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Biographical Analysis Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad

Biographical Analysis Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad

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Published by Inayet Hadi
A course presentation of Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad from various perspectives such as
Experience,
Personality,
Political Skills,
Technical Skills,
Management Skills,
Strategic Sense, and
Situational Factors
A course presentation of Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad from various perspectives such as
Experience,
Personality,
Political Skills,
Technical Skills,
Management Skills,
Strategic Sense, and
Situational Factors

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Published by: Inayet Hadi on Apr 17, 2009
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10/18/2015

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Zalmay Khalilzad

Inayet Hadi Emmy Glancy Melanie Jeremy

Agenda
• • • • • • •

Personality Political Skills Technical Skills Management Skills Experience Situational Factors Strategic Sense

Personality

“---wily conciliator, epitomizing a more flexible American policy:…”- Economist “…Khalilzad formed lasting political bonds with likes of Wolfowitz…” - Right Web “ …spent three days negotiating with malcontents, [the losers in the Afghan presidential election results]” - Newsweeking International “Some people in Afghanistan call Khalilzad a dealmaker. The ambassador prefers the term ‘intermediary’” - Newsweek International

Personality

“… helped broker a cease-fire on Tuesday in the four-day-long fighting in western Afghanistan…” The New York Times “…a reputation for being able to work a crowed of turbaned sheiks at least as well as he works a meeting of Washington suits.” - Newsweek “…particularly adept at navigating Afghanistan’s complex web of ethnic and tribal politics while also fending off dubious initiatives from Washington.” - Newsweek

Personality

“…overseen a successful referendum, an election and the drafting of a constitution”Newsweek International “…proven prowess in orchestrating the installation of the Hamid Karzai” - Washington Report on Middle East Affairs “Mr. Khalilzad flew to Jordan for some of the talks [with supposed Iraqi opposition groups]” - The New York Times

Personality

“Mr. Khalilzad heartily engaged in backroom deal making, [at the UN]” - The New York Times “We’ll work together day and night until we finish the job.” Time “’getting my hands dirty in the grubby aspects of politics and policymaking’” - Time “…he brings [enthusiasm and savvy] to the world’s toughest job”- Time

Political Skills

Experienced

“It is essential that the United States have one of our best diplomats leading our mission in Baghdad.” –Condoleeza Rice foreign policy elite since the early 1980’s. career began as an advisor for U.S. policies toward the Middle East

Knowledgeable

“Khalizad’s exceptionally thorough knowledge of Middle Eastern affairs is perhaps the most important resource for the reconstruction of Iraq.” –Current Biography Magazine Proximity to the issue helped to gain the approval of the Afghan leaders.

Political Skills

Consensus Builder

“It is essential that the United States have one of our best diplomats leading our mission in Baghdad.” – Condoleeza Rice career began as an advisor for U.S. policies toward the Middle East “The President and I have chosen Zal for this job because he has a proven record of building consensus and achieving results in very tough situations.” – Condoleeza Rice

Political Skills
Charismatic  “Leaders in the U.S. and other countries were impressed by Khalizad’s ability to represent U.S. interests effectively without appearing unsympathetic to those in the Middle East.” –Current Biography Magazine

Friendly and Informal Cultivates personal relationships with other leaders. Style has helped to diminish bitterness toward the U.S.

Political Skills

Realistic
“Oh it’s a disappointment, not a significant setback. Look, Iraqis are in the Middle of a conflict, a disagreement among people about the future of the constitution that’s supposed to bring them together.” – Khalilzad

“You know, we should remember that it took us many years to put our own constitution together and they’re in a much more difficult circumstance than we were.” –Zalmay Khalilzad

Understood that the Iraq constitution was more of a peace treaty and that what he had to produce was a road map tp avoid a future civil war.

Technical Skills

Academic

Extensively studied the Middle East, Asia

Strategist Think Tank experience “a broad-minded pragmatist and an insightful strategist”—Zbigniew Brzezinski, former National Security Advisor (Carter Administration)Academic

Technical Skills
• Diplomat •Strong ability to forge compromises •Speaks English, Arab, Dari •“Zalmay presents himself as from the region”—Adel Abdul Mahdi, Iraqi Vice President •Noted as a poor public speaker, but amazing “one-on-one”

Technical Skills
Take-aways: Importance of forging a career path that hones technical skills in a particular area of interest while not closing doors to other paths Understanding weaknesses, playing to strengths

Management Skills
“If confirmed, I will work with all Iraqis, all sects, all ethnic groups, men and women, to accelerate success in Iraq.” – ZK

Well-informed  “He has a unique advantage in a part of the world in which the United States has become massively engaged.” –Current Biography Magazine

Reputation as a strategic political thinker with a deep understanding of Middle Eastern Politics.

