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Preliminary Bridge Estimating Tool – I Girder Bridges
Author: Affiliation: Date: Ref.: Kevin Cowie, Alistair Fussell Steel Construction New Zealand Inc. 7th February 2011 Seminar Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar February 2011
Key Words Bridge Estimating, Estimating, Bridges Introduction The likely cost of steelwork is an important consideration in feasibility studies for a bridge project as well as in planning and budgeting for the construction. Very little guidance is published on the cost of bridge steelwork because it is difficult to generalise for the wide range of bridge types and configurations. The price a client pays for the steelwork in a new bridge covers the cost of many activities and services as well as the basic cost of materials used and the direct workmanship in fabrication and erection. This article presents a simple method for bridge designers to quickly develop preliminary estimates for bridge superstructure steelwork costs. The bridge estimating method is limited to traditional multigirder (I sections, see figures 1 and 2) and ladder deck bridges (see figure 3). The bridge estimating method is suitable for spreadsheet application and example templates have been included. Rates appropriate at the time of the writing this article are given. These are based on feedback from steel bridge constructors. Elemental rates are given for various steelwork activities. Some rates are bundled to enable ease of preparing preliminary estimates. For the most up-to-date rates refer to the Steel Construction New Zealand website: www.scnz.org. When preparing final estimates, it is recommended that rates be confirmed with a suitable steel constructor.
Figure 1: Typical Short Span Multi Girder Bridge Details
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Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc. 2011 1
including sizing of the girders. Bearings. 2011 2 . Preliminary Bridge Steelwork Estimating Method The $/tonne method of measuring and estimating steelwork. Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc. truly cost effective steel design options are often not readily recognised and rewarded by lower estimates at preliminary evaluation stage. The type of member connections must be known (i. The $/tonne method does not consistently track the value added processes involved in the production of steelwork.e. Required Inputs The bridge designer is required to have undertaken a preliminary design. cannot be relied on to give a true indication of cost. It has been assumed field connections are bolted and girders are welded with 8mm fillet welds. In fact this method can be misleading because only a small percentage of the overall cost of the steelwork can be related to tonnage. Since the real factors that contribute to the cost of fabricated steelwork. based on past project data. The lightest design is usually not the most economical. Maximum depth of girders is 3. The number and type of girder stiffeners must also be determined.Figure 2: Typical Long Span Multi Girder Bridge Details Figure 3: Typical Ladder Deck Bridge Details Scope The preliminary bridge estimating method is limited to the bridge superstructure steelwork costs for traditional multigirder (I sections) and ladder deck bridges. cross frames and any other main members. deck and bridge steelwork erection rates are excluded. are hidden by $/tonne approach. bolted moment splice connection) but the connections do not need to have been specifically designed.2 metres and maximum weight of girders is 1000 kg/m. Single element cross frames with moment connections are not specifically covered but the estimating method can be readily adapted to include these frames. Cross brace frames are triangulated with simple end connections.
6 weeks. Plate availability and lead times may change and for the most up to date information please contact a SCNZ member listed on the web site: www.5 m wide. Weathering steel is also available from offshore mills.2 m wide. G300 and G350 plate can be supplied as L0 and L15 plate. For most bridges. For G350 plate the maximum thickness is 32mm. Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc. Time has to be allowed in any bridge procurement programme for supply from the mills. The maximum thickness for G300 plate is 50mm. Hence steel listing for ordering includes a computerised nesting process to achieve best utilisation and minimise waste to no more than a few percent. The maximum thicknesses for G350 plate in typically 80mm. Australian steel mills hold a limited amount of ex-stock plate/sections. Each of the work categories and appropriate cost indicators are discussed below. webs and stiffeners. Current rates have been included in the appendix. are cut from plates of appropriate size and width to minimise wastage.e. costs can be minimised by ordering plates and sections directly from the steel mill. The minimum mill order item quantity for AS/NZS 3678 plate is 6 tonnes.A good measurement system identifies the product’s key cost drivers and tracks them with suitable price indicators. Typical lead times are 6 to 8 weeks for plate from New Zealand Steel and 14 to 18 weeks for plate/sections from overseas mills. New Zealand Steel can supply plate up to 14 m long by 1. These are used to develop the preliminary bridge steelwork estimate.org For members fabricated from plate. Bridge steelwork costs can be readily associated with the following work categories: Material supply and storage Fabrication of girders and connections Surface Coatings Transportation Erection In this article suitable price indicators are selected for the first four of these work categories. No indicators are given for erection as there are too many factors to consider for bridge construction. The maximum thickness for G250/G300 plate is typically 100mm although larger thicknesses are available. Full design information is not necessary to enable orders for steel to be placed but sufficient detail must be available to define all components in advance of rolling dates to minimise waste and costs. however for weathering steel the minimum mill order item quantity may be greater. most plate components including flanges. Offshore mills can supply plate up to 18 m long by 3. erection excluded) can be seen in figure 4 which is an example of a multi girder bridge. The typical lead times for this are 4 . The minimum mill order item quantity for plate from offshore mills is typically 10 tonnes. Figure 4: Example of a Multi Girder Bridge Steelwork Cost (erection excluded) Material Supply Material supply is a major component of bridge steelwork fabrication.scnz. The relative costs of bridge steelwork cost (i. 2011 3 .
