Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA

Introduction ..............................................................................................................6 Scope of the Course ...............................................................................................6 Who Should Attend Analyzer Training? ..................................................................6 Prerequisites...........................................................................................................7 Topics to Be Covered .............................................................................................8 Introduction to Actix Analyzer .................................................................................9 Analyzer s Key Features.......................................................................................10 What s New in A-SVS Version 1.4 .........................................................................11 Technology Enhancements ..................................................................................11 Data Visualization .................................................................................................11 Licensing ..............................................................................................................12 Data Formats Supported ......................................................................................13 Getting Started With Analyzer...............................................................................14 Starting Analyzer ..................................................................................................14 Configuring Analyzer ............................................................................................15
Setting up Maps......................................................................................................................... 15 More Pan and Zoom Options..................................................................................................... 19 Map Scale and Coordinates .................................................................................................. 20 Loading Cell Site Data........................................................................................................... 20 Displaying Site Labels ........................................................................................................... 21 Coloring Sectors on the Map ..................................................................................................... 23 Viewing Cell Site Information ..................................................................................................... 24

Searching for Cells ...............................................................................................25 Data Aggregation (Binning)...................................................................................27 Setting the CDMA Configuration Parameters .......................................................29 Exploring the Workspace ......................................................................................30 Loading Data Files................................................................................................30
Examining CDMA 1x Handset Data ...................................................................................... 30 Examining Technology-Independent Data ................................................................................. 33 Examining PN Scanner Data ..................................................................................................... 34

Searching for Attributes ........................................................................................37 The Favorites Group.............................................................................................37
Sharing Favorites ...................................................................................................................... 38

Viewing Data in Analyzer .......................................................................................39 Viewing Data on Maps..........................................................................................39
Modifying Legend Ranges ......................................................................................................... 39 More Range Display Options ..................................................................................................... 40 The Map Offset Tool .................................................................................................................. 41 Adding Annotations to the Map.................................................................................................. 42 Formatting Data Labels on the Map........................................................................................... 43 Displaying Lines to Cells on the Map ......................................................................................... 43 The Direction Button .................................................................................................................. 45 Region Filtering ......................................................................................................................... 45 Printing Maps............................................................................................................................. 47

Viewing Data on Charts ........................................................................................49
Modifying Chart Properties ........................................................................................................ 51

Viewing Data in Tables .........................................................................................52 Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 2

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA

Viewing Data in the Message Browser .................................................................54 Viewing Data in the Protocol Stack Browser.........................................................57 Viewing Data on Workbooks.................................................................................58 The Replay Tool ...................................................................................................59
Docking the Replay Tool............................................................................................................ 60

Viewing Data on Stateforms .................................................................................61
Using Preconfigured StateForms............................................................................................... 61 Viewing Custom Forms with the StateForms Editor................................................................... 65 Modifying an Existing StateForms File....................................................................................... 66 Creating Your Own StateForms File .......................................................................................... 68

Analysis of Reverse Link Data ..............................................................................71 Exploring Call Trace Data.....................................................................................71 SuperStreaming Call Trace and Drive Test Data .................................................72 Merging Multiple Drive Files in the Workspace ...................................................74 The Network Image ................................................................................................75 Use a Pre-Configured Template to Create a New Network Image .......................75 Batch Load Files into the Network Image .............................................................77 Display Data for the Entire Network......................................................................78 Start a New Day Attaching a Network Image.....................................................78 Create a Custom Network Image Template..........................................................79 Reporting CDMA Network Performance...............................................................86 Application Packages ...........................................................................................86
Running Application Packs ........................................................................................................ 87 CDMA2000 1x Data Performance Benchmarking ................................................................. 88 CDMA2000 1x Data Call Analysis ......................................................................................... 89 CDMA2000 1x Downlink Data Rate Analysis ........................................................................ 89 CDMA2000 1x Downlink Data Rate Analysis ........................................................................ 90 CDMA Summary Reports...................................................................................................... 91 CDMA Scanner Dist. Server Analysis.................................................................................... 92 CDMA Event Inspection ........................................................................................................ 92 CDMA Cluster Optimization................................................................................................... 93 Running Reports from an Application Pack ........................................................................... 93

Running a Pre-Defined Report .............................................................................94
Reports for Voice Calls: ............................................................................................................. 95 Reports for Data Calls ............................................................................................................... 96 Creating a Custom Report ......................................................................................................... 98 Running Your Report with New Data................................................................................... 100

Performing Custom Analysis in Analyzer ..........................................................101 About Queries.....................................................................................................101 Filter Analysis: Filtering on Poor Quality .............................................................102 Binned Query Analysis .......................................................................................105
ServingCellDistance in Miles ............................................................................................... 105 Pilot Pollution Query............................................................................................................ 106

The CDMA StateTip: Determining Serving PNs .................................................109 Crosstab Query: Sorting by Data Rate ...............................................................111
Display the Crosstab Query Results.................................................................................... 114 Filter the Crosstab Query Results ....................................................................................... 114

Event Query: Dropped Call Window ...................................................................115
Displaying Event Queries .................................................................................................... 118

Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization

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.........................................134 Automatic Import of Cell Site Data ..................................................................154 Additional Copies of this Manual ....................................123 Obtaining Site Data in Tabular Format ............................... 127 Importing the Data.........................153 Contact Your Instructor...................... RF Performance ..................................................................................Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Histogram and Statistic Query: Retransmit Rate .............................................................................. 137 Using CDMA Toolkit for Neighbor List Analysis.................................................................................156 Event Definitions............................................................................................................................................................................122 Importing Cell Site Data Using the Network Explorer ................................................119 Saving Your Preferred Layout......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................156 Overview of CDMA Event Detection ......................... 136 Using CDMA Toolkit for Search Window Analysis............................... 144 Creating a Scenario...................136 Exploring the CDMA Toolkit .................................. 146 CDMA 1x Analysis Data Throughput vs...................................................................................................................................157 Appendix C: CDMA Toolkit Calculations ....155 Appendix B CDMA Event Detection..................................... 134 Using the CDMA Toolkit to Optimize Specific CDMA Network Parameters......150 Technical Support..........................................................................................................................................123 Importing Network Data ..................................154 More Advanced Training...................................................................................................... 128 Updating Cell Site Data ..................................................................................................................................... 123 Guidelines for Formatting Tabular Data............................... 126 Obtaining the File to be Populated With Formatted Data.................................................................................................................152 Actix Web Site ...................150 Help File ..........................................................................................................147 Where to Get More Help..........................................................................................................163 Evaluate Coverage Analysis..........................................................................................162 Optimize Search Window Analysis .................154 Appendix A CDMA Decode Settings......................................................................................................163 Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 4 ..................................162 Optimize Neighbor List Analysis .... 140 Using the CDMA Toolkit for Coverage Evaluation ...................................................................................

Copyright © Actix Inc. All Rights Reserved Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 5 . consequential or other similar damages resulting from the use of its products. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Actix will not be held liable for technical or editorial omissions made herein.2. 2004.actix.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Actix Analyzer Sales 12012 Sunset Hills Road Suite 910 Reston. September 2004 For Actix A-SVS-CX1 Version 1.com sales@actix.4 All contents of this document are the property of Actix Inc and are provided for information purposes only. and will not be held liable for incidental.com Document Revision 1. VA 20190 Telephone: Fax: Web Site: Email: (703) 707-4777 (703) 707-4778 http://www.

Advanced users will be introduced to Analyzer features they may not know about and to new network applications that can be performed using Analyzer. Participants are given ample opportunity to ask questions relevant to their particular optimization needs. Our goal is to give new users an understanding of what Analyzer can do and how it can help them improve the quality of service for their network subscribers.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Introduction Scope of the Course Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization provides a comprehensive overview of Actix Analyzer Service Verification Solution ( Analyzer ). Class size is limited to ensure that everyone receives extensive one on one instruction. participants will be able to put what they learned in the class to work to identify and solve real network problems. We will then cover how Analyzer can be customized to tailor existing optimization processes to the specific needs of the participants. Upon completing the course. Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization begins with a highlevel presentation of the Analyzer interface and its capabilities. call trace and protocol data in optimizing networks Experienced technicians involved in field optimization Anyone looking to maximize the return on their investment in Actix Analyzer Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 6 . Who Should Attend Analyzer Training? Engineers responsible for enhancing cellular performance and implementing wireless system optimization System Performance Engineers responsible for measuring and quantifying network quality relative to competitors and/or established benchmarks Engineers looking to further understand the application of drive test. The instructors for this course are experts in using Analyzer to increase productivity and are familiar with the challenges faced by engineers working in cellular/PCS environments.

the computer should meet the minimal hardware requirements outlined below: Hardware Processor: Memory (RAM) Disk Space CD-ROM Drive One Parallel or USB Port Monitor Optimal Performance P4 2. Analyzer performs best when the Windows Virtual Memory Paging size is set to between 1000 and 1500 MB.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Prerequisites Familiarity with network infrastructure and operation of the air interface A general understanding of drive test and call trace collection and post-processing methodology and advantages/limitations with each dataset Access to Actix Analyzer software Basic computer literacy. including familiarity with Windows and MS Office applications A computer running either Windows XP or Windows 2000 operating system. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 7 . Windows XP is recommended for optimal performance. Please consult your OS help for specific instructions regarding this parameter. The method for setting this parameter varies by operating system. Also.6 GHz 1 GB 60+ GB Available Minimal Performance Pentium II 440 MHz 256 MB 1 GB Available -To install the application-For Single-User Hardware Key1280x1024x64k color resolution or higher 1024x768x256 color resolution Other Mouse and Keyboard In addition to the hardware requirements listed above.

which highlight how Analyzer can be used to fine tune network performance and further enhance quality of service. and parameter configuration in order to display your geographic area and network cell plan Viewing data in a variety of ways to gain insight into possible network problems Diagnosing and solving quality of service problems with drive test and switch data Using pre-defined and custom analyses to analyze data and devise tailored optimization solutions Identifying the impact of wide area network optimization changes in terms of Quality of Service using advanced features that allow Analyzer to be tailored to integrate seamlessly into developed optimization process and procedures Using some of the latest task orientated application packages and their supporting engineering notes.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Topics to Be Covered Configuring your Analyzer workspace including map. Using the Help options and maximizing the benefit of technical support Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 8 . cell site.

including field-test equipment. Nortel SBS. Lucent RFT. Grayson Surveyor. There are many sources of performance data available.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Introduction to Actix Analyzer Mobile phone network operators strive to maximize the capacity and quality of their networks in order to ensure customer satisfaction and increase revenues. and switch traces. It performs analysis on data that was collected on wireless networks collected using: Drive Test Collection Tools. Comarco baseLINE. and XK Series phone/scanners for CDMA networks Switch Traces (Mobile Traffic Recordings). including Ericsson SBS. It supports a wide range of file formats and provides you with a straightforward user interface. Agilent E64xx and E74xx series scanners. Actix Analyzer is a post-processing tool for the top-down optimization of wireless networks. scanners. and Motorola SMAP Protocol Analyzers will soon support interfaces conforming to CDMA IOS/IS-634 standards A10/A11 Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 9 . including Qualcomm MDM. The collection and analysis of network performance metrics forms a large part of this effort. Actix Analyzer provides the ideal solution for your network optimization problems.

resulting in a much smaller file. including only key parameters.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Analyzer s Key Features Supports most of the industry standard file formats for drivetest and OMC-R traces Easy-to-understand Windows user information can be interpreted quickly interface means Data may be queried on user-defined criteria and filtered accordingly High-level statistical information and detailed engineering parameters are presented Analyses may be run quickly using pre-defined report templates The most commonly requested analyses and calculations are carried out automatically Field-test and call-trace files may be combined to link forward and reverse path data Built-in spreadsheet tool allows detailed statistical and mathematical analysis of any data set The Network Image allows you to create a composite of many drives in one file. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 10 .

and the granularity of time can be selected. PAP. ICMP. IP and PPP signaling. MIP. and any derivative of the Qualcomm format that supports PPP Tx Frames (Log Code 0x109C) and PPP Rx Frames (Log Code 0x109D) Improved Grayson File Format Performance Support for the Grayson Invex3G file format has been greatly improved by optimizing the way that SVS communicates with Grayson s reader software. Protocol Stack Browser The Protocol Stack Browser allows the user to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only.4 Technology Enhancements Improved Radio Link and IP Integration SVS integrates IP and Application Layer (FTP / HTTP / etc. StateForms Charts In addition to viewing parameter values at selected data points. Application protocols supported include IP. WAP. The Auto Import feature is available to automatically update the cellrefs file with changes to network data. RTP. PPP. the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. Data Visualization Preconfigured StateForms . TCP. scanner and infrastructure-specific call or cell tracing programs already being used for network analysis and benchmarking. UDP. events and statistics are supported directly for the following drive test vendors: Grayson WillTech Spirent Qualcomm. charts can be added to StateForms to view trends in the data over time.A number of preconfigured CDMA StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. Events and parameters can be displayed on these charts.) performance data with the test mobile. CHAP. The Display Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 11 . With this version of SVS. FTP and HTTP. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser. there is no longer a need for a separate IP sniffer.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA What s New in A-SVS Version 1. Event Navigator The Event Navigator view in the StateForms allows you to view the important voice or data events that occurred during the drive overlaid on a bar which shows the calls data in the file colored by serving channel. Cell Site Configuration The Network Explorer has been updated to ease the cell site configuration process.

The results of the search will be displayed in the new Search Results tab.A filtering mechanism has been implemented at the map layer level. Stand-alone Configurations Users from the same customer will be able to readily interchange hardware keys without the inconvenience of having to move. Direction Button It is now possible to display directional arrows on any drive-test map. This feature allows for one or more polygons of any desired size and shape to be drawn on a map. These arrows indicate the direction of the drive test vehicle during collection. Search for Attributes It is now possible to search for specific attributes within the tree structure of all open data streams within the Workspace Explorer. copy. Commutable Network Configurations The Actix customer who uses the Analyzer in a commutable network configuration will now have more flexibility in configuring the use of licenses to support usage in the office and in the field. or replace license files.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Cell Data view provides easy access to network data details within the workspace. Licensing Several licensing options are available to meet the varied needs of different customers. Data can then be filtered either inside or outside this defined region. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 12 . Region Filtering .

sd5) Comarco Handset and Scanner data Grayson Handset and Scanner data (.mdb and . DM2K) Each of the following CDMA and CDMA 1x call trace formats is supported in the current A-SVS platform: Ericsson SBS Lucent RFT / Lucent RFT 1x Motorola SMAP / Motorola SMAP 1x Nortel SBS / Nortel SBS 1x Samsung SysCAM / Samsung SysCAM 1x Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 13 .ilf) Qualcomm Handset data (MDM and CAIT) and Retriever Scanner data Safco Walkabout (.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Data Formats Supported Each of the following CDMA and CDMA 1x handset and scanner formats is supported in the current A-SVS platform: Agilent Handset and Scanner data (.sd5) Verizon Wireless DataPro (.sd5) Willtech Handset and Scanner Data (BlueRose.

Starting Analyzer Using the Shortcut On the Start Menu Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 14 . select Start Actix Analyzer. you can start Analyzer in several ways. right-click on the Analyzer item on the start menu and choose Create Shortcut. Programs Note: If you would like to add an Analyzer shortcut to your desktop. Actix Folder Analyzer Shortcut Start Button Figure 1 . When you install Analyzer. It will appear on the desktop. To use this shortcut to start Analyzer.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Getting Started With Analyzer Starting Analyzer As with any Windows application. a folder is created from the Start button that contains a shortcut for Analyzer.

tab) data to present data analyses on map backdrops. click on the Layers icon: Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization . 1. there are a few configuration matters to attend to. Setting up Maps This section shows you how to load MapInfo tabular (. In order to obtain some geographical reference points for your logfiles. In the Map Window. applicable cell site database. you will need to load some MapInfo maps and point Analyzer to a valid. Click on the Maximize icon to maximize the Map window. Create a new map by selecting View Display new Map 2. known in Analyzer as a cellrefs file.An Empty Workspace in Analyzer Configuring Analyzer Before you can begin analyzing data. Page 15 . A blank Analyzer workspace then opens: Main Menu Toolbar Workspace Browser Status Bar Figure 2 . the splash screen is displayed while the application loads.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA After starting Analyzer. 3.

Both files can be found within: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\MapFiles MapInfo layers are named according to the geographic location of the data (usually abbreviated US state name and/or county name). click Add to open the Open Layer dialog. then click Open. Select or type in the name of a MapInfo Map (*. The following table lists some of the common abbreviations used for MapInfo data types: Suffix Y1 Y2 X1 X2 Pc Pn Pm R H S Layer Type RtHwy010_Top RtHwy010_Bot IntShld010 IntShld1040 Cultural Points Natural Points Municipal Points Railroads Highways Streets Page 16 Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization .tab and GACLYTS. In class.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 4. the map files we will open are GAFULTS. and by the type of data contained in the file.tab. In the Layer Control dialog. The Layer Control Dialog will open: Current Layers Layer Options Layer Reorder Layer Properties Figure 3 .tab) file. 6.The Layer Control Dialog 5.

Georgia. Sub-MCD. Properties Labels: Use the Label Properties dialog to show. The label font can be controlled through the Label Style button. uncheck the Display within range box.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Suffix Layer Type Wr Water (rivers) Wb Water (bodies of water) Lm Landmarks Cb City Boundary Mc Minor Civic Division Cy County Other MapInfo layers: Voting District. the MapInfo layer named GAFULTS. Override the default vector coloring by checking Override Style and modifying the Layer Style. Check boxes also are also available to Allow Overlapped Text and Allow Duplicated Text. Select OK to exit the Display Properties dialog. Moving map layers to the bottom of the layer stack is recommended to provide an uncluttered backdrop for cell site data and logfile parameters. Reorder Up and Reorder Down: Use the Reorder buttons to change the ordering of the layers. State level tables (school districts and elevation contours) For example. 7. To turn off labeling (recommended to improve map load time).TAB contains street-level data for Fulton County. C. Properties Display: Use the Display Properties dialog to control the display features of the map layer. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 17 . or modify map labels. Native American Lands. The label position and label offset can be modified at the bottom right corner of the dialog. You may want to modify the layer properties by selecting the layer and choosing the various options within the Layer Control Dialog: A. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog. B. hide.

Layers Remove: Use the Remove button to remove a map layer from the workspace. Click and drag a rectangle around a small area of Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 18 . To make a layer selectable. 10. Map Toolbar Figure 4 MapInfo Layer Displayed on a Map in Analyzer 9. To make a layer writeable. After modifying any desired layer properties. In a new Analyzer installation. the map location defaults to 0 longitude. Pan the map viewing area to display the new map by right-clicking in the map area. 0 latitude. close the Layer Control dialog with the Close button and changes will take effect. check the box next to the layer name under the arrow icon . then choosing Zoom Go to Layer and selecting the layer you just added.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Layer Accessibility: To display a layer. check the box next to the layer name under the eye icon . 8. Right-click on the map and choose Zoom Zoom In from the pop-up menu or click on the Zoom In button on the Map toolbar. check the box next to the layer name under the pencil icon .

