MT nominated for five 2013 Awards for Editorial Excellence from the Society of Publishers in Asia (SOPA





ISSUE 678 | MAY 20 - 26, 2013

Relief in Rakhine State as cyclone spares communities
Thousands of people in Rakhine State began returning to their homes on May 17 after a weakened Cyclone Mahasen crossed the coast of Bangladesh the previous evening with only minimal impact. However, the cyclone highlighted the vulnerability of communities in Rakhine State that have already been weakened by two bouts of vicious rioting in 2012. Before the cyclone hit, the government promised to start building cyclone shelters in the region to protect communities from future disasters.

Tourist arrivals continue to soar
More than 250,000 foreign visitors arrives at Yangon airport in the first four months of 2013, an almost 44 percent increase on the same time last year, as tourism operators brace for another bumper year.

China courts NLD
For more than two decades they had no official ties, but China and the National League for Democracy are quickly making up for lost time – but at significant risk for Myanmar's opposition party.

Kyat hits new low, speculation and prices on rise
The kyat has hit a two-year low against the dollar, leading to speculation and fears that petrol prices will rise sharply, but the dip in value could boost agricultural and garment exports, say experts.


Designer labels demand better safety in factories
International fashion brands like Benetton are backing a workplace safety agreement for Bangladesh after the deadly collapse of a ninestorey garment factory last month, which killed more than 1100 people.

2 THE MYANMAR TIMES MAY 20 - 26, 2013

Page 2
The local lowdown & best of the web
ally assaulted. Bail has been set at US$3 million.

WITH Kayleigh Long |


Internet activist’s legacy The New Yorker has launched

Photo: AFP

The Colonel’s secret recipe now available in Gaza
An unconventional delivery service has sprung up on Facebook, allowing people to order Kentucky Fried Chicken to the Gaza Strip. The deliveries are smuggled through tunnels from the Al-Arish KFC restaurant, 35km away in Egypt. The price for deliveries is 100 shekels – around US$30. Accountant Rafat Shororo told The Christian Science Monitor that he is very pleased with the new service, saying “It has been a dream, and this company has made my dream come true.”

US TV show Jimmy Kimmel Live. McGillvary was arrested at a Philadelphia bus station and charged with killing attorney Joseph Galfy, who was found dead on Monday. In a post on his Facebook page on Tuesday, Kai asked friends and fans what they would do if they woke up in a stranger’s house and found they’d been drugged and sexu-

‘Strongbox’, an online resource that allows people to transfer information to the magazine’s journalists while ensuring greater protection of their identities and sources. Strongbox was a project developed by the late Aaron Swartz, commissioned by a Conde Nast editor around two years ago. Swartz, a programmer and internet activist, co-founded the internet giant, worked as a Wikipedia editor, was involved in the development of the RSS web feed format, helped establish Creative Commons, as well as having ties to Wikileaks. Swartz took his own life in January while facing charges under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA).

YouTube star brought in on murder charges
In the US, a hitchhiker who recently shot to internet fame after he gave a news crew a scrambled account of his intervention in an attack on a California utility worker has been arrested and charged with murder. Caleb ‘Kai’ McGillvary became an overnight viral hit from the YouTube video and subsequently appeared on

Style Statement
A couple kiss on International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia on May 17 in Yangon. Photo: AFP/Ye Aung Thu

Model, vocalist and actress Nan Myant Phyo Thin was born in 1991 in Yangon. She got her start in 2010 as a hostess at an awards ceremony, and now has 15 film and seven song credits to her name. As well as her successful media career, Nan Myat Phyo Thin holds a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (M.B.B.S), having graduated from Yangon’s University of Medicine in 2012. By Ei Ei Thu, Photo: Htet Aung Kyaw (Studio HAK)

If you'd like to be involved in a NOW! Magazine photoshoot email us at


Vietnam leads the region on same-sex debate
AS well as being a haven for discerning diners, Phnom Penh’s Secret Room is also the spot where topics of the day are often thrashed out passionately by the city’s most interesting people. A recent trip to that irresistible hideaway provided confirmation of this when the discussion of a mixed group veered onto that ever stimulating topic – sexual proclivities. Since several participants were of Antipodean heritage, it was no surprise that they became most vocal about New Zealand’s decision last month to legalise same-sex marriage. In hindsight, aside from the intensity of the opposing views, what was most striking was that no one noted a significant development on this front, namely the plan to allow gay marriage in Vietnam. Yes, you heard right. This initiative was not taken in a politically correct, liberal democracy like New Zealand or Sweden or Canada, but in Vietnam, which has one of the world’s most authoritarian regimes. However, while harshly repressive on the political front, Vietnam’s ruling Communist Party does permit a degree of social latitude that shames much of the rest of the region. Of course, the primary motive for this is self-survival: Let the masses drink and cavort when they are so inclined and can afford it,


because that will keep their minds off the inept performance of their government. But let’s ignore the motive for now. The fact is that the assertion by Deputy Minister for Health Nguyen Viet Tien that Vietnam aims to legalise same-sex marriage as soon as possible was worthy of unqualified applause. And it is not often that something like that can be said about Vietnam. However, in this case it can, especially given that Tien’s bold declamatory statement was endorsed by his minister, which meant that it must also be supported by the Politburo, the ruling party’s supreme body. “As human beings, homosexuals have the same rights as everyone else to live, eat, love and be loved,” Tien told a government conclave discussing the country’s Marriage and Family Law last month.

Wow. If he had been among the passionate little group in the Secret Room glasses would have been raised to him, along with shouts of “Hat’s off!” In a way, his initiative should not come as too much of a surprise, since homosexual relations are technically not illegal at present in Vietnam and discreet gay bars do exist. Indeed, in August last year, the nation’s first gay pride march took place without any untoward incidents, and an online gay soap opera has a large following. That said, however, homophobia remains strong among Vietnam’s growing middle class and more especially its rural masses and that is why the party has so far maintained its ban on gay marriage. But as Tien’s forthright statement indicated, change is clearly afoot – and indeed is already underway. This month, the National Assembly in Hanoi is scheduled to consider the legalisation of gay unions. It is an astonishing step and contrasts markedly with growing anti-gay sentiment across the rest of the region.

In Malaysia, for example, the fourth annual Sexual Diversity Festival was vetoed because the authorities claimed – without any clear evidence – that it was "a threat to public order”. Human Rights Watch, the international non-government organisation, said the festival ban showed that a virulent homophobic mindset still pervades the Malaysian bureaucracy. And so it does. Malaysia’s rabidly anti-gay laws encourage discrimination and are used to prosecute sexual acts between consenting adults, particularly those who have upset the political leadership. Similar antediluvian actions and paranoid statements have been made by leading figures in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. In neighbouring Vietnam, however, the reverse is taking place and the government has already scrapped fines for same-sex couples who hold informal weddings. If, as seems likely, Hanoi proceeds to legalise same-sex marriage, it will become the first Asian country to do so and will gain great international kudos for it.

NEWS EDITOR: Thomas Kean |

News 3

Storm fades but housing needs remain in Rakhine
BILL O'TOOLE A Muslim family sits in the back of a truck as they prepare to move to safer ground from their tent at Mansi camp on the outskirts of Sittwe on May 16 as Cyclone Mahasen approached. Photo: AFP

Government promises cyclone shelters after Mahasen near miss
AYE SAPAY PHYU GOVERNMENT officials have acknowledged the need for cyclone shelters in Rakhine State in the wake of Cyclone Mahasen. The Cyclone Mahasen developed in Bay of Bengal on May 11 and made landfall in Bangladesh late on May 16. Initial forecasts indicated that the cyclone could hit the Myanmar coast, and measures to evacuate residents in northern Rakhine State were taken. The cyclone weakened as it approached the coastline, however, and no casualties were reported in Myanmar. But Minister for the President’s Office U Aung Min said the cyclone had alerted the government to the fact there are no shelters in Rakhine State. “We noted that some areas in the state need cyclone shelters and will try to construct shelters in those areas in future,” he said at a press conference on May 15. In the absence of cyclone shelters the government took steps to evacuate people living in low-lying areas to military shelters, religious buildings and schools, U Aung Min said. Dr Tun Lwin, a former director general of the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology and regular weather commentator, said cyclone preparedness measures had been mostly successful. “The vice president went to Rakhine State and managed the cyclone preparation. In my experience this is the first time that has happened. All sectors, including the media, non-government organisations and government departments strongly collaborated on preparedness activities. I am thinking how much better it would have been if we had the same situation [before Cyclone] Nargis [in May 2008],” he said. “But I am not satisfied with the storm surge forecast from the Department of Metrology and Hydrology. The department forecast that the storm surge in Maungdaw would be 8 to 10 feet on May 16. It is not possible to get that kind of storm surge with a wind speed of [100 kilometres an hour] even if the storm passed directly over Maungdaw.” At the press conference, U Aung Min also mentioned Cyclone Nargis, which resulted in more than 138,000 deaths, saying that the government would do as much as it could to reduce loss of life and damage and use lessons learned from Nargis. “We are preparing as best we can so as to reduce loss of life and damage. We are going to help all affected people without racial or religious discrimination, and we will coordinate with international aid agencies,” he said, adding that Vice President U Nyan Tun had arrived in Rakhine State on May 14 to manage cyclone preparations. Residents in Rakhine State said more preparations had been undertaken than during previous disasters, by both the government and public. “The authorities disseminated information on the cyclone situation and things people needed to do to prepare for the storm in residential quarters with loudspeakers. They relocated people in low-lying areas to higher ground. They also made sure people in villages were ready – that’s something we didn’t see in the past. The public prepared for the storm by collecting food, water and important documents,” said U Khin Maung Thein from Kyaukpyu. U Hla Myint from Maungdaw said it was clear residents were more aware of the danger of cyclones than in the past. “We listened to the storm warnings on radio and checked the internet for news as well. The chief minister of Rakhine State visited and arranged to relocate people in vulnerable areas,” he said on May 14.

DESPITE relief in western Myanmar on May 17 at the apparent lack of damage inflicted by Cyclone Mahasen, a United Nations official cautioned it was still too early to gauge the full impact. The cyclone, which the UN earlier said could threaten some 8.2 million people in Bangladesh, northeast India and Myanmar’s Rakhine State, struck late on May 16. However, it lost speed as it approached the coast and Rakhine State was spared the destruction that many had feared. Media reports said that 12 people were killed in southern Bangladesh. Earlier in the week, the cyclone brought heavy rain to Sri Lanka, with at least seven people killed in floods and mudslides. President U Thein Sein’s office said early on May 17 that no casualties had been reported in Myanmar. United Nations spokesman U Aye Win described the storm as “an anticlimax, but a good one”. However, he said the impact was far from clear, particularly on people displaced by last year’s violence. “It’s too early to say right now,” he said on May 17. “We need to look at the condition of the [internally displaced person] camps.” U Shwe Maung, the Pyithu Hluttaw representative for Buthidaung in northern Rakhine State, said the people of his constituency had been “lucky” so far. “I have not heard about any major damage from [my staff] ... but I think we need to go back and have a look” before the storm’s full effects can be measured, the parliamentarian said. He said the UN is particularly concerned about tens of thousands of Rohingya IDPs who refused to cooperate when the government instructed them to leave the camps for higher ground.

The UN has several hundred staff on the ground in Rakhine State, in addition to its local partners. U Aye Win said UN teams will comb Rakhine State for several days, assessing both the needs of the displaced and the full damage inflicted by the storm. Early reports indicate that Sittwe was largely unaffected by the storm, but the fate of other communities is still unclear. U Aye Win said that travel to rural areas of Rakhine State was difficult even before the storm. At a press conference in Yangon on May 16, representatives of the World Food Program said there was a risk of mudslides in Maungdaw township, in northern Rakhine State, in the days following the storm.

‘Whether or not there's a storm, these IDP camps are in a precarious position.’
U Aye Win United Nations spokesman

The impact of the storm is just one part of a larger issue: the need for proper shelter for the more than 140,000 IDPs in Rakhine State. “Whether or not there was a storm, these camps are in a precarious position,” said U Aye Win. He said he hoped that the attention paid to the cyclone last week can serve to “reinvigorate” discussions of permanent homes and proper aid for displaced people. U Shwe Maung agreed and said he would meet with the Ministry of Social Welfare to discuss the storm’s aftermath on May 17. “We are always talking about the need for shelter.”

US praises govt for preparation efforts
THE United States has praised both the national and regional governments for their efforts to prepare for Cyclone Mahasen. The US embassy in Yangon said in a statement on May 17 that it "commends the efforts" of the governments, "in particular their proactive engagement with the United Nations agencies, relief organisations, local communities and internally displaced persons" in Rakhine State. "The government acted quickly in coordination with humanitarian agencies to identify vulnerable communities, prepare relocation sites, and assist in evacuations. We welcome the government's commitment to provide humanitarian assistance without discrimination based on race or religion," the statement said. The embassy warned that Rakhine State will remain susceptible to storms throughout the monsoon season. It said there was a "critical" need to provide proper shelter on suitable land for displaced people, many of whom "remain in inadequate shelters in low-lying areas and are vulnerable to the impacts of monsoon rains and storms". It said preparations for Cyclone Mahasen highlighted "the importance of building trust between communities and with authorities to ensure the safety of all when facing natural disasters". "The US government stands ready to support government, local and international partners in futrue cyclone preparedness and response efforts," it said. – Staff Writers

4 News


Managing Director and Editor-in-Chief (MTE) Ross Dunkley | Chief Executive Officer & Editor-in-Chief (MTM) – Dr. Tin Tun Oo Chief Operating Officer – Wendy Madrigal EDITORIAL Editor MTE – Thomas Kean Editor MTM – U Zaw Myint Chief of Staff – Zaw Win Than Editor Special Publications – U Myo Lwin Jessica Mudditt - Deputy Editor MTM – U Sann Oo Business Editor MTE – Stuart Deed Business Editor MTM – U Tin Moe Aung Property Editor MTM – Htar Htar Khin World Editor MTE – Geoffrey Goddard Timeout and Travel Editor MTE – Douglas Long Timeout Editor MTM – Moh Moh Thaw Online Editor – Kayleigh Long Deputy News Editor – Kyaw Hsu Mon Chief Political Reporter – U Soe Than Lynn Contributing Editor – Ma Thanegi Head of Translation Dept – U Ko Ko Head of Photographics – Kaung Htet Photographers – Boothee, Aung Htay Hlaing, Thiri Book Publishing Consultant Editor – Col Hla Moe (Retd) Editor: U Win Tun Nay Pyi Taw Bureau Chief – U Soe Than Lynn PRODUCTION Head of Production & Press Scrutiny Liaison – U Aung Kyaw Oo (1) Head of Graphic Design – U Tin Zaw Htway MCM PRINTING Head of Department – U Htay Maung Warehouse Manager – U Ye Linn Htay Factory Administrator – U Aung Kyaw Oo (3) Factory Foreman – U Tin Win ADVERTISING National Sales Director Daw Khin Thandar Htay Account Director – U Nyi Nyi Tun Classifieds Manager – Daw Khin Mon Mon Yi ADMIN & FINANCE Finance Manager – Daw Mon Mon Tha Saing HR Manager – Daw Nang Maisy Publisher – Dr Tin Tun Oo, Permit No: 04143 Systems Manager – U Khin Maung Thaw DISTRIBUTION & CIRCULATION Circulation & Distribution Director – Jesse Gage ADVERTISING & SUBSCRIPTION ENQUIRIES Telephone: (01) 253 642, 392 928 Facsimile: (01) 254 158 The Myanmar Times is owned by Myanmar Consolidated Media Ltd and printed by MCM Commercial Printing (licence provided by Swesone Media (08102) with approval from MCM Ltd and by Shwe Zin Press (0368) with approval from MCM Ltd). The title The Myanmar Times, in either English or Myanmar languages, its associated logos or devices and the contents of this publication may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written consent of the Managing Director of Myanmar Consolidated Media Ltd.

TheTimes shortlisted for five awards
THOMAS KEAN THE Myanmar Times has been shortlisted for five prizes in Asia’s most prestigious print media awards. The Society of Publishers in Asia revealed the shortlist for its 2013 Awards for Editorial Excellence on May 16, after more than 100 judges reviewed 653 entries across 18 categories. The Myanmar Times was in the top three entries in the environmental reporting, opinion writing and editorial cartooning categories, while it also had two of three shortlisted entries in the news photography section. “These nominations once again confirm the high regard for The Myanmar Times internationally. But more importantly they reflect the outstanding performance of our newsroom,” said editor in chief Ross Dunkley Among the shortlisted nominees was senior reporter Aye Sapay Phyu’s investigation into the effects of battery fishing on Irrawaddy dolphins and Harn Lay’s controversial cartoon on the peace process. Head of photography Kaung Htet was shortlisted for his photographs of rioting in Rakhine State in October, while he and Ko Taik also made the top three for capturing the September 21 peace march in Yangon. A January 4 editorial, “Time

One of several photos taken in Rakhine State in October 2012 for which The Myanmar Times was shortlisted in the best news photo category for the Society of Publishers in Asia's 2013 Awards for Editorial Excellence. Photo: Kaung Htet

to seize the moment”, was also shortlisted. The Myanmar Times is competing against some of the top publications in the region, including the South China Morning Post, The Jakarta Globe and The Straits Times. Its sister publication, The Phnom Penh Post, was shortlisted for seven awards across six categories, including May Titthara for

the prestigious Journalist of the Year prize. The Post is also in the running for lifestyle coverage, investigative reporting, business reporting and opinion writing. It was shortlisted twice in the breaking news category. Each category is divided into three groups based on the circulation, region of publication and language. The awards will be presented at a

gala dinner at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre on June 6. The Myanmar Times is hoping for back-to-back success in the SOPA awards: In 2012 it became the first Myanmar publication to win an international award for editorial excellence when it took the prize for opinion writing for an editorial on land rights.

