no . enectann tion rfiiufi if naigi-o OT>ein. oo T'' e 5 a D ' ' ln c"1 /-00 "' -0 fl*5 'c tx> cuailli biyv aich. [TTIaD 6 aimmitie] -oo stxega [cnyitaTi].eifi aiugm a gabat a ^'T1 1 F-QT1 cuicti aiehgm a qxaeb ocuf a pnotnca T^P. in cech. .1. *D1 chifie.. aigmeiti taif m ug-oayi in fee -oo gaic a haencig fiiu ot-oaf a haenmaigm fiiu amuich.1. .e nech ni -no bfvetc -oaiburDib -DO gfieaga.

five seds' for it. &c. by the breast to arrest violating thy protection. 1 meeting. i. and it for the stealing of a 'sed' that they should have honor-price right from the house in which they are. extends For tb_y.^ I/ the honor-price that i.e. i.e." which clearly ' from the house in which they are ? The a sed' for stealing persons fa*f4*M% "V -"' : ofr fa*t. for the ' seds' for every twelve poles. i.SENCHUS MOB. What is the reason that there is honor-price but for three persons in stealing a horse from the place in . 4he-eeuntry againct thoe. reason is the seven persons have room there to themselves. a ' .e.e.e. the dire'-fine DISTRESS. for frightening or driving them until they are injured a rod. is due for it is that o/the three noblest persons who are From whatever place a horse is carried off. honor-price unlawfully. For breaking thy land. /or ploughing it to three days. for the injury which the sharp spike of thy pointed stake caused. i. ' ' dire'-fine in five and five eitips in the sacred wood or the five ' Defidh. bog. the honor-price which in the pavilion.e. i. themselves. in three days the restitution of their larger branches in three days. For infringing thy privilege. Le. the restitution dire'-fine in ten days. i. and the kinsman For thy pl**#fc*d land. which they ' are. of their small branches days ..e. is because the author of the law viewed the stealing of the ' sed' enormity than to steal it from the same house with them as of greater from the same hill of meeting with them in And there is a stay of three days upon the honorthe open air. letting the_water go unlawfully .e. and should there be more there would be honor-price due to them as far as seven persons . kind of wood in one day. i. the fine extends if any one has set up anything to scare thy horses from the hill of meeting. except the and days. i. by i. rag.e. the i. thy fence. the reason that it extends to seven persons. .e. or a mask honor-price is due for it.e. there is honor-price due to the three noblest persons who are there for it on their own account. seds' of one day's stay were injured in the ' smacht'-fine on For injury sued extends it to three days. i.' i. be for each of these things. i. they have injured 'seds' of one day's stay. and the kinsman being caused by thy stakes. . being sued. is due for it has a stay of three days.e. honor-price is paid for every chief person i t^ha. The the ' 165 ' restitution of every .e. unless they were paid should that price for before distress was taken for them.e. in has a stay of three days. account of thy turf smachf-fine for cutting sods. indeed. stay of three days.e. But in this case there happen to be but three noble persons by is. whereas it is ( said in the BtotLnj^^JEith respect to-bouse dire'^ne. If thy horses are removed from the hill of to the three noblest in a pavilion.e. i.ngnptingtimisR as far as seven indicates that honor-price is due to seven persons. ~Tifif. . or. to seize a person him for debt the fine that is for it has a For scaring thy horses. -wir. ' For injury caused by thy4nr.

tp. becTiTin. ju^V' 1 muc.1. moga. polomiiaT) B-A T)0 ^ubguific.\. T) (titan) 1 nt>taiT) t)e. . ic aic. -DO a. cpeip.1. 1 ti-aiccpeb TJO " uroeicpn in-o. m ocuy a n-ui\^cairi ymacc no eneclatin ann ayi 1 n a .1. tp. [i] ap. . bo .eiri . t>o tuam T)ichTnaific. im afccro .j. f-etu. a pncccca tiili irro eipfiectica. 1 T)o fcatbaile.1.1.1. papuga-o. moja.ice. cuic 1 ciT> |-ecu. a biathat>.eif<i. 1 pac po mipini "ibleidi icmuilum).cun. t)o T)atbche. . tli poxol ' T>O ' C mT>: 1 ' na peccroo. crxeip. aca ana^ na im i no c'lngine cap.1. .1. \ i CCchgabmt qu^e 1 n-imfiim "Do eich. tm ^pchla r'aijigectaig.1. f bee tnitToe ryieibi DO cuic cig^gan pjjjpuictoiTTiriitne T>IC anti a|\ CTieii. . 1 TTOifie T)o cfieibi.1. "Do caififi. 1tia ^ottycuT). coippoip. lee ocup f-eccmai-o.1 im eneclamn an. fo fir. 1 lobut> T)o chaifiiDe. cpeip. . cmc fecit no "Deic feoit . cuic yeoic.eip hcrchsabala saibcep. 5 mc a cuigi oib.1. cuic peoit 1 iroul cn. T)o cTiuimie. poloyxat). . 'Do cteib. gn-ep enechp. ma ujioqaa cen cuic feoic pncu|-a ann up. .1. . if pop. 1 cp.1. o ca Ian amacn. no fmacc ann cqa crieip. no m cumal ban aparo pi mbiacnat) -oo 1 nnlegap. 7)0 luachfia.1. .1. tli pleicn no mna. T>o noe.eif aca. eneclann mt> ap. tl i "n . pimiticerx.ecm. im fiafaf "Do im T)ifie T)O T>aife a|xba. T)o chap. . Cach -oo mic. meic. T)o chaijie .i. InrToToTnTvat). 1 ngatc j^beta. pomailc t)o im chaichem cafcaip. chana. 1 toe TIO aibinne. . T)o piT)bcti. ef77s. 60 ^ T "-Oflu5at). . im rutiofijain TIO Tio T)o chaijiech. T>O neoch lati. cen -pop-ba ngmma. . . oy-lucu-o. 1na pop.. amenon. 1p fOfi cincaib cp.i-i. ap.^r-pec in a Of4^c6Wo T?n a c '5 e f"c1iTnai|ic. .166 Dismiss.1. att 5i n iecca " co-onac.e cech cnfl 1l 1 -poxal -DO -peoic mil.1.1.il 1Iln - 1 cTngi.1.1. apat). im bujiach T)o ctiene. ma gabait can. .1. pc ec oc. "Do auinn. von. coc anaiT) oib. a cotba . eneclann an. "Do chumaile. . .1.1.paic. . peicb a cm cm criei-pi.'eneclann ntitc t>o ngarc T) . hi pomailc t>o ene. Cach -i. af . .

of thy sea-marsh. is i. thy furze. thy pet animals. it. of three days. every offence of these is the stay upon the distress which three days. for enforcing in the case of thy 'Urradhus'-law . i.djence.e. for the fury *WrWw (j.e. . i. if without permission . i. thy chariot. for digging thy of thy fire. with a stay of three days or . there in like honor-price for stealing thy bondman. its with a stay of three days. i. . opening into for it. are five seds. there is honor-price for it.e.e. thy great caldron.e. the pets. All insults. five whether opening it. thy for fine in respect of thy house.e. Thy bondmaid. For grinding for uMiigit has a stayof three days. in receiving him notwithstanding the warning. in i. thy caldron for dire'thy vat. i. i. for the burning.e.e. thy boat.e. in the . with a stay of three days. stripping thy herbfor wearing garden.e.e. for slighting thy interterritorial law. without completing the For forcing her. a young off heifer ('dartaid') for a wisp of : For stripping taking there is ' smacht'-fine for five 'seds. i. For carrying down here. through the middle off thy bondman. five 'seds' or ten 'seds' for it.e. fine for it according a have thou without house mayest to be in thy thy knowledge five 'seds' for opening it. for robthy meeting-hill.' there is restitution of the pets of sensible adults For drying in thy kiln. fine or honor-price for ' : carrying is bondman. five seds' ' seds' for going through Vhouse ei-tlwee-strecrsrr. benches and famituie: there is 'smacht'- with a stay of three days. warning a per- ton not to feed him.e. Le. Are reckoned among taken for the offences of three days.e.e. For the notice respecting thy son. thy sel.e. good fosterage. act.e.e. Distress of three days for -using thy horse. i. thy sheep for down thy hatchet. cart. a 'sed' for to the damage. for the-erop. manner. in thy mill. i.e. for wear of thy vesbasket. thy taref^ ' dire'-fine in respect of thy thy ripe corn. body-fine for honor-price. there is a fine for carrying off thy For for it.e. i. is due. i. i. with a stay with a stayof three days. . the 'cumhal' for white-notice . . i. for injuring silver mine.' For burning it. bing thy bee-hive. is for feeding attacks. by thy son or thy daughter aftpr flisnbeFor attempting to violate thy wife. in like manner. for slighting thy law. the fines for them all DISTRESS. i. full fine out. cow for looking it. All violence.e. from the i. a its Oiatch.SENCHUS MOR. it. thy wood-axe consuming the . there are mentioned in the Senchus for it. thy ferns. i. i. for the corn-rick. off 167 i. For there be cattle there. the fine the ho*nor-price has a stayof three days. i.e. thy rushes. or whether there be not. in the case of i. ' things cast upon thy beach by the sea. i. i. it without permission the thatch if the house had been uninhabited. For taking possession of thy house.e. five ' seds' of those i.e. i. for stealing thy pigs.e.e.e. a person for whom full/n one half and one seventh.

' aicnet f eoic jUacca no snimn. . Slan imutipo T)O flicc f o. . ttichgin mbLecbrat <u /* ' CCchsabdil ctiif e. pop. .utna T>O cac omne if in pach pop. aicgm a a fmacc uili cmpme mli um.jf CtT) bmf if in pac foimf. 6in. 1f 6 in fdc fOT>eTxa.uit). im robach natjvpe cematanfl. 5rwrouib F^ata. ap. if Ian gain . ocuy^ . [Ci-o fO'oeria cutia cuqi.ui'D co in CUKC1. 1 "-'"iriim -oo eich. cm &*>if cu lecmjx a etufi irne ici|i. Tim n-etait>.. lafificro |w> crtrap. faficbtnrnfiecb pop. n'oechmuit). ocuf 6 ambpne -po pne co crveife no cuicti. if pach pach poimp.eine. . a^ a puit anoro crveip. ocuf -ota n-etuiD iaup. . cjxeipe. no fee gan lace gan snimp. eiatro im cobac riqifvoe comaccefct.7S. Ocuf fiuii> unu^o no ocuf aichgin 115111171cu oechmui'o. . a 0'D-7S.i ba C -DO laigtnb OfH Jo cuna comgiaorouib.. eocha. fnulfu pp.1. ocuf nf het> oca in pac poimfutne. 115111^^11115 co oechmui-o.Senchur ' Tttop. ocuf cit biaf T)6ib cac neine po fidigputnuri. -oia mbe cmapn cepc luu. ocuf bo T)o lef .1.ime each bmti fomalca i?ofi om. ocuf aichgm T>a ba 5rw*T>uib"f.] .mia ftabfia -oo buaib.if na choibne-o eicecbca. im cobach naipre_ tananinarc^cechccc... ^1 tyo. ocuf caipsilte leif ocha fir atnach. miaUwji. Cach IP baiti 1 puit imrvim ftinD if poficfiafo ix)ttiailc. mom .~iTn cleib . if 6 pn put ann iayi n'oechmui'D.ime tjeptie ? Ceitp. roateccp. vttafcai. . pach i?oimrvime fee t^ic imjlijcig uili tan aicgml cai[f]croi uili po^i uin.1.1. fiiaifiiut> crenuice oca m pac poimiutca pofi oin. iayx rroechtnuiD in elaicheyi iccufi i ann ? 1f taitipac jaice iccuyi ann ocuf cucyvuma C n-elut) co -Dechmuit). if tiubluT) CIT> biaf. ocuf cu nac cuc|iuiT)a ipn pach if. ame.

and that there is not equality in the fine What for use? '*"* of a loan depends The reason is. it is double of every thing are And if after ten mentioned. all necessaries of life i. is in one day. if what is right be tendered by But two cows to those of chieftain grade. over-fettering of ful dues of the common tillage land. a fine for use of a 'sed' of is full i For using thy horse. with a stay of ten which we have days. horses. restitution of the milk i. and the proportion which is the things is paid after ten paid for evading within ten days is the same which at all. evaded.. and restitution of the work with a stay of ten days. one day's stay. riea of life i. da >'- on which there a stay of three days.e. and But the tribesman is safe till this from a man of a strange tribe. At^t <*VV case o/ bad fosterage.e. wear ot r a loan. What shall be the fine of use from this? Four cows to kings and persons of the same grade. and the restitution of *&5s in one Wherever there \ffltffb use tUotais a fine for use . it is full fine for theft . and also restitution of the work. upa-the but. breaking a fence to let cows The breaking it before calves to let them to the cows. it i. the fosterage fee ift4^e-casa. for relationship. thy riding-horse. what shall be days they due ? Full fine for theft is paid then .e. wherever m>v tww-w tboro ia ft fine for excessive i. .e. if they are evaded. all the 'smacht'-fine in three days.of for recovering the cradle clothes cuter-fosterage. AY. according to the nature of the seds 'sed' which has milk or work till five days. for recovering the dues of lawfor unlawful tying. /t>r .\ there restitution: all necusa- . and if in the case take did not place days. and them. into the grass. and there is 'tairgille'-fine therewith ' ' from that out.m the fine for use this fines nut exist. although evading evading takes place after ten days. and 'seds' without milk without work till three days. for all unlawful ridig-<jf of one day. and one cow to those of the inferior grades. the fine for excessive wear of grntnififiin flinraatftr it. though these are which are due to them. 169 tm. . the three days or five days.e.SENCHUS MOR. have a stay is the reason that every one has equality in the fine for excessive wear of a loan. is Distress of three days. recovering the dues of joint fosterage.

ui .1. or no pen.1. ingaic na cepach bee. . toe 1 tnbi mem aip-^c. mem m in aipgic.1. ap.Ttnoipe. 1m . achgabail im aichgm ptHfUfuu aichgina. . cuic peoic. a fqxif no a clai-oe T>O T>amiB ocup mnaib']. .pec ame po loice ann. nojn uma..1.i.1.e in pom can naclc mecha. ntnpe TJO cp. . Thy 'aimmine.1.1. .1.. .1. . ceniTj a7>annai. ocf imm pmacc cuap fio jabcro ariT) po. cuic peoic m pmacc.1. 1 ompa-o -1. TJO puine T>ala. &c.c . Tjeic peoic inn.1. f^ f C.1.1.loipce. beautiful tree. cen li no cen imp. "Do pi-obai.1.i. m bo. . .1. jjmuipnech cm buam. cpeip. . . .bice. -DO lapamTj. ocup a nT>ip.1. cuic peoci . cuic peoic ap.i. "Do pcmbaile.i. . pemnach no -ouitepc. cuic peoic:~cotm pepa. 797. apcpeipi. -"i.ach . T)o chaip. "Diabloi) m apba. pomattc .1.1.eibi.1. ap cpeipi.ech.. muige -DO buam eppleip.1. ocur enectann 1fl inbteogain beipip co cpeipi no pmacc pop. i 1 . cpeipi. pmacc cocailcna culcha. 'ffiifif. cuic peoic inn pac poimpmie. 1m loc TJO aibinne. 1 poclila . cm ' m bup. chaip. pmacc airo. T>o noe.1.5 cpiachap. aichgm ocup mi pmacc. In C. 7)etia a bei* ap.o . or . . t)o chappaic. wasnui no in mup. inoro TJO cuatUi T^ec im po papap 7 ^1 1rT1 |Tx r a r D0 mupmaige. map in ocup ip paine pecc each pmacc ocup each eneclann papap a a pame pecc p-o gabat) achgabail im in op. .fia. T>o lubguipc. octif 1f 6 in pat poT>eiaa in aenpecc |io gaba* m . ocup po cecluma m pemnach ifno in Tjuilepc arnj. ene. .1.cp. I8^fc) . [no if luacnaip m mutp. mound.1.1. 797. 8ench r ni6. Ma cuic pec ap. Imchaichem capcaip T>O cnumne. m cul map. ic cpuaich apba. -oiabtat) m 1m cupop^ain cleib. . "Do Tjaibche.1.. Tjuilepc pliucn. i enectann t>uic nj. m -oilip.c puitiec. . .1.e . 1040. no alan Tj'ich no bticc.1. 1 pac pomalca pop om apcpeipi. m capcaip T>O cuipicliep T>O cumn. .1. it is stated that full honor-price bees are stolen from an enclosure or an herb-garden.' i. . . ap. im mi V a r a r ap. no bechTjm. 1 ri DO muc.im bopp. qieifi fuTiD a beic am cuap? pnacc afiba abm-o. 1 m T>O T>aip e.eipi n-enectann. the reading i.e. seat.1. cute Tli peoic no cumatl inn piacn poimpime TJO . 10 II ^ . anT>.1. pop.e. cuic peoic. ocur - CiT) 30 po ap. fceroiu-D no p. capp. 1 pomailc -oobelctf . . im TJO cuipichep. .1.1.e. mucaco nuip.1. cotpac abela. a n'oip. . mlich no apbu. m a-p. uaip.170 DISTRESS. no pafj ma pcpip TJO luibib. cuic .eib. trentumpci.am ap ambi cechcujaij. .. O'D. i caipgeclaig. ocup abeic ap cpeipi cuic pei) mTj. up na -oumaise ' - m chene. Tjosm.1..1. no enecUtnn TJO ^J IJIf . cuic peoic. bile 2 is cam if ypt. t)o . pmacc. .aic apT>ocp. emero C|veipe ocup Dichinim 1 The hill. peoic.. ig -DO aimmme. . no Herb garden due In the Bee Laws. . piach pocbai^ann. ipunn a naichgin pop om.

f i. rf. thou hast honor-price for stealing 'smachf-fine for it.e. o'uToflty house. five 'seds'/or .e. ten 'seoV for Thy i.e.e. Thy nsingit 171 boat. kindling or there is 'smachf-fine for burnSlu!ti extends the time to three days. i-e. thy rick of corn. what protects For the fury of thy fire. a 'sed' injured stay the day's fire.e- or which grows on the brink of the sand-bank in the sea-plain. which accrues in consequence of restitution. the the sea-grass which has been appropriated. five 'seds' is the the For consuming the things cast upon thy beach by 'smacht'-fine. three days. throw in. digging thy silver mine. restitution has a stay of one day. or for tearing them from herb-jarde/w. it. i.e. for dung or corn. the honor-price For wearing fat. i.e. i. nn tlKMBMah. Thy sheep. the 1 fine for sod-digging for it. with a stay of three days. the fine for over- Thy chariot. thy small vat. sea. five 'seds. five 'seds for it. of thy vessel. i. five 'seds' it.e. or of copper.' i. thy convention-seat.e. and their pigs here. wlint grows of the sea-plain that are bent which has not been cut down or it is the rushes men and women.e. the seaweed or the salt-leaf five 'seds' for it. i. the fine for wear of a loan. Thy caldron.e.e.e. For stripping. i. i.e.e.e. the double of the corn and honor-price.e. torn up or destroyed by For the 'dire'-fine in respect of thy corn-rick i. i. if the distress has been ' taken at different times for the restitution and the smacht '-fine.i. a down thy hatchet.- with the /& number of benches. without wool or without they are not fat. their i. and that it has a stay one_day restitution the for taken was above 1 The reason is this. the fine for over-using has a stay of three days. gathered. and for it is taken for them every separately here. the great fury it produces.e.the wet salt leaf.e. and a delay in pound 'smacht'-fine and every honor-price . man n g.e. i. i.e. with a stay of three the reason that the 'smacht'-fine for the ripe corn here of should have a stay of three days. of five there is a stay of three days upon it.e. for stay i. five wds' Thy great caldron. i.e. i. Thy wood-axe. The fine five 'seds. 'smachf-fine for rooting up the hill.e. For stealing thy pigs. in this case. For the ^-of thy sea-marsh.' with wholly cut. herb-garden. for every twelve poles' length. the thing which it casts upon thy things which the waves or 'duilesc.' For dire'-fine in respect of thy house. the value of the basket. the distress What is - f3U* and for the ' smacht '-fine together above. i-e. i.e.e.' i. is For wear i. 'smachf-fine.e.* the offence of i. three for the thing .e. &c. heifer is the 'dire'-fine for the hatchet. i. Le. with a stay Thy great vat. and it has a i.e. i. was . or honor-price for stealing thy hive of bees.e. double 1 for the combs. lawful bank. five i"e.'*. i. a stay of days. their 'dire'-fine here when of three a has them days. is DISTRESS. i. a mine of silver. days. it. i. or the full of the hole of corn or or of iron . five 'seds' of three days.e. i.e. cart. is there ( place For robbing thy bee-hive. fat 'dire'-fine of three days. and in this case the seaweed stay of three days For injuring thy meeting-hill. being i i.SENCHUS MOK. where there is a mine of silver.e. with a stay of Thy the cow. five 'seds. there is a For milk. of one hMe. i. two-year-old 'seds' is the 'smacht'-fae. and the kinswas one of Le. five 'seds' or a 'cumhal' for i.

1. achsabaidabarx coir. .1.1. 1llobuT> -oo chdipTje. .1. oiabUro oofpathoi 7 on atce. 80. pp tuachaip po.1.1.1. pogail nTjlegup eneclann. nocha . . . . . . oiabUro a lapcrca -oon aice. cu/*vt. . no muipm ocup rmacc piil m ocup a beich ap tpeiri. . ocup acpuicep pope. ocup m-uppatup po hacpari. pet cpeipi tucaT> ip m mppai-o ant). cpeipi. .1. . >r rmocapcoT) m c-uppaT)Up. popcpan) alcpama. ma pop a luachpa.1.1. no pmacc i pap- ann aca ram m-otu **l O'j >lann i i 1 i i /6'A- / W) cmpcroe 1appa-o 3<ppif na po alcap.1. no apca'D pp epcaipui na bi i n-uppa-oup.1. ocup ip man ocup pomamn.QA*n cuma i i n. . cuic reoic cuic reoit biap oichmaipc. p. TTlaf a 5 abcro crchgabail imin mr:h 5in ocu r im in rmaclic. <^V po. na cuic peoit plat poppu. can . cam. m taice sabap. ip oenam pop cuipech an oetvenach^. m caici sebep tm lecgabail na hiappaca. . 'Escairde. m cecach -ole 5 up race trm cliaban. an-o.1. . enecn'oul^luigi cana. . lap nelor. 1llobu-o -DO ccina. . Vide supra.1.1. na hachsabala. no ni nepom beptap na hepnaili pin uile. . uaip noca tipuil rmacc i caipTH. po I e.1. cuic reore cm-o ap tpeirt. . Cm n. 1m apcaT) T>O uppaTiair. cm a comallaT). eitiuT) cleib. each tit -oib.1. Than . m ciappach. laeba'o no lica'O -oo pia 5 la. . .1. 1111 a nemtoc 5 ab U1a cua ccchgabail r ocu r anaT> ui^e uaifi nocna ne r am 1 aixcam he -oat lorceyi e ma ocu r im in fmacca <pwl 1 toe in ^ocen-o 5 aK UTi in crch 5 abait r un-o.1. . ir 1 t*ngrf -o'pp pogail nDlegup.o Do votbai & . ro m .' Intel-territorial This means a person from a territory with which there was no law or regulation. ap m achgabail S abup umpu.c plat pop m pep pne ap tecc o me.1. in ach 5 abait gabufi im in rocenTj ocuf ancro naine a^ m achgabail 5 abu^ ime cuaf ? 1 fe po-oeyia.1.1. cuic peoic ma po boin 5 eu. 111 rtnaccpjilt loci pxmvo rum> ancro cpeiri an in athgabail gabup uime. "Do VOchen'D. .1. oip.e na tnotia.1. m -cap. caip-oi. TT1 lalcap. . in tachmp Sabup mi letgabal oiabulta m bre ocup m ecaig in lenrni. acht ocup mupluachaip tuap.1. . ana-o ocup tpeip.1. no naenpecc if -out r m ancro r ne r a T>on aitfi 5 in. na cuic peo. cmcfo. ana* ui^i -po mcnet.172 DISTRESS.1. 135. t)o T>o atinn. ap a piil techcugat). . bunaiy llobu-o DO chan a. noca tucat> in let ro piap. ocuf ana-o cfieip ayi in uime. - T)o pacha. - fffj Tjerxa ancro qaeifi ap. pollu b a-D. innci pia na buain. .

there nature of the distress. violating or slighting thy rule. if done without asking f s "* "" rijjg_hig. addition to the fosterage.e. i. which honor-price is no 'smacht'-fine For enforcing to is I thy 'Urradhus'-law. and it is in 'Urradhus'-law it is sued for. double the fosterage-fee to the foster-father. i. the and the half above mentioned was not given. i. hit obligation. but that these are^rue rushes. the second portion of the double seizure for the father takes it distress) for the (the i. i. or the ' smacht '-fine is to the restitution.e. In the case of bad fosterage. tress is a stay of three days upon the distaken for the ripe corn here. i.e. i.' i.e. Thy rushes. fi.e.e. a stay upon it according to the Thy tnrf. i. clothes which by law he should have in the cradle .e. for there in interterritorial law. 173 DISTRESS.e. Thy furze. the last is to be food and the clothing of the child.e. and it fastened upon thee.e. and there is the of aii article of necessity upon it (for it is no longer an article of What is the reason that there is which 1 1 ! stay be injured in the ear). case there i. and it has a stay of three days. is C/ 6/Afa): //fa not keeping i. for 8 an 'escairde. fnr.e. i. For slighting thy law. due. the 'dire'-fine in respect of the turf.e. i.e. it is according to the grade of . but the distress here is taken for the smacht '-fine which is imposed for injury done to the corn in the and there is a stay of three days upon the distress which is taken necessity ' if it ear. stay of three days. In the case o/good fosterage. i. neglecting.e. i. double the foster-father.e. tXeN&Jrom the five 'seds' that are upon the tribesman for commg-frein the tribe.e. to the owner in these matters. i.' if they have been cut. distress which is taken for them For slighting thy law.e. the 'smacht '-fine which is for injuring is there a stay of three days upon the distress which is taken re- specting it.i"'"* " hme -Jrfffu . keeping thee to thy 'Urradhus'-law. five 'seds. Cradle clothes. it is not five 'seds' that shall be for it before has been cut.e. i. the foster-father distrains. or the fosterage-fee is not a v^fvy . and there a stay of three days upon the i. necessary of life. or the the five 'seds' which are 'smacht'-fine which for them.SENCHUS MOB. i. respecting it. i. the for it above day upon the distress that is taken distress was taken above to prevent the injury of it. If without permission. i.e. If the distress have the stay which is nearest to was taken for the restitution and for is the 'smacht '-fine together. is a difference it.thpm. done first. is i.e. 1 i.e. or keeping who is not within the 'Urradhus'-law. It is in that fcnurnf thi CT-P r""^ JJ>*'. The fosterage-fee a 'sed' of three days' stay was given as the fosterage-fee in this case. this is after evading. and that above was sedge or bent grass and there is 'smacht '-fine for each of them. Le. ferns.e. an injury for which honor-price for violating the oath of law. i. (ft in the case of over-fosterage.e. i. is i. five 'seds' for it with a Thy ripe corn. is due in 'Cain '-law. for For slighting thy interterritorial law. the ripe corn . days . the foster-father distrains for the second portion of the fosterage-fee. ire there are five 'seds for it (the cutting). and it is r t similar to what mentioned before.e. an injury with three days' stay by the interterritorial law.e.e. and a stay of only one The reason is. Thy ing. if it be stand- which it is appropriated.

[can m pep. <rch 5 abail in'oligchec. muin 1 cech. ocuf camic loc .1.1. ap. no aili. CCin.oa ocuf eneclann if m lach aenufi. ceca^-oa ocu r eneclann if in locc anT). CCu|ib rxia laegaib. on. oca anati name. . mi ambeT). fdtwnjurt -DO mmfib. i r co MC r^ni'S SarvchuiniTvech. mm im Tnafibchnai' Folomjia-D cacha. -oaigin tnanbca. octif [caicriie] in lacca. -oariraiT) crvi cuaiUib. m no langpcil iy- iciri a cenn OCUY> a cara.ba |iia ytabria ni pen.1. ftnacc ocuf aicgin if m fej^ano. tf -T <pt&- eicechtct. cuic r eoic T>O r macc ann. ctieip. no in)aile. im chumtuch n5 r canT)ait. aca.1. eneclann amj . 110 b^et) in cmle. .-oain. 78. ocuf a mbec an. ocu r pnacc IHT> ^eoip. can an. na-oimcofa naim>e. a otabtaT). . ruiatnne apacai^nogac^alach ina beoUt. -oaijin m aitgin mayx aen.. prince bif icin. . in laclica^ "If poyi mn CCich 5 in mblecnca.174 DISTRESS. nopnacccuici-eotc.c caca. 78. . pogcol. TTlaf vrarif. crJ be T>ib buf mo. ocuf cecap.] ocuf con in c-aili. 1m cobacVnain. efbuiT). m *" CCchsabait qieip i cuiWe. ' maribca. tn.1. ocuf mo aili oe. . arv cyieip. ocuf aicgm m aili. . cn> - o-CCclic maf be t>ib buy mo.acloicice mo feoip a aenufi.tn.1. i im ainme^im ecniT)ach. . in lanamain uatf oligthis.T>e ' ' ctie 6 tobac nain-T>e nefam comaltain.im in faf co rvich V o mbfiatgic. cen ciaccam in . ctnc omrvcV t>ec plec o ceccatx Tje. - Snail) a trcTia^ ocuf amatliari T)tej. ocuf caimc loc in-o TTlaf ap.eip. prutcc iccc 1m cnoibneu beop. ocuf tointe in peoiyv. 1^ pxip.1. each omnaig. ay\ -oaigin bfiifn in atte. oenam 2. m ocuf m lacca Ocu r if memo fin ocuf a a aenaji.1. ocuf cconic loc mo aili ocuf m lacca oe.T601TV bfiifce T>e.1. x QT CTveip.1. . ' fmacc me.1. im 1 ' tt f .1. ocuf aichgm mo feoiji ocuf m aili ocuf tnana caemnuf cena m lace oo millet.i. bjMfio in aili piaf na buaib. cecatioa ocuf eneclann if in lace ann. .an. 1m cobach nairxT>e tanamin -rnafa cechca. . ocu r in f a . an. i cabaific mic ?op. 1m fin leif.. C O'D. if coifcvoein rnie TJIO Turin ap. fmacc m-opeoifl. oc UT af. ocu r in^lacca. comaccef a. . ann O'D.1.i 30 cumranc^'Dunai'D. oaigm toicice in lacca a aiti in feoip.

tie fourjiw*? and honor-price for the milk "? - f-J^L\ are payable in this case. for carrying a ** boy on the back into a house. or an osier withe in his i. For unlawful tying. For recovering the dues of joint fosterage. for mutilating.e.'M^ | and honor-price for the milk. with a stay of three Is in one day. it is when Over-fettering. the fence was broken. also restitution for the grass and for the fence if the milk could not be destroyed on the occasion. and the four^Ws. for stripping the slain in battle. when the injury of the grass and of the milk result from it. Distress of three days' stay for stripping thfl dead. and consuming the milk. for scaring the timid. i. with.e. with a stay days. and the grass and for the milk. for disturbing the meeting-hill. and out destroying the grass and the fence. tflere are young from each them. tending around the neck.' of the milk.e. and that the injury of the fence and of the milk resulted from I it. i. whichever of them is greater. of three days. or to put a fastening between his i.^^-"f ing false reports. unlawful distress they are as 'smacht'-fine also. whichever of them is greater.e. If it was for the purpose of injuring the grass only.e. for a visible blemish. i. And it' is the same to commit the act with the intention of breaking the fence only. it is 'smacht'and has a stay of three days. fine. i. mouth.SENCHUS MOR. and restitution also. If it was for the purpose of injuring the milk only.e. there is a stay of one day upon it. For recovering the dues common wjiib-it i tillage land. i. fifteen is for the noble lawful relationship.e. for yrafselling hva feet. this is due. with a design the fastening exa hair-bit between his teeth. ISof the fastening with the hair string. ship.e.e. 'seds.e. for satir-iaing. i. and injuring the grass. double. there is then 'smacht'-fine for the grass or for the fence. seds' as a 'smacht'-fine for i.e.e. ' Breaking a fence to it. for ywlu */ stripping / the slain. a heifer for every three poles.e. ~7T^ff from injury. the four ' smacht'-fine for fines and honor-price are then payable for ty. i. For recovering the dues of lawful relationthe 'smacht'-fine which heifers ('dairts') i e. . and restitution for the fence. head and his feet. Breaking it before calves. without the killing being effected. i. or a 'smacht-fine' of five it. let cows into the grass. Put if it was with the intention of breaking the fence. for the longed-for mor- . for slandering. there is ' smacht'-fine and res- titution for the lftd. of i. for a concealed blemish. and that the injury of the grass and of the fence resulted from it.e. i. and of his mother that i.e. Restitution of the milk. there is honor-price for breaking fences before the cows. for eircukt^94t^. his father 175 of the DISTRESS. to kill. i. there are five with a stay of three days. s a young heifer ('dairt') for every three days dwmgfence is a thing of necessity to protect it nnt-ptopejly-djrnfed for the . or for thei fence.

1. 1 copaic cuilce. -Senchuf mop. eneclann an-o ap.lcoipp-Dipe anpoic ap cpeipi. mapb cm ap peomac. [a] nanpoc.1. i . an.1. 1 on. in mapb ip . T)O coin. . ap. in ciap-^mbpeicemnur. ap. ai. T>antmifi T>o bfieit o /a Hi polomp. m mm maijje.eouc. I A Dip. polomp. 1 polomp-OT) caclia. -oala. aupdia. ap ip conroilup mgaic a ecaig -Don mapb ipn cac ocup Ocuf ia if nac poyx qieifi. . 1m ainbet).1. ip pop yena aca. imballaib. . .i. wpe m uilc pm aipe.. ocup T>O galop ip map-b in ouine.1. 1m mapbcnnai -iO ocup meclann uil ann. cpeipi.at). . . apmuig ma buom . bpatc no eigmei.1. 1 n-mcaib. cula coip.1. ocuf UITM 'oicma cumaT) e UITII ica pacti a n-u > re* o oe|ia meic Tla ^ 1ctc ^ in t>uine 1 cmfie a^i cuicti ap.ill. . T>unaiT>.. . .1. cpia cubup. ocup m coipp-oipe compatce ap Decmaroe. i^1 -I. mem). ocup ap cm cac . cpeipi.a'n carhji . >f an cubTiup. .1. InatiT) a anca ocuf woi ica pac 1 n-Ufificrouf vno cuma UITO anra [a] jellca. .1. ne. m lee iap^)nbpeicemnup pip in coippnipe 1m epbui-o. faiiup. 1 aep. . cmpcecal . . . ocup 4 p.1.1.1. nemnepam in c-ecach co mjepnatap a coippecat).1.aT> 7>o maipb. nocumaT>im cuigi cuilci no cuma ariiail pep.bpoip. no eipicm 7>ep.1. no mi in ecach pern. T>eb'ca i nT>unaT>. 1 cumpanaT) .1.1. UTTafichop. po. ...i(ip m cac pop.baT). . .1. acomeipgi mp. . . 1m ainme.ach aput) ineoch in atbala.aic tion mapb [cm] cup a nofa mapba. coltuT) mbfiethi. i.n. eneclann TToebaitnnnci.1. ben na toque a gnimu. ecen mifie. T>uL . m napap. achcancam aipe.IT> anT>. . ploga-6 puiupechca. i ngaic neich uat>a. aecach -DO j. -DO berni t>o na coppaib cm cob ca nop mapba*.e m chumluch ngupcamjail. . bpac -DO T>enam ip m culaig ocup cic olc ne. ^catleT). m bpac uaip nac mjcep.1. no T>III.1.1. muna cappena. t>o cop. co mbi T>ebaiT) mT>cib nTDip^no pcatle. .176 DISTRESS. cm cac pin. po ecach. T>O each.1.1. im mban pfu name. m cnai btp T>ap. mump.1.1. [met] m coil f al P-e wm tutu .1. eneclann lepamm. oon map. puba ninroa. . toifichet) tap.1. m coippouine caitu ap cuicci. ecnaDach.

-r the clothes. or it so that there is a hill of meeting . Slfifay / ' _^ _. or rejecting i. i. this is slaughter thtar. whom it belongs.e is for it.SENCHUS MOR.e.toffrjl equally lawful for in the battle ami field of man dead the off clothes his in battle.e. the raiment itself. and the former was slaughter battle. a dispersion. to be guilty of a betrayal on the hill from ' For quarrelof that evil is paid for it. with jnswith three days' May for it. 1 i.e.e. for depriving . i. and period of paying the debts in Urradhus'-law. And in its ' ' Urradhus'-law. und. stripping in a For stripping the slain in battle. i. i.e. i.e. ^A^ W"> . kilU. i. A-Vlfy. the dire-fine in a fort. i. it honor-price for quarrelling on or . carrying morsel from the person to For stripping th^dead. the judgment of body-fine for inadi. ^. i. For slandering. woman for lu-r work. i. incapa- tsr. i. The body-fine for secret murder has a stay of five days. /v. . in cither case.e.e. the clothin- not an article of necessity until blessed. or which evil results.** ". for it is being jirtteia. a W with child notwithstanding being forbidden cWv violating a mad-woman. turbing the meeting-hill. on will conspiracy on the hill.e.7 dog. unless -it appears. taking For . the honor-price of law unjustifiably.e.e. the reason that in the case of the secret murder. with false For reports. eric'-line there r i.- man died. it off them. Por t visible blemish.e.tfippkiu-HNMrtain.e body-fine for inadvertence.e. to take is the bodies although though it was was not by thee it is they were killed. . repeating satire. j> l\ and the body-fine for design has a stay of ten days.-laughter . to go to a disper>imi.r advance upon it. a -lay of three days. there is a is on account of the enormity of the crime and the stay of five days. the additional judgment. circulating denied. '"' For stripping the slain all person. i. carrying love charms. there is honor-price that is on the dead man dress the i. i.e. not thou that didst kill i. N .itivij ln^t. P. i.e. half i-Mta-hi the or mutilating U.. for the oath of a )i [i 177 sel. ling in a fort. for getting DISTRESS. with a stay of three a person of a member. commencing a fight i.. i. off him of <r h^rs .nr\)fniui. on the face.e. i. i. in 'the tield for it.e. of the fine . . i. bed witchcraft. i. it is the reason why it has not a stay of three greatness of payment of debts Its period of stay is e^ual to its period days. setting glecting morsel for a away the hero's the charmed x f ' ^ . or in period of delay its period of stay is pound its is its period of pledging. and it was of disease the for fa!-.othentise. and this is slaughter without a battle.e.e. necitating a cohabitation. witM* UMi hf like a ti"ht man betraving or shouting.e.^ WHwJ^ritliouUdaUihter for it is in the case before. i.e. to satiri/.e.e. because the cloth is is >! is not washed.e. battle fought in a proper i.e. For satirizing. For a concealed blemish.e. it to take the clothing off the dead. in members. For disit.e. without a manner. woman in childbirth.e. and there is honor-price. i. to to impose a nickname.

mat>fp> T>O gnecheyv. copba. cfim T>O muna acaT) beyxano flega. .ef bumjfacli) no in ceyxc pop. aige ru b CUT) each otntii & (.enn comgnim T)lb TTIafa io / mac 1 n-aif ica lee -0^1 tia T>O rn 5 m 0'/>- 1*^0 ^ edcnia* cTn in ca|\ 5 am.eip. no T>ono co na fcuip. if let . mum 1 cech. ab cne com- (. cognac IJTXCC muna m n 5 ua^i r ^HTDB m ca^am ocuf m cognac -DO fim-oe m ca^gam. pach eignn.1.m na haichgma van. m fubeaT> fo fat mafvbea ei CIT> be baili. no cenm COIia ap. com-gmm fcuiyief ni f. aichgm) an. if cettfvi aicgma nero. a.eccari T>e. cuca* puil ann ace nan. . inn-Dltschech pJit)ni 5 aT) in T)o . in cechiaumai) yvann T>ec m na airgma ocuf lee eile mac connaic. anpoc e. ma mn-Dli - ched fmSmgort i TT1a r a mac i naif tea lee -OITH -DO T nnT)e in ca^am T)a feccmat) cp.. . be^a no r le 5 a. in cech|iuime ua-o. Hlcm no r te 5 a. mac uifianT) -oec inaif ica aicgina -DO p. in^etbip.80. muna ' oaif nc -oo if . ^ bccr6 r flan no Ian pac fori mn 5'f) i rimmll cro n-eipnnill. CIT> i. i.1. tn.inne in cafijam. Senchuf 171 op. .1. p r ^acrana aid i r 5 m ragi f let ait^m pompeii rn ngj anu [Tnd r a toDlijcec in-oenca mu^o if tec aicgm poyi im> ecoT>nuch. n5 oli 5chec i -plan p^i paice connaic rlTiT it be. TDa ra cotmach ciT) |iuc m ten am af\ a mum ifcedi. ocuf mac connaic if oecmati na haiclijma uat>. no cm be i..1. mac muna acam b etxa no ua-o.] ecoT)nac jiuc m lenab ayx a mum i r cech. in -oub- ban pach mafibcro -oe.T. a fmacca. i. ocu r m rxoib. i r pach. f rriiom ainhpna ITIB BOB. connaic if flega. mm pac an. cn.178 DISTRESS. cumlle. mic ?<>?. 5" 1 1T1 -oia ei pu7>uji -oe muna n 1 1T1a ryie efbait). ron-a conro rimne. tie mchgin m-o an a r lu 5 aT)e. T>m ecmam 5 acetiti. a^ na cecmain 5 a cenn. ocuf ceitfvi feccmoro na aitkma . ocuf uat>. muna acam beyxa no fleaga.i..a comldn O'D. if .

its timid. If it ' pays one-tenth of restitution. whether the construction of the house be lawful or unlawthe house is free. unlesiThe saw the dangerous thing .!. there is half restitution upon the owner of the house then. his him so as that there is restitution for it at the least . and if he did.mght into the house. N 2 . i. if it does not.e. \vhf-n it i< for a han<tn>ial-f>aq*ise. ir . if the construction of the house was unlawful. he restitution. cause for which he was br.e. If the construction If it of the house be lawful. there is half restitution on the non-sensible person. or." did not think that he would have come in contact with . equal responsibility does not detach any thing from them at all. was a non-sensible person that carried the child on his back into the house.e. it is There case is is full fine for whatsoever when death fine for shouting.IS-. was a sensible adult that carried the child on his back into the house.! m:iy not strike. provided it was not the thing which is for it (i. of killing in every scaring for the purpose results therefrom . he pays the two-sevenths of the third of and if he did. it. there is exemption . i. restitution) has a stay of three days. and that he the If it dangerous thing. if he did not see the dangerous thing . that his head may ttjQiiffh-itnfcrff'tuny flotte.e. because it was a sensible adult ful. upon the pole. he shall m sP ears Spike* - pay full restitution. that has committed the injury. if injury results from it were done through wantonness.e. 'smacht'-fine. If it be a youth at the age of paying half 'dire'fine that has committed the injury. that has committed the injury. If it be a jouth aU^ejige_ojt a%ing restitution. there If it a fine. i. / r - one-fourteenth of restitution: and equal responsibility detaches the half from each of them . a battle of sticks. unless he saw If he saw the dangerous thing.e. or . it is half if it Joes not. shall pay but one third of restitution for it. i. be a youth at the age of paying half dire'-fine. Another version. the owner of that committed the injury . he pays for it.SENCHUS MOR.e. the DISTP. he brings him so as that his head does strike. or whatever be the done designedly. i. there whether in is full fine upon the person who causes the scaring. and if he did. according to otters. he pays four-sevenths of onethird of restitution. he pays four-sevenths of restitution. a place of security or iu a place of insecurity. if a house. if it be done for the purpose of inflicting injury. For carrying a boy on the back into not strike. and the sensible adult who committed the injury. For scaring the mask or the rag 179 i. inadvertence. or if he does not bring he. he pays one-fourteenth of one-third of restitution if he did not see the dangerous thing .

-oiablaT) a jjmmpaTO.1. a ben .1. $5i-ty 6 & pip fern.1.1. in uaicin. .1. . ocup anpoc o -DO tie. . im .1.1. ocup coipT>ipe lap mba-p v ia nT>enco|v.1. mi pia n-apaic ocup mi tap . T>O bpett lenim. .1. no cpian a opuc'h ap CU1CC1. T>O pipoca ip in lepuiTi. bpeich "Dancmip imjeicbipe .1. 798. muna copa cpetp. in 1 tn coipp'oipe.1. ip peccmaTJ n-airgina uaT>. if anpoc m eipitcm ocuf ip ann pin TX> logabap m c-anpoc lanv'acach. . -oa ppomaT). _ " *h/ I-" 1 ' . cap a f-apaja'D -. . OITD ben pjxi uaicne.1.1. . no Tiono CID be T)iiine t>o jxigne m captain.1. . bepa ai. &cen mipe. bone belonged See Battle of Moira.p. p. no cumaT> an.1. ID i imp DO cop -DO coin. ivfiip l. nenectamne mci oca mbi ana popcup. . na . T>iablat> in cupa-mip no eneclann. upiaca compepca.1. m fo fat mapb'ca. .1. . from which to the champion. ppoma upca -oup ppomcro vetmaip.1. in brn v^i?. amail yvo bepca o Coinculann eneclann anT) a]\ cpeipi.eip. ipper> apap 1m. accro 1 f (/Til 1 mip. ocup ap TJaigm pecuacca no cpunnacca po gabat) im mbiaT> ann. /'C Cottu'D inbpechi.. . . it appears that the marrow- . ocup mac aicgma ua-o.J ben na caipic a ^mnui.1.1. ant>- bi cuaUtnig tanamnup.1. .1. ** c-W fot CM < 1 Morsel. cupa-o mip.1. in ben ppi uaicm. men-o.1. 71.inin_e5 [arcligabait] -DO. senap liepc. "Coipchet) cap apuT). m anup 111 .1. uaip ciT> compaice m fuaxach.1. ocup ni bejvenn pe -oecbifiefy 1n eipic put. . no ap TJO nimaipg ach gab'ailjruet qutro uepiup pep popcgelt iaip V no pppa na_coing'6 in ben. vpomaT) na pipoc. muna accaiT) bqxa no pte^a. 73015111 epba. .1. . oepiT>e. cpeipi. pecrmat> bqui no ptega. gan a mian a cabaipc T>I. pin. n-apaic. cipe TJO gne. mac co_bup beta in ben T>on coipcep. aip . np_an.1.1. pcronaipe mna. conig in ben vt^ liuaicni. eneclann uit TDon pig ap. Ocup a puil aim an. no in cupcac tp can. T>a nibep. aichgin inn an.180 DISTRESS. . . Senchtir TTlafa tia mac i naip ica cnch^ina rrnifla T>O fiipn 111 captain.1.1. no a bpipt) oc a upcach paep T>O bein. taif popcgeW. plan t>o. papuppach mban pyvi uatne. -?C. [cemp accopaip. a tenure. apchop aupcha. puba n-inroa. . ' tanamnup. _ Ji. tecT>ipi m-o. im pmacc anpoc pin }D tz-o^ Wf( m com. 798. . no a maixbat) a geme. . . tet pac ann o ciucpa -pogail: ocup mil. an upcac T>O beiji-pT>e [TIO] 1 T>enam le T>O m -no frf T^ paDnaipe fia. no bpeicTi on pp ip a hae he. no meclan. na mnaib tujvcsal. miati mna coppcha. m gabat.1.1. . . t>o bepayv an. pep -oa inbep.U5aT>e. Cfun connate. . . . no claim>e. m bu-o amampi. cona . C.1. . bpeic ua-6.* " "^ * b 1(?e1 "' " a cu Tc1ii' " a " 6 eneclann co bay. cn. 5bat cumamg. uftegap eneclann. cnam copaic. . nem-out cuice na miT>a.1.

prove a charm. i. or on whom he levies Getting a woman with child it against the man from whom the woman dies hi childbirth. i. there is honor-price to the king. Violating a mad woman. there is honor-price for it. "r WM fnrliiddrn there is fJ. in bringing forth a child. he For the longed-for morsel. a dog. Carrying love charms. with three days' i. or.e. i. or on correct. or kills her child. away i. he did not see the dangerous thing.e. virtue. to whom made. (hat is taken.e.e. i. from this.e. a month before Bed witchcraft.e.e.e. the Jiigiuinful violence ('urthach saer') wlik-h br'nr-i ft womfln t n prcnifttirf' labour. i. i. . i. what she longs for not being given her.e.e. i. i. i. that has committed DISTRESS. to carry it away from the man double the hero's morsel or honor-price. and it is an unnecessary uninact. by-hrr parents or her tribe .e.e. or it was in wantonness. i.SENCHUS MOR. Carrying away the hero's morsel from the person to half 'dire'-fine for it. to prove it. he pays one-seventh of the third of restitution.e. 1 the fine is stay. i. i.e. what before more man whom the it may be the evidence of the woman.e. as it was from Cuchullainu .e. li>tle-uness. there at the least tar') offered the woman means the disgraceful riultlll? (' in turthach which brings on premature labour. so that he is not able to cohabit with her.e. charms in the parturition and a month after parturition. the ravished woman. i. the lence. with a stay of three days. for this the fine for closing the childbearing passage is due. the ' cosait'-bone.e. for double the value of her work. and it is . The fine which is for it has a stay of three days. had sworn. by her own husband. Jf he_bail honor-price violptnil till her. i. there to is to test a cHarm. or. ' I^aglecting what results Setting the charmed morsel for i.e. is. whoever does so. . i.e. i. unless being a fool extends it to five subject to full days. death. if he takes.e. he pays one- seventh of restitution mitted the injury. oath which she takes it is is to be made by her who makes it before a iritnus. to see if it has ii '>H4&ic<*l ft ) its it was tentional was not with the intent to kill.e. i.e. the longing of a pregnant woman. the distress or of the . or one-third of the honor-price of the person who owns her for violating her. cohabitation. i. whoever comis free. i. or injures her person. i. indeed. a narrow passage fur childbearing. i.e.e. whom he levies woman herself. i.e. and it was through penuriousness or niggardliness the food was withheld on this occasion. the painful vioor it ' not in natural course she brings forth.e. i. i. The eric-fine' which is for it has a stay of three days. i. body-fine. cohabiting with her. to prove enchantments. i.e. notwithstanding being forbidden. to take away a person's wife from him. for which honor-price is due. Incapacitating a woman for her work. the hero's morsel.e. For is the oath of a restitution for is it woman in childbirth. lie fiinU pity half fine for it where injury results: and all this is without evil intent. If it 181 be a youth at the age of paying restitution. the smachf-fine for the dog. if he did not see the dangerous thing . and if he did see it. the woman in labour. the man from whom he takes. i. i. against woman in labour swore may prove it. the witness before whom is the should the witness wish to do so.e.e. bed.e.e. i.e. or the honor-price. i. i. according to some. and body-fine is after .e. for though the violation is and here the unintentional act is found Cg^ p ' 3-T/ fine. the death unintentional death.e. if . intentional. i.e. i. should he wish to prove distress. not going to her hi her bed. i. for it whom whose carried it it belongs.e. the injury.

m pme . Quickly on one day after the dttiand the time that he decides is after the defendant has sion of the Brehon (1 ' Vide supra. p. . mtiipbperha. .1. rcailin. the upon it. nuin '"T 1 V U 'S cabuin. . no 2mbteoj:ain niFTxmach. la C. voi1 cn. a f a cm T 1 5C[ 1T ann ' DO "'D1 1tlia ngabcayv cmaT>. . otigef) /ami m airbgm. .1. Til uiyibfxecVia. ocuf a anaTi -pa-oeipn pojx um .oichtc. co cuicci. na fecaiB cuicci. in c-inbteogum.1. . an. fmacc ocuf vof. ITla T>on\aiT> nech T>O gon-c. . . pne bpecha. taken off with him the distress of the plaintiff after the stay. of lbf.miiif. Cm $Wls T)o iiiT)ui.m -DO funn. im feoic tiume.ntiifte nech n. pnobpecha.1. bfiectia. ci\eifi. feoic aine 110 T>lecc Tub aim.1. iiain. brvicemon posellcayvfi'De iai\ ocuf if a acrijjabail in pecemon ian nanaD. OCchc ni v coifte cuicchi T>e. im cam n-mbin.irl (dicro cuicci an. TIO rafv on. Co a f ecc -oec.1. ache ni po^coiple ctncehe T>e a ctmitechcaib S~ piTjbfxecha. m . a|i"^a napcnai each a napaT) ap^a copaib each a plan. ic byieitemnaise-o. a fmacca pojt cuicci. a naichgm pop tun. im pT> mipcbail on. .1.1. ocuf a cfieifi T>O TTDifii fof^ rp. CC cumlechcaib v e " l1 > ' comfleccib m -pemechaif. name cac naichj. CC n-oi^xe v oip. if ana'D ' 1' > f lainngenT) 1 Above Vide supra. . Cuicchi Tie. acfuibainx cuaf TOim [. aichgm imaifig pne bf^era.1.. T)o neoch T)o ptupmiup. each anar> m oca \?ofi 15 CCnaicTipin fofi um. pro.t)f im cojxuf Lm. im Of co-p. .1.1.i. 110 cun uatf gnia an each ?o\i a cabatn. . a n-aicpn uiti ?o\\ am. cm caca comocaip co a pecc Tiec ic ^leirhi pop ctucci. a cumbaifi on cf-a. T)O neoch T>O fiuifurnuf.1. cm T>o lapmtn. a nT)ipe pop cpeip.eta 7fit fojellairhefi.1. ocuf in cmbteogam meT>onach no-o ben. a tiafcnoi. coyvo.1. poii cuicci. . ocuf ma alam aicin. . caca comocaif. 135.1. . . im caich. mi cafcaip. . bjieca. 129. is em pon.. T>1 cyxeifi. -DPTO.1. 1fei> . . p.J5~Cin T>lecc T)ib. .eip a aicTigm.1.1. 799. ana-6 cyieifi fop. a cofvaccain DO ineich no huafat inTifaigfo mcac no bei^ in capa-o o bi-obaiT) a coiche'6. . ocuf a. ifeT) m olije'D DO fiui^tnuf \x>\i cjxeip. if fon.1.1. cuyiaVOT1 1" V e T>. opbpeca. . fioniaitin a\i cfceifi.] im conuf cfieibi. if etcm a nairhgm T>O catftic aft ame. arm. TIO cunroe. feocu uine in fo utli. cjvia oecbiiaiuf -oonT)! .182 v T- / Senchup ITIop. .1.o fiempxrofi unicf^eifi.eifi. Consumed by The pledge is given.1.1.c laif -oo biT>baT> OII-D mibi. in ni if Dip. feoic ame fio amic ocuf a riui poyi c^ieif t. po|x eneclamn.1. CCn.

e wood.e.e. and if restitution -betrbtfti&ed.e. I have enumerated the law relating to them upon tion of them all is upon one day. . As days. If any one has injured thy field.e. respecting timber for erecting i. what is right respecting the house. i. i. i. the restitution must he forthcoming in one day. i. sea judgments. rivers.e. except some that are extended to five Dis^A ^^T \ (f/K2. have their restitution upon one day. of one day were due of them here. jrr wfah &H1 lA /'J Their restitution upon one day.e. family judgments.e. upon i. that the family restitution upon judgments. the default of every relative far as seventeen Je-feed-to five days.e. Is fixed to five far as seventeen. this is all about . case. and the dire '-fine under that of three.-nn is three days.e. judgments. \tatfir_judgments. The summary of it is. a'sed' of one day is due of them. there is a stay of one day upon every Their 'dire'-fine upon three days.Mils' of one day's rtay. every thing thaUs-as ' smacht'-tine. in each case I have enumerated. 'seds' middle kinsman being sued extends it to notice. and the five days. to the person for whose default taken. <J"~t i.e. i.e. To five days. Except some that are extended to five days. it was adjudicated. days upon the seds of five days.e. there is a *tay of live ' ' . the sacred i. " <** -^*W ^. i.e. and the dire '-fine in three days. the ' comes under the rule of one day's stay. judgments.e.e. restitution which I have enumerated. ' 3 Uuj-jh before as a case of three days. ^ .e. i.e. all is extend who their until it reaches to it.SENCHUS MOR. Water Sea the Le. reson and his grandspecting 'seds' of one day. i. three days. what I have said above fort.e. the law respecting for what is consumed bya the party from the sea. from the tyo^piyns made in the Fenechus. i. Family judgments. upon the man whose default it is sued for in the serves the i. his the ejm^jtions of the Feini. and on his own account the stay is one day. i. i. have their restitution three days from the time that the pledge io guan. every one notice proceeds to obtain for himself that which indemnifies him from the defaulter. kinsmen. ' default of thy as great ^great-grandson.e. what is right respecting the i. i..e his restitution is upon three days.ff days by the exceptions of the Feini. Le. 1 respecting wood. in each case I have spoken of .e. To which i. &c. to which all ex- The default of thy great-grandson. i. foreigners. or the middle kinsman. this is done through three days the restitunecessity . i. a bridge. i. such as I have enumerated. i. and the water judgments. what is right respecting nets. every relative.e. Wood judgments. their 'dire'-fine upon three days.e. i.e. there is a stay of three days upon what is due as fine for it. By smacht '-fine upon five days. 183 Woodjudgments. for the stay on account of a person's . i. however. i. the tend their notice by which The default of all secure their safety.e. upon the 'smacht'fine and upon the honor-price.