Too many layers make the map look cluttered. After using any pan or zoom option. Returns to the last zoom setting by undoing the last zoom operation. In most cases. return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button. The units are not displayed. The map will pan so that the point you selected is the center.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA interest on the map. Zooms out to show the entire map area you have defined. right-click on the map. In order to ensure faster loading of maps in future Analyzer sessions. Pan Right-click in the map and select Tool Pan. street-level data is all that is required for looking at optimization data. Click the first point of the two you would like to measure the distance between. Notice that the distance is displayed next to the cursor and is continuously updated as you drag. More Pan and Zoom Options The pop-up menu in the Map window offers a variety of convenient pan and zoom options. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 19 . Previous View Right-click in the map and select Zoom Previous View. Click and drag to move the map in the viewing pane. load only the MapInfo layers that you need. so if you are not sure what the current units setting is. Return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button. Measuring Distances on the Map Right-click in the map and select Tool Distance. Center Right-click in the map and select Tool Center. and then select Map Units Distance. and increase the time required for the map to load. then click on a point in the map window. The cursor will change to a hand symbol. then drag the cursor to the second point. 11. View Entire Map Right-click in the map and select Zoom View Entire Map.

Click OK to close the Preferences dialog. 6. double-click on the name of the current cellrefs file. click View Display New Map. we refer to this file as the Cellrefs file. right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Lat/Long. Loading Cell Site Data In order to display cell sites in Analyzer. we will show you how to format your own data for recognition by Analyzer. right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Scale. From the Main Menu. 1. In Analyzer. For now. In addition. 2. on the File Location line. 5. In the Change Preferences dialog. By default the cell sites are now visible.txt which has been installed in the following location: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs 4.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Map Scale and Coordinates By default. the map scale will appear in the lower left corner of the map window. the latitude and longitude coordinates of the cursor can be displayed. At this point. From the main menu. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 20 . choose File New Workspace to create a new workspace. select Tools Preferences. A message box will be displayed saying that the new Cellrefs file takes effect when a new workspace is loaded. Click OK to close the message box. there is no need to save the current workspace. In class the file we will use is called Training CDMA Cellrefs. although this file can have any name. 3. In the new workspace. navigate to the cellrefs file you would like to use and select Open. and then display the sites on the map. To show or hide the cursor coordinates. and integrate cell site data with real-time measurements. In the Open dialog. a formatted cell site database must exist containing location and configuration data for each cell site. To turn on or off the scale. Later in the course. Analyzer loads cells upon opening Analyzer or starting a new workspace. we will point Analyzer to a preformatted cellrefs file.

The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. 5. then cell labeling: 1. there are two formats of labels from which to choose: The Site Name (default) shows only the site name. use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. site and cell labels will be displayed on the map. Currently. Verify that each of the following boxes is checked: Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 4. 6. press the Labels button. format the Cell Labels: 1. In the Layer Control dialog box. Azimuth. Next. Verify that each of the following boxes is checked: Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 21 . modify the way they are displayed. The Site Labels have been formatted. 2. The Key Field label shows only the site ID. select the site layer (named CDMA_Site-Site_Name) Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog. The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. The following instructions specify first site labeling. 3. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. The site labels are displayed independently of cell labels. 7. or turn them off entirely. sectors are called cells based on the European GSM standards terminology. If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol. press the Labels button 3. select the cell layer (named CDMA_Cell-Beamwidth-PN) 2. Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog. In the Layer Control dialog box.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Displaying Site Labels By default. This allows you to display of Site Name or Site ID in addition to or instead of PN. In Analyzer. You can leave the labels as they are. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog. If you wish to change the font of the labels. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display. In the Label Properties box. or Beamwidth.

All CDMA_Cell parameters are available as options for labeling. Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Figure 5 . If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 5. In the Label Properties box. If you wish to change the font of the labels. as it allows you to quickly identify each sector. 6. and then OK in the Layers dialog to apply the labels. Click OK in the Label Properties dialog.Labeled Sites and Sectors on Map in Analyzer Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 22 . use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. PN is a popular labeling option. 8. 7. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display.

In the Series drop-down. Right-click on individual ranges and choose Selected Range s Style to modify colors.e. Sector_ID. Use the Cell Color drop-down choose the field to color by. MCC). To make all sectors the same color. or to make all sectors the same color: 1.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Coloring Sectors on the Map By default.e. 2. To color sectors by face (i. 4. 2 = yellow. sectors are colored by PN on the map. 3. Figure 6: Sites/Cells Properties Dialog Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 23 .e. Site coloring will appear as specified. expand the CDMA_Cell parameter in the legend. Click OK to exit the Sites / Cell Properties dialog. to color sectors by face). To color the sectors according to a different field (i. specify an unused field (i. choose CDMA_Cell. Click the Cell Sites button at the top of the map. 1 = red. 3 = blue) choose Sector_ID. 5. To modify face colors.

From the main menu. Beamwidth and Sector ID can be obtained by running the mouse over a sector on the map. 4. select View Display Cell Data. 2. Tile Horizontally or 3. Figure 7 .Display Cell Data Window Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 24 . Click on a sector wedge or site dot on the map. Details about that sector or site will appear in the Display Cell Data window. select Window Window Tile Vertically. Display site data of interest on the map. From the main menu.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Viewing Cell Site Information A cell s Azimuth. To obtain more detailed information on each site or sector: 1.

From the main menu. select Cells Search for Cells. Figure 8 . 2. select a row to highlight and center the corresponding sector on the map.CellRefs Search Dialog 7.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Searching for Cells Search for Cells provides a mechanism for locating specific cell sites based on user-defined search criteria. Click the Search Now button to show in the Results window all matching cell sites from the current cellrefs file. Ensure that CDMA is visible in the Technology drop-down. 3. 4. To conduct a search: 1. Use the Add. From the Results window. 5. Edit and Delete buttons to modify search criteria. 6. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 25 . Display site data of interest on the map. From the main menu. select Window Tile Horizontally or Window Tile Vertically to arrange the CellRefs Search dialog and the map in the workspace.

Map Highlighting All Sectors Meeting Search Criteria Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 26 .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 8. Click the Highlight All button to highlight all matching sectors on the map. Figure 9 .

Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 27 . This mode is commonly used for drive test analyses when viewing on a map to ensure plot points are evenly spaced. Events. There are four modes for determining how to divide data into bins: Time-based binning Distance binning Message binning Location binning Time-based binning combines data in the time domain using a user-specified duration for the bin. measurement parameters. For network state parameters. such as dropped calls and handoffs. such as CDMA HandoffState. The diagram below looks at a one-second bin. such as EcIo_1stBest and ForwardFER. a bin is given the value of the parameter that occurred most often in the bin. The speed of travel during logging will affect how many log files you see in a certain area. are binned by the number of events occurring within the component measurements. For example. Distance binning combines data into bins corresponding to the distance traveled by the test mobile.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Data Aggregation (Binning) Analyzer aggregates data into groups called bins in order to provide a reasonable number of data points from a computing and analysis perspective. The aggregation method used to create one bin from many data points is dependent on the type of parameter. are binned by averaging each of the component measurements into one data point.

Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 28 . This can be used when examining several drive files crossing over the same geographic area. Grid (not seen) Drive Routes All points in this box will be binned together to produce one plot point To set the binning mode 1 In the Tools Preferences dialog.analogous to overlaying a spatial grid on top of the data with a user-definable granularity. charts.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Message binning sets the number of messages to average equal to 1. click on the + next to Binning to expand it 2 Set the binning mode for maps. Location binning . 3 Highlight the time field and set the Time to 1000 ms. Message binning should not be set to any value other than 1. Each message is placed into its own bin with the net result of no averaging of the data. and reports to Time based. This method is often used for SuperStreams.

which will be covered in this course. they will be used if intermediate files are Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 29 . 3. will now display all measurements at or above 18 dB. The CDMA StateTip. Analyzer will display scanner measurements at or above this threshold: 1. Use the Decode Settings to change the Scanner Ec/Io Threshold (dB) for PN Scanner data. A detailed list of all the parameters that are located in the Decode Settings dialog box can be found in Appendix A. Agilent MDB handset and scanner data are used throughout this training course. Change the threshold from 15 dB to 18 dB. intermediate files may help improve the load speed. Under Decode Settings. which will be introduced later in the course. A new workspace must be opened for all Preferences settings to take effect. double-click on the Scanner Ec/Io Threshold (dB) line 2. Agilent-specific settings can be found in the Tools Preferences dialog under Agilent MDB and Agilent SD5 . Make sure the following options are set for Agilent MDB files: Show Agilent data selection dialog this allows you to choose which data streams to load when opening an Agilent file Remove intermediate files after load if loading and reloading an Agilent file is anticipated. is the preferred means of improving the load speed. Use intermediate files if available available. Analyzer s Network Image feature.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Setting the CDMA Configuration Parameters CDMA-specific parameters can be changed within the Tools Preferences dialog box under General Settings Decode Settings.

then expand the CDMA node and examine each data group and parameter. MDM File 1. Notice that all of the files were loaded into this workspace. Load the following drive test files by selecting File Open Logfile or by clicking the Open Logfile icon: . Expand the CDMA 1x Data workspace.mdm c. These files are located in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\DataFiles directory. Expand the layers under the handset data stream (labelled Kyocera 3G (702) 203-9745. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 30 . Examining CDMA 1x Handset Data 1.mdb b. Phone & Scan 1. as shown in Figure 6. Click on the + to expand the folder and view the loaded files. Willtech file tree in the 2. Data files from any collection equipment supported by Analyzer can be opened and displayed in the same workspace. we will move on to opening logfiles and examining the type of information available from these files in Analyzer. CDMA 1x Data Willtech. a.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Exploring the Workspace Loading Data Files Now that you are more familiar with the Analyzer environment.0401 A + will appear next to the Loaded Data Files folder in the Workspace Browser once files have been loaded.

These data groups are common in Analyzer to all CDMA handset files. Each group will appear as long as at least one parameter within that group was collected by the device. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 31 .Expanded Handset Stream Showing Data Groups and Parameters Upon loading a CDMA 1x handset file.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 10 . note that several data groups are created. regardless of data collection vendor.

Dedicated Radio Link Once a call has been established. parameters that are associated with the PNs serving the call. This group also includes measurements broken out by Pilot Set. RLP Statistics Statistics from the radio link protocol. such as Handoff State. Fundamental Channel Information about the channel that provides the primary radio resources for voice or low-rate data in a CDMA 1x network. including search window sizes and handoff parameters. If an event is not present in the tree. Detailed Frame Information Provides counts of various data frame classes for both the forward and the reverse link.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA The following data groups are created under the CDMA node: Device Info Information identifying the collection device in use for that stream. Control Channel Information about the Dedicated Control Channel in a CDMA 1x network. The Data Testing node in a CDMA 1x handset stream provides data parameters that are not specific to the air interface. the transport mechanism for data over the air interface in a CDMA 1x network. Pilot Measurements Ec/Io and Delay measurements broken out by individual PN. Downlink Measurements .Ec/Io. Serving Cell Parameters Information about the current base station sector serving the call. Supplemental Channel Information about the channels that provide the bandwidth resources for high rate data transfer in a CDMA 1x network. the following groups may be found: Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 32 . primarily to provide the ability to create custom FER parameters. it did not occur in the file. are contained here. Under the Data Testing node. Forward FER and Mobile transmit and receive power measurements. Event Data Call events triggered by IS-95/cdma 1x/cdma2000 messaging. See Appendix B for Analyzer event definitions.

TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) establishes a virtual connection between a source and a destination in a data network. Protocol Measurements This group contains throughput values for each layer in the IP stack. Task_Name and Task_Key. Connection This group contains connections activated within the logfile. ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) supports error. control and informational messages within the data network. TCP. Examining Technology-Independent Data Under the Phone & Scan 1 Phone. This group contains statistics for the IP. or datagrams.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Application Measurements Find the instantaneous application layer throughput here This is the value that most closely approximates the end user s experience. CMB1201SPR) (2) (the handset stream). Ping Statistics This group contains metrics for any ping session within the logfile. Task Settings This group contains task identifiers including Task_Id. Application Statistics This group contains the number of bytes transmitted by the data application. details for data HTTP Statistics This group contains metrics for any HTTP session within the logfile. RLP2 information is provided in some drive-test formats to represent the physical connection between the mobile and the test system. PPP (Point to Point Protocol) serves primarily to provide some security to datagrams in the IP network. PPP. to be delivered in a packet-switched data network. Task Summary This group contains application level parameters summarizing the entire task. PCS (QCP-2700. expand the Independent folder to look at technology independent parameters decoded in the Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 33 . ICMP and RLP2 layers. IP (Internet Protocol) provides a connectionless addressing scheme of packets.

in meters. find the following groups here: Site Data Node If a cell site database is being used in the Analyzer. in meters. Examining PN Scanner Data Due to the nature of the coding scheme in a CDMA system. In the case of Agilent measurement equipment. to the sector serving the Primary PN NeighborCellDistance distance. The PN Scanner stream is the one that is labelled as the PCS Receiver.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Analyzer. Because PNs are reused across a CDMA network with a much lower frequency than in an FDMA/TDMA network. PN scanner data is an invaluable tool for detecting problems in the network. and internal Analyzer messages.500 MHz (1). in this case HP E6450B (PCS Receiver) 1947. the Agilent user alarms events are contained here.mdb file already opened in the workspace contains PN Scanner data as well as handset data. device-specific data. In addition to GPS measurements. Some of the measurements contained here are: ServingCellDistance distance. the software will automatically calculate these measurements that take both the drive and the cell site information into account. Expand the scanner stream to reveal the contents of the data stream: Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 34 . The Phone & Scan 1. to nonprimary serving sectors Vendor Specific Measurements that are specific to the particular collection device used. each PN scan can be directly linked to a particular site or sector in the network.

for the top N best pilots collected Ec_for_Nth_Best_Pilot Ec measurements. the following measurements are available: EcIo_for_PN Ec/Io measurements for each PN scanned EcIo_for_Nth_Best_Pilot Ec/Io measurements ranked from the strongest to the weakest. ranked from strongest to weakest Ec/Io.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 11 . several groups have been created to help you easily drill down into the data. For each scanner stream. for the top N best pilots collected Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 35 . ranked from strongest to weakest Ec. for the top N best pilots collected PN_for_Nth_Best_Pilot The PNs.PN Scanner Stream Expanded to Show Its Contents Note that under the Pilot Measurements data group.

The EcIo Threshold for Delay (dB) parameter defines the threshold for this multipath measurement. The measurements contained in the Ec/Io data group are: EcIo_Max The instantaneous maximum Ec/Io EcIo_Spread_for_PN The difference between the Ec/Io of the first arriving multipath component and the last arriving multipath component for each PN scanned Multipath_1_EcIo_for_PN Ec/Io measurement of the first multipath for a given PN above a user-defined threshold. go to Tools Preferences Decode Settings. Note that the measurements are divided into Ec/Io measurements and Delay measurements. To set this threshold. PN_at_Delay_1_Max The PN component of the first multipath for the maximum delay PN_at_Max_Delay_Spread The PN value at the maximum delay spread component Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 36 . PN_at_EcIo_Max The PN providing at the maximum Ec/Io The measurements contained in the Delay data group are: Delay_1_Max The maximum delay in chips for the first multipath component Delay_Spread_for_PN The delay difference (in chips) between the first and last arriving multipath measurements for each PN scanned Max_Delay_Spread The maximum delay spread (in chips) for any PN at a given instant Multipath_1_Delay_for_PN Delay measurements for the earliest arriving multipath component for each PN scanned above a user-defined threshold. The EcIo Threshold for Delay (dB) parameter defines the threshold for this multipath measurement. To set this threshold. go to Tools Preferences Decode Settings.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Expand the Multipath Measurements group.

find ForwardFER and add it to Favorites. 3. In the Find What field. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 37 . The results of the search will be displayed in the Search Results tab of the Workspace Explorer. When finished. The search panel will open as part of the Workspace Explorer window. 2. find CallDropped (from the Call Events group) and HandoffOK (from the Handoff Events group) and add them to Favorites. The Search for Attributes feature allows a user to search the parameter trees of all open data streams within the Workspace Explorer. The search panel will close. Select the Direction in which to search. it can become quite tedious to locate the exact attribute that one might need. Select either of the Settings options 6. then right-click on it and choose Add to Favorites from the pop-up menu. The default is set to <All Streams>. Under Event Data. Try setting the following favorites for CDMA 1x handset parameters based on handset stream of CDMA 1x Data Willtech. Under Downlink Measurements. From the main toolbar. In the Workspace. However. 2. click to select the Pilot Measurements EcIo_Combined parameter.0401: 1. type some text that is part of the required attribute. 4. 1. select Tools Find Attribute.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Searching for Attributes With such a high number of attributes (or parameters) available for analysis. Click Find Next or Find All. The Favorites Group Having access to all of the parameters within a logfile in the Workspace is sometimes not necessary and it can make finding key parameters more difficult. 3. 5. This group can be viewed by clicking on the Favorites tab in the Workspace. if desired. Analyzer allows for the identification of a subset of parameters that need to be accessed regularly by placing them in a Favorites Group. all of the results will remain visible in the Search Results tab. Select the Stream in which to search for the attribute. click Done.

The user of that machine will then have access to those Favorites each time Analyzer is launched. Under RLP Statistics.dat file to the same directory on the desired machine. copy the Favorites. select the parameter. A tree view of the items that were added is displayed. The parameters that you define as favorites will be available on the Favorites tab for any data file open in the workspace that contains those parameters.dat file located in the C:\ProgramFiles\Actix\ Analyzer\Bin\XMLFiles directory. Right-click on it and choose Remove Favorite. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 38 . In the Workspace. To share Favorites with another user. click on the Favorites tab. Favorites are saved in the Favorites. Figure 12 . Sharing Favorites Favorites can be shared among users. You can easily move between All and Favorites as necessary. find RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous and RLP_Tx_Throughput_Instantaneous and add them to Favorites.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 4.Workspace Showing the Favorites Parameters Displayed 6. To remove a parameter from favorites. as well as for any new files opened that contain the specified parameters. 5.

tables. and in workbooks.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Viewing Data in Analyzer In Analyzer.mdb file. display EcIo_1stBest on a map and try the following: 1. Figure 13 . Viewing Data on Maps There are two options for viewing data on maps: To view any parameter on a new map: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Map. data can be viewed in a variety of ways to facilitate easy analysis. You can plot parameters on maps and display them on charts. right-click on EcIo_1stBest and select Modify Ranges to change the ranges displayed. To view a parameter on a map already open in the workspace: Click and drag the parameter of interest onto a map already open in the workspace. In the legend. Modifying Legend Ranges From the handset stream of the Phone and Scan 1.Modify Ranges Dialog Box Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 39 .

The Set Legend To menu item allows you to maintain multiple legend configurations for a single parameter. 5. The default legend settings will always be used upon entering a new Analyzer workspace. The recommended approach to modifying legend ranges is to start with the minimum value ranges and work your way toward the maximum. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 40 . give each legend configuration for a parameter a unique name and set the preferred configuration to be the default. Press Close to close the Modify Ranges dialog and return to the workspace. click on the Selected Button in the Set Colors section. Enter the maximum and minimum value for each range and click Update to modify an existing range. Analyzer will not allow the deletion of the last two remaining ranges. All range and color settings are automatically saved with the Modify Ranges dialog is closed. size. These parameters affect all data points for this parameter. or shape. regardless of value. Within the Modify Ranges dialog.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 2. Ranges must be removed one at a time. To set all of the ranges to default colors. Use the Below and Above buttons to specify edge ranges. click on the Default button in the Set Colors section. With the range highlighted. To maximize the utility of this feature. Remove any unwanted ranges by highlighting the range and selecting Remove. 3. The Copy Legend to Clipboard and Export to File options let you create an image of the legend for use in other Windows programs. Note: Use the Cancel button to back out of any changes you do not want to keep. Change the style of an individual range without re-entering the Modify Ranges dialog by right-clicking on the range and selecting Selected Range s Style. size and shape of the data trail. Style Setting lets you decide whether to indicate a parameter s value range changes by color. you can change the color assigned to each of your new ranges. 4. More Range Display Options Right-click on the stream in the legend for more legend options: Select Attribute Style to change the color. or Add to add a new range.

