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com/sap-abap/abap-runtime-error-st22-short-dump-analysis.aspx For displaying ABAP short dumps in SAP systems, ABAP developers can use SAP transaction code ST22. It is also possible to reach ST22 ABAP Runtime Error screen following the menu path:
SAP Menu > Tools > ABAP Workbench > Test > Dump Analysis As seen in the following screenshot, the current numbers of ABAP short dumps occured today and yesterday are displayed. ABAP developers can easily list the short-dumps using the Today and Yesterday butons on the screen. Of course, for more detailed searches ABAP workers can use the filter screen with different search parameters. Analyzing Problems Using ABAP Short Dumps: Part I Posted by Stephen Pfeiffer in stephen.pfeiffer on Nov 11, 2009 6:57:25 AM inShare
ABAP ‘short dump' (German Kurzdump) is a misnomer. There is nothing ‘short' about an ABAP dump. Should the ABAP AS no longer be able to execute a program - because of an unhandled or unhandleable exception, a resource or system problem, or an error in coding - it may document the problem with 20 or more pages of diagnostic information.
Very often, a short dump contains not only the exact diagnosis of the problem that occurred but also the solution, or at least important pointers toward the solution of the problem. But experience has shown that developers often don't even read dumps - not even the highly useful Error analysis - much less make use of the diagnostic resources that short dumps offer. The lack of attention to short dumps is understandable but regrettable. Understandable because the report that your program is dumping in a customer system is about the worst news you can get. It's time to drop everything and switch to emergency mode. Regrettable, because often developers who don't take a good look at the short dump waste a lot of time thrashing around in the debugger, trying to understand what went wrong. Taking a good look at the short dump is usually a better use of your time. And then there are the situations in which the dump is the only diagnostic resource that you have - when the dump occurred in a production system and is too sensitive to repeat, when the dump occurred several hours after the background job started, and so on. In this pair of weblogs, we will take a quick tour through the ABAP short dump as of NetWeaver Release 7.0 EHP1, pointing out important analytic aids that it offers and how to make the best use of them.
In the first weblog, we will just get ready to analyze a dump. The weblog looks at the ABAP dump lists and how to get the most out of them, as well as at a couple of related sources of information. Off to the Dump If you aren't staring at a short dump on the screen in front of you, then the way to see any ABAP short dumps in your system is by starting transaction ST22. As standard selections, ST22 lets you list dumps from yesterday and today, but also lets you select dumps by user, date and other parameters. Adding Information to the List of Selected Runtime Errors It is natural to want to hurry right to the display of a dump that you need to investigate. But hold on - have you ever noticed those three useful little options at the bottom of the ST22 start screen? You might want to take a look at them before you rush off into a list of short dumps.
By default, the options are not set. But: With information on Exception/Short Text of Runtime Error extracts the data provided by the exception object, if a class-based exception triggered the dump. The display of the exception object may show you useful information, such as the exception's error message. If the initial exception was caught by another exception, then you can see the chain of exceptions. !https://weblogs.sdn.sap.com/weblogs/images/251686928/blog_st22_exception_chain_scaled.jpg|height= 326|alt=image|width=700|src=https://weblogs.sdn.sap.com/weblogs/images/251686928/blog_st22_except ion_chain_scaled.jpg|border=0! 0.1. The program affected and Program and associated application components (long runtime) options add information to the List of Selected Runtime Errors. The name of the program in which the dump occurred is shown. Just as importantly, the list displays the component (BC-CCM-MON, or FI-XXX-YYY or whatever) in which the dump occurred, if it can be found. Sometimes the program and component may be misleading, if an application problem triggers a dump somewhere in infrastructure coding. But often, you can search for notes with the program and component. (The How to correct the error section in the dump long text shows a more extensive list of possible search terms.)
If you need to write an OSS message to SAP, you know the component in which to file the message.
If the component is not shown or you think that the component shown is misleading (the dump was finally triggered in infrastructure code), then you can find the component for an OSS message by following the path from the suspect program (for example, from the Active Calls/Events section) to the package of the program to the component. In SE80, go from the attributes of the program to the package. In the package, the component is displayed. Surveying the Scene of the Disaster You've set those useful dump list options. Now you want to get on with looking at that dump. But once again - wait! Especially if you are working on an ill-defined problem - you don't have a really good idea of what caused the dump - then it is wise to take a good look around the scene of the disaster before plunging into the details. Otherwise, you may miss vital clues to external factors that contributed to or even caused your dump. Start your survey with the dump lists that ST22 offers, which offer useful information to the keen-eyed investigator. The List of Selected Runtime Errors The main dump display is the List of Selected Runtime Errors. Just click on Today on the ST22 start screen to take a look at current short dumps.
The list of may look something like the screen shot below. (This is from a system that is dumping quite busily - a headache for the QMs.)
When did the trouble with the dumps start? 0. They are clustered by type. Does the dump occur on only one server? Or for one user? Or for one program? 0. What's going on? In cases like this. Skip over the following selection screen with Execute.4. because they could signal that your dump is part of some larger problem with the system or one of its components. but none of the sets of dumps seem likely to share causal explanations or to fit the journalistic questions posed above. Choose Goto -> Overview from the ST22 start screen. ask yourself these questions: 0. There are so many dumps. sorted by dump category.3. then you want to know this as quickly as possible If there are patterns in the list of short dumps.1. The system shows you what has been dumping in the system.As you look at the list of dumps. then you want to find these. the more orderly view of dump traffic offered by the Overview function may help. . Is your dump a mass phenomenon? 0. The Dump Overview As you look at the List of Runtime Errors above. you may have the feeling that you can't see the forest for the trees. What other dumps occurred around the same time as your dump? Are there signs of system or database problems or problems in components which your program uses? If your dump is a mass phenomenon.2.
the ‘usual suspects' in the parlance of the film ‘Casablanca' . . in which infrastructure source code (in this case) is being changed on the fly. all documented in loving detail by the kernel developers who are responsible for them. The ABAP AS defines more than 1600 short dumps. Some of these . Perhaps the computer was shut down or the process was explicitly killed. The scattering of dump activity among unrelated programs is in this case also explained by the fact that the system is apparently a development system.The foci of dump activity make it clearer what is going on in the system. Or perhaps some particular program or component is not working quite right.already indicate to the savvy investigator that something other than an ABAP error is at play in the system. perhaps a serious OS error occurred. The UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONs and OBJECTS_OBJREF_NOT_ASSIGNED_NO may indicate that the developers have not cleanly implemented some programs as yet. A list of the usual suspects might include these short dump IDs: Short Dump ID Cause and Significance The operating system sent the work process a signal. the LOAD_PROGRAM_LOST short dumps tell us that we are in a development system. SYSTEM_CORE_DUMPED No analysis or correction on the ABAP side is possible or necessary. First. For a closer look. a double-click on one of the entries in the list selects the relevant short dumps for display.