Ministry to review K1500 SIM card policy after May 20 sale
Deputy minister for communications says ministry is concerned that CDMA network could be overwhelmed


THE Ministry of Communications and Information Technology will soon review the process of issuing K1500 SIM cards to ensure the CDMA network is not overloaded, the deputy minister said. The first batch of 350,000 MECTel SIM cards was released through regional governments on April 24. Another 350,000 SIM cards will be sold on May 20, with regional governments again handling distribution, state media reported last week. Deputy minister U Thaung Tin said at a press conference on May 13 that network usage would be reviewed after the second batch goes on sale this week. However, the government does not intend to stop selling cheap SIM

cards, he said. “We are worried about a traffic jam on the network,” he said. “We will give CDMA 800MHz cards first for two months [April and May] because the CDMA network isn’t as crowded as the others. If the network is too crowded ... we have already prepared to give GSM. After about two months we will check the traffic and if necessary sell GSM SIM cards.” He said areas with high CDMA 800MHz usage could instead receive cheap GSM or WCDMA SIM cards in the coming months. Responding to accusations that the government was not transparent about its plans, the deputy minister said the release had been complicated by the practice of reselling SIM cards. While the SIM cards have a face value of K1500, they are being sold for anywhere from K15,000 to more than K100,000. “There has been transparency. Why didn’t we inform you earlier? Because the situation is changing. We have to check the reports from around 2000 base transceiver stations (BTS),” U

Thaung Tin said. “This will tell us which BTS is jammed and which is not crowded. We will change the plan based upon traffic reports from the states and regions.” Of the 350,000 SIM cards sold in April, more than 344,000 had been activated by May 13, Myanma Post and Telecommunciations said. Initial service reports indicated that Yangon, Pathein, Bago and Pyinmana townships were using more mobile phones than the number of SIM cards sold in

‘We will change the plan based upon traffic reports from the states and regions.’
U Thaung Tin Deputy Minister for Communications

these areas. “MECTel SIM cards are selling for K15,000 to K45,000 but it’s hard to find stock. The second-hand K200,000 GSM SIM cards are still in demand. Some people bought them for K210,000 to K230,000,” said U Naing Soe Myint, director of mobile phone store Lu Gyi Min. Ko Phay Tike Aung, the administrator for Yedashe quarter in Bahan township, said he had not received any instructions on how to sell the next batch of SIM cards. In Yangon, the first batch was sold through a lucky draw. “I have a list of 400 people from before who didn’t get SIM cards [on April 24]. After getting the new instructions, I will announce the procedure in the quarter,” he said. Yangon Transportation and Communications Minister U Aung Khin told The Myanmar Times on May 14 that he did not yet know how many SIM cards would be allocated to Yangon Region. “We will know in a few days,” he said.

Myanmar Consolidated Media Ltd. Head Office: 379/383 Bo Aung Kyaw Street, Kyauktada Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Telephone: (01) 253 642, 392 928 Facsimile: (01) 392 706 Mandalay Bureau: No.178, 74th Street, (Bet. 31st & 32nd streets) Chan Aye Thar San Township, Mandalay. Tel: (02) 24450, 24460, 65391, 65392 Fax: (02) 24460 Email: Nay Pyi Taw Bureau: No. 10/72 Bo Tauk Htein St, Yan Aung (1) Quarter, Nay Pyi Taw-Pyinmana. Tel: (067) 23064, 23065 Email:

President to make landmark US visit this week
WASHINGTON – The White House said it will welcome President U Thein Sein on a landmark visit on May 20, in a symbolic reward by President Barack Obama to encourage reforms in Myanmar. President U Thein Sein will be the first Myanmar leader to visit Washington since 1966. The trip comes despite concerns over intense communal violence and last week’s cyclone, which made landfall near Rakhine State, where thousands remain homeless from the unrest. The White House said that President Obama would ask U Thein Sein how the United States can help in the "many remaining challenges to efforts to develop democracy, address communal and ethnic tensions and bring economic opportunity". "President U Thein Sein's visit underscores President Obama's commitment to supporting and assisting those governments that make the important decision to embrace reform," the White House said in a statement on May 15. The trip follows President’s Obama's visit to Myanmar in November 2012. The Obama administration has suspended most sanctions on Myanmar as part of a diplomatic drive it launched in 2009 to provide incentives for reforms. The statement referred to Thein Sein as the president of Myanmar – not Burma, which is the usual US government usage. The United States still considers Burma to be the name of the country but has begun the "limited use" of Myanmar in "appropriate settings", said Caitlin Hayden, spokeswoman for the White House's National Security Council. – AFP

6 News


Amnesty announced ahead of US visit
NAW SAY PHAW WAA ACTIVISTS have criticised the government over last week’s amnesty, saying it was designed to boost the country’s image ahead of U Thein Sein’s visit to the United States on May 20. At least 23 political prisoners were released from prison on May 17, activists and government sources said, but it is thought more than 200 remain in jail. Director general of the President’s Office U Zaw Htay told news agency AFP the amtions about political prisoners by saying, ‘I came here after I have released political prisoners’,” said U Thet Oo from the Former Political Prisoners Group. Both U Thet Oo and another member of the group, U Htun Kyi, said they welcomed the release of prisoners but questioned why they had their sentences suspended rather than given a full pardon. Released under section 401 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the prisoners will have to serve the remainder of their original sentence if they are found guilty of another crime. “We have to question why there are still political prisoners in Myanmar jails. And also, the government needs to stop using section 401 to release prisoners, as it is a kind of threat to them in future,” said U Pyone Cho of the 88 Generation. He said the 88 Generation had confirmed with its offices that 23 political prisoners had been released from jails around the country. The Thit Htoo Lwin website said 28 political prisoners had been released from six prisons, including activist U Nay Myo Zin. A former army captain, he was recently sentenced to three months in prison for defamation. Because he had been amnestied under section 401 in January 2012, the Ministry for Home Affairs also imposed the six years remaining from his previous term. The amnesty came as President U Thein Sein prepares to visit the United States on May 20. He will become the first Myanmar head of state to visit the US since 1966.

‘The government needs to stop using section 401 to release prisoners, as it is a kind of threat to them in future.’
U Pyone Cho 88 Generation member

A foreign tourist takes a photograph from the top of a temple in Bagan near sunset. Photo: Kaung Htet

Arrivals up 44pc at Yangon airport

nesty showed the president’s determination to have an “inclusive political process”. He also said on his Facebook page that a review of the number of political prisoners involving all stakeholders was ongoing and the latest release was part of that process. But activists said the unannounced amnesty was not a sincere gesture. “It’s good for the government because in America the president can answer ques-

FOREIGN arrivals through Yangon airport were up almost 44 percent in the first four months of the year following a record-breaking 2012, figures from the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism show. From January 1 to the end of April, 253,136 foreign visitors arrived at Yangon airport, a 43.88pc increase on the 175,930 recorded during the same period last year. Of the total, 64pc were tourists, including 108,168 free independent travellers, known as FITs, and 55,584 package tourists. Most of the 35.5pc growth in tourist arrivals came in the FIT sector.

There was also a 42.2pc rise in business travellers to 46,871, along with a 23.3pc rise in social visa holders to 15,276. Another 27,237 arrived on other types of visas, up almost three-fold on the same period in 2012. The increase in visitors has largely been attributed to political and economic reforms undertaken by the government since 2010, with the stage appearing to be set for rapid and continuous growth in the industry. More than 60 pc of visitors were from Asian countries (149,407), including about 37,333 from Thailand – the largest single group by nationality – followed by Japan with 21,779, South Korea with 18,813 and China with 16,041. European nationals accounted for 67,460 visitors, led by France with 15,251, followed by the United Kingdom (13,119) and Germany (11,289).

Dr Aung Myat Kyaw, chairman of the Union of Myanmar Travel Association (UMTA), said the tourism industry was expecting another strong year. “Last year more than a million tourists visited the country [through all entry points]. Since Myanmar is an increas-

The percentage of foreign visitors from Asian countries ingly popular destination, I believe arrival numbers will be 50pc more than last year.” Mr Frank Janmaat, managing director of the Light House Hospitality Consultancy, told The Myanmar Times that for years the tourism industry had suffered because of negative reports in international media. “There has been an enor-

Job Vacancy
The British Embassy is currently looking to recruit highly motivated and energetic individuals to join our team as Security Supervisors. For more information and details on how to apply, please visit the link below: Deadline for submission of applications will be on 29 May 2013. World Vision is an international non-governmental organization which is focused on improving the well-being of vulnerable children and families in Myanmar. We are seeking dedicated professionals who have a desire to serve others, while building a career in a globally respected organization. Position : Area Development Program Manager(3) Location : Hpa-An, Hlaingbwe, Thanbyuzayat • Ensure that good dealing and communicating with program staffs, community people and stakeholders. Ensure community will be empowered to manage their own development process. Collaborate with our counterparts in addressing community and children ‘societies’ basic needs.

mous increase in foreign arrivals in the country over the past two years. Until a few years ago people thought that Myanmar was not ready for tourism. This had everything to do with all the negative reports in the international press written by reporters who had never visited and just took their information from the various anti-government campaigns without checking,” he said. However, Mr Janmaat cautioned hoteliers against “killing the goose that lays the golden egg” by overcharging. “I understand that this is difficult after so many years of frustration and hardship but I hope that all involved work for long-term sustainability over short-term gain,” he said, noting that recently room rates had dropped slightly. Yangon received the overwhelming majority of international air arrivals. Other significant gateways included Mandalay, Bagan and Nay Pyi Taw. Overland entry is permitted to tourists from Thailand, China and India with prearranged border passes.

World Vision is an international non-governmental organization which is focused on improving the well-being of vulnerable children and families in Myanmar. We are seeking dedicated professionals who have a desire to serve others, while building a career in a globally respected organization. Position : Economic Development Specialist (1) Location : Yangon Position : Protection Department Manager (1) Location : Yangon Position : Program Finance Coordinator (5) Location : Tachileik, Kengtung, Konkyan, Hpa-An, Chauk

Job Vacancy
The British Embassy is currently looking to recruit a highly motivated and energetic individual to join our team as an Office Driver based in Nay Pyi Taw. For more information and details on how to apply, please visit the link below: Deadline for submission of applications will be on 3 June 2013.

• •

Please visit for more information about each of these positions.Please submit applications to or drop in application box at No. (18), Shin Saw Pu Road, AhloneTownship, Yangon by June 3, 2013.

Please visit for more information about each of these positions.Please submit applications to or drop in application box at No. (18), Shin Saw Pu Road, AhloneTownship, Yangon by June 3, 2013.

News 7

Govt urges hluttaw reps to extend Meiktila curfew
NAW SAY PHAW WAA THE president has urged parliamentarians to extend a section 144 order in Meiktila, but residents gave mixed views on whether the order should be lifted. The order was imposed on March 22. Under the constitution, the president must seek parliament’s approval to extend the order past 60 days. Hluttaw representatives are due to meet to discuss the issue on May 20. Under a section 144 order, the military is responsible for security from 8pm to 5am, during which time a curfew is normally in place. If there is more unrest, the military is authorised to shoot on sight. Amyotha Hluttaw representative U Phone Myint Aung told The Myanmar Times last week that the president sent a message to hluttaw representatives on April 27 urging them to extend the curfew because doing so would improve peace and stability. “The statement says the order will be 60 days old on May 20. However, it is needed to [keep the curfew in place] until it is as peaceful and stable as before. That’s why the president sent a letter to the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw to make a

Supporters welcome a political prisoner back to Yangon airport on July 4, 2012. Photo: AFP

New committee to finalise prisoner list in early June

Black smoke rises from burning houses around a mosque in riothit Meiktila on March 21. Photo: AFP

A DEFINITIVE list of political prisoners in Myanmar’s jails should be ready in early June, say members of a 19-member committee formed in February to oversee the release of all political detainees. Opposition groups on the committee submitted the names of about 1500 political prisoners on May 11 and these will be cross-checked with government records. The groups say, however, that they do not think the real number is anywhere near as high, because names have likely been repeated and some prisoners already released. Committee members have also been asked to confirm whether people on their lists are in jail for political activities or other reasons. In a new development, the committee, which is chaired by Minister for the President’s Office U Soe Thein, has also asked Special Branch and the Corrections Department for their lists of political inmates. “In the past the government has just asked for lists of

political prisoners from opposition group,” said U Ye Aung from the Former Political Prisoners Group. In another new development announced on May 11, members of the committee will soon be allowed to visit political prisoners in jail. Committee member U Nyan Win from the National League for Democracy said the party had submitted the names of 142 political prisoners at the

The number of political prisoners on trial in Myanmar, according to the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners


May 11 meeting. He said a list of confirmed political prisoners should be ready in a few weeks. “There has been no time for us to examine the lists with other groups but the committee will scrutinise all of the lists. Though the number of political prisoners totals 1500, the names might be repeated.

We will know the exact number in early June,” he said. Committee member U Bo Kyi from the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP) said the longlist of 1500 names was probably quite outdated. “We are scrutinising the lists. We also asked for the list of political prisoners from the government and we will work together. Recently, there were at least 183 political prisoners still in jail and more than 100 were on trial,” U Bo Kyi said, citing AAPP figures. Several groups on the committee have compiled a separate list of 364 political prisoners, which they submitted to the President’s Office in early March. The committee includes government officials and representatives from civil society and political groups, including 88 Generation, Myanmar Egress, House of Media Entertainment, the Former Political Prisoners Federation and Former Political Prisoners Group. The committee was expanded from 16 to 19 members on May 8 but several groups criticised the expansion as a stunt to deflect from the jailing of activist U Nay Myo Zin, who was released in an amnesty in January 2012.

special meeting [on May 20] to get approval,” he said. “The president can only put a section 144 order in place for 60 days. If he wants it to stay in force, he has to get approval from the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw.” Ko Thi Ha, an 88 Generation member in Meiktila, said he believed the order should be extended to allow military forces to maintain the peace in the Mandalay Region town. “Even though the situation in Meiktila has been stable recently it’s not secure yet. People are still afraid because of rumours that if the army

withdraws then riots will start again,” he said. However, resident U Htein Lin Khine said he wanted the order to be rescinded. “Because of [the curfew] business in Meiktila is slower than before and it has created delays.” “It would be great if the military forces can safely protect civilians under the law instead of using section 144,” he said last week. U Htein Lin Khine said that even if the hluttaw extends the order he hopes the hours of the curfew are eased to allow businesses to operate normally.

8 News


Registered private schools in Mandalay double for 2013-14
KHIN SU WAI PARENT pressure has led to a doubling in the number of private high schools in Mandalay, industry observers say. While the Department of Education refused to give any figures on the number of private schools in Mandalay, sources in the industry said about 15 have received permission to open this year in response to demand from parents seeking alternatives to the state system. Altogether about 30 private schools have received permission from the department to operate, the sources say. “The government has changed its policy in recent years to allow the establishment of private schools. Parents enrol their children in private schools because government universities admit only students who have passed matriculation. We anticipate further changes once the government allows the foundation of private universities in due course. In addition to the international schools, private schools are also playing an important role,” said U Kyaw Saw of Sar Pan Eain private school. “Certainly, the schools also want to promote reform of the country’s education system,” he said. The owner of one private school that opened last year said the education sector would be marked by greater competition. “There are more than 900 students in our school but we have a restriction on the number of students. Most enrolments are seen in grades 10 and 11, and we have relatively few in the lower grades,” said U Kyaw Zaw of ELC private school. Some of the new private schools plan to open summer classes. “There are about 400 Grade 1 students in our private school. We teach them English and computer lessons as well as the government syllabus, so they no longer have to take tuition after school and they have more free time than before. We have also arranged to teach summer classes,” said Dr Kyaw Saw of Sar Pan Eain. “Now that the education system has started to change, we have ideas for new teaching techniques,” he said. – Translated by Zar Zar Soe

International schools plan fee hikes for coming year


Parents of students at the International School of Myanmar leave a meeting with school officials on May 16. Photo: Boothee

ISM offers angry parents a second fee reduction
Parents write to government and call for regulation of the international school sector


INTERNATIONAL School of Myanmar has backed away from plans to raise school fees by up to 35 percent for 201314, as parents called on the government to regulate the sector. School officials met parents on May 16 to announce they would reduce the size of the planned increase by 18-30pc, depending on the grade level. ISM director Thomas Egerton said the school believed parents were satisfied with the new fees and was confident that most students would continue at the school in 2013-14. He said the issue had shown that the school needs to improve its communication with parents but maintained that the increases were necessary. “We need to increase fees because of rising salaries and increased housing costs for foreign teachers and administrative staff. Every year we increase foreign teacher’s salaries by 5pc,” Mr Egerton told The Myanmar Times on May 16. It was the second fee cut the school

had offered parents, after reducing 201314 fees by US$500 the previous week in the face of strong opposition. The latest reduction came after parents sent a letter to the government on May 12 urging them to regulate private schools, create a school administration committee and resolve the “problem” of rising tuition fees at international schools. “We think in the future this may become more of a problem. … The government doesn’t recognise international schools and this causes trouble for parents,” said Ko Zaw Min, whose children are enrolled at ISM. “Most parents are satisfied with the school’s adjustment but some parents

‘Parents should think very carefully before sending their children to an international school.’
U Ko Ko Hlaing Director General, Ministry of Education

said they are planning to move their children to another school. Regardless of the reduction, we are urging the government to better regulate private schools,” he said. But the director general of the Ministry for Education’s Department of Education Planning and Training, U Ko Ko Hlaing, told The Myanmar Times that while the government was very concerned about problems related to international schools it could not intervene because it does not recognise them. He said most internationals schools are registered as private companies because of the lack of relevant legislation. However, he said the government plans to enact a law to regulate the schools. “Parents should think very carefully before they choose to send their children to an international school because at the moment we can’t help them if there is a problem,” he said. ISM announced on May 7 that it would increase fees in 2013-14 by 3134pc depending on the grade level. The announcement prompted more than 50 parents to protest outside the school the same day. The increase would have seen fees for some secondary classes hit $12,000, up from $8918 last year, according to figures provided by parents.

