What is Critical Reading?

Critical = 1. crucial, significant, serious 2. faultfinding, censorious
Critic=
value, or truth of a matter. 2. One who specializes especially professionally in the evaluation and appreciation of literary or artistic works: a film critic; a dance critic. 3. One who tends to make harsh or carping judgments; a faultfinder.
1. One who forms and expresses judgments of the merits, faults,

Literal reading entails the ability to recognize words accurately; to identify topic, main ideas, and supporting details; to understand sequence of events; to recognize cause and effect relationships; to interpret directions; and to understand organizational patterns used in various types of reading matter. Critical reading is the process of questioning and evaluating printed material to determine its accuracy, depth, relevance and credibility. Affective reading fuses the reader’s intellectual and emotional responses to what he read.

To enable someone to realize why he/she is influenced or not influenced by certain issues. To enable someone to weigh public issues and make intelligent choices among political candidates. To enable someone to detect misleading advertisement claims, recognize the best values, and avoid spending his money foolishly.

I asked six of my friends what they thought of the three presidential candidates and they agreed that SBY-Budiono is the best. SBY-Budiono is undoubtely the best for Indonesian president and vice-president. You can tell that Alice is a lot smarter than her brother. She wears those thick glasses and has a high forehead. "I took an aspirin and prayed to God, and my headache disappeared. So God cured me of the headache.“ I've met four Sundanese girls so far, and they were both very pretty. So, all Sundanese girls are very pretty. Well, it's time for a decision. Will you contribute $10 to our environmental fund, or are you on the side of environmental destruction?

Critical reading is the manifestation of critical thinking, i.e. the use of mental ability as a tool of inquiry for making purposeful, self-regulatory judgment which results in interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and inference, as well as explanation of the evidential, conceptual, methodological, criteriological, or contextual considerations upon which that judgment is based, in reading.

1) Identifying facts, in which the reader tries to clearly

recognize what the author is saying. 2) Examining the source, during which the reader critically looks at the author and his or her competence, reliability, and probable viewpoints or biases. 3) Analyzing the material by examining the author’s assumptions and the logic and accuracy of these assumptions and conclusions; recognizing the inferences that the reader is supposed to make; detecting the implications present in the author’s diction, style, or tone; and by recognizing the author’s use of propaganda tricks and emotional appeals. 4) Comparing a selection with other sources that may present conflicting viewpoints (especially necessary in college assignments)

DISTINGUISHING FACT FROM OPINION INTERPRETING CONNOTATION OF WORDS DISCOVERING THE AUTHOR’S POINT OF VIEW RECOGNIZING CROOKED AND FALLACIOUS THINKING DETECTING PROPAGANDA RECOGNIZING STATISTICAL SLIPS MAKING INFERENCES DISCOVERING THE AUTHOR’S COMPETENCE, INTENTION, ATTITUDE, AUTHOR’S BIAS, TIME OF PUBLICATION, & TARGET READERS

1. "I did not murder my mother and father with an axe purposively! Please don't find me guilty; I'm suffering enough through being an orphan.“ 2. "You are studying at a rich college. Therefore you must be rich." 3. I've met four Sundanese girls so far, and they were both very pretty. So, all Sundanese girls are very pretty. 4. "Since Egyptians did so much excavation to construct the pyramids, they were well versed in paleontology."

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