Steel bridges tend to incorporate a limited number of generic connection types such as bolted moment splices. tables of typical connections have been listed for the range of common loading conditions. It is worth spending time determining the optimum section size while keeping an eye on the plate waste remembering to allow for 10mm for the cut. Fabrication of Girders and Connections Fabrication is generally more economic if connections are simple. Hot rolled sections supply rates are given in table 2 and are also provided on the SCNZ website: www. Waste allowance is not included and should be added. The detailed design of the connections is often not undertaken until late in the structural design process. geometry is straight forward. weld preparation and welding. Connections can be classified into end connections. the designer should avoid mixing of grades where possible and rationalise the range of plate thicknesses and section sizes. The rates are for shop welding. hole punching. Table 3 provides cost of fabrication of three plate girders. For compound members such as girders from three plate members the cost of fabrication is related to their length and therefore the fabricating of these members is given as a rate per metre. and merchant and fabricator margins. The processing operations include saw and gas flame cutting. assembly and continuous 8mm fillet weld of web to flanges and non destructive weld testing. Typical plate supply rates in New Zealand. surface coatings. rolled and shipped. Therefore.Therefore to reduce wastage. 2011 4 .scnz. drilling. The designer should involve the steel bridge fabricator in the final selection of plate sizes and grades. as a result the anticipated cost savings may not be realised. For ex-stock long products typically only a limited amount of G300 sections are held at lengths of 6 / 9 / 12 / 15 / 18m. An estimate is prepared by summing the total number of connections in a project and multiplying by the relevant price / connection. and the amount of welding is minimised. and simple brace connections. Reducing dimensions may save weight but this could increase the scrap produced. handling. However the structural engineer will usually know what type of connection should be used and the relative level of load that it will be required to transmit. Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc. work along a member and compound members. All rates are inclusive of fabricator margin. at time of publication. then adding to the allowances for supply of main sections. The designer should consider the standard available plate sizes available. The supply rate for steel sections and plate is typically quoted in $/metre or $/tonne terms. Hot rolled sections indented from overseas mills are available as G300/G350 steel. Table 4 provides rates for complete penetration butt weld splicing of flange and web plates. cropping by guillotine. The cost includes stripping of plate. to assist the estimator and the structural engineer at the preliminary design evaluation stage. Splicing is required where the bridge girder member is greater than the available plate length (typically 18m overseas indent or 12m NZ Steel Ltd) and at location where plate thicknesses change. These are reasonable units of measurement reflecting the cost of energy and high capital input per tonne of the commodity smeltered. for indent orders are given in table 1. Haunched or tapered webs will increase the wastage unless the plate could also be used for connection cleats and this incorporated into the computer nesting process. The minimum mill order item quantity is 10 tonnes. stiffeners. The handling component is made up of through shop and workstation handling.org These rates include an allowance for transport to the fabrication shop. The fabricated price consists of two main components: workstation processing costs and work piece handling costs. It also allows steel supply quantities to be easily measured and costed. and transport. The connection prices include allowances for supply of bolts and plate fittings.
