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Sheet

Layouts

A convenient code to identify American National standard sheet sizes and forms suÉÉested by the authors for title, parts or mateial list, and revision blocks, for use of instructors in makin$ assignments, is shown here. All dimensions are in inches. Three sizes,of sheets are illustrated: Size A, Fig. I, Size B, Fig. V, and Size C, Fig. VI. Metric size sheets are not shown. Ðight forms of lettering arrangements are sug¡lested, known as Forms l, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, as shown below and opposite, The total len$tih of Forms L,2,3, and 4 may be adjusted to fit Sizes A,4, 43, and A2.s a sheet of certain size plus a certain arr s Layout A-1 is a combination of Size A, Fig yout C-678 is a combinarion of Size C, 6,7, and 8, Figs. IX, X, and XL Layout A4-2 bination of Size A4 and Form 2, Fig. III, adjusted to ders, Other combinations may be employed as tructor.

Fig.

Il

Form

1 Title Btock

Fig.

III

Form 2. Title Block

Fig.

I

Size

A Sheet (8.50"

x

11.00")

Fig.

IV

Form 3. Title Block

Sheet Sizes
I

American National Standard A- 8.50" x 11.00' B-11.00'x 77.00" C-L7.00" x 22.00" D-22.00" x 34.00" E-34.00'x 44.00"

I

L

International Standard A4 - 270 mm x 297 mm A3 - 297 mm x 420 mm A2 - 420 mm x 594 mm AI - 594 mm x 841 mm A0 - 841 mm x 1189 mm (25.4 mm : 1.00")

asslgnd by"inslrucfor

Use /elfenno form

l-iA.

v

Size B Sheet (11.00"

x

17.00")

Appendix

1. Bibliography of American National Standards a2 2. Technical Tþrms a4 3. CAD/CAM Glossary a8 4. Abb¡eviations for Use on Drawings and in Text5.
American National Standard 19 Running and Sliding Fits-American National

22. Screw Threads-square and Acme 23. Woodruff Keys-American National

a52

Standard

Z.

a53

Woodruff Key Sizes for Different Shaft Diameters
a53

Standard

a23 a25 a27

6.
7. 8. 9.

Clearance Locational Fits-American National

Standard Standard Standard

Tiansition Locational Fits-American National Interference Locational Fits-American National
a28

Force and Shrink Fits-American National

Standard a29 10. InternationalToleranceGrades a31 11. Preferred Metric Hole Basis Clearance FitsA¡nerican National Standard a32 12. Preferred Metric Hole Basis Tiansition and Interference Fits-American National Standard
a34

25. Pratt and Whitney Round-End Keys a54 2.6. 'Washers, Plain-American National Standard a55 27. Washers, Lock-American National Standard a56 28. Wire Gage Standards a57 29. Taper Pins-American National Standard a58 30. Cotter Pins-American National Standard a59 31. Metric Equivalents a60 32. Welding Symbols and Processes-American Welding Society Standard a67 33. Topographic Symbols a64 34. Piping Symbols-AmericanNational Standard
a65

13. Preferred Metric Shaft Basis Clearance FitsAmerican National Standard a36 14. Preferred Metric Shaft Basis Tiansition and Interference Fits-American National Standard 15.
a48 Screw Threads, American National, Unified, and Metric a40

16. Twist Drill Sizes-American National Standard and

Metric

a43

17. Acme Threads, General Purpose a44 18. Bolts, Nuts, and Cap Screws-square and
Hexagon-American National Standard and Metric
a45

35. Heating, Ventilating, and Ductwork SymbolsAmerican National Standard a66 36. American National Standard Graphic Symbols for Electronic Diagram a67 37. Form and Proportion of Geometric Tolerancing Symbols a68 38. Wrought Steel Pipe and Tâper pipe ThreadsAmerican National Standard a69 39. Cast-Iron Pipe Thicknesses and Weights-American National Standard a70 40. Cast-Iron Pipe Screwed Fittings, 125 lb-American National Standard a7L 41. Cast-Iron Pipe Screwed Fittings, 250 lb-American National Standard a72
42. Cast-Iron Pipe Flanges and Fittings,

l25Ib-

19.

Cap Screws, Stotted and Socket Head-American

American National Standard a73 43. Cast-fron Pipe Flangeq Drilling for Bolts andTheir

Z).

Metric
a52

National Standard and Metric a58 Machine Screws-American National Standard and
a50

4. 6.

Lengths, 125 lb-American National Standard a74 Shaft-Center Sizes a74 45. Cast-Iron Pipe Flanges and Fittings, 2501b-

21. Keys-Square, Flat, Plain

Täper, and Gib Head

American National Standard a75 Cast-Iron Flanges, Drilling for Bolts and Their Lengths,250 lb-American National Standard a76

al

a2

Appendix

Bibliogrophy of Americon Nolionol Sfondords
American National Standards Institute, L1 West 42nd St', New York, NY. 10036' For complete listing of standards, see ANSI catalog of American National Standards'
Abbreviatíons Slotted and Recessed Head Machine Screws and Machine
91 2 (RL991) Head Set Screws, and Square Slotted Head Cap Screws, Slotted Headless Set Screws, ANSI/ASME B18.6.2-1995

Screw Nuts, ANSI B 18.6.3-1

Socket Cap, Shoulder, and Set Screws (Inch

Series)

Abbreviations

for Use on

Drawings and

in

Text,

ANSI/ASME Y1.1-1989
Bolts, Screws, attd Nuts
Bolts, Metric Heavy Hex,ANSI 818.2'3.6M-1979 (R1995) Bolts, Metric Heavy Hex Structural, ANSI 818'2'3'7M-1979 (R1ees) Bolts, Metric Hex, ANSI 818.2'3.5M-1979 (R1995) Bolts,Metric Round Head Short Square Neck,ANSI/ASME F18.2.2.7M-1981 (R1 995)

ANSI/ASME B18.3-1986 (R1995) Square and Hex Bolts and Screws, Inch Series, ANSI
818.2.1-1e81 (R1e92) Square and Hex Nuts (Inch Series) ANSI/ASME 8t8.2.21987 (R1e93) Tiack Bolts and Nuts,ANSI/ASME 818.10-1982 (R1992) Wood Screws, Inch Series,ANSI 818.6'1-1981 (R1991)

Dimensioning and Surface Fínislt
General Tolerances for Metric Dimensioned Products, ANSI
B,4.3-t978 (Rle94)

Bolts, Metric Round Head Square Neck, ANSI/ASME
8r8.s .2.2M-r982 (R1 993) Hex Jam Nuts, Metric,ANSI 818'2'4.5M'7979 (R1990) Hex Nuts, Heavy, Metric,ANSI 818'2.4.6M-I979 (R1990)

Preferred Limits and Fits for Cylindrical Parts, ANSI 84.11967 (R1994) Preferred Metric Limits and Fits,ANSI 84.2-1978 (R1994)

Hex Nuts, Slotted, Metric, ANSI/ASME B1'8.2.4.3M-19'79
(R1ees)

Surface Tþxture, ANSI/ASME 846.1,-1995

Hex Nuts, Style 1, Metric, ANSI/ASME 818.2'4'lM-I979
(R1ees)

Drafting Manual (Y14)

Hex Nuts, Style 2, Metric, ANSI/ASME 8I8.2.4.2M'L979 CaP Screws
6 (R1ee3)

Decimal Inch, Drawing Sheet Size and
ANSI/ASME Y'J.4.I-1995

Casting and Forgings, ANSI/ASME Y14'BM-1989

Format,

Dimensioning and Tolerancing, ANSI/ASME Y14'5M-1994 Electrical and Electronics Diagrams, ANSI YI4"l'5-1966
(R1e88)

rBtï.12-1'962
(R1ees)

Electrical and Electronics Diagrams-Supplement, ANSI Efectrical and Electronics Diagrams-supplement, ANSI
YI4.15a-1977 (R1988)

Miniature Screws,ANSI 818.11-1961 (R1992) Nuts, Metric Hex Flange, ANSI 818'2.4'4M-1982 (R1993) Plow Bolts, ANSI/ASME 818.9-1958 (R1995)
Round Head Bolts, Metric Round Head Short Square Neck,

E

TYPes,

and

APPlications,

ANSr/ASME 818.5.2.1M-1981 (R1995) Screws, Hexagon Socket Button Head Cap, Metric Series, ANSI/ASME 818.3.4M-1986 (R1993)

Gear and Spline Drawing Standards-Part 2,Bevel and

-1989. Revision Drawings, ANSI/ASME Y1 4.3 5M-1992

of Engineering

Screws, Hexagon Socket Head Shoulder, Metric Series, ANSI/ASME 818.3.3M-1986 (R1993) Screws, Hexagon Socket Set, Metric Series, ANSI/ASME B18.3.6M-1986 (R1e93) Screws, Metric Formed Hex,ANSI/ASME B18'2.3 '2M-\979 (R1ees) Screws, Metric Heavy Hex, ANSI/ASME 818.2'3'3M-1979 (R1ees) Screws, Metric Hex Cap, ANSI/ASME 818.2'3'IM-19'79 (R1ees) Screws, Metric Hex Flange, ANSI/ASME 818.2.3.4M-1984 (R1ees) Sciews, Metric Hex Lag, ANSI 818.2.3.8M-1981 (R1991)

Hy Gear He Line
7992

R1994)
SPur, Helical, Double

4.7.t-1971' (R1993)

NSI/ASME YL4'2M-

Mechanical Spring Representation, ANSI/ASME Y14'13M1e81 (R1e92)

Metric Drawing Sheet Size and Format, ANSI/ASME Multiview and Sectional View Drawings, ANSI/ASME
Y74.3M-1994 Y14.1M-1995

Parts Lists, Data Lists, and Index Lists, ANSI/ASME
Y14.3410|4-1990

Screws,

Metric

Machine, ANSI/ASME 818'6'7M-1985

(R1ee3)

Pictorial Drawing, ANSI/ASME Y14.4M-1989 (R1994) Screw Thread Representation, ANSI/ASME Y14'6-L9'78

Screws, Socket Head Cap, Metric Series, ANSI/ASME
818.3.1M-1986 (R1993) Screws, Tapping and Metallic Drive, Inch Series, Thread Forming and Cutting. ANSI 818.6.4-1981 (R1991)

Sciew Thread Representation, Metric, ANSI/ASME
Y14.6aM-1981 (R1993)
Surface Texture Symbols, ANSI/ASME YL4.36M-I996

(R1ee3)

ANSI Y32. ANSI/ISA Reference Designations for Electrical and Electronics parts and Equipment. Metric.10-1994 Milling Cutters and End Milts.. ANSI/ASME 818.T5 -9 4 Flanges. ANSI/ASME B 1. Metric.3 -197 6 (R1 991) Hose Coupling Screw Threads.9-1993 Ferrous Pipe Plugs.B. ANSI/ASME 816. Brazing. and Nondestructive Examination. CIass25.20. tSI )_ Factory-Made Wrought Steel Buttwelding Fittings. Heat-Power Apparatus. and 800.5-197 5 (R1994) Flanged Ductile-Iron Pipe with Threaded ANSI/AWWA CIL' I A2T.8-1988 (R1994) Unified Sc¡ew Threads (UN and UNR Thread Form). ANSI 817. )4 for meter and Larger). ANSI/IEEE 623-197 6 (R1989) Malleable-I¡on Threaded Fittings.2. ANSI/AGMA 110. Straight pins.10M-1995 Rivets Graphic Symbols Graphic Symbols at. ANSI Y32.ANSI/ASME BIB.18-1972 (R1993) nd ble M- Symbols for Welding. ANSI/ASME 85.3-1992 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Firtings.I25.ANSI/ASME B16. ANSI/ASME 81. ANSI y32. and Spring Pins (Inch Series).10-1958 (R19SS) Washers woodruff Keys and Keyseats. ANSI BI7 .1tM-7993 Threads Graphic Symbols ss.Z-lgg4 Pipe Threads.33 -1974 (R1994) Machine Thpers.2-7967 (R1990) Píping IE Cast Bronze Threaded Fittings. ameter and Smaller).01-1989 . ANSI/ASME Bs:1M-1985 (R1992) Twist Drills. ANSI BI.2. ANSI/ASME B9 4.ne Gear Nomenclature-Terms.51-9t ANSI/ASME 816. ANSI/ASME B9 4. Definitions and Letter Symbols for Screw Threads.3M_19g3 (R1ees) Y32. Graphic Symbols for Electrical Wiring and Layout Diagrams Used in Architecture and Building ISI Construction.9-1973 (R1992) Class 5 Interference-Fit Thread. ANSUASME B7.t0-re67 (R1994) Graphic Symbols for Grid and Mapping Used in Cable Television Systems.19-1985 Reamers.13M-1995 Metric Screw Th¡eads-MJ Profile.ANSI/IEEE 91-I9g4 Graphic Symbols for Pipe Fittings. Class 125 and 250. and Air Small Solid Rivers.2M1e79 (Rree4) Keys and Keyseats. ANSI/ASME BI8. ANSI/ASME 81.24-T991 Cast Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings. Valves. ANSUASME 81. General Purpose (Inch). Graphic Symbols for Process Flow Diagrams in the Petroleum and Chemical Industries.ANSI/AGMA 2005-Bgg Ductile Iron Pipe.1-1989 Gray Iron Threaded Fittings.4-93 Keys and Pins Acme Screw Threads.2. ANSI/ASME 836.1-1989 Unified Miniature Screw Threads. ANSI/Ì IFpA t7 0-1994 Graphic Symbols for Electrical and Electronics Diagrams. Ventilating. ANSI/AGM A I01Z-F90 Nomenclature of Gear-Tooth Failure Modes. ANSI/AGMA 115.4-1977 (R1e94) Small Tools and MachÍne Tool Elements Jig Bushings. Inch. ANSI/ASME Y32. ANSI/AGMA 1OO3-G93 Graphic Symbols Public Fire Safety Symbols. ANSI Y32. Grooved pins.5-1988 (R1994) Buttress Inch Screw Threads.1-1967 (R1989) Pins-Taper Pins.2ltr'4-1n g Nomenclature.7 -1991 Metric Screw Th¡eads-M P¡ofile. ANSr/ASME 816. 4-1949 (R1993) Graphic Symbols for Logic Functions. Centrifugally Cast. and piping. and Cast Copper Alloy Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings.1. ANSI/ASME BI.ANSI/ASME 818.2-199 5 ISI ISI ûS. ANSI/ASME 8L.5-19g8 Stainless Steel Pipe. ANSI BLZ0.1-t983 (R1e92) Stub Acme Threads.Appendix a3 Geørs Basic Gear Geometry.1-1984 (Rl9e2) for Railroad Maps and profiles.21. ANSI 818.8. Symbols.11-1961 (R1ee3) T-Slots-Their Bolts.ANSI/ASME 816. ANSI/ASME 81g. ANSI/ASME 816.ANSI/ASME 894. ANSr/ASME Y32. ANSI/A\ryWA c15UA27.1-1994 Hexagon Keys and Bits (Metric Series). nd 5 3s) Abb¡eviations. ANSI/ASME 836. 19M-1985 (R1994) Welded and Seamless Vy'rought Steel pipe. Nuts and Tongues.04-1e80 (R198e) Design Manual for Bevel Gearing. ANSI/ASME B 1. ANSIiASME 8T6.ANSI 81.3 -r9 49 (R1994) Graphic Symbols for Plumbing Fixtures for Diagrams Used in Architecture and Building Construction. ANSI/ASME Y32. ANSI/IEEE 200-1975 (R1989) Symbols for Mechanical and Acoustical Elements as Used in Schematic Diagrams. ANSI/AWS 42.IZ-lgg7 (R1ee2) Dryseal Pipe Threads (Inch). and Locknuts with pipe Threads.6M-t9s0 (R1993) for t66 Conditioning.2LZM-1994 . 1-1994 Lock Washers. ng ANSr/ASME Y 32.14-1991 250. ANSI/rEEE 31.20. ANSI/ASME B16.1s-198s (R1994) Lock Washers. Bushings. ANSI Heating.7 -r97 2 (R1 994) Instrumentation Symbols and Identification.4-1992 Tooth Proportions for Fine-Pitch Spur and Helical Gears. Dowel Pins.7M-i984 (Ri992) IE IE t78 Clevis Pins and Cotter Pins. ANSI/ASME 81.3.9-1972 (Rl989) Graphic Symbols for Fluid Power Diagrams.ANSI 894. Definitions.

allo1.ANSI/ASME 832. center drill (n) A special drill to produce bearing holes in the ends of a workpiece to be mounted between centers. ANSI 832.a¿l Appendix Plain Washers. and to cool slowly in preparation for heat treatment. CHAMFER .5 -1. boss (n) A cylindrical projection on a casting or a forging. ANSI/ASME 832.6M1984 Preferred Metric Sizes for Round. Brinell (n) A method of testing hardness of metal. bevel (n) An inclined edgq not at right angle to joining surface.). ANSI/ASME 894. Rectangle and Hexagon Metal Products.22. cølìpers (n) Instrument (of several types) for measuring diameters. bushing (n) A replaceable lining or sleeve for a bearing. and Lay).97 7 (R1994) Preferred Thickness for Uncoated Thin Flat Metals (Under 0. bronze (n) An alloy of eight or nine parts of copper and one øddendum (n) Radial distance from pitch circle to top of part of tin. contain- (n) A rotating member for changing circular motion to reciprocating motion. angle iron buff (v) To finish or polish on a buffing wheel composed of fabric with abrasive powders. ing the centers of holes about a common center. babbítt (n ) A soft alloy for bearings. Metric. ANSI B32. usually a fine metal with a baser metal. v means qvetb -Chinese Proverb acme (n) Screw thread form. ANSI 832. caseharden (v) To harden the outer surface of a carburized steel by heating and then quenching. Often alloyed with copper to increase hardness and strength.1-1965 (R1981) Plain Washers. ANSI 818. The work is usually the positive terminal. csrburize (v) To heat a low-carbon steel to approximately 2000"F in contact with material which adds carbon to the surface of the steel. (v) To heat and cool gradually. bearing (n) A supporting member for a rotating shaft. Also called a combined drill and countersink.3M-1984 (R1994) Preferred Metric Equivalents of Inch Sizes for Tubular Metal Products Other Than Pipe. ISO Handbook. ANSI 878.4M-1980 (R1994) P¡eferred Metric Sizes for Tubular Metal Products Other Than Pipe. (n) Two or more metals in combination.'Waviness. mostly of tin with small amounts of copper and antimony. braze (v) To join with hard solder of brass or zinc. arc-weld (v) To weld by electric arc.-1995 Technical Drawings. costing (n) A metal object produced by pouring molten metal into a mold. broach (z) A long cutting tool with a series of teeth that gradually increase in size which is forced through a hole or over a surface to produce a desired shape.1.22M-1981 Miscellaneous Knurling.6-L984 (R1995) Preferred Metric Sizes for Flat Metal Products. 12-199I (Rlee4) 2 Technicol Terms "The beginning of wisdom is to call things by their right names. brass chamfer (n) A narrow inclined surface along the intersection of two surfaces.250 in. as a castellated shaft or nut. castellate COMBINED DRILL & C SINK BOSS (n) An alloy of copper and zinc. allen screw (n) Special set screw or cap screw with hexagon socket in head. alumínum (n) A lightweight but relatively strong metal." nmeans 4 noun. Square. cøm anneal (n) A structural shape whose section is a right angle. cast íron (n) Iron melted and poured into molds.7-1952 (R1994) Surface Texture (Surface Roughness. burnish (v) To finish or polish by pressure upon a smooth rolling or sliding tool. to reduce brittleness and increase ductility. øllowance (n) Minimum clearance between mating parts. ANSI/ASME 846. gear tooth. bolt circle (n) A circular center line on a drawing. bore (v) To enlarge a hole with a boring mill. (v) To form like a castle. burr (n) A jagged edge on metal resulting from punching or cutting.

cyanìde (v) To surface-harden steel by heating in contact crown with a cyanide salt. corepfint (n) A projection on a pattern which forms an opening in the sand to hold the end of a core. (2) Also used for cutting small male threads. molding. drøw (v) To stretch or otherwise to deform metal. dog (n) A small auxiliary clamp for preventing work from rotating in relation to the face plate of a lathe. fillet (n) An interior rounded intersection between two surfaces.Appendix 1d a5 (v) To cut threads with an external cutting tool. fíxture (n) A special device for holding the work in chine tool. commonly used to prevent sliding between two contacting flat surfaces. A blind hole does not go through the piece.124. a )ly he :or ed ut. counterbore (v) To enlarge an end of a hole cylindrically with a counterbore. at the intersection of dies or sand molds. ln s. drill press (n) A machine for drilling and other hole-forming operations. to countersink (u) To enlarge an end of a hole conically. cheek (n) The middle portion of a three-piece flask used in chase die casting (n) Process of forcing molten metal under pressure into metal dies or molds. as on the surface of a pulley. core (v) To form a hollow portion in a casting by using a dry-sand core or a green-sand core in a mold.20% carbon that has been rolled while cold to produce a smooth. permitting the hub to slide lengthwise of the shaft. (n) A raised contour. which is partly sunk in a shaft and partly in a hub. fíle (v) To finish or smooth with a file. die stampíng (n) Process of cutting or forming a piece of sheet metal with a die. cope (n) The upper portion of a flask used in molding. drill (v) To cut a cylindrical hole with a drill. In a sense is opposite to a tap. on a forging. of rth ng colorharden (v) Same as caseharden except that it is done to a shallower depth. collar (n) A round flange or ring fitted on a shaft to prevent sliding. the center line of rotation on a lathe. diametral pìtch (n) Number of gear teeth per inch of pitch diameter. to permit it to be easily withdrawn from the dies. producrng a very accurate and smooth casting. usually to prevent a nut from unscrewing. fit (n) Degree of tightness or looseness between two mating fin (n) A thin extrusion of metal fit. FAO (v)Finish all over. cooling. dÍe (n) (1) Hardened metal piece shaped to cut oi form a required shape in a sheet of metal by pressing it against a mating die. as in a metal mold. chill (v) To harden the outer surface of cast iron by quick t). parts. dedendum (n ) Distance from pitch circle to bottom of tooth space. cotter pin (n) A split pin used as a fastener. drop forge (r) To form a piece while hot between dies in drop hammer or with great pressure. or nearly so. . as a loose fit. Also to temper steel. DRAFT drag (n) Lower portion of a flask used in molding. usually with a countersink. dowel (n) A cylindrical pin. en COUNTERSINK COUNTERBORE face (v) To finish a surface at right angles. flønge (n ) A relatively thin rim around a piece. coin (v) To form a part in one stamping operation. usually for appearance only. but not for guiding the cutting tool. cold-rolled steel (CRS) (z) Open hearth or Bessemer steel containing 0. chuck (n) A mechanism for holding a rotating tool or workpiece. [*. feather key (n) A flat key. quite accurate stock.' DOWEL rb draft (n) The tapered shape of the parts of a pattern to permit it to be easily withdrawn from the sand or. or a tight a ma- development (r) Drawing of the surface of an object unfolded or rolled out on a plane. followed by quenching. chíp (v) To cut away metal with a cold chisel. a snug fit..

or some other " terial. ptane (v) To remove material by means of lhe planer' p KEYSEAT ammersuch as shaft to keyway (n) A slot in a hub or portion surrounding a receive a keY. but not round as in iità . malleøble casting (n) A casting that has been made less brittle and tougher bY annealing' milt (v) To remove material by means of a rotating cutter on a milling machine' mold (n) The mass of sand or other material that forms the caviìyinto which molten metal is poured' MS (n) Machinery steel. or then quench in water heøt-treat (v) To change the properties of metals by heating and then cooling. rigid punch (v) To cut an opening of a desired shape with a through tool the pressing tool having the same shape. by the work. it will fit any mating part similarly jig @) A device for guíding a tool it crttling a piece' Usually PAD it holds the work in Position. enrack (n) A flat bar with gear teeth in a straight line to gear. placed between surfaces to make a tight joint' gate (n) The opening in a sand mold at the bottom of the ' tpà" through wtrictr ttre molten metal passes to enter the cavity or mold. gracluøte(v) To set off accurate divisions on a scale or dial' often grind (v) To remove metal by means of an abrasive wheel' " madeof carborundum. (n) journal (n) Portion of a rotating shaft supported by a bearing' Groove or cut made bY a saw' ked @) model. or soft metal impregnated with abrasive Powder. usuatly with a hole in it for a bolt or screw. pinion (n) The smaller of two mating gears' pítch círcle (n) An imaginary circle corresponding to the ' circumfereìce of the friction gear from which the spur gear was derived.then to caseharden' pacl (n) A slight projection. leather.aG Appendix flash (n) Same as/in.) Refers to a part made to limit (v) To cut a groove around a cylindrical piece' nornrulize (u) To heat steel above its critical temperature and then to cool it in air. sometimes called mild steel with a sÀaíl p"rc"ntage of carbon' Cannot be hardened' neck magasket (n) A thin piece of rubber. metal. keyseat (n) A slot or recess in a shaft to hold a key' (v) To hammer into shape lvith a ballpeen hammer' (v) To clean forgings or castings in dilute sulphuric acid. In sheet metal work a pattern is called A a develoPment. P p p guide. used in forming a mold fài a casting. peen -píckte shaft key (n) A small piece of metal sunk partly into both and hub to Prevent rotation. parts for holding the flask (n) A box made of two or more sand in sand molding. løthe (n) A machine used to shape metal or other materials by rotating against a tool' lug (n) An irregular projection of metal.ur" of a åoss. or Polished surface bY moving a small ster temPlate as a knurl (v) To impress a pattern of dents in a turned surface with aknurling tool to produce a better hand grip' lap (v) To produce a very accurate finish by sliding contact ïiìú u hi. pack-hørden (v) To carburiTe.or piece of wood. patten. in water or quench (v) To immerse a heated piece of metal oil to harden it. Use chiefly where accuracy is required' and harden (v) To heat steel above a critical temperature oil. diinterchangeøble (adi. gage with teeth in a . usually to provide a bearing surface around one or more holes' mensioãs so that manufactured. usually of wood.

. as for a taper pin. with a reamer. usually to prevent a collar or hub from rotating on a shaft.or anvil. trepan(v) To cut end of a hole. usually composed of lead and tin. twíst drill (n) A drill for use in a drill press.r. turn (v) To produce. round (n) An exterior rounded intersection of two surfaces. usually one of a series cut around a shaft or hole.The spotface may be on top of a boss or it may be sunk into the surface. web tce all ia SPLINED HOLE (n) A thin flat part joining larger parts. shear (v) To cut metal by means of shearing with two blades in sliding contact. scleroscope taper reatnØ (n) Atapered ¡eamer for producing accurate tapered holes. taper pìn (n) A small tapered pin for fastening. weld (v) Uniting metal pieces by pressure or fusion welding gid rgh spotface (r) To produce a ¡ound spot or bearing surface around a hole. Woodruff key (z) A semicircular flar key. scrape (v) (n) An instrument for measuring hardness of metals To remove metal by scraping with a hand scraper. and malleability. through which the metal enters. to a temperature of shape 575-850. Also refers a to the slope of plane surface. upset (v) To form a head or enlarged end on a bar or rod by pressure or by hammering between dies.F. SAE (n) Society of Automobile Engineers. rib (n) A relatively thin flat member acting as a brace or support.¡tnru. such as tin plate. . swøge tter the (v) To hammer metal into shape while it is held over a swage. R sprue (n) A hole in the sand leading to the gate which leads to the mold. on a lathe. or check the finished product. a cylindrical surface parallel to the center line. sandbløst (v) To blow sand at high velocity with compressed air against castings or forgings to clean them. wrought íron (n) Iron of low carbon content useful because of its toughness. it to a desired templøte or templet (n) A guide or pattern used to mark out the work.b. (v) To remove metal from a piece wrth a shaper. temper (v) To reheat hardened steel to bring degree of hardness. sherardize (v) To galvanize apiece with a coating ofzinc by heating it in a drum with zinc powder.. lhm. tape ha (n) Conical form given to a shaft or a hole. tolerance (n) Total amount of variation permitted in limit dimension of a part. Also known as a ri.".oÍ die. splìne (n) A keyway. undercut (n) A recessed cut or a cut with inwardly sloping sides. sîeel castÍng (n) Like cast-iron casting except that in the fur_ nace sctap steel has been added to the casting. spin (v) To form a rotating piece of sheet metal into a desired shape by pressing it with a smooth tool against a rotating form.. which fits in a hole in the swage block. Processes. the )ur eras shim (n) A thin piece of metal or other material used as a spacer in adjusting two parts. guide the tool in cutting it. ductility. tap (v) To cut relatively small inte¡nal threads with a tap. srn 'ew less relíef (n) An offset of surfaces to provide clearance for machining. sweat (v) To fasten metal together by the use of solder be_ tween the pieces and by the application of heat and pressure.') -TAPER PIN rivet (v) To connect with rivets or to clench over the end of a pin by hammering. a circular groove in the flat surface at one tumble(v) To clean rough castings or forgings in a revolving d¡um filled with scrap metal. ga led tnc usuálly to fit a bearing. usually with a spotfacer.Appendix aZ ials ream (v) To enlarge a finished hole slightly to give it greater accuracy. tìn (n) A silvery metal used in alloys and for coating other metals. solder(v) To join with solder.