Perhaps the file system is full. <br /><br />The System Environment section of the dump shows you the memory consumption of the dumped program. <br /><br />Also: Use SM50 to look for processes in PRIV mode. MEMORY_</p></td><td width="284" valign="top"><p>In many cases. In some cases. Use the Memory Analyzer in the new ABAP Debugger to check suspect programs. perhaps the file or directory did not exist.</p></td></tr><tr><td width="284" valign="top"><p>DB_ERR_<DBS> In many cases. you can check whether it in fact was the culprit (for example. Most likely a file system or configuration problem has caused the dump. A file system error has occurred. may be due to TSV_TNEW_PAGE_ALLOC_FAILED . Use ST04 to check for database problems.DATASET_CANT_CLOSE DATASET_CANT_OPEN DATASET_NOT_OPEN INCL_NOT_ENOUGH_PAGING INCL_NOT_ENOUGH_PXA INCL_NOT_ENOUGH_ROLL The system core dump is prima facie evidence that other dumps occurring around the same time are related either directly or indirectly to the core dump. it makes major use of Heap storage). overuse of configured ABAP AS memory resources through one or more work processes has occurred. NI_HOST_TO_ADDR NI_MY_HOSTNAME Somebody has messed up the network configuration or a network failure has occurred. however. Check the file system with ST06 or with OS tools. Use network tools to analyze the problem. or the memory parameters in the instance profile are simply not adequately dimensioned for the size and workload of the instance. The system cannot identify a remote server by name or cannot even identify itself by name. a problem with the database (not necessarily provoked by misbehavior in an ABAP program) has occurred. Use ST02 to check the ABAP buffers and memory. Usually due to a poorly implemented internal table.
To access the dev-trace.often provides additional useful clues before you finally get to the dump. As a search term with CTRL-F. then you may need to look even further afield for more clues as to what went wrong. all dumps are deleted at the latest after seven days. One More Detour You've looked at the dump lists. as well as a dev_wThe dump you want is older than today? The ABAP AS regularly reorganizes dumps. be sure to lock it in the list of short dumps. Find your dump in the system log. message server. Often. the Selected List of Runtime Errors shows both items of information. so the report of your dump can be overwritten. The developer trace is the log that each kernel component (work processes. respectively. By default. ‘short dump' is useful. There is a current dev-trace file. You need to know the application server on which the dump occurred.inadequately dimensioned memory parameters in the instance profile. One more detour . In this situation. the ABAP developer traces may help you to find the missing clues. Start the SysLog (transaction SM21) on the application server on which the dump occurred. it offers a detailed trace of the activity of each kernel component. whereby in the case of an ABAP dump in most cases only the work process traces are useful. . A work process dev-trace is written by each individual work process in an ABAP instance. and so on) writes.to the System Log . is the work process number that you found in field WP Index. (Be aware that the system log writes on a circular file. Even in the standard setting.your dump and for significant events thereafter. Fortunately. gateway.even well before . especially if the system has not been dumping much. in the Application Server and WP Index fields. which was started when the instance was started. Save the file if it is useful to you by downloading it. Enter the start and end dates in which you are interested in Own selection on the ST22 start screen. If a problem with an internal table seems unlikely. you therefore need both the name of the instance and also the number of the work process in which the dump occurred. then use ST02 to check the ABAP buffers and memory. The Developer Traces If even the System Log has not helped you to understand the dump. If you need to hold on to a dump. But don't give up. And you still aren't sure what has gone wrong. dumps up to a week old are still accessible. It won't be deleted during reorganization. which you can get from the dump lists. Perhaps you have taken a look at your dump as well.) Then look for events before .
From the Top: The Context of the Error You have finally made it into one of the ABAP short dumps. In a short dump. In this second part of the web log we. you want to answer these primary questions: What exactly happened? Where did it happen? How can the problem be corrected? We will look at the diagnostic information and aids that the short dump offers for answering these questions.jpg|border=0!</body> Analyzing Problems Using ABAP Short Dumps: Part II The first part of this weblog did not quite manage to open a short dump as of Release NW04s 7.com/weblogs/images/251686928/blog_st22_locked_dump. grab the bull by the tail and face the issue. Fields.sdn.!https://weblogs. .jpg|height=167|al t=Locking a Dump to Keep It Safe from Reorganization|width=555|src=https://weblogs. You'll see a display that looks quite similar to this one. C.0 EHP1 for display.sap.sdn. in the words of W.sap. Instead it reviewed ways to extract contextual information from the short dump lists and elsewhere.com/weblogs/images/251686928/blog_st22_lo cked_dump.
If you are analyzing the problem yourself. if it exists. and Source Code Extract will be enough to let you diagnose and correct the problem.private. you also already have enough information to search for a relevant OSS note. What happened. (Just to confuse things. If you plan to open an OSS message for SAP. The Short Dump Heading On a bold red background at the top of every dump you will find the short dump ID and the date and time at which the dump occurred.) That should help Support to respond quickly to the problem. Together with the program name (ZSP_COMPLETE_FQDNS) from What happened?. Error Analysis. then you will need the system release and SP levels. (From the dump display in ST22. you'll find a compact overview of the memory usage of the program at the time that it dumped.one running interactively in a dialog process . If you plan to search for OSS notes and messages. You'll also find a more extensive list of search terms for the OSS in the How to correct the error section in the dump. kernel patch level. If you see that the program has allocated heap memory. The System Environment: Context Information and Where Did That RFC Actually Come From? You probably skip over the context information presented under System Environment. Together with the Application Server and the WP Index from the dump list. then you can simply save and attach the entire short dump. and other facts on the ‘scene of the crime' to see whether notes or messages fit your problem. That's often the case when a dump was caused by a relatively stupid programming error. A dialog program . then check to see in section Information on where terminated to see if the program was started in a background job. the exception that caused the dump is also shown. . just in case.Maybe the Short text . If an exception occurred and the runtime error was cacheable. The combination of dump ID or exception name and program name should find the right note. then here are three important bits of information: At the bottom of the System environment list. If the program was not running as a background job. process-local memory only if the memory resources of the Web AS have been exhausted. But there are some worthwhile nuggets of information in there.gets heap memory . choose System -> List -> Save -> Local file. then you might want to take a look at the memory consumption of the program in the Debugger with the Memory Analyzer or with the ABAP Runtime Analysis (transaction SAT). you have all the information that you need to look for relevant messages in the ABAP System Log or Developer's Trace (see Part I of this weblog). But let's take it from the top and see what diagnostic help the short dump offers.
and Error analysis sections are invaluable. but here. And of course. Check the User and Transaction section to see if the dump occurred while processing a dynpro screen. Screen Line is actually the line in the flow logic of the dynpro at which the faulty module was called. the Short text. Or the memory resources configured in the Web AS are inadequate. What Happened. Or possibly other processes are memory hogs and have forced this process into heap memory. then the Server-Side Connection Information tells you where the RFC call came from. background jobs manage memory differently. From a dump on the client side of an RFC interaction. In our MOVE_TO_LIT_NOTALLOWED_NODATA dump (above).) If you see a dialog program with heap memory. the short text is this: . You'll also get this information out of the Source Code Extract as well. If you are dealing with an RFC problem in the RFC server. The User and Transaction list specifies the screen and ‘Screen Line' at which the dump occurred. What Happened Exactly: Short Text. and get heap memory before getting ABAP Extended Memory. the opposite is true. What happened. Error Analysis The key question is: what happened exactly? You need to understand the problem in detail to be able to correct it. which may help you to understand the server-side dump. You can then find the short dump on the caller side. you can find out where the call went. then something is wrong with the program. For this understanding. The Short text states what happened in a single line. you won't have to piece together the information on which module in which dynpro in which program failed.