125µm. handling and welding of stiffener. These angle members could be connected to the girder stiffener or to gusset plate welded onto other cross frame members. The fabrication costs include the cutting of plate. The stiffener plate is included in the fittings cost and this is added to the fabrication cost to give the total connection cost.html Transportation rates are given in table 10 based on a $/tonne basis. IZS 2 Inorganic zinc silicate. TSZ200 Aluminium metal spray with sealer. For other connections types refer to the SCNZ online estimating guide for indicative costs. the complexity of the project and amount of repetition. http://www. TZS100 Zinc metal spray. Shop Drawings Shop drawings are prepared by fabricators or on their behalf by a specialist draughting company. greater than 3m in width and heavier than 20 tonnes. The approach taken in this article is to cost shop drawings separately and apply $/tonne cost. The time to prepare shop drawings is dependent on the quality of the contract drawings. The cost of shop drawings may be incorporated into the connection costs above or they may be costed separately. As shop drawings account for a small percentage of steelwork costs this crude approach is considered appropriate at the preliminary design stage. In addition the level of co-ordination and dependence on the performance and co-operation of other trades is critical in determining the time to erect. see table 9.nz/factsheets/53. Significant increase in transport costs incur for loads greater than 18m in length. transport and unload the steel. IZS 3 Zinc metal spray. Table 7 provides the cost of cross frame I section members such as in a ladder deck bridge that are bolted via the member web to girder stiffener. Refer to the Land Transport Safety Authority website for up-to-date requirements for overdimension loads and piloting requirements. Coatings The following systems in accordance with AS/NZS 2312 are commonly used for protecting bridge steelwork surfaces in New Zealand: Inorganic zinc silicate. Overdimension loads require pilot vehicle(s) and incur additional costs. TSA150S Rates are given in $/m2 in table 11 for the above coating systems Erection Erection is one of the more difficult activities to estimate at a preliminary stage as much depends on the location of the bridge and the layout of the site. A key determinant in the cost of erecting steel bridges is the cost associated with the use of cranes. 2011 5 . Table 8 provides cost of cross frame bracing angle connections. The girder stiffener is not included in the connection cost. For the use of large cranes the mobilisation and demobilisation costs form a large component of the total erection costs where there are a small number of members to be lifted into place.govt. 75µm. It has been assumed that all field connections will be bolted. Table 6 provides the cost of fully bolted moment girder splice connections suitable for field installation. the size of the loads and time taken to load.ltsa.Table 5 provides costs of girder stiffeners. Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc. Hence the cost is related to both the weight and volume of steel and to a lesser extent the distance from the site. Bridge design drawings generally contain sufficient information so that shop drawings can be quickly and easily prepared. The girder stiffener is assumed to be profile cut so that coping of the cross frame member is not required. 100µm. Transportation The cost of transport is directly related to the number of truck loads of steel. 200µm.
Steel Supply The girder weight. while the second is a ladder deck configuration. The surface treatment to be applied is 75µm of inorganic zinc silicate (IZS2). each weighing approximately 25 tonnes. 2011 6 . Example 1 – Simply Supported Composite I Girder Bridge This bridge example has been taken from (Watson et al. Therefore an allowance is made for complete penetration butt weld of span girder plates. A 5% wastage factor was allowed for trimming the plates and for the waste involved in profiling the web to provide the specified camber. Pier girder webs are tapered. A bridge contractor experienced in steel bridges may be willing to assist in estimating erection costs. Span girders lengths are greater than 18m and so will exceed maximum available plate lengths. A 5% wastage factor was also allowed for hot rolled sections. Fabrication The fabrication costs of the girders. at a spacing of 3. fabrication.5 metres with a width of 12. surface treatment of the girders and cross frames and bracing. This was similarly done for cross frame bracing and horizontal bracing. This could increase wastage component however it is assumed a computer nesting program is used and the girder web plate could also be used for connection cleats. An allowance was made for shop drawings. Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc. The girders between the piers are greater than 18m in length and so require pilot vehicles and will have increased transport costs. The first example is a multigirder bridge. This was similarly done for cross frame bracing. Worked Examples Two worked examples have been prepared to illustrate the application of the estimating approach presented in this paper. A 5% wastage factor was allowed for trimming the plates. Fabrication The fabrication costs of the girders. surface treatment of the girders and cross frames and bracing. While this bridge example is for an Australian setting the example is still useful to illustrate the steps to prepare a preliminary estimate. Details of this bridge can be found in (Gaby. fabrication. The bridge is shown in appendix 2 and is skewed at 15⁰ to the road alignment.5 metres. number and lengths were calculated and the appropriate rate applied.Rates are not given. Surface Treatment The surface areas were readily determined and the appropriate rates for inorganic zinc silicate applied Example 2 – SH4 Okura Realignment South Bridge This is a 3 span ladder deck bridge 96m long.6 metres and consists of four composite plate I-beams. Chan and Romanes. The bridge spans 34. An allowance was made for shop drawings. number and lengths were calculated and the appropriate rate applied. 2008) Costing of the bridge Table 9 shows the estimated costs of the supply. cross frame bracing were quickly and simply obtained from the relevant tables. cross frames and bracing were quickly and simply obtained from the relevant tables. 1996). The amount is not significant. The amount is not significant. A 5% wastage factor was also allowed for hot rolled sections. Steel Supply The girders weight. Costing of the bridge Table 12 shows the estimated costs of the supply.