.ag Appendix 3 CAD/CAM GlossorY øccess tíme (or disk access time) One measure of system response. notes the capability to lepresent data in continuously varying physical quantities. automatìc dimensioning A CAD capability that computes the dimensions in a displayed design.. compare. applícation progrutm (or package) A computer program or collection of programs to perform a task or tasks specific to a particular user's need or class of needs. usually in mnemonic form. ON/Of'f or YES/lt{O)' Bits are organized into larger units called words for access by computer instructions. Computers are often categor\zed by word size in bits. read time. a predefined graphic en- tity blink on the CRT to attract the attention of the designer' *Extracted from The CAD/CAM Glossary. or in a designated section. Exam- ples include: dimension entities associated with alphanumeric dìsplay (or alphameric display) A work-station device consisting of a CRT on which text can be viewed.. permßsion of the publßher.g.e. this capability labels the linear feature with length and azimuth. úttr¡bule A nongraphic characteristic of a part. alphanumerìc (or alphameric) A term that encompasses lefters. pubtished by the Computervßion Corporation.ition.e. digits. In the case of mapping. Bedfotd. Contrast with archival storage. that allows the designer to communicate with the system using an English-like command language. An alphanumeric display is capable of showing a fixed set of letters. translates) programmer-written symbolic instructions. See also response time. assembler A computer program that converts (i. bits per ínch (bpi) The number of bits that can be stored per inch of a magnetic tape. reproduced with .e.e. A bit may assume only ãne of two values: 0 or 1 (i. text with text nodes. moving one entity can cause moving or stretching of the other entitY. workload. and evaluate in real time the performance of various CAD/CAM systems prior to selection and purchase. communications systems. analog Applied to an electrical or computer system. ørchìval storage Refers to memory (on magnetic tape. 1983 ed. The designer defines the element once. and special characters.. benchmark The program(s) used to test. See matrix) American National Standard Code for Informa' ASCII tion Interchange. (n) An arrangement created in the above manner' A series of elements or sets of elements arranged in a pat- bìt rate The speed at which bits are transmitted. this de. disks. This allows the value of a dimension to be automatically updated as the geometry changes. alphanumeric keyboard (or alphameric keyboard) A workitution device consisting of a typewriter-like keyboard geometry. the maximum word size that can be processed as a l6-bit comPuters or unit during a in a word is an indi32-bit compu e system' esPeciallY cation of the for calculations or for high-precision data. and nodal lines with connect nodes. btinkìng A CAD design aid that makes boot up Start uP a system. MA 01730.. Changing one entity in an association can produce automatic changes by the system in the associated entity. It allows the designer to observe entered commands and to receive messages from the system.. e.This conversion is typically (one symbolic instruction converts to one machine-executable instruction). and automatically places dimensions. and arrowheads where required..e. Amerìcan Standard Code for Informøtíon Interchange (ASCII) An industry-standard character code widely used for information interchange among data processing systems.. dimensional lines. from storage and the instant that delivery is completed-i. assocíatíve dímensìonìng A CAD capability that links dimension entities to geometric entities being dimensioned. into machine-executable (computer or binaone-to-one ry-coded) instructions. A synthetic benchmark has preestablished parameters designed to exercise a set of system features and re- annotøt¡on Process of inserting text or a special note or identification (such as a flag) on a drawing. i. usually expressed in bits per second. map. The time interval between the instant that data is . digits. component. bit 'I\e smallest unit of information ørrøy (v) To create automatically on a CAD system an arrangement of identical elements or components. A measure of the data storage tern (i. or diagram constructed on a CAD/CAM system. A live benchma¡k is drawn from the prospective user's workload as a model of the entire that can be stored and processed by a digitat computer. or entity under design on a CAD system. printouts. A software programming aid' capacity of a magnetic taPe.ãll"d fo. and associated equipment' auxilìøry stotøge Storage that supplements main memory devices such as disk or drum storage. or drums) used to store data on completed designs or elements outside of main memory. The text can be generated and positioned on the drawing using the system' sources. then indicates the starting Iocation and spacing for automatic generation of the ar:ray. and special characters that are machineprocessable.

Usually shorter thãn a word. In electronic design. command language A language for communicating with a CAD/CAM system in order to perform specific functions or tasks."þ. product. or a symbol used in CAD to computer-aìded desìgn (CAD) A process that uses a com_ puter system to assist in the creation. and highlights interference probléms. Frequently refers to an induitry_standãrd code such as ANSI. A CAD/CAM display device.or Ltes ted nal ap- t1 A sequence of adjacent bits. color dísplay complex design. or FORTRAN) or source. component A physical entity. into a language that a rethe :ire md 'nly ccntral processíng unìt (CpU) The computer brain of system that controls the retrieval. pASCAL. bug A flaw in the design or implementation of a software program or hardware design that causes erroneous results o¡ malfunctions. design' red age code A set of specific symbols and rules for representing da_ ta (usually instructions) so that the data õan be under_ stood and executed by a computer.g. It is not ran_ domly accessible as main memory is. oi. A CPU comprises arithmetic. or special es the ability of a sys_ CAE See computer-aided engineering. control. character An alphabetical. The term CrRZ is often used to de_ note the entire display device. A CRT displays graphic representa_ tions of geometric entities and designs anà be of vari_ "an ous types: storage tube. and disPlaY of a chíp See integrated circuit. or of an individual storage unit (as a 3O0-million_byte disk). A measure of the memory capacity of a system. and logicãlements. See also datalink.m- irh )n)an command A control signal or instruction to a CpU or graph_ ics processor. helps the designer interpret complex surfaces. as well as the interpretã_ CAD/CAM a lits by rits. or language to be used in a odification. CAD/CAM See computer-aided design/computer_aided manuføcturing. en- formation Exchange. Color speeds up the recognition of spe_ cific areas and subassemblies. CAE can be used to determinã . COBOL.g. or a high_ level language. These tubes create images by means of a controllable beam of elec_ trons striking a screen. characters per second (cps) A measure of the speed with which an alphanumeric terminal can process data. e. numerical. modification. CAE enables users of the Computervision Designer system to detect and correct potentially costly design flaws. B-splìne A sequence of parametric polynomial curves (typ_ ically quadratic or cubic polynomials) forming u . or Standard Code for In_ " c aided manuJacturing ation of computers into le of a product or plant. cathode ray tube (CRT) 'Ihe principal component in a CAD display device.4 de- high-level. skills from the user's present sys_ ments). control. IpC. blue. compatíbílìty The ability of a particular hardware module or software program. CAM See computer-aided manufacturing. raster scan.Appendix ag died. and processing of information. assembly language. or system under design and to simulate its performance under vari_ ous conditions. compìler A computer program that converts or translates )us '."_ sentation of CAD/CAM data.. It is used extensively in mechanical design applications in the automotive and aerospace industries. or software modules the system vendor provides with onable means of transferring data. for comecting one system module or peripheral to another in a different location in order to transmit and receive data. tsa ior rdially ex- tion and execution of operating instructions-the building blocks of application and other computer programs. commonly initiated by means of a menu/tablet and electronic pen or by an alphanumeric keyboard. user-written language (e. representing a character that is operated on as a unit. The piece_ wise defined curve maintains a level of mathematical con_ tinuity dependent upon the polynomial degree chosen.. disk. usually eight. VARPRO. grh ory rith rnd CAD See computer-aided deugn. CAE permits the execution of complex circuit loading analyses and simulation during the circuit definition stage. and green electron tlly )o.-ooit fit between a sequence of points in 3-D space. or special graphic symbol used as part of the organization. ASCII. A code can be in binary (machine) language. or magnetic tape. by Color d various display) guns (ra penetration type. or refresh. . such as a tele_ phone line. colors to make it easier to discriminate among varioui groups of design elements on different layers of a large. code. contrasting from the CAD/CAM design data base is used to analyze the functional characteristics of a part. in which off different coiors (refresh ed. )f. bulk memory A memory device for storing a large amount of data. decoding. drum. lci- communicatìon línk The physical means. Color raster_ scan displays offer a variety of user-selectable.

computer graphìcs A general term encompassing any discipline or activity that. A digitizer. See also peripheral. standard parts libraries. vibration. this denotes the capability to represent data in the form of digits' dígitíze (1) General description: to convert a drawing into digital form (i. etc. weight. coordinate locations) so that it can be entered into the data base for later processing. telephone lines. manufacturing engineering. 800 bits/inch. computer-assisted process planning. See cathode ray tube. and to coordinate plant operation. CAE can precisely determine loads. ment or configuration) of two or more systems. Typically includes operating systems instructions.. High capacity might be 1600 bits/inch. joystick. the term denotes a standard rule or mode of execution undertaken to provide consistency. devíce Asystem hardware module external to the CPU and designed to perform a specific function-i. data tablet A CAD/CAM input device that allows the de- signer to communicate with the system by placing an electronic pen or stylus on the tablet surface. and follows every movement of the input device. Perhaps the most powerful CAE technique is finite element modeling.. a dedicated workstation might be used exclusively for engineering calculations or plotting' default The predetermined value of a parameter required in a CAD/CAM task or operation' It is automatically supplied by the system whenever that value (e. data línk The communication line(s). to program robots. noise. and correct any bugs in a system's software or hardware. connectot A termination point for a signal entering or leaving a PC board or a cabling system. There is a direct correspondence between positions on the tablet and addressable points on the display surface of the CRT. printer. surface area. Often called a software progratn or package' configuration A particular combination of a computer. a drafting convention might require all dimensions to be in metric units. The essential technology of CAD/CAM systems. facilities engineering.uses compute¡s to generate. core (core memory) A largely obsolete term for main storage. and interface(s) for the transmission of data between two or more computer systems. shear and bending moments. convention Standardized methodology or accepted procedure for executing a computer program' In CAD.A text cursor indicates the alphanumer- ic input. software and hardware modules. or grid size) is not specified. related controls. usually an underline or cross hairs. robotics. usually from a workstation to a computer. for digitizing input of drawings.e. and programmable logic controllers. and reliability engineering (quality control). See also computer-aided design.alO Appendix section properties. (2) Magnetic tape storage capacity. This is one of the primary ways of . industrial engineering. data base A comprehensive collection of interrelated information stored on some kind of mass data storage device. keyboard. etc. cycle A preset sequence of events (hardware or software) initiated by a single command.. computer program A specific set of software commands in a form acceptable to a computer and used to achieve a desired result. volume. See also graphic tablet. available with many CAD systems. CPU See central processing unit. for indicating a location or entity selection on dial up To initiate station-to-station communication with a the CRT display. a CRI. low. digítøl Applied to an electrical or computer system. dedicated Designed or intended for a single function or use.g. source code.atd center of gravity. computer-aided manufacturìnç GAM) er and digital technology to generate manufacturing-oriented data. debug To detect. completed designs and documentation. or dedicated transmission media such as cable or op- tical fiber. implements the conversion process. For example. process' and display graphic images. or for menu selection. See also network. and service life early in the design cycle so that components can be optimized to meet those criteria. locate. computer-assisted parts programming. moments of inertia. a graphics cursor indicates the next geometric input. CÃT diagnostics Computer programs designed to test the status of a system or its key components and to detect and isolate malfunctions.e. plotter. Data drawn from a CAD/CAM data base can assist in or control a portion o¡ all of a manufacturing process. Tirpi- cally used fo¡ indicating positions on the CRT. IC density can be measured by the number of gates or transistors per unit'area or by the number of square inches per component. A cursor is guided by an electronic or light pen.. Can include modems. text. Generally consists of information organized into a number of fixed-format record types with logical links between associated records. CAM can involve production programming. computer network An interconnected complex (arrange- The use of comput- data communícøtìon The transmission of data (usually digital) from one point (such as a CAD/CAM workstation or CPU) to another point via communication channels such as telephone lines. height. See also kinematics. graphic and application programs. including numerically controlled machines. CAM techniques can be used to produce process plans for fabricating a complete assembly. hard-copy unit. densíty (1) A measure of the complexity of an electronic design. as well as current user tasks in pfogress. computer via a dial telephone. cursor A visual tracking symbol. For example. For example. usually a disk. and peripherals at a single installation and interconnected in such a way as to support certain application(s).

(3) The signal representing the difference be_ tween actual response and desired response and used by the commanding unit to improve performance of the con_ trolled machine or process. and rotate. Usually refers collection of related information in the system that may be accessed by a unique name. figure. and shapes into the system. addi_ tions. instructions. FIowever. Such programs or instructions. tape.Appendix úzed ali gical rpOf- :om- phic (s in ic pen or other device. (2) The signal or data fed back to a commanding unit from a controlled machine or process to denote its response to a command. or car_ tridge. or functions im_ the etic 600 and 'lotrtus iso- needed to generate a drawing. tha lion degits. nongraphic properties. or updates to a CAD/CAM system. and associations. time. such as an int. fíle A din . or nodal line. díscrete components Components with a single functional capability per package-for example. enhsncements Software or hardware improvements. long-lasting. d¡ be (DVST) A graphics display device. electrical. fe espond to an operaly or with a message This message regis_ sible errors. positional. although each side of the square could be defined as an entity in its own right.The im_ age is not as bright as with refresh or raster. dìsk (storage) A device on which large amounts of informa- figure A symbol or ties. digIn Of en mitive_the fundamental building such and oor lone di A CAD capabiliry rhat will auto_ 'opderlec- rect ad- insert the dimensions of a design ted section of it. or mechanical functiãn is identifiable. ting a design or drawing. stored permanently' in programmable read_ damental part of system t a frequently used proby a single command instead of multiple commands as in a software program. Thus. (2) Computervision usage: to specify a coordinate location or entity using an electron_ electrostatíc plotter See dot-matrix plotter. nto rbe igithe drum plotter An electromechanical pen plotter that draws an image on paper or film mounted on a rotatable drum. so that the designer can see on the CRI screen 3-D representations of the parts in a piece of machinery as they interact dynamically. glass. )pi' for : al)m's use. and si_ multaneously displays the updated design on the CRT. uto- into ma_ dynamics The capability of a CAD system to zoom. plemented in user-modifiable hardware. transistors and diodes. file protection A technique for preventing access to or d :nic the dental erasure of data within a file on the system. Because of its high speed. or film mounted on a flat table. element The basic design entity in co¡nputer_aided design whose logical. acci_ magnetic disk storage or magnetic disk memory.. See also prompt. Synonymous with vice for rapidly pre_ signer can react to it. ex- a part that may contain primitive enti_ other figures.upght. See also primitive.of edít To modify. direct access (linkøge) Retrieval or storage of data in the system by reference to its location on a tape. firmwnre Computer programs. Or a group of primitives processed as an identifiable unit. May be stored on a disk. a square may be defined as a discrete entity consisting of four primitives (vectors). Thus. Al_ so known as electrostatic plotter. disk. lines. Accura_ cy and resolution are not as great as with pen plotters. or a single coordinate value or entity pointer generated by a digitizing operation. tion can be stored in the data base. flicker An undesired visual effect on a CRT when the ¡e_ fresh rate is low .e. The plotting head provides all the motion. without the need for processing on a CpU. crude graphics. i. or update an emerging design or text on a CAD system. flicker-tree image with limited since DVSTs do not permit selective erase. display dynamics are no refreshing. font. The designer moves a puck or electronic pen to selected points on the drawing and enters coordi_ nate data for Iines and shapes by simply pressing down the digitize button with the puck or pen. entering existing drawings. a micro_ processor with read-only memory. digitízer A CAD input device consisting of a data tablet on which is mounted the drawing or design to be digitized in_ to the system. Also called storage tube. refine. líne Repetitive pattern used in CAD to give a dis_ played line appearance characteristics that make it more . A figure can be incorporated into other parts or figures. or other mass storage media. limited amount of data. it is typically used in electronic design applications. In this CAD peripheral device a combination of plotting_ head movement and drum rotation provides the motion. scroll. It handles an almost un_ directory A named space on the disk or other mass storage device in which are stored the names of files and some summary information about them. any collision or interfer_ ence problems are ¡evealed at a glance. This can be done online interactively. dynamìc (motion) Simulation of movement using CAD software. spline. flatbed plotter A CAD/CAM peripheral device that draws an image on paper.

Initìal Grøphícs Exchange Specdication (IGES) An interim CAD/CAM data base specification until the American National Standards Institute develop$ its own specification. and peripherals comprising a system----computer disk. the number of inches of magnetic tape that can be processed per second. írtput/output (I/O) A term used to describe a CAD/CAM communications device as well as the process by which communications take place in a CAD/CAM system. Most CAD/CAM systems can automatically generate hard copy through an online printer or plotter. In the mapping environment. or at predetermined stages in. a program or routine. function key A specific square on a data tablet. variations in brightness level (gray scale) are employed to enhance the contrast among various design elements. . function keyboørd An input device located at a CAD/CAM workstation and containing a number of function keys. or the speed of a pen plotter). . The computer local to the display is a satellite to the larger host computer. inputting components to assist in the creation of a design layout. and JAVA. the coordinate data supplied by digitizers is automatically calculated by the CPU from the closest grid point. grid A network of uniformly spaced points or crosshatch optionally displayed on the CRT and used for exactly locating and digitizing a position. to pick a function from many presented. printed report. such as a solid. computer for more extensive computation or data manipulation. and possibly hard-copy devices. can be applied to graphic images in order to provide meaning. It can help a designer to identify and define specific graphic representations of entities that are view-dependent.PLII. and the two comprise a host-satellite system. tracks.IG/9S See Initial Graphics Exchange Specification. plotter(s).e.. hard-wired línfr A technique of physically connecting two systems by fixed circuit interconnections using digital signals. A high-level language must be translated or compiled into machine language before it can be understood and processed by a computer. host-søtellite system A CAD/CAM system configuration charactertzed by a graphic workstation with its own computer (typically holding the display file) that is connected to another. to enter text and/or numerical data. hardware The physical components. including magnetic tape. or a a key on function key box.g. Relatively easy to learn and use. PASCAL. checking programs can automatically perform gap checks. Host computers may be used to suppof. wires. The grid determines the minimum accuracy with which design entities are described or connected. when a line font is used. etc. to modify the picture shown on the CRT. See also data tablet.al2 Appendix easily distinguishable. initìalìze To set counters. listing.IC See integrated circuit. highJevel programming language used primarily for scientific or engineering a multi- fracturing The division of IC graphics by CAD into simple trapezoidal or rectangular areas for pattern-generation purposes. See also data tablet. or dotted Line. A line font high-level language A problem-oriented programming language using words.). modules.. input devices A variety of devices (such as data tablets or keyboard devices) that allow the user to communicate with the CAD/CAM system. card readers. used by the designer to enter a particular command or other input. hard copy A copy on paper of an image displayed on the CRT-for example. plot. gray scøles In CAD systems with a monochromatic display. IGES attempts to standardize communication of drawing and geometric product information between computer systems. etc. and addresses on a computer to zero or to other starting values at the beginning of. dashed. magnetic tape. FORTRAN. For example. applications. For example. Large-scale host computers typically are equipped with mass memory and a variety of peripheral devices.line printers. for example. This feature is very useful in helping the designer discriminate among complex entities on different layers displayed concurrently on the CRT. a grid is used to describe the distribution network of utility resources. usually larger. gøp T\e gap between two entities on a computer-aided design is the length of the shortest line segment that can be drawn from the boundary of one entity to the other without intersecting the boundary of the other. fonts are used Io üeate text for drawings. not only graphics programs running on a CAD/CAM system but also related engineering analysis. either graphic (e. . special characters such as Greek letters and mathematical symbols. symbols. a drawing. pipes. text Sets of type faces of various styles and sizes. switches. CRT terminal(s). and command statements that closely resemble English-language statements. CAD/CAM design-rules computer network. with their own memory and processing capabilities. a line may be solid when drawn in the top view of an object but. hidden lines) or functional (roads. inches per second (þs) Measure of the speed of a device (i. (2)T}. Each state- ment typically represents a series of computer instructions. graphíc tablet A CAD/CAM input device that enables graphic and location instruments to be entered into the system using an electronic pen on the tablet. fonf. a highJevel language permits the execution of a number of subroutines through a simple command. See also assembler: low-level language. An I/O device is one that makes possible communications between a device and a workstation operator or between devices on the system (such as workstations or controllers). In CAD. or to construct the desired design. host computer The primary or controlling computer in a FORTRAN FORmula ZiRÁNslation. ínput (data) (1) The data supplied to a computer program for processing by the system. or summary. or constructing precise angles. becomes dotted in the side view whe¡e it is not normally visible. C++. COBOL.re process of entering such data into the system. Examples are BASIC.

g. Also called a chip. Bilateral communication is provided between the system and the designer(s). A CAD jargon term used to refer to straight or curved lines that appear to be jagged or sawtoothed on the CRT screen. the re- hat rteuc- I/O þs See input/output. and possibly also for text-processing. and output refe¡s to the data transmitted from the processor to the workstation operator or to another device (i. or parts stored in the CAD data base as templates or building blocks to speed up future design work on the system. acceleration. The additional points or segments are created only for display purposes and are interpolated from a relatively small set of sto¡ed representative points. receiving immediate visual feedback via the CRT. and data storage devices (such as memories. to nd ually or in any desired combination. (2) The repertoire of functions the computer can perform. of en m- ng lm ng or rte tc- ínteractíve graphics systent (IGS) or interactive computer graphics (ICG) A CAD/CAM sysrem in which the workstations are used interactively for computer-aided design and/or drafting. led sults). Contrast with the othe¡ major parts of a CAD/CAM system: the CPU or central processing unit. CAE simulation programs allow the motion of mechanisms to be studke¡t a file Ito ies.e. ìntegrated system A CAD/CAM system that integrates the entire product development cycle-analysis. kínematìcs A computer-aided engineering (CAE) process for plotting or animating the motion of parts in a machine or a structure under design on the system. input/output also denotes the process by which communications take place. instructìon sef (1) All the commands to which a CAD/CAM computer will respond. ice intellìgent workstation/terminal A workstation in a system that can perform certain data processing functions in a stand-alone mode.An interface might be a portion of storage accessed by two o¡ more ptograms or a link between two subroutines in a program. Thus. The complexity of most IC designs and the many repetitive elements have made computer-aided design an economic necessity. integrated system. grøphics (or parts librøry) A collection of standard. line font See font. demd A disk file that provides user-defined definitions for tablet mew. library. which performs arithmetic and logical operations. method and force determinations while still in the design stage. light pen A hand-held photosensitive CAD input device used on a refreshed CRT screen for identifying display elements. Contains a built-in computer.. and fabrication-so that all processes flow smoothly from concept to production. :al rn- M ch \n re- le- Ð. The interface to a large computer can be a communications link (hardware) or a combination of software and hard-wired connections. each of which can be displayed individ- of logically CAD/CAM data base. line printer A CAD/CAM peripheral device used for rapid printing of data. An operator can modify or terminate a program and receive feedback from the system for guidance and verification. integrøted circuít (IC) A tiny complex of electronic components and interconnections comprising a circuit that may vary in functional complexity from a simple logic gate to a microprocessor. An IC is usually packaged in a single substrate such as a slice of silicon. Input refers to the data transmitted to the processor for manipulation. The designer (operator) can intervene to enter data and direct the course of any program. or computer-aided engineering. Generally an organization of files under a common library name. layers User-defined logical subdivisions CAD/CAM data base that may be viewed on the CRT individually or overlaid and viewed in groups. or when new operators are introduced. joystick A CAD data-entering device employing a handcontrolled lever to manually enter the coordinates of various points on a design being digitized into the system. or for designating a location on the screen where an action is to take place. . jaggies vel ou- IC.. and dedicated memory. line. independent of another computer. all under full operator control. components. of data in a learning curve A concept that projects the expected im- ity over be er:an )a- intersctive Denotes t\ryo-way communications between a CAD/CAM system or workstation and its operators. Layering helps the designer distinguish among different kinds of data in creating a complex product such as a multilayered PC board or IC. line smoothìng An automated mapping capability for the interpolation and inse¡tion of additional points along a Iinear entity yielding a series of shorter linear segments to generate a smooth curved appearance to the original Iinear component. ied for A interference. to operate as a single. data storage space is minimized. figures. intedace (") (t) A hardware and/or software link that enables two systems. various graphic/geometric entities) are segregated on separate layers. years of a new ost-justification study. or information on a CRT or into an emerging design on the display. (2) The input devices and visual feedback capabilities that allow bilateral communication between the designer and the system. shapes. design. generation of charts and graphs. Often used synonymously with CAD. nd 'vel rltiare insert To create and place entities. See also feedback. usually a microprocessor or minicomputer. em ton 'mled rve layering organtzing data in a Functionally different classes of data (e. often-used symbols.See menu.Appendix an- al3 By extension. See inches per second. as well as for CAM. to 1j a period of time. or tapes). disks. An accepted tool of management for predicting manpo\iler requirements and evaluating training programs. or a system and its peripherals.

mainframe (computet) A large cenÍal computer facility' main memory/storage The computer's general-purpose storage from which instructions may be executed and data loaded directly into operating registers. a pafi.g. See microcomputer. initiates the particular function or command indicated on that square.l"ur". multistep operation can be organized into a macro. dedicated wires. or other processor' møchíne instructíon An instruction that a machine (computer) can rccognize and execute' machíne language The complete set of command instructions understandable to and used directly by a computer when it performs oPerations. and necessary interface circuits. First. geometríc Constructing a mathematical or analytic model of a physical object or system for the purpose of determining the response of that object or system to a stimulus or load. . magnetic disk A flat circular plate Ïvith a magnetic surface o"n which information can be stored by selective magnetization of portions of the flat surface. Consists of one or more ICs (chips) comprising a chip set. merge To combine two or more sets of ¡elated data into one. thus shortening program development time. mass storage Auxiliary large-capacity memory for storing large amounts of data readily accessible by the computer' Commonly a disk or magnetic taPe. Commonly used for temporary working storage during computer-aided design' See also dlsk. an abbreviation such as MPY for multþIy)' model. machìne A computer. storage. a plant. the designer describes the shape under design using a geometric model constructed on the system' The computer then converts this pictorial representation on the CRT into a mathematical model later used for other CAD functions such as design optimization. See cursor. implemented in a single integrated circuit. as well as all required computations. geometric A complete. matríx A2-D or 3-D rectangular array (arrangement) of identical geometric or s)¡mbolic entities. minì computer A general-purpose. in response to numericallY coded mands may be generated bY a punched taPes or other communi . magnetìc tape A tape with a magnetic surface on which infórmation can be stored by selective polarization of portions of the surface. A mathematical or analytic model of a physical system used to determine the response of that system to a stimulus or load' See modeling. mnemonic symbol An easily remembered symbol that assists the designer in communicating with the system (e. memory. It requires additional circuits to function as a microcomputer. These squares have been preprogrammed to represent a part of a command. uJua[y in a specified sequence. or microwave' ntodule A separate and distinct unit of hardware or software that is Part of a system. for long-distance trãnsmission over communications circuits such as telephone lines.at¿t Append¡x low-level languøge programming language in which a one-for-one basis' See also on translate statements A machine language. scale mìnicomputer.. dYnamic menuing. a menu common CAD/CAM input device consisting of a checkerboard pattern of squares printed on a sheet of paper or plastic placed over a data tablet.A matrix can be generated automatically on a CAD system by specifying the building block entity and the desired locations'This process is used extensively in computer-aided electricaVelectronic design' n emot'y Any form of data storage where information can be read and written. ROM. A frequently used. This makes computãr-aided design and analysis of solid objects easier. optical fiber. modelíng. random access nxemory. a command. CPU. msø'o A sequence of computer instructions executable as a single command. Standard memories include RAM. and vice versa. given a new name. or any part of it. and PROM.This can be done automatically on a CAD/CAM system to generate lists and reports' mícrocomputer A smaller. designed on a CAD system and stored in the data base. mìrroring A CAD design aid that automatically creates a mirror image of a graphic entity on the CRT by flipping the entity or drawing on its x or y axis. See also data tablet. mouse Ahand-held data-entering device used to position cursor on a data tablet. or a series of commands. It performs instruction sequencing and processing. Commonly used in CAD/CAM for microprocessor Tlte central control element of a microcomputer. Each square. modem MOdulatot-D4Modtlator. Includes a microprocessor (CPU). when touched by an electronic pen. a device that converts digital signals to analog signals. a geographic area.. solíd A type of 3-D modeling in which the solid characieristics of an object under design are built into the data base so that complex internal structures and external shapes can be ¡ealistically represented. See also programmable read-only nxemory. and more accurate than with wire-frame graphics' off-line storage of completed design files and other archival material. single-processor computer of limited flexibility and memory performance. and remain in the system for easy use. geometric' modeling. lower-cost equivalent of a full- A multiprocessor A computer whose architecture consists of moie than one processing unit. read-only menxory. See central processing unít: microcomPuter. geometrically accurate 3-D or 2-D representation of a shape.

accounting. feedback. Plotter types include pen.a ne ta ne perípheral (device) Any device. May provide support for activities and programs such as scheduling. electrostatic. drum. so that operator-system interaction. An lel rat tic letu- operating system may assign task priority levels. plotters. any device that perprocess . May include printers. as well as various user-selectable colors. The output of a CAD cycle can be artwork and hard-copy lists and reports. A design element at the lowest stage of complexi- . to ter olf-líne sults of a completed program outside the CpU-usually in the form of magnetic tape or punched cards. ¡d n- )n he permenent storage A method or device for storing the re- símulatíon Aprogram utilizing a mathematical model created on the system to try out numerous process design iterations with real-time visual and numerical feed-back. precisìon The degree of accuracy. process commands. and support both networking file and diagnostics. data management. It can be a vector. a postprocessor might format cutter centerline data into a form that a machine controller can interpret. Refers to peripheral deyices not currently connected la ng asû or trã to and under the direct control of the system. CAD/CAM is used extensively in pC board design. paths.s computer. or a text string. pøssword protectíon ta of tit: gd tA- A security feature CAD/CAM systems that prevents access to the system or to files within the system without first entering a password. and tape drives. rts isas {e. Designers can see on the CRT what is taking place at every stage in the manufacturing process. pixels are evenly spaced. parallel processr'zg Executing more than one element of a single process concurrently on multiple processors in a primítive A ty. line. compilation. analogto-digital converters. or a communications system. Generally refers to the number of significant digits of information to the right of the decimal point for data represented within a computer system.e. overlay A segment of code or data to be brought into the tid he tal m?f. See font.. precise positional accuracy. distinct from the basic system modules. Thus. that provides input to and/or output from the CPU. and flatbed. Used when a very accurate final drawing is required. testing. ft- computer system. support standard system commands or utilities fo¡ online programming. preprocessot A computer program that takes a specific set of instructions from an external source and translates it into the format required by the system.Appendix al5i mer- all processes involved in generating the data or tapes necessary to guide a machine tool in the manufacture of a part. ler m. and output are all in real time. point. acctrate drawings substantially better than what is displayed. The smallest definable object in a display processor's instruction set. An individual dot on a display image. a. Generally makes large. storage as- photo plotter A CAD output device that generates highprecision artwork masters photographically for pC board design and IC masks. keyboards. debugging. pC boards plug into a rack or subassembly of electronic equipment to provide the brains or logic to control the operation of a computer. assembly. of certain PC board fundamental graphic entity. horizontally and vertically. paínt To fill in a bounded graphic figure on a raster display using a combination of repetitive patterns or line fonts to add meaning or clarity. Tlpically. They can therefore optimize a process and correct problems that could affect the actual manufacturing process down-stream. editing. postptocessor A software program or procedure that for_ mats graphic or other data processed on the system for some other putpose. paper-tape reader/punches. on rer output The end result of a particular CAD/CAM process or series of processes. graphics display terminals. on-line Refers to peripheral devices connected to and under the direct control of the system. The output of a total design-to-manufacturing CAD/CAM system can also include numerical control tapes for manufacturing. or other electronic systems. The name derives from the fact that the circuitry is connected not by wires but by copper-foil lines. operatìng system A structured set of software programs that control the operation of the computer and associated peripheral devices in a CAD/CAM system. use the image stored nd signment. memory of a computer to replace existing code or data. Provides exceptional uniformity and density of lines. papet-tape punclt/reader A peripheral device that can read as well as punch a perforated paper tape generated by a CAD/CAM system. These tapes are the principal means of supplying data to an NC machine. pen plotter An electromechanical CAD output device that geqerates hard copy of displayed graphic data by means of a ballpoint pen or liquid ink. i. on the display. as well as the execution of computer programs and data flow to and from peripheral devices. and diagnostics. disks.s computer. 3S. For example. provide drives for I/O devices. the term denotes the degree of discrimination with which a design or design element can be described in the data base. instrumentation. plotter A CAD peripheral device used to output fo¡ extemal in the data base. pixel T\e smallest portion of a CRT screen that can be individually referenced. preplaced líne (or bus) A run (or line) between a set of points on a PC board layout that has been predefined by the designer and must be avoided by a CAD automatic routing program. or traces actually etched onto the board surface. processor In CADiCAM system hardware. input/output control. and manufacture. support a system. a special sequence of characters. See printed circuit board. printed cìrcuit (PC) boørd A baseboard made of insulating materials and an etched copper-foil circuit pattern on which are mounted ICs and other components required to implement one or more electronic functions.