but more commonly. The termination occurred in line 330 of the source code of program LSVIMF59. form routine) in which the dump occurred.. Or. But you may see more complicated explanations of the location of the error like this: The termination occurred in the ABAP program "SAPLSVIM" in "VIM_BC_LANGU_ADD". SAPLSVIM is the current program.. The main program was SAPLS_IMG_TOOL_5. you would simply enter CL_IM_SPROXY_BADI_CTS. the Error Analysis.so I'm trying to overwrite a constant in my program? The What happened section of this dump adds the name of the program in which the error occurred.. in which the dump occurred. however. The Error analysis sections often provide really detailed information about the possible causes of a short dump.. In many short dumps with few possible causes. It's not possible to say which transgression in the code produced the short dump. which in turn reflects the detailed knowledge of the kernel that these developers have.Interesting . you might see something like this: The current ABAP program "CL_IM_SPROXY_BADI_CTS=========CP" had to be terminated because . the What happened section describes the error that occurred quite exactly. where CL_IM_SPROXY_BADI_CTS=========CP is the name of the class pool in which the dump occurred. In the screen shot above. LSVIMF59 is the name of the include in which VIM_BC_LANGU_ADD is located. and the SAPL prefix indicates that we are actually talking about the function group SVIM. if the crash occurred in a class. the identification of the faulty program is quite simple. . since I was too lazy to write a faulty method that perhaps resided in a separate include. but the time taken to read it through will be rewarded. You can enter the full name in SE80 or SE24 to display the class. VIM_BC_LANGU_ADD is the processing block (function module. The MOVE_TO_LIT_NOTALLOWED_NODATA dump. Short dump texts are written by SAP kernel developers. In this case. so detailed explanations are forced from What happened into the next very useful section. There is often a lot of text.. can arise out of many different circumstances. method.
This may end up costing them more time than it saves.For example." Experience has shown that a lot of people just skip over the explanations in What happened and Error analysis. . we learned from the short text that my program dumped because it tried to overwrite a constant. Do you see the error in the code? If you don't see where I try to overwrite a read-only field. I just wanted to complete the fully-qualified domain names of a list of hosts. I don't see any constant in the bad code below. then see the seventh point in the discussion in Error analysis... the one that begins "Accesses using field symbols.
then you might wonder why the stack shows a different program as the end point of execution than the What happened section. You're shown exactly where the program was aborted. so that the >>>>>> pointer points at the line following the bad line of code. This means that you can set breakpoints all along the way to the dump if you think that a problem at a higher level resulted in the dump at the end of the stack. if you are lucky.. . because. or calls between components. If the short dump occurs in the caller. then the called function or method will not appear as the last level in the call stack. You read the Active Calls/Events list from the bottom up. . helpful section of the dump. then take a look at the previous line of code. You can then use all of the tools of the new ABAP debugger to investigate the cause of the dump. because in the stack you can see how you got to the point of failure. If the code line shown by the pointer doesn't seem to make any sense in the context of the dump. A few people don't know that from here. functions. then you can set a breakpoint right from the short dump in order to stop just before the short dump occurs. dynpro modules. so the callee is not shown in the stack. If ABAP dumped because of an incompatible call to a function module or method (CALL_FUNCTION_CONFLICT_GEN_TYP. If you can reproduce the problem. In the dump that we have been following.. it would be possible in the editor to branch to the definition of the internal table LT_CSMNSDIC. methods and form routines through which the path of execution has come. you can jump right into source code in the ABAP Editor with a double-click. CALL_METHOD_CONFLICT_TYPE. There are two things to remember about the ABAP call stack: It's a call stack and not a complete history of calls. If the flow of execution returns from the last callee in the stack. Occasionally. the Active Calls/Events section may help you to understand the components involved in the crash..Where Did It Happen: Source Code Extract The SAP Short Dump developers were right to put Source Code Extract in initial caps. This call stack is a useful supplement to the point of failure marked in the Source Code Extract. Where Did It Happen: Active Calls/Events In program failures that involve infrastructure like Web Dynpro. CALL_FUNCTION_CONFLICT_LENG. this is a really nice. that return from the callee is not shown in the stack. You can jump into the ABAP Editor at any level in the call stack. the instruction counter may still advance even after a dump has been triggered.. where you might notice that the CDNSNAME field has been declared as part of the key of the sorted internal table. The call itself failed.). It shows all of the report events. or in which an uncaught exception has been passed up through the callers.
represents the start of an IF control structure in which the macro is called.Where Did It Happen: The Hard Way Usually. then the ABAP Control Blocks (CONT) section may help you to localize the problem. BRAF. if a short dump occurs in a macro. In our case. you can start to equate the CCBs and the statements in the faulty code. The COND and PAR1 CCBs depict the macro statement that actually failed: CONCATENATE &1 ‘. CCB 68. The short dump contains an extract of the CONT table showing the CCBs that lead up to the dump and the next few statements that were to be processed. the Source Code Extract shows where your error occurred. Read the list of CCBs from the top down. As a not so tragic example. The Source Code Extract does show where the misbehaving macro was called. with a little jumping back and forth between the CONT table and the ABAP Editor. The CONT table shows the CCBs . If you still can't see where in the source code the problem occurred. An error in the kernel may leave no information in the Source Code Extract at all.ControlControl-Blocks . But if you are unlucky. then the source code pointer will be set to the macro call. a double-click on the CCB at the dump pointer still takes you only to point in the source code at which the bad macro was called. you may have to determine this vital piece of information the hard way. . not to the statement in the macro that caused the problem. the CONT does not care whether statements are in a macro or not . then clicking on the CCBs to jump into the ABAP Editor shows you where the macro started.and it shows the short dump pointer that you know from the Source Code Extract.corp' into &1. Then. you can first see if a good look at the macro code might reveal the problem. the SQLS and PAR1 CCBs turn out to reference an SQL SELECT well before the macro call. Unfortunately. Since you can jump into the ABAP Editor and then forward-navigate into the macro with a couple of clicks.which represent the ABAP statements to be executed in the processing blocks of an ABAP program.sap. how can you find out where the short dump occurred? Let's start with the no-source-code-its-a-macro case. First of all. Low-level as it is. In cases like these. if the macro is not too long. But the halfway intelligible CCB names may be enough to show you at which line of code in the macro the problem occurred.
