# How is the CSSR formula ?

CSSR_w/o_block = ImmAss SR x SSS Proc SR x Ass TCH

ImAss Phase

ImmAss SR = NSUCCHPC(APSD,CRSD,ECSD,OCSD NSUCCHPC(SMTCSD)

SSS Proc Phase

SSS Proc SR =

TASSAT (F,H) NSUCCHPC(APSD,CRSD,ECSD,O

TCH Assignment Phase

TCH Ass SR = TASSSUCC(F,H)+TASSFAIL(NRF,NRH)+SINTHINT(DR)+SU

SSS Proc SR x Ass TCH

CHPC(APSD,CRSD,ECSD,OCSD)-

TASSAT (F,H) SUCCHPC(APSD,CRSD,ECSD,OCSD)-

L(NRF,NRH)+SINTHINT(DR)+SUINBHDO(DR)+SUOISHDO(DR)

AGCH overload . HW problem & wrong installation on .Lack of SDCCH resources .see point c on phase I explanatio .unnecessary cabling on DDF pan .frequency interference .fabrication faulty : BTS mainboard .see point d on phase I explanation d.unnecessary db setting Phase II : SUIMASCA . Transmission problem .broken cable/feeder .cell inversion : antenna. b d.High number of request .high VSWR . No SDCCH available .not LOS transmission (obstacle) .problems on COBA/COSA module c.Over idle coverage b. feeder.unbalance UL & DL due to improp .see point b on phase I explanation b.flicker transmission .Analysis # What factor can influence within this phase ? Phase I : ATIMASCA . Radio Interface problem .see statistic meas : difference bet .broken module .SUIMASCA Loss probability : a. Radio Interface problem MS might be due to MS used 'phant .untight connector .NSUCCHPC Loss probability : a. Transmission problem . high loss . HW problem & wrong installation o .if the differences > 0 c.

see point c on explanatio d. HW problem & wrong inst . module slot l inversion : antenna.fix any transmission cab II : SUIMASCA .reduce the (over) covera b. Transmission problem ov . contour factor necessary db setting a.adding block AGCH rese b.adding SDCCH TS within . wrong HW db creation o Interface problem -> messages loss between MS and BTS quency interference balance UL & DL due to improper coverage (overshoot or lack of coverage). backplane.antenna optimization (an c.transmission replan by T . un-received/sent of messages toward BTS/MS ight connector oken cable/feeder . un-received/sent of messages toward BTS/MS e point c on phase I explanation a.see point b on explanatio c. Radio Interface quality im . high loss rication faulty : BTS mainboard.see point d on explanatio .NACSUCPR(2) he differences > 0 means there are AGCH overload o Interface problem -> messages (IMASS. CHNAK) between BTS and BSC ker transmission LOS transmission (obstacle) -> wrong transmission planning necessary cabling on DDF panel oblems on COBA/COSA module problem & wrong installation on BTS -> bad processing/failure. SDCCH capacity overhand .hopping optimization (ho .NSUCCHPC smission problem .Action : ATIMASCA .Abis interface -> messages loss (CHNAV.SUIMASCA DCCH available -> SDCCH attempt meeting blocked h number of request k of SDCCH resources er idle coverage smission problem .changing any broken mo . no SABM sent to BTS by might be due to MS used 'phantom' RACH when send CHNREQ point d on phase I explanation problem & wrong installation on BTS -> bad processing/failure. RACHBT .fix any wrong installation d.frequency retune .Abis interface -> messages loss (IMASS.power control mechanis . SABM.no over coverage for pre . Radio Interface quality im . Transmission problem ov . feeder. CMSREQ) loss between MS and BTS . HW problem & wrong inst .more selective on filterin (set RXLEVAMI. Solving AGCH overload b . ESTIN) between BTS and BSC point b on phase I explanation statistic meas : difference between TACCBPRO (2) . semirigid.

