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Price range: Price Rs. 799 to Rs. 249 onwards India’s first digital knowledge warehouse Now available for class 6th-10th Math and Science Price range: Rs. It is about being inquisitive and asking questions such as “HOW? WHY? WHAT?” This preparatory booklet is not just limited to this competition but it equips you with what we call a scientific attitude of approaching things. at Iken Scientifica science is “a way of life”. 999 Relaxing way to learn through storytelling. we learn most of the things by observing and trying. Same principle applies to science as well. Ÿ To master the scientific way of doing things In coming pages you will learn the Scientifica approach to address problems and device workable solutions.ikenscientifica.www. do things and that is how we learn these things. Ÿ Emphasizing that one problem can have multiple solutions. The focus of this preparatory booklet is Ÿ To Stimulate young minds Ÿ Getting you to explore Ÿ Exposing you to observation and experimenting Ÿ Letting students have their own piece of mind (ideation) Ÿ Making you experience the power of innovation Ÿ Inculcating the habit of practicing and questioning science rather Play and discover more Over 150 exciting kits on offer Price range: Rs. 3299 Add an interactive dimension to learning science Over 9 titles across various topics Price range: Price Rs. same is the case with all living beings. We do what we observe in our surroundings. we have been observing our parents eat.ikenscientifica.com Iken Retail Showcase Introduction Dear Student. 149 onwards than learning and believing it. So far you have been seeing the academic side of science but is it what science is really all about? Well friends. Science is not about knowing facts rather it is about exploring. practicing and creating. questioning. 279 to Rs. In our daily walk of life.com www. Over 60 titles in Science and History for classes 1 to 10. Above all you will be exposed to the real world of science! 1 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 2 . Since childhood. speak.

relating and concluding. Question The scientific method starts when you ask a question about something that you observe: How. When.www. Nevertheless. This booklet will introduce you to an approach to improve your scientific aptitude along with scenarios and sample questions to practice. Who. you can equip yourself. Obser v e Observe Observing phenomena. You do not need any special preparation for the first round.ikenscientifica.com How. Which. concept and knowledge in understanding situations and problems that occur in every day life. What? The Scientific Way The Round One of iKen Scientifica examines how well you can utilize your scientific aptitude. Why. actions or events and reason out the knowledge gathered from abstract thoughts and everyday experiences. It needs the knowledge that you have gathered over the years. You will be posed with some scenario based questions which require the basic scientific concepts you have learnt till now and a little common sense to address them. or Where? Extrapolate An educated guess about how things work: “If [I do this] . What." Prac t Questi o n Analy ze Appl 3 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 ice Extrap Apply Applying scientific procedures. Why. to handle the examination questions. The examination does not require you to have factual knowledge of any particular concept. te ola y Practise Generate interest and increase efficiency *Needs Parental Help And Guidance IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 4 .ikenscientifica. Analyze Understanding. interpreting.com www. then [this] will happen.

Instead of having each and every servant bring water from the river. I know it's not the right way to carry water manually. Minister.Minister. Instead common sense and observation will be helpful. Below the bottom wheel is a pool with the water source. But we can solve this problem in a scientific way.www.ikenscientifica.Yes. but how can we solve this problem with the help of science. King. that's right.No. King.So let's break down our problem in a scientific way. Minister.That makes a difficult task if we were to employ servant to carry water every day to different levels.Yes Sir. If we are building garden with plants at each level.com Case Study 1 www. I want to construct a garden for Queen Amytis. The chain then lifts them to the upper wheel. What do you think of that? Minister. King. Minister. Minister. where the buckets are tipped and dumped into an upper pool.We are 100 meters away from the river and at 10 meters height from the river level. in a scientific way we can solve complex problem of this kind in a methodical way. one above the other.com Queen Amyitis’s Garden Thinking beyond the obvious The King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon wanted to construct a garden for his wife Amyitis dearly. Our country hardly receives any rainfalls and irrigation will be a challenge. King. Minister.So we need to first think of drawing water from the river.First we need to think of the options and problem with the options. then it means we are lifting water to 35 meters from a 100 meters distance.You must be joking? Our castle is on a higher level and moreover the river is at a far off place for us to carry water from there. connected by a chain.ikenscientifica.Yes. But the state doesn't receive much rainfalls and the king need to irrigate the garden drawing the water from the nearby river. 1 5 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 6 . On the chain are hung buckets. we might have a chain of people standing at their position and pass on the buckets of water. Minister. They will have difficulty in drawing water at different levels. a huge garden with multiple levels in our castle will surely cheer her up. She is feeling homesick lately. so we might need to replace human with rope and pulley system.We can design a chain pump with two large wheels. but we can think of getting water from nearby Euphrates River.What do you mean by that? Are you planning to do some kind of black magic? Minister. Thus we can automate the system.Please explain in details. and also one can't use the horses. the buckets dip into the pool and pick up water. We can break down the problem and tackle individually to address the larger problem.Yes like I said with the servants it's difficult to irrigate.Yes.Ok sounds good to me.So you are talking about a human chain. As the wheel is turned. And more over we don't have to utilize a lot of wisdom and magic. Minister. King. I want you to come up with a good solution. The chain then carries the empty buckets back down to be refilled. King. that is really a challenge. But this will huge workforce. King. King. Ÿ We need to Move water from the river to the garden Ÿ We will then have to transport the water to different levels Ÿ We need to protect the brick to get washed away from the flow of water. King.