. the cost savings in the foundations and columns amounted to a saving of close to $400/m2 of decking area (El Sarraf.. Guide to the Protection of Structural Steel against Atmospheric Corrosion by the Use of Protective Coatings. R.. New Zealand. Manukau City. Standards New Zealand. 2008 Hayward. Australian Institute of Steel Construction.As the span girders are greater than 18m in length. Steel Construction volume 30 Number 2. Steel bridges – A Practical Approach to Design for Efficient fabrication and Construction. Okura Ladder Deck Bridges. P. Tordoff. K. 2002 HERA. Steel Bridges for New Zealand A 1 Day Seminar for bridge Design Engineers.scnz. T. June 1996 Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc. Wellington El Sarraf.. New Zealand Heavy Engineering Research Association. M. The weight savings of a steel-concrete composite bridge may result in significantly reduction in substructure costs.org Watson. Conference Proceedings of the Metal’s Industry Conference. Chan. 2009). D. Costing of steelwork from feasibility through to completion. Main. London. Savings in substructure costs are significant and should be included in any cost comparison.. Overall Cost Comparison The steel option was being considered as an alternative to a concrete superstructure. M and Romanes. Sadler.. N. Economical Steel Bridge Solutions for New Zealand. Conclusion This article presents a simple method for developing preliminary estimates of steel bridge superstructure costs for traditional multi girder (I sections) and ladder deck bridges based on limited design information. van der Kreek. Dallas. A. HERA Report R4-130. Contractors and Specifiers.. Due to the lighter superstructure weight of a composite steel/concrete option instead of a concrete option. Surface Treatment The surface areas were readily determined and the appropriate rates for inorganic zinc silicate applied. The ease and speed of erection of a steel bridge are also has significant advantages over alternate material options. New Zealand. S. This will be of assistance to engineers in evaluating different steel options and also in material selection choice. SESOC Journal Vol 21 No 2 Vol 2 2009 Gaby. The steel bridge superstructure fabrication cost is only a portion of the overall cost of a bridge project. B.. HERA. 2004 SCNZ. References AS/NZS 2312:2002/2004. The rates provided in this article are for estimating purposes only and do not necessarily reflect the current market rates. The British Constructional Steelwork Association Ltd. N.. Steel bridge fabricators and constructors should be consulted to provide input into the design details of the bridge and will be able to provide up to date rates. accessed on the website www. pilot vehicles are required and this will increase transport costs. 2011 7 . incorporating Amendment No 1:2004. Online Estimation Guide. Manukau City.
80 Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc.00 2.80 For weathering steel add $0.4/kg For charpy testing add $0.70 1.40 Ex-stock $/kg 2.05/kg Table 2: Section Supply Section Universal Beams (UB) G300 Angles (EA. UA) G300 Structural Hollow Sections (CHS.Appendix 1: Bridge Preliminary Estimating Rates Supply Rates Table 1: Plate Indent Supply Grade 250 300 300L0 300L15 350 350L10 350L15 1) 2) $/kg 1.05/kg Indent $/kg 1. SHS) 1) 2) For weathering steel add $0.70 2.80 1. RHS.70 1.70 1.00 2.70 1.80 1.4/kg For charpy testing add $0. 2011 8 .70 1.