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Changes to legend settings are automatically saved by Analyzer. or by specifying a numeric distance to offset the trail in the x and y directions. highlight the layer you wish to offset and then select Offset Offset Tool. After legends have been modified and saved as desired on one computer. Move the Offset Tool cursor to determine how much to offset the trails. The files are saved in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\FormatGroups\UserSettings folder. you can transfer these files to the same location on another computer to share legend settings between users. 3. 2. View ForwardFER on the map in addition to EcIo_1stBest by dragging ForwardFER onto the existing map.FER and EcIo1st_Best On the Same Map Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 41 . one for each parameter. This information is saved in XML files. ForwardFER EcIo1st_Best Figure 14 . To use the Offset Tool to offset a trail: 1. The Map Offset Tool Offsetting of a data trail on the map may be achieved by manually offsetting the data on the map. In the Map Layers dialog. Click the mouse once to accept the modified position.

Clicking on the Annotations button again will hide the toolbar. select the text using the Edit Text button . Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 42 . In the Layer Control dialog. The distance units for offset are based on the setting found by right-clicking on the map and selecting Map Units Distance. To remove the offset. 2. select the offset layer in the Map Layers dialog. select Offset. Type 0 for both the X and Y offset to return the offset trail to its original position. 6. The cursor will change to insert 5. The annotations toolbar appears on the map. type the distance in the X and Y text boxes in the Offset Layers dialog. To edit the text. 7. 8. .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 4. Click on the map to place the text and add the desired text. 9. select the Annotations layer and use the Reorder Up button to move it to the top. right clicking and selecting Tool Feature Style. Return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button. Close the Layer Control dialog. 5. and click on Reset. You can use these to indicate trouble spots or point out features of interest in your network. select the text box using the Select tool and press the delete key. 3. To remove text. If you wish to specify a specific offset distance. Change the style or font by selecting the text with the Select tool. 4. 1. Click on the Text button text mode. Select the Annotations button from the map toolbar. Adding Annotations to the Map Annotations are a means of adding text and simple shapes to your map.

if desired. From the Properties box. 4. without the parameter name displayed. Select the Cell Beamwidth layer. Ensure that Selection is checked for both the Primary Sector and Other Active Sectors tabs. Text and Hide Adjacent 5. shown on the map. To activate the feature: 1. In the Layer Control dialog box. 1. the Lines option under Properties becomes available. 2. Displaying Lines to Cells on the Map With a cellplan loaded. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 43 . 6. Exit the Label Properties dialog and the Layer Control dialog. lines from each location on the drive route to the serving cell and neighbor cells can be drawn.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Formatting Data Labels on the Map Labels can be displayed for any parameter you display on a map. 3. Click OK. Deselect Allow Overlapped Duplicate Text . Select Lines. Select Show to show the values at each data point. From the Data Field drop down menu. In the Layer Control dialog box. 2. This can be used to show exact values of any parameter at each point. select the Labels button. highlight one data stream. When this layer is selected. select ForwardFER to see only the values of that parameter.

Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 44 . Click on the Area Select button on the map toolbar. 5. There are several options for how the lines will be labelled and colored. Click OK. the lines will be black and not labelled. The solid line points to the strongest PN and the dashed lines point to the other serving PNs 6. 4. You can choose to color the lines by the PN of the strongest Ec/Io. The resulting lines to serving and neighbor cells for multiple data points may be useful in determining whether calls made in an area are being served by the appropriate cells. 7. By default. Mobile Receive Power. Make sure that the View and the Select boxes for the SiteSite_Name and the Cell Beamwidth layers are checked. and a variety of other parameters. Use the Select Box tool to select a group of data points on the map. After closing the Layer Control dialog. Reorder these two layers so that they are the top two layers on the list. use the Select tool to select a point on the map. In addition to selecting single points. Lines from the data point to the serving PN cells will be displayed.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 15: Lines Configuration Dialog 3. you can select more than one point. Forward FER.

click the Region Filter button. 2. From the Map Toolbar. [Note: Any additional attributes that are dragged onto a map using regional filtering will also be filtered]. 3. These arrows indicate the direction of the drive test vehicle during collection. Include is the default filter. Direction button Directional arrows Figure 16: Map with Directional Arrows Displayed Region Filtering The Region Filter can be used to filter data displayed on maps.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA The Direction Button The Direction button allows the user to display directional arrows on any drive-test map. including a Polygon drawing tool. To finish drawing the polygon. 4. Draw any other polygons. as needed. Drag the cursor to each corner of the desired region to filter and click the mouse once. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 45 . It can be very helpful when trying to isolate data in one geographical area. The Direction button is located on the Map Toolbar. double-click near the starting point to establish a line between the last point and the first point. The first click on the map starts the polygon. Draw the polygon over a certain map area by clicking on a series of points. 1. To filter data. The cursor will now appear as a cross-hair on the map. click the down-arrow next to Filter and select either Include or Exclude. Three additional options will now appear on the map toolbar.

select Remove All from the map toolbar.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 5. Figure 17: Region Filtering using "Include" Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 46 . To remove the filter. This will delete all existing region filters in that map. Region filters in other map windows are unaffected.

5. and scale. With the Label Box selected. The Quick Print option bypasses the Map Layout Designer and prints the map with a legend in a fixed position. 4. select OK to print the map.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Printing Maps A-RLAS-ID features five different ways to obtain printable map outputs: Print using Quick Print Print using Map Layout Designer Copy to Clipboard Export Map to a different file format Export individual map layers to MapInfo The recommended method is the Quick Print. Display data on a map in the workspace. Choose the page layout for the map and select OK to bring up the Map Layout Designer. 3. 2. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 47 . choose Properties from the Toolbar to change the label font. page orientation. Select the Layout button from the toolbar. content. 4. The Map Layout Designer may be used to arrange the map and legend on the page. and preview the output. Move the label box and the map so that they are not overlapping. legend visibility. Use the Options button in the lower left hand corner of the Print Setup dialog to adjust map size. 2. Select the paper source. In the Print Setup dialog. Open a map with data in the workspace. Double-click on the Label box to change the title of the map. add a title. 6. Select the Print button from the map toolbar. Resize the text box as necessary. To print a map using the Quick Print option: 1. 5. Resize the legend as necessary. and margin sizes. Move the legend so that it is not overlapping the map trail. To print a map using the Map Layout Designer: 1. 3.

b. c. TIF. Finally. Select the desired file format. Paste the map into another application and use that application s print function to print the map.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 7. Select Print to print the map. Click OK. d. Browse to the appropriate destination folder. 8. A fourth option is to convert the map to a different file format and use a compatible program to print the output file. Choose the layers to be exported. 2. To do this: a. Right-click on the map and choose Export Map. WMF. Right-click on the map to be copied and select Copy to Clipboard. Analyzer supports the exporting of maps to the following formats: BMP. GIF. and PSD. Close Print Preview to make any modifications necessary. Select Print Preview from the Toolbar to determine what the printed page will look like. 1. Select Export. From the map view. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 48 . 2. PNG. a fifth option is to export individual map layer(s) directly into MapInfo. 1. You can also print a map by copying it to the clipboard. open the Layer Control dialog box. JPG.

Your chart should look like the figure below. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 49 . Click on the Histogram button to view the data as a distribution. 7. To return to the previous zoomed view. To view a parameter on a chart already open in the workspace: Click and drag the parameter of interest onto a chart already open in the workspace. Drag and drop RLP_Tx_Throughput_Instantaneous (from RLP Statistics Transmit Information) on to the chart.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Viewing Data on Charts Analyzer can create a variety of charts for the analysis and inspection of data. There are two ways to view data on charts: 1. 2. click and drag a rectangle. expand RLP Statistics Receive Information and select RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous. 4. 1. Notice that a chart appears with a throughput value at each data point. To demonstrate some of the chart capabilities in Analyzer. 2. moving from upper left to lower right. to return the chart to a time 5. click and drag a rectangle moving from lower right to upper left.Willtech file in the Workspace. 3. In the CDMA 1x Data . 6. To zoom in on a section of the chart. Click on the Series button series chart. The ranges that appear are the same ranges that were set for this parameter on the map legend. we will create a Time Series chart containing wireless data parameters. Right-click on RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous and choose Display on Chart from the pop-up menu. To view any parameter on a new chart: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Chart. You may wish to examine an area with particularly high or low throughput in detail. Drag and drop ForwardFER onto the chart.

so they appear on separate axes. 8.RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous. Anchor transfer is the term given to the handoff of the anchor from one sector to another. The events will appear on the chart as vertical lines. The anchor is the site and sector supporting the forward supplemental channel during a CDMA 1x call. Drag and drop the Anchor Transfer event (from the Event Data Data Events group) onto this chart. Anchor Transfer is the process used to handle mobility of the supplemental channel during a data call on a CDMA 1x network.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 18 . Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 50 . RLP_Tx_Throughput_Instantaneous and ForwardFER displayed on a chart Note that throughput and FER are measured in different units.

8. Click Close to close the Properties dialog when you are satisfied with the formatting you have done. 10. redefine the style for the axis. Make sure that the Select tool is activated on the map. click the Title button to change the title of one of the series. 4. labels. 2. Create a three-dimensional chart using the options on the Chart 3D page.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Modifying Chart Properties 1. Still on the Chart Series page. click Edit chart into that application. 7. 9. the chart is automatically updated. In Word or PowerPoint. and ticks. On the Chart Series page. Click on the Copy icon to place a copy of your chart on the clipboard. create a map displaying the same data. 3. Many chart properties can be customized through the Properties dialog. On the Chart Axis page. modify the fonts and colors. As you change the properties of the chart. 6. 5. Paste to paste your 11. In Analyzer. with the chart still open. Click to select data on either the map or the chart and notice that the views are synchronized. Reposition the Properties Dialog so that you can see the chart with the dialog open. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 51 . This also affects their position in the legend. On the Chart Legend page. use the up and down arrows to change the order in which the parameters are plotted. Right-click on the chart and choose Chart Properties from the menu.

then right-click and select Display on Table. and maximum.RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous Displayed on a Table Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 52 . To do this. we will create a new table containing some parameters related to wireless data network analysis. To view any parameter on a new table: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Table. or the time series data for the parameter displayed on a spreadsheet. Display RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous from the handset stream of CDMA 1x Data Willtech. To demonstrate the functionality of the Analyzer table in network optimization applications. select RLP Statistics Receive Information RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous. Tables can be synchronized with maps to provide an integrated view of network data. A trouble area that is identified quickly on a map using visual inspection can then be examined more closely on a table by looking at exact numerical values of key parameters. such as mean.0401 on a table. Stream Selection Box Options for Viewing Data Figure 19 . There are two ways to view data on tables: 1. 2. To view a parameter on a table already open in the workspace: Click and drag the parameter of interest onto a table already open in the workspace. minimum. histogram distribution information. 1.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Viewing Data in Tables Tables provide a quick view of numeric data for a selected parameter. You can look at statistics.

Note that while RLP throughput provides the data rate over the air interface. select a point on the map where FER is high. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 53 . Make sure that the Select tool is activated on the map. and that the throughput and FER values are now visible for the time before and after the instance of poor RF quality. 4. How were RLP and application throughput affected by the poor radio conditions? 9. The histogram ranges correspond to the map legend ranges set for the last parameter displayed on the table.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 2. Click on the Histogram tab and notice the ranges and counts. Then drag the ForwardFER parameter onto the same table. With the table and map visible in the workspace. 7. Click on the Series tab to return to that view. 5. Notice that the table synchronizes to the same point. Use the stream selection box to look at new handset data in the same table configuration without having to repeat the work you did to set up the original table. application throughput provides the data rate experienced by the end user. Display ForwardFER on a new map in the workspace. Tile the table and the map in the workspace by selecting Window Tile Horizontally from the main menu. 3. 8. Click on the Statistics tab and notice the automatically calculated statistics for all parameters displayed on the table. 6. Use the drop-down list at the bottom to switch between histogram values for the different parameters. Open another CDMA 1x handset file in the current workspace. Drag App_Throughput_DL (from the Data Testing Application Measurements group) onto the same table to view the values side-by-side.

Figure 20 . The browser also includes events derived from the Layer 3 messaging and searching and filtering operations on the data. This allows a quick view of the specific messaging associated with a particular event.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Viewing Data in the Message Browser Analyzer provides the Message Browser to allow you to analyze the messaging reported by the logging device. The Message Browser can play an integral part in a problem-area investigation when it is used in conjunction with the Analyzer map and table.Willtech file and choose Display Message Browser from the pop-up menu. Click on an event in the Event Panel. Watch as the Messaging Window synchronizes to display the messaging information corresponding to the event you selected.Messaging Displayed in the Message Browser 1. Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 54 . To open the Message Browser right-click on the handset stream under the CDMA 1x Data .

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA

2. The search function can be used to locate a particular parameter in the messaging, even if the message name is unknown. In the Search box, type SOFT_SLOPE , then click the Find Next button to find the next occurrence of this text string in the file. Continue the search by clicking the Find Next icon to find each subsequent occurrence of the string. SOFT_SLOPE and ADD_INTERCEPT are new CDMA 1x parameters designed to increase handoff efficiency. 3. Right-click on the message area and choose Properties from the pop-up menu. In the Properties dialog, click on the Message Format tab and modify the Font for the Message Browser. 4. On the Message Filtering Tab of the Properties Dialog, uncheck All Message Types and check Reverse Link Messages and Forward Link Messages to show only messaging collected while the handset was in call mode. The message filtering capability is useful when investigating specific events, and only the messages associated with those events are of interest. 5. Select a section of text in the Message Browser and click on the Copy icon. Open Microsoft Word and click Edit Paste to paste the text into the current document. One type of analysis where the Message Browser comes in handy is the investigation of neighbor list warnings. Most file formats contain a NeighborListWarning event that is triggered when the Pilot Strength Measurement Message (sent on the reverse link) includes a strong measurement of a PN that was not included in the latest Neighbor Update list from the base station. To perform a basic analysis of missing neighbors using the map and the message browser: 1. Drag the EcIo_1stBest parameter, as well as the NeighborListWarning event from CDMA 1x Data Willtech.0401 onto a map. 2. Show the Message Willtech.0401. Browser for CDMA 1x Data

3. Tile the Map and the Message Browser in the workspace so that both are visible. 4. Filter the messages in the Message Browser to display only the Pilot Set Information and Extended Neighbor List Update.

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Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA

5. Using the Select tool on the map, select an instance of a NeighborListWarning event. 6. The message browser will sync to the appropriate messaging. Inspection of the messaging will tell which PN was detected but not included in the neighbor list.

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Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA

Viewing Data in the Protocol Stack Browser
The Protocol Stack Browser is a new view that allows the user to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser, the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. The following Protocol Stack Browser views are available for CDMA and CDMA 1 drive test data: CDMA Signaling (Radio Interface) - Message pane displays CDMA Channel Type and Layer 3 messaging CDMA Signaling and Diagnostic Messaging Message pane displays CDMA Channel Type, CDMA Layer 3 messaging, and handset diagnostic messaging CDMA Signaling and IP Messaging Message pane displays CDMA Channel Type, CDMA Layer 3 messaging, PPP messaging and Application Layer messaging CDMA IP Messaging Message pane displays PPP, IP and Application Layer messaging

Figure 21 - CDMA Signaling and IP Messaging Protocol Stack Browser

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There are two ways to view data on workbooks: 1.EcIo_Combined Displayed in a Workbook 2. Select Pilot Measurements EcIo_Combined. and printed through Microsoft Excel. sorted. then rightclick and select Display on Workbook. and longitude Figure 22 . the Analyzer Table may not provide enough flexibility for viewing data.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Viewing Data on Workbooks In some cases. formatted. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 58 . This format allows data to be searched. 4. To view any parameter on a new workbook: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Workbook. View the EcIo_Combined parameter from the Willtech Kyocera 3G handset stream on a workbook: 1. latitude. filtered. To view a parameter on a workbook that has already been opened: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Workbook (active). Notice the series data is displayed in Excel with time. 3. Close the workbook without saving changes. 2. Click on the Histogram tab and notice the ranges and counts. Analyzer s Workbook feature provides a more flexible method for detailed analysis of trouble areas. Click on the Statistics tab and notice the automatically calculated statistics.

whether or not you have a parameter from the stream displayed. 8. You can move through data displayed on a Map. Click on the Step Forward button to move to the next point on the drive. The table has also been updated by highlighting the relevant data. 7. Display the dropped call.mdb on a map. Use the Window menu to tile the map and table horizontally. Forward FER. It will display all open logfiles.The Replay Tool Progress Bar 5. To access the replay tool. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 59 . select Tools Display Replay. Mobile Rx Power and Mobile Tx Power on a table. near the beginning of the drive. Display Forward FER from Phone & Scan 1. automatically or manually advancing through the data. 2. Table or Message Browser. Experiment with the remaining buttons to see how they interact with the rest of the views. 4. select a point on the map. 1. 3.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA The Replay Tool The Replay Tool allows you to sequentially view data points in the files you are analyzing. Resembling the controls of a VCR. EcIo_1stBest. Chart. 6. Step Backward Step Forward Play Forward Stream Selection Play Backward Play Speed Figure 23 . you can use the Replay Tool to move forward or backward. Notice that the selection box on the map moves to the next data point in the drive. Making sure that the phone stream is selected in the replay tool. The stream selection box allows you to choose which stream to replay. then drag the dropped call onto the same map.

Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 60 . 2. click on the thin gray bar at the top of the Replay Tool and drag it to the far left side of your screen. The Replay Tool will now show up along the right side of the Workspace Browser. minimize and then restore the Replay Tool to make the fourth button appear. Click on the left-most of the four buttons at the upper righthand side of the Replay Tool . To move it under the Workspace Browser. If there are only three buttons.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Docking the Replay Tool You may find it more convenient to position the Replay Tool under the Workspace Browser. The procedure for doing this is called docking. 1.

Using Preconfigured StateForms A number of preconfigured CDMA StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. and charts.CDMA Radio Link Summary Form Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 61 .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Viewing Data on Stateforms Actix Stateforms allow you to view multiple performance metrics simultaneously. Used in conjunction with the replay tool. tables. The preconfigured forms available for CDMA drive test data are: CDMA Handoff Event Navigator CDMA Handset PPP Event Navigator CDMA Handset Summary Information CDMA RLP Statistics CDMA Radio Link Summary CDMA Voice Event Navigator Figure 24 . you can quickly ascertain the values of several optimization parameters for problem identification. maps.

