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Unit08

Unit08

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Published by: Gaurang Basarkar on Apr 15, 2009
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Unit 8: Internet Information Services

Objectives
• Install and configure Internet Information Services (IIS) • Create and configure Web-site virtual servers and virtual directories • Configure Web-site authentication • Configure and maintain FTP virtual servers • Update and maintain security for an IIS server

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Objectives (continued)
• Create and modify Web folders • Install and use the Remote Administration (HTML) tools • Install and configure Web-based printing and printer management • Troubleshoot Web client-browser connectivity

3

Installing and Configuring Internet Information Services
• Current version is Internet Information Services (IIS) 6.0 • IIS provides Web-related services that can be implemented to host a corporate intranet or to provide an Internet presence

4

Installing and Configuring Internet Information Services (continued)
• IIS has four main components:
• • • • World Wide Web (HTTP) services File Transfer Protocol (FTP) services Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) services Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) services

5

Installing Internet Information Services
• IIS 6.0 is not installed by default • Individual IIS components can be manually installed through the Add or Remove Programs applet in the Control Panel

6

Installing Internet Information Services (continued)

7

Architectural Changes in IIS 6.0
• IIS 6.0 is similar to IIS 5.0 with Windows 2000 • Changes relate to how processes are managed and maintained and updated metabase files • Metabase now stored in 2 standard XML files
• MetaBase.xml and MBSchema.xml • Human-readable • Better read performance • Industry-standard data representation • Found in %systemroot%\system32\inetsrv
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Architectural Changes in IIS 6.0 (continued)

9

Configuring Web Server Properties
• Primary tool used for configuration of Web Server properties is IIS MMC snap-in • Available on Administrative Tools menu • Default sites and services include:
• • • • • • FTP Sites Application Pools Web Sites Web Service Extensions Default SMTP Virtual Server Default NNTP Virtual Server
10

Creating and Configuring Web-Site Virtual Servers
• A virtual server is a unique Web site that behaves as if it were on a dedicated server • IIS can support many virtual servers on a single server • Configuration conflicts are avoided by identifying the IP address, TCP port, and host header name of each Web site and ensuring that the site is uniquely identified through these features
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Modifying Web-Site Properties
• Individual Web site parameters can be modified and fine-tuned through the site’s properties • Modifying an individual site’s properties does not affect any other sites • Modifying an individual site’s properties overrides any configurations set in the master properties at the server level

12

Modifying Web-Site Properties (continued)

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Creating Virtual Directories
• A virtual directory points to a shared folder on the server • An alias name can be created
• Hides the real directory name • Can simplify the path to the folder

• Clients can access a virtual directory by appending the alias name to the Web-site host name

14

Configuring Authentication for Web Sites
• Authentication is the determination of whether or not a user account has the proper permissions to access a resource such as a Web site • IIS provides five levels of authentication:
• • • • • Anonymous access Basic authentication Digest authentication Integrated Windows authentication .NET Passport authentication
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Anonymous Access and Basic Authentication
• Anonymous access
• Users do not need to provide a user name and password • Uses the IUSR_servername user account to provide authentication credentials

• Basic authentication
• User is prompted to supply a user name and password • User needs a valid Windows Server 2003 user account • One drawback is that information is transmitted using unencrypted Base64 encoding (easy to hack)
16

Digest Authentication and Integrated Windows Authentication
• Digest authentication
• Similar to basic authentication but hashes user name and password using MD5 algorithm • Has specific software and Active Directory requirements

• Integrated Windows authentication
• Does not prompt for password • Uses client’s logged on credentials • Used primarily for internal intranets, has specific permissions requirements
17

.NET Passport Authentication and Multiple Authentications
• .NET Passport authentication
• New method currently in testing to use the .NET Passport service • Will require preproduction tests and a registration process

• If multiple authentication methods are configured, specific rules apply concerning precedence and applicability
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Configuring Server Certificates and Secure Sockets Layer
• The Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol encrypts Web traffic between a client and a Web server • Configured from the Directory Security tab of the properties of a Web site • Users access a secure server using https:// prefix • SSL requires a server certificate from a certificate authority or from installed certificate services
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Configuring FTP Virtual Servers
• The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is used for file transfers between computers running TCP/IP • FTP service is included with IIS 6.0 • FTP uses two ports (TCP ports 20 and 21)
• Port 21 carries connection initiation and diagnosis information • Port 20 carries data

• FTP uses Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
• Connection-based protocol, session precedes data transfer
20

