2

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

α

А

Alpha

‫اﻟﻔﺎ‬

β

В

Beta

‫ﺑﺘﺎ‬

γ

Г

Gamma

δ

Δ

Delta

ε

Е

Epsilon

ζ

Z

Zeta

η

H

Eta

‫إﺗﺎ‬

θ

Θ

Theta

‫ﺗﻴﺘﺎ‬

ι

I

Iota

‫ﻳﻮﺗﺎ‬

κ

K

Kappa

‫آﺎﺑﺎ‬

λ

Λ

Lambda

μ

M

Mu

‫ﻣﻴﻮ‬

ν

N

Nu

‫ﻧﻴﻮ‬

ξ

Ξ

Xi

‫آﺴﺎي‬

ο

O

Omicron

π

Π

Pi

‫ﺑﺎي‬

ρ

Ρ

Rho

‫رو‬

σ

Σ

Sigma

τ

Τ

Tau

υ

Υ

Upsilon

φ

Φ

Phi

‫ﻓﺎي‬

χ

Χ

Chi

‫آﺎي‬

ψ

Ψ

Psi

‫ﺑﺴﺎي‬

ω

Omega

‫أوﻣﻴﻐﺎ‬

‫ﻏﺎﻣﺎ‬
‫دﻟﺘﺎ‬
‫إﺑﺴﻠﻮن‬
‫زﻳﺘﺎ أو دﻳﻐﺎﻣﺎ‬

‫ﻻﻣﺪا أو ﻻﻣﺒﺪا‬

‫أﻣﻴﻜﺮون‬

‫ﺳﻴﻐﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺎو‬
‫أوﺑﺴﻠﻮن‬

3

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

‫اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ‬

‫إﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰي‬

Less than equal

Greater than

‫ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‬

‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬

‫ أﺻﻐﺮ أو ﻳﺴﺎوي‬x ≤ y

y ‫ أﺻﻐﺮ أو ﺗﺴﺎوي‬x

‫ أآﺒﺮ أو ﻳﺴﺎوي‬a ≥ b

b ‫ أآﺒﺮ أو ﺗﺴﺎوي‬a

equal

<

Less than

>

Greater than

Approximately
Congruent

Proportional

Is congruent to
Modulo

Not equal

±

Plus-minus

=

Equal

×

Times, cross

‫ أﺻﻐﺮ‬3 < 4
‫ أآﺒﺮ‬3 > 2
‫ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒًﺎ‬1.99997 ≅ 2
(‫ ﻣﺘﻄﺎﺑﻖ )هﻨﺪﺳﻪ‬ΔABC ≅ ΔA ′B ′C ′
‫ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬F ∝ x ⇒ F = kx
‫ﺗﻜﺎﻓﺆ‬
‫ ﻣﺘﻄﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬5 ≡ 1(mod 2)
‫ ﻻ ﻳﺴﺎوي‬3 ≠ 2
‫ زاﺋﺪ ﻧﺎﻗﺺ‬x 2 = 1 ⇒ x = ±1
‫( ﻳﺴﺎوي‬a = b ) & (b = c ) ⇒ a = c
، ‫ ﺿﺮب ﻋﺪدي‬2 × 3 = 6
‫→ ﺟﺪاء‬
‫ﺿﺮب ﻣﺘﺠﻬﻲ‬

A = ax i + ay j + az k


B = bx i + b y j + bz k
i
→ →
A × B = ax
bx

+

Plus

-

Minus

‫ ﺟﻤﻊ‬2 + 3 = 5
‫ ﻧﺎﻗﺺ‬، ‫ ﻃﺮح‬2 − 3 = −1

j

k

ay
by

az
bz

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

‫‪ 6 ÷ 3 = 2‬ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ‬

‫‪ 50%‬اﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ اﻟﻤﺌﻮﻳﺔ‬

‫‪00‬‬

‫‪ 50 0‬اﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻷﻟﻒ‬

‫→ →‬

‫‪A ⋅ B = A B cosθ‬‬

‫ﺿﺮب داﺧﻠﻲ‬

‫‪ 5! = 1 × 2 × 3 × 4 × 5 = 120‬ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻲ أو ﻓﺎآﺘﻮرﻳﻞ‬
‫ﺟﺬر‬