3. The Stream Selector drop-down will appear.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA View the CDMA Radio Link Summary form for the CDMA 1x Data sample file: Willtech 1 1. 2. If you are not seeing information in the forms. verify that the right data stream is selected. In general. do not select the CDMA RLP Statistics form for a 2G voice logfile.Select CDMA Radio Link Summary Form Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 62 . Use the drop-down list to select the stream you wish to view data for. If the Stream Selector is not visible. Right-click on the stream name kyocera3G (702-203-9745) in the workspace and choose Display Form CDMA Radio Link Summary. right-click on the form and select Stream Selector. make sure that the form that you have selected applies to the type of data you want to analyze. For example. Figure 25 . Forms can also be selected from the View Forms option on the main menu. when selecting a form.

it is possible to adjust the top and right-hand borders to allow for more viewing space in the platform. drag over the bottom section of the Workspace Browser. Forms with measurement views like the CDMA Radio Link Summary form or the CDMA RLP Statistics form may be best viewed when docked with the replay tool at the side of the screen as seen in the figure below.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 4.CDMA Radio Link Summary Form Docked in Workspace To dock a form on the left side of the workspace. and release. bring up the form and click the docking button (to the left of the minimize button). Click the gray horizontal line at the top of the form. Once docked. Forms with chart views like the CDMA Handoff Event Navigator or the CDMA Handset PPP Navigator may be best viewed when docked at the bottom of the screen as shown below. Figure 26 . 5. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 63 . as in the view above.

CDMA Handoff Event Navigator Form Docked in Workspace To dock a form at the bottom of the workspace. making sure that the right border of the form does not stretch past the midpoint of the entire Analyzer viewing platform. bring up the form and use the docking button (to the left of the minimize button) to dock it next the Workspace Browser. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 64 .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 27 . The following sections describe the modification of existing forms. Once docked like in the view above. and the creation of new forms from scratch using the Stateforms Editor. drag the thin gray line of the form to the bottom right side of the screen so that it is completely on the left half of the viewing platform. Preconfigured forms can be edited to meet your individual analysis needs. Then. you can adjust the top border to allow for more viewing space in the platform.

Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 65 .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Viewing Custom Forms with the StateForms Editor The StateForms Editor allows you to view custom forms. Select any point on a map. chart. table or message browser). make sure a stream is selected in the StateForms stream selection box. Note: If the stream selection box is not visible. right-click on the stateform box and select Stream Selector. The stream selection box will appear. The components of the StateForms Editor window are shown in the figure below. modify existing forms. right-click on the blank stateform box and select Open File. chart. 2.The StateForms Editor 1. select StateForms Editor. From the Tools menu. The selected stream must correspond to data currently displayed on another Analyzer view (map. Once loaded. Note: If the generic CDMA handset form does not launch. Stream Selection Box StateForms Tool Bar Parameter Values Figure 28 . Browse to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Stateforms directory and open the file called cdma handset. or table and notice that the contents of the form will update to reflect the state of the network at the point you selected.axl. 3. and build new forms from scratch.

Scan Chart. Attribute Value. Click on the Toggle Design Mode button on the StateForms tool bar. 2.StateForms Window in Design Mode The buttons on the StateForms tool bar are. Click Open File and choose the CDMA handset file. Label. Delete. Copy. from left to right. and Group Box. Paste.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Note: Verify that the stream selector in the StateForms window is showing the same stream that you are trying to synch with. Delete Removes an object from the form. Modifying an Existing StateForms File You can use an existing StateForms file as it is. Array Attribute Value. To add handoff state to the StateForms display: 1. Cut. Time Chart. click Tools Display StateForms. Select. The StateForms window now shows the design view: StateForms Tool Bar Attribute Window Figure 29 . or you can make modifications to it. Toggle Design Mode. If you do not already have the StateForms file displayed. Attribute Bar. Suppose the CDMA handset file has almost everything you would like to see. Using the delete key on your keyboard will not work. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 66 . but that you are also interested in the handoff state. 3.

then type your text into the Caption field in the attribute window. click and drag to define a rectangle. specify the number of rows and columns your table will have. The value of that attribute will be displayed in the rectangle you defined. In the attribute window. You can also choose the color used to in the bar to display the parameter s value. Time Chart A Navigator Time chart helps to highlight problems or important events within a logfile. Toggle Design Mode To exit the design mode and return to the view mode. Group Box Used to clarify which attributes on your form belong together. Select To put the cursor into select mode to allow you to select an object on the form. Array Attribute Value Click and drag to define a table. and set the maximum and minimum values for the bar. An Attribute Time Chart provides more information about a problem by highlighting how values change over time. Copy To copy an object to the clipboard. click the Toggle Design Mode button.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Cut Removes an object from the form and puts it on the clipboard. Scan Chart A Spectrum Analyzer -like view. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 67 . select it and click the Copy button. Use the Attribute Window to choose the parameter whose value will be displayed in the bar. this chart is useful for investigating array data from scanners and neighbor lists. Attribute Bar Click and drag a rectangle to define the size of the bar. Label Click and drag a rectangle. Attribute Value Click and drag a rectangle then choose an attribute from the list.

To start a new StateForms file. Click and drag the rectangle. To display the value for Ec/Io 1st Best. You can do this by creating a new StateForms file or by adding a new sheet to a current file. 6. The finished form will look like this: Figure 30 . Select the label object and make these modifications in the Attribute Window: a. click the Attribute Value button then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the Ec/Io 1st Best label. Show Value Change: True c. Autosize Font: False Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 68 Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Formatted: Bullets and Numbering . Custom forms can also be designed from scratch. 2. StateForms 1. click Tools Editor. Select the Ec/Io 1st Best Attribute Value object and make the following modifications: a. Add the Ec/Io 1st Best label by clicking the Label Button. Font Size: 10 4. The stateforms sheet can now be edited and objects can be added. Autosize Font: False c. setting the caption to FER . We will create a new file for this example.Completed StateForms File If you do not have the StateForms window open. 3. Caption: Ec/Io 1st Best b. right-click inside the StateForms Editor and select Design Mode.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Creating Your Own StateForms File Several sample stateforms are provided by Actix. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for the FER label. 5. Attribute: CDMA Downlink Measurements EcIo_1stBest b.

Select the Group Box object and make the following modification in the Attribute Window: a. Font Size: 10 7. To add the Group Box object. Default Font: False Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 69 Downlink Measurements Downlink Measurements Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Formatted: Bullets and Numbering . To create the FER attribute bar. the Attribute Bar button. Autosize Font: False e. To create the Attribute Bar for Ec/Io 1st Best. Min Value: 0 d. 9. Attribute: CDMA ForwardFER b. Caption: Network Parameters b. Font Size: 12 e. Select the EcIo 1st Best Attribute Bar and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window: a. Max Value: 100 c. click on the Group Box button. Max Value: 0 c. 13. 11. Min Value: -18 d.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA d. Attribute: CDMA EcIo_1stBest b. Select the FER Attribute Bar object and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window: a. click on the Attribute Bar button then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the Ec/Io 1st Best attribute value object. then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the FER attribute value object. Font Size: 10 10. Autosize Font: False d. then click and drag a rectangle around all of the items on your form. Fore Color: Dark Blue c. 8. Autosize Font: False e. Font Size: 10 12. Repeat steps 6 and 7 for the FER Attribute Value. setting the attribute to ForwardFER.

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA f. Make sure that the handset stream is selected in the StateForms stream selector box. Test your new StateForms file by displaying a parameter from the Phone & Scan 1 file s handset stream on a map. 16. Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 70 .axw. Click on any point on the map. Click the Save As button and save the StateForms file in the Stateforms directory and call it Training StateForms. and see the parameter values for Forward FER and Ec/Io 1st Best appear on your StateForm. Font Bold: True 14. 15. Return to the View Mode by clicking on the Toggle Design Mode button.

Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 71 . chart. you will look for reverse link problems on the sample network using call trace and drive test data. there is no way to know where in the network these areas are located. This procedure allows the display of reverse link data on a map. In this section. Load the following call trace files into the Analyzer workspace. and allows the engineer to obtain a picture of the reverse link performance of the network. Because reverse link data is collected at the base station. Analyzer supports CDMA call trace data from most major base station equipment vendors. GPS coordinates contained in the drive test file are associated to data points from the call trace. workbook. Simply use the Open Logfile button and browse to find the files of interest. Display the parameter ReverseFER from the Uplink Measurements group on a chart. without the benefit of associated GPS data. Lucent Call Trace 1. it is not possible to view reverse link parameters such as EbNo and Reverse FER on a map. Call trace data by itself may be displayed on an Analyzer table.rft Lucent Call Trace 2. but does not contain location data for each parameter. Exploring Call Trace Data Call trace data may be opened in Analyzer using the same method as opening drive test files. Notice that the file includes uplink parameter values. The logfiles can be found in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\DataFiles folder. Display a parameter on a table.rft Expand the Lucent Call Trace 1 data file and explore the contents.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Analysis of Reverse Link Data Reverse link data is as important as forward link data to the overall health of a wireless network. When merged with drive test data collected at the same time as the call trace. or message browser. Though it is easy to see when the areas of poor reverse FER occurred.

rft stream.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA SuperStreaming Call Trace and Drive Test Data Analyzer allows you to synchronize data from the different data sources it supports. Change the name of the SuperStream from the default of SuperStream001 to Forward and Reverse Data. 3. an attribute chooser allows you to select the Analyzer parameter of interest without the risk of mistyping the parameter name. Highlight the MDM_File_2. Use the attribute chooser next to Correlated Parameters to select PN_Primary (from CDMA Pilot Measurements group) as the correlating parameter for the MDM file. Used throughout Analyzer. It aligns the information in the files based on a parameter that was collected by both the drive test and switch trace devices. This functionality supports a collection method where drive test and switch data are collected simultaneously on a cluster of cells of interest. 5. In this example. 7. In the SuperStreaming dialog. 6. This allows you to plot reverse link information on a map.rft 2. Use the attribute chooser to select CellPN_Primary from CDMA Uplink Measurements group. Select Correlated Parameters as the merge method. Click the Settings button to display the Merge Method options. Load the drive test and the switch data files from the CD into the Workspace: Drive test: MDM_File_2.mdm stream. or to plot the difference between reverse and forward parameters on a map. as long as the base station and drive test equipment times are synchronized. a parameter common to the drive test and call trace files is specified in order to merge the files. 8. 1. The attribute chooser is the button with the right-arrow icon .mdm Call trace: Lucent Call Trace 2. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 72 . 4. 9. Files may also be merged based on time. Highlight the Lucent Call Trace 2. Select Tools Create SuperStream. check the MDM_File_2 (drive test) and Lucent Call Trace 2 (switch file) streams. Click OK to create the SuperStream. The process is called SuperStreaming.

workbook. .RFT) will appear in the Attribute column for all streams of that type. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 73 . . Notice how easy it is to locate areas containing poor reverse link quality! These trouble spots are caused by the phone s inability to communicate back to the base station. However. message browser. it will appear in the Workspace: .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Note: In the SuperStreaming dialog box. only streams with check marks will be merged into the resulting SuperStream.e. and table features discussed earlier. You can perform analyses on the SuperStream using the map. the parameter that you associate with a stream of one type (i.MDM. Display ReverseFER from the Uplink Measurements group of the newly created SuperStream on the map. chart. When Analyzer has finished creating the SuperStream. and may be attributed to a mobile failing to increase its transmit power when required or to excessive path loss between the phone and the base station.

drive test or call trace). SuperStreams may be saved in workspaces. Ensure that the following files are loaded in the Analyzer workspace: MDM File 1. SuperStreaming creates a pointer to files already open in the workspace and does not create any new files. MDM File 2. Name the SuperStream Merged Handset Data.e. and MDM File 3 streams.mdm MDM File 3. check the MDM File 1. To create a SuperStream containing several drive test files: 1. You can perform analyses on the SuperStream using the map. 4. 5. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 74 . When Analyzer has finished creating the SuperStream.mdm MDM File 2.mdm 2. it will appear in the Workspace: . Select Tools Create SuperStream. 3. or when aggregate statistics on multiple drives are required. chart. Use Timestamps is the default Merge Method. as long as all component files are saved in the same workspace. and query features discussed earlier. message browser. SuperStreaming multiple drive test files is desirable when you require one-click functionality for displaying the same parameter from multiple streams on any Analyzer view. In the SuperStreaming dialog.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Merging Multiple Drive Files in the Workspace Analyzer s SuperStream feature may be used to merge multiple files collected on the same link (i. Click OK in the SuperStreaming dialog to create the SuperStream merged using timestamps.

A Network Image populated with data is saved as a separate. Because only key parameters are saved into the Network Image file. enter Cluster Level Data . All of the parameters. The original logfile is not altered in the creation of a Network Image repository.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA The Network Image Frequently. Select the CDMA Handset Time Binned (5 Seconds) pre-configured template. Actix Analyzer allows you to create a composite database consisting of multiple drives that is much smaller than the sum of the individual drive files. Network Images extract the most commonly used network parameters and store them in an external file (*. in that the image file contains only the parameters specified and is binned according to the image template. For the name. It is also possible to create custom Network Image templates within the Analyzer workspace. Create a Network Image by selecting Network Image Network Image from the main Analyzer menu. This will create a Network Image of the data sets that are binned every 5 seconds. smaller file from the original logfile. We will create a Network Image to consolidate the data into one reasonably sized file: 1. customer service. and other information available from a logfile may be helpful when performing an in-depth analysis. Use a Pre-Configured Template to Create a New Network Image Assume you were asked to combine several logfiles representing a day s worth of driving by three different engineers. optimization engineers are asked to provide a complete network overview for management. this information may not be worth the time required to load and manipulate it. 2. This is accomplished in Analyzer using the Network Image feature. A complete network drive may consist of a large number of data files from different sources. and then click OK. that when combined include a very large amount of data. messaging. This is useful when you are performing a system-wide analysis or benchmarking activity. Some pre-configured Network Image templates are packaged with the Actix software. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 75 Create . The data contained in a Network Image file differs from normal logfiles. but when you are interested only in general information about the state of your network. this file is much smaller than the sum of its component files. 3.dat). This document describes the use of pre-configured templates and the creation of custom Network Image templates. and planning purposes.

Figure 32 . In the Save dialog.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 31 . Your workspace will update after creating the Network Image.Workspace Showing the Network Image Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 76 . save the file in a convenient location. This Network Image is currently an empty shell that will be populated with data extracted from logfiles. Browse the workspace and investigate the new Network Image called Cluster Level Data.Creating a Network Image Using a Pre-Configured Template 4.

You must now add data from log files into this structure. Click Open to begin processing the files.Analyzer Dialog Showing That File Processing is Complete Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 77 . right-click on the Cluster Level Data Network Image in the workspace and select Batch Load Files. will appear once processing is complete. Files do not need to be open in the workspace in order to be added to the Network Image. 4.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Batch Load Files into the Network Image The Network Image that you just created is nothing more than an empty directory structure. A Load Results report. Select OK to close the report. 2. To load files into the Network Image. 3. like the one shown below. Figure 33 . 1. browse and select several CDMA handset files (Note: Unlike with the Superstream. these files DO NOT need to be open in the workspace). In the resulting dialog.

Expand the Network Image. In the resulting dialog. Expand the Cluster Level Data Network Image. Network Image templates.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Display Data for the Entire Network Many logfiles contain data for more than one device. display some parameters on charts. New Workspace from the 2. such as the Time Binned template used in this example. The Workspace will update to reflect the change. Dedicated Radio Link and Event Data groups are included in the Network Image. Maps. 2. and tables. browse and select the Cluster Level Data Network Image. and Tables. Start a New Day Attaching a Network Image Saving multiple files into one Network Image will allow a significantly faster load time than when loading each file individually. 1. Notice that key optimization parameters in the Time Series. Key optimization parameters from multiple files have been combined into a single. can accommodate multiple data streams collected under a single logfile. Select Open to attach to the Network Image. Downlink Measurements. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 78 . Note that you can process scanner and handset data into a single Network Image or create a separate Network Image for scanner data. Using standard Analyzer actions. 1. Demonstrate the faster load time by starting a new Workspace and attaching the Network Image. 4. Create a new Workspace by selecting File main menu. maps. using the templates supplied with your Analyzer installation. Display some parameters on Charts. smaller file that loads into Analyzer much faster than the original files. Notice how quickly the Network Image attaches! 5. 3. Attach the previously created Network Image by selecting Network Image Attach Network Image.

Older templates created by hand will be imported but may not behave as expected. In this case. Figure 34 Create a New Template / Open an Existing Template 1 If you plan to include any Queries in your custom Network Image template. a warning message will be displayed. Complete each of the steps in the Wizard: Step 1 Create a New Template / Open an Existing Template: o To create a new template. click Open. ensure that the Queries are available in the workspace before beginning this procedure. Note that only templates created using the Wizard are fully supported. It is also possible to create custom Network Image templates within the Analyzer workspace. To create a custom Network Image template. This section describes the creation of custom Network Image templates using the Network Image Template Wizard. start the Network Image Template Wizard by selecting Network Image Network Image Template Wizard from the main menu1. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 79 .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Create a Custom Network Image Template Some pre-configured Network Image templates are packaged with Actix solutions. o To import and modify an existing template. click Next to continue.

You can define a meaningful Device Name and specify a Filter to uniquely identify each device within a logfile. o If there are logfiles loaded into the workspace. you may want to extract different attributes for handset and scanner data captured in the same logfile.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Step 2 Choose Your Devices: o You may want to process different data streams in different ways. the streams in those files will be displayed in the Currently Loaded Devices panel on the left: Figure 35 Choose Your Devices o Click the Add button to add a new device: Figure 36 .Add Device Name Dialog Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 80 . only data streams with names containing the Filter text will be processed into each device. For example. When populating the Network Image.

a dialog will prompt you for the range of indices. click Next to continue. o Click OK to add the Device to the Device List. EcIo_for_Nth_Best_Pilot[]). The software determines whether data from a stream should be loaded into the Device based on whether the Filter text matches any text in the data stream name.Devices Added to the Device List Step 3 Choose Your Attributes: o Select a Device from the panel on the right. Once all the Devices have been entered. o If you select an array attribute (i. The Device Name is a label that has meaning to the user. while using an identifier that is common to many types of logfiles. Figure 37 . FileName can be used to trace Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 81 . In this example.e. If the Filter field is left empty. and then use the Add button to select the required attributes from the Attribute Picker panel on the left. the Filter 1) uniquely identifies the scanner stream in the file. data from all streams will be loaded into the Device. we recommend adding the Independent FileName parameter to each Device in a Network Image. o A Network Image template may contain multiple devices. o In addition to standard analysis parameters. Enter the start and end values and click OK.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA o Enter the Device Name and the related Filter that identifies the stream of interest within the logfile.

select the Device with the required attributes and click Copy. check the Histogram box. o Attributes are assigned to one Device at a time. o Once you have added all required attributes. check the Statistics box. We recommend the following Binning Settings for Network Images: Time Binning 3 second or larger bins 50 x 50 meter or larger bins Location Binning o To create a histogram of the data. click Next to continue.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA data points in the Network Image to the original source file. o Note that Binning Settings are assigned to one Device at a time. To duplicate the attributes selected for one Device into another Device. This method is used to perform detailed analysis on problems spotted in the high level Network Image. Figure 38 Choose Your Attributes Step 4 Choose Settings For Your Devices: o To create a binned dataset. Repeat this process for each Device. ensure the Binned checkbox is enabled and choose the appropriate Binning Settings. Then select the second Device and click Paste. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 82 . o To create a statistical summary of the data.

o Continue until all the required Queries have been added to the appropriate Devices. o Click Next to Continue. o Select a Device from the right pane. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 83 . Figure 39 Binning Settings Dialog Step 5 Choose Your Queries: o Note that only queries available in the workspace can be added.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA o Click Next to continue. o Click Add to use the selected Query in the selected Device. o Select a Query from the left pane.

o The Network Image template must be saved in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\NetworkImageDefns or a subfolder.Choose Your Queries Step 5 Confirm Your Selection: o This window summarizes the contents of the Network Image template. o After reviewing the contents.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 40 . Enter a filename and click Save. click Finish to open the Save As dialog. Saving in this location ensures that the template will be available as a selection in the Create Network Image dialog box. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 84 .

the template will be available in the Create Network Image dialog. You can now create and populate a Network Image repository using your custom template! Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 85 .Confirm Your Selection After saving the new Network Image template in the \Bin\NetworkImageDefns folder.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 41 .

