P. 1
Grammar Focus - 50 Essential Grammar Rules

Grammar Focus - 50 Essential Grammar Rules

|Views: 3,582|Likes:
Published by Julian

More info:

Published by: Julian on May 22, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

02/12/2015

pdf

text

original

Grammar Focus

50 essential grammar rules

By Helen Mathur

Buyer: Leigh Barrington (leighdawn1010@gmail.com)
Transaction ID: 73K31838P6806125J

- 2 -

© Helen Mathur 2010.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the author,
except in the case of brief quotations employed in critical articles or reviews.

The author has made every effort to ensure the accuracy of the information herein. However,
the information contained in this book is sold without warranty, either express or implied.
Neither the author, nor its dealers or distributors, will be held liable for any damages caused
either directly or indirectly by the instructions contained in this book.

Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None
of the trademark holders are affiliated with, or endorse, this product.

Version 1.1

Buyer: Leigh Barrington (leighdawn1010@gmail.com)
Transaction ID: 73K31838P6806125J

- 3 -

Introduction

Grammar Focus is a systematic approach to learning important rules for standardized tests of
English. These fifty rules are essential knowledge for multiple-choice sentence correction,
identification of sentence errors and editing in context questions that occur on tests such as
GMAT, SAT and ACT.

The rules are grouped into eight sets covering the major areas that feature in tests of English
usage. You can study the groups in any order. Print out one set at a time for effective learning.

Each rule is on a separate page. We suggest you study the sample sentences and explanations
first. Then check how much you have learned by doing the additional sentences at the bottom
of each page.

If your knowledge of basic grammar terms is weak, you can refer to parts of speech in the
Extras’ section.

Once you have studied the rules, try out the grammar tests on www.majortests.com. You will
find these tests in both GMAT and SAT areas of the site.

Where relevant, the explanations to the questions on www.majortests.com indicate which
rule applies. You will need to revise the rules several times during your test preparation.

Buyer: Leigh Barrington (leighdawn1010@gmail.com)
Transaction ID: 73K31838P6806125J

- 4 -

Contents

Pronouns .................................................................................................................... 6

[A01] Compound subjects ................................................................................................ 6
[A02] Compound objects .................................................................................................. 7
[A03] Pronoun predicates .................................................................................................8
[A04] Pronouns in apposition ........................................................................................... 9
[A05] Pronoun-noun pairs............................................................................................... 10
[A06] Pronouns in comparisons ...................................................................................... 11
[A07] Pronouns after prepositions ................................................................................... 12
[A08] Who and whom..................................................................................................... 13
[A09] Pronouns and gerunds .......................................................................................... 14
[A10] Possessive pronouns and adjectives ....................................................................... 15

Verb agreement ........................................................................................................ 16

[B01] Verb-subject agreement ........................................................................................ 16
[B02] Compound subjects linked by ‘and’ ........................................................................ 17
[B03] Subject placed after the verb ................................................................................. 18
[B04] Either and neither ................................................................................................. 19
[B05] Neither…nor and either…or ................................................................................... 20
[B06] Singular indefinite pronouns .................................................................................. 21
[B07] Latin and Greek plurals .......................................................................................... 22
[B08] Collective nouns .................................................................................................... 23
[B09] A number of / the number of .................................................................................. 24

Verb tense, voice and mood ....................................................................................... 25

[C01] Past perfect tense ................................................................................................. 25
[C02] Present perfect tense ............................................................................................ 26
[C03] Future perfect tense .............................................................................................. 27
[C04] General statements in the present tense ................................................................ 28
[C05] Future and conditional tenses ................................................................................ 29
[C06] ‘If’ constructions .................................................................................................... 30
[C07] The passive voice ................................................................................................... 31
[C08] The subjunctive in impossible / very unlikely situations ........................................... 32
[C09] The subjunctive in indirect commands ................................................................... 33

Buyer: Leigh Barrington (leighdawn1010@gmail.com)
Transaction ID: 73K31838P6806125J

- 5 -

Parallelism................................................................................................................ 34

[D01] Lists...................................................................................................................... 34
[D02] Paired conjunctions .............................................................................................. 35
[D03] Verb tense and voice continuity ............................................................................. 36
[D04] Pronoun continuity ............................................................................................... 37

Dangling modifiers and misplaced parts ..................................................................... 38

[E01] Misplaced words .................................................................................................... 38
[E02] Misplaced parts ..................................................................................................... 39
[E03] Dangling modifiers ................................................................................................ 40

Idiom and diction ...................................................................................................... 41

[F01] Idiom .................................................................................................................... 41
[F02] Diction .................................................................................................................. 42

Punctuation .............................................................................................................. 43

[G01] The semicolon ...................................................................................................... 43
[G02] The apostrophe .................................................................................................... 44
[G03] The colon .............................................................................................................. 45

Miscellaneous ........................................................................................................... 46

[H01] Which and that ..................................................................................................... 46
[H02] Among / between and one another / each other ..................................................... 47
[H03] Comparative and superlative ................................................................................. 48
[H04] Less/fewer and amount/number ............................................................................ 49
[H05] Other and else ...................................................................................................... 50
[H06] Hopefully.............................................................................................................. 51
[H07] Like ...................................................................................................................... 52
[H08] Comparisons ........................................................................................................ 53
[H09] Hardly and scarcely ............................................................................................... 54
[H10] Ellipsis .................................................................................................................. 55

Extras ...................................................................................................................... 56

Parts of Speech .............................................................................................................. 56
Top 20 irregular verbs ..................................................................................................... 58
Top 20 idioms ................................................................................................................ 59
Top 25 diction errors ...................................................................................................... 62

Buyer: Leigh Barrington (leighdawn1010@gmail.com)
Transaction ID: 73K31838P6806125J

- 6 -

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->