1 to 700 430 700.Fabrication Rates General Notes: 1) CFW: Continuous Fillet Weld 2) CPBW: Complete Penetration Butt Weld Table 3: Three Plate Girder Fabrication Rates Section Mass Cost kg/m $/m 315 to 455 380 455.1 to 700 700. CFW (8mm) to web/flanges. assembly. Non destruction testing of welds Table 4: CPBW Splice Rates for Girder Flanges/Webs Plate thickness Cost mm $/m 6 115 10 177 16 234 25 393 40 750 50 1050 60 1400 70 1800 80 2300 Table 5: Girder Stiffeners Connection Rates Stiffeners Fitted Stiffener Fitted Stiffener Section Butt welded ends Fillet welded Mass $ $ kg/m Fabricate Fittings Total Fabricate Fittings Total Curtailed Stiffener Both ends $ Fabricate Fittings Total Curtailed Stiffener Single end $ Fabricate Fittings Total 315 to 455 455.1 to 1000 490 Note: Stripping.1 to 1000 Diagram 440 550 650 70 90 110 510 640 760 250 310 370 70 90 110 320 400 480 150 190 230 70 90 110 220 280 340 200 250 300 70 90 110 270 340 410 Comments Cut & weld Cut & Weld Cut & Weld Flange CPBW / Web Flange/Web CFW Web CFW CFW Note: CPBW costs are based on 16mm thick stiffener. 2011 9 . handling. CFW are based on 6mm CFW Cut & Weld Flange/Web CFW Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc.
1 to 700 700. CFW gusset to other members Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc.1 to 1000 Diagram 1200 1700 2200 800 1300 1800 2000 3000 4000 Comments: Cut plates & beams. web plate not included . web splice plates each side Table 7: Cross Frame I Sections End Connections Connection Bolted to Girder Stiffener Section Mass kg/m $ Fabrication Fittings Total <60. drill/punch holes. web plate not included . CFW gusset to other members Cut bracing member and gusset. 2011 10 .5 60. CFW to gusset.6 to 160 Diagram 120 155 25 40 145 195 Comments: Cut beam.see girder stiffeners Table 8: Cross Frame Bracing Angle Connection Rates Connection Bolted to Girder Stiffener Bolted to Gussets Section Mass kg/m $ $ Fabrication Fittings Total Fabrication Fittings Total Welded to Gussets $ Fabrication Fittings Total <30 Diagram 65 10 75 120 15 135 130 5 135 Comments: Cut beam. drill/punch holes.see girder stiffeners Cut bracing member and gusset. drill/punch holes.Table 6: Girder Splice Connection Rates Connection 100% Moment Capacity Splice Section Mass Fully Bolted kg/m $ Fabrication Fittings Total 315 to 455 455. drill/punch holes.
Table 11: Coating Rates Coating Inorganic Zinc Silicate 75µm Inorganic Zinc Silicate 125µm Zinc Metal Spray 100µm Zinc Metal Spray 200µm Aluminium Metal Spray with sealer Hot dipped galvanised AS/NZS 2312:2004 System IZS 2 (solvent borne) IZS 3 (solvent borne) TSZ100 TSZ200 TSA150S HDG600 Rate $/sqm 30 40 60 70 140 $/steel kg 1.5 hr round trip for pilot vehicle accompanying loads. 6 hr round trip for the distance less than or equal to 50 km from fabrication shop 2. Rates includes fabricator's margin. 4. Rates includes an allowance of $10 per tonne for loading and unloading. 3. 2.60 Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc.Other Rates Table 9: Shop Drawing Rates Shop Drawings High standard of contract drawings Per tonne 150 Table 10: Transportation Rates Transport Unescorted (min 5 tonnes/ delivery) One Pilot Vehicle Two Pilot Vehicle Per tonne 140 175 205 Assumptions: 1. 2011 11 .
2011 12 . 1996) Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc.Appendix 2: Simply Supported Composite I Girder Bridge Figure 5: Simply Supported Composite I Girder Bridge Details (Watson et al.