Reports. unlike Application Packs. Application Packages A-SVS contains Application Packages specific to each mobile technology supported by the software. each focusing on a particular aspect of mobile network optimization. They can be used when a professional.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Reporting CDMA Network Performance The reporting features in Analyzer allow you to create high-level management reports based on your data. allow for formatted outputs of multiple streams of data. Reports may be included with an Analyzer installation (such as the CDMA Training Materials). formatted output is required. polished reports that can be used to analyze high-level network statistics or communicate test results in a professional format: Application Packages are a technology-specific series of reports that are installed automatically with every Analyzer installation. but time constraints do not allow for the creation of a custom template. including running Application Packs. Use Reports when generating outputs for multiple streams of data and when you want to design a custom formatted template from scratch. running pre-defined Reports. The Application Packs currently available for CDMA2000 1x users are: CDMA2000 1x Data Performance Benchmarking CDMA2000 1x Data Call Analysis CDMA2000 1x Downlink Data Rate Analysis CDMA2000 1x Uplink Data Rate Analysis CDMA Cluster Optimization CDMA Event Inspection CDMA Scanner Dist. Server Analysis CDMA Summary Reports Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 86 . Reports are user-definable formatted outputs that make use of Analyzer s integration with Microsoft Excel. and creating custom Reports. Two different mechanisms exist for creating for producing integrated. Application Packs are typically used to obtain a high-level overview of call statistics. This section describes the use of both reporting mechanisms. but are not always included. The Application Packs are a series of reports.

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Running Application Packs Once a data file is loaded. The bottom pane is called the Report Window and contains a list of available reports associated with the selected Application Pack. The top panel is called the Statistics Explorer. Information in the cell explorer is organized by serving site and sector. By right-clicking on the stream name in the Workspace Browser Note: The Application Packs require Analyzer to be pointing to a valid cellrefs file in order to function properly. Through the Analysis menu on the main menu. and shown in their raw form in Microsoft Excel. Once executed. the Application Packages can be accessed in one of two ways: 1. and it contains a summary of major call events and statistics for the selected stream. Once you have selected one of the Application Packs from the menu. printed. The window is divided into two panes. the results of the reports can be saved. 2. Statistics Explorer Report Window Figure 42 .Report Options For the CDMA Summary Report Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 87 . an Application Pack window will appear.

TCP. 5.CDMA2000 1x Protocol Performance Report Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 88 . 4.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA CDMA2000 1x Data Performance Benchmarking This application pack contains the following reports: 1. and delay. Data Performance Summary This report provides a summary of key data performance metrics for evaluating data network quality. including the pilot channel. and Application performance. Protocol Performance Comparison This report compares the performance of each cdma2000 1X data protocol including radio link. Data Channel Activity This report provides an analysis of the fundamental and supplemental channel usage including percentage of time the channels are active and the radio configuration for each channel. PPP. An example of the Protocol Performance Comparison report is shown below: Figure 43 . throughput. Power Control Analysis This report provides an analysis of the transmit power of the mobile. and supplemental channel transmit power. 3. Data Coverage Analysis This report evaluates the areas of the network where quality and throughput criteria are met. 2. fundamental channel.

Call Data Usage Report This report provides a summary of the amount and rate of data transmitted during each call. This report can be generated for each CDMA physical data rate. This report can be generated for each CDMA physical data rate. Mobile Receive Power and Transmit Power Statistics This report provides a summary of Receive Power and Transmit Power. 3. Throughput Statistics This report provides a summary of the Packet Data Throughput over the Radio Link. 1. 3. FER Statistics This report provides a summary of Frame Error Rate for the FCH and SCH. Pilot Channel Statistics This report provides a summary of Pilot Channel Ec/Io and Pilot Channel Transmit Power. The rate used for filtering is the rate assigned to the Forward Supplemental Channel. Call Time Statistics This report provides a summary of call setup time for the fundamental and supplemental channels and a summary of call duration. 2. An example of the Throughput Statistics report is shown below for a portion of a 1x logfile assigned to a 16x data rate: Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 89 . All statistics are based on periods when the Forward Supplemental Channel is active.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA CDMA2000 1x Data Call Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: 1. Call Summary Report This report provides a summary of key data performance metrics for each data call. CDMA2000 1x Downlink Data Rate Analysis These reports provide a summary of radio link performance for each CDMA2000 1X Data Rate. Select a Data Rate to analyze from the navigation view or select all Data Rates for an unfiltered analysis. This report can be generated for each CDMA physical data rate. This report can be generated for each CDMA physical data rate. 2. 4.

This report can be generated for each CDMA physical data rate.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 44 . This report can be generated for each CDMA physical data rate. 1. 4. Select a Data Rate to analyze from the navigation view or select all Data Rates for an unfiltered analysis. Mobile Receive Power and Transmit Power Statistics This report provides a summary of Receive Power and Transmit Power.CDMA2000 1x Throughput Statistics Report for 16x Data Rate CDMA2000 1x Downlink Data Rate Analysis These reports provide a summary of radio link performance for each CDMA2000 1X Data Rate. The rate used for filtering is the rate assigned to the Reverse Supplemental Channel. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 90 . All statistics are based on periods when the Reverse Supplemental Channel is active. FER Statistics This report provides a summary of Frame Error Rate for the FCH and SCH. Throughput Statistics This report provides a summary of the Packet Data Throughput over the Radio Link. Pilot Channel Statistics This report provides a summary of Pilot Channel Ec/Io and Pilot Channel Transmit Power. 2. This report can be generated for each CDMA physical data rate. 3. This report can be generated for each CDMA physical data rate.

Call Statistics Summary Report Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 91 . 2. 4.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA CDMA Summary Reports This Application Pack contains the following reports: 1. Call Statistics Summary . 3.A summary of the events and mean values of key performance indicators FER and EcIo to noise ratio Provides a high-level analysis of call quality and signal Handoff State Provides a breakdown of soft handoff state in tabular and graphical formats MRx and Mtx Comparative analysis of mobile receive power and mobile transmit power Handset Distant Server Analysis Summary of servers which can be seen by the handset from a user-defined distance above a user-defined threshold An example of the Call Statistics Summary report output is shown below: Figure 45 . 5.

Server Analysis This Application Pack contains the following reports: 1. CDMA Scanners Distant Servers EcIo Displays EcIo and EcIo spread for servers which can be seen by the scanner from a userdefined distance above a user-defined threshold CDMA Event Inspection This application pack contains the following reports: 1. CDMA Scanners Distant Servers Delay Displays the chip delay of servers which can be seen by the scanner from a user-defined distance above a user-defined threshold 2. Setup Failure Window Stats . Call Dropped Window Stats Presents statistics for the five-second window before each dropped call in the logfile 2.Call Dropped Window Stats Report Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 92 .Presents statistics for the five-second window before each outgoing and incoming call setup failure in the logfile The Call Dropped Window Statistics report is shown below: Figure 46 .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA CDMA Scanner Dist.

2. Open Phone & Scan 1. or you can click on the Show Excel Report to look at it in Excel.mdb if it is not already open in your workspace. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 93 . we will run the Call statistics Summary report from the CDMA Summary Reports Application Pack. You can look at the results of the report in Analyzer.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA CDMA Cluster Optimization This application pack contains the following reports: 1.Running an Application Pack 3. 4. 1. and choose CDMA Summary Report from the menu. Right-click on the phone stream in the Workspace Explorer. NOTE: This report requires a merged forward and reverse link SuperStream Running Reports from an Application Pack As an example. Cluster Optimization Measurement Charts Displays forward and reverse FER and combined EcIo in CDF and PDF format. Double-click on the Call Statistics Summary report in the Report Window. Cluster Optimization Summary A reporting mechanism for comparing actual collected values to target values for forward and reverse link parameters. NOTE: This report requires a merged forward and reverse link SuperStream 2. Figure 47 .

mdb and click OK. Analyzer Reports allow you to create custom reports using Microsoft Excel. Expect for this to take a few moments. Analyzer will generate the report and launch Excel.mdb and click OK. Select the handset stream from Phone & Scan 1. Additionally. In the next section. you will populate a pre-defined Analyzer Report template that contains multiple data streams. Select the handset stream from Phone & Scan 2. main menu select Workbook Open 2. From the Analyzer Workbook/Report. Analyzer then prompts you to select a second data stream.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Running a Pre-Defined Report Since Application Packs are built into the Analyzer. 4. you will create a custom report from scratch. 3. When this process is complete. 5. Analyzer prompts you to select a data stream to replace the before stream. In this section. they may not exactly meet your team s reporting requirements. App Packs can only be run on a single stream of data. click on the Report tab in the Excel workbook and examine the formatted report. and those reports may include data from multiple streams. Navigate to C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports and Open the report called CDMA Handset Comparison Final Summary. To run the pre-defined report: 1. Reports from multiple measurement sources allow you to compare data collected simultaneously or look at your network before and after making a change.xls. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 94 .

xls CDMA Handset Data Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 95 .xls CDMA Handset Data Server Statistics.Results of the CDMA Handset Comparison Final Summary Report The Analyzer CDMA Training Materials come with several pre-defined reports for CDMA 1x voice and data calls that can be run according to the steps above. Coverage. Reports for Voice Calls: Report Name Calls.xls CDMA Handset Data Handoff.xls To be run on Data Streams of Type: CDMA Handset Data Description of Report Sheets Report: Distribution of CDMA call events in tabular and pie chart formats Report: Distribution and statistical data for Ec/Io and FER parameters Report: Presents CDMA Handoff State in tabular and pie chart formats Report: Pivot table containing call statistics by site and sector.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA The output of the report will look like this: Figure 48 . The following table describes each report and indicates what type of data each report should be run with.

mdb CDMA Handset Data (another file) to replace Phone & Scan 2. transmit power and power control value for the 1x drive.mdb Performance Summary: Example of a cluster optimization acceptance form that a contractor or vendor may use to present to client for system acceptance. Handoff State.mdb Handset_Comparison _Final_Summary CDMA Handset Data to replace Phone & Scan 1.mdb Report: This report compares two handsets on the basis of Call Events.rft CDMA Handset Data to replace Phone & Scan 1. Mean value of key parameters. Report: FER comparison between two distinct data sets.xls To be run on Data Streams of Type: CDMA Handset Data Description of Report Sheets Call Summary: Distribution and pie chart of CDMA call events. CDMA_FER_Compari son_Report.xls CDMA Handset Data to replace Phone & Scan 1.xls CDMA Call Trace Data to replace Lucent Call Trace 1. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 96 .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Report Name CDMA_Call_Summar y_Report. Distribution and pie chart of CDMA Handoff state. Mobile Tx Power and Combined Ec/Io Reports for Data Calls Report Name CDMA 1x Voice Network Verification To be run on Data Streams of Type: CDMA 1x Handset Data to replace the Qualcomm source file Description of Report Sheets P_REV In Use: Provides statistics broken out by protocol revision. Power Control: Summarizes the mobile receive power. Network Quality: Summarizes EcIo. FER and call events for the 1x drive.mdb CDMA Handset Data (any other) to replace Phone & Scan 2. Frame Error Rate. Ec/Io and FER: Template for pasting Ec/Io and FER drive maps Rx and Tx Power: Template for pasting Rx and Tx Power drive maps CDMA_Cluster_Optim ization_Report.

as well as statistics for each channel. Data Coverage: Classifies performance of the CDMA 1x data network based on quality and RLP throughput.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Report Name CDMA 1x Backwards Compatibility To be run on Data Streams of Type: 2G voice file to replace 2G Voice Call Logfile 3G voice file to replace 3G Voice Call Logfile Description of Report Sheets Coverage Breakdown: Classifies the performance of the network before and after CDMA 1x implementation on the basis of quality and RLP throughput. fundamental channel usage is expected at all times. as well as statistics for each channel. CDMA Performance Optimization 1x 3G data file to replace 3G File 1 Forward Link Channel Activity: Displays the usage of the fundamental and supplemental channels on the forward link. CDMA 1x Data Channel Verification 3G data file to replace 3G File 1 Note: In general. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 97 . Soft Handoff Analysis: Provides soft handoff statistics for a CDMA 1x network. The offset between the reverse pilot channel and traffic channel transmit power is user-definable and vendor defaults may require optimization. supplemental channel usage will be intermittent depending upon user application. Transmit Power Analysis: Provides transmit power statistics. Reverse Link Channel Activity: Displays the usage of the fundamental and supplemental channels on the reverse link. KPI Comparison: Compares key performance indicator statistics before and after the implementation of the CDMA 1x network. and throughput PDF and CDF data in graphical format. Linear handoff thresholds implemented in CDMA 1x networks may provide improved handoff efficiency over 2G networks. CDMA 1x Data Network Verification 3G data file to replace 3G File 2 Throughput Analysis: Provides RLP throughput statistics.

The chart wizard will open: .FER Histogram and Statistics Report To create this report: 1. Right-click on it and choose Display on Workbook. 2. Excel will launch.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Creating a Custom Report Creating your own formatted report template is as easy as viewing the data you require on a workbook. the value of this parameter throughout a network is of great importance. Ensure that the Phone & Scan 1. like the one shown below. to display a histogram distribution and statistics for forward FER. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 98 . which can be accessed by clicking on the corresponding tab at the bottom sheet window. Click on any blank sheet in the workbook and rename the sheet Report . 3. including the column headers. Select the parameter ForwardFER from CDMA Downlink Measurements. and then formatting the report page using Excel.mdb file is loaded into the Workspace. The objective of this section is to create a simple report. Since FER is the parameter that provides the best estimate of user-perceived voice quality. Click and drag to define a window around the data set. 5. The Workbook will contain three sheets. Click on the Histogram Formatted Data tab. 4. Select the chart icon from the top menu bar of Excel: 6. Figure 49 .

Save the file in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports folder and name it FER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report. Press Enter after selecting that cell to create the reference. 12. Then switch to the Statistic Formatted Data tab and select the cell containing the data you wish to add to your report. To place the mean and standard deviation statistics in the table in your report.Chart Wizard in Excel 7. position the histogram on the page. Cut and paste the new chart onto the Report sheet in the workbook or choose to have the chart inserted as an object on the Report sheet. Select a simple column chart and follow the Wizard prompts and instructions. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 99 . Click the Finish button in the chart wizard and a basic chart will be created. format a table around the statistics and add any other desired formatting. Add a title to the worksheet. 13. select File Save. Close the Excel workbook.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 50 . type = in the cell you would like to hold the value on the Report sheet. From the Excel main menu. 10. 9. 8. 11.

Ensure that the MDM File 1. 3.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Running Your Report with New Data 1.mdm file is loaded into the Workspace.Running the FER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report on New Data 4. 2. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 100 . Select Workbook Open Workbook to open FER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report saved previously to C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports directory. Select the MDM File 1 handset stream and watch the formatted report regenerate for the new data. A dialog will appear that prompts you to select a data stream(s): the the Figure 51 .

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA

Performing Custom Analysis in Analyzer
You can create a wide variety of customized analyses using Analyzer. You may want to highlight potential voice or data problem areas, or test for common symptoms of bad radio link quality for the purpose of speeding up the analysis of data. Your customized analysis, called a query, can be saved in a Workspace and reused for future drive data. The queries can be created, accessed, and edited in the Workspace through the Analysis Manager.

About Queries
Queries are a means of searching and filtering data based on events and thresholds you define. Queries operate on binned data and are written using Boolean expressions and arithmetic operations containing data parameters from one or more data streams. Analyzer supports six types of queries: Filter Analysis Binned Query Analysis Cross Tab Query Analysis Event Query Statistic Analysis Histogram Analysis Analyzer supports the use of queries to assist in the detection, correction, and presentation of network problems. In this section a number of these analyses are used for examining various aspects of voice and data networks. All custom analyses can be saved for future use through the Analysis Manager: Select Tools Analysis Manager In the Analysis Manager, select the Existing Analysis tab Select any queries that you wish to save and click the Export button Browse to a folder that you wish to save your query in. Analyzer s default structure provides the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Queries folder for an easy place to store queries.

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Name the *.aqf file Training_Class_Queries. All queries created during training may be stored in the same file. To import the queries into a new Analyzer session, go to the Existing Analysis tab of the Analysis Manager and select the Import button. Browse to find the *.aqf file in which you saved your queries.

Filter Analysis: Filtering on Poor Quality
Sometimes it is desirable to examine only a subset of the data points collected in a logfile. We can use a filter to look only at those data points of interest to us. A filter analysis tests data on a single criterion and displays the data only if the criterion is met. This provides the engineer with a quick way to identify trouble areas in which to focus optimization efforts. In this case, we will filter all points with poor FER, and use the results to pinpoint where quality problems are occurring and try to determine what is causing them. You can create a filter query which highlights those points which have ForwardFER > 5% to identify all the locations on the drive with poor quality of service. 1. Right-click on the handset data stream under Phone & Scan 1.mdb and select Filter Create a New Filter. 2. For the Filter Name, enter PoorFER . 3. Use the attribute chooser to select ForwardFER from the CDMA Downlink Measurements group. 4. For the operation, choose >=. 5. For the Threshold, enter 5 .

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Figure 52 - Filter Wizard

6. Click OK to create the filter. Analyzer will automatically apply the filter to any information already displayed in the workspace. 7. Confirm that the query was created by going to Tools Analysis Manager and clicking on the Existing Analyses tab. The PoorFER filter should be listed under the Filters category. 8. From the Existing Analyses tab, save the PoorFER Filter to the Training_Class_Queries.aqf file by selecting it and the Forward FER Advanced query and using the Export button. Multiple queries may be saved in one *.aqf file. 9. Display any parameter (i.e. Ec/Io, FER, PNPrimary) on the map. Notice that only points with FER exceeding the defined threshold appear on the map. The filter has provided a quick way of illuminating trouble spots and focusing optimization efforts.