. etc. As applied to an electrostatic plotter.The tion at a workstation to the receipt of the results at that workstation. raster dísplay A CAD workstation display in which the entire CRT surface is scanned at a constant refresh rate.The ability to define very minute detail. option(s).6:1. The most common way of recording productivity is Actual Manual Hours/Actual CAD Hours. Refresh permits a high degree of movement in the displayed image as well as high resolution. manually controlled input device that allows coordinate data to be digitized into the system from a drawing placed on the data tablet or digitizer surface. Íesunle A feature of some application programs that allows the designer to suspend the data-processing operation at some logical break point and restart it later from that point. complex images may flicker. See also central processing unit. and clear. See also pro grammable read-only rnenxory. although resolution is not as good as with storage-tube displays read-only memort. PROM See prògrammable read-only memory. it refers to a complex set of instructions to perform a rectangular array Inseftion of the same entity at multiple locations on a CRT using the system's ability to copy design elements and place them at user-specified intervals to create a rectangular arrangement or matrix. Most often used to refer to the CPU. while simulta- makes possible real time. Also called a digital TV display. refresh (or vector refresh) A CAD display technology that involves frequent redrawing of an image displayed on the CRT to keep it bright. See also computer program. expressed as 4:1. rcstart To resume a computer program interrupted by operator intervention. material handling. refresh rate The rate at which the graphic image on a CRT is redrawn in a refresh display. See also photo plotter. rotate is 'Iolwî a through a displayed 2-D or 3-D construction about an axpredefined angle relative to the original position. (v) To develop a program. A puck has a transparent window containing cross hairs. rcpaìnt A CAD feature that automatically redraws a design displayed on the CRT. to a desired location. interactive operation of a CAD/CAM system. coding for the computer. becomes a ROM. and appearing on the CRT. prompt A message or symbol generated automatically by the system. the resolution of Computervision's IC design system is one part in 33. The device can display a large amount of inJormation without flicker. selective erase. and plans for the absorption of the results into the system. rubber bøndíng A CAD capability that allows a component to be tracked (dragged) across the CRT screen. and transmission of ¡esults back to the initiating workstation. it involves a line-by-line sweep across the entire CRT surface to generate the image. productìvíty ratìo A widely accepted means of measuring CAD/CAM productivity (throughput per hour) by comparing the productivity of a design/engineering group before and after installation of the system or relative to some standard norm or potential maximum. Raster-scan features include good brightness. Although substantial amounts of high-speed memory are required. See computer program: source. regìstrøtìon The degree of accuracy in the positioning of one layer or overlay in a CAD display or artwork. large. A complete program includes plans for the transcription of data. For example. Programmable Read-Only Memory (PROM) A memory that.. Selective erase or editing is possible at any time without erasing and repainting the entire image. the dominant technology in CAD graphic displays. or a subroutine in the main program. See also tutorial. ROM See read-only memory rcut¡ne A computer program. response time Tlte elapsed time from initiation of an opera- RAM See random access memory. Simila¡ to conventional television. painting and assembly. See read-only rnemory. file access. (ROM) A memory that cannot be modified or reprogrammed. tastet scan (video) Currently. The time required to access any word stored in the memory is the same as for any other word. The smallest separately compilable source code unit. as reflected by the clarity and sharpness of the resulting image. processing. Includes transmission of data to the CPU. Immediate visual feedback through the CRT retìcle The photographic plate used to create an IC mask. program (ø) A precise sequential set of instructions that direct a computer to perform a particular task or action or to solve a problem.al6 Appendix forms a specific function. dynamic motion capabilities. Typically used for control and execute programs. bright. or input. random access memoty (RAM) A main memory read/write storage unit that provides the CAD/CAM operator direct access to the stored information.e. to inform the user of (a) a procedural error or incorrect input to the program being executed or (b) the next expected action. by means of an electronic pen. robotìcs The use of computer-controlled manipulators or arms to automate a variety of manufacturing processes such as welding.5 million. and the opportunity for unlimited color. relative to anothei layer. resolution The smallest spacing between two display elements that will allow the elements to be distinguished visually on the CRT. A feature of PC and IC design systems. flicker-free image can be selectively written and erased. real tíme Refers to tasks or functions executed so rapidly by a CAD/CAM system that the feedback at various stages in the process can be used to guide the designer in completing the task. restore -lo bring back to its original state a design currentþ being worked on in a CAD/CAM System after editing or modification that the designer now wants to cancel or rescind. i. once programmed with permanent data or instructions. puck A hand-held. general functions. In software. the time needed for one refresh of the displayed image. accuracy. crisp. resolution means the number of dots per square inch.

operating systems. string A linear sequence of entities. IE is 1e of ue . (2) The st¡ucture of a computer command language. and interpretation of symbols. other entity. )r )s v. noun. Also known as source code. sJ set of rules describing the structure of state_ rt ts storage The physical repository of all information relat_ ing to products designed on a CAD/CAM system. modifiers. scissorìng The automatic erasing of all portions of a design on the CRT that lie outside user-specified boundaries. continuous geometry results.Appendix rle le- al7 to of . in a computer_aided design. srnoothíng Fitting together curves and surfaces so that a smooth. shape Jìll The automatic painting-in of an area. i. memory.To make grammat_ ical sense. scroll To automatically roll up. also operating system (apurely software term). . stylus A hand-held pen used in conjunction with a data table to enter commands and coordinate input into the Also called an electronic Pen'hat "rsYstem' may be extracted inserted intact into another part s ion of NC tool paths s and the shapes may design capabilities of ed- software The collection of executable computer programs including application programs. as on a spool. placement.ss ln rts )n nis rt- a- at U. syntax (1) A ments allowed in a computer language. the English-sentence structure of a CAD/CAM command language. larger. such as characters or physical elements. a design or text message on a CRT to permit the sequential viewing of a message or drawing too large to be displayed all aionce on the screen. to bring it into a user_ specified ratio to its original dimensions. and mass storage resources to operate independently of the host.e. See also B-spline. minimizing total interconnect length and neously stretching all related interconnections to maintain signal continuity. usually stretch A CAD design/editing aid that enables the designer to automatically expand a displayed entity beyond its ãrig_ inal dimensions. commands and routines must be written in conformity to these rules.. gr of so source vs at rt.g. for example. host system. (n) Denotes the co_ ordinate system for representing an object. selectìve erøse A CAD feature for deleting portions of a dis_ remote system connected to another. See host_satellite system.. on an IC or pC board layoui. the area to be filled by copper when the pC boa¡d is manufactured. providing an excellent visual guide for optimizing the location of ã component to best fit into the flow of the pC board or ia AS satellite A at le. source language A symbolic language composed of state_ A text file written in a highJevel language and con_ taining a computer program. generate machine-recognizable instructions. and languages. It is easily read and under_ stood by people but must be compiled or assembled to ch ment.at he avoiding areas of congestion. symbol libraries contribute to the quick maintenance. defined by user-specified boundaries. Scaling can be done automatically by a CAD system. New data appear on the CRT at one edge as other data disappear at the opposite edge. e. or right. i. It is typically in the form of a magnetic tape or disk. verb.. splìne A subset of a B-spline wherein a sequence of curves is restricted to a plane. See also high-level language. An interpolation routine executed on a CAD/CAM system automatically adjusts a curve by design iteration until the curvature is contìnuous over the length ofthe curve. Graphics can be scrolled up. X- n. in le ments and formulas used in computer processing. to play without affecting the remainder oihaving to repaint the entire CRT display. down. k. scale (v) To enlarge or diminish the size of a displayed enti_ ty without changing its shape. Can be done on_úne by CAD. Also t- called memory. During tracking the interconnections as_ sociated with the component stretch and bend. A satellite differs from a remote intel_ ligent workstation in that it contains a full set of proces_ sors.e. It is translated into object language (object code) by an assem_ bler or compiler for execution by a computer. left.

function. it can be subsequently traced instead of redrawn whenever needed. possibly. text file A file stored in the system in text format that can be printed and edited on-line as required. that presents the contents of a window on the CRT. wíndow A temporary. usually rectangular. and testing both hardware and software. (2) A specific portion of memory assigned to the user for executing that project. and pin number. vector A quantity that has magnitude and direction and that. component label. editing. fea- j ì utílitíes Another term for system capabilities and/or ¡ . installing. etc. Wiring diagrams can be constructed.. and reformatted into NC tapes. task (1) A specific project that can be executed by a CAD/CAM software program. template The pattern of a standard. A quantitative measure of system productivity. tíme-sharíng The use of a common CPU memory and processing capabilities by two or more CAD/CAM terminals to execute different tasks simultaneously. t termínal See workstation. If the user is not sure how to execute a task. The designer can rotate it in any direction to control the position of the cursor used for entering coordinate data into the system. It is where the designer interacts (communicates) with the computer' Frequently consists of a CRT display and an input device as well as. view port A user-selected. See also window. tutorial A characteristic of CAD/CAM systems. (3) Drawing that shows how to hook things up' matically by a CAD/CAM system. is commonly represented by a directed line segment. Also the matrix rep¡esentation of a geometric space. by means of postprocessor. the system will show howA message is displayed to provide information and guidance. and documented on a CAD system. transform To change an image displayed on the CRT by. translating. In a distrib: uted processing system. turnøround time Tt'e elapsed time between the moment a task or project is input into the CAD/CAM system and the moment the required output is obtained. word A set of bits (typically 1.. or deletion. bounded area on the CRT that is user-specified to include particular entities for modification.rectangular view of a part. annotated. Also. a digitizer and a hard-copy device.6 to 32) that occupies a single storage location and is treated by the computer as a unit' See also bl¡. to move a CAD display entity a specified distance in a specified direction. temporary storage Memory locations for storing immediate and partial results obtained during the execution of a program on the system. A wiring diagram may contain not only wiring system components and wires but also nongraphic information such as wire number. trøcking Moving a predefined (tracking) symbol across the surface of the CRT with a light pen or an electronic pen. a workstation would have local processing and mass storage capabilities. viability. for example. scaling. (2) Illustration of device elements and thei¡ interconnectivity as distinguished from their physical arrangement. text edítor An operating system program used to create and modify text files on the system. See also data tablet. See also surface machining. rotating.J tures that enable the user to perform certain processes. to guide or control machining equipment. trøck ball A CAD graphics input device consisting of a ball recessed into a surface. (2) The process of checking the accuracy. a system that comes . (2) Also. wire size. trønslate (1) To convert CAD/CAM output from one language to another. Also called a terminal or design terminal. Once created.al8 Appendix tublet An input device on which a designer can digitize coordinate data or enter commands into a CAD/CAM system by means of an electronic pen. trap T\e area that is searched around each pick to find a hit on a graphics entity to be edited. Sometimes used interchangeably with stand-alone. and/or manufacturability of an emerging design on the system. by an editing command. assembly. in CAD. dor assumes total responsibility for building. loosely.The CAD equivalent of a designer's template might be a standard part in the data-base library that can be retrieved and inserted intact into an emerging drawing on the CRT. tool pøth Centerline of the tip of an NC cutting tool as it moves over a part produced on a CAD/CAM system'Tool paths can be created and displayed interactively or auto- verificatíon (1) A system-generated message to a workstation acknowledging that a valid instruction or input has been received. wire-frame graphics A computer-aided design technique for displaying a 3-D object on the CRT screen as a series of lines outlining its surface. or mirroring. commonly used component or part that serves as a design aid. although stand-alone applies more to system architecture than to terms of purchase.e. wiring díagrøn (1) Graphic representation of all circuits and device elements of an electrical system and its associated apparatus or any clearþ defined functional portion of that system. equipped with all the ha¡dware and software required for a specific application or applications. and the training of user personnel. Usually implies a commitment by the vendor to make the system work and to provide preventive and remedial maintenance of both hardware and software. color. Also called tenxporary storage workstatíon The work area and equipment used for CAD/CAM operations. See also digitize. transformatìon The process of transforming a CAD display image. while a computer program is still in progress). throughput The number of units of work performed by a CAD/CAM system or a workstation during a given period of time. turnkey A CAD/CAM system for which the supplier/ven- working storage That part of the system's internal storage reserved for intermediate results (i.

apter ACCT ACCUM ACT ADPTR arrange artificial asbestos asphalt assemble assembly assistant associate association atomic audible audio frequency authorize automatic auto-transformer auxiliary avenue average aviation azimuth B babbitt back pressure back to back backface balance assemble (auto armor plate army navy armature ARM ARMPL bent Bessemer between between centers between perpendiculars bevel bill of material BT BESS AN ARR ARTF BETW BC BP ASB ASPH ASSEM BEV BM BLK BLK BP addendum addition adjust advance rd ADD ADD ADJ ADV AFT manufacturing) ASM ASSY ASST ASSOC ASSN AT )s- after aggregate ft . alteration alternate AXFMR AUX AVE lle t.3S-1999) in Text_ tls Y. . same asAWG) building bulkhead ^l a APVD APPROX bearing bench mark burnish bushing ARCW BRG BM BLDG BHD BNH BSHG BTN button . zoom A CAD capability that proportionately enlarges or reduces a figure displayed on a CRT screen. ie alternating current altitude aluminum American Standard Code for Interchange AC ALT AVG AVN both sides both ways bottom bottom chord bottom face bracket brake brass BW BOT BC BF BRKT AL ASCII BK BRS þ¿ American wire gage AWG AMT brazing break BRZG BRK BH BSt )t e. y.e origin of all coordinate dimensions defined in an absolute system as the intersection of the baselines of the x. ball bearing barometer base line base plate BAL BBRG )- APPX BARO BL BP Brown & Sharpe (wire gage.n A absolute accelerate accessory ABS 1- te ACCEL ACCESS rn ile )s account accumulate actual ad. thus temporarily redefining the coordinate frame of reference. existing data. z axes. such as a mass storage device. and. this features allows the zero point on an axis to be relocated anywhere within a speci_ fied range.Appendix :d 1- at9 m :d te ^Io transfer information from CpU main memory to a peripheral device.. ir al p.h air-condition airplane allowance alloy AGGR AIRCOND APL ALLOW ALY ALT ALTN AUD AF AUTH AUTO blank block blueprint board boiler boiler feed boiling point bolt circle both faces BD BLR BF BP BC BF BS t. wr¡te-protect A security feature in a CAD/CAM data stor_ age device that prevents new data from being written over wùte zero offset On an NC unit. A trd te 4 Abbrevicrt¡ons for Use on Drowings ond Americon Not¡onql Slondord (Selected from ANSI/ASME y14. )f is zero T}. amount ampere Brinell hardness BAB BP BB BF amplifier anneal antenna )f rLy AMP AMPL ANL ANT British Standard British thermal unit broach bronze BTU BRCH BRZ BS apartment apparatus appendix approved approximate arc weld API APPAR s.

IPS INCLS DBL forged steel DWL forging DWL forward F inside diameter INCL ID INTR INTL FST interior DOZ DN foundry frequency FORG internal FWD intersect FDRY irregular FREQ INTSCT IRREG .aZ() C Append¡x drafring calibtate capacitance cast steel casting DWG DR DF DFTG front furnish FR FURN DRG DF DUP CHG gage or gauge gallon galvanize galvanized iron alvanized steel asket eneral lass center centering change check valve GA GAL GALV GALVI GALVS GSKT ci¡cuit clockwise coated cold drawn copper cold-rolled steel combined complete with compressor concentric concrete splash block CV 11 CKI each CW eccentric CTD effective CDC elbow CRS electric CMBD elementary CW elevate COMPR elevation GENL overnment GL overnor ade GOW GOV GR GRDTN aduation aphite condition constant output amplifier contact continued copper oxide counter countersunk cross section cubic cubic foot cubic inch CONC engine CSB engineer COND engineering COA entrance CONT equal CONT equation CUO equipment CTR equivalent CTSK estimate XSECT exchange ind oove ound EQL EQ GPH GRD GRV GRD EepT EeUIV current custome¡ cyanide CUFI CUIN exterior CUR extra heavy existing CU exhaust half_round handle EST hanger EXCH hard EXH harden EXST ha¡dware EXT head headless 1/2RH HDL HGR H HDN HDW H CUST extra strong XHVy CYN extrude XSTR heat-treat HDLS HTTR EXTD heavy hexagon high_pressure _speed D decimal dedendum deflect degree HVY HEX HP HS F DEC fabricate DED face to face DEFL Fahrenheit (") DEG far side zontal epower HORIZ HP HR HRS HR density department design DENS federal DEPT figure rolled rolled steel irrg detail develop diagonal diagram diameter diametral pitch dimension discharge distance DSGN fillet DET fillister aulic DVL finish DIAG finish all over DIAG flange DIA flat head HSG HYDR DP floor DIM fluid DIV force division double dovetail dowel down dozen DISCH focus DIST foot FAO I FLG illustrate FLH inboard FL inch FL inches per second FOC inclosure (')FT inctude FNSH ILLUS (") INBD tN.

l'.'å R QTR RD RV RD letter light line locate LHO LG obsolete LoA octason LTR officã LT \JUt \Jt-u RDL rachus R on center OC rarlroad RR RMR RH DL }R H )N r\/¡/ logarithm long lubricate lumber RCVD RCD RECT RDC REF H LS TR M machine machine screw machine steel maintenance malleable malleable iron manual manufacture manufactured outside radius REINF REL RLF overall MACH MSCR ' D :X IP JS MS MAL remove requrre RMV REO package MAINT paragraph required PARA return PKG REQD RTN RVS v IP IR ?S IR e rQ manufacturing material maxrmum mechanical mechanism median medium MNL permanent MFR perpendicular MFD piece MFG piece mark MATL pint Ml patent pattern PAn PAT reverse revolution REV PERM revolution per minute PERP right RPM R PC right hand MAX PCMK rivet PT Rockwell hardness RH RW RH RLR pitch MECH pitch circle MECH pitch diameter P roller PC root diameter PD PL round rs ) J.PH LAB LAM LS nominal normal north not to scale NOM NORM ^ O quadrant QDRNT LATL number 'il8 OBS ) OUAL åÏ. MDN MDM root mean square plasric plate RD RMS PLSTC rough PLMB S S metal meter mile miles per hour MET plumbing RGH RND L minimum miscellaneous I L T 2 ) MPH MIN MISC polish M Ml point point of curve point of intersection point of tangency PTs PC month morse taper MO pT pOL POSN pl schedule schematic SCHED SCHEM SH scleroscopehardness screw second position MORT potential pOT motor mounted mounting MOT pound MTD pound-force MTG power per square inch pWR psl LB section semi-steel separate SCR SEC SECT SS SEP .Appendix FR a2l T JRN joint joint army-navy journal junction JT JAN multiple MusicWire Gage 1V MULT prefabricated MWG PREFAB preferred prepare pressure PFD PREP PRESS GA >AL ALV JNL JCT national natural PRCS PROD PF K keyseat \LVI LVS SKI Keyway KWY neutral near face near side KST negauve PROP PUBN PB :NL GL L laboratory laminate lateral left side left hand length length over all )W OV GR )TN .

a22 shaft sheet Appendix set screw SSCR support SFT surface SPRI SURF universal UNIV shoulder single sketch sleeve SH SGL symbol SHLDR sysrem SYM V valve variable VAC VAR VS VERT SYS vacuum SKT slide slotted small socket space special TECH volt TEMpL volume TNSN W IERM wart THRU week TMR weight TAN versus TpR vertical VOL specific spot-face spflng square THK THD washer WSHR W WK standard station TOL west Wl W WD WP WPR stationary steel TG stock straight street TS TOT XFR width working point working pressure wrought wrought iron st¡uctural substitute summary slu SUBSI ulrimate STRL ryp uN WRI WI Y SMy unified ULT yard yeal YD YR .

2 -0.2 -0.ó -0 +1.4 -16 -12 -1.9 -0.6 0.sE trqt 0.sE ÊGt c) Súandard Limits Hole H8 +0.6 1.2 -0.1 .25 rr¡ (J 0. but with greater maximum clearance than class RC L. parts made to this fit move and turn easily but are not intended to run freely.E L!) oà ÊGl og É) Standard Limits Hole H5 +0.3 0. Precision running fits are about the closest fits which can be expected to run freely and are intended for precision work at slow speeds and light journal pressures.95 0.4 t.9 -L2 -0.7 -0 +0.2s -0.0 -0.73 4.4 -0.85-r2.1.0 5.7 -0 +1.244.6 -3.2 0.4 1.8 0.154.4 -0 +1.6 -0 +1.1 -0. Sliding fits are intended for accurate location.5 -J.5 3.25 0.3 -0.72 o.3 0.3 fl H.6 -2.J 1.r9-1.5 -0.09-9.4 -0.4 -0. inches Class RC 4 .7 -0.0 -'1.1 -0 +0.4 1.2 -0 +16 2.97 I.6 -2. and in the larger sizes may seize with -Americon Nolionol slqndord JR W VK M W Basic hole system.4 3.8 -2.5 -0 +0.25 0.3 -0. Symbols H5.4 -0.5 0.404.I5 3.0 6.65 0.2 0.8 2.25 -0 +0.5 -0.6 -0.1s -0.41-15.0 -0 +0.0 -0 +3.0 3.0 0.55 -0 +0.2 0.124.45 0.4 1.0 0.6 -1.9 -1.9 -0.6 -0 +0.5 2.2 -0 +2.6 0.8 1.95 0.3 -0.6 -0 +0. Close sliding fits are intended for the accurate location of parts which must assemble without perceptible play.15 -0.7 -0.0 -0 +0.= a) i rì Hole Shaft 95 H6 +0.40 0.3 -0.7 -0 +1.6 0.6 -1.3 -0.L 1. 95.7 -0 +2.8 -1.0 0.8 2.9 -0 +0.8 2.2 -0 +3.4 -0 +1..7 -tt t4 5.0 -0.4 -0.85 -0 +0.3 1.6 2.4 0.6 1.0 9.7-1967 (R1994).8 0.0 2.1 -0.7 -0.8 2.6 1.4 1.6 -0 +0.4 l.t2 0.25 -0.2 0.6 2.1s 0.6 4.6 -1.8 4.1 -0.09 7.35 -0.8 -1.5 -0 +0.ó -1.25 0.8 -0 +1.8 2.0 -2.55 -0 +0.4 -0.8 z.3 0.3 -1.3 -0 +0.8 -0.95 0. where accurate location and minimum play are desirôd. Limits are in thousandths of an inch.5 3..0 2.6 -2.0 -4.2 -0 J-t't -2.2 2.9 -0.6 -1.0 -2. Close running fits areintended chiefly for running fits on accurate machinery with moderate surface speeds and journal pressures.6 Shaft È¡ (J 0.2 -0 +L.1 Class RC 2 Class RC 3 Nominal Size Range.0 8.r9 I.4 Shaft 16 Over To FTU 0.5 7.5 1. Limits for hole and shaft are applied algebraically to the basic size to obtain the limits of size for the parts.3 -'.97-3.8 -1.Appendix a23 5 \C AR Running ond sliding Fitso RC lC 1 2 VS iRT RC 3 4 f.sã ..4 0) .0 -5.0 0.24 o.3 -0.85 -0 +1.8 -1.6 0.55 -0 +0.9 0.5 -1.4 -0.0 3.4s -0. . Data in boldface are in accordance with ABC agreements. For larger diamerers.6 -0 +0.6 2.7 -0.6 -0 +0.0 -3.2 Shaft g4 ê9 St¡ndard Limt'ts .7 -0.2 0.8 5.ls 0.2 0.5 3.2 -0 'From ANSI 84.3 1.5 1.t -0 +2.0 6.0 1.0 -0 +L4 -0 -1.5 -0. efc.55 0.4 -0 +1.0 -2.35 -0.4 -0.45 -0 +0.7 2.3 -0 +0.9 -0.4 -0 +1.= CÉÉ ê9 Sfandard Limits Hole H7 +0.3 -0.6 -1.1 -0.4 1.5 -4.7 .5 -14 -2.2 -0.1 -0 +1.4 -2.0 -1. see the standard.77-t.= ê9 .5 5.5 -3.5 t7 0.0 2.7 1.0 -4. but they are not suitable where appreciable temperature differences are likely to be encountered.75 0.L RC small temperature changes.4r 12.3 -0.75 0.6 -0 -3.7 -0.3 -0.7 -0.71 0.73J. -0 +2.2 -0 +0.4 -0.7 -0 -r.2 0.aÍe hole and shaft designations used in ABC System.5 -0 +0.5 -0 +0. ID VP )R RT //r /D /R Cl¡ss RC I .9 1.

0 1.2 -0 +6.0 -0 +6.1 -4.5 -15.8 5.3 -0 +3.0 -3.5 7.6 -0.3 -1.3 3.5 -0 +4.7 1.0 -9.0 +0.5 -3.0 -7.0 -0 +4.0 20.9 1.5 -3.8 -0 -1.0 13.0 8.6 -2.6 -0 0.2 -3.0 -0 -5.41 12. .3 5.8 -5.8 -7.3 1.54.0 2.0 18.0 +9.9 +L6 -1.0 -0 -0 +8.0 -0 +2.5 -5.0 -0 +4.0 -7.8 -8.0 4.0 -2.7 3.0 15.0 -3.5 -0 -6.0 -3.0 -14.2 3..0 -8.7 _.0 L4.0 12.97 2.0 16.0 -1:2.0 -4.4 +1.5 7.0 -4.2 -12 2.0 +14.2 +4. .0 -0.8 -0 +3.0 -s.0 +t2.0 +1.0 -1.0 -9.09-9. RC 6l RC 7 Free running fits are intended for use where açÇuracy is not essential.1 1.0 9.0 28.0 -0 -0 -26.0 24.71.0 -10.0 38.0 -4.0 -8.6 1.0 7.6 -2.8 1.= q) o9 Standard Limifs Hole Shaft TI9 e8 H8 el -1.0 rt.4H.0 -5.5 10.5 10.0 15.8 -0 J-t. 3.0 -15.0 11. For larger diameters.0 -11.0 15.0 19.6 3.6 -2.6 -0 +14 -L2 -1.s õ .6 -0 +1.4t-15.8 3.8 +1.0 18.4 +2.0 10.9 -1.2 2.0 +1.r9 t.0 14.-r.5 -1.6 .8 -19 -0 +2.0 -10.4 -3.6 r.8 2.0 x2. or both.2 -6.8 +25 -2.2 -0.0 -..0 4.0 5.97-3.8 2.0 -0 -3.7 -0.6 5.0 10.5 -0 2.5 5.0 6.6 -0 +2..0 -6.0 +9.244.8 -5. or heavy journal pressures.0 -4.0 -8.5 7.0 -7.0 -31.0 15.0 13.0 -0 +4.s 8.6 -0 +12 -1.5 -3. see the srandard.0 -7.5 -0 +3.0 -18.8 +3.6 +1.73-:7.73 4.0 -2.5 -0 +6.0 8.0 I.5 -7.7 -3. or where large temperature variations RC RC Bl under both these conditions.2 -1.6 r-'.0 -0 +3.5 -4.6 3.0 -7.8 2.6 -0 -2.0 +2.5 +1.6 -4.r5 3.1 -0 +2.5 -8.5 -0 +5.5 -4.7 -0 -0 +6.71 0.0 -x2.0 18.75 -0 +3.E -0 +7. Class RC 5 Class RC 6 Èq) Class RC 8 Class RC 9 Standard Limits Hole Shaft .2 -6.0 4.5 +1.5 7.5 10. (J 04.1 2.0 -10.0 -12.5 -0 +4.a24 Appendix 5 Running ond Sliding Fitso-Americon Nolionol Stondord (continued) RC 5I Mediunt running fits are intended for higher running speeds.5 -0 +5.0 10.40 0.< 5.5 -5.2 0.0 29.0 -10.7-1967 (R1994).5 3.0 6.0 -9.0 8.9 2.0 22.6 7.5 0.5 -3.0 -0 -0 +0.0 -8.2 t2 3.5 -6.L24.5 -5.5 r0.0 4.85-t2.8 -1.8 -4. 9l for use where wide commercial tolerances may be necessary.5 -0 -5.9 4.t2 0.6 2.0 -1.6 -0 +1.4 -L.5 -6.6 4.0 6.0 -13.0 13.7 6.7 3.24 0.5 -3-5 -2.0 3.0 6.0 -20.0 -6.0 -6. -0 +3.6 +3.0 " F¡om ANSI B'4.s 6..0 -0 -0 -0 -0 +4.0 -t4s -0 -18.6 2.0 -8.0 -0 -22.0 72.0 6.8 7.0 4.0 -0 -3.5 9.0 -0 -0 -9.0 -22.0 +10.0 -0 -0 +2.0 -0 5.5 -0 +5.5 x¿.0 10.0 11.0 34.0 -10.0 25.85 4.5 -2.5 8.0 +x2.0 +1.79-t.0 -12.0 3.0 7. together with ember.0 9.0 -0 +1.0 -0 -1.0 21.E -4.3 8.0 5.0 -0 +35 -0 +5.9 -1.5 -6.0 -17.1.7 6.1 +2.0 45.0 +7.0 +0.09 -0 -2.0 -5.

