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Published by: James Miles on May 23, 2013
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Part of the Computing fundamentals glossary:

In general, ontology (pronounced ahn-TAH-luh-djee ) is the study or concern about what kinds of things exist - what entities there are in the universe. It derives from the Greek onto(being) and logia (written or spoken discourse). It is a branch of metaphysics , the study of first principles or the essence of things.
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In information technology, an ontology is the working model of entities and interactions in some particular domain of knowledge or practices, such as electronic commerce or "the activity of planning." In artificial intelligence ( AI ), an ontology is, according to Tom Gruber, an AI specialist at Stanford University, "the specification of conceptualizations, used to help programs and humans share knowledge." In this usage, an ontology is a set of concepts - such as things, events, and relations - that are specified in some way (such as specific natural language) in order to create an agreedupon vocabulary for exchanging information.
This was last updated in September 2005 Contributor(s): Gord Larose; Price Kruse Posted by: Margaret Rouse

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the word is used to identify units.Terms related to computer fundamentals. operating systems. including definitions about Software as a Service (SaaS) delivery models and words and phrases about web sites. and makes a distinction between a thing's existence and its qualities.com) GLOSSARIES  Computing fundamentals . and probably many other contexts..com) In some usages. e-commerce . The fact that something exists also seems to connote separateness from other existences or entities.com)  Using the genetic programming approach to entity resolution (SearchDataManagement. In programming. an entity (pronounced N-tih-tee ) is an existing or real thing. The word root is from the Latin..com glossary contains terms related to Internet applications.A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a computer chip that performs rapid mathematical calculations. one can draw something as yet unnamed and refer to that drawing as the representation of an "entity. an entity is a specific character string that has the effect of causing a formatting program (such as a print formatter or a Web browser . engineering.) Next Steps  Integrating information quality and entity resolution (SearchDataManagement. primarily for the purpose of rendering images.. ens . that have no ready name or label.which formats for a display screen) to select and present . Here are some of the usages we know of: 1) In the Standard Generalized Markup Language ( SGML). An entity exists and that's all it needs to do to be an entity.This WhatIs." (If the entity being discussed later gets ascribed qualities and a name. reference to it as an "entity" may no longer be useful. or being. including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software. entity  AAA Part of the Computing fundamentals glossary: In general. an entity is close in meaning to object as it is used in object-oriented programming .(SearchVirtualDesktop.  Internet applications . peripherals and troubleshooting. whether concrete things or abstract ideas. In blackboard discussions.

or thing about which data can be stored. an entity is a single person. place.Terms related to computer fundamentals.In the Windows. In this usage.A unique identifier (UID) is a numeric or alphanumeric string that is associated with a single entity within a given system. operating systems.a particular character or notation.. . an entity is a certain string of characters that together specify a unique font to be selected and displayed or printed. each special entity or character string is given a name and the entities are therefore called "named entities. 3) In data modeling (a first step in the creation of a database). an operator.com) GLOSSARIES  Computing fundamentals . almost every program element is referred to as an entity. an interface block. This was last updated in September 2005 Contributor(s): Joseph Flanigan Posted by: Margaret Rouse Related Terms DEFINITIONS  folder . an entity must be uniquely identifiable. a symbolic constant." 2) In relation to a database . peripherals and troubleshooting. an entity is some unit of data that can be classified and have stated relationships to other entities. including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software. A word was needed for such a character string and "entity" came in handy. In HTML (which is a usage of SGML). group. an input-output unit. or resource that is defined to RACF.com)  unique identifier (UID) . (WhatIs. and some other operating system s. (WhatIs.Addressability is the capacity for an entity to be targeted and found. an entity is an active element within a subsystem that communicates with other entities using a defined protocol. moved. an entity is a user.typically. 4) In the Open Systems Interconnection ( OSI ) model of network communication. 5) In IBM's RACF security product. and a statement label. which means that it must be associated with something -. (WhatIs.com)  addressability . 6) In FORTRAN . Macintosh. and otherwise manipulated as one entity. such as a procedure. a folder is a named collection of related files that can be retrieved.. To be addressable.

..This WhatIs. e-commerce . Internet applications .. including definitions about Software as a Service (SaaS) delivery models and words and phrases about web sites.com glossary contains terms related to Internet applications.

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