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# Aerodynamics

## Linear Motion (Moving Air )

Fundamentals of Physics

Basic Quantities

Space - Length

Time

Matter - Mass

Charge - Electro-magnetic

Derived Quantities
Combinations of Basics Length Time

Velocity =

Dimensionality
Momentum =

Energy =

## Mass Length Time 2

Density =

Mass Length
3

Laws of Physics
Observations of the Relations between Derived Quantities

Fundamentals of Aerodynamics
(Fluid Dynamics)

Derived Quantities
Used in Aerodynamics Density =

Mass
Length
3

2

Energy =

Dimensionality

## Temperature Basic or Derived ?

Density -> mass and volume Pressure -> momentum (mass x velocity) Temperature -> kinetic energy (mass x velocity
2

Conservation Laws
Observations of the Relations between Derived Quantities

For any fluid system: 1) Mass is neither created nor destroyed. Conservation of Mass - Continuity 2) Momentum is neither created nor destroyed. Conservation of Momentum (3 directions) 3) Energy is neither created nor destroyed. Conservation of Energy
mass mass x velocity mass x velocity
2

mass
mass x velocity mass x velocity
2

r

## The Static Atmosphere

1976 Standard Day Model

## Moving Through the Atmosphere (Dynamics)

Forces on an Aircraft
Measured Forces Have The Same Value
Air Moves Past the Aircraft

Air

Aircraft

Equivalent
Aircraft Moves Through the Air

Aircraft Air