1s -0.4 2.4 5.6 2.6 -0.3 -0 +0.1 -1^4 1.0 +l.75 -0 +3.0 '.2 +0 -1. .154.6 -0.09 7.7 +0 0 2.6 +0 -0 +1. H5.2 0 1.25 0 1.5 +0 .0 0 2.2 +2.2 0.n Notionqr stqndord assembled arance fits "n¿ rr.0 -5 +0 0 3.2 0.09-9.8 -1 +0 -1^.5 0 1.5 +0 -0 -0 -1.97 1.5 t.0 .7 -0 -L.6 -1.6 -0.E +0 -1.0 +0 -0 +9.5 -0 -0 -0.6 .9 -0 +0.5 +0.1 -0 +0.9 0 2.0 +0 -4 +0 -0.6 Shaft h!) +0 -0.4 +0 -0 +0.65 0 -0 +0.3 +0 -0 +1.4 .8 -0.25 1.0 0 3.0 -0 -0 0 10 0 -0 -0 +0 +1.0 .7 +1.8 -L.0 0 3.1-1967 (Rl994).2 -0 +4. -0 +5.7 3. 0 0.2 Shaft h6 sã Ëqt Fr(J 0 1 og Standard Limits Hole H8 +0.6 0.5 0 0 L7 0 -0 +1.0 .4 -0.0 -3 +0 -J.7 .0 .6 +1.0 -0 +8.5 -0.urt lrï.4 +0 -0.1 0 2.9 0.71 0 +0 -0.4I-I5.3 0.4s -0.3 +0 1. 0 15.2 -0.5 0 8.4 -0.4 +0.8 -1.4 +0 -0 +1.8 +0 l1.5 .5 -0 +0.litt""atïtsJ: Data in boldface are in acc s.95 0.25 1..0 -2.7 +0 0 4.3 +L2 +0 -0.2 -0 +0.5 2.0 -0 -1.4 +0 -2.41 -0 +1.7 -0 -t'. -6 -0 0.0 .ls 0.7 +0 -0 +1.3 0 1.9 +0 -0 +2.Appendix a25 6 cleoronce Locotionor Fitso fits are " n rrom to the I Limits for hole -Amer¡c.4 -0.2 0.0 -0 )-'.5 +0 3.0 -0.6 0 3 -0 +1.4H.8 +0 -0 +3.3 -0.0 -1.6 Shaft h7 iu 0 gd .6 0 -0.0 +0 t6 0.0 4.6 -0.r5 3.5 05 0 +0 -0 +0.0 -4.65 -0.4 -0 +1.8s 9.1 0 4.6 -0 +1.s 0 13.6 0 +0.7 -0.4 -0 +0.6 -0.4 +0 -0 +ó.6 3.0 -0.244.6 0.5 -0 +3.0 .4 0 5.7 -0.85-12.0 .6 .8 .5 -0 +0.73 4.6 0 -0 +2.8 -0 +0.8 -0.0 +0 0 -0 J-'t '. '.2 -12 +0 r'¿.0 0 -0 +4.24 0.9 0 7.8 0.6 -0 -1.5 +0 .971.2 1.6 3.7 0 o.9 +0 0 3.6 +0 -0 +7.2 0 1.7 0 0.1. Symbols H6.8 +2.0 -0.0 -0. imirs orsize for rhe parrs.6 +0 -0 +0.35 0.8 -0.5 +0 -0 +1.0 -0 From ANSI 84.3s 0. +0 -0 -0.5 +L2 -0.6 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -0 +2.9 +2.8 -1.5 2.6 2.I24.4 +0 2..9 -0.5 -0.0 -1.4 +0 -0 +1.73-7.7 4.4 0 1.2 -0 -0.0 +0 +0. see the standard.0 0. For Ìarger diameters.2 0 1.= o9 i3ã aJ Standard Linits Hole H10 +1.1 -0.2 0. 2.3 -1.2 -0.4 +1. etc'.6 +0 -0 +2.8 -0.0 -0.5 -1..40 0.8 +0 0 1.5 +0 0 -0.3 -0 +1.2s 0 +0 +0 -0 +0.L9-t.2 +0 -1.0 . :_ l Clans LC 2 L€) Class LC 3 Class LC 4 Class LC 5 ¡ft . are hole and shaft designations used in ABC System.6 0 3.0 .5 -2.

0 -1.5 5.7 3.5 -8.5 5 -0 +6 20 7 25 8 -0 +9 -6 -13 = 0 g.4È0.5 -3.85-].6 3.97 -0 +2.0 " -0 -0 -5 -11 -0 -8 )t 66 -1| -0 -0 -)) 30 100 -M -0 -43 -7t -50 -28 -58 -30 -05 0 o 0 o o 0 J From ANSI 84.0 -0.2 2.71 0.5 -0 +5 -4 -8 -4.0 -8.0 -2.0 t7.5 -9.6 -1.6 L.2 0.5 -0 +7. -ta -6.O.2 2.8 -2.0 11.0 6.6 -1.0 4.4 -1. see the standard.5 6.5 3.0 8.8 -0.0 -2.0 -2.2 0.2 0..ãg i(J 0.4 -0 +5.8 5.1 1.2.4 7.5 13.0 9.1-1967 (Rl994).5 Shaft c10 øa .6 -3.6 -4.5 -0 +6.5 2.0 23.0 8.9 -0.0 -4.6 -0.40 0.0 15.s 4.0 -0 +2.2 Standard Limits Hole H10 +1.1 3.8 3.5 -5.5 -4...5 -9.s 3.2 1.154.3 -0 +5.6 -0 Lta -0 +1.0 2.8 4.0 t2 4.3 -0 +4.41-15.8 7.6 -3.ËË Limits Hole H10 +1. For larger diameters.0 5.4 -0.0 -0 +4.6 3.09 7.s 7.3 1.3 -0.8 0.6 r(J 4 q) ø= É€ 5 Standa¡ds o 0 0 J Limits Hole Shaft o o 0 0 0 IJtz +4 Hl3 0.6 -0 +3.4 2.8 -1.6 2.0 5 15 6 17.5 -4.0 -0 +5.9 -0 +1.6 1.19-1.5 6.6 Shaft d9 =g øA Ê6 Standard Standard Limits Hole H11 +2.0 -0 Laa 4.6 E.0 7.s 4. t7 6 -0 +7 -5 -11 -0 +10 -7 -16 'n oo I 20 7 23 -0 +8 -6 -13 ?a 10 -0 +12 -8 -18 -10 -.5 t.0 'lo 2.41 12.0 -7.0 -J.5 .! aJ H(J 1.2 6.1 -0.3 -4.2 -0 +1.0 -1.5 -4.0 -0 +5.75 t.24-0.0 -0 +9.0 -0 +7 -6 -10 -0 +12 -8 -14 -10 -17 -12 -20 -14 -23 4 t2 16 -0 +18 -t2 -28 -16 -34 -20 -40 = 0 f g Ø -0 +7ß l8.5 -2.8 -0 +1.0 0.6 Shaft e9 ê9 ø2 Èd .5 -7. -0 +7 -0 +9 -5 -9 -6 -10.73 4.0 -6.0 -0 +8.15 1.0 4. -12 -28 3 o --.0 13.5 -3. = c o o .E 10.0 -1.5 -0 +4.8 -1.6 -0.5 -0 +1.97-3.0 -3.5 1.0 -0 +9 -0 +14 -0 L.0 -0 +8 -7 -11.5 13.8 -2.5 -0 +3.5 -0 +4.0 Shaft ø2 .6 -2.0 3.5 I 28 10 -7 -0 -ls +10 -8 -0 -18 +12 34 -0 +16 4 t2 14 50 -0 +18 o 0 -10 -11 34 11 -0 +14 -r'.0 16.0 -5.6 -1.8 -4.7l-t.8 1. -0 +35 t2.1 -0 +4.5 +6 t7 6 -0 +7 -5 -11 14.0 20.0 8.6 -3.0 -0 +4.5 -4.1 -2.6 -14 4.1 -0 +2.0 -5.0 3.12-0.0 -0 +6 -2..5 -0 +3.0 2.2 -3.5 _).0 -1.5 7 -0 +6 -2. -25 -0 +22 -t4 -32 -16 -3E -18 z 0 2t 8 24 10 -0 +10 -7 -12 t6 60 18 68 22 78 ?ß 88 39 -0 +16 -0 +25 -0 +4.0 -2.0 -4.1 -0 +3.0 -2.2 -0 +3.5 -4.6 7.5 9.= Limits Hole Shaft t8 .0 11.t9 1.0 -8.09-9.8 -F' a) to.5 -6.5 -2.0 -3.0 -0 +3.5 -L2 -3.6 -2.5 10.85 9.0 -5.4 -1.2 5.4 2.0 3.24 0.4 -1.73-7.3 0.s 5. 0 Class LC 6 Class LC 7 Class LC E Class LC 9 Class LC 10 Class LC 11 Standard Standard øl ÉGl FT (J Limits Hole H9 +1.5 29 -0 +12 52 20 60 -0 +20 -0 +30 -7 -12 l2 32 14 37 20.0 1.0 8.5 -0 +2.5 -0 +6.

2 -0 -1.3 +0.8 +2.7 +0.2 -0.25 +1.0 +2.0 +0.73-7.6 +0.25 +0. -0 -3.6 +1. o o l -0 +2.5 +0.0 -0 +1. inches Class IjT 3 f Class LT 5 Class IjT 6 Standard Standard F¡T FÍt Limits Hole Shaft Standard Limits Hole H8 +0.2 +1.5 +0.0 -0 +2.9 +1.8 -1.0 -0.2 +2.1 +1.4 +1.7 f -0 +1.9 -0 +0.0 -0 -2.8 +0.3 +0.3 +1.25 +0. For larger diameters.7 -1.8 +1.0 -1.3 +0.5 - 1.12 Fit Limits Hole H7 Shaft n7 H7 +0.0 +1.5 +0.5 +0.8 -0.ï:ä:and interference fits.8 +0.8 -0.6 -0 +1.5 +0.7 -0 +2.6 -0. e in thousandths of an inch.6 +0.8 +0.4 +0.2 - 1.6 +1.E -0 .9 -0.2 -0 +0.8 +0.6 -1.0 -0 +2.2 H7 k6 H8 -0. +2.4 +0.4 -0 +1.8 -0 +1.8 -0 +3.0 -2.0 -0.6 +1.5 -0.1 +1.3 +1.25 +0.2 js7 +0.6 -1.2 +0.4 +1.0 -0.4 -0 +0.65 -0.6 -0.6 +2.8 -0.8 4.5 -0.5 +3.6 Fir Shaft Limits Hole Shafi Stand¡rd Fif Hole Shaft Standard Fir k7 +0.2 +2.6 -0.6 -0 +1.3 +1.3 -0.0 -0 +r.1 +0.5 +0.t -0 +1.10 +0.6 -0s +l.3 +1.0 +0.3 +0.2 LimiÍs Hole Over To 0-0.09 7.6 +0.4 +2.3 +2.0 -0.9 -1..5 -0.1 +0.0 -1.4 H7 Shaft nó f g TI 0 o 0 = 0 0124.9 -0.8 +0.5 +1.5 -0.1 +1.6 -0 -3.3 +2.0 +1.6 +0.3 -0 +1.8 -2.7 +1.2 -0.5 -2.15 +0.8 -0 +1.2 -0 -0.4 -2. f = 0 o l o 0 o 'From ANSI B4.0 +0.8 -0 -0.1 -0 +1.6 +2.35 +0.3 -0.95 -0 -0.6 -1.6 -0 +2.15 +0.1 +0.7 +l.3 +0.9 +0.8 o =.4 +0.9 +0.0 +3.2s +0.5 +1.7 +17 +0.0 -0.1 +0.2 -0 +2.4 -0 +0.2 -0 +1.9 +1.8 -1.2 +1.2 -0.6 +4.9 -0 +1S -0 +3.2 +0.6 6o I -0 +0.6 +0.5 +0.7 +0.6 -1.9 -0 +0.15 -0.1 +1.1 +2.2 +0. see the standard.6 +0.6 +0.5 -0.4 +0.4 -0 +1..2 -0 +0.65 +0.tf +1.5 -0 +1.25 -0 +1.2 -lJ -0 +1.4 _aa -1.2 +1.5 -7.4 +2.3 +2.0 +1.1 +2.6 +0.8 +3.35 +0.8 +0.1 +0.35 +0.1 +1.2 +1.îi::Ïìîåï:.7 +0.1 -0.3 +0.7 +0.8 +0.3 +0.09-9.7 -0..50 js6 +0.5 -0 +0.2 -0 +1.7 +1.4 +0.1 +0.4 +0. "nnf"?ixü'::!:"i:iä.0 -0 +3.2 -0.5 -0.4 -0.2 +0.8 +0.85 -0 +1.1 +1.6 +2.9 -0.6 -0.1 +0.3 -0.8 +0.7 +0.2 +2. 0 ao õ' Class [T 1 Class LiT 2 Nominal Size Range.4 +2.6 -1.4 -0.4 -0.4 +0.7 +0.1 +0.2 -0.2 +l.0 -0 +2.4 +1.5 -0 +1.6 -0 +1.65 +0.4 +0.4 +0.25 -0 -0.0 -0.t-1967 (F.7 +0.1 +0.8 +t4 +2.6 -2.l +0.8 -0 +1.4 +0.10 -0.4 !ta -0 g U.7 +0.2 +1.0 -1.7 -0.1 +2.5 -0 +1.5 -0.6 -0 +2.5 +0.2 -3.10 +0.0 +0.2 +0.4 +0.4 +3.0 1.1 +1"0 -0 -0 +0.4 -13 +1.6 +3.25 -0.0.5 -0.6 -0 -0.9 +0.8 -3.15 +0.2 +0.4 -0.7 +0. the mating parts.2 +0.6 -0.24 -0.lgg4 ).4 +0.7 +2.1 +1.8 +0.7 -0.0 -0 +3.5 +0.9 +0.4 -1.2 -0 +1.8 -0.9 +0.7 +4..6 +0.2 +l.0 -0 +0.4 +0.E +0.2 _.15 +0.4 -2.3 +0.2 - -0 +1.8 +1.6 +1.5 -0 +2.2 +1.05 -0.4 +0.2 -0 +0.""î:ti.:.for apprication where accuracy of rocarion is important.5 +0.8 +0. -0 +0.3s -0 -0 +0.4 +2.4 +2.0 +0.6 -0.3 -0.6 +0.6 -0 +3.9 +1.4 +0.1 -0 +0. us values).t 0 z -0 +2.9 +1.2 +0.2 -0 +2.6 -0.4 +3.

4 Shaft p6 € Eg .5 -0 +1.65 0 0.3 -0 +1.85-12.9 0.1 +0.4 2.2 0.9 3.09 7.8 -0 +1.2 2.0 2.3 0.¡3 Eg .2 +2. Limits are in thousandths of an inch.8 +1.t9 t.40 0.6 +1.3 0 0.3 +0.6 -0 +1.2 +1. .2 +L4 +2.73 4.65 +0.0 0.3 +1.2 1.r2 0.I-1967 (R1994).5 +0.1 0.0 -0 +0. Basic hole system.9 +0.4 -0 +t.6 +1.€Ê Éq) 0 0.17-t.p6.4 +1.7 L6 0.4 +2.5 +1. inches o) o Standard I .85 9.8 +1.97-i.8 0.1 1.2 3.etc.7s 0.75 +0.7 0 1.4 -0 +1.2 +2.7 -0 +2.2 0.5 +0.5 1.0 t7 -0 +1.45 +0.0 +0.7 +1.1 0 1.4 -0 +0.41 u -0 +0.97 1.2 -0 +1.8 +0.3 +0.7 t2 +1.6 +1.1 0.8 -0 +0.3 -0 +14 -0 -0 F¡om ANSI B4.1 1.2 2.0 +2.5 +0.2 +0.45 0 0.4 +2..6 2.0 -0 +1.8 0.1 +0. Such fits are not intended for parts designed to transmit frictional loads from one part to another by virtue of the tightness of fit.0 -0 +0.2 -0 +0.7 +1.5 +1.8 -0 +12 +12 +2.25 Shaft n5 TE tq) ¡lÈ +0.3 1.65 -0 +0.4 2.0 0 1.2 3.6 +2. Limits for hole and shaft are applied algebraically to the basic size to obtain the limits of size for the parts.0 +3.5 +0.2 -0 +1.2H.0 0 1.2s +0.65 +0.r9-r.0 4.7 +1. as these conditions are covered by force fits. Class LN 1 Class €) LN 2 Standard (¡) Class LN 3 I Nominal Size Range.71 0 0.1 +1.2 -0 +1.4 0.É* Êo) FlÈ Standard L¡mifs Over To Hole H7 +0.6 0 0.124.5 Limits Hole H6 +0.2 0.4 Shaft ¡6 H.8 -0 +0.24 -0 +0.r5 3.a28 Appendix lnlerference Locolionol Filso-Americon Notionol Slondord LN Locational interference fits are used where accuracy of location is of prime importance and for parts requiring rigidity and alignment with no special requirements for bore pressure.2 0. are hole and shaft designations used in ABC System.5 +0. see the standard.3 -0 +0.40-0.4 -0 +0.8 0 1. For larger diameters.8 Limits Hole H7 +0.0 +0.6 0.8 0.3 0.8 +3.5 +1.0 +4.0 2. Symbols H7.4 -0 +2.2 2.73-7.6 -0 +1.4 +0. Data in boldface are in accordance with ABC agreements.9 0.09-9.5 -0 +0.3 -0 +0.5 +4.r54.4 +2.2 +3.5 4.4 0.1 0.0 +L.5 +2.4 +0.1 0.6 0.6 +1.9 0 -0 +0.6 +1.2 L.0 +3.7 +3.9 0.9 +2.6 +2.9 +0.6 +0 +0.2 +t4 +1.

4 ¡¡Ë H7 e€ Ê€¡ 0.2 +0.4 -0 +0.6 +2. of size for the parts.7 +1.85 +0.2 +1.1-1 9ó7 (Rl994) -0 +l.0 +2.6 1.5 +0.0 -0 +05 -0 +0.0 -0 +1.95-1. They are suitable for thin sec- k fits on light sections.5 2.4H.6 +1.8 -0 +1.9 +0.3 0.9 +1.3 +1.0 +0.5 +0.9 -0 +0. tØ duce more or less permanent assemblies.3 +0.9 +t2 +2.8 +3.5 1.0 +2.E 0.1 0.6 1.7 +1.5 1.2 +3.75 +0.4 +2.7 1. lT Data Symbols H7.6 -0 +0.8 +1.2 0.8 0.4 0.0 +1.95 0.0 -0 +1.3 +0.2 1.3 3 o 0.7 +12 +1.7 0 z f =.8 3.1 +0.6 -0 +0.71 -0 +0.0 +2. | €) Chss FN 5 I o Súandard se EC¡ õ Limits Hole I EE Hole H7 0.8 -0 +0.9 0.2 0 o -0 +0.3 0.0 = o g v.8 -0 +0.6 +1. f .6 +2.3 3.8 0.4 -0 +0.8 +3.5 +0.k-H.1 0. 0 o 0 c) 1'l for shrink fits where the heavy pressing forces required are impractical.3 1.25 iee Êl ÊÊ É¡ IE c I Class Fft Sfandard Limits Hole Shaft s6 .8 -0 +1.0 +3.124.56 0.5 -0 +1.5 o 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.4 1.6 05 1.5 -0 +0.3 1.7 0.2 +1.0 2.E 2.8 +1.6 -0 +1.1 +1. 0 a -0 +0.1 -0 t4 4.8 +L4 +1.0 0.4 -0 +0.3 +2.2 1. I Chss FN 2 Cl¡ss F1\[ 3 o U.5 +1.19-1. Limits for hole and .6 0.E -0 3.6 1.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 +1.6 +o.E 2.tt Class FlrI l Shaft rã 'î Ef a¡ I Standard lee 6¡ Êt Limits Hole H6 +0.1 +1.3 +1.2 1.7 1.1 +2.6 2. em.4 1.4 +1. =.95 0.24 0.40 -0 +0.05 0.244.6 +1.1 0.9 0.0 +1  -0 +0. They are about the tightest fits that can be used s in medium sections.5 +0.5 +0. o 0 -0 +0.6 +2.n^r.1 0.8 +0.7s 0.5 1.6 -0 .4 +0.6 -0 +1.2 +0.8 0.0 1.0 +L4 +2.9 +0.3 0.5 +4.0 +2.7 +1.6 -0 +1.19 1.:r I í) 4 (t.2 H7 +0.0 -0 2.3 +0.6 -0 +0.7 +1.9 0.5ffi.9 0.5 23 1.0 FlÈ +0.4 +1.3 -0 +0.8 2.7 +1.85 0.7 0.4 ' ANSI 84.3 L2 0.0 +0.2 0.4 +0.58 -0 +0.

8 2.6 -0 +1.6 z = 0 f 9.88 7.9 +4.6 +7.0 +15. U) -0 +1.1 -0 +0. For larger diameters.85 2.0 +1L.9 24 1.5 -0 -0 lt4 7.2 4.6 s.7 -1.0 2.3 -0 +1. x7 +5.8 -0 +1.8 -0 +1.52 5.2 13.03-12.9 3.91 EE .2 4.0 +4.0 +18.0 -0 +2.0 +4.4 -0 +0.0 +6.sË Éq) FlÈ 0.0 +13.f.0 5.2 8.6 +12.8 -0 +0.8 +2.0 +8.2 6.4 8.2 3.0 +5..0 20.8 -0 +1.0 +7.7 +4.2 4.98 -0 +1.8 3.7 +3.0 +4.9 +5.8 3.0 +9.4 6.4 -0 +2.3 4.2 .0 +10.6 4.2 17.2 r0.0 +10.0 +10.4 4.2 +6.0 +5.4 9.0 = c 0 22.7 -0 +0.0 'l'l lÐ I t.4 1.7 2.8 13.8 -0 +1.0 +3.3 +3.7 1.8 2.0 13.75-3.5 -0 +1.8 9.4 +2.0 +8.2 +6.8 ) -0 +3.86_9.0 -0 +3.2 6.09 7.0 +6.4 +1.2 2.1-1967 (Rf 994).8 -L) '' +1.2 8.4 5.5 +4.52-6.6 5.0 +2.2 +2.2 2.0 +13.2 +22.ËE Él c) 0.2 +3.2 3. -0 -)-) +15..9 -0 +1.8 -0 +1.3 +1.5 +4.ó +x¿.0 4.73 4.8 9.2 -0 +1.0 -0 +1.2 6.47-13.6 -0 +1.4 -0 +2.2 7.8 +16.0 +9.4.2 +5.4 +10.8 +4.5 -0 +1.8 4.4 .7 2.8 0.6 1.0 8.30 6.0 7.5 1.0 Lt6 9.09-7.5 +3.0 +11.6 -0 +1.9 -0 +L2 +2.8 0 J -0 +t.6 5.2 9.8 -0 +1.5 +2.0 lt2 15.0 -0 +2.2 6.6 -0 +2.5 +6.4 8.5 o 0 a 0 +3.9 2.2 1.6 -0 +1.0 +2. .8 -0 +2.2 +12.9 3.0 +7.2 L2.2 +3.0 +4.4 3.2 3.0 +11.8 Limits 1:a) Hole H7 +1.5 9.0 +20.7 1.2 tl 4.2 +25 +3.7 3.1 4.4 7.2 3.2 5.8 -0 +2.4 0.Class Fl\I1 Cl¡ss FN 2 o) Class tr]\I3 €) (J Class o) Fl\I4 Standard q¡ Cless trN 5 I o e¡ Standard 9 Sfandard Standard I Standard ËE ø F¡È Limits Hole H6 +0.0 +8.2 10.8 +3.4 +8.6 +10.0 +8.2 13.0 +6.2 Hole H7 +1.4 +3.2 5.2 +3.0 4.0 -0 +1.0 r0.0 o o o a 9.2 -0 +2.4 +1.8 -0 +1.6 6.4 +8.0 +2.2 +9.8 +4.2 10. -0 +1.0 +7.56 2.4 -0 +1.9 +3.2 17.4 r.94 0.0 5.5 13.0 3.0 +8.1 5.8 Limits Hole lÐ Shaft u6 ËE .0 +1.0 +6.2 +3.5 +I7.3 +3.73-5.8 +14.86 8.2 7.8 -0 +1.7 +2.0 +17.4 2.2 5.2 4.ó -0 +1.4I 12.6 2.8 4.9 +4.0 -0 +2.0 -0 +1.0 +8.s€ Limits Hole H8 +1.8 -0 +1.2 +7.0 'tl 0 0 0 0 +1.8 tt.9 1.9 0.8 -0 +2.4 +16.2 7.0 -0 +1.ts 3.9 4.0 +5.88-8. J -0 +1.8 E.s 13.8 +3.0 -0 +2.0 +4.8 1.0 +5.9 1.0 +4.0 +9.2 +5.6 1. see the standard.0 2.9 +2.6 -0 +2.4 +2.2 +10.0 +7.2 +0 o ' From ANSI 8.30-7.4 +7.2 +14.0 -0 +3.5 +t3.8 -0 +1.4 -0 4.8 o 0 23 43 2.2 +9.9 5.2 +5.0 +7.0 +9.8 +2.0 -0 +1.8 3.4 6.0 +13. .0 ls.8 +1.0 +20.2 8.2 +6.4 5.9 -0 +1.2 -0 +1.4 -0 +2.5 +3.5 +4.9 -0 +1.9 1.2 +12.0 Shaft s6 EE É (¡¡ Limits FlË 1.4 -0 +1.9 +2.5Ç3.0 6.'.2 1.6 Shaft .6 Shaft El o 2.4 -0 +2.8 +16.03 +4.5 o th -i.2 +9.8 +2.9 +1.0 3.0 +4.5 3 -0 +2.4 3.7 +2.9 +4.972.2 -0 -1.2 -0 +1.5 0 -1.0 +6.5 3.5 +5.5 2.85-11.2 +8.0 -0 t7.0 +6.2 7.0 +E.2 +7.0 18.5 +4.0 +22.5 t3.4 7.3 -0 +12 3.0 17.4 -0 +t.0 11.9 +6.0 +17.2 10.6 -0 +1.0 Shaft r6 EE EE Éq) FlË 1.944.0 +5.2 +7.2 -0 +1.0 15.

009 0.540 0.0012 0.520 0.018 0.044 0.360 0.180 0.005 0.140 0.070 0.022 0.220 0.006 0.003 0.023 0.024 0.010 IT4 0.100 1.039 0.250 0.700 0.1 0.200 11.390 0 o o oo 30 50 80 720 180 30 50 80 120 180 0.012 0.620 0.180 g' o o J o o 0.500 0.520 0.006 0.160 0.018 0.140 29U) 3.r55 0.200 3.2M 1.057 0.034 0.400 2.200 2.250 1.1gg4 84. grades íarger than rr16 can be catculatcd by using rhe formulas:rr17 2.840 1.660 0.130 0.015 0.970 1.0006 0.500 0.630 0.005 0.048 0.0015 0.036 0.190 o.006 0.440 0.0008 0.007 0.003 0.o72 0.000s 0.500 0.320 0.200 0.080 0.029 o.135 23ml 2.160 0.0015 0.0015 0.007 0.025 0.800 I I 0.030 0.003 0.2-1978 (R 1994).850 0.650 1.058 0.300 0. Basic Sizes 0 = o q tT2 0.090 0.014 0.036 0.016 0.300 0.150 0.009 0.009 0.062 0.013 0.100 IT11 Írt2 0.025 0.002 0.02-s 0.100 3.025 0.900 0.0015 0.013 0.210 25U) 3150 0.0004 0.040 0.480 0.078 0.004 0.009 0.093 0.013 IT6 0.011 IT7 0.018 6 10 18 0.020 0.0015 0. .100 0.870 1.400 1.3ó0 0.0012 0.022 0.069 0.02r 0.01 1 ITO IT1 0.o27 0.750 I 0.052 0.011 Up to Ove¡ ånd ITOI 0.002 0.750 0.043 ITlO 0.580 0.100 1.400 1.0005 0.005 0.150 0.018 0.063 0.090 0.000 5.250 0.014 0.120 0.260 0.019 0.050 1.004 0.029 0.011 0.0006 0.740 0.1m 2.600 4.009 0.105 0.008 0.025 0.130 0.004 0.060 0.950 0.050 0.002 0.400 5.310 0.030 0.0006 0.175 0.600 0.033 0.350 .040 0.008 0.400 0.018 o.270 0.0003 0.600 7.005s 0.2-1978 (P.030 0.002s 0.036 0.600 0.057 0.250 0.046 0.360 0.1s0 0.0025 0.800 9.040 0.011 0.210 0.185 0.084 0.460 0.010 IT5 0.0r5 0.t25 0.220 0.004 0.3rn I : rr x 10.001 0.0008 0.0025 0.065 o.015 0.066 0.0006 0.041 0.230 0.005 0.018 0.008 0.07s 0.063 0.0012 0.006 0.100 1.021 0.-500 4.016 0.440 0.0012 0.077 0.000 0320 0.021 0.004 0.250 1.110 0.780 0.900 1.300 o.000 0.056 0.013 0.035 0.006 0.890 r.092 0.700 0.002s 0.018 0.300 1.070 0.600 1.013 0.001 0.0025 0.0035 0.006 0.0045 0.900 1.430 ITT5 I rT16 0.002 0.0008 0.000 13.280 0.010 0.029 0.050 0.330 0.800 0.1 10 0.370 0.004 0.003 0.025 0.810 0.860 r600 2000 2500 u " 2000 0.087 0.03-5 0.0t 6 0.020 0.I75 0.250 250 315 400 500 630 800 1000 1250 1 2s0 315 400 500 630 800 1000 1250 t5 2.600 1.230 0.700 0.100 IT13 tr14 0.004 0.035 0.420 0.012 0.0065 0.005 0.022 0.027 0.015 0.005 0.540 r.040 0.008 0.032 0.001 Including 0 3 6 10 18 J IT3 0.054 0.074 0.008 0.920 600 0.000 o t.052 0.001 0.120 0.720 0.0025 0.040 0.010 rTE IT9 0.008 0.290 0.002 0.003 0.560 0.030 0.140 0.::ï* From rrom ANSI 8.570 0.054 0.046 0.4.001 0.o f o Dimensions are in millimeters.004 0.0004 0.400 0.630 0.015 0.008 0.048 0.210 0.007 0.046 0.600 6.350 0.460 0.012 0.ìiJ1]iîiyLtï1.013 0.500 1.