MANY international schools in Yangon will be raising tuition fees in the 2013-14 school year but the fee hikes do not seem to have deterred enrolments, even at the most expensive schools. One senior administrator cited the rising cost of housing and other services for expatriate teachers and staff as the main reason behind the planned increases, while another declined to comment on specifics. Stephen Plisinski, director of the International School of Yangon (ISY), said housing costs in the school budget doubled from the 2011-12 to 2012-13 school years. The school, which fully subsidises housing for its expatriate teachers, expects a further 50 percent increase in housing costs in 2013-14, he said. He said the rent at the house he lived in when he arrived in Myanmar two-and-a-half years ago had risen five-fold, from US$900 to $4500. Owners also ask the school to pay one year’s rent in advance, which places further strain on the school’s budget, he said. “I think at some point things will change,” he said. “But they [landlords] are demanding one year’s rent in advance.” As rents rise, teachers could be forced to move regularly and this instability makes it harder for the school to attract the teachers it wants, he said. “How does that provide stability for a family?” Mr Plisinski said. “I don’t look at our teachers as transients. “When I do a budget, I look at a set of principles,” he said. “One of those principles was not to reduce the standard of living.” ISY is a non-profit, internationally-accredited and International Baccalaureate-certified school sponsored by the US embassy. Two other schools in Yangon with similar accreditation – Yangon International School (YIS) and the International School of Myanmar (ISM) – are for-profit. They have also fully subsidised their teachers’ housing in the past. Mr Plisinski said that 80pc of ISY’s budget goes to employee salaries, housing and other benefits. The school has also had to increase its electricity budget, he said, as power supply costs have risen in the past year. The school will increase its fees this

year by $1000 per level, with parents paying $17,000 a year for the secondary level if they pay in full at the beginning of the year. The lowest fees are for prekindergarten, which is $9800 a year if parents pay in advance. Although expensive, ISY is still among the lowest-priced schools in Asia for the demographic it services, he said. Documents provided by the school show that fee increases at ISY have been gradual, averaging about $1000 to $1500 a year for the past two years, or 10-12pc, depending on the grade level. Next year’s increases are 10pc across the board, Mr Plisinski said. At ISM, a planned fee rise of 30-35pc for 2013-14 prompted more than 50 parents to protest outside the school on May 7. On May 16, the school agreed to significantly reduce the size of the increase.

The percentage of International School of Yangon’s budget used for employee salaries, housing and other benefits Horizon International School faced similar opposition from parents over plans to significantly increase fees at its Po Sein Road campus in Yangon’s Bahan township. As The Myanmar Times reported in March, 60 Horizon parents held a press conference on March 5 to complain about the increase, saying that tuition fees had doubled from $3700 a year in 2010 to $7430 in 2012. A spokesperson from Horizon defended the decision to raise fees and said at the time that opposition had come from “little groups” of parents. While fees are also set to rise at YIS, the school has not received any complaints from parents, director Greg Von Spreecken said. He declined to provide details on tuition fees but said the school expected to welcome at least 15 new students this year. “Our parents are not upset, so we are doing fine,” Mr Von Spreecken said.

News 11

Delta farmers defy govt over land
Investigation team releases report into deadly land conflict, as farmers begin cultivating disputed paddy fields

Pharmacists preparing council bill
SHWE YEE SAW MYINT PHARMACISTS are to establish their own professional body to set and enforce standards and improve professional skills. The Myanmar Pharmaceutical Association has drafted a law creating the body – to be known as the Myanmar Pharmaceutical Council – and says it could be established within a year. The bill has not yet been submitted to parliament for approval by lawmakers. Pharmacist and association member Daw Htwe Htwe Nge said the new council would offer refresher courses and issue certificates to qualified pharmacists, while also imposing punishments for unprofessional behaviour. The council could also offer a oneyear pharmaceutical course for hospital interns, she said. The council would include members of both the association and the Ministry of Health. The draft law will be shown to association members at an event on May 25 marking the first anniversary of the association’s founding, Daw Htwe Htwe Nge said. Officials from the Ministry of Health will also attend the meeting, which will take place at the Myanmar Medical Association headquarters in Yangon. The Myanmar Pharmacists Association has about 250 members.


THE government will form a body of senior state officials to implement the findings of a report into a land dispute in Ayeyarwady Region’s Maubin township, activists say. However, farmers have already begun cultivating the disputed farmland, in a move that could lead to more confrontation with authorities. The report was commissioned in the first week of March following clashes in the township in late February that resulted in the death of one policeman. More than 40 villagers were also injured. The dispute centres on about 550 acres of land on Maleto floodplain, which farmers say was taken from

The number of acres farmers in Maubin say was taken from them for fish ponds


them in 1996 by a private fishing company. While the commission’s report was due on March 16, it was finally submitted almost two months later. “Officials from the investigation commission gave their report to the government on May 11. The following day, officials held a meeting with local civil society groups that are assisting the farmers and said that they are going to form another group to implement the findings of the report,” said Ko Aung, a lawyer from Maubin township. “It’s too early to say who will be on the committee … but they said it would be state officials.” While the report has not been released to the public, civil society activist Ko Htike Htike said the report indicated it would be difficult for the government to return the land to farmers. “Farmers asked to get their land back but most of it has been used as fish pools for all these years under a contract with private company. So it will be difficult to give all of the land back. But the farmers also don’t want farmland in other places as it will be far from their village. That is the main problem, I think,” Ko Htike Htike said. As the government considers how to resolve the dispute, about 200 farmers from three villages in the area have taken matters into their own hands. Ko Htike Htike said the farmers, from Palaung, Adate and

Farmers prepare to cultivate farmland in Maubin township that is at the centre of a dispute with a fisheries company. Photo: Htike Htike

Kondine Ka Lay villagers, are converting the ponds into paddy fields to cultivate this rainy season. The government has not yet responded to the move, and Ko Htike Htike said civil society groups were providing drinking water to the farmers and trying to ensure the situation remains “calm and safe”. “Farmers can’t wait for the commission to solve the problem. It’s almost getting too late to start farm-

ing so they are preparing to cultivate before the wet season comes. Farmers have been repairing the farmland since May 10,” he said. In 1992-93, the government conducted a project to reclaim the land in Maleto and allowed more than 200 farmers to farm the fields. However, in 1996, a private company took the land for a fisheries project in cooperation with village administrative authorities.

Australian institute to train govt, civil society
AUNG SHIN AUSTRALIAN experts will visit Myanmar to train civil society organisations and government departments, members of the newly formed Australia Myanmar Institute (AMI) say. The institute’s humanitarian adviser, Christopher Lamb, said the cooperation would focus on governance, business, health, education, heritage and gender issues. “AMI is going to help in the Myanmar transition ... [by giving help] to government ministries and civil societies with technical assistance. If we take people to Australia, we have to spend a lot. So we will bring our Australian experts here for training,” Mr Lamb said at a meeting at Yangon’s Kandawgyi Palace Hotel on May 11. The institute invited 15 government ministries and civil society groups to the meeting to explore possibilities for cooperation. “There are three [main issues] in Myanmar’s transition. They are peace, democracy, and development. These three things are linking [with] each other. One cannot be achieved without any of them. AMI should focus on these things,” economist U Aung Tun Thet said at the meeting. AMI was formed earlier this year. In March it organised a conference in Australia on “Progress, Opportunities and Concerns in Myanmar’s Transition”. About 200 people from Australia, Myanmar and other countries attended the conference.

12 News BRIEFS
Yangon Low-cost carrier starts BKK flights
Myanmar’s first low-cost carrier, Golden Myanmar Airlines, launched its second international route on May 10, adding a daily service to Bangkok. One-way fares on the Bangkok route start at US$40. The airline launched domestically in January and began international flights to Singapore on April 5. Managing director U Aung Gyi said the airline was looking at other potential international markets. Flights depart Yangon at 6:05pm and arrive in Bangkok at 7:50pm, before departing Bangkok at 9:10pm and arriving in Yangon at 9:55pm. – Zaw Win Than


Solo flyer stops in Yangon on world record attempt
MYO LWIN HE’S a man on a mission. Actually, two missions. Captain James Anthony Tan, 21, not only wants to be the youngest person ever to fly solo around the world. He also wants to inspire young people. Capt Tan flew his Cessna 210T into Yangon International Airport on May 12 from Kolkata, India as he neared the end of his 21,003-mile voyage across 20 nations. Still wearing his bright blue pilot’s uniform, the young airman talked exclusively with The Myanmar Times about his itinerary and his vision at a tea party hosted by Malaysia’s ambassador, Dr Ahmad Faisal Bin Muhamad. “My intention is to break the world record for flying solo around the world. I also want to inspire and motivate young people and raise their self-confidence,” he said. “There are two important days in everyone’s life. One is the day they are born. The other is the day they discover their purpose in life. “I want young people to regain confidence in themselves to fulfil their childhood dreams. My motto is: ‘Always pursue, never give up’.” He set out on March 29 from Malaysia’s Subang airport where, at the age of five, he first set eyes on a Boeing 747. The sight inspired him to become a pilot. He got his wings at the age of 18 from Malaysia’s European Aerospace Association. From Subang, he continued via Singapore to Bangkok, across Vietnam, Taiwan, Japan, Russia, the US,
Captain James Anthony Tan gives a thumbs up beside his plane in Yangon on May 12. Photo: Boothee

Mandalay Motorbikes in 70pc of crashes

Motorbikes were involved in almost 70 percent of road accidents in Mandalay in the first four months of the year, a regional minister said last week. Of 133 serious accidents in Mandalay from January to April, 92 involved a motorbike. Forty people were killed and 101 injured over the same period. “Undisciplined driving, sometimes while drunk, was the main cause of accidents,” said Mandalay Region Minister for Transportation U Kyaw San. Meanwhile, 41pc of accidents occurred between 6pm and midnight. Residents said they were unsurprised by the figures. “We see motorcycle collisions almost every day. Sometimes the accident leaves a shockingly bloody scene but sometimes people walk away with a few cuts and bruises. Because of the motorbike riders we have to be careful if we go out on the roads,” said Ko Thet Oo from Maha Aung Myay township. – Than Naing Soe, translated by Thit Lwin

Canada, Greenland, Iceland, the UK, France, Italy, Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Pakistan and India. Each flight normally lasts seven or eight hours, cruising at about 500 kilometres an hour at 23,000 feet. Capt Tan never uses the bathroom while flying, he said. This may be another record. “I drink very little water, and I eat only crackers,” he told The Myanmar Times. “Normally, take-off and landing procedures keep me busy for about 30 minutes. In flight, I listen to music. Sometimes I do physical exercises. I have to keep an eye on the controls. I don’t read books,” said the pilot. “The toughest stretch was from

Andra in Russia to Anchorage, Alaska, a five-and-a-half-hour flight. In Russia, it was minus 20 Celsius, with very strong winds. Everything was frozen. It took me three minutes to open the cockpit with a screwdriver. In India, it was 46C - quite a contrast,” he said. The easiest and the most pleasant flight was from Iceland to England. It took six hours, but the weather was excellent, he added. When on the ground, Capt Ton drives a sedate 60 kilometres an hour in his Honda Civic. “I don’t like to drive fast,” he explained. Once he’s completed his journey, he says he will donate his aircraft to the Malaysian Youth Pilots’ Association.

Capt Tan said his trip around the world was funded by Malaysian college Yayasan Felda Tenega National UEM for an undisclosed amount. He left Yangon on May 13 for Phuket in Thailand. The New Straits Times reported that Capt Tan landed safely in Subang on May 14 to a rapturous reception. Among the thousands of people at the airport was Malaysian Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak, who said he was proud of Capt Anthony. “I hope more youths would be motivated to do something outstanding and to get out of their comfort zones,” the prime minister was quoted as saying in the New Straits Times.

Australian NGO to provide health training
YAMON PHU THIT TRAINING doctors to train other doctors – that is how an Australian nongovernment organisation plans to help improve healthcare in Myanmar, in partnership with the Ministry of Health. The International Skills and Training Institute in Health (ISTIH) will provide medical skills training and strategic planning through a trainerto-trainer approach, institute member Professor Michael Henderson told The Myanmar Times in an interview on May 10. “We are working like a small pebble. When we drop a pebble in the middle of the pond, the waves get bigger and bigger,” he said. The train-the-trainer program will be conducted through a partnership between the institute, the ministry and the University of Medicine 1 in Yangon. ISTIH volunteers will visit to Myanmar to deliver training and health education to local health professionals. “Our doctors will come and teach the local doctors how to teach other doctors. Then, these doctors are able to improve their skills and pass them on to others,” Mr Henderson said. The two sides have agreed to sign a formal Memorandum of Intent that will enable the institute to create an organisation in Myanmar. The agreement was reached when the Australian group visited the ministry on May 7. The institute’s support for the medical community started in June 2012, when a team of emergency medicine specialists visited Myanmar to conduct development programs. The 18-month project helped to further the development of the specialty of emergency medicine and saw 18 clinicians trained in the field.

‘These doctors will be able to improve their skills and pass them on to others.’
Professor Michael Henderson International Skills and Training Institute in Health

The program is being extended to provide training to other clinical practitioners and allied health workers, including general practitioners, ambulance officers and emergency nurses. “ISTIH’s focus will be broader than that of emergency medicine,” Mr Henderson said. The institute will provide training programs on medical engineering, nursing, midwifery, respiratory medicine, emergency medicine and strategic planning. The International Skills and Training Institute in Health was founded in 2005 and provides assistance to health professionals throughout the Asia Pacific region.

News 13

Govt and KIO prepare for next round of talks

Fireman Ye Kyaw Swar U Aung Hla with the award he received from the president on April 30. Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing

ALMOST two years since fighting broke out in Kachin State, the government and Kachin Independence Organisation are preparing to hold a fresh round of talks in the state capital Myitkyina at the end of this month. “[Government peace negotiator] U Aung Min told us on May 13 that both sides are negotiating the details. They have reached a draft agreement to meet in Myitkyina in the last week of May but the date has not been confirmed yet,” said U Hla Maung Shwe, a peace facilitator from the Myanmar Peace Centre. The Myitkyina talks were originally scheduled for April 6 but were delayed because, according to activists, China refused to allow international observers to attend.

While China rejected the accusations, several sources said confirmed to The Myanmar Times that China had objected to the participation of the United States. The dispute arose after China brought the two sides together for two rounds of talks in the border town of Ruili following fierce fighting in December and January. At the conclusion of the second round of talks in early March, both sides agreed to hold further discussions by April 10. The government and KIO also released a joint communiqué after the first talks on February 4, saying that discussions touched on “persons who may attend as observers and organisations which may attend as witnesses, at the next meeting”. It was unclear whether any international observers – other than China – would attend the next round of negotiations. The Peace-talk Creation Group, a Myitkyina-based organisation that has helped facilitate prior negotations, told The Myanmar Times that the KIO had invited observers from the US, Britain and United Nations. “The peace talks were delayed last

month because of the problems related to inviting observers. We expect that observers and organisations may attend as witnesses at the next [round of] talks. We have been told that the peace talks will be held … during May, but there is no confirmed date,” said group member U La Mai Gun Jar. KIO spokesperson U La Nan said the Kachin side would again push for observers, which he described as “a KIO criteria for the talks”. “If we want to have concrete peace talks, there should be international observers,” U La Nan said. But the US has said it will only take part if it is invited by both sides, and the Myanmar Peace Center said the government has not invited any third parties to the talks. “The government hasn’t invited international observers and also doesn’t want to interfere with the KIO’s invitations to other groups,” U Hla Maung Shwe said. A 17-year ceasefire between the government and KIO broke down on June 7, 2011. The conflict is thought to have displaced almost 100,000 people.

‘We had to save as many people as possible’
The Mingalar Taung Nyunt warehouse fire in December 2011 left Ye Kyaw Swar U Aung Hla with a back injury and impaired hearing. Eighteen months later, he says he is proud the president has recognised his bravery with an award, writes Ei Thae Thae Naing
WHEN Ye Kyaw Swar U Aung Hla heard the sirens wailing on December 29, 2011, he knew there was only one course of action: get to the scene of the fire as soon as possible. The blaze was at a warehouse in Mingalar Taung Nyunt’s Setsan area that, unbeknown to firefighters, was filled with dangerous chemicals. The fire and two large explosions killed 17 people, including five firefighters. Another 37 firefighters, including U Aung Hla, were injured. He said most firemen disregard their own safety when battling an out-of-control fire, particularly when other lives are at risk. “We had to save as many people as possible who were trapped in the fire and send the injured to Yangon General hospital,” he told The Myanmar Times in a recent interview. “I still suffer from the effects of this fire and I am afraid to see fire again. I injured my back and my ear and I couldn’t hear very well.” For his bravery, U Aung Hla, 54, received a President’s Excellence Award from U Thein Sein at a ceremony in Nay Pyi Taw on April 30. He was one of 12 winners across a range of categories, including business, agriculture and social affairs. “I really appreciate that the president gave me this award, particularly because I’m a volunteer fireman. I believe that giving this award can encourage us to work harder,” said the second-incommand at the station in Latha township. It is not the first time he has been recognised: In 2003, U Aung Hla received the Ye Kyaw Swar title for bravery in fighting a fire. He said he is motivated by a desire to help people since as far back as middle school, when he volunteered with the Red Cross. He said that this is an attribute that all firemen should have. “Being a fireman is not only about saving people’s lives; you also have to help people who are in need. To do the fireman’s job well, you need to be passionate about helping people. “I am happy to get merit by helping people.” As well as fighting fires, U Aung Hla said firemen have a duty to improve public fire safety awareness. He added that nearly all of the fires he has fought were started through carelessness. “People have to learn how to prevent fires. When we educate people, they don’t want to listen and come to our demonstrations. “Each person should have a fire extinguisher in their house, for example,” he said. “I really want to encourage people to take precautionary measures so that in future there will be fewer fires and less lives lost.”