we mention this only for the record.). the Source Code Extract section will really be empty. the Performance Analysis.com for help with using SAT and ST05. you can use ST05. the discussion that you will find in the How to correct the error section of a short dump tends to be a bit generic. The Third Major Question: What's the Solution? Naturally. The dump processing starts where you find activity on DB table SNAP.In the case I-have-only-a-kernel-dump (SYSTEM_CORE_DUMPED. Be aware that the trace will also include the writing of the short dump.for your user. then all you need to do is provide the short dump with the Active Calls in SAP Kernel section to SAP Support. you can trace the execution of an ABAP program at the level of ABAP processing blocks. But since no customer or ABAP application developer should have to read a kernel stack. so search for the problem area before that point. then a useful tip is to try to reproduce the problem in transaction SAT.a non-aggregated SAT trace can get large quickly). like . It may help you find out pretty exactly where to look for the problem. In this case. etc. the dump section Active Calls in SAP Kernel provides clues as to the location of the error. In SAT.sap. ABAP_ASSERT. even if the dump occurred in a macro. Then check the SAT trace. to switch on (in a controlled fashion . Developers are constantly finding new and inventive ways to repeat old errors. Also. If you have a short dump that originated in the kernel and it is not simply because somebody pulled the plug on the ABAP AS. See help. Run your program to its dump (provided that this does not take too long . for example) a detailed trace of program activity. Other situations with no where-it-happened location: Should you not have any luck in finding out exactly where the program went down the tubes. the ABAP Runtime Analysis.
if you are having memory problems with a large list. understanding and correcting the cause of a short dump rests on your shoulders. If you are sifting through the System Log or Developer Traces (see the Part I of this weblog). In the end. then the tip that a field symbol may be involved might help you get onto the right analytical track. like SY-SUBRC. Gathering More Information A short dump addresses more or less directly the journalistic questions of what went wrong where and what to do. In a short dump raised from within a LOOP AT table or after a READ TABLE instruction. It's therefore not possible for How to correct the error to describe exactly what you should do to fix a dumping program. When a short dump occurs. the dump astutely remarks that ‘The field to be overwritten is a parameter or a field symbol. Should these questions be addressed ‘less' rather than ‘more' in a dump. SY-INDEX provides the same iteration-count information for DO and WHILE loops. A non-zero SY-SUBRC from a method or function preceding an instruction that dumped may illuminate for you what went wrong. however. SY-TABIX. You will have to extract as much information from the short dump as possible. You can see the contents of these variables in the Contents of system fields section. let you look up the last message issued by the failed program in transaction SE91. Here are some of the system variables that are most likely to be useful: SY-SUBRC usually shows the last return code setting before the program crashed.the MOVE_TO_LIT_NOTALLOWED_NODATA error that we have been examining.' If you were not aware that the sort keys of a sorted table may not be overwritten in a field symbol. the combination of the discussion in How to correct the error and taking a good look at the faulty code often leads to success in correcting the problem. ABAP preserves the state of the system variables at the time of the crash. SY-MSGID and SY-MSGNO. then the few . Some of these variables are well-known. the return code set by many ABAP instructions or SY-TABIX. System Variables As an ABAP program executes.4 show any message variables that previously were set (not necessarily for use in the most recent message). if set. then it is good to know that a dump also includes a lot of additional supporting information that can help you in your analysis. and use this information to illuminate what went wrong in the code. the counter in LOOP AT and READ TABLE internal table instructions. Even so. In the case of the MOVE_TO_LIT_NOTALLOWED_WA dump that we have been examining. SY-TABIX tells you what record from the internal table was being processed when the program failed. it is accompanied by an entire swarm of system variables. SY-LINNO (number of lines in an ABAP list) and SY-COLNO (number of columns in an ABAP list) show how much memory a large ABAP list consumes. like Jupiter with its cloud of little moons. SY-MSGV1 . SY-DATUM and SY-UZEIT may show a more accurate and earlier time stamp for the initial program abort than the date and time associated with the short dump itself.
The table . Since this is one of ABAP's easiest tricks. The fact that the field was either not correctly initialized or was filled with non-character data explains the conversion failure. A quick look at the character field in Chosen variables showed. In one recent example. one record with a length of 3440 bytes) of an internal table. much more often than not you will find the variables and values that you want to see. at the very least. Chosen variables shows the size (here. The situation is a bit like the belated shopper running through a grocery just at closing time there's no guarantee that the shopper will bring home everything that he or she was supposed to buy. Since SAP_BASIS Release 6. Even though the dump infrastructure may not capture everything. Program Variables For the Chosen variables section. however. an OSS message reported a short dump because ABAP could not convert the character value 229812 to an integer (dump ID CONVT_NO_NUMBER). the dump is at first glance pretty mystifying.20. a sorted table). as well as useful information such as the type of organization of the table (here. that the character field held not ‘229812' but rather ‘229812##믆䀾 ##蠤䋒##p###'. then a careful look at the Chosen variables may clarify the problem. the short dump infrastructure takes a quick run through the collapsing program context grabbing any program and infrastructure variables it finds that are currently in scope. the short dump infrastructure has captured a separate set of Chosen variables for each level in the Active Events/Calls ABAP call stack.seconds difference that you may see can be important in establishing to chronology of events in a failure. If you are analyzing a data-related problem.
then storage for references may not be all the memory actually consumed by the table and its contents. Finally. however. and others. for example. . The references are relatively short. object references that have not been initialized (a favorite cause of OBJECTS_OBJREF_NOT_ASSIGNED_NO. Just use Ctrl . the table display will contain at least the start of the contents of each of the first five records of each internal table that is captured. since you can see how much memory has been allocated to hold the rows of each internal table. The objects may occupy much larger amounts of memory.) In an upcoming release.) are easy to pick out in Chosen variables. Note that a random mouse click in the Chosen variables display switches the display from the relatively attractive formatted view to an unformatted view. (The amount of storage allocated for the rows may not.F to search for ‘:initial}'. Don't be alarmed. Just click on F3 / Back to return to the formatted display. be the amount of storage used by the rows of the table. a table holds only data references to objects.display can be useful in analyzing the popular dump of type TSV_TNEW_PAGE_ALLOC_FAILED (no more memory available for an internal table).. If..
starting with tools for static checking like the Code Inspector (Transaction SCI)..com). Before we cover some initial basics for our new readers I will explain why I titled this blog 'Your top 5 ABAP Dumps are ?'. continuing with the ABAP Unit Test facility. In this blog I would like to share some experiences with some common ST22 dumps and aim this blog at any new SAP basis people looking for general basic information on this topic. And don't forget the suite of tools that the ABAP Workbench offers to help you find errors before your users do.An Ounce of Prevention. you can turn on switchable logging. with which you can even go so far as to practice test-driver development. Don't forget that ABAP offers logging and checkpoints that can be activated when needed (see help. . Your top 5 ABAP Dumps are ? SAP basis administrators and system administrators working with SAP will have experience with the system generating ABAP dumps in ST22 transaction (various reasons). Is worth a pound of cure. should something go wrong in your program after it has reached your users.This weblog is based in part on Boris Gebhardt's Advanced ABAP Workshop: ABAP Analysis Tools. With these. and assertions to help you with diagnosis and trouble-shooting. You can find more information on ABAP Test and Analysis Tools at help. They are by no means "the top 5" ST22 dumps that will be reported by an SAP system as these obviously would change from system to system but perhaps you have . SAP Press 2009. ISBN 978-3-8362-1151-2. Volume 2..com and also in ABAP: Advanced Tools and Techniques. as the old saying goes. In this blog 5 commonly reported blogs that are generally encountered will be included. If your experienced with SAP and have many years dealing with this topic content then this is perhaps not for you but of course read on and enjoy anyway if you want. The best ABAP short dump is the one that you never have to analyze.sap.sap. breakpoints.
the system displays a list of runtime errors for the current day in reverse i. Then a list will appear of all of the runtime errors relevant to the selection criteria. Next thing to do is to run the ABAP Dump Analysis using the transaction code ST22. On the this screen you have the options to define the selection criteria that is searched for the whole list of stored runtime errors. the newest files first. Please feel free to add comment and reply to this blog with your findings.cataloged your top 5 and would like to share them.e. . It is also possible to call the most current runtime errors: by clicking on the 'Today' button in the Standard selection group box. Some background for the new reader on this topic. You can sort the list according to various criteria. In order to list the ABAP runtime errors that have occurred you must log on to the affected ABAP system.
