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Organic Chemistry I: Formulas, Names, and Properties

Alkanes and Cycloalkanes d 1. What is the molecular formula for heptane? (a) C7H14 e 2. (b) C7H12 (c) C9H18 (d) C7H16 (e) C9H20

In the homologous series of alkanes, each member differs from the next member by a _____ group. (a) CH (b) CH3 (c) CnH2n+2 (d) C2H5 (e) CH2

c 3.

What is the hybridization of the two carbons in ethane? (a) sp (b) sp2 (c) sp3 (d) sp3d (e) sp3d2

c 4.

How many possible constitutional isomers of C6H14 exist? (a) 6 (b) 3 (c) 5 (d) 4 (e) 9

d 5.

Which one of the following formulas could represent a cycloalkane? (a) C2H6 (b) C3H8 (c) C4H10 (d) C6H12 (e) C7H16

c 6.

Which one of the following statements is false? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Unsubstituted saturated hydrocarbons may contain even or odd numbers of carbon atoms. The boiling points of normal alkanes increase with increasing molecular weight. Most hydrocarbons are polar. The carbon atoms in saturated hydrocarbons are best described as sp3 hybridized. An alkyl group may be represented, in general, as CnH2n+1.

b*7.

Which of the following structural formulas contains an error?


CH3 CH2

(a) CH3 CH2 CH CH CH3


CH3 CH2 CH3

(b) CH3 CH2 CH2 CH


CH3 CH2 CH3

(c) CH3 CH2 CH CH2 CH CH3


CH3 CH3

(d) CH3 CH CH2 CH2 CH CH3


CH3 CH3

(e) CH3 CH CH CH2 CH2 CH3


CH3 CH3

Naming Saturated Hydrocarbons b 8. The correct IUPAC name for the compound shown below is _____.
CH3 CH 3 H3C CH CH2 CH C CH 2 CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3

(a) 3,5,6-trimethyl-6-propyloctane (c) 2-ethyl-4,5-dimethyl-5-propylheptane (e) 3,4,6-trimethyl-3-propyloctane b 9.

(b) 6-ethyl-3,5,6-trimethylnonane (d) 2,5-diethyl-4,5-dimethylocttane

The correct IUPAC name for the compound shown below is _____.
CH3 CH2 CH2 CH3 CH2 CH CH2 CH2 CH CH3 CH2 CH3 C CH3 CH3

(a) 2,2,4-trimethyl-7-propylnonane (c) 3-propyl-6,8,8-trimethylnonane (e) 4-ethyl-7,9,9-trimethyldecane

(b) 7-ethyl-2,2,4-trimethyldecane (d) 4-ethyl-7,9,9-trimethylnonane

a 10.

What is the structure for 3,4-dimethylhexane?


CH3 CH2

(a) CH3 CH2 CH CH CH3


CH3 CH2 CH3

(b) CH3 CH2 CH

CH

CH3 CH2 CH3

(c) CH3 CH2 CH CH2 CH CH3


CH3 CH3

(d) CH3 CH CH2 CH2 CH CH3


CH3 CH3

(e) CH3 CH CH CH2 CH2 CH3


CH3 CH3

c 11. What is the correct IUPAC name for (CH3)3CCH2C(CH3)3? (a) nonane (c) 2,2,4,4-tetramethylpentane (e) 1,1,5,5-tetramethylpentane c 12. (b) 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexamethylpropane (d) 1,5-dimethylpentane

What is the correct IUPAC name for (CH3)2CH(CH2)3CH3? (a) heptane (d) 1,1-dimethylpentane (b) 2,2-dimethylpentane (e) hexane (c) 2-methylhexane

e 13.

What is the correct condensed formula for 2,2,4-trimethylpentane ? (a) (CH3)3CCH2C(CH3)3 (d) (CH3)2CHCH(CH3)2 (b) (CH3)3C(CH2)2CH3 (e) (CH3)3CCH2CH(CH3)2 (c) (CH3)3CHCH2CH(CH3)2

d 14.

Give the correct IUPAC name for the compound with the following structural formula.
CH3

CH2CH3 CH3

(a) 2-ethyl-1,4-dimethylcyclopentane (c) 1-ethyl-2,5-dimethylcyclohexane (e) cyclic-2-ethyl-1,4-dimethylhexane

(b) 3-ethyl-1,4-dimethylcyclohexane (d) 2-ethyl-1,4-dimethylcyclohexane

a 15.