14 News


Expatriates in Singapore eye return home
Tightening immigration policies, improving conditions at home and growing resentment from Singaporeans has resulted in fewer Myanmar heading to the city-state for work and more returning home
THE number of Myanmar migrant workers returning from Singapore has increased since the beginning of the year, sources say, because of the rising cost of living and a tightening of rules on foreign labour in the citystate. While there are no figures for the number of Myanmar workers in Singapore, anecdotal reports from expatriates there say fewer Myanmar are arriving to work and more have returned home or are contemplating the move. This is partly for economic reasons but also in response to increasing criticism of Singapore’s immigration policy, with many Singaporeans blaming migrant workers for rising property prices and other living costs. Such is the strength of feeling on the issue that the ruling People’s Action Party plans to reduce the country’s intake of migrant workers – a sign to many Myanmar there that it is time to return home. Ko Aung Linn, a migrant worker for an air-conditioning company in Singapore, said opposition parties were using the immigration issue to gain support. “The Worker’s Party is campaigning on immigration policy. So Singaporeans are complaining that trains and buses are
A worker stands next to a pump clearing silt from the Ayeyarwady River. Photo: Phyo Wai Kyaw


Despite upgrades, Mandalay residents still miss out on water
SI THU LWIN CITY water engineers say they are only meeting about 75 percent of the water requirements in six urban Mandalay townships, and are taking steps to supply the rest. “For the time being we can manage to supply 28 million gallons of water a day, or about 75pc of the required amount. The main problem is the lack of pipes. We’re setting up a pumping station and digging artesian wells, as well as laying pipelines,” said U Tint Lwin, head of the city’s water and sanitation division, on May 13. In the southern part of Pyigyitagun township and in Amarapura township, there are still no pumping stations or underground pipelines. “We’ve signed agreements with foreign companies to dig artesian wells to supply water to Amarapura, and to purify water from the Dokehtawady River for Pyigyitagun township,” he said. Mandalay’s water supply system was built for a city of 25 square miles, barely half the 45 square miles the city covers today. There is a total of 290 miles of pipeline, which the city is adding to at the rate of 5 miles a year, he said. In late April, a project to pump water from the Ayeyarwady River to Mandalay homes was launched. Initially 2 million gallons a day is being sent to homes in Aung Myay Tharsan and Chan Aye Tharsan townships but U Tint Lwin said by the end of the year the project would pump 10 million gallons a day to the city. “The new water pumphouse can support residents in Aung Myay Tharsan and Chan Aye Tharsan townships. It will be rolled out to other townships one after another and we hope to have it going at full capacity by the end of this year,” he said. But residents said the measures undertaken so far are still not enough to resolve the water shortages they face every summer. “We often go for months without water in the summer. We had to draw water from a well, which meant paying for diesel. We have this problem almost every year,” said Daw Aye Aye Khaine from Lakegaung quarter in Maha Aung Myay township. – With Phyo Wai Kyaw, translated by Thit Lwin

The World Bank
Extended Term Temporary - Team Assistant: Visiting Missions Coordinator (Vacancy # 131107)
The World Bank Office in Yangon is looking for a dynamic, committed and capable individual to work as a Team Assistant – Visiting Missions Coordinator (TA-VMC) This is a locally- recruited position with an initial 1- year Extended Term Temporary Contract (with the possibility of extending to 2 years). The TA-VMC will provide substantial support and guidance to visiting World Bank teams prior and during their visit to Myanmar. The TA-VMC will be required to undertake a range of tasks including tracking visiting mission information, making accommodation arrangements, scheduling meetings, conferences and internal travel. Summary of Roles and Responsibilities: Visiting Mission Coordination. The TA-VMC will provide overall coordination for visiting missions to Myanmar to ensure mission visits are efficient and effective, and that the country office is aware of the location and contact details for visiting missions at all times. Tasks include, but are not limited to: • Maintaining the visiting mission schedule and ensuring this is communicated within the office through various methods i.e. a VM board and at staff meetings. • Coordinating with the rest of the office when high loads of visiting missions are anticipated and working closely with the administrative support team to effectively manage the work load. • Responsible for ensuring “Visiting Mission Guide” is up to date and distributed to visiting missions along with the “Security and Safety Guidelines” and “Vehicle Policy”. Administrative and Logistical Support to Visiting Missions and the Country Office. The TA-VMC will be responsible for providing support as required to visiting mission members before, after and during their visit. Tasks may include but are not limited to: • Travel Arrangements. • Providing country clearance and tracking visiting missions. • Mission announcement letters to Government. • Mission Scheduling. Arrange Workshops/Conferences/Functions. • Ensure IT and communication access. Selection Criteria: High School Diploma; Minimum 3 years of relevant experience in administrative work preferably with international organizations; Excellent communication skills and the ability to command both written and spoken of Myanmar language and English Details (vacancy #131107) are available in the World Bank Careers All applications must be submitted through this website. The World Bank Group is committed to achieving diversity in terms of gender, nationality, culture and educational background. Individuals with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. Closing date is May 23, 2013

packed with migrant workers,” agreed Ma Mi Mi Thet, who works as a computer programmer in Singapore. A White Paper issued in early January projected that Singapore’s population could hit 6 million by 2020 if the influx of migrant workers continues. “Although we couldn’t yet cut the flow of migrant workers to our country, we must delay the influx of workers,” Singapore’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Finance Tharman Shanmugrantnam said in February. Singapore’s population stands at 5.31 million, including 3.29 million Singaporean citizens, 530,000 foreign permanent residents and 1.49 million foreigners. “We have to do something about immigrant workers,” Dr Thia Jang Ping, director of the economics division at the Ministry of Trade and Industry, told The Myanmar Times. “The main aims of the White Paper are to create more job opportunities for citizens, to protect the infrastructure, and to control the numbers of foreign residents,” he said. Singaporeans say foreign workers not only make it harder for them to find jobs but to also access services, such as public transport and education. But migrant workers say they too are facing problems because of rising living costs and are concerned about the impending revisions to employment regulations. Changes are already being made to the minimum earnings threshold on the “S Pass”, the work permit held by most skilled foreign workers in Singapore. At present, an S Pass is valid for two years, costs S$2200 (US$1788) and is reserved for skilled foreign workers earning at least S$2000 ($1625) a month. This minimum wage requirement will rise to S$2200 when a new tiered system comes into force in July. The Ministry of Manpower also appears to be cutting the

number of S Pass holders a business can employ. “We had a quota of six S Passes in the past but now we have just four. This situation is making many Myanmar workers go back home,” said air-con worker Ko Aung Linn, an S Pass holder. But there are other factors encouraging Myanmar migrant workers to leave Singapore, including more opportunities in their home country. “Some people go back to Myanmar because they couldn’t extend their residence permit but some go home because they don’t want to live here anymore,” said Ko Zaw Win, an engineer in Singapore’s construction industry. “We can’t save money while we are working here. We can just make ends meet. Foreign investment is increasing in Myanmar and business owners here also

The percentage of people in Singapore who are not citizens. want to invest. We can get work in Myanmar by connecting up with them so we decided to go back home,” said programmer Ko Htut Maung, who worked in Singapore for three years before returning to Myanmar in April. Among those who have returned to Myanmar is architect Ko Htay Ko, who worked in Singapore for five years on projects including Gardens by the Bay. “I was able to get a new job in a big construction company here. I can stay with my family and get a reasonable salary, and apply what I learned in Singapore,” he said. He said many other Myanmar architects in Singapore expect to be able to return home and work in the construction sector in the future. “We expect we can have job opportunities here,” he said. “Now it is time to go back and work in Myanmar. We should use our experience in our country.” – Translated by Thiri Min Htun

Plane overshoots runway
YANGON – A Myanma Airways passenger plane carrying 55 people overshot the end of a runway at Mong Hsat airport in Shan State due to suspected brake failure, injuring two people, an official said on May 17. The Chinese-made Xian MA60 turboprop stopped about 200 metres beyond the runway on May 16 and suffered damage to its propeller, landing gear and engine, state media reported. U Win Swe Tun, deputy director general of the Department of Civil Aviation, said that an investigation had been launched into the cause. “It’s assumed it was because of a brake system failure,” he said, adding that two passengers were sent to a hospital with “minor injuries”. “The plane was bought new from China and only used for about three years,” he added. – AFP

News 15

Daw Suu aiming for constitutional changes by 2015
NLD leader says she is willing to work with Union Solidarity and Development Party to amend Myanmar’s constitution EI EI TOE LWIN

Homeless people on 79th Street behind Mandalay Central Railway Station. Photo: Phyo Wai Kyaw

DAW Aung San Suu Kyi has offered to work with the Union Solidarity and Development Party to amend Myanmar’s constitution, which she described as the most difficult in the world to change. Despite the obvious challenges, she said the constitution should be changed before the 2015 election and she hopes to meet USDP leaders to discuss the issue and work together on the amendment process. “We can cooperate with USDP if they are really willing to amend the constitution. I think that they too accept this constitution should be amended because they initiated the formation of a committee to review the 2008 constitution,” Daw Aung San Suu Kyi said. She made the comments at a press conference on May 10 at the end of a three-day workshop on constitutional reform at Yangon’s MiCasa Hotel. “Most people have accepted that this constitution should be amended,” she said. “It’s best to amend before 2015. That way people will accept and believe in it [the constitution].” The three days of discussion were attended by a range of civil society organisations and leaders, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, serving and former members of the military, leaders of the Union Solidarity and Development Party, representatives from ethnic minority groups and international constitutional experts. The groups came together to talk about what constitutional changes were required to help Myanmar become a democratic nation. “The principle objective was to provide the constitutional tools needed for a transition to democracy and to assist Myanmar in moving toward an enduring democracy,” said Andrew McLeod, adjunct lecturer at the Sydney School of Law, which co-organised the conference. “We’re pleased to announce today that representatives at these talks have reached the consensus that Myanmar’s constitution should be amended.” He added that there was a general agreement that the current constitution has inconsistencies and deficiencies that made it an unsuitable foundation for Myanmar’s transition to democracy - and to its future status as a prosperous and stable member of the global community. “Resolving this issue and providing a more effective form of federalism is critical to solving the ethnic tensions that have characterised [Myanmar’s] recent history,” he said.

However, the military effectively retains a veto over constitutional change, as it holds 25 percent of seats in parliament, and amendments need the support of at least 75pc of MPs. Wojciech Sadurski, the Challis professor in jurisprudence at the University of Sydney, described the 75pc requirement as “unusually and absurdly rigorous and unprecedented in the world’s constitutions today”. “It was clearly introduced for specific political reasons. If there is an area of consensus emerging from this conference, it’s that the amendment that is needed is [to] the rules of [how] the amendment [can be made].” Daw Aung San Suu Kyi did not say which amendments should be prioritised or how

Families ignore eviction order
PHYO WAI KYAW HOMELESS people are still living in the Mandalay Central Railway Station compound despite railway officials instructing them to leave. Railway authorities announced in the last week of April that it had declared the section of track between 32nd and 34th streets off limits to outsiders for safety reasons. But U Kyaw Min, the head of Mandalay City Development Committee’s cleaning department in Chan Aye Tharsan township, said about 30 homeless families were still living on 79th Street, next to the train lines. He said previous efforts to force them to leave had failed. “You can find various kinds of people who come from different places living at the railway station. The vagrants are powerful on 79th Street and the appropriate departments, including the health department, police force, township general administration office and MCDC, need to work together. We tried to remove them on our own three times in the past but failed. We can remove beggars but we have no right to get rid of vagrants,” U Kyaw Min. He said the poor living conditions were a cause for concern. “Once we took away a man because we thought he had leprosy. We took him to the appropriate department but when the doctor checked him he said it was not leprosy and we could be charged. There are also children living there so the issue will require cooperation,” he said. U Tun Naing Linn, a worker in the station’s cleaning department, said when MCDC tried to evict the vagrants they ran and hid among nearby residents. “Some vagrants throw their bags over the wall into the railway station area and then run away when we try to catch them,” he said.

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi speaks at a press conference on May 10. Photo: Ko Taik

they could be achieved. “We need to hold ongoing discussions. We need to find these ways [to amend the constitution through] cooperation,” she said.

16 News


Magwe residents question value of irrigation project

IRRIGATION department officials are trying to convince residents in Taungdwingyi township, Magwe Region, that their project will benefit the community. They are battling allegations that the project is “useless”, and that farmland has been “stolen” for it. U Thein Aung, chief of the department’s maintenance unit in Taungdwingyi, said on May 8 the aim of the project is to provide water for 1300 acres of agriculture land, as well as drinking water. The department wants to dig more than 68,000 small-bore wells around Yadana Pwint Hla Lake, the main source of fresh water for local residents since 1954. “The mud at the lake bottom has risen by more than five feet over the past few years, so the lake can only store 585 acre-feet of water. We need 725 acre-feet of water to irrigate 1300 acres of agriculture land,” he said. “The project was ordered by the deputy agriculture and irrigation minister, U Khin Zaw, and started in 2011,” he said. On April 6, Unity Journal printed allegations from local residents who said that the project was not beneficial to the local community. They said the project’s K425-million budget would mostly benefit department officials, while at the same time damage the lake envi-

ronment and lead to 13 acres being taken by the government. “This is the age of transparency and people have a right to speak their minds. But most of them are talking nonsense. If they had problems about the work, they should have asked the department, but they didn’t,” said U Thein Aung, who denied that any agricultural land had been grabbed. “The second purpose [of the project] is to create an amenity. This is the dry zone, and we will create a lake that will stay full even in summer. We’ll also be protecting pagodas that are subject to flooding during the rainy season,” he said. However, Taungdwingyi resident U Soe Myint said officials had used the project as a pretense to take 13 acres of land from farmers to create a lakeside golf club. “They seem to be spending a lot of money, but not much is happening,” he said. Another resident, Dr Kyi Myo, said: “The project is beneficial for local people. But will the irrigation department continue to support it after its completion?” The head officer of the construction unit of the department of irrigation in Taungdwingyi, who asked not to be named, accused political parties of stirring up trouble and encouraging residents to oppose the project. He also said the public does not need to know the budget for the project. “Transparency is needed but we don’t need to reveal the budget … it is not good if to say what the budget is before it has been approved.” The official said the project was scheduled for completion on June 5.

Visitors take photos inside Pyadar Lin Cave in southern Shan State. Photo: Shwe War Lwin

Spectacular Shan State cave still off the tourist trail
SHWE WAR LWIN DEEP in the rock, almost unknown to nearby residents, a cave said to be the cradle of Myanmar civilisation attracts only a handful of tourists. Pyadar Lin Cave, the biggest in the country, was home to stone-age people some 5000 years ago, a local guide says. “This is the place to study stone tools. But only a tiny number of foreign visitors know about it,” said Ko Thaung Naing Oo, who offers tours in Japanese. The 25-metre-long cave features pictures of the sun, palm trees, fingers, cows and elephants that stone-age people drew on the walls. The cave is about 6m wide and 4m high. A much bigger second cave, 2.4 kilometres long, is part of a system of five more caves with stalactites and stalagmites. It is up to 900m wide and as high as 27m. “Six or seven foreign tourists have visited. They didn’t pay a separate entrance fee because they’d already paid a US$10 zone entrance fee in Mandalay. But you do need permission from the irrigation department to pass Kim Tar dam,” said Ko Thaung Naing Oo. The cave could be one of the country’s finest tourist attractions, he said. But first, the ancient drawings should be restored and the road from Kume to Kim Tar dam improved, he said. “To get to Pyadar Lin, first you travel by car, then by boat and finally on foot. The view of the dam and the surrounding countryside is beautiful. But the road is very bumpy,” said another guide, Ko Win Zaw Oo. He said foreign experts had conducted research in the caves and human bones and charcoal were found during excavations. “Local people aren’t really aware of the cave. Tour operators should publicise it more to foreign visitors to let the world know about it. If Pyadar Lin becomes a popular tourist destination, it will benefit both the national and local economy,” said Ko Thaung Naing Oo. Pyadar Lin Cave is located about 16km west of Yengan in Taunggyi district. – Translated by Zar Zar Soe

The World Bank
The World Bank Office in Yangon is looking for a dynamic, committed and capable individual to work as a Financial Management Specialist (FMS) to be part of our Financial Management unit (EAPFM). This is a locally- recruited position with a 2- year renewable term appointment. Summary of Roles and Responsibilities: • The FMS should be a professional accountant (CPA, CA or equivalent) with an internationally recognized designation by the International Federation of Accountants. They should also have a Bachelor degree in accounting, business, finance, economics or related subject, and should have at least 5 years of relevant experience in financial management, preferably with expertise in the public sector. • The FMS will report to the Regional Financial Management Manager (RFMM) through the Hub Leader and will be part of the Financial Management team of the East Asia & Pacific Region (EAPFM) and the Country Management Unit’s Team. The successful applicant will work with EAPFM team in the Myanmar Country Office (CO) Team, including Financial Management Specialists (FMSs), Administrative and Client Service (ACS) staff, as well as colleagues in charge of procurement, disbursements, PREM and other sectors. • The FMS will assist in all financial management aspects related to the World Bank’s financed operations, and will manage advisory and technical assistance tasks. This will include, but is not limited to: assessing the adequacy of project financial management arrangements, participating in implementation support missions projects financed by loans, credits and grants including Trust Funds; ensuring compliance with the Bank’s audit and fiduciary requirements, ensuring that the projects operations are carried out in accordance with sound financial management practices and performing analytical work on financial management and financial accountability issues in support of building client capacity. Selection Criteria: The candidate should have a Bachelor degree in accounting, business, finance, economics, or related subject and at least 5 years of relevant experience. A professional accountancy qualification (CPA, CA or equivalent) is required. In addition, the candidate should have the following qualifications: • Knowledge of current issues in financial management, particularly relating to the public sector. • Knowledge of International Financial Reporting Standards and International Standards on Auditing. • Knowledge of developing country issues as they relate to financial management. • Experience in interpreting financial and project management reports and recommending remedial actions to be taken by the Bank or borrower. • Knowledge in the application of accounting, auditing and financial reporting systems and software packages. • Experience in designing and assessing internal control systems and procedures using internationally accepted control frameworks such as COCO, COSO, Cadbury. • Experience in financial statement analysis, its use in comparison with industry benchmarks and application to facilitate decision making. • Ability to function effectively in multi-disciplinary teams within a matrix management environment. • Strong oral and written communication skills in Myanmar and English languages. Details (vacancy #131057) are available in the World Bank Careers All applications must be submitted through this website. The World Bank Group is committed to achieving diversity in terms of gender, nationality, culture and educational background. Individuals with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. Closing date is May 23, 2013

Financial Management Specialist

Min Ko Naing to accept SKorea’s Gwangju Prize
EI EI TOE LWIN ACTIVIST Min Ko Naing is set to accept an international human rights award for his commitment to non-violent protest and democratic values – in person. A prominent member of the 88 Generation student group, Min Ko Naing was first awarded the Gwangyu Prize for Human Rights – given out by South Korea’s May 18 Memorial Foundation – in 2009, when he was in prison. He was unable to accept the award at the time, so the foundation invited him to Seoul to receive it in person on May 18. “The May 18 Memorial Foundation has invited him again to accept it. We are preparing for the trip to South Korea. We’ll set off on May 15,” said 88 Generation member Ko Jimmy, who will accompany Min Ko Naing to South Korea along with fellow activist Ko Ko Gyi. The trip is an opportunity for 88 Generation members to meet “civil-society groups, nongovernmental organisations and Myanmar families” in South Korea, Ko Jimmy said. In a statement announcing the awarding of the prize in 2009, the May 18 Memorial Foundation said Min Ko Naing was unable to accept it because he was “serving a 65-year sentence for his role in a peaceful protest.”