' here translated last fleece. ain. nn i 'R<jlMilM<V uacc Orf? I bjion. im T>amu naT) b^cbificefa. im ce^c ptiT) ca^ cp. octif a gabail aj\.. nn 'De ecaib'J ecaib. .w&W. gam i ' nofbeiyi co q\eifi. mi ftfc flabjaa aTmrole.tn).b rnbo co n-a nieipcin gabup. Last 'Tiuglomrad. in C. laipn map. mi a iimTiaT) ia^ :-' T.e . im imcliomuf n-m^e. . co Jleece. im a finTDaT) im 'Din'orff 'Dainechai'De. mi ucqia cobach T)o como^baib piji men lib.' last food. im putufa cacha cechpxt ria cofibenac. Q'rJ jj %j -oie^nf.. cennaijelna flora TIO ic. nn cnniaiT) T)o mimai|lc. QCfva BOfiaiD each a iplan. 5/ hi poxat aji aep pofiaqie. i cennmje. poji umaT). /<r{iubu jxMclilige. T> on each in each TJO fiac 111 apa7> am no a nuns. . mi a eijuc iafi im toxal carnane. in \:lmt oo^boing.ich. im each ncrobujifria ]io ceclijia. im cnincfD caclia peT)a. 799 is glossed Tigthine. fa cAut/n/*. im aicnne n-apcna. cimcell -DO na oaeyi ceilib co ivoib cfiian loj enecli na plartia ann ocuf mbleo.cclir i matib^abail. im fiubu im cmaiD meic riojna jio qaucliaisdiep. 1 ^m nemchaiiiecc pep.ca'Da- m ocuy if a pui|ii|iiuT) gmma m (1 f ni piil in a fan&fie m comofvba. jjjic. im ju-lnit) mec a ojib. 1 mayvbgabail.. pallac po ip a cm acafiap. im in m t>me oan. flanaij."> -oon apa-6 mi cmaiT> in patlaig ro. bo co na jamainTi (nle acti.1.caT) T>O plartia. uaifi if no na ceilib i^nlegap. v*jz(i nn caiyreltach cuaice. ocuf aciia -po^ focharoe noc beip. im gumai'oeam mna maiiib. ! achgabuil.C 7?? 184 Senchiif 1 _ ii 1 in . im Tieofiai'O. na na . Ttm^bail mic baicp^e. im claite alia poji p.1. CCchgabait cuicci .1. im eocha. impn lef ^ anma. I ^rCCchsabail cui. cobach neich nyo rlanm^tey.

distress for the oath of secret murder. for every material which is not adjusted. Distress of five days' stay for dead-seizure. for the crime of the son of a stranger. for carrying off an animal's covering. for taking ca-ro of the son of a harlot. he distrains. for /satire unascertained as to kind. for the runner of a territory. and it is in lieu of other service i. for causing to wither any kind of tree. and suing from many extends it to five . for four-footed animals.e. for piercing a cliff for iron ore. for the wrongfully suing of a son respecting land.SENCHUS MOR. for copper ore. for/ a nickname. for giving in charge account of thy bad place improperly. for satirizing her after her death. and the kinsman being sued extends the time to three days. default of a person. the chief exacts it. for the tenants are bound to pay the head payment of the chief. 185 DISTRESS.e.e. a cow with its hide_A for chiefs head payment. makes the or the person upon whom the notice is served for the default he has been distraint of that which indemnifies him from the person for -whose i. or . for making a millstone. every their secure all which safety. from the defendant. for the last fleeee. for animals that scrape. for horses.e. for the loss on of custody. for carrying off from watchmen. for oxen not fit for work. for dry animals among_estle. i. or shaped into form. one who serves notice takes that which indemnifies him from those By Distress of five days' stay for dead-seizure. for satirizing him after his death. its ' pays it dead cow and meistin mesam dine dartada. sued. and it is taken in the round from the base tenants until it amounts to one-third of the honor-price of the chief. for 1 for distraining the heirs of suing between two deaths. the distress which is taken for the thing which is due along with the is given.' And the heir in this case has not the wealth of his rank. a dead man. i.e. for false boasting of a dead woman. for the right of a poet egesaing a-territory. for not erecting the tomb of thy chief. for the young of all animals which are not profitable. for its 'eric'-fine after it has been discovered. i.

co cpeifi. 83. 83. ocuf comapba m ceile oc acpa cipuaipfi m paca. ociif T>atna fieiihe.1. ocuf m f eoic cupctait>i ocuf cm mbleogam t>o each tub cm a ceiti. buco tia blm-ona O'D. cu cmcci. 1)015 *" ne V eltl boinj. 1m neccayv accn-a icip. if anat> cpeifi. mi nemctaccam t)O aronacul na T>|xi f eoic. . [1n c|vi placha. jfii.1.] TTlcro . an authority upon the subject of the text. 1 n-abuil. m cenT>aici. no inT>einiin . . 1 ' ji v a S. a fmacc psjx . no fecc nibn eclaif a cpocaipe o ceilib m 1115. no cen a naiT>m. [bmii ptaca cecgiatlna a^x cjieif 1. cfioaibJ. 7)0f betp co cuicci a lm uile t>on m T>le5ap. fop rpebaipi. -DO ixof a cfieifi. . " cuicci.arhait if beip: "1 puc fenech1 m m mbaiT) aif m naf cac cunia coniopba o pacaib ponarhaii ' 1 parhap.1. acpa pop fochaiTM.crDjCiTi 04*11 a/4\jL : cuicti. no ncfaai na fee nof beip ctucci.Sending DISTRESS. in biai> ac-bac m lee bliatma if Tnajxb' canuij'e ecu on plaic. ma TXO mpca-6 aichgm in pejxca jp cixeij^. TTIunab n-mbait> fin nmgapaf. . T>ai5 if anTiif TIO ixoich acp. Dom -DO ifeT) beip cpeifi fop ctncei. .1. ip cecpanj ^an ceili. ocuf inbleogam nof beip.i.1. Tia comoyxba btf trnm tie acbala. . no neccaip t>tb ac acpa ap a na cfio flacha no cpo m ceiti no unm comaccpa t>o mac a ?f comapba m locca po cpoaijet) anu. V-1. cnngapuf fin. mutia cainic annyeix bicrea in can m in-o. tcin. ifi-f> bo cac aen pip T)iB a ecpocap. ocuf \<p e m ^niacc pi yunT)." i- T*nA/i<Ur Tuf-UtiA >rf~1m nemchaifiecc peyxcat) -oo O'D. if lie. TnaT)a comopba in pp. i 1 ci uglom fiat). . teofva famaifci poyxf 111 ceile. pojxba na bliaona tio a cititi . cuicci . im nemciaccam no fmacc] uil ann ap. TTlofi.o m anaT) fin name plait cimgaiaaf a bicro on ceili 6 callaim> co himc. ocup ocp. cif. achgabml gebuf ime. qpop.-^8. .TC\ colann eipic TIO ctunjiTi. famaifci hi peficaT>. te ptaca. ump if mbleogam no ni bi faigci.1. oc\if m he pem T>O boinge. t>enam ulait> cumT>acc pofi fochai'01.D These letters indicate the name of some author or book. imm plair.1.a pochuroe beip. cjxeifi acjxa . comapba na flata ac acpa cipuaipfi m biT).

-*rw says>^Xhroughout the heir who is bound by guarantees ' Fenchus'4t ' is not . or it is not upon security. i. i. i. he (the chief) dies and if he die before a year at the end of the year or at the end of half the opinion is that nothing is due in it. the heir of the chief suing for tenant suing for what is due of the food-rent.e. and a kinsof the default ai is other the to fault of the one in relation to three time the suing extends sued days. 1 That for the is. For the last that case. he that distress the upon three days.30f- heifers for the tomb. i. and this is what extends the a cow for every man of them is the severe fine.enjoined that the " ^. five days. for it is that kwws it within that time. The smacht'-fine which is for ' J. its smacht '-fine it is the tomb in three days. for not coming it has a stay of tomb over the chief.e. fleece. ' is exacts that himself not it. there is a stay of If it be not within a kinsman that sues. and what is due of the stock given.' protecting to erect the For not erecting the tomb of thy chief. or property of the the both of heirs parmutual suing which the respecting the body-fine is the other demanded. suit.e. S. the two would extend to five days. or ttar^efei-beiag^ilitlcj of necessity five days. is the Church the to whole number. head payment is uncertain. or either of them sued deceased make in this case. three three-year old suing from several extends It. it shall to three days. not coming to bury the the chief. and suing from many extends it to five days. Three seds.e. the food-rend from the tenant/from is a stay of one day the calends of January Tf it be the heir of the man takes for it. i. or it is not the time to five days : secured by a contract. man. and a kinsman being extends from several. i.e. For suing between two deaths. as-$e it is extended from three to that time he levies If it be the chief who k^iee till Shrovetide. the foodtime of supplying the food-rent had not arrived when the chief died. and it is not himself that ' The food-ren< of the chief of first claim has a stay of smacht'-fine that is here.D. i rathar. there are three three-year three days .e. if the the second food-rent upon the death is due from the tenant. i. or seven cows. i. if it between two heirs who are concerned in extend it either of them should die. .SENCHUS MOR.e. &c. from the tenants of the king due for the chief's lenient fine. three days. it to . case tics is the chief or the property of the tenant . there it. and the heir of the the dethe bounty-' seds'. what is 187 DISTRESS.e. because old heifers as a fine upon the tenants for in five days. exacts it.e. and it is the rent of the year in which he died. i. there is restitution for if it has been mortal by them.

bam ceili oc acc]xa tip. .1.1. 1m cobach DO comap.1.e beip. Difference.ic mp.1. 1m cp.yi in biT>. ocuy nembeic na yaiT>bp. oi]\i in petia . pop.eplam c-achaip. a epleycap. ca cinel aip.baib ocuy ceile maip. maip.1. r6110 . .oiT).uaip.1.p.1. acria^yochaiTie ftnacc. 1m 5umaiT>eam mna maip.ma bechait) pluy.]. coiccenn -DO cuaich anunT).ich.uain. aef pon. cuicci a becliaro.1. . aine. 1la 'otejun.O mimai*(c. niaip.luma 1n p. m iy mbleojam ocuy pop.i no oono. 1m Tjenum liacc bp. . na pop.aip. coman. eneclann -DI na naepaT). in tuap.1. inbleogatn co c]xeifi. pi ocuy yai[]bp.1. . in laej. comap. biy im caipi-o claim. . m P. the crime is the same.eiyi. . luce na nop. mem na /rpach. aice.u na cfo T>O necmon baf 1^ 6 oecbi^. cn. cetna.inaT> cacha peT>a. cap. meiclnn.on. 1m poial camcip. DISTRESS. maiT>m ngua T>O bepan.onnuy ocuf T)ombeip. though he should recover. . .UT> no in tuma 3f ttan.eip "ocuf pop. co cuicci.ofai5 cuicci. bpaca cp. >.1. cloicib ujx up.cn. iy aip.1. -oa ixucchap. cuicce. .e. because secret murder was meditated.1." have been interpolated into the manuscript.1.lum ap. afmacc ap. pop. TO) comla.iy co cpeiyi. cuicci. if pop.lcuicci ap. and seems "i. achgabuil gabujx nn in ni ^xo 1m chmaiT) T.ba na placa oc acp.1.b'.a ana* a eneclamne ni m anpy p-irnKfrj ian. a claicep.1. aine. ocuf jopp. . feoit cp. m mnai eneclann. . . cm mbleogam T>O cm na comla. . . . . noy m O'D.yi fxacha. 5 aic. in 1m aichnen-aptha.ur) cigi. na pif.pT>ip. . thy gate" to "days. .ia lapcnn. ' 1111151 gacaiT)! betp.1. 84. . . mbleogam beipiy co tpetp. Itibleogam co tp^eip. pon coin. epla aep.ei r' ' '"f U.b.cpeifi. im in cecna -oms if 1m ap.in-oaT> -Decb'in.cp. in m aill.ia infaipT) p.1. T>O oop. na canalaig ap.b. feoic na cp. i . puil yarabpe. It bap if o T>ecBiri. a]X mec a cuil [cm co] ce TX> necmti bay [iy 6 cuicci.T.1.1.e.na ecaib. mbleogam -co cm in gacaiTii. cac -oaca ann. T-" pop. n. 1ma eip. pip. comap. j-nip.a tin. co cuicce. coip.1. 1.1. 1ma cachaip. in ocuy T>ti mbleogam a comaicefa. po)ibiy meicip. 1l in ftrtact puil an. ni e T>op. iy inbleogain. from to ferent hand. and believed by the assailant to have been perpetrated. ocuy m m ma .1. luiji na T)UinecaiT)e an. .1. if i cec cepca ap. an. .1. pop. in cuapcun: ruprlann uil anr>. .ba placa maipb'. If the person was left for dead and concealed. . . is in a dif- . pon coin. co cuicci. CC niabla'i) an.eiyi. 1m om'Diy "DumethaiT>e. iye-6 poT>epa m oumetai'oe ap. .can.1.uf . is 1 In O'D. focharoi. camchap. eneclann ann ap.e. The passage above.b. 84. . cuma in m . a mbeip.e pp.1.aib. . -DO comla pon ngne cecna. c|xeip. lap.e na oumecaitii ap. cp." 1m claiT>e alia pop. yocharoi co cuicci. the reading should be cm co necmat) 2 Five days.1. no -oono nip.1. m-aynomaT). ocuy cuicci. yi Ian up.e nac pop. yi cet up. jff 1 kti d ki L' fii a<ra '1 c T>. n-ecaib iyyet> pot>pp. cuicci. . yena na "olegan. &ma*MjM- ocup p.1. . .uy amach. if aipe poxal ap.188 TTloji. eneclann puil ann ap.lum ap. in paDeiyin bp.1. ocuf m cuma ^"-OV-I cuica. -1.1. mil.eip. [mei-o] in cuil ocuy ap.1. in ma cmmb Jno aic-oib cuma ma ap.eiyi.1. ' IL :vea\ VOT. mbep-ap. uc. cuicci. . atcantam aip. cpeiyi.1.ichi feocha amac.umat).i beipiuy co mix necaib. pop.ann ma caep.e.

Hi. it to three days . d^tji of five days.e. i. i. i. kinsman being sued extends i.e. the covering of an animal. two ounces of silver is the 'smacht'For causing any kind of tree to wither. for completFor giving in oharge impnrrreTly.SENCHUS For distraining the heirs of and of a deceased tenant. i.e. i. thy gate. with a stay of three days. and not having the wealth of his rank. satire after death is Inin ur irti rank or indeed the father hippimnd tn 1 . i. which is folded over ('camthar tar') the calf. i.e. of satire extends is honor-price for it in three days . it is a kinsman that is sued. and the time for prosecuting is in three days . ' 2 For carrying if off from watchmen. the default of thy gate is thy . i. it to three days.e. and the reason has a murder about secret the oath stay 'ressfur that the oath about secret murder has a stay of five days. i.e. i. The tear. the tartan.e. i. the 'seds'of " and of three days. it is not himself that does the and the kinsman being sued extends it to three days. for stripping For making a millstone. the tartan.e. difference. For its 'eric'-fine after it has been discovered.ie. is on account of the enorniit v of the crime and the great amount of the fines . there is honor- price for it.e. and he has not For sat irizing him after his death. what extends the time of (lie five stay of the honor-price to false days in the same way. upon the distress takenfor first formbark. i. a dead man.e. kinsman being sued extends the time to three days. and ' the copper in bars or the copper in the mines has a stay of five days..'a cloth which is mangy sheep. there is honor-price pay- of secret murder.e. there is honor-price to five days. for the off the it common wood.e.in 'trillsins' has a . and suing from many extends it to five days." ij-c.ind the heir of i. it is common to the terinjury .e. and this is the reason that is its stay is five days. they are seds from many. it is such that it contains Its double in three days. i. i.e. the wealth of his rank . in manufactured articles of one day.e. the iron in .e.e. i.e. the heir of the chief suing for what i" dae of the food- The the tenant suing for whatuS-due-flf the stock giren. i. for i.e. there father is not any lunger a!i\f. extends it For satirizing her after her death. the stolen account of thy bad place of custody. boasting made of adead for it.e.bolts.e. is a stay of five days. the body-fine for the oath about secret of the enormity of the crime. i.e. specting the thing which he has l. for what is carried outthe like the default of a kinsman side gate. i. i. i.e. for shaping it the stay is three days.-t. there is 'dire '-fine to five days. ' the iron or the copper for which the cliff is pierced. suing from many extends fine for it. i. it is a kinsman that is sued. of five days. the territory are carried out past them. For the i. i. and ignorance as to the kind and he has not the wealth of his it to five days. i. a kinsman is one day. tuing copper ore. For piercing a cliff for iron ore. suing from many to five days.e.e.e. this is the reason that it is not able for satirizing her. for repeating ^t.e. the thing a cloth of every colour. i. after the same manner.e.e. of three days.e. the distress which is taken reing there it the stay denying For the loss on article. in tanalaighs . i. For false boasting of a dead woman.e. 1 murder has a stay on accout and whether death has or has not ensued makes n- about a For carrying away an animal's covering. i. i. for the woman. there is honor-price for it. 189 the heir of a deceased chief. SIOR.e. i. extends i. i.e. i.e.forjion. with a stay of three days. / upon three days. that it is due extends it to five days. what is brought outside the door of thy house. and the kinsman it of the thief being sued. i. ritory without.e.e. or else the i. 'smacht'-fine. thy gate in the same way. i.e. the fine which upon the people of the border. i. DISTRESS. ing j* toed for the liability of the thief.e. denying that it is due to five days. .e.

no T)aii\ci ocuf oanwna. caichigiT) tepa-o naigec. T>tigteca. m ran Smacc if cuntiftat). gnimnani ocuf na niaj. ftblech pain no] pn.fojx rfieifi. . fena co cuicti. . ocuf anati ^crc im fiacaib cuif." bu voichlige. no an . no aencaig -DligeT) antifo. cumaD an cuicti 1m imchomuf naine. Na . cnicrt. . na ocuf na famafce.1.1. 7>o T>a cigib arcipf if in cuarc. ^ Gif yoiciU.1.1. 'gabnn T>e bu-oem no TMO lepu-o.1.1. cffanaif. . bmnb beca ocuf peca ociup oificpeca muc bra 1 n-oejaif) catch. 1 m no o na puluf a each a cechna. moro o baicfecliaib if 1m cenc T>echmaiT> ptli-o can eile.nomacpnbej-TiitnicmaiT eifenianffDe. Cm fo -oefia / anon ctucn TwrncmiTi icrc ? If e m futi-o a]i na TKdfmb. r>on pileti gemar) an . -pamaifx:i ocnf colpdca an.1. .1.. oca fiomainn.1. napf cetnaib'.o|i qaeifi . . anbi caichraec lepcit nun-oalca acC ainen -n.190 DISTRESS. .T>net>i5ait puinnt m cliaif.rn an ame. no pen caichigci cm vaichitl. pop. ocuf if e an-anaT) but)em -pogla m ife cuicci. . octif cutinafcra TU> -olecr. cuicti po cecoin. nn mi no polofccf i iffutro. 'net tnillfenaib an vf. . 1m eocha. I cac be caiw'ap. CinaT) mec TjeonaiT). m t)eonaiT) 1 1 .1. if fop.1.cnetp. ocuf ana* coifv m fmacca m /* y* coribenac.la. mincecfxa. cm in T>eonaiT> pern vr. i n-enectamn [uil ann an cnetfe]. if f. .1. -om men. im T>amu nat> be catncef a. poclaro. 1 nu>n .1. . ocuf ampf ca cmeot aine nof bein co cutcri.1.1.1.1. . cmamicponcuicci. caillig no eichi voglennac each. na fcneptaib an rneift. 1m -Daint. 1m -oingbail mic .1. . . fin. . mem no na -DOC cotccent) T>O cuait W . no neoch an efcepcun T>of um. na mna caici i c . 1m n.1.1.1.in gille cunufa. nacanb1m n. ocnfDOTja cm mDKro a" core ocuf a cencaitb. na cainb ocuf na cuUaig. . na httroliceAte conba. ""n'ocilca. 1 cuicti amail oca batcpc batcf 5 e. an cuica. no na cotpaca if p>illi lof aic ac neoch. .1. cnich. noca coiTHchmjec m Tjoneoc in tiain. *igib if in cuaic aitigif. . . -oo na caimc arnifin.1. im na nobaib bif an poclae DibfTOe. inbteogam beinif co cneif i. . -1- 1TI6n. funn. if aine nofaig cuicce.c. cutcct. . 1m chaif cellach cuaice.aichen.r fife flabna aninT>le.1. o ninaib me^aib no um mem o mnaib boT)fvuib yyil. comalruifi T>O finne futit>: fo^ um. mbleogam beinif co cneifi. ocuf na "Dap-caDa.1. .1. acna pon focaiT>e co cuicti. cebe fee an efcepcuf im mi eimcoimfigten tfa naiji. Senchur cuicti. an mif. .ubu cechria. .

the kinsman being sued extends it to three days. for what increases from the cattle or they yield but little of produce for one." for he frequents a certain bed. and not being . The crime of *Ir. Which bulls and the i. in day. For animals that scrape. when it is for a contract. as it should be on ten days for another person. i.e. he submits to law in this case. a man who travels within two houses in the territory. stay of five days. poet. and the proper stay of the smacht '-fine is three days. the reason that the young heifers ('dairts') <yju<j^ 4r( 1** }fafaL and the young year old heifers. they were due here for debts of bargain and contract. the kinsman being sued extends five days.e. it extends to screpalls of three days. and that an act of choice. it. denial to five The jine is upon himself or upon his days. i.e. of three days. It is fine for trespass that is ' referred to above. to three days. the liability on account of his son has a stay of five days . is five days. if from harlots it is five days. >ivihc f is a stay of five days upon the and a stay of three days above ? The reason is. for which thrir time of work has not arrived. or he is the son of a man who is not responsible for his offence in this case. Three cases of joint-fosterage are reckoned here : those having a If from mad women or of five days. host.SENCHUS MOR. are not profitable. . For four-footed animals. the by produced old heifers have a stay of five days. in ore or its five days. the stay is days at once. i. and which are not trained. i.') or the i. one who frequents a certain bed. -itf not or is fit for work. Bed.e. i. though for him. ^ the unchaste woman who known.e.e. two-year old heifers and the threethexalUJaeoi-tbey-iue-preirtive..e. i. deaf women.e.e.e. For the right it of a poet crossing a territory. for the auimalf no profit. i. i. little pigs and pets and the smallest pig which follow people. or a man paid messenger. and he frequents two who is on hire.e. boars. the stranger the liability on account of the stranger himself has a stay of three days. suing upon him who supplied his4ed and his from many extends it to i. i.e. they scrape.e. his liability is it bed . and this is For dry animals among cattle. for the thing which is fixed for the satire. of is the son of a harlot. For horses. i. and their own stay What ' is the reason that there ' dairts here. i. is common to the country here.e. stay of one day.e.e. yield which scrape.e.e. houses in the territory. . a. who frequents who runs between them without wages. For the young of all animals. i. it ' ' 191 unprepared state *jf one DISTRESS. i. i. the or cocks or pet birds which follow people. they yield one no produce at that time. or the three-year old heifers and the two-year young heifers ('dairts' and 'dartadhs').e. heifer ('dartadhs. to punish her for her prostitution. <fec.e. i. i. i. and their stay is five days. five as every harlot is days and a month. the exception applies to any 'sed' whatever.e. For the runner of a ter- ritory. price which is i.e.e. the small cattle.e.e. an exception for the will be on five days For satire unascerknown what kind tained as to kind.e. i. or i. the son of a stranger. i. i. five like the concubine.e. if from lawful women it is three days .e. the stay is one day. the messenger. the honorits for it has a stay of three days. i. CaJ> For taking care i. for oxen i.

m ylan pecheman coiche-oa T>O t'v< -ir [CC -oen. . m ' T naT>b^ na eneclunn pit ann in. uain. .i5cTie|i.u'oaixca. c.o . m . ocu-p an. im in liu-onguccoo bemni ln P e Tlu 1T| ]> ' "T 1 1t1 mac inThmuf ceneoil T>O T>enam T>e. Tjecmaroe im cn. . im Y'tain. T>O caniT)in. |">pccllac1i each each jurofuro. 87. tan upturn an. ipin cain.1.1. ocu-p i-p i -pn oecma'D |aicin. naicin. co cmcei.i lilejan.ich. cinaro.ur1ni5aT). r 'WitL?l t^Ajc\*l ann. cec uiiluin an. T)on 1m cobuch a vechemam nee no flun.T>n. -DO cac T>ume o buj^ cn. im caiffDe. m ci i\o puiixig imuig he yie comae n.1.ta.1. 1m mbleogain teo [cmce] co poec oecmat) [in] cm inbteogam 1 cain/oi. im inbleogam fiuT)n. 86. oecmai'De.UT>n. 1^ lee in pn^ Ian ma 50. Senchur . .1.V'"" >" lepanma.1.na t>encan. . noja 'i^buic a cumuiT)] fii n. . cicul. aici]ii in cn.1.ich im na h-uib yecu cen pegaT) muigi na inbleogam. jaimniu. m cixatiT) cec cepca an.1.e comae n.1. Tn6|i. connD T>O neoch a yeoic T>O ip vaill 05 mi peanpnun. alacn. ma nxro cuibce VF-'f "V'f "llcc PP. . .eip. call pn lacaeb na 1m each nt)ail bein.1 naicifii T)ia mbe achsabail -lobinp. .e ocuf aichjie t)uf cet>a lina no DO K gella. c]\eip. nembec tia fait>bn. ana'6 T>ecmaiT>e [mari] im cn. no cuitice -DO fwro flip. im cobach a flam gleBCifl maichp.1. 1m J.1. . Pattach each - n.aT). pn. 1m cacn no tia n.UCIUT> mec a oi\b [.1.ich.uT>an.1. ocuy^ im O'D.1t> co oecmaiT) e no gro cutUtcim. - O'D. O'D. cliche. ame. cn. . ecunTO co p.ich. achgabail oeclirnai'oe pil 1111 each iroail cfuche.1 fie T>ecmait>e bic a cig oein.1. qxeipe.1. TiuyM napeaibJche)i. can.e oecmaroe.M. bfxeic caiix-ot.mem ian. in yio cuinT>n.ich co -\\u O'D.e nech be pec he cema yec aine an. 86. . aicim in biT>buit> leo amach [po ecur-c achgab'ala ca^ HW.ich c|vicha cec. achjabail lobtup. jcobach cajx cjuch.T>e. each n-oait ucaixcan. aijiT) bu-oein.i. . an. ocuy if oo pechemam -oafi cjxich . /O amm ipJUn no if lipca lenuf he. piliT). . CIT> ait aiiTolrijiT) an.1. inu h-aicijie an. pp. c -i . ' m 1-p v ecneman coicherxx. S-~0- amuich ior>' n.^ .aT). 111 in til oca ipn eunim. cute taici. til ep in eneclann uil aim an. . ann.i cain.. aigcep.ec1i T>O cn.1. 86.1.T>e].ca.ich cm mo ca in can. anat> "oechmaTOe aiiv. .u-Dan. noc bein.o cfiuc naigcnen.192 DISTRESS. puit tan. lot-- ^ e1 * ^T arnu '5 T16 comae n.mT).ac tnuijje oo lym cjxich CCchgabait oecmai'De.i im cn.1. im cac m bip n. a nacayican. cen cen'omilaan.1. .

for levying m tress from a sick man if he is on a sick imbecile until^the " which of the two parties shall give a pledge. For levying what indemnifies him. is the thing DISTRESS. the land. standing. the first stage of i.e.e. for the wrongful suit which is brought suing of a son respecting land.e. three days.e. to every person when it is outside is an exception in the case of the poet. i. i. the stay of ten days. for is a neglect. and it is house O . i.tlie t^taa-^-jfUt^^griygiTt^"^* f. or be determined whether it is true or false.e. i. is required beyond the territory. if he is called a bastard it is to be called should be retained. for if be false it is full. besides extended to ten days.e. that is for the name which an annoyance ('ainm i.e. It is said in the interterritorial law. fully prepared of one day.' "i. . S.whorrTihe liability of a kuisimw ^njIeTfemhave no esieiuptwm until they ^oifc*-W days intq torial^ifigulation.e.e. for they ' - *t another territory.e. for it is for the space of ten days he remains in the respecting a Wntory. and for old expired contracts ' the period of prescription. to of kind though whatever the period of his upon the person who detained it outside during avenge illegality there prescription.e. which is not shaped into any regular form. i. i. i. having the wealth of his rank i.e is g^ true it it is a. will stick at all. or it may be an immediate distress. the honor-price when is it is it not" known whether the name of three days. so that is the territory onts!r!e. there U a stay of place or of ten days in the case of the territory for all 'seds' without regard a cantred.D. there is distress of ten days for every prescription.SEXCI1US MOR. as malleable iron) without ornaments. and this is the ten days|pf the hostage case. half honor-price.t tO C^X*^ fa/f &< F^HtW' *^ l^vfct*^*!*^ 1**??lI*W^iC demanded mi*r _arr the hestage ei.e. but there 1 le For tb*-4H*f)Hm--.Ugos of the plaintiff with them out over the. in the bar first shaped has a stay of five days. is Foranickname(' lesanma'). distress from mother's and the father's ^^^ t? Every prescription to have his ' seds old i. i. tory within. For every material which iron ore. to cjueitwn his legitimacy to see if he against the son respecting a bastard. for every territorial an-wtertemof a*h^iaage meeting. i }/ .e.e.e. of its preparation (i. i. boundary by way of bring the hostages of the defendant in the distress for the space of ten days. for WL&4Sflma>n wftat inSemriilres himj dis^ torial-Hiatter. title. extends it to five days. the thing which indemnifies him from the suitor outside the territory . 'the honor-price which it l.e.e. for crimes of Distress of ten days.e. every meeting which kinsman. i. i.e.e. it is perfect neglect for one out from him during the period of prescription. i. the hides. the -hoc. which for has a stay not For the wrongful extends it to five days. ten days respecting is further time allowed him afterwards in the terri- it is For every territorial meeting. e^ the sentence of the interterritorial law. if it for has stay of three days. and there a stay of ten days upon it. i. every thing that is out from a person during of one 'sed' a even it is 'sed' day's stay in itself. lenj) or which constantly sticks to a person ('is lista lenus'). i. is not adjusted or shaped into form.e. or]that uSfi&Med in the case. Every prescription is a neglect. of satire it is 193 i. for levying of the plaintiff.

pne lobutn. ocuf ana* T>ecmaiT)e >o CCchgabaio . co fioib oecma'o ann. ocuy coich octif ye net co^ban). -DO na imja bi uifiiapachc chumac a achgabail bjuujaiT) a\i To each. Ocof arliajx 1 if fef) fo-oe^a arhgabatl no gabatt cinait) naenfecc im m nuc. t>uf eta T>enaT)a pne btf po no -oono nocon oc nechcap. CCthsab'atl lobui^ -oia nibe t aclisab . achgabail pri a n-uai|i trobctftca. n Q'A-tf. ctchjabail pjx ruic.1. tm cmaiT> in ecoTmaig cujva -oeiligtep. 1^ no mi cobach bi-obut-6. fioi . ace abailtu 1 mbatltu. eta T>ib gellpuf T>e.o gleicinmatcn^e ocuf achgabail gabun. ocuy pa in cu^baiT) na pa oecinat) ina ancro aicinca na fee. focharoi co cutcci.otb apcro OCU F ^ofca* T 10 unvaem jenintb. pifi arhgabail bir ben piji pp. ocuf inbleogam beifiif co cfteip. no if e T)f ce-occ lina no TJO getta. m uf m i\o Tlo yaem oecmcro. ci Tjligif co /^-cuicpn nnlijit) mb ajiaen. t*00 ' 1 '*" ^CCchgabail caip. .Senchup DISTRESS. ciagatr co cech atrtnt vi'-' Fmtinnu. 1C11\ matha)! ocuf pne achaji. a cine acliga- baiL 75-pleT) cccligabait pji congfienn ptaca.1. .1 gabun. "achgabail . cuiibaro. co m -o' pne niachaf. T>e bif.1. aich . aichn. cen aifiir pecheman pofi cotifclv ccchgabail pon^ten noill aen- ->na^^ 0^*8" ^1^5 arhgabait pifi tnifaul. ocuf cm alqiunia lie. -oon -Dutne Cf-uas mtroia n. f e ocuf a taeb n-if na . fenai) na T)le5ufi. actigccbait p|i cuic jopc. accyia fop. ctnatT) .i a napcaji pip. ctchjabail pji pop. ecuim> co n.irtit) pifi cechfiachac ai"Dche. caijie .1. 111 contra n-einct oct^tf mine. liuaicne pifi mui-oep muilent). ocuy puillet> m m on ruyxbaif) |ie ancro aicmca na fee. a tm a capcaiji.

des. .s not with Distress distress <_U5U1<-^^ from a . and there tr.takcu from a poor sick man receive notice it house of the hos age of the he is on the h.it'*.. place either of them...vhomlhe^sT^TThTcaldron distress from a a man whose wife is in labour is ^A from . has lost his who from a man .empt. h. of e.tr. distress from a man . from the suitor outside the territory to entitled for it. but u-mu/ers it whom HK^*^ : may e be that he . to every ^^Mot^J^^^ distress from a a kiln . a . distress man who collects the food tribute of a chief distress from a from a man at the time of offering .trcss of the lunat. or it-jwrmleistoo. . i. wh. U and of the mother together for that of fosterage. Brewv ' the same respecting for the number of his party. distress . distress from who specting the mill. i se mother led between the tribe of the give a pledge for him.lck t . a pledge. " without N know.' longer than until natural stay of the 'seds. ^^^^ exyoimrd . and the exemption and there is add.e fasted . ploughman..e. iivyui a from ^^^%L% man v^^-^f^J j. suing from . is a stay of ten days upon amounts to ten days. he who is lying and .. to from place. of them the tribe of the father. extends it denial of its being due to ten days.in.e.on from the lawful stay of the 'seds.ee. ^ ^KT' . . or for to the levymg the nil enc -fine ZTwWh II t(1 fe Which he U Dl. tf it is taken. T.ou.H.c until u b the liability deeide e a distress that U taken re.bes until the mother'.. and is longer tion. winch of Which of the two parties shall give or iudeed the two tribes are under the liability.ch He submitted to ^ . ey relieve him . and fathers imbecile sick a from . distivs.e.. a man upon manwho has lost the combat distress from . and during a period was (fle he aid not plead the penod of exempthe suit though being within ten days are ten than days.an if on th. an./ JL distress from a calumnious story has been circulated.. I '<">L.! liability is on account kinsman the and beinff of both it is due >liall And the reason that distress is son to several to five days. . . man who breaks th^ulere- person . to h**. a wan-field .. rt>r\A. from a .SEXCIIUS MOR. . by whom . 41*. the exemption period to the it. + . .des. to three days.utd. and taken from the tribes of the father the liability of * son.

j. ne imgabail in cinaiT) pn T>O CUOTO.' 1^e mbec T>O pen-ootc namcr. ocuf nem1 p. mu buD e no j.1. a crchsabail x <*RT"i " cep-o.196 DISTHKSS. ' 0'D~~88 CCctij. ocup an.o ufictem .pi [ocuf T>ir1nm n-uine T>ec].abait luigi x 5lenant> aen pin. Do^iaoy.e fie na cuic laite oei-oenach .ii\iT>.abdil pip. CCchgabmi pin.rnepam [i 1x0 nlechc -1- [an-o]. necli Dianibin] log enech met T)iaT>. ach^rtbail -on j. uain. Senchur m6ji. T>ib yie coipcuib T)ecbip. ocuf o ca.aichn. ocup m nepani nndm ba cu)\baiT> in co|Xf. achgabatt gaburi T>on pip. . oicini vT" T16 na cuicci T>ei5enaiT>.1. ace pn.abca nombein. .no [pecat-o b^ec.1. -sotname beic crcbgabala aca byieicb co oeclnnaiT) ocuf o ca ancro oecmai'oe aifi. fockami -DO bn. ocuf if ariilaifi ^. ip m a eip. ocup T>ichmi riame. Toich cucai) ay.1. ocup if amlatt) rio bicro mane beicb inbleogam ocabfteicb coqxeip. aipbepxnaig cup. ancro cuicci aifi ocuf r>mm naitie.a foyi fochaiT>e 'ca brieich co cuicce.e cechp. na coichei) ponglen noill aenpiyi. ocu-p T>O cuaiT) bpaichin.uif apaf> ' ' . co Tiec- nt fen. -pec aine |io gabat) anT>.1. ocup pop. ocuf ippet) coinpy na pci)x an. ocuf ru^xuf nach f aejianT) .1.ofcaT> cupbuiiS. no ip ttiac non email) pn aen pep eile TOO poipgell laif nach Tia-p. 7)015 1 f PC"> coiccenn -oo tiacaT) von.if yecheman. cuinif an pi^x pf alcl ria peictiemam 150 careecc [T>ia 15] -oa^ etp. 1 picip. ailicixe. . athgabail sabup. pabcco achgabail. Ce C CUr" na Jlec ^a T' ['" un D ] P-e p. Dib -oa ngaburi acgabail af aichle ocuf fen aitie acun ancach ocuf anat) naine r>o btcro atcci myi ocuftiitirn r^eip . nach vot1 mipiibm). ancro qaeip bicro aifi ocuf tunhitn name: ocup if pn fiO mainbec acp. 88. co iraep. ucup nip.u^ oenaigi. . . co cpeip> /^" ocuy fena co cutcci. cain.abail. each laici DO na cuic tatce Tjeinenaca huat). Inbleojun corccin-o oliji-o oi-oo beyva in ci Don pne if a cm acaficafi orvtia atiT>.raniac. ocup he coidiei) o^riaATia maD^-laTi no ci be . anai> T>ecmaiT>e puip. enec in T>icim na cuicci T>eitec] TX'f. .1. uaip T>ainaT> O'D. -i.ann u\i -po&elwo. na prifi achgabail -oo gabail. ocuf atiilait) o ca. . Ocuf if amlam pti j\o biai> . Ocup if 'aihlai* foejiuf e ocuf ncch T)ama log enech na cmc eoic na JoBai) anpf : f fiachaiT) 1 ap.iu inimon O'D. itibleogam nom bein. ocuf tp. Cen ain. no nech t>mm loj. mu w-oe no gabca achgabail. bp. mai-6. ocup fosellcat) ocuf bletch aen laici. cechpachac aiT>ctie. in cinanj pn T>O cuaiT). if coicli. m inn. gabaT) achf. 88. ocu'p anpiy an.aic]ub ni pn naen -DO inaT). t>on pip. ceic pop.acac ait>a in cop. .

is when days and in there is it suing from many to bring a stay of five days upon it.l to th" expense of feeding and swears after tending of one day. of the family whose liability is demanded lawful and when the person for in safe is he distraining them all together.e. delay 1.-tressis taken from the man who goes on a journey without his having him it should have been taken. judgment follows. which it is freed one whose honor-price is equal : to the five seds' that he should forfeit on any day to of the five last days. . i. Le. of them whom it is day: and so to five . man observing the forty nights.e. him it that he did not is know that a distress was have been taken . a di.e. and a delay in debtor. brought against a number from him in his absence. in pound of one a and delay there is a stay of three days upon it. to pilgrimage. tribes-men went of the one and tribes-men of together. but not with respect it. or a man who has honor-price for it was a 'sed' of one day's stay in the of the of pound. It is a common kinsman in this case. not that distros wu to have been taken. And .e. general after him . was dirtrem until taken.e. from expense of feeding. he that notice that was served on the tribes-men respecting for it was a to. there And this is ' the way in and a delay in pound of one day. i. whether it is from him Disof the last fire days. and what it frees him the distress should have been taken. and from the delay in pound cannot be distrained wherever he tress from a man upon a journey. and tbus he frees him of the five last days during the period and he . period of exemption one who has of penance only. and ignorance thing. a ii. and he he had consented to notice and fasting during of the Lent there is a stay of ten days upon it.e. not to avoid that liability the debt wears after him that it was honor-price equal to comet to swear within the he went on the pilgrimage.-t live days period he swears is that he does not know that had been taken in this case.. a kinsman being sued *ne knowledge that the plaintiff came to his house of whether it is from extends it to three days. and it was not the Lent would not be a was due in this cam. time short for a but one. and he shall have and this is the way it shall be unless there is pound of three days . which extends it to three days. another man bears testi- went upon the journey. Without knowing o the plaintiff's suit.it is soon out on nec^arv Im-invss. so that man who .e. and a delay pound of one day. The oath of one man shall quickly relieve him. distress which is DISTRESS. so it shall be unless it doubt of distress exists to bring it to ten shall be a stay of ten days upon Hays it. i. it shall be unless there there is. extends it to ten days. and this is a one any a stay of one day upon it. brings his suit against sed' of one day with the of them afterwards. i. Distress from a 197 i.e. and distress was taken in that liability or quickly the oath of one man prevails he it was not to evade that liability that him with mony . and when does exist. a kinsman sued. for the period of the forty nights goes over to the church taken from a the exemption. denial to five days. for if it were an article of necessity a perpetual a it is i. i. and when there is.SENCHUS MOR. it did not plead an article of necessity that and a delay in pound of eleven days. that he knew a law suit was i.

rafbejiafi "* 1 DOT cmcro cac atjabu?. ocuf biD tofi na becaib.i-fcujibiT) T>o mfiec beyociceifvic in "Deji. ociif 1 .1.euna in oeclimai'6 pn.. amail ata arhjjabail pyx Tc octif -DO btiT)ein m DO CUCIID buT>ein -DO faeyipro m . ..1. T1 vol x a nafcaji pip.1. i i nnf muna gubtro ayaT) i rurvbam (Ccngabail V 'n congjienn VPIII. oamaT." ^ ai11 anlac '1 5 maine be neirhbiii 111 ^ n-anie. vuepiin tiacrp.. ocuy. ji.a. Ian binrfidf) rucai> in -DO bacciieoi)i eclaip . tiT>bap. ma ptmnuip. octif Da faeyuro tn DO Da inuinrni -oa\\ a eip. . ocuf -oa c|iian a bmca T>a vt<nr rruan a biacct -oo plinf pcri'.. . DO" co p.in uai)! 5bala nu achsabalacanncm cu^baro ami. ( omp nnniu (.o gleici in no /^" -Ota cabtii|x rafc DO cem 1 . i ruiabmi).' huaicne. T>O 1wla 7)0 cecc in coinnnic. 1 pccuii c)iich ciagan. 89. 111 bicro ^ -- ^osellmT) T>eci7iruT)f.af pn gabun. (ifico 1( <) ^ibim rtiiibaiT>. ocuf qiofca-6 ^o uyiaem i ciibaiT) [octif 111 a cviixbaf) no cii gabat) a at^abci!). ocuf ]io ba cupbaro co cotjxp on catni munn 10 gaba-o (iptco cunbmfi.1.1. the Jinchtrtotr vide C.Sencliuf DISTRESS. ocup I'p i acu)\baiT> coin.- no Liaddreoir usually means lecturer. i....1. seems to have exercised judicial functions among the clergy . stbala na hac1if. <f rli^nbait p.1. c(> ^(0^4 ^ ' ^ P'T1 a n-uain. . >n tnif ctul.1. V eJ V^aca. x mtiite pJimio. a cp.ann.b- CCpafi O'D. m cu|ibaiT> cainic n-imtn. 1lo ^e^fpori a liteji 50.btf ben pn. apaD ocuf c|vofca-D p. t no 1. i\o ba ru^baiD rnifcel. . . ocuf qxeife. nuro ruUa. bit) ^ogelcaT) ociif bict vogelraT) na bleic. ociif ctncri. ocuf oicmi nuine Dec].-.ca. In .1. . CCnat) t)ecb- . 11i bi fogeltcro na Weife T^Wa 11a ^e'^b'r-r'b mofocdb pc atiD fpj lie ri-unc<i 511 Dirnn...1). irioji. nVD/20 aniach anD pn e. cai|ie. vaepini eipT>e. .abaUt conaT) et) if ana^) T)i fie na r^uiabaitie. OCthgabatl v'r. ne ^ * . . ocu^ pjccujv c)iic1i ^DO . T>ul -DO cai]xnr pjxa. however. ocuf ' Dltlm if aiTn .o au]ip(em cuap T>O oetiatn in coni|iaic aim. an-o. 690. / . mam jabaD apaD Ml it fo Cglft{- .ich noco bia cuiibai-o in vac pn aip. v-o bu chupbaiT) Decmai-oe CCch^rtbail v'T^ 1 VTi a cute 1101. eccnami aim -pn. .

this a protection. is man upon whom the test caldron a period man whose wife is in labour. unless notice had been given during exemption until he returns from the cauldron the exemption. decided upon. he shail whom . territory there shall be no exemption to come into the combat. the stay to the delay in pound." unless pound. and should it give There shall be no expense of feeding his people after him similarly. an immediate one. n** c^n' ^ him of the Distress from a and he shall have enjoined.-. i. or of whom a story is reported from afar story is have exemption until the calumnious . he had suffered himself to be served with notice and fasted npon during a period of exemption.-rn chid. and did not plead the exemption until There shall be distress had been taken from him in his presence. it happened to ^C^a^d^. it would be an exemption of ten days or a month . which exist from the period of necessities the and great tending upon small ones. but there shall be upon the " the stay it is said and a from during distress as . '-< < r.e. i. Or he is a man who is accused of falsehood. jitr'md DiltTMl from a man and ten days after it if notice had not at the time of off er in -^ i.SENCI1US MOR. i.-n to the -liachby the 'liachtreoir' treoir' 1 of an extern church in thi.e. and two-thirds of the food-tribute is due to his own chief. there shall be no feeding one day. or one-third to anext. went out on this occasion 199 on a journey which does not give him any DISTRESS. anil it would lie a month before 1 . and it was into an extern territory he went to fight the combat. if " " " charged for it for the period of days. and five but from that out to the end of the delay in and tending shall be charged . the exemption occurred while he paying the 'eric '-fine of the false He suffered notice to be served and fasting to be performed during the period of exemption. such ploughman " of every distress. i.e. Distress from a man by whom a calumnious story has been is cir- culated. is have exemption until the person to during these ten days. unless notice wa> n collects the food -tribute of a chief. the exemption which arrived at the time of taking the distress. it would exempt exemption.e.e. a notice was received within tinof the exemption.e.e. i. and three days.d its stay is the of the exemption. < Distress from a man who h (hiring the exemption. ar. and ten days. at the time of taking the distress the exand from it is derived emption occurred in this case and this is a proper exemption. and a delay in pound of eleven days. Distress from a man w-h*-n-a--ttrsT tu combat. a stay of ten days upon it. i.e. i.e. to go to a testing cauldron.e. i. he goes into an extern territory in this case.-. Le. and the protection it i . evidence. if it be in the Distress from for him during that time. it is full food-offering which was -iv. i. expense of feeding there be necessity there shall be no expense of feeding and tending. i. himself any exemption.case. unless notice has been served during the he shall exemption.

an.o 1 lech cumT) cm jlirc-tuisi. Senchuf 17%. ocuf facabaf.1.1. .1. paep. .ef jabala acjabala tie no cumaT) e faefam in in T>echinait>. if m fuic. m achi.o ma cue tan biachai) no ian.obcif neicti T>O mif man ocuf Q[K> neoch fee a ceili Tub. ocuf avert "fio u^vaem a f. T>O 5f. fcigm m -oume f unT> eiftn^ucuf ocuf iciyi.1.1. Comloja . fie ec hoc.baiT>. ci -out cajvocro . feccm_aiT>. ocuf n.1. {# 4^t^d. paen. ocuf gaibcep. buana _" cona Tieic laice. faefam im paca aft m cm co fajabaft im bian. he.ach.^ f aifie faif. cm f.i . i&f Oil^t/ M O'D. im pjigellJim T)ip. ca r co'T1 feoic am in cin Cfaijxe fm\\.T^'f. CCchgabatt fcrfirt-i- -pi n. .200 DISTRESS.1.o beccu]\baif> t>o.nTD uaf cac. uam cu^bait). . ocuf apa-o inuiT)ef muitenr). m cm muilinT) fein t>o cu beic cuf^bait) no.a co fuil cufibmti T>on eifinni\aic if in incro mli. noca cucufcan. efcepcuf fin -oe [CIT> T>on bfiutjaiT). iti f aifie na hectatfi CCntro 7)6011017)6 in fo mli ajx T>eiclibej\uf. ana-6 oecmai'oe an. ifin ba feccmaiti. fee fa fem ocuf coif. ni bi nee i iTDligit) fjxiu.e tog Ian biachcro ^o \m tun.1 faif. . bifium cen Mo Tjono m CCchgabail bn. o ruain t>o bfiugaiT). .abait fui-oiu. Cm bet f uif.1.ec cuifi . i cfaifie vaip. ain. 0'iS t^^ * Cm co na foT)ep. . each n-achgabait gabun.a T>ais ni bi if Ti'aicech pon*a gaibcep. m -oo.pm ap. He was the chief who commanded the army of the territory. $ l%bt>] ejxn. 90. . inroeicin aif. -i ba eifinnp. apaTi pif. be ni ocuf comloga uerof urn. cit> mi a fee time. . T>on pp-if focfu> in cyvetp fe6cmai^j '" ctnc soT^c. achjabail 'Declimai'De im qncha'D felba. achsabait gabup..am. nefam no nemnefam]. . 111 biT) i nech. put anti fo ? 1f e in pat.batT> T>O co n.aic ocuf noca biar> cufibam T>O. era ain. //(>g TO ^110 ta aijiechc.o uriaem 1 1 cup.i gab apa-6. rn. caite a Ian fain. CC chumac a ' ' aich.i5ai-D a]\ tin fm. an. cin m .4~ff. itna fio |io . im fioT)ai\c t-unne [im fee fioT>ejxc] im OCchgabail piji f. noca n-nn in if eifinnftaic m T>ume call ocuf im coif.

it and else it was from is was taken from him even though he was not without immunity. him io not allowed Aire-tuisi . and it is right that he should have the benefit nf the exemption. and he had permitted notice to be served during has lost his corn-field.e. he has not given one man's turn to another in favour of either of them. 'sed' of one day. i. the freefood-offering or the price of the dom of the church is upon him afterwards. Distress from a man who the autumn.e. i i for if he had done so he would be an unworthy person. i. he received notice would be three months if notice had not been during the exemption . and no one All these have a stay of ten days for necessity. and the three days added to the seven make ten days. Compensation made to the Brewy by the territory. not without immunity. 201 the offering has been made has exercised his full power of giving freedom. and that it is not here 1 The reason is. it was not with respect to the very thing in question the man in the former case was unworthy. i. is benefit of the What the reason that exemption is allowed to the unworthy person elsewhere. but it is with respect to the mill itself it is that the man here would be guilty of an unworthy act. this was a 'sed' of one day. though he have not immunity. days and he submitted to notice during t a man who^foaks the rtilo ijn ffrrj tlir mill. debted to no one. is indebted to them. . for if it were a recent debt.e. full food-offering has been given him. immunityjthe taking of distress from i* (* t< <*l ftW' < y tt* and or the ten days are the protection given by the protection is obtained as regards debts in the case it is of the Brewy. Or his steward-bailiff the distress was taken in this case. distress of ten . i-e. i. in the spring. i. though not obtained as regards food. as the exemption for reaping for seven days . i. for a high above all. and it is an old debt. and there received. in exemption. even for his .e.SENCHUS MOR. days for the partkiott of lands. Distress from Brewy for the number of his p a r t y.e.e. i. for things/ of for the .e. and would not get the exemption.e. Distress decides from a man of half sense until the court is who to pay . exemption of ploughing for seven days. a distress which is taken from a man for the ploughshare which was broken. in the same manner.e. for the there is steward'bailijf Brewy . they are in- Distress from a ploughman. if full DISTRESS. a right that he The same respecting a kiln.celic. and should not have the benefit of the exemption. i. and he gives compensation. i. it would be seven Distress from a period of exemption.' if he always has . for mountain land value seen on the sea.e. for this is a case of exception to the a stay of ten days upon ever}' distress that is taken from him. i. whether in the case of is an article of necessity or one not of necessity.

naena..- comcenn vorxochconach.. (6 A/S-6?) MM bnumn. 5 . 7nl.rne.n 5 n o ... ..n no . oc a.- berxt.x 1 1m m n nOT>allC "r bTi] co rneip. .nc.n. f . .. an C ne.n.. V r. fmacr.t ce aca mbe..n eneclann .^.n r .. n ara n-ar>b u l re. r. cuicc. ITluna T>crniun. r pojlafo r elba each tnicopac.. rw tWv. Sec TtoBeyic]..p. im cejic each penne-oa. ocur no corona M aenacl. . veo . U . arha. all* an fec acna r ^" 11 ' atcorhainc . pena co oecmmb.. r co cpeip....t> c.f... . . pma co T>ec m a. r von 5 elt. ' ( ti.n.nbleoRam ^c^J. ln In. im. 5e u.T>. na hu. mulla b pp-i na T i no re. na 4. i nap VM ^eip. noT.. 5u ... ocuf nemtiefom be. cein Cu .n cnama [. f n. co pe rm^u^an7c. ocu a bet an C f ne.. co T>ec. a lepait. 10 aqxa vop. ocur f tan rmacc ocup tun enectunn mt>. . r yop. ' i / I* ^ ' O'D 24 '1 ~' ' ^ C6C11ai tle " nie l ram e" a C T>ed' nlalT'' T>e ..1. bm a an...nn.nT. . rocham '" co cuict. ap. * na brvunm..] cqi i ^ *-cualam 5 eraijice.n r an ecannu.a. r noT>eojun*bi r pop.cri..n pen ni bleo 5 ain r.. pop. W . . .p.aT> ch. . co cuirti.lc. nech . ^a l i. 7. r ocu f nembec na r TO n. bnu. . 1!i jioT)a pelba parma necli no -DO fien ncro ~ J ' CCrhgabail suiti-o p.x jn e. U .. .] . .. .l aca w^epaU. ubu n..nn. pca-T. acna ce. n lech ce. roch^e. no pep.. . .n cndm c^em.V.. cn.a ap rocaii.. I ).. f la.n pnacc oc ur . 1 . S C . im qionT) ngabala b. bent. ^eahma.ean ic ei W . -oecma co TVO. ac cabai^ a f . co CTiem. P W Ve rca T^ " cor>nach. cuicti mcro in alanum. cmaiT.^. im ojiba 'mid math [7)o comtiuinT).i.c. 1-m comop.ombe.. on ecluir. ap. .unap . n ec c o nmutuxnn... . ocur acna .e. .lm im polach pann -DO c1iai r cetaT). Vtl ^no co Te . .1. c.. no pac no necran ^..a v o T>ila ai^eclic. ^ mu T>e. cun. ocu r acp.e. r ap. 5 a^ urn n. c n mmctx. r .ll. . cuu-n.n fec V ona. acna von . fena ap. comrxac. no let .n - ma pon rochaTO co "^ eipb T>O upraib. .< ( ..!n-aena. M . .h U TO.vn enn.c mba no in pdnr enectann ml an. ocu r na V o. ^^ ' ' ^T ' 15 ^x1 mbe co cuicce. r i nt)ichtub. . let cuinn [no] terano.ecn.U n e. .1. .a n-aena...n . ' CC1 ' C .^ a. 5 cm iroucht ^okuigrep.ne.

and a vessel of wine.e. i. suing from many in Jive days. the ' smacht it '-fine and the honor-price luve a stay of threedays. it is For a relic.i^ .t.e. {**& land who makes a bad contract respecting it. for dividing for he is a plunderer of the the lands of a sister'sj^on. bishop who did not make a will respecting Ms away from the church. for stealing out of days.e. i. valuable articles. suing from many extends to five If it be the burial that have been taken renw ins of a..e.e. he is entitled to some of it. i. it i.e. ten clays. the kinsman extends to three days. if one sees any thing at a distance on the sea. is st:. for robbing the hunter's tent. denial to ten days. days. i. . between fathers Distress of ten day s am". nr it in the hone about which the combat d.' a its ' or the valuable 'sed . &c. or suing from several. ") / w **'' Y&t* -M* (>&. suing from i. who has For the mountain land high above all.e. the ttrritunj.e. ing the land of the tribe. if they are not for the fair. r r . church-yard. same manner. denial to ten days. after the borders at the approach of a fair-day have a stay of one day . for the partition of lands. for the right of each warrior. many its not being an article of necessity brings it to to live days.' . For digging it.ut. i.. the if not at the ng-have a stay of of three . which he saw at a distance.e. for breakin. or a man of half sense or half liability. for divid- < on Ms bed.e. its not being an article of necessity brings it to three from several to live days. such as the three days. extends it to five denial to ten days.iy i- three clays.y is three days : if there be denial between them.e.e.e. for damming a stream. denial to ten days. till it is ascertained It is whether he be a sensible adult. i.-. i. of five days. has sold land cannot unbind it ox-set-iUuiide.e- tends to three days. the honor-price which is for it has a stay of three not having the wealth of his rank. SENCHUS MOR.e. belonging to a church without asking permission of the several persons interested. i. is extended to live days.e. an ounce.-ide it. t.e. yard. a H tUftf^f t cumhaT from Mm i.' and worth an ounce. a kinsman bang sued exi. comchenn for ochi.e. denial to ten days. and its i. the thing which is for the great cutting of the churchi.bones. the stay is three days and the rings at the approach of a fair have a stay of a fair. three days. palls. for 203 DISTRESS. the man of half reason or half sense. ' tarach. the ten cows or the twelve cows clays.^ . One who $. approach a ten days. or Valuable articles. mothers.' i. unless it be for its ploughing or grazing.e.e. or the sed' of six serenot being an article of necessity extends it to seel' For breaking bones. or the stranger who lodges in the house. Distress from a man of half sense until the court decides who is to pay. i. ex- tended to ten days. i. to take their marrow out of them for aotrcrorf.e. that it may be ascertained afterwards upon which party his liability is to be.e. waste land or mountain land. is fought. suing it from several to it five days. i. i. or either of them. For things of value >uing seen on the sea. the brooches and the the value of it. suing from several extends ' ' it to five days.e. it live days: if he lit <. for the appropriated tree which is in the forest. i. and that thejudg- .**> ^ . i. that there may be time to assemble the court. . denial to ten days. digging a church-yard. the 'smacht '-tine.