but must consider PCH reserved reducing impact by increasing this AGCH capacity b. transmission re-route fix any transmission cabling/connection problem and module failure a. RACHBT) reduce the (over) coverage by tilting adjustment b. mall lists . Solving AGCH overload by : adding block AGCH reserved => set NBLKACGR. HW problem & wrong installation fixing : see point c on explanation above d. HSN. Transmission problem overhandling : see point d on explanation above . maio.for dedicated mode power control mechanism (threshold.check it all) . hop activation. Radio Interface quality improvement : frequency retune hopping optimization (hop mode. tilt) c. Transmission problem overhandling : transmission replan by TNP (if no LOS) by antenna μw optimization (height).for dedicated mode no over coverage for preventing interfering with others => done by coverage adjustment antenna optimization (ant type with proper beamwidth. Radio Interface quality improvement : see point b on explanation above c. ant height. step size) .a. HW problem & wrong installation fixing : changing any broken module/equipment fix any wrong installation d. SDCCH capacity overhandling might be done by : adding SDCCH TS within TRX more selective on filtering MS for accessing network => only MS with good UL level can access the cell and get RACH (set RXLEVAMI. azimuth.

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SDCCH are already seized within this phase.From BSS point of view.SSS Procedure Phase start from CMS REQ .3) Sub Counter Description 1 T200 expired 2 unsolicited DM response.# What kind of process (procedures) occurred within this phase ? . multi frame established state When BTS has sent layer layer 2 acknowledgement from MS (reasons MS has sent a Um layer BTS has detected irregularities in the Um lay . . . loss analysis can be got from Authentication Process Ciphering Process # How can the SDCCH connection become drop ? What may be the most drop reason can be known from mesurement counter NRFLSDCC [1-9] : Counter NFRLSDCC (1.Many SSS procedure events are performed during this p procedures.

coverage.3) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 sequence error T_MSRFPCI expired distance limit exceeded handover access failure radio link failure remote transcoder failure unspecified (others) BTS has detected irregularities in the Um lay T_MSRFPCL is not adjustable on database MS-BTS distance exceeds the threshold Failure on HO SDCCH-SDCCH . COBA/CU failu . HW& TRACK/TRAU module failure.NFRLSDCC (1. Causes : Ra Radio Problems (interference.

ciphering. loss analysis can be got from SDCCH drop counter (NRLFSDCC_1-9) IMEI Check & TMSI Reallocation Procedure Setup Message & Digit Translation Procedure BTS has sent layer 2 message in acknowledge mode (that is I frame message : ASS CMD) N200+1 times to the MS without receiving acknowledgement from MS (reasons : any radio problems may exist) until T200 timer expired. that are authentication. setup message. TMSI re-allocation. and digit translation . IMEI check. then the connections are dropped. re events are performed during this phase. y seized within this phase. and stop after receipt of ASS REQ.ase start from CMS REQ message sent from BSC towards MSC. sent a Um layer 2 (LAPDm) message DM (Mode) to the BTS while the BTS-MS communication is in ’multiple frame stablished s detected irregularities in the Um layer 2 (LAPDm) flow control functions (wrong message sequence) useds in’acknowledged mode’ .

COBA/CU failure. coverage. Causes : Radio Problems (interference. wrong DB setting (TTRAU > T8 .s detected irregularities in the Um layer 2 (LAPDm) flow control functions (wrong message sequence) useds in’acknowledged mode’ FPCL is not adjustable on database S distance exceeds the threshold on HO SDCCH-SDCCH . coverage. oblems (interference. HW&Installation) TRAU module failure. TTRAU = TSYNC => This setting is for ensuring that a signaling failure (T . TTRAU > T10.

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at a signaling failure (T8 and T10) is detected before transcoder failure (TSYNC and TTRAU) .

30) Sub Counter for CHAN TYPE TCH/F TCH/H 6 11 7 12 8 13 9 14 10 15 Description Radio Interface Message Failure Radio Interface Failure .Actually TCH Blocking influence this phase formula .There is still loss probability on .reversion to old channel No radio resource available Directed Retry Al Other Cause Counted as TCH Assignment Success on KPI CSSR Formula HCPT -> see shet formula TASSFAIL due to Radio Interface Message Failure ASS CMD message is lost.Radio Interface problem : Interferen .unnecessary .Any TCH Assignment Failure will incremen # TASSFAIL causes ? Counter TASSFAIL (1. may be c .# How is this phase ? .BSS Counter start from TASSATT and end .TCH Assignment Phase start after receiving .

unnecessary T Directed Retry HO ACCESS .reversion to old channel SABM message is lost while using FA .TASSFAIL due to Radio Interface Failure .Radio Interface problem : Interference .Radio Interface problem : Interferen .

