I. Introduction - Inpainting is a method for repairing damaged pictures or removing unnecessary elements from pictures.

- Image retouching ranges from the restoration of paintings to scratched photographs or films to the removal or replacement of arbitrary objects in images. Retouching can furthermore be used to create special effects. - Inpainting has expanded to encompass the digital world through image processing softwares where partial differential equations (PDEs) are used for a large variety of image processing tasks. - PDE-based inpainting techniques work at the pixel level, and have worked well for small gaps, thin structures, and text overlays. - This mode of restoration is primarily rooted on the principles of recognizing immediate patterns surrounding the area to be fixed. - An algorithm uses PDEs in order to predict the patterns, textures, or colors that would fit the area best. - A user-provided mask specifies the portions of the input image to be retouched and the algorithm treats the input image as three separate channels (R, G and B). - For each channel, it fills in the areas to be inpainted by propagating information from the outside of the masked region along level lines (isophotes). - Some of the common algorithms used in inpainting are the Anisotropic Diffusion Algorithm and the Enhanced Exemplar-based Inpainting Algorithm.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful