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UNIVERSITY OF KIRKUK

College of Engineering - Pet. Eng. Department

PETROLEUM
PRODUCTION
ENGINEERING
BOYUN GUO WILLIAM C. LYONS ALI GHALAMBOR

CHPTER -3RESERVOIR DELIVERABILITY

Solution of Problems page 3/43


By: Hawar AbdulKhaliq Hamma Gul

3.1

Construct IPR of a vertical well in an oil reservoir.

Consider (1) transient flow at 1 month , (2) steady state flow , and (3) pseudo
steady state flow. the following data are given:
Porosity , = 0.25
Effective horizontal permeability , k = 10 md
Pay zone thickness , h = 50 ft
Reservoir pressure , pe = 5000 psi
Bubble point pressure , pb = 100 psi
Fluid formation volume factor , Bo = 1.2
Fluid viscosity , o = 1.5 cp.
Total compressibility , Ct = 0.0000125 psi-1
Drainage area , A = 640 acre (re =2.980 ft)
Wellbore radius , rw = 0.328 ft
Skin factor , S = 5

Solution :
time = 30 day = 24 x 30 = 720 hr.

1. For transient flow,


J*=
=

)
(

)(

)(
)(

)
)(

J* = 0.1515215 bbl/day/psi

)(

( )

Calculated data points are:


qo = J* (Pe pwf)

Pwf (psi)
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000

qo (stb/day)
757.6075
606.086
454.5645
303.043
151.5215
0

6000

5000

3000

2000

1000

0
800

700

600

500

400

300

qo (stb/day)

200

"Transient IPR curve"

100

pwf (psi)

4000

2. For steady state flow,

J*=

* (

)(

)(

)* (

J* = 0.13938 bbl/day/psi
Calculated points are:

Pwf (psi)
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000

qo (stb/day)
696.9
557.52
418.14
278.76
139.38
0
6000

4000

3000
2000
1000
0
800

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

qo (stb/day)

"Steady state IPR curve"


4

pwf (psi)

5000

3. For pseudo steady state,

J*=

)(

)(
)

)
(

J*= 0.147202 bbl/day/psi

Calculated points are:


Pwf (psi)
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000

qo (stb/day)
736.01
588.808
441.8
294.404
147.202
0
6000

5000

3000

2000

1000

0
800

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

qo (stb/day)

"Pseudo-steady state IPR curve"


5

pwf (psi)

4000

3.2 Construct IPR of a vertical well in an

saturated oil reservoir

Using Vogel's equation .the following data are given:


Porosity , = 0.20
Effective horizontal permeability , k = 80 md
Pay zone thickness , h = 55 ft
Reservoir pressure , pe = 4500 psi
Bubble point pressure , pb = 4500 psi
Fluid formation volume factor , Bo = 1.1
Fluid viscosity , o = 1.8 cp.
Total compressibility , Ct = 0.000013 psi-1
Drainage area , A = 640 acre (re =2.980 ft)
Wellbore radius , rw = 0.328 ft
Skin factor , S = 2

Solution :
Assume pseudo-steady state flow ,

J*=

(
(

)(

=1.518476 STB/day/psi

q max =
=

)(

= 3796.2 STB/day.

)(
)

)
(

Calculated points by Vogel's equation:

q = q max [

Pwf (psi)
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
4500

) ]

qo (stb/day)
3796.2
3477.507
2858.867
1940.28
721.7467
0
5000
4500
4000

3000
2500

2000
1500
1000
500
0
4000

3500

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

qo (stb)

"IPR curve"

500

pwf (psi)

3500

3.3

Construct IPR of a vertical well in an unsaturated oil reservoir

Using generalized Vogel's equation .the following data are given:


Porosity , = 0.25
Effective horizontal permeability , k = 100 md
Pay zone thickness , h = 55 ft
Reservoir pressure , pe = 5000 psi
Bubble point pressure , pb = 3000 psi
Fluid formation volume factor , Bo = 1.2
Fluid viscosity , o = 1.8 cp.
Total compressibility , Ct = 0.000013 psi-1
Drainage area , A = 640 acre (re =2.980 ft)
Wellbore radius , rw = 0.328 ft
Skin factor , S = 5.5

Solution :
Assume pseudo-steady state flow ,

J*=

(
(

)(

)(
)

J* = 1.300687 STB/day/psi
qb = J* (Pe Pb)
= (1.300687) (5000 3000) = 2601.4 STB/day.
qv =
= (1.300687) (3000) / 1.8 = 2167.8 STB/day.

)
)

Calculated points by:


[

q = J* (Pe Pb) +

Pwf (psi)
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
5000

) ]

qo (stb/day)
4769.2
4648.767
4431.987
4118.86
3709.387
3203.567
2601.4
0

6000

4000
3000

2000
1000
0
6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

qo (stb)

1000

pwf (psi)

5000

3.4

Construct IPR of a vertical well in an unsaturated oil reservoir

Using generalized Vogel's equation .the following data are given:


Reservoir pressure , pe = 5500 psi
Bubble point pressure , pb = 3500 psi
Tested following bottom-hole pressure in well A , pwf 1 = 4000 psi
Tested production rate from well A , q1 = 400 stb / day
Tested following bottom-hole pressure in well B, pwf 1 = 2000 psi
Tested production rate from well B , q1 = 1000 stb/day

Solution :
Well A : Pwf1 > pb
J* =

= 400 / (5500 - 4000) = 0.2667 stb/day/psi.


qb = J* (Pe Pb)
= 0.2667 (5500 3500) = 533.4 stb/day
qv =
= (0.2667) (3500) / 1.8 = 518.6 stb/day