3 184.108.40.206 2.2 2.0 96.7 3.1 2.2 2.66 12 16 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 m m m m no no no no no no no no no no 430 393 900 322 280 400 145 75 75 135 145 75 75 135 60.1 4.2 Units Rate $ Subtotal Total 1 1.031 22.0 44.620 1.0 0.2 2.1.9 tonnes tonnes tonnes 205 140 140 15.fitted.2.678 295 134 12.1.Grade 350 Bottom flange -Grade 350L15 Bottom flange -Grade 350L15 Web .1.338 1.2.0 0.3.1 5.850 $288.1.740 900 900 1.1.2. fillet weld Abutment Stiffeners .2 1.7 1.6 222.8 1.1 1.1 5.Table 12: Simply Supported Composite I Girder Bridge Preliminary Estimate Item Description Quantity Width/Depth mm 450 650 650 1415 Thickness mm 25 45 55 20 Length m 140.7 1.1 2.Grade 250 Waste Abutment Crossframes Top Chord Bottom Chord Bracing Waste Intermediate Crossframes Top Chord Bottom Chord Bracing Waste kg/m no length (m) kg/m no length (m) 12364 22043 12348 31102 77856 5 kg kg kg kg kg % 1.5 1.1.4 1.490 3 3.400 1.1.2 1.1.1 1.6 2.783 6 7 Contigency Total Steelwork (excl erection) (Deck area) 5% % $14. 2011 13 .3 1.107 4 4.852 300PFC 40.3 2.8 1.3.200 707 4.2 5.3 Transportation Girders.2.439 $14.3.9 tonnes tonnes tonnes 150 150 150 11.3 1.2.3 Shop Drawings Girders Abutment Crossframes Intermediate Crossframes 77.900 990 960 23.5 2.7 137.1 2.360 6.255 220.127.116.11 1.7 1.1.677 22.2 5.7 1.823 3.961 275 125 16.2 2.3 1.2 3.4 Fabrication & Connections (incl fittings) Girders Three Plate Girder Fabrication Top Flange (450 x 25) CPBW Splice Bottom Flange (650 x 45) CPBW Splice Web (1415 x 20) CPBW Splice Intermediate Stiffeners .620 87.1.9 2.1 1.264 167 90x90x8EA 10.9 2.1.2 1.432 643 1.3 2.4 1.740 900 900 1.3 2.439 441 sqm 688 $303.6 6 6 12 21 21 42 223 223 445 890 5 kg kg kg kg % 1.1 1.2.3 Coatings Inorganic Zinc Silicate (IZS2) Girders Abutment Crossframes Intermediate Crossframes SUB TOTAL 730 33 32 sqm sqm sqm 30 30 30 21.4 Material Supply Girders Plates Top flange .873 6.0 140.3.8 5.1 3.2.2 1.226 52. require 2 pilot vehicles Abutment Crossframes Intermediate Crossframes 77.514 378 378 757 76 148.curtailed.1.1 125x125x10EA 18 100x100x12EA 17.3.3 2.3 229.0 kg/m 88.2 4.4 2.977 2 2.1 2.7 6 6 12 21 21 42 842 378 743 1964 5 kg kg kg kg % 1.360 5 5.223 Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc.6 90x90x8EA 10.2.6 280.3.6 90x90x8EA 10.680 1.7 1. fillet weld all round Abutment Crossframes End Connections Top chords Bolted to Girder Stiffener Bottom chord Bolted to Girder Stiffener Bracing Bolted to Girder Stiffener Bolted to Gusset on Bottom Chord Intermediate Crossframes End Connections Top chords Bolted to Girder Stiffener Bottom chord Bolted to Girder Stiffener Bracing Bolted to Girder Stiffener Bolted to Gusset on Bottom Chord 140 1.
223 Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc.030 1.121 10. of Members 4 6 6 Total Cost 284.789 1.366 $303.394 No.735 8. 2011 14 .Table 13: Simply Supported Composite I Girder Bridge Preliminary Estimate Summary Member 35 length girder Abutment crossframe Crossframe intermediate Total steelwork (excl erection) Cost/Member 71.
Chan. 2008) Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc.Appendix 2: SH4 Okura Realignment South Bridge Figure 6: SH4 Okura Realignment South Bridge Plan and Elevation Details (Gaby. 2011 15 . Romanes.
Chan. 2011 16 . 2008) Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc. Romanes.Figure 7: SH4 Okura Realignment South Bridge Cross Section Details (Gaby.
