Geometric Modeling

Creating geometry in a computer!

MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods

Partial History of
1963

Geometric Modeling

Wireframe Computer Graphics “Invented” (Ivan
Sutherland, MIT)

MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods

1

Cambridge U.Partial History DAC-1. Draper Lab.A..) Feature Modeling (Pratt & Wilson) Parametric Modeling (PTC) MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods 2 . early 1960’s MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods Partial History of 1967 1973 1973 1985 1990 Geometric Modeling Surface Modeling (S. General Motors. ) Solid Modeling – Boundary Representation (Ian Braid. Coons) Solid Modeling – Constructive Solid Geometry (Laning et al.

no NC tool path generation) ? MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods Surface Modeling • Stores equations of surfaces • Most 3D graphics libraries use surface modeling • Good for visualizing complex surfaces and automated NC path generation of complex surfaces • Material volume information is ambiguous or hard to determine (therefore can’t calculate volume) From K.g.. Lee “Principles of CAD/CAM/CAE Systems.Wireframe Modeling • Stores positions of lines (in 2D or 3D) • Helpful for drafting (easy multiple views and easy editing) • Ambiguous surfaces limit the automation possibilities (e. no volume calculation.” Addison-Wesley MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods 3 .

Solid Modeling • Various mathematical representations exist that each allow point-set classification: “Is a given point inside or outside the solid region?” • Solid models can be used for: – volume calculations – Automatic FE mesh generation – Collision determination in robotics or NC path generation MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods Solid Modeling Functions Different ways that a user can create solid shapes: • Primitive creation • Boolean operations • Sweep operations • Surface operations • Engineering Feature-Based modeling • Parametric modeling MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods 4 .

” Addison-Wesley MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods 5 . Lee “Principles of CAD/CAM/CAE Systems.” Addison-Wesley MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods Boolean Operations • Boolean operations are used to make more complicated shapes by combining simpler shapes • 3 types of operations are possible: – union (‘∪’) or “join” – intersection (‘∩’) – difference (‘-’) or “subtract” • Be careful: From K. Lee “Principles of CAD/CAM/CAE Systems.Primitive Creation • Primitives are simple solid shapes with simple mathematical surfaces • Can be controlled by a small number of parameters and positioned using a transformation matrix From K.

Sweeping Operations • Use 2D wireframe section(s) to generate a 3D solid.” Addison-Wesley MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods 6 . Lee “Principles of CAD/CAM/CAE Systems. • Examples: – – – – chamfering rounding/filleting drafting shelling From K. edges and vertices to create a desired modification.” Addison-Wesley MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods Surface Operations • These operate directly on the solid model surfaces. Lee “Principles of CAD/CAM/CAE Systems. • This includes operations such as: – – – – extrude revolve sweep loft From K.

pocket .Feature-Based Modeling • Features are shapes having engineering significance. They usually are the geometric embodiment of machining operations or the function of a component. From K. • Many systems provide for userdefined features. • Examples: – hole – slot .boss • Many people use the term “Feature” to refer to any kind of solid modeling operation.” Addison-Wesley MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods Parametric Modeling • Parameters come from: – – – – dimensions in 2D sketches dimensions on 3D geometry (advanced systems only) modeling operation parameters variables in user-equations • Entire part geometry can be controlled by a small number of key parameters! MEEM4403 Computer-Aided Design Methods 7 . Lee “Principles of CAD/CAM/CAE Systems.

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