‫ﺟﺬر ﺗﺮﺑﻴﻊ‬

‫‪4=2‬‬

‫ﺟﺬر ﺗﻜﻌﻴﺐ‬

‫‪27 = 3‬‬

‫‪3‬‬

‫ﺟﺬر ﻧﻮﻧﻲ‬

‫‪m‬‬

‫‪n‬‬

‫ﻧﺎﻗﻞ أو ﻳﺒﺎدل ﺻﻔﻮف و أﻋﻤﺪة ﻓﻲ ﻣﺼﻔﻮﻓﺔ‬

‫ﻧﺎﻗﻞ‬

‫‪4‬‬

‫‪ : Division‬أو ‪ /‬أو‬
‫‪Divided by‬‬

‫÷‬

‫‪Percent‬‬

‫‪%‬‬

‫‪Per thousand‬‬

‫‪00‬‬

‫‪Dot‬‬

‫‪.‬‬

‫‪Factorial‬‬

‫!‬

‫‪0‬‬

‫‪Square root‬‬

‫‪Transpose‬‬

‫‪AT‬‬

‫‪B = A T ⇒ b ji = aij‬‬
‫‪ 5.3 ⇒ [ x ] = 5 & y = 5.6 ⇒ [ y ] = 6‬ﺟﺰء ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬

‫⎤ ‪a12‬‬
‫⎦⎥ ‪a22‬‬

‫‪ ⎡ a11‬ﻣﺼﻔﻮﻓﺔ‬

‫‪⎢a‬‬
‫‪⎣ 21‬‬

‫‪ 3(2 + (4 − 1)) = 15‬هﻼﻻن ‪ ،‬ﻗﻮﺳﺎن‬
‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬
‫ﻣﺘﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ‬

‫‪Bracket‬‬

‫][‬

‫‪Matrix‬‬

‫‪Parentheses‬‬

‫) (‬

‫‪Set Braces‬‬

‫}{‬

‫‪Sequence‬‬

‫ﺟﺰء آﺴﺮي‬

‫]‪[10, 20‬‬
‫) ‪( −1,0‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﺮة ﻣﻐﻠﻘﺔ‬
‫ﻓﺘﺮة ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ‬

‫‪close –interval‬‬
‫‪open-interval‬‬

‫]‪[,‬‬
‫)‪(,‬‬

5

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

[, )

close-open

( ,]

open-close

Convolution

‫ﻓﺘﺮة ﻣﻐﻠﻘﺔ ﻣﻦ‬

( −5, −2]

‫اﻟﻄﺮف اﻷﻳﺴﺮ‬

[ −10,13)

‫ﻓﺘﺮة ﻣﻐﻠﻘﺔ ﻣﻦ‬
‫اﻟﻄﺮف اﻷﻳﻤﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻠﻔﻮف‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻼت ﻓﻮرﻳﻴﻪ‬
F { g (x ) * f (x )} = F { g (x )} × F {f (x )}