The amount Min Ko Naing will receive for winning the Gwangyu Prize for human rights


“Despite oppression at the hands of the military regime, Min Ko Naing remains committed to protest through non-violent means, and to the cause of freedom and democracy for all,” the foundation said in 2009. The May 18 Memorial Foundation, a non-profit organisation, was established on August 30, 1994. It presents the Gwangju Prize for Human Rights annually to individuals, groups or institutions in Korea and abroad that have promoted and advanced human rights, democracy and peace in their work. The award includes a gold medal, a certificate of achievement and 50 million won (about US$45,000). Min Ko Naing was invited to visit the United States in 2012 to accept a similar award from the National Endowment for Democracy. However, he refused to attend because the government had refused to issue passports to other members of the 88 Generation.

News 17 BRIEFS
Kyaiklat Parents wait months for permission to rebuild school

New twist in controversial tender
The son of the former owner of a rubber plantation in Kawhmu has come forward to claim ownership of the site, which was auctioned (in February) in a controversial tender that was the subject of complaints from participants


IN a new twist to the disputed tender process involving land in Kawhmu township, the son of the former owner has emerged to claim the land. Mr Ashok Kumar says the 653-acre plot, plus seven acres of factory land, was “temporarily” seized by the Ne Win government - and now he wants it back. The land was at the centre of a dispute in March when the Yangon Region Government invited tenders for it. The sale

‘The seizure was temporary. It was never confiscated officially.’
Kumar Son of the former owner of the Suukalat rubber plantation in Yangon’s Kawhmu township

was suspended after objections were filed over the winning bid, which was only slightly above a floor price that had not been made public before the tender process commenced. However, in early April the government

decided to award the tender to the original winner, despite the objections of other participants. The plot of land, formerly known as the Suukalat rubber plantation, was bought by Mr Babulal, a Myanmar citizen of Indian origin, from British firm Steel Brothers in 1957. He lost control of the land in 1968 when it was taken by the Ne Win government. This week his son, Mr Kumar, said: “My father never asked for compensation. The government’s seizure of the land was temporary. It was never confiscated officially.” In an attempt to retrieve the land to revive the rubber business, Mr Kumar has been in contact with the regional government, the president, union-level ministries, the National Human Rights Commission, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and parliamentary committees since February 2012. “I have received some replies, but no clear answer. I will keep trying,” he said. U Kyi Sein, an 81-year-old resident of Yaytarshae village in Kawhmu, confirmed that Mr Babulal owned the property when he managed it in the 1950s and 60s. “I worked there for 10 years, from 1957 to 1967. I know that Mr Babulal is the original owner of the land. My brother, U Win Pe, bought the land for Mr Babulal as an agent in 1957. It was bought from a British company. I cannot remember exactly when the rubber farm was nationalised but it was in the hands of Mr Babulal until 1967 when I quit,” he said. But Yangon Region Minister

The entrance to the Suukalat rubber plantation. Photo: Supplied

for Agriculture and Livestock U Soe Min said it appeared the land had been permanently confiscated. “The land is now state property as far as I know,” he said on May 9, adding that the Yangon Region Government has no authority to decide on land ownership disputes. In February, the regional government invited tenders for the sale of the land, and two other plots. A total of 15 bidders bid for the three plots, totalling about 1200 acres in rural Yangon Region. The bids, which required business plans on how the old rubber and tapioca plantations would be used in future and a deposit of K10 million, were opened by Yangon Region’s tender supervising committee in full view of all bidders. However, participants said that minutes before the envelopes were opened an official announced a

floor price for the plots - which had not been mentioned in any pre-tender documents. The floor price for the 653acre site was K127.14 million. Young Investment Group won with a bid of K127.9 million, against a second-highest offer of K26.4 million, from Wide River Company. U Thaung Htaike Oo Group came third with a bid of K24.09 million. U Khin Maung Win, a member of the tender supervising committee, said the tender was discussed at a regional government cabinet meeting on March 25. In early April the govern-

ment confirmed the original results of the auction. U Hla Myint of U Zaw Min Aung Group said his company had sent two complaint letters to the tender supervising committee and the regional government. The company questioned why it was asked for a K10 million deposit that was not included in the tender rules and why the winning company was able to amend details a minute before the bidding opened. “They haven’t responded to our complaint yet,” he said. Last month, U Tin Win, the head of another group of bidders in Nyaunghtauk village in Kawhmu township, told The Myanmar Times: “We also complained about the tender process. We local residents have depended on this rubber plantation for many years. If the Yangon Region Government lets this company win the rubber plantation, it does not support the Union Government’s objective of reducing poverty and fostering rural development.” Both U Zaw Min Aung Group and Mr Kumar said they had informed Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the Pyithu Hluttaw representative for Kawhmu, of the problems with the tender and land ownership but have received no response.

Residents in an Ayeyarwady Region village say they have been waiting more than three months for permission to allow a Myanmar NGO to repair a primary school that was damaged by Cyclone Nargis. The Free Funeral Service Society has offered to rebuild the school in Kyaiklat township’s Phayargyikone village, and residents submitted an application to proceed with the project to the ministry on Feburary 4. They have yet to receive a response from the Department of Basic Education, said U Khin Yu Maung. “I submitted the application ... in person. This school was just repaired as a short-term measure [after the cyclone] so it needs to be rebuilt,” he said. – Aung Ye Thwin and Hlaing Kyaw Soe, translated by Zar Zar Soe

Mandalay Teenager commits suicide

A homeless teenage boy last week hanged himself in front of an electronics shop in Mandalay, police said. The body of the 14-year-old boy, Mg Myo Ko, who was also known as Lu Thit, was found on 84th Street, between 28th and 29th streets, in Chan Aye Tharsan township, at about 10pm on May 9. Police said he did not have any external injuries but they are investigating. – Than Naing Soe, translated by Zar Zar Soe

The World Bank
Extended Term Temporary - Receptionist (Vacancy # 131108)
The World Bank Office in Yangon is looking for a dynamic, committed and capable individual to work as a Receptionist. This is a locally- recruited position with an initial 1- year Extended Term Temporary Contract (with the possibility of extending to 2 years). Summary of Roles and Responsibilities: • Promptly, accurately, professionally and courteously receives 100% of all telephone calls and vistors. • Promptly, accurately, professionally and courteously assesses 100% of received calls/inquiries and directs and/or records and relays messages. • Adept at using all features of the telephone system and voice mail. • When on duty, ensures the reception station is staffed 100% of the time. • Signs for deliveries when necessary and notifies recipients. • Maintains a thorough working knowledge of and adheres to organization/project policies, regulations and procedures. • Keeps immediate supervisor well-informed of activities, results of efforts and problems identified/ potential problems; recommends corrective actions to immediate supervisor. • Respects confidentiality in discussing staff, visitors and organizational matters. • Performs routine office tasks necessary for the operation and presentation of a professional office as observed by the supervisor. Selection Criteria: • High School Diploma; • Minimum 1 year of relevant experience in Secretary/Receptionist work preferably with international organizations • Knowledge of: Internet Explorer; Microsoft Excel; Lotus Notes; Microsoft Word; Windows Operating System. • Ability to read and comprehend simple instructions, short correspondence, and memos. • Excellent communication skills and the ability to command both written and spoken of Myanmar language and English Details (vacancy #131108) are available in the World Bank Careers website careers. All applications must be submitted through this website. The World Bank Group is committed to achieving diversity in terms of gender, nationality, culture and educational background. Individuals with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. Closing date is May 23, 2013

18 News


After two decades, China begins to reach out to NLD
China ignored the NLD for more than two decades, but now officails are meeting Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, inviting party delegations to China and donating to its Health Network. For the NLD, however, this relationship brings risks

Internet freedom forum planned
HTOO AUNG INTERNET freedom is not just a question of lifting the ban on certain sites. It also requires allowing wider and faster access, says Myanmar ICT for Development (MIDO), which will hold the country’s first internet freedom forum on June 1-2 at the MICT Park conference hall. The aim of the event, which will be held from 9am to 6pm, is to raise awareness of and promote internet freedom in the country. Entry is free. Topics for discussion will include the current situation of the internet in Myanmar, access, securing fundamental human rights on the internet, the global nature of the internet and local laws, and the responsibility of governments. Internet censorship, digital security, cyber law, access to the internet as a fundamental human right, Netizen empowerment and E-education topics will also be examined. President U Thein Sein declared in a statement at UN Headquarters that Myanmar has got internet freedom. However opening banned websites is not the only the meaning of internet freedom, MIDO said in a press release. Only 7 percent of Myanm-ar’s 60 million population use the internet, making the country one of the least connected in the world. Internet freedom in Myanmar is not considered satisfactory by such organisations as Freedom House, Reporters Without Borders and OpenNet Initiative. “Freedom of the internet has two aspects: freedom of expression and freedom of access. At first, Irrawaddy and DVB news websites were banned,” said Ko Zaw Thurein Tun, an executive member of Myanmar Computer Professionals Association. The ban on most sites was lifted by the current government, though Yatanarpon Teleport still restricts some political websites and pornographic sites. However, the slow connection speed still acts as a barrier to access.


CHINA is continuing its courtship of Myanmar’s main opposition party, the National League for Democracy, after years of snubbing opponents of the former military regime. For China, the relationship makes strategic sense given the NLD’s re-entry into the legal fold. However, analysts warn that the party needs to avoid being seen as too close to China. Newly appointed Chinese ambassador to Myanmar Yang Houlan met NLD leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi on April 22 at her University Avenue home in the latest engagement between the two groups. “Both sides had very in-depth exchanges of views on the current situation and future prospects of Myanmar’s political and economic reform as well as development of the China-Myanmar friendship,” secretary to the Chinese ambassador in Yangon, Xiong Guofeng, said of the meeting. “They were committed to promote people-to-people exchanges, guide the Chinese enterprises in Myanmar to make more contributions to healthcare and education and create more job opportunities, bringing tangible benefits to Myanmar.” The meeing came after Daw Aung San Suu Kyi met Mr Yang’s predecessor, Li Junhua, in March when he paid outgoing visits to politician and officials in Yangon and Nay Pyi Taw. In mid March, a commission chaired by the NLD leader that was told to investigate the China-backed Letpadaung project recommended that it be allowed to continue, despite widespread protests. NLD central executive committee member and spokesperson U Nyan Win said two groups of NLD representatives will travel to China in the near future. One group left on May 8 and a second delegation will follow in June. However, he downplayed the recent warming of ties with China.

Former Chinese ambassador to Myanmar Li Junhua meets Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in March. Photo: Supplied

“China and Myanmar have a long history and relationship over the past years, so we also have a good relationship with the Chinese embassy too,” U Nyan Win said. Relations between the NLD and China have traditionally been more fractured. A meeting between Mr Li and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in December 2011 ended roughly two decades of non engagement between the party and Chinese diplomats, who had instead focused their attentions on sealing economic deals with Myanmar’s military government. Prior to her meeting with Mr Li, the last time Daw Aung San Suu Kyi met a senior Chinese diplomat was shortly after the 1990 election, when thenambassador Cheng Ruisheng visited the party’s headquarters to offer his “congratulations”, he said in an article published in 2010, titled “Handling Relations with Myanmar in a Chinese Way: A Personal Reflection”. Through the upheaval of 1988 China kept friendly contacts with the NLD until Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was

placed under house arrest in 1989, Mr Cheng said. “My contact with her had to stop,” he wrote. The 2011 meeting was widely seen as a move to counter the visit by thenUS Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who spent three days in Myanmar in late November and early December. “The Chinese government and the Communist Party see that they are very close to the government but far from the people [of Myanmar],” researcher

‘China wants to engage with civil societies and political parties who they think are close to the West.’
Kyaw Lwin Oo Political commentator

U Kyaw Lin Oo, who is also a founder of the Myanmar People’s Forum Working Group, said of the recent outreach to the NLD. “They want to engage with civil societies and political parties who they think are close to the West.” But U Kyaw Lin Oo said he believed that the NLD should tread carefully in its relations with China, citing the reaction to a recent donation of K1 million to the NLD National Health Network on April 6 by the Chinese Embassy. The donation was accepted by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and is now being investigated by the Union Election Commission for a possible violation of party contribution laws, which ban political groups from accepting foreign funds either directly or indirectly. But of larger concern than a finance infraction is the possibility that anti-Chinese sentiment could harm the party’s image among voters. “The general public sentiment is that people don’t like China, the Chinese government and Chinese investment,” cautioned U Kyaw Lin Oo. “The NLD needs to be careful.”

Meiktila reconstruction to begin this month: govt
SI THU LWIN THE Mandalay Region Government has already drawn up a rebuilding plan for Meiktila and will begin reconstruction work this month, a government minister says. Minister for Communication and Transport U Kyaw San said the plan concerned the return of households displaced by riots in the town in late March that left more than 40 dead. Most relocation will take place in Chanayethayar and Thirimangala quarters, and the rebuilt communities will include markets, dispensaries, schools and shops, the minister said. Almost 10,000 people remain in relief camps in the town, Mandalay Region Government figures show. “We will start construction within this month. We plan to build more than 1300 flats and 100 shop rooms. Main roads will be tarred 50 feet wide and other roads as much as 30 feet wide. We aim for people to have better living standards,” he said. “There are more than 500 households to relocate. Relocation will be done through a lucky draw system,” he said, adding that the lottery will be used to select the location of apartments. “A town plan has been drawn up to relocate them but we have not yet confirmed how many storeys the houses will have – they may have two, three or up to four storeys.” The minister said the budget for the reconstruction was yet to be finalised. Residents, however, say they are unhappy at the prospect of living in apartments rather than houses. “We earn our living raising sheep, goats, chicken and pigs, so multi-storey housing is not convenient for us. For this reason, we are more interested in one-storey buildings or vacant lots,” said Ko Jinna, a 45-year-old Muslim resident whose home was burned down in the riots. – Translated by Thit Lwin

Firefighters put out a blaze in Meiktila in late March. Photo: Si Thu Lwin

News 19

Researchers study snakebite impact

A TEAM of researchers from the Church World Service organisation returned from a fact-finding mission in upper Myanmar this month. Their mission: to examine the socio-economic effects of snakebites on rural communities, the first step in a larger partnership between the government and CWS to combat this prevalent and deadly issue. Part of the problem in tackling the issue is just how little data exists. “That’s the one variable in our research,” said Ms Polly Newell, the CWS program coordinator in Myanmar, referring to the remote, inaccessible areas where the risk of snakebites is highest. “It’s hard to see when a bite happens ... it’s hard to know about all the problems they cause.” Based on her work in the region, and given the fact that an estimated 70 percent of people in Myanmar work in agriculture, Ms Newell guessed that the number of snakebite victims is very high. The World Health Organisation has designated snakebite as a “neglected tropical

disease” and has estimated that they may kill more people than more well-known ailments like dengue fever and cholera. During their trip, the researchers were not only trying to learn about the damage caused by snakebites, but also about the culture surrounding them. In the Ayeyarwady delta, and likely in most of the country, snakebite victims still rely on traditional remedies rather than medical help. While these can be essentially harmless, many of the treatments for bites are dubious. As detailed in the report, some communities treat a fresh wound by rubbing raw chicken meat on it, or by having the victim swallow the snake’s tail, while others recite chants around the person bitten. Professor David Warrell of Oxford University and the Global Snakebite Initiative, a partner of CWS, said in the early 90s he visited a village north of Yangon where farmers believed it was better to go barefoot in rice paddies because boots would agitate the snakes. In that case, Mr Warrell said, the Ministry of Health was able to successfully introduce a lightweight boot that farmers began to wear after some initial hesitation. “That was quite a success,” he said. Beyond the local issues, Myanmar is facing a global problem: the lack of antivenom. Mr Warrell said producing antivenom is both a labour- and capital-inten-

sive process. An animal, usually a horse or a sheep, must be exposed to steadily increasing amounts of snake venom over the course of several months. Once the horse is immune, the plasma from its blood can be refined into anti-venom. However, once this process is finished the rural farmers who need the anti-venom the most are often in no position to pay for it. Even if it was brought to rural Myanmar from elsewhere, it would require refrigeration, which many communities do not have. The Department of Medical Research is experimenting with less expensive ways to make anti-venom, such as deriving it from chicken’s blood. But both Ms Newell and Mr Warrell said anti-venom is only one small part in combating snakebites, and they believe local partnerships geared toward prevention are the key to success. Ms Newell said the most recent trip had made her more optimistic that progress can be made. “Villagers [we spoke to] want first-aid training that is not their traditional methods ... we will have workshops [and] the message will be that you can protect yourself,” she said. Next month, Ms Newell and the CWS team will take their work to the Ayeyarwady delta for a pilot program aimed at applying some of the lessons learned from their investigation into how to best prevent snakebites.