Detailed analysis of the coredump at the Kernel will provide more reasons behind the dump. so everyone can now check on their system for any ABAP dumps and drill down for more information into the selected dump reported.Ok. Here is a selection of 5 common ST22 dumps encountered with a brief explaination and note. 2) TSV_TNEW_PAGE_ALLOC_FAILED In brief the ST22 DUMP 'TSV_TNEW_PAGE_ALLOC_FAILED' simply indicates an exhaustion of available SAP memory resources by a process. Do reply to this blog with your top ABAP dumps (maybe your top 5) and share your experiences how you investigated further and the impact they have on your daily administration tasks. Some common ST22 dumps: ____________________________ 1) SYSTEM_CORE_DUMPED In most situations SYSTEM_CORE_DUMPED is related to the R/3 system kernel. As generally advised and in keeping with best practice upgrade to the latest available kernel patch to solve the issue (see note SAP 19466). .
Calling system is not a Trusted Systemor security ID is invalid.No authorization to log on as a trusted system (RC=1) 128447 . 3) SYSTEM_NO_TASK_STORAGE SYSTEM_NO_TASK_STORAGE dumps are also address space/memory related. 1 . This dump in general relates to 32-bit address space limitation regarding memory resources. 3 . 4) CALL_FUNCTION_SINGLE_LOGIN_REJ This dump is generally reported when there are insufficient authorization to login to the trusted system.Incorrect logon data for valid security ID.Authorization check in trusted system 5) PXA_NO_SHARED_MEMORY .When this DUMP is reported more memory was requested by the SAP system because the program needed to expand an internal table. This will happen in this order in Windows or vice versa in Unix. or a logon was performed using one of the protected users DDIC or SAP*. The advised steps to take in relation to this dump is to refer to SAP notes 110172. 546361 for further details. When the available Extended Memory is exhausted the process will enter PRIV mode (seen in SM50) and will start to use Heap Memory (local memory). 4 different error codes are related to CALL_FUNCTION_SINGLE_LOGIN_REJ 0 . Refer the below SAP notes about CALL_FUNCTION_SINGLE_LOGIN_REJ dump: 986707 . Another possible cause for the dump SYSTEM_NO_TASK_STORAGE is running an old SAP collector. If there is enough memory for the process to finish no error is reported.Either user does not have RFC authorization (authorization object S_RFCACL). A process in PRIV mode locks out any other user to use the corresponding work process.Trusted/Trusting Systems 204039 . The memory resource was not vailable. On 32-bit platforms the long term solution is to use 64bit (regarding MS Windows see SAP note 996600). 552209.Time stamp of the logon data is invalid. SAP do recommend to run with the latest available collector. 2 .
The parameters which are related to ‘heap memory' ie abap/heap_area_dia. abap/heap_area_total are should be set to 2 GB. 2003: Editions and memory usage. table or FM mentioned in the dump. b) Another way to avoid this problem is to try to add more criteria to your report/program/transaction so that there will be fewer entries that need to be retrieved from your database or buffers. These should be used just as a 'first aid'. We normally do a search for SAP notes or contact SAP to solve these dumps. The query may have been quite big already and the load cannot be accommodated. Dumps happen when an ABAP program that is running in a background generally causes an immediate termination of the background job. Here you can see a descrition of what happened. Do you find the actual ST22 dump empowers you to find and resolve the root cause of the dump? Again. The SAP note 129813 may be relevant as some DLLs may be positioned that are stopping the creation of this large buffer on Windows platforms. You can further look up OSS notes for the Error code. The common way to deal with them is to look up in ST22. ABAP short dumps are something which trouble any SAP user (sometimes help the user to understand the system needs better). You do not have to be an "ABAPer" in order to resolve ABAP dump issues. Common approaches which we can take for this dump are: a) Please use in the 'boot. abap/heap_area_nondia. 4GB. __________________________ If your common findings in ST22 are not listed above please do add comment with your frequent observations and share your experiences on this topic. Here I am listing some 'famous' ABAP dumps and trying to explain what are they. You can address up to 4GB of virtual memory. Also SAP note 307976 gives information about this dump type PXA_NO_SHARED_MEMORY. But hardly takes any chance to understand the meaning of the dumps. 2000. Each process in OS is running in its own context and can address max.Windows NT. 1) STORAGE_PARAMETERS_WRONG_SET The problems with the dump STORAGE_PARAMETERS_WRONG_SET are mainly related to the general restrictions of the 32bit OS.Maximum memory utilization for processes on NT/Win 2000 SAP Note 313347 .ini' file the switch '/3GB' and restart your whole computer as described in the below SAP Notes: SAP Note 552209 . Please note that the solutions provided here may different from case to case. or for any programs. So please do add more criteria or options so . the system would not need to use up much resource to complete the transaction. share your experience here with other users.In most situations where the ST22 DUMP PXA_NO_SHARED_MEMORY occurs there is not enough contiguous address space to create the buffer of size xMB Approx (where x is size in mega bytes). This way.
This happens when the program is changed by one user while it is still in use by another user. but not is available. If the roll buffer has been exhausted. the other app servers can be brought up and the buffers should then be in sync.Application: Analysis of memory bottlenecks SAP Note 369726 . but the load was lost from the PXA buffer. but make sure that the other application servers are not running at that time. hence it throws the dump of LOAD_PROGRAM_LOST.that there will less data to fetch. After the $SYNC. You can then do a $SYNC in the command field in the affected application server. LOAD_PROGRAM_LOST are the result of the combination of not enough PXA space + changes of programs which are in use currently. but make sure you have sufficient disk space to handle the additional size of this buffer if it writes to disk. Please refer the following SAP notes: SAP Note 649327 . By the way.Termination LOAD_PROGRAM_LOST . Ask the users restart their transactions (/nST22).LOAD_PROGRAM_LOST SAP Note 24824 . When Extended Memory is completely used up. A running program can't run with two different versions of one program.TSV_TNEW_PAGE_ALLOC_FAILED 3) TSV_TNEW_OCCURS_NO_ROLL_MEMORY The dump TSV_TNEW_BLOCKS_NO_ROLL_MEMORY usually means that the roll buffer has been exhausted. no other user will be able to use the corresponding work process. it sees that the version is not the most current and tries to swap it out for the most current. Please refer the following SAP note: SAP Note 185185 . you will not see the error. When a user gets to the program that is having this problem and R/3 attempts to load the generated version from the buffer. Please refer the following SAP notes: SAP Note 5451 .Inconsistencies in a Program Load SAP Note 10367 .Analysis of memory consumption. If there is enough memory for it to finish.Runtime error TSV_TNEW_PAGE_ALLOC_FAILED SAP Note 185185 . Please check the usage of your roll buffer with ST02->History->Page. you can increase the size with parameter rdisp/ROLL_MAXFS. Once this enters into PRIV mode. Near the bottom of the screen you can see ROLL BUFFER history. Other way to correct the error is you need to run transaction SAMT & regenerate the program(s) that are listed in the dump. c) To decrease the value of the parameters: rdisp/ROLL_SHM. SAP Note 20527 . the process will go into PRIV mode and it will starts using Heap Memory in case of Windows or vice versa in case of Unix. if the PXA would be big enough then the user who does not leave their transaction for weeks will not see the changes to this application until they restart the transaction.Application: Analysis of memory bottlenecks 4) LOAD_PROGRAM_LOST The LOAD_PROGRAM_LOST error can occur when there are two or more versions of a given program loaded into the buffer at any given time. rdisp/PG_SHM d) Migrate to 64-bit OS (as per SAP Note 931024 and SAP Note 996600) 2) TSV_TNEW_PAGE_ALLOC_FAILED The error TSV_NEW_PAGE_ALLOC_FAILED means that more memory was requested by the system because the program needed to expand an internal table.