Which of the following is the correct structure for 3-cyclopropyl-2-methylpentane?


CH 3 CH3 CH2 CH CH CH3 CH3

(a)
CH3 CH2 CH CH CH3 CH 2 CH3 CH 2

(b)

CH 2 CH 2 CH 3

(c)
CH3

CH 3

(d)

CH 3

CH 3 CH CH CH 2 CH3

(e) Alkenes a 16. A hydrocarbon containing one double bond per molecule is called a(an) _____. (a) alkene (d) methylene d 17. (b) alkyne (e) saturated hydrocarbon (c) alkane

Which one of the following formulas could represent an unsaturated hydrocarbon? (a) C2H6 (b) C3H8 (c) C4H10 (d) C6H12 (e) C7H16

b 18.

Which of the following hydrocarbons can exist as cis-trans isomers? (a) 1-butene (d) methylpropene (b) 2-butene (e) 2-methyl-1-butene (c) 2-methyl-2-butene

d 19.

Give the correct IUPAC name for the following compound.


CH3CH2 C CH3 C CH3 CH3

(a) 3,4-dimethyl-3-pentene (c) 3,4-dimethyl-trans-3-pentene

(b) 3,4-dimethyl-cis-3-pentene (d) 2,3-dimethyl-2-pentene

c 20.

(e) 2-ethyl-3-methyl-2-butene Give the correct IUPAC name for the following compound.
CH3 C CH3 CH2 C CH2 CH3 H

(a) 2-ethyl-2-pentene (b) 2-ethyl-trans-2-pentene (c) 3-methyl-cis-3-hexene (d) 3-methyl-trans-3-hexene (e) 3-methyl-3-hexene a 21. Which of the following is the correct formula for 2-methyl-1-butene?
CH3
CH2 CH CH CH3 CH3
CH3 C CH2

(a) CH3 CH2 C


CH3 CH C

CH2 CH3

(b)

(c)

CH3

(d)
c 22.

CH3

(e) none of these

The formula for cyclohexene is _____. (a) C6H14 (b) C6H12 (c) C6H10 (d) C6H9 (e) C6H6

a 23.

Give the correct IUPAC name for the following compound.


CH3

(a) 3-methylcyclopentene (c) 1-methyl-2-cyclopentene (e) 3-methyl-cis-cyclopentene Petroleum d 24.

(b) 5-methyl-1-cyclopentene (d) 5-methylcyclohexene

Which one of the following statements regarding petroleum products is false? (a) Each oil field produces petroleum with its own set of characteristics. (b) Paraffin and asphalt are among the highest boiling (melting) fractions of petroleum. (c) The lubricating oil fraction of petroleum consists of higher molecular weight components than the gasoline fraction. (d) Straight chain hydrocarbons like octane generally burn more smoothly than branched hydrocarbons.

(e) Cracking involves heating higher molecular weight hydrocarbons in the absence of air and in the presence of a catalyst. Alkynes c 25. Give the correct IUPAC name for the following alkyne.
CH3CHCH2CHC CH3 CH3 C CH2CH3

(a) 2,4-dimethyl-5-octyne (c) 5,7-dimethyl-3-octyne (e) 5,7-dimethyloctyne d 26.

(b) 4-methyl-5-isooctyne (d) 1,3-dimethylbutylethylacetylene

What is the correct structure for 2,7-dimethyl-4-nonyne?

(a) CH3CH CH2CH CHCH2CHCH2CH3


CH3 CH3

(b) CH3CH2CHC CCH2CH2CHCH3


CH3 CH3

(c) CH3CHCH2C CCH2CH2


CH3 CH3

(d) CH3CHCH2C CCH2CHCH2CH3


CH3 CH3

(e) None of the preceding structures is correct. e*27. Which of the following alkynes can exist as cis-trans isomers? (a) propyne (d) 1-butyne (b) 2-butyne (c) 3-methyl-1-butyne (e) Alkynes cannot have geometric isomerism.

