INDUCTION MOTOR TESTING

BY K.Selvam

.What are the various types of Tests  Insulation Test – 500V / 5000V Megger  Resistance Test – Multimeter / Micro Ohm Meter  No Load Test  Blocked Rotor Test  Load Test / Heat Run Test  Vibration measurement  Noise measurement  Calculation Copper Loss. Iron Loss & efficiency by drawing Circle diagram from the above test.

Insulation Test The insulation resistance. is obtained by meggering the equipment using the megger. . commonly known as IR value. For LT motors 500V megger and for HT motors 2500V/5000V megger should be used for meggering. The Insulation value should be at least 20Mohm for LT motors and 2 Giga ohms HT motors. If value is less heat the motor to remove moisture and again megger it. 5 consecutive constant value for 5 hrs indicates that the winding has cleared its moisture fully. Comparison with the previous value will give the true condition of the insulation.

Do & Don'ts while meggering • Disconnect the motor cable while meggering. • The voltage applied through megger should not be more than 1. As far as it is to be kept in air. Then only the exact IR value of the motor can be found out. . • The wires between the motor terminals and the megger should not touch the metal parts. • The hand operated megger should be rotated at nominal speed. Not a very less speed.5 times of the rated voltage of the motor.

. After IR Value improvement Apply the Insulation varnish. • If the megger value is less Heat the motor using space heater or with Halogen bulbs.• At least one minute time the voltage should be applied to the motor. Reheat the motor. Earth the all three motor terminals with a piece of wire for about 10 sec. • Still IR Value not improved then Dismantle the motor. assemble the motor then check the IR value. • After meggering don’t forget to discharge. Clean the stator with Insulation thinner.

. Now Conduct the test between Winding to winding.How Test is to be Carried Out? Motor Terminal Box U1 V1 W1  U1–U2 – W2 U2 V2 R Ph coil. Connect both megger probes between U1V1. Discharge the winding charges. Apply the voltage from the megger for at least one minute. V1W1. Carry out the same for other winding Note down the IR Value. These IR values are between Phase to Earth. W1-W2 B ph Coil Connect the negative terminal of the megger to the Earth terminal of the Motor Clamp the Positive terminal to the winding one end. Note down the IR Value. V1-V2 – Y Ph coil.

. If there is a wide variation then there is a chance of Inter turn short. If there is any short circuit between turns to turns of the same winding. then the resistance value of that particular winding will vary with other winding.Resistance Test This Test is to be done to evaluate the winding healthiness (ie ) Inter turn Short but not earthed. Megger test will not show this inter turn short. All the 3 phase winding resistance should be almost same.

How to do this test? Motor Terminal Box U1 V1 W1 W2 U2 V2 Measure the resistance between U1 & U2 Measure the resistance between V1 & V2 Measure the resistance between W1 & W2 Compare the Values. It should be almost equal .

voltage and power are measured at the motor input. Current. winding losses. .No Load Test • Balanced voltages are applied to the stator terminals at the rated frequency with the rotor uncoupled from any mechanical load. • The losses in the no-load test are those due to core losses. windage and friction.

Current. voltage and power are measured at the motor input. .Blocked Rotor Test • The rotor is blocked to prevent rotation and balanced voltages are applied to the stator terminals at a voltage where the rated current is achieved.

5 MVA VCB VCB VCB AC Motor 6600 V 50Hz 1500 KW .Load Test / Heat Run Test JEC37 DC Motor DC Motor AC Generator 6600 V 50Hz 7.5 MVA 3 winding Transformer AC Generator 1100 V 40Hz 7.

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• • • • Vibration Measurement Noise measurement RTD Resistance measurement Winding Temperature Measurement • All these things are to be done • Based on the above test and values Circle diagram is to be drawn and All losses & Efficiency is to be calculated. .