Persuasive

“He had to flatter Iraqi Politicians’ wish to be in control of their own destiny even as he coaxed and cajoled them into doing what Washington wanted

Management Skills

Resourceful:  “The diversity of sects, political parties and personalities gathered in the grand room was a promise of his vision for Iraq.” –Solomon Moore  Seeks diverse relationships  daily briefings Pragmatic:  “I will work with all Iraqis, all sects, all ethnic groups, men and women, to accelerate success in Iraq.” Zalmay Khalizad  Sets realistic goals.  Diplomatic style is polished and practical.

Management Skills

Effective  “I will be results oriented and I will give this new assignment my all.” –Zalmay Khalizad

Helped Afghan refugees return home and rebuild their lives in freedom. Helped to secure the rights of Afghan women. Organized elections in Afghanistan and Iraq. Helped build a coalition government in Iraq.

Experience
Federal Government

US Ambassador to the United Nations - Apr. 2007 to present US Ambassador to Iraq - June 2005 to Mar. 2007 US Ambassador and Special Presidential Envoy to Afghanistan - Nov. 2003 to June 2005 US National Security council, Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Islamic Outreach, Southwest Asia Initiatives - 2001-2003 Special Presidential Envoy to the Free Iraqis - 2002-3

Experience
Federal Government

US Defense Department, Assistant Deputy Undersecretary of Defense, Policy Planning 1991-92 US State Department,Special Advisor to the Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs (1985-89) Fellowship with the State Department, worked for Paul Wolfowitz 1984, then director of Policy Planning

Experience
Think Tanks / Non-Profit

Cambridge Energy Research Associates Consultant to Unocal , negotiating with the Taliban to approve the construction of a $2 billion pipeline. Council on Foreign Relations - sponsored a one year fellowship at the State Department 1984 Project for the New American Century, charter signatory of the statement of principle. 1997

Experience
Think Tanks / Non-Profit

Rand Corporation, director of strategy and doctrines for the Project Air Force -1993-99; founded Greater Middle East Studies & served as board member of Afghanistan Foundation Taught political science at University of California at San Diego, 1989-91 Assistant Professor at Political Science at Columbia University - 1979 to 1986. Developed a friendship with Zbigniew Brzezinski - “broadminded pragmatist and insightful strategist.”

Experience
Activism

Signed onto an open letter to President Clinton in 1998 to overthrow Saddam, which was prepared by Committee for Peace and Security in the Gulf, a spin off from the New American Century.

Situational Factors

Opportunities
Arab background Assistant Professor at Political Science at Columbia University - 1979 to 1986.

Developed important friendship with Zbigniew Brzezinski

Political and policy domain very open Large amount of resources

Situational Factors

Challenges
     

Post 9/11 uneasiness of ethnicity, Arab ties and motivations, perhaps under closer scrutiny International bitterness toward US Political roadblocks set up by congress Policies that helped/impeded his success Low public image of Bush Administration Challenges posed by failure to “free” Iraq and poor public perception of work

Strategic Sense

Devised plan to provide stinger missiles to the mujahedeen during Afghan/Soviet Union War  Showed U.S. involvement, commitment  Credited with undermining Soviet air dominance, and eventually, Soviet withdrawal Called for shift in focus from Iran to Iraq at conclusion of Iran-Iraq war  Favored Saddam’s ousting after Gulf War I; again in 1998 as “an opportunity to do something bigger.”

Strategic Sense

Mid-90’s—favored working with Taliban Nixed plan to wipe out opium production in Afghanistan through aerial spraying  Understood plan would boost Taliban recruitment, lead to increased violence a threat that could keep the superpowers, or the big powers, from going against each other, and get them to cooperate to deal with it. If it’s done correctly”—ZK Take-aways:  Importance of understanding 2nd, 3rd, and 4th (+) order effects of decisions and actions

Strategic Sense

Cultural awareness and sensitivity Personal relationships are key factors in devising and executing strategies Secure enough stability in Iraq to all for an American withdrawal  Brokered Constitutional compromise by bringing Sunni’s into political processStrategic Sense

“What the war on terror may have brought about—if it’s done right—is

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