Aromatic Hydrocarbons b 28. What is the name for the following compound?
CH3 CH2CH3 H3 C CH3

(a) 4-ethyl-1,3,5-trimethylbenzene (c) 1,3,5-trimethyl-4-ethylbenzene (e) 1-ethyl-2,4,6-trimethylbenzene

(b) 2-ethyl-1,3,5-trimethylbenzene (d) 6-ethyl-1,3,5-trimethylbenzene

Hydrocarbons: A Summary e. 29 Which of the following statements regarding hydrocarbons is false? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Hydrocarbons contain hydrogen and carbon only. Hydrocarbons can be saturated or unsaturated. Hydrocarbons can be straight-chain, branched-chain, or cyclic. Benzene, acetylene, and ethane are examples of hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons usually have more than correct IUPAC name. Organic Halides a 30. Which one of the following is not an alkyl chloride?
H2 C H2C CH2 CHCl C H2

CH3
Cl

CH3

C CH3

Cl

H2C

(a) (d) CH3Cl d 31.

(b)

(c)

(e) CH3CH2CH2Cl

What is the correct name for the compound below?


Br H Br C H C H H C H H

(a) 1,1-dibromoethane (d) 1,1-dibromopropane e 32.

(b) 1,2-dibromopentane (c) 1,2-dibromopropane (e) None of these answers is correct.

Which combination of formula, IUPAC name, and common name below is incorrect? Formula CHCl3 CCl4 C6H5I CH3Cl CH2Cl2 IUPAC Name trichloromethane tetrachloromethane iodobenzene chloromethane dichloromethane Common Name chloroform carbon tetrachloride phenyl iodide methyl chloride methene chloride

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

d 33.

What is the correct name for the following compound?


Cl CH3 CH CH Cl CH2 CH Br CH3

(a) 2-bromo-4,5-dichlorohexane (c) 4-bromo-1,2-dichloropentane (e) 2,3,5-trihalohexane d 34.

(b) 5-bromo-trans-2,3-dichlorohexane (d) 5-bromo-2,3-dichlorohexane

Which of the following statements concerning freons is incorrect? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Freons are chlorofluorocarbon compounds. Freon is a DuPont trademark for certain chlorofluorocarbons The use of freons as propellants in aerosol cans was banned in the U.S. in 1978. Freons are very poisonous to animals and plants. Freons damages the earths ozone layer. Alcohols and Phenols

e 35.

Which one of the following is a primary alcohol? (a) 2-propanol (d) cyclohexanol (b) 2-butanol (e) 2-methyl-1-propanol (c) 2-methyl-2-propanol

c 36.

Which one of the following is a secondary alcohol? (a) CH3CH2OH (d) (CH3)3COH (b) CH3OH (c) CH3CH(OH)CH3 (e) None of these answers is a secondary alcohol.

e 37.

Which one of the following is a secondary alcohol? (a) 2-methyl-1-pentanol (b) 2,2-dimethyl-1-pentanol (c) 2-methyl-2-pentanol (d) 2,3,4-trimethyl-2-pentanol (e) 3,3,4-trimethyl-2-pentanol

d 38.

Which one of the following is a tertiary alcohol? (a) CH3CH2OH (d) (CH3)3COH (b) CH3OH (c) CH3CH(OH)CH3 (e) None of these answers is a tertiary alcohol.

c*39. There are 8 structural isomers of the alcohol with the formula C5H12O. How many are primary (1); how many are secondary (2); and how many are tertiary(3) alcohols? (a) 5(1), 2(2), 1(3) (b) 5(1), 3(2), 1(3) (c) 4(1), 3(2), 1(3) (d) 4(1), 2(2), 2(3) (e) 3(1), 4(2), 1(3) Which of the following statements about alcohols and phenols is incorrect? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Phenols are weakly acidic. Polyhydric alcohols that contain 2 OH groups per molecule are called glycols. Ethanol is very toxic and causes permanent blindness if a small amount is taken internally. The properties of alcohols depend on the number of OH groups per molecule and the size of the nonpolar portion of the molecule. Ethylene glycol is miscible with H2O and used in commercial permanent antifreeze.

c 40.

d 41.

What is the correct IUPAC name for the following compound?


CH3 CH CH2 CH3 CH2 CH OH CH3

(a) 2-methyl-5-hexanol (c) 5,5-dimethyl-2-pentanol (e) 2,5-dimethyl-5-pentanol a 42. Which one of the following is p-cresol?
CH3 OH

(b) 1,4-dimethyl-1-pentanol (d) 5-methyl-2-hexanol

(a)

(b)
OH

(c)
OH OH

CH3 CH3

CH3

(d)
OH

(e)

OH

Ethers e 43. Which of the following is a mixed ether? (a) dimethyl ether (b) diethyl ether (c) methyl ethyl ether

(d) diphenyl ether

(e) methyl phenyl ether

d 44.

