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Engineering Drawing

Engineering Drawing

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Published by opabaleke
Engineering Drawing
Engineering Drawing

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Published by: opabaleke on May 22, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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A major problem in technical drawing and design is the
creation of projections for finding the true views of lines and
planes. The following is a brief review of the principles of
descriptive geometry involved in the solution of such
problems. The designers working along with an engineering
team can solve problems graphically with geometric elements.
Structures that occupy space have three-dimensional forms
made up of a combination of geometric elements.

The geometric solutions of three-dimensional forms require an
understanding of the space relations that points, lines, and
planes share in forming any given shape. Problems which
many times require mathematical solutions can often be
solved graphically with accuracy that will allow manufacturing
and construction. Thus, basic descriptive geometry is one of
the designer’s methods of thinking through and solving

All geometric shapes are composed of points and their
connectors, lines. In descriptive geometry points are the most
important geometric element and the primary building block
for any graphical projection of a form. All projections of lines,
planes, or solids can be physically located and manipulated
by identifying a series of points that represent the object.


A point can be considered physically real and can be located
by a small dot or a small cross. It is normally identified by two
or more projections. In fig below, points A and B are located
on all three-reference planes. Notice that the unfolding of the
three planes forms a two-dimensional surface with the fold
lines remaining. The fold lines are labeled as shown to
indicate that F represents the Front view, T represents the
Top views, and S represents the Profile or Right side view.
The planes are replaced with reference lines HF and FP,
which are placed in the same position as the fold lines.

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