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The electric field of a line of charge can be found by superposing the point charge fields of infinitesmal charge elements. The radial part of the field from a charge element is given by

The integral required to obtain the field expression is

**Electric Field: Ring of Charge
**

The electric field of a ring of charge on the axis of the ring can be found by superposing the point charge fields of infinitesmal charge elements. The ring field can then be used as an element to calculate the electric field of a charged disc. The electric fields in the xy plane cancel by symmetry, and the z-components from charge elements can be simply added.

If the charge is characterized by an area density and the ring by an incremental width dR' , then:

This is a suitable element for the calculation of the electric field of a charged disc.

**Electric Field:Disc of Charge
**

The electric field of a disc of charge can be found by superposing the point charge fields of infinitesmal charge elements. This can be facilitated by summing the fields of charged rings. The integral over the charged disc takes the form

potential

**Potential of Line Charge
**

The potential of a line of charge can be found by superposing the point charge potentials of infinitesmal charge elements. It is an example of a continuous charge distribution.

**Potential for Ring of Charge
**

The potential of a ring of charge can be found by superposing the point charge potentials of infinitesmal charge elements. It is an example of a continuous charge distribution. The ring potential can then be used as a charge element to calculate the potential of a charged disc.

Since the potential is a scalar quantity, and since each element of the ring is the same distance r from the point P, the potential is simply given by

If the charge is characterized by an area density and the ring by an incremental width dR', then:

In this form it could be used as a charge element for the determining of the potential of a disc of charge.

R Nave

**Potential for Disc of Charge
**

The potential of a disc of charge can be found by superposing the point charge potentials of infinitesmal charge elements. It is an example of a continuous charge distribution. The evaluation of the potential can be facilitated by summing the potentials of charged rings. The integral over the charged disc takes the form:

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electrical potential and fields by bulk bodies like ring ,rod and disc

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