Lots of extended memory on AIX (64-bit) SAP note 581319 . Make sure that this user has sufficient authorizations. 546361 for details. 2. please go to service market to download the latest patch for your SAP Application release and apply the patch. Please refer the following SAP notes: SAP Note 171805 . (This is the least secure option as any authorization checks are disabled for all RFC requests). Please refer the following SAP notes: SAP note 789477 . SAP Note 901256 .RFC short dump RFC_NO_AUTHORITY SAP Note 91980 . Assign full RFC authorities to the users who need to connect to your system via RFC. 6) RFC_NO_AUTHORITY This error mostly appears with the user SAPSYS.5) CALL_FUNCTION_SIGNON_INCOMPL The short dump CALL_FUNCTION_SIGNON_INCOMPL is typical of an RFC-Call with incorrect or missing logon-data. as long as you did not set it explicitly to value ‘0'.0 the parameter auth/rfc_authority_check is set on 1 per default. The common approaches which we can take on this dump are: 1. all system errors and ABAP programs are run via this user id. As per note 93254.Possible reason for CALL_FUNCTION_SIGNON_INCOMPL. since release 4. The user SAPSYS is an internal user. Deactivate RFC authority Check: set auth/rfc_authority_check to value '0' (zero) in your profile and restart the server. it is not a personally used ID in the R/3 system. Please see notes 110172. This means. Please also check the user id provided in RFC connection (check from SM59) which cause the dump RFC_NO_AUTHORITY.The cause for the dump SYSTEM_NO_TASK_STORAGE could also be an old sap collector. So. any incoming RFC call is checked as described in the mentioned note. SAP Note 684788 .Signal 33 on AIX (64-bit only) SAP note 153641 .Swap space requirement for R/3 64-bit kernel . The latest patch would be useful for the problem.Missing output of RFC short dump after login errors 7) SYSTEM_NO_TASK_STORAGE For this error.AIX 64-bit with a lot of Extended Memory SAP note 445533 . However. SAP recommends using the updated collector version always. we have to find out where the call is coming from. Also the swap space should be set according to SAP Note 153641 for this. Check your settings match the recommendations mentioned in SAP Note 146289. The SYSTEM_NO_TASK_STORAGE is a known problem and related to limitation of 32bit OS.Rabax "CALL_FUNCTION_SIGNON_INCOMPL". The common approaches which we can take on this dump are: 1.Determining RFC client when sign-on problems occur. 552209. If there is no additional instances on same host then it should be possible to increase EM/TOTAL_SIZE_MB from 4096 MB towards the RAM and even higher so that ztta/roll_extension can be reached. Please refer the following SAP notes: SAP Note 171805 . As long term solution you have to use 64bit Windows (Note 996600). Are ulimits set according to SAP Note 323816? (Referenced in SAP Note 146289) 3.Determining RFC client when sign-on problems SAP Note 93254 . 2.Large extended memory on AIX (64-bit) as of Kernel SAP note 191801 .
GOS) is missing from the sales order.SAPMSSY1. Also you may get this error if the buffered version of the TFDIR contains errors. Please refer the following SAP notes: Note 986707 . we cannot conclude the reason behind the dump. SAP R/3 Tips & Tricks Logging on without being authorized Client 066 usually exists in a SAP system due to EarlyWatch services. But without a detail analysis of the coredump at the Kernel. or a logon was performed using one of the protected users DDIC or SAP*. Often this client . Means the requested function module is not found in table TFDIR.Calling system is not a Trusted System or security ID is invalid. Please refer the following SAP note: SAP Note 98458 .Trusted/Trusting Systems SAP Note 204039 .Time stamp of the logon data is invalid. You may take a general approach mentioned in the SAP Note 98458. I would recommend contacting SAP for this dump.8) CALL_FUNCTION_NOT_FOUND The error CALL_FUNCTION_NOT_FOUND is due to the fact that the program called the function which doesn't exist in the library. SAP Note 19466 .Downloading SAP kernel patches mySAP Tips & Tricks You may have noticed that in ECC the services for object button (Generic Object Services .No authorization to log on as a trusted system (RC=1) SAP Note 128447 . 1 .Authorization check in trusted system 10) SYSTEM_CORE_DUMPED Generally. 3 . This dump accompanies with 4 different error codes: 0 . This can be useful to find related IDOCS but was taken off in 4. SYSTEM_CORE_DUMPED is related to R/3 system kernel.Either user does not have RFC authorization (authorization object S_RFCACL).7 due to performance reasons.Incorrect logon data for valid security ID. CALL_FUNCTION_NOT_FOUND 9) CALL_FUNCTION_SINGLE_LOGIN_REJ This error usually comes when you don't have sufficient authorization to login to the trusted system. 2 . Upgrade the kernel patch to the latest may solve the issue. If you set user profile/parameter SD_SWU_ACTIVE to X by going to SYSTEM-USERPRFOLEOWNDATA the button will be available to you again. The error needs to attention based on the function module.
Direct input logs The transaction BMV0 (direct input logs) shows all direct input logs. Adding icons Check the icon code using transaction ICON. Enjoy yourself. and password PASS. The current date is automatically set. It reports the last objects verified and also the respective values. and ORKS (Cost Center Accounting). Even plain files under operating system can contain those strings. Sequences of characters begin and finish with the symbol @. ORFB (Financial Accounting). does not have master users. General command field formats /n /bend /nend /nxxxx /o /oxxxx /i /h /$tab /$sync Skip to the next record if you are processing one batch input session Cancel a batch input foreground process Close all R/3 sessions and logoff Call the transaction xxxx in the same session Generate a session list Call the transaction xxxx in an additional session Delete the current session Turn the debug mode on Reset all buffers (for System Administrators) Synchronize instances buffers (for System Administrators) Report command field formats %pri %pc Print the current report Download the current report . Filling up an empty date field quickly Strike the key F4 (or click on matchcode symbol) and press ESCAPE. Special copy and paste Click on the area and press CTRL+Y. Long messages on footer Click on the message and hold the mouse button. A technical view can be found at the include named �ICON�. user SAP*. Correction and transport system The transaction SE10 provides the easiest way to manage any request/transport and corrections. It allows you to copy many lines at once and paste them afterwards. anyone can log into the system using the client 066.tif on PC files) into individual standard text. Graphics on SAPscript The program RSTXLDMC can be used to upload graphics (file extension . If it is true. After moving the mouse to the left side. Displaying check object when not authorized Soon after the lock try to access the transaction SU53. Table analyses between two systems The contents of a table between two systems can be checked through the transaction OY19. Setting up module FI/CO without using IMG Almost all parameters can be set using the transactions ORFA (Asset Accounting).
