By BHAWESH KUMAR M.TECH(CSE),1st Semester, ROLL NO- 001210502032


Introduction. References 2 .CONTENT 1. 2.Advantages and uses 6.What is Mind-Reading Machine? 3.Why mind reading? 4.Disadvantages 7.Conclusion 8.How does it work? 5.

a.1. Require explicit input. Receive input from slow tools. c. Need of Mind-Reading machine 3 . Mind-Blind • Theory of Mind-Reading • The ability to attribute mental states to others from their behaviour and to use that knowledge to guide our own actions and predict those of others . b. . Introduction Problems with existing computer.

2. What is Mind-Reading Machine?    Machines that represent computational model of mindreading to infer mental states of people from their facial signals. taking inspiration from Psychology. 4 . Shape and Colour are then analyzed to identify gestures like smile etc. Developed by a team of cambridge university. Movement. Computer vision and Machine Learning. Prior knowledge of how particular mental states are expressed through face in real time is required. Software from Nevenvision identifies 24 feature points on the face and tracks them in real time.

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• 6 . distraction and anger. • To control the animation of cartoon avatars.3. Why mind reading? Input to computer with incredible speed • To support on-line shopping and learning systems. • To monitor and Suggests improvement in human-human Interaction. • To detect driver mental states such as drowsiness.

blood-filled tissues. • Futuristic headband that sends light into the tissues of the head where it is absorbed by active. 7 . • Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) Technology which measures the volume and oxygen level of the blood around the subject's brain. then it measures how much light was not absorbed. How does it work? • Electroencephalograph(EEG) a device used by medical researchers to pick up electrical currents from various parts of the brain.4.

83% time it is matched with fNIRS system. Initially scientists trained the software program to recognize six words-including go . of squares on a rotating onscreen cube . NASA has developed a computer program which can read silently spoken words by analyzing nerve signals in our mouth and throats . said the words to themselves and the software correctly picked up the signals 92% of the time. right and 10 numbers.4. Participants hooked up to the sensors silently . The subjects were then asked to rate the difficulty of the tasks. left . Just the slightest movement in the Voice box and tounge is enough to work. experimental subjects were asked to count the no. 8 . How does it work? • • • Wearing the fNIRS sensor .

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Dumb people can talk.5. 10 . The sensors have been tested to do simple web searches and may help space-walking astronauts in future. The system can send commands to rovers on other planets. Advantages and uses • Mind controlled wheelchair— developed by university of electrocommunications in Japan to feel you like half professor X and half Stephen Hawking except with the theoretical physics skills of the former and the telekinetic skills of the latter. • • • • The result of this is that you can move the wheelchair solely with the power of your mind.

Advantages and uses – contd. can order some vital flight information by thought only . We are closer than ever to the crimeprediction technology . No need to search the right dials or switches on crowed instrument panel. or aid disabled people. for instance. • • • Help injured astronauts to control machines. The pilot of a high-speed plane or spacecraft.5. 11 . For screening suspected terrorists – as well as for predicting future dangerousness more generally.

we risk criminalizing the innocent. so scientists need to study a subject's patterns before they can train a computer to identify those patterns or make prediction.6. Tapping Brains for Future Crimes we cannot reliably predict human behavior.so. Question upon the fundamental principles of our criminal justice system. motion and a number of other factors that may cause variance in the signal. respiration . 12 • • . Disadvantages and problems • FMRI results have to account for heart rate. • Individual brains differ.

The initial success “doesn't mean it will scale up”.6. Isolated word recognition is a quite different problem than conversational speech. • • • We aren't particularly good at rehabilitation Our society is not ready The initial tests may have been successful because of the short lengths of the words . Disadvantages and problems – contd. not just in scale but in kind also. It is necessary to repeat the tests on many different people and check whether sensor is working on everyone or not. • Small vocabulary. 13 .

• If it will be known that which air traffic controllers were overloaded . by translating brain activity into words. specially in electronics where we have very less time to react. 14 . •These computers can perform telephaty . then we can allow computers to respond to the brain activity of the user. Conclusion • If 3 year project of Tufts university becomes successful.7. • Hence if we get 100% accuracy these computers may find various applications in many fields. the next incoming plane would be assigned to another controller.

eecs. References • • • • • www.tufts.edu/~etreac01/papers/hciintl.de/message/default_Dec2004.8.pdf www.asp http://en.wikipedia. 09.eurescom.org/wiki/FNIR http://en.newscientist.com/article/dn4795-nasadevelops-mindreading-system http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electroencephalograp hy 15 .

Thanks for patience hearing ! 16 .

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