000 8.027 30.000 I.018 r.600 2.000 0.6 0.043 12.966 19.21.978 4.0æ 30.610 1.000 8.000 9.012 6.940 1.000 ó.500 3.998 2.000 12.060 0.980 24.o02 0.140 1.980 24.060 Min 2.494 2.987 7.989 15.930 3.880 1.987 30.010 0.000 6.000 0.905 Max 71. 0.736 0.992 3.018 0.000 6.070 0.000 16.000 12.030 5.022 10.370 0.955 1.036 0.180 0.000 1.555 1.090 8.000 1.095 0.45s 2.030 0.000 Max 24.052 20.012 5.4.966 15.000 30.9s9 29.000 10.935 19.000 30.260 1.018 5.020 0.0 Min 12 1.000 25.994 15.795 15.996 4.052 30.000 5.130 30.560 2.013 1.016 0.498 2.060 0.000 Min 10 12 0.950 15.760 24.000 F¡o¡n ANSI B.584 0.987 9.000 4. Loose Running Basic Size Hole Hl1 1.960 7.0LO Ã'o r.000 2.5I0 2.000 0.194 1.984 1.980 1.005 4.000 19.021 20.935 29.000 s.5 1.180 0.020 0.000 0.110 Min t6 20 12.440 2.960 2.060 0.030 0.880 1.998 2.210 7.029 0.060 0.136 0.112 0.540 1.500 3.500 2.035 0.000 Min Max 0.020 0.000 5.760 20.050 0.830 9.480 2.034 0.110 15.030 0.890 29.920 9.2-tg7}.000 19.992 2.075 4.988 7.890 24.220 0.020 0.020 0.018 16.370 0.061 12.980 29.996 3.020 0.000 0.594 00 2.983 Min Max 20.027 16.000 Min Max Min Max 3.006 0.600 0.040 8.000 16.013 0.610 1.002 0.050 0.972 9.000 10.970 3.380 2.260 0.986 9.080 0.000 Min Max 0.029 0.000 3.924 11.315 0.000 24.070 0.U2 8.000 8.940 4.034 0.090 0.000 0.0{n 11.987 0.000 .987 0.065 7.050 0.000 0.883 20.040 0.010 0.940 7.012 4.000 25.984 1r.070 0.614 1.018 12.978 7.890 0.905 3.007 0.2I4 1.500 3.994 11.370 0.180 0.995 6.830 11.972 5.024 0.492 2.000 0.600 I.018 12.995 6o I 9.027 20.000 12.769 0.000 8.002 0.110 16.994 0.024 0.996 5.494 3.033 20.000 9.984 15.000 0.980 0.180 0.010 3.480 r.000 8P 0.025 3.940 5.930 5.020 0.006 0.ao.000 2.500 3.600 1.180 0.080 0.005 o.018 6.016 0.000 2.978 5.855 5.760 29.955 Fir 0.970 4.W0 0.169 0.580 1.020 0.016 0.000 2.06s 0.014 1.983 17.030 0.02s 1.030 0.220 0.070 7.004 0.924 9.041 0.024 0.85s 2.060 0.000 4. út N Dimensions are in millimeters.000 25.994 4.040 0.061 Min Max 16.006 0.030 0.000 2.993 20.020 0.041 0.795 19.988 oä o o 0 9o JA 9o' sõ' 2.029 0.060 Ftr 0.030 0.029 0.016 0.0I2 5.880 0.007 0.5t0 2.010 1.525 2.194 1.000 29.198 7.*rnn4r.041 72.010 1.95s 3.2M 1.074 0.000 70.000 10.030 0.070 Min Max 1.075 6.155 1.184 L.260 0.000 12.883 29.060 0.030 6.070 7.015 8.006 0.000 0.030 5.484 2.984 Fif 1.180 0.110 O 19.000 24.060 3.994 7.994 2.015 10.07s 5.200 1.040 0.920 7.0L2 6.970 5.130 20..080 4.015 8.660 1.980 Min 25.935 24.000 10.000 f 6.016 0.021 2s.883 19.034 0.000 0.592 1.990 2.992 6.024 0.112 0.002 0.016 0.000 5.074 0.2M L.020 0.000 25.950 0.988 5.036 8.090 0.110 0.930 4.220 0.004 0.016 19.070 Min Max 2.130 25.036 10.000 25.180 1.015 10.072 4.004 0.020 0.074 20.992 5.000 0.010 3.027 25.959 24.050 0.030 4.040 0.090 0.000 0.018 0.9s9 25.940 2.000 oo o o o6' 4.052 25.0I4 2.940 0.907 15.020 0.993 19.090 10.060 1.907 77.002 0.192 1.980 0.000 15.000 qõ J* JO >.043 16.980 29.010 2.007 0.033 30.000 76.994 2.000 2.000 7.994 L.018 0.990 4. 0.000 30.006 0.000 30.000 4.200 1.984 3.010 0.018 Min Max 1.000 Min 30 u 0.000 4.992 1.993 29.000 1.990 0.W0 2.594 1.035 0.070 0.200 1.027 12.070 0.0M 16.315 0.016 0.989 16.992 8.095 0.980 2.006 0.002 Max 0.000 20.000 0.986 11.598 0.200 7.22s Max 17 Ftr 0.991 -rt Max Min Max 0.q.033 16.991 10.85s 7.600 I.027 30.000 0.000 0.025 2.024 0.0i8 0.998 Max 0.006 0.62s 1.600 2.000 1.

000 499. For description of preferred fits.189 0.145 t20.r60 40.012 0.982 400.000 0.030 0.400 Min Max 0.000 299.956 300.946 500.950 79.040 160.009 0.000 60.015 0.180 0.760 200.950 200.062 50.057 400.000 60.208 b9 o.715 250.056 0.052 299.000 499.520 500.956 250.101 iq lo võ' 1L9.079 0.000 0.975 -1 Ío õ'õ' J- 0.130 0.010 0.014 0.980 500.\r\r77rrr.030 60.294 0.826 99.000 60.000 0.000 160.975 39.080 Min Max 49.000 120.950 49.035 120.8t0 300.052 300.294 Min Max 80.000 1t9.t46 0.039 40.929 39.540 0.820 ts9.069 99.054 r19.793 159.046 249.100 Min Max gõ' Oo sü fà 0. >3 Dimensions are in millimeters.000 60.869 0.350 400.95r 400.860 59.793 119.t20 0.940 160.036 dg 0.2r0 0.7t5 0.000 299.000 80.025 50.000 I99.000 299.830 250.000 I19.063 499.000 0õ' t00.820 160.000 49.093 Min Max 300.üx) 499.063 160.025 50.330 200.000 120.100 160.025 40.660 99.000 50.971 250.944 300.2.030 60.035 120.000 Shaft Hole cl1 39.290 249.988 0.430 300.964 120.160 50.900 79.010 0.106 0.140 0.075 Max Min Max 200.440 0.000 499.360 399.650 s00.892 300.000 59.r 50 H9 40.280 0.062 40.971 79.084 0.984 60.120 0.000 50.000 199.880 Shaft 8ß F¡t 0.000 39.830 99.971 99.050 0.170 0.115 249.964 500.000 t99.975 49.97t 300.t25 0.790 0.920 39.046 199.615 0.000 Shaft d9 39.054 100.000 0.049 0.220 tI9.ll td 0.000 0.248 0.090 0.087 120.046 200.000 0.220 100.985 250.964 99.059 0.000 720.000 249.057 Max 120.904 299.540 400.000 160.984 50.069 40.000 0.015 0.248 0.043 160.012 0.081 0.120 0.600 400.106 0.98r 100.966 0.168 0.970 0.670 300.99I 49.190 60.870 49.100 0.000 399.530 0.985 200.000 100.049 0.057 0.025 40.190 0.000 0.170 i00.15s 499.880 99.710 Min Max 1t9.000 299.990 79.975 200.000 249.228 0.080 40.062 0.520 0.938 400.320 299.920 49.970 59.900 59.250 r59.000 80.020 o.170 0.000 160.2t0 0.000 399.087 100.204 0.130 299.000 lo Flee Running Close Running Locstional Clearance Hole H11 40.960 0.280 0.046 80.345 0.000 399.480 Min 0.000 80.090 0.000 r59.035 100.089 399.111 t.610 119.240 0.009 0.072 249.000 100.000 249.880 39.r23 0.036 0.940 99.000 50.000 From ANSI 84.610 0.600 Fir 0.917 o.204 0.000 oõ 79.990 59.957 ts9.000 0.000 100.770 500.830 200.050 0.017 0.075 Min Max i 0.450 0.000 159.929 160.968 400. rur usùçrrptruil ut plglErrgu Ilts.000 249.978 120.041 0.975 59.981 Fir 0.230 0.050 0.978 0.720 250.881 500.983 300.000 399.940 79.000 50.855 0.072 199.000 fl Fir 0.030 80.175 199.970 79.470 250.000 500.025 0.000 0.670 79.000 159.966 119.950 59.050 0.000 200.103 t.400 499.000 50.030 80.720 49.L20 0.030 Ftt 0.000 399.000 250.041 Max Min Max 39.000 300.961 200.046 250.858 59.018 0.490 200.059 0.932 500.986 160.063 500.000 400. Loose Running Basic Size 40 50 60 80 100 õo Sliding Shaft 96 40.190 80.168 0.000 60.988 99.450 0.858 49.991 39.I20 0.400 0.125 0.2-1978 (R1994).074 60.035 100.089 0. see laDle lz.000 0. .000 299.000 499.000 80.097 499.860 0.140 399.000 r99.904 250.065 Min 200 250 300 400 500 a i59.000 199.290 r99.046 60.826 79. see Täble 12.000 0.074 80.000 0.000 h6 40.025 0.755 t59.089 0.000 80.950 250.400 0.z.620 0.790 400.680 400.000 Min r20 160 0.039 50.000 120.710 59.240 500.057 399.000 249.068 0.

009 4.0r2 2.023 8.021 25.010 1.020 qd' 8P 2S Ío ==.000 Min Max 5. 20.039 16.0t2 Min Max t2.010 3.081 12.011 -0.200 1.018 16.000 25.004 -0.500 3.020 8.0t2 5.044 -0.006 2.002 25.033 -0.015 -0.027 -0.023 -0.001 2.606 1.000 -0.o24 -0.001 20.270 1.020 s.2-ï978 (R1994).010 2.007 -o.015 6.023 6.000 6.018 16.000 2.008 -0.0r2 5.022 30.020 -0.010 0.015 25.020 -0.0t2 -0.037 -0.004 3.016 4.018 12.005 6.024 9õ' 9x oõ 0 a 0õ' õ.020 0.008 Min 10 8.004 2.o24 0.000 8.000 16.01-5 Min 30.006 0.015 -0.000 4.008 -0.010 0.010 10.016 0.008 5.010 3.000 2.001 10.524 2.0r2 4.015 = o a 0 Max 6.5t0 2.021.000 -0.008 6.018 4.Or2 6.028 12.000 30.024 2.0t2 5.5t0 Min Max 2500 3.028 L0.029 -0.005 8.004 -0.002 30.004 2.015 5.001 -0.001 8.015 4.054 20.037 10.0t2 6.000 25.018 12.000 8.004 -0.000 -0.008 -o.027 5.006 10.032 -0.000 30.002 -0.600 L2l0 t.018 -0.044 -0. Max 4.006 t2.O27 4.012 3.027 3.048 30.2I8 t.047 25.O24 1.001 -0.014 6.010 0.0i9 0.035 -0.210 0.018 >! rd Ftr.031 -0.010 1.000 8.021.010 2.008 -0.610 1.048 2s.200 1.012 -0.015 0.019 0.021 30.0r8 16.020 3.072 20.Or2 6.O12 Min Max 2.031 -0.028 30.= 9.004 3.000 2.000 t2.007 4.004 Min 4 5 3.618 0.010 r0.015 8.028 0.000 25.023 12.037 -0.008 -o.004 2.010 2.000 25.2m 1.6 2 2.006 -0.506 -0.024 10.012 6.0t2 4.0r2 5.000 4.048 30.600 Min Max r.000 8.035 25. 10.015 10.000 10.518 3.000 8.610 t.006 1.012 -0.006 1.006 0.000 10.027 5.574 -0.000 -0.024 -0.013 -0.008 t0.00t t6.028 30.000 5.000 2.O24 0.011 2.000 12.000 12.035 20.004 2.028 20.031 Min 6 5.031 5. .ol0 2.015 Min 8 -0.033 76.000 6.024 0. 00 o_d Max 1.000 0.06r -0.010 1.015 8.001 -0.018 16.061 o I 0 25.023 12.o24 -0.006 25.008 -0.048 20.015 72.015 30.016 5.0r2 16.O44 16.009 5.000 -0.010 2.012 5.023 6.0t2 4.015 Max i0.021 Min Max 20.000 7.019 10.011 -0.02r 20.000 Min 1.000 0.020 4.024 8.o24 -0.078 12.000 5.0t2 6.Dimensions are in millimeters.000 4.006 2.048 nFrom ANSI 84.028 0.500 3.572 0.0t8 2.0L8 12.000 -0.054 -0.006 | I I H7 1.000 30.001 5.035 25.027 -0.010 3.000 t2 16 Max 12.015 6.008 8.010 3.061 Min Max -0.000 -0.000 Fir -0.011 -0.Ot2 6.009 6.000 6.027 5.O44 f o = o o o o 0 'Ì1 Min -0.020 2520 -0.035 20.0t9 -0.006 20.000 8.000 20.039 8.000 16.020 -0.022 20.2 1.021 20.009 0.021 20.019 6.010 0.000 30. Force Shaftl N Hole H7 1.028 12.604 -0.610 1.010 8.000 -0.029 0.000 20.009 0.000 16.023 16.o24 -0.006 -0.001 6.020 r. k6 1 Flr 1.204 -0.004 -0.000 10.009 0.019 -0.028 25.013 -0.031 -0.000 10.029 12.023 0.o32 -0.035 30.011 -0.000 10.022 2s.021 20.014 -0.017 -0.000 30.029 16.504 -0.000 i0.000 -0.004 4.0r4 -0.004 -0.600 -0.016 0.031 -0.006 3.000 30.028 16.027 -0.624 1.015 25.004 -0.035 -0.020 z.018 16.506 2.510 3.032 r0.010 -0.021 25.015 Min 20 25 30 -0.000 Min Max t.021 25.006 0.035 30.03-5 Max 20.011 4.014 8.000 12.020 5.010 3.224 1.010 2500 3.000 16.010 1.019 8.023 0.016 0.007 -0.5rO 2.061 t6.037 Max 8.006 "-0.206 1.0r2 -0.015 10.5 J Max t.020 0.000 30.0t2 4.016 4.

032 120.000 60.000 100.093 100.t69 -0.000 50.o79 -0.313 -0.000 80.580 0 I .035 100.052 -0.042 60.060 250.000 -0.000 I ShÐft n6 40.ffn 0.298 300.O2s 40.030 60.079 -0.005 400.012 40.313 0.020 -0.000 0.098 -0.046 250.046 200.000 p6 Fir Flr 40.045 s00.031 -0.030 80.063 t -0.000 300.477 o 11 ID c) -0.066 -0.118 300.000 Max Min Max I 40.089 -0.046 250.106 -0.060 0.035 I Hole H7 40.033 50.002 120.030 60.121 ão sR zS õ'õ' e.122 -0.025 100.033 0.000 120.050 -0.000 100.2-197 8 (R194).076 -0.060 160.033 60.043 -0.010 60.o79 200.062 -0.032 100.057 2100.088 -0.023 400.238 -0.042 -0.o73 0.046 2W.045 = 0 0 0 a Min Max 0.052 300.100 -o.037 80.003 160.003 160.244 -0.045 0.030 60.035 120-166 -0.000 160.000 80.028 40.030 80.02t -0.039 0.47I -o.02t 0.042 250.M5 0.o37 -0.051 100.059 -0.033 200.102 -0.r5r -0.040 160.057 60.000 80.059 100.189 -0.088 300.036 300.265 -0.o72 oõ a0 0f ^a =o =J o! 9o Jô 80.000 200.004 300.018 40.000 50.058 500.053 -0.000 160. Hole Shaft Medium Drive Hole I Shsft I lH7 l.o79 -0.000 0.010 80.030 80.000 -0.á Min Max -0.000 80.109 t20.045 50.000 120.000 200.292 From ANSI 84.039 80.042 50.382 l0[.025 40.151 200.378 f -o.169 250.002 80.151 -0.028 Min 200 -0.030 80.003 -0.002 50.052 300.046 200.027 -0.U6 250.035 100.048 300.002 60.21s 200.052 0.o21 60.035 40.057 Min Max 100.039 0.000 250.015 250.001 50.033 250.150 160.060 200.068 -0.018 40.I2s -0.057 400.029 80.046 250.035 100.000 60.023 -0.035 I20.068 160.0s3 400.146 120.018 300.046 Min Max -0.068 -0.0s9 100.035 100.023 gõ' Min Max 80.035 120.045 120.000 500.012 120.017 -0.059 50.086 60.030 80.059 -0.000 160.166 160.000 Min 500.000 0.076 2W.000 60.005 500.033 0.190 -o.12t 0õ' Min t20 160 Max 120.040 160.000 80..08 40.013 160.000 120.015 200.000 50.072 40.035 60.M0 400.051 40.025 0.033 0.000 100.059 -0.025 50.o25 50.060 0.ûl4 120.000 160.e 40.000 t20.052 -0.000 Im.008 50.108 -0.037 0.078 -0.040 160.000 50.215 -0.725 160.086 -0.025 120.098 400.025 50.072 80.078 -0.000 160.035 I20.000 400.001 40.190 200.063 500. -0.036 100.025 40.000 Max 0.026 -0.051 -0.101 120.025 Min Max 50.0r7 -0.059 120.004 200.202 -0.05i -0.000 r20.lDt -0.079 250.o43 -0.087 -0.071 -0.0s9 60. Locational Interf.046 2æ.000 -0.056 -0.059 -0.000 100.002 -0.032 -0.ffi4 -0.018 50.108 500.0001 -0.000 100.003 Min Max 160.040 t60.040 160.02s -0.050 -0.002 100.025 40.000 250.043 -0.004 250.070 -0.028 60.000 50. Loc¡tional Ïhamn.028 Max Min 250 300 400 500 200.n4 -0.N Dimensions are in millimeters.M6 200.000 200. Basic Size 40 50 60 80 100 Loc¡tion¡l Ïlansn.052 -0.002 60.042 2W.140 -0.021 Forcc >3 lo 0d Flr Flr H7 40.000 250.o76 50.265 250.020 -0.080 -0.000 200.000 60.063 500.020 -0.060 -0.018 50.094 250.032 -0.030 60.093 -0.144 -0.000 -0.146 -0.o23 -0.039 0.236 -o.042 -0.052 160.026 -0.002 80.030 60.025 40.106 80.o25 50.

070 0.006 0.994 0.050 0.145 5.060 0.000 Min Max 3.991 10.5û 2.012 6.006 0.000 Fif 1.180 0.060 trII I.000 8.o76 10.000 Min Max 5.016 5.060 2.000 t2.000 1.050 0.000 }T -to 0õ' 7.000 t.000 5.030 0.9y2 8.180 0.000 15.00s 0.u29 0.050 l2. 0.007 .018 0.0s3 30.320 1.O07 25.028 6.890 16.OT2 1.600 Min Max 1.970 5.000 2.t70 10.620 2.080 8.370 0.190 1.020 0.240 t5.070 6.594 2.w 11.175 1.994 2.035 0.004 0.o28 30.145 4.200 1.594 2.910 12.070 0.061 t2.940 1.095 0.024 t6 Max t6.060 0.070 0.006 t6.018 2.000 19.988 6.020 25.000 4.000 0.016 4.000 0.002 2.006 0.005 10.005 3.989 16.000 0.9& 10.070 5. Close Running Hole c11 Shsft Locational Clearance Flr 1.000 24.600 -7 io õ'õ' 0.020 0.500 Min Max 2.018 1.870 0.090 0.957 16.145 0.220 0.315 0.205 16.030 3.020 L.180 0.005 0.0IO 2.000 l! 7.000 3.030 0.000 o.606 Min iNdax L.012 1.I20 1.035 10.000 0.987 30.034 0.O30 2.000 0.013 10.169 0.000 29.990 2.007 0.029 0.260 0.028 4.002 0.000 29.000 0.030 0.U0 1.000 0.220 0.136 0.987 30.024 0.169 0.994 4.n2 2.060 0.9t0 10.000 11.540 0.o2r 30.t94 1.004 ó.041 25.000 0.169 0.060 1.600 r.o74 t9.000 10. ø9 dg 3.016 10.090 0.O20 2.997 12.194 1..220 0.991 0.5 FE Max Flt 1.013 4.040 5.925 6.040 0.006 0.000 7.136 0.000 4.620 1.000 24.040 0.000 5.024 0.076 8.004 0.494 3.020 1.000 Min Max 0.370 0.065 16.000 6.09s r1.045 t.t17 25.016 6.4.070 2.112 0.000 0.053 20.000 1.000 Max 20.602 2.545 2.988 8.110 25.2 1.0t2 5.180 0.030 0.W 7.994 4.016 0.070 7.2M 1.315 0.020 30.050 0.000 0.970 6.260 Lzn 0.016 Min 25 20.500 2.080 12.992 6.000 0.006 0.w It.024 0.070 0.070 0.5æ 3.000 7.987 25.006 20.989 20.870 30.5t2 2_502 2.212 0.004 5.s20 3.2N 0.600 0.018 2.000 15.982 20.006 0.000 24.180 0.000 19.040 L0.002 0.020 0.012 4.000 Min Max 0.029 0.M5 30.200 0.000 15.020 2.988 5.006 0.180 0.050 16.110 0.060 4.095 Min Max 0.000 12.065 0.020 0.000 Max 0.0t2 3.000 0.021 20.020 0.t17 20.110 20.5n 2.!l o ût Dimensions are in millimeters.030 0.013 0.013 0.m6 2.987 f 9.660 t.010 1.006 0.093 16.000 3.065 0.205 12.992 5.000 9.010 5.028 20.1t7 30.000 20.016 0.000 2.979 25.000 11.40 3.010 0. Loose Running Fhee Running h9 (.925 8.202 1.940 0.000 24.2û 1.985 12.240 30.000 Hole FTT L I.074 0.948 t2.120 3.018 12.002 0.992 5.060 0.007 0.000 0.035 8.475 2.982 16.M3 12.030 6.U8 25.220 0.000 Ls.000 9.045 1.020 0.016 0.065 0.575 Min Max 2.000 Min Max 0.940 4.o24 0.034 0.006 2.093 12.720 1.040 0.020 0.060 0.490 3.494 3.002 7.000 0.000 2.000 4.000 9.043 16.925 5.990 L.065 7.000 29.110 0.610 1.01s 8.970 8.000 0.000 0.030 3.016 0.000 0.L20 2.000 29.020 8.000 är og o 0 õ J o 0 6 xo q.000 4.074 0.016 0.020 30.994 2.600 1.957 20.020 4.890 0.994 1.000 5.004 8.510 2.016 0.a0 0.600 1.992 8.016 0.990 4.948 30.975 2.560 3.007 30.045 t.040 5.020 0.590 0.200 1.070 4.060 5.t10 25.020 0.948 25.000 19.010 8.010 0.g5 1.0s3 25.170 8.992 6.041 Min " From ANSI B.240 0.000 0.506 3.987 0.U\ 25.028 5.000 20.000 19.03s 0.007 t2.018 1.010 2.020 10.034 0.975 4.000 Min 12.070 8.016 L6.975 1.000 29.98s 10.000 24.024 16.050 0.6 2 2.006 0.tLz 0.095 9.964 0.987 25.tL} 30.370 0.000 2.018 Min Max 20.030 0.Z-tg7B (R1994).979 Min 30 25.620 2.041 6.991 10.220 0.060 4.002 0.030 0.870 0.000 Max to.000 0.080 6.000 7.u4 0.979 30.520 2.ñ0 16.000 0.020 25.020 0.061 0.000 g8 t.030 0.000 T.989 16.015 Min 10 o.û2 0.010 0.612 1.0æ 1.2IO 1.029 0.090 0.260 0.000 3.989 20.245 7.140 1.000 3.018 0.080 0.010 3.060 6.O70 2.000 5.002 4.5n 2.040 0.004 4.

030 80.390 100.978 160.000 59.240 0.030 100.o25 0.975 60.035 Min Max t20.938 60.490 '4 ô'lr 0.100 80.000 0.049 0.017 0.228 0.000 49.926 80.\r\ r 774).000 0.330 0.000 49.079 0.t70 0.248 0.913 1 20. 0.010 0.130 60.000 .140 0.978 120.0s0 0.294 t20 160 Max 120.345 0.06s 0.000 720.L45 0.248 0.062 0.064 ¿10.189 0.075 q.090 100.090 0.400 0. *8 xo o6 Min Max 0.030 0.000 39.96s 0.520 0.150 Min Max 0.000 80.050 0.000 Min 99.000 0.076 60.t20 0.120 50.0001 Max Min Max 0.230 0.180 o.000 39.000 0.075 Min Max 0.975 s0.050 0.057 0.090 0.036 o.084 0.010 80.009 60.142 | I I 40.090 120.970 0.069 100.981 100.480 0.103 Min Max t.125 0.069 60.142 8'N l* ntl 40.140 80.400 i8 Lci )o õo I Min 200 250 300 400 500 0.050 0.0fl qo.t80 0.540 0.080 0.978 120.340 80.530 0.041 q-9 õ'õ' ØQ =1 50.057 0.056 0.t20 0.440 0.034 40.000 0.009 0.170 0.010 0.000 39.207 50.080 50.000 0.000 0.280 0.059 0.035 Min Max 0.125 0.294 0.080 40.076 80.820 0.009 0.030 0.2-7978 (R1994).000 0.100 100.610 0.068 0.981 Ft¡ 40.190 0.025 60.034 50.000 99.059 0.100 0.040 60.030 80.080 60.938 50.040 80.208 Max Min Max 0.984 50.036 dE 0.036 tlg.000 0.7t0 0.L74 60.965 160.450 0.106 160.000 49.000 0.330 60.043 0.000 59.4æ 0.168 0.041 o.009 50.010 0.204 0.0t2 0.ozs 50.0t2 0.000 100.000 79.111 Min Max 0.204 0.130 o.L20 0.210 0.000 79.2t0 0.015 0. d$ Hole G7 Hole Fir 40 50 60 80 100 I I Hole D9 40.049 0.089 0.774 80.000 119.150 100.036 40.168 0.000 79.000 99.043 0.170 Ìir 0.280 0.020 0.123 5.000 0.926 00.000 99.000 0.400 1. õ >T Dimensions are in millimeters.620 0.106 0.101 0.100 80.170 o.093 0.970 100.450 0.860 0.146 0.106 0.018 Min "From ANSI 84.000 99.015 120.014 0.000 120.970 80.000 59.984 60.

997 7.000 24.006 -0.000 1.992 -0.994 -0.986 29.014 -0.600 0.000 11.991 5.000 15.0t2 8f{ õ'q Min 1.002 0.014 0.028 0.017 2984 3.99r 9.000 -0.ol2 0.992 -0.011 0.000 11.001 -0.992 4. Hole K7 1 Locational ïbansn.000 10.594 -0.2 .003 3.000 9.008 t.019 9.011 5.002 0.044 -0.994 Max t.003 2.000 24.000 4.991 10.I76 1.m0 29.000 5.965 29.986 Min 2. For description of preferred fits.989 16.586 1.000 24.985 5.977 t9.000 Shaft h6 1.006 29.014 t.983 4.010 -0.472 25W 2.002 0.994 -0.024 0.190 1.988 16.024 1.000 Shaft h6 1.981 -0.9U 2.987 -0.576 -0.024 ag.013 7.027 -0.r94 -0.989 -0.979 15.014 0.994 -0.010 0. Täble 12.009 0.987 25.969 5.000 5.000 2.005 5992 -0.486 2.476 r.019 25.494 -0..004 0.000 4.015 -0. Loc¡tional Thansn.992 -0.048 -0.0r2 -0.994 -0.987 25.014 0.967 15.196 1.594 -0.990 t.023 0.484 1.973 5.000 T.016 3.014 -0.009 4.5 J -0.006 24.008 -0.996 0.061 'n v.006 0.996 2.035 19.990 1.594 -0. 0.194 -0.988 -0.992 -0.024 2.000 29.994 2.016 2.600 t.020 7.967 o 0 a o o a -0.011 2..008 -0.0r2 -0.973 24.968 9.019 0.994 4.000 6.029 0.000 0.995 3.994 L.019 -0.012 t.985 -0.952 29.973 29.186 o.912 29.992 -0.986 -0.6 2 -0.035 -0.600 -0.000 0 a I' 4.006 2.981 11.990 12.490 3.182 7.500 3.005 t.972 1.000 7.482 2.496 2.012 -0.973 20.011 3.200 1.006 0.974 11. 0c) Lr94 -0.000 19.995 -0.012 0.594 1.004 0.028 see From ANSI B4.000 6.037 -0.014 0.991 6.952 19.500 Min Max 2.028 9o i0 xe.006 -0.972 24.965 25.986 1.008 r.494 -0.996 2.000 rd Fif trTr 00' Max 1.000 15.572 T.186 MediumDrive Hole s7 0.000 24.582 1.972 -0.037 -0.991 12.994 -0.010 2.000 6.003 4.011 õ' 0 Min 6 8 4.048 19952 24.200 FÏt 0.985 2.987 25.000 19.992 3.5æ 0.000 11.996 9.985 30.989 16.000 Min 4 5 2990 4.172 1.027 4.991 -0.981 -0.010 9.985 20.007 4.986 24.000 15.992 -o.035 -0.006 t5.500 0.000 8.98s -0.996 1.005 0.989 9.024 2.000 6.976 1.939 Min Max 25.594 -0.000 11.027 5..986 3.000 2.976 11.980 7.002 0.039 9963 tr.000 19.992 -0.500 3.016 2.996 5.494 3.000 2.032 -0.000 12.990 10.977 19.987 -0.600 0.594 -0.989 20.987 30.992 -0.987 30.028 2.200 1.99r -0.000 Hole trtr 0.010 0.982 2.000 4.015 o f 0 J Min 10 72 16 7.005 7991 -0.016 4.991 8.987 30.029 15.027 -0.000 0.028 Max r.027 5.980 2.596 1.o23 0.99r -0.978 Min Max 9.028 ol f Max Min Max 3984 4.2w -0.987 30.000 7.2 0.001 t9.016 5.000 0.989 16.972 -0.000 8.969 -0.011 0.016 1.977 15.989 7.Z-1978 (R1994).000 6.006 tt.o44 -0.987 -0.996 7.994 1.184 Min t.010 3.99r -0.000 -0.010 12.015 16.994 7.000 2.031 5.987 -0.054 -0.994 -0. Hole N7 0.965 16.992 -0.986 2.976 2.000 24.020 2.486 2.986 Force >3 F¡t 1.494 -0.986 19.000 8.000 15.987 30.000 29..584 Min Max 1.000 29.006 19.992 -0.994 -0.983 -0.028 2ø 9¡ lsr -0.000 -0.956 tt.494 2.000 11.010 -0.99r -0.015 0.000 10.010 3.982 1.979 17.000 7.016 3.007 3.194 1.987 29960 29.000 0.o32 -0.006 15.000 29.006 0.963 Max 9.996 4.048 -0.008 1.014 2.009 5.000 -0.992 -0.946 24.000 0.000 1.015 0.987 Min Max t9.061 -0.994 -0.028 t.992 -0.008 -0.987 -0. o I Max 20.993 29.000 10.968 -0.994 0.Dimensions are in millimeters.014 3.000 20.97l 15.961 Min Max -0.974 15.000 0.000 5.98I 4.2æ 1.016 t.024 2.014 -0.989 20.000 2.600 2< ==.031 Max 5.980 -0.984 5.969 -0.494 -0.0I2 -0.600 0.008 0982 0.002 0.004 0.994 0.000 -o.031 -0.020 4.976 Min Max 5.992 -0.976 3.008 7.000 9.989 3.994 -0.007 5.000 4.989 7.992 5.000 8.039 t5.006 11.002 P7 0.013 9.006 t.028 0.973 4. i Locational Interf.r94 -0.993 t9.017 tt.972 3.001 -0.984 Shaft h6 1.000 1.010 -0.020 -0.991 12.014 2.s90 2.997 12.016 1.939 Min o -0.994 0.000 1.586 r.989 -0.992 -0.993 24.000 10.019 t5. Max 2.989 Min 20 25 30 -o.000 7.194 1.956 19.000 0.006 ?4.987 9.024 9.024 t.978 7.984 7.006 -0.2N 1.960 24.000 0.000 8.973 7.000 2.