File Transfer Protocol
• Features of TCP include:
• Sending computer waits for an acknowledgement and retransmits data if it is not received • Packets are assigned a sequence number • Packets contain a checksum for ensuring integrity

• FTP requires a server running FTP server software and clients must run FTP client software • There are many free and shareware utilities that can be downloaded for running FTP
21

Configuring FTP Properties
• Multiple FTP sites can be configured on a single IIS 6.0 server • Each site operates independently and runs transparently • Each site has property sheets that can be customized independently

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Configuring FTP Properties (continued)

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Updating and Maintaining Security for an IIS Server
• Sensitivity to security issues is always important for information published on the Internet • Issues of importance in security and maintenance for an IIS server:
• • • • Alternatives to securing access to information Performing backups Stopping and starting IIS related services Applying updates
24

Resource Permissions
• Two types of permissions to secure Web resources
• NTFS permissions • IIS permissions

• The effective permission is always the most restrictive of configured permissions • NTFS permissions
• Normal NTFS file permissions can be applied to Web pages and virtual directories • Can be assigned to users and groups individually
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Resource Permissions (continued)
• IIS permissions
• Always global • Can be configured for Web sites and FTP virtual servers, virtual directories, physical directories, files • Can set Read and/or Write permissions • Can set Execute permission if site contains scripts or executables

26

IP Address and Domain Name Security
• Can secure Web content by controlling access based on the IP address of the client • Access can be explicitly granted or denied • Access can be controlled for a specific IP address or a range of IP addresses

27

Starting and Stopping Services and Backing UP the IIS Configuration
• IIS 6.0 allows you to start and stop services through the IIS console • IIS 6.0 stores configuration settings in the IIS metabase that can be backed up
• • • • • Using the Backup utility in the IIS console By copying contents of the backup directory to a folder By exporting contents using the metabase editor By using the IISBACK.VBS script By backing up System State data using Backup utility
28

Updating IIS 6.0
• Common updates to IIS are service packs and hot fixes • Before updating, perform a full backup of server • Updates are often released to fix security issues • Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer helps determine which IIS hot fixes are installed

29

Creating and Modifying Web Folders
• A Web folder is a shared folder designed to be accessed using HTTP or FTP • Use the Web Sharing tab of the folder Properties to configure the folder • Web folders can use an alias name
• The Edit Alias dialog box allows you to set the name, access permissions, and application permissions

• Network clients can open a Web-based file using
• Internet Explorer, My Network Places, Microsoft Office XP
30

Installing and Using Remote Administration (HTML) Tools
• Remote Administration (HTML) tools support the ability to manage IIS servers remotely via a Web browser interface • On Windows Server 2003, these tools are not installed by default • Tools must added manually via the Add/Remove Windows Components feature of Control Panel

31

Installing and Configuring Internet Printing
• Internet Printing Protocol (IPP)
• Allows printers to be managed via a Web browser • Allows clients to send print jobs using HTTP

• Requires the installation of IIS and the Internet Printing component • Internet Printing requires that the Internet Printing Web Service Extension and the Active Server Pages Extension be explicitly enabled
32

Troubleshooting Web Client Connectivity Problems
• Client access problems are not uncommon • If a user is unable to access an IIS Server
• Check TCP/IP configuration settings, proxy settings, connections, set up error messages, use a protocol analyzer

• If a user is unable to access a Web or FTP site
• Check permissions, authentication methods, IP address and domain name restrictions, connection limits, port numbers, user accounts, invalid cached DNS information
33

Summary
• Internet Information Services (IIS) 6.0 is an application in Windows Server 2003 used to develop and host Web- and FTP-based services • Four main components to IIS: World Wide Web (HTTP), File Transfer Protocol (FTP), Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP), and Simple Main Transfer Protocol (SMTP) services • IIS components must be manually installed
34

Summary (continued)
• IIS configuration information is stored in two XML files known as the metabase • The IIS MMC snap-in (the IIS Manager tool) is the primary tool for IIS configuration • Virtual servers are unique Web or FTP sites that behave as though they are on dedicated servers • IIS provides five levels of authentication to validate users trying to access a Web site • Web communications can be encrypted using the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol
35

Summary (continued)
• To maintain an IIS server, an administrator should use security features, perform backups, start and stop IIS services, and apply updates • Remote Administration (HTML) tools are used to manage IIS 6.0 servers remotely • The Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) allows printers to be managed via Web browser and allows clients to sent print jobs using HTTP • Configurations can cause user access problems to either an IIS Server or a Web or FTP site, note the things to check first
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