Connection between SAP R/3 and operating system The command sapevt can be used to trigger an event from the operation system. SQL code help Run the command oerr ora �error number� under user ora�SysID�.%sc p+ pp++ p- Call the find function Go to the next page Go to the previous page Go to the last page Go to the first page Helpful reports RSCLTCOP RSAVGL00 RSINCL00 RSBDCSUB RSTXSCRP RSORAREL RGUGBR00 RSPARAM RSUSR003 RSUSR006 Copy tables across clients Table adjustment across clients Extended program list Release batch-input sessions automatically Transport SAPscript files across systems Get the Oracle Release Substitution/Validation utility Display all instance parameters Check the passwords of users SAP* and DDIC in all clients List users last login Unconditional mode when importing or exporting a request/transport Run the command R3trans -u under user �SysID�adm. Thus. . a job previously defined within R/3 will be released. The command tp unlocksys �SysID� cancels the lock. Main return codes of tp program 0 4 8 12 16 Successfully done Warnings occurred Errors occurred Fatal errors occurred Internal errors occurred Scheduling of system maintenance jobs RSBTCDEL RSDBCREO RSPO0041 RSSNAPDL Clean the old background job records Clean batch input session log Removing old spooling objects Clean the old ABAP error dumps Locking the whole system Using the command tp locksys �SysID� only the user SAP* will be allowed to login.
It is a great deal of summed up aid. The system makes the field value available to be checked and changed in an ABAP/4 function. In fact they are powerful tools. etc. it can be checked through a field exit. According to previous rules. letting them make configuration changes the transfer of knowledge will be harmed Foreign consultants usually do not know country-specific details Deepening your basis knowledge is always useful Avoid changing standard R/3 objects as much as possible Always follow the SAP rules to give names to your own objects Establish SAP connection as soon as possible Exchange information with other companies Focus on interfaces with non-R/3 applications Plan the whole environment carefully (servers. This format can also be used with exp. protocols. The fields available are also previously defined by SAP. Field exit After entering a value in a field. . Validation It allows solid data entry regarding special rules. network. Oracle import and export explanations Run the command imp help=yes under user ora�SysID�. User exit Points previously set in the system that let you evaluate data. Both of them are defined using Boolean Logic or calling an ABAP/4 form. All fields value available can be checked in an ABAP/4 program. Those techniques are not as widespread as they should be. TOP SAP R/3 Hints Of course it does not guarantee a successful implementation. impst. On the other hand. the system can evaluate an entry and a message can appear on the user's terminal if a check statement is not met. though.) Development and production environment should be totally independent TOP SAP R/3 Enhancements Some special features allow you wide modifications without changing standard SAP R/3 objects. A validation step contains prerequisite statement and check statement. Team integration has to be enhanced Set high standards of performance for implementation team IT teams and users have to work closely during the implementation New ways of thinking and acting must not be discarded Do not underestimate the user training needs Project management should be on the critical list The nearest SAP branch should be your partner Consultants are not always the key to succeed Consultants are a good source of knowledge. and expst.
All of them are defined using Boolean Logic or calling an ABAP/4 form. Very often the problem belongs to them. Before using release strategy you should apply all notes on OSS. Short dump Not always the problem is technical. Set Values or ranges of values are specified under a set name. It hardly works. Pray might be useful too. Requirements & formulas ABAP/4 forms that can be used to handle pricing procedures. semaphore set and shared memory . Instance does not establish communication Shutdown the whole system and check the Interprocess Communication Facilities. The short key word used on most screen to identify the corresponding field contents can be changed too. Substitution Fields contents can be changed using substitution. They give you more flexibility when maintaining your system. the data can be substituted by another value regarding rules previously defined. Try to create all SAPoffice users through transaction SO32 (create all SAPoffice users) and review your application data carefully. Any references should be found. Release procedure with classification does not work As a matter of fact you are not the only one to notice it. SAP R/3 Troubleshooting TOP System gets stuck It happens mostly when archive area is overloaded. Extended help under windows does not link correctly Check the file sapdoccd. Either the command IPCS (UNIX) or showipc �INSTANCE NUMBER� (SAP) show all message queue. substitution value and substitution exit. Transport area is overloaded The command tp clearold �SysID� cleans up the transport area according to parameters previously set on the plain file TPPARAM. Sets are easier to create and maintain instead of using tables. rounding rules. It must be present in the main windows directory and should assign to help files directory. Rollback segments are too small Before increasing up the rollback segment size you should verify your programs. Choose Option -> Parameters users. It has to match the allocated area on tablespaces. When data are being entered. Key words It allows changes on field description according to data element. copy and data transport Sales activities. Run the program brarchive with deletion option to release disk space.ini under your presentation server. You can also try changing key words according to field names. A substitution step contains prerequisite statement. Field exits are completely ignored Make sure your SAP profile parameter contains the option abap/fieldexit = yes. Files for rollback segments are already enormous Check the rollback segments configuration. Transaction SE16 (table contents) does not work properly Make usage of the menu option to regenerate the display program. Changes have to be done using Oracle tools.
Ws_download Transfer files from the application server to the frontend. Improve your home development easily. Oracle data base and Windows.identifier. . Login/fails_to_session_end = 3 After 3 wrong password the connection is automaticly closed. Login/password_expiration_time = 90 Password expires after 3 months. Make sure to have the master user SAP* in all clients otherwise anyone can log into your system. Ws_excel Download files at the frontend in excel format. SAP R/3 Programming TOP Indeed these powerful ABAP/4 functions are very interesting and can bring some advantages. SAP profile parameters shall also contain: Rdisp/gui_auto_logout = 1800 The user connection is closed after 30 minutes without usage. Usage of SAProuter is a good choice when correctly implemented. Login/fails_to_users_lock = 5 After 5 wrong password the user is locked.0f under Unix. Note: Research based on version 3. Rs_send_mail_for_spoollist Send message from ABAP/4 program to SAPoffice. See Tips & Tricks. SAP R/3 Security TOP Simple changes can rise your system security. Before trying again you have to remove them using the command IPCRM (UNIX) or cleanipc �INSTANCE NUMBER� (SAP).0f onwards) improve the access control. Bp_joblog_read Fetch job log executions. Login/min_password_lng = 6 Password length at least 6 characters. Note: I do not have to waste my time telling you to change all default passwords. Ws_upload Transfer files from the frontend to the application server. Login through SAP LogonPad (from version 3. They belong to standard objects and should never be changed.