854 99.098 -0.000 0.922 80.151 Min Max 0.000 0.076 -0.033 0.060 -0.010 Min Max 80.002 99.052 1s9.059 99.98r 99.899 'tr9.978 -0.215 -0.972 r 60.106 Min Max Min 60 80 100 40.000 -0.477 -0.048 -0.972 Min 200 250 300 400 500 -0.015 799.021 100.978 0.003 r59.146 -0.015 -0. For description of preferred fits.942 -0.036 0.580 -fl oo I Min " -0.033 0.879 79.005 -0.964 -0.934 120.382 -0.021 79.053 -0.068 0.039 79.907 99.150 -0.166 -0.008 Max -0.921 -0.000 0.978 -0.118 -0.108 -0.042 Max Min Max -0.976 100.089 a.984 -0.080 see From ANSI 84.093 0.036 99.094 -0.967 -0.0s8 -0.975 -0.045 1r9.012 119.000 -0.941 -0.028 79.033 0.076 -0.010 99.869 120.265 -0.ô ox .949 80.018 60.039 0.190 -0.889 100.12r -0.000 -0.0t2 159.066 0.035 -0.l lø=.2-1978 (R1 994).059 119.037 160. -1 -0.008 P7 | õ-q.028 Min Max -0.298 -0.000 -0.101 119.032 0.044 119.086 -0.002 -0.042 -0.961 99.000 59.975 -0.990 -0.471 -0.941 -0.013 159.000 -0.079 0..825 -0.020 l I | 249. J= 5 o o o- =o õo .:*{ À Dimensions are in millimeters.978 -0.952 79.932 1s9.981 79.979 79.051 -0.109 -0.088 l Min Max 0.000 0.023 49.072 -0. Thble I 2.025 Max Min Max 119.976 119.834 119.921 -0.378 Min Max -0.004 -0.023 39.000 -0.073 0.000 -0.078 79.984 -0.967 249.060 -0.023 o 0 J -0.004 -0.045 99.975 120. >! då 8P Hole S7 Basic Size 40 50 Hole K7 Max I I Fir Hole N7 Shaft h6 Hole J* Fir -0.125 -0.238 -0.032 Min 120 160 99.981 | I I Fir 0. a+ It ig øg 00 -0.010 0.002 79.981 -0.169 -0. -0.033 0.028 0.025 0.018 I 50.045 -0.060 199.00s -0.04s I -0.012 -0.2 .040 0.079 -0.313 8.oã.018 299.004 -0.057 -0.

3 32 32 32 28 28 l8 18 5 I 9 32 11 1 8 16 24 20 20 o 25 64 29 64 32 tl 2 ¿¿ ^l t+ 'l 16 t4 L3 U 2't 64 l3 32 15 4i 4+ ri ¡l L. and 3.21 t+ 1+ 18 6 1* 1+ 12 18 18 1+ No.33 18 6 1+ J2 72 ü 1T 18 No.36 No.50 No.1.1e0) 12 (.4 13 16 20 20 . For 8-.086) 3 (.164) 10 (.28.37 No.43 72 64 56 48 No.073) 64 56 48 80 Driltd 3 Driild Ddtld 1 8 pef Inch 12 Drilld 59 o4 per Inch 20 18 61 64 8 64 1 No.53 1*l 1å 2 (.2. 1iå Ii 1* 1à ! 4 5 16 20 18 T6 No.50 No.216) 40 32 32 24 24 No. 12-.a4O Appendix l5 Screw Threqds.2.13 7 32 + 1..14 32 No.3 A.r25) 6 (.29 No.45 7 63 64 12 tà l!@t 18 18 1*a 1! t+ o4 g 40 No. . d For approxim ate 75o/o full depth of thread.l L' .3 76 4 " b ANSI/ASME 81.138) 8 (. Unified.47 No.25 No.29 No. series.7 F -5 28 24 No. ond Metric AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD UNIFIED AND AMERICAN NATIONAL SCREWTHREADS" Fineb Nominal Dismeter Tap Thp Tap Nominal Diameter NF UNF Thds. Tap pel Inch 1 Dr¡[d 0 (. see Appendix 16. Tap Thds.42 1i 1*l 1å 7 tâ T2 18 1* 1# 1*a s (. and 3.16 44 40 36 32 28 No.2A.3 L- 16 64 45 64 1 4 13 16 10 27 32 16 11 16 20 20 J4 3+ 34 1l 4 4 4 4 49 64 53 64 5't 64 1 8 15 9 49 64 1. Americon Notionol. 38. 78. For decimal sizes of numbered and lettered drills.28.1-1989.Oee) 4 (. and l6-pitch thread Classes 7 A.060) 1 (.1 L¿ 1 2 32 9 l6 1 8 11 12 11 31 64 71 18 18 33 64 37 64 24 24 24 33 64 64 41 ¡1 L' ¡tr L4 4 4 4 32 . see next page.53 No. Thds.12) No. ' Classes 2y'.38 No.

Tbis is a standard size of the Unified or American National th¡eads of the coarse.t! L16 2 ¡1 z16 )L -a a3 ¿16 r 8 l1 16 l 4 )! -t6 . Unified.1-1989. 2. 3 A.. 3. 2P. Classes 2 A.Appendix a4l l5 Screw Threods.L . b " d " Boldface type indicates Amrican National Threads only. t 2 9 T6 1l Lt6 al LE ¡3 . and. " For approximaíe 75o/" full depth of thread. ond Metric (continued) AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD UNIFIED AND AMERICAN NATIONAL SCREW THREADS " (continued) Nominal Diarneter ïhp Ddll.1 ll rr6 ¡ 4 1i 1+å 4i 4+ 13 4î 5 så 1ìå 2 ANSI/ASME 81. or extra fine series. fine. Americon Notionol. See preceding page .t2 al1 ¿1(l L16 1+ 1å LB ¡'l 1*1 1å 1*Á 1å J8 J ¡l 3i 3å al 116 Jz JS- 1i 1*9 1å . 3F.l zõ ¡5 ¿Ê o3 L4 16 ¡.5 3i JE .tr ¡l z1 ¡5 zt6 a3 -lö LB 13 16 I 1 1 5 ¡7 LIÃ .

0 50.0 39.5 M48X5 M52X M64X M56 X 5.3 3.0 33.5 29. 3M-l995.0 60.5 19.0 6.0 66.75 8.0 25.5 2.8 M14X2 M16x2 Nr¿lt x l. Only for high strengrÀ sìrictural sleel fasreners. Unified.5 54.0 26.9 3.5 12.0 76. ond Metric (continued) prererred sizes ror *-#:.75 10.s M11 x 1.5 9.0 28.5 25b 3 165 18.0 86.75 M10 M8 x 1.5 21.0 74.0 1 M68X6 M72X 6 M8OX6 M9OX6 M100 o 52.5 M52x2 M60 x 1. .5 x 1. Americon Notionol.0 47.5 M27 X 3b M30 x 3.50 77.0 8.8 7.5 x M22 X NI24 x 2.6 M3.25 Mt2x Ml8 x M20 M18 X 2.7 x 0.25 M7X1 tuÓX1 a M8X1 M10 7.5 lvI4.0 68.5 5 NI42X 2 x2 1.ï:"'"Tï#Tå:î?'ï*"*" Flne Tap in bordrace rype ze :h D¡iil Dianreterrmm t5 l5 t5 r5 ^ X 0.5 32.2s 1.5 20.00 14.5 40.0 31.30 72.0 36.0 M72X2 M8OX2 Nr90 M68x2 x2 x2 x 6 M100 l{I\JIiASME R "ANSI/ASMF BI.75 2.0 M39x4 M42X M4s M36X MJJ X 3.5 1.5 24.5 M72 x 1.00 15.5 Nn7X2 M3OX2 Nt36 X 2 x 1.0 37.5 74.25 M9 x 1.5 6 x 420 45.a4a Appendix l5 Screw Threods.75 4.0 84.5 M64X 2 M56 MßX2 X2 s8.0 49.5 4 4.5 Mló x r.0 43.5 M3OX2 M39 M45 x 4.0 62.0 56.0 35.0 96.0 94.50 10.0 64.5 M60 x 5.0 ùI5 X 0.2 5.0 6.5 lvrJ u.5 NI4 X 0.5 M14 X 1.5 M22 x t5 MVtx z 22.

1890 .1"r.302 .0465 ..404 .0320 . .0350 .0095 .246 H I J . ts6.2t30 I 18 79 49 50 51 ..0520 .1850 20 .0079 .0059 A B ..1800 26 27 28 29 30 37 32 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 .323 .2055 .0410 .0260 . .0063 .0310 .266 ..0420 60 67 .277 L M N .2210 T7 10I 11 t2 t3 t4 1sI t6 I I I I sl el 6l 7l 5l 4) J . increare seldom used.250 .0550 .257 K o P .377 .L770 62 63 64 .1820 .0370 I zg .242 .0400 I rc .1935 . and are :f .0330 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 9'J."tii nts.0180 .1990 ..3t6 .290 .0280 .0720 .0130 ..0200 .1960 .0292 .2280 .0135 .2070 .281 T U x z Y w .0210 .0730 . .0087 .0145 .0635 .0430 ." increments.386 .Appendix a4g 16 Twist Drill sizes-Americqn Notionol stonctord qnd Metric AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD DRILL SIZES' D m re .1 1M_1993.0250 .0380 I 78 .261 .0L25 .0110 .413 ANSVASME 894..:H"i::. "*tÏ"ÍiüJå1.1910 .234 G c D E F " . Driiis hrg-er tnän fractions in fi.2040 .0390 I 77 .397 .272 . increments. L 2 .0160 .0105 .0075 .0067 .0083 y2 93 94 95 96 97 . 1f" to 2î" ing.'-:.2090 ." to 3t" in f. and 3"".0115 2t 22 23 24 25 I .0091 .0240 .:::.059s .295 o R S V ..0700 .ffi77 .238 .0225 .0100 .

70 3.90 .50 I .2244 .s0 I .80 6.75 .2520 .25 I .7283 10.283s .t0 4.7378 .65 .0807 .2677 .¡as¡ 18.0965 .0177 .00 I .45 0.0492 .6693 e.70 5.tsot 40.40 2.80 3.1181 .80 5.60 6.00 I .4173 36.2480 .0472 .1535 .30 7.zgzt 19.¡ss¡ 16.ercz 9.i850 .s0 3.50 | .0oo+ 8.00 46.0945 .80 I .qset 37.s0 I 1.0394 .1260 .¿so¡ 23.00 I 44.1811 30.2441 .s0 | r.00 33.00 | 1.00 I .20 I .0906 .00 .968s 17 Acme Threods.0413 .2913 .7772 .0374 .sass 12.o256 .s0 .70 6.2795 .5709 8.0276 2.20 .0512 .00 I .szsz 12.50 4.00 I .4s 0.20 I .2126 .7323 1.0591 .20 4.s0 I 1.60 .2953 .7s .øzss 9.2323 .50 I .40 5.I969 .2402 32.20 I .tzos 14.7496 .90 0.10 I .+tzq 23.1654 .60 I .L024 2.0768 .50 | Lro24 | 1.10 6.oo I .20 1.L299 .s0 | 28.oo .2008 31.10 2.3661 16.2205 .s_1988 (R1 994) 5 5 8 3 3 2 4 " ANSI/ASME .2402 .90 7.0295 .l6 Twist Drill sizes-Americqn Notionol stondqrd qnd Mefric (continued) METRIC DRILL SIZES Decimal_inch equivalents are for reference only.25 .1890 .00 I 1.+0rc 19.5797 8.¡rso 13..60 0.90 3.0551 r.35 .ztco 17.1220 .10 .ssoz 8.3031 .eqse 9.sass 1.00 | t.25 1.osso e.00 1.0787 .3071 .00 .:zso 35.42 0.00 2.80 .0433 .70 4.stot 1.0748 4.20 .0630 .8s 1.2874 .70 0.3110 8.90 5.00 | r.60 .10 3.u0g 2t.80 1.3189 | 1.2598 .40 6.so:s 24.25 I .1811 .50 I .00 I .30 6.sstz 8.95 .00 I t.50 0.0610 .0630 I I I I I I I I I | I I I I so.00 0.6.1339 .00 I 27.¡ozr 11.088ó 2.0157 .qsza 22.s0 | r.00 I .80 I .48 0.2165 .90 I .50 1.60 3.s0 I 26.0433 1.se6r 11.1575 t.ent 9.s0 .0o | 48.ten 10.80 7.50 1.ezot 9.2638 .2283 .50 7.:rao 34.00 I r.czsz 2050 .20 I .I063 .0669 .qzst 27.30 2.70 2.¡rss 13.00 .0827 | 1.8110 I r.90 6.os¡s 34.00 I .sqss 8.220s 3150 | t.2756 .esgq 9.70 .0217 .85 2.ssoo 8.2s .s0 .45 1.20 2.80 2.90 4.20 7.30 7.3976 36.zqzs ls.0453 .60 7.35 0.¡srs L7.40 1.2559 .o:ss 9.00 I .00 7.s+as ts.50 I 7.40 I .0531 .00 I .0709 .65 .s0 | 27.ss+z ts. Generol purposeo ïhreads Size 4 5 16 per Inch 76 74 12 ïhreads per Inch 6 6 5 5 Il¡reads per Inch 4 4 4 Ihreads per Inch 2 2 2 2 I 3 8 7 T6 I 2 t2 10 8 B 1.2se8 3250 | 1.0984 .5748 42.s+qs 1250 I .L102 .00 5.30 5.:so¿ 15.00 | L.0827 .qgzt 24.00 6.0925 . Drill Diameter Drill Diamefer D¡ill Diameter Drlll Diamefer Drill Diameter - Drill Diameter 25.s0 6.2087 .0236 1.s0 I .s5 0.0846 .7s I .s0 I 3lqø 14.0650 3.80 4.20 3.0728 .279s 33.70 r.00 I .zazz 16.60 1.30 | .00 I .40 3.I614 .00 I .4134 20.0335 2.7I42 .60 0.7929 .40 7.40 0.10 7.00 | r.1614 30.zzzs 13.¡sss 18.10 5.50 Ls:rs 8.gaqø 13.I457 .s0 5.30 .0189 .2s I .s0 .70 7.¡zso r7.75 I .tqso 10.2362 .00 | 7.qaqe 2250 I .50 | .80 I -.4764 38.50 2.s0 I .70 I .00 I .2992 28.lvq 10.2992 .0354 .55 1.01.00 I r.0236 2.8o .20 6.szos 71.0866 .toel 9.t732 .30 3.0039 1.0571 .L5 .s0 I .05 .0315 .00 I 1.7693 .90 4.97 2.2008 .00 | r.30 4.0165 1.0689 .60 s.s6ro 8.75 1.goss 12.2717 .s+os 11.3s83 3s.90 I .00 | 26.80 0.00 I .7417 .05 1.slrs 2s.ss+: I I I 1.20 5.40 LzEot 14.1220 29.2047 .s0 I tnto 37.1417 29.95 1.40 4.10 1.15 7.¡sso 14.

Nuts.D000 212.czso t o.t .0000 4 6 -16 cll ' ANSI 818.zsoo l t I ) ) f.16 313.z. Regular Bolfs Heavy Bolts 0 7 4 0 7 + Nominal SizeD Body Dinmeúer Height H Hex Screw j ) z l of Bolt Her 7 16 (Ìln.16 ¡tr 32 2'. Hexagon cap screws and finished hexagon bolts are combined as a singre product.E 3 a3 JE a3 6 ! 4 n ø. 1# 1.5000 . All dimensions are in inches.2.7s00 så 4 b 4. minimum thread lengths. .zsoo J o.l8 Bolls. 5 9 I fi osooo o. and bolt lengths. ! 4 a u 32 ft a t5 g 32 rto.rzso ! a 7 u 5 2 9 16 fr.2s00 f.sozs 4 I f o. For thread series.-tstí 1Rl993).z.) I o. 43 u ú 11 16 4 a 11 39 ß7so Lsooo t2 25 .1-1981 (Rl992). " ANSUASME nrs. L# 1*! 2 a3 a5 ¿16 fi 3 25000 z.ans 5 t 3 t9 i.2s00 3å 3.tsoo 3.szso 1. osrzs $ o.0000 3i J¿ 4t 4+ 418 5L4 3l 4i 4. ond cop gç¡sv1¡s-squore ond HexogonAmericon Notionol Stqndord ond Metric AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD SQUAREAND HEXAGON BOLTS"AND NUTSb AND HEXAGON CAP SCREWS" 9 6 J Boldface t¡pe indicates product features unified dimensionally with British and Canadian standards. 1# 16 25 -16 Ð t2 ! t2 t5 L6 .! 13 3i 3. $ 1+ 25 15 ¡5 LTÁ ti r+ a 35 & a a 1 4 4 12! lsl Lr25o L2soo 1rr! rr 1l ¡! 24 l5 .000 ß 15 l:t t6 5 B 16 t6 ã I 2 17 n a & 32 35 1S 2Ã 4 1.1 52 I r# r# Le L7500 a3 Lj 4 15 21 3å ¡3 Lñ 1+ 1å t6 2 4 2.

8750 1ß 64 39 1+" u tï^ r+^ a 55 64 ó3 47 1 t1 1.7soo 4.2 for jam nuts.0000 31 3.0000 5 )É -1 3+ ^7 J16- si 6å 3ì* J16 4 " ¡15 Product feature not unified for heavy square nut.7soo 1.zsoo 1 2 15 64 19 64 *10.62so ¡9 L16 ?å tE r# Ln 1.2soo 3å 3. thick slotted nuts. ond Cop Screws-Squore ond HexogonAmericon Notionql Stondord ond Metric (continued) AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD SQUARE AND HEXAGON BOLIS AND NUTS AND HEXAGON CAP SCREWS (continued) See ANSI 818. .6250 0.W0 z.sszs 0.zsc0 3å t# ¡13 L64 3i ^1 Jã z. Heavy Nuts Thickness T Hex. slotted nuts.g 4 Lzsoo 4 r¡zso 1å Lsooo a râ r+ lrrE tl li 1å L.7500 0.fin0 L12so 4" liå' ta r!-a 216 rfa .nts o.sooo l 4 7a 8 15 a 35 31 ft o. Nuts.3125 o.rzso 9 16 11 G 23 64 27 64 rt o. and castle nuts.5ooo 3.a46 t Appendix I Bolfs. (Fitr ) I I I o. thick nuts.2.swo Lã a29 21 2.7soo 4i 4ã a45 ¿a ¡61 261 3 3i 3.S7s0 nl5 ¿Tã r# 2 zl zl 2.

0 14.88 4.74 63.40 15.6 31.6 I0.20 4L. Nuts.0 50.2 .O 10.0 105.2 27.32 46.9 15.68 6.7M-7s7s(R1995).75 23.0 145.0 41.90 x 6 HIGH STRENGTH STRUCTURAL HEXAGON BOLIS" (FIN.38 26.O 7.3.25 M10 x 1.1 5.8 M6X1 M8 x 1.7 23.0 36.44 19." Cap Screwqb and METRIC HEXAGON BOLTS.2 inroes¡.5 9.07 27.09 70.0 85.0 21.5 25.63 Style 1 4.0 18.6 81.75 x3 lvI27 x3 M24 34.07 :i: 36.2 6.0 46.9 4r.0 x 3.2.8 18.) Cap Screw Nutsc 8.0 17.32 46.50 6. B18.5 M72 x I.0 10.75 23. .3.55 .2M_197s (Rt99s).1 M16 x2 M20 x 2.3 72.0 95.818.3.0 130.5 M24 x3 M30 x 3.0 36.90 36.7 36.05 31.0 B1'8.45 M8OX6 M9OX6 51. 818:slu_tg7s ß1995).55 t6.76 9.0 30.6 24.4 10.0 60.0 24.5 27.9 79.8 8.Appendix a47 l8 Bolls.9 28.0 16.85 (Fln.4.58 57.7 7.0 21.'t 13.47 5.38 5.sM-t979 " o ' 20.5 x 0. or Unfin.0 46.tz+rlr'_1979 (R1995i.0 13.3 M36x 4 x 4.75 M74x2 M5 2r.97 3L.0 75.0 6s. Bolts Nut (Fin.20 41.6 34.0 34.5 M36X4 M30 t7.74 63.2.) 3.32 12.) 3. ond Cop Screws-squore ond Hexogon_ Americon Notionql slqndord ond Metric (confinì¡ed) HEXAGoN STRUCTURAL BoLIS.0 24. 50.25 7. AND HEXAGoN NuÍs ThickneçT (max) BodyDia andThd Pifch Bolts.0 60.7 5.75 13.90 19.0 23.95 9.0 27.40 14.8 Súyle 2 5.5 M42 M64x6 M72x M100 6 55.65 4.5 M22 x2.0 115.6M-797s (R1995).0 (Unfin.4 20.8 14. HEXAGON CAP SCREWS.) AND HEXAGON NUTS" Ml6 x2 M20 x 2.818.58 57.5 M48X5 M56 x 5.88 15.7 23.45 51.48 t2.

67s .161 .375 .-lrt ¡+uËF1¡ 4l LH-L-| -------.140 .r25 r.328 .2-1995.938 .469 ..375 .Uroro[g t.096 .203 .089 .118 J .875 5 8 t.409 .138) 8 (.422 .125 .750 3 2 9 1ó .054 .8t2 18.562 16 .r77 .125 r.073) 2 (.226 . Sloltedo qnd Socket HeodbAmericon Notionol Stondord ond Metric Y ï+E1fl.328 .872 .750 .250 .312 1.205 .000 1.594 3 4 3 I -1 .625 .250 2.331 3 8 7 76 1 .060) 1 (.164) 10 (.562 .625 1. see Appendix .937 1.237 1.270 ã 9 a 5 32 3 16 3 32 3 32 7 .12s) 6 (.250 .r12) c F G .148 .6s6 4 1 8 7 E 1 rã 2. For hexagon-head screws.086) 3 (.1 Flat Heaila Round Head" B Fillister Head" E Socket Headb A 0 (.500 t 8 .688 1.625 .394 .6.375 .245 .750 . ANSI/ASME 818.500 1.875 1.500 .656 .8r2 .562 . 7 ANSI/ASME 818.066 . 1 8 .8r2 .562 .273 .875 r.062 2.312 .546 7.287 .450 .875 1.101 T6 .712 .312 .900 4 7 8 7.000 5 8 3 .0!2 t.225 4 -5 .437 .297 I 4 5 1ß .562 rf t) " b 2.354 ..1e0) 1 .172 .124 .183 a a 5 5 s (.750 .437 .787 .3-1986 (R1995).437 .675 .062 t.05 7 S .197 .077 .a48 Appendix 19 Cop Screws.375 r.125 7.oee) 4 (.000 .3s0 101 2312 2.

35 M2 x 0.76 0.2 73.r2 8.3.5 0.5 0.96 6.6 0.38 0.4M-1 98ó (R1993).0 10.72 8.5 0.2s 5.16 33.0 2..2 J 1.2 0.45 r.3 0.5 10.5 14. " 21.5 2.1M-r986 Ìnrss¡i.92 M6X1 x 1.0 1.0 2.6 2.Appendix a49 19 Cop Screws.2 0.25 M10 x 1.96 1.74 1.0 72.45 M3 x 0.67 0.O M20 M24 x 3.2 5.5 M4 x 0.86 2.0 4.8 0.8 1.5 7.5 MIz x t.8 0.0 24.6 H s 0.8 1.3.0 32.0 4.6 4.6 19.25 0.8 10.38 0.0 27.0 8.44 17.5 8.8 0.0 18.0 .05 2r. b ANSvASME 818.5 M48X5 M30 ANSVASME 818.2 17.38 0.2 22.16 7.0 36.0 I.24 7.5 x 0.5 1.5 10.48 3.88 30. Stoltedo ond Sockef Heodb- \ Americon Nqtionol stondord ond Metric (continued) L{qtt= stl* H=D COUNTERSUNK HEAD -l n |*-l- | BUTTON HEAD SOCKET HEAD Mefric Sockef Head Cap Screws Countersunk Head" Button Head" s B s G C Sockel Headb Hex Socket Size A (max) M1.44 X2 x2 x3 x 2.t0 7.7 7.5 6.0 77.3 0.0 3.6 9.0 3.66 0.5 x 0.62 1.45 0.25 0.2 2.0 12.0 19.0 36.63 2.8 22.5 M36X4 M42x 4.4 0.0 63.0 16.8 2.O L4 1.4 26.4 M2.4 3.72 4.0 8.0 30.4.0 54.0 3.0 45.75 M8 MT4 M1.6 3.8 3.7 M5 x 0.0 6.0 1.5 0.1 tI.0 28.0 2.8 4.0 13.0 5.

a5Q

Appendix

20 Mochine Screws-Americqn Nolionol Slondord ond Metric

SÏYLES OF CROSS RECESSES

(SIMILAR oN ALL MACH

ROUND HEAD

SCREWS EXCEPT HEXAGoN)

CROWN ON
RECESSED

PAN HLAD

HÉXAGON HEAD

IOO" FLAT HEAD

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD MACHINE SCREWS" screws 2" long and shorter, the threads extend to within two threads of the head and closer if
ws have

minimum thread length of 1i".

are regularly made with plain sheared ends, not chamfered' Threads:Either Coarse or Fine Thread Series, Class 2 fit. Recessed Heads: Two styles of cross recesses are available on all screws except hexagon head. Max Fillister Head
Slot
Thuss Head

Nominal
Size
0
T

Di¡mefer D
0.060 0.073 0.086 0.099
0.1,12

Round Head

vvidfh

A
0.113 0.138
0.1,62

B
0.053 0.061 0.069 0.078 0.086 0.095 0.103

c
0.119

E
0.035 0.043
0.051

F
0.096 0.118 0.140
0.161

G
0.045 0.053

K
0.131

H
0.037 0.045 0.053
0.061

R
0.087 0.107 0.129
0.151

J
0.023 0.026
0.031

0.146
0.172

0.164
0.L94 0.226 0.257 0.289

2 3

0.062
0.070 0.079 0.088 0.096 0.113 0.130 0.148 0.170
0.211,

0.187
0.21.1.