A fire truck at the scene of a fire in Lanmadaw township on May 30, 2012. U Myo Lwin was found guilty of murdering Ma Su Sandi Aung, stealing jewellery and setting fire to her apartment. Photo: Boothee

Man sentenced over Lanmadaw murder
A MAN from Thaketa township has been sentenced to 37 years prison for murdering a girl, 16, stealing jewellery valued at more than K10 million and then setting fire to an apartment in Lanmadaw township in May 2012. U Myo Lwin from Thaketa’s Ward 1 was found guilty of murdering Ma Su Sandi Aung on May 30, 2012. While the incident initially appeared to have been an ordinary house fire, when her body was recovered from the burned out apartment on 7th Street she was found to have cuts on her head, neck and arms, while 10 pieces of jewellery worth K10.45 million were also missing. Police interviewed residents in the building and those on the ground floor, who said that just before the fire a man had asked them for help because he could not get out of a locked staircase. One of the residents informed the building owner, who unlocked the gate. The residents said the man had been holding a cake box from Shwepazun. Police identified U Myo Lwin after reviewing CCTV footage from the cake shop and arrested him on June 1, two days after he committed the crime. – Min Thu Naung and Toe Wai Aung, translated by Thit Lwin

Farmers seek compensation ahead of games
SU HLAING TUN TWENTY-THREE farmers from Nay Pyi Taw’s from Shwe Nan Thar ward whose land was used to build a stadium for the Southeast Asian Games are calling on the government to speed up the compensation payment process. The farmers’ land comprises a 167-acre block, known as Survey Land Plot No 1877/A, that was acquired by the government for the SEA Games. Max Myanmar has built want to be paid K350,000 an acre like the owners of other plots near ours. They already received their payments last month,” said U Myint Naing, a farmer from Shwe Nan Thar. “But we have heard rumours that we’ll only get K250,000 an acre. We won’t accept it. We want to be treated equally, the same as the others,” he said. Farmer U Maung Khine said compensation had been delayed because of the water festival holiday; the farmers had been told to submit their ownership claims to the Settlement and Land Records Department by April 8 but were not able to do so until April 11. “They said they can start working on arranging compensation after water festival. Now they have told us to wait about another 15 days,” U Maung Khine said. “We also raised this issue with the mayor when he visited Shwe Nan Thar in February. But so far we haven’t had any response yet.” The farmers said officials from Nay Pyi Taw City Development Committee and the township Settlement and Land Records Department have examined the land as part of the compensation process. While the farmers say the land was acquired by the Tatmadaw in 1993, the committee says the farmland was acquired for the SEA Games and that it will compensate the farmers. – Translated by Zar Zar Soe

‘We have heard rumours that we’ll only get K250,000 an acre.’
U Myint Naing Farmer from Shwe Nan Thar

a stadium, housing for athletes and other games-related buildings on the site. While many farmers in surrounding areas have been compensated for losing their land, those from Survey Land Plot No 1877/A are still waiting, they said. The farmers said others who live in plots close to No 1877/A were given compensation of K350,000 an acre on March 3 and 4 this year. “The farmers in our area are the only ones who are yet to receive compensation. We

20 News


Yangon General Hospital expansion to start this year

CONSTRUCTION will begin this year on an extension to Yangon General Hospital that will be used to house patients when wider renovation works at the hospital get underway in late 2014. The 1000-bed facility will also house 25 specialist medical departments, Ministry of Health spokesperson Dr Phone Yaung said. The extension will be built between the existing Yangon General Hospital building, which has 1500 beds, and the Institute of Nursing in Lanmadaw township. It is expected to open by the middle of next year, he said. The government has allocated K5 billion (US$5.7 million) from its 2013-14 budget to fund the expansion project. Patients from wards in the old hospital will be relocated to the extension when renovations on the existing hospital get underway, said Dr Phone Yaung. The National League for Democracy (NLD) has taken an active role in raising donations for the hospital redevel-

opment, helping to attracting pledges totalling K400 million ($450,000) so far. Party leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is leading a committee tasked with attracting funding for the project and is liaising with interested international groups. “We will try to finish this building

The amount of state funding for Yangon General Hospital renovations in 2013-14



by the middle of next year and after finishing it we will start to upgrade Yangon General Hospital according to the master plan,” said Dr Tin Myo Win, an NLD member who is also on the hospital fundraising committee. The committee will also be responsible for drawing up the master plan, said Yangon General Hospital medical superintendent Dr Kyaw Kyaw. Several international organisations

have already indicated a willingness to assist with the project. During a meeting with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann on April 9, former British Minister for Health Lord Ara Darzi, now the director of the Institute of Global Health Innovation at Imperial College London, accepted an invitation to help upgrade the hospital. “Reinvigorating one of Rangoon’s oldest hospitals and transforming the services it delivers will make a real impact for the people of this city,” Lord Darzi said in a statement released by Imperial College. “In the UK we have many examples of successfully transforming Victorian buildings into modern hospitals that offer truly world-class and innovative services for their populations. The Institute of Global Health Innovation and other UK organisations look forward to actively supporting this important project in Burma,” he said. Dr Kyaw Kyaw said global business conglomerate Phillips has also offered to collaborate on the redevelopment. “After the upgrade we hope the hospital will be an excellent facility for both treatment and training,” Dr Kyaw Kyaw said.

Yangon General Hospital in Lanmadaw township. Photo: Boothee

Experts back kidney transplant law change South Korean
SHWE YEE SAW MYINT SEVERAL leading doctors and medical experts are throwing their support behind efforts to amend Myanmar’s organ transplant laws, especially regarding kidney transplants. The existing law does not allow a patient to receive a kidney if the donor is outside the immediate family. The proposed changes would make it possible for second-degree relatives to serve as donors. A kidney transplant is required when a person loses their kidney function or when they experience end stage chronic kidney disease, and for some families in Myanmar the restrictions in the current law have meant the loss of a loved one too soon. “Often, patients don’t have the same blood type [as their family members], or [the family member] cannot pass the medical exam,” said Professor Khin Maung Htay, head of the Department of Nephrology at Yangon General Hospital, who is considered a leading expert in the country on the matter. “Some have no brothers or sisters, so these patients have no chance to get the kidney,” he said. “If they change the law, they have more chance of finding a donor.” On March 13, Minister for Health Dr Pe Thet Khin said he supported amendments to the law proposed by Mandalay Region Amyotha Hluttaw representative U Hmat Gyi. However, representative U Phone Myint Aung of Yangon Region warned lawmakers that they need to be wary of organ trafficking and forced donations when considering changes to the law. The Myanmar Body Organ Law allows immediate family members donate their organs if there is no objection from the family. The law stipulates a penalty of up to three years imprisonment and an unspecified fine for anyone caught selling or buying organs or assisting someone to do so. If amendments to the law are approved – the seventh hluttaw session is expected to begin in late June – the changes will still be too late for some. One woman, who asked not to be named, said her husband received a kidney transplant in India 10 years ago because she and her children did not qualify as a match for donation. “My blood type was not the same as my hus-

aid agency teams up with NLD, doctors
AYE SAPAY PHYU THE South Korean government will send doctors to support the work of the National League for Democracy’s health network when it begins its activities in Yangon’s Dagon Seikkan township in the coming months. Daw Kay Thi Khaing, program officer with the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA), said specialists in obstetrics and gynaecology from the Korean Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology will work with the party’s National Health Network. “We plan to target Dagon Seikkan township in about June or July,” she said. Daw Kay Thi Khaing said the program would also include training for Myanmar doctors and provision of medical supplies. Health network chairman Dr Tin Myo Win said the South Korean doctors will provide medical check-ups for pregnant women. The check-ups will assess their nutritional health and screen them for cervical cancer. “If the Myanmar Medical Council allows us to do surgery, patients who need operations will also be provided treatment free of charge,” he said. “Young doctors from our country can learn and share knowledge in workshops with Korean doctors.” The cooperation came about from a discussion Daw Aung San Suu Kyi had with a member of the South Korean parliament during her visit to the country in January. As The Myanmar Times reported last week, the National Health Network plans to visit Dagon Seikkan as a pilot project ahead of a larger rollout of health services to other parts of the country, including Ayeyarwady and Bago regions and Mon and Kayin states. The network will provide screening for hypertension, diabetes, cervical cancer and breast cancer, Dr Tin Myo Win said.

A team of medical specialists performs kidney transplant surgery at New Yangon General Hospital on October 13, 2007. Photo: Supplied

band’s,” she said. “My two little sons couldn’t donate their organs to their father and my husband had no siblings. So we had no other choice but to go to a foreign hospital.” Her husband died two months ago. He had been preparing to go to India for a second transplant, she said, but recent changes to organ donation laws in India now prevent foreign patients from receiving transplants. In Myanmar, people with kidney problems die not only because finding a donor is difficult but also because transplants are expensive. In Myanmar, the cost ranges from K4-6 million (US$45006800) , Dr Khin Maung Htay said. Only two hospitals in Myanmar perform kidney transplant operations – Yangon General Hospital and Mingalardon Military Hospital – and because of a lack of staff public hospitals can only perform six transplants a year, Dr Khin Maung Htay said. Myanmar’s kidney transplant program began in 1997 and to date 48 transplant operations have been performed, with a success rate of more than 90 percent, he said.

While the Ministry of Health says that patients will have a greater chance of finding a kidney donor if the law is amended, some health experts are concerned about complications caused by incompatible tissue matter if transplants are conducted with organs from second-degree, or extended, relatives. U Myint Thaung, a medical superintendent at Yangon General Hospital, said Myanmar suffers from “a lack of technical skill” in testing tissue compatibility. “When we do a kidney operation, we take the tissue sample to a Singapore hospital,” he said. The shortage of doctors trained as urologists makes the surgery more challenging. “While Myanmar has 17 urologists, Thailand has 700,” said Professor Khin Thida Lwin, head of the department of renal medicine at Thingangyun Sanpya Hospital. To decrease mortality rates related to kidney disease, Myanmar must strengthen its kidney foundation groups and do more research, she said, while also making renal dialysis treatment more accessible and free of charge.

22 THE MYANMAR TIMES MAY 20 - 26, 2013

Power supply to economic zon
A national electricity shortage prompts the government to cut supplies to industrial zones in Mandalay and Yangon regions as residential areas are given priority
SI THU LWIN MYAT MAY ZIN STATE-SUPPLIED power has been cut to industrial zones in Yangon and Mandalay regions due to a shortage of electricity generated by dams, officials said last week. The cuts are reducing output, costing jobs and discouraging foreign investment, business owners say. “Electricity shortages are the main reason foreign investment has been slow to arrive in Myanmar,” said U Myat Thin Aung, chairman of Hlaing Tharyar Industrial Zone. The five hours of electricity per day that industrial zones receive were officially cancelled on May 6, bringing factories to a standstill and frustrating owners and workers. U Myat Thin Aung said partial cuts started earlier. “From the end of April we weren’t even getting the five hours of electricity a day we usually receive,” he said, adding that the cuts occur when the government has to prioritise residential areas. U Tin Maung Kyi, a business owner and former general secretary of the Mandalay Industrial Development Committee, said officials did not say when the electricity supply will resume. “Expenses rose because we had to use a generator and then we had to shut down,” he added. The power was cut because of a lack of water in reservoirs at the hydropower projects that provide much of the country’s electricity. Due to the late monsoon, water levels have not risen enough to generate power. An official from Mandalay Region’s electricity supply office said businesses outside industrial zones have also lost access to electricity. “We have to cut supplies to industry. This includes small- and medium-sized businesses in residential quarters as well as those in industrial zones,” he said. “We have to supply the public first. When the water levels [in reservoirs] rise enough to generate electricity we will resume part-time supply [to economic zones],” the official added. The cuts also extend beyond special economic zones in Yangon Region. Owners of factories in residential zones said this is the first time they have been targeted by electricity cuts and that some businesses have been forced to close. Daw Sein Lae Lae, owner of a garment factory in Yangon’s Shwe Pyi Thar township, said generators could not replace electricity from the national grid. “Electricity from a generator is not good for our machines,” she said. “Every day I have to buy 40 gallons of diesel. Because of this I can’t afford to offer overtime shifts to workers. Small businesses in residential areas are also facing 24-hour cuts, and if they don’t have a generator they can’t work at all.” U Aung Win, vice-chairman of the Myanmar Garment Manufacturers Association, said power cuts were eroding the industry’s profits. “We can’t


‘Electricity shortages are the main reason foreign investment has been slow to arrive in Myanmar.’
U Myat Thin Aung Chairman Hlaing Tharyar Industrial Zone

Workers, like the one above at a small enterprise in Yangon, are being laid off as a result of power cuts. Photo: Staff

make a profit with infrastructure and power supplies like this,” he said, adding that the kyat’s recent fall against the US dollar was driving up the cost of imported cloth and machinery. U Myat Thin Aung said the cost of

running generators is too high to keep factories productive. “Factories have to spend at least four times as much on electricity when they use a generator,” U Myat Thin Aung said. “Garment factories can’t

afford to pay overtime and can’t work effectively with electricity provided by a generator,” he said, adding that the previous military government always provided at least partial supply to economic zones.

BUSINESS EDITOR: Vincent MacIsaac |


IFC has eye on telecoms

Myanmar’s ‘true heritage’

Exchange Rates (May 17 close)
Currency Euro Malay Ringitt SG Dollar Thai Baht US Dollar Buying K1188 K300 K736 K31 K928 Selling K1205 K310 K748 K32 K936

nes cut

Kyat slides, central bank ‘in control’

“The previous government never totally cut electricity to industrial zones. We were given at least a few hours a day and were told the schedule in advance,” he said. – Translated by Thit Lwin

SOME currency exchange outlets and banks stopped selling US dollars after the kyat hit a two-year low against the US dollar last week, falling to 950 to the dollar on May 16 before rebounding to 928 on May 17. A representative of Cooperative Bank told The Myanmar Times on May 17 that head office ordered all branches to stop selling US dollars and set a buying rate of K925 per dollar that day because it was running out of US notes. U Zaw Thura Linn, a spokesperson for Swan Htet Yee exchange centre in Yangon, said the centre stopped selling US dollars on May 16 to anyone who did not have official import letters. Bankers said the kyat’s slide began accelerating during the last week of April. It began slipping from 870 to the dollar after the Water Festival, and ended the month at K895. By May 16 it had tumbled almost 5 percent, with most of this happening last week, bankers said. U Aung Aung, deputy director of administration at the Central Bank of Myanmar, said that it is closely monitoring exchange rates. There is some speculation, he added, saying some people were buying dollars in anticipation of a falling kyat. He asked bank owners not to allow this. U Aung Win, vice-chairman of the Myanmar Garment Manufacturers Association, said the kyat is likely to fall to about 1000 to the greenback by the end of this month. U Than Lwin, deputy chairman of Kanbawza Bank, said bankers were caught off guard by the tumble and could not forecast how far the kyat would fall or how long it would remain weak. He called for more robust man-

agement of exchange rates. “The central bank is only setting the daily rate. We need specific policies for exchange rates,” he added. U Aung Aung rebutted accusations that the central bank lacked the ability to manage exchange rates, saying its monetary policy department was firmly in control. Dr Soe Tun, a central executive member of the Myanmar Rice Federation, said the swiftness of the fall was a signal that the central bank could not manage exchange rates. “The amount the kyat fell in just a few days was not a good signal. If the central bank can’t control the rate, fuel and edible oil prices will shoot up in a week and this will have a big impact on consumers,” he said. Motorists may also face a price hike. The price of petrol will rise about K100 this week, U Aung Soe Tha, chairman of Denko Trading, which operates a chain of petrol filling stations, said on May 16. The current price is based on imports bought when the kyat was trading at 880 to the dollar. “Now the rate is well over K900, so fuel prices will rise,” he said. Exporters said the weaker kyat could boost exports of agricultural products and garments, but cautioned that the garment sector remained constrained by a lack of electricity and infrastructure. U Aung Win said a weaker kyat does not benefit garment factories that supply the local market because they pay in dollars for imported clothe. The cost of imported materials will rise 10pc when the kyat falls to 1000 to the dollar, he added. A weak kyat benefits garment factories that export because their expenses in Myanmar are paid in kyat, the vicechairman of the garment manufacturers association said. U Aung Win blamed speculators for the kyat’s fall, saying instability in the gold, property and auto markets was encouraging them to turn to the currency market to make a quick buck.

Fish processing plants like the one above have seen production costs surge since power supplies were cut. Photo: Staff

Fuel surge hits industry

SURGING diesel prices are driving up production costs at factories in Yangon Region, with owners of foodprocessing plants saying they are the being hit the hardest because they need extra power for cold storage. Crab exporter U Myint Oo said production costs at his plant doubled between May 6 and May 16, after state power supplies were cut to industrial zones. The power cuts force factories to rely completely on generators, and this is driving up the demand for diesel to run them, factory owners said. The price of diesel jumped nearly 14 percent in one week, from K800 a litre to K910, U Myint Oo told The Myanmar Times on May 16, forecasting that the price might rise to K1000 a litre next week. A spokesperson for the Myanmar Petroleum Trade Association agreed, saying diesel prices could hit K1000

a litre because the kyat is weakening against the US dollar. The association has no control over prices, he added. The Yangon Electricity Supply Board announced that from 7am May 16 some factories, including those that require cold storage, could reconnect to the national grid, but factory owners complain that the supply was irregular and the voltage fluctuates. Daw Toe Nandar Tin, chairwoman of Anawa Dewi Fishing and treasurer of the Myanmar Fisheries Product Processors and Exporters Association, said the government should support domestic industry by using the gas it exports to Thailand and China to power factories here. “First we should ensure Myanmar’s factories have power and only then export surplus gas,” she said. Since May 6 her factory has been spending twice as much on diesel to operate generators, with her costs rsising from K500,000 to K1 million a day, she said. U Myint Oo said food processors will pass on the extra costs to customers, but was confident the government would solve the problem before 2015, when general elections are set to take place.