Absolute value

‫اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻘﺔ‬

Determinant

‫ﻣﺤﺪدة‬

Summation

‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮع‬

⎧x , x > 0
x =⎨
⎩−x , x < 0
a11

a21 a22
n =10


n =0

Product

‫ﺿﺮب‬

n =10

‫ﺗﻘﺎﻃﻊ‬

= a11 × a22 − a12 × a21

1
1 1
1
= + + ⋅⋅⋅ +
11
n +2 2 3


n =0

Intersection

a12

1
1 1
1
= × × ⋅⋅⋅×
11
n +1 2 3

n =10

∩A

n

= A 0 ∩ A1 ∩ ⋅⋅⋅ ∩ A10

n

= A 0 ∪ A1 ∪ ⋅⋅⋅ ∪ A10

n =0

n =10

Uonion

‫ﺗﺤ ﺎدإ‬

∪A
n =0

6

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

Integral

‫ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ‬

2


1

1 2 1
3
xdx = x 2 = (4 − 1) =
2 1 2
2

∫∫

Double integral

‫ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻲ‬

∫∫ f (x , y )dxdy

∫∫∫

Triple integral

‫ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺛﻼﺛﻲ‬

Line integral

‫ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﻄﻲ‬

∫∫∫ g (x , y , z )dxdydz
∫ dl

∫∫

Surface integral

∫∫∫

Volume integral

Contour integral

C

‫ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﻄﺤﻲ‬

A

‫ﺗﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺣﺠﻤﻲ‬

Therefore

‫إذن‬

Because

‫ﻷن‬

Exist

∃/

Not exist

For all


∫∫∫ dν
V

¬ ‫∼ أو‬

∫∫ d σ

Propositional
if then

‫ﻣﻜﻤﻢ وﺟﻮدي‬

b ‫ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ‬a ‫∀ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬a , ∃b

‫ﻣﻜﻤﻢ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺟﻮدي‬

b ‫ ﻻ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ‬a ‫∀ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬a , ∃/b

‫ﻣﻜﻤﻢ آﻠﻲ‬

b ‫ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ‬a ‫∀ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬a , ∃b

‫ ∼( ∼ ﻧﻘﻴﺾ أو ﻧﻔﻲ‬p ) = p
‫ إﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎج ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺮف‬p ⇒ q ⎫
⇒ p⇒r
‫ اﻷﻳﺴﺮ‬q ⇒ r ⎬

‫إﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎج ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺮف‬
‫اﻷﻳﻤﻦ‬

7

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

if and only if
iff

Membership
Element of

Not member

‫ إﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎج ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺮﻓﻴﻦ‬p ⇒ q ⎫
⇒ p ⇔q
‫ إذا و ﻓﻘﻂ إذا‬q ⇒ p ⎬

‫ ﻳﻨﺘﻤﻲ‬A = {a ,b ,c } , a ∈ A
‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ ﻻ ﻳﻨﺘﻤﻲ أو‬A = {a ,b ,c } , d ∉ A
‫ﻏﻴﺮﻋﻀﻮ‬

Union

‫ إﺗﺤﺎد‬A = {a ,b ,c } , B = {a , d }

A ∪ B = {a ,b ,c , d }
Intersection

‫ ﺗﻘﺎﻃﻊ‬A ∩ B = {a}

⊆ ‫⊂ و‬

(proper) Subset

‫ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﻪ‬C = {a} , C ⊆ A

⊇‫⊃ و‬

superset

‫إﺣﺘﻮاء‬

Not subset

Empty set

‫⊂ ∅ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﻪ‬
/ B
‫{ = ∅ اﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ اﻟﺨﺎﻟﻴﻪ‬

}

∅′ = M

‫ﻣﺘﻤﻢ اﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻟﺨﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻳﺴﺎوي اﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬
‫اﻟﺸﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬

‫ أو‬D X '

Derivation to x

x ‫إﺷﺘﻘﺎق ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ل‬

d
dx

,

df
= 2x
dx

,

∂f
= 2x
∂x

,

df 2
= 6x
dx 2

f ′(x ) = 2x
Paritial

‫ﺗﻔﺎﺿﻞ ﺟﺰﺋﻲ‬

derivation

dn
dx n

f (x ) = x 2

Derivation n
order
nth , nth

n ‫ﺗﻔﺎﺿﻞ رﺗﺒﺔ‬

f (x ) = x 2

f (x ) = x

3

8

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

∂n
∂x n

Partial
derivation n

‫ﺗﻔﺎﺿﻞ ﺟﺰﺋﻲ رﺗﺒﺔ‬
n

f (x ) = x

3

,

∂f 2
= 6x
∂x 2

order nth

Nabla
Laplace

‫ﻧﺎﺑﻼ أو ﻣﻌﻤﻞ‬
‫ﻻﺑﻼس‬

∇=




+
+
∂x ∂y ∂z

operator (Nabla)