0.r99
0.225 0.252 0.279 0.332 0.385 0.438 0.507 0.635 o.762 0.812 0.875 1.000 L.125
1.375

4
5 6 8

0.059 0.067
0.075

0.183 0.205 0.226 0.270 0.313 0.357

0.0ó9 0.078 0.086

0.169
0.191

0.035 0.039 0.043 0.048 0.054 0.060 0.067 0.075 0.084 0.094 0.094 0.106 0.118 0.133 0.149

10

t2
I
4
5

0.125 0.138 0.164 0.190 0.216
l6
3

0.236 0.260 0.309 0.359 0.408 0.472 0.590 0.708 0.750 0.813 0.938 1.000
'1,.250

0.120
0.137 0.153

0.083 0.100 0.116 0.132
0.153 0.191

0.32t
0.384 0.448 0.511 0.573 0.698 0.823 0.948
1.073

0.t02
0.118 0.134 0.150 0.183 0.215 0.248 0.280 0.312 0.345 0.410

0.271 0.254 0.283 0.336 0.375
0.45'7

0.250 0.3725
0.3'7s

0.r75
0.216 0.256

0.4t4
0.518 0.622 0.625 0.750 0.812 0.875 1.000

8 1

0.4375 0.500 0.562s 0.625 0.750

0.328
0.355 0.410 0.438 0.547

0.230 0.223 0.223 0.260 0.298
o.3'12

0.253
0.265

0.538 0.619 0.701 0.783 0.863 1.024 1fi)o Flat

I
2 9 5 3
4

0297 0336
0 37s

I

0Mt

1.198 7.323 7.5't3

Nomiúsl
Size
2
3

Max Diamefer

Slot

Pan

He¡d

He¡d s
0.062
0.071

widrh
J
0 031 0 035 0 039

D
0.086 0.099 0.L12 o.125 0.138
0.1,64

M
0.181 0.208 0.235 0.263

N
0.050 0.059 0.068 0.078 0.087 0.105 0.723 0.141 0.165 o.209

o
0.018 0.022 0.025 0.029

P
0.167 0.193 0.219 0.245 0.270 0.322 0.373 0.425 0.492 0.ó15 0.740
.865 .987 1.041

a
0.053 0.060 0.068 0.075 0.082 0.096 0.110
0.125

T
0.125
0.187 0.187 0.187

U
0.050 0.055 0.060 0.070 0.080 0.110 0.279 0.332 0.385 0.507 0.635 0.762 0.060 0.072 0.083 0.110 0.138 0.165

4
5

0.080 0.089 0.097 0.115 0.133
0.151

6
8

0.290 0.344
0.399 0.454 0.513 0.641 0.769

0.032
0.039 0.045

0.250 0.250
0.312

0.043 0.048 0.054 0.060 0.067 0.075 0.084 0.094
.094 .106 .118

10

t2
I
I

_t
t6
3

¡
2

.L
t6 1
_1

0.190 0.216 0.250 0.3125 0.375 .4375
.500

0.120
0.155 0.190 0.230 0.295

0.052
0.061 0.077 0.094

0.3r2
0.375 0.500

0.744 0.178 0.212
.247

0.r75
0.218 0.261
.305

.231
.315 .350

I 8 l

t6

.5625 .625 .750

.348 .391

t.t72
1.435

.434
.521,

.419

.733 .749

Appendix

aSl

20 Mochine Screws-Americon Nolionol Stondord ond Metric (continued)
METRICMACHINE SCREWS
Length of Thread: On screws 36 mm long or shorter, the threads extend to within one thread of the head: on longer screws the thread extends to within two threads of the head. Points: Machine screws are regularly made with sheared ends, not chamfered. Threads: Coarse (general purpose) threads series are given. Recessed Heads; Two styles of cross-recesses are available on all screws except hexagon head.

Flat Heads

& Oval Head
C
3.5

Slot
Pan Heads

HexHead
s t.6 2.r
2.4 2.6 3.L 3.7 4.6 6.0

widrh
J
0.7 0.8 1.0

E r.2
1.5 L.7

P
4.0

a
r.3
1.5

T
3.2

U
1,.6

4.4

5.0
5.6 7.0 8.0 9.5 12.0 16.0

4.0 5.0
5.5 7.0

2.1 2.3 2.6

M3 x M4 x M5 x

0.5

3.0
3.5

5.2
6.9

M3.5 x 0.6
0.7 0.8

2.3

1.8 2.7

r.2
1.5 1.5

4.0 5.0
6.0

8.0 8.9 10.9

2.7 2.7
J.J

2.4 3.0
3.6 4.8

8.0
10.0 13.0 15.0 18.0

3.0 3.8
4.7

M6X1 M8 x 1.25 M10 x 1.5
tr/.f12x I.75

8.0
10.0
L2.O

75.I4

4.6

6.0
1.5

1.9 2.3

I78

50

20.0

60

75

28

9.0

Metric Macåine Scew Lengúhs-Lb
2.5

3

4

5

6

E

10

l:t
A A A A A A A A A

t6
A A A A A A A A

n
A A A A A A A

2s | 30 | 3s | 40 |

4sls0 lss | 60 I 6s I 70 I s0l e0

PH M2.5 x 0.45

A
PH

A

A
A A

A A

A

A
PH

A

A A
A A A A

A A
A A A A A A A A
Min.Thd Length-28 mm

M3 x

0.5

M3.5 x 0.6
10/44x0.7

A A PH A A
PH A

Y Y
A A

.L/

Min.Thd Length-38 mm

A

A ^ A A

A

x 0.8 M6X1 M8 x 1.25 M10 x 1.5 I0/{lz x t.75
M5
â

PH A

A A

A
A

A A A A A

,,A

A

A
A

A A
A A

,A

A A
A

A

A

A A A

K) t' /bx/?/TX..ß

'l/

,9V/zÇ4,,'V///z'Ø,'Vx

Metric Fasteners Standard. IFI-513(1982). bPH : recommended lengths for oniy paá and hex head metric screws. A : recommended lengths for all metric screw head-styles.

a52

I
T

Appendix

21 Keys-Squore,

Flot, P|oin Tcrper,o

ond Gib Heod

l-,*l

E
Gib HeadTaper Súock Key Flat Height
úo

Square Square

Shaft

Dinmeters

Stock Key

Flat Stock Key

Height

Lcngth F
'1

Heighf
C
3
16
1

Length

Heighf to
Chamfer

Chamfer

D

W=H
I 8
G
1
4
5 3

WXH
1.,3 8^¡z v -1 t6,.8
5 ., 16^

c
4
L
5
T6

E
5
32

F
1

E

trtot
å

ñ.
9 32

I

I I
5 32 3 T6

to3
to 1]
rf;

tfr to

å't

1

Ð

7

3
16

7

t6

ll
32

lt

4
5
16

32

I

4
5

I

9
16 11 16

l3
32
15 32

t3
32
15

t6
3

4

l

8
7

l6
3
8-

I 4
5

rl6totl tfttozl
zf6tozl zl totl
:f;
to:01

ã 1
2

åxä l ,3
tr(E

32

lb
5 E

1
8

t9
32 23

5
8

l4
7

åxt J.,
4 ^1

iI
1
4

1
2

7
16

1*1

32

I 4
1

5
8

I 2
5
8

I

Li

?
8

7
8

I

1 4

ll to+\
+l tosl sf toe
"

ã

I

3xå
tåx3 råx I

tx

t,

1

1

1+

'l
8-

1

li
2
oL L2

I 4
ß
1.

Í+
1+ Li

1+
416

ti
É

1

13

-1

li
t)

ti

t3 L4

tl

1

Plain taper square and flat keys have the same dimensions as the plain parallel stock keys, with the addition of the taper on top. Gib head taper square and flat keys have the same dimensions as the plain taper keys, witb the addition of the gib head. Stock lengths for plain taper and gib head taper keys: The minimum stock length equals 4W, and the maximum equals 1óW. The increments of increase of length equal 2W.

22 Screw
Size
3 8 7
1

Threods,o Squore crnd Acme
Th¡eads per Inch

Thre¡ds
per Inch
5 5

Size
2
o1 L4

Threads per Inch ¡L L2
2

Ihreads
Size

per Inch
1å 11 1å 1å
1
1

t2
10 10 8
8 6

3i
.3 )4
4

l6
2 9 76
5

4

ol L2 ¡1 L4
J
^1 J4

2
,)

4
J '¡L 4

4i
4,
over 4)

8
3

È
r1 L2

4

'

See

Appendix 17 for General-Purpose Acme Threads.

Appendix

asá

23 Woodruff Keyso-4mer¡con Notionol Stondord
Ëo

tl

1iE

RS]7r
H
.194 .194 .240 .194 .240
.303

Key No.b 204 304
305 404 405 406
505 506 s07 606 607

Nominal Sizes

F

G
&
5

D
.1718

c
.203 .203

Key
No.b 808 809 810
811

Nomin¿l $¿eg

AXB

H
1

D
.3130 .3590 .4220

c
.438 .484
.547

u
g
L

3

n
3
64

1

3

t
1
ð

3

Ixt
åxtå

16

.L56I
.2031.

l6

u
1

3

7 64 7
64

.2s0 .203 .250
.313

a

3

76

.I405
.1875

32'.

t"? 5vZ
3-3 16"4
8

.. -r\
5

åxå åxå
5
g=

I
16
1

I
TE
1

812
1008 1009 1010 1011

16

t6

I
8-

.2505

I
16

I
16

ã
5 64
5

5

9
64

Ixti txt
*5ttå *5ttå

Ittå

IxtI

5 64

a

5

t

3
7

t 8
!
8

I I 8 ! 8

1

3

t6

.48
.475 .s37 .584

a
T3

13

64
1

a
I ¡6
5 64

a
7 32
15

Ð. I5

.4690

.594 .647 .438 .484
.547

.63r .5160
.428
.475 .s37 .584

5
32 5 32 5 32 5 32 5 32 3
16

.28L8 .3278
,3908

.240 .t719
.303 .365 .303

.250
.313
.375

64

9
64 9

.2349 .2969 .2793 .28L3

ß
1

I

û
3 32 7 64

5

a
8

15

64
3 32 3 32

@
5 32 5 32 5 32

16
1

.3r3
.375

10L2

608
609 807
"

*"t *"tå
å"3

tx

t,

*lxt3 tl
3xtå åxtå 3xrå

Ð.
1'l
64
17 9

.4378 .48/,8
.3595

.594 .641
.547

.631
.537 .584

ã

t6
1

.365

t2l0
L2IT

3
32

a
3 32

5

ø
32
19

16

.428 .3443
.47s

.438 .484
.37s

3
16

.406s .4535

.s94

5
64
1

T

3

16

! 8

a
3 16

11

.3903
.25cÐ

r2l2

a

1

l6

3

G

.631

.&l

.365

ANSI 817.2-1967 (Rl990).

last.two digirs give the nominal diamerer B in eighths of an inch, and rhe digits before the last two give the nominal widttrA in thirty-seconds of an inðh.

,#:l"ll*Pl:,:".*:::::---:l*tjlys:lfre

24 woodruff Key Sizes for Different shqft Diomeferso

1 2

*to
3

låo
15

lto

4

t6

lt

tf,to

tlto
t1
810
811


807 808

{f

to

zrtto
2t


1011

304
305

4M
.105

50s 506
507

606
607 608

Lztl
t2r2

1012

406
a

809

8r2

609
Suggested s¿es; not standard.

but equals at least 2W. I(ey No. Note that key is sunk two-thirds into shaft in all cases. . A 13 I 1 4 3 16 '1 8 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 67 30 31 L 4 5 16 14 15 I 1 ¡1 ¡1 32 1 ¿7 4 5 ¿4 3 8 1 B I 1å 1å 1å 1å ¡L .'1 I a54 Appendix 25 Prolt ond Whitney Round-End Keys KLYS MADE. 1 L" I 2 1 \il or I) 1 KeyNo.tL L2 76 t6 5 16 t6 t7 18 3 t6 'ì 32 1 cL L2 oL l 8 7 4 5 4 L6 c 19 t6 3 ?¿ 1 2 ú 1å t6 't 32 1 J J 3 3 3 l8 G 7 20 27 1i 4 5 16 32 33 I 2 8 D E " Ii 9 1-6 li 3 8 34 5 The length L may vary from the table. 22 23 LE 1Ê IV or t 4 5 16 I) t6 3 32 2 3 2 a 5 1t 1å I I I F 24 25 I 1 8 4 5 8 5 8 5 8 3 3 32 li ti t+ 4 5 I 8 5 32 16 6 7 8 9 10 G 51 52 53 26 I 8 I 4 5 4 1 I I ti t1 4 3 4 5 32 3 L6 t6 3. ti 2 2 8 3 16 8 5 32 3 16 7 32 1 tt 12 'l I 7 8 1 n 28 29 I 4 2 2 cL L4 5 1ó 3. WN-H ROUND LNDS AND KEYWAYS CUT IN SPLINL MILLER Maximum length of slot is 4" * W.

375 0.134 0.3I2 0.250 0.750 0.156 0.238 0.500 0.62s 7.. For compte te I i s ri ngs.750 2.W" (wide).095 1.065 0.d fo¡ use with comparable nominal screw or bòlt sizes.375 7.734 0.37s N 1.095 0.180 0.250 2.165 0.138 0.656 0.000 2.3M 0.938 0.083 0.500 w 7.2ß4 s.250 7.095 0.1s6 0.000 2.250 w 7.500 0.165 L.000 1i ri 1Ê 7.12 ! I 4 o.083 0.872 0.875 N 0. ' .125 0.065 0.250 4.148 L469 2.688 I.000 J i 2.469 0.531 0.065 0. PREFERRED SIZES OF TYPE A PLAIN WASHERSb Nominal Washer Size" Inside Diameter Outside Di¡meter Nominal Ihickness A 0.t25 W 1å 1å 1È 7.500 N 1.375 W 0.500 3.750 4.190 0.188 0.165 0.164 0.750 1.000 4.750 3.279 B 0.020 .750 w 0.375 W 1. o 0.109 0.083 No.938 1.750 3. see the s randard.375 N 0.06s 0.062 1. ' lrom-senes from series previously designated designated..259 o.250 7.312 N 0.375 1.062 0.062 7.625 W 0.250 7.s62 w 0.500 0.875 3.s00 Ë:*::*l t^?}:W (Rr.875 W 1.094 0.562 N 0.000 t.188 c 0.000 0.180 0..3r2 0.875 0.sta "Standard Plate" and "SAE.812 1.625 2.049 0.594 0.165 1.125 N 0.109 0.000 4.625 N 0.312 w 0.188 0.500 2.438 N 0.180 o.078 o.032 0.250 5.049 0.Appendix a55 26 Woshers.625 0.180 0.065 0.W 2.725 2.8 No.750 5.3L2 1.2s0 N 0.065 0.250 N 2.500 1.750 0." Where common sizes existed in the (narrow) and the Standard plate.562 0.281 0562 0.216 ¿ l6 5 16 I 8 I 8 I L l6 ! _l 2 2 ! t6 9 0.750 N 0.10 J l6 0.438 0.922 0.812 0.500 3.625 1.406 0.125 0.000 w 1.734 0.165 1Ë r.000 N 1.165 0.220 E 13 1.500 13 2.250 3.438 o.438 W 0.165 0.250 w 0.000 3.180 0. Nå.500 w 0.500 N 0.875 0..250 0.250 2.562 No.734 0. "N" .375 2.180 0.469 0.I34 0.375 0.020 0.250 0.049 0.250 2.734 0.625 0.o plq¡¡-Americon Notionol Stondord de R.750 1.375 1.500 2.049 0.e8 I ).625 1.688 0.875 2 1t at q L¿ 2.

553 1 I 1 0.253 0.737 2 9 T6 5 0.r72 0.202 0.080 0.000 1.636 0.208 o.r28 0.266 0.125 0.700 0.250 0.438 0.359 0.367 1.qaz 7.041 0. Max.285 0..352 0.3t2 0328 0. Min.045 2.439 2.138 0..287 o.041 r+ß 0.125 O.239 0.296 0.23r 2.375 ois)s t.873 0.195 Min.079 a I.020 0.572 0.031 0.099 0.239 2.250 0.398 1.446 0.318 0.241 0.297 '15 16 1 I.140 7 16 0.078 0.294 0.799 1.025 Max.27t 2.045 0.540 1"799 o.088 0.030 0.057 0. 0.203 l1 16 3 0.172 0. 0.417 0.812 0.031 0.500 t.939 1. Hi-Collar Thickness.056 0.535 0.250 r144 1.109 0.O19 t.462 2.683 0.741.216 0.108 0.125 1.t79 0.r94 0.143 0.458 1..084 0. No.826 0.1.045 0.115 Diameter.t76 t.37s 0.irt oizìs 0.rro 0.375 0.923 o.313 1+ 1å 0. j neculen LocKV/ASHER PREFERRED SERIES Regular Inside Diameter.312 t.162 0.647 o.938 1.3r4 0. No. .t)o 'From ANSI/ASME 818.a56 Appendix 27 Woshers.782 0.080 t.202 0.625 0..22r 0.622 0.478 0.156 0.463 1.250 0.040 0.773 0.093 0.o Lock-Americon Notionol Slondord For parts lists.027 0.954 0.261 0.334 1. 2 No.509 0.034 0.560 0.334 0.188 0.525 2.763 7.562 0. give nominal size and series.OI7 1. for example.086 0.1-1994. see the standard.078 0.724 7.227 0.839 0. 6 8 0.068 0.64 0.434 0. 4 No.344 0.21.101 0.875 0.375 2.236 0.438 0.062 0.025 0.586 0.047 0.293 o. etc.367 o.234 0.123 0.157 7.172 0. bNominal washer sizes are intended for use with comparable nominal screw or bolt sizes.497 0.267 0.'t12 0.141 2.661 r.37'7 0.460 0.300 0.438 1.334 2.047 No.308 0.030 0. 5 0.688 õ 0.489 0.I4L 0.255 0.141 0.396 0.047 No.638 z.756 1. Thickness.950 1. For complete listing.2r9 o.190 o.12 1 4 5 16 0.496 t+ 7.688 0.062 0.10 No.034 0.335 2.¡is 0.365 Min.271 r.669 ol.258 T.125 0.375 1.188 1.853 1. J No.330 1.910 2. Outside Extra Outside Diameúer.022 0.464 1.890 0.750 0. 0.430 0.234 4 13 16 7 r.208 1t ú t+ 1Ê 2. 0.375 0.094 0. 0.203 t.372 0.971 1.168 o.500 0.216 0.209 0.382 0.576 1.

185 .0162 .040 ..0097 .0915 .009 .03589 . .460 .016 .0064 .031 .0052 .1920 .004453 .7644 .IL6 .516549 .203 .153 22 23 .1046 . Co. 'The difference betrveen the Stubs' Iron Wire Cue" ãnd the Stubs.300 .232 2 J .024 .099 .080808 .109 .425 .jj. Standard Gage.0181 .1796 .018 .009 .165 .3065 .7495 .049 ..080 .0067 32 J.0720 .067 .16202 .2625 .o07 .024 .72 .180 .064 .792 .I75 .090 .34 .020 ..0625 .iow by steel manufacturèrs in place of old U.2242 .1943 .372 7-{'s 6-O's .7770 .2830 .004 .r39 .0105 .464 .09s .iiiïlää.4305 .T 28 Wire Goge Slcrndordso Dimensions of sizes in decimal parts of an inch.32486 .0540 .0140 .0359 72 73 14 15 16 77 18 .016 .1350 .0048 .276 .051 .2391 .3938 5-{'s 4-0's 000 00 0 1 .168 18 .0478 .ifiJä:ï"iã i.0598 .0410 .110 .0135 22 23 24 25 26 a1 28 29 30 31.657354 .7s7 .3648 .1. the rirst being commonry knorvn as .063 .0118 .Hi:l# .380 .348 .007 .0104 .#""Häffij5i.003531 .0r2 .461."*.5 .ï1j1.0164 .160 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 .y|i.0132 .037 I4 15 .176 .lirmingham wíre o¡ drill rods of Stubs' makel Str Gaqe shourd be.212 .0085 .022 .039 .0538 ..1.0164 .072 .022 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 .i.095 .191 .0124 .'g.006 .1055 .026 12 73 .201 .1. ¡.090742 .035 20 21 .L94 .284 .182 .007s .0230 .055 .148 .127 . steel :i"""ïirJ:'b":åïliilÍ.05082 .0090 .1620 .010 .0299 .083 .045 .0286 .009s .164 .07t961 .0136 .032 .40964 .0149 .011257 .013 .022571 .042 .0116 .028462 . .012 .00396s .0204 .056 .10189 .008928 .008 .031961 .143 .058 .580049 .0082 .0258 . of Vïire 7{'s 6-{'s 5-0's .4900 .074195 .u01 .048 .2437 .e.ot4 .0092 .1s5 .075 .797 .22942 .085 .033 .0418 .704 ."sil.036 .o32 .:.î.0100 32 JJ 34 35 36 37 38 .108 .025 .047 .340 .734 .188 .0269 .161 . nored.148 .454 .04r .00708 .0209 ..0128 .172 .2043I .25763 .018 .0070 ...115 .#Ëfitifff.0329 .103 .120 .003t44 u:_eA .238 .1r443 .064084 .483 ..180 .020 .005 .0897 .0068 .049 79 .0239 .029 .259 .071 .1205 .227 4 6 7 8 .072641 .008 .74428 9 10 11 .040303 .S.0317 .020 .013 .l}¡:::1.ooq .005 .035 .022 19 20 21 .1.0720 .0149 .092 .'íÀi.0119 .0763 .01594 ._r.h..1793 .120 .üã".207 .0075 .2r9 .i5i .2253 .065 .778 .ôô .0084 .0060 39 40 b .0779 .0080 .744 .0076 ..006304 .0348 .025347 .045257 .005614 .2893 .252 .0108 . b No.00795 .0475 .3310 .101 . of lYire Inperial VYi¡e No.s00 4-{'s 000 00 0 1 .3625 .0800 .432 .028 .0150 .018 .010 .r2849 .I99 .0173 .0060 3t 38 39 40 .1":lr!"":tyll" c"g.0747 r6 T7 .345 10 11 .0090 .146 .400 .o28 .324 .106 .072 .080 .010025 .00s .097 ' Courtesy Brown & Sharpe Mfg.057068 .011 .I28 .043 ..059 .i'riÏ5r"i''i[?if.300 .' 34 35 36 .

2W . see the standard.rr".ìxIl .0625 .0625 .tú4 .0938 .1720 9 16 . Standard reamers are available for pins given above the heavy line.250 .750 X X X X X 0 a X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X o 0 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X o X X X X X X X X X 2.241). X X X ANSI/ASME B1g.2890 7 3410 3 o =.02083 and subtract the All dimensions are given in inches.0!r38 I 2 8 I 4 .1410 7 0 .875 i.hence lengths are special.21W .N € I l--. 12 (size 1.3125 z 0 = 0 a 9.250 4.523) are special sizes.000 1.250 3. 9 and l1 their (size . Sriggested iizes.0781 .1562 .03x2 .50 .(D¿10 .4(D0 0 Nrrml¡cr 710 6/0 .g.1930 5 3 4 .500 1.25 TAPER PER FT o 0 o' result from the larger diameter' To find small diameter of pin.625 . multiply the length by . o (Approx)b 1 4 i6 .s00 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Y X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 3. ^ 3 f 6 6 7 . For Nos.07E0 7 32 5/0 4g .4920 r+ I Size lf.7s0 4.s00 . X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Ø X X X X X x X X X X X .000 3.lj¿50 I t .1560 1 2 .and 14 (size 1.000 4.750 .250 1.0625 .1090 5 1ó y0 .750 3.0312 .250 2.2-1994.1562 .375 .000 2.8600).nrse Endl Shaft Diameter .2188 *^ 0 Drill Size lBefore Reamer)b Length L .not American National Standard' .13 (size 1.t2.500 2.500 " b X X X X X X X X X X 10.2500 l3 16 5 I .1250 3 8 u0 . pins Nos.032).

032 .176 .203 .23 .056 .I9 .25 1.88 1.438 .05 .188 .02 .279 .T I Appendix a59 30 Colter p¡nso-Americon Notionol Stondord PFIEFERRED PO¡NT TYPES All dimensions are given in inches.220 .202 .031 .r56 .335 3 8 7 .14L .172 .t25 .11 .75 .062 .266 .090 .06 .150 .329 .723 ! .086 .04 .750 .t6 .072 .07 .400 .094 .125 7 64 7 .8.775 ! J t) ANSUASME 818.134 .156 .207 .078 32 3 64 7 .09 .225 )') .750 .625 .590 .044 .438 .375 .716 .44 & 5 32 3 16 7 32 1 8 9 .50 .r04 .375 .1_1994.473 .28 .I4t . Oufside Nominal Size Eye I)iameter A Max.36 t6 1 .598 .r72 .048 . . .30 .109 .500 .25 .076 .120 .275 4 5 16 7 É .312 .38 .500 É 2 5 8 3 4 " t.100 Extended Prong Length Min.u7 .130 .406 .50 .31 .01 Hole Size¡ Recommended .14 .06 . .078 .467 . ( t) { 1 D n a a Ð ¡O .04 .00 .234 .03 16 5 64 32 .20 .62 .L2 .060 ot Pin Diameúer 7 I)iameter B M¡n.09 .028 .312 .094 .109 .16 Min.062 .10 .146 .625 .M7 .280 .06 . .250 .

035 ounce Velocity foolsecond : .305 meter yard = .609 kilometers inch2 : 6.386 mile2 or 247. millimeter : .914 meter mile = 1. to Metric Metric to U.946 liter : .057 quarts 1 meter3 :264.028 meter3 1yard3 : .907 metric ton ounce :28.308 yard3 1 liter = . kg-m/s'.0254 meterlsecond2 .349 grams 1 1 kilogram :2.094 yards kilometer : .00155 inch2 ./second2 : 1 fooUsecond2 : .836meter2 I acrez : 4.873 meterz 1 1 1 1 7 meferz : : : : .2i1 Acceleration 1 inch.aC¡O Appendix 3l Melric Equivolents Length U.S.796 yardz .093 meter2 1.62! mile/second 3.102 tons d gram: .04 acte2 lglr¡me 1inch3 : 16.046.155 inch2 kilometer2 10.305 meter/second 1 mile/hour : .454 kilogram 1 ton : .003785 meter3 meter3 :35.205 Pounds 1 met¡ic ton : 1.02 gallons 1 pound : . A mass of one kilogram (1 kg) exerts force of 9.764meler3 L I centimeter3 L : .061 ioch3 quart t gãtton 1 : 0.S.80665 N) at mean sea level' a gravitational .764 foot2 or 7.8 N (theoretically 9.62I mile Area millimeter2 centimeter2 inch = 2.287 feetlsecond kilometer/hour: .387 centimeter3 1 foot3 : .41lcentimeter2 1 foot2 : .039 inch centimeter : .447 melerlsecond 1 l.394 inch meter : 3.meter/secon L : : 3.305 meter/secondz 1 meter/secon dz 8 feet/second2 Force N (newton) : basic unit of force.281feet or 1.31'4foot3 or 1.540 centimeters foot : .yardz : .2642 gallons 1 liter = 1.

EnrlqM U.d a¡E Plø¡Fa by hñn. .dþñ sø a9 SaaD Blck or ô. DÞlñ ol Þnt.*h9 Sdreng Fbng.¡fmM ot w&ñ9 .È /s rE . P O Eo¡ M¡d FEú gilSti gStOaO " ANSI/AWS A2. ¡rro of ¡t.hr h UE Supdementary Symbols a[aq SFr Fbh uø Location ot Elements ol a Welding Symbol _v .= Gfmvê U ud uÊ t-ã] Not hcl J ¿ \.w srñrsÊ | Fdbr Americon Welding Society Slondordo rL Plw d$t SFr q PÞi.52- aôh¡ . Sú .-llOrh .F tæ Y- Ê v Îail tñdd Frñrah aFFt Græs FE ¡. O./T ûÞr* _o-/ Ud Not ud Ud Æ Êud Nor -f ud Nor ìf \JI UT Ud UE I þdtd B'uø&nr Sorh Str¡ -'+ Url SAFE ud Not ud Ueó Not Not Ud Not r OrÐ. ol ANSrrAffi 42. AMWo¡dñ!Sdy L.. Codt F¡ngt EdgD AæwÈr4 l# ¡\ t-J .92 sr 650 }{ W.4_93.. nlaraÞ [ mø to Ta* 1..ñ9ñ td Ð^¡h *¡ Basic Joints ldenlif¡cåtion of Arrow S¡cle and Other Side Jcint ) affischg pnl qÞr Sú €Sbr P6¡Aùcvttfr! maaa p?€aa a*drtøa ¡ia b blælldiñtÞb[of tÞËEry atù|../=\r-- -J-r -'.n hd.:.d Ud .l.Appendix aGt 32 Welding Symbols ond processes_ .

' near€st alrow 2nd opêraton 3rd opsralþn lnd¡cates @mplele loint p€n€tration regardlsss of tYP6 ol weld or io¡nt PreParahon Badius\-J 3/64 Weld /. u.n Om¡sa¡on ol length lndl€tes that wâld axtonds b€twgsn aÞrupt cnangea ¡n dir6ction or as dlmenslon€d 0ength ol leg) st.0 ".'-"n.s) ol lncremonls 7 L .a62 Appendix .. .hon ukis../ gtze¿ +l/16 I trre \r \ I X"ignt above po¡nt ol langency Flash or Uos€t Welding SYmbol *"ä"*"*. \ .The only complete and official presentation Æ'4 .nn." Eack¡ng weld O€pth of llll¡ng ¡n inches lo-árssnn ¡ndi¿åt€s lllling is complel6) lst (3.".n o. 92 Welding SYmbols ond Processes- AmericonWeldingsocietyStondordo(continued) Pltch (d¡stEn€ b€twr€n c€nl€.incrgments )".lo Ë wøld size ¿' wenJ srz€ Arrow Potnts towald memb€f lo b€ ÞrePateó \ *"..nn./ 'R' lndi€tes back¡ng removed aftgr weld¡ng w|t mbo Z\ of weldin8 sYmbols is in n1."/ .

T Appendix I I a63 32 Welding Symbols ond processes_ Americon werding society stondordo (conrinued) MASTER CHABT OF WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES .

ø Ø Cultivated Fields 1r¿ Canal o¡ Ditch Canal Lock Canal Lock v\ -\ t Commercial or Municipal Field Airplane Landing Field Marked or Emergency t_ l- Mooring Mast Airway Light Beacon (ennows wotcerr couRsE Lrcurs) (lonr ursrnrnlr) Aquaduct or Vy'ater Pipe -** * Auxiliary Airway Light Beacon.$e:d4 Marsh Woodland of Any Kind Orchard Grassland in General ée.. {a"Nae..1'E= ¡¡iJjsEÈ¡i-= ã æ ùle-ùl¿ dz Lake o¡ Pond Falls and Rapids Contours Hachures Sand and Sand Dunes Other Towns Barbed Wire Fence Smooth wire fence ..a64 Appendix 33 Topogrophic Symbots Highway Railroad National or State Line County Line Township or District Line Highway Bridge Railroad Bridge Drawbridges Suspension Bridge City or Village Line A BM t?32 Triangulation Station Benchmark and Elevation X o Dam Telegraph or Telephone Line Powe¡-Transmission Line Any Location Station (wrrn nxeLeueronv tore) Streams in General + f ¡..f. Buildings in General Capital County Seat @ o þX_X-X-X-X ¿__) -:' Jf. Flashing "ANSI/AWS A3.. It should be understood that these cnarrs are lrlteuuçu u'rJ où ùuvv ..F.jB¿ls ó o g e€ ús sE9 oo ooo 0€€o€ 909 oo Hedge Oil or Gas Wells Windmill Tanks õ .i.O_94.¡:Ñ Dl .