2011 17 .84 0.1.1.892 1.1 5.8 1.2.4 Material Supply Girders Span Girder Top flange .1.59 0.5 500 500 1977 20 32 12 48 48.585 14.3 5.0 kg/m 62.fitted.2.2 2.633 3.681 15.4 5.03 1.7 2.851 6.7 1.131 3.491 0.8 77.9 8 26 22 48 48 24 24 16 16 40 48 88 m m m m m no no no no no no no no no no no tonnes 380 380 115 393 196 2000 320 320 195 450 75 135 75 135 135 200 150 54.5 125.6 2.6 2.1.3 3768 6099 8939 18806 5 kg kg kg kg % 1.3 Shop Drawings Transportation Span Girders.9 39 sqm/m 5.200 1.1.1 2.240 1.037 SUB TOTAL 6 7 Contigency Total Fabrication (Deck area) 5% % $21.1 4.2 2.2 390.7 2.2.1.038 Preliminary Bridge Estimating Notes for Design of Steel Composite Bridges Seminar Feb 2011 © Steel Construction New Zealand Inc.6 186.56 48 78.134 471 2.1.7 1.2.5 2.4 2.040 9.2 1.5 5.278 25.4 300.904 11.6 5.8 1.966 4.5 1.0 144.2 18.2 18.104.22.168 1.384 2 2.8 Fabrication & Connections Girders Three Plate Girder Fabrication (incl fittings) Span Girder Pier Girder Span Girder Top Flange (500x16) CPBW Span Girder Bottom Flange (500x25) CPBW Span Girder Web (1480x12) CPBW Bolted Girder Splice Span Girder Stiffeners .944 13.2.2 2.Table 14: SH4 Okura Realignment South Bridge Preliminary Estimate Item Description Quantity Width/Depth Thickness mm 500 500 1480 mm 16 25 12 Length m 144.1.1 2.600 13.3 2.091 1.2 5.491 0.1.1 1.Grade 350 Web (depth varies) .782 10.252 3 4 4.179 1.2 1.8 33.9 14.3 1.4 1.1.4 2.3 1.1.7 5.Grade 350 Web .866 2. require 2 pilot vehicles Pier Girders Transoms and Bracing 43.2.720 18.75 46.944 608 2.Grade 350 Bottom flange .Grade 350 Waste Transoms and Bracing Transoms Bracing at Piers Transom Bracing Horiz Bracing Edge Panel Supports Waste kg/m no length (m) 9043 14130 20076 43249 5 kg kg kg kg % 22.214.171.124.1.440 $63.0 3.8 2.7 1.000 8.4 19392 2908 358 1669 1966 26292 5 kg kg kg kg kg kg % 1.002 966 sqm 457 $441.8 98.405 2.1.9 14.9 14.1.8 1.8 Coatings Inorganic Zinc Silicate (IZS3) Span Girder Pier Girder Transoms Bracing at Piers Transom Bracing Horiz Bracing Edge Panel Supports Girder stiffeners 610UB 150x10 EA 125x8 EA 125x8 EA CWB 101 21.978 16.Grade 350 Bottom flange .848 16.3 tonnes tonnes tonnes 205 140 140 8.2.1 1.8 24 112 50.2.02 6.360 21.7 723 290 353 78 12 55 35 36 sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 126.96.36.199.3 2.411 1.600 1.1.320 7.2 1.800 3.9 39 48 24 16 20 48 192 132.002 $21.240 345 1.338 166.fitted.252 161.1.693 610UB 150x10 EA 125x8 EA 125x8 EA CWB 101 21.276 $420.400 9.837 5.5 2.Grade 350 Waste Pier Girder Top flange .1. fillet all round Transom and Bracing Connections Transoms Bolted to Girder Stiffener Welded Moment Bracing at Piers Bolted to Girder Stiffener Bolted to Gussetts Transom Bracing Bolted to Girder Stiffener Bolted to Gussetts Horiz Bracing Bolted to Gussetts Edge Panel Supports Welded Moment 144 48 3.137 3.1 1. fillet all round Pier Girder Stiffeners .6 1.740 16.9 14.761 32.160 5.8 1.1 5.0 8.1 2.180 5 5.7 2.1.0 144.1.200 2.3 Units Rate $ Subtotal Total 1 1.8 26.2.7 1.1 139.2.434 36.
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