∇2

Square Lap. Op.
Laplacian

AB


AB

AB

Line segment
Ray
Infinity line

‫ﻣﺮﺑﻊ )ﺗﺮﺑﻴﻊ( ﻣﻌﻤﻞ‬

∂2
∂2
∂2
∇ = 2+ 2+ 2
‫ﻻﺑﻼس‬
∂x
∂y
∂z
2

‫ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬
(‫ﺷﻌﺎع )ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺘﻪ‬
‫ ﻣﺜﻠﺚ‬ΔABC , ABC ‫اﻟﻤﺜﻠﺚ‬

Δ

Triangle

Angle

(‫∠ زاوﻳﻪ )ﺣﺎدة‬ABC , ABC ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﻪ‬

Right angle

(‫زاوﻳﻪ )ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬

Square
Parallelogram

‫ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‬
‫ﻣﺘﻮازي اﻷﺿﻠﻊ‬

Circle

‫داﺋﺮﻩ‬

Perpendicular

‫ ﻋﻤﻮد‬AB ⊥ AC

Parallel

‫ ﻣﻮازي‬AB

AC

Similar

‫ ﺗﺸﺎﺑﻪ‬ΔABC ∼ ΔA ′B ′C ′

Congruent

‫ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ‬ΔABC ≅ ΔA ′B ′C ′

Arc

‫ﻗﻮس‬

ABC ‫ﻗﻮس‬

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

‫"‪ 30°15' 25‬ﻋﻼﻣﺔ اﻟﺪرﺟﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻼﻣﺔ اﻟﺪﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻼﻣﺔ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ) ‪( −1,5.7‬‬

‫إﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت آﺎرﺗﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬

‫‪9‬‬

‫‪Degree‬‬

‫‪°‬‬

‫‪Minute‬‬

‫'‬
‫"‬

‫‪Second‬‬
‫‪Cartesian‬‬

‫) ‪(x , y‬‬

‫‪Coordinate‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﻀﺎء )‪ (1.4,0, 2‬إﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت ﻓﻀﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬
‫إﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت ﻗﻄﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫‪°‬‬

‫) ‪(9, 25‬‬

‫→‬
‫‪AB‬‬
‫‪ V ⊕W‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮع ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮ‬
‫ﻣﺘﺠﻬﻪ‬

‫‪ W‬و‪ V‬ﻓﻀﺎﺋﺎن ﻣﺘﺠﻬﻴﺎن‬

‫‪Space Coo.‬‬

‫) ‪(x , y , z‬‬

‫‪Polar Coo.‬‬

‫) ‪( r ,θ‬‬

‫‪Vector‬‬

‫→‬

‫‪Direct sum‬‬

‫⊕‬

‫‪n‬‬

‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ اﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﺎت اﻟﻤﺘﺠﻬﻴﺔ أو اﻟﺰﻣﺮ‬

‫‪X = ⊕X i‬‬
‫‪i =1‬‬

‫اﻟﻰ ﻓﻀﺎﺋﺎت ﻣﺘﺠﻬﻴﺔ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺔ أو اﻟﻰ زﻣﺮ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺔ‬
‫‪n‬‬

‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ اﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﺎت اﻟﻤﺘﺠﻬﻴﺔ أو اﻟﺰﻣﺮ‬