TTlaf a cuaic amuich cuca* a fieclef -DO. Diaroi 1 icire 1 nti cumul. ocuf a T)ilp no cnariia. If m ecluif cucat> mui) a ficlefa -DO ani) fin. CIT) iafo napui-o iafi cfiof cat).i Ian ocHflee. t>a ejxian na himatxcpat)a eifc . V*- 1* ocu r coni|iumT> baifice T)ligtiT) arv in cumuil pn. f lecfmace ocu r lee emeclunn i itiT>. nach eile befaiifc ma jiiucc. ace mat) fio uaiehi CIT> IfCT) if iroucc anT) e. fvi baicep pop. e.] if 1m i ni airie fTV' fnucti. mamp leif ace aen lee.e Cfiof CUT). ocuf atftuc Ocuf a f e cnatn ac beiji funr. oeoftuif) -oe fio T>ilput> -oon luce ifi 14 m no cumul cap ep.204 DISTRKSS.rpnacc ocu r lee emeclunr. no cjnan o'aen lee. 1f an-o if i a ruicfin cuyx natibu* lef in can naufi pacutb tcoucc. in ecluif aca tnbiD muna T>aniuiT> Ian. CIT> p. UT>UCC. T>ia lech emicluTiT) ocuy lecyrnacc. mfi roi|icpn nu ctiniinte if T)li5tif) an ecluif aca T)annii-6 oligut>. m ann. . ocuf cmnci leff in ct i\o cunacli lam cm fuacuig lef.umn cuf a cayilu cu cuccuyi cumul cayi a cent). ffxocuib. cecyimriie eineclum ocu^ if e finacr OT beip. 1f ant) a fi a ruicfin cuyi tib lef ran 710 pacuib ho-ouclir.tne ajx cint) m fnoca. fen. ina pmt-uc.1. T>li 5 U7>. TTlcro T>li5UT> iff TTlaf. . -ono ma tr efpuc fon^f a mbit. manuch befiufi ma fuce.mnnaroirisieeTiin cumul. . .iflee . ocuf if ann |xo ncronuiceti e. mafa leif impi t>o each leic.. no if muiyi ocuf T>O gaic. Iffer. tnbit> / . m / a facbuil ^0 ac a fine a fuaflucuf) CIT> be mu-o cm ut>ucc anD cm a facbail T>O ac a pne a ^Fafluccuf) ci-6 be intiT) a cecmu e. -o. a nnamuiT. n-oaninn) muna T>e. rve napuit). ime ann af mT> ime TTIa fio imefcarv m T>ume afi cmt> m Cffioca ni if mo na feifeTj DO cac leic r>on abamT>. ftinD pnacra ocuf ceqxuniie m f mace aD beiji cm. a cecmu If e if fuat)iii5et( e. pac fOT>buif> ie ocuf lam emeclunt).. af mo 'na a cuic. if in 5 ne ceena faip eri.

i. condemned to the sea whom ' belonged to the people of the land 'cumhal' is and the wind. be another person that has been taken instead. or before fasting. " Without will" means that it has not been left by him on his tribe to redeem him wherever he happens to be. or after notice and after fasthim away is certain that he is ing. ment of law shall be for is it. to add man has dammed the head of the stream more than one-sixth on each side of the river. If he be a bishop who did make a will respecting his burial. too. This is the case. if the church with which he is buried submitted to law . and that the person who carried not his. It ig understood that it is not his family's when he has not left a will. sinacht '-fine anil half honor-price. of honor-price. if a monk has been taken away instead. if it does not submit to law. one For damming a stream.e. or a 'cumhal' instead of is Or the to bone referred to here or of a hermit the bone of a king drowned in the streams. " Will" means that he left it on his tribe to redeem him wherever he may happen to be. full ' smacbt '-fine and it is If law be pot submitted to. either before notice. or than one-third on one side. if the church with which he is buried submitted to law . i. it shall ' ' be half smacht'-fine and half honor-price for carrying him away. until a paid for his redemption. . understood that it is his family's when he left a will. and that he was buried therein. and full it.SEXCHUS MOR. and the right where he happened to be cast ashore. If it In this case a place for a tomb was given him in the church. unless the ' ' cumhal has been offered . it shall be after the same manner as to the full and half fines. if it does not ' submit to law the If it full fines are exacted.e. half honor-price DISTRESS. if he owns but one side. if the cumhal has been offered. after tender of the 'cumhal' it is half honor-price and half 'smacht'-fine. a dam dam to another more than his share. if he owns the lands lying on both sides of it. If a at the head of the stream. ' and the thatjsjluehere is the ' smacht'- 4 A*^ It is the^rime. and this cuuihal' is to be divided after the manner of a lawfully forfeited bark. honor- price and restitution of the bones. fine fixed for it is ' one-fourth of 'smacht'-fine and one-fourth smacht'-fine . be in a territory outside that a tomb was given to him. there shall be full fine for opening the earth. if then he was carried off from thence. 205 full ' submitted to. two-thirds of the excess of the fish taken to be given by him to the owners of the .

Senchup tuchc tia fot) TTlop. if poglaiD -oo'n pep- cualatng pOT>a f etba. comfcailer> in pepainTj. if poglaiT) felbaT> anT> mci cuipt Dpochcuip. caip. dp ma la maitpi icip.1.macm ii-amipp aip. uaip if nacli eile noc pen.-oecaip. if ap -Dechmait). . . T>e.1. . Nan* The appropriated tree. cuicci.0 each micop. acpa pop fochaiT> co . Nemnefam beipif co cpeip.atiT> .iu.ecaf amach.1. aine. octif nembirh na . . .1.1. . if ap cuicci uaip aca fop fena oc in pne oca n-aiTjbpichep. [Cit) fo T)epa feccmcro emeclumne tion fem^i-D if in cyian-o fuluchc panacea. qieip. biarj na feoic. each peini-o -oo na cpi pemeTjaib. ni bi nech a tvolisiro pp.e. . . a tree wluch-is-rejwieuulJojBestic by the Feine. in ruipe ecca. ni bic 1 n-oliguT) ppi t M/ J. . . 1m cp. cuicci.1. i. im each fee.ba mtc mach [T>O compuni-D] mac fechap. ocuf ciapa nefam popa anati n-aine. ocuf a bet ma fogl If e in pat. fena co ni TjecmaiT). and t-right-KHH-thepCTSon-H'hO-ha& take : it . fpc Tjtegap -oon pennn>.1. . CCp. cm pne niairp. cpeip. m ngabala bif 1 iiT>ichp. .op.1.1.o if be clipped. ocuf munub iac. ocuf nocha nulleti a eneclunn im twine pogla -oitfi T>O oenuni. poglu T)ilp T>O m. gaca no po . Ill p.1. no cit>pe pptf pena. feccina'6 cipe T>ib'aT>. ID cpann cpofca. |ianT>a. 1m op. . or by the warriors or it is a door to them and a place of resort or it is a tree with goodly fruit.1. in mac Mech no nee p. In c.cenn amuich. uatp if am ail pep cap epic.1. ocuf munap nefam coifcitie. faibpi co cuicte.en. ocuf fena co 1m polach vinn. ucro DO nafc.1.1 nof pena. Ian uplam ap. fe cec cepca ap. .1.1- ni comifjech .ce.206 DISTRESS. . if ap rpeip. boch polachca. JTU 0$ f3 Cumal fenopba. ap oecmai'6. a cif a-o an. if ap Cit> pne inaitpi not) penaT>. Uaip if nac eile.1. ocuf nac nefam coifd'oe. Jo .1. 801. CCtnail mte pf no piaf CIT> be conaifi 7>ib tied) in fmace pn. each tfieip. the following explanation is adJed i. . . /. nech.rnocha mbia m -Diluy ecip. 1 na -oo p. ocuf a bit ap. ap.1. mi u cabaipc -DO.ac. cec upUim ap 1m cepc each penneTja. in j. .b.

e. a plunderer of the land who makes a bad contract rei.it was-dtwded. he is incapable of nliin4iBg-the land. ten days. necessary when it is being denied by the tribe who are sued for it. the Aire-echta. 1. . every sed' that is due to the warrior. i. that of its first the three grades of warriors. its stay is ten days. rt : * . of a sister's son. i. For dividing the lands adopted son. and it does not deprive a man of his honor-price to commit lawful depredations but if they are not at all lawful.e. that of its lirst preparation three days. for he is as a man outside the territory. life.' 1 Aire-echta.e. i.e. be the mother's tribe that has sold it.e.e.e. For robbing the hunter's (i. the crossed tree. if it be * by the tribe of the mother at all. and not way having the wealth of his rank extends it to five days. i.e.e. he cannot set it aside outside. i. As to sold it. i. This is by DISTRESS. i. its stay and that it is '/ ^' "4-- i. This was a portion of land retained by the chief in his dan. If another person that sold it. the sister's son.6. who sells it out.e.e. i. for it is like the the 'seds' are food) **"** case of a man outside the territory. i. no one is indebted to them. or wbate\uiE_tliiugJi-eeHs tQf+flf ft . the ' cumhal it is senorba. has a stay of three days. they are not indebted to any one. i. the not in time of ploughing. nothing is due for it.' 3 if it be the tribe of the mother that has when it life. about giving it to him. i. 8 He was the champion of the territory. for every 'sed' taken out of the hunting-tent. life. of not a it.e.e.e.e. For the appropriated tree 1 which is in the forest. the seventh of the land of inheritance. or. he commits lawful plundering. other weirs up or of ' 207 fish down whichever way and it the pass. i.e. it has a stay of five days . For the right of each warrior. the 'mac ingor. the stay will be of one day. 4t~was taken. for he is a plunderer of the land who has made a bad bargain He cannot unbind the land. that of its full preparation one day. Or set it aside. tent. i. i. and denial to smacht'-fine. and that it is not a neces- and that a necessary of it is sary of sold When it is another person that is three days.SENCHUS MOK. is it. denial to ten days. For he ipecting about it.. Not being a necessity extends it to three days. and it has a stay of three days. possession to provide for indigent members of the Cumhal senorba.e. he being a plunderer ? The reason is. own . it will be of three days. there is honor-price due to each warrior of . suing from many to five days. A person who sold it. 4 ' What is the reason that the seventh of honor-price is due to the hunter for the appropriated tree.e. i. it has a stay of ten days. i. a cooking-tent. shaping five days.

na cn. if co fe jio caiimimpijeTi. ace am a cubatf. ocuf a taiyicfiu on peclierntnn roiche'oa T)on biut>buit> ma lami yxe lie n-anca.ifcaiT>i T>O fieip. . .le btxecheman.1.TIC i. a comatjibb locca na hcctaip. . no no achgabail an.\. T>O fietn.1. fe\i n-&f. CC cotnapileib eclaifi. TJO neoch -DO bt afi ai\n>.1.1.1. ocuf cabficco an jell lef ammj a fofibu anca. -oo beifx m brobuiT) fecheman roicheT>a. ocup jell a lunii m pecheman roiche-oa cafi cen-o na atjabdla fie fin p. CC nnoifib cuar.1. . . each m if cofmail fiif f m. an. . ocuf muna CUCUIT) in biT>buit) m gell DO ni ar^abdil culla TH. na p|i bp. . 1f eoffe con am Of.1.1. uc.1. ocuf mle.! ocuf Co-p. ^CC comaif. if ojiaDa arjabala afi m jell amach fojelc ocuf blec. cubuf.1. ven. ocup tp amluii) m . .c ocuf "Oaiyie. an.1. Ocuf aile. . ocuf lobut) t>o tiul ma cem>. fenchait). CC v') l bn. ocuf rabfxut) acjabail DO -pechemum coiche'oa . .1.] : Clchjabail afi ftic f o anuaf ocuf . fey. . n-e-p. CC pnicclicaib pileT). ur. ache m ima . cubuf. Uof CC comcecvai'Dib ocuf "Dubcach ocuf pafiguf. tofimaij. beifut> m jell fief in atjabdil m fechem roidie-oa a jell munu ruca m biDbinfi 1 Idnii in ina Idini amach fie fie n-anca.1.ic CCchc ni ima cofimaig.enn. Caesaiyvi ocuf Cofic ocuf "Oaifii. Ocuf aicne.ec cinbfech.208 1r cof-pe cfieifi. patjxaic ocuf /K Oeneom ocuf Caijvnech. no a w-bac n-achuir>. cerpaiT)ib r rorunaig cubuf ocuf aicne a piibjiediaib lap. pnen o fin ille. 1 a nnoipb mar. Ocuf cuicche. conamap achgabail cincche.).enn o fin amacli. placha. octif Senctnip m6|i. ocuf m m arjabdil 6 fin |ff 3Ut-t-t -ioDon fechemum roicheDa.1. a-p. ocuf cabfiUT) a jell T>on bnjbuit). uc tfieif 1. a pjiechraib pilen.echaib ian. . n-6iienn. . na pen. anat> n-ume von- m f. a cotnplarha.1. ut uili -po anuaf. . . octif- Inline. octif TiechmaiT)e la fern a cornaifi- ^ elb eclaip. e|ic ocuf "Dubcac. ocuf na cue an. a InijvoancusaT) toccata cuaicln. a comaifile bjieirlieman.ef cia niu-o atgabail a|i I. . [CCrjabait a\\ pir fo antiap.1. . Laegain. ifi a nrrfiaTiu a belt 1 Imm . II C it ?4 () 0>D 94 - *-afv pic: 0'-' jabu^ in argabatl a rabtmic a n-D^unii pu Im-p.

historians. of the church. The above are distresses with stay. or into of the the time his hand defendant into stay.e. And fire days. Laeghaire.e. and of two days.e. i. and the distress bring the pledge. i. from the advice of judges.e. andCairnech. and if the defendant should not give the distress to the the pledge : plaintiff.e. and of and of ten days. i. by the Feini by the advice five days. with a distress with time.e. but which ttmi-aot-be All these above are distresses with stay in . the laity. with time. Laeghaire. analogy. i. from the true laws of the poets. and Dairi. from tEeuSrige'of' the laity. it becomes an If the defendant gives the pledge for the distress into the hand of the plaintiff fringe his pledge w*-in his hand during the though immediate distress. i. i. i. from the customs of the laity. and of three days. Benen. i. and the condition of such P is . and a sufficient during of the hand into the plaintiff for the distress pledge is then given not give the pledge. the period of his stay.e. And nature.e. of the men of From the customs of i. and Dairi. i.eiHiHre?a*ed the distresses of one day. aldoes defendant if the and time that . 209 DISTRESS. added Christians according to then: conscience. and return it to shall be given to the plaintiff. the condition of flfrV distress arisps iipoa forfeiture shall ffaujfirH.e. and it offered it was a distress with stay. down relate to the By the advice of the church. from the concurrent opinions of the kings. and DubhErin. i. i. Ere and Dubhthach. i. of the men of Erin besides them. Le. except what conscience and nature uddod from true judgments Wfri** -fry. a stay of one day upon And of three days. of the men of Erin.e. j/tyvit expense of feeding and tending and accumulate upon it. Le. i.e.e. Hitherto have been . advice of judges.e. such aa were present. From the and Core. and Core. i. all these time. during a paddock. Except what conscience added. i. hitherto have been enumerated or And of two days. thach. and this is the manner cow- which the distress with stay is taken is : it is brought into a by the plaintiff to the shed.e. Hitherto have been enumerated. men of the church. according to the true analogous judgments. and Fergus. all cases similar.SENCHUS MOR. plaintiff. Patrick. stated. according to analogy. t.e. by theadvice of the stay.e. Ros. i. From the true laws of the poets.e. From the concurrent opinions of the kings.e. except what the From true judgments according to of the just men besides. and at the expiration of the stay he shall the defendant.

tiaiji puil T)ilfi gilt t)o 5fief no co fio cinnce'|\ i\e T)itiTia aifi.210 DISTRESS.] . 1p in each noca gaib if ^paip. ocuf o cmnpthefi fie T>irnia m m bmm [uaift. in achgabmt -oon peichemam roicheT>a cafi cenn in 5111 1 Tpoyiba anca. 1 CCcTigabail pfii 1 paichci ap. ocf caul C (. 1 1t1 at^abdit DO f^chemmn coichetia a bfieic le)""amach. TTluna h-aificcep. napcaiti a mbichui'Oib. in afiaTia t>o bian afi achgabait. jell DO fiefin uitiacuiD Dliguf uili. ocuf. no cu cuccup. TTldf ac piaftocut) ttitenT) Dligef) afi na hatgabula ml m biTibuit). ocup caul cfieip. L ma T)0 ^ef "^ ocuf lobuti 6 cicfa amififi tobca. no T>ono co na 1 m O'D. ocuf fjogelc ocuf btec DO T>ut ina cenD fie fie nT>ici)ui. ocuf o T>O befichafi coichei) ima -oilfi. nocha n-Ufi- m fecheinum coicheua m atgabail DO lecm ua^a. ocuf lobcro DO Dtit ina cerro 5 ^ofiba T)ictna. ocuf fie DiabloD.Da n-aifictefi in biDbtHD Don octif blet crchgabait Don fjeichemain coicheDa cafi cenn in gill. 1t1 Setichuf fie fie n-anux. octif lanjille na hathgabala. " CCnaT) each achgabala puc 'Diam each achgabala caulla cen ana'D . octJf 'Dichmi co TJilmaine. mfi coichet). fie liatfec j?eichetnain coictieDa 1 pofiba anca . bee afuroa achjabala ciT)nuice bif afi in ngell infi. 94. ach if uroib "Do a rTDichma.go ctiuicchi. <% CC etchjabail cut aine. ocuf fie'ic in cinuig. in ajicroa cecna -DO bet afi in jell . ocuf caul 'Oechmai'Oe. if if a a t>ilfi T>ilfi i fjofiba T>itnia. ocuf achgabail. mam : amail iaji ifbei|\ ifet) a m-bjiachcae gellcari t)ib ctfic coifi. het) jell]. 110 fui'Dec poji naT)manT) na anca a paichchib mi'Diceri aimfejaa Jt pfiif a ngaibcheji. pogelccro DO fiic fiia fte fie nturtna. no -oono co cticchafi coicheT) im a oilfi. fie cuic ocuf fie emeclunD. cinn 5^U ocuf ocuf TdigiT) Tub T)ilfi pjiuf mbleich. if afi f:uifiifiiuf) m m aifi.

SENCHUS MOR.
to be in the

211
DISTRESS.

there

is

a

full

hand of the defendant during the period of the stay, and pledge given for the distress, which is to be returned

to the plaintiff at the expiration of the stay ; and if the distress be returned to the plaintiff for the pledge, expense of feeding and tend-

ing shall accumulate upon

it

and

forfeiture shall

commence

during the period of the delay in pound, at the expiration of the delay in

pound.
at the

If the distress be not returned to the plaintiff for the pledge

end of the stay, the same condition which would be upon the distress shall be on the pledge ; or, according to some, there shall
be no condition of the distress whatever upon the pledge, for the pledge -re-only -detained until rpititntiion ho made, and not so the
_
,

<tol**>

***^

pledge is never forfeited until its period of delay in has terminated, or until there has been a suit respecting its pound forfeiture; and when the period of its delay in pound has terminated, it is forfeited at the expiration of the delay in pound, and when suit
distress, for the
id

had respecting

its forfeiture, it is forfeited after

the

suit, &c.

If the distress be given to the plaintiff he takes it out with him, and expense of feeding and tending shall be added to it during the

period of the delay in pound, and forfeiture also
forfeiture arrives.

when

the time of

If the defendant wishes to redeem the distress, the law does not

compel the
i.e.

plaintiff to give up the distress until a pledge is given unto him for the payment of the full amount to which he is entitled,
five 'seds,' honor-price, the payment of the liability, and double^we.

But immediate distresses of one day, and of three days, and of five days, and of ten days,
te-eiaain-0a-seeurity-ef-stay in the greens into which are taken, but it is in them the periods of their

they

delay in pound are measured. The person who has taken them is bound to keep them during the periods.

The

distress

is

kept in the
it

green until the pledge

is

obtained, and

becomes liable for expenses of tending in the pound, and there is delay in pound, and complete forfeiture, unless a right and proper pledge

The stay has been given, as is said in the Brathchae of every distress with time is the delay in pound of every immediate distress which has no stay at all."
:

"

p'2

DISTRESS.

Gtf/.

-

J"Gaul

OCchc achgabail cut, .1. berwp, miach co hopann, .1. ace tia haehgab'ala ben.an, an, in eullaca, an, a mbi ana* name, .1. ni co po fio camaimpige* an amro pree, ace o punn amach. Taul cfieipi, .1. pn, bn> itnuig an, en,eipi cm lob'ar> T>O -mil na ceiro. Caul chuicc.hi, .1. pec.
oechtnai'De,
.1.

-pec.

Na

caichen,

a ponarotn

an, ana-o an,

/i>

.1. m veicheman coicnet)a, .1. 1 vaicci in pn, i\o gabufran, achgabail; i)p m-oe bip anaT>, Tims tf culla, .1. ip call ana^ oca. &"0. (ten if mT>ib T>O rnnncen, aim|^en,a a n7)ichnia, .1. ace ap inncib mepemnaiscen, a bee co -p,e pucham a cocma icin, ana* ocuy T>rcim. CCnT)icnma, .1. lobaT) na cenn. 1^ in each noca gaib ip vaip. naycaip, .1. cin pomTjell, .1. 1^ m each fio gabuy in arTigabait, ip pain, ponaifcichen, abec inajuiTO anca coin, 1 paitci. CC mbichuiT>ib, .1. p^i ixe anca. .1. m CCchgab'ail i paicnci afv cmn

a ngaibchep,

pin-Dec, nonac paicetv -1- nochan papa uc lUaim cintaig. CC pai ch ch 1 b pn,i P

m

gill,

/i"

pach t>an, cenro m gill fin. 1 pon,u f .1. T>un, .1. n-ajiuf ujvoalca. Pp.1 mbteich, .1. in fcn^aH, .1. log pyx pognama ocuf meic. Ocaf tuclnni, .1. na cuicpoic. Ocup -oilp, .1. on ctncach na nachgabata uili. Co t>ilniaine, .1. con, oila mame -oe. TTlam gellcan. T>ib cip,c coin, .1. muna cuccan, gelt cayx a cenn oo CCna* each achgabala ian, puc, yn,!., .1. jteip, cin,c ion, cae coin,.
gab,
.1.

cmcaig

cen poem>el,
1

[o] n.af
,

.1.

-oan.

a cenn,

.1.

p
/

/

m

T^e ian,p

ambi

cm

blec,

cm toba*

m acligabailtoipiCy^jraricrD^i
TIO 7>ut nicnEerin,

taim cmcaig cm pogelca*, if e n,e ian,f a ceic pogelca* ocur

btec 1 cent> na hachgabata cutla cen ana* icin, ace pogetcan ocuf blec DO 7>ul ma cent) po cecoin, .1. biT> ana* po-p, each achgabail bif ian. pic 2 roc cmcach if oicmi imun,n,o po cecoin, i cen-o na hachgabula
;

n,e

a anca ocuf a

acaip,

ocuf cuic feoic

i

loba*

T)1

culla, o ca fin amac.

pp.i

-(/

tfe-o -DO ni

DO

tit

achgabait a\i tic tit comperifaiTiTia T>a gabail. achgabail culla -01, uafal pop, ifel -oa jabail.

CCchgabail culla f o fif , ocuf if e a hajuroa a b|xeic T>OTI peicheain coiche'oa co pofiur but>ein po cecoifi 1 nnai|x a gabala, octif

pogelcat ocuf blec T>O ocup lobaT) t)o T)ul ina

flic

yim (no le)
i

fie |ie

nanca, ocup oicma,

cen-o

popba

T)ictiia.

C. 2G85.

lietxnaile bei|\if ctchgabail poji cullata: fee, ocuf -Dislmm iroairie, ocup uaral -DO irel, ocup qiich. ;,rc|iic pin ap, popup pecheman coichi'Da, no ap

m

m

[Ocnp
ni
to.

pepann, ocup
is

1

r

ZClfi

feature* C. Ot
i

A
.'

measure of wheat, of barley, and of oats

here alluded

[ .

This word probably means distinction.

SENCHUS MOE.
But immediate
distresses

213
i.e.

distresses,

i.e.

which are carried out at once,

but the DISTRESS.

being charged
i.e.

which are taken on a sudden, which hare a stay of one day, i.e. it was shall treat from not of the stays of the.se we have hitherto treated, bat of them ice Of three days, i.e., they are, in truth, outside for three days without this out. with forfeiture. Of five days, i.e. in the same way. Of ten days,
or
are not
Le.

fixed, Are not allowed to remain, they in the same way. of the debtor. which are not detained on a pledge daring stay on time, in the hand In the greens into which they are taken, i.e. of the plaintiff, i.e- in the

greens of the

man who

took the distress
it

;

it is in

them

ia

the stay, because

it

is

immediate,

i.e. it is

within them

remains with him

S.D.

But
i.e.

it is
it is

in
in

them
it

the periods of their delay in pound are measured,
is

but

them

the judged they should remain until

full period of their forfeiture

tetsEeen stay

^^
^

and delay in pound. Delay in pound, i.e. who has taken them is bound to keep them during the periods, i.e. without straying, i.e. whoever takes the distress, it is enjoined on him to keep it in a green. Periods, i.e. during the time of during the proper period of the stay The distress is kept in the green until the pledge is obthe
stay.
of the debtor from whom they have been taken, i.e. that they stray And in a is a fine for this pledge. a not. pledge for them, i.e. there For expenses of tending, habitation. pound, i.e. in a 'dun,' i.e. in a certain ' and ''the measures." 1 And i.e. the expense of a man to tend them i.e. the

forfeiture in

44itio.

The person

ohtrf, -J* LI

tained,

i.e.

i-e.

screpall,'

And forfeiture, i.e. from the debtor, of delay in pound, i.e. the five 'seds.' Unless i.e. so that tha propectyJa-iUa-totieited. all the distress. Complete, a right and proper pledge has been given, i.e. unless a pledge has been law in a proper manner. The stay of every distress given for it according to
with time,
the
&c.,
i.e.

hand

of the debtor

the period during which the distress with time is upon stayin without expense of feeding and tending, without forfeiture

which expense of feeding and tending are being added to it, is the period during at all, but expense of feeding added to the immediate distress, which has no stay distress with time and tending are added to it at once, i.e. there is stay upon every the immediate diswith the debtor: but delay in pound commences at once upon
t

,, -7

ress,

embracing

its

period of stay
that

and driving, and there are

five

'

seds' fotacglect-

**'

If*

g4Kfeem it from

out
it is

What makes
rank as

a distress with time of

a person of the same
distress of

the debtor

taking

it.

What makes an immediate

it from an inferior person. it, is a chief taking The following are immediate distresses, and their condition

is

that

they are to be brought by

the plaintiff to his

own

residence at once on

and tending shall accumulate being taken, and expense of feeding have been in stay, and during would the them period they during upon
the delay in pound, and forfeiture shall

commence

at the end of the

delay in pound.

Four things cause a distress to be immediate viz., 'dighlaim'' of " chief from of persons, and inferior," and 'seds,' and 'dighlaim' " is here applied to the residence of the and territory territory ;"

2

Senchuf
DISTRESS. cruc
;

TTlotx.

cruchon

ceT).]

1fe-6 if TJiglaini

fer arm na feoic piariainati

QijL ,b*i<i\

ame
anuafanajari
ari erieip tulla,

ari prc,

no

pic, no arl oechinat'o ari pie,

no

ari cuicci

no ari ctiicci art a fagait fifaTla af1 alTle .culler, no culla, no ari T>ecmaiT> cutta.
ari crieip ari pic,

bricrchaifi
ini

fe if oiglaim nT)ame ant>, arhairi ocof mac ocuf ua, octif ocuf ben cac if cutta -DO im a cincco buT)em if culla
;

m

p

,

--'

O'D. 96.

cmari fo, ocuf cac m nac culta T>O ima cmaiT) mi-oein noca culta T>O im cinai-o m cuiciri fin ocuf ciaman cutla T> O [mac] ima anaiD bnT>ein e, ocuf im cinait> m cuiciri fin, noca /otalta T)O im cinaiD neic eile cenmoca an T)iaf a oeriam uamn
cmaiT)
;

m

1T1

T*n****adi f

tmi'ote

pne ocuf

m faen'Dle'oac fo int>ti

fif,

DO

If ftfo if tiafal T)o ifil ann each achjabail gebuf griat) fecra sriat) if ifti maf, no if eclaif fori each ; if ca-hgabail cutta.

If feT) if erne an-o cac achgabail gebcari rari erne, .1. CIT> be mil T)ti5if na paca o biif cari criich CUICIT> -olefcarv,

m

if

C. 2686.

anhocuf cit> i in cechfvuime efinail berief jabait fori tulta Tjiglaim ntiame, if amlain beirief hi, ocuf [nechrari] -oo na rrn he^nailib aile, .1. T)i5taini fee, no oafal m> ifel, no qiich.
;

acsabail cutla

m

^^ ww

<* (j%

tlfc

r,

i

Jc 1ce

achgabala ail

ame tnp

UMV/
:

achgabail fiaitTDe tap,

irn
yp,i

paichcbi

;

wMMW*^

achgabail peicheman aflui

TilijiT)

;

adiga.

bail natmna "Do riapbgc rjafcej ach^abail ptaT)naife T>o * naTibec urofiaice ; acTigabail fiaiche afltn coifi;

.,-

tf bail aicifie aflui
'i,

Q'ftff

rjpbl\e; "Denma T5UH1

cruu potieich a a^hgabail achjabail eifcig afltn comalc; achgabail
peile
; ;

arhjabail aiftlicce

;

achjabail

comume

an-

SENCHUS MOB.
1

215
DISTRESS.

' and not to a cantred. ' Dighlaim of seds' of or one above found day stay, upon upon implies that the seds' three days of stay, or upon five days of stay, or upon ten days of

plaintiff, or to his land,
'

stay, are found
'

down

here upon one day immediate, or three days

immediate, or five days immediate, or ten days immediate.

and son, and grandson, and Dighlaim' of persons relates to father, is immediate to a person respecting whatever wife and ; brother,
his

own

liability is

these five persons,
his

and whatever

immediate to him respecting the liability of is not immediate to him respecting

immediate to him respecting these ; and to a son respecting his own liability immediate should be though and respecting the liability of the said five persons, it is not imme-

own

liability is not

it

diate to him respecting the liability of any other person except the two hereinafter mentioned, viz., the fugitive who has absconded from his tribe, and the fugitive who has absconded from his territory. " Chief from inferior" means the distress which one of the sep-

tenary grade takes from one of lower grade, or the church from
it is

all

;

an immediate
Territory"
i.e.

distress.

means every distress which is taken outside the he may be to whom debts are due, if they whoever territory, are due outside the boundary of a province, the distress is immediate ; and as to dighlaim' of persons, which is one of the four con'

"

make the distress immediate, the way it is taken is in connexion with one of the other three kinds, i.e., 'dighlaim' of " chief from or " or
ditions that
'

seds,'

inferior,"

territory."

These are immediate distresses of one day distress distress for a fence, about for division between heirs
:

;

the pledge for corn

fields,

and grass

fields

;

distress

*

"^

not truthful ; distress from a Sweety who evades fusucfe distress from a hostate who vteftales hishonor ;^j/t4, AM**** /nJ u* y H+ii-r b 7C distress from distress of ; ^ftfedg which_are injposscssion a houseless person who evades fosterage ; distress for

who

is

.

;

*

'

PP

^. the

erecting of a fort barter after evading

;

distress for a loan

;

distress for

;

distress for the stock

from him

r-

4

ruuc*ix:

Senchuf1TI6p.
rsTRESS
.
"

octif

7w
i,

mAkf 0*17
?

Trt,,

achgabait comapba cona pan-oaccupu nadiup; ccchjabail coca 1 n-aich^muitoiyo, in^otinat), 1 f enchteichiu ctmcuic lap cornopbaib,
ppif nap,

mppaicli

atcap;

r

1

fencaipm, ocuf coptif

biT)

pladia o comopbaib.

1re actigabala cut aine, .1. ice myo na hachgabala bervan. cullaca jxe fie n-cone. CCchgab'ail fvainT>e .1.

afi in

mm
.1.

icip.

comojibaib,

no pacmb a
.1.

feoir

n-acliaiTV acu,

ocuf aca jimnn acaic;

n-achari laannaic ecep.rvu, ocu^ pc no im riainn a peyiamn, ocuy ne)rani m ^en, ocu^ m aca atiati name ipofi in ^erian-D, ocuy -Diglaim pec nom bejia po^i cutta m can iniujirio aca anar> cuajr ?mi\, nemne^am in pep, ocup 111 fie caichem annjxtTOe. CCdi^abail 1111 nne, .1. tm a oenam, .1. in achgabail gabun, im nenroenam na Tumi bif icfn, na gu^ca afiba
ciacconn,
1

aine

arv aine T>tesuii a ic nefam coi|x;TOe, cuiyci yunn in can
;

's'na paicci veoin, ocuy iy Tim

oai'p

98.

..

uayat gaibep noy gaib tap, n-etoD no pechemam no aigni veinroen a aigneya a co ia|X ngitl top vT^f nnerina lafumi. CCchgabait tia-oma -DO nanbac nayce, .1. poricsellcro naycaiyxe fio nay paip. [.i. a gabait T>OH trnaycui|ie cu po caiybenunn a na-pcaipecc ocuy naycuiriecc yec aine po gab T>O laim ann.] .1. co nnefina comcobacn pp,i u -1- aicgin oo ic -oon oo cobach a nafcairiecca, ocuy c|M feme, uc oicnnc
aicip.e
;
i

man aflui t>lij;i'6, .1. peicemnuy |>ec aine coup na|x;ai|iecc ocuf a t piat>naiy^ yec uine fvo gabu-pcafi in crMuyi fo -DO laim, ocuf iy aiive nac anaT> paici5eiiT> ^01x^0, uai|* nac eicm ooib a 1C, .1. .1.

pn -DO bejxarv in getl coifiichnech, .1. gell na fcrxepalt VT" -0150111 ocuf cuyisabail. P|ii gurvca, .1. aTvba, .1. art ame otesuiv ocup ni -oon cecarvoa beiyiif i cutla; ac|va von fochanb bei|iif co CU1CC1, ocuy pena na Tilesaii co oectnaiTi. CCcTigabail beiyxejpeiche-

''"rS^P^wnace m
if
OeririuiT)e
-otb
;

cach ni

yo

pji\ cutcci,
i

ylan oo imu^rxo ma n-oech. CCcpa port |>ochaiT>e beiriiy yena na -DlesuTV bei^iy co T)ecniaiT) m T>on
;

)c cecha|iT)a beifiey

cullacaiT).

CCtcronl, peichemntif
fio

jabyac m cfiiafi fin -DO lami; he, timn- nach eicm -ooib a ic.
rnnditiont.

ocuf nafcaip,ecca ocuf picronaife fee aine if ime nac an inbleogain -ooib

Vide supra,

p.

213.

*uW*v'~
fosterage-fee

1

SENCHUSMOR

-

217

who_liaa not -supplied the

-food-rent,

and

for the

DISTRESS.

from him who has not performed the
**'
77
.

heirs who divide the contracts fosterage ; distress from of the father ; distress for the share in tEe kila,6f a to oevcral, in an old bend-vassal te.

mill^bclonging

wboai-tke heirs wcro

entitled, in

the proper food-rent of the chief, by the heirs.

an old caldron, and which must be supplied

These are immediate distresses of one day, i.e. these are the distresses which are brought out immediately for the period of one day. Distress for division among heirs, i.e. their father had left 'seds' of one day to them, and they are dividing them it is required by law that they be forthcoming in one day, i.e.
;

thcv divide the
saries of life
;

'

seds' of

i.e-

or

water are
'

articles

one day of their father between them, and they are necesabout dividing his land, and in this case the grass and the of necessity when there is a stay of one day upon the land, and
it is

above upon

it to be immediate ; but where there is a stay of three days the grass and the water for use are then not articles of necessity. Distress for a fence, i.e. for making it, i.e. the distress which is taken for

dighlaim' of 'seds' causes
it,

neglecting to

make

the fence which

is

between the corn
i.e.

fields

and the grass
'

fields,

and

it is

for this the relieving pledge is given,

a pledge of two
i.e.

screpalls' -fo*>

violation
i.e.

and

trespass.

About the pledge

for corn fields,

fields of corn,

it is
;

diate
it to

due in one day, and one of the four conditions 1 causes it to be immesuing from many extends it to five days, and denying that it is due extends

ten days.
'

Distress from a suitor
seds'

who evades

the law,

i.e.

the

three persons took in

and witness

of

hand the advocacy of 'seds' of one day and contract-binding, and the reason that their stay is not extended is, of one day
;

because they are not bound to pay, i.e. a-cbief in-Ai't the sei?ure, i.e. ho coijjoo a hostage after the suitor has evaded: or he seizes an advocate who refuses to
plead, after having received a pledge for his fee, and detains him until haloes plead Distress for a caBtra^tTJEMetrt5~rroT'kept, i.e. afterwards. *' jtsM&.ijM-'^.V^ *r ****' JW&'j Jjt&itvM, w,frt, 4 *(^ ... ,. ,. yvfi'ty**' **"&*, of a contract -binder is bound upon him, i.e. he is distrained until he proves his sed' of one day he contract-binding, and it was contract-binding respecting a
'
'

.

.

.

.

,

'

undertook,

i.e.

that he assist
if

them

in distraining,

i.e.

restitution is paid

by the
'

contract-binder

he does not go to enforce ti$i eentracfyand a fine of three seds' as laid down in the law q/'Berruide but he is free if he does go. Suing from many live days; denying that it is due extends extends the time in each of th>
;

it

to ten

days

;

one of the four conditions causes

it

to

be immediate.

According

to

another book these three took in hand to effect

' advocacy, and contract-binding, and evidence respecting seds' of that of a kinsman one day, and the reason thtt thoif fatfattfty-itt-nftk

is,

because they are not obliged to pay

it.

M

7-

^.

k

S7

<*>

DISTRESS.

O'D. 98.

in-ojiaice, .1. achgabail eaif bena mt>n,icuf a par>naif e, .1. tan, na r6"10 T)0 V 6 "1 ' parmaife fee cone, ociif 111 T>on ceeharvoa betnif [a culUicai*]. CCchsabail n-aiche aflui coin, .i.co nwnna cobach; no if
5<rt>ufv t>oti

CCehgabail
'

via-onaife

t>o

nacbec

panam na

etc T>O

5-|vaic

pjictiemnef intvpn.

I'fl

/87O

^^ Fe'chetnntiif feoic
Sabufcafi
T>oib he,
in
-01

mrie >

af fo
|io

T>O Until, T>O

umri

m

aine fio ocufj fiac aicifiuf -peoic ocuf if aifu tiac an inUeo^diti
ic,

gabfac
T)O

laim a

beof

;

no

ma fosabmif

tatm a

ice. Ocuf m t)on cecayi'Da no iqxnnf arhml cinair> m

/Dinbleogain.

CCchgabiiil aiciyie aflui peile, .1. if matin ocuf 111 fiait im cobacli. veile, .1. elap af, anaitii; -pec cmie ocuf ni TOn cecatiTia, Wchgabail cn.ui porxeicti a f at-obrve, .1. a feoic vein nia WM, / CU ^ '^ 1CtIV "" ex> ejx> 1trie rv a ac ^ a t10 r60 ^ alne 1 10 'ol'Seti 7)00 achatri J li -n^J^ ;fan "' n ^ acc" b '" c-ac'iairx "oa yecaib vein -oil a pach ocuf tnuna CUr -^M' ** vacbai-6, rvo poxlebaro, ocuf m T>on cetarx'oa, 7|it., .1. m ^ <*!*&. K1 ^ 7 cef banT> nac noDburi, ocuf oca ttia farobpe m fee, ocuf arn.alla in c-achai|X ma rjfrd-frJM'' m fee, .1. elut) layi tiecatb ifef> -DO-D mbeiyv o cuicci fcechaii), ocuf if _saic A ^ tW * L^t 0$ ** c 've 'r fl1 -cc iia cunncabaiTie cunncabaiie a bit ma f m-ob m-ob^e if eT> -DO-D mbei^ o t it*'' l*erieif co home icrp, pie if er> -o<m mbeip, o home ia-p, pic co caul ame crp, na emri cuivixcujaT). CCchgabail -1eifetg aflui cottialc:

^*^

'

'

'

'

;

_

'

'

1

;

Wcc

i

;

9

poenlesach, .1. co nrcena-o a cech, bia-o cecach n.o caiehe* -p,if, nefam ocuf ocuf anar> naitie ain. ocuf Diglaim fecjjpbeitx potx cullacaiT); no aeligabail gaburi von ci cuf 2fna bi eech ihT>li5iT> a comalcaiyi, ocuf comaleaTv ban aitimec he. CCchga.1.

cin

cech

m

OCflui

com ale,

.1.

m

eifeij;,

m

ba'il T>ennSa -ouin,

.1.

nefam

m

gniniTiaT),

TOslaim fee,
atn,

.1.

in biaathain.
.1.

gebif aft a
cucat> a|i

ceilt,

bail aiyvlicte,
loCCclisabail

feoic

ame

ocuf ana* name aiyi, ocuf .1. uafal wpl. CCchsa aiyilicat) ann, ocuf anaf> name
.1.

ociif -Diglaim

comume

fee afbeip. pop cullacait),
iayi nelo-o,
.1.

gabail gaibef oca.
ap,

feoic

ame cuca*

comam

ant>

ijj'f.

!

beof, ocuf anoD name ain, 7Til- CCchsabail r<.aich T>on au|ibiachan, -1-Daennaie, .1. ccchsabchl/pxtca cecgiallna, ocuf uafal po|i if el nof beip, bro pi f unt> von, um, no Vop, cyieif i, .1. aicligm if T>eop,aiT). 1 an.i\i ch O'D. 99. FT*T ria |1 a^carv, .1. in e-achairx gaibef [rrclisabail] nn aicngin bro mic, no im atchj;in na hiapca, .). cm aleyiam n-iciji, unu, ifocuf ecaij ^ f ocuf T>O sni bee n-aleftum euaf.

m

'

m

C-

c|va

qn

feoic

mnrti; rpi

feoic 6 fecheminn

./.

(Xtf^flJ'

vfi trtti

j\

AWw

-fit

-IUTV

%

41

ffWtW^l

cuhtu,

I-

ijdjfo '_)

i. what reduces it from one day with time to an immediate distress of one r aiT tnaii/.." &c. if will bring it. Le. Distress for barter after evad' in exchange in this case too. i. or he isa surety JtaMtthwacr in this case. 219 Distress from a witness who is not truthful.e. causes it to be case. Le. or 'seds' of one ' father evaded in his life-time. or the person For the fosterage fee from him who has not performed the and clothing fosterage. Le. Le.e. and the i.e. 3 ^ t| caujesitjt^be A evades j*ti. it is the same to the levying. or for the restitution distress for the restitution of the food of the fosterage fee. days there being no danger or what reduces it from three days to one day ' sed' is a stolen thing. three . the distress which is made.e. and there is a ing. Le. seds' of one day were given Distress for the stock from him who has stav of one day upon it. who and " one of the four. i.e. the distress will be made. Distress for the erecting of a fort.SENCHTJS MOR. chief from is not supplied the food rent. distress by a chief of first i. f'ltlitrf and the it death is what reduces from being in possession is with time . i.e. day were due and the father has left of his own seds' what is sufficient to he has not. they should pay it as in the case of they had undertaken the liability of a kinsman. And one of the four. and the suit. five to three 1 'eistech' means without a house. one brother takes it from the other. j ^ oif These two undertook. or it is a distress which is taken from a person is who has not the house lawfully for the fosterage.e." &c.. Distress a person's own ' ' of cattle which are in possession. the food and the clothes which were used by him are articles of necessity. immediate. Distress of the four conditions l>. and the foi-pfov^Eag-a-hostage for ' is not that of a kinsman is. the restitution of the a stranger. 'seds'of one day were given as a loan in this inferior. and there is a stay of one day person who evades fosterage: in this case. and 'dighlaim' of 'seds. distress which istaken DISTRKSS. and there is a stay of one day upon it. i. food here has a stay of one day. i. and "one of the four conditions sed' is in his possession. and one of one day after its denial by himself. i.e. Le.. w*tff he distrains. i. suretyjwith' respect absconds to his'shame . Who violates his honor.. i.e. nothing is wanting. Le. <fc. i. woman. and dighlaim' ' of ' seds. reason that their liability Distress from a hostage < as the who violates his honor. from the witness who does not come forward to show the truth of his evidence. the father takes of the son. in this case no part of the fosterage in the former case a small part of it was performed. the evidence respecting a 'sed' u t y who n immediate." &c.' cfe. . &c. i. it is a 'sed' of one day.acurity and rxmunty advocacy for a 'sed' of one day. or if to pay it. . seds' in his presence. Le. the wanderer until he builds his house. Le. was performed .e. hut There is a distress for which a fine of three 'seds' lies.' Distress for a loan.e. and he has evaded respecting them before the nf the father in this case.e. ' the ' work and dighlaim' of seds.e. .' $c. for a sed' of one day. who evades fosterage. claim. because they " to undertaken had not pay it.. and there is a stay of one day upon it. one of necessity.e. is the base tenant. pay his debts. causes it to be immediate fit . Distress from a houseless day is that he hno mt g?"" P doubt as to its evading after the. and chief suing from inferior brings it to three days. and this the fosterage of a blemished i.

ait)Ufcup ace gaibiTi m fecem lap na coici cticp. ip plan T>on biuTjbuiTJ m tuablu po gab 6 peeem maille fp. ocuf co cmn T>O fechemum. neloi-6 nia fpi liaf. ocup TJO p. ocuf cumul feccmai) mapbca mtma capgar> biaT>. ocup lee cumul T>no 6 brobuiT) ma fopngabait) t>o fecheam aca bpec co ppmi ecluif no p/i. ocup im cumuil pecemat) mafibca.^ ocuf ep. aput).i.1. aicip. biati octif TJiablaf> . flan TJO a coxal uana/ cm coicherj ace a haific pop cula.ic cm a bpeic co '^ecluif no p. -Senchup 1T)6p. . .uma m pec po gabupcup. ocup cm eloujce tipoma fpi liap ocuf cumul nno o bit>buiT> ma popngabao TJO fechemum tap. ocuf nelo-6 m cmcuiehap. .i peoie eloiTJce .o T>O bepa biTbuiT> pop fecheip mum 5~ coichena mi piac a aehgabail. ocuf cpi peoie eloifiee nn lu.if m fiach fo. ocuf -poxal cap cpich 6 pechem cm a bpeeh co ppim ecluif no co p.e T)ia TTla apaT) ocup cpopcat) imopp. ocuf nf gabat) caipge gealla ocup uatia.i peoic a nemligen T>poma tec cumul Tjno 6 fechemum a poxal acgabala im lu a cpich co ppmi ecluif no go p. ocuf m p. ace co ceg paTjepn. ocup mi Tjmblu mbi'i> amuil p. na bpeic co ecluif no pi. fop pecmi oga cig mi na epi pecuib co parji.o p. cen a bpeic co ppmi ecltnp no p. "Dm cmcaichep cm eloTj. T)ia ce 10 nono bitibuirj i ntieaguiT) a acgabala cap epic. tap neloi) im T>i\uim ppi liap . eoicheDa a nmTjligetJ aegabala Tjpoma fpi lu<p. im"elot) T)pumcTf)ii liaf Cumul Tjno o fechemum a foxal achgabala im lu cap. ocuf cp. ap cuepuma mrjligiT> peeem ocuf 3ebiuT)buit) ann fo. cap.i. ap cup.ig.ic. ocup cm eloif> mi t>puim liap no ana bpeic -oia cig paT>efin a cp. ocup Tjiablat) m bit) ocuf rtnabloT) pac. ocuf ep/i feoic a nemlegeti T>poma fpi liaf "Oia eoipgiupcup. cp.ac cuepuma a heloitce ocup a fim pm . ocuf lap.220 DISTRESS.o eloirj im -opuim pac.i. no cap ctncfin cipc.1. na bpeic amac /ofpi liaf . a ngabail cm TJIO cm epofcutj.. . i . cpi feoicfBo biT>buit> fechemum eoicherja gin gella gm ecipe.

however. . ' ' . upon the tb*n the plaintiff for his distress. and as regards the double of the food as was said above . and half defendant if he retakes it from the plaintiff while bringing it to a of avoiding the cowprincipal church or to a king. after first. shed. i.SENCHUS MOR. plaintiff. 'seds' are 221 due of the for plaintiff for it unlawful distress taken in a cow. And if the defendant goes in pursuit of the distress beyond the boundary. without unless food was offered the seventh of that for killing cumhal and three 'seds' for aband double the food. and the cumhal.e. for the purpose plaintiff for carrying off a distress a made for a small debt across boundary without bringing it to a and without a chief church or avoiding the cow-shed . not permitting the three seds' for and sconding with a small debt. and without avoiding the cow-shed. and that they are not taken from him. no suit necessary but gimply-to-retake-it.' the seventh of that ' ' for killing. takes a fine equal to that which he If tender is made without absconding. or after taking tender of his right. and after having brought it to a chief church or a king. the defendant is having taken the double from the plaintiff together with this fer the acts of the plaintiff and defendant are here equally the distress having been carried beyond the boundary from illegal. but to his own house. as regards the twice three seds'. he is safe in taking it from him. A ' cumhal' too is due of the bringing it to his own house from a territory without bringing it to a chief church or a king. of the plaintiff for taking distress for a small debt from a territory to a principal church or to a king. and a i. fine and that he is not responded upon him (the plaintiff) for sot responding is equal to that to which the defeadaat subjected himself at his house. and double it is-foed has been If use of a cow-shed. offered. and double the debt. and offers pledges and a hostage for it to the plaintiff. and the defendant also shall be fined a ' cumhal' if he retakes it and from the plaintiff after his having carried it off over the boundary. without fasting. three 'seds' are due of the defendant if he should evade giving to the plaintiff pledges or a hostage. shed. the defendant without having been brought to a chief church or a king. cow-shed. food 'seds' for not and three for 'seds' and three the debt. after having avoided the cow-shed. but the took at safe in fine. absconding. ' But there is half a ' cumhal' due permitting the use of a.e. by evading. and there If. notice.DISTRESS. the suing. the defendant should serve notice and is ^ V> Hft fast to. and when he did not evade rea ' cumhal' also is due of the specting the cow-shed . or for king.

cp. cap.ich.222 DISTRESS.1. ap. an flicc buf ap. ocuf tup. arnuil r>o na gnecib fo fechemuin ocuf a fop-njabail no biu-obui* uile. na ngabail cm bu fefi ma cent) feifi. ocuf if tiip.i atgabml 6 ca Iti fuaf rafi qxic a cp. ocuf p..p. cajachnp.e upj> . ma bp. cm aicip.umi p| .ic . .i. a c|iic co ecluip no 1x15.tc cm a elot) in T)p. octif ma mbe cac nachjabail. acgabail tio cam ecalfa.i p.nabp. cp. ocuf t)iablu fiac ocnf cumul cute feoic a nenilecaT) ti|ionia pfii liaj\ i.e.ec co pp.bta muna etoit)te..15 a cp. amutl af|xubap. ocuf lech fiach faip. 5biari .ec cap. a coxal acjabala. ma bfiec co nech if ifli nu aip.umi -pp.icha ecup.mi ecluif no p. jaicri T>ono 6 ^ecem bp.c Cuic feoic T>no 6 biuT>buit> -oia nelonb fecherii cin o ca tu fuaf .im ecluif no afp. cp.a cp.eifi fop.ech fo cecoip.abep.ec co pp. eloit> an T)i\uini f^u liaf Lee piach game tino 6 bibuif> ma pojingabail ~oo pecherii a quc oc a byxet >co pp.o cecoip. icrp.iji pop. 6 ca lu fuaf. . Cute f eoic 'oono 6 feelieatti mi inT>ligeT> aehgubala T>p. ocuf T>iablu. pechemum ma isbp. no ce bee tin if lia T>O .ec fp. cute loci t>ec lap. ocuf lech pach f aip. ocuf cumul feccmat) map. ceop. r>e if a cp. gella.Uf fern f.1.iiini ^xi Cm gaici tiono 6 biuT>buiT> ma mi fop^ngabail T>p. .ofciiT> no cap. afap. cac acgabala na nibo na ngabdil. co a coxal pp/im ecliiif no p.ich.1.1 liaf .a.camup. neloT) i nT)p.catnup.ubap. .uf ocuf lecfiach faip.o eloni) tiap if iap.eift co no co ciajaicc ba fefi ma cenn mp. ma bp. caijigfin cip.im ectuif no p. cicpcp. Ldn fiach cm a liaf. . ocuf ma jabatl an aput> cin ep.ich if cucyiuma fiach a coxal.oma fp.ar>a ac na hiflib. cp.i t>o .

and he pays a 'cumhal' the seventh of that for killing unless he had offered food . and there it half fine . without fasting. is equal to that for recapturing it by the defendant. There are also five 'seds' due of the defendant. and double fine. three days till the delay in pound of every distress for cow-feeding sets in. and a ' tlie cumhal' are due for absconding. we have mentioned above. i. and double restitution. aad that. from a small debt up. distress. for against the plaintiff for carrying a from a small debt up. they are for fifteen days after taking them without L' cow-feeding udded to them . or after the tender of his right. -ovoa when the cow-shed is not avoided. cow-shed.SENCHUS MOK. wrth"oTjt-<tidiag the cow-shed. a cow-shed. There are 223 five 'seds' due of the plaintiff for illegal taking of DISTRESS.e.ho bao -aroidrd the cow-shed .thp case-of-ihe to because regarded-as-Ute is pfepeg -pla. as we have said.ft humble people. or until cow-feeding is added to them after taking them. whatever his claim may be. across a boundary any thing without bringing it to a chief church or a king in the territory.c. iq. in Distress is all these cases which i. for bringing it any person of lower grade than the Aire-ard a person for bringing at once to his and half fine lies against own him habitation. and five use of a. if the plaintiff distress in be evaded without having been offered pledges or a hostage. right to carry it There is a delay in pound of three days upon every distress. for from a small debt up. for carrying away a distress. and should there be three territories between . frew-a territory to a chief church or any thing a king. i.e. and taking it away without notice. And there is is There half the fine for theft due of the defendant for recapturing it from the plaintiff in the territory while he is bringing it to a chief church or to a king. after ha*ing-avei4ed the cow-shed.e. it is after bringing it to a chief church or a king in the territory that the fine for carrying it off by the plaintiff. full fine for theft lies j But the The it fine for theft also lies against the defendant for recapturing from the plaintiff when he is carrying it across the boundary. but it off to a chief cKurch or to a king in the territory. it-is carried to a church. ' seds' for not permitting half the fine for theft. and half fine lies against is for_bringing itat^once over the ^boundary .

co lu ocuf itn tu imu^fio piac ^?ep cac acgabala co ^151 a coitchenne ocuf aput) no if -oechTnaif) each atgabail iach pefi each achgabala. ocuf fe ba in -Ceceojia atsabata gaibterv um cac acgabait T)ib f o. gabail utnpu airc ocu f i. ocf if a^ T>ech- muiT) ctucce ^ / l^m - . Cuctiuina pach im gum -ouine ocuf mi map-baii. Senchuf er. -oo 8ecc nacgabala sabufi achjabait. atgabail 1 ocuf if coxal DOfbeiix ocuf yr^ no T)no ciacc coma|xtecuT) cucrivima pach jabufi rtTaoTia im omne. ni fio comafilecaT) a coxat nach a elot> seilt. ocuf gabufx aehghbail eile T>e co p. m m atgabail. .224 DISTRESS.rp. oono if 1C achjabala vnte jabuyx achjabait umun ^e ba gabup. ni ^ebenn ace gpe crchnaicci ife gabta cuma -Damati naici. 'filOl-X.1.u ~~ cfuchaib tn T>O fume con [cuicte caca cliche] . .1. CIT> bee .o iccht^ ocuf if mi fechnon 6fienn. 7>ic -non if cerhvuiime cuiceT). * - i mt W cumot cro lercumut cii) cyii feoic.1.ufvp. na fecc cumata -oec.1. crchjabail T>echmaiT>e imoiaifio a|i gach ntxune ^5^111 be^UfYiach iw: ocu bvaitx. ocuf T>tnne nac oligit) coxat e. m . cuiyx no umput). ocuf f 6 ba in each gabail inDiaij cac achjabata no . cucfiuma connai\ca if cuq\uiiia ^1 . a|i T>O gabail naic cjii bai jxo huiajafita h-ufisarim ni if lugae a naon but) mo . uaiyi - m no T)lep 30 no sebcro ccuf Dianroif ^eich no gabcro cac Duine an cuma 100. in gach achjabail a|X ti-oichim iipuin '"-TT lc fecc cuinala.tiitne vo jiochaiji if in ^ef. nach ach^abail -oobefiutv ^P-1 5 bai no d-o m6fi -o'etxcib T>li5iufDina. im tu . ^*r ^um . ci rnoy. ace aon atsabait. a tnbia f ecc cumulu -oec irnpa ^efi. tuga Itiga Din. l C6J-0 .. ocuf -DO emcee a colann ceehotchena. ocuf T>atna siieim . ocuf if curcuma aicgina imu^o gabup. 5abut\ a naon crchgabail ci-6 ocur im ^?aT)6fin . ocuf -piach ^efi tini -oo fecc cumuta. ceoriti bai inT>cip-&e.

expense of feeding of every days or every distress has a stay of ten days commonly . for if he vvas and entitled to a claim on it he shall obtain an equivalent with it if they are debts of bargain and contract every person concerned this is . and they are all forfeited for the original debt. or though there should be a greater L. and a month if which there are all Erin. Whatever distress is taken for theft and though a man is entitled to ever so much of 'eric'but six cows for what is due to him. Four distresses are taken for half seven ' cumhals. number of territories between them. whether it be a 'cumhal.' and six cowa in each distress of these. i. q . and then another distress is taken from him until the fourth part is paid which was forfeited for the was small or great. moreover. shall take distress equally.SENCHUS MOB. : fL> ^ ^ t| '< i*. them (the plaint!/ and defendant). ' cumhals / but the debt of I'enj distress of the value of seventeen ' distress for a small debt down. seds.e. in which there are but : three cows. less shall be taken in distress for them . I Another version plunder. it is not agreed to levy it or to its give it on own accouut. distress for it is expense of feeding is taken after all every distress or indeed after the delay in pound of the distresses that the distress for the feeding taken. i.e. the fourth of the distress in throughout seventeen 'cumhals' is /^ &*** i forfeited for the feeding.' and six cows in is and a . ' cumhals. too. notice of ten days upon every person in tress that is taken for theft or plunder. and there is. and he distrains in his own turn .' taken in one distress for wounding a man and for killing. &c. and if he take he cannot fine. whether the distress the expense of feeding of every distress has a stay of ten days.e.e. ' Cain'-law for every dis- Seven distresses are taken for seven each distress. except one distress. and the debt for feeding. i.' or three HOTV if it distress for the be ftgred that the equivalent of the fines be taken in one wounding of a man. and for the escape of a hostage. is entitled to less than these. 225 . or cumhal. a for the and for the small debt itself. and it is six cows are taken in every distress for the feeding. and a person who is not entitled to distrain. rmtttntrps lidded bttt fivo days /^^ JaiL-eacL temtety until -it oxtunds to a province.' or ' The equivalent of the fines.. i. one distress. has a stay of five . for it is not forbidden to take less than three cows it was forbidden to take more taken for a small debt half a is ' in and the equivalent of restitution is also .