Popup_to_confirm_with_message Create a dialog box in which you inform the user about a specific decision point during an action. . Rzl_sleep Hang the current application from 1 to 5 seconds. Ws_msg Create a dialog box in which you display an one-line message. G_set_get_all_values Fetch values from a set. Ws_file_delete Delete file at the frontend. Popup_to_confirm_loss_of_data Create a dialog box in which you make a question whether the user wishes to perform a processing step with loss of data. Popup_to_display_text Create a dialog box in which you display a two-line message. Rzl_submit Submit a remote report. So_wind_spool_list Browse printer spool numbers according to user informed. Popup_to_confirm_with_value Create a dialog box in which you make a question whether the user wishes to perform a processing step with a particular object. Ws_volume_get Get the label from a frontend device. Business Objects TOP SAP R/3 Glossary Information Technology has many key words and SAP R/3 has introduced many others. Popup_to_decide_with_message Create a dialog box in which you inform the user about a specific decision point via a diagnosis text. or to cancel the action. Bp_event_raise Trigger an event from ABAP/4 program. In order to understand even better this field you should keep in mind those terms. Popup_to_decide Create a dialog box in which you require the user between the two processing alternatives. So_spool_read Fetch printer spool according to the spool number informed. Ws_execute Execute an external program on the presentation server. Popup_to_confirm_step Create a dialog box in which you make a question whether the user wishes to perform the step.
a self-contained unit in an R/3 system with separate master records and its owns set of tables. See also direct input. Client/Server System Client/server systems are structured modularly. This involves recording all relevant transactions and generating all supporting documents for legally-required financial statements. Swapping and the SAP runtime environment. with components working in a sender/receiver relationship. CPI-C has become the subject of the X/Open standardization and is used by SAP to facilitate program-to-program communication between R/3 and external system. and forces you to test systematically. CATT reduces the number of manual tests. In R/3 installations. Thus the application server requires only storage capacity to accommodate UNIX. IBM and HP. Communication Server It provides the connection between local area and wide area networks and may be either a router. Correction It contains all the objects that a developer has changed or created. a bridge or a gateway. organizational and technical terms. Software components can also be used in a client/server relationship. The application modules are loaded from the data base server to the application server as required. It ensures application data integrity for background interfaces. Company code The smallest organizational unit for which a complete self-contained set of accounts can be drawn up for purposes of external reporting. It pretends to be someone typing. CCMS (Computer Center Management System) It allows you to monitor. ALE (Application Link Enabling) It provides integration for separate R/3 systems. CPI-C (Common Programming Interface-Communications) Common Programming Interface of Communication has been introduced by IBM as a high-level interface to SNA/LU6-2. This toolset lets you analyze and distribute client workloads and report on resource consumption for system components. CATT (Computer Aided Test Tool) It allows you to combine and automate sequences of repeatable transactions in test procedures. Computer type The R/3 system supports various computer types of SAP's platform partners. both application and data base software are run on one computer. the communication server must support the TCP/IP protocol over wide area networks. Application server The application server is used to run the business application programs in the R/3 client/server concept. keeping full interaction. The suitability of a particular computer type depends on sufficient CPU performance. It also controls customizing that has been maintained. defining input values and expected test results. such as Bull. . SAP offers CPI-C libraries based on TCP/IP. control and configure your R/3 system. DEC. Central System In an R/3 central system. Client In commercial. Batch Input A technique to input data safely. such as balance sheets and profit and loss statements. This makes possible distributed enterprise applications.
in other to ensure high system availability and high data throughput at all time. Ethernet It is a LAN architecture using bus topology. Field status Indicator that specifies whether a field can take an entry in the entry screen or if it must be filled. etc. EarlyWatch It is a service that entails having your R/3 installation regularly inspected by SAP employees. Instance It means application server and each one has its own set of work processes. FDDI (Fiber Distributed Data Interchange) It is a local high-speed network with ring topology based on light wave conductors. IDES (International Demonstration and Education System) It is a model of an international firm. Firewall It is a means of controlling access through a public network to a private network. It is a separate demonstration and education system for speeding up the pilot process. A set of default parameters delivered with the system. The transmission speed is 100 MBit/s. GUI (Graphic User Interface) A graphical interface used by SAP environment as part of the three tiers. such as TCP/IP and IPX. Data base server The data base server stores the SAP application programs and data in the R/3 client/server concept. These LANs support different transport protocols. Dispatcher The system R/3 agent that identifies the type of task (on-line. CSP A system to help SAP employees to give comprehensive support to their clients. IMG (Implementation Management Guide) It is a hierarchical structure that reflects the R/3 component hierarchy and contains every configuration activity.) and sends the job to an idle work process. Common LANs include Ethernet. IDoc (Intermediate Document) An IDoc is a data container for data exchange between SAP systems or between an SAP system and an external system. batch. It also handles the SAP update program and batch jobs. See also batch input. The transmission speed is 10 MBit/s. Token Ring and FDDI. LAN (Local Area Network) It is a network foa a tightly limited area with high level data transmission performance. update. thus enabling the R/3 to communicate with the Internet. Released from version 3. FTP (File Transfer Protocol) It is the most commonly used file transmission protocol of the TCP/IP protocol family. It is normally called user front-end.0 onwards. Kernel It means a standard core previously configured. Direct Input A recent technique to input data safely. . It ensures application data integrity for background interfaces. ITS (Internet Transaction Server) It links the R/3 application server with one or more Web servers.
partners. The programming tools are accessed using buttons. TCP/IP It is the most widely used transport protocol for open systems. Matchcode A tool for finding specific record. it is converted back to a free token and sent on to the next station. Number range A range of numbers that are laid down per file for the assignment of document numbers. RFC A way to implement communication between application programs via Abap/4 function call. lock management. Work process Work processes perform the bulk of the processing carried out by SAP systems. and so on. Some sets are not allowed because they are used by SAP. Semaphores When a work process locks a resource. switched lines or packet lines. This involves a 'free token' which circles the loop picking up transmissions. OLE It is a technique introduced by Microsoft to incorporate objects of one application into another. It is a well-known command among Systems Administrators. As soon as the busy token reaches the sender station again. WAN (Wide Area Networks) They are normally operated either by the telephone company or by private companies that offer leased lines. It is made up of search terms. identified as the source system. Telnet It provides terminal access to hosts using TCP/IP protocol. Transport It is a request to transport objects from the software development environment. is used to create application programs. SysID A set of three letters or number that identify a system. Workbench The ABAP/4 Workbench. and SAP. It can be internal (carried out automatically by the system) or external (carried out manually by the user). It is used to find possible entries for an input field. dialogs and windows. The receiver station places a confirmation bit into the busy token. It is also the basic element of communications between customers. a graphical programming environment. OSS (Online Service System) SAP's Online Service System offers fast and effective help for R/3 System problems. it sets a semaphore. to the specified target system. printing services. R/3 clients and servers communicate using TCP/IP. Repair It contains all the objects that a developer has changed but the originals of the objects are located in another system. They perform dialog steps in user transactions and carry out updates. The transmission speed is 4 MBit/s or 16 MBit/s. . They are informed when the system is installed. Another work process that also wants to access it must then wait. Token Ring It is a LAN architecture with ring topology.
. which are processed by human agents or mechanical processing units.25 It is a standardized network access protocol for the packet switching network. The maximum transmission speed is 64 KBit/s. Workflow It consists of time and logical sequence of work items. X.
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