'W'. a typebar would swing up to hit the paper from underneath.com Case Study 2 www.Excellent Radha. Teacher. This scientific way of problem solving is really amazing. mechanical engineer who invented the first practical modern typewriter in 1868. I will explain. The keyboards are derived from the typewriters used earlier for typing and long ago in the early models had keys were in an alphabetical order. I will. Now we need to think of protecting the bricks. Check with our architect and get necessary material to build that.That is brilliant. And the current one you are using is called QWERTY keyboard.ikenscientifica. Imran. The keys were not in order. You are really intelligent. But that was not a faulty one. I felt the keyboard on which we were typing was a faulty one. King.Teacher. 1 7 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 8 .ikenscientifica.Amazing! So we got our problem solved. What is a mechanical typewriter? Teacher. You. Sreeja. It was so difficult Teacher. what we can do about it. So if you keep observing and questioning you will find science exciting and apply it to your everyday life. Sreeja. Now we can start with the garden. and when a key was pressed." The typebars hung in a circle. Thanks you so much for the brilliant idea and problem solving skills.S.The first typewriter had its letters on the end of rods called "typebars. 'Y'. Radha. they would tend to clash into each other when typed in succession. 'T'. In the world of science everything is for a reason.So student.Yes Sir. tell me what you observed. We enjoyed the class.Christopher Latham Sholes was a U.Yeah it was great.com QWERTY key Science is all about reasoning King . you had very nice observation. The roller which held the paper sat over this circle. Minister.Check the first 6 letters.Teacher.What was the problem with the alphabetical order that led to this unusual order? Teacher. Radha. I salute your intelligence.The keyboards earlier were not like what you are using now.That's great. why is it called QWERTY keyboard? Amyitis likes it :) Teacher. Teacher. And they were completely randomly arranged. I had hard time finding keys I want 'A' was not near 'B'. Minister. They will be 'Q'. But I am impressed with all your observation.We will be covering the mud bricks with sheets of lead before laying the foundation to prevent the water from sipping in. King.Teacher. Unlike our keyboard which is electronic typewriter was mechanical. 'R'.Yes. King. what could be the reason behind this kind of random arrangement of the keyboard? Teacher. If two typebars were near each other in the circle. how was your day in computer lab yesterday? Imran.www. 'E'.Very good! Radha. but how can you get water to each level? Minister -The pool at the top of the gardens could then be released by gates into channels which acted as artificial streams to water the gardens.Teacher.

Here is the problem. like you were in the computer lab. And when E is returning D would be moving. He understood the problem is occurring due to following reasons.But why the keyboards are still in a QWERTY format if we are not using the mechanical technique anymore? Imran. Imran.But didn't initially the users get confused with this new arrangement? Teacher. Considering that they are mechanical rods of average precision they will hit each other easily. He can do something about the arrangement.But how would the typebars clash? Teacher. Radha.ikenscientifica. But we are still using the QWERTY model. came up with a new layout.So the next option is with the arrangement. causing the print head to strike at the center of the ring. in the process. If the bars are separate from each other then why would they collide? Teacher.Let's try and solve this problem like Sholes did. Irfan.What did Sholes do then? Teacher. Sreeja.The electric typewriters were then replaced by electronic typewriters which were ultimately evolved into type ball introduced by IBM in 1964. slowing down the speed of typing.Ok. Teacher.A lesser speed meant fewer chances of the adjacent type bars getting jammed and his third problem is solved! Teacher. And now a day the keyboard doesn't have the type bars which will hit each other during typing. Teacher.It is a great mechanism.com www. at that time there was no way to improve the precision.Sholes was very intelligent and great at problem solving. the corresponding typebar would swing upwards. Ÿ The precision of the typebars are not too good Ÿ Arrangement of keys make adjacent bars hit each other too often Ÿ The arrangement is too simple and typist can type faster making the bars move to fast and jam. But can he increase the precision? Teacher.Exactly. Radha.Yes they did. And they gradually evolved in to computer based word processor.No. Now when the type bar for F is coming back to its position E is going to hit the paper. the first one is to deal with precision.www. Radha. And draw the movement of the type bars when you type the letter “FEED”. But QWERTY keypad was disturbed the alphabetical sequence of letters so that the typists took a longer time to look for each letter. Gravity would then return the typebar to its initial position.How did Sholes solve this problem? Teacher. forming a "basket". The objective of this layout was to place these letters far apart on the keyboard thus preventing the type bars from getting entangled. The journey of typewriter evolution is one of the most interesting evolutions as it ultimately helped into the evolution of one of the most ingenious inventions “The Computer”.Now look at the above diagram of type bars. The typebars were attached to the circumference of a metal ring.com Radha. When a key was pressed. Sholes made a list of all frequently appearing combination of letters in the English language and after studying them. Sreeja.Brilliant Sreeja! You got it.ikenscientifica. 1 9 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 10 .

