Problem Sheet – 4

Exponential and Logarithmic Functions
1. Sketch the graph for the exponential functions:
, 2
x
, 3
x
, 5
x
,
x
e ,
x
e


x

,
`

.
|
5
1
etc.
2. Simplify the following expressions:
(i)
3
2
27
(ii)
( )
7
3
128 −
(iii)
4
3
3
2
16 8 +
(iv)
3
2
3
2
) 2 ( ) 4 (
(v)
3
4
2
3
2
) )( (
]
]
]
]

e e
3. Prove that (i)
y x xy
a a a
log log ) ( log + ·
(ii)
y x
y
x
a a a
log log log − ·

,
`

.
|
(iii) x n x
a
n
a
log log ·
4. Find the value of

,
`

.
|
4
3
3
2
3
log
y
z x
a , where
, 75 . 0 log · x
a
5 . 1 log · y
a and
25 . 0 log · z
a
5. Solve equations: (i)
3 2
7 7
2
+
·
x x

(ii)
5 5
) 1 2 ( ) 1 ( − · − x x
(iii) 3 2 ·
x

(iv)
24 log log ) 2 ( log
b b b
x x · + +

(v)
1 ) 3 ( log ) 6 ( log
10 10
· − − + x x
6. Solve for x without using calculator:
(i)
2 log
3
· x
(ii)
2 36 log ·
x
(iii)
x · 16 log
2
(iv)
x x + −
·
1 1
3 9
(v)
2
3
log
9
· x
7. Find the value of x: (i)
x
b b b b
log 2 log 8 log
3
2
4 log
2
3
· + −
(ii)
2
3
81 log x ·
(iii)
x
e
06 . 0
2 ·

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