Calculated points by:


q = J* (Pe Pb) +

10

) ]

Pwf (psi)
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
5000

qo (stb/day)
1052
1028.716
988.498
931.3461
857.2604
766.2408
658.2873
533.4
0
6000
5000

3000
2000
1000
0
1200

1000

800

600

400

qo (stb/day)

11

200

pwf (psi)

4000

Well B : Pwf1 < pb


J* =
((

) ])

=
)

((

) ])

= 0.3111 stb/day/psi
qb = J* (Pe Pb) = 0.3111 (5500 3500) = 622.2 stb/day
qv =
= (0.3111) (3500) / 1.8 = 604.92 stb/day
Calculated points by:
qo= J* (Pe Pb) +

qo = 622.2 +

Pwf (psi)
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
5000

.92

qo (stb/day)
1227.12
1199.96
1153.048
1086.384
999.9664
893.7967
767.8746
622.2
0

12

) ]

) ]

6000
5000

3000
2000
1000
0

1400

1200

1000

800

600

qo (stb/day)

13

400

200

pwf (psi)

4000

3.5 Construct IPR of a well in saturated oil reservoir using both


and Fetkovich's equation .
The following data are given:
Reservoir pressure , pe = 3500 psi
Bubble point pressure , pb = 3500 psi
Tested following bottom-hole pressure , pwf 1 = 2500 psi
Tested production rate at pwf 1 , q1 = 600 stb / day
Tested following bottom-hole pressure , pwf 2 = 1500 psi
Tested production rate at pwf 2, q2 = 900 stb/day

Solution:
Vogel's equation: qomax.=
qomax.=

calculated data points are:


Pwf (psi)
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500

qo (stb/day)
602.46
575.4108
528.6894
462.2958
376.2301
270.4922
145.0822
0

14

Vogel's equation

Fetkovich's equation:
(

n=
c=

calculated data points are:


q= 0.0023 (

Pwf (psi)
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500

qo (stb/day)
1077.052
1059.431
1006.12
915.6465
785.0386
608.4835
372.5929
0
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0

1200

1000

800

600

400

200

qo (stb/day)

15

pwf(fetkovich's model)
pwf(vogel's model)

3.6

Determine the IPR for a well at the time when the average reservoir pressure
will be 1500 psig. The following data are obtained from laboratory tests of well fluid
samples:
Reservoir pressure
Average pressure (psi)
Productivity index J* (stb/day-psi)
Oil viscosity (cp)
Oil formation volume factor (rb/stb)
Relative permeability to oil

present
2200
1.25
3.55
1.20
0.82

Solution:
J*f =

9534 stb/day-psi

Vogel's equation for future IPR :


q=

)(

)(

(
)

) ]
(

) +

Vogel's equation for present IPR :


q=
(

)(

)(

(
)

(
(

Calculated data points are:

16

) ]
(

) +

future
1500
------3.85
1.15
0.65

Reservoir press. = 2200 psi


Pwf (psi)
q (stb/day)
2200
1980
1760
1540
1320
1100
880
660
440
220
0

Reservoir press. = 1500 psi


Pwf (psi)
q (stb/day)

0
262.7782
501.1118
715.001
904.4458
1069.446
1210.002
1326.113
1417.78
1485.002
1527.78

1500
1350
1200
1050
900
750
600
450
300
150
0

0
136.654
260.596
371.826
470.344
556.15
629.244
689.626
737.296
772.254
794.5

2500

2000

1500

pwf (present)
1000

500

0
2000

1500

1000

500

qo (stb/day)

*in the above table, col. 2 calculated from eq.2 & col.4 from eq.1

17

pwf (future)

3.7 Using Fetcovich's method , plot the IPR curve for a well in which
pi is 3000 psia and J'o = 410-4 stb/day-psi . Predict the IPRs of the
well at well shut-in static pressures of 2500 psia, 2000 psia, 1500 psia,
and 1000 psia.

Solution:
The value of J'O at 2500 psia is:

J'O = J'i
J'O = 4*10-4 (

The value of J'O at 2000 psia is:

J'O = 4*10-4 (

and the value of J'O at 1500 psia is:


J'O = 4*10-4 (

and the value of J'O at 1000 psia is:


J'O = 4*10-4 (

Calculated data points are:


qo = J'O (

18

Pe = 3000 psi
Pe = 2500 psi
Pe = 2000 psi
pwf (psi) q(stb/day) pwf (psi) q(stb/day) pwf (psi) q(stb/day)
3000
2700
2400
2100
1800
1500
1200
900
600
300
0

0
684
1296
1836
2304
2700
3024
3276
3456
3564
3600

2500
2250
2000
1750
1500
1250
1000
750
500
250
0

0
570
1080
1530
1920
2250
2520
2730
2880
2970
3000

2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

0
456
864
1224
1536
1800
2016
2184
2304
2376
2400

Pe = 1500 psi
Pe = 1000 psi
pwf (psi) q(stb/day) pwf (psi) q(stb/day)
1500
1350
1200
1050
900
750
600
450
300
150
0

0
342
648
918
1152
1350
1512
1638
1728
1782
1800

19

1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0

0
228
432
612
768
900
1008
1092
1152
1188
1200

3500

3000

2000

1500

pwf (psi)

2500

(pe=3000 psi)
(pe=2500 psi)
(pe-1000 psi)
(pe=2000 psi)

1000

500

0
4000

3500

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

qo (stb/day)

"IPR curve , problem 3.7"

20

(pe=1500 psi)