‫‪X = ⊗X i‬‬
‫‪i =1‬‬

‫ﺟﺪاء ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮ ‪ ،‬ﺟﺪاء‬

‫‪Direct product‬‬

‫⊗‬

‫ﺳﻠّﻤﻲ‬

‫اﻟﻰ ﻓﻀﺎﺋﺎت ﻣﺘﺠﻬﻴﺔ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺔ أو اﻟﻰ زﻣﺮ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫‪p ∧q‬‬

‫‪q‬‬

‫‪p‬‬

‫ﺛﺎﺑﺖ اﻟﻮﺻﻞ‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫)اﻟﻌﻄﻒ( ‪ ،‬و‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪p ∨q‬‬

‫‪q‬‬

‫‪p‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫‪and‬‬

‫∧‬

‫ﺻﺢ‬

‫‪True‬‬

‫‪T‬‬

‫ﻏﻠﻂ‬

‫‪False‬‬

‫‪F‬‬

‫ﺛﺎﺑﺖ اﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪ ،‬أو‬

‫‪or‬‬

‫∨‬

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

‫!‪n‬‬
‫= ‪P n = (n )k‬‬
‫‪k‬‬
‫!) ‪(n − k‬‬

‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬

‫‪10‬‬

‫‪Permutation‬‬

‫‪ (n ) k‬أو‬

‫‪ k‬ﺷﺊ ﻣﻦ ‪ n‬ﺷﺊ‬

‫‪Pkn‬‬

‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ اﻷﺷﻴﺎء ﻣﺴﻤﻮح و ﺗﻜﺮارهﺎ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺴﻤﻮح‬

‫⎞‪⎛n‬‬
‫!‪n‬‬
‫= ⎟⎟ ⎜⎜ = ‪C n‬‬
‫!) ‪k ⎝ k ⎠ k!(n − k‬‬

‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬

‫‪Combination‬‬

‫‪ k‬ﺷﺊ ﻣﻦ ‪ n‬ﺷﺊ‬

‫) (‬

‫أو ‪C kn‬‬

‫‪n‬‬
‫‪k‬‬

‫اﻟﺘﺒﺪﻳﻞ و اﻟﺘﻜﺮار ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺴﻤﻮح‬
‫= ‪ i‬اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺨﻴﺎﻟﻲ‬

‫‪−1‬‬

‫‪Imaginary‬‬

‫‪i‬‬

‫‪number‬‬
‫‪ e = 2.7182818284...‬ﻋﺪد ﻧﺎﺑﻴﺮ‬

‫‪Napier’s‬‬

‫ﻋﺪد أوﻳﻠﺮ‬

‫‪constant‬‬

‫‪e‬‬

‫‪Euler’s number‬‬

‫‪π = 3.14159265...‬‬

‫اﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ اﻟﺜﺎﺑﺘﺔ‬

‫‪ϕ = 1.618033988‬‬

‫اﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ اﻟﺬهﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ أو وﺳﻂ‬

‫‪n‬‬

‫‪∑xn‬‬

‫‪n =1‬‬

‫‪n‬‬

‫‪Pi‬‬

‫‪π‬‬
‫‪ϕ‬‬

‫‪mean‬‬

‫‪x‬‬

‫‪Golden ratio‬‬

‫= ‪x‬‬

‫‪sin x‬‬
‫‪=1‬‬
‫‪x →0‬‬
‫‪x‬‬

‫‪lim‬‬

‫‪1‬‬
‫∞‪= +‬‬
‫‪x −1‬‬

‫‪lim+‬‬

‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻻ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬

‫‪Infinity‬‬

‫∞‬

‫‪x →1‬‬

‫}⋅⋅⋅ ‪= {1, 2,3, 4,‬‬

‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻷﻋﺪاد‬
‫اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﻪ‬

