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Fabric Construction - Woven

Fabric Construction - Woven

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Basic things of woven fabric construction.
Basic things of woven fabric construction.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Khalid Rahman Porosh on May 18, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/18/2013

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Woven fabrics

How much do you already know about woven fabrics? Choose a number from 0=Not confident to 10=Very confident below
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Learning Objectives:
• Be able to identify a woven fabric • Be able to name properties & characteristics of woven fabrics

Success Criteria:
A*-A: Be able to create different weave samples with no promoting from the teacher. Be able to speak and write fluently about woven fabrics in the lesson listing all properties and fabric characteristics confidently. B: Be able to create different weave samples and display a sound knowledge of their properties and characteristics. C: Be able to create different weave samples in the lesson with at least two properties and characteristics for each.

Learning Outcomes:
• Be able to tell me how to create at least two different weaves • Have a good sample of each weave • Made detailed revision notes

Weaving

• Spinning is the twisting together of fibres to make a yarn. The more a yarn is twisted the stronger it will be.

• A shuttle takes the yarn from one side to another. • Woven fabrics are not stretchy and tend to fray when cut.

Properties
1. Edges do not fray until cut, as they have a selvedge 1. They can be woven at different densities and have different weights 4. The fabric is at its strongest on the grain line 5. The fabric can stretch on the bias (diagonal) of the fabric.

Woven Fabric Construction.

DRAW this diagram into your workbooks

Woven Fabric Construction.
WEFT

DRAW this diagram into your workbooks

The horizontal yarn is called the WEFT yarn ‘weft goes left!’ T

Make notes in workbooks

Woven Fabric Construction.

DRAW this diagram into your workbooks
The vertical yarn is called the WARP yarn ‘warp

WARP

goes up and down!’ T

The WARP yarn is also called the GRAIN LINET

Make notes in workbooks

Woven Fabric Construction.

DRAW this diagram into your workbooks
At the edge of a woven piece of fabric the warp yarns wrap around the weft yarns, this is called the SELVEDGE
Selvedge

Make notes in workbooks

Woven Fabric Construction.

DRAW this diagram into your workbooks
If you put a tape measure diagonally across the fabric you are finding the BIAS.

BIAS
Make notes in workbooks

Types of weave
Have a go!

• Plain weave – This is the simplest weave where one weft yarn passes under and over one warp yarn, e.g. poplin, calico.
Teacher Demo

Types of weave
Have a go!

•Twill weave – Weft yarns pass under or over 2–4 warp yarns. Herringbone is a variation on a twill weave. The fabric has a distinctive diagonal pattern, e.g. denim.
Teacher Demo

Types of weave
Have a go!

•Satin weave – The weft yarns pass over between 4–7 warp yarns to give smooth and shiny fabrics, e.g. damask.
Teacher Demo

Peer Assessment Challenge
Pass your work to a friend

• Yellow Hat: What has gone well?

• Black Hat: What has not worked so well?

• Green Hat: How could it be improved?
• Write your comments in their books, leaving space

for sticking the woven samples in.

• Pile weaves can be made by inserting extra warp threads into a plain weave backing. The loops can be cut (e.g. velvet) or left uncut (e.g. terry towel).

Pile weaves

• The extra yarns increase the surface area of the fabric which makes it more absorbent. • Pile weave fabrics include velvet, terry towel, corduroy.

Woven fabrics
How much do you know NOW about woven fabrics? Choose a number from 0=Not confident to 10=Very confident below
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Questioning
• • • • • • Name two properties of woven fabrics Name a fabric constructed using a plain, satin and twill weave What is the name of the piece of equipment used to weave fabric in industry? How are fibres made strong before weaving? What is a pile weave? What products can be made with a pile weave?

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