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in your Training_Class_Queries. Apply the filter to the handset stream of Phone & Scan 1. The filter can be reapplied at any time through the same method. Figure 53 . 2. 3. Remove the filter from the map by right clicking on the handset data stream under Phone & Scan 1. areas with interference are typically identified as those locations experiencing poor FER but strong Ec/Io. and unchecking the PoorFER filter. 1. apply the PoorFER filter in addition to the StrongEcIo filter. Returning to the Filter menu. making sure to select all of the filters and queries. Create a new filter called StrongEcIo. select Filter. 4. right click on the handset stream.Map of Data Filtered Using the PoorFER Filter In CDMA networks. With the StrongEcIo filter applied.mdb. selecting Filter.aqf file. and make sure that the AND operator is selected with a bullet. in addtion to the other queries you ve created. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 104 . What do the data points remaining on the map at this point indicate? Be sure to save the StrongEcIo filter.mdb. Filters may be combined using Boolean operations in Analyzer to look at more than one condition at each data point.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 10. which filters on data points where Ec/Io is greater than 8 dB.

or workbook. The results of a binned query can be displayed on a map.Creating the ServingCellDistance in Miles Query Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 105 . table. Select Tools Analysis Manager. chart. enter ServingCellDistance in Miles . Create the ServingCellDistance in Miles query using the Analysis Manager: 1. Analyzer displays the serving cell distance in meters. ServingCellDistance in Miles By default. A simple. Figure 54 . For the Description. 2. yet very useful example of a binned query is the conversion of the serving cell distance from meters to miles. using functions and inequalities.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Binned Query Analysis The Binned Query allows you to define a new parameter based on existing parameters. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. 3.

based on existing parameters. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. 9. type in /1609. The query returns a 1 when the Pilot Pollution criteria are met and a 0 when they are not. Create the Pilot Pollution query using the Analysis Manager: 1.344 . The query will appear in the Queries group under every data stream in the workspace. find the serving cell distance under Independent Site Data Node ServingCellDistance and double-click on it to add it to the expression. 10. 5. no dominant server. like pilot pollution. expand the Queries Binned Queries group. The array_count function counts the number of PNs in this array which have an Ec/Io > -15 dB. Select Tools Analysis Manager. Identification . Click OK again to close the Analysis Manager. Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 106 .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 4. Thus. At the end of the text in the Expression Builder. This is useful for adding nonstandard analyses. The easiest way to do this is to select the Format drop down dialog and start typing Float in the window. 7. Mathematically speaking. 6. as a parameter. 8. Under the handset stream. In the parameters box. this query detects areas where there are multiple servers. the Ec/Io for the Nth Best Pilot data set is an array that contains Ec/Io data for all PNs measured at a given location in order from the strongest PN to the weakest. 3. enter Pilot Pollution 2. In terms of the network. where each vendor has their own definition for the analysis. Set the Format to Float. For the Description. Right-click on the ServingCellDistance in Miles query and choose Display on Map to display the query results on a map. and/or poor signal quality. this query finds all bins where there were more than 4 servers above -15 dB. Pilot Pollution Query The Binned Query analysis allows you to create a new expression. Click OK to create the query.

The expression window now contains: array_count(«attribute[]». step through the CDMA Pilot Measurement group to find the attribute EcIo_for_Nth_Best_Pilot. <<expr>>.aqf file. and returns a value of True if it exceeds 3. Click OK to finish creating the binned query. Doubleclick the attribute to add it to the expression. take the opportunity to save the query to the Training_Class_Queries. In the lower left hand window. Highlight the <<attribute[]>> parameter. In the format drop-down list. -15 . >. 5. 3. The Expression is: array_count(EcIo_for_Nth_Best_Pilot[]. enter > and 4. While still in the Analysis Manager. In place of <<operation>>. Notice the pop-up description for each function. After the closing parenthesis. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 107 .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 55 . 6.«operation». «expr») 2. Click OK to close the Analysis Manager.Binned Query Wizard Expression Builder We will create a custom parameter that counts the number of PNs above 15 dB at each point on the drive. 7. set the Format to Boolean. select array_count from the list of functions. Double-click on the array_count function to add it to the expression. enter >=4 . In the lower right hand window. -15)>=4 1.

as defined by the expression. Change the FER style to be a star instead of a circle to make it show up more clearly. Do locations with pilot pollution also have poor forward FER? In some cases.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA This query should be used to analyze Scanner data only. you may be interested in looking at the number of PNs above the threshold at each location. Points with no Pilot Pollution will show up as a 0. choose a new symbol. From the dialog. To change a parameter s style for all data points. will show up on the map as a Boolean 1. Points with Pilot Pollution. font and/or font size for each data point regardless of value.Map Displaying the Results of the Pilot Pollution Query Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 108 . right-click on the parameter in the legend and select Attribute Style. Look at the results of the query for a PN scanner on the map. How could you modify the Pilot Pollution Identification query you just created to give the number of PNs above 15 dB at each data point? Figure 56 . as opposed to a Boolean value that designates data points where more than four PNs are above that threshold. Add the Forward FER attribute (filtered for poor quality) from the corresponding handset data to the same map to see if a correlation exists.

The CDMA StateTip is a feature that helps engineers analyze performance data from handsets and scanners. Top N Pilots Chart.shows the top serving PNs as seen by both the handset and scanner. neighbor).shows the pilots seen by the handset and scanner at any given bin and the serving set they fall under (active. The CDMA StateTip may be used in conjunction with the Pilot Pollution Identification query above to determine the sources of pilot pollution in a network. Pilot Sets View. select the Phone stream of Phone & Scan 1. 4. but this data is not useful unless you know which PNs are causing the problem. Top N Pilots View. for a given bin. 2. by selecting Tools CDMA StateTip. Note: In this example we align the StateTip with a data point on a map. Keep in mind that active set measurements are made much more frequently than candidate and neighbor set measurements. With the Pilot Pollution Identification query results still displayed on a map. Therefore. 3. view the CDMA StateTip. It helps identify the sources of pilot pollution and points out areas where there are discrepancies between the handset and scanner data leading to Neighbor List problems.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA The CDMA StateTip: Determining Serving PNs Determining the locations of pilot pollution in the network may be interesting. Once the problem PNs have been identified.shows the top serving PNs as seen by both the handset and scanner in a strip chart. In class. 1. Use the Select arrow to click on a bin on the map in an area affected by pilot pollution according to the Pilot Pollution Identification query results. There are three view options available for the CDMA StateTip. The StateTip can also be aligned with any chart. table or message browser containing either handset or scanner data from the loaded devices) Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 109 .mdb for the handset and the Receiver stream as the scanner. Analyzer contains a tool called the CDMA StateTip that may be used to identify the sources of pilot pollution. candidate. The StateTip will synchronize to the point. use the Select Handset Device and Select Scanner Device drop-down menus at the top of the StateTip window to select corresponding handset and scanner device streams. To configure the StateTip. Use the Select Another View drop-down list at the top of the StateTip window to select the Top N Pilots Chart. expect to see primarily active set measurements. you can perform adjustments to the network to resolve the problems.

Other possible changes include modifying antenna azimuth and antenna type to get extra RF energy out of the problem area. Either situation should be investigated. it is possible to see if a PN is measured by a scanner but not by a handset. Check the list and notice the pilots that the handset and scanner can detect above 15 dB. the CDMA StateTip may help to resolve neighbor list problems. the impact of downtilting and attenuation changes should be evaluated for each individual cell site. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 110 . it may indicate a PN serving outside of its intended area. it does indicate that there is substantial sector overlap. because strong PNs that are not detected by the handset lead to interference. In addition to identifying PNs causing pilot pollution. there is no dominant server. consider downtilting the offending sectors that are furthest from the problem area. Clearly. Alternatively. which may cause future problems when new cells are brought on the air in the area. By viewing handset and scanner measurements side by side. with 4 pilots detected above 15 dB. This is not uncommon in a market that is still heavily in the buildout stage. Before making any changes. This condition often indicates a missing neighbor in a neighbor list.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 5. However. To address this pilot pollution problem and to try to prevent future problems.

The query results will then be displayed in the Statistics Explorer.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Crosstab Query: Sorting by Data Rate Data sessions in a CDMA 1x network are assigned one of four data rate values based on the client application and on the loading of the network. The data rate options for the forward and reverse supplemental channels in a CDMA 1x data call are: Data Rate Allowable Throughput 1x 2x 4x 8x 16x 9. and to filter results on data rate.2 38. An Analyzer crosstab query can be used to view statistics sorted by data rate.4 76. sorted by data rate.6 kbps In general. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 111 . the more bandwidth intensive the application. Because different data rates result in different data transfer performance.6 kbps 115. a 2x rate is likely to be assigned. which can also be used to filter other data views. regardless of loading of the network. a large-scale data download via FTP or HTTP may be assigned a 16x data rate providing that current network loading conditions allow.4 kbps 28. Each data rate describes the maximum allowable throughput for the specified link during that session. it may be desirable to sort throughput and RF statistics by data rate.2 kbps Up to 153. On the other hand. we will create a crosstab query to display RLP Throughput and App Throughput for both the uplink and downlink.8 kbps 57. Since an e-mail or chat application requires relatively low bandwidth. In this example.6 19.8 14. the higher the assigned data rate.

2. The statistics that we will include in this query are the mean RLP_Tx_Throughput_Instantaneous. 4. 3. All of these statistics will be available for the complete drive and for each individual data rate. Select the method to use to calculate the statistic. a. The query statistics are the results that you would like to include for each dimension. to select CDMA Supplemental Channel Forward_SCH0 5. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 112 . Name the Crosstab Query F-SCH0 Data Rate Explorer . Use the attribute chooser Rate. b.F-SCH0 Data Rate Explorer Crosstab Query Results To create the F-SCH0 Data Rate Explorer crosstab query: 1. the mean RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 57 . Specific parameters relating to each statistic is included in the table below. d. and the mean App Tx Throughput Instantaneous. Click on the New Dimension button. The query dimension allows you to group and order your results using the attribute you select. Use the attribute chooser to select the statistic of interest. Click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic Window. Select the Crosstab Query icon and click on New. the mean App Rx Throughput Instantaneous. Enter the Statistic name. Select Tools Analysis Manager. The parameters that you choose will be displayed as the columns in the statistics explorer. c.

aqf file. in addition to the other queries you ve created.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA e. in your Training_Class_Queries. Be sure to save the F-SCH0 Data Rate Explorer crosstab query. Click OK when finished with the Statistic Window. making sure to include all of the filters and queries. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 113 . click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query. Once completed. Statistic Name Expression Method of Calculation RLP Tx Throughput RLP Rx Throughput App Tx Throughput App Rx Throughput RLP_Tx_Throughput_Instantaneous App_Tx_Throughput_Instantaneous App_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous Mean Mean Mean RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous Mean 6.

press the Filter button in the Statistics Explorer. Filter the Crosstab Query Results The Filter button on the Statistics Explorer may be used to quickly filter query results in the Stats Explorer and in any other Analyzer view. 1. The filter will be unapplied from both the map and the Statistics Explorer. 4. Tile the map and the Statistics Explorer vertically in the workspace by selecting Window Tile Vertically. Notice that only data points collected on at this data rate remain in the Statistics Explorer and on the map. click the Filter button again.0401 handset Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 114 . 2. Willtech 1. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks. such as the 16x (highest) rate. Run the crosstab query on the CDMA 1x Data stream. select the Row for the 16x data rate. In this case.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Display the Crosstab Query Results Once created. View RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous from the CDMA 1x Data Willtech 1. 3. To remove filtering. sorted by data rate. and selecting Display in Statistics Explorer. it may be useful to view data for only one data rate.0401 handset stream on a map. With the row for the 16x data rate selected. 5. The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed. In the Statistics Explorer. the crosstab query results can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace.

For the Trigger Selection.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Event Query: Dropped Call Window The Event Query allows you to extract key performance statistics for a userdefined time or message window before or after a defined event like a handover failure or dropped call. Select Tools Analysis Manager. The parameter will show up in the triggering window. Figure 58 . such as multiple drops in an area due to low coverage. 3. use the attribute picker to select CDMA Event Data CallDropped.Setting Up the Event Query Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 115 . Viewing the window surrounding an event can provide insight into whether a pattern exists among undesirable events. 2. Select the Event Query icon in the dialog and click on New. We will create an Event Query to return statistics for a five-second window for each dropped call in the file 1.

Dimensions. Figure 60 .000 milliseconds before the event and 0 milliseconds after the event. enter Site ID . 8.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 4. 5. For the name of the query. For the Window Range. and Statistics for the Query 7. Click Next.Defining the Name. For the name. choose Time Based and set the window to 5. enter Dropped Call Window .Choose a Calculation Method for the Event Query Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 116 . Figure 59 . To define a statistic to be displayed in the event window. click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic window. 6.

type State(). Expression State(ServingSectorID) PN_Primary EcIo_1stBest ForwardFER MobileReceivePower MobileTransmitPower Method to Calculate Last Value Last Value Mean Mean Mean Mean Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 117 . Figure 61 . select Last Value. Choose the Edit button below the line that reads Enter the expression that should be calculated in your statistic: .Expression Builder for the Event Query 13. The statistics that do not require the use of the State() function can be picked using the Attribute Chooser instead of the Expression Builder. 11.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 9. 10. In the Statistic window. 12. Repeat steps 7 through 13 above to define the following statistics (choose an appropriate name for each one). In this case. Click OK when finished with the Statistic window. Click OK to exit the Expression Builder. expand the Independent Site Data Node tree. 14. This State() function is required to ensure that the last valid value of the parameter persists. Double-click on the ServingCellId parameter to insert it into the expression. The Expression Builder will launch. select the method to calculate the statistic. Inside the top portion of the window. Click inside the parentheses of the State() function. In the Parameters area of the Expression Builder.

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 15. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks.Displaying the Results Of the Event Query Be sure to save the Dropped Call Window event query. the event query can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace. click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query. Run the event query on the Phone & Scan 1. sorted by the time of the event (in milliseconds). Once completed. in your Training_Class_Queries. How many dropped calls occurred in this file? What appears to be the primary reason for the dropped call(s)? Figure 62 . in addition to the other queries you ve created. and selecting Display in Statistics Explorer. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 118 . The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed.mdm handset stream. making sure to include all of the filters and queries.aqf file. Displaying Event Queries Once created.

Create a new Binned Query to provide the RLP Retransmit Rate using the following parameters. Since the retransmit rate is not available as a standard logging tool output.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Histogram and Statistic Query: Retransmit Rate In cases where RLP transmit throughput is low during an uploading operation. Refer to page 88 for more information about the Binned Query. it may be of interest to examine the rate at which data frames must be retransmitted over the air interface due to errors or missing frames. it is necessary to use the Histogram and Statistic Query formats to provide results for this type of analysis. Knowing the average retransmit rate throughout a logfile or the number of data points at which the retransmit rate is high may indicate whether the data network is responding properly in marginal RF conditions.Expression Builder for the RLP_Retransmit_Rate Query 2. Display the RLP_Retransmit_Rate binned query results for CDMA 1x Data Willtech 1 on a chart for verification. Analyzer s Histogram and Statistic Queries are available to provide these analysis formats for custom expressions. 1. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 119 . Query Name: RLP Retransmit Rate Expression: ((Retransmitted_Frames_Transmitted)/(Retransmitted_Frames_Tran smitted + New_Data_Frames_Transmitted))*100 Format: Float Figure 63 .

Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 120 .Statistic Wizard for the Retransmit_Rate_Statistics Query 4. Figure 64 . Display the Retransmit_Rate_Statistics query results for CDMA 1x Data Willtech 1 on a table. Select the Statistics tab on the table. create a new Statistic Query to provide statistics for the new RLP_Retransmit_Rate expression: Query Name: Retransmit_Rate_Statistics Expression: Use the button to select the RLP_Retransmit_Rate expression created in Step 1. What is the mean retransmit rate for this file? What is the maximum retransmit rate for this file? 5. From the Analysis Manager. Select the option to Specify ranges for my histogram bars . Statistic query results can be found in the Queries Statistics group under each data stream in your file. Choose not to exclude data from the calculation. Set the Maximum Value to: 10. From the Analysis Manager. create a new Histogram Query to provide a distribution plot for the RLP_Retransmit_Rate parameter: Query Name: Retransmit_Rate_Distribution Expression: Use the button to select the RLP_Retransmit_Rate expression created in Step 1.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 3. Set the Number of Columns to: 5. Set the Minimum Value to: 0.

Click OK to exit the Histogram Wizard. in your Training_Class_Queries.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Click Generate and Analyzer will automatically generate histogram ranges based on the specified criteria. making sure to include all of the previously created queries and filters. In what range did most RLP_Retransmit_Rate values fall for this file? Remember to save these queries. Display the Retransmit_Rate_Distribution results on a chart.aqf file.Histogram Wizard for the Retransmit_Rate_Distribution Query 6. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 121 . Histogram query results can be found in the Queries Histograms group under each data stream in your workspace. Figure 65 . in addition to the other queries you ve created.

Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 122 . The Analyzer file structure includes a Workspaces folder that can be used to hold your saved workspaces.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Saving Your Preferred Layout In Analyzer. A workspace created with Analyzer may be opened directly from the Windows Desktop. To start up Analyzer with a set of commonly used queries. Saving a workspace in Analyzer allows you to save the following items: Window layouts Open files you are currently working with Custom analyses you have created Custom attributes you have executed SuperStreams you have created To save your workspace click File Save Workspace As and give the file a name. but no data files. The workspace may then be saved as a shortcut on the Windows Desktop. though you can save a workspace to any location. simply save a workspace with the queries of interest. Double-click on the Desktop shortcut to open Analyzer with all of your frequently used queries in place. together with the Workspace Explorer. the workspace includes all data display windows within the Analyzer application window.

It also lets you browse and edit this network information once it has been loaded into Analyzer.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Importing Cell Site Data Using the Network Explorer The Network Explorer allows you to import network element data into Analyzer. and how to configure the Automatic Import tool.txt. Importing Network Data The important thing to remember about Analyzer s network data import process is that the process requires two files: 1. creating a cell plan file called cellrefs. with one row for each individual sector in a network. you will need to obtain a delimited text file containing the data listed in the table below. containing only Analyzer header information. to be populated with formatted data. To maximize the benefit Analyzer can bring to CDMA network analysis. Analyzer will be able to import the data. The data may come from a network database or a planning tool configuration file. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 123 . As long as the data is in a tabular format with one row for each sector. All other parameters are optional. A delimited text file that contains unformatted data arranged in tabular form. Obtaining Site Data in Tabular Format In order to import cell site data from your own network. A blank file. This section describes how to import delimited data into Analyzer. 2. the parameters listed in bold in the table on the following page are REQUIRED for cell data to function with logged data in the main workspace. The Automatic Import feature provides an automated method of updating cell site information in Analyzer as changes are made to the network.

Locates Site icons on map. For informational purposes only. Locates Site icons on map. Used in CDMA Toolkit calculations. lines to neighbor cells and to color sector/site icons on maps to reflect PN planning. Azimuth CDMA_Cell Azimuth Beamwidth Beamwidth CDMA_Cell PN Offset CDMA_Cell PN Base Station Power Mobile Country Code System Identity Network Identity Broadcast Identity CDMA_Cell EIRP CDMA_Cell MCC CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell SID NID BID Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 124 . For informational purposes only. Numeric identifier for the Site.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA CDMA Cell Site Parameters for Import: Parameter Analyzer Group Site Name Site Number Latitude Longitude Sector Number CDMA_Site CDMA_Site CDMA_Site CDMA_Site CDMA_Cell Analyzer Name SiteName SiteID Latitude Longitude Sector ID Purpose Text description of the Site for display on map. Sector-specific information useful for display on maps (can be alpha or numeric) Orients the sector icons on the map. used in CDMA Toolkit calculations. For informational purposes only. Governs the shape of the sector wedge icon to reflect the beamwidth of antenna deployed at the site. For informational purposes only. Base station power.

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Parameter Analyzer Group PctPilot PctTraffic PctPaging PctSync Active Set Search Window Setting Neighbor Set Search Window Setting List of neighbors CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell Analyzer Name PctPilot PctTraffic PctPaging PctSync SRCH_WIN_A Purpose For informational purposes only. Additionally. For informational purposes only. Though the columns can be in any order for import into Analyzer. Used in CDMA Toolkit calculations to compare current search window settings with those suggested by Analyzer. the figure shows all of the REQUIRED fields. For informational purposes only. Used in CDMA Toolkit calculations to compare current neighbor list settings to those suggested by Analyzer. For informational purposes only. Used in CDMA Toolkit calculations to compare current search window settings with those suggested by Analyzer. CDMA_Cell SRCH_WIN_N CDMA_Cell CDMANeighborList The figure below is an example of a delimited CDMA file that could be used to import a site list into Analyzer. the Excel spreadsheet must be saved as a TEXT file for import into Analyzer. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 125 .