‫}⋅⋅⋅ ‪= {0,1, 2,3, 4,‬‬

‫‪limit‬‬

‫‪lim‬‬

‫‪0‬‬

‫اﻷﻋﺪاد اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﻪ ﻣﻊ‬
‫‪0‬‬

‫‪Natural‬‬
‫‪numbers‬‬
‫‪Natrural with 0‬‬

‫‪0‬‬

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

‫}⋅⋅⋅ ‪= {⋅⋅⋅, −2, −1,0,1,2,‬‬

‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻷﻋﺪاد‬

‫‪11‬‬

‫‪Integer numbers‬‬

‫اﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﻪ‬

‫‪⎧m‬‬
‫⎫‬
‫⎬‪= ⎨ : m , n ∈ , n ≠ 0‬‬
‫‪⎩n‬‬
‫⎭‬

‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻷﻋﺪاد‬

‫‪Rational‬‬

‫اﻟ ُﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬

‫‪numbers‬‬

‫إﺗﺤﺎد ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻷﻋﺪاد اﻟ ُﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ و اﻟﻐﻴﺮ‬

‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻷﻋﺪاد‬

‫ُﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‪) ،‬اﻟﺴﺎﻟﺒﺔ و اﻟﻤﻮﺟﺒﺔ و اﻟﺼﻔﺮ(‬

‫اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬

‫‪Real numbers‬‬

‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻷﻋﺪاد اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﻮﺟﺒﺔ و اﻟﺼﻔﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻷﻋﺪاد‬

‫‪Positive Real‬‬

‫‪.‬‬

‫اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﻮﺟﺒﺔ‬

‫‪mumbers‬‬

‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻋﺪدﻳﺔ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻓﻴﻬﺎ اﻷﻋﺪاد ﺑﺼﻮرة‬

‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻷﻋﺪاد‬

‫‪Complex‬‬

‫اﻟﻤﺮآﺒﺔ أو اﻟﻌﻘﺪﻳﺔ‬

‫‪numbers‬‬

‫‪x + iy‬‬

‫و هﻜﺬا ‪ ،‬ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻏﻴﺮ‬

‫‪and so on‬‬

‫‪+‬‬

‫⋅⋅⋅‬

‫ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻴﺔ‬
‫) ‪ y := f ( x‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻄﺮف‬
‫اﻷﻳﺴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل‬
‫اﻟﻄﺮف اﻷﻳﻤﻦ‬