Ericsson poised for rapid telecom expansion
HTOO AUNG WITH the winning applicants for two new telecom licenses set to be announced next month and a second lottery of 350,000 SIM cards at K1500 apiece being held this month, the country’s weak telecom infrastructure is straining. Mobile network supplier Ericsson, however, says it is wellprepared for a rapid expansion in Myanmar and has been studying the market and seeking customers since re-establishing its office here in June last year. “Once the new licenses are awarded, network rollout and expansion will be done at a fast pace,” Ellen Alarilla, head of communications for Ericsson Philippines told The Myanmar Times on May 17. Ericsson is currently interviewing applicants for 50 more jobs “in anticipation of a fast start to deployments once licences are awarded”, she added. An economic impact study Ericsson conducted last year “indicated that 90,000 jobs could be created within three years” of the licenses being granted and that two-thirds of these would be in the telecom sector, Ms Alarilla said. Besides providing equipment for the new networks, existing ones need to be expanded due to a surge in new customers since the first lottery of K1500 SIM cards last month. The Ministry of Communications and Information Technology said Yangon, Pathein, Bago and Pyinmana regions are oversubscribed and need more base stations to handle the traffic, deputy minister U Thaung Tin said. A total of 350,000 CDMA SIM cards were sold last month at K1500 apiece. Previously, SIM cards sold for K200,000 apiece, after falling from K500,000 ing SIM card prices as the trigger for a “massive inflow” of consumers into the mobile market. The potential for expansion is even greater because the influx has been from cities while the penetration rate remains low in rural areas. “Considering that 70pc of Myanmar’s population is rural, market potential is huge. There are millions of people without a mobile,” Kyaw Haling said. Ms Alarilla agreed: “Within 3-5 years we will see mobile penetration reach 70-80pc.” Marita Schimpl, head of qualitative research at MSR, said cell phone access leads to Internet access. “Studies show huge increases in Internet penetration across Asia because people nowadays use their mobile to access the Internet. In Myanmar most people aspire to own a mobile, and in cities it has to be a smartphone.” she said. More mobile phones will lead to higher Internet access, she added. Ericsson is well aware of this trend. “What we have seen in Southeast Asia is that the mobile phone will be the main means to access the Internet for the majority of the population. This area has grown around 60pc year on year, and we now have more than 1.2 billion subscriptions worldwide,” Ms Alarilla said. Ericsson’s study also indicated that “direct and indirect impacts of mobile telecoms could account for up to 7.4pc of Myanmar’s GDP within three years”. Ms Schimpl said that there is a perception that weak mobile network infrastructure will be “sorted out by the new market players”. Slow Internet access, weak signals and frequent disconnections are the major problems, she added. – Additional reporting Vincent MacIsaac

apiece in April last year. This month’s lottery for the CDMA 800MHz network is likely to increase complaints from consumers about poor access. U Thaung Tin said the ministry was worried “about creating

traffic jams on the network” and as a result the third lottery, next month, will include cheap SIM cards for the GSM network. Kyaw Haling, president and Research director of Myanmar Survey Research pointed to fall-

24 Business


Bankers prepare to relax rules on lending

Timber body fells flawed election
THE first election of an executive body to govern the Myanmar Timber Merchants Association has been annulled, association co-secretary U Bar Bar Cho said on May 11. He said the vote was annulled after the President’s Office intervened. The February 16 vote sparked a protest two days later by association members. More than 50 members signed a petition to annul the election, saying it was marred by an improper vote count and that members were denied the opportunity to vote. U Bar Bar Cho said Minister of Environmental Conservation and Forestry U Win Htun brought the issue to the attention of the President’s Office. The next election will be overseen by a commission that will be formed with assistance from the Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry as well as the ministry, and it will include representatives from outside the ministry, U Bar Bar Cho said. The date has not been set. - San Yamin Aung and Su Phyo Win

Yangon VISA swiftly expanding its reach

LOANS will become more easily available as private banks proceed with plans to expand lending and the Central Bank of Myanmar considers scrapping some restrictions, finance industry observers say, though they are quick to note that the easing on credit will not occur swiftly. In a series of workshops this month, bankers and government officials agreed that lending to farmers and manufacturers was hindered by too many rules and regulations, especially those defining what can be used as collateral. Kanbawza Bank vice-president U Than Lwin told The Myanmar Times that many rules and regulations governing loans and interest rates had to be eased and some restrictions lifted so that private

banks could provide loans to farmers. “The next session of parliament will consider whether farmers can borrow directly or through microfinance,” he said, adding that the changes should not be made hastily and lending practices in other countries such as Thailand should be examined. “We can’t lend money without collateral, and we must pay back our customers in time, so we will ensure credit guarantees are in place before we offer loans,” U Than Lwin said. U Aung Myint, managing director of Treasure Bank, formerly Myanmar Livestock and Fisheries Development Bank, said his bank accepted only firm collateral such as housing and land. “As we are a public company, we have to loan on the basis of strong collateral. We have to make a profit for our shareholders every year,” he said. Lending restrictions were imposed on domestic banks after the 2003 banking crisis, which was sparked by too

The next session of parliament could see rules on lending eased. Photo: Aung Kyaw Nyunt

much lending by private cooperative credit companies who acted without central bank approval. Currently, the central bank has no plans to adjust interest rates for domestic banks, government sources said. It has relaxed some restrictions on lending. For example, it allows machinery, gold and diamonds to be used as collateral. “The use of machinery as

collateral is a risk for us, and most banks don’t allow it,” one banker said. “However, we have to follow central bank rules.” Myanma Economic Bank lends at 4 percent interest, but only to farmers, and with many restrictions, one official said, adding that normally, banks charged about 8pc for savings accounts and 13pc for loans to farmers and industrial enterprises.

COOPERATIVE Bank has become the third domestic bank to install VISA card terminals in hotel, restaurant and retail locations in major cities in Myanmar, as demand for credit-card services executives from the bank said on May 15. The bank will install more VISA terminals this year than initially planned. Instead of 67 it will install 95, with most of the additional 28 going to outlets in Mandalay and the capital, said U Pe Myint, managing director of Cooperative Bank. The bank is also looking to introduce online shopping with VISA, he said. Mongkol Dan Thanuthum, VISA’s merchant manager for Myanmar and Thailand, said the company is racing into Myanmar’s market because tourist arrivals are surging. He also pointed to two upcoming events here as reasons for accelerating expansion: the 22nd World Economic Forum next month and the Southeast Asian Games in December. “People from all over the world want to visit Myanmar, so this [VISA terminal expansion] is the key development to help them enjoy their stay,” he said. – Aye Thidar Kyaw

Mitsui Fudosan Co., Ltd., a Company incorporated in Japan, of 1-1 Nihonbashi Muromachi 2-chome, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, Japan, is the Owner of the following Trade Marks:-

Reg. no. 1113/2013

Reg. no. 1114/2013

Reg. no. 1115/2013 in respect of “Class 36 : Trusteeship of land, rights on land fixtures, surface rights or lease on land; agencies for rent collection of parking and real estate; agencies for asset management and investment; consultancy for investment risk and asset investment; provision of information on asset management and investment; management of buildings; agencies of brokerage for renting of buildings; leasing or renting of buildings; purchase and sale of buildings; agencies or brokerage for purchases and sale of buildings; real estate appraisal; land management; agencies or brokerage for purchases and sale of land; leasing of land; purchase and sale of land; agencies or brokerage for purchases and sale of land; planning, instructions and consultancy on effective use of buildings or land or providing information related thereto; investigation of rights relating to buildings or land; investigation of lease contract and other contracts relating to buildings or land; investigation for analysis of profitability relating to buildings or land; providing information relating to buildings or land. Class 37 : Construction; instructions and consultancy relating to constructions and provision of information related thereto; agencies, brokerage or management

of constructions; operation, check or maintenance of buildings; instructions and consultancy relating to operation, check or maintenance of buildings and provision of information related thereto; repair or maintenance of loading-unloading machines and apparatus; repair or maintenance of fire alarm installations; repair or maintenance of office machines and apparatus; repair or maintenance of air conditioners; repair or maintenance of boilers; repair or maintenance of pump; repair or maintenance of freezing machines and apparatus; repair or maintenance of electronic machines and apparatus; repair or maintenance of telecommunication machines and apparatus; repair or maintenance of construction machines and apparatus; repair or maintenance of consumer electric appliances; repair or maintenance of electric lighting apparatus; repair or maintenance of power distribution or control machines and apparatus; repair or maintenance of power generators; repair or maintenance of electric motors; repair or maintenance of laboratory apparatus and instruments; repair or maintenance of measuring and testing machines and instruments; repair or maintenance of storage tanks; repair or maintenance of mechanical parking; repair or maintenance of bicycle parking; repair or maintenance of water pollution control equipment; repair or maintenance of water purifying; repair or maintenance of gas water heaters; repair or maintenance of signboards; repair or maintenance of bathtubs and the like; repair of toilet stool units with a washing water squirts; chimney sweeping; cleaning of building exterior surfaces; window cleaning; carpet and rug cleaning; floor polishing; septic tank cleaning; bathtub and bath boiler cleaning; street cleaning; storage tank cleaning; disinfecting of telephone hand-sets; vermin exterminating [other than for agriculture, forestry or horticulture]; rental of construction machine and apparatus; provision of information relating to rental of construction machine and apparatus; rental of materials and temporary materials for constructions or provision of information related thereto; rental of floor cleaning machines; rental of mops. Class 42 : Design of buildings; providing information or consultancy relating to design of buildings; surveying; geological research; Research and analysis or consultancy relating to deterioration and damage or quake resistance of buildings and provision of information related thereto; inspection during construction of buildings; Completion inspection of buildings; providing information or consultancy relating

to designing of apparatus, instruments [including their parts] or systems composed of such machines, apparatus, instruments; designing; providing information or consultancy relating to designing; providing information relating to computer software design, computer programming or maintenance of computer software; providing information or consultancy relating to design, configuration or maintenance of communication networks and systems; monitoring of computer hardware and communication networks and systems by remote access; provision of information, web sites and search engines available on computer network; research relating to building construction or city planning and consultancy or provision of information related thereto; testing or research relating to prevention of pollution and consultancy or provision of information related thereto; testing or research relating to electricity and consultancy or provision of information related thereto; testing or research relating to civil engineering and consultancy or provision of information related thereto; research, analysis and diagnosis relating to environment and instructions, consultancy or provision of information related thereto; testing, inspection or research on agriculture, livestock breeding or fisheries and consultancy or provision of information related thereto; testing or research on machines, apparatus and instruments and consultancy or provision of information related thereto. Class 43 : Providing foods and beverages; provision of information relating to foods and beverages services; providing temporary accommodation; provision of information relating to temporary accommodation services; accommodation bureau [brokering reservations for hotels, boarding houses or the like]; rental of conference rooms; provision of information relating to rental of conference rooms; rental of facilities for exhibitions; provision of information relating to rental of facilities for exhibitions”. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Marks will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A.,H.G.P.,D.B.L. for Mitsui Fudosan Co., Ltd. P.O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: Dated: 20th May, 2013

Business 25 BRIEFS
Nay Pyi Taw Price surge expected at next month's gems expo
A shortage of jade and gemstones is expected to drive up prices at next month’s gems emporium in Nay Pyi Taw, traders say. “Buyers are hungry for jade and gems and both are scarce,” Mandalaybased trader U Myo Zaw said, adding: “We expect the emporium to be teeming with buyers.” The shortage is a result of the conflict in Kachin State and declining output in Mandalay. Clashes between government and rebel troops spread to Kachin’s Hpakant township, the country’s main jade-producing area, late last year. Prices are also likely to shoot up because more buyers have been invited this year, event organisers said. European merchants are expected for the first time. The 50th Gems Emporium will be held from June 15 to 27. – Aung Ye Thwin, translated by Thit Lwin

Organic demand grows
SAN YAMIN AUNG ALTHOUGH demand for organically grown produce, especially fruits and grains, is rising, few farmers can provide produce to meet it, according to the Myanmar Organic Agriculture association. MOA chairman U Hnin Oo said the reason supply is not rising is that few farmers and food processers have been trained in organic techniques. Highly skilled workers and careful monitoring of the entire process – from planting to packaging – is required, he added. Organic rice, dragon fruit, grapefruit, pomelo and mangoes are finding a market and the MOA has implemented a certification system for the products through City Mart outlets. The association is not, however, planning to export anytime soon. “We want to grab the local market before the foreign companies arrive. We need to be able to grow and sell enough organic produce to meet domestic demand before that happens,” U Hnin Oo said. The cost of the switch to organic farming is a barrier for most farmers, however. Dr Hla Aung, a fertiliser technician at Aungkabar Organic Manufacturing, said large amounts of organic fertiliser are required initially. One acre requires from 75-50 kilograms, depending on the soil type, and this level needs to be maintained for three years to restore the soil’s natural fertility, he added. Financing also presents a hurdle because farmers take out loans before planting and are required to repay them after harvest. “Although farmers are starting to see the advantages of organic farming, most can’t afford to invest in the initial fertiliser required. They also want to be assured their yield will be high enough for them to be able to repay loans [after one harvest],” Dr Hla Aung said. In the long run, organic farming is less expensive because it uses fertiliser that can be made from waste by-products. Organic techniques also make topsoil more fertile, and boost plant development and yields. Dr Hla Aung said that, for now, organic farming is more popular with home gardeners than farmers. U Hnin Oo said his association will change this.

Nay Pyi Taw Petrol stations undercut by arrival of ‘yellow gas’
Petrol stations in Nay Pyi Taw that stocked up on petrol before Thingyan say they are losing money because oil prices fell the week after the festival. They say their losses could worsen if motorists continue filling up with socalled “yellow gas”, a cheaper, locallyrefined fuel. Yellow gas can damage engines but that has not deterred buyers. “Yellow gas is selling well among people who don’t care about its effects on their engines,” one retailer said. During Thingyan, prices at the pump rose to K5000 a gallon. Petrol now goes for K4000 a gallon, while yellow gas sells for K3800 a gallon. A slowdown in construction in the capital has also affected fuel sales, filling station owners say, adding that a rise in the number of roadside vendors is intensifying competition. – Su Hlaing Tun, translated by Thit Lwin

‘We want to grab the local market before the foreign companies arrive.’
U Hnin Oo Chairman Myanmar Organic Agriculture

Toyota adds new service centre

OWNERS of Myanmar’s favourite car brand now have a second repair and paint service centre in Yangon. A new Toyota service centre opened on May 11 in Shwe Than Lwin Industrial Zone in Hlaing Tharyar township. The centre, which is operated by the joint venture company called Toyota Tsusho Asia Pacific (TTAS), is Toyota’s second in Myanmar, joining one on Kabar Aye Pagoda Road in Bahan township that opened in 1996. U Win Zaw Soe, manager of TTAS, said the new centre will focus on body repair and paintwork, but unlike its predecessor it is not located in a residential area where the noise and odours it produces can disturb neighbours. The new centre is larger

and more high-tech, with the capacity to repair and paint up to 90 vehicles a month, compared to 60 to 70 at the other centre. “The second shop is much larger than the first and has many modern machines, which means we’ll be able to repair more vehicles,” general manager TTAS U Myo Myint Thein said. TTAS is a joint venture between Toyota Tshuso Corp and Aye and Sons, in which Toyota owns 75 percent and Aye and Sons the rest, with an initial investment of US$ 624,000. U Myo Myint Thein said the new vehicles they were importing were for ministries and embassies. “Last year, we sold 37 brand-new Toyotas in Myanmar, but we expect to sell up to 300 annually now.” Motonobu Takemoto, a Toyota advisor, said Myanmar “has great potential as a market” due to the size of its population. “If we get the chance, we’ll consider building a car factory here,” he added.

An employee does body work on a vehicle at Toyota’s new service centre in Shwe Than Lwin Industrial Zone. Photo: Boothee

Firm links with MIC
DUBAI-BASED Oxford Business Group has announced its debut report on Myanmar before it has even finished compiling it, according to a May 11 press release. The publishing, research and consultancy firm said it had signed a memorandum of understanding with the Myanmar Investment Commission that provides it with access to the commission’s research resources and expertise to compile the report, which will be released next year. It quoted U Aung Naing Oo, director general of the Directorate of Investment and Company Administration, as saying: “I am delighted that Oxford Business Group will be publishing this milestone report ... and look forward to playing a part in its compilation.” Michael Nesbitt, the group’s editorial manager, said the investment commission’s “in-depth knowledge of Myanmar’s domestic investment proposals would prove useful”. – Vincent MacIsaac

26 Business


Job watch
• Office Manager needed by American firm Graduate with MBA or BM (ABE)UK is highly desirable; 3 to 5 years of experience in Western office management; basic accounting, sales/marketing, bookkeeping, payroll for ten employees, and developing budgets; Fluent read/write in English; Thai Language a plus; expert knowledge of Microsoft Office and internet research; fully computer literate, with good typing skills; prefer Myanmar national with overseas experience, or ex-pat with multicultural experience fluent in Myanmar language. We offer competitive pay, insurance package, paid vacations and holidays, and career advancement opportunities. For information, please call Dr. Andrew Lian at: 09-41-92-01-85, or send your Resume, contact information and Cover Letter to: Andrew.lian@

IFC seeking ‘development dividends’ in Myanmar
JULIET SHWEGAUNG THE International Finance Corporation is focusing on investing in banking and infrastructure in Myanmar, Sergio Pimenta, IFC director for East Asia and the Pacific said at the Myanmar 2013 Investment Summit in Hong Kong on May 15. “These sectors are fundamental in allocating capital and providing the basis of broad-based economic development,” Mr Pimenta said, adding that the private-sector investment arm of the World Bank is also open to investing in other sectors if they can generate “a very strong development dividend”. the IFC is also in “advanced stages of discussion” on finance, infrastructure and manufacturing projects. It is also working with the governments of Myanmar and Singapore to establish a credit bureau. The rate of “outstanding credit to GDP is less than 5 percent”, he said, adding that this figure clearly shows a lack of access to finance. Domestic banks will also need significant support developing risk-management systems and expanding to meet the needs of a swiftly growing economy. “Only a few banks are adequately prepared to manage such rapid growth ... So we will need to support banks as much as we can and watch how the growth of credit is handled,” Mr Pimenta said. The IFC is also aiming to use its investments in infrastructure to improve working conditions in collaboration with the International Labour Organisation, a UN agency. “This is one of the sectors that we are very keen on supporting because it is particularly focused on labour. So there is an opportunity to do the right thing from the beginning – set up the right plan, safety, labour condition and then develop the projects,” Mr Pimenta said. The IFC also has its eye on the telecoms sector because its weakness is restraining economic growth. “We have publicly announced that we will be supporting the companies that win the bidding process,” he said, referring to the companies vying for two mobile network licenses. “As a developing institution, we don’t team up with one particular bidder, but we are open to provide funding to the winner as long as the winner has standards in governance, sustainability and commercial operation,” he added. “Less than 6 percent of the population has access to a tel-

‘When we increase access to telecoms, the economy follows.’
Sergio Pimenta Director, East Asia and Pacific International Finance Corp

“On one hand, we really see the need in some sectors. We want to focus on power and finance. On the other hand, we also want to support the companies that we think we can work with and have the right standards. So, if the company has the right standards and might not be in the core sectors, we will be there to support,” he said. The IFC has already conducted a legal review and assessment of regulatory issues in the private sector and invested in Cambodiabased Acleda Bank’s microfinance operation here. Mr Pimenta said

Yangon city residents at a streetside phone centre. Photo: Staff

ephone in Myanmar. As we have seen in less developed countries in Africa when we increase access to telecoms, the economy follows and provides access to markets and development of mobile banking. We can help in the access to finance,” he said.  Companies investing in job-

creating sectors like agribusiness, manufacturing, tourism and natural resource development could also receive IFC support. Mr Pimenta is upbeat on Myanmar’s potential to attract investment. “Every time I go there I get that feeling stronger and stronger,” he said.