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 66 . entries that have multiple sets of lats/longs for the same Site ID. as should latitudes with a 'South' notation. Position information must be accurate in order for Analyzer to display sites in the correct location on the map. Non-unique Site ID's will result in site markers appearing on the map without sector wedges. Sites will appear skewed on the map if the latitude and longitude fields are transposed. Beware of non-unique Site ID's .CDMA Cell Site Data Spreadsheet Guidelines for Formatting Tabular Data Although Analyzer does not require cell site data fields to be listed in a particular order. The Site ID field must contain a unique value for each site location.they are used for labeling purposes only. following these guidelines will provide the best results: 1.that is. Longitudes that have a 'West' notation should be represented as a negative decimal. 2. Site Names need not be unique . Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 126 .

txt . See the section on Loading Cell Site Data earlier in this document for more details. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 127 . A valid cell site database is a text file in which the first line contains the text below: .txt located in the directory called: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs The file to be populated need not be named cellrefs. use the File Location line in the Tools Preferences dialog.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Obtaining the File to be Populated With Formatted Data Before importing new cells into Analyzer. We recommend renaming this file with a meaningful name in order to prevent the file from being overwritten during reinstallation. To point the Analyzer to the file you wish to populate with the new cell site data. ensure that Analyzer is pointing to a valid cell site database. #NetworkData datafile Every Analyzer installation comes with a clean file called cellrefs.

you are ready to open the Network Explorer and import the site information. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 128 . To access the Network Explorer select Cells Network Explorer. The right panel shows details about relevant parameters for the current selection.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Importing the Data Once you have obtained your cell site database in delimited format and pointed Analyzer to a valid cellrefs file. you will not see any cell site data at this time. Import From New Template to open the 3. If you have pointed Analyzer to a cellrefs file containing only header information. 2. On the toolbar select Import Import dialog. 1.Network Explorer Window The Network Explorer display consists of two panels. The left panel contains a tree view of the network element data. Select the appropriate network data file and click Open to display the Import Settings dialog. Figure 67 .

Click Next. Adjust these settings if necessary.Import Settings Dialog (Step 1 of 2) 4. 5. 7. Give the Template a meaningful Template Name. 6. Check the appropriate Delimiter.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 68 . In most cases. the default information under the General Settings and Coordinate Information headers will apply. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 129 .

Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Site_Name parameter. based on the table below: Field Site_Name SiteID Latitude Longitude Mapping required for proper operation? Optional. Expand the CDMA_Site data node.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 69 . Click in the Column field next to the Site_Name parameter. Required Required Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 130 . Repeat for each of the required fields in the CDMA_Site data node. but this field is frequently used for the site label. and this field must be unique for each site in the database.Settings (Step 2 of 2) Assign CDMA_Site Data 8. Required.

Expand the CDMA_Cell data node. Repeat for each of the required fields in the CDMA_Cell data node. Click in the Column field next to the Sector_ID parameter. based on the table below: Field Sector_ID Azimuth Beamwidth EIRP PN MCC Required for proper operation? Required Required Required Optional Required Optional Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 131 . Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Sector_ID parameter.Column Settings (Step 2 of 2) Assign CDMA_Cell Data Formatted: Bullets and Numbering 9.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 70 .

The error log specifies the cause of each error encountered and can be found in: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\ImportErrors. but map this field to a custom integer field to color sectors on the map by that field. Select Yes to overwrite existing data. 2. 1. An example of a custom field would be the phase of the site where: 1 = On Air 2 = Under Construction 3 = Planned for Next Year Azimuth_Display Phase_Display 10. Optional.log Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 132 . 1 = red. Click Finish when all the columns have been assigned. 3) in order to color sectors on the map by face number (i. Select No to append to existing data. a pop-up message will indicate that an error log has been created.e. 11. 2 = blue. you will be asked whether you want to remove existing data before importing new data. If any errors occur during the import.e. but map this field to the integer sector ID field (i. 3 = green). If the current workspace contains existing site data. but map this field to the integer azimuth field in order to color sectors on the map by azimuth range.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Field SID NID BID PctPilot PctTraffic PctPaging PctSync SRCH_WIN_A SRCH_WIN_N CDMANeighborList Face_Display Required for proper operation? Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional. Optional.

16.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA 12. To save the formatted site information. select the Save button.Use Zoom to Layer to Locate Cells on Map Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 133 . Drill into the CDMA Cell Elements folder and examine the values corresponding to each sector. Double-click on any site name in the right hand pane. view a new map by selecting View Display New Map. 13. Select Zoom to Layer to zoom the map to the appropriate location. After closing the Network Explorer. The Name. Close the Network Explorer by clicking the X at the upper right hand corner. as well as a folder containing CDMA Cell Elements. Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Figure 71 . If cell icons do not appear on the map. Inspect the cell data in the Network Explorer by expanding the All_CDMA_Site_Elements folder in the left-hand pane of the Network Explorer. Be sure to close the map with the X at the upper right hand corner to save all changes to the map view. Location and ID of the site will appear. 14. 15. 17. right click on the CDMA_Cell layer in the map legend at the left hand side of the map window.

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA

Updating Cell Site Data
There are two convenient ways to update cell plan information in Analyzer: Minor cell plan changes (a few azimuths, PNs, etc.) can be modified directly from the Network Explorer. Simply browse to find the site and sector of interest and double click on a single parameter to activate the text. Be sure to save the modifications before exiting the Network Explorer! If the cellplan file is updated (multiple sites added, complete frequency retune), use the Automatic Import feature to detect changes to an existing cell plan and import the updated cell site file into Analyzer. Instructions for using the Automatic Import feature follow. Automatic Import of Cell Site Data The Automatic Import feature detects changes to cell plan data and updates the configured site data every time Analyzer is opened.

Figure 72 - Automatic Import Setup

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Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA

To use the Automatic Import feature: 1. From the Analyzer main menu, select Tools Preferences.

2. Expand the Automatic Import option under Cellrefs and select the Enable Automatic Import option. 3. Select the Automatic Import Input File. This is the text file that contains your delimited site data. 4. Select the Automatic Import Template. Once a template has been created, a new Analyzer workspace must be started in order for that template to appear in this list. To use a template created on another computer, copy the template of interest from the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\Templates directory to the same directory on your machine. 5. Click OK to exit the Change Preferences dialog. A message will appear that Automatic Import has been enabled and that your currently loaded cellrefs will be overwritten the next time Analyzer is restarted. Once Automatic Import is configured, any changes to the Automatic Import Input File will be detected, and will be changed accordingly in your Analyzer cell site file each time Analyzer is opened.

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Using the CDMA Toolkit to Optimize Specific CDMA Network Parameters
The CDMA Toolkit provides a series of analyses based on best-practice network optimization techniques. Each solution uses PN scanner data to optimize your network settings, and can be configured to meet the needs of your network and your organization. The analyses included in the CDMA Toolkit that are discussed in this section are: Optimize Search Windows Optimize Neighbor Lists Evaluate Coverage The following sections describe the general operation of the CDMA Toolkit and include instructions for running each of the specific analyses. Exploring the CDMA Toolkit The CDMA Toolkit contains analyses for investigating search window sizes, neighbor lists, and site coverage based on data collected with the PN Scanner. Before attempting to run a specific analysis, familiarize yourself with the CDMA Toolkit by performing the following steps: To view the Toolkit, select Tools main menu. CDMA Toolkit from the Analyzer

The taskbar at the top of the Toolkit shows that the Optimize Search Windows analysis appears as the default analysis. You will see five icons that serve as the buttons for selecting specific functions within the analyses. The Help and Configure Settings icons are used when setting up an analysis. The other icons list reports that describe the results of the analysis. The icons are arranged so that you progress downward, first modifying or reviewing the configuration settings, then running the analysis, and finally reviewing the results through one or more reports. The specific use of each button is described in detail for each analysis in the following sections. Each available analysis within the Toolkit contains its own taskbar. Click another taskbar to view another analyses. Notice that each analysis has a similar series of icons, which guide you through the setup, running, and reporting of data.

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failed initiations. Using CDMA Toolkit for Search Window Analysis You can minimize the number of occurrences of dropped calls. The search window analysis shows the minimum active set search window size (SRCH_WIN_A) and neighbor set search window size (SRCH_WIN_N) required by each sector. the quality of the analyses will be impaired if a relatively small amount of drive test data is used. based on pilot delay data Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 137 . the accuracy of the results is dependent on the quality and volume of input data. and poor voice quality by setting the search windows to their optimal size. and the potential sources of error. As with all engineering analyses. Analysis methodology is also described in Appendix C of this document. To get the best results from these analyses. click on the Help button in the CDMA Toolkit: . To access the help files. ensure you are using an up-to-date version of cell site data that accurately reflects the network status and parameter settings at the time of the drive. In addition. In addition.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Active Analysis Available Reports Other Available Analyses Figure 73: CDMA Toolkit The type of data required to run each analysis is described in the individual section for each analysis. Please study the contents of the Help File under CDMA Toolkit to properly understand the analysis methodology and restrictions. there are caveats and restrictions on the applicability of the CDMA Toolkit analyses.

Maximum Distance Measurements made on servers that are farther away than this user-input distance will not be included in the analysis. PN Scanner data for a region of your network must be open in the current Analyzer workspace. The algorithm used to determine optimal search window sizes is described in detail in Appendix C.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA collected in PN Scanner drive-test logfiles. Depress the icon labeled Configuration Settings to configure the settings that Analyzer will use when running the analysis. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 138 . Open the CDMA Toolkit by selecting Tools CDMA Toolkit from the Analyzer main menu. 4. This data should include comprehensive drive routes around the sites that you wish to optimize. but is not required for the analysis to run correctly. Minimum Number of Measurements Only sectors which have been measured above the Ec/Io threshold at least this many times will be included in the analysis. Keeping this number relatively low helps to avoid search window size recommendations that are unnecessarily large. Analyzer must be pointing to a valid cellrefs file that contains data for all of the sites included in the PN Scanner data. The Configure Search Window Settings dialog will open to the General tab. click on the Help icon. The more data points included in each logfile. Set each of the search window analysis settings: Ec/Io Threshold Only scanner measurements above this user-defined threshold will be included in the analysis. the more accurate the trends that Analyzer extracts from the data. If you want additional information on the analysis methodology of the Optimize Search Windows analysis. The Optimize Search Windows analysis appears as the default analysis in the toolkit. To configure Analyzer to run the Optimize Search Windows analysis through the CDMA Toolkit: 1. In preparation for running the Optimize Search Windows module of the CDMA Toolkit: 1. Search window size data is used if available in the Audit Report. 2. Verify this by checking that the task bar at the top of the toolkit reads Optimize Search Windows 3. 2.

Hold down CTRL to select multiple streams. The Details Report contains a series of views. or Details Report by clicking on the icon next to the report name: The Summary Report lists suggested Search Window settings for each sector included in the analysis based on the PN scanner data. this report will still run. The Audit Report lists the differences between suggested settings and current network configuration according to data imported in the cellrefs file. If not all of the logfiles open in the workspace are shown in the window. Once the configuration settings have been completed. Audit Report.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 74: Configuration Settings Dialog 5. run the Optimize Search Windows analysis and view the reports: 1. press the Refresh List button. Select all PN Scanner streams on which to run the analysis. Select the Summary Report. If current network search window settings are not included in the cell site file Analyzer points to. but will list every search window size suggestion as a difference. which show the scanner measurements in graphical format upon which the tool s Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 139 . Switch to the Data tab of the Configure Search Window Settings dialog. Press OK to exit the Configure Search Window Settings dialog. 6.

Note: Analyzer may post warnings that some cell sites are not found in the cellrefs file. Verify the files to be included in the analyses and specify any additional files in the data tab of the Configure Search Window Settings dialog that appears. This indicates that not all cell sites that have been measured in the data file are included in the current cellrefs file.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA search window setting suggestions are based for each individual sector. Press OK to exit the dialog and run the report. including all data points for which a valid cell site reference exists. 2. Press OK to bypass each warning. The Neighbor List Analysis can compare measurement results with actual neighbor lists and recommend optimal modifications to current neighbor lists. see the Note below. Figure 75: Summary Report for Search Window Analysis Using CDMA Toolkit for Neighbor List Analysis The Neighbor List Analysis lets you quickly and easily generate prioritized neighbor lists for multiple sectors using measured Ec/Io data from PN Scanner drive test files. The analysis ensures that all pilots of Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 140 . but the analysis will run correctly. 3. If warnings appear. Analyzer will process the data and the selected report will appear. Analyzer cannot make recommendations on incomplete data.

Select the Optimize Neighbor Lists task bar to activate this module. As new sites are added to mature systems. Set each of the neighbor list analysis settings: Ec/Io Threshold Only scanner measurements above this user-defined threshold will be included in the analysis. 2. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 141 . Minimum Number of Measurements Only servers that have been measured at least this many times will be included in the analysis. 4. To configure Analyzer to run the Optimize Neighbor Lists analysis through the CDMA Toolkit: 1. but is not required for the analysis to run correctly. Open the CDMA Toolkit by selecting Tools CDMA Toolkit from the Analyzer main menu. The more data points included in each logfile. the Neighbor List Analysis can save significant time in the generation of new optimal neighbor lists. 3. The algorithm used to determine neighbor list recommendations is described in detail in Appendix C.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA appropriate strength will be included. Neighbor list data is used if available in the Audit Report. Maximum Distance Measurements made on servers that are farther away than this user-defined distance will not be included in the analysis. Analyzer must be pointing to a valid cellrefs file that contains data for all of the sites included in the PN Scanner data. The Configure Neighbor List Settings dialog will open to the General tab. Depress the icon labeled Configuration Settings to configure the settings that Analyzer will use when running the analysis. Keeping this number relatively low helps to avoid search window size recommendations that are unnecessarily large. and that the neighbor list will be limited to those pilots likely to engage in handoff. or as the propagation environment changes due to increased traffic loading. click on the Help icon. This data should include comprehensive drive routes around the sites that you wish to determine neighbor lists for. the more realistic the trends that Analyzer extracts from the data. If you want additional information on the analysis methodology of the Optimize Neighbor Lists analysis. In preparation for running the Optimize Neighbor Lists module of the CDMA Toolkit: PN Scanner data for a region of your network must be open in the current Analyzer workspace. Maximum Number of Neighbors The neighbor list for any server will not exceed this number.

Once the configuration settings have been completed. If current network neighbor list settings are not included in the cell site file Analyzer points to. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 142 . but will list every suggested neighbor as an addition. based on the neighbor list data in the cellrefs file. this report will still run. run the Optimize Neighbor Lists analysis and view the reports: 1. 6. press the Refresh List button. Audit Report. The Audit Report lists additions and deletions to current neighbor list settings. or Details Report by clicking on the icon next to the report name: The Summary Report gives a prioritized list of neighbors for each sector that was seen as a best server for at least the minimum number of data points. Select all PN Scanner streams on which to run the analysis. Press OK to exit the Configure Neighbor List Settings dialog. If not all of the logfiles open in the workspace are shown in the window. Select the Summary Report. Switch to the Data tab of the Configure Neighbor List Settings dialog.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Figure 76: Configuration Settings for the Neighbor List Reports 5. Hold down CTRL to select multiple streams.

Analyzer cannot make recommendations on incomplete data. Figure 77: Summary Report for the Neighbor List Analysis Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 143 . Press OK to bypass each warning. Note: Analyzer may post warnings that some cell sites are not found in the cellrefs file. including all data points for which a valid cell site reference exists. This indicates that not all cell sites that have been measured in the data file are included in the current cellrefs file. Verify the files to be included in the analyses and specify any additional files in the data tab of the Configure Neighbor List Settings dialog that appears. Analyzer will process the data and the selected report will appear. Press OK to exit the dialog and run the report. but the analysis will run correctly. If warnings appear. 2. see the Note below.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA The Details Report contains a series of views which show the scanner measurements in graphical format upon which the tool s neighbor list suggestions are based for each individual sector. 3.

additional changes and tests are performed. Thus. Forward path attenuation can be modified through a variety of mechanisms specific to each infrastructure vendor. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 144 . Typically. new drive tests are performed to determine if the hypothesized changes have had the desired effect.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Using the CDMA Toolkit for Coverage Evaluation The steps required to run each of the analyses in the CDMA Toolkit are very similar. the PN Scanner cannot measure the traffic channel power received from each sector independently. and ignores power received from other CDMA channels. Forward path attenuation is attenuation applied only to channels on the forward link of the CDMA system. the analysis mimics the unloaded pilot measurements that are typically performed as the first stage of cluster optimization. Since the previous sections have described in detail the steps used to run the Optimize Search Windows and Optimize Neighbor Lists analyses. This technique is necessary because in order to consider the impact of loading. Traffic channel power is a dynamic value based on the number of users in the system and their propagation path to each base station. we must strip away CDMA channel energy from the measurements that are load dependent. Currently. this section will take a different approach. This will leave only the pilot channel measurement. The analysis is based only on measured pilot data. The analysis uses PN Scanner drive test data that provides Pilot channel received signals levels for each PN offset. traffic channel power must be modeled. and then determine a potential change to be made to EIRP or forward path attenuation to mitigate the problem. one must analyze drive test data to detect coverage and interference problems. and downtilt. the Evaluate Coverage analysis can only model forward path attenuation modifications. EIRP or forward path attenuation can be modified to mitigate pilot pollution and coverage problems that commonly occur in CDMA systems. However. Therefore. azimuth. Once the changes have been made. Since this analysis is designed to simulate changes that can be made on a network. If the effect of the change is undesirable. and modifications to antenna type. it is not possible to know how a forward link attenuation change at a given site will affect the received traffic channel power measured by the scanner. Other techniques for mitigating pilot pollution and coverage problems include the addition of new sectors. This section describes the Coverage Evaluation analysis module of the CDMA Toolkit as a case study using a specific set of data. The Evaluate Coverage analysis lets you quickly find the optimal settings for EIRP or forward path attenuation in a CDMA network.

1. Click OK when finished. 2. In the row for Site 28. Be sure that Phone and Scan 1. 4.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA For further details on the algorithm used to perform the coverage evaluations on the data. this is typically around 4 dB. check Show Cells to view the sectors that the site receives interference from and interferes with. Examine the report and note that the following sites seem to be receiving the most interference and find these sites on the map. In the CDMA Toolkit. Click on the Configure Settings button. see Appendix C. Click on Summary Report and select the scanner stream from the loaded file. 6. Sector 2. Maximum Distance Measurements made on servers that are farther away than this user-input distance will not be included in the analysis. which you can expand to show the sites causing and receiving interference. Sector 2 Site 7. Make sure that the minimum number of measurements bins is set to 5 bins and that the maximum distance to servers options is set to 20 km. For unloaded data. this is typically around 9 dB. Sector 2. Keeping this number relatively low helps to avoid search window size recommendations that are unnecessarily large. The report will be generated. Ec/Io Coverage Threshold This threshold is used to determine which measurements provide service to a particular location. Minimum Number of Measurements Only servers which have been measured at least this many times will be included in the analysis. 3. Site 28. Notice that the following Analysis Settings are available for configuration: Ec/Io Pilot Pollution Threshold This threshold is used to tell the analysis to ignore measurements too weak to contribute to pilot pollution. 5. Sector 2. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 145 . A quick glance down the PN list in the report shows that PN 150 comes from Site 8. For unloaded data.mdb is loaded. The output will give you a list of sites. select the Evaluate Coverage analysis. Noise Set this to the thermal noise floor of the handset you wish to emulate. Sector 2 7. PN 150 interferes with Site 28.