Which of the following statements about ethers is incorrect? Ethers are not very polar and are chemically rather unreactive. The physical properties of ethers are similar to those of the corresponding Diethyl ether is a very low boiling liquid. Ethers are very soluble in water because their structure is like water with organic groups substituted for the two hydrogens. Diethyl ether is a good solvent for organic compounds. Aldehydes and Ketones
O

(a) (b) alkanes. (c) (d) (e)

b 45.

CH3CH2C

is an example of a(an) __________. (b) aldehyde (c) phenol (d) ketone (e) ether

(a) acid
O

d 46.

CH3CH2C CH3

is an example of a(an) __________. (b) aldehyde (c) phenol (d) ketone (e) ether

(a) acid e 47.

Which is the correct name for the compound given below?


O CH3CHCH2CH2 CH CH2C CH2 CH3 CH2CH3 H

(a) 3,6-diethylheptanal (c) 2,5-diethyl-7-heptanal (e) 3-ethyl-6-methyloctanal


O CH3CH2 C CH CH3

(b) 6-aldoethyl-3-methyloctane (d) 6-ethyl-3-methyl-8-octanal

CH3

is __________.

c 48.

The systematic name for (a) 2-methyl-3-propanol

(b) 2-methyl-3-pentanal

(c) 2-methyl-3-pentanone

(d) 2-methyl-3-propanone

(e) ethyl isopropyl ketone

c 49.

Which of the following statements about aldehydes and ketones is false? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Acetone is an excellent solvent. Formaldehyde is a common preservative for biological specimens. A ketone contains a carbonyl group but an aldehyde does not. Ketones have two carbon atoms bonded to a carbonyl group. Many important natural substances are aldehydes and ketones. Amines

d 50.

Which one of the following compounds is not an amine? (a) (CH3)2NH O (d) CH3 C NH2 (e) (CH3)3N (b) CH3CH2NH2 (c) C6H5NH2

e 51.

Which one of the following is a heterocyclic amine?


NH2 NH2

(a)
CH3 N

(b)
O H C NH2
CH3

(c)

(d)

(e)
N

a 52.

Which is the structural formula for a secondary amine? (a) (CH3)2NH (d) HOCH2CH2NH2 (b) CH3CH2NH2 (e) (CH3)3N (c) C6H5NH2

c 53.

Which is the structural formula for a tertiary amine?

(a) CH3CH2CH2 NH2


(d) CH3 N H
H

(b) CH3CH2

N H

CH3

(c) CH3 N CH2CH3


CH3

(e) C6H5

N H

CH3

d 54.

Which of the responses is a correct name for the following compound?


NH2 Br Br

Cl

(a) 4-chloro-2,6-dibromotoluene (c) 1,3-dibromo-4-chloro-2-aniline (e) 3,5-dibromo-1-chloroaniline Carboxylic Acids d 55. CH3CH2CH2COOH is __________. (a) isobutyl alcohol (d) butanoic acid b 56.

(b) 2-amino-1,3-dibromo-5-chlorotoluene (d) 2,6-dibromo-4-chloroaniline

(b) butyl alcohol (e) oxalic acid

(c) propionic acid

Which of the responses is an accepted name for the following compound?


O CH3 CH2 CH Br CH CH3 C OH

(a) -bromo--methylpentanoic acid (b) 3-bromo-2-methylpentanoic acid (c) 3-bromohexanoic acid (d) 2-bromo-1-methylpentanoic acid (e) 3-bromo-3-ethyl-2-methylpropanoic acid d 57. Give the correct IUPAC name for the following compound.
O HO CH2 CH2 CH 2 CH2 C OH

(a) 5-pentanol acid (c) 1-hydroxypentanoic acid (e) 5-hydroxy-1-pentanoic acid

(b) 4-hydroxypentanoic acid (d) 5-hydroxypentanoic acid

e 58.

Which one of the following is m-methylbenzoic acid (also called m-toluic acid?
O O C OH OH C OH

(a)

(b)
C O CH3

CH3 O

CH3 C

(c)

OH

(d)
C O OH

(e)
C O OH

d 59.