T>a.n -non cechan. . .bjchich a machqi. ocur paT>nuiri . no .' 3 ||0 'A/0 CCchgabait aicne b ^ . bail huicliip. . m ar. ocuy 111 -oon cecarvoa 1 ren rech. . ni pml TO gabail a ncrchgabala TO ni .ber a. 618.11. T)o 1 Seven. ca-hjabail rocuna caifiti . 5 aic ocur bnairo 7TU.g. ocu r T)o rtifioiTistiib.1. cntsin m bra ona comoribmo gaib^oe in n-maT> a n-athan. aicille. gather C. vtaca cecgmllna pori amejocur uaratpon. -DO cac tii 1 wb rm. cuyiub ni if Iflta na m T ame ocur ni ac1i 5 abail comariba conrian-Dac cu n a at) achu 1T v.. -otngbala tneic -Dia map.a. tm a cuic -ooib -ce.r an no pacaib onria.... -DO CTieachuib ocu r litwdiTvmb. C cuic on briacham mn. a-o ren he ir neram ne 7)enam gtiimnan).nl r ' C01 r blT> a^m T)iatiaile. 111 a CCcngabait coca T>t ocur i .. W i ib he. im in cleict ren ncer icin. Mach arhgabail -oo ben. no bjxachaip..l aban S b no co nomnec ecan-Tiu txifa ca. in can tno nd T e bm ocur TXO ^13 Tara re bai buTOin.1. ocur ne n-ec cue cuno me. na comecaib onba.nn. ocur wstaim recar beip. reoic -jfii. in ouna-o. .. arc eight mentioned.1.r mne tiac an T inbleosa. ... no .r a amT> T>O n ib in achan V em. . pp. mm tine. pon TT. n-aich muitanT.1. Xle . como|iba. ptaic geber' ocur if mn.l. 5 -DO. uain. ocu r T a T c n^tr^cc. ocur DO roxteo cruan. ocur ana* name rencairxiu. 1 r ann oca tin. CIT> mofi asria r 'DO 5 a-ouib.1. ocur tarcm fier bjieiciti. in-mnurcecnu 5laim rec ecariyvuv monecuyx conoib cuic cait T>ib ann bnaclwntv 5 a.. 7)0 . no rencte. ..1. r luga n o . ocu f ancro naine pumni. -oobria-Duib.a c anatmp. ocur achgaba.cenT)achi ibDela. . Then. [no crch 5 abait] bra . . ocur bruirhaiTi 5 eber T>m riailci ocur ara. .i. m6 r na fe bat.rmbt togeiniuch. -oo^abrac T>O taim a ice.1.t. nmt cur ce n T. .l atrhsabala inbteo$tnn in [commnell ruaice]. . 1 rencnleichiu cuncuic Bln C0 n)o n ib. b^acha^ nuc /v&M^A 0'&H3 ^^^ ren he -oo nichep. ocu r rare cm ancro oia ra^ocur '""TN -1- O'D.1.Senchur a s 5 aba.a a ceite.1. ponai'omaim DO pon. if e a an pem. 5 e. ocuf ceattach renairhrie. ocur n.-D cultacaiT). trelbei^rpon . cuiyv ocur mboD o 5Untn T)ame reo pacaib acu. 7>on ^ lacha P comonbaib. cullacait).

was bound by contract." and one brother takes it from the other. i. and "one of the four. plunderings. or one brother takes it from the other. and dighlaim' of seds' between them. an old an old dependent. i. Distress from heirs ' who divide the contracts of. and "one of the four" also. family. The proper food-rent of the chief which must be supplied by the heirs. distress for taking eare of a son from the dead breast of e M man mother.. the chief receives it. restitution of it is has a stay of one day. and robberies. notice by track of the and notice without any stay whatever. who left an inheritance. i. it it bo knavrn that the share of each and all of them was there. 1 227 1 Seven things are necessary at the taking of the distress from a kinsman in Urradhus'-law. and he had made a contract about it before his death.e. own undertook to pay it. i.e. the father. &e.. the ' land of ancestors. one brother took his share from the other of all these things. <tc.e. though he is old he ' is necessary for doing work. same manner. i.e.e. and "chief the food-rent by the their it is who for (took the place of their father. and if he is entitled to six cows only. i. i. three driving it out to four. and heir to it. one brother takes it from the other. this is dighlaim daine' he left with them. entitled." &c.e. In an old bond-vassal to whom the heirs are entitled.e.e.e.'seds' of their father as mil discharge the debt. spoils. or ' ' < made out of it.e. (bn/C Vf. notice by the_third_word. i.e. ^f V. and there are forthcoming as many he of the . he cannot take in disThe time he can do lliis is when be is tress more than six cows. and distress is taken from them until they divide between them the liability for which their father. i. cattle. 5 Ob . i.e. the cennaighe' of a kinsman is due to him.e. and incursions. i. entitled to more than six cows .e. and a witness whose honor-price is equal to the value of the distress. he shall then take less than this in the distress. and the reason that it ' and " one of sed' of one of a kinsman is because it is a left ' not the liability the four. distress for the support of a champion. for the old bond-vas-al to whom the heirs are i. Q '2 his UV. and there is a stay uf tine day upon it. i. i. respecting their share of him.6'A- "3 ' after the Distress for theshare inthekilnofamillbelongingtoseveral. stock and 'cennaighe.e. for they he has bound the Distress for a thing given in charge." &c. or less. i.SENCHUS MOR. or it was a liability upon them. level land.e. is day. security of territory. i.e. after liability. i. distress for-a ^ic1T te=iake-eae_ef-him after he has become incurable. and there is a stay of one day upon it. Every distress which is taken for theft and plunder. though it is old something is it to be immediate. the restitution or distress for the food-rent of the chief of first claim from inferior" causes heirs it to be immediate. however great may be the amount of what he claims for thefts. and dighlaim' of seds' In an old cauldron.

ocup ni ^ in bo melt.1. enectainT>e. acngabait gabun.1.. . .1. Inicnonsnum. cm bleicn noc eflan. nac anaT> uc arac? . excepcuf. ocuy if e yeni p.1. muti 111 pothaij. uaip.1. n-ecatb a mcrcnan. pt voppu? no nac anat> mTie pafa'5't1 "T1 a nop yome-o.ap.1. DO larni 11 1 T 10 1 vogeifa tio lamiyiu.pit na rtiaiti ocup 111 bpachaip. imin boin popuigicep cap. . na anac na hacligabata fo ? 110 Tia ^either. .eichec.1. .achaip. .. in pep. no -oono if 015 cm laclir. t>o pocnai-oe. ' t1oT>a p. -1.bcn. p. leban. T>on 015 fin f-edi cadi oume). .1. . fer. T>i5Unm yer. . no cro nech T>ia nitimcip. ian. gaibep TOapaile im tc pp. . a ceite TO.1. nocha pognann U'un tami in connatg iy a achgabait p. .o? . i. nac ap.ai.ii. Dipif poipichmgic. ypt. / f r.o leic a cuic ap. ana'6 ipa na ym ap.1. . fee ame rue yt airne aim. CIT> an.1. CC]i inT)e . a ciachcam m T>OTI cecapT>a beo-p.abail gaban. t1i voS""' tarn ap.ir cap. no fe uoT>em a aenup.1. yp. -1.iy>. CCchgabcut Tiuichii\ 7>o -Dingbail tan.i ocuf paiti. ocu-p ap ame ote^up. aup-pognam. tiain. poruTia ccnpp. ne^ani m biati ocu-p m ceracn fio caite-o n. T10 ""'T1 '" c" 6 * T e 5 abu ^"T 1 Ila ^T1 " [] ic. ap. p. m m pognanT) lam i m byiacbap. a Tiein. 1/ . . m eneclann. ipa na ^o taim. tpebaiju.e nech eite.n.u. TH^Unm (Xchgabml cait e. T)a pajxtctiaib nuT)a peichec uile. mi cm a compocaif.b m ben. W^S! ' C go t' ap. mi Dnigbait m mic T>O cic na marhap. na anac? pl-pop. bia-o .1. . . n-oipoilsiT).1-. mi Tungbatl m pp.1.o oon cocapiia. eneclamn na 110151 ap. T *" /i/fl 30^- /Mr > \ bobmranaptaca.p.. bp. corinaig bpachap eile. . 5 a^ '" acligabait -DO Va I0<4 ann n-aifciT> m ipa na p.1. 7pU 3o ^ T>aim eneclatiT) anaT).if a cocaT>on bom pn.1.1. im a cm pem.o a nibia ac bperc paipc na achlan. ! ' nt r-. m pognai lam Tiifi tlin. to Ci-o ap.1. T>onamiTOb"oobep. nocha niDaniann anar> iyia ma ana'6 name (pop 1 nt clanncap. T>on 015 ma henech. rnifcenurn a cora im aich muilmt).1. m bem. CCdigabuil.b chich a macbai\. urlipubail pubrliap. . pne j^abup..1.1. achj.1.228 DISTRESS.i ocuy 130 pait.1. be^ T>ip. .1.1. man. ion.'p -oo. . ocup if man. eneclanroe. unaitli Ni be^ -Dip.e gabala cutla cm pogelca'D. .1. . . in 015 an. aitne. . bif pop. m alayx o man. a pjil popmcliaib ainp. . CCchgabail T>in5bala meic -01 map. fimititep m cobac 730 aicip. na Diteip'p. mop. . . -o'uachaTi. maifibi. ma cjiog m ftmarliaip. lairn m Tiaim enectanT) anai) each tep bep cliongnuTn ocuf ni aup-pognum ocup im1c/^e in bep Dip. uc CCp.

. what .e. X a. this is allowed as an exception in behalf of t lie virgi n leyond ever}.e. h. to several not due.e. after the death of his i.e. together with another p And honor-price is liability of his relative. i. mother or it is a pap without milk. an.. ' sed' of one day was given I > i in I of the four.e.other person). i. bringing the notice of the immediate distress without tsjxnte of feeding or tending -> ni.e. to a perton. for the book says: him are articles of dead breast. i. it . ' of >cu. why are they tune? From the two maxims. owith rpspm-t to U> kiln^ mill.e.e. i. or any one of his people.e.e.e.I he consumed it. honor-price than one day (i. and " one of the four" also. thev relieve.. f !>' 'not fSG&v thy hand^SecausetSoil art not exempt. &e. i ti. i.e. the enemies it is taken. is in a decline. the hand of the sensible adult who whose took the distress does not serve gratuitously the hand of the sensible adult distress lias been taken here.e._ the two not serve maxims which give relief.n*- any and honor-price behalf in is which service and aid are due not due.e. in like manner is the levy': . the food rent of Uiu lumml farm. it does not afford a longer stay for the is ^ O. for the cow which Distress for taking care chief.SENCHUS MOR. ' larna difoilgidh.e.!.paid the champions provi.e. Distress for a thing given in charge. a anil "one rhar .e. .e. Why From in have not these distresses a stay ? Answer.e. the is when he is dead. dighlaim' of seds. who it. what is on n> or i. ]. i. takes 1 ' is the tribe i. I i.e.e." to. ' ' his mother.e. i. Hand does not serve hand. have not these distresses stay? i. Aid. the feeds which cow i. which for the support of a champion. why have they not a stay longer than this? i.e. the breast is put for the woman./ ' sible adult brother.. one brother takes it from the other for bavin. himself alone.e. i. is a / ~^r f 33^ incurable. the hand of the onehrother does not serve the hand of the other a &c.e. /r ^T-zH. &c. from the two knowledges which afford reGive relief. and m&y.le . i. from for him his share of that cow. i.f a son from the dead breast of and the woman i. about the i. to afew.e. about his own liability. e. the food and the clothing canaumd-4^he has of care to take man sick a -it}"" Distress for hin>jer man become incurable.e." i. i.e. i. the wound inflicted had who man i. i.. there i. why have they not a stay on not on time? or. a distress which is taken to teite-c*rc\Qf u sick is he who takes it.e.' i." * These are the two flu ^ ' maxims Why wliicli relieve all. "hand does hand " "honor-price does not afford stay . i. a 'dighlaim' the fat OOWj and one of the territory is taken for what supports the champions in one day it should be brother left his share upon the other.-. which is upon security. I will lief. To^fiSye ffifsffire H nor-price does not afford stay.e. a d'-tre-. due to the virgin 1 for her honor.e. is lu which service u}e it is due. i.' means after he becomes incurable. the tint is taken to remove the son from OUtceu mother -No nursing b done by a the breast of the dead mother. i.. it .e. i. the honor- price..T. is a longer stay than that upon the honor- oi the exception.e.' i. longer than the time during which lie will be to him.

polach cip tobaip. mi napij o^a.Senchup DISTRESS. jg compOgettaT). ap. if iac in . amrn. . Hectic. T)o na ib pen cafcnac cpeiper conjbail. ectaya. fiuice 1115.1. cm tm T>a ocuy^ anim . cpepi ? ainim. 1^ ixechcaiTi each pon. o cha aipig Dey^a co CiT) ? Win. octif pop. DO ^ejiann bey> aca -oib.JJ / btachap. CTO bee CTO mon. na 5|iaiT) vtata tnti CTO an. . 71 Mi vognann tarii T>O tatrii ni -Datni" 1ce adigabala caul cpeipe mpo.] 1ce in <oa 'ti: fflop. ytaca. CC qu fiecfic. . mepcbtuD aenaig. cai-oi m ap. .ann no 5cT>o ceitib. cit> mojx. enech ocup anm -DO each otcena.1. o.1. . puba.i. qi pechcai fon CCp if : m p. polach cecmuincipe. ocuf filii>. co comcoirisic. pocpa napca. upjal cuipmchige.o T>O 1x15. iy enec^ -DO bet pochai'oe. 1y> . Cipie lefa cip. .1.1. Uechc. Onech. ocup enech. poc. poimpim eich buaT)a. cona 7>eiT>i -DO each enech ocuy anm cpeiT)i imup. fiecc ocup enec ocuy -yiechc a citnayvcain. aipep.1.1.. a c)XHi)x T>I cac Tiae TH ^UII-D fiy. if itron-aicci each a|i apefiann an.A _. (JCinim. ciT) bee. octi-p im comec . 01^.Miiniia T>O m T>O 1x15. a-Djio-oaiicftp. CiT) a pechc? Nm. a ' no oei-p po'oei^in CIT> bee.n. nof enectann anaT>. . plan caipDe [1115]. ptaca ocha . . in fiechtai poi' iin. 110 com]x>5eitc. otcena. pm. in|^ T>ip T>O Hecc ocu-p eneo ectaip. amtep TDO placha. ciT) mop. vapachmtj.15 T>e^a. 'Dibup'Dut). inT>)\aicci ipitv no niTOixgieca. a ceitib. . "ptaca. Cip tip Nm. L cari anuaf create vein.echcai'O each poji a T)eif poDeipn.1. TPO pen. . pach Tiiriaup. aep. .1. a n-im>fiaicti ann yx) on? CCp.1.) Ciy> tip.1. Taut c|iei|-e. . . pamac. mechjpeipeta pig.J?eni.1. plan riampe. ocup puba.

the of defence. what Because every one is ruler of his own is land.Antro^ and .. for every one it be small. taking injury of thy chief. the others are mentioned above." These are the immediate distresses of three days.it to three daysl what is due to the church. airer '-fine. a satire. service of attack. Le.e. rule. Why ape^hey-rnters ? Answer. high road. them.. to be with i..i/wf'' / ^"^ 'Y* >W'-iv* V^*? * l 1 ^f^'^*rv fyft'* * *"$*--*J f* IT * -fVid e*xi. of the poets.e. i. ')"" r~ff\ nl """"-s "* tha " whirh foUow. i. . the keeping up of the a fair. i. of the chief.) it to three day s. Rule. disturbing a notice. Honor. honor i. for which food-rent isduef^ne maintenance of a ' a stotk in return first rent of a sick person. honor. and soul. disregarding a valuable horse.e. Answer. honor. i. own land or of his own vassals. and i. every one is ruler of his Answer. wife.' and these are to preserve his T3& c the reason that they are rulers? the chief from the Aire-desa to the Why are they rulers? i. distresses of three days. q "^^^tiFaliosta^.e. is his rule. belonging to the church.SENCHUS MOB. own land. " Hand does relieve all : these are the two perfect DISTRESS. honor. and the rules of surety. i. i.e. &c. a road. is the Of right or regulation. king.e. so that all have two of them. rent. and soul. price does not afford stay.e. working ^. Soul.. king honor and soul. and service of a king.e. . not serve hand j" " Honor- &c. the quarrel in an ale-house. *(. and soul belong /Immediate H"ow many things bring thT"- 1 to the king. many Rule.e. of the land or What V cases of these extend to three days ? Host- ing. What is the rule ? That of the chief from the Aire-desa to Because the king. f c an assembly. the failure to supply the feast o Zq. whether he possesses much or little of of the vassals. compensation. i.e. soul to every one in general i.\. how many things bring. has the but three. earn. whether it be small. This. knowledge which These are the two maxims. Rule. How things bring it to three days? many : Three rule.e.e. of the Feini t. are all the chieftain grades. 231 i. or extend.(2. or whether it be large. or whether it be large. whether ruler of his Le.e. ^ his ' enech.e.e.

1. ncc cecmuincip. whither it W11 taken on being Dewed. eneclann digi* 1 anadh.. CCen*i. pnacc meca ^lot S f& ajx cjietp. Tjon qt.. . peoic aenai^. . C He curnci PC i!c Cifrie le]-a T>O na ib ^en.ac.T)u-D?.ann pchic -DO neoch. tpl bei|xt^ cullaIlle-h pet r e.1. a lej-a o'acp.1.1. rvamec cuf a yierenn Sp-epocurtecgabait-Diabalca m bi-o. Potach cecnnnncip. 1 baili .1.. eneclann vemif amjxe i 1m a mbi relguT) aicijup bi cta-o. . no cumat) e ocu|. polacli cif tobaipTo.eip. . tan n-(nn. no a enecligixip ajx -oebaiT) emu. pop.uic.1. in pnacc meca a^ c]\eip. . y-ec. a ' 1 latl ua r l Vo^ if el v CCip-ep.1.1.1.a pop rle . or in one of the recognised ponnda.$/ C Senchup beim timllech ntro lieman. .1. a for it having been given to the creditor.s . i ' mil ayx rpeip. 'f' " 1"? lf) " ril e T-. no T>O cechap. b ocup -DO curna taega. in pnacc pt inn ip pi pint). piKtcc tiemj. J!-cp. im na cac mp.1.oi & ..brio cc cairiT)! T>aria y-lan. The stay ing which it remained in the creditor'. mne cp. . um. >n>.') of the immediate distress was a fixed period.1.s. a fmacc ap. conaip.aca voip-SKilLna.1. . iC80i ' < iK*f t 4 6 in coip. .1. pacbail obele icip.1. bandorli epojiscnn -DO T)eprcro cuadicfrecofi potcro biiui^cro -DO 111050. During the stay ('anadh') of the distress with time. cut cjieij^: io*tnseT). 7T\t.a pc.?. m aenma-D p. . ujiba ici]a pe|iaib.ei xci i rotlglf cup. aicTijm p.lanca na rioc ap.1. Tfit. it remained in the debtor's possession. t)ibup.i. ocuf tnen. Roc. .1.p. . ocuy. T>O na c]\t r. . . ant T)OII pc pnacr ara tit itrottb t>ib pn cat-6 cac uib. . mp. . .1. nnia on ic'mdiuib.1. ( Stay.nuyuJ.uapil vop. bee.1. ' .1. . ' "i''1'-i1T . on the other hand. im^puluns cifa 111 wabla* in ci r a. aiDnie atcoijie. oour Stan caiti^e.e.1. ap. . cpeip ocup in wrxrn cetajvoa [7TO. mech mccipe. cm le}\ no eta . Itti -DO na htb vccca. psccma'D. .. pjep. 1 p. tn ) T r om coiyxroe cjieip cutta? 750 c|ieip myi V"c. . adi- conlomnai.an.1. au i T al V on ipt pc. in latuTO neii\a T>li5iT> in c-aicirn ocuir- T m roon cecha)\T. acliaip.. .oicn a bee .] Hac1roinaup. .biacap. -DO )iaUa crieip uqi pn-o ixjp.1. po]i T)i aiara T>o nuc. eneclann. ocu^ cacli potach olcena pop. tnojx. tepqia rcuijiTndiise.1. ocupr)i ocu^ op. ife* if tmpn m Ucturo n.e i_-p. cipe-o ctjctpb..machaip. cpeip.1. cltro- Uamac. .e T) anyoc aena. vivip ai)(. S aba|\ -ntabaLca ajx C]xetp. cp^eip.1. ocup tray-al pop ipl pc..1.e. durpis^Mon. la eneclann tiapil pop..T>a pc. tpl. in pnachc. Ciy-. cipen flotgeTi.p-oip.i yie cpi niblm-oan.

&c." likewise. how many are those things which have use. the rights in respect of which have an immediate distrc-s with three days ." &c. ' from inferior. for the full.e. the king has . likewise.e. e. i. is A road. double of the rent. . and which 1 of A ' . smacht-fme it happens to . i. //^ * sites. and is subject to a di. the lufetage for the full 'eric' fine to which the boiiUge is and he himself it. Stock in return for which food-rent is due. law notwithstanding his invioi.e. i.restitution of thestock of the chief of second claim . i. the smacht'-fine which three rents. i. a great one. from inferior. " chief from inferior" causes every one is for all these has a stay of three days. &c. i. to which a fence.1 age^mpvfpon him.-lay? i.e.e. The inviolability of the interterritorial law of a tiny. "chief from inferior. the 'seds' of a fair. has a stay of one day.honor-price ' for the breaking of his interterritorial law. for continuing the rent of the sickly person. i. the twcnty-lirst part due to a person or. i. and conditions. "chief i. &c. the vessels of an ale-house withholding the toilet requi. the support of the first the second portion of the double seizure for the food. the line for failing respecting a hosting has a stay of three days. i. infamous that which makes him which is a blot wife juring thy son. whatever hosting. by fighting there. 233 DISTRESS." likewise. i. Airer'-fine. it is the body-fine for an .e. unintentional offence.e. the tiling is a nt'co-ary tit life.e.e. i. a great road to which all by putlir anil by. the 'smacht'-fine for " one of the four not cleaning the roads has a stay of three days. have a >tay of three days. ' is entitled for eaeS&glior.e.i.e. Rent." &c. SENCHUS MOR. and "one of the four conditions" likewise. its i. ^ an oath which the country does not confirm. smacht'-fine has a stay of three days and 'chief The maintenance of the first wife.e. i. of a hostage i. half. thy upon thy honor. where a person to blush.e. i.e.e. A high road.e. or for cau>ing Disturbing a fair. or always. i.e. i.. rfiXmMiMwv TnfawJJoJfa. to full 'eric'-fineforthe violation of his interterritorial lability.-tress with time. i. i. becomes here subject to an immediate distress with a stay of three days. arid calves. free stock. and lunatic. and inferior. to which there is no fence. in the territory. rond'i pjjjrnd. and every other support has a stay of three days. injuring the utensils of the altar. a small one. he is entitled of these to be immediate.e. thy slave. <f making gaps between grass What making pointed c^M^how great or (n cases of these extend to three days? i. pensation.e.e. ' Satire. wife for the space of three years.e." &c. i. buxM.e. the ' smacht '-fine which is for it is what is referred to here. hosting. and and "one of the four conditions" fool the support of father and mother.i. i. The keeping up of the rent of a sick person. leaving the way open between cows fields. upon the seventh. having a stay the three days. i.e.e.e. i. honor-price.e. maiming thy chained dog.e. i.e.e. i. The failure to supply the feast of a king. instead of three days with time.e. whatever rent of the double of it is taken in three days. withholdto take from the Brewy ing his fees from the Brehon. " chief from the fine for the failure has a stay of three days. Comwith honor-price. The safety there i.e.AW c/m/dfy.

1. beip. no na mucafefcai ocuf m -oon cefeap. a pnachc ocuf aicgm pop.me na ^oocuf ancro tia hach 5 abala Cri cpeifi.1. am. |k. (Xfome at. . ff eci' oc-airxe.' DISTBWS. . cp. ap. yi na bo pp. 1/> ocuf mt>on cecap.1. oipp. ti-otigi-o . eneccecap/6a.1.eic n-aenach. m T>a on bp. CTieip . no if toig pme. na lutaia ap. in enectann. m pp. if on a c'mcaib efop.1.am. fie.ugaT). ocuf tann T>O cuma co m -oon mna ocuf t>o mogaj in eneclann ml ann CCchcuma -DO conlomnai.1. abp.1. pc ec oc. .eicemain. . atmpp.1.1. noT)iabla-D . the time of mass.1. ocufaT>iabta-D ap.1. ) 6 fpnacc. tiaillech naT) nervca-o cuacha. 105. peoic cpeip Vein.aic. bo-airie no .1. o'wnlaf -DO neoch. Voiron-im eidi buaT>a. t>o .1. . eneclann ap. . in pcacan. . pn.1.cp. in pn tuig.1. pp.1. 5 ebcarv impi ap. aine. cuaca t>o eiix-oi-obuT). banctoch bp-iugai-o pop. afi cp.im -oeitge. oo bp. . pem .cac fee. . in enec. ocup m -oon cecap/6a.1. cmnci im eneclamn m can nach c|ien mop. cp.eip. K> na ba mtaega. . na bo mT>lai 5 i.ei'p ni -oon cecap/6a. ocuf namrpp.1. ." L n*M.mn enectann ap. enectann. 1 171 ech maife.o loic. . 1. Not in at.tr.1. . pcaca. . p^ Cecop. Impn nucif.a plaic CCtnlefDo ptaca. the reading is "a cup and a chalice.mchi 5 e.1. . ipt. a oiabta'6. aenaig m enectann. Upgat cuin. aenaig pon ngne cecna.T>a.cpeip. ecach 1 i..1. opxain if mn|-a. "Do nioga. o true. . uafat pop. ocuf m T>on cetap-oa.umni cuipmcigi.1. enectann ap.cp.*eneclanti t>e.mchise.1.1.eifi. cuicci.1.eip ocu|> . pacti poimp. 105-6. T1 mna. no m pp. . .1.cain z-Tap.a cuip. co cpeip no amtu r .coip.1.'oa. m^ beoDilocuf maTit)T)it.ime aT)T) Oeim J. . . aip/mbaT> mi m mbp-tugaT) mi r>a n-oenann aenec .1.icheman.^ . ocuf m oon cecajvoa Tits . naiU. . . ocuf m oon cecapT>a. polaT) mbp. -fjMh ovrd / Wv flf4JJi^ 1*4* ^Cn^hdi (b'A 1X8*) 1n """OT Yr.. Seotc If aenaig. a mbualai) no a pap. cua^rcal ray^" * V'ac.m lomain. if e )i fit) tie 5 i cac feoic. pn .eip.. ocuy ntcaipic.1. . na poic gnacaichep. T>iablaT) na aile 7>ec. hait no c[o] ha'oa'oon com bif ap. is In O'D. m can nac nef am. cuach ocup caitech. no aile-oec. a T>ecana m oT>ap. . -oa cecapchap.e. which muss offered n-ery Sunday or I'verv day. b^ach.1. m can nach arnipp. Le-pcp. On 1C inchutb. octifm h-aimpp. n-ap^J-fmiricbictcttwotnicbiftbinigcttivapo*.1. . 1 1 a oiabtaf).i bp. 1 caicnemacifnacuacaib. tinge citiT>ef> cinnic in cuaic ocur 1 tioca neticmari teo fie ipa [atabai^c] .apnacc'pun'Daaicjin vop. e-fopgain peoic ame p. i. C *" <j3> ^ ttla O'D. .1.e. . t (V . na famatfce ocuf na -oai^re ocuf jia . cjip: tann m on oechoixwt.

e. i." $c. 235 "one of the four conditions. i. and the 'nitairic.. a ' smacht'-fine and i. Bo-aire..' and of the three days.e. 'seds' of one day's stay injured him. to betray him. it is at the time days or double of looking at one's tte-wJiite cloth. i.' incalf cow of the milch cow in one day.e". >vWA fuce .. &c. is the time required for the proof of each sed.e. i.rope i. and "one of . that which makes him famous in the terri- Withholding take from the Brewy tory. Disregarding quarrel in an ale-house. i. the chief brooches similar at the time fair. wife. it and . The it is 'seds' of a fair. i." &c. and "one of the ' '/ ' ' . ' or it is 'loigh-fine. or the barren hogs.e. a notice. and " double. The injury of thy chief. 'dighlaim' i." &c. to take i. lawful honor-price with a stay of three days for it. Withholding the toilet requisites. . : * . i.' both live chattels and stay which is for every ' i. 3** * taken for it days . double. not at the approach of a banquet . the 'smacht'-fine.e. and conditions. same as slave. or wjtetiBg.e. i. Injuring thy i. to honor-price from him. smacht'-fine.e. honor-price for i.e. is Working a there a fine for use for it with a stay of three days.e." i-e.' they are 'seds' of three days' stay themselves. a certain oath respecting honor-price when he has not i. i. ' ' ' i. twelfth a kept or of his fee of To i.. honor-price has a stay valuable horse. chief from inferior.e. ' or. aralus.e. of an ale-house." &c.e.e. an injury the most intolerable. Taking i. son. or the true oath. four of the Thy "one conditions.. the people. tions.e.e. great influence a longer time for it than three days.e. require is incalf cow. i.e. of the 'iowd' and the washing. it is not at the time of mass. there is four of the one &c. the honor-price. &c. or honor-price.e. a cup and a chalice. of the four conditions.e.e. or lawfully^ the dog which is kcptJinnnd hy. ' kind of sed.. it is and " one i.e. proof ' wealth his fees from the Brehon. The vessels when tfc.' signifies betrayal. i. "one and days. same as the last. of the four.e. $c. "one of 'seds. that a person.' i. and shadow . and the stay upon the distress which i.e. **. of one day.e. the ' seds' which are usually brought to the honor-price and it is of the fair." it. double the twelfth.e. fine here and restitution with a stay A i. the proof of the the The in 'dairt. "one of the four conditions. ' Thy the injury done to thy wife or thy 'i r blot on thy honor. i. i. i." $t. of a an Og-aire.e. ' and dartadh. fair.e. the mirror.e. the proof of the three. thine own.SENCHUS MOB.year-old heifer. so as that he is entitled A ' of three days . an oath which the country does not confirm.' is for it has a stay of three """""slave is a blot on thy honor. able to not are and give an they oath. from the Brewy the thing which makes him honored among four condithe incalf cows. and there is double Jine in three i. jit. in three days.' of the four conditions. if any part of his shall be paid for it the from honor-price be Brehon.e. when they are not articles of necessity. the territory in the territory when it is JfittKlnB&mg debts." DISTRESS. dead chattels.e. i." $c.e. the injury of his chief by standing the notice. the time for proof of the and ' one of the four conditions causes it. the honor-price which Maiming thy chained dog.e. is for feeding thy criminal son notwithwhich i.e. i.' is in five days. when not at the time of the and " one of the four conditions.e." $c." &c.e.* honor-price with a for stay of three days restitution in one day. is three C* p. honor-price teJrim quickly smacht'i. i. by striking 2*7the last i. is there honor-price/or The utensils of the altar. and it in three days.

. co cjupi) po -pecn cuicci no -oechmaTi no? necn ii-p-com^e-D T>e.n. m 1 And one ofthe. t>i5lann -pec po pp no t(if. TTIop. no T)ecmaT> ? "Oaig aenech na T)amec anaD.eipi. ip ccni ana* pn.1.1 -ouinectiai-oe. cn. bly stands for m proha- -0011 cechan/oa- . ecaib^ im T)nTDif im poxat camclup..1.1. -oaig noca imspaigcep oppa. T>eilce. 1|> ecen ana-6 cn. feoic ame no loicei> ann.t. .cocapca each in Co "Oats amech na oaimec 0*110-0.uc cuicce. cuic -peoic. ana-6 cpeipi ap na pecaib cpeif 1. m enectann an. oe laipin comeic pin T>O n.a)i cuU[a]caiTi.23(5 DISTHKSS.o tneca pain.T> nemiT). m paic.1. inbiT) Senchuf ocup p'^cce.eip. cneipi Co I?(f0 conrDecUinup nlegan. no eicm umro 1-p pip coiroppbchap m fee tjlesup T>e amail ura mam nmiT>p cp. im cepc nai]ii. . octq. . oamann in eneclann ana-o ipia mppi ma -pm.J'm.ni i>on cer na^na.mt amail -oelc. m m - . T>I ba inn ipm aile an.ba icin. . . na fc=. plet) cap cpicli..eip. .1.1. im a eipic mp na pif. . ^* / <Ultv^f> bin. an af coifcit)e -oon ctucci ian.. . . in obete ocu-p lae^a. im a iinroaT) iap H>t.pcrcilei) in pa?.ipe? . cfc. . im gulnTD mec 1ce achgabala cuicte in f o.1. im imcomuf anopba.1.ipe vn.niV>. VT. a mbi ana-o cuicci. cn. .ip.an. CIT> -0111 nac no Dpcmaroi 1 cuifichen. T>o qiife cuicce. ocup peoic ocup inbleo 5 ani [ 7 nt]. JTma* c ocu r "' T> CCi^fbe naim>etl s .1.1. The contraction in the Irish m . Facbail .iy in i\e cn. 11n. CITI 30-oono an. cma*|caicci 1ce adigabala cut cuicce in fo :Nm chobach na T>o clio- a ef 7- pp maijib. puc TIO riepen rul -purro von. -DO cn.1. . CTO ni no cia ni ima cu na lepa (. . an. lecncro pm. na |io media ^CfOJaji ecen anaD paip if cpife puf ?. ame no miUepcarv /oneach ma tera fo ? Co capTXfo [each] upcomDet) T)e. A ^m Tungbail mec butrpge. no co cain. . T^omainT) ocuy.1.e. no in . ?< im on tefanma.i. icin. ice in po na hach5abalaben. an pmacc no Diablcro tacca./ . ocup ni -non cechan/oa.1. ajxna n.1.1.epi co nibi ocup a rnn .1.nwlltioiui.1. CIT> T)ono ap na fegac CiT) apa cuipchep. m cacntll. no ctucci. T>O neoch a tiapal com-Dp-n VT'7>li5ef). ) eneclann.1. no T>ecma-D. pen. bti . ocup 111 T>on cechan/6a. . he.pifi pe gabail.1.

but the previous ease is loosening. There is necessarily a stay of three days upon it. 'sods' of . or 'ivr days. has here five days in the necessarily a stay of five days imme- T .e. that it may not be failed in. for the blemish of a eric'-fine after its discovery.i-. ' ' / (I days. do days or ten days? Because^non to theyjjgt.e." &c. there-rrecessarily a. these are the is a stay of five days. smaoht'-fine or double the milk. which is due of him as 1^ is. "one of the four conditions. 237 DISTRESS. "and the kinsman. for -' nickname. i. the four conditions. cutting them until their points are sharp like thorns.e. These are the immediate distresses of five days for distraining the heir of a dead man. Why. is it not a stay of five days or ten days that is allowed them? Because honor does not admit of longer stay. Why. Le. i. for are these cases fixed at three days to three days) rather than days? That every one may give perfect security respecting it.e." &c.e.' that which has in distress with time. why.e. i. are these AVhv J cases fixed at three i days? * That every one Why five is give perfect security respecting it." &c.e. i. ton. do they not extend to five .' 1 like spikes.e. i. that every one may give the proper thing which is due of him during that space of time. two cows for every stake.iy were injured in the case. Leaving the way open between cows and and "one of the four condi- <-alves i. Making pointed stakes.e. tions." &e.SENCHUS MOR.e. for satirizing : him its ' after his death. there is a i. or ten days. These are the immediate distresses which have become immediate.e. there are five i.e. for the right a satire of nj_nna CP rtfl np-d kid.'' $c. 'smaeht'-fine and i. because honor-price the surety. or until he gives to one his noble security for what is due.e. for lot. cutting. unless three days. false suing of a son in land. stay of throe. the ' Making gaps between one d. this is and "one of the four conditions. for carrying off an of the son of a haranimal's covering. like thorns. i.exteiid or/does not admit what or wherefore five or ten Why are these cases fixed at three days? (i.e. the honor-price has a stay of three days.. upon which there those which follow are 'dighlaim' of 'seds' or 'aird nemidh. of five days.e.i-H J~ it'"'- that there be a stay of three days' time for distraining or it is necessary that there sed be proved. it is necessary be a stay until the tn'. hnvc elapsed. i-e. for the distresses i.e. i. it. for proof of secret murder. does not admit of a longer stay than that upon of three days.. i. i. with a stay of three days. and 'seds' of one day's stay were injured by the fence. too.-days-upon may ^4m%4e^aiteTHTT~?of longer stay. i. i. stay of three days upon the 'seds' i.e. for taking care of a poet beyond a territory. then. or --fields.

. cuillef cacn ae ap. cm cengaT). ' 0V-III- N bef paip. ap eiepcur -oon pie*. ocup mac. fo pop -DO no m cuictp . ^eif cotp.rftice athgabail cul chutcche. in achgabail amail acpubpamap. T>on cmcacli m in cuicip yx>. 1ciac r o tn cuiciup. imap. cm bel. 1m a pintmT). nn an eneclamn -Dlegup ina aqiat). . cm araip. Cuic cmaiT* each ae p-oe. 1m poocal camchip. cac ni if culla -ooib if culla 2" Ceiqxi erxnaiti rulla TJO |nme rturo ocnf . iroaiTie.1. .rrT-m^. fo. po cinT>eT) no po cana-o -oe co up-oaipc. . . -01 aichmu no poipcpu nugnmia. ace cm be DO na cuic ancmb [po] na cuicei nama.laim nT>ame runt) Ton rn). T)i aip. cm pjta. tanne. pomauro cua^ . im coipfeif.111 eneclann utl anti ap cpeip. neoch ic feoic cuicc.ocuf feo^ct no po cum"aTita a cuicei t)ii. 1m i)ui 5 bail mec mac na mban caroi f buicfige. /* -Dorliac each ae ap. . cumu la/cuic cmra i Ro cec up. cuicci.1. cipe ana* . / . a laim. ocup ben. tia. . a Co mbi cuicche cm cuicitv. 1m ]"anai r cep..C9II Senchuf DISTRESS. .). tTlop. iti cuapran. la cute c no o aiptlcmstf cac ogae wb o Iwm. . ociif ocuf bpachaip. no poinmcechc nnsnmia cm cengaT).c pile-o. 5 aBa* achgabail culla -DO neoch no na cuic epnaili im afeuca* anat> cuicte if cac athsabail gabup.1. cm coip. pop. 1m imcomuf rtiaipi. cm bel. luigi na oumecaTOi ap cuica. 1 in t>in'Oi r ouinechai-oe.nocumaT) cm m cmcip fo pop cuicci. co mbi cuicche cm cuiap. -DO supofigill. 1 CU1C '-'. i^-oono O'D.1.1. cuicei.1. cm pila cm : gum.T)aific a laim. Tie cuicche cuic. 107.1. la cuic cinca -oof Imc each ae ap. Diglaim fee ant) fo f if no apt) nemro. no mi-imipr. t)i anmec lamie.1.1. . otbemium. i nice athgabait rul chuicrhe in p>. .1. DO nmbleosam. Digtaim fee. ocuf mp puc 6 pinn [amac]. no gate. .. -oe . ocf uafal -DO ifil. ic culla fo.1. cumtha cm l. fto cec upT)aipc -oe. TI iche me1J^te. cm coip. o.

crime of hand. i. these are the five persons on account of whom an ' immediate distress is taken from a person .e..e. ' the liability of or that it might be laim' of Four cases of immediate distresses aee-here reckoned. (J'C. each of them deserves it by his ministering hand. i. and with time elsewhere. or these are the five cases in which a stav of five davs was allowed for the distress as we have already stated above. diate distress." it As is deserves it. by satire. i. at five days.e.e. crime of foot. or mis-using. . 'digh" chief from inferior. crime of foot. the son of the known For the right of a poet.e. is immediate here. For satire of an unascertained kind. These are the immediate distresses of five days. Five-fold are the crimes of each of these by wounding. by obmouth.e.e. deed of his of five offences that each of them by five crimes each individual of them deserves or merits it by the hand. so that the liabilities of five persons five days. That is. crime of serving or looking on at an evil deed. or false witness.' and dighlaim of persons. or moving to evil deeds. i. from the debtor among these five. it. For carrying off an animal's covering. crime of eye: crime of hand. is of five days. For taking care of the son of a harlot.e.e. as it is by the commission of five offences that each of them deserves have a stay of son. father. .e. Le. by kicking. crime mouth. and wife. and ' ' ' and " territory. unchaste woman. i. except whichever of the five dcbtuih have the five days only. for demanding the honor-price the tartan. i. the honor-price which for it is fixed DISTRKSS." seds. For proof of secret murder. So that by the commission the liabilities of five persons have a stay of five days. stolen things crime of eye. secret murder is in five days. or stealing. as an exception to the poet. the proof by oath of the at three [five] days. .e. i. i. slander.SENCHUS MOR. whatever may be its stay. 239 is For satirizing him. and 'seds. the responor every distress which is taken sibilities of these five have a stay of five days .' They were properly fixed manner. i. which is due 'for it in a proper manner. lawful that these five persons was fixed at five days' stay. and son. i. crime of tongue. every thing that immediate in the case of persons themselves is immediate to their kinsmen also. they were settled or described in a proper For five persons. i. and grand- and brother. crime of of tongue. i. by eating .' dighlaim ndaine' should here be immediate. They were properly fixed at five days for five persons. these which follow down here are dighlaim sed' ' These are the immediate distresses or 'ard-nemhidh. when they are seds' of five days that are taken.e.

in gUtim aicenn.. Mo mimv-sir: no op. fen tebap. cit> 1 cem. -Sellach pli tan pachu. Senchuf fa Coch ochgabail buf rulta 7>o cmeach bi-o culla oc inbleoyam no each arhgabatl gebuf each T>ib T>ian. cp. ocuf each ni if rutla T)on inbleojaiTi each inbleojam C<^IK(.1. in oip. fin. yula.1. .e. -01 atthmu.i. 111 vn'mcecc cem.ochmup. no vono cutnaD eifceprtif m fiaUac fo. ocuf ocuf "oecma-6.aile if rullaca bmf .eifi fio tnillefrafi cm if in mbleogam if nefa. T>I anmec. na fee. ocuf fellach flan. co cuica. fo ocur mbleogam nof bein. peji caip. in bjiaf.1.cfiu mi- CCji acaa[c] ceiqie rellaig la pene i rain caccce. gn 1 in a. . M'07 TTla-o feccut attie .e ^511111^ a -oubjiama^ na comaicfijoe. it nefa ocuf iayi fuc -DO Cach fee buf rnilla 7)011 cincif^ cu^ab rulla 71011 n icuf a cmca. nagaici. .aim).1. ache ni"D 50111 a lam. no in le-panmcro.eifi . Mo voip. .240 DISTRESS.c a ycade-D no a coifi. Cm .<P al^ofc von. \\>i . a cem m pneiteTi.1. . no niisnim a. t>e s ulr| i ' n name. *'rettach Ian peicli.. no cipe-6 cmelain. Sec en. . pynmcecc -oo Tirnum Cm Cm Cm . .1. 1. t>vupT>. each fee cfieifi fvo gabca T>O neoc ima cmaiT) cuniati cuicci a anaD.\ 11115111111 ocuy ni aicenn. in cuba nainnie. . bel. a-o i poaii' m f ellcecc.nech nairx-oalca. CITI Vocuf no pirumtecc \^.rfttniliren.1. no in Ian aefi. . cit> a -DiaocTisniTTiiaaT). ocur r e ^~ each cechfiamcan f. .T>elba ocuf co mmrec ocuf T)o comec ocuf bua^caqi a ^nim i ruairh.1. octif fellach leich peicli.1. -01 ictii meitvle. Ho ga'it. T)il)pinnnn. iac. ocuf cuma culla_ a^x a 'Cf.eich. cm copet) coip. Ctrl taime . to T>O ga^OflSltt. [racuifi].-Doicenamiai|xti. m otefraft Tion achai^ if /jiL.1. ml cfieifi cuicci DOTI mac. cenga^D. m ian. -o-\ a in.

i.e to look on at a distance. necessarily to a distance. which .' Or Hi. is diate to the kinsman or every distress immediate to the debtor is also immewhich is taken by one of au immediate one. the same be a ' A ' liability days. or going to do Crime of mouth. of the iron.e. Or observe an evil deed. or the full satire. of foot. -frvjf- i. sed' which is subject to immediate distress to these five Every ' persons is immediate to the person who pays is for their liabilities . wound with his own . kind of satire it may be. i.e. is upon time to every other kinsman. and not i. < i.e. them from the other If is it shall be due three days sed' of three and ten days. and five days. to do evil deeds. to go near.e. Crime of tongue. i. whether the looking-on was from afar or near. is immediate to the nearest kinsman. in loosening or Crime i. Every distress 241 DISTRESS. inflicted the but who has not hand. by eating Ulgotten things. Crime of hand. sued kinsman the brings it to five being days' stay has been injured . of the silver. by or false witness. an exception. name.e. dighlaims. i. in eating stolen things. according f three days which was taken from one for his liability has a stay and it is immediate upon his relative. is a man who and escorts and instigates and accompanies exults at his deed in the territory. every 'sed' indeed. upon a particular person.' i.e. misusing. this case days. the 'glamh dicenn. stolen things.e. whether far or near. persons.e. breaking. giving a bad name or a nickof eye. Crime his eye For there are four lookers-on with the of whom is different : Feini. by wounding. of the gold. who looker-on incurs looker-on Avho is exempt. Or stealing. we have mentioned This is these ' not correct. a looker-on of one-fourth fine. or whatever slander satire.e. or moving or going to do evil deeds vil.e. regards three days. i. or evil using. i. the every thing -which sed' subject to an immediate distress of one day that ' of of the father. each of full a looker-on fine. by observing or looking on at an evil deed. jtuj.e.. ic. By a figure ot five to others. on of half A lull fine. that is due of the son. it is a sed' subject to an immediate distress as the of father. betraying. i.' though they are an old book.e. seds. by kicking. and of the nearest kinsman. ' i.SENCHUS MOR.e. a looker- and a fine. i. or.

1. . . ni 'Den a f m "Don [a] gnimaib peo.. $*~0<6ie$r ' C^ -A CX!|i ^ ^^^ .-. . ocof cenhiitiime ap.] OW5 T>opti Ian v'ccctiu.-. CeCnflliDMi oono pop. tmmm. ocup cerhiaunni ayx coitnicecc atnuig i n-mitl. coimicechc 1 mug leo m 1 n-itiill. ^tac cuittip no airntctupp taticro peri cairxT>elba.1.. lech piach tiofli IDon..1. ocup gaibep oca cac 'DO naib jninific ocup each caemcec a heytmn co mmll. co raip/oelb.iac'i.0 foich tan pac pop.. T>O tii in tain-Delb vrcalt icip. Vrv . m !l jofellacli cechfiatnrban ap. . amach.1.p m n-imtl. cechtxuirni t>ona po^x in fettac Leti ajx feiltcecc. ocup amuig bip in pellac lete. ^ellaig lain. Setlach filtt T)opti cechfiamcham peich.1. ocuf mna. let cecc co tnaigin ocuf oucjiact map. . cleifiig.1. co haic in majibca. bip ma comicecc oc oenam m map..1. connecaic imuyxno O'D. .1. bua-DaigiT) pe m Settac pacK if in . ocup Settach flan na ceppatfij. Sender tech piachu jniTTiu olchena. m t>iaf amuig ocuf m caemnacaip eile.. -out co maigin no in cimrwroa-o. ocuf in fellac cecbfianicati..1. or. teo tafip an majibat> o maigm ar.bta aid. ocuf aef naT> meifi gona na anacal na a. ace caenicec nama. .. octif mec.T>etbai. Setlach 5111 m cain. ocup cerfijiuime eile ap. JB. ni "Dene ni iff 22. -outfiacc maribta occa.bca. ceitrii in acda pellaig ta Peine. acme ceiqai ptcatg Tia -p.1. Ocup conimcec. T)o paifi.1. t)i maib ache flim i feo. "Do comcec.aT> CICTO amach. . petlac lam ? . fellcecc. coimicechc anocol. ill.242 DISTKE33.1Z ocur eccuint) ocur ercunt(p. bua-ocairv asnitn i cuaich. i bic feUaig flan a anT) chena. na cigib a f. . [call ^ojxecuin. ni caifvoetbai T>O .0 ^^ . . ni 50111. ocup ncco nujigaifi.

Exults at his deed in the territory. i. and women. and the looker-on who incurs half fine. K 2 . and for accomone-fourth upon him for looking on. i. upon the panying them outside to a place of security. an eye-witness who deserves or intention of killinstigates. half upon coming to the place with the intention of killing. and looker-on who incurs one.e. who gow alon. out from the place.e. for fine looking on. and imbeciles and incapables.e. And escorts. i.SENCHUS MOR. not does and prohibit. not instigate. i. i. U. i. The looker-on who is exempt is he who does not does not commit any of these acts. and boys. and the looker-on who incurs one-fourth fine are found outside.e the killing. clerics.e. and instigate. in their when he boasts nf that deed in the territory. For there are four lookers-on with the witnesses which the Fenechus mentions.e. tlwre are four eye- How him on does full fine his come upon the full looker-on 1 i.e. going to the place or having the intention. after they commit the killing. There is also one-fourth fine upon the looker-on who incurs onefourth fine for accompanying them outside when he cannot protect . acts. by which he The looker-on who incurs one-fourth fine does not of these acts.half fine one-fourth one-fourth for accompanying them outside to a place of security.e. but he accompanies them from of security. does not wound. and the other fourth is there also.e. but does all the other incurs half fine. Fuini. A looker-on who incurs full fine. and separates from them to a instigate. There are also other lookers-on i. and panies only. but the other two can protect. out. who are exempt." i. i. who has an house by saying of the the between people ing. but accomhe does not do place place in that place of security. And accom- merits full The man who win. he causes the instigation within "come ye out. i| company panies. fine. and people who are not able to wound or protect or forbid. the looker-on who incurs full fine inside.with them.e. to the place of the killin-.e. i. who who brings against them all his strength and rean insecure sources. 243 is A looker-on who incurs half fine he who does any does not save.

1.ofi fep. ?o . . -Senchur TTlofi. . > m Cadi Tfotvo. cuillif no aifutcnigip tec pach. a !~lec fop. -omaib flop onj}5 T>ia cefjbaib. f eo. . .1. no co na niyxc. .1. . Ni goiti. . 6 bfieiehin.1.1.5ain. . a cixuaige ocuf an.]. nun. T>O caemcecc. tJi T>ene -oo caiyiTjeitb. cmn.pt>ip. Ni cai^. CCcc T>O (tifwoce mn. ni T>em in /. 1Tlec ' nl ecaic gum an.1.T>etbai. .1. T>ut co 111015111.1. Se cumala TDifie fioinnteji cumal [co let f. .T>eitb.1.1. bic fettais ftana.1. The looker-on who incurs ftrfl fine. co hmill. .acaii\ mafibcro.e p a 'Tv cen Tnoca m aiclism. ni Na . . noco . fellac yptl. co na m af ouatsuf pem..1.1. .1. naitac. &ccumT>. Settac T>opli . man.1. no I i T>o na^uin. . Wi c . noco T>ein in citnp. m nencan. nat> -pon-ocaitx.eicijv.aT> fn-iu a n-eiftmt). Cleifiis ocuf mna ocuf O'D 110. ace cumala t>ifie.1 6 taim. no t>o caemcecc. .a'Duga'D ap.icca'oan. oca. ni cumail -01111 ocuf cumal aictigincc ^ e ^ *. Cbena. o gnimixaTjaib ce -DO ifa-o.1tec coiii.1. ccQiirncec -DO rnomceic ocuf buatiaisceyi a 511101.244 DISTRESS.1. lanpachach. cfii fellac lanpacbach. (Xcc T>o caemcec nama. . ocuf cumal aitgiTia pop. pon. CCr&ic ceitfii fellaig. a ctaice. .can menrnam. in fellac 1 cuaich.1.1.airne "oeftge laej ria gona atro. o bn.1.c. . pc^cejvo itacti. ni "Do 5111 otchena. letpacac. . . ocuf ni cuimcic anacut.1. aT>uat5up neicb caemcec a beftinn co mmtt. ni caemnacaiyv anacat. cen moca fin.1. aniuig p|\icti. a f o- a baile a Na 11 aT> un. ceic co tnaigtn. noco oenam) m caiyvoelb. O'fi/tK ^ TDcrc cuibT)i ocuf fe]i lamie.1. cia co mfcaif anacal. 6 5nim|iaT)aiK. Sellach -oof ti tech ptacTiu. cep 011155.baT> co p.cairncecc atnui5 ocuf petti5ichc. . "Wn*.. ..a ciac bejiaic. Na-o nu|t5ai|i.1. "ace 6 ca eifmitt co mill. .i.cmttif noanxitcmsef ceciaanne-piach.1.1.0111511650111 ce T>O ivoipt). M OTJ nietfi sona. .1. ocuf if ime fio bai uai^ na iiTiefina j^-caemnacaifi pcan. ocuf 7>a cuinail pop. NIT> join a lain. M tienani "oona 5mmaib p eo. yjxl. na fenojvais no O'D. ^irocbivaice. m Da fellac nama. na meic beca no &f cumT>. .-n. anacat [. oca eifin-oitl en nmitt. lairiie.1. 1. . . ocuf ni T>uchp. m a piaTmai'pe. gmma /k'jL joQ-X chatn ^eich. menmain.1.1. 110. eite. . TTlanbec" cuibt>i.1. ocuf curiial] co lee 1 He. ace abec ma coimcecc nama oc t>enam in mayibca. . .

rure place to tect.e.e. i.e. and he had not the intenhe instigate.e. and boys. IncapabU-s.e. Who Who J ^ little boys or lunatics. even though they i. bitumii. . besides the above.e. his strength. them from to unable he was so was because separate could proare also lookers-on who are exempt. i.e. own territory. Nor protect. he to accompany outside and to look on.e.e.e. i. wound with his own hand. and while going from to be in their company only while committing does not instigate. But he accompanies a place of security.e.e. be in participation with the perpetrator. i. and women.e. . i." -QK. he was not able the killing.e. he does not save acts.e. does not form the intention in his mind. accompanies. i. i.e. Does at his deed. or to the best of his ability." . an insecure to a secure place.e. he goes. by save. Also. i. The looker-on one-fourth fine. does not wound. i. by deeds. mit any of these acts. Who does not commit any of these i.e. i. ' Six 'cumhals' of dire'-fine are There are four lookers-on. either accompanying.. i. from a place of insecurity to a place of by instigation." i. i. .e. hals' who incurs upon the looker-on full fine. and one 'curnhal' of restitution upon ' the wounds.e. fine. i. through indifference.. i. i. who incurs one-fourth who deserves or merits He he does not cause the instigation. wounding. He all wound though he has come. Who does not prohibit.e. i. the power of his forces.e. fa f\w Who opposes them.. i.e. Who does no t i. &c. reads: in his "he boasts of that as a victory in the territory. from the place where the killing that he did was committed until they reached a place of security. and exults i.e. to protect. i. by hand.e.e. in his presence. If he ' 24j DiTurs. Imbeciles. i. and one cumhaF upon the lookerred hand who inflicted full on who incurs incurs half fine. i. a 'cumhal' and a half upon the perpetrator. or by accompanying. i.e. and the reason These in the insecure place. he does not form the intention in his mind.e. others. byword.e. able not are and lessness. he does not the other acts. he does not go to the place. A has not inflicted the a wound if he had looker-on who incurs half fine. except security. reached the place. i. or But he accompanies only. to protect. by word. a divided here. of their insignificance and their powerthey are not able to wound in consequence are not able to wound. the old men or madmen. by means of from an insei. though he were able. i. If he be not a ' ' a looker-on. who did not warn.e. to go to He does not comthe place. All resources. Who he would have inflicted or becomes liable to half fine._0'D. there is half body-fine upon him besides the fine. they do not forbid.SENCHUS MOR.e. Clerics.e. i. by deeds. &c. restitution.e. there shall be three cumhals participator. exultation. but only the man of the of 'dire'-fine. i. not be done for them though they should request it. . i.e.e. i.e. i. tion of killing. who deserves i. 109. he raised the shout. i.e. i. He does not he was found outside. and one-half upon the looker-on who In the territory.f. instigation. there shall be ' ' restitution for curahal' one and dire'-fiue upon two cumhals' of and two ' cumthe man of the red hand who inflicted the wounds.

leci. TTlan cuibmuf inp fellac cechpamchan ocf teci. . comn bo ocuf naipc ocuf pmgmne. T^abaip ^e fc]npaitl foyi in f felloe / . na b^ech pop. putation in the text. [achgaBctil -poirTDlechaij ponnrolea pne. ocuf lee pmgmn t>o fetlac cechpanirhan.1 fcifiepailt iffei) ctiayiceic ann. cpi cech- rnbpaich. leci.ann pop.246 DISTRESS.] achgabdil poinTlechai5 ponnrole cuaclia. if cumal pop fellac ceipamchan.1. fellach cechftatnchan. ocuf a no pop fellac o'D. 111. cfiiayi lain. map. : 1 cumhal=3 ! bo' or 3 cows of Ml legal value. fe pmgmne T)ib tio trp. 1 dairt . ocuf feccmaT)/pin5irin tio fellac teci. m c]\iap. : he m O'D.bchobag. atnbi anai) oecmai'De/ f o aichgabata cut ^ecTimaiTii. Se pmjmne ann iayium ptnginne Tiec m . flan ngetlt. actigabail 1r bota / tie 111 ap. coba T)a|i cjiich . ceicfii cumala pop. ace ann fo no mp.cloi "DiLfi. ^=:12 pinginns. . flan ngitl. ocuf aen -p. 1 bo' 1 =24 screpalls. TTlan cuibmuf icip fellac lam octif cechpamchan. in. . V /( ft'fi *77n /$ fellac lam. ocuf cumat co tec pop fellac Ian piachac . lam.mp lam. $ ll pumii cumaile pop fellac lecpiacac bo ocuf cpi fcpepatll pop fetlac cechpamchan bo ocuf rp. enchtip ITlofi. ocuf i The following table gives the proportions -which satisfy the comPinylnn. m /t cine plec ann cmc yianna nee t>o TDenam tub. ocuf ^cfiepatt co lee pofi -pellac cechfiamtan ceopa . paU=3 pinpnns. ocuf irifi fellach lain ocuf leti. cutlaca. ocuf C)\1 ^c|\epaitt fo\\. if cumal co cuicen cumala pop Ulan cuibmtif pellac cerhpamchan. . ocuf let pmjmn ife* cuayicec. 1c joCtjVO fo aicli^abata cul TtechTnaiTDi neithe]. na cumait pop fellac leti. ocup a no -pofi fellach leti. coch^abail f ec co mrn. ocuf m ctucen pann nee no pmgmn. viz.pop. T>a yiann nee mb .