‫‪Left hand side‬‬

‫=‪:‬‬

‫‪is defined by‬‬
‫‪the right hand‬‬
‫‪side‬‬

‫‪max {−1,3,4,2} = 4‬‬

‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﻋﻈﻤﻰ‬

‫‪Maximum‬‬

‫} { ‪max‬‬

‫‪min {−1,3,4, 2} = −1‬‬

‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺻﻐﺮى‬

‫‪Minimum‬‬

‫} { ‪min‬‬

‫‪1‬‬
‫‪2‬‬

‫= ‪sin 30°‬‬

‫‪1‬‬
‫‪2‬‬

‫= ‪cos 60°‬‬

‫ﺟﻴﺐ‬
‫ﺟﻴﺐ اﻟﺘﻤﺎم‬

‫‪ tan 45° = 1‬ﻇﻞ‬

‫‪Sine‬‬

‫‪sin‬‬

‫‪Cosine‬‬

‫‪cos‬‬

‫‪Tangent‬‬

‫‪tan‬‬

12

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

cot

Cotangent

sec

Secant

csc

Cosecant

‫ﻗﺎﻃﻊ اﻟﺘﻤﺎم‬

Arc sin

Arc sine

‫ﻗﻮس اﻟﺠﻴﺐ‬

Arc cos

Arc cosine

‫ ﻇﻞ اﻟﺘﻤﺎم‬cot 45° = 1
‫ﻗﺎﻃﻊ‬

‫ﻗﻮس اﻟﺠﻴﺐ ﺗﻤﺎم‬

secθ =

1
cosθ

cscθ =

1
sin θ

Arc sin

1
= 30°
2

π

45° = ( ) rad
4

Arc cos

Arc tan

Arc tangent

Arc cot

Arc cotangent

Arc sec

Arc secant

Arc csc

Arc cosecant

‫ أو‬sinh

Hyperbolic sine

sh
‫ أو‬cosh

ch
sec h

Hyperbolic
cosine
Hyperbolic
secant

cs c h

Hyperbolic
cosevant

: ‫ رادﻳﺎن‬Radian

2
π
= 45° = ( ) rad
2
4

‫ﻗﻮس اﻟﻈﻞ‬
‫ﻗﻮس اﻟﻈﻞ ﺗﻤﺎم‬
‫ﻗﻮس اﻟﻘﺎﻃﻊ‬
‫ﻗﻮس اﻟﻘﺎﻃﻊ اﻟﺘﻤﺎم‬

e x − e −x
sinh x =
(‫)اﻟﻬﺬﻟﻮﻟﻲ‬
2

‫ﺟﻴﺐ اﻟﺰاﺋﺪي‬

e x + e −x
cosh x =
(‫)اﻟﻬﺬﻟﻮﻟﻲ‬
2

‫ﺟﻴﺐ اﻟﺘﻤﺎم اﻟﺰاﺋﺪي‬

‫ﻗﺎﻃﻊ اﻟﺰاﺋﺪي‬
(‫)اﻟﻬﺬﻟﻮﻟﻲ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻃﻊ اﻟﺘﻤﺎم اﻟﺰاﺋﺪي‬
(‫)اﻟﻬﺬﻟﻮﻟﻲ‬

sec hx =

2
e x + e −x

cs c hx =

2
e − e −x
x

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

‫ﻇﻞ اﻟﺘﻤﺎم اﻟﺰاﺋﺪي‬

‫‪e 2x − 1‬‬
‫‪tanh x = 2 x‬‬
‫)اﻟﻬﺬﻟﻮﻟﻲ(‬
‫‪e +1‬‬

‫ﻇﻞ اﻟﺘﻤﺎم اﻟﺰاﺋﺪي‬

‫‪e 2x + 1‬‬
‫‪coth x = 2 x‬‬
‫)اﻟﻬﺬﻟﻮﻟﻲ(‬
‫‪e −1‬‬

‫ﻗﻮس اﻟﺠﻴﺐ اﻟﺰاﺋﺪي‬
‫)اﻟﻬﺬﻟﻮﻟﻲ(‬

‫‪⎧1, i = j‬‬
‫‪⎩0, i ≠ j‬‬

‫⎨ = ‪δ ij‬‬

‫)‪n (n + 1‬‬
‫‪2‬‬

‫‪tangent‬‬

‫‪th‬‬

‫‪ cot anh Hyperbolic‬أو‬
‫‪cotangent‬‬
‫‪Arc hyperbolic‬‬

‫‪coth‬‬
‫‪Arc sinh‬‬

‫‪sine‬‬

‫ﻗﻮس اﻟﺠﻴﺐ اﻟﺘﻤﺎم‬
‫اﻟﺰاﺋﺪي )اﻟﻬﺬﻟﻮﻟﻲ(‬

‫‪cosine‬‬

‫دﻟﺘﺎ آﺮوﻧﻜﺮ‬

‫‪ tanh‬أو‬

‫‪Kronecher delta‬‬

‫‪Tensor‬‬

‫‪Arc cosh‬‬

‫‪δ‬‬
‫‪ T ij‬أو ‪T jki‬‬

‫‪T jki‬‬

‫‪ i‬دﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻮي و ‪ j‬و ‪ k‬دﻻﺋﻞ ﺳﻔﻠﻴﻪ‬