One is symmetry. So the correct option would be B. Three different kinds of supports are made using the same type of wood. C. B. Room C D. Second is the load bearing points (or in this case the area). Gear B will rotate in clockwise direction and gear C will rotate in anti-clockwise direction. Three mirrors are placed inside a corridor. If two gears have interlocked teeth they will move in the opposite sense. Which would be the best location to put a billiards table inside this hemispherical hotel? The available rooms are marked by English alphabets A . D. A. The correct option is B. We can easily observe that (I) has the largest area followed by (III) and then by (II). the point that moves the least is the centre of mass. Room A B. So the entire system will not function and thus concluding D as the correct option This is a pretty straight forward question. A large and heavy stone is supported by wooden logs.ikenscientifica. Point B being the closest to the hotel's centre of mass (assuming equal distribution of weight) will move the least which makes it the most suitable place to put a billiards table. All would be equally stable. so we need not worry about symmetry. When the a structure floats. If A tries to move clockwise it will force B to move in the anticlockwise manner and also C will be forced to move in the anticlockwise manner. The entire arrangement of gears will not rotate. One such arrangement of gears is shown. Stability of I>II>III B. You just have to see whether and where the incident ray is being reflected or not. C. The main criteria to find a suitable place for a billiards table would be minimum tilting when the hotel floats. We need to check out whether the bulb at the other extreme end is lit or not. More the area at which the stone is supported higher is the stability.www. Gears are parts of machines used in transferring motion. But. II. we realize that Gears B & C have themselves got interlocking teeth. Room B C. A D B C A. A. Gear C will rotate in clockwise direction and gear B will rotate in anti-clockwise direction. 1 11 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 12 .com Sample Qustions for Scientifica Q1. Both the gears B and C will rotate in anticlockwise direction D. In the given arrangement how will the gears B and C (see figure) move if gear A is rotated in clockwise direction? B C Q3. III. Which of the following arrangements of mirrors will allow me to see whether the bulb is lit or not? A A. Stability of III>I>II D. Room D Two things are important when we talk about symmetry of a structure. While Gear A will force both B & C to move in the anticlockwise manner.com www.ikenscientifica. I. A. the interlocking between them will not allow them to do so. Here in this question all the three supports seem symmetrical. C. Stability of I>III>II C. You can also test B for the incident ray from the bulb reaching the eye using the laws of reflection Q2. B. B. D. Which one of the following would be the correct order of their stability? Q4 A billiards room is to be made inside a floating hotel. C and D can be easily ruled out as the wrong options which gives us B as the correct answer.

we will give a few recommendations: www.com This website helps you to learn and understand the basic concepts of physics through real-life scenarios perform small activites and solve the quizzes. Extrapolate 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Apply www.www.physics4kids.instructables. telecommunications and everything dealing with machines.com/cams/camdex.ikenscientifica. All the models can be prepared by simple use of cardboard cut out to make learning resource. You can also stay in touch with the latest roboticss news. Great way to learn science! www.uk Analyze This site consists of vast and varied range of learning models.co. It covers a variety of information on home improvement.gorobotics.” Large collection of How To and Do it yourself and provides good hands-on experience.com It has thousands of topics. You should work towards increasing the area of this pentagon as much as you can. electronics. Science explained in a more readable format.com Get the answers to the how. The outside borders of graph represent. “The detailed Enterprise Index report would have much more analysis based on these parameters to help you discover your true scientific potential and tips to improve on the same. Along with exploring the projects.technologystudent. You can learn how everything works. what and why about all the mechanical gadgets in this site. the highest possible enterprise index and extra ordinary scientific aptitude. computers. from a simply key to advance security system explained through videos and illustrations. Well categorized fields make the surfing easier.howstuffworks. www. www. www.bbc.ikenscientifica.flying-pig. you can also share your project.com www.co. To give you a head start. www. This is the one-stop to get your physics concepts clear. This graph represents your performance in the five parameters which constitute the enterprise index.net Learn the very basics to how to make a robot right from the simple to advanced concepts and provides a good resource of robotic projects. And it is undoubtedly the best place to gather material for preparation of Iken Scientifica round 1 test.com EI report Practice Web references for self study & research The Internet is full of limitless knowledge. 13 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 IKEN SCIENTIFICA 2011 | PREPARATORY BOOKLET | LEVEL 2 14 . automotive needs. www. This gives a practical knowledge of mechanisms.com Your performance will be indicated by an Enterprise index graph.uk/schools/ Has a varied amount of learning content broaden the child's horizon of knowledge. The shape of the pentagon can be useful to understand your relative performances in different categories. The percentage score in each category is plotted to make a pentagon (a polygon with five sides).popularmechanics.htm Observe This interactive site has numerous information accmpained with animated demonstartions and exercise to enhance the study and understanding of Design and Technology we come across in day-to-day life.