Radio Interface problem : Interference TASSFAIL due to Directed Retry When Directed Retry .Directed Retry HO ACCESS .

but counted as TCH Assignment Suc ere is still loss probability on SDCCH Drop with T200 expiry reason within this phase => check if any radio problem which cause loss of ASS CMD message y TCH Assignment Failure will increment TASSFAIL counter in BSC TCH Assignment Success on KPI CSSR > see shet formula message is lost. may be caused by : Radio Interface problem : Interference. and stop after assignment complete (ASS COM) message sending S Counter start from TASSATT and end by TASSSUCC ually TCH Blocking influence this phase. Coverage. TCH blocking is excluded from TCH assignment failure. BUT on KPI Formula HCPT for CSSR. HW Failure / Wrong Installation unnecessary T10 setting .H Assignment Phase start after receiving assignment request (ASS REQ) message on BSC from MSC.

HW Failure / Wrong Installation . assignment TCH fail and back to SDCCH on old cell .message is lost while using FACCH. may be caused by : Radio Interface problem : Interference. may be caused by : Radio Interface problem : Interference. HW Failure / Wrong Installation unnecessary T10 setting Directed Retry HO ACCESS message is lost while using FACCH. assignment TCH fail and back to SDCCH . Coverage. Coverage.

HW Failure / Wrong Installation Directed Retry HO is performed.Directed Retry HO ACCESS message is lost while using FACCH. TASSFAIL(9) counter will be incremented . Coverage. assignment TCH fail and back to SDCCH on old cell . may be caused by : Radio Interface problem : Interference.

message sending counted as TCH Assignment Success -> see on sheet SS CMD message .

TSYNC setting in BTS object must be same with TSYNC haven't correctly received. and reset setting in TRAU object when correct frame is received again. UL TRAU frame and stop when first DL TTRAU > T10. less SDCCH To enable / disable intercell SDCCH HO usage. Start from sending message ASS CMD and stop when ASS CMP received.DB Parameter Related DB Parameter RXLEVAMI Object BTS Description Minimum received level at the MS required for access to the network Value Setting Trade Off RACHBT BTS NBLKACGR BTS T200 BTS IERCHOSDCCH BTS IRACHOSDCCH BTS EISDCCHHO BTS TTRAU BTS TSYNC BTS . Specifies the number of CCCH blocks Increase => Add CCCH blocks to be reserved for AGCH. Must follow the rule : TSYNC = handling. less possibility on SDCCH fail/drop Timer supervision start from sending Must set to proper value . more attempt SDCCH. less possibility on SDCCH fail/drop Set True => activate intercell SDCCH HO. more SDCCH usage. determines the call / signalling conection. Set FALSE => disabling intercell SDCCH HO. Decrease => Only good UL level can access RACH. less SDCCH To enable / disable interBSC SDCCH HO usage. less possibility on SDCCH fail/drop Set True => activate intercell SDCCH HO. Start when 3 DL TRAU frame TTRAU . MAINBCCH provides 9 CCCH blocks Decrease => vica versa from statement above. In the case of call setup. Must be set to proper value . less HO fail possibility due to FACCH rejected. TTRAU = TSYNC for ensuring signalling failure is TRAU frame received by BTS detected before transcoder failure Timer supervision start of TRAU frame Must be set to proper value . more possibility on SDCCH fail/drop. to be reserved in CCCH TS for AGCH . the setting must follow the rule : T10 < TTRAU T10 BSC . more possibility on SDCCH fail/drop. more HO fail possibility due to FACCH rejected. more possibility on SDCCH fail/drop. TRAU Increase => Idle coverage shrinking. Set FALSE => disabling intercell SDCCH HO. Must follow the rule : TTRAU > T8. less SDCCH To enable / disable intracell SDCCH HO usage. Time to return assignment complete (ASS CMP) message. more SDCCH usage. decrease blockes to be reserved for PCH. less attempt SDCCH Decrease => Idle coverage enlargement. more attempt SDCCH Increase => Low UL level can access RACH. Set FALSE => disabling intercell SDCCH HO. (shared between PCH and AGCH) Should be attended that this timer setting can much reduce drop LAPDm timer 200 . but can also deliver non realistic image waiting time for a layer 2 frame of the actual radio interface quality (less drop but poor quality). So acknowledgement need proper adjustment as trade off Set True => activate intercell SDCCH HO. more SDCCH usage. less attempt Threshold for the signal level on RACH SDCCH.

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