‫= ‪Sn‬‬

‫‪Hyperbolic‬‬

‫‪Arc hyperbolic‬‬

‫‪ i = 1, 2‬و ‪ T ij = T 1 j + T 2 j‬ﺗﻴﻨﺴﻮر أو ﻣﻮﺗﺮ‬

‫‪،‬‬

‫‪13‬‬

‫‪1 + 2 + 3 + ⋅⋅⋅ + n‬‬

‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮع ﻣﺘﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫‪ Log 10100 = Log 100 = 2‬ﻟﻮﻏﺎرﻳﺜﻢ‬
‫‪ Log e x = ln x‬اﻟﻠﻮﻏﺎرﻳﺜﻢ اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ‬

‫‪Sequence‬‬

‫‪Sn‬‬

‫‪Logarithm‬‬

‫‪Log ab‬‬

‫‪Natural‬‬

‫‪ln‬‬

‫‪logarithm‬‬

‫‪102 = 100‬‬

‫‪ a‬أس ‪n‬‬

‫) ‪ P ( A B‬إﺣﺘﻤﺎل وﻗﻮع ‪ A‬إذا ﺣﺪﺛﺖ ‪ B‬إﺣﺘﻤﺎل‬

‫‪a power n‬‬

‫‪an‬‬

‫‪Probability‬‬

‫|‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ اﻟﺪوال ﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺪاﻟﺔ أو‬
‫اﻹﺷﺘﻘﺎق أو اﻟﺘﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ أو ﻧﻘﺎط ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬

‫‪x =0+‬‬

‫‪∂f‬‬
‫‪∂x‬‬

‫داﻟﺔ أو ﺗﺎﺑﻊ‬

‫‪Function‬‬

‫ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬

‫)) ‪g (x ) → f ( g (x‬‬

‫○‬

‫‪ f‬ﺗﺮآﻴﺐ‬

‫ﺗﺎﺑﻊ اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ أو‬

‫‪⎧1, x > 0‬‬
‫⎪ = ‪ sgn x‬اﻹﺷﺎرة‬
‫‪⎨0, x = 0‬‬
‫‪⎪−1, x < 0‬‬
‫⎩‬

‫∞‬

‫ﻧﺤﻮ اﻷﺳﻔﻞ‬

‫‪Rounded down‬‬

‫ﻧﺤﻮ اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬

‫‪Rounded up‬‬

‫‪∂F ∂F ∂F‬‬
‫‪+ +‬‬
‫‪∂x ∂y ∂z‬‬

‫= ‪divF = ∇⋅ F‬‬

‫‪k‬‬
‫∂‬
‫‪∂z‬‬
‫‪Fz‬‬

‫∂‬
‫‪∂y‬‬
‫‪Fy‬‬

‫∂‬
‫‪∂x‬‬
‫‪Fx‬‬

‫‪sign function‬‬

‫‪sgn x‬‬

‫‪ x‬ﻳﺴﻌﻰ ﻧﺤﻮ‬

‫‪∂F ∂F ∂F‬‬
‫‪i+‬‬
‫‪j+ k‬‬
‫‪∂x ∂y‬‬
‫‪∂z‬‬

‫‪j‬‬

‫‪Composition‬‬

‫‪O‬‬

‫‪Tend to‬‬

‫= ‪gradF =∇× F‬‬

‫‪i‬‬

‫‪14‬‬

‫↓‬

‫ﺗﺪرج‬

‫‪Gradient‬‬

‫↑‬
‫‪grad‬‬

‫ﺗﺒﺎﻋﺪ‬

‫‪Divergence‬‬

‫‪div‬‬

‫‪Rotation‬‬

‫‪curl‬‬

‫دوران‬

‫= ‪curlF = ∇× F‬‬

‫ﻳﻀﻢ هﺬا اﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﻋﻼﺋﻢ و رﻣﻮز اﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎت و ﻟﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ ‪ .‬آﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺮﻣﻮز ﻟﻬﺎ إﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻻت‬
‫أﺧﺮى‬

‫ﺟﻼل اﻟﺤﺎج ﻋﺒﺪ‬
‫ﺷﺘﺎء ‪2008‬‬

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