History and Lineage of the English Bible

1450BC 900BC 500BC 400BC 300 to 200BC Sea Scrolls 150BC Dead written 30AD 90AD
OT

Archaic Hebrew
OT

1: ORIGINS
partOT

3: post KING JAMES
Hebrew 1611AD English
OT+A+NT

Aramaic
Daniel and Ezra

Latin

Greek

Square Script Hebrew

KING JAMES
3rd Authorised (KJV) Culmination of C16 translation work.

OT+A

Greek Septuagint
copy errors
OT+A

1782AD
Jesus spoke Aramaic
NT+L

OT+NT

from 500AD Masoretic Text

Robert Aitken
First US Printing King James Version without Apocrypha

from Codex S

Writings in Slavonic Greek Orthodox Greek about Jesus
NT+L

1842AD 1867AD 1873AD
Inspired Version (1833) by Joseph Smith, Church of the Latter Day Saints

OT+NT

OT+NT

English Hexaplex
7 column printing of Greek plus 6 English

English Hexaplex
7 column printing of Greek plus 6 English

Origen

300AD

rationalises and corrects Greek Septaugint

OT+NT

Armenian C5 Georgian C5 Old Latin Coptic C3 Ethiopic C4-5

Eusebius of Caesarea
defines Canon Emp Constantine 322

1881-5AD removed from 1885AD Apocrypha the King James Bible 1901AD

OT+NT

From TR and other fragments

Textus Receptus (TR)
Oxford edition is considered definitive TR

REVISED
First major attempt to translate rigorously. Work of 65 scholars.

Vaticanus (B) 350AD Codex Codex Siniaticus (S) [oldest NT surviving]

OT+A

NT+L

OT+NT

LATIN Codex B, S, A

American Standard
based on the Revised

383AD of Carthage (397) & 397AD Council Hippo(393) fix NT cannon 450AD 600AD 680AD Caedmon translates
stories to Anglo Saxon

OT+A

+NT

1904AD

NT

Jerome’s Latin Vulgate

20 Century NT
Greek literal translation

Rome says “Latin only”

OT

Masoretic Text
vowel and accent standardisation

1934AD
Sea Scrolls 1947AD Dead discovered

NT

Hebrew

Riverside NT
Translation in “today’s” language

Greek

Alfred’s translation 995AD King into the “venacular”

2: BEGINNINGS
OT+A+NT

1382AD
of Florence 1439-43 Council defines NT 27books

4: post DEAD SEA SCROLLS
1952AD
OT+NT A

Wycliffe Bible First English
Wycliffe’s bones were ground down to dust.

1455AD GUTENBERG INVENTS PRINTING

OT+A+NT

Gutenberg Bible
First printed book is a 2 vol. Bible in Latin

Revised Standard
NCC in USA sponsor. Strong Greek basis.

parallel 1516AD Erasmus’ Greek / Latin Bible German NT 1522AD Luther’s (Greek & Hebrew origin)

OT+A+NT

Textus Receptus (TR)
Typesetable Greek over 200 versions.

1959AD

OT+NT

Berkeley Bible

1525AD

NT

Tyndale: NT
Tyndale was burned at the stake in 1537.

1961AD 1965AD 1971AD

OT+A+NT

New English
CoS inspired. Contemporary. Abstracted from modernism's.

OT+A+NT

Vulgate 1965
Revised Vulgate approved by Vatican Council 2.

OT+NT

1535AD 1537AD 1539AD of 1546AD Council Trent starts 1550AD 1560AD 1568AD
OT+A+NT

OT+A+NT

New American Standard Bible
Literal translation.

Myles Coverdale
1st Complete English Bible (80 books)

OT+NT

Thomas Matthew
A Revision of Tyndale’s Bible.

Living Bible
OT+A+NT
Liberal translation seen as too “free” by purists.

Taverner’s
Thomas Matthew minus notes.

GREAT BIBLE
1st Authorised Version.

OT+A+NT

Clementine
Triggered by Trent, published in 1592. Exclusive Latin bible.

1976AD
OT+A+NT

OT+NT

Good News
Simple vocabulary and plain use of English. (TEV)

Stephanus’ TR
Major landmark in interpretation and accuracy.

OT+A+NT

GENEVA
Written in Geneva by exiled reformers. First Study Bible.

1978AD

OT+NT

New International
Contemporary phrase by phrase. (NIV)

BISHOP’s
2nd Authorised. The Geneva minus antipapal study notes.

1982AD

OT+NT

New King James
New Bible in King James Version style.

surrenders 1582AD Rome Latin only edict.

1609/10

OT+A+NT

Douay / Rheim
First, and root “Catholic” Bible

1611AD

OT+A+NT

KING JAMES
3rd Authorised (KJV) Culmination of C16 translation work.

KEY: historical date Important events.
Main flows of style and source material

content

BIBLE NAME
Brief description and facts about version

OT: Old Testament A: Apocrypha NT: New Testament L: Laodiceans

Hebrew

English

Latin

Greek

language