3 Production Planning and Control in mySAP ERP

3.3 Production Types
3.3.1 Overview of Production Types
The production type characterizes the frequency with which a product is produced in the production process. The frequency with which production of identical or similar products is repeated and the production quantity of production orders are typical characteristics that determine the production type. Production organization is closely related to production type, as the production type often significantly affects the structure of the production process. Thus, the flow manufacturing production type, for example, implies the production of large quantities of identical product types or products. At the same time, flow manufacturing ensures that the production equipment is arranged in accordance with the organizational form of flow manufacturing. A typical example is the assembly of cars in the automobile industry. The degree of product standardization and the depth of the product structure also often affect the actual production type used. Therefore, various forms of production types, implicitly including production organization, have arisen from the basic theoretical types (mass production, repetitive manufacturing, small-lot production, make-to-order production). The following are important production types (see Keller/Curran, 1999, pp. 137–154): _ Discrete manufacturing _ Repetitive manufacturing _ Process manufacturing _ Kanban _ Engineer-to-order production These types are briefly explained in the following sections. In this book, we restrict ourselves to discrete manufacturing, as this is the most common type of production.

3.3.2 Discrete Manufacturing
Discrete manufacturing (also called shop floor production) describes the production of a product on the basis of production orders. Discrete manufacturing is used if the products in question change frequently, if the pattern of demand is very irregular, and if production is workshop-oriented in character. A range of master data is required