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Physics Laboratory Manual _ Loyd LABORATORY

Moment of Inertia and Rotational Motion
OBJECTIVES

o Investigate the dependence of angular acceleration of a cylinder on applied torque r. o Determine the moment of inertia I of the cylinder from the slope of applied torque versus
IX 'i

angular acceleration IX and compare the experimental value with a theoretical calculation of the moment of inertia.

EQUIPMENT LIST
• Rotational inertia apparatus (wheel and axle with hub and tripping platform) • Meter stick, string, mass holder, slotted masses, timer, laboratory balance, vernier calipers, and large calipers

THEORY
For linear motion, Newton's second law F =ma describes the relationship between the applied force F, the mass m of an object, and its acceleration a. Force is the cause of the acceleration, and mass is a measure of the tendency of an object to resist a change in its linear translational motion. For rotational motion of some object about a fixed axis, an equivalent description for the relationship between the applied torque r, the moment of inertia I, and the angular acceleration IX of the object is given by 'i = IIX (Eq. 1)