CHEMISTRY F5 E2 SCHEME (Structure) No.1 (a) 10 (b) 23 (c) 2.8.8.

2 (d) (e)

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2

(iv) Because the ions are no longer held by strong electrostatic forces of attraction in the lattice structure (solid state).

1.) Has high melting and boiling points. 2.) Conduct electricity in aqueous solution or molten state 3.) Dissolve in water 4.) Does not dissolve in organic solvent (State any two)

(c)

No.3 (a) to allow movement of ions in order to complete the electric circuit. (b) chemical energy to electrical energy (c) (i) zinc to iron (ii) zinc (iii) zinc is more electropositive than iron (i) iron

(f)

(i) 14 (ii) Atom Q accepts one electron

(g) E and P (h) R No.2 (a) (i) The outermost shell of the element is fully filled with 8 electrons. OR The elements already achieved stable octet electron arrangement. (ii) Neon / Krypton / Xenon / Radon (i) Sodium ion: Sodium atom donates one electron Chlorine ion: Chlorine atom accepts one electron (ii) electrostatic forces (iii) The ions move faster

(d)

(b)

(f) Increases No.4

The frequency of effective collision between the colliding particles increases. Solid Y: Lead (II) oxide No. 5 (a) Presence of catalyst (iii) (b) (i) The volume of oxygen gas can be measured easily. (ii) Both experiments use the same number of moles of hydrogen peroxide. (ii) concentration of hydrogen peroxide solution (c) (i) No. This is because the number of moles of hydrogen peroxide used is the same.(a) (i) Gas X: carbon dioxide . (e) . The catalyst lowers the activation energy. (d) (i) Curve II has a higher gradient. Hence. the rate of reaction increases. (ii) Manganese(IV) oxide acts as a catalyst in this reaction.

(c)(i) COOH group / carboxyl group .No. (b) Is an acid which ionizes partially in water to produce a lower concentration of hydrogen ions. 6 (a) Is an acid which produces one hydrogen ion when one molecule of acid ionizes in water.

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