Which of the following is not a carboxylic acid containing more than one COOH group per molecule? (a) oxalic acid (d) benzoic acid (b) tartaric acid (e) lactic acid (c) citric acid

a 60. Which of the following statements about carboxylic acids is false? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Most are strong acids. Organic acids occur widely in natural products. Their general formula is R-COOH. Most are much stronger acids than phenols. Fatty acids are derived from animal fats. Some Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids b 61. Which of the following structures is acetyl chloride?
O O Cl CH3 C CH 3 CH2 C Cl

(a) CH3COOH

(b)

(c)

(d) CH3CH2Cl(e) none of the above c 62. Why have acid halides not been observed in nature? (a) All halogen compounds are very uncommon in nature. (b) Carboxylic acids, and therefore their derivatives, are uncommon in nature. (c) Acid halides are too reactive to exist in nature. (d) Their NH2 group causes them to decompose rapidly. (e) No one has looked for them. Glyceryl tristearate is a(an) __________. (a) acid b 64.
O CH3CH2CH2CH2C OCH2 CH3

d 63.

(b) alcohol

(c) amide

(d) fat

(e) oil

is called __________. (b) ethyl pentanoate (e) butyl ethanoate (c) propyl pentanoate

(a) butyl acetate (d) ethyl butanoate

d*65. The formulas for the compounds below are labelled as types of acid derivatives. Which is incorrectly labelled?
O O O

(a) CH3C O CCH3 acid anhydride


CH2 CH OH OH

(b) CH3CH2C Cl acid halide

(c)

CH3C

O CH2CH3

ester

CH3C

NH2

(d) CH2 OH

(e)

glyceride (triester) Functional Groups

amide

b*66. Which one of the following functional groups is the most polar? (a) carbonyl (d) amide c 67. (b) carboxyl (e) ether (c) ester

Which classification by functional group for the given compound is incorrect? (a) ethyl acetate ester (d) propyne alkyne (b) 2-butanol alcohol (c) acetylene alkene (e) chloroform organic halide

e 68.

Which of the following statements about functional groups is false? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) The functional group of an alcohol is the OH group. An alkane does not have a functional group. The double bond is the functional group of an alkene. The functional group represents the most common site for reactivity. The only functional group possible in a hydrocarbon is the double bond. Substitution Reactions

e 69.

The reaction of methane with chlorine in the presence of ultraviolet radiation can produce _____. (a) chloromethane (d) carbon tetrachloride (b) dichloromethane (c) trichloromethane (e) all of the products listed in the first four responses

c 70.

Benzene and other aromatic compounds undergo _____ reactions readily. (a) addition (d) isomerization (b) hydrogenation (e) dehydration (c) substitution

c 71. In a ___________ reaction, an atom or group of atoms attached to a carbon atom is removed, and another atom or group of atoms takes its place. (a) addition (d) isomerization b 72. (b) hydrogenation (e) dehydration (c) substitution

Sodium lauryl sulfate (or sodium dodecyl sulfate) is an effective _____. (a) Lewis acid (d) electron transfer agent (b) detergent (c) vasodilator (e) catalyst for hydrogenation

d 73.

Alfred Nobel became rich by discovering how to make the very sensitive explosive nitroglycerine (or glycerol trinitrate) into the more safe-to-handle explosive, dynamite. What was his method? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) He carefully distilled out the impurities that made it sensitive. He reacted it with sulfuric acid and replaced the nitrate groups with sulfate groups. He froze the nitroglycerine into a solid. He absorbed the nitroglycerine into diatomaceous earth or wood meal. He added water to the nitroglycerine to keep it wet.

e 74.

Why is it difficult to prepare only methyl chloride when reacting methane with chlorine?

(a) (b) (c)

c 75.

The reaction is very slow under all possible conditions. The methyl chloride is very unstable and quickly decomposes. The conditions required to start the reaction are so extreme that most of the reactants are destroyed before they can react. (d) The methane is so reactive with other methane molecules that carbon chains tend to form. (e) It is difficult to stop the reaction after only one chlorine has been substituted, therefore the result is a mixture of compounds with one, two, three, or four chlorines per molecule. What fundamental class of organic reactions is the nitration of an aromatic ring? (a) polymerization (d) elimination (b) addition (e) cyclization (c) substitution

Addition Reactions b 76. Which classes of hydrocarbons react rapidly at room temperature by addition reactions? (a) aromatics and alkenes (d) alkanes and alkenes c 77. (b) alkenes and alkynes (e) alkanes and alkynes (c) alkanes and aromatics

Vegetable oils can be converted to fats by _____ in the presence of a catalyst under high pressures and at high temperatures. (a) substitution (d) photochemical reaction (b) alkylation (e) bromination (c) hydrogenation

b 78.