' a ' cumhal and cumhal ' are upon the looker- on who incurs one-fourth fourth between the looker-on who incurs oneand the looker-on who incurs half fine. a cow and three ' the looker-on who incurs one-fourth fine . the looker-on fine. and two ' cumhals ' upon the looker-on who incurs half fine. distress for a levy carried over a boundary .' and the fifteenth part heifer. distress on account of a fugitive who has absconded from his tribe . 'pinginn for the looker who looker-on for the a half and half who incurs pinginn fine. ginns. If there be participation between incurs full fine and him who incurs one-fourth one-fifth of a fine. security . Six pinginns afterwards remain . death-levy . three quarters of a upon the looker-on. . distress in ignorance. these are the a stay of ten days after being brought out imme- . of which twelve are upon the three who incur full fine. If there be participation between the looker-on who incurs full ' ' cumhals upon fine and him who incurs half fine. so that he (the looker-on who incurs one-fourth fine) pays a cow. and three screpalls for a looker-on who incurs half fine. these incurs one-fourth fine. These are the immediate distresses distresses on which there is of ten days. there are four the looker-on who who ' incurs full fine. who incurs ' Lal upon the looker-on who incurs half fine . a cow ' screpalls upon and three ' screpalls' is what remains. i.SENCHUS MOR.' of these for the three pinginn . and the third of a fine. and a half ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' are divided into fifteen parts. and a screpall' and a half upon the ' there remain thirteen fine pinlooker-on who incurs one-fourth . there is a cumhal who incurs one-fourth fine. 1 247 ' cumhal ' and a half upon the betrayer. and a cumhal ' and a half DIM i ' cumfull fine . : These are the immediate distresses of ten days distress from a high dignitary distress for 'seds' wkish . ' ' looker-on who incurs half fine. ' f 'i pinginn. ' Add six ' ' screpalls ' for ' each of the three lookers-on who incur full fine. distress on account of a fugitive who has fled from his territory of pledges security of hostage . and a of a pinginn. .' six pinginns on the seventh and who incur full fine.e. and two upon the looker-on who incurs half and one upon the looker-on who incurs one-fourth fine. and two upon the upon the looker-on If there be participation fine.

coltacu. cu Ti-a cmu-6 oechmuttie fliifmge f. net paclia fin anuaf benuf T>O i co CmTa - [CCchgabdit arvo neime. .1.1 cigib if in pine if atcigef ocuf mbteosam if f ia nom beip. . no ocuf 7>i5lami gabup. cutlaca. ai^chinnech. 1 . p. fecca gebuf oo T)ecmu 6 ' -oiiine if ifle nap ocuf . ocuf na pacha fin anuaf beipiuf co Dechmuvo. ocuf i\o n.1.i cigib ipn cumc aiciguf ocuf inbleosam if f ia nom bnp. neime ap. im cma m et innlieep. m arligabail 1111 cma in pp. . achgabait gabup. ap. oct*r efpoc. cp. . cn.i. 'v [CiT) oefia antit) afi iti fee n^ara foriT)? 1f e in f&t./>!. uafat porv ipt. ocuf cpich bemnif -pon. 111. nombei|ico -oecmv.icn CCengabdit vom-olechaig von'n'otea pin . bunui-6 e] co CUr " enlne r a "om crteif ocuf nemmbec ma faiT>bp. jfocuf -Diglaim fee nom beijx pop. ocuf ollatn safp. ocuf -Distaim f er. vine bif ap. no'f vie jbei^ n-mnfuigci.ec 111 ci T>a cuca OTV om no afi mcne [1 n-ambpif pp. imin fen ocuf imari ctaechto a TMlf im veyi mbuna a negmuif fee 6na no aittie e. poii >'D. sobeip. cul ctucci. 112.icn. tneniup. O'D. mbiti anuT> T>echmuiT>e mdf. snim anpoic a pip] pop [octif cpeifi iap.iuf cu cuicclie f 6na n& Tjleguf cu i . -omne caii [ocuf a pp. 112.] a O'D. lif 9 2-^ " CCchgabail fee co nimclo T>itf i]*f.fa Vffill: DISTRESS. ocuf TW cp. cotlaca. ocuf each cenT) pop. co oecmai-D. ocuf fena na^lesan. . co oecmai-D.1.i. Decmai'o. . cp.ime ftitin : ^115.] CCchgabail cobag nan. 1111 -< toibgtcheri if in majib ajx oecmai'6. ifli culla pop. ocuf col)! ce fio bet fogelc ocuf blec -DO.t> pop. TT1 ap-bchobag. fee.1.. o'arche a in-oligi* a|x in ci f^o |xecc in fee 1 n-atnbpf pyv bunuii>. collacu. cart in beipiuf co oecniui'6 1. i acngabail gabun. . O'D.] pop. . " gpa-o fecca gebiuf -oon ouine if Se huafal rieime T)O f. inbleojuin rbeinmf cu cpetf acpa f ochuroe beip. acTigabait poimjlec naig pomntilea euacha. acaic cpi mapbcobait) anT>. cuicci. ' T1 i . paoneolo if m cuaie. [.1. pop. Uo t)o fee comaiehig beiyi nech . cn.ich. ocf bfiiuguit). no if uaf al pop. nom betyx co cuicci. otchena.opac pepgi [ocuf a pp] cut T>ecmaiT>e.Xi. beip. joocca ngilt. file. crchsabatt gabtin. if it nom . 112.1. V op. m pcroneola. pop. colunT) cotnviuiti ocuf uit>i ice fem. [mccyibchobos] coi|ipT>ifie . ocuf -no cp.eif 1. pop. m achgabait coibgictien. ocuf nf f emit in ri T)d cabuip. pic. .ofi iti ei 6 1 rue.'&.iuf pon.

e. upon ten which is upon three days with time. on mentioned extend it to ten days. ie. Distress on account of a fugitive who has causes it to be immediate.e. person inferior from many extends it to sued extends it to three days. in the it to ten days. the thing which is levied for the dead. the proof of secret murder.. and it is ' taken from three houses in the territory' which he fre. not is given does the person by whom it was given. What is the reason that there The reason is. and it is just that the expenses of ' ' Or it is the sed should be charged to him. upon five days immediate. i. and the the owner. anger. and an assault of i. and dighlaim' ' of ' seds' causes it to be immediate. a hiah dignitary. gives of a neighbour that is a stay of ten there is sued he until it know . rank. to ten days. suing the kinsman : being five days . and every ollamh an and a herenach. of which the proof i.' or "chief from distress and the most distant kinsman being to ten days.' or ' territory. i. owner not having the property denial that it is in charge has sold it unknown to the it was given as a loan or and and not being a thing of necessity. superior generally. is a wanderer. poet. and the boundary the brings boundary driven across the boundary. .e." causes it to be of seds. of which the proof is is upon three days.e. levy.(f 'dighlaim' are three death levies. before causes the and to himself. a brewy. it to ten days.SENCHUS MOR.e. period due brings it to ten days. and or the of his . i. brings it to three days of suing. : A king. for if it were disfor the payment allowed the is and that period Death levy. the distress which is Distress for a levy carried over a boundary. and tile most distant kinsman being sued.e.e. . brings quents: and " chief from immedia' i Death inferior. days for suing i. a Six noble dignitaries are reckoned here of wisdom.e. feeding and tending to whom it the and in one person pledge. upon five days." causes to be immediate. and it is taken from three houses in the tribe sued. an act of inadvertence. a bishop. upon ten days immediate. there days'. i. and the causes above mentioned bring immeis taken from a high dignitary which distress a i. property that rightful person to rightful whom . rom his tribe. i. brings it it which he frequents and -dighlaim' of 'seds. a from takes seven the one grades of which there is a stay of ten days diately. the body-fine for fine for killing . than himself. which been returned. a has who a of account fugitive on tress is sued while a wanderer which is taken for the liability of the person who inferior. a distress Distress for 'seds' which should have which have been parted with in the absence of is taken respecting 'seds' was lent or given in charge. 'eric'intention has a stay of ten days. brings it to five days. to 'sed' unknown to a stay for the stolen sed here 1 the person who sold the punish for his illegality is ' ' the owner. Disfled from his territory. denial that it is due. 249 who is of lower grade the seven grades takes it from a person diately and one of Distress from it to ten days.e. the distress which is taken for the liability of ab sconded the tribe-man who .

colatin e^ic iti flan gel?^ n-eneclaitine Tjligiuf a cuicim a gell -oafi cenn neic ocur ajv cp. maT) mo cheile no bee anT) ajfearo anaT) pojiaib. asp. co nimchomaii? Cuica. gabca tume.1 po fio beyva f ena na T>le5Hfi e co oecniait. no if fena na T)le5un. if he a lep anap CCinpajcpe. no -oono cena.^p ben occatb 1 maigm ac . aicTigabait cincdii T)o ^fier ol-oaf iciji -Dir 1 m T)l if gnacliu each ctchgabail inif. Ocup mme pio gaba* m achgabail. nom bei^i cullaca. uictiii' means iiv . in tij. olrtii'De. ocuf T>i5laim fee nom bein. .eipi . ocuf itiblfeojam nom co qieifi . mo amm 1Tia mna mampaT) ImanaT) J co c " 1ccJl1 cuicci.1. Tun in t^oe. ctncci. nom beifi ^071 mllcrcu.n. cia amm inna mna f o ft.Senchuf ss - Hlon. ? fobich na ^oe pechcae 1llai5 O ratnic co cabai|ic a naijxtn peifiT) T)oaib. . no if agpa i:opi focliaite nombeiji co CU1C * ocu r r ena na co oecmaiti ocuf ^15ftejaplnom betyi tmm fee. cuicci. jioe. Tiie word -(. ache ni pecctc-qi eta baT)ai^ee . ol ri. ocuf tiemnepam no beiyi co cpeip nem [mbec] ma f aitbyvi.1. ocuf co T)ecmaiT>. ^ob micro puin. m anmatm T "oe aea " aT)j3ac| ptji b|ii^ m fo pit po|i Cuicci. ache ir antifa T)ontm T)o na boing.eill. ocuf Senchae -Senchae. 113. in r:\im t>on apyia ml ipn coiyip- O'D. . co f-uigtet) 2<r caifi Conchubuji imbi. octif ^ui-opup irn&ma'o po|i|iu. no uapal pofi ifiat." 1f t m |ioi. .. ^ Txnncro achgaliail 710 nefim no nermiefitn pojx fochaif>e . pon. nom bein. 1 ' . No ampainT)fe jH an T>atai nai. ache paT)na Tiama. CC^beftc. . poctiait) nom bein. 'oSlan nembec ina fai-obyn. ft Slati ngill. pop. coinriaiui if -DO T>O beiyi fiaegria -punn iy . ocuf .a vop. ol -Sencha. na achsabatmb. pop. Immana-D ajia cujiehe.

Security of entitled for the forfeiture of his of three days. tatt*^ the distress of five days Always more usual than any other distress ? On account of the combat Why is had all fought between two in Magh-inis. the colann-eric hostage. . And it is respecting it the distress what corresponds here to the is taken. and 'dighlaim' of 'seds' causes it to be immediate. but said the other. days.SENCHUS MOR. had it not been for Cuicthi. " If it and she requested of them to delay." It is . the full honor-price to which he is of the pledge." The combat was then put-off. Brigh that is here called Cuicthi." it me man who sues it would be prejudicial to the " I will delay. and dighlaim' " chief from or inferior. denial that it is due would bring it to ten days. not having the being a thing of necessity brings his rank. or suing from many brings it to five days of property and denying that of ' seds. brings it to due brings it to ten days. . until they did not know to whai-tiie it was put off. they met a woman at the place of combat. and suing from many would bring three it to five days. according was taken for it.e." causes it to be immediate. saying.' it is due brings it to ten days ." said Sencha." said one of them. i. for the body-fine for intention. and the kinsman being sued would bring it to which sum due third of to the the others. When they things ready for plying their arms. indeed." " Let " in the name the combat be delayed. as it was a thing of necessity.e." said she. " is my name.'" " The truth of the men of the Feini would rived have perished. not haying the propledge given in behalf of a person has a stay five days denying that it is perty of his rank. and not it to three days . to delay. tress that 251 there would be a stay upon it according DISTRESS. ' ' ' Security of pledges. is distresses." is his cause that would be delayed. was that were my husband there. is deFrom which for five of the woman. ^would compel you " " but I would delay. except a witness alone. \ . days is . or. Conchubhur and Sencha phased judgment respecting " and Sencha asked What is the name of this woit man ?" " Cuicthi. i. or suing from many. or not of necessity .

/. seven kings not entitled to : .1. cafiliuy-can. in comfit^ ap. . df which it treats lias a sevenfold division.D. ip no m hipen aca no e^li a pp-inne o na Pemib. in binbam a\i Conall. cia pan fio cuin. .154 has translated by Dr. laithi aicmua ocuf ceichfii laiti faeffoa. ace iy noilgi T>on ci uil 05 in eobac atfi epem. m achgabail. acai|\mepc uime pm. noco nenunun. in compu5 no 1 eibli i caTpmepc l 1 n-amm Cuicci. Cuicci mgen Senca enfana . Its characteristic is that each of the subjects been translated by Professor O'Curry.i. . m nai\a vep.nu)xc] nligen ann a iy> pen pin no fiala ann. no if m fdt.1. 8enca.1.1. CCchc tp annpa.1.mb. cuigi.o but ip mann ocup cjveipi an. .1.ip nafiaj. 1 1 Conculanin no bee ann. CCm paicpe.oj.n. an. no anpainnp an. noca fioibe putpech aca gan comp-ug no T>enam ace gan paT>nai^e nama no bet aca. ap.ip e a lep anup ann mana n-anca. amail fio ana m comfiuc an. and a great variety of others. cheite no bee ann. -pe. ol -pi..a. -i. Cuicei.252 DISTKKSS. innei co cabaipc an-aipm noib. .n. ocnp n. . cm -pn..ala cugibfepi imcomain.i. tioj^ pial bin ccup. an.1. m ni fio nlepnaip muna cucca ana Cuicci an. cesmuppm 7x15 no eppuic cip.1.1. mo amm pi. Senca cia amm. Heptiads __This is an interesting law tract. o eanganun. . fio guiT>epcufi -pi]in.mne o na Peimb.n. CCchc ni pecacun. . tp pin. bfiiji mgen Sencna. ocup Laejaifie buanach mn pin.rpuaccnain imp. 1m an an in fioi. . emeoifiipim O'D. in nmp a ITIaij.u ocup hi. in nul ip gnachac T>O gn.. na me mu no ben. ifan. co |io pan-vaigupcan.c no iimne ann. . . imp. Cuicci no cacun. muna neyvna pib is cena.ob a ingin fern i.] Op IH4 p ne aea. 1 CCpbefic maT> no bee ann.1. O'Donovan. ocup nochui\ gabaii funT>. honor-price. tlo ai npamn.ep na caclxjae^gabail me no eanna. . . ben 050 a comogu-p -oon fie comixuis. gan a nenam pie fie anma na mna jx>. . no cuannun.^a anan.1. seven events which put off every battle. 1 m m an an.afi.1. 1 .anpacpa cn.<r- . [CiT> p. no com ceiti i Niam mgen Cetcn. .en on. ana cuicci pop. pon fact in comfvuig r10 PS no no paijap.e. na mna no n. For instance seven churches with the Feinc seven prohibited from contracting marriage. naifim noaib.1 6fi. CCchc ptanna nama.mn ana afi eigin po^iuib. -\\o ana nepen nona com)\u5 ipn fi6.1. -pi. ol Laogaiyve. 05 mnpo ap. "Do pei'jr'iT) ben occaib maigm ic na i\oe.aev ol pi pe. fio 0)i-ourcan. a euca ana cuicci pop. Co nimchoimai\cai|i Senchae.o mnpinun. ..0 tiefia cuicte fie recmuifin na mna punn. . . com ben Cm gabail. no com e Conall ccumc co cabaific a Cefinach.a fio pisen. -p. uain. mo 'gui'D'piup. cf JfJ>. 2. 114. no fio . . Sencliur vp. ~V ^06-7 1T1 C " 1C ^ 1 ^ ocup m cfieipi fjuil if na Seccutb iafi muni) cecmuic fug no eppuic. TDul i-p gnacnu DO gfiep. 1H.1.ijacc ^Co vtnglen. . muna -[xoib [ap. jf m~ach5abail. in achana pp-' up-ogfia. . . . pp. ocup ma p.1. pobieh n a fioe.. no fio a pn. pp. no ap.1. O'D. large fragments of which have been But a very perfect copy from O.ipi nafigichen.1.020-2.1.i up. seven trespasses in co-tenancy not fined seven grades Incompetent to be witnesses. ocup nach put I ace cpieip fie cecmuipn fug no eppuic cip? Iff e j c ]\o gabai) in comfiuc rip.. a vuigill Senca ocup Concubuip.1. amm m ITIOIT>.

i. i." combat was then put The said i. who came up with you to itnp tin cnmhat. the disby which a stay of five days is given for tress. or. or agd_upon. had not a stay of five days been for the distress. "let said she.SEKCHUS MOR. will delay. the truth would die from the Feini." i. 1 delay. allowed to which they would be entitled. this name of the expressed by it would not be for the period the What is the reason that there are woman here. "What and Sencha asked "What is the name having been prevented reis the name of this of the woman.e.e. i.e. always a more usual form other. i. the name had two were Conall Caernach and Laeghaire Buadhach." said he. if ye " I at least would i. Why is the distress. When they came to the field all things ready for plying their arms. . forstay for warning.e." would not do so of your own accord. than any other sudden or lawful distress. or for prohibiting the combat in the name of Cuicthi. i. on account of the combat which was fou-ht.e.e.e. i. They met a woman at the place of combat." he. and that there are ? days on account of meeting of only three days on account five meeting a king or a bishop below The reason is. if delay be made.e. too. would the i. had from them engaging in the combat except that they was nothing to delay i.e. if there were not established law this is what would happen there but if there were. aul there was a veil between him and her). "If it were my husband said it were my husband that was there. it is from this circumstance is derived that their i. i.e. daughter of Cealtair. But they did not the combat in the field. she entreated of them fcMJky. it is prejudicial.e. said Laeghaire.e. i. and it was not here .e." "I will delay. i. 7 rf l f^ ** ^ of the place. Passed judgment. "but it is difficult for of Sencha and Conchubhur.' "But it would be man who is suing me to delay. of Sencha. Cuicthi. as the i." "Let the combat be put off. i." i." said one of the men. i.e. Brighi.e.e. there to strike each other with their weapons. "is my name. i.e.e. this is the perfect true rule combat was put off on account of the coming up of Cuicthi.e. off. or these .e. ficial i. the five days here 1 are equal to the three days which are mentioned in the Heptiads upon meeting a king or a bishop. "Cuicthi. she exclaimed. one natural day and four arti- days. or their truth would die from the heroes. why is a stay of days attached to the DISTRESS. Say- ing. is From which thing derived. they therefore deferred know to what time. Conall. the combat was entered into below." she.e. i.e. "If " I would force you to delay. they submitted to the adjudication said the defendant. when they Except a witness alone. met them near the ueld of battle it was the wife of Cuchullainn that was there. i." said Sencha. woman. <"'/ and upon meeting a king or a bishop." there be a stop put to the combat. or it was Niamh. 253 live More usual than for warning it was_done.e. any On account of the combat. which was fJTpri nn -there-?" (for she was his own daughter.e.e but they did not know how long it was enjoined on them to delay it. "I his cause that will be delayed. or n-rea*"'"''1 between the two at Magh-inis. i. daughter of Sencha. ic. woman?" " Sencha asked. who was there. and they told them it of their specting (the combat). distress? i. as stated below. it is the same as three days . i.e. a woman not a witness." "I delay. daughter She requested.

n-an pip. tiligeT) iap ainT)i n-inTli5et). iap n-ecoip.1.1. 111am cipa-o.1. 114. 114. gelt ocuy aictpi a Cabala anoya. cfr. tioca n-uajxil aigtiema nac T)uine cpebuip. 110 tap nenroenam gup cpa^ca. cechc iap n-T)icechr.1. b^tf necrufi m DO [peine] iap. art no etroa. ip aiiiail fin T>O piala iai> no ac .1. coniT) 7>e pn jfpaicep no aipneichep m gabatl ai6 no ea-oja. .i. ap . afi a neipmatx achgalJail.echn^. ./epcuT> a nenigabata gup cp. 1 ap. . . ap m achgebat) nac qiebaip. a nemgabait cup -opapca.1. a cenn iac1ia [. Ceclic iap.] a cenn. Vip.1.1. 1 co . O'D.1. ap m po chpeipice la mDligeT) n^mbefcna. iomuna ciyaT) m gabail ait no ejyoa cpebuip peo -DO ima a -otijeT) af>tuij. oii^eT) a sab'aUt anopa iap n-tnT)Li5ei a nemgabala cvr % i ip . a gill anopa. iap. main iap n-anmain.eT> lap nan-otijer).Tll ifo. gan -DligeT) -DO maintain.1.1. mT)i roDgaibcep qiebaipe iap n-eq^eba1pe. T10 [TTluna n.oib apiDtipic TitigiT) iffeT) fin -DO fiala anti]. TJ e c Ti c a ap n-ececTicu. . a pepainn ap cpebuipe TIO -Denarii. T>tt5ech. .co cagaib n-mle. Senchur tttop.1. . 111 am ciya-o. ace ma ^ui ojwjinc T)tiet ann. inm gabup. uaip. . .1.. nt>icectiri( . CCp. noc n-omgne nac am co rpebtnp ta &\r. im a tiemgabait gtif cpayca. O'D. a f. Tllainliap n-antnain. . .e. pechc iap n-anp. . pp iap n-anpp. n-ecp. Com-o -oe ap bepap actigabail.ebaip.2% t) gaibceyx c|vebaijxe..o ctipeipite. cechca iap n-ecechcu. . ppmne a gab'ata anoya iap n-anpipJa .ba lap n-ecopbu.^nemgabata cup cpctpca. no e-D-oa cpebuip |>o T>a poipiclnn T>O peip ba 71*. ConaU. a chennat>aich ap qiebaipi. pp.([] ca.\\i. mam /0 at>5aibcep copbae iap n-ecoiibu. (Xp inni conaT) . . in(aehjgaba)l ap. cechcui) pach apep peme po.1. mam npeT) achgabail qiebaipe ocuf / e/ ai>ilce. rif^T) achgabail qiebaipe -DO peic -Do^befcgna coniT) t)e af bepap. achjabdil.254 DISTRESS.1. CCp ni p. in-otige-o . ceclicu a gabata. Top. ait. m TipocVi muna ciyxi m gabail bepcna po bui pemuinn gup tpcrpca.1.1.1. cepc m]i n-eciupr. "Otij. . CCp 111 aicligeBa'D nac cpeab'aipe. a gabala anopa. . CaipjciT) ap a neipmap achgabail ? Win.' Pf gnae no aibmt).1.abata anopa iapnint)li5eT)a nenigabalagup cpa-pca. cepcu Cepc agabata anopa iap n-6f. W^ n-ect upc. ocu^ Laenjuirie. coiji.

e. hence it is called or i.e. Advantage after disadvantage.e.e. athghabhail ') so callBecause security is obtained after in(' security. right after wrong. for it guarantee could not be settled on account of the illegality of false bescgna. Conall or Laeghaire. i. legality after illegality. lawful. the legalizing the seizure. which were hitherto withheld there are pledges now.' if the distress from a surety did not come to relieve tlite bescgna . &c. If 2-55 DISTKKSS. legalization of debts. a pledge and a hostage for obtained. unless this quick.e. his field. u->. perty advantage of i. lawful possession after unlawful possession. it i. Hence it is called 'aithghabhail ' i. according to the good and beautiful knowledge. i. i. .e. If distress for did not security come. or. Legality after illegality. dis- Question. after not having done it hitherto.e. I inquire. .ich he had gii-en up in going security. gality of not having taken justice of taking it hitherto. property after the absence of property. Property after the absence of proPossession after non-possession. possession after through it non-possession.e.e. justice after injustice. i. for it ' ' bescgna i.e. Why is distress ed ? Answer. &c. the truth of seizing it now after the untruth of not seizing it before now. why is it called the distress quick or legal? Because security lawfully obtained.e. his land. If the distress did not come to came to his relief respectcould not be settled. or.' hence it is called athghabhail.' because ' ' advantage is obtained after disadvantage. unless this quick.e. i. i. the i.e. for not having taken it before now.e. Law- ful possession after unlawful possession.e. if distress for and did 1 - security ' not come to his aid. For no surety could recover. is what would happen. i. denominated the quick or lawful seizure ('aithghabhail').' i.SENCHUS MOB.e. taking it now. Question. from its not having been before taken. for no surety could recover his 'cenu iatha.e. there was not established law this there but if to it. and proper distress For it ing the right to which he is entitled. Truth after untruth. for no surety could recover his land given as security. i. order after order all which are obtained. they should be regulated according either of the two men would Lave perished in truth. was established law. it hitherto. without cdiig_Qnijaglits. i. because it is Why is distress ('athghabhail') so called? is i. relieve. or legal and proper distress should come to his relief. . could not be properly done at any time on account of the illegality of bad which was mentioned above.e. i. ille- the now after the injustice of not having taken i. truth after untruth. After insecurity. taking it now. the lawfulness of tak- .e. i. legality of taking it now after Justice after injustice.e.

1. puifimif a gabaiL?^ Cimut) geinemain T>O o maichifi tafi na cuifci o acnaifi.1. . CC-o venaT1 p CCt> vsiiT1 otcc anmuinib. .. P10 ' ctT^penap. iafi negcoip. Pait?j iafi cm.1. iT)naiT)ni piaT) piat)naifib. ocuf afi nembec naife piaT>m co niT>fiaic.1.1. - cm cac. r>o Cm iafi cuifct. ocuf a Cfii fie pechemuin 1f tac na cecuifi if fie biu-obuiti.1. gac cmcac ina cma. fie na gabdil. apuT> ocuf 1a^^ ocur elttT) iaja n-apuT). afi Caifi. mm if cecafroa if fiemceccach . olcc gaibcifi a cm in anmumib. 116. a sabata. cm iaji cinuT). in conaifi puij. .1. ' i. leca um T>lij. 'gaibiT) -pefi VT^'r a V 1"10 " !1! 1 saibii) . ap. . iafi n-ecoifi. cin T>O T>enum T>O iafi na gememuin o maicnifi.]i cm. .) CCfi ITITII ay cecayiT>a.1. T>ifuacaiT> cagaibhmle. Ocup I'onai'oiu pecem coiceT>a a n-ufinaiT> a coichetia. cimut) - I- . each cincach. 'gaibnD <pe\i pfiif a puachaji eip. l^ 10 ''' acncc(1 Tl 5 lc 'le T1 "ii'c Don maicib. T)iiaiacai. Cfiafca.aicc.1. cuifciu ) ocuf paiLt.1. aput> iafi paitt. [CC cecuifi fin if fie btuT>buiT>.olc Tion ci na oenan-o - rnaic T>a muinaib. m ^aibcifi a cm eyiic. [comaifi] cini ciT) ap. - s. 115. apaT>o cabaific aifi [o pectiemum cotceua] itn t) &luT) TstijiT). cmiuT) t:cfi a nepnafi cechififlichc lap. iafi cmu-o.1. . O'D. paitt T>li5iT> ia. 3^- TIO apa uime. . /acac jaibcen. cetafipui^ecc. el/o iafi paitt T>O T>enum tim cma fin cm ic. . O'D. C1T> afi a tiepenafi. at^ena^ match muimb. Hectic tafi . naccomcnfic anofa n-anfiechc.ac]vcmji5icin. can nac vaja m pefi vt1 '!" 1 Toencafi in puachcam efiic a cein f:o gabufi -DO. CCichgabait in fin ai^penap.. .iU.eT> iafi cab'aific piaT>naifib. afv in in if mnm coiccenn T>O cac pijxi 05 coibgenn nee in ni -Dtigiuf -DO fieip. co gaibceyi fm anopa iafi nem'oifiiacai'6 cof cfiapoa.if if amm coicchenn t>o each cqitich jx> cobug each a tep. Caifi " CIT> a|i CCrX^ u> 1 01 ctf [arhgabait. / /i / (fus '<> CCix an achgab'ail. .256 Senchup Coin. achgabail in nTptTT Ci-o pe ni cyxef a coib5enn cac coma achgabail ba yxaici flip.1. a fiaichefi no CIT> a n-aifnecen.1. .] cechajvoa t)o^pc(jper: poT>ajpe]ia.1. no cecfie aipief no cetfie gneici -po^ m tigabait aic no e5T)a. . . uite afi in ngabail ain no Co an achgabail pp. if eoifl a nemjabata cuf cfiafca.

e. Why is the distress termed four-fold? Because it is four things that happen to him. wrong. are birth plaintiff. perfect method by which one recovers Whatever method it may be by which one rei.e. All which or lawful seizure. i. &c. ing to wait by the plaintiff Four of these appertain unto the defendant. after being born of his mother. without payment. . before-its taking can be effected.e. every security by which every For distress (' athghabhail') is which renders good t The the good. after disorder. man who is attacked obtains i. every guilty person is taken for his guilt when fine. Neglect after crime. the defendant. evil te the evil. and waiting before witnesses. i. &c.') ' because a general name for every true what he is entitled to according to rectitude. to evade the law after notice being i. fj^^ ^ %-fifa. i.. the guilty for his guilt. ful distress called. or of four kinds ? four things. because four things precede its taking.e. i.e. wkjgb renders . i.e. . covers may is i. . tke-elebirth after coni. w%krr-tefces-fch4^-gjii]yJb?-4HS guilt. <w Birth after conception. 'eric'-fine is not obtained.e ^^ - after birth. i. notice of law after neglect.e. that thing is athghabhail. crime is committed by him. ception. it renders rendered unto the good.' be called 'athghabhail. Which takes i. i. Eight after Order DISTRESS. to the extent to which he has been Question. ^ ^^f^ W7l . neglect after crime. or &c. a general name for one recovers his right.a- it now after the unlawfulness of not having taken it hitherto. ing . . I ask why is the quick or lawdenominated quadruple.e. good evil to the person Renders evil to the evil. evasion of law after notice.uein gjjiore now after the injustice of not having taken it up to this time. right rules now after wrong are obtained. 'Athghabhairisthat:whieh-Peedrsgood^Aegood. termed. four-fold.e.e. i. the man against The man who is attacked obtains 'eric'whom the attack is made receives 'eric'-fine according injured. so that all these are obtained by the quick rules hitherto. it is ) For distress ('athghabhail. Crime after birth.e. Question __Why Because it is '"if p 1 is the distress. and three to the The four which appertain unto the defendant.e. of taking it. who does not do good with his possessions.' Which renders good to the good. judge i. i. the path of judgment whidris just . . the neglect- before witnesses in u proper manner.11 eric -line. and crime notice of law after neglect. i.e. Evasion of law.e.e. the plaintiff to serve notice of law upon him after his having neglected to respond in respect of that crime. i. And waiting before witnesses. to which are added.fur.. lawfully served upon him..e.e.SENCHUS MOR. his birth bv I" 3 mother after conceiving him from his father.

bT)ili. ocuf 616* otiji* iafi ti-apcrd.c.ca -oo/cuipn -oipe. tan ocup lech. ocup apUT> ictfi j:aill.a 111-0 hi ap cechap/oa ppip nsaibchep. Tt^t> yrg^ ? CiH ?Sf' 3? ocup cobac. bpeici T>on i)>'. cpian ocup cechpamchu. iT>nuif>i pa paonuib.t ** ' cap. '^iiS'. ocup -01151-0. ceieo Tla achsabala gcnbciti cmn. This was one of five forms of action or proceeding in the Brehon Laws. ocup co n-oitmame. aicgin ocup peoca caipplle ocup enec- -01 Ocup ap UTO .rT)uine. the fourth ( is omitted both here and in /Vo.frt</(Mt f(W>v. cprnnaech mp. pojihifiuro. . us. ocup map. if Ocup apa int> hi ic ceceojia eip. cac uficuin-o. bail: pip. 3391. r afl . -olipt) ppi popup cechcae : C c hi 5 el C0 '^ in ^ Ocup ap - 11-1-0 ap ceacap-oa po^epoTpon mani -oilpi . / 0'/6//8 bpeichemum. Ocup / O ap cechapt>ae pp^ip gaibcheti aichga- bail. ap. Ocup apa uro hi ap cechap-oa conceichcais pon cm ftm. aniuT> lap. naccomuipc c*flJ ip ainm] coiccerro u.1 || W ' f/& f.:*-** mbec copai pechemom pjn aiccomapc a aj. * Kf. DISTRESS. Ocup apa HTD O'A /I7 1 P'r t11 'i papc mp hi ap cediapT>ae co 11051 airh^abail.] . Ocup o'D.2-58 Senchup citi TTlofi. . neluT) -01151-0. -oicim.^ "naccomaip. 117. cin^ocup sniniii^ ocup eipmc. ocup ceceofia each pop.a> . ceceopa ppim po-olai pit poppui-oib. coxul mp. cirtuiT). -ou 1 in coip. ^. au|inai-oe cpmvoech. ocuf hifim. cepc. [ocup coip. O'D.ty. ocuf lap. beoceachjiaib. HIT) hi ic cecheofia pop. tnapb-Dilib. ocup rattt 10^ an. poseiluro. -01.1. piiTiuiniu. ' Al/ickomharc. ap. 1f iac tia qii iy pe pechemtnn roicheT>a. ae.*ap. coxul. ocup mbteic.13. ocup cechca. C. things. hi ic W ' J Four Only three enumerated.. t>oib uile. ocur beoceccfe 1tlT) hl 1C Ocup pbic bala pDlai. pop. . fcw K'vt. pai5i ocup inableogam.

and and the of a before right right suing j udge. and evasion The three which appertain unto the plaintiff waiting before wit- DISTRESS. are. after conception. and complete forfeiture... upon dead is chattels. . and tobhach (the crime of a near kinsman). and half. upon 1 land. because there are four things for which distress and parlkupa^otrtn deedJand 'eric'-fine. nesses. and right 2 ofJath^homhafc' is a general name for them all. law. And because there of distress for each. birth after conception.SENCHUS MOR. and honor-price. notice after neglect. and four kinds chattels. where both parties have a right of gofng^fore a judge for : in the taking of distress . crime after birth. <~cfj>. neglect after crime. 2s -_ his decision. because there are four kinds of distress taken. And viz. and land. upon live chattels. because there are four chief divisions full made of i. And because there are four things to be observed justice. and law. are four divisions. kinsman) ' ' w^ "* ' ' : "*"*. truth.9 of law after notice. and live chattels. And them.V. notice after securing. delay in pound. saighi.e.**** ' And because there of every chieftain ditional interest : are four ' ericiufiiies for the seds' ad- ' restitution and 'dire'-fine. And because there are four things for which it-is kvied cin (ones own crime). man. and tending. taken: crimev And ****** L^ because there are four things which perfect the distress afterwards: carrying off after evasion. securing after carrying off. ptrunto And because there are four things respectively charged upon it unless the pledge be given for it ex: And ** 7 - penses of feeding. s2 . one-third and one-fourth.Wtuhiy ful waiting at the proper residence after notice with the proper securities in the proper places. and dead viz. upon man.' (the crime of a middle and the crime of a kinsman in general.

aichgabail ppi bpaca cai.ac cincciT> caca bunaTDaig: gelpne ocup T)ep.echn pait)e. connc mp.] p. am ip cechaptia conoige pecc pp ocup comic comtame ^etl. e^ >f frceH M'^ -jL t^ffi Ocup ap. inT) hi ic ceceopa petba ocuf bi bic pop. . ocup pmacc Ocup ap. beip. napcaii)cep bpeu'cemnacc. getlaib octT ^echgilte. geaLl pp-ip^ amapgap. ocup mT>pine. pp. mT) hi ic ceceopa uppachap 7)o cuipin: up. 124. ocup auppacap ' ocup auppxrcap pp. ocup f etb placa ocuf petb Gcatfa. no a qai.ctca cai. fxom bi mibec a 7)1. comtanat) lap n-eipe jiechca.ip cobnprep na pp.1 T)a n-aip.a<5 pp.t7 5 .1 ceicpi aujwicaip. mt) bpecemnachc 5 : : Ian M ^ o-D.bpne. < mppne. ocup pechc pecapluig. Ocup caip. -^fe*7 p. ? jr ap.echca po meppaigperTttp. comaccepa ppip na cechpi comaicchiu oca nepom immi'Dbiac ppi T)a caeb ocup pp. a no nachae aenap. C M>$? ^ ctT ctf1 1irD ^ ic ceceop. t^nt] C A'M2. HTD In ic cecheoiia pine aca nepom conoaVv .T)ai.echc naicneT). oen.i neimau.e ppi caip'D'Diy^etl ppi neimchiu. Ocup : . o hi ic ceichpi p. caiptncecc. ocup pip.2C / DISTKESS.achap bp. cpmn gilte. each atigaiiiceji: fetb pim acap. fio co com|iaicec huile pop. nacha cechca. in"D hi ic ceceopa ap.a cechpai a coip.cinT). H> no. The ilivisinix f the Fine'' nre noticed in detail in O'D. a copuib bel.acap cana.p.T)i.ai. ocup pelb mairhp. giatl cam. ocup up. ap.a poT)lai pil pop. mT) hi T>o naipjetta each ap.ipj. [p. ainp. Ocup ap. 1003. - < Ocup ap. Ocup ap.echc nuT>piaT)naipe.p.tH^vuXx^A Vftll4. no pelb atqiama.

making reparation after violating the law. because there are four Urradhus'-laws recognised the Urradhus'-law of Brathcai.SENCIIUS MOE. or in three. =/ Crn> And because there are four laws which a^e-teought the law of nature. the Urradhus'law of Cain'-law. the Urradhus'-law of interterri- And : ' ' ' ' ' torial law.' . . And because every one gives pledges for his cattle in right of co-occupancy of land to the four^ neighbours nest-te-feim on the two sides and the two ends in one. father. that they all may be be or the foster-father. the chief. the church. because there are four who have an interest the in every one who sues or is sued: the tribe of the tribe of the mother.' 'iarfine' and 'indfine. and full pledge. 261 i" because the four nearest tribes bear the crimes of each kinsman of their stock: 'gelfine' and derbh- And 1 ' fine. proof by proof and pledge.. v that they all may be in two. the patrito-feear_aipon judicature: archal law. 7r-t : smacht'-pledge. pledge by which defet-is seeueed gression in-. And because it is four things that perfect law: and fulfilment. or one alone may have an interest in him. the prophetic law. verbal contracts. it may be ' ^/ 4^ art of his land. payment after trans- . and the Urradhus'-law of persons of dis' ' tinction. And because there are four seciMgs by whichthese are enforced: distress 'Cain'-law. it may And j. the law of the New Testament. one-third pledge.. payment which judgment is confirmed. ft . ritorial law. ' "b^^bsv" aage & interter' And pledges: ' pledge H because there are four divisions made of half pledge.

a puil pop / cpeip.fy ^J 262 SenchupTTlop. ocup -oecmu. ocup a puil ppi tiechmait. Ocup ap in ni pobDup ceepi uiti po baeap. .. coibner. ba cOicce ppi i. r _ .T)i achgabail pi la peme : [15]. ocup a pjil poji : .o bui cecepplicc a po bail: occup ba aon gach achgabail. ace ppoT) total pon pop eoipcit pobq elguin. pop upogjiu. Ocup aca. rai-obp. pop.! achjabail cmea ocup achgabail mableojam. anpp ocup elcge. apaT) cuicce TO pechemum. n i" m if cecap-Da poT)epa . ocup na napa T)o cuipn -DO each achgabail cen eupbat ocup gen eppuT).1.aile. i. ocur no cupba/q . 20 [*O]o aiplichep anca pop achgabala. patieipn..tiais cm each peme compoguir Pn ap. elgum oaip eoipat. . ^gnmo bi cupbui'O. pogpu Tlie aon.-[^]o cechcpa-D pom cecapplicc in uppogpa -DO achgabail. amuil bepep'a eipic ocup a tiiba. ap m pulgen-D nech ace a cina'o ci_n apaile. occup [J^uipau t>al] Occup ap in ni p. cuicce. ocup cpeip. ocur eap-cianu cpich. 111 Dichim n-aomenama. .. ba cpeip ocup a puil_cuicn. m eiege ir 125.rocup ni p. ocup apat 'Oecmai'oe -DO at aehgabail mableojain gaibcep ann. "Do 5pep/ini po emclaT) 4o in ni An-1 \ . roti : ecip-cmntco coifciT). ba 'Dechmti pop upogpa.o eecepaT) imupjio anca na Tuchman'Da ace pnne. pac H" ocur ai-oilgene._.. upogjia. . p in ni ip cecapTa ppip_ .

had had five days' notice. and two notices Stays were And were appointedfor every distress without exemption and without defect a notice of five days to the defendant. had ten days' notice. that which has five stay. and ten days. " ^ SENCHUS MOB. three days' notice. . by which as each kinsman upon the other. pound of one day only. divi- f. besides exemption.\ *. is taken. and three days."- ~- -- - -H. that which has three days' day. anciently. and distress from ordained for distresses. however. i. remoteness of territory.i Li VI~T. for but now that which has a stay of one but his own. frj . but they did a or delays in pound. 263 DISTRESS. distress from a debtor. the Feini charge the liability of emption. and for hosting And because there **e four divisions of the notice of one day of the distress: and every distress was no one sustained the liability of another. ignorance And and unlawfulness.e. the distresses that the Feini have are two: a kinsman.TC*II ^ v i - _* (/ And law : notice of because there -are four periods for one day. A 2 because four things cause this: remoteness of and debts and intention. five days. had one day's notice. in the same way he obtained his 'eric '-fine and his inheritance. except delay in ie*a^ize stays This thing was. and that which has days' stay. because there are four things by which these are regulated: cognizance and intention. . relationship. if in a territory. and a notice of ten days in the case of the inferior if it be distress on account of a kinsman that grade. they (the Feini) legalizeoUhe quadruple not sion of the notice for the distress. and rich condition or exand And ^ desire. ten days' stay.

Cmcac cac /roctip pine lap.i gea bp. - fl > (Mi 'A ) . pqfine piachaij a piaT)am a^ufoecTimu'D pp. [nli . pop. lap.i fai-DiT).eip./ /? .a cac achgabail la peine. i^oma "Dlite p.. dc fat. N .~f DDOjpogafiqi T)echmu cgij. 'wtypfwet. Ww P. conat> ceqie anca. pp. t)o D'J. ufiplpa. .tiic cac n-mbleojuin ? papc. apup mT>p. puaT)ip la poxul. fT[ 7i-l TDichceatl each neiptip. ocnpnbteostnn i^A- coipnefat) pine cac faijep cm. jen conTDet) rnt piacTia a p.i pp. mp. CCji up'ame tfn-j- v " ippepapfcuicafppi con"o) ^/yi 111 acnjabail pia cuica./. ppi cupa.Senchup TiiaTTtvav - TT)6p. each mableogum. n- mp. n-iTHunj. occup ceichp. cac coip. up T)e p. nu-nr-n^ a q^1 ^*Wr*tSi-'f . ppi cojup..eac.i TMchnian'o. n-ujipogiia ~ *"' * * -Dicheach i i- na 'y poltuT) lap.i mtipuctif nmableogtun. ..1 comacup. ia|i n-apa. ip -oe no ceaT).ip a annejap. mp.^ r imtna rfienaiget ap.caich bepa p. pp.o ceT).. -olije pp. L J v ' * T)o pe-D uppo5p.. pachac each i < ^^ } . TSlige. . pp. n-apaT).I / / -twit/ 4A mmainne a mota t bub . co comuT) cac a paiT>bprpp. ocnp Tia h-apat). apnpeT) pumi ip cac w . ap.ia n-achgabail T>o pechemam.up.iancha. co comgitlib cechca. ni ppelaip / ctiin'Diseii'. ace ni po uppogpxt cac aon painlesaity na 7)iponaip tmnai. pem lapum.. neloT).

waiting. for every made-three-fbld. so that there are now four stays. and four delays in pound.adult for Five days ovory said. and pound. from a defendant. act of neglect is a fault. after warning. and the nearest kinsman of his tribe is sued for his liability. . after warning Every is of law. if that Wmay bave-his property . notice. after notice. every act of neglect finable after knowledge. 265 afterwards changed -fe*-ever. without competence to deny the debts accordit is to settle ing to the decision of him whose office them every one has a right to deny. Debt is fastened upon it in the middle of the time.'' " and hence was said. "Thou shalt notiake distress before five days. t> A notice of ten days is served upon the &Htke of the debtor in the presence of witnesses .which] the distress " from the kinsman son's right is man. Notice precedes every distress in-fehe^ease-of iaferier no notice is-^ewed-oft a wanderer. for adjustment. for contracts. for ten days are allowed for suing. tribe is liable after the absconding of a memafter notice. thou shalt not carry it off by isHm*fette-4wtee86. " and hence was sensible. by which a persought through the worthiness of a kinsis kinsman is worthy ? with lawful pledges. tion." in readiness for a pledge. Driving. . and two notice?. and after lawful Every ber of it. for consultaHence was said.SENCIIUS MOR. '. or one grade". What are the three things by. but who has no fixed residence. Give five days legal notice before distress be taken notice i>e served afrail. for judgment." .

*3/ "Olomcan cafibafo.266 ' Dl ss - Senchuf m6n. Mi|^ tuaDai na ni ponnafc naDi nir puit:li nat) "Oiponnafc puif)li . comDe. no pn mtun-oane confla n-ailiqii. 'M^O^ ^yv/J^. no/ cimiti. occtif imai imuaini jiejie bnecheman.* ceip-o annp: cubat floig men'oaT). na pechem piip a cuiTDbenan. m 560110-6 naT) pui-ole . no gabala. // /^J2.tio coib^ena. 2- puaDach. tiaTDmun-Daib. ciajui-D T>o piaT)tiaife 5 Pecem pomm peicheman r dM&nuMM/ ^ ' if tl ' Mat) bi 'oorpnuidiib fein naich. cagna. papc if geib. tio comji comna. 11 iiTOfiuic mableoguin gen anaT) ran ace atica *Deicbine. ponuf. parci-ocen. co atifwiai-ocep. ianTnonacccntiit>. p ^ t!)> ^ . Co coxltntcen. nip puigli na"D gnini pn iT>ceachc imCafcaT) pachaib. na t/ . na patmaip. pfii in-onucu r co CA . m ponuf. fiadiuib. !!!! . . co coim -Ditch en.ip a coinjilla. DO cechnun. 4 - v" naT) jeallat 'foiji . la cei[f]c -DO aifieachca O cefcmb cofiaib cengup. ^^ ^ V . co THcenT) ai ocuf 'Dilmaine cac coin. no lega TX) neoch biff FP-^ tar> "o bneic/noja -^ 1 ' . p^ecech.. fr9r*7 -olige mabUoguiTi ?/ "Do poxta crwan Coin on-0 una -01 a lencan leip. TO jnim pp.

SENCHUS MOR.

267
is it

How

is it

carried off?

How

kept

?

How

is DISTRESS.

notice given respecting it ? How is it seagH-back with worthiness of the kinsman ? Three carry it out to four persons.

the proper order of the noble law if it be fully followed, by the evidence of which people may come before the grades of the court.
is

This

They go from proper witnesses to the deed to do which they came by right of their coingffle,' guar'

antees, sureties, witnesses.

The law agent p^evide^^y^e-defendaBt-rmist be
according to the rank of4he--f>l&intiffj& law-agekLet not the surety, or the witness, or the pound, or the law agent by whom it is Itwro^/te' inferior to this.

'

Carrying away, guarding, pound, notice,, we-ass^e cairnot carry off who is not able to bind; he cannot bind who is not able to pass judgment; he cannot pass judgment unless he can distinguish who- is not able to give security or gtuaeaa&fe', he cannot bind unless he give a pledge he cannot give a pledge unless he pass judgment; he cannot pass judgment of debt unless he can complete the deed of

qmred.

^

^f

'

7

;

g^aeantee, pleading, and for going to according to the decision of the until the suit is finished and Brehon, payment properly made. The lawful notice to the kinsman is to
;

true debts

settle the contract

have no

delay except the lawful occasion of delay. The occasions of exemption are here set down; these are they : the attack of a host upon the house'; pursuit of cattle, or a or the seizure ef-eattle, or party; * prisone^ or a member of a tribe having gone on a pilgrimage, or to obtain the communion, or a physician for a person on the point of death, or to give

f

-

C&

"^

"

U/r

^

"

**

* 9Utu>^

m/

<<*r^

Co

2G8

enchup TT16p,

con n7)eicbipe; ceiche^en T>icellt)o cecpuib,(T>o,popcuch T)o TMimib; cuing mna Tio mnai bif 1^1 uaichne; comliuich FJU riech bif co naLmtnT)e; ctnbjiech
'

gealt

T)O

mcaib

pfii

nech

na

T)aim

ceajic:

CCichefioch pa^i; ctaechto aifim

no

eT>aiT);

oL

T)o aicejiach "DLtn n-ajya; gabail cuifc

pe^
pfi 1

^epca
cqic

imbi cofc.
.

Cach 'Denbait), each cufibuiT) co troecbifie

ia|inT)ia

ocfOuine,,momcat\ piatain

* connDe

Pfiichffiechap, pafc pfiiqplicc; T)toTTicap, T)iaf

actjati 'DO

cum

TIO ^aicce pp, a^a n|i coxtaicheti,

cum
pip,

a^ fen
i,

pn, af a reilb fLomnce^. Ij'Oian
if

papc qief bfiechap, an

ne^am
.1.

i

n-u|iT).

Co

cep-

qieo-oa gen pojiuf pechem,
,,

an

p]Hfi r10

pechem a

*0lom

-Dligi

popup

pp.1

paije pp,

pi 1 1
-

.mtipucup

mn-

cm
o. poor1

each cincat'O qnuin.

Ocup paichce

ppipi

puipmitchep T>amj;en

ma

[cuim-

"060*00] cuaip7)?5en

^f
h'K

I- c. 27oo.

cumapcc mlup, cechpa, muca, caipig, sabairtj [bra gach ae po leich
COIp].
luhttf*-*/
C/'Jb

eich, maipc,0<P

ma cumann
tf<,
t)'

\1f fi

|?<>0

O'D. 116.
j*-

I

Ocup

a-p,

m

i.

buT>ein Y'e
-pen.ainn.

im a cmcuib

a
.1.

aifeno egTja. ["Ouine, if ceteotva gabala a cmuit) itn n-i|iiu, .1. comvocaif.] vein, ocuy 19 nech. beoceacjia, fnap,bt)ili, o. na mai|ib croa TJil&pT
hi,
.1.

a|vin

m

na beo

cecfia T>O gabcan,

1

n-adigabait.
i.

v011

Vt

1C cecn,ieoi\a

nece

SENCHUS MOR.

2G9
DISTRESS
-

notice of necessity; carrying off of cattle without a midwife concealment, persons swear to it seeking
;

woman in labor; smuggling _with an epileptic a pledge to protect securing a madman; procuring does not yield justice; pjeparing_ against one who
for a
;

medicine for

the sick.
:

Changing twice exchanging arms or raiment of his shoe; gettaking a drink; changing the wisp a for a drink patient uBtleF-a-peisoftk-6a. For ting on ground of necessity every proof, every exemption
;

*j"

u

m

dnMe.

c^rt/i

before
just

God and man,
is

witnesses are

named

after a

and proper manner.
;

sent along the track of the distress ; two are mentioned along with the witness they come to

Notice

the green of the man from whose land the distress was carried off, afterwards to the pound of the man

whose property they are stated to

be.

If the notice

be truly given, the third word in order will convey Three things are to be announced at the resiit. dence of the defendant, i.e. the debt for which it was
taken, the

pound

into

which

it

was put, the law agent

by
Declare the law of the pound by which, by the worthiness of the kinsman, the debt of every powerful defaulter may be sued.

And

the green into which

it

is

put should have a

fence all round/ without intermixing various cattle,

such as horses, mares, swine, sheep, goats; let each kind of them respectively be in its proper pound.
And because
seizures.

there are,

&c.,

i.e.

M a n,
i.e.

i.e.

himself for his

own liabilities
chattels,

because there are four quick or legal anil the liabilities of his kinsmen.
i.e.

Land

'

Iriu,'

his lands.

Dead

the dead things which are a
are taken in distress.
there are four things

person's property.

And

Live chattels, i.e. the live cattle which because there are four divisions. Le. because

in,

270
DISTRESS,

ima
ocup
petti,

vw>et5laiTjcep, actigab'ail t>o gab'ail, an achgabatl, cp,i unit mabteogam. ceceop.a

.1.

a an
.1.

Ocup

achjaoala,

na

cetpi

ocup pec tpeipi, pec cuicti, ocup pec 7>echmaiT>6Pop, -ouiniu, .1. Tiuine TIO jjatiail, a n-achgaBail in can nac puil, m .Teile 0151. Pop, hip,mT>, .1. ep,ann -oo gabail, a n-achjab'c'nt. pop, beoceachp,aib, .1. pon, na cecjxa bn> aigi -DO gab'uil a n-achgabail.
O'D. ne,

.1.

fee

cromi,

[Lent jacha hcrchgabata
7>ech tnbu -oo Gctuip,

ma
tii

him>lij;et>
(.1.

ocup

cfic ectntn

atgabula, co ponce prnacc) rap. cuic bu

/<.

.xxun. cumala/, TTlaT) citi apcro, cm ryvopcuT) gabup, ocup ipbeipi -ono, each T>uine caiche T>op. li cumul, cuic peoic a pmacc imicecca. TYlcro mp. napui) ocup rpiopcuti
ciT)
TII

DO cumt

im
:

T>opli

imfifu>,ipcuicpeoic,-oacecuiCT>aba, a tnbet ceitfii ba; ocupciD tii bup mo,
TTIa lua
/^qfiopcuTi,

1

m

n uroliget) gaca arhgabala tec raipup, .1. cap, oa bet.

maic na ceichyn ba in atgabail gabupi pcia naput) ocup .1. ip let p^3il ina ngabu^ mi irrotiget), oip, nf lniigaTiTO a cabaptca ina gabata cm apa-6, cm qaopcut>. TTlap iopv napa'o
ocup cyxopcu-D
;

tio t>no ic

cuic peoic
CIT>

1

n-itrotijeT)

gac acgabala

lap, ti-aput)

ocup

cpiopcuT),

bee,

cm

a

cabuifit; ip

m

moyi, uaii\ ni

inbec

ma jabait ip in

mopi.]

i*

Ocup
.1.

7J1.1.,

et)t>a.

cecliap.'oae pn, 1 T" gaibcheji achgabail, cm ceceon,a epnaile pinipi ngaibcen, gaibail 016 no CCichgabait cm, .1. in T)iiiiit pvoeni aonun,. 5' l1 ""i ' map,
ap,
an,

m

hi

m

ay

ni

it>

m

aon

p,e

nee

eile.

&ip,atc,

.1.

T>ipe,

.1.

aicjma.

'

Ocup ap,a mt) In ap cechap,T>a conogi, .1. ocup ap ni I-D cetjn a.Tepnuiti comlanuigchep. iap.am um a n-acTigabail ^abup. mi ib e^na rpin. toxul lap, n-eluT>, .1. coocal na achgaCata amac lap tega etui in
I

m

'T.i.'

..

^i

^

V

^'A

e "A

Veceman coicheT>a mn'otigi'D T>on bit>buf6. Comnaecn tap, coxut, .1. a caDa 'Vvc cae cm mann gen bia ipm T>puinvpp.i Tiap no ip in itibacnaca mp. coxal a gab'ata. Papc lap, coirn_2,ec1), .1. papc na acjab'ata -oo bpeic tap, na cab'aip,c a cae cen mant) cm bia. CCup.nait)e oti^i'D, .1. tap, mbec T>on pecemam i n-upnairo co -otijcec a n-apup tap. tnbpec a .1. uptiai m nee 7)le5up, ann -oap, a cen-o, gelta ocup aip-gi ip in paipc, Co cuingelniu cotp., .1 -otijcec. n-ap,up cupjna coma cp,ebuipe
,

TJI

-DO p,ep, coip, r>o naT>munnaib ocup TJO nttpcuipib, 1n n-inbat-o otij, [.1.] ip na mbuiti oca T>O peip

.1.

m

mop.-

Ocup
ann po

ap, on.

mT)

hi,

.1.

ogup

ap,

m
in

ni ip cecap/6a ppeclvngvpcliep, uip,p,i
.1.

TTlani gettcap.

Tit,

muna
TJO

a

puaptugaT).

pogeilcaTi,

.1.

m

cuccajx gealUcap, a cenn im bepap, ip in ni 05eilup in

1 Three kinds.

See page 259, where they are enumerated.

SENCHUS MOK.

271

by which the distress is divided at taking distress, i.e. a person's own liability, and DISTRESS. that of the three kiruls 1 of kinsmen. And four kinds of distress, i.e. the four
'

seds,' i.e.

a

'

sed' of one clay, a

'

sed' of three days, a

'

sed' of five days,

and a

'

sed'

often days.

nothing
i.e.

else.

Upon man, i.e, a man, himself, is taken in distress when he has got Upon land, i.e. land is taken in distress. Upon live chattels,

the cattle which he has, are taken in distress.

The half of every distress is the fine for taking it unlawfully, as far as ten cows to a church, but 'etuim,' (i.e. the fine) does not exceed five
even for a case that would incur twenty-seven has been taken without notice, without fasting,- it " In shall be regulated by the law, which says every man-trespass
to the laity,

cows

'cumhals,'

If

it

:

which incurs a

'

cuuihal,' five 'seds' is the 'smacht'-fine for violat-

But if after notice and fasting, five 'seds,' which two cows, are the fine for the illegal taking of every distress up to four cows; and though it should be more, the fine shall not exceed this, i.e. two cows. If the distress taken before notice and fasting be less than four cows, there is one-half of it charged

mg

the law."
to

amount

for illegality, for it is
it

no wonder that

this should be

without notice, without fasting.

If

it

given for taking be after notice and fast-

ing, the fine shall be Jive 'seds;' or rather five 'seds' are the penalty for the unlawful taking of distress after notice and fasting, be it

large or small, for it is not more wonderful that for the small than taken for the large.

it

should be given

And
crime,

because there are four things for which distress
&c.,
i.e.

is

taken,

because there are four classes of things for which the quick or lawful distress is taken. Distress for crime, i.e. of the person himself alone. For ' Eric'-f ine, i.e. 'dire'participation in deed, i.e. along with another person.
fine, i.e. restitution.

And because there are four things that perfect the distress afterwards, i.e. and because there are four things which afterwards complete the distress which is taken for these things. Carrying off after evasion, i.e.
carrying
dant.
off

Securing after carrying

the distress after the unlawful evading of the plaintiff by the defenof f, i.e. bringing it along the road without

fodder or food into a cow-shed or paddock after carrying off the distress. after securing, i.e. to give notice of the distress after having brought
the road without fodder or food.
fully waited at the residence

Notice
it

along

of

the plaintiff having lawthe defendant after having given the notice, i.e. he
i.e.

Lawful waiting,

waits to get the thing to which he is entitled, in this case, for the distress, i.e. pledges and securities at the lawful residence. With the proper securities, i.e.
i.e.

with the security which is due thereupon by right of surc-ti> ami -eon h act- uiaterg, the seven persons. In the proper .places, i.e. at the-pfcs which are fixed

'

6*J*r.f>. it-.

by law-

And because
are
it

targed-Tipon a pledge be given for

there are four things, $c., i.e. and because four things here. Unless the pledge be given for it, i.e. unless
it

f^

to

redeem it

Expenses of feeding,

i.e.

what

is

given

+>

till-

X-

an,

4WA

/

-/

<kdfi><toA
t
(

U>

<b at*

#Wli*
.VII.