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA

8. Use the Scenario Tool, described below, to determine whether the problem can be fixed by providing 8 dB of attenuation to the offending sector. Creating a Scenario 1. In the CDMA Toolkit, select the Evaluate a Scenario button. 2. Choose the scanner stream to open the Evaluate a Scenario window. 3. Find Site 8 in the list of cells and select Sector 2 on the site. 4. Use the arrows in the Forward Transmit Power Attenuation field to dial in 8 dB of attenuation for Sector 2 of Site 8. 5. Click Report the Changes. 6. Press the Report button to show a summary of changes that occur with the attenuation parameter change. A Coverage Delta report will be generated and you should see much less interference contributed to PNs 132, 246, 129 and 114 by Sector 2 of Site 8. Examine the list of PNs and Sites and find that PN 129 corresponds to Site 28, Sector 2. Note that 8dB of attenuation is significant so make sure that the coverage of Site 8, Sector 2 is not compromised. This can be verified with data from that portion of the network.

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Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA

CDMA 1x Analysis

Data Throughput vs. RF Performance

A key activity for CDMA 1x drive test data is the comparison of data throughput to radio link performance. The radio link is the critical path for data in a 1x network. It is important to understand the effects of a poor radio environment on data throughput, and the limitations of the data network when radio conditions are not favorable. Multiple Analyzer views can be synchronized to allow for the comparison of the radio link and data throughput. For example, throughput trends displayed on a chart can sync with FER or Mobile Rx Power on a map. The cdma2000 StateTip view allows for a more detailed view at any data point. The cdma2000 Data Testing StateTip juxtaposes throughput statistics, radio link information, and fundamental and supplemental channel statistics.

Figure 78: cdma2000 StateTip

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Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA

Use the cdma2000 StateTip to examine the relationship between FER and throughput in the CDMA 1x Data Willtech 1.0401 file: 1. From CDMA 1x Data Willtech 1.0401, place ForwardFER and Anchor_Transfer events onto a map. 2. Place RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous and RLP_Tx_Throughput_Instantaneous on a chart. 3. Select Tools CDMA StateTip. 4. Use the Select Another View drop down menu to choose cdma2000 Data Testing. 5. Use the Select Handset Device drop down to select the handset stream from the Willtech 1x file. 6. Tile your views in the workspace. 7. Select a point on the map or chart. Notice that the StateTip synchronizes to provide throughput, radio link, fundamental, and supplemental channel information at that point. In some cases, the cdma2000 StateTip may provide more information than you require. If that is the case, recall that Analyzer Stateforms can be modified or created to meet your needs for CDMA 1x analysis. For example, minor modifications to the existing CDMA Handset.axw Stateform to add RLP Rx and Tx Throughput to the existing radio parameters:

Figure 79: CDMA Handset Stateform Modified to Include RLP Throughput

The modified CDMA Handset Stateform provides throughput and radio link information in a single view. In some cases, more detailed information about the data network may be required in order to determine whether a component of the IP network is not working properly. The CDMA 1x Throughput Stateform, pictured below, was built from scratch to provide a comparison of throughput at different Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 148

Due to data collection hardware constraints.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA layers of the IP stack. the RLP throughput should be the highest value. followed by RLP2. TCP and App Throughput. this may not always be the case. Figure 80: CDMA 1x Throughput Stateform All existing Stateforms can be found in your C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\StateForms. PPP. See page 51 for more information on modifying existing StateForms and creating new StateForms from scratch. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 149 . Ideally.

The primary help documentation can be found under Help Contents. which can be accessed by clicking on Help menu on the main menu.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Where to Get More Help Help File Analyzer includes comprehensive online help. You can look up information about a particular topic either by choosing an item from the index or by entering keywords and performing a search. Key Word Search Results Figure 81: Actix Online Help Showing Search Results for "cellrefs" Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 150 .

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Specific information. You can look up an item in the alphabetized list. Attribute Definition Selected Attribute Figure 82: Highlighted Item in the Workspace and the Corresponding Entry in Attribute Help The contents of the Help window can be printed. and resized or minimized to enable side-by-side review as operations are performed in Analyzer. or you can open the Context Help window. can be accessed by clicking on Help Show Context Help. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 151 . then click on an item in the Workspace. stored under Favorites. like the definition of engineering parameters.

VA. Technical personnel are located in Reston. USA.com/html/support. In the US technical support can be reached at: Phone: 1 (877) 72-ACTIX (toll free) 1 (877) 722-2849 1 (703) 707-4779 (local) Between the hours of 09:00-17:00 EST If you are calling outside of hours. Email: support@actix.htm Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 152 .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Technical Support Technical support is available by phone.actix. London UK. and on the Actix Web site.com On the Web: www. please leave your contact information and a brief description of the nature of the call. email. and Singapore to provide assistance.

In addition to containing information about Actix. the Analyzer. and sections on Frequently Asked Questions. Upgrades can Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 153 . and other products. Actix frequently improves the Analyzer with incremental updates to the software as further test and measurement vendors formats integrated into the tool or updated in accordance with new versions of phones or infrastructure. Figure 83: About Analyzer Window Actix Web Site Our Web site is located at: www. The version number of the software is available by going to Help About Analyzer.com and can be accessed directly from the Online Help menu under Visit the Actix Web site.actix.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA When contacting Actix Support please have your license key number and the software revision number you are using ready to speed up the resolution of your problem. To confirm you are using the most current version of the software please check under the Help About Analyzer menu and compare that with the current release cited on the Web site. it contains further application modules for Analyzer for common optimization tasks.

You will receive a business card with your instructor s phone number and email address.actix. For more information. or to book any of these courses. Additional Copies of this Manual Are available from Actix support or from your instructor. Ste 910 Reston. proficiency and productivity of engineers using Actix Analyzer for network optimization and performance in the fast paced world of wireless communications. More Advanced Training Actix offers a range of training courses designed to improve the understanding. Feel free to contact your instructor at any time. please contact your instructor or sales manager at: Actix Inc (Sales).com Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 154 .Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA be downloaded from the web providing the support and maintenance contract purchased with the software is still current. VA 20190 Phone: (703) 707-4777 Fax: (703) 707-4778 Email: sales@actix. 12012 Sunset Hills Rd.com On the Web: www. If you have any questions please contact our support staff. Contact Your Instructor The objective of this training session is to provide all attendees with the knowledge and desire to use Analyzer upon completing the course. To confirm the training has met your expectations you are invited to complete a post training survey and highlight any aspect of the course that could be improved or did not meet your expectations.

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Appendix A CDMA Decode Settings The following decode settings for CDMA data are found in the Tools Preferences dialog. Searcher Threshold . Scan Resolution (Chips) . No of Frame Errors in a Burst . Number of Multipaths .Defines the size of a burst for Burst Error Rate calculations (time series parameter: For_FBER). Analyzer will filter out signals below this user-defined range. measured in chips Pilot Increment . Too Many Neighbors Threshold .Defines when the best server pilot has dropped beneath a tolerable threshold and is considered weak. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 155 . Minimum Valid Signal Level (dBm) Defines the minimum threshold for which a received signal strength is valid. This feature forces all PN Offsets calculated to be part of a valid PN reuse plan.Used to calculate the PN Offset (units of 64 chips) associated with the PN Phase (units of chips) data reported in the CDMA air-interface messaging.Defines the maximum number of entries in the neighbor lists. Analyzer will filter out signals below this user-defined range. PN Offset is calculated by dividing the PILOT_PN_PHASE by 64 and then rounding to the closest integer multiple of the PN increment entered. Weak Ec/Io Pilot Threshold .Defines how often handset measurements are reported. Scanner Scan Resolution . Scanner Ec/Io Threshold (dB) Defines the minimum threshold for which a signal strength received by a scanner is valid. On loading a log file.Check the box to display the Cell Identity (CI) in hexadecimal (rather than decimal) in the Message Browser. The Scan Resolution is typically ½ chip.Defines the number of multipaths that will be extracted and displayed in the Workspace Explorer. an event (TooManyNeighbors) is displayed in the Workspace Explorer. measured in chips. On loading scanner data.Displays messages with individual frame granularity for Qualcomm MDM and MDM-based formats. Use 20ms resolution for CDMA . Ec/Io Threshold for Delay (dB) Used to calculate the threshold at which multipath components are counted in the delay measurements for PN scanner data.Defines how often scanner measurements are reported. When neighbor list entries in the air interface messaging exceed this threshold.This control is no longer used and will be removed in the next Analyzer release. This displays an event (WeakPilotAlert) in the Workspace Explorer. Display Cell Identity as Hex .

Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Appendix B CDMA Event Detection Overview of CDMA Event Detection Figure 84: Event Detection Diagram The Analyzer s CDMA event detection engine is used to identify key network events in CDMA IS-95. This is to account for log files where the phone is already in origination or conversation. Origination State This is the state that the phone is in after an Origination or Page Response is sent on the access channel. Using the air interface messaging. Based on this message. This is accomplished by monitoring the air interface messaging. Note The start state is the default state for all phones until an air interface message is received. but before the forward and reverse traffic channels are active. Origination. it returns to the Idle State. Dedicated State (Conversation) This is the state that the phone is in after transmission has started on both the forward and reverse traffic channels. and Dedicated states. the phone is immediately transitioned to the appropriate state. Idle State This is the state that the phone is in before a call is originated or received. the handset s state can be tracked as it moves between Idle. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 156 . After a call is terminated through normal or abnormal means.2000 networks. IS95-B and IS.

FTCH and RTCH Release Orders must be sent. the Analyzer will determine that a call was successful if either of these messages is present. To account for this. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 157 . the HDM_SEQ and LAST_HDM_SEQ counters are used to ensure that the correct events are identified. one of these messages is often discarded. Handoff Ok This attribute indicates handoff events for mobiles handing off within the same carrier of a CDMA system. FTCH and RTCH Release Orders must be sent. Call Dropped This attribute indicates abnormal call terminations triggered by the following sequence of events: Outgoing Call Setup OK or Incoming Call Setup OK (defined below) Not followed by a FTCH or RTCH Release Order Followed by a return to the Sync Channel Note: In order for a call to successfully terminate. is not a Hard Handoff (see the definition for Hard Handoff OK) Note: When determining hand-off events. This attribute is triggered by the following sequence of messages: FTCH Handoff Direction. one of these messages is often discarded. Due to throughput issues during logging. or General Handoff Direction messages Followed by a RTCH Handoff Completion or Extended Handoff Completion messages And. Universal Handoff Direction. the Analyzer will determine that a call was successful if either of these messages is present.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Event Definitions Call Completed This attribute indicates successful outgoing call terminations triggered by the following sequence of messages: OutgoingCallOk or IncomingCallOk Followed by a Release Order (A FTCH or RTCH Release Order with Release Type = Normal) Note: In order for a call to successfully terminate. Due to throughput issues during logging. Extended Handoff Direction. To account for this.

or General Handoff Direction messages with either a Hard_Included Flag set to True or a CDMA_FREQ flag set to a frequency other than the current mobile frequency Followed by a Handoff Completion or Extended Handoff Completion message in response to the previously identified Direction message Note: When determining hand-off events. Universal Handoff Direction. This attribute is triggered by the following sequence of messages: FTCH Extended Handoff Direction. Hard Handoff Retry This attribute indicates a retransmission of a hard handoff command for mobiles handing off between carriers or CDMA systems. Universal Handoff Direction.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Hard Handoff Ok This attribute indicates successful hard handoff attempts for mobiles handing off between carriers or CDMA systems. or General Handoff Direction messages with a Hard_Included Flag set to True or a CDMA_FREQ flag set to a frequency other than the current mobile frequency Followed by a FTCH Extended Handoff Direction. the HDM_SEQ and LAST_HDM_SEQ counters are used to ensure that the correct events are identified. This attribute is triggered by the following sequence of messages: Analog Handoff Direction message Followed by an Extended Handoff Completion CDMA to AMPS Handoff Fail This attribute indicates failed handoff attempts for mobiles handing off from a CDMA system to an AMPS system. This attribute is triggered by the following sequence of messages: FTCH Extended Handoff Direction. This attribute is triggered by the following sequence of messages: Analog Handoff Direction message Not followed by an Extended Handoff Completion message Followed by another Analog Handoff Direction message Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 158 . Universal Handoff Direction. or General Handoff Direction messages with a Hard_Included Flag set to True or a CDMA_FREQ flag set to a frequency other than the current mobile frequency without receiving a Handoff Completion or Extended Handoff Completion message CDMA to AMPS Handoff OK This attribute indicates successful handoff attempts for mobiles handing off from a CDMA system to an AMPS system.

one of these messages is often discarded. To account for this.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Incoming Call OK This attribute indicates successful incoming call initiations triggered by the following sequence of messages: RTCH Page Response message or FTCH Service Request message Followed by a either a Service Connect or Service Connect Completion message Note: In order for a call to successfully originate. the Analyzer will determine that a call successfully originated if either of these messages is present. Service Request or Enhanced Origination message Followed by a FTCH Service Connect or a RTCH Service Connect Completion message Note: In order for a call to successfully originate. a FTCH Service Connect and an RTCH Service Connect Completion must be sent. Due to throughput issues during logging. Due to throughput issues during logging. To account for this. Outgoing Call OK This attribute indicates successful outgoing call initiations triggered by the following sequence of messages: RTCH Origination. the Analyzer will determine that a call successfully originated if either of these messages is present. To account for this. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 159 . a FTCH Service Connect and an RTCH Service Connect Completion must be sent. the Analyzer will determine that a call successfully originated if either of these messages is present. Due to throughput issues during logging. one of these messages is often discarded. a FTCH Service Connect and an RTCH Service Connect Completion must be sent. Incoming Call Fail This attribute indicates failed incoming call attempts triggered by the following sequence of messages: RTCH Page Response message or FTCH Service Request message Not followed by a FTCH Service Connect or a RTCH Service Connect Completion Followed by a transition back to Idle mode Note: In order for a call to successfully originate. one of these messages is often discarded.

Universal Handoff Direction. To account for this. CDMA Call Id CDMA Call Type Call ID provides an integer identifier for each call in a log file. CDMA Call Type provides a description for each call in a log file: 0 1 2 3 4 5 Outgoing Call Successfully Terminated Incoming Call Successfully Terminated Outgoing Call Failed Initiation Incoming Call Failed Initiation Outgoing Call Dropped Incoming Call Dropped Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 160 . or General Handoff Direction messages. or Extended Handoff Completion messages and the associated Extended Handoff Direction. a FTCH Service Connect and an RTCH Service Connect Completion must be sent. or Page Response message. Handoff Time Handoff Time provides the difference in time between the Handoff Completion. one of these messages is often discarded. Enhanced Origination. Due to throughput issues during logging. the Analyzer will determine that a call successfully originated if either of these messages is present. Service Request or Enhanced Origination message Not followed by a FTCH Service Connect or RTCH Service Connect Completion message Followed by a transition back to idle mode Note: In order for a call to successfully originate.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Outgoing Call Fail This attribute indicates failed outgoing call initiations triggered by the following sequence of messages: RTCH Origination. Handoff Interval Handoff Interval provides the difference in time between the sequential Handoff events. Call Setup Time Call Setup time provides the difference in time between the Service Connect Completion message and the associated Origination.

Note When determining hand-off events. the HDM_SEQ and LAST_HDM_SEQ counters are used to ensure that the correct events are identified. For Anchor Transfer Delay There is a delay associated with a transfer from one anchor to another. For FCH to SCH Delay The time delay between the setup of the FCH and the SCH on the forward link.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Anchor Transfer The industry standard name given to the site and sector supporting the F-SCH is the anchor. This is the time period between the Forward Traffic Channel Extended Channel Assignment Message. Analyzer monitors the PNs in the Extended Supplemental Channel Assignment Message and triggers an anchor transfer when the PN in the ESCAM message changes. The term given to the handoff of the anchor from one face to another is anchor transfer. The anchor transfer is triggered by a change in the supplemental channel s active set. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 161 . This delay is the time between when the supplemental channel stops transmitting on the first anchor to when it starts transmitting on the second anchor. and the Forward Traffic Channel Extended Supplemental Channel Assignment message.

this calculation simulates the mobile deriving its timing reference from the earliest arriving multipath and determines the maximum Neighbor Set search window size required by the pilots measured in the bin. After all data points have been analyzed.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Appendix C: CDMA Toolkit Calculations Optimize Search Window Analysis The Search Window Analysis performs the following algorithm on each data bin to determine optimal active and neighbor search window settings for each site calculated: 1. 3. This number is multiplied by 2 to allow for the fact that the search window is double-sided as follows: 2*Max{(Delay to First Multipath+Delay Spread) for all PNs}-Min{Delay to First Multipath for all } Essentially. Lastly. This value is stored for all thresholded pilots serving the bin. Only sectors that have been measured more than a user-defined number of times will be included in the final report. For each sector. The analysis determines which sectors serving the bin are to be considered valid for further analysis. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 162 . the delay measurements are aggregated by sector. Active Set Search Window Calculation: The maximum multipath Delay Spread of the valid serving sectors is calculated. The maximum of the sums of the Delay to First Multipath and Delay Spread is calculated for all valid serving sectors. For each sector. 2. Only sectors that have been measured more than a user-defined number of times will be included in the final report. the minimum Delay to First Multipath is subtracted from the Maximum of the sums of the Delay to First Multipath and Delay Spread. the recommended minimum active set search-window size is determined by calculating the maximum of the Delay Spread assigned to that sector at any data point. After all data points have been analyzed. This value is multiplied by 2 to allow for the double-sided nature of the search window. the delay measurements are aggregated by sector. and must be within the user-defined maximum distance away from the data point. assigned to that sector at any data point. Valid serving sectors must be measured at or above a user-defined Ec/Io threshold. Neighbor Set Search Window Calculation: The minimum Delay to First Multipath is calculated for all valid serving sectors. and is then assigned to ALL remaining serving sectors at that data point. the recommended minimum neighbor set search-window size is determined by calculating the maximum of the calculation above.

is calculated for the bin by summing Ec from all serving pilots. neighbor lists are automatically symmetric. the higher it will appear on that server s prioritized list. The sector with the highest Ec/Io at a data point is considered the server at that data point. 5. The analysis calculates the Ec/Io above a user-defined threshold from all sectors serving that bin. The analysis calculates the Ec/Io from all sectors serving that bin. Evaluate Coverage Analysis The Evaluate Coverage analysis performs these steps for each measurement bin along the drive test route: 1. Ecmod for each sector is determined by applying the attenuation modifications entered by the user to the Ec measured for each sector. 4. 2. All other sectors with Ec/Io above a user-defined threshold will be recorded as a potential neighbor to the server at that data point. Ipilot. 2.mod by Ipilot. 6. Interference from only pilot signals. The neighbor list for each server is prioritized by the number of times a particular neighbor was seen. Modified interference from only pilots signals.mod for each sector. By virtue of the analysis. unloaded Ec/Io is calculated by dividing Ec by Ipilot for each sector. Modified. is calculated for the bin by summing Ecmod from all serving pilots.Introd uc tion to A-SVS for CDMA Optimize Neighbor List Analysis The Neighbor List analysis performs the following algorithm on each measurement bin along the drive test route: 1. After all bins have been analyzed. Unmodified. 3. The more times a neighbor was seen for a server. Introduction to A-SVS for Network Optimization Page 163 . neighbor lists are generated for each sector seen as the server more than a user-defined minimum number of times.mod. unloaded Ec/Io is calculated by dividing Ec. Ipilot.