What would be the product of addition of one equivalent of bromine to acetylene? (b) 1,2-dibromoethene (e) they would not react (c)

(a) bromoethene bromoethane (d) bromoacetylene d*79.

Dilute aqueous hypochlorous acid is sometimes called chlorine water because the reaction of HOCl with water produces Cl2. Treatment of allyl alcohol, CH2(OH)-CH=CH2, with chlorine water produces _____, an intermediate in the production of glycerol. (a) CH2(OH)CH2(OH) (c) CH3CH2Cl (e) CH2(Cl)CH(OH)CH2Cl (b) CH3OH (d) CH2(OH)CH(OH)CH2Cl

c 80.

The addition of Br2 is used as the reaction to distinguish between alkanes and alkenes.

What is the observation that accompanies this test? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) A bright red color is produced when Br2 reacts with an alkene. Bromine dissolves in alkanes but not in alkenes. Bromine is a dark red liquid. When it adds to the double bond of an alkene to make the dibromide, it becomes colorless. The red color of bromine disappears when it dissolves in alkanes. Bromine reacts with alkanes to form a precipitate.

b 81.

What is the product of the reaction given below?


O CH3 OCN C CH3 + HCN
NaOH (aq)

OH

CN

(a) CH3 C CH3


H OH

(b) CH3 C CH3


CN

(c) CH3 C CH3


H

CN

(d) CH3 C CH2


c 82.

(e) CH3 C

CH2

What fundamental class of organic reactions is a hydrogenation reaction? (a) substitution (d) elimination (b) polymerization (e) cyclization (c) addition

b 83.

What fundamental class of organic reactions is a hydration reaction? (a) substitution (d) polymerization (b) addition (e) cyclization (c) elimination

Elimination Reactions e 84. What is the missing product for the reaction below?

CH3

CH2 Br + Na+ OH
(b) CH3 (e) CH 2 CH CH 2

+ H2 O +
(c) CH3CH2

NaBr

(a) HC

CH

(d) CH3CH2CH2CH3

d 85.

Which of the following statements about elimination reactions is false? (a) An elimination reaction involves a decrease in the number of atoms or groups attached to carbon. (b) Elimination results in an increase in the degree of unsaturation. (c) Dehydrohalogenation is an example of an elimination reaction. (d) Hydration is an elimination reaction. (e) Simple elimination reactions are relatively rare.

d 86.

What fundamental class of organic reactions is a dehydration reaction? (a) substitution (d) elimination (b) addition (e) cyclization (c) polymerization

d 87.

What fundamental class of organic reactions results in the increasing of the degree of unsaturation of the reacting compound? (a) substitution (d) elimination Polymerization (b) addition (e) hydrolysis (c) polymerization

e 88.

Below is a list of polymers that are each matched with its class. Which match is incorrect? Polymer Class (a) proteins natural (b) wool natural (c) teflon synthetic (d) nylon synthetic (e) silk synthetic The reaction by which tetrafluoroethylene is converted into teflon is called _____. (a) fluorination (d) elastation (b) fluoridation (e) polymerization (c) vulcanization

e 89.

b 90.

Which of the following is not an addition polymer? (a) polyvinyl chloride (d) styrofoam (b) nylon (e) polypropylene (c) teflon

c 91.

Which of the following statements about rubber is false? (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Natural rubber is obtained from the sap of the rubber tree. Vulcanization uses sulfur to prevent heated rubber from becoming sticky. It is not possible to make synthetic rubber. The sap of the rubber tree is called latex. Zinc oxide is a common filler used in rubber to increase durability.

a 92.

Proteins are examples of (a) natural condensation polymers. (b) natural addition polymers. (c) synthetic addition polymers. (d) natural polyesters. (e) synthetic condensation polymers. A ___________ is a high-molecular-weight chain of small molecules. (a) monomer (d) ester (b) polymer (e) acid chloride (c) ether

b 93.

Conceptual Questions 94. What is a functional group and how does it play a role in organic compounds? 95. Name some synthetic polymers and discuss the impact they have had in our society. 96. What are some similarities and differences between substitution, addition , and elimination reactions? Give some examples. 97. Suppose you wanted to develop a new pharmaceutical compound. Describe your approach in both your background research and your laboratory research. 98. Petroleum and natural gas are valuable as fuel sources. In what other ways are they used and how will they be replaced in the future?