-/

Co (rfu/i/nu*^

^n/M^uW*/

A-

272
DISTI-.KSS.

Senchuf TD^i.
.1.

etchgabail aniuich,

na meic.

Ocuy

inbleic,

luce
J
it
'.

um

.1.

in

m

luaT> umpi, po aigne elanu no netii eitinti. cec TOTOtnuy a lobai) T>I .1. na cuic yeoic

laiche naigmnca o ciucpa amiyin, lobca.
pern T>on

m m T>o benxrn, non "Oicim ocuy T>ilyi, a lobafl TO, a]\ each Co nTntntaine, .1. Tiityi na
.1.

ocuy an, m m iy cecn.1 ei\nuite an, a ngeibten, m oguy an, in m iy ceteojxa heixiiuile an, a naj;u)xcan, m cm im an, gabai) m gabait aic no ej-oa, pin, ocuy oligeT), 7|it. Coip, /on-acchomain,c, .1. an, m ni iy amm Tjoib uile, .1. iy ley a piy in conain, an, a n-aigeria m cm mi an, j;aba-6 in achjab'ail, in conain, puigilly iy coin, n-accoinaip.c. "Du imbec con,ai pechemom -pn.1 accoman,c, .1. T>U, baile no maT> mibiT) na vecetnam um in camgen a v'y coin, fie a bn,ece f>o bn,eceriiam.

Ocuy

an,a mt> hi
T>ti5eT>,
eg^oa,
.1.

pechemam coiche'oa, con, TOley rriame T>e 1. ay cechayvoa pn,iy ngaibchen, achgabait;
.1.

ocuy

5abatl aic no

if

Cm

feet -po nefxa

m

conaip, fulfill t>o rabaific a|\ aiyiD

itiifi

if

na achjatiataib ann -po, uaip, nacfoa conaiyi pmgil?, tun cicrgcuji DO gabail na arbjabala ? 1fe in*^at po T)eyxa, tiiaic lef m -pecenium coici a pif in conaiyi puigill afi a n-aigep-a m cm ima
n 5 ebaif>
jo

m
ap,a UTD hi

Ocuy

ay cechap,T>a conceichcaig yon,
ann yo acligabait

,

no T>ecniaiT>e. Cin, in cm "Do m m cmbleogain iy neya [cm a mic ocuy a ui]. Saigi, .1. inembleogain meO'D. 118. oonach [.1. cmcompocuiyco a yeccT>ec]. Inabteogam, .1. m cmbteogam .1. O'U. 118.a yec aine, ocuy cobac, .1. yec cjxeip. ^iy yia, no an, m ni Ocuy an,a in-o hi 1C ceceon,a ein,ca -DO cuiym, .1. ocuy an. 1 cec 60 !101 ejxca -Diycm-Dcep, no can,n,uyran, -06 yeoic each uayat coT>nai-6. 1-7
ctiicci

ni iy cecan,T>a

ima

coiccennaiT)cen,

o^uy an, in .1. yec mime buT>en.V 'Cobach, .1. in
.1.

T>O j;ab'ait,

f CCicgm, ocuy ^nfie, cain-gille, .1. m gell coiriinec n,etuy i\ey na ona no ain,J,icci. yecaib tc ceceon,a pn,imOT>tai fil po'T-f 111 01 ^' an,a "T1 1T1 <>c Ocuy ni TO ceceon,a piumpojlai put vo^T "' e S a hiyin. Lan ocuy lech, cn.1an ocuy cechn,aimchiu. Lan, .1. iy m cec yec. Lech, .1. iy in yec

m

'

-1 -

canuiye. T;n,ian, cu

.1.

tym

cn,eyifec.

Cechn,aimchiu,

.1.

t>oyliT>cecn,uime

C

4
J;'

tf C '//< a jr Cefeafi-oa na aichgma, .1. aidipn yeiltacc bifi no cmrhe lee a aichgm a neDgi boic, no meic, no ttina mngi q^1aT1 naichgma a invunitefi CI\UD coriiceya cetriutrnV^ac maifii: yillacc yecfvain no cetfiuime cac oty \\o gab cuitech no a
.

;

;

;

yteibiryui^, ytiit)ceyv;
1

;

ft

Ml

ML Mf.
Srrenteen.

This uuuib'jr

lias

rcfereiKC tu the divisions uf a Fine.

t

ulc U' L>.

;

7

SENCHUS MOR.
for that

273
outside,
i.e.

which the animal taken

in distress

consumes
is

the sacks

of corn. DISTRESS.
it,

And

of

tending,
.s
it

i.e.

the thing which

.l.'CQrrljnjr

is

a fJ"""
i.e.

*""'

w

t "'"

h

""jj

given to the people for minding nnnt.. in |'"

Delay

pound
fe

and forfeiture,
i.e.

tfao-

loseoning of it

by

forfeiture,

i.e.

five 'seds' that are

1

^

"fyu-ji

forfeited every natural

day

after the arrival of the time of forfeiture.
itself to

Complete,
it

the forfeiture of the entire distress

the plaintiff, so that

becomes

his

lawful property.

And because
taking

there are four things to

be observed in the
because there are four con-

of distress; truth,

and law,
is

(fc., i.e.
i.e.

ditions necessary to the quick or lawful seizure,

and because there are four

conditions
is

upon which the debt " truth and law," &cmade,
is

sued for which the quick and lawful seizure The right of suing before a judge,

'a

thchomharc'
name
for

a

general name

for

them

all,

i.e.

because

it is

a

by it is known the way in which the debt shall this is the be claimed for which the distress was taken, i.e. the path of judgment^ rightof suing before a judge. Where both parties have a right to appeal
general

them

all, i.e. it is

to the judge for his decision,

suit are,

i.e. the place, town, or locality where the parties to the about the contract from true knowledge to ask his sentence of the
i

What
at all

the reason that the path of judgment is brought forward in the distresses here, when it is not by tbe path of judgment
is

people go to take the distress ? The reason is, because the plaintiff likes to know the path of judgment by which he should sue for
the debt for which he will take the distress.

And because there are four things for which it is levied, i.e. and because there are four things for which it is customary to take di-tress, i.e. a 'sed' of live days' stay or ten days' stay. Crime, 'Cin,' i.e. the crime which a
man
i.e.

himself has committed.

'Tobhach,'

i.e.

the

crime of the nearest kinsman,

the liability of his son or his grandson. 'Saighi,' i.e. the crime o/"the middle 1 Kinsman, i.e. the kinsman, i.e. the liability of a kinsman as far as seventeen.
farthest

kinsman;

or 'cin,'i>e.

a 'sed' of one day's stay, and
i.e-

'

tobhacb,' h^. a 'sed'

of three days' stay.

And because there
four
'

are four 'eric'-fincs,
i.e,

and because there are

eric '-fines fixed or

' given for the seds' of every noble chieftain. Restitution,

and
'

seds'

'dire'-fine, 'tairgille,' &c., which are lent or borrowed.

the interest which increases upon the

And because
Jines.
first
'

because there are four principal divisions
for the second
'

there are four chief divisions made of them, i.e. made of each of these particular eric'Full and half, one-third and one-fourth. Full, i.e. for the
Half,
i.e.

sed.'

sed.'

n e - 1 h i r d,

i.e.

for the third

'

sed.'

One-fourth,

Le. participation in crime incurs one-fourth.
i.e.

The
cattle

restitutions are four-fold,

on the brink of a. rivut or pit; half restitution

restitution for looking on at for the criwe of

an

idiot, or child, or

madwoman
:

;

one-third restitution for looking on

at the stray cattle of the neighbourhood; one-fourth for every cow this is settled ; or one-fourth restituthat is killed in a mountain
tion for

d.

every deer which

is talren in

upit

;

or

it is

one-fourth resti-

T

274
DISTRKSS. -oono cecfitiinie

-Sencliup TTloji.
1*-&W*
C&M' K.

aitine
tan

rofi

m
i

feji bif cesfcfuifv
TV*,

cofibait).

hrfnivfA-;
inT>ifie
:

tL^/ma,
iroifie

05 mT>eicbifve
itia

Cerafuoa
-

^tMj-<*v v^z/^ 0# //^ fee afiabi feraib, tec r>ifie

cdinifib', cfiiati T>ifie if in

q\ef

fet-;*oofti

coqunme cubuf bfiarh.
tcnte
T>ec,

in catiagitl

:

tn

r\-w\u afi

-01

let

T)ifii

ctfi

fe laice,

cyviaTi iroijfii afi ceicyxi taicib,

ocuf cet^tntm
i

T>ifii

ap, cp.i

na enectainne: tan enectann to nee
enectann
'

n-aicliijv,

tec

ma

oefibb'fiatefi achctfi,

qaian n-einectamni
I

ma mac

wfV4, **

r* e

1Tl $in], cecfuitme enectamne 1 n-ua. co cetafitia cecafa>a fop, gac ae a cecaififtict.

L no 1Tla

Cecajvoa na

v C#/'f
',,
,

|Ocuf

a-|\

ic ceceoyia

pme,

.1.

an, in in

if cetfii pmiT)

in caic if coibnefatn T>oib

a buna.
.1.

Setb pun

camben,uf cm
-1.

acafiija,

pne

aclian,

tad

a plate 050 felbu. Setb ecatfa, -1. /fegluif 050 f etbij. Setb maicnn,ai, .1. pine niachan, aja felBaT). Mo f etb alcfiama, .1. m ci -DO m in alcn.am aga felb'aT). Uo bi co comn,aicec, .1. fio bi uatn, a comn,aiciT> na fetba fin uile pon, aon -ouine, .1. in mbai-6 if mac un,n.aT>. 1mbec a 7>i no a ciii, .1. fio bi uain, a mbi a 7)6 7>ib aga felbcro, .1. pma aclian. ocuf pme macliayi. Mo a c)xi, .1. pine
agafeatbaT).
JD

-Setb placlja,

achan, ocuf niachan, ocuf a
1

plaift.

Mo nachae
-oo

nt>ut a naiticyu, uain. 7)0
eslutf.

cegma oume

aenan,, .1. m ecluif an, bee j;an plaic, ocuf nocu

cesma a bee gan

(b'fa

l)lC}

Ocuf an.ainm

-DO

naiixgella each,
CC coin,

.1.

an. in nijairiacaburvcan,5eall

.

-rti

,

.

^

comaccefla, .1. n,o comiller> 2 ;Tcrtacniif comuii) v>o n.ein, coin,Pn,if na ceictin.1 comaitchm, T11 fnacecn,a connchis ar> comnefa TJO pii\ bif tnme. pn,i 'oa caeb, .1.
pa-oa.

coifu-onec ca|\ cenn a ceciia-o.

m
.1.

in

.

fn,

OUUATaAvJi (XMd,

3"

un,n.achaf, .1. ocuf an. m m ro ceceon,a no canriufcaix. .tliri^actiuf byvata cai, .1. a cm a bl^emacc Cat Cambn-ecaiT) unjuif,!.!. if pain, an,acuf a cm if m fiiagtnl. Un,n,aT)af cain.'oi, .1. if pain, an-oreuf a cm na pogta t>o worhen, if m cain,t)e. CCun,n,aT>uf pn.1 neimciu, [-1.J fiuitilef cobac caca befcna

Ocuf

Pn,i -oa nain.cinT>, i. in gaiixro. an,a ic cecheon-a

fiaitif Difcnrocen,

Dib fo, catocuf coibgicen, T>O cac ajxac -oib po lee befcna. Ocuf an,a ic ceceoyia an,ag pfii cobngiceyi na ceitn,i aun,i\aT)Uf, .1. -01 fc-

m

[TnTOcen, no can,n,Ufcai\, 1 na ceicn,i uiaii[at]uif ifo. CCic1i,sub'ail pn,i On-aca Cai, .1. adigaoait T>O gabup um m -ole^un, a nibfiecemnacc Cai Cambfieeai^ "guill pfti Cain, .1. a cobac T>O giatt in ni
-

m

in^ixif.

am.

CCi"cYn,"e pi\i Cain,T>T>i,

.1.

a cobac

-oa aiT>in,i in

tution upon every man who though ' is with fotw. accordingto the judgment of Cai Oainbhrcathach. these four Urradhus'-laws. i.persons at a work of a DISTRESS.e.e. Distress they are made obligatory as fixed by Brathchai. one-third honorfor Lis price for his son or his daughter. i.e.e.e. to the four neighbours And because every one gives ' y^ ft Cfm*- i. i. i. relieving pledge for thent . and i. the chief.e.SKNCIIUS MOR. in A hostage in Cain'-law.' by which these four 'Urradhus'-laws are enforced. half is four-fold tairgille' ' dire'-fine in four days. The interest of a church. it is lawful to distrain in each 'bescna' of these.e. cattle. participation in crime incurs ' full dire'-fine in twelve days. i. i. be without a chief.e. there is a time two of them have an interest in him. . there is a time when all these interests may unite in one Or they may be in two or three. the father's tribe and/ the mother's tribe.e. a distress which is taken for the thing which is due A pledge in 'Cain'-law.e. i. i. Or three. i. the tribe of the mother has an interest in him. i.e. The interest of the tribe o/the mother.e. i. be in one. best ' ' beneficial character. one-fourth honor-price Four times four multiplied by four is upon each of them grandson. it is which is committed against interterri- The 'Urradhus'-law of persons of distinction. go of the trespass of in tcr territorial -law. when he is the son of a native. is i. -fa tVjillny " mil"'"" is observed ai-f ordinir to justice. one-third of 'dire'-fine in tbe third 'sed one-fourth. of i. " done. for it may happen that a happen that he is without a church. i.e. person.e. because they give a In right of co-occupancy of land.e.e. The interest of the foster-father. The interest of the tribe of the father. It may be that they all performed the fosterage has an interest in may i. ""i^fHy : The dire'-fine is four-fold full dire'-fine for the seds. half honor-price for his father's brother.' half 'dire'-fine for the next to them. is because it is four tribes that sustain tbe liabilities of every person that related to them intimately. but it'cannot pledges. And two ends. i. On the two sides. i. i. To the four neighhi"i_all ar^md. the tribe of the father has an The interest of the chief. and the mother's tribe.e.e. one-fourth dire'-fine in six days. the length.e. a church has an interest in him. in 'cethairslicht. And because the four nearest tribes.' '{J-t'^i i. one-third dire'-fine in three days. i. in him.e. it is upon him the liability will pass according are four 'Urradhus'-laws tn this rule. to distrain the hostage for what is due . the father's tribe.e. his chief has an interest interest in him. Brathchai.' The ' : ' ' The honor-price is four-fold : full honor-price is due to one for his father. &c. the breadth. or enforced. Or each them separately. and because there The Urradhus'-law of recognised or ordered.e. and distress if taken from each surety them separately rities And because there are four secuin each 'bescna. man may the church after his going on a pilgrimage. The 'Urradhus'-law liability will upon him the torial law.e. ' And because there are four 'Urradhus'-laws. he who has him.e. i. the liability is upon the surety according to the adjudication of Cai Cainbhreathach.e. i. i. hours.

licte.van. i-o jij^ X f omufne pofefibuc. octif cynan pile pjxi f5U|i. muna be fop..eicemnuf. ocuf cfimn gitle mp. ocuf let 5ille yxia mbfieit.1. pp. nibfieiceiriTitif% ocuf larigille pp. and has licen translated by Dr. puigell gain. ni neirnctuu. if r^iarTjille <p]n f cuji c|ioifcce. ocuf ona ocuy aicne ocuf ni if ocuf each AifiHiiiKiH. .1. 120. piigell cuifi ocuf cunnufvta. ^if in ni nefuin ocuf nac nefom TJO gacvub ocuj. piii nefam ^ec 51 lie. ocuf a lee nn nemneyam. jne 51 Me caich aom. Tynan gille |\ia mbyieiceiiinuf inncifroe. ciT> 1 n-Ufifiu'Dur. f ena. O'Dmic. taji mbfiec.. is ma mbe foji tnul Tiife ocuf 1 Law of The 'Cain Adamnain' I'nutaiii'-d amongst the Brehon O'D. (/ . pp. ocuf cunnufica. ocuf laingille 6 oeofunt) ocuf o Tjinnba. ocuf qruarfgille Cam COoumnam.1. iji <* [Stnacc gilli ecinncec frl fftfj[ T "efum ioif Till. ocuf pp-1 each nefnm coifciT>e lap. tan gille. Oeugille pfii ni nac nefum 1 cofi ocuf 1 cunnfiUT) lap.. ocuf lecgille ocuf lamgille mp. rjioifcce. nefum coifcitie. na gellib.t.276 DISTRESS. ocuf lecjille iap.tobaig na mbeycna fin. ocuf c^mn 11 fiia mbjxeic. yyvl. gellaib.i >{tlS 5 <&? Hv jiuf- afia ic ceceojia po7>la pit pop. -DO Ocuf na efinmle ecmnceca -DO c. pollen pit pop. nibfieic. T>iul ocuf m lj]^3vt- 1*' 3. tnbi\eitenintif j^i gaca ocof gona.i mucca f ceo ^efcta lap.tif)Uf ace ocuf f niacifsille cmnceca octif qaian jille ocuf Cach aip. 5ellT>on &ctaif.Cam ocf Ufip. ajx aca nenncyetiacuf f>li5iuf. Law MSS. Ocuf cecn. m m if ia|i mbrieicem- mbp. Lee . 1 co cecty nuripiijill. <j Senchur mop. fiia mbp. Ruit>lej. cm n'a Cum. ocuf piiacc^ille cmnceca eile oilcena. fmacc cmnceca jua . fjtip. if ^o-p. niuncfb^erfiebuifie . tni ocuf nac nefum. ona octif aicne ocuf ocuf each if nefum coifciT)i.pile pp. ocuf ftnacc gilt feccmuiT) fuituT) amnpTJe.1 netn [neyxim] tap.i ^uigell cuifi ocuf cuntiujvta ecip.tim. .eic. O'D. at) Cam CID i n-uyijiariuf. rjia inbe. im nefam. . ace Cam CCT)amnain.i ni if nefum fiia nib|ieiceiimuf .. 3874-31IU5. ecip.b^aT)uiB ocuf gonuib. tnbfieit. . mbp. ell pfii caifvoe. .1. pnacc gille 7p.eic Cac 1:015611 cuiyi e. cyxoif ce.v ay. . .

Indefinite ' judgment ' of theft. for an article of necest^ CCF t. ' smacht '-pledge for the judgment of bargain and contract. pledge to stop fasting. because four divisions are made of the pledges. and full pledge of Adamnan). and half pledge before judgment. smacht '-pledge to stop fasting. There is half pledge for thefts. i. unless he be without security should he be so.$ sity after judgment. <tc.. unless it be uador aooortion and denial. Half pledge for pigs and barren animals and one-third before judgment. and it the half of for an article not of necessity. And because there are four divisions made of pledges.e. /.n distrain fnr t. interterritorial-law.)ff Cain '-law and definite ' which Urradhus Maw.e. and for every necessary of after judgment. whether is There indefinite in ' Cain '-law or in is ' Urradhus '-law.Fp7t>. the seventh of ' smacht '-pledge is given . a thing which after is judgment. Smacht-pledge. In every judgment of bargain and contract. except the law of Adamnau. sity after i. life the law of Adamnan.e. and every thing which is a necessary of life. Full pledge. judgment for whether in 'Cain'-lawor 'Urradhus '-law. i. In every judgment of bargain and contract. smacht '-pledge of seven days to stop fasting for an article of necessity. A pledge in the ease of dignitaries. a pledge to the Tt. and of every thing which is a necessary of life.e. and definite 'smacht'i.e. One-third pledge. to distrain from the hostage what is due in the DISTRESS. i. both in ' *C. (. 277 interterritorial-law. and one-third pledge after judgment. and one-third pledge after theft. Full pledge for all rents that are due. &c. and full pledge after judgment. and wounding. i. should it be trec_asfieriu>-ftftd denial. of loan charge and borrowing.' church. in smach't '-pledge and onf-third pledge and half pledge ' ^* are ordered to be given. (the from a stranger and a pauper. there is one-third pledge to stop fasting.ii lawful t. i. and one-third pledge for stepping fasting. Half pledge. <fec. and half pledge before judgment. And the other cases in like manner..e. robberies. and that which is not an article of necessity.SESCJ1US MUR. fora thing which is not an article of neces- a ' judgment. it is after the manner of the pledge of every one else. after judgment. i.e.e. definite smacht '-pledge before judgment. both in the case of the thing which is an article of necessity. not an article of necessity in a bargain and contract full pledge for a thing which is an article of necessity before judgment. except 1 One-third pledge before judgment" is in that law and half pledge afterwards. as also in the ease of the thing which an article of necessity or not an article of necessity for woundings. in arbitration. and 'smacht '-pledge of one-seventh therein. for what is due to it is sacred.' bescnas. until the passing of judgment. loan and charge and borrowing.hjm>.

ocuf fech ma amlmg no -DO befaifi na gealla fo co naiei uma. feccmtut) fiia mbfieic bfiette. ocuf c-p. a cent). ocuf cac ni if ranup nefuim eoifcit>i na bi fop. octif nmac aifieee.278 -Senchup 1Tl6fi. nefum roifciTje. mbfieic bfieiee.itte fecennnT> T>O rfcuji efxoif cee. bfiec migaca octif ruiioifijne ocf fafimjci. caific tute. ocuf nibble bp. if ice na pac. cuitlei) mam \if ma-o ecm. if fmacT: jitte ecitinceca T>a covfcnje ocuf lai 1151 lie tap. ce bee fonaiT>m cm co be. if ifle mtiie a fech. . ocof ni bpuil f onaiT>in a eaificc.am foiche tie T>O bif ann. galufi bunuin nof be^va. ociif ni bi f. ociif ni bi fot)ntiit)m mbe fonaiDm.ia mbirieic bi\eice. "Dm mbe f. is 1 Extern. T)ia pena. ce bee fonanom cm co be.' a contraction for ' sect. Tv1a nit>Tieic bfieiee. no aiftgeae. Tmtt na fena. if ctnttet) ffiif cup. aeaipc. HI/ T" Dl9TRES3if" f ena.3 f_ech. ocuf rfuan gttle ^fj^iiftvi.em. yif f mace 51 tie p.ein. ociif a fee T>ia cmti. mbi fjfieaputt nee poyx T>nit p|ii ocu^ puaftuccat) fmacc gitte. TTla ifte indie etillet) a fee. antnarm annul e fem. no if a let TTla coniuyiT) ipfii pachaib'. if a euieim ma fiachuib. if antnann a ammt >ocuf ^ e f. eaipc. if ice m tip.' with a con- traction Tor 'air both together making 'sectair. if ic in ufiam bif ann.oxmui'om a eaific.1 fiachaib. TTIuna cmneefo mee pofifiUT). if famluit) if i^teputl -Dec firiacc 5itte ecniticecain T)a fecraifuxia mbyieitem- nuf. "Oia ociif a pec TTIaT) comajvo ff. Cac piigell cuifi ocuf cimmifiea. 6na ocjif cac ni if rainife ocof aifilicce. ona ocuf aiene ocuf aifiticce. -In transcript this ' written ' vii. if T)itft fjuf cuyi ub pu a pacha. ociif fecemuii) p\i jraencro cnoircre. if ftnace j. if -oituf cin a ic ce bee tifiain aim. ocuf poiclie -oe T>OTI ocf DO ni bi poiiaiTn a taificc. tib pu a piacha.ian gttte bi eciia Cain geatl bef aiyine mute a pech. if TTIaT) anmunn amuil e fein inn. ice. no 6i|i. if lee a fuacheuna ma pachuib. TTla jeatt bef dijiTie inaie a 12. "Oia mbe fonamm a cinn.onaiT>m a eaificc.1. . octif langttte lap. ocur tfiian tec ociif aicni Cac pmjett cmyi ocnf cunnujvca. "Oia inbe ponat'om a-caificc.' extern.

In every judgment of bargain and contract. an addition should be made to it until it equivalent to the debt. whole If is to be restored. and that it is not it. and that there it. the debts are to be paid. and finco booidos.n Avilir-ttrem. like itself is to If there be security for restoring a-tbiag. and one-third pledge before the passing of judg' is 1 ment. loan charge and borrowing. and one-third pledge before passing judgment. and every thing next the necessary of life. If these pledges be given ailing with articles of copper. and that there is no security for the excess is to i. and one-third pledge both in ' ' Cain '-law and Urradhus '-law. whether there be security or not. a thing like itself is to be given. or silver. whether there be security or not. If it wetfe-oe^ftgracd Uial_Uie-artkks-areJaJ)_gi. If it be lower than the debt. there is given ' uncertain smacht '-pledge of twelve 'screpalls' in the case of an passing judgment. it is forfeited for the debt. to stop fasting. of loan charge and of life. full 279 DISTRESS. higher than the debt. a thing-like itself. it. d (t tr^U** be lower than is debt. and that there is no security for the be equal to the debt. indefinite given to stop fasting. and an addition is to be made to it if necessary. restoration of it.vt. . If it it ia right -to fmy for its it. half the injury to them will go against the debt. it is equivalent to the debt. and that there is no security for restoring it. and it is to be added to until it. it etJs4> -nhiwf" ^ restoration of is no security for the If there be security for restoring it.e. the be paid for. and the Cues fur it besides. If it be a pledge that is higher than the debt. or of gold. and the finea bcaidca. If it the act of restoring be a pledge that is God that has overtaken it. God it is allowable not to pay for its excess. and half pledge after passing of judgment. In judgments of theft and robbery and violation. which is ne4er assertion is and denial.SENCHUS MOR. wt If there be security. one-seventh of smacht '-pledge is given to stop fasting. or the half of it should be paid for. and extern 1 territory before judgment. be given in place of it. or if an ofahdisease carry them off. and every thing that is next to a necessary not tfmlei assertion and denial. which borrowing. smacht '-pledge of twelve 'screpalls' and a seventh of smacht '-pledge before ' ' full pledge after the passing of judgment. and the act of has overtaken it. it is forfeited. If there be security for restoring should be restored. In every judgment of bargain and contract. the excess If it (the pledge) be equal to the debt. and pledge after passing judgment.

. if a riiinm ma pmchmb'. m m rcnpuc m jjill. Rectic pecajxluig. afi if laif co cuccap. no "Dm comuiiileccufi T)on II f\!ift 7o^i TTlat) geall T>O befiufi p^.<>I\Q fiaijfiutn. 2692.] C.1. if a pacba cuna mfofibuifie T>O. if anitnl 11o TITIO a rfii ciiocui\. ITlunub comufiT). cm aiei fofifiui). ^yxqitug ngnima no befuifi ^ofi|iti'D. ^TTluna cmneiufi cm ic pn. d nof beiyv 1 |?oimiaim. ocuf lee a fiac TIO fecam eoiehiD. if lee /rnibe aieiciuf) a ice luif T>O ic. if ftun T>O mtinub "Omni ^oyicfitnj rjniriia. lee a niatfee T)O biuba. ocuf a naipcc cit> "Oia cmnenifi cm fomifiini na ngeall fo. -oifie yyvt-.i pacuib. oifie ocuf eneclann -oon non biuba. eneclann T)on fecam eoichii> ann. ocuf an. no wlp [mpo|iba|ica] colta.o bui fiecnca |io rriefyiaigfec. Slati ngitt. r>ia n7>encufi a . cac cfiac actificufi. n-orcma fio gaeai) an jell. a pacha -oia cinn. if Ulaf ia|i fie fecain eoiebiT> ann. ni biccufi ace colunn ndnia. Senchur Hlon. if m i . "foinifimT". aicneo. \ie fie n-tubaili. cetfie T>i|iiacaiT) oiiuacai n. -oilfi m . ci-o Ian ocuf eneclann 111-0. ocuf foimfinn. citi geall luif T>O . a majie TIO bmba. Dia nibe fonuiT>ni m lof fofi in pach.1- -Diet ngcrcan. C. ocuf cia no ce-jina -DO nac < cm ni T>on lof nac cefina tifajbail. ^o gill*.280 5^7 "O ia cmneufi ic olcca. T>ia luif if a ice. ocuf bi"6 Cm cu be fonui-om 7>no. if a pac i>ia cmn. Reclir 05 CC'oam. cuic feoiT> no T>ec pnn. ocuf T)ifie ocuf eneclann T>on biuba. . muti cotna^r>. mam luja ina pach p)iTny\iTiie in gill.1. nono TDuna t>ib > aiugm nania. . if lee cuic feoie no -oech feoic y>. if jpeeifi. CIT> be irQ:ofibuific. 2tt)3.1. <- .1. ocuf a fee t>o fecam TTlaf jalufi connrabajveach rniofifio |\e fie ti-mbaite. ocuf noca n-titl m Ocuf maf fie fie T>iema fio gaear) an geall. fee. [TTlafa gatafi buna cmnei eoie1nT). if VT^f iccafi 111T)1 an gealt on pfi TOO cabajicap. fo fio mefetnnaiT) a mbjieremacc. TTIuna be fonumm no aieieiut).] m I )ccu r a T x if lc c 61 ^!1 !11 111 na .

e. and because these four laws are remflniifd in judicature. &c. If they have been If n^ if they are equal to it. the plaintiff And ' if it have dire '-fine and honor-price. or forfeiture increase of the body. the debt is to be paid for them. this of nature. &c. shall If after the stipulated period the pledge be stolen. its beef is given to the defendant. there using them in such be five half 'seds' or ten half 'seds '/or uncertainty. have the debts with the increase. half the beef is given to the defendant.e. shall it to the not debt. though it be a pledge having which survive the of none from recover disease. The patriarchal law. it it But whoever of them stipulates for the increase.and But if it ' be during the stipulated period the pledge has been shall have honor-price. the for increase. and they are to be restored if though damaged. Safety of pledge.e. the payment every time that the claim if there be is acknowledgment of made. or double the work. If it 281 DISTRESS. but the pledge itself only . in If a pledge be given for debts. it is to him 'dire'-fine and honor-price given. Though there should be no security.e.ar set-to be given along.. if the pledge be stolen from the man to whom it is it be full pledge. If the person who receives in doing so. gith. he is safe work has been excessive. forfeiture of the be less than the value of the use of the pledge. The law i. was the rule Afort W^/ . if it three things are the lenient penalty. the plaintiff have shall defendant the and nothing.e. and if it to be restored. i. they shall go for the debt. equivalent they are Or of the debt. i. overworked. be as we have said. and half the debt to the plaintiff. If there be no stipulation shall be restitution only. half the increase acknowledgment. unless the them is wlrised to use them. were agreed that tb-Mticlea. he at shall all. and If the debt to the plaintiff. and the defendant shall stolen. young should any shall If there be neither security nor are to be loft behind. have dire'-fine honor-price. for it is his until the debt And because there arc four laws which arc trirujjlil tu bear. and If it be settled that these pledges are not to be used. and the pledge is nothing shall be paid increase . if there be security has young. and that the animal given pledge must it be paid. be a doubtful disease within the stipulated period. 'seds' be used. for it. i. them. be paid. the rule which Adam had. i. there shall be five seds or ten ' ' they If there be shall no agreement respecting the non-use of them. be certainly an old disease that has destroyed the animal within the stipulated period. whether be paid for which it was given.SENCHUS MOR. shall be paid for it.

Occur [puirvciu Tjal 11:111]. ba am pop. . CCcup a puil pop cuicci. ocuf ba ana name no bi pop. O'D.o bui ceic-p. . . no aroitve caomcechca n" COITX natcomai^c. geall 1^ e ni cimaiixschen. gac achjabatl. a I an pia.1.buiT>. 1 m na pia-onairi o O'D. .ca ae pog^a apu >DO lien. l " 1 ""' 18 cfi r a Tieimnisclieia a cmca pn. m tf oxTigaSdit T>O neoc.*iTi] oo bet O'D.! puitlecca.1. no cecp. .' Senchur DISTRESS. in ni p. a geill aja pua|-Uis.o bui JoOccu-p a iv cecep.1. &cip cianu cpich. *irn mo .1. acupam a T>ual5Uf apaiti. .1. . 1^ po* po-6at in ni Po^eslait) fon. iKCip.i. -DO D rxmca .1.1. Ocup 4vi. .1. cjvebuiTii co r . -olisi [eg ap. etcge 1^ por> po-oal. 111 CCnvif CCcc 111 [' P- anpoc].-plicc a V'5Tia i>o achagbatt.0coi|i o beluib. noc nimpuilgmn nee cma nech eile ip m amrpip. po comcot^pprfrm peine . aifi o buj> v'T^ b)\ec. no '""' [' O'D. no im in ni no ^ebca poyxef e alec acobap.i gne mai pogp.1.1.1. No cupba. ba t>ecmu ba cuicce pp. CCp. t>a p. Ec^fnwwwaclic. cecp. .buiT> [. 'f'T'] nu'Dpia'Dnaipe.1.1. noca geibrep. . mimab coipciT). aichgiti.'-. -oo peip T>ipmeat nambpeeh. up. [' a^ ' eayba]. i ma.. ^ toppupcap a ftechc - Paieip. iy p^ titn confo u|-Da|i ayx nac mbrveic bep. 125. aca ace eTO _.1. nap.05p.1. Uop coifciT). roc co comui-oe in nech Tjleguiv iti aroiiai if> cechapt>a co 110156 peche. . pn. . munab pop. pon. muna coifci T>O e. no if na cmcaib fin. lu no clece. 4 CC F f M K.1. 1^ pnifi n-a|-raif>rori. . .uaip ipiat) cmi ma . .1. ace acmapoTjen. acafam a 05 mne a -oualgup Ocup a ptnl pop.1.1. Conai:.1.1. aftainci. Coibnep. 4.1. ar apatip. ocf ap. i\e cuiyier nech uaro a cunn|iu ap. S e nCnio bi cup. . - tlloji. 05 mne a -otiatsuf anca. 111 puitgenT) nech cm yajvaile. a an pern. upogpa.1. CCcnmp r . in achgabail mia O'D. um in 1^ cmaT). T)ib pin <u)\. neapam caicme.-^w ilihrf 111 ' na TOiuoxai Cana.fancaib o rm niacaij]. upogpa. 124.] n-imrecc_ '"T1 tla tj- cgu " T>O oenum. 5011 abec. . -oecmaiT). .1. oipiaeai [ftechc pai-oe. oualgur apa. utabun. gell pjit piacliaib ctiifi ocuf cunna]vra.i tipogpa. Ocup paiT>bpi. ftob elguiti. . a Um T ^ aichgina. j. 125. ' Cee ' ayvcoTiba].1. pecnemum. Occiip ba aon gacti achj.oib ni nocTia naga apa. ma ma pabu . . r . O'D. |X)aT)bup. ocf in T>aiteile m .a. Comic tarx taiftmcecc. . achgabail T>e. . . acapom a -oualguf apaiT).1. Ocuy^a puil poi\ aom.i. . ati comriaice]. .e U1T>1 yio bacuf.1. aritl tl ac ln piach. ap in tii tr> cecpi T>iapmcai na bpece. pn *"' * Occuy ayv T1 m ln ni n-obutip. no comlanijchep.1.ap. Seatl cimTisuT't Occup ap am comlamr pn'r 1 ' m m ia|i. .1.a apca 7)011 achgabatl. 125. no cerjie aipne-pi.1.i. anca.1. . ana cotbnefa ace a cm pern. bee a epic eTiup cen ifpaitn a ana. 1.nil epcpa-o peine cm each compo^uip. a T>ual5up apai.1. . CC puil pop ba cpefe pop cp-ei-pi. .fanca. gem mo ca timn_cup. 125. O'D. eigum [-1. S'apnuile J] pa-oepn. 124. 05 mne a -oualsuf anca.'-ptoj ocup ni p. lecptach.a in Ian ip -tomci.1. .ab((if. an. 125. 05 nine a ouatguf anca. .

for the stay on account of a neeessary to him. is i. he shall not be served with notice. i. i. fttiaSin tuition. because there are four divisions of tke notice of the distress.e.e. because there are four things which the rule of judgment. That which is And because intention. Besides exemption. and because there are four things bv which these offences r*-r -2 whicu regulate full fine for it. i. with them in respect of notice. i. with us respect of stay. i. i. But that which stay.e. with them in respect of notice.SENCHUS MOR.') if And j1"ljp>. of disease. i. word of mouth. to be in a distant territory prolongs the stay.e.e. / trw&l*l7Le?' by wantonness. By which thcFeini charge the liability of . i.e. the.e. fulfilling the rule prescribed in ' 'Cain. i. And that which has ten days' stay. day's notice. i. Or exemption. i. or kinds of the warning or And every distress was of one day. afk'i reparation J Making trnnrgrfjia^ ~rrrr n---imthecht.e. i. i.e.e. in the ease of these offences.e. Isaias. the rule of judgments.e. i. DISTHI SH. longer than on a person's own account. no one sustained the crimes anciently. i. of territory. which his Pater. are regulated. excmptionforit.e. Is cognizance. i. besides when (' the party has exemption. should happen not to exist. i. And because there are four things by which these are regulated. exemption for it. in respect of stay. or parts. with Had ten days' notice. it. there are four periods for notice. Had with them in respect of notice.e.e. spoke to Moses. Proof by which judgment* is confirmed. this is the rule of the testament from the birth of Christ to the present day.e.e. I make is full an exception trespass for which there is restitution. among i.e. notice of the distress.e.e.e.e. to pay -fully the pledge the thing which -tluavhl. i. Had five days' notice. in That which has three days' three days' notice.e.e.e.e.e kinsman I it it And rich condition. be determined that he has the wealth of his rank. i. i. liability another in that time. And d-ooirc. i.' i. a pledge for away in a contract on security properly made by debts of bargain and contract.e. with us in respect of stay.e.' i. full fine. or.e. the after violating law. The law of the New Testament. i.e.e. after violating it. for either of these things exist. and because there are four periods for giving notice of the distress according to law.' after breaking it. C#iu4*&ce. i. Except the unlawfulness which here.e. J^norance. i. crime.' or Urradhus. i. hosting in a territory. V-r*>YMt'~>lnA!rn i. the unlawfulness for full restoration is is full trespass. and it is a stay of one day that distress was upon every distress. i.e. or a-p&lge is iftiSiSuKn^fipt^B&ung -before. flSjaSftuJflfldge. unless it 1 it be a thing necessary for immediate consumption. ft? <*& tj.e. ' ' Intention. Had one i. nor shall distress be taken from him. That which has five days' stay. i. his Father. his own liability.e. And i. i. Payment after transgression.' or 'Cairde. i. restitution.e. 283 of the prophets. i. intentionally. it right that every sentence which is just be is I deem 3 secured. ancients from the period of Sen Mac Aige. For no one sustained the of of another.e. but his own has a stay of one day.e. that which made besides the largest full fine.e.e. Remoteness i. Relationship. i. Law i. the crime. it is fulfil And because four things that perfect law.e.ewith them in respect of notice. the other condition which relieves a person from giving bail orfuirthin-dal. and because there are four subdivisions.e. 4-c. i. i. or which are fulfilled according to i. us in respect of stay. with us i. i.e.e. i. or upon the thing which takes from one. i.e.J is *$^J&^1&&4*4 ' kept for what one gives '). half fine for for>eK. small or what is due for the crime after the trarggrocBioBr Uu mlarge.

CCpa-o cuicce -DO cuyiba. . .1.1. aea ace Imi aim noca no. aine. ae po^na apa an na pemaib na ach S aBail -oo gaBail T>ib.nr >cur aca T>1 aeh 5 abail pi la peme. an m peicemam DO nin T)li5iT) n' sabail aehgabala -oe maT)ia n-mnrai*cen ae posn j"apai* -DO bee ann.nnapr(T. -oa. O'Xf i9. ni T m mableoKam. CCchgabail inableo . no clachlaro pn ianum agmne. . Vn' bneic.po ia.a.1. .1. 5T . .1.1. a T)ual5ur inbleogatn.en. . r om cecapflicc in tin. ocu r cunncabanic r scn-olegun m cm no na peich ann rm. cincac ocu r apa an inbleo 5 am. T)a napaf. CCcc im/ no can nvo 5 n cac aon paonlegai*. . ocur-oecma*.1.1.1.1. Uo ainlichen anea von aehgabail.le. ..STKKSS. ye* rm nesf '" Cocomu-ocach a rat ob' ni. m<1 5abml mt " e5 6ot 5 abc ann im cm mableoram [R]6 cechc r ccT.'cecne anca. na per unnai*.6 cup. apa* cmcait ocur apa* n-mbleojam. in ni . .1.Senchur D. gen eppav m apa ce 150 n. p. uain. CCchr'a guin. ce.1. Cuicci pni puno 5 n -olise. .ajur r T>a aeh 5 abail ml -DO nlctni. pne r mbleogmtl -DO neooh i r 5pat. . funb m wB pn aiTV noca na b apa ain. b~) ^^ rt1 Snai-opeme.ba. itm>a.i fn. co camera cac a ro a*bun " 16 co cumcan a bee ma T n^f f "' roa*bun. . hapat. .i. . -Dec. .1. 1ni no em naome nama.1.cuicci (. aniu oirve. Dicem n-aome.1. . .1. m bneceman. uova ar. WpaT. cuicci.recocur CCmuil bener a einic. "i tieich 1 T)o peT> cac .o ceccrouTifom p. cuicci. gabail aie no ei P enechuir. apa cuicci o sna* peme pon cincach sna* peme. no cecn. cini*. .1. in cincac S p.eomumn cecni puillecca. ' Pn CL* 1^. Cona^ i.u olije*.or. 5 an ni lut>a na ap[a] r cuicci arx cincac Bnai* peme. i m (i r- 1 .1. -i. . aome.ba.. . Dicim cnep. CCcc t)ichim .aiT> ^ine. -DO oameam no im atcne na conaine. . cm 5ac compeer FM T)iba. unpo 5 ancan apaT. peidiemnur ci* e* i>lerca oe.1. TVO enaluai*i . r """ ' . i ' ''' ' T 1' . r>a .1.1. i-ma'Oiaiimnrai*eenatpoj.1. no -DO cam na r apa an.i aifnep*..1. . peine..peme nm ngaoail achsaoala T)e.1. -Decmaf>. Pn' Seall. i ^ . ni irm na apa* naici an in paonl1 5 ac). Ceichni oichtnan'n. "Diponair unnai. co. Ocu r ni no eeccfat) . ^en e^a-o. M ma mUeogam ^mr. oecmai'oe T>O peine.. ocu r ancamroa pon in crchgabml men no e S r. )la ^na beyxca peicheman.1. ocur cpeiri. m-ofigcen ai pogna apa an in each ir paonligach 05 na bt apur baile (Aiunnai-6.1. . innifi. cecni apa -oo bet aca. abun ant. .1. .-oo apa -oo ram 'oni pe a. pnegna -oa nemcannicem.1. ocu r ana name. I ' 9 .1. Cen 5 alUTx. ^.1. rJ ^^ain. ocur cuicci. ach 5 aba. . vop. bi 0150 . 5 al nT i -DO bee an.1 Vechetnum. .1. uain. cneifi. 1 1 ' com uime -DO ne -oo ne wnna*.cn& . . imunn" anca. apa-o cuicci ir 6m oca DO yosrva apai* nein -Dt'S'* f\^ pecemam gnait. ocur aine . r o|X i pep. lap-two. a -Dual^r a ana but.l cab UTi a cn.1. mame. claT) in ni rein lanu'm an in anaT) acu. Ocur ^a cuicci ocur -Decmaf> no raran npo 5 ntt. ocur oecmai'oe.. IDar.1.1. peme ? abcri ann n-achgabail.1. . .1.1. no cecni gnechi 1 n-ai pogua apa*. in Vechemam. ^o cmpti TJO each achgabail.

And a delay in pound of three days. a notice of five days from one of inferior grade upon a debtor of inferior grade. if it be necessary for him to take defence . i.e. i. for the stay with them.e. fr M*. i. two notices iroro fiacdtrr-cfltafafHtcil i.' for if ! when the defendant has a disease. before the taking of distress from him. Le. Le. i.e.SENCHUS MOE. i. before the taking of distress from him. A notice often days in the case of the inferior (. each kinsman. of five days. i. distresses. afterwards changed. and eleven two notices.e.e. Le. longer upon the defendant. a notice of Le.e. i. exemption. i. according to law. many. on a(vnnnt. five days. ifunM 'fi-asi ~&Jfts 0-3 Stays were ordained for distresses. that the Feine have are two. So that there thing was afterwards changed with us. dence not known. and it is doubtful whether it_ifri* a crime or a debt 3n this case. to yield it . Inheritance.e.e. that each one if may collect For his substance during that that may be determined he hag the wealth of his rank and time is allowed him to seek the thing he has not. five Notice precedes every distress. if it be a kinsman of the inferior grade is that distrained. and a stay This thing was. - derer who has ^ f^. however. Four delays in pound. i.e. five days.e. la Tf^t^d^f 'tf-Ar M*J> be right that notice should be given. i. disease. upon the defendant of the inferior grade. upon the debtor of the inferior not to serve a shorter notice than five days upon a debtor of the inferior grades. ' irrad. residence.e. grades. i. this shall be the time. a delay in pound of one day. Distress from the debtor i.e. i. five whose days resiis the proper notice. Kinsman upon the i. or respect- .e. this is then the case. jj^. three days.e. and three days. according to law.. if it be proper that notice be served on him.af i. four apcenjs^ or four kinds of the notice or warning. If notice b>e served ateaJl. i. in readiness. ha-v his property time.rnil r i. his chattels and his goods. and and ten days. i. They Vegali&ftd the division of the notice.e. one day. for it is not served during an .e. i. it i.e. distress en a&**rt-trf a kinsman.e. if it be a quick or lawful distress that is a kinsman of the inferior grades. and a notice upon the kinsman.e. a notice upon the debtor.e.e. the wanderer). a notice on the debtor and a notice on his kinsdays and ten days. f(. If it be upon the tribeman who is a kinsman to one of the inferior grade. *tt ft. i. are four stays.e. I deem it right thaOiotice should be served on the inferior grades before distress be taken from them. Le. i. > kinsman. ( ?_fm_ if i. our predecessors legalized the four divi- sions. A notice of five days to the defendant. Without defect. i. that they should have But they did not Lo#a4+ze stays. his land. the distresses.e.e. man. i. of ten days. distinct stays were appointed for the quick or lawful Two notices were appointed for every distress. 285 . same way day charge the liability of each Disriu as he obtained his 'eric'-fine. Le. if it a wanderer.inn it wnnlil rift iill-ta sprvp thp nntiaa). And Distress from the kinsman. no notice is served upon any wannot a fixed residence or place of abode. than the notice vfhirh fliftnlil havf hmi giv^n tff the wanderer).e. Le. i. his body-fine. i.e. this of one day. (i. of the defendant i. a notice of five days. it is two distresses that are taken according to the Fenechus.e. Except a delay in pound of one day only.e. a pledge. But no notice is served on I make an exception here. for law. ten days.e. is Or one who has no fixed Five days legal notice. i. i. i. tv n ** A*rt ' That he may .e. on account of his own liability. i. to aaiirar for the non'jtppeafaBc^of him. two quicker lawful distresses are taken.e. nvnmpt.e. isserved (i. Without exemption.e. one day. the notice shall not be served on >">-l""i >J him.e. i. i. by which the In the Feini at this other.e. i.e.e. without he has either of these things. liability of taken for the quadruple four notices.e.

ixaT>ctib peme pn. . ion. mbec a no cabaipx aip.ecn aiicuy. .uy fai-oiT). . coc poyvu'p pen. an. a^__up.1.baii) ain. .a -olije.i yxe apaiT) ap . lef. cuicci.1. j5^>ecnmaT> pp-i O'D. m p. .mne acaic peich oja an. . co nach eile. . T>6 i|> coibnepim cac if m inbleosum. pollufi. na fio |"encan. amach.1. . . cabaip.n. m f. apa T>ecmaiT>e pop. (fjiein. Ptachac each pollu-6. a pp.i Titcheach. . m m m pn.ba apa. pin. 1^ 7>e Wi paelai'p acngabait i\ia ctncci. m caic [-oana haija in )xiapaf>. n-elori. -ouy. pup-osp-a T>on inbleogum. * -Senclitff TTlofi. achgab'ail in pi)i piaclian.1.cha. /j-puin.a. ma if a|^caiT>ci -DO T>a ngaba i co 7>li5tec. ina T>ectiyMTD. . CIT> ici|i be T>ib . ocuf T>O cmcac . . H. .ecnan. i . apcip. p-p. lega elui-o m 1^ cmcai-6 pen.1. ap. nioga an.1. .erre iap. . com 1 1 in cpeip Ktp7)aiT). .1. a pop.1.1. lap.*!.U|> T>e fio cen.y TO 4MMA- co *Ucrf/M s> ftWMM' MNMv ^ 1 TUiMtt. no T>O innyaiT). . in aip. cuicci fppi i\e VOSIT-O ftpwo . CCp.1.p05p. 1 ' tdchceall each neiflif.1.ap.amn na oechmai'De. m i\o tinge cu puiti.1.1. 1^ aifxe pn no aipietjchep.1an. lap. ni f. elo T>O leca m ctncaii). Cincacti each pine ion. 286 DISTRESS.ecnaix[c]ii'p purouin. n-apat>..1.1. vftJff napaT). m each r>o beip.1. n-up. lap.. o. pop. a poyxbai) na cincci . . .1. cetyiufi.1. ann a piatrtiatpe piarim.1. .1.1.pn conToetb'ip-iuy cun. Ian.1. ^ ( T>ecm T) u T>O peme piacnaij.1.1if T)pochciall non ri -DO ni ailp each oo bein.T>aii> araicle.1. Tie. tan. an. in ctncac peclietn T>O cuingi. psib T>O i\onca 1 com ^o IITOI|..i|^ olije'6 uin. .1. an.dt4 i/fJrb*tw*' ion. ion. no p. .un. inbleo. ciT> caich be T>lefcup.ecca. apa cuiccTain. . 3<. no geban.1. m cn. -oe.abait call la poxul VuaTMf ta poxul. CCn.1. cac cODnaiTicaiT) 111 7>le5u|\ yie eile flat congi ^ececrca poyx na j. lap. na in.i. . mbe6 t>on pip. befa p.nait) co olijjec. na pecetnnuib. mbleogam gp-airi pene. tnan. -of. in ptx pacViajx ann. i. nun. CTO perm T>?. amuij lap. Imp aon pip. pif.1. CC'pcipe'o .1.1. pogpa pif 0151 apa UPC T>lej.nc^in i)oamluiT> . mbec DO pecemam coiche-oa n-up. No piacha. ocuy mbleojum. .1.o Vua*'DC<1 ni imma j. co -oligcech.1. - . ^vctt).u^> apa oecmai'oe in mnpiTOcen. m /n yfaS >^W^ T* "tiuJ? fW itv ^ TU^ * . T>ib pn. . biy -oo pine. m'onuij nlijiT). t." . T>O ctttocTiLo ooib.1. t'w&Ms +*/ .poj. CC|x if ni fie "a|i cuicci -pyn corns cum Tiigeii.i-u pme capa. . .1. cm m caich T>a pme. lap. 111] inn|xtiT)cliep. ixo gabaifi.. T>ec- maiT). M Rta cmcci. . ifp ne i\o cana no jxo cine. .uin I m CC piat>ain pp. apa uecniaTOe pon. il "7v n. Ppi cufia.1.o cinne.1. if anT> -DO befian.cu^.n.i. [an.1 com afcuy. .cmn na cuicci. if -oiilech sjcmcach .1 conigi |io ceT). ailfi um lef. lap. . tan. na cui^ em (. 7 .1. pofiu^f ajxtif T>e fu> canat) . biy T>pne. pif T)O a olefDin t>e. p. apa aip.1.'o. .1. aim if cmcach le^a etaiT) apa m each t>o pine. cit> pac<( T)lefcap.1.iun. 128. Pp.o puacutg anall . a poip. .o ix>5-aiUivre -DO gab'ait 111 acngabala -non 5Tiat> peme pe-piu -DO ben.oin bic olige'6 umci an.1. cac Tiiiyvainne am6ja. an. ailfeTi um m m m .c apaT) ain. tap.1.pprf>. each T>O p. 'gen eon>T>e pp.. ma posi\a m peichetn coich f-p. ufipoj^uirichan. . cmbleojum.1. / .1.

"Thou shall not -**fcr.e. i. i. i.Ncnus MOR. after the ab- After notice. &c.e.- manner.e.e.e. suit. i. of neglect is a fault. i. i. after his has committed an act of neglect. After warning. knowledge. without the right of exemption. Every act his the three days' grace afterwards. before a notice of five days has been served on him.e. i.e.e. *& #" A**"C ffal ffl for suing. of the judge. the reason set down or mentioned is i.e.e. to the pound of a person other than the defendant. if he be required to deny it bv the oath of one man. i. i.e. though deny that the debt is due of him. i." thou shall not attempt thou shall not attempt to seize it. i. thy right is fastened if thou hast taken the middle it is i. it is the division of ten days. i.e.e. "Debt is fastened upon it in upon it to carry it the middle of the time. the end of five off by immediale distress. kinsman. adjustment. at the expiration of the five is days. a notice of ten days is For ten days are allowed grades. thou shall not take "Thou '/.e.f it lawfully.e. knowing that it was due "f him. the inferior grades for suing each of these sensible adults. the coni. i.e.e. i. witnesses. from one i.e. thou days. Hence was said. i. Without competence he is to deny. notice of ten days served upon the tribe of the debtor.e. and who sued for the each nearest person to him of his is tribe. i. i. Every tribe liable after the absconding. it is an evil act in him who is neglects welfare by allowing the defaulter to evade. served on the kinsman of the inferior In the presence ^pf. thou shalt not carry it out.e. i. after the debtor himself has absconded. i.e. For judgment. may not be denied.e.e.e. / ti it is Hence was said.e. one who neglects his welfare guiltv. 287 For consultation. i. i. as they were made. in the presence of witnesses. after due warning is given to the served on him at first.e. Hence was that five days are "five days for every sensible adult.e. DISTRESS. to Set-thorn aeida for them.e." i. < r~ vwn. i. ever}' i. i." i. a notice of ten days is ?<rved upon the tribe of the man who owes the debt.e. notice there are full fines upon every one the kinsman.e.e. they Innn thu f-nejit -f Inr after ten days. to thy own pound. or to enforce them. i.-erved for it is a notice of ten is upon every one who is a kinsman. i. and of the debtor himself distress is lakcn here.e. i. i. i. After notice. of neglect is finable.e.e. After knowing that thing which is was served on him. i.distress before of it was sntrr or \vas decided. it. . no other period is lawful to yj" nlHjtw. shalt out imitnuliirtrly. i.e. for of it was sawtor decided.e.e. Every act who i. having waited for the the three additional days. notice.e. if the plaintiff give notice according tlif to the time of notice that he will rue defendant. at the end of the i. i.e. i. four persons. &c. i. or the debtor in the presence of witnesses. in order that the notice i. every one who is of his tribe is liable.e. after the plaintiff has lawfully waited. The debts.e shall not carry il Before five days. 7 sr. the time at which debt accumulate upon A.e. of the court.. days that liability of is and the nearest kinsman. it is notice being served on him legally..e. A. After lawful waiting. said. after his After warning of law. i. after nolice being sconding notice is served on the tribe. i. ' For between the parties engaged in the contracts. distress ijraken from the Witnesses.rdiug to the decision of him whose office it is to settle them entitled to < . tracts between themselves. i. every one a negligent is person who neglects his welfare. a notice of ten days is served upon a kinsman of the tribe.e. after the plaintiff's due to him after thi. whatever debts may be due of him.e. ing the knowledge of the path of judgment. after i.e. to take distress ^* fire days.>. i.e.e. i." upon it. into whichever of them they go For equal on both Aim. of the inferior grades.

ab manroen. .!T>.1. . octif enyie.1. . no an. pcroa. ce]\cimain.1. Log emiuc T>on acgabail ini TIO bfieic fie afiuf UT)ein TK)jn pechetiium roiclieDa.1. 1 aniach. T>on y:echeiTiuin coichetia neac niayx aoen |ii^ ag m 5aBuilat5abalacinctii5. . cm in Ctpne a .<jO-\)j l ~' bn.1.1. amac. T>O cec)i|i. T>on cp. O e r a F-'aT^'10 1 bfiecem. . ap.i. gu-ri cmT>u^ ben. oo caouific |?ean. in pecliem coiche-oa. .e^ bn.. ab pay^c m c^xer. (f Co coxtui-ochejx. . cinnuf -DO .en. ^p.1. no gun.Co conrDr6h e fi.n (^ -n.... Co coigiliib cecnca. O'D. beyiari ai gen > 2j-\ rnann. comcnfvcim ca-o cmcai-6 ocuy -con n-mbleogam.IA I t . of <&>*< V ^'* " 05 coxul na Viacjabala mall.288 DISTRESS.1. c-rim-p. Co pa-pc/T>ce|i. each acligabdit inableome na cyvi arinuite emciaetiuigctien. j inima tfienaiget) an. a 1triCtlT1 amacli. prucyticc. if a bfieit fie paidie acu hujinuije call DO uut aniach cu fiabuc d^- acaefj-log ocuf m ^eqiufi emech ann fio bui .a|\ a pa-pc. m i r-*fMtvf CwM>U*t4. cmnuy T>O nicheyi a coxal ciimn.1. ocuf nafcuifie.l Cach coin.ec)nn. peciurii. gup na cunia oiegun. ctin.1. apa a jo nentini T>O i pne. atgne raffia. ocuf a byxeic fie foyuif fein uite a cecoifi CIT> bee cm m6|i m acjabail. c6in. TJocha nean fO|iuf fecheniun roictie'oa.muf eolno bui)eiTi agabait. a vfc TJO bn. C17. T>O . . . poxttnc in cnian matt hi 7>o cum na i4U' La in . . pecherh coichef>a. [ocuf cefcfiafi aca in a coictieTia. CIT> eriifena otepcan.1..1. ocuf>m cfiian. . ocvif ecif\i aigne coxuil. CU151 730 naT>munT>aib ocuf> no m r.eic. ocuy a bee ann |\e j\e oicma ocuf fie fie lobta cu ni>ec alobut) uile : ccg coxul cofifiuiiii ngle . p a f c pop. Co autinai-oceTi.1. !fa 3. . . 129.S|< ' / '.1.1.ethiji. O'D. . ' 1f iac in cetfiuyi. ip e [fiiariup no] fiiastup [caca] coip.1. ocu]' -oon f-ecc f?aichib . in cone if 057x1 t>o fiiccjuiT> arm. pefi caifigille fiatia f:eidiiuih picroa feciurii fenm cofe. crti guin. ayx a cinn . brtecheih].1. . ' 'Cain. ayxuy mnjiuic m cac iy> inbleojum. guri ab pap. t>e -DO fvep.. ocuf namcrD tojeimuc. conutfi amuij fio bee m ceqitifi aca hufinuigi. cinnup becari . ai. ocuf tidinaT) log ennuch. . .1.1.u^. -DO cec^un. aijne) pia-ou. -oon each ij* mbteogum imma achgabait a^x a cuinngichefi m 111 oca T>lij. r>ona cabaific a poT lu T' pecc ^Ofipb. Off If Ij acgabata. T>li5cec a cuccan. M cecyiuin.i nnpenuT).1. ocuf patntiifi . ic ocuf TIUITJITJ. 7 / ^'P" r ti [CC poxtu cniaun 1 cecnuix. 'Call naiT>rn ocuf en fie. mTinuigi bif in cecrtun. -Senchur 111 on. .. pa'onaife -pecheman fx>fiup bufinuitie no cunicro afi m Diatnbii) V>5einec].1. cjfce ab . cain-sitte (. yrt/f. gen bia. .

is Mr! respecting him who worthy. the taking of the distress from a debtor. or according to him whom it i. and keep it there during the period of delay in pound.e. To settles or regulates i. according to him for whom it Brehon. i. how it is is it brought out without fodder. who has honor-price. to drive it out.e.e.e. the lawful to settle with. and he may bring it to his own pound at once. i. whether the distress be great or small. one of the seven pounds. awaiting it at the pound of the The '' Vf-JL 7 the plaintiff is not obliged to have any one with him at plaintiff. three persons carry it to Three carry it the four persons who are outside. the four are awaiting it. w-hat are the three kinds of render the distress that which is the kinsthings that thrnfi i.5" plaintiff. the proper driving. settle them. a witness. a witness. and during the period of forfeiture.e. a plaintiff.e. by which is sought due of the kinsman. "ff&'V Ufflbl ' How fourpersons. is is lawful to decide respecting them. how is it driven out? i.e. witness. or a notice of the third word. the liability of the debtor to serve notice t*> is a kinsman. With surety and Three are at the carrying off of the distress. until it be- come all forfeited. or these four persons may be on the road outside awaiting it. w* ? . 289 DISTRESS. three drive it out to three driving out to four. Driving. a contract-binder.e. and four awaiting it at the pound of the plaintiff. i. for every one who is a kinsman on the tribe. to take it . hostage. v . a kinsman Uraaght ? out to four persons. sought back? By worthiness.e. v"' . the plaintiff.e. how is the notice brought? i. '.e.e. by the into a pound. bring notice of i. . i. a plaintiff. and a witness who has honor-price .e.e. and a hostage. I ask.e. i.e. to bring it i. and the three persons carry the distress out. i. With lawful pledges. it i. if he himself knows how i. The plaintiff may price to his own pound. ( jjfa j third word.e. a pleading advocate. four persons are. according to What are the three things by which the distress from man is made three-fold? i. is lawful. i.Tf \Z^. without food? i. it into a lawful pound brought. i.e. and is bring a portion of the distress equal to his own honorso much of it as exceeds the value of his to honor-price four persons who were awaiting be brought to one of the seven greens.e. to it. it is a notice by the track of the cattle. Three carrying off. go forth to meet it at one u . i. right. how is the C-t.e. i.SENCHUS MOE. pound. a law-agent.e. it is he that every question o! off Every one has ju-r a right to deny. i.e.e. with the proper securities which are required for it of sureties and contnu-t-liindcrs. spec i ng t? i.e. How is i is it kept? i. effectual plan. to deny the debt him. ^ i. i. is it How is notice given rei. a distraining advocate. a pledgeman (that is an advocate).e. and the it within. a-tote-rcckening.e. a witness who has honor-price.e. notice.e.e. a plaintiff. a witness. n< the distress of the How ^iinntdh' i. a surety. is it carried off? i. UUM CvMM A A pledgeman. the Brehon. and a hoetagc .

