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A. Tafazzoli, ii. Iranian Loanwords in Arabic,
Encyclopedia Iranica, edited by E.Yarshater,
)(www.Iranica.com

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1975. . .
1903 . .
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S.Fraenkel, Die aramaischen Fremdworter im
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1360 1942/.
A.Jeffery, the Foreign Vocabulary of the Quran,
Baroda,
] [.
. . 1371 1952 /

.
1333 1974 / 77-62 .
39-1338 7 601959 /
3 58 -38 4 110-91
S. Telegdi, Essai sur la phonetique des emprunts
iraniens en aramen talmudique, JA, 1935,
pp.177-256
.
1935 .256 -177
G. Widengren, Muhammad, the Apostle of God,
and his Ascension Uppsala and Wiesbadan, 1955pp.178-98
. 1977
98-178 98 -178
Idem, Iranische Semitische Kulturbegegnungen
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Language: English.
ISBN - 10: 0199554153.
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* by Saree Makdisi (Editor), Felicity Nussbaum (Editor).

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Qabbni, held in 80s, and analyzes the phenomenon of the contemporary poetry in that era and
before that. This interview contains some issues such as the problems of the contemporary poetry,
the literary criticism, Modernism, poetic prose, rhyme and meter, and some points about the recent
works of Qabbni.
Key words: Nazr Qabbni, the Arabian contemporary poetry, criticism, rhyme and meter,
Modernism.

A Review on Letter Writing in the Arabic Literature and Its Influence on the Persian Style
of Correspondence
Seyyed Mohammad Shebi
Abstract
This article considers the quality and the history of correspondence in Arabic language. It
discusses the brief and simple style of correspondence in the early ages of Islam, the lengthy
and the coherent style of Umavi era, and the ornate, pedantic prose in Abbsi era. This article
discusses the history of Iranian correspondence and the influence of Arabic letters in Persian
letters and especially the effect of Abd-ul Hamid Ktibs style on the style of Atabat-ul Katabah.
This article; also, explains the life of Montajabuddin Badi the writer of Atabat-ul Katabah and his
relations with the contemporary nobles and scholars. The article explains the importance, the style,
and the genre of Atabat-ul Katabah, the formal and the informal letters of this book, and finally the
manuscripts and the method used to edit the book.
Key words: Atabat-ul Katabah, Montajabuddin Badi, correspondence, Abdul Hamid Ktib.

A Collection of the Arabic Internet Sites on the Arabic Language and Literature
Hossein Alinaqin
Abstract
The article aims to introduce some of the most important internet sites on the Arabic language
and literature. Some of these sites belong to the research journals and some other are associated
to the educational centers. Also some of them belong to the literary communities and assemblies
or the official institutions and unions. This article describes briefly the content of each site as much
as possible.
Key words: internet, Arabic literature, E-journals.

The Dictionary of Almuajamul Vasit


Dr. Abdul Aziz Matar
Translated by Hossein Alinaqin

Abstract
An investigation of the current methods of organization of the syllabus and the educational
content of the field of Humanities indicates that these methods are not scientific. Reviewing and
analyzing the textbooks of Humanities and presenting their pros and cons can be a great help
in improving the quality of these textbooks. After providing a brief introduction to the necessity
of reviewing the textbooks of Humanities and the significance of the course of Arabic Esthetics
especially the book javhir-ul Bilghah on Arabic Language and Literature, this article reviews the
book javhir-ul Bilghah: Correction, Translation, with the Orthographically Edited Text by Dr. M.
Khorsandi and Dr. M. Masjed Saryi.
Key words: Humanities, Arabic Language and Literature, Arabic Esthetics, javhir-ul Bilghah.

(141 )27

The critiqu of the translation of javhir-ul Bilghah


Dr. Hossein Kini

118

1388

Abstract
The traditional-modern dictionary of Almuajamul Vasit was published by cooperation of
the Arabic Language Academy of Cairo and a specialized committee in 1960; base on the
etymological-radical method in two volumes. This article tries to describe this dictionary as a
well-known dictionary for the benefit of researchers, teachers, and students of Arabic language
and provide an account of the technical position of this dictionary compared with the dictionaries
before and after it. The article also aims to report the extent of the popularity of this dictionary in
comparison to the other ones.
Key words: Almuajamul Vasit, traditional-modern dictionary, traditionalism, modernism,
lexicography.

language. There are plenty of symbolic and metaphoric expressions in his poetry. This article
is the analysis of the poetry of Ebn-i-Arabi and gives some explanation for the symbolization in
Tarjiman-ul Ashvq.
Key words: Tarjimanol Ashvaq, Ebn-e- Arabi, Arabian poetry, symbolization, symbol.

Layli Al-Akhyaliyyah; the Elegist Woman Poet of Umayyah Era


Edris Abdollhzdeh
Abstract
Layli Al-Akhyaliyyah, one of the greatest woman poets during the Umayyah era, spent some of
her life during Orthodox Caliphs (Al-Khulafa Al-Rashedun) era and the rest of her life in Umayyah
era; however, most of her writings and poems are about Umayyah era. She is a (Mokhazram)
virtuous poet that most of the poems of her Divan are composed in elegy and panegyric. Her
poems are mostly about her beloved Tawbat ibn Al-Homayyir, to whom she remained loyal all
her life, without leaving Islams framework. Layli is a strong poet with deep feeling and unique
style. She has tried her talent in many poetic genres; her main style is paganism (Jaheli) but she
occasionally has used Islamic concepts and words in her poems.
Key words: elegy, Layli Al-Akhyaliyyah, Tawbat ibn Al-Homayyir, Umayyah era.