Elbow---45" 4.<_ æ æ- ll 20.+ -++Þ<-- -rr1++ _+_ F + -*- -r- 6F4 -_- --qF . Elbow-Ti¡rned Down 6. +J<.f" *O* *-o* I I i I i I I I I 11. Side OutletTþe-Outlet Up 12. TÞe 9.)k * 16. Globe Valve-Elev. 17. >k +eJr .Oi+<l 1l f ol+- 7. Gate Valve-Elev. Elbow-Tùrned Up 5.3 -79 49 (R1 994). {/ +q+ox+ex. -+ + x oll.ApDend¡x a65 34 Piping Symbols-Americon Nofionol Sfondord FLAN6ED 1. AI J- s ?.-----Ð. I OF lrl I { r( O+- ox- Ox- { r r I I I I I I I I ¡ *t I I I I ilTil +l-+ Ðe€ Ð-e€ ü u. Lateral +ör =t -Jtl{- -_t_ r-0r I I )Ö< Ð+e I j + l>+f JSrl- +++ -1#ÈF +-l-. d. TÞe-Outlet Up 10.-+ --lrl-+----F.2.-xÜÞe +Üp- -r\Ê- S:þ- il I -+- æF +d4' --{----x._-JÜF +üe.{- _><-_ à> ! >\ J>)e +Þx+ÈÐ<_ .ll-e+ Tee-Outlet Down +eF +el- . Check Valve 19. Reducing Elbow 8. Reducer-Concentric 14.--l F J+ -+ütl. Expansion Joint 22. Cross 13..o1. Safety Valve 21.Þ-å€_ ti ll -)Þ<x-+Þ¡<ê -Ð{-\Þe ->.. Stop Cock -'ll-t+- rÓr lr +<1. Elbow-90" 3. Reducer-Eccentric 15.1F + -+- + *ì ( WELDED SOLDERED -++J. Elbow-Long Radius -+t. Joint SCREWED ]ELL &SPI6OT 2. Bushing ANSr/ASME Y32.*-+=+.-++#l. Sleeve 24. Union 23. 18.

?O Supply Duct Section Canvas Connections Exhaust Duct Section Recirculation Duct Section Fresh Air Duct Section Supply Ouflet Exhaust lnlet Volume Damper Fan and Motor with Belt Guard lntake Louvres and ùcreen a ANSI/ASME y32.a66 Appendix 35 Heoling. plan Unit Heater (Propeller). Width. 2nd Deóth) lnclined Drop in Respect to Air Flow Automatic Dampers l? xzo l?)1. Waste or Leade¡ (Above Grade) Cold Water Hot Water Compressed Air Refrigerant Discharge Refrigerant Suction Brine Supply Hot Water Return Fire Line Gas Sprinklers-Main Supplies Ê rrtlf Wall Radiator.2. plan Thermostatic Trap Turning Vanes Thermostatic Float Thermometer ïhermostat ZOXIZ D - Duct Plan (lst Fieure. plan Wall Radiator on Volume Damper Ceiling. ond Duclwork Symbolso_ Am e rico qtion n N ol'stq nãã ro High pressure Steam Medium pressure Return Fuel Oil Flow Soi/. ugal Fan). plan Deflecting Damper Unit Heater (Centrif.4_tg4g(R1993). . Venliloling.3_rg4g (R1994) and ANSI y32. 2.

l-AMps REr-Ays il INTEGRATED clRculls (u#) MULT|PLE. P-O{ANNE.or. -_ I uaeL. tJ$J îrZ-{1 ry1n a2 8l . OO Co|TOUCÍOR OO closÐ WIRING BUs DATA HULftpt¡ / TULNPOINI olo uoutrT^nY O-r€ þ cAatr - SIY|TCHES AtR IHERI¡AL cH^ss.STASLE CORÉ tNoucf^NcE CoUPL|NC.AR scr SINGI¡-G^7E G2 OUAL-CAIE SINGLE-GAIE ENHANCEMENT UOOE TRANSISTORS GENERAL AMPLIFIER OS¡t€îtON MOOE UOSFET COMMON MOSFEI LOG¡C PHONE JACK CONNECTIONS + fl*r..-4zM¡ l ii il !Ì -^r tT.!Biç]il".lc0Nfacfs FEMALE Df PHONE PLUG æru^* MALE coAxrAL coNNEctORS tru^*fù f-f-l f-If e4 ht* \.@: r-@: .rrsÌABu AD¡. N-CHANNEL .oRESS : of.roo.36 Americon Notionor stondord Grophicor symbors for Eleclronic Diogromso Frxco vARr^€/r€ \\ exoro {Â^r 2{/\.s .+ + GROUNDS + Eiurl â:åiåîiff rrrn u. FrxED MULrrpLE.ö: EIPOL._@: N-CHAfiNE.u^. N-O{ATiNEL Ð P-OTA¡{NE- P-CH^'{NEL P-C¡{^NNE.'". tuEE ELEMENTS YYè MALE _ uov¡eG'a--T---ì 240 v FEMAT¡ I --- ¡r'¡ooe cRlo I ^I .J t4) AO. . Ç I . HEATER oR l--l ¡ruuexr Þ/ Y cRouNo cAS FILIED couo cAtHooE 'l- .u.' CND GND CONNECTORS CÑD FEMALE MALE Ð DEFLECTION PLAlES Øuftesy Anerícan Rad¡o Belay League.!s'q"q.4rRESISTORS coN0ucl0Rs NOI JOINÉD tñor{-coRE lt{ERMtStOR FERRIIE-8EAO rrrn úÁ -oR rrrn "T" AtR-CoRE AD¡'SïA8tt ii ii ii ++-r ffi coNoucToRs sitEloEo JOIN€D TERI¡INAL INOUCTORS SPSÍ {o SPOT NORI¡ALLY OPEN wRE 0R co^xt^r c^81¡ rrlcclE o ê -r-o o NoRM^lrY rlr N stNo¡ t cEtI "r" ÌAPPED ii ll EATTERIES lrl= l¡uLn cÊ¡I -o || A¡../ (0.@: .

a68 Appendix 37 Form ond Proporfion of Geomelric Toleroncing Symbols" DATUM TARGET TARGET POINT 'LTre O@OO@' CONCENTRICITY CIRCULARITY MMC RFS PRq' TOL PARALLELISM FLATNESS CYLINDRICITY DIAMETER POSITION ALL AROUND PROFILE SURFACE PROFILE LINE STRAIGHTNESS (PROFILE} /I PERPENDICULARITY ANGULARITY -T 1. .5M-1994.5 h RUNOUT TOTAL " ANSÌ/ASME Y14.

199 6.312 1.531 .000 24.188 õ'r f?l :-'(õ (r0í JU.500 4.360 J00 s62 .1_1983 (Rt 992).688 .000 16 000 18. fo o.565 276 300 1.u4 1.405 .660 4.90ó 1.562 .3ó5 4M .750 14 . Sùed.625 10.219 3.250 .438 I 2 . Ttre¡ds .594 1.637 473.2s8 .608 2ilt .686 .'J.xîi' i: ff : Jff îHîi [ .1 Sche¿ 30d Scled.312 .91 .438 37s .443 .312 7.237 .913 30. 40d mô Sùed.094 .375 2.5337 .275 70 77? 1.077 19.6828 .250 1.375 1. Súed.4063 1.562 I .1250 .zs(n 2.000 I 000 0D 0D 0D 0D .339 .250 .344 o o 0) Boldface figures correþond to.191 0õ (h^ .063 .779 .000 u4 . ó0.AII dimensions are in inches except those in last two columns. pipe.62 96.5 l1 .4078 .315 1.210 1.133 1t .500 1.250 . .5 .344 .562 1.03 .l4it .20.u4 .984 2.420 .750 375 375 .088 .594 .938 L031 1.969 .821.299 .179 .212 20.2s0 .3t7 37s .06s .675 .156 1. 100 Beúween Elernd rnd Thre¡ds per Inch 27 18 18 I¿ng0¡ Nomin¡ Pipe Size Dirmefel of Pipe .500 1.406 . za 00 OF r.2000 1.8500 I 125 1.u4 -937 3lE .375 .969 L031 1.250 .500 .5 11.5125 1. l.20.875 3.500 5.219 .t4s .812 2.312 .5457 t4 14 .750 12.x ra sr rons " pi pe .750 .958 1.37s .812 . .4018 lnternsl Sdrerl 10 Sched.7068 .878 1.625 o o 280 .358 24oD h ..328 1.091 3 o 0 0 0 tn I ¡l I 8 216 .3000 1.7125 1. .688 .400 l 8 .563 8 8 203 42.766 .954 438 .240 .14 .062 2.531 t.068 .682 .438 14.279 270.zsn .n6 .159 r B36.479 14.239 .375 . 80' .562 594 719 .250 .904 t66.900 2.050 1.250 .281 .540 of Efrective Thread . ¡! L2 J J2 . oo' ö8 0f.30t 2.2278 .10!) .(D5 .2639 .2500 1.594 .815 l6 18 20 .119 I IJ lm tû Scherl 160 615 4 t .644 .22 and Fie.518 .5 I 1.438 . 2.154 .826 .250 .576 . .322 .848 .r " (.436 .125 2.standard.7235 .250 .2500 2.191 . o Nornin¡l 14" No¡m¡l ng¡gemel by Hend D Outside t{rll Ïhic*ness >{ Súed.3s5 17.656 .'t25 4.812 d ' Refer Kefer ro to $ I 3.406 .154 2.010 1.625 8.281 1.594 .547 3. Sched.938 1.'.273 1..6500 2.45M 2. ä.000 2.113 .9250 2.562 1.750 .500 s00 .091 .7565 1.t0M_1ee5 :+l:lîs^yE ANSI/ASME 81.312 .000 4.719 812 I 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 .840 . 3.000 I 8 2.420 .781.:226 4 .320 .432 I.1375 1.218 -.

73 .20 Class 250:250 psi Pressure-577 ft Head 3 50.54 .48 ..2 L42.90 9.450 25.60 25.80 32.68 t7. 4 6 .38 .5 90.6.79 15.970 3.2 114.790 10.835 18 20 24 30 36 42 48 .1.48 .4 16.1 68.00 38.5 25.835 20 24 2t.80 t35.0 53.6 340.40 19.72 .55 4.0.4 4r5 590 785 t2 37.5 195 Class 100: 100 psi Pressure-231 ft Head J t2.47 3.655 4.9 37.t ó8.80 6.9 37.80 275.0 257.1 590 785 1. i0 72 14 1.1.7 '74.355 8.67 .765 t33.020 T.5 2r.60 25.095 6.96 4.6 12.80 32.6 125.80 2.5 s49.095 1.92 12.6 1.30 72.020 r.79 .020 1.30 78.9 31.96 4.505 3.54 .60 25.695 3.80 3.720 5.58 .8 397.6 Class 150: 150 psi Pressure-346 ft Head .850 4.7 15.51 s90 785 1.945 2.6 2.05 11.00 38.4 365.62 .39 Cost-lron Pipe.23 5r2.405 5.90 9.5 684.260 18 20 24 30 36 .825 257.85s 7.41.60 84.05 11.5 25.070 8.57 .810 8.450 1.32 .38 .20 15.80 2.455 7.50 27.195 10.90 9.80 6.525 20 24 30 36 42 48 . 25.47 4.9 37.30 32.50 i6.80 6.30 17.435 4 6 8 10 .350 t4 16 18 .48 .290 5.00 38.30 44.79 .38 .54 .625 1.0r5 2.40 19.605 r7.80 32.1.50 r18.9 205.59 .260 r.9 r78.4 1.44 .5 t95 265 415 10 12 .78 .90 9.3 .59 .80 6.40 19.6 195 265 415 590 850 1.20 15.r35 2.720 2.79 .9 195 4 6 8 10 26s 415 590 785 1.50 t.13 1.0 49.525 1. 3.4t .63 t3.175 3.05 11.50 318.2 .l4 589.2 236.020 t4 16 18 t7.3 168..s 90.10 4 6 8 10 12 T4 1.3 r.7 15.38 .180 1.90 9.80 6.950 2t.63 .ffi 38.4 101.87 .85 t7.515 Class 350: 350 psi Pressure-808 ft Head 3 27.68 .10 12.30 63.30 17.84 .4 73.9 37.62 .6 8 10 12 14 16 18 265 415 590 785 10 12 63.1.10 442.6 Class 200: 200 psi Pressure--462 ftHead t2 I4 1.05 11.20 .80 6.32 .40 19.05 r.44 .175 2.9 475.30 44.1.4 16.30 44.0 49.68 .070 8.35 3.35 .L95 20 24 30 36 42 48 2r.96 4.6 723.455 7.05 11.2 114.7 ) )15 78.20 15.51 63.60 tt8.8 95.4 425.9 166.4 .8 95.50 2.8 r.85 t3.0 49.6 .825 r.9 r.10 13.50 50.335 3.6 l6 18 20 24 30 36 42 48 I4 .40 19.06 50.58 .58 .54 .10 13.80 3.765 6.60 25.30 44.8 t3.7.5 25.890 25.50 95.68 .32 .040 4.02 1.41.60 25.095 1.30 17.80 'Average weight per foot based on calculated rveight of pipe before rounding.4 156.3 637.48 .525 1.0 49.50 . .5 279.40 19.05 11.35 .7 .35 .32 .52 .5 195 265 415 590 920 1.0 551.9 190.64 .50 27.520 2.8 135.50 r.r 63.20 15.6 297.4 16. 42 48 J .6 .96 Class 300:300 psi Pressure--693 ft Head J 4 6 8 442.44 .7 205.605 9.90 9.6 340.63 7.56 .120 5.0 57.980 t.52 .96 12.9 50.40 19.195 r.0 4 6 8 265 49.97 1.290 4.1 1.2 t52.48 .5 25.8 97.92 r45. 2.2 L07.895 396 480 690 4 6 18 20 24 25.96 4. Thicknesses ond Weights-Americon Nolionol Stondord 16 T I ft Laying Lengúh fVeight 0b) Based on Class 50:50 psi Pressure-115 ft Head 3 Class 200:200 psi Pressure--462 195 8 ft Head 3'.94 1.4 16.80 3.0 551.10 13.9 180.

46 4.39 2.L.72 75.05 1.AND CROSSES (STRAIGHT SIZES) All dimensions given in inches.00 1.38 .I3 .80 i. Elbows.86 4.38 1...85 t2 b .55 I. Min. or the letter.84 1.cast on the band at end with left_hand thread.50 4. Min.11 H .28 10.t2 4 3 8 1 .63 r. Fittings having right.69 .94 2.56 8.97 Min.00 4.61 4.and left-hand threads shall have foúr or -o.12 1.98 1.75 I. This applies to elbows and tees only.79 4.03 1.o I25 lb-Americon Notionol stondord 90" ELBow TEE cRoss 4s'ELaow DIMENSIONS OF gO'AND 45'ELBOWS.20 s.66 6.42 I. 450 Nominal Pipe Size 1 of ïhread.67 .08 3. .95 ¡1 z2 3 . B .84 .62 Diameter Metal Thickness of Band.88 .12 1. .22 1.s0 7.97 5.81 .68 1.16 5.50 .90 1.75 r..18 1.47 1.62 70.66 1.68 3.18 .34 r.26 .räù.32 .20 .31 3.50 .11 1.24 .68 8.62 8.Append¡x aZl 40 cost-lron Pipe screwed Filtings.75 .17 2 3 r.08b 9. Center to End.t0 4.92 .80 .43 1.28 5.43 .-s0 .37 2.50 5.72 3.79 7.97 3.87 3.77 2.73 .70 .31 G .50b 3.98 Max.54 .93 1.4-1992.38 .63 13.68 1.72 1.36 .05 8.69 .56 .2s 2.85 12.13 6.47 1.39 2.28 r.72 .75 ' From ANSI/ASME 816.I2 .47 -t r1 4 5 ó 2.05 3.58 .28 .28 4 1 . .94 1. A .18 7.62 5.95 2.72 10.58 .88 8 10 r.67 .44 .31 Elbows C .TEES. E .73 7.15 .44 2.88 I2.43 of Ban4 MÍn.75 .06 7.56 6.60 2.70 3. Teeg and Crosses Center Length lvidrh to End.90 .08 1.60 5.95 1.29 r1 !4 rl t2 2 .28 2.

74 .20 .73 14.63 10.60 3. 4 5 t.50 2.30 1.57 4. C¡osses Elbows Min.75 ^t J.43 1.88 1.72 r. r.94 . 45' of Thread. B .43 .63 1.47 .37 2.49 .AND CROSSES (STRAIGHT SIZES) All dimensions given in inches.37 16.50 4. E .36 5.85 72.36 1.88 5.38 3. r. Center to End.35 H I.76 .84 .60 5.64 .84 1.56 6.97 2.56 .75 t.06 c .52 ^l ¿1 3 4.63 7.49 7.50 5.72 10.58 .a72 Appendix 41 Cost-lron Pipe Screwed Fitlings. of Band.74 r.59 1.98 2.66 4 1 t.24 77.00 r.72 .6r '7.63 2.00 8.75 1.94 3. Elbowg Nominal Pipe Size 1 Center Length Iryidrh Dia¡neter to End.00 .53 1.74 rà 1+ .28 r.93 2.67 G .58 2.07 3.57 A .19 6.69 1. .o 25O lb-Americon Notionol Slondord l l H DIMENSIONS OF 90'AND 45'ELBOWS.73 3.17 1.3t 1.50 2.84 10 s.90 1. and Metal Thickness of Band.17 7.44 1.18 .r3 2.88 .54 .28 ..t3 4.97 2.55 Min.97 2.91 s.85 6 8 9.50 4.62 70. and crosses.87 r. .18 .t2 1.72 8.68 .81.33 .23 3..39 .87 .43 .48 .90 2 2.08 1.38 2.88 4 3 8 1 .97 .23 .05 1..00 z J t.33 7.1r Min.73 t. tees.66 6.90 1.L3 . .24 2.TEES. The 2501b standard for screwed fittings covers only the straight sizes of 90" and 45" elbows.25 1.t9 3.00 2.60 . Tees.10 4.31.62 8.66 .00 1.44 2.31 1.00 4.24 6.81 Min.4-1992.75 12.60 4.24 2.94 1. Max.92 3.40 2.13 t2 " From ANSI/ASME 816.50 7.25 1.

94 1.56 .50 77. DOUBLE BRANCH ELBOJVS.00 22.50 11.00 26.00 11.62 .2s 11.00 48.I2 r.s0 3.00 lo 56. 900 Center Shorf Center to Face Cenfer Thue Nominal Pipe Size 1 Double Branch to Face 45" Long Radius fo trhce (.75 .0 16.50 6.62 1.00 5. CROSSES.50 49.0 19.00 1ó.00 2I.00 3.81 46.00 3.50 4.00 5.50 .00 3.44 1.75 A 1.25 1.00 t0.72 2.50 3.75 .00 53.0 8.00 15.s0 10.00 2.00 59.50 9.s0 7.00 20.00 42.00 24.00 15.38 7.50 5.00 18.38 2.00 Lateral E 7.3i .25 4.50 16.00 32.00 38.88 2.25 r.75 6.00 16.75 .00 5.00 1.s0 7.0 24.75 2.00 34.0 27.50 .50 6.81 3.0 11.62 .s0 7.31 M¡n.0 J.50 12.0 14.50 20.25 7.44 .50 3.0 5.50 14.00 Elbow C 7.50 29.0 18.50 3.50 32.00 13.00 9.00 2.00 41.06 I.00 3.00 18.5 6.00 7.31 .00 4.0 6.00 10.0 48.50 7.79 7.00 7.75 Lateral Diamete¡ D 5.1_1989.00 14. 2.0 12.o l25 Americon Nolionol Stqndord lb_ 4so EL80W S DE OUILET ELBOW OOUALE SRANCH ELBOW 43C LATERAL DIMENSIONS OF ELBOWS.42 Cqst-lron Pipe Flonges ond Fittings.25 7.00 4.00 4.50 14.00 .00 6.00 19.00 31.00 3.00 14.00 5.00 1.75 1Ì Ii 2 1t Lt 3 I.31 .00 8.00 9.00 11.50 24.Yrt and Face Ihickness fo Face Elbow Elbow B 5.TRUE Y'S (SIRAIGHT SIZES).75 Reducer of Flange 4.50 .00 7.44 1.50 18.50 2.00 6.00 9.00 72.81 23.00 72.56 1.0 42.00 13.50 6.00 5.00 6.50 27. LATERALS.50 2.00 5.72 1. F Wâll Thickness .s0 5. .50 7.00 35.50 8.0 36.s0 9.00 2.75 .00 t2 74oD 16 0D 18 0D 20 0D 24 0D 30 0D 36 0D 42oD 48 0D 20.69 .00 8.s0 4.69 1.0 9.50 19.00 40.50 ol 28.88 1.00 8.50 ' ANSI/ASME 816.00 25. AND REDUCÊRS All dimensions in inches.s0 8.00 8.00 11.TEES.50 5.94 .00 27.56 .00 8.00 3.38 .62 2.00 2.50 6.00 16.00 6.00 27.50 8.3r .00 10.00 30.5 7.50 4.50 24.25 1.00 24.00 30.00 36.62 of Flange.00 5. 4 5 6 8 10 2.00 34. Center to trhce 900 Elboq TeeE Crosses Tlue "Ytt and Center to Face.0 30.50 25.00 .50 3.50 9.50 64.44 .00 6.00 10.

75 Lr2 r.62 .62 t6 20 r.15 .75 .50 .50 25.88 1.75 .00 19.44 1.88 4.12 t.00 59.00 38.56 1.88 2 .50 1.50 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 of Bolt Holes .62 of Bolfs .75 .88 1. 4.00 23.25 4.38 2.25 1.94 .00 10.50 16.88 .50 32.l2 1.75 49.38 7t.69 .1-1989.88 .50 .62 .25 22.62 .62 .75 .69 1.62 2. 44 Shoft Center Sizes Shaft Diameter Shaft Diameter D A 5 B 3 64 3 64 1 C D A 5 B 5 c 5 àt" * i 1ó 1 64 3 t{ to trÞ t6 3 8 7 16 1 32 32 5 Ir" Lu 32 1 16 5 'Í610 s25 'er" # 32 8 3 1ó 5 16 1 64 3 {f to r$ 4 32 64 3 32 3 32 z tozþ 3 to3!32 $tot$ Ð 7 3 32 32 7 G '7 3 z 9 32 7 Ð 'l 32 4 and over i6 32 .50 1.50 t2 T6 t.+ 3.12 25.50 8.12 1.75 46.50 .44 .81 .88 2.50 .00 " ANSI 816.94 1.38 1.25 1.75 21.00 13.00 1.50 8.00 29..62 .56 1å 1.00 27.00 7.00 7.38 1.62 .00 7.00 5.00 1.50 56.00 11. Drilling for Bolts ond Their Lengths'o Americon Nolionol Stondord Thickness Diameter Diameter Diameter Nominal Pipe Size 1 of Flanget of Bolt Circle 3.50 36.62 5.50 9.r2 3.50 .00 6.75 .75 .L L2 J 7.00 6 8 9.75 .00 18.50 20 28 32 36 44 2.00 .62 1.00 42.75 14.00 1.25 t.50 6.12 t.50 3i 4 5 .75 .62 .75 8 12 72 10 t2 14 0D 16 0D 18 0D 20 0D 24oD 30 0D 36 0D 42oD 48 0D 21.25 7.00 .25 17.a74 Appendix 125 lb43 Cosl-lron Pipe Flonges.62 .62 1.25 1.19 1.00 53.75 Min.

06 3. .00 6.00 5.44 .00 19.25 15.50 13.50 L2.69 3.Appendix azs 45 Cost-lron p¡pe Ftonges crnd Fiftings.25 1.50 23.25 11.00 22.00 7.I9 4.00 6.62 of Flange 4.50 18.94 1.00 1.50 6.50 9.00 43. Long Radius Elbow and Tee foFhce 45" Min.00 16.50 1.50 24.50 19.31 37.25 2.79 4.50 6.50 10.1_1989 .25 9.25 1.00 73.00 15.00 6.00 11. AND REDUCERS All dimensions IVall Nominal Pipe SÍze 1.00 20.00 Elbow Reducer c 2.00 11.50 27.94 5.69 .00 34.50 5.00 2.00 8.31 6. Cenúer- Ihickness Thickness Centerfo-Fbce to-Face Center. to.2s 5.00 0D 18 0D 20 0D 24 0D 30 0D 16 " 2L.00 1? <^ i.00 8.38 1.00 4.38 I.56 .00 1.00 8.75 3.>L 6.00 10.44 .44 .94 8.50 Elbow B 5.00 16.50 .00 7. are given in inches.81 A 2.50 2I.00 8.62 2.00 10.00 2.50 3.00 t2.75 8.4oD r.00 12.25 4.50 36.50 3.o 25O lb_ Americon Nof¡onol -stondo rd 90 DE6 LONG RADIUS 45 DEO REDUC I N 6 STRAIOHT TEE REDUC ER DIMENSIONS OF ELBO}VS.88 i0.44 18.00 7.94 5.44 r.50 7.06 16.31 25.00 2.l 3.00 30.00 .00 9.50 4.00 41.50 14.50 6.50 28.38 2.50 7.31 9.06 23.69 6.25 17.00 r) 4 5 6 8 10 12 J .69 17.00 3.12 1.00 12.50 .75 .00 G r-l L4 r1 !2 2 .s0 ANSI 816.00 4. TEES.56 30.00 i4.69 .00 29.88 1.75 .50 7.00 8.50 9.50 .Fbcrc Face- Diameter of Body 1.00 2.00 25.25 of Flange.00 8.50 2.00 2.79 23.00 1.00 19.00 19.56 .50 4.50 29.00 10.00 5.00 24.00 15.00 10.94 20.00 18.50 5.00 14.44 .t2 6.88 5.00 5.81 i1.75 3.00 6.50 7.50 2.00 26.00 .50 15.00 5.00 16.62 1.I2 2.50 6.12 7.56 4.00 30.50 8.

38 1.62 .75 .00 1.44 1.00 4.94 8.00 s.25 1L.50 25.12 2.00 4.6 t7.50 8.o 25O lbAmericon Nqfionol Stondord I)inmeter Nominal PipeSize 1 Thichess ofFlange.00 43.25 1.50 3.50 2.62 2.38 2.62 .88 .00 2 o1 .19 2. E¡ce 2. .31 27.88 9.75 .69 7L.00 7.00 6.25 I)iameter of Bolt Holes .25 r.00 6.50 6.75 3.25 1.81 Circle 3.3t 6.s6 30.88 4.75 .50 20.00 32.88 .50 8.75 2.50 36.25 37.69 Diameter of Bolt of Flange' 4.31 9.88 .88 4 3 1.50 2.r2 7.00 15..79 1.ffi 2.25 6 8 10 L2 t2.88 1.38 6.00 .75 3.50 15.56 4.50 23.L2 t.88 t4.00 10.00 25.72 4.50 5.69 3.t2 r.25 0D 16 0D 14 t..50 6.88 .50 3.37 t.75 .2s .75 20 24 24 24 28 0D 20oD 24oD 30 0D 18 " 6.25 . .88 .62 13.4 7.75 .75 .1-1989.75 .00 r.25 1.00 39.25 1.38 1.50 5.75 Number of Bolts 4 4 4 8 8 8 Min.s0 3.25 t6 20 5. Drilling for Bolts ond Their Lengths.50 24.00 7.50 7.72 6.88 .75 ANSI B1ó.25 70.75 .50 2.44 78.50 28.7s 7.06 t6.50 22.38 7.00 1.88 .69 .75 3.a76 Appendix 46 Cost-lron Pipe Flonges.88 1.06 23.19 4.25 2.62 t2 t2 1.94 8 8 8 7.00 t7.75 2.00 30.25 rI 1+ 6.88 5.94 6. Diameter of Raised .25 r.06 3.94 21.75 ^l 4 5 9.62 .75 20.

72 .61 . Symbols for Instmctors Corrections C D I H NH Show construction Show dimensions.94 .64 r 27 32 .2ß I .609 .oe4 .r4r I .88 55 64 I 25 LI 32 64 2L L 1ó -15 64 29 64 32 fi 64 .562 .375 I 57 64 .688 .625 .ros I .781 .266 L2t .797 It 32 3 27 64 2f 64 35eI" I .97 .20 4.55 .¿s .00 Metric meqsure1nelts may be set off directly on drawinlp with the metric scale Decimal meâsurements may be set otï directly oÈ drawinlp witå the engineers'scale.762 5.73 .52 .za I .lr .58 .ns I )2 I Lt4 .397 64ths ¡-1 64 Places l64 + -L l6 _l 64- I .406 I .516 .:g .i50 4i 64 .3el l.016 I .¡l .75 .83 .û2 .672 .66 .578 .556 5.28t .84 .53 1 .984 f63Z o Ji 64 64 .328 .2re Lz2 I .05 l_ 32 5 64 L 649 åE4 -5 32 .n .91 29 l2 59 15 64 . show given or required data ND .953 u ¡ó 2) 32 64 .86 .62 2.53 .89 .so .95 .344 .734 .250 L2s .44 .46s I .soo I .794 1.572 3.38t 2.422 I .1b6 .000 1.438 I .547 . meters 32nds 64ths Places meters .64 .047 I .062 .59 .98 1.oz .69 Ll l_ 64 ló{z ll 6415 ó4 L7 e 32 64- l9 64 l_ 1ó I .Decimal and Millimeter Equivalents To4 4ths Sths To3 Places lo2 Places frl il l¡- l6ths To4 4ths Sths l6thr 32nds To3 Places To2 Places iri[í.02 03 .77 .o3r .67 .2s7 .¿r .stz I .81 5l 64 .8t2 .92 ló tl 32 ål 64 ói 64 .¿s .56 .366 4¡ 4.oz8 .16 Lo6 Lo8 .594 .656 l.588 1.qt .969 5 ¡l 32 I ¡l 64 4t 64 .453 I .844 .5L GL Not dark enough Sharpen pencil or compass lead Use guide lines Improve form or spacing Too heavy Not heavy enough 6 A Improve arrowheads Error in encircled area .¡o . 191 t7 32- .rs .oe 1.766 . !15 64 i03 .828 .r75 3.r88 .778 3.484 I .80 .7t9 4t 64 t 4-1 25 32 .78 .n4 L23 . or the decimal scãle.70 .r59 5.¡¿ T H 27 12 .38 I I lJt ¡: ló- .

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