. ma mo muig ocuf tall ann fin. Cucfimur a hajgabala DO jabail i naoen ac^abail DO inbleosum. ma acgabala fo. ocuf m tfiiafi fio bui aca DO fiith fiia. paDmnfi Dama log emiuc. aiiatll. ocuf a tnbfieit \ie fo^iuf DO na feet log emnic in feceamim toicheDa. if a log emiucb butiem no bfieic Don fechemum coichetia fie fOfiUf buiiem tub. if amluiD gabcun. coxuil. .f uib. mo inait cuic ocuf o DO fioDa aimfiuji lobta. ocuflno foifeD. if a mb^iet fie fofuif Donu feet fofiftnb cujinb ann lulntf. ocuf m ceqitifi 11111115 acu hufinuige. -Sencliiip TYloji.1. cfiiafi mbleogum. . uaifi biat> DI ocuf o tiucfiuf ainifiufi lobta.290 DISTRESS. i. ocuf nafcuifie DamaD log eimuch. cu cucxuft a coiclie-6 ocuf cu |io gabuyi argabail De a fame uaifie. no citi Itiga. ocuf fiaic Damai) log emiuch. fcac laithe aicenta. ocuf fechi-um coicheDa. CIT> moa. io Ocuf if arnluiT) gabup.1. clrnl a p. co amifi ji lobta fin if log cuic fee DO Dtil alobuD aft . lobta. ocuf na cuic feme ocuf in emeaclumn fuil uaDa a lecfin eluiDe. no cumcro he no DechfaD a lobaD. letemiuch m m . nochu gab'uft acgabail DC lumpa cen a coicheD. ocuf DiabluD full uati a lecfin eluiDe. . ocuf abet ann cu a aimfip.et1ieiiiun coicheDa. Ocuf mafa mo adigabail inu log eimuch ui f. buacmll oca conheD. Ocuf if ann bit m ceciiuft amuig afi claD feftumn %>'mbiuDbuiD. cucyiumuf na hatgina cuna Diablut) DO gabail i naoen argabatl DO cmcuch ocuf noch 5abu\i arsabaillnn na CUIG fectnli na nn in eneclunD. a a pofiuf DO na feet fojifuib. 1 T m "Do foxlu cynauft DO ceifaifi. oct f ep'oe if uileacui^_Do cmcae. Ocuf muna mo m atsabail 1 Commofi a lobaD ^ lrl emiuc amain af. ti'if toicheDa mufa feoit. Ocuf af ajiaDa fin. gabail arhgabala De a fain uaifie cen a coicheD. ocuf log eimuch mdit cuic feoit. cu fioifitna cuic feoit Deisgmucha.1. moififeifiuft DO beic ctja gabail.J ^ Wt-ir . . ocuf aigne fiiifninnle imuig ocuf fia-onuifi DamaD log emiuc. ocuf aigne roxuil. no cu fioifeD a cine feoit Deigmuch. m Cm cuic feoic bef ann. ocuf a mbia taifiif aji T>O bfieic tie achgabail inbleogum aca m f ofitif Don feet f op. . if a bfieit Don fecheamam fte fojuif buDein. if cuic feoit DO Dul 1 lobaD Don athsabail ayi each laite naicenta.

i.' then five 'seds' shall become forfeited of the distress every natural day. who &W^ p 3- These four remain outside on the fence of the defendant's land. after the time of forbe greater than five ' seds. not to be distrained without having been sued. this is another version.e. the honor-price only that becomes forfeited first. half the amount U 2 . i. and a distraining advocate . Seven persons are engaged in the taking of it . be exactly five 'seds' or less . and when the ' time of forfeiture has arrived. The equivalent of the restitution is to be taken in one is to distress . equivalent of the restitution. till shall attend that accumulate upon it. the plaintiff. debtor and from the kinsman. three for carrying it off. if more. outside are the jttdgjnBt advocate and a witness who has honor-price. rpfltrirtiftflM are. but no distress is taken for the five 'seds' or for the honor-price. 291 are they of the seven pounds. and these four are outside awaiting it (the distress). It is upon the distress from a kinsman these the And this is the way in which these distresses are taken . and the three persons who had driven it out. until it reaches the five last ' seds.e. and keep it there until the time of forfeiture arrives. and this is the full amount from tho for the double which is due of him for absconding. Three carry it out to four. with its double. the plaintiff is to bring it to his own house. is to be seized in one distress from the debtor. and a surety who has honor-price. i. the manner in which the distress from the kinsman is taken. the value of five seds ' of it shall be- in this case. if it (the distress) to be brought into one of the seven pounds.SEKCHUS MOB.' and the honor-price greater than five 'seds. And if the distress is of greater value than the honor-price of the plaintiff. two men it shall is. who give notice of it to tJie defendant.e. unless he has been sued and distrained at different times. the plaintiff is to carry the value of his own honor-price out of them to his own pound. for two herdsmen the time of forfeiture . and the wages of to tend it. he .' and when it reaches these. and what remains over and above is to be brought to one of . DISTRESS. a~e<Mitract-bimler who has honor-price. be distrained at a different time without his being sued ' but absconding. The forfeitures withiu and without are equally great or it is And if the distress is not of greater value than the honor-price of the plaintiff. they are to be brought into one of the seven pounds. a witness for the five seds. come forfeited every natural day.' and the honor-price due of him for he is has honor-price.' last ' seds and these are it Whether the seven pounds. until it reaches the five feiture arrived. where they become forfeited.

mcroa lencayx ciaJTitifi.1. ocuf foigetc ocuf blec T>O r>o r>\il i ocuf cute feotc lobuti -01. a cint> 1 ^ofitif inalt m . ^ TDuna mo atgabatl ma cuic feoic. ttiayi -oe co lei|x no co La cef c T>O ai^eaclica in atfiecc. 1T1una mo bfieic fie fojauf yiit fiia. no cu fua na cuic feorc -oegmucha T>1 in q\iai\ cecnu 7>a hitnam. fofiuf aifiech foifigill. tae co ti-aiT>ce. m co ntiec i tia bmium. ocuf Tllo m cetfiufi cecna aca nufinuije ac fie fie DO na fecc pojifib.1. nacefcaeite anun-o T>o \iey.1. tf e fo 5111111 fnif n-Dectnroun. cu nTiecunb 1 loba* uile i. . .e ~oia. paT)iiaife) gixati if in ai|iecc in O tefccnb co^iaib cen^un. ocuf o no fioific. cioguii aon if lef cefc -oon sfvanaib bro if jve ce^cif (. if fe fo op. ocuf pofuif Sfiaif) fecca m po|\uf fin. ocuf a bfjuil letemiuc m fecliemun coiclietia if a bfieit fie pofiuf no na fecc foififib fofiuf Oltaman fjofiuf Ofiettemun fofiuf aifiech ecifi "oct efug no a ecifi. ocuf m c^iaii iao bui aca coxut cjimufi cecnu TJO b^eic a fmfc anum). no Tieacfatn tobai>. . if a bfieic fie f ofiuf -DO nu f ecc fofifib cufitib ann tobuf curnat) e Mo m lo emec amain a\i T)Uf . SencfiUf TTIofV fechemtin coicnena t>o bfieit fie fOfiuf bunem. . ocu^ m cetiatifi cemu -oa hutintuse a poyxtif T>O nu ipecc pofifiB. ' . -DO -Difiitii an vofuif ^etem. ocuf a bet ann lobut uile. -oon 5111111 fliif i i i ciajiT> if T>e aifne-oit). T>lij. teifi. ocuf m6 log enec na cuic feoic. afi . if a fem huile fo cecoifi. "Do coin. f ofitif afiech : . fofitif aifiec cuif e. no cu i/fioifet na cuic feoit.Tiu an uafil I6p.1. m '<> no nu fecc ipojipb.1. TJO gabait na acTigab'ala. . .1. m achgabdil ann fin na na cuic feoic. ocuf a bet ann fie fie lae cu nonoce. pc ocuf occ. Ocuf pon lee aijvoe aca in ccc^abait iciji aniuig ocuf cault. T>o fien. o na cefcuib btf amuic. "Do nasuiT). . i m m6 rt& cuic feoic ma lencan. a . ofi-o wfia. Ocuf qata^ cectm T)a imam ocuf in cet^uyx cecna fio bui aca hufintnge aniutj TIO -out cufxabutr.. ocuf log emiucn fum. f ofiuf afiech nef a. coip. octif T>a pogelc octif -DO btec T>O flic jua.1. ' ind tog emec in fechemun coicneT>a in argabail. tiegincha. 7|il.1. f aifin.. coifi. -01 afi cac tati naicenca no co cecna fiia na cute feoic 7)6511100110 ocuf 6 fio fia.292 DISTRESS.

then the same three persons are are to await it at one of the it. the pound of the Aire-itir-da-aire or the : Aire-itir. the pound of the Aire-ard. ' the same three persons are to drive are to await it in one of the seven .SENCHUS MOR.' ' If the distress do not exceed five seds. and five seds of it shall become forfeited every natural day up to the five last 'seds' and when it reaches to these. and what is over and ahove half the honor-price of the plaintiff is to be carried to one of the seven pounds these are the pound of the Ollamh. i. ^^ reaches these. by it witness i. until it Ir. they go with testimony.e. &c.. to drive value than five ' seds. until it all becomes forfeited. run into forfeiture. is is right.fWV /_'' ' .' is and the honor-price be of greater value than five ' seds.J C.e. and the same three persons who made the distress and drove it out. and shall incur total forfeiture.e. be entirely or sufficiently followed. feeding and tending is in inequality between the defendant and the to And the distress 1 plaintiff. three who are to drive it.e. di. to take the to do which they came. this is the order of the noble law according to justice. plaintiff. there it it is to be brought to one of the seven pounds. came fO . the <. i. the pound of the Brehon. from the witnesses who are outside. given to the grades who a witness of the grades in the is court to take it. this the deed which they i.ltsti\iin'-d it pound of the Aire-forgaill.e. it is may come before the grades of the court. until it reaches the five last seds. They go from proper To the deed to do. i. are to bring notice of it over is to the defendant. and it shall remain there for a period of one day and one night. the other witnesses pass over according to what i. " Do drini cin furua Ttf. they tell of the deed which they came to do. If the distress be not of greater value than the honor-price of the he is to bring it all to his own pound at once. and a two-fold expense of accumulate upon it. and expense ' ' of feeding and tending shall accumulate upon it. and the same four And the same who were outside awaiting it are to go and meet it at one of the seven pounds . ~J- " .-'. with- reaches the last five it. and it shall remain there for a period and this pound is to be one belonging until it all becomes forfeited Or the honor-price only shall first to a man of the seven grades.' and when it . witnesses. By the evidence of which people Le. if it This io w is the proper order of the noble law.' and the honor-price of the plaintiff is of greater of it . are in the court.e. pounds. the pound of the Aire-tuse. 293 - Dl of the honor-price of the plaintiffis to be carried to his own pound. The distress in this case exceeds five 'seds.e. i.' the case similar. be fully folif it e d. and the same four persons seven pounds . the pound of the Aire-desa. ' seds ' of it and the same four persons of a day and a night.

no 05 a gpati bef waifti.1. if e fo ap. t1 ccomunfo na ncifomyuTi. octif . i TTluna f.ei>i.c 30. a fupfaema. TTlun fagbaptie ap cornto no anaifcif) fetem ifo. no rxeii\ coip.eeem eoichet)a a peichem naf cinbleogin. . .">i]> a cuma . -peceni Z. O'fy <)5 a T>O ecunnu ocu f "i caigne cram?. la caob in rp.1.1. nanmunna . ace co po gabao no taim hepic a inntitige T>'IC. tThinab nechcafi if tuliuf -oo TOO mbe oga. Ttt6]i.1. ocuf an mbaro bif feichem 3o eoiclieT)a bef aifli [05 a conigpafi] 5111 iaf ace. afi paiiin. coinapti. cjvebuine. |* compile. TTlafa eatfecha fuaip bi-Dburo no m f. -DO aifnef a cotnglmne a cerm coingiUe -con brieirem. ocuf o gaburo pi>e ap conilo m no a comapt). no if fo nua veteman brobmt) ma no iaf ache.tipf.eictiem ' no anaifct inbleo- ITS. an laacha ocuf a)i if Km v'nn. . fla peeeman -oa n-oenuiT) in'oligei) 05 eagpa. "Oa gne ap a cuinngichep f^p at) gaipcep. .1. .1. a ia . mi'.33 *tnafa eaifeca fecliem comapT). 269G. criebuip. C.j.1. mla TTlunab ^ec ciiec. ocuf noca nuil ni cen co tnccuiptep.OC oca aji 5nu'o.etem bef comapT) pinfin f efcemuin bef Tttigtec T>6f om oc cecca|i "oe.1. octif f. 'F eceri1 cm cub iaface 7>o [pte]. otegup a oiccup. -DO yiefv -olisro. na po iccap m upam bef iT)ip -oa eneclamn cif> laface C. ln ciiian cobac T>O mgtie casna o antiu-6 co oitu*.294 s - -Senchuf . Veuem if liaci in ! vo mia petchetnan pn'ff" 06 peceman pnefciTicheri asm n fa T. t 1 Three things. ni cmnce|i. ' gop. % cmc feoic inn 50 gabait aeh5abala"T)on (i.1. f. ixarliuib. t)e.1. m m f. f if ion fo if fian fo ap. T>aib. ocuf pogeib a pecem naf -puctip^m embleogtnn pecem eoidieT>a ap comlo. .aeinar). See pa. If ?? 1 5 uit1 ic > octif T)itcup m fecemun. cm lafacc gen gub iaf ace T>O . 1f mine cumnegup comup-D f unn. 2606. oca |?iaT>naif e. tilegup a f. where they are enumerated (U <Hn/ O^vKr Co .agba ap comlo no n-aifcii> peichem cowapT). as|iafa. eoichena. anaifci-6.erem comapT) a n-inbai-& bif a coingpao no gpa-o bef uaifte as[a] ctgpa.. ob po T)om bef i 05111) // o an+## M <q*9*d/ !(.

" from JL 3lf. and that an advocate of the same rank with the law agent which it is right for him to have.e. i.e. and our witnesses. If the law agent they have provided. "these are our securities. be regulated according If lie be pi'ocured for a fee or there is lent." 295 i." Witnesses. or it will be accordif If it be not for a no rule ing to the rank of the defendant's law agent as he were procured to his services if for a fee or lent.e. he must be accepted. defendant must be according to i. and our i. to be divided equally between Mm and the distraining advocate. i.e. it right to accept him. or when a pleader of higher rank is required from one of the same grade without being borrowed.e." i. from the kinsman. that the dtfforonec between the honorprice of the two law agents need not be paid. . "these are the contract-binders.SENCHUS MOB. of their 'Coingille. and though_hejs_not dismissed there is nothing for it.e.e. for a fee or gratis. is not of equal rank. his law agent sooner than the plainhas tiff. and the plaintiff provided for a fee or gratis a law agent of ' ' seds for it until the distress is taken are five there equal rank. suing.e.' by right of their securities DISTRESS. they are according to law. If the plaintiff has provided his law agent sooner than the defendant or the kinsman. is required of each of them.'' i. Guarantees.ttrpaysient. in addition to their pledge to the Brehon. have provided for a fee or gratis. should they be guilty of illegality in pleading. sureties. and the plaintiff's law agent is dismissed. or from one of a higher grade. according to justice. of defendant.e. to deliver their sureties. thou shall provide another to sue is me. By right i. // the one-third which the pleader entitled to in respect of the distress stay. '-these are our guarantees. a law agent of equal rank. If the kinsman has provided If the law agent he has provided for a fee or gratis is not of equal rank.e. whether borrowed or not borrowed by him. provided they engage to suit therefrom. fine of any illegality that may is pay the sued ' eric '- That is there are two ways in which a man who is may seek a law agent of equal rank when one of the same grade or higher grade is suing him. If it be in neither of those ways. things. it shall is to the rank of the law agent who fee. he is to be dismissed. these are our witnesses. the rank of that of the plaintiff. I "according to the rank of the law h**-pnmctol is to sue thee. the two latter. testimony properly along with the three 1 i. whether he borrows him or does not . lift The law agent provided by agent that i. The reason that law agents of equal rank are sought here is. fixed. and when they. he his entitled he happens to have him.

1. in achsabait -DO . .1. TO cenn cae am. piachaib. Ni naT> .o gabati coma cuattung a Cl * a puii>ttt itnupvp. gup. .1. N a pfiecech.1. emapca na at. oama to enach. ip ^lupiie cai^pencari puoDacn na achsab'dta. owi*WW* 7 pus a taim ancai^ in ci nac cuimgec piigitt pecemmnp cafi a cenn.inT> puijitt piadi cap. Na i ci . otepDa -oe ion. ab flare T>a 5un. . Ocup imiT)cecnc. cup. pip. a ceite. - ctialuingj ruataing ptan octip pjiecech mp g Nip puipig iia-D seatta. 51171 ab oartein.1. . . cap. Pofitif. . net bi T>iruira.1. noca cmmsec a pn\ pjnairim afi ana an. Nip puigli nn-o 0151 5 nnn. ^ cu 1-5 ben a p.nuc peyibup oc aip.abpaT>naip ponfib. noca cuimsec puitiilt pecemnuip TX> gab'ait 7)071 UsifWv a can") in ct nac atgeoin r***' 7 mjifi geabcari in achgabait. ace fcrup.a.cap cenn neic eite. co cec1 ' eenian. DO 11 pec Ma pechem.e pe nanco na achgabata m ci na cabutn.. ni CIT> ipte. Conroe.cmn. ptan can. iap. cii> pena -oUipcan.1.1. tnunab .1. . amach m achgabait. nnina pepqi taip vein. -pr^r i cmncep. 11 t4u* *** afi ana an. m Nip vua-oai.1.1.napc.1. aqia. T>O benafi ai . N a p at>Na vopV' cu|iab poriuy' petem po mm pecem. ^^ t)ipoy. .o. . DISTRESS. eneac. riaich. 1TI [11o Tiono. oe. -1.1. rofinapc na-01 puir>ti.1. 110 m achgab'ttit a noca pui'ote.uiche y-ein . pn in i\aic. <U nac curnigec a pp. ptan. -1. mapca-D ai.ain bip eap.1.1. t HA. -DO ben. a cenT> biroem. . ni cuimgec a pip uipech p. 11 ip fc ^^4. .1. cro turo cro pena otepcayi 7)e. . .Seticrinp 1716] i. "oa gab'mt. . munab cuatnig e bfiecemticnp mme. N a bi m epoch . u VU1 5^ 1 na efiseouin. munab etacli ma ponaim a taim cinca. . na cainjne pop^ conm]i pmgitt ainicln. a cenn pep m \ie pin a taim m peicheman coicne-Da. . cit> uaipti 0'1X~L32. V ecnll] n) oc 1" Vi up. . geatta in ci cuimsec e geatt -DO cabaipc can. a ceiTo gmm p. T>a ma to . cm curpamia t" a f ppia peichitmipum. .1. Ppececli. UT> catt a tairii cincaifi. if t)a fieri "DO befiaii ae a cae cen niaii-o cen 11110.biup.1.1.1.] bi ooppp. in T>a einiuctunT> tia pecheiiiuti -010 tvoep. CIT> peic ' 1 Seven pounds. See page ^93. cenn a pine. m m m . if -oa riep.t>i cm fio ipti mi aijnep.ai\ ai a cae cen inann cen mm. . a)\ cec pecem . noca ci nach comoij. cuinjf&fiuni pechuim bep cotnajvo ppjp. a cenn cap cenn in gitl pin.1.1.1. . nac cuimgec puiwtt poch popba anca.1. ^ ~ ' ' Ulapa coimgec plan ocup ppecech^op geib gem cob cualing a cii> e a tan otiget).1.!(. ta broba. geatt cap.a otegup.1. in up. Vat)ach.1. gin po aip.ub . ponaitim na adigabala. nac ap p. . gan -out -oo conaifTpop. Pip. ma to enech. T:a5p. no na bi ige tia .c.

SENCHUS MOR.
Or
else,

297

DISTRESS. indeed, whether the suitor's law agent be equal to, or lower, or higher than that of the defendant, the defendant need not seek a law agent of the same rank, if lie does not wish it himself,

but shall pay the difference between the honor-prices of the two

law agents
less

if

they commit any

Wrrrrerer in pleading.

Let not the surety be inferior
worth than
this, i.e.

to this, i.e. let not the surety be lower, or of The witthat he be a surety that has honor-price.

Pound, i.e. that it nesses, i.e. that they be witnesses that have honor-price. be a pound of the seven pounds. 1 Law agent, i.e. that he be a law agent of the same rank, i.e. that has honor-price. By whom it is levied, i.e. by whom
it is

determined to take the
i.e. it

distress.
is

Carrying away,
off, i.e.

by them
it is

it

is

shown that the

distress

was

carried

/

471)

t-tV)'^^
f^,4it 'bru&b
lj?

that

it is

according to them

carried on the

Guarding, i.e. it is according to them it is food. Pound, i.e. it is according to them it is
i.e.

way without fodder or food. brought on the way without fodder or

C&i,

carried into a lawful pound. Notice, according to them a notice of it is given. Are required, i.e. for a law He cannot carry off, i.e. carry the distress out. agent ^oes to take it. is not able to bind, i.e. the person who is not able truly to bind the distress,
it is
i.e.

Who
it

unless he

is

able to detain
of the debtor.

it

in the

hand

of the debtor,
is

i.e.

to detain

on

stay in the

hand
i.e.

He cannot bind who
it

judgment,

he cannot truly bind
is

debtor, unless he

a person

W

on stay with notice an npinmp_.m *"V^_ "l'l"^o_giy^
i.e.

not able to pass in the hand of the
,

a- ;>, 'inyfulnt;;.

.

It

"A/Of IJ<

He cannot
an opinion
distress
self.
is

pass judgment unless he can distinguish,
the person

i.e.

he cannot give

as to its lawfulness,

who

does not distinguish
i.e.

how

the

taken.

Who

is
i.e.

not able to give security,

security for
i.e.

him-

Or gtt*ta-t*,

for another person, i.e. for his tribe,

afterwards.

If he (the plaintiff's law agent)
antee, he can take
it (the distress)

judgment

; though it account until he is able to pass judgment. But though he may be able to pass judgment, unless he his able to give security and .guarhe cannot take it.

is able to give security and guareven though he is not able to pass be his full right, he cannot take it on that

He cannot
defendant,
i.e.

-bind unless he give a pledge,

i.e.

this

is

the case of the

he cannot detain the distress during the period of stay, unless he He cannot give a pledge for it during that time into the hand of the plaintiff. give a pledge unless he pass judgment, i.e. he is not able to give a pledge
for the person
if

at the end of the stay,

he cannot give judgment of debts for that pledge, or the distress i.e. unless he is able to pronounce judgment respecting it.

He cannot
deed,
of
i.e.

pass judgment of debt unless he can complete the
is

he

to complete the deed

not able to pass judgment of debts for the person if he is not able due respecting it. f t r u e d e b t s, i.e. whatever debts are due

him

in truth,
it

i.e.

though

be denial that

whether proof or denial is required of him. Guarantee, i.e. P 1 e a d i n g, i.e. for every one, i.e. without is due of him.

For going, i.e. to the house being too high or too low as to his pleading. of settlement, i.e. the house of the Brehon. To settle the contract, i.e. for
SPttling the cause, or contract

Si^t^C\

-fnolj

according to a certain path of judgment, with-

f

298
DISTRESS.

Senchtif
n,efve
ai

Imuaim
cinne
tnuine

bfiecemam, gen

n,o

bfieehetnan, ifle, gen no

.1.

a n-em

umm pn

annul uf
.1. .1.

n.ian. i>o

ain/oe.

Co -oicem) m,
coin,

co ci

anbul

na

na

caingne.

Ocuf "oilmtnne cac
coic1iet>a -DO n.ep, coin.

co |io t>ila

Tie hi t>on

pechemain

TV*)
/ 2^6- >&/

f rMn

ami r anua r' pare

ari "

r.1.

1?afc in-on-tnc inableogum,
bteoguin gen

pafc ac1ij;abala

T>O

bjieit 7)0
ij^

m-

airnpm

icip, aft.

na p.ochcam amach an inbanb

achgabaiL

,.

culla i. 'gen ana-o icip,, .1. ace a b]ieic po cecoiix, .1. -out -oa inmpti oon inbleogum an, innfiucup 5011 cai|vipni icifi an inbaiT> 1^ achgabail 10 cutla, .1. ace anca -oecbifie, .1. ace na fa.fc Don tn.ep bfiecTun..
ai>ca T>ecbijii

a Defiim pj^ana.

.1.

|ie yie

CCccj cupbuit) no oeyiba'Da.

T)iomca|x cu|xbuiT),
ann'po,
'._!"
>s~bet.
.1.

Mo
.1.

.1. yiaicen, no aif-nettjchen, na cufibtiTO. fo IOD pTie. 'Cuba floij fo men'oa-o, .1. comichij -DO cuiT>ecc pon miaiiaic, ^xin aic ma mmnach fie^ necb7 1ap.mo|vacc cn.uiT>, .1. vat a n-ia]\rnoi|iacc 111 cfiui cic 1^ m cjvich.

IT>

icro

coibt)ena,
'

.1.

co n-ian,moifiacc in

cp,ui,
.1.

.1.

co cuicen..

Mo

gabala,

/"ff

a to, .1. na artigabala. in C1 "Qvi v ua r5 a ^ a *'
tnuni'ocin.e
10

No

CITTHTH,

Tiut T>O gabail

na

cimei) no -oa

(xpgcnfl(no uaifin^iy

can, ty tn
D'a^fca'o

ai-6ci.

No vn^

con^ta

i

nmlicfiTii,

-!

no out

cam
in

tua7)U]p

uaiT) in ailithfii

a
.1.

cin, aile.
.1.

Mo
tmj

a pn. mumncifie congi comna, .1. -DO neoch

can ip concabayicac

bafp,
1

on

111

ip conimenT)a, aicnem.

Mo tega

T>O

neoch bfp-p vi11

cunncabaiicac bai^ gac m Tub pn tute, .1. mn, ciaccam -DO gab'utl na achgab'aUi cecniumg na i^necbifie pn uile. Mo bn.ec Txoja conT>ecbin,e, .1. |xaba T>O bn,eic oon
ci

can iy noma, cingt iayi e ocu^ if cnet> |vo peTv a'6 atn- 1f cun.baiT> TIO neoc

bap

Dtegun,

pn

m

bif a n7>ecbin,itip

.1.

TJirtJoilpjc, if

cujxba

T>O.

TTIaf T>itCnilfec |vti5a in fioba, flan aft
if Ian ap, f eft, n achgabata.

md

fiiaf

a fioga, ocuf

TTIaf -DO Tiitfec ftucai)
c

m

p,obat>,

ocuf
ctiic

cmnn

co cafifiupoa, if
f.efi

Diem

-oon ci fiiaf fui^cro,

ocuf

feoic T>O

na achja-

bala.

Ih'k

9lCl

j

TTlafa conticabaific
-DO pep,

m

cafifiufDa fona cafifiufDa, if
fviafa yxtica

pach

tie ocvtf coniaif^lecci T>on ci ocuf comai
;

m

iiobar),

ocuf cuic

na a
T)O cecn,uib,
.1.

gen -oiceall
o.

oon

mmUnb. S etl
.1.

'oiceatl,

if coin, t>oib pt>e.

T)o pon.cucn

T>O T)Uinib,

T>O po|vcaifi in cn,uiT>

SENCHUS MOR.
out going from one path to another.

299
to the decision of

According

the

Dis-rr.rss.

Brehon,

i.e.

in perfect unison

with the rule of the Brehon, without being too

low or too high. Until the suit be finished, i.e. until the contract or covenant is determined. And payment properly made, i.e. until the debt
arising thereon be paid to the plaintiff according to justice.

The preceding relates to driving, what follows here relates to notice.

The lawful notice

to the

kinsman,

i.e.

notice of the distress
it

is

to be

brought to the kinsman without any delay whatsoever after when it is an immediate distress. Is to have no delay,
at once, Le. to go

has been carried out

i.e. it

must be brought

when
which

it is

the kinsman, for his worthiness, without any delay, an immediate distress, Le. but there must be notice of the third word.
tell of it to

and

Except the lawful occasion
I

mention down here,

i.e.

mentioned.

The exemptions are These are they,
Le.
i-e.

delay, Le. except the necessary delays the periods of exemption or of pcoef. here set down, i.e. the exemptions are stated or

of

upon the house,
house ('mianait'),
abide.

Pursuit of cattle,

the territory.

Or

('mianach') going in pursuit of the cattle which come into a party, Le. hi pursuit of cattle, i.e. with five. Or the
i.e.

Le. here they are. The attack of a host a neighbouring host coming to make an attack upon the upon the place ('ait') where one likes to

in the day, i.e. the distress. to go Or'yt prisoner/i.e. ransom -hrniAe. the person who commits an ac"t of plundering or depredation in the night?^ Or a member of a tribe having gone on a pilgrimage, i.e. to go to detain one of the of the
i.e.

seizure of cattle, to take^ prisone^or

to

who

has gone upon a pilgrimage into another country. communion, i.e. for one who is in danger of death, i.e.

Or
it is

family to

person

obtain the
com-

derived from

mendo,

I

death,

Le. he

danger of
tress.

of have a physician brought him then, or when he is in death from a wound inflicted on him. All these things are exemptions
is

commit.

Or

a

physician for

a

person on the point

entitled to

to a person, i.e.

Or
is

when all these necessities happen after the arrival to take the disto give notice of necessity, i.e. to give notice to the person
it is

who

in necessity, i.e. to a guiltless person,

exemption to bun.

If

it is

to

a

guilt^person
it

the notice

is

given, thj-i8-uiLfiiie-en
is full fine

the person by whom owner of the distress.
If the

was brought, and there

to the

tain that he

warning has been given to a guiltlsp* person, and would have been taken, there is a fine of

it is

cer-

the person by the distress.
If

whom

it

was given, and

sheltering on five 'seds' to the owner of

it is

it be doubtful whether he would or would not have been taken a fine of guardianship and advice to the person by whom the ' warning was given, and five seds to the owner of the distress.
'

Carrying
the cattle.

off of cattle

without concealment,
i.e.

Without concealment,
it,
i.e.

this

is

Le. of the carrying off of Persons right for them.

swear to

to attest that the carcasses

of the

cattle

were heaped on the

300
DISTRESS, pop,

SencJiuf
in
"DO

17%.
na nech
pip,
11ft

na catpUb, .1. cucchap, enectann
111151

m

biy 05 pificuiT>e
if*

neoch

in ni

bip 05
5p.at>

na colla; mcgm gacu

ap,ann,

.1.

f.\.

-DO mnai biy pp.1 uaichne, pp,ichatum na mna bip uaicne pp,i 1-ona, .1. in ben cijeyuia; if* cup,bui-& t>o. Comp,uich pp,i nech btp co catmi] Tie, .1. comp.och gal -DO -oenani pep m ci an, mbi in calmuroecc yio buii) an, Pecngna; bennacc ayx anamuin Peccnai). Co calmtinbe, .1.
cro gmiTichen,

m

coUin-o.

Cuinge

mna

map,b cp.u-6, .1. pip, m map,b cp.u-6, .1. 1 bey coniaip -oia lut>aT> m can
fe^i
1

in

-out TJO iapp.a

mna

-oo

1

comp5flictim

TJO pyvi

nee biy ocuy
\:ulLa.

aiT>e

vTUf'" calmain; bennacc an, an.1. cmmn.ech m oume nun,, incaib na T>aim cen,c, .1-

ipmam pecgna.
T7"i>-?2. (fr
aifienac
i.
1

Cmb^ecli -Da^acncaiT),
'Jeatt
T>O

.1.

po cabuyi inTituige

in

aluf ca-p, cenn enaig m mitgey T>li5cecn, .1. in caitgey Titigtec, ct na T>amann -olijeT) no ion, cabaip,c ait,5e|xx aiyv; iy f,iy> icaf. Tiiy .1. in cainci, no com e m pie1nj;en,c bfiuchcan, .1. 05 b]\uic m neich my cam T>O Uiyaib ocuy co eolu^uib TJO neoch bip a ngalutx, .1. 130 nee biy

m

'Cofach tia De^bai^e,
,

.1.

cu^bait) -ptmf, ocuf Tieiibati fo
.

to ii*0
{r

.1. aieheop.ach eT>uiT>, .1. lee ,. bip pip T>e oic bip a bp.ac. Ctaedito aipm no e-oai-o, .1. p.e nech eite, aQiip.i'o u> bep 050 -oenum, ip -oepbaT) po. 01 -0156, .1. 1-p -oepoa-6 T>O nee in conia-o
,

a.
'

bep 05 a ol, .1. na ann uipcnb. CCicep,opch -olui n-appa .1. [m oip,iuc] bep in clepech 05 aeliappach -olui n-a apa no cupan, .1. [-otui O'D. 137. cui5e biup] bip ecuppu ocup a bp,05 in can bip -DO cun.au 051-0 toe, .1. 05 ? O'D. 137. -out ap, m gopx [ip m pojjmap] tp -oepba-D -DO. 5 c( t)a ''' cuipc T>O pep, O'D. 137.ut'VTle P ca VP-'P imbi cope, .1. 05^ ep,iT> bep aj congbait na -0151 cu-j ' fV^T "i V^V- ^'P P m weptmT) ay; epir> bicliep, ca ce5tipc; ocup CTO ben ip Oti/ftt niiiuit Cach -Den.bai-6,"cach cupbai-6, .1. 5up na -oecbip.1 pin biap. VU>YIV -DO bee aip, i-oip, bee ocup mop,, lap, nth a [.i.] pa T)ia, na egutpi; 1

Ocup -oume,
30.1.

pxncen.

110

p,ep, cin,c tap,

"D torn cap pi a -6 ppit> coniToe, pia-oam 0151 pia cac com-Decbin,iup T>ibpen -oo aipneiTjcep, cae coip.; no ariiait ip coin, -DO pep, ape, .1. aon pia-6ain 05 na
.1.

na

cuaichi.

am

achsabalaib, ocup 05 na cupabaib.
TTlanai-D -piatm
piabi-oapc na

ann, a -out

cu-|ibaiT) pin

pem T>O canmll piem poitlpi, co ann, ocup na piaTJum -oiatepcu-6 iap,ram.

jsTDuna
1,
c,

piabiT>api

ocup nee
-01015

ina

pia-6m ann, a mil -pem t>o cammtl piem mbi lo enach na cuic peoic ara a nembpt.ec a co pvoib in c|ibai-6 ann ip plan -DO.
t>ia
;

mn

i

ii\

V

1fi/

'O'D. 137,
13ti '

WATN^'

T)on pechenium coiche-oa can papc [TlTap int>T)ecbipit]p poT)epia cuic Tla nargabala T>O bpieic, peoic -DO mbleogum 1 nem mbp^ec

^ in

paipcc; ocup

m

cec pogelc, na btec, na lobu-o

ma

cent)

no cu

1 See a very distinguished man. Fethyna. He was Bishop of Armagh, and Annals of Four Masters, A.D. 849, 857, 872. This gloss was .probably written soon

after his death in the last

named

year.

SENCHUS MOR.
horses,

301

i.e. the thing which is heaped on the horses, the dead cattle, i.e. it is true DISTRESS. that honor-price is given to one for that which the owner of the horses has, viz., tin.- carca>.sc-s of the cattle, i.e. there must be be proof of the delivery of the car.

he must make restitution as for

theft, i.e.

-M2Ifid_the_delivejgLof the carcass. Seeking a labour, Le. to go to seek a midwife to attend a
labour,
i.e.

for the
i.e.

gentlewoman;
to

it is

an epileptic,
disease
relief

when a person of competent rank has midwife for a woman in woman who has the pains of an exemption to him. Struggling with
the

make

a struggle with a person afflicted with
of

same
i.e.

which Fethgnai had; a bl.^in- on the soul

Feghtgna

!

Epileptics,

given by him to one who falls with his face, 'aidhe,' to the ground, 'talmain'; a blessing on the soul of i.e. to fetter the mad Fethgna! Securing a

madman,

one upon whom the maddening wisp has been thrown. Procuring a pledge to protect against one who does not yield justice, i.e. a pledge to protect one who makes the lawful suit, i.e. the lawful suit, i.e. against the person who does not consent to have the right tried lawfully after he is properly sued; it
person,
i.e.

is

by him

it

is

paid,

i.e.

the satirist, or he

may

be the poet.

Propming medi
who
is

ciafr/or
i.e.

sirk, i.e. boiling useful herbs and plants for one fcr one who has a disease.
tlit

in sickness,

the following

The beginning of_pw*>f, i.e. the foregoing down here to proof.
tittf\.e. to change raiment,
his cloak
i.e.
i.e.

relates to exemptions,

Changing
down,
another,
i.e.

to put the side of

it

up that was
i.e.

when

was bad.
it,

Exchanging arms
is

or raiment,
a drink,

with
it is

proof to a person while he

a drinking it, i.e. or a drink of water. Changing the wisp of his shoe, le. while the cleric is changing thVwisp of his shoe or his 'curan,' i.e. a wisp of straw which is between his foot and his when
is_to_do
is
i.e.

his friend

this

a fcof.

Taking

shoe,

Jus

when going to the corn field in the harvest time; it is a .proof to him. Getting a drink for a patient under a person's care, i.e. hilst he is holding the medicine for the man who is under cure during the time he
shoe
is

cutting JUJH,

i.e.

is

under care; and if a woman it will be similar. For every proof, every exemption, i.e. on the ground of these necessities both small and great. According to God, i.e. before God, i.e. the church. And man, i.e. the laity. Witnesses are named after a just and proper manner, i.e. it is
said or ordained that he shall have witnesses for each necessity of them according to justice in the proper manner; or as is right according to justice, i.e. the one witness for the distresses and the exemptions.

he has witnesses-he goes himself as a candle, the first light to prove that these e&eptt&s existed, and the witnesses attest it afterwards. If were not to be had, he himself
If

< ~+/f

f

the^viUiesses

goes
is

as a carmTe, tiie^rstlight, and one whose honor-price the five 'seds' which are the fine forthe non-service of

equal to

notice, is to
is

come

after
is

him

to attest

that the

eseapien

existed ; he

then safe

not necessity that prevented the plaintifffrom serving notice of the distress, there are five 'seds' due to the kinsman for the nonIf it

service of the notice

;

and expenses of feeding and tending do not

Senctiup
DISTRESS,

TTIoti.

a papcc; octip nocha npml ni noti cmruc 1 nem rnbjiefc in ace ni eee pogetc na btet na lobui) ma ceanT>, no cu paipcc; piticjuiccap,
.

a papcc.

TPapa
s-

a atgabala no

T>etbifuup po T>epia r>on peichiumuin coicheT>a gan papcc b|\eit, noca npmt eyiic ua-oa i tietnmbfieiu in paipcc ;

ocup 111 cec pogele, nu bleu, na lobut> ina ceatin no co piuccup, a papcc; ace anat> ocup "oichnn f>o ina^ail ui^fii a haicte a t>et-

a pip puillechc
O'D. 138.

papc

T>O

papc ppichpli chc, .1. pip innpirep apt>o pic bpeic paipc na achgabula; [paicep no aipnegcep] m bpeic a pip puillecc na acngabala. Cuic peotc muna puccap
-DO

peipep, papccpep bpechip, ypl., .1. ma t>a pepup m m ip nip T>UIC, gup ab e op-ou -oo bepap T>o cuapal^nQirpin na cpi bpiacnpa T>a papc na acngabala, no gup ab m rp.pp bperhip a T>en.a papc na achgab'ala ?st>o bpeic, .1. T)ia pepup lap pip eolup acligub'ala T>O gabail gup ab et>
; i

paicep no aipne-ocup T>iap pecnem coiche-oa T>O gabail achgabala, .1. paicep T>iap aiiT> la caob na cepca, .1. pecem cotcneria ocup ;aigm, .1. paichep no atpnechup T>iap ip cepc maille pip ag bpeic m paipc, aigm coxuil ocup piatinaipi. "Ciagup T>O cum paiche pip ap a cip coxlaicnep, .1. ciagup le -DO cum paiclie pip ap pepann -DO cogplait>cep m acngabail, 1. co paiche m brobuiT) T>O bpec a paipc, .1. jn puronaipe ocup m pep caipgille. T)o cum popuip tap pen, .1. T>O vcum apuip lapum ap a aicle pin m pip ap a pelb po aipne t>o gab'ail ip m acngabail T>O bpec a paipc, .1. pwoain popuip eile. "Oiaii pip,

amlaiT).

ap

cepc, no ba cepc

"Olomcap oiap laceipc,l.i. -oo -out map aon pepm

aT)bepa T>on cpep bpecmp i n-upt) aipnepin po gabuip c'acligab'ail; ocup cmc peoic munab ipm cpep bperctup. Co cepgaipe, .1. gup inppipi po gaibcep, .1. ip cpe-6pa o'uapal^atpe ann, .1. o'minpin. pe po cm imup gab'aT) ai. popup ppipi 1 n-geibcep, ,1. ip e po popup
:

Cm

3noapuppipi

ngabupi. Pechem apT>a la biap a DJa^aJjpacap a cenn nolme.

bpathap,

.1.

ip e

pechem

annpo.

T)lom 'oligeT) popup ppi paije pip ppi uropucup n-mbleojam, no apuip, poppoip mnpin, panjpi no aipne m capup tap pip. nmnpaiji acngabait inbleogum aplmnpucup, ap a nagupcap cm
.1. .1.
.1.

cac cpen

Ocup patche
oaingen

m

pp.ipi puipmiT)Cep T)ain5en, .1. ocup gup ab paiche pip puipmi'6chep ai tap cae upT) a cae gen matin gen
1

SENCHUS MOK.
accumnlate upon
it,

303

nor does the forfeiture period begin to accrue DISTRESS.

until the notice has

been served; but there
;

is

nothing due to the

debtor for the non-service of the notice

expenses of feeding

and

tending, however, do not accumulate upon it, nor does the forfeiture begin to accrue until the notice has been served.
If it be necessity that caused the plaintiff not to serve notice of the distress, there is no ' eric '-fine due of him for the non-service of the notice ; but expenses of do not accumulate feeding and

tending nor does the forfeiture period begin to accrue until the notice has been served ; but stay and delay in pound shall

upon

it,

regulate

it

after proof of the necessity.

Notice

is

sent along the track of the distress,

i.e.

it

is

insisted

that they run hack along the track of the distress to give notice of the distress ; twit is said nr stated that the notice is to be oonrqrod along the track of the distress.
I-'iv.-

-s -Is' i, the fine if it
i.e.

be not so conveyed.
it

Two

with the witness,
ness, or

are mentioned along

to bear witshould be the witnesses to go along with the plaintiff to take distress, i.e. two are mentioned as necessary to be present along with the witness, i.e. the plaintiff and the advocate, i.e. it is said or stated that tw.i .-ImtiM l,e witness along with him in giving the notice, a distraining advocate and a witness. come

is

said or stated that

two persons are

the green of the man from whose land the distress carried of f, i.e. they go to the green of the man from whose land the distress
to
-

They

off, i.e. to the green of the defendant to give the notice, i.e. the witness and the pledge man. Afterwards to the house, Le. afterwards to the house of the man whose property is said to have been taken in distress to give the notice, i.e. the witness of another house. If the notice be

has been carried

the third word, &c.,

truly given,

right for thee, the order which th<Mi^wjlur.ive to thvjiublc u thnt tiling the three words to give notice of the distress, or the third word which thou shall say will convey the notice of the distress, i.e. if thou knowest the true method of taking digress what thon
is

i.e.

if

thou knowest the thing which

.-halt

thee:" and five 'seds'

say in the third word in the order of thy statement is, "I have distrained is the fine unless it be in the third word. Are to be anbe openly announced there, i.e. told. The "this is the debt for which the property which it was put, i.e. this is Ihe pound or

nounced, i.e. these three things are to debt for which it was taken, i.e.
wa, taken."

The pound into
it

enclosure into which
i.e.

was

put."
it

The law agent
tafccn at the

the law agent

bp^ham

was

ly wl..,i ii wiiu tuLuii end ofjhe stay. t^jt i* JLvtMr.

M<*vwf

Of the pound here. Declare the law of the pound by which, by the worthiness of the kinsman, the debt of every powerful defaulter be

may

the residence here, i.e. tell or state truly the law of the by which the distress of the kinsman may be sued for his worthiness, by which the debt dne by each powerful defaulter may be claimed.

sued,

i.e.

or

tell it, i.e.

habitation

And
round,

the green into
i-e.

which

it

is

put should have
is

a

fence all
manner

and the green

into

which the property

put

in

the lawful

304
DISTRESS, big,
.1-

-Senctnir TTlofi.
apup, T>on
cu ci
olijje'o paici,
Tl
r

.1.

co p.oib T>am5en at

TrTT'iQ

V a '' a p u 'TlTr"'D ';

mn cm
j-mnile

oiat^obneT)a; [ocup muna be Dam^m beici cuic peoic otc T>e]. Cuaipu, .1. cae ufVD a cae. 'Jen cumuycc
.1.

n-tlap. cechixa,
iT>ip, -DO

gen ceciia ilap/oa eile DO cup.
tia

1

naon cumupc pia,

.1.

cup,

a cumupc

an-aon cumu-pc

p,ia ceile.

achgabala, no gen ttinite yotne oo 1ppeT) pin tp cumupc mtap, cetpa anti.

cup.

1ti

cumufc mtafi

cet|\a cuic feoic

ann

tion

inableogmn,

it

arhgabail, if aicin in neic \io toici Tion T>O cinrac ifin comupc mlafi ceqia achgabail; ocuf noca nuil ace munayi i:oail t>a artigabail tie, ocuf ma jio paf, tip aiugm
|\o -paf pojait T>on

ma

m

m

neic fio loia

T)1 t)'ic

fiif

.

O'D. 139.

TDunab
bep,at>

j?afc

pfiiflicc,
eile,

no ^afc

-oon

rjief byxete^, [ce no]
-DO

a fafc itinuf
-pafc

acaic cuic feoic mt)

inableogum;

ocuf ciama
/rimbeyvat),
O'D. 139.

pfii^icc no cia
ICTI

munab
befia

m cfiiap, fio
mn
.1.

mo -pa^c Tion cyie bm ^a coxal amac bef 05
;

a faif c, acme cuic feoin
tiligtec

gm

gm

ftegaT);

no mtina tnarroefi T>O inabteogum no mat) cumufc [n-itcerbjia] araic gan cetyia ilajvoa
TDO

cuic feoic T>O

mbleogum,

cup, atiaon

cumufc

fim.

"Oia cuniufccafi, ctnc feoic inn,
ap.

muna n

olc t>6;

ocuftna

t>i,

fon a pach.

Oiclt, .1. fiixeTina. TTluca, .1. ofifia pein. j Dib pm anaon cumu-pc pe ceite.

Caiixig, gabaifv,

-i-

5'"

til

e. b themselves Sheep. restitution of the thing injured is to be paid to him. secure: i. . i. males.SENCHUS MOR. 305 state the law of the DISTKKSS. without fodder or food. For the intermixture of various 'seels' for it to cattle there is a fine of five the kinsman.e. and if is restitution for the thing injured injury happens to the distress.e- 'cae uird' cattle.e. Pigs. i. and if injury results the fine shall be in proportion. there is a fine of five 'seds' for it to the kinsman . i. or notice of tho third should he (the plaintiff) give his notice in a different it manner. or not to intermix different kinds of cattle. 'seds' for this to the kinsman or unless or if pound. even though no injury may result therefrom. or though should be notice by the track of the cattle or notice of the third gives. be not notice by the track of the cattle. Horses. none of these to be intermixed. and if injury has resulted. i. 'Cuaird' (all round). green. it is unlawful to allow different kinds of cattle to intermingle with it it was placed in the legal there be an intermixture of (the distress). not to put any cattle whatever along with the distress. without stakes or spikes . This is what is called the intermixture of the Without intermixing various various cattle. and there is nothing to the debtor for the intermixture of the various cattle.e. should be surrounded by a fence. i. there is a fine of five . If it word. i. various kinds of cattle. if i. goats. not to mix it with various other cattle.e. the green into which the distress is brought to be impounded should be it be not secure there is a fine of five 'seds' for it to the kinsman. to be paid to him. there are five 'seds' for it to the kinsman.e. ' If they are intermingled there are five seds' for it. even though injury does not result.e. i. unless his distress has suffered injury therefrom.e. i.e. if it word that he (the distress) out that go be not the three persons who had carried it to give the notice.

.

AXTIQL-ABY. 277.INDEX. 293. pound of the. AlKE-rriR-DA-AIRE. 42 n. AlLELL one of those by whom Eochaidh was killed. 157. 85. 69. sudden judgments . injuring the vessels of an. 27. 293. x 2 . carrying off pet. ABBOT: contract of a monk without his abbot ADAM. for failure in furnishing men to his hosting. : ALE-HOUSE quarrelling in an. commanded pound the army 200 n. young ANNAOHDOWN. carrying away covering of animals. 51. fine for. to accompany person seizing distress. AIRE-ECHTA. pound 1 of the. 293. tee diocese of. AEI EMHNAIDHE an ancient law treatise. 71. 293. 293. AIRE-DESA. : : of. AIN. 45. 167. 153. 235. took first distress of three days stay ever taken. the champion AlRE-FORGAILI. 61. 207 n. 53. AILBHE courtship of. distress AIKE-TUISI : 231. of the territory. SEAXCIIAIDHE. ibid. 157. animals.MMAI. : : : : : LAW AGEXT son of Matach. 161. ibid. for. utensils of an. 61.. 155. 235. 93. 239. the ' first AXELAUHNACH' author in Erin. condemned for his fraud. 55. of. 233. ADVOCATE. ALMS effect of payment ALTAR fine for injuring AMEKGIX GLUXGEL. of the. 231. 47. 233. of the territory. securing a distress by means of an. 235. 53. scraping animals. 237. AIRER'-FINE. pound of the.S: trespass by. 233. see BLESSIXG. 111. 189. distress for dry animals. ANRUTH. 53. 163. ABARTA. ibid. 185. : A. four-footed animals. set aside. Ai EAMHXACH a work by Fithel. number of his stories. 19. 51. 151. 157. daughter of Partholan. 21. ADAMNAX: his tee law respecting ' Smacht'-pledge. pound of the. 191. AIRE-AKD. 59. 185.

if unworthy. a host. 17 . 167. APPROPRIATED TREE. 41. for appropriating the sea products of another's. see BLOWKII. ASAL: steward-bailiff of the king of Temhair. 127. 5. 185. in distress. one of those by whom Eochaidh was killed. ' three assemblies ATHCHOMHAHC. 109. of a. BARTER: distress for things bartered. forfeiture of such persons. : AUTHORS of the Senchus. an exemption from distress. 57. 231. 39. married. of the Poem. promulgated in Senchus. 160 . 155. 159. 55. 209. mentioned. BISHOP his 'dire'-fine fixed by the Senchus. 43. 47. ATTACK service of of. battle BED : the common bed of neighbours. removing remains . circumstances under which certain persons liable to such arrest. ARMS : exchanging one's arms a proof : ARREST who may be arrested for their liabilities instead of being distrained. 301. 1 13. 157. 217. 143. 105. BILLHOOK: stay on distress for a. of works incorporated in the Senchus. Bishop. ASSEMBLY: among the Feini. assisted in regulating the law of distress. stay. 49. 5. expense of feeding and taking care of such persons. of judgments. BELLOWS. fine for may recover it. immediate distress on account of service of. 5. BERRUIDE fine fixed by the law of. 111. to what joint entitled out of the Brewy's caldron. 57. 59. stay. 23-5. the first distress in Erin made by. 41. fair of. first BEACH : fought about the marriage gifts of Ain and Iain. works of. 125. n. 59. 273. 107. in case of fine. 67. 259. 205. 189. 267. 231. 17. 27. 219. 65.. BERLA FEINI : the dialect in which the ancient Irish Eossa.. in case of fine for robbing a. 127. 143. BENEN. BASE-TEXAXTS BATTLES : : law respecting. 107-111. 157.' 258 : n. 71. 161. 215. for necks of cattle. a doctor of the. cases does not recover his former rank if degraded. 167. 171. 69. in some loses his honor-price. 299. 159. afterwards Saint Benignus : one of the authors of the Senchus. 203. 141. wrote the Senchus in a chalk-book. BARK: fine for stripping a tree of its. 65. : Laws were written. BEE-HIVE: BELL. immediate distress on account of an. stories of. 19. 56 n.. 35. : 49.308 AOX-ACH CHOLMAIX. 206 207. 129 . stay on distress for an. INDEX. 269.

each person's house. to what food-tribute a. 185. killed for reproaching a. : distress for a levy carried over a. 41.. BORDERS BOUNDARY : distress for. BREATHINGS time allowed for advocates regulated by. see BOHER-NA-BREEXA. withholding fees from. 247. 235. ceilac/i. 18 n. distress for erecting a. 105. stay on distress for. 203. 47. 141. 151. 127. 113 BREWY : his ' dire'-fine fixed by the Senchus. caldron female. stay on distress for neglecting the. 25. BONDMAN : incapable of taking distress. 185. BLEMISH: Dorn 309 65. n. BRECAN skull of dog of. 167. taken from a. King Fergus with a. BOND-VASSAL distress for share in a. a law tract which treats of the law of persons of distinction. 59. of BRANCHLIGHT. salt of house of. 7. 132 n. BRETHA XEMHEDH. 125. 125. BRIATHRA BRIGHT. stay on distress from distress for things a. 139. 61. 117. 233. 19. 151. could not reign. 177. : BREASAL BREAC black and white cat taken from ship of. 127. 73. 61 . fine for : BOCHTAX improperly using another's. 201. 41. pound of the. DEBO. king affected with : BLESSING custom of blessing work. fine for. 135. 143. appeared on cheeks of Brehons whenever they pronounced ment. 163. 127. 153. 145. stay in case of fine for reproaching with a. 85.INDEX. : stay on distress for : 127. recognised by means of poetical inspiration. 125. 153. 23. of. 167. 125. BO-AIRE : of chief's house. 133. 135. 175. BRIDGE: stay on BRIDLE: stay on a law treatise. 189. 61. : according to custom. 75. 47. food given to a prisoner. 19. ever-full caldron of the. 49. 189. 227. blotches on the cheeks of. 91. a law treatise. letfieck. BOASTING false boasting of a dead woman. BRATHCHAI. BOAR BOAT. 107. 25. 145. false judg- BLOWER. subject to arrest instead of distress for his liabilities. 249. 195. hundreds of the. 43. 171. 217. 125. 107. 211. 235. every foreigner or stranger was entitled to be judged by any Brehon he might choose. BREHOXS : : n. 293. entitled. BLOTCHES. rope of house of. 69. stay in case of fine for carrying off a person's bondman or bondwoman. stay on distress for. 203. 44 BREEX-MORE. to be carried off out of territory. . 233. see DACHOC. : BONES : fine for : BORDER fine on border people suffering things taking bones from a churchyard. distress for a. 143.