The Comparative analyses of sayings of abul ghsim nasrbdi, the theosophist of the
4thcentury Hijri withe theire translation in persian sources
Dr. Qazl Mohjerizdeh
Abstract
In this article a method is introduced that accordingly we can find out the style of the past
translators. Here, the Arabic and Persian sayings of Abulqssim Nasr bdi (the mystic of 4th c.
Hijri) are selected as the samples of the comparative translation. Two points are made here: first,
the fact that Nasr bdi has used Arabic language as his own mystical language; second, Tazkiratul Awliy is the translation of the mystical sayings which Att r has gathered and translated.
Key words: Nasr bdi, Arabic language.

The Impediments of Learning Arabic Language in High School Period; Regarding the
Students and the Teachers viewpoints.
Seyyedeh Zahra Haqdust Rd

1388

(141 )27

119

Abstract
This article tends to analyze The impediments of learning the Arabic language in high schools
from the viewpoint of students and teachers. 12000 high school girls in the 4th district of Tehran are
the statistics sample of this research. The numbers of the students and the teachers estimated by
means of the Morgan Table are respectfully 380 and 88.
The info gathering process was done through the questionnaires made by the researcher,
consisting of 39 5-choice questions and after analyzing the data the following conclusions were
made:
The progress of the students in learning the Arabic language as dependent
variable is related to the independent variables such as: the interest of the
students, the family condition of the students, the teachers field, the emotional
relations of the teachers and the students, the teachers function in teaching
Arabic language, the teachers use of the teaching facilities, the geographical
location of the school, and the schools programming and the contents of the
Arabic textbooks.
Key words: impediments, Arabic language, students, teachers, variables, high school.

Nazr Qabbni and the Contemporary Arabian Poetry


Jihd Fzil
Tranclated by: Elhm Hamid
Abstract
The following text is a translation of some section of Qazaya Alshir Alhadith by the Arabian author
and critic Jihd Fzil which includes 28 interviews with great poets and critics of the world of Arab
such as Ehsn Abbs, Abdulvahb Bayti, Amal Danqal. Regarding different critical methods and
approaches, this book provides an important source for the study and the analysis of the Arabian
poetry. This text presents the interview of the writer with the contemporary Syrian poet Nazr

Abstracts
Iranian Loanwords in Arabic
Dr. A.tafazzoli
Translated by: M.H. Sket
Abstract
this article aims to cosider the imergence of some Iranian words in Arabic language.
The writer takes into account the relations of the Arabic language and the persian language since
the anciant times.
The writer also analyzes the imergence of iranian words in Arabic language-wiche has occurred
eather directly or in directly-pointing to some samples and presenting variose forms of a word in
Old persian Midle persian, New persian, Aramaic, and Arabic languages. The writer compares this
languages lexically.
Key words: Loanwords, persian language, Arabic language

The Criticism and the Analysis of the Historical-Islamic Stories of Jorji Zaydn, the
Contemporary Arabian Novelist
Ziba Akbarzadeh
Abstract
Nowadays, scholars and theoreticians attempt to publicize their thoughts in different ways.One of
them is Jorji Zaydn (1861-1914) the famous Lebanese-Christian historian, writer, and journalist.
His importance is in introducing the science of history and linguistics in a modern, scientific method
and making the common people familiar with the history of Islam and the Arab. His novels written
to teach people history have been very popular.
Key words: fictional literature, historical novel, Jorji Zaydn.

Pessimism and Its Reflection in Mustaf Lutfi Al-Manfalutis Works


Mozaffar Akbari Mafkher

Abstract
Abul Alae Marri (449-363, Hijri) the Arabian poet and thinker is an eminent figure in Iran. In
some sources he has been accused of atheism and some blasphemy of though. This article is a
neutral discussion on some of the thoughts of Abul Al AlMaarri. In this article Abul Al is assumed
as a theistic and pious person and some features of his thoughts are studied.
Key words: the Arabian poetry, Abul Al AlMarri, Atheist.

Tarjimn-ul Ashvq: Ebn-i- Arabis Symbolization of the Perfect Man


Dr. Mohammad Khazee
Abstract
Ebn-i- Arabi is the most significant theoretician of the Islamic theosophy. The collection of his
poems, Tarjiman-ul Ashvq is one of the greatest examples of the theosophical poetry in Arabic

(141 )27

The Analyzes of The Thouthes And The Opinions of Abul-alAlmaarri, The Arabian Poet
Ali Reza Zakavati Qaragozlu

120

1388

Abstract
Romanticism and Realism have had the greatest impact on the fictional literature in Egypt. These
two schools have led to pessimism, hopelessness, and feeling of absurdity, in Egyptian fictional
literature. Manfaluti, the contemporary novelist has been greatly influenced by Romantic literature
and this has resulted in the emergence of pessimism, despair, and absurdity in his works.
Misery, poverty, starvation, and hardship of life along with his imprisonment pushed Manfaluti to
Romanticism; the literature that is abundant of grief, pain and cry. Under the influence of Romantic
literature, Manfaluti entered pessimism, grief and cry literature into his novels; hence, pessimism
became the underlying theme of his novels. Due to composing an abusive ode against Khadivi
Abbas, Manfaluti was imprisoned for six months. The prison period had a negative impact on his life
and caused his disgust and hatred against politics and politicians. His tendency to sentimentality
led him to accept the most pessimistic views and insights toward humanity. For him, life was a
weeping house and to escape from it he took shelter in his imagination.
Key words: Romanticism, pessimism, social criticism, emotions, hardships and
misfortunes,Mustaf Lutfi Al-Manfoluti.