They buzz, bite, and then you itch.

Those hungry mosquitoes are here to stay and make life miserable for island residents.
Head Foreleg Thorax

Compound eye Wing

Midleg Cercus Hind leg
Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus)

Abdomen

ANATOMY OF A MOSQUITO The mosquito’s body consists of three basic sections: the head, thorax and abdomen. Mosquitoes can track their prey via chemical, visual and heat sensors in their heads. Their wings and legs are attached to their thorax. Digestive and excretory organs are in the abdomen.

BY THE NUMBERS Species in Hawaii Species in Hawaii that bite humans Night-biting species; four are active during the day Known species worldwide

Antenna

THE BITE When a mosquito lands on its victim, the outer sheath of its mouthparts slides up toward the head, exposing the proboscis. The proboscis penetrates the skin and then draws blood. Proboscis

Palpus

Outer sheath

Blood capillary

Section of human skin

2

Larva (8-10 days)

Single egg PROTECT YOURSELF There are ways to guard against mosquitoes and prevent them from becoming a problem in and around your home. Here are a few tips: >> Eliminate breeding sites that could contain water, such as old tires, clogged rain gutters, pineapple lilies, hollow tree stumps or unused fishponds. >> If you do have a fishpond in your yard, use fish that eat mosquitoes, such as guppies. >> To keep mosquitoes out of your home, repair or replace damaged screens. Screens are an effective way of keeping them from entering. >> Wear light-colored, loose-fitting clothing. Some mosquito species are attracted to dark colors and can bite through tight-fitting clothes. >> For personal protection, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends using insect repellents containing DEET (N, N-diethyl-metatoluamide) or picaridin. Both are highly effective and considered safe. Egg raft

THE LIFE CYCLE 1 Adult mosquito lays eggs one 1 at a time or together as “rafts”that float on the water’s surface. 2 Larvae emerge from eggs and feed on microorganisms. 3 Larvae turn into pupae, also known as “tumblers.” Pupae do not eat; they encase themselves to transform into adult mosquitos. 4 Adult mosquito emerges from pupal case, resting on the surface of the water until its body dries and hardens.

3

Eggs (1-5 days)

Pupa (2-3 days)

1

4

Adult (1-3 months)

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