235. 47. CAIN BESCNA fifth book : of Senchus. went to Pharaoh.. 107. of judgments. 18 n. injury to. stay on distress for a. of Brewy. t'KALTAlB. 47. 151. 47. 276 re. 105. 151. father of Niamh. BDIDHE CONNAILL. 23. 147. or farmer. 107. ibid. CART-BOY: subject to arrest instead of distress for his : improperly using another's cart. CAI CAINBHREATHACH. 33. in possession. 203. distress for a man going to a testing.NIA CARLINGFORD MOUNTAINS. ibid dwelt at Fesen. see CUAII. 145. 171. CATTLE: distress of. 89. 19. 133.">. 167.". of. 127. 35. . stay in case of line for improperly using another's. CARAT. CAT: black and white cat taken from ship of Breasal Breac. 209. afterwards St. liabilities. a female author of laws. CERD-CHAE. CHAIN. 97. distress for share in an old. 173. CAIN ADAMNAIN.310 BRIGH AMBUE. 5. CAIRI BRETHA MORA an ancient Irish work. HUIM-SCEOTA. 23. eee SLANDER. 135. 275. 217. great caldron or scabel fur feasts at each quarter of year. ill regulating the law of distress. Carantochus: one of the authors of the Senchus. Bishop. BROOCHES : distress for. 135. 195. stay on distress for fine for a.. 153. 125. CAIN-LAW. assisted buried at Tuilen. size..' meaning of Morann. 123. 215. 137. ('eaire ansic'): CALDRON the ever-full. 33. 253. 41. 227. 23. 171. 253. 19. 48 n. stay on distress for the. 17. fixed stay on distress in case of women's property at two days. daughter of Sencha. CAE. 125. 123. : a plague. CAXA number of his stories. 25. . becomes Brehon to the fleet author of the Brathchai. TEISCTIII: an author of judgments.. 133. CARPENTER stay on distress for tools of a.' meaning of. 145. CAIRNECH. CAIN PATKAIC a name of the Senchus Mor. BURAIXACH ' : assault on the house of. 133. 129. a female author BKIOH BRIUGHAIDH : INDEX. 275. 49. 155. 125. wrote it in a chalk-book. : : 19.CM. 27. CALUMNY. 125. 21.. 49. of the sons of Milidh. BRIGHT. 45. CATTLE-SPOILS ' : stories of. n. CAPTIVE guarding and feeding of CAB: : : a. 199. 50 51. of the Brewy. 219. 87. a portion of meat of a certain BULL stay on distress for a.

125. distress for his food-tribute . 139.:y in distress for case of fine for injury to a child carried on the back. CHARMS: CHIEF to : CHESS-BOARD.. 125. stories before arrival of Patrick in Erin. 7. 135. 231. 195. 199 having gone to seek a midwife for a distress. 301. 127. of house of chief. 139. punished furniture of a church. . CHARIOTEER: to of Patrick killed by Xuada Derg. CHAEGE : distress for a thing n given in charge. what a person of chieftain grade to accompany one of inferior grade distraining 113. set aside. 143. 199. distress by a chief who has supplied stock to a tenant. 249. distress for rent CHIEF PROFESSOR. 117. 229. 163. removing. st. the seven valuables of a chief's house. laws for. an exemption from CHILDREN : fine for neglecting to maintain. 55. 61. : CHILDBIRTH distress oath of a from a woman in. 137. blower of house of. 135. woman in labour. ibid.. 57. 49. notice and fasting precede distress in case of a. loses his honor-price. 207 distress for support of a. of cow provided for chief when engaged on business stay on distress for share of territory. removing a child after its mother's death. from 19. 181. CHRONICLER: used to relate events and tell CHURCH : more severely than others. 187. 179. 229. CHANGING. distress for failing to supply the feast of the chief or a band of reapers for him. 123. 247. CHARIOT: fine for improper use of another's. distress from chief for not assisting afuidkir against injustice. . the aire-echte the champion of the territory. 175. 123. 235. a. 157. n. stay 011 distress for. distress for not erecting the tomb of a. 53. distress for injury to a. 43. 269. tuvs of. a person making an offering to protection from distress to a. 113. 127.. 215. distress for injury to chief by tenant. and vice versa. 195. 269. established in the Senchus. 227. withheld. 127. 167. stay on distress for. or guilty of offences. 141-3. 171. 35. what joint entitled out of the Brewy's caldron. stay in case of fine for using. 51. 227. 177. 229. CHILD : see SEN. 127. women unfit to take care of them. 181. U5. 59. grades of the. 143. 125. 177. 125. 227. accruing due after death of a. 127.INDEX. 185. the wisp of one's shoes a proof in distress. 59. stay upon for feast if deficient. 41. 157. 49. 301. man whose wife is in labour. 187. of the Brewy's caldron. joint entitled out contract of labourer without his. and improperly parted with. if unworthy. CHALK-BOOK CHAMPION : : 311 Senchus written in a. 219. 163. if chess-board of house of.

41. 60. 24 n. why so called. 129. 123. 227. : takes from the poets exclusive judicature. CONTRACTS : verbal. CONALL CAERNACH: one of the two engaged : in the CONCHOBHAR combat at Magh-inis. see HOPPER. CIARRAIGHE CuiRCHE.l. 203. 25. CLITHE BRETIIA: an ancient Irish work. see MARRIAGE GIFTS. : 207.f. violation of. 07. ibid. 45. 2I>7. not to take distress. used to contend with Dniids. . I CONSTELLATIONS. author of the maid Arrechta. that are set aside. CHURCHYARD: fine for digging a. 'II. 217. 195 199 at Magh-inis. Irish work. period of dissolution . one of those at which world loses its goodness 51 five.. COIBCHI. King of Ulster his steward-bailiff's cows distrained by the steward-bailiff of the King of remhatr. 27. 53 those incapable of making. 129. COOKLNG-TENT fine for stealing from the hunter's.. distress from a man who has lost the. CHURN: stay on distress for a.. 23. 27. 233. stay on distress for. 177. never pronounced a false judgment. 27. 215. distress in respect of a broken contract. of fair-green. CLI number of his stories. now Kerry. COMLA. distress : from heirs <>n account of fathers'. et ieq. 253. 87. COHABITATION: stay in case of fine for neglect : of. pa-i-d judgment respecting cli>in-~. COIR FEINE EEC: an ancient COIR FEINE MOR: an ancient COIRE ANSIC. 85. 157. see : PITCHER. CLEANSING of roads. 19. COXXLA CAIXBHRETHACH : chief doctor of Connaught. which had been forfeited to King Fergus.. 31. established stays of three. CONFERENCE. 151. made binding by the Senchus. 203.ORN. to recover Inbher Ailbhine. 231. 253. 49. and ten days on distresses. see CALDRON. 217. 125. 82 n. 23. 51. 253. L"Ji).312 INDEX. L'. 251. : COMMUNION having gone to obtain the communion exemption from distress. < n. COPPER ORE: piercing a cliff for. fur. 15. 185. 53. 59. 123. COOKING requisite. for one on the point of death an COMPENSATION distress for.'. 135. 82 CIARKAIGHK LI-ACIIKA. 83. COIRPRI GNATHCHOIR : Irish work. now barony of Keriycurriliy in Cork. 27. deprives of honor-price. COMBAT : five. between Saint Patrick and men of Erin.. 189. 181.

132 Brehon. DACHOC : near present Brcen-More. 17. CUICTHI the name : Galway. n. CORC.161. on theBoyne. DAIRE. CRADLE CLOTHES: stay in case of fine in respect of. 171. 85. for milk. woman.. distress to be closed up in. 239.. COURT : chiefs of. n. 241. 169. 161.. of blessing work. CRIME. 123. CORCA BAISCISX in west of county Clare. CRUMHTHAXX in CUAILOXE cattle CUCHULLAIXX: 181. 133. 67. 135. 125. . 163. ibid. 82 n. of the foreigner . 251. Cow : seizure of cows by Asal. see DERO. who with a person. 82 spoils of. 125. descended. 167. 25. 209. crimes are five-fold. a person's own crimes. 7. . 275. disqualified from taking distress. now Slane.. 209. see also n. 161. 65. a person's jester. in Westmeath. 157. 173. KING: one of the authors of the Senchas. 135. 87.. 253. 1 7. ripe com. four nearest tribes bear a kinsman's crimes. KING: one of the authors of the Senchus. breaking fences for. of a person's nrauenger. 46 253. : COURTSHIPS stories of. ibid. is 157. 5. stay on distress for share of a cow provided for chief when engaged on the business of the territory. 47. not entitled to a hostage out of. CL-MIIAL SENORBA: a portion of land set apart to provide for indigent members of the clan. 167. COWHERD: incapable COW-SHED: of taking distress. 175. DADERG. ibid. 157. and was the cause of the distress of five days' stay being ordained. 173. 91. 261. 135.INDEX. t'd in regulating the 5. 157. OFFENCES. not to take distress. of a person's of fool. 207 and note. for fine for injuring corn-rick. CRUITHXIGH : (Pt'cfa): : from whom n. : 313 CORCA MUIXCHE King CORN: : of Crumhthann. unless accompanied by a native. stranger not possessing a. 105. a--^ted in regulating the law of distress. 47. 169. law of distress. 47. 46 demolition of fort of. 127. 64 CREDIXE CERD: his judgments explained to Patrick. of the woman who stayed the combat at Magh-inis. 83. : CUP stay on distress for : a. 125. 87. 21. stay on distress respecting. CKAEBH-PATRAIC: otherwise Ferta-Feig. CUSTOM it was customary to give foreigners or strangers the choice of a n. stay on distress for. 250 n. of a person's hired stay on distress for crimes of near relatives.

160 n. 93. 47. 47. by a native when fine for unlawiul seizure of. distress from a high dignitary. seizing. 185. 177. !)'J. : DEAD-SEIZURE stay on distress for. his judgments explained to Saint Patrick. 43 DlRE'-FiNE. DAMMING fine for unlawfully damming a stream. 249. 82 n. his liabilities increase if he do not offer food to his creditor fasting on him. . n. 41 43. 205. bringing into greens of septenary grade. UERG: near present Boher. others under certain circumstances to be accompanied taking. 265. stranger to bring a native with him when taking. in the Senchus. : . forfeited at a fixed rate per day. person seizing. 103. fine for taking. without any debt due. 275. 83. for satirising a dead person. 99. first in stays upon. 93. 91. DEBTOR : : fasting on a debtor during a period of exemption. 18 dire'-fine according to. a. of suitor. after period of forfeiture liad notice of. 161. ibid. part of process of. to be seized between sunrise and sunset. 231. on the Dodder. DEATH. 105.. 117 notice of ten days served on tribe of 287. 81. at the meeting at Uisnech. 67. 83. 249. 19. 185. DlGNITARIKS four who may be degraded. made by Asal. ibid. 87. of DIGNITY ' : ' time allowed a person to plead his cause regulated according to. persons disqualified from taking.. seizure of. 75. established for each according to his dignity.na-Breena. 81. DEMOLITIONS : stories of. commenced. 83. courtship : of. 105. 47. 187. is fourfold. 185.. 175. DEAD: stripping the. Sen Mach Aighe pronounced first decision respecting. 157.314 DAIRINN : INDEX. 55. tribe liable for an absconding. fasting at debtor's residence. 167 et seq. during a period of exemption. respect of her mother's property. 19. 47. distress immediate on account of service of. 97. county Dublin. by a king in a tributary territory. 25. DEFENCE : service of. 247. distress " from heir of a dead person. established for each in the Senchus. 4C demolition of fort of. 79. fixed by the learned men by a woman. 85. must be accompanied by an advocate. 189. 41. 247. 79. may be taken between countries at strife. from a place of protection. 85. DARTADHA cattle spoil of. DEATH-LEVY stay upon distress for. 101. an immediate. 91. 95. 87-91. DAUGHTER: stay on distress which she takes in : 203. 89. : DISTRESS the Erin. DlANCECHT THE PHYSICIAN an author : : judgments.

enumerated. 157. 117. things in case of which stay on distress is ten days. 263. but themselves imprisoned until their chief becomes bound for them. 127. 267-9. enumerated things in case of which the stay upon the . 267.') why so called. 269. 12 1 distress is one day. for. 123-7. . 213-215.. 157. 147. enumerated. in which distress is immediate with a stay of three days. the chained watch-dog. 163-183. why fourfold. 151. ibid. 231-237. 289 et teq. distress. which the stay upon the distress is two days. 259. 147-9. 117. 259.-s 25!>. stay on distress fixed at two days. 145.'y thin:^ in case of which stay on distress is live days. which perfect charged upon distress. stay on distress for articles belonging to women. four things for which distress taken. stay on distress 127.-tivss 259. two notices of each distress ibid. manner in which a digress with :>tay is seized. 269. 215-231. lift. 2^5. DISTRESS contin 315 certain persons not distrained. on distress for a. 255-257. hunting dog. on distresses by Coirpre stays of three. 273. ibid. 297. 183-193. four classes of crimes for which distress taken. 145. has a notice of two days and a delay in pound of in case of four days.-tress nut to four. 157-181. distress is seized. manner -71. 113. enumerated. 153. from a debtor's kinsman. 209. circumstances admitted as proofs in distress. stay for cattle. and five. two classes of distress.INDEX. 127. 151-5. 19.. was taken by Ailell son of Matach. ' preceded by notice and fasting in case of chieftain grades. 49. 113. enumerated. DOCTOR: the literary. in which a distress to be seized and carried off. by whom and how law of distress regulated. on which stay is two days. n distre-s for fines in case of certain offences. 155. 293. illegal seizure of distress. the length of the notice in certain cases of. for the failure of his hosting. 301. what causes a distress to be immediate. 151. manner in which an immediate. II . lap- 127. four things taken in distress. 2tJ9. four divisions of dUtre. and ten days established Gnathchoir. DOET OF XEIMHTHIXN Doo: watchdog an author of judgments. 147-155. of the dunghill. 301. a distress. by or from women. ibid. 145.-tre>s is immediate with a stay of one day. 209-211. ibid. 299. cases in which di. to : what joint entitled out of Brewy's caldron. 105-107. :-t. L' 7 1 . 211-213. tilings in case of distress (' athghabhail. . three drive the di. women. 289-293. things in case of which stay on distress is three days. 146. 257 et ttij. 193-207. notice in case of inferior grades. qualifications for seizing circumstances exempting from liability to distress. witnesses of a. first distress of three days stay ever taken. to be observed in takin:: di.

21. of his stories. 19. 45. 71. a proof in distress. for reproaching Dos number DRINKING : for the crime of her son. DUILESC: stay on distress DUILI FEDHA continued : for. 71. 69. getting a drink for a patient. for killing of. 69. 5. of distress. 47. DRISAC number of his stories. : EARTHQUAKE EI. 273. 45. EMIR. DUILI SLOINNTE DUMHACH DUNDRUM BAY. to poets by Saint Patrick. exhibits to Saint Patrick the judgments. ENDA AIGENBRAS one of EOCHAIDH BEI. 27. 69. securing a distress by means of an. L'3. 235. 181. 65. assisted in regulating the law 171. 71. : at. Connla Cainbhrethach contended with. DOIDIN MAC in lira : his judgments explained DORN: given was : bondage to King Fergus. of Temhair makes compensation. 233. 301. : continued to poets by Saint Patrick. 39. 45. 71. 301. EMHAIX MACHA. 259. 65. 7. Foitline. recites to Saint Patrick what his predecessors had sung. 25. 111. an exemption from distress. while under the protection of Fergus. 15. Egyptian. : EOCHAIDH MAC LUCHTA an author of judgments. EARTH : creation of the. King of Ulster the King by whom killed. four divisions of. 209. 69. : overcome by Saint Patrick.ADNACH : occurred on Saint Patrick's charioteer being slain. 23. EOCHAIDH ORESACH one of those by whom Eochaidh Belbuidhe was : EOGHAN MAC DURTHACHT EPILEPTIC ' : killed. : : ERIC'-FLNI: for secret murder.316 DOG continued. 19. : a person's taking a drink. to Saint Patrick. 289 et seq. dog to prove them. 189.BHUIIIHK : those by whom Eochaidh was killed. him with his blemish. 67. 185. four. : see LOCH RUDHRAIDHE. reconciles the gospel doctrine of forgiveness with the Irish law of retaliation 9 et seq. an author of judgments. 69. distress. 25. and laws of Erin 17 put a thread of poetry around the Senclius. struggling with an. 75. and poetry. killed by King Fergus. 45. 71. courtship 73 : contention between the two sages of. 269. chained. 5. killed at Sliabh Fuaid. fine for setting charms for a fine for maiming a person's INDEX. ibid. 69. 177. DUBHTHACH MAC UA LUGAIR : : royal poet of Erin author of the poem. 17. 269. a doctor of literature. burning of house of. 65. 19. ibid. one of the authors of the Scnchus. a proof in DRIVING DRUIDS : three drive a distress out to four. . for the 'scds' of a chieftain. 47.

a surety or a pledge to be offered. deprives of honor-price. one's raiment a proof in distress. 57. 301. or thinir-i ca-t. ERIN: 317 by whom divided ESCAIRDE. when women concerned in distress. 99. 129 n.'. see EVIDENCE. taking distress during period of.' 71 n. a king. EXTEMPORANEOUS RECITAL EYE. King Fergus' encounter with the. 101. 93. distress for fine for disturbing a fair. 129. 55. any person. 115. 113.WITNESSES. 47. 81. by head of family on whose land ship wrecked FATHER: contract of >oii without his. 139. FACHTNA MAC-SENCHATH an author : of judgments. 139. : FAIR-GREEN : cleansing of the. EXEMPTION : periods of. ETAIN. ib'td. of one woman EXCHANGING: against another. stay in case of restitution and fine in respect of family matters. 119. 123. 121. 277. 172 n. consequences of fasting after offer of lawful right made. 269. 301.. into provinces. 231. precedes distress in case of chieftain grades. EVIL-WORD. 233. 82 n. food to be offered to the person fasting. 199. 159. . 117. 71-3. 203. 233. FASTING : a part of the process of levying distress among the ancient on a debtor during a period of exemption.DAY distress for ornaments to be worn on an approaching. FALSE JUDGMENT: to be guilty of giving. EALSE EVIDENCE.. proof of. continued to poets by Patrick. srt a^idi'. 269. 177. 157.. 81.">:!. to distrain a person to give evidence. courtship of. circumstances admitted as proofs in distress. . on kinir IL".INDEX. FAIR. 125. 301. 183. 117. 79. to put a stop to the fasting. consequences of not offering a pledge to a person fasting. FALSE REPORT: stay FAMILY : in case of fine for circulating a. FAIRS: of ancient Irish. 25. deprives of honor-price a poet. 23. in case of a debtor's kinsman. FAIKIES : ' various existing corruptions of the word Luarcan. three principal races in. fine for injuring brooches used at a fair. 71. fasting on debtor during a period of. 235. 83. EVIDENCE : to be guilty of false evidence. 98 n. fine for neglecting to maintain a senior of the. 301 . . 173. 99. 267-9. see : profession of. circumstances exempting from distress. 147-9. stay on distress in respect of the. one's arms . 117. Irish. 119. 45 LOOKERS-OS. 57. 19. 299. 175.

FER son of Partholan. : 125. FETTERING: stay on FENCES : distress for unlawful. 209. breaking fences for cows or calves. three assemblies among the. 25. for. 24 n. 163. 33. FEROEIRTNE: one of the two sages that contended for the sage's gown. 5. kills the Muirdris in Loch Rudhraidhe. assists in regulating the sung. 169. 25. 33. FEE: of a person's art. 25. 157. 233. 127. distress in case of see SINECII. a king and celebrated author. 27. contracts set aside by the. pledge for corn and grass. for. 17. failing to supply feast of chief. 155. FENIUS FARSAIDH : sends his disciples to learn the various languages of the world. 165. 67. 1 . for reproaching him with FERGUS FIASACH Fianach. 69. 75. author of Tulbretha. 175. FERGNIA: son of Partholan. 217. a principal race in Erin. 165. 73. 215. 143. 67. !(!:!. 75. 39. 25. gets compensation from King of Temhair the killing of Eochaidh Belbhuidhe. 259. 233. FERGUS MAC LETI: a cotemporary of Sen Mac Aige. withholding his fees from a Brehon. 67. from Fenius Farsaidh. kept ignorant of it for three years. law of distress. FERRY-BOAT: stay on distress for FERTA-FEIG now Slane. to Patrick. of Temhair. 73. from Fianach in Kerry. 69. recites to Patrick what his predecessors had a doctor of poetry. so called what four lookers-on recognised by the. stay in case of fine distress for neglecting to make. 23. Feini called from him. : 25. why kills so called. 217. 24 n. FINECH. is affected with a blemish. 69. FERNS: fine for cutting another's. FERGUS. 155. FEEDING: a FEINI : distress. deficiency of. FlACHNA TuLBHRETHACH his : judgments explained origin of name. 65. a. 21.">!>. 66 n. a poet : one of the authors of the Senchus. obtains his wishes from the fairies. 271-3. 241-247. . 23. 51. stay in case of fine for injury caused by. due to king. . FERGUS son of Aithern. 173. 123. FERADHACH FINNFECHTNACH: : 19. 175. 164. 71. 64 n. 157.. distress for. 215. the violation of his protection by his blemish. FIDNEIMIDH: FIELDS : sacred wood..318 FEAST : INDEX. 231. 235. 71-3. : : a poet. chief. 167. 163. Dorn 65. FERGUS FERGLETHECH King of Ulster. 169.

maintaining of a. from heirs. distress for crime of foreigner who is with a person. FIRE: stay in case of fine for injury caused FIRMAMENT : formation of the. 121. 195. 157. is two days. adjustment of Dom and fine for use. 31. battles of Neimhidh with the. reconciled witli the law of retaliation. 219. 29. after notice not to do so. Dorn by an Albanach or stranger. FOOD-RENT distress : distress on account of food-rent not supplied to chief. FISHIXG-WEIR of the tribe. distress from a silly person. 157. 117. 142 n. see TEIXM LAODHV.. 163. 167. 71. 147. 71. 29. 123. of a distress. of persons arrested for their liabilities. 201. 27. FITHEL. 259. by. 217. 27. period of forfeiture of a distress on which the stay the ninth day. of. : FOOD. FIRST-FRUITS: effect of : payment of. fine for erecting : a weir larger than a person was entitled to. one of those by was son FOMORACIIS FOOD: of : whom Eochaidh was killed. never pronounced a false judgment." '273. 185. 183. : FLEECE: stay on FLIDAS: : distress for last. 171.TRIBUTE withholding. 187. FIM MAC CUMHAILL. five zones formed in the. constellations set in the. for food-rent due by them. 53. 53 crime of a person's. 143. 45. taking care of foreigners cast ashore. 199. commences on FORGIVENESS : gospel doctrine 9 et seq. consequence of debtor not offering food to a person who is fasting on him. 1 63. 109. 131. 205-7. 137. 167. cattle-spoil of. in Dubhthach's poem. 113. 47. to decide their cause. 69. 163. . distress from a man collecting the food-tribute of a chief. 129. 23 author of Ai Eamhnach. 51. FITHTR courtship of. 203. stay in case of fine for feeding a person's son. FINSRUTH FITHILL: a law treatise. 7. 47. 127. FORFEITURE : of distress at a fixed rate per day. 103. FOOL: contract of. FIXES : 319 of fines between the Feini and Ultonians in respect Eochaidh Belbuidhe. set aside. stay on distress for fines in case of certain offences. securing young foreigners. 217. L'L'7. FOCHLUC number FOITLINE : of his stories. 169. 123. 203.INDEX. divided into twice six parts. 25. distress for FOREIGXERS : entitled to their choice of a Brehon. 47. 77. 163. 125.

stay in case of fines in respect of. 125. FOSTERAGE law : of. 137 . 215. see SI. where Senchus Mor written in winter and spring.. 49. FURZE: fine for cutting another's. ' : 263. pounds of. in. 91. bringing distress into. situate et teq. fine for quarrelling in a. 247. GOSPEL : doctrine of forgiveness reconciled preached by Saint Patrick.ENN-NA-JIBODHlM stone of Patrick there. 215. 125. 143. the Senchus. HAGGARD : stay on distress for share of a. a name for the Leinster men. promulgated in the Senchus. : FRATRICIDE punishment for. 123. HANDIWORK: stay on distress fur wages of. 169. 177. stay of a house. GALEOIN : a principal race in F. FRAICH : cattle-spoil of. 131. 96. GAPS : fine for leaving gaps open. 167. FUGITIVE distress on account of a. 3. FOKT: stay on distress for erecting a. FUIDHIR : incapable of taking distress. 283. 125. FURNITURE : of a church. Ilath-guthaird. GREENS : of septenary grade. 47. Gl. 15. 107. ibid. promulgated in FRUIT: stay on distress for. deprives of honor-price. 237.IAIJH FCAIDII. 125. 49. 127. 117.rin. 113. 123. 113. FUIRTHIU DAL' hosting in a territory. distress from a houseless person in respect of. continued to poets : by Patrick. 151- . 97. . 70 n. IT. stay on distress for a. a. 105. share of food for victualling a. 2C9. 139. 175. 57. notice and fasting in case of chieftain grades. on distress for. distress from chief for not assisting afuidhir against injustice. 217. 125. : 57. 71. 1 ~~>. 123. 61. . 141. 233. 219. 45.'i. GRIDDLE : stay on distress for slice for a. 139. ibi'd. 41. 129. 249. 173. 123. 59. distress for the fosterage-fee. 219. FUAD MOUNTAIN. 127. FREE-TENANTS: law respecting. 117. 303. 219. notice precedes distress in case of inferior grades. FRAUD: to be guilty of. GELFINE: 260 GENEALOGIES: profession of registering. subject to arrest instead of distress for his liabilities. with the law of retaliation. 41. the green into which distress put should be fenced all round. 129.320 FORK : INDEX. 9 GRADE : the septenary. stay on distress for dues of joint. Kill. HALTER: stay on distress fora.

chiefs and relatives. ibid. an exemption from distress. stay on distress for a. 163. 165. 215. 163. 227. Y . 167. 219. 123.. distress from. ibid. 131. 263. 185. 217. 185. 203. if they pronounced false judgments. 233. 157. a profession. stay in case of fine for certain injuries to a person's. 215. HOST attack HOSTAGE : of a host on the house an exemption from distress. it for sick per- stay on distress for erecting a. HERDCJG. 267. why called Comla. 141. 217. if unworthy or guilty of certain crimes. with four doors and a stream of water through the middle of sons. 165. 171. HUNDREDS of the Brewy. 217. 191. distress from heir of a dead man. 143.INDEX. stay on distress for. 157. : HOPPER HOESE : of mill. 185. in a. distress for 'eric'-fine due to a. 207. 127. 47. 237. 125. 283. 233. 157. 41. distress : an HOSTING of Ailell son of Blatach. 219. 231. HEIR: distress distress for division distress distress from an. : HUNTER: cooking-tent of the. is ^ separable property. 267. immediate distress for fine for failure in a territory. 275. . in right of age. 181. 125. 153. for food-rent due chief. the seven valuables of a. stay on distress for a. 299. 161. HARLOT distress on account HARP-COMB stay on distress HATCHET : : : 321 of the son of a. by heir for share in an old bond vassal. fourfold. 141. from a hostage who violates his honor. 131. 25. stay on distress for a. et teg. 127. : in interterritorial matter. for a race. 1 29. HERO : HIRED stay in case of fine for carrying away the hero's morsel. on account of father's contracts. 63. 59. 167. 169. 237. fine for improperly using another's. 235. stealing from a house. 171. : : HONOR-PRICE poets deprived of. for a. 215. 123. 299. 177. ibid. kLigs and others deprived of. 171. WOMAN distress for crimes of a person's hired woman. HERB-GARDEX: stay in case of fine for damage to. 135. 227. HEREXACH : forfeits his rank in certain cases. 231. 167. of a chief. between heirs. working a valuable. fine for. HOUSELESS: distress from a houseless person in respect of fosterage. stay on distress for. fine for scaring a. 55 how recoverable. 59 et seq. ibid. 239. from. 123. HOUSE : furniture of. attack of a host upon a. 231. 159. 127. in common. unlawful use of a. 191. 193. 189. 167.

231-237. 233. 261. 45. how performed. KILN: stay in case of fine in respect of a.. 197. distress for share of a. 45. 71.. again recovered.. slave. ibid. 24 n.322 IAIN. 163. 233. authors of. n. 167. belonged to poets until the contention of the two sages. JOINTS: to which different classes entitled out of the distress Brewy's caldron. 157. abolished by Patrick. 215-231. INCURABLE INJURY by chief : : distress for taking care of an incurable person. INBHER AILBHCJE: situated at mouth of the Delvin. 167. 45. stay on distress for. ibid. to tenant. violating a king's. 163. INDEX. Tem- INBHER BECE INCANTATION. to a chief. 25. see CIARRAIGHE LDACHRA. of previous authors explained to Saint Patrick. by the Feini of hair in time of Coirpri Gnathchon. 69. see CIARRAIGHE CUIRCHE. of needlework. IMPLEMENTS : for weaving. 155. cases of immediate distress with a stay of ten days. KERRYCURRIHY. 247-253. IMARD ARRECHTA IMBAS FOR OSNA : : a work by Connla. 235. cases of immediate distress with a stay of three days. 77.. daughter of Partliolan. fine for which there is a INTERTERRITORIAL LAW kinsman of a hostage : in an interterritorial matter. 49. 195. 151-3. forfeited by the king of Temhair to Fergus for the killing of Eochaidh Bel- bhuidhe. . distress for crime of a person's. 27. 227. . 19. 227. 44 . an estuary near Bangor. 231. 281. 31. 237-241. 215. 229. 231. a sort of incantation.. four laws recognised in. 235. 217. cases of immediate distress with a stay of five days. 19.. INSULTS: are among the offences upon the distress for the stay of three days. 193. by means of a distress taken by Asal. JOURNEY: stay on JUDGMENTS : from a man on a. 163. 70 n. rocks by which JUDICATURE : supported. 157. : sorts of. 213. 185. 69. cases of immediate distress with a stay of one day. 65. 189. ibid. 44 24 n. 211-213. 25. IMMEDIATE DISTIL manner in which an immediate distress what causes a distress to be immediate. KERRY. wife. 44 n. 39. IRON OEB JESTER : : piercing a cliff for. ibid. or vice versa. 25. north of Howth. spinning. 163. person's son. is seized. 48 .

preserved the Senchus. one of the authors of the Senchus. KING son of Xiall. 43. his 'dire'-fine. 261. stay on distress for fencing of. stay upon distress for his food-tribute if withheld. 51. 203. stay on distress on account of kinsmen. four laws recognised in judicature. bad contract respecting. to what joint entitled out of Brewy's caldron. 117. 253. 5.INDEX. 183-5. distress for division of the land of the tribe. stay in case of fine for injuring.. 39. 169. 127. set aside. : see ADVOCATE : rules relating to the employment of. 79. 209. established in the Senchus. KINSMAN : of a debtor. king of Erin. 197. 231. 83. 287. 41.TROUGH.. 43. 49. LAW-AGENT. 125.". L'7. established in the Senchns. 281. LAEGHAIUE. LEARNING testimony of orders of. to test the doctrine of forgiveness. 149. 175. 15. KNEADING. division of land of a sister's son. men of Erin in conjunction of the letter. 2(11. 123. distress levied in. four nearest tribes bear a kinsman's criin.:.. 185 193 : Y2 . 5. 261. 15. 207. tillage land. 31. LEGITIMACY stay in cnsp of fine for wrongfully questioning a person's. 163. 5. fine for slighting the. 323 laws tributary territories of certain kings. ditto. defaulter's nearest kinsman sued for his liability. Kiso: for. 3. in his time the Senchus composed. haft LABOURER: contract : of. orders one of Saint Patrick's people to be killed. of free tenants ibid. 31. 49. 73. 55. 129. of nature. 203. "it. 132 n. assisted in regulating the law of distress. 203. 295-297. 15. suggests arrangement of the laws in conjunction with Saint Patrick. of social relationship ditto. violating a king's interterritorial law. loses his honor-price for pronouncing false sentence. 167. 133.. common mountain land. 201. 165. 83. equal to that of king. 85. 123. ibul. four things perfect law.. 41. distress from. addition from. ibid. LAEGHAIRE BUADHACH: one LAND: of the two engaged in the combat at Magh-inis. 3. 283. ibid. LAW: arranged and settled by the chiefs and learned with Saint Patrick. . a fixed measure. stay on distress for a. 41. 17. overcome by Saint Patrick. of fosterage promulgated in the Senchus. 83. Saint Patrick came to Erin. : KNIFE of. 173. 139.*. 53. stay on distress for a. strength derived from. 265. in fourth year of reign of. 207. preserved the Senchus. excels all lower than himself in testimony. 49. failing to supply the feast of a. affected with a blemish could not reign. without his chief. L':.

91. 155. 143. ibid. set aside. of a family senior. contract of. 801. 129. . 171. recognised by the Feini. 185. 198 : : n. deprives of honor-price.. disturbing a. MAGICAL WISP. 177. 151. 44 n. MAINTENANCE of a of : wounded person. 167. battle fought about. MADWOMAN. MEETING-HIH. see MIRROR. 193. 185. 247. : MAGH DEISITIN. 215. MAC-FUIRMIDH number : of his stories. 195. 53. 125. ibid. stay on distress for liability of a. 269. MADMAN. LOOKING-GLASS. MEETING: at Uisnech. of an old man. 219. fort of Brigh Bruighaidh. 81. : LOCH RUDHRAIDHE LOCK for securing : now Bay of Dundrum. : distress. Loss: of things given in charge. of a fool. 123. 131. 139. 127. of parents. 143. 47. 52 n. 189. 197. : incapable of taking distress. 53. 137. LUNATIC : : Patrick. ibid. a madwoman. . 57. LEINSTERMEN. 253. 251. MAGH ITHE battle of. LIACHTREOIB a lecturer. four. 249. magical wisp. see LUNATIC. 147. co. cause of lunacy.. LOAD: distress for a. 25. improperly parted with. or DESTIN : in Uladh. MAGH TUIRB two battles of. : MATERIALS stay in case of unfinished. 64 n. 199. from a chief. MEASURE : taking away of. 159. 125. but sometimes an ecclesiastical judge. see FAIRIES. . MAGH-INIS combat at. maintaining a madwoman. of children.47. LYING being engaged in securing a madman. 195. stay on distress in case of a territorial. 123.. see GALEOIX. 137. 37. 193. see also MANACH. LUCHTULXE SAOR his judgments explained to Saint LUGHAIDH BALL performs Teinm Laegha. MONK : a tenant of ecclesiastical lands. fine for neglecting to maintain a madwoman. 143. 155.324 INDEX. Down. 137. 154 n. 241-247. see also LUNATIC : : : causing madness. MARRIAGE first GIFTS. LENT stay on distress from a man observing the. an exemption from to be guilty of. 175. 45. LOOKERS-ON: things from across the sea. : fine for injuring a. see also LUNATIC. LUARCAN.

. 161. 27. stay on distress for. MORASS: fixed the rate of forfeiture of distress. an exemption from distress. NEEDLEWORK stay on distress for the several implements of. : : : ' : the sage's gown. 167. 151-3. 185. 75. see ofe> MONK. MILL: the eight parts of the. 19. 163. 21. distress for proof of secret. the cause killed : of King Fergus's blemish. : MIDHBHA BRETHA an : ancient Irish work. woman in labour. of King Fergus's blemish. mines of copper and iron. 57.. 175. MEDICINE preparing medicine for the sick. 39. MUTILATING stay in case of fine for. MANACH : contract of. . 151. 269. 73. ' Music requisites for. 177. 185. preserved the Senchus. 19. MIRROR : stay on distress for his a. daughter of Pharaoh. 127. 87. MIDWIFE: having gone from distress. in Spring. MURDER secret. 139. 141. 175. stay in case of fine for. 125. 25. 23. oath of secret. 65. 301. MlXE : stay on fine in case of injury to a silver or other mine. 25. 171.INDEX. 25. ride 161 ra. 71. . : : NATURE strength from law of. . Erin seized from. to seek a midwife for a 269. NEL: married Scota. 133. 164. 301. 73. 37. 47. MILLSTONE : manufacture of a. NEIMIDH Fid neimidh'. eric'-fine for secret. MUENA : King tells Fergus's charioteer. 47. 189. at : Emhain Macha. 167. 47. MEMORY: of two seniors preserved the Senchus. 185. MEDHBH : 325 courtship : of. by King Fergus. an exemption MILIDH'S SONS. 125. 103. 21. see also RUNNER distress for the crimes of a person's.YARD : stranger not possessing. 5. 177. 31. to Saint Patrick. 53. stay in case of fine in respect of a. set aside. 31. : : NECHTAE* demolition of house of. 65. 261. NEIDHE one of the two sages that contended for NEIGHBOURHOOD: four pledges given in right of. MOUNTAIN PASTURE : going to. 123. disqualified from taking distress unless accompanied by a native. 165. their fleet came to Germany. used to pass judgment with a chain round his neck. 275. 189. : MORANN MAC MAIN an author of judgments. MOEXACH MAC NINE: judgments explained MOGH : first distress in steward-bailiff of Coirpri Gnathchoir. 235. 47. MUIRDRIS is a sea monster. 239. 51. 237. sacred wood. 189.. battle of Tailltin by. 67. the wise men of Ulster. ibid. without his abbot. MESSENGER. NEIMHIDH battles of. 153. 157. MILKING.

163. untraincj oxen. an exemption from distress. in case of distress ."!. 299. 15. in cnsc of which the stay on the distress for the fine for them is three days. 65. 233. 235. test adjudged to heaven. 283.IDH INDEX. four divisions of. 45. retaliation : Odhran. OIIHKAX : Patrick's charioteer. 265. 61. from a man on a journey oath of one witness sufficient to prove that he went on the journey. 5. 1 to : food-tribute entitled. 265. 303. Saint Patrick's doctrine of forgiveness. four things to be considered in estimating.326 XEP. 265. 185. to 7. by the third word. 263. Ox: for ploughing. having gone to give notice to a person in necessity. 285. 231. OFFENCES. 209. 195. < >i i --USING : : distress O -AiKE OLD MAS l. 123. 63. by King Laeghaire's direction. 7. kills is 5. 43. near Nons: NOTICE : a name of the Senchus Mor. thus reconciling the apparently conflicting principles of and forgiveness. 263. to a church. . the track of the by cattle. of secret murder. NIALL NIAMII : father of : King Laeghaire. 289.. N KT : the common net of the tribe. 237. 113. 265. stay in case of fines for so called. P. 147. 287. 191. of ten days served on tribe of debtor. 105. 253. 17. 181. of his stories. of his stories. 263. ibid. killed see also by Nuada Derg. stay in case of restitution and fine in respect of a. of distress. 285. 117. 269. 105. in certain length of. maintenance of an. 3. 47. 293. 121-3. 3. 177. 197. 67. :'. negligence respecting. daughter of Cealtair. 285. distress for an oatli which the country does not confirm. 199. where Senchus Mor written during winter and spring. OLLAMH-POET number extemporaneous composition by. 303. certain offences enumerated. 183. of a woman in childbirth. 123. 269. from a person making an. 289. precedes taking of distress. Saint Patrick's charioteer. i : NICKSAME: XITH why : a. 287. not served on a wanderer. 1115. 183. 13. what OLLAIRE: number OLLAMH : pound : of the. . 105. 185. 149. 117. disregarding a. 235. 55. NITII NEMONN ACI why so called. cases. 193. tu.ath-guthaird. CRIME : persons guilty of certain offences deprived of honor-price. iliiil. four periods of. 131. stay on distress for. 303. 301. 23. NUADA DEKG. 189. 127. 283. 59. NUADHAT OATH: father of Mogh. 185. MAC FINNCHUILL : a celebrated author.

7. 277. 171. neighbours in right of neigh- bourhood. 3. or a surety. 51. 3. PARENTS : 327 maintaining : of. regulated the profession. ANIMALS. : PATRICK. one of those at which the world Buidhe Connaill. rules respecting pledges. 51. men of Erin. his daughter. 21. 15. 209. 51. !. cup of poison given him by one of the Druids. 119. 301. distress. 131. four pledges given by each person to his four 1 15 . 125. 269. having gone for a physician for a sick person. 53. a-. 2C1. 50n. 15. see MOUNTAIN PASTURE. his charioteer. L'7. son of Fenius. obtains his choice of the Brehons in Erin. marries Nel. overcomes Kins I-aeghaire and his Druids. PHYSICIAN : providing one for a wounded person. 299. 247. when he came to Erin. Scota. PIG: stay on distress for a. PLAGUE : period of. ->>7. in Glenn-na-mbodhur. mortality upon people of. 51.. see PET-ANIMALS. 35. upon people of Partholan. 155. fine for stealing a. 125. having gone to detain one of the family of a person who has gone on a pilgrimage. . 131. FcfGixx: a measure of value. ' smacht'-pledge. 131. PHARAOH : requests Fenius and his school to come to him. 261. 267.-. 19. judgments of ancient Irish authors explained to him. loses its goodness. Ferghus and Dubhthach recite to him what their predecessors had sung.INDEX. 5. 7. one of the authors of the Senchus.. 130. Odhran. to be given by debtor to a person fasting upon him. 277-281. killed. and afterward* Saint stone of. to give judgment concerning the death of Odhran. 45. : PILGRIMAGE PITCHER : stay on distress for a. 25. -'>\ in writing the Senehus in a chalk-book. 35. first battle fought about the marriage gifts of Parthalon's two daughters. 123. battle of PASTURE. holds a conference with the preaches the (io-pel. 51. four divisions of pledges. and duties of the poets. how PLEDGE: preventible. PATTERN : leather pattern for needlework. 47. 127. an exemption from distress. an exemption from 299. notice by. for a wounded person. an exemption from distress. 25. 277. 21. 167. PAKTHOLAX Magh Ithe by. Senchus completed at the end of nine years from his arrival in Erin.-i>ted in regulating the law of distress. 17. -15. 153. number of companions who came with him. PLAIDS. abolished profane rites of the poets. 135. privileges.">. 5. being engaged in procuring a pledge against injustice. 123. Bishop.

takes care of parties from the sea. 59. cause of its having been composed. 25. 45.. artistic rules of. classes of. 43. practised incantation before Saint Patrick's time. 43. attempts to reconcile the principle of retaliation of the Irish Gospel principle of forgiveness.. 23. 33. 63. 59. and deprived of their profession if they pronounced false judgment. stories of the. by Senchus. the. . 45. 25. mentioned. songs of. 81. 5. 129. some of the. : is two days. QUARRELLING distress for fine for quarrelling in an ale-house. exchanging one's raiment a proof in distress. Law with the POETRY: thread of. 191. 3. of Fail. given to Saint Patrick. 235. 193. for their composition. is four days 147 law of the. RACBOLL BRETHA RAIMENT : : an ancient Irish Law treatise. 123. 155. before Saint Patrick's time. 267 299. until the contention of the two sages. 79. . PROTECTION fine for taking distress from a place PROVINCES by whom Erin divided into. profession. 201. iy. 45. 129. 31. 49. left with poets by Saint Patrick. 39. 9 et leq. 237. preserved the Senchus. watching of of. demanding an exorbitant reward for unlawful satire. put around the Senchus by Dubhthach. 39. ' dire'-fine of chief poet fixed the Ollamh. PRIVILEGE stay in case of fine for violating a person's. 96n. 45. 273. : 231. 301." 55. 303. composition of. 165. : 3.328 PLOUGHMAN POEM: : INDEX. 239. 83. distress from a. established in the Senchus. 189. 269. admitted as evidence of title. regulated by Patrick. their offences punished more severely than those a of others. distress for right of a poet crossing territory. 47. 46 n. 45. PRESCRIPTION stay upon distress in case of. words pronounced over. lost their honor-price. 127. POETS : exercised exclusive judicature in Erin. 41. Ml. : : PURSUIT : having gone : in pursuit of cattle. and duties of the. lose honor-price for t>y. delay in pound of a distress on which the stay delay in pound of a distress. an exemption from distress. for festival day. 43. privileges. 41. stay on distress for. POISON cup of. 99. 185. : 163. POOR: laws PORT: owner for. author of the. 5. PRUNING-KNIFE of widow's house. 269. 293. materials of the Senchus handed down in. 125. 259. QUEEN to what part entitled out of the Brewy's caldron. POUND : those of the septenary grade. : of.

143. equal to that of king. 132 n. 82 the Senchus composed there in winter and in spring. 21. SATIRIZING punishment : for. 161. 79. reconciled with the Gospel doctrine of forgiveness. promulgated in the Senchus. RELATIVES: distress for crimes of near. 229. 167. 191. son of Fenius. 123. SCABEL SCARING : see : CALDKON. 133. REINS stay on distress for. satirizing a dead person. 85. cleansing : ROPE : for carts and loads. : RIVERS stay in case of restitution and fine in matters relating to. RUNNER. RECHOL M-BRETH REGAMUIN cattle : : : an ancient Irish work. assisted in regulating the law of distress. 273. : RELIGIOUS ORDERS testimony of. 185. 19. REMOVING: RENT: distress for removing a child 157. 49. 173. 191. 231. 169. 157. 127. 183. 185. 47. RELATIONSHIP law of. stay on distress in respect of. SATIRE: stay in the case of fine for 239. at contention of. 145. stay on distress for dues of lawful. 137. stay in case of fine for. 39. a doctor of the Berla Feini. satire of unascertained kind. SCISSORS : stay in case of fine for. 163. a fixed measure. 179. 159. of Rathlin. 3. 233. 227. a dead man. 31. 185. 239. RETALIATION RINGS : Irish law of. why so called. 27. accruing due after death of a chief. 141. 233. 175. 175. 125. 9 et seq. 231. fine for cutting another's. : ROSSA MAC-TRECHIM one of authors of the Senchus. 47. Emhain Macha. north of county of Antrim. after its mother's death. honor price for satirizing. ibid. called. 3. 157. stay on distress for. 187. 159. SCOTI: whence so . 209. 59. 41. SCOTA : married Nel. 17. 129. distress for. 157. RUSHES: of a territory. a. 159.INDEX. 203. 175. 39. by which judgments of world are supported. 21. 231. RESTITUTION : fourfold division : of. 237. 177. SADHBH: SAGES : courtship of. 189. 125. ROADS : of. 237. spoil of. keeping up a sick person's rent. ROOKS three. immediate distress for. SALT. REAPERS failing to supply reapers to : a chief. RAITHLENN now island RATH-OUTHAIRD: : 329 n. of house of Brewy. RAM : stay on distress for : 127. 5. 233.

35. ' was a Connaughtman. called. 155. 7.. at Rath-guthaird in winter time at which composed. according to law. completed at end of nine years afte arrival of Patrick in Erin 35. 23. SENCHA MAC AILELLA : a celebrated author. 5. 31. 1 spring. materials ' of. of attack and defence. also Cain Patraic. 157. ol. 167. among the ancient* SEPTENARY-GRADE pounds of : bringing distress into the green of one of the. of the why men of Erin. a measure of value. adjudged the restoration levying of distress to be made by Inbher Ailbhine to the Feini.330 SCKEPAU. SEA : : INDEX. 39. laws established handed down in poetry before Patrick's time 39 in. fixed by. pronounced of the Senchus. 151. how preserved. 25. 81. vide 151. SEA-SIARSH: fine for : injuring the crop of a. 5. sometimes called Sencha Mac Culclain. 3. written in a chalk-book. ibid. 47. four periods of giving notice of distress.MORs SEN MAC memory of. SEANCHALDHE SEIZURE having to seek a. from the period of. first decision respecting distress at a territorial of meeting at Uisneeh ibid. 23. cause of its having been composed. his race for ever. a judge among the Ulstermen. blotches appeared on his cheeks whenever he : : pronounced a false judg- his work the foundation 79. verbal contracts made binding bv. the fifth book of. dire'-fine of each. 155. proceeding to be observed in case of shipwreck. 203. called also Nofis. 171. 25. 96 re. ibid. 35. extends stay of SKISCINXE: mother of Sadhbh. authors whose works are incorporated in the. 49. 25. ^avmg gone to seize cattle or a prisoner. 3. the. 97. Si'. 283. 247. fixed the stay on distress in case of women at two husband of Briughaidh. distress. 293. 160 161. Ana-: an author of laws. 49. 201. Cain Bescna. and 3. 41 49 Bee. 25. n. SENCIIUS : davs 127 145 composed at Teamhair in summer and autumn. preserved the Senchus. was turned into poetry by Dubhthach Mac ua Luguir Sen Mac Aige lirst author in. 37. blotches appeared on his cheeks whenever he pronounced a false J iudzment. 43. his works incorporated with the Senchus. 41. ibid. 23. 23. 23. 19. SERVICES. an exemption from distress. . 31. authors of the. or things cast ashore 129 stay in ease of restitution and fine in matters relating to the 183 distress for things seen on the. 25. 4n.

stay on distress from SIEVE. 64 re. injury to a person's. 68 n. 175. 147.MINE: tee MINE. on the distress is one day enumerated. 123. stay on distress for a. 125. ' Eochaidh Belbhuidhe killed there. : SORCEBEF. 233. 195. 157-181. 49. . 203. stay in case of fine for injury caused by. 129. SILVER. 153. 227. 155. 233. 69. 149. 1 77. of two days on distress in case of . 79. 237. 157. things in case of which stay on digress of three. 69. 127. of. for price of. STAKES : 165. things in case of which the stay on the distress is ten days enumerated. STAY: upon distresses fixed by the learned men at the meeting at Uisnech. women's property fixed by Sencha. 171. 167. promulgated in the Senchus. plaids a. 269. things in case of which the stay on the distress 193-207. 269. 131. stay in case of fine for feeding a person's son after notice not to of a stranger. and five. 235. 331 SHEPHERD: SHIPWBECK SICK: stay on fine in case of stealing. 151. SPINNING : stay on distress for the several implements 151. 233. 71. liability on account of the. an exemption SICK PERSON : things to be provided for house for a. 05. do so. 145. 133. 81. and bolsters for a. 145. SMACHT '-FIXE stay on distress for. things in case of which the stay 123-127. SIXKCH : a : name of the Muirdris.. without father.. 127. 147-155.S marrow taken out of bones by. 163-1S3. 167. set aside. 185. SLIABH FUAID now Fuad mountain. 107 see SEA. 231. 123. 53. 229. SLANDER distress for : siay in case of fine for. STALLION: stay on distress for. 183-193. of. offences in ca>e <if which the stay on the distress for the fines for them. SHAVING: stay on tli. enumerated. 191. is two days enumerated. 131. SLAVE injury to a person's. 171 et seq. 301. 193. for his subject to arrest instead of distress : liabilities. SLAXK Fcrta-feig ancient name of. a proof in distress. fine for injuries caused by. 105. having circulated a calumnious story. 163. keeping up a sick person's rent. 233. 145.INDEX. i) also by Brigh Briughaidh. 149. a. and ten days e-tulili-hcd by Coirpri Gnathchoir.-tress SHEEP: 123. things in case of which stay on distress is three days enumerated. 235. 199. SHOES: a person changing the wisp distress for taking care of an incurable sick person. SON: contract if alive. 12T. 151. preparing medicine for the sick. 163. in county Armagh. from distress. 68 : : . 131. 195. 301. : SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP : law of. is five days enumerated. 41. of his shoes.

STOCK distress by a chief who has of. or LAEGHA : a sort of incantation. 195. 87. 85. 185. 41. of orders of religion and learning equal to that of king. 177. 233. n. a distress. TAMAN number TARTAN : of stories of. Finn Mac Cumhaill performed. 25. . distress for a suitor evading the law. 189. 79. law respecting. 273. for covering animals. 185. fine in respect of stock supplied to a tenant. 79. 3. why a stay of five days the most usual. 187. 175. TAIRGILLE' : : is fourfold. 163. STREAM : fine for : unlawfully damming a. SUPPORT SURETY : : persons without means incapable of taking distress. STRANGERS : entitled to their choice of a Brehon to decide their cause. TEST : of caldron. 275. the slain in battle. TENANTS free : and base. 46 n. 86 for false suit against a son respecting land. on account of. TAILLTIN: battle ' of. 189. 157. 237. ibid. man : of SUIT: distress eminence in any particular department of learning. 215-219. STRIPPING stay on fine in case of stripping the dead. to be accompanied by a native in certain cases when liability taking distress. 87. 47. promulgated in the Senchus. manner in which INDEX. 231. 131. 47. 6 n. 215. 47. : TEAMHAIR. to be offered to a creditor fasting on his debtor. 45. 285. 203. 45. 7. 219. STORY-TELLING: profession STORIES copies of. 185. 191. 251-253. now TARA Senchus composed there in summer and autumn. distress for injury by chief to tenant.. 199. 83.1 SUBSTITUTE Sui: a : for a wounded person while ill. 24 re. distress from a. 49. abolished by Patrick. fine for suffering things to be carried off over the border of a. extant.332 STAY continued. 185. 283. TEINM LAODHU. 215. of. person incapable of becoming a surety not to take distress. 45 of the poets. supplied stock to a tenant. : TESTIMONY king excels all lower than himself in. 44 n. a distress with stay is seized. 83. : stays were ordained for distresses. 217. consideration affecting the length of the. 239. : continued to the poets by Saint Patrick. SUITOR death of. became inclined during an earthquake. 119. 263. TENDING. 209-211. 91. and vice versd.. 45. TERRITORY: tributary territories of certain kings. 259. 263. 7. . 205. 91.

IUIEN : of principal races of Erin. 37. of stay on distress for fencing : common 175. 3. 203. n. submitted to adjudication of Sencha Mac Culclain. deprives of full : : honor-price. Sen Mac Aige pronounces first decision respecting distress at a meeting at. 47. TOMB : : withholding toilet requisites from a person. 123. 65. tillage land. TYTHES : effect of payment of. TOYS of children. 265. 35. 235. 201. : TULBRETHA TURF: a work by Fachtna. deprives of full honor-price. 185. TRENCHING : of land by a person. 53. fine for injuring. 21. 171. stay on distress for cutting. 333 THEODOSIUS was Emperor : at the time the Senchus was composed. . near Kells. 67. 189. 157. 57. notice served on tribe of debtor. 265. 275. 35. 167. 169. 207. 27. ULAIDH one : ULSTF. thirty-six champions nigh. carrying. given TOILET : King Fergus as a mulct by Conn Cedcorach. 167. TREE: bark off a. 171. TITLE songs of poets admitted to prove. 133.. 187. 203. TRIBE: land of the. 161. 69. 151. in the niuth year of his reign Saint Patrick came to Erin. from out of a house. Saint Cairnech buried there. of. in Meath. ibid. distress for division of the TUATHAL TUILEN: : father of Fithir and Dairinn.INDEX. THEFT: to be guilty of. of pigs. 31. 139. four nearest tribes bear a kinsman's crimes. 261. 46 n. to 46 Tm-BA. 37. THKACE: Cai abode in. 155. 21. now Dulane. 107. 81. 287. 233. landed by the Gaedhil in the country of the Cruith- TTBRAIDI : one of those by whom Eoehaidh was killed. 71. each member of a tribe liable for an absconding debtor of the. 57. sheep. the appropriated forest. 5. distress for not erecting tomb of chief. 71. UISOTCH: meeting at. TILLAGE in common. legal evidence of his fine for stripping the title. 143. 51. 81. TREACHERY to be guilty of. TRESPASS : by animals. UBCHAELAS : food given to a prisoner. 185. 173. 287. : 127. TRADITION Senchus preserved by. 167. 47.

four securities by which enforced. 135.334 ' INDEX. 129. 285. stay on distress for. UKKADHUS '-LAW. 43. 53. witnesses of a distress. 275. stay on distress for the several implements : of. a. 133. 167. 153. 123. general. 227. 125. aside if if made without . 233. distress for share in established in the Senchus. 173. 51. WANDERER WAR: no notice of distress served upon. 171. stay in case of fine for attempting to violate or forcing a person's 163 167 distress for maintenance of a. VIRGIN : stay on distress for honor-price of a. 205. distress WOMAN can : contract of. 1C3. 15] 153. stay in case of fine for improper use of another's. WEALTHY WEAPONS WEAVING WEIR. 27. 203. 97. WITNESS : from a. WINDS : formation of the. for. period of. her husband. laws for. which world loses its goodness. 151. 267. WAND : upon which : light placed. 53. 167. 41. VIOLATE : stay hi case of fine for attempting to violate a person's wife. 235. five contracts independently of her husband. 2G1. stay on distress WALLING of land by a person. four Urradhus'-laws recognised. 177. 293. WILL: testamentary direction respecting a person's burial place. 133. 217. 89. 135. 123. 181. 27. 46 re. : : laws for the. 219. promulgated in the Senchus. 233. 47. see also J-Oi>. 125. not stationary. 143. May from winter residence to mountain pastures. FISHING WEIR: stay in case of fine for injury in respect of a. 301. fine for. title. injury to a person's. see VERBAL CONTRACTS. 163 WHALE WIFE: : stay on distress for distribution of bones of 125. 43. to prove exemptions. liabilities. 105 107 VALUABLES VASSAL : : of a chiefs house. USE: VAGRANT : subject to arrest instead of distress for his removing of a. WINTER RESIDENCE: removing returning in to. 51. an old bond vassal. colours of the. ' 87. VESSELS : CONTRACTS. 125. 53. set * make she be mad. 215. 135. WAGES: to which persons entitled. 231. 167. 169. ibid. 63. 127. stay on distress for. 265. 41. 11 violating women. ibid. 125 133 139 at Allhallow-tide. legal evidence of his 125. one of those at how prevented.

177. : . fine for cutting. 171. wood (Fid : ni'imidh). 149. ZOXES five. WOOD AXE fine for improperly using another's. 125. Hi. stay in case of fine for neglecting the longing of a pregnant woman.INDEX. 149. 41. 163. 267. evil word oath of a violating woman women. 165. stay in case of restitution and fine in matters relating to. to take care of children stay on distress which guardians of women unfit take for removing children from them. distress distress 153. WOBTHLSESS. 335 W OMAN continued. 127. formed in firmament. 141. stay on distress in case of women fixeil at two days. 31. stay on distress in case of things belonging to women. in suits by. 183. ZODIAC: signs of the. 81. 151. 181. possession. 289. 149. 121. ibid. by women. 43.">. 83. 181. 135. 29. WOOD: stay on distress sacred for. 121. of a kinsman necessary to enable him to sue of the. 147. 145. liy. from women. 147. his ' in certain cases. 149. 1G7. of one woman against another. WRITTEN-LA\V: head dire '-fine fixed by the Senchus. 155. takinir. 143. 175. process 155. in childbirth. 125. 151.

. FOB HER MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE. ABBEY-STREET. 87 & 88.DUBLIN : PRINTED BY ALEXANDER THOM.

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