Neutralisation

H2O + H+ + OH− → H3O+ + OH− → 2 H2O Wasser + Wasserstoff-Ion + Hydroxid-Ion → Oxonium-Ion + Hydroxid-Ion → Wasser

Wasser + Lauge + Säure → Wasser + Salz + Energie1
Wasser + Phosphorsäure + Ammoniumhydroxid → Wasser + Ammoniumphosphat + E. 3 H2O + H3PO4 + 3 NH4OH → 6 H2O + (NH4)3PO4 + E. 3 H2O + 3 H+ + PO43− + 3 NH4+ + 3 OH− → 6 H2O + 3 NH4+ + PO43− + E. 3 H3O+ 3 H3O+ + PO43− + 3 NH4+ + 3 OH− → 6 H2O + 3 NH4+ + PO43− + E. 6 H2O Wasser + Schwefelsäure + Natriumhydroxid → Wasser + Natriumsulfat + E. 2 H2O + H2SO4 + 2 NaOH → 4 H2O + Na2SO4 + E. 2 H2O + 2 H+ + SO42− + 2 Na+ + 2 OH− → 4 H2O + 2 Na+ + SO42− + E. 2 H3O + 2 OH− + 2 Na+ + SO42− → 4 H2O + 2 Na+ + SO42− + E. Wasser + Salpetersäure + Calciumhydroxid (Kalkwasser) → Wasser + Calciumnitrat + E. 2 H2O + 2 HNO3 + Ca(OH)2 → 4 H2O + Ca(NO3)2 + E. 2 H2O + 2 H+ + 2 NO3− + Ca2+ + 2 OH− → 4 H2O + Ca2+ + 2 NO3− + E. 2 H3O + 2 OH− + Ca2+ + 2 NO3− → 4 H2O + Ca2+ + 2 NO3− + E. Wasser + Phosphorsäure + Calciumhydroxid (Kalkwasser) → Wasser + Calciumphosphat + E. 6 H2O + 2 H3PO4 + 3 Ca(OH)2 → 12 H2O + Ca3(PO4)2 + E. 6 H2O + 6 H+ + 2 PO43− + 3 Ca2+ + 6 OH− → 12 H2O + 3 Ca2+ + 2 PO43− + E. 6 H3O + 6 OH− + 3 Ca2+ + 2 PO43− → 12 H2O + 3 Ca2+ + 2 PO43− + E. Wasser + Ascorbinsäure + Bariumhydroxid → Wasser + Barium-Ascorbat + E. 4 H2O + 4 C6H8O6 + 2 Ba(OH)2 → 8 H2O + 2 Ba(C6H7O6)2 + E. 4 H2O + 4 H+ + 4 C6H7O6− + 2 Ba2+ + 4 OH− → 8 H2O + 2 Ba2+ + 4 C6H7O6− + E. 4 H3O+ + 4 OH− + 4 C6H7O6− + 2 Ba2+ → 8 H2O + 2 Ba2+ + 4 C6H7O6− + E.

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Energie in Form von Wärme (exotherme Reaktion)

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