P. 1
Fuel Cells: A Technology Forecast

Fuel Cells: A Technology Forecast

4.75

|Views: 2,237|Likes:
Published by TSTC Publishing
Full text of the technology forecast produced by Texas State Technical College Emerging Technologies. Bound hard copies available from TSTC Publishing at http://shop.tstc.edu.
Full text of the technology forecast produced by Texas State Technical College Emerging Technologies. Bound hard copies available from TSTC Publishing at http://shop.tstc.edu.

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: TSTC Publishing on Apr 16, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/01/2013

38

FUEL CELL FORECAST >> OCTOBER 2003

The market for stationary fuel cells is very large, and these systems benefit
from the following characteristics:
•Large systems (>100 kW) obtain scale economies.·
•Natural gas is widely available as a feedstock fuel to power the units.·
•Installation and operation are performed by skilled technicians.
As a result, stationary fuel cells are likely to be the initial applications
driving commercialization and certain applications within the market since
stationary fuel cells have features that lend themselves to early adopters.

––Fuel Cell Initiative Advisory Committee, Texas Energy Conservation Office

Portable Applications

“Fuel cells can compete with batteries and generators for portable use, from a
few kilowatts to power an emergency home generator down to a few watts to
power a laptop computer.”19

NEC Corporation and Toshiba have publicly
demonstrated prototypes of this sort, and the first few products should enter
the market in 2004. (See Figure 18 on page 50)

A fuel cell analyst and former Motorola executive recently told the Grove
Fuel Cell Symposium in London that fuel cells could replace batteries in most
applications by 2006.

––Chris Dyer

Mobile Applications

“The advantages of fuel cells for transport are primarily environmental. The
only emissions from a fuel cell vehicle come from the generation of hydrogen.
These emissions are hardly measurable, making fuel cell vehicles virtually
equivalent to zero-emission vehicles.”19

Fuel cell cars, which use higher-density liquid fuels such as methanol, ethanol,
natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, and gasoline, will have similar range and
performance to cars with internal combustion engines. Even though the use of
such fuels requires the use of reformers, a significant reduction in carbon
dioxide will be achieved for every mile traveled, as compared to traditional
internal combustion engines. Run on hydrogen, the cells produce zero carbon
dioxide emissions. However, the use of hydrogen as a fuel will result in
reduced engine efficiency because of the large tanks that must be used to store
the low energy density gas.

19

“Fuel Cells.” http://www.platinum.matthey.com/applications/fuelcells.html

FUEL CELL FORECAST >> OCTOBER 2003

39

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->