Debt crisis could produce jobless farmers
PHYO WAI KYAW HALING KYAW SOE HIGH interest rates will force farmers in Mandalay Region’s Patheingyi township to sell their summer harvest in June or July – when prices are at their lowest – leaving them without a profit and driving some to sell their land, farmers said. “We had enough water for a good harvest this year, but most of us had to borrow to buy fertiliser and seeds and the interest rate was very high,” farmer U Mya Win from Myotharkone village said. Farmers in the village say they will be forced to sell immediately after the harvest to repay debts that carry monthly interest rates. U Maung Htwe said low-interest loans from U Mya Win said the summer harvest was likely to produce at least 130 baskets of paddy an acre. Prices in June and July are about K300,000 for 100 baskets but the total production cost is about K200,000, excluding interest on loans, he added. Farmers are selling land and switching jobs. “A farmer near me sold 5 acres for K80 million (US$85,000) an acre,” U Mya Win said, adding that the land is on the main road between Mandalay and Patheingyi. Farmers who sell land are not doing so because land prices have risen. “The problem is that farming is so uncertain. We can never be sure whether we will make money,” U Mya Win said. U Maung Htwe said he could not change jobs because farming is all he knows. U Nyunt Win, a farmer with 8 acres in the township, predicted that factories and shops would replace farmland adjacent major roads within two to three years even though farmers were reluctant to sell. “We need to borrow money every season and eventually we will lose our land when we can’t repay the interest,” he said, adding that without more support from the government the seasonal debt crisis will eventually produce a generation of unemployed farmers.

A farmer prepares to cultivate summer paddy in Patheingyi township. Photo: Phyo Wai Kyaw

government banks do not cover the costs of producing a single crop, so farmers rely on money lenders for the rest. Money lenders charge 20 percent a month.

The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) in Myanmar is inviting qualified candidates to apply for the following positions: Sr. Title and level 1. Security Guard (LICA 1A) (3) positions 3. Admin Associate (LICA4) Duty Station Yangon Yangon Position National National National Deadline 22-May-2013 22-May-2013 23-May-2013

2. Finance Associate (AR/AP/Payroll Unit) (LICA4) Yangon

For details please visit UNOPS website viewvacancy/VAListing.aspx and click on the post you are interested in applying for. All applications must be made through UNOPS E-recruitment system. For title No. 1, applicants are kindly requested to submit by manual application (paper) to HR Unit, UNOPS Myanmar at 3rd Floor, Inya Lake Hotel, Yangon.

The monthly interest rate money lenders charge farmers.


Business Property 27

‘True heritage’ buildings are our future
The focus on saving Yangon’s colonial buildings is distracting us from the urgent need to preserve Myanmar’s classical architecture
R MYO MYINT SEIN RECENT talk about heritage buildings in Yangon has focused on ageing structures from the British colonial period, neglecting our traditional architecture: stupas, temples, monasteries, palaces and houses. This deep tradition has its roots in the second century BC, the beginning of the Pyu period, and extends to the end of the Konbaung period in the late 1800s. These buildings are our true heritage and will continue to inspire us to create architecture that reflects the essence of Myanmar in the 21st century. Perhaps we should pay more attention to them. A focus on restoring colonial symbols can also distract from the city’s most pressing need: a comprehensive upgrade of the infrastructure. This needs to be the priority to ensure Yangon is habitable, productive, healthy, safe and clean. Without 21st century infrastructure, restoring architecture is also less viable. The Association of Myanmar Architects produced a fine catalogue of buildings from the British colonial period – 30 Heritage Buildings of Yangon – but I find it disturbing to see the word “heritage” used for all of these buildings. Only a few appear to be true heritage buildings. “Heritage”, or ahmway in our language, means inherited from ancestors. It would be idiotic to say Myanmar people inherited these buildings built under the British regime. They were designed and constructed to impose an image of superiority over us. I am not arguing that history should be wiped out, but that lessons should be learned from it. We should not be restoring “Rangoon”, but creating 21st century Yangon architecture. Reviving the decadent colonial facades described by some as heritage buildings is a step backwards. These facades were transplanted from abroad with no relationship to our culture, art, architecture or the environment. They were imposed on us in a show of British power. These buildings are also falling apart and it will cost an arm and a leg to restore them. Still, it is possible to incorporate them into our own 21st century architecture. We can juxtapose them to show what our country has gone through, while harmoniously linking disparate elements to create forms and spaces that will be functional and suitable to the environment. When it comes to presenta-

‘These facades were transplanted from abroad with no relationship to our culture ... They were imposed on us to show British power.’
R Myo Myint Sein Architect and author

The platform to Shwe In Bin Monastery in Mandalay City. The monastery exemplifies the artistry of traditional Myanmar architecture from the late Konbaung period. Photo: Supplied

tion, we need to shift our focus. Our monastic institutional architecture and classical houses are so dilapidated that they could be termed “endangered species”. These wooden buildings, especially the monastic institutions, were built using great craftsmanship. They embody

uniquely Myanmar concepts of space, form and function that are in harmony with the environment and enriched with quickly disappearing details. This architecture is so deeply respected that art, architecture and cultural enthusiasts from around the world are venturing to remote areas of Myanmar to

study it. This is our true heritage. We should not neglect it.
R Myo Myint Sein, AIA, is a former head of the Department of Architecture at the Rangoon (Yangon) Institute of Technology. His books include The Sustainable Metropolis: Mrauk-U 1433-1785 AD and The Great Shwedagon Stupa.

Mayor blocks London apartment project
MAYOR Boris Johnson blocked the development of 25 luxury apartments in the city’s Mayfair district because the homes would be too big, signalling a luxury development boom in the city centre may face new limits. The Westminster local government told the developer at a meeting last week to redesign the building after Johnson’s Greater London Authority wrote to argue the enormity of some of the apartments would result in fewer homes at a time when the city faces a housing shortage. Westminster Council, which oversees the affluent Mayfair and St James’s neighbourhoods, home to Europe’s biggest concentration of hedge funds, deferred its decision on whether to approve the plan. The proposal fails to comply with policy guidelines because it “results in a loss of housing due to the applicant choosing to include several exceptionally large units”, the Greater London Authority said in the letter. Mr Johnson’s intervention could damp a surge in luxury-home building in central London as the city’s reputation as a safe haven attracts increasing investment from overseas buyers. Half of London’s new-home buyers are foreigners and they spent more than US$4.6 billion on new homes here last year, a 25 percent increase from 2011, broker Jones Lang LaSalle said. Real estate fund Brockton Capital had sought permission to build homes at 56 Curzon Street with an average size of more than 5,000 square feet to gain from surging prices. That’s more than five times the size of the average new home in all of Britain, according to the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. A 39pc rise in Westminster home prices helped fuel a jump of about 11pc in all of London for the year through March 13, researcher Acadametrics said. Only one in seven foreign buyers of new London homes will live in the Percentage of new-home buyers in London who are foreigners



property and the remainder plan to rent them out Jones Lang said in its May report, citing a survey of buyers. “The building needs to be reconfigured to provide more flats of a size that

will attract residents who want to live in them permanently,” Robert Davis, Westminster Council’s deputy leader, said. “However, we were impressed with the external design of the proposed building and believed it would make a highquality addition to the area.” Westminster City Council has approved similar plans it the past. It allowed the redevelopment of a parking lot on Audley Square into luxury homes in 2008 where the residences would average 6,500 square feet. A comparable development at 20 Grosvenor Square won planning permission in 2011 for units averaging 4,500 square feet. –Bloomberg

28 Business Property
Fit for a millionaire?
Peace and quiet are the key selling points of this property, which features a large, shady compound in Aye Yeik Mon housing estate near Bayintnaung junction in Hlaing township. The house is up for sale at K1 billion (about US$1.1 million) or it can be rented at K2 million (about US$2200) a month. Featuring a simple, uncluttered façade, the white two-storey house sits inside a spacious 7300-square-foot compound.   As well as being close to Bayintnaung junction, it is also close to the new Thiri Mingalar fruit and vegetable market. The yard includes a number of trees that provide generous shade and make for a tranquil environment. However, where you might expect a lawn and flower beds in the garden, instead there is easy-to-maintain concrete. The simple interior is undergoing renovations, meaning the house is not ready to be occupied immediately. However, interested tenants will be able to discuss preferred interior designs with the owner because work is ongoing. The ground level is floored with tiles, and there is a kitchen, a maid’s room, guestroom and shrine room. Upstairs there are three bedrooms – one master with an ensuite bathroom and two single rooms that share a bathroom. It also has a charming covered balcony, which is perfect for enjoying the outdoors while keeping dry in monsoon weather.



- Ei Thae Thae Naing
Location Price Contact Phone : : : : Aye Yeik Mon housing estate, Hlaing township K1 billion (sale), K2 million a month (rental) Mya Pan Tha Khin Real Estate Services 0943 127 288, 0973 097 581

Desperately seeking office space
Sky-high prices and property sharks await expatriate executives looking for a base to do business in Yangon

OPTIONS are beginning to widen slightly in Yangon for firms seeking office space, or even just a desk with an internet connection, as a new serviced office centre opened in Dagon township on May 10. My Yangon Office manager Ma Wai Me Han said expatriate clients – her target niche – can enjoy the same facilities and services at her centre that they can anywhere in the world, including Internet access, telephone lines, fax machines, photocopiers, video conferencing, catering and receptionists. The centre has space for six offices, four on the ground floor and two above. It also has two meeting rooms that seat up to eight for video conferences. Rent ranges from US$1800 to $3500 a month for an office, while a desk in an open area costs $30 a day, $150 a week or $450 a month. Conference rooms go for $40 an hour. None have been rented yet, but Ma Wai Me Han said the

A conference room at the newly opened My Yangon Office in Dagon township. Photo: Supplied

project’s investors, which include Swiss-based Myanmar Access, will expand My Yangon Office throughout the city, though she did not provide a time frame or say how many outlets are planned. Realtor Ma May Htet Aung agreed demand for office space is accelerating. The uptick began last July and now accounts for 35 percent of business at her firm, Power7

Real Estate Agency and General Services. Expatriate executives are having a difficult time finding suitable office space, as well as knowledgeable agents, she said, adding that some realtors are renting expatriate executvies unfurnished apartments or condominiums to use as offices. “Foreign businesspeople are not flocking to Yangon

to redesign and refit apartments,” the agent who goes by the name Power May said. “They expect the same kind of offices they’d get anywhere else.” Realtors who target expatriates, like Power May, are blossoming in Yangon’s constricted property market. Unlike many realtors serving local clients, they are grabbing fees at both ends: from

renters and landlords. The market is, for now, cutthroat, and this will likely continue in the commercial sector for several years if those who have invested in the towers under construction are correct in their forecasts that the surge in demand occurring now is just the beginning. Downtown’s high-end office towers, Sakura Tower and Centrepoint Towers, or the International Business Centre on Pyay Road, are the three most sought after spaces available now, but they are exorbitant. Rent at Sakura and Centrepoint is $70 a square metre, while IBC is charging up to $4000 a month for 1200-square-foot offices, Power May said. Centrepoint also requires a three-year lease with a sixmonth deposit. Parking spaces are available, but at $65 a month per vehicle they exceed the monthly wage of a large portion of the city’s population. This is why some realtors say it may be imprudent for expatriate executives to rule out the condo or apartment option. An unfinished unit can be rented for K1.2 million to K1.8 million in Dagon or Botahtaung township, though its best to pick a building with a back-up generator due to

the city’s frequent power outages, which could worsen as demand for electricity rises. Turning one of these units into an office requires may be a sensible investment. Moreover, Myanmar neighbours are helpful and hospitable. Power May says she has clients on waiting lists for the limited high-end office space available, and that some are looking for short-term options. One that’s not on her list is DevSpace, a non-profit that opened in Dagon township last week. It is targeting startups in the information technology sector by offering a “sponsored membership plan” of K30,000 a month to their employees. Facilities at its space on the ground floor of 68A Yaw Min Gyi Street are – as its manager puts it – “humble”, but they do include what remains a godsend in Yangon: a swift Internet connection.

Amount per square foot for prime office space in Yangon


Mixed data on US housing market
CONSTRUCTION of new US homes plunged last month but new building permits soared, official data showed on May 16, pointing to continued recovery in the housing sector. Housing starts plummeted 16.5 percent from March to an annual rate of 853,000, according to seasonally adjusted figures. The plunge came after two months of gains, including March’s surge to more than 1 million units. The drop was steeper than the 970,000 rate expected by analysts. New building permits for single and multifamily housing, a sign of potential future construction activity, surged 14.3pc from March to an annual rate of 1,017,000. Permits were up 35.8 pc from a year earlier. Analysts said the trend in housing construction was still upward. “Housing starts are experiencing an adjustment after two months of solid gains,” said Mei Li of FTN Financial. “The rise in building permits suggests the starts drop represents a temporary setback.” With mortgage interest rates near historic lows, an improving economy and tight inventory on the housing market, home builders are growing more confident, according to a survey released on May 15. –AFP

Technology 29

Beijing’s ‘bitskrieg’ in cyberspace
BY JOHN ARQUILLA AS the Pentagon’s annual report to Congress, released on May 6, makes abundantly clear, China is on something of a long march in cyberspace. While most attention is being drawn to the report’s assertions about Chinese snooping into sensitive classified areas and theft of intellectual property from leading American firms – and others around the world – there is some intriguing analysis of Beijing’s broader aims as well. Indeed, the Pentagon sees a clear progression in Chinese strategic thought that, viewed as a whole, begins to elaborate what might be seen as an emerging military doctrine enabled by advanced information technologies. Just as the radio made skillful coordination of tanks and planes possible, introducing World War II-era blitzkrieg, so today the computer may be opening new vistas for cruise missiles, precision-guided munitions, and other smart weapons. What’s coming from Beijing is, in a word, “bitskrieg.” The Pentagon report describes this as a three-phase process. First, there is a “focus on exfiltrating data” so as to gain vital information needed about military command and control systems as well as the points in our critical infrastructure that are vulnerable to disruption by means of cyberattack. It is believed that the Chinese have been engaging in this sort of intelligence gathering for many years – intrusions that Washington first openly acknowledged 10 years ago, giving them the code name “Titan Rain.” It has been raining steadily for the past decade. With all these data in hand, the second step – as outlined in the Pentagon report – is to use the same intrusive means that mapped our defence information systems to disrupt them with worms, viruses, and an assortment of other attack tools. The goal at this point is to slow the US military’s ability to respond to a burgeoning crisis or an ongoing conflict. Think of what might happen, say, on the Korean Peninsula, if our small contingent there – a little over 25,000 troops – were to lose its connectivity at the outset of a North Korean invasion by its million-man army. Without the ability to operate more nimbly than the attacker, these forces would be hard-pressed from the outset. To succeed at cyberwar, it will be necessary both to scale down large units into small ones and “scale them out” across the battlespace rather than mass them together. In this fashion – spread out but completely linked and able to act as one – the sweeping manoeuvres of blitzkrieg will be supplanted by the swarming attacks of bitskrieg, characterised by the ability to mount simultaneous strikes from many directions. The guiding organisational concept for this new approach flows closely from technologist David Weinberger’s thoughtful description of online networks: “small pieces, loosely joined.” Thus should the Pentagon annual report to Congress be delved into more deeply – for the document reflects a clear awareness of, and takes a subtle, layered approach to thinking about, the Chinese cyber threat. One can only hope that the US military analysis of Beijing’s looming capacity for bitskrieg is mirrored by introspective views and similarly nuanced considerations of American capacities for waging cyberwar. For the three phases described in the Pentagon report – so consistent with the original vision Ronfeldt and I described two decades ago – reflect the kind of conflict that is coming. The militaries of most advanced countries think of cyberwar as a new form of strategic attack on power grids and such. The Chinese view differs, seeing this mode of conflict as much less about turning off the lights for a while in some other country and much more about defeating an opposing military grown dependent upon sustained, secure, and ubiquitous flows of information. Lights can always be turned back on. Soldiers’ lives lost amid the battlefield chaos caused by a bitskrieg can never be reclaimed. Thoughtful reading of the Pentagon report should affirm this – and appropriate action, along the lines of scaling down and “scaling out” our forces, and encouraging them to “swarm,” must follow. – Foreign Policy
John Arquilla is professor of defence analysis at the US Naval Postgraduate School, author of Worst Enemy: The Reluctant Transformation of the American Military and co-editor of Afghan Endgames: Strategy and Policy Choices for America’s Longest War.

Visitors at the Chinese Military Museum in Beijing on May 8. In its annual report to Congress earlier this month, the Pentagon said China’s approach to cyberwar involved a three-phase process. Photo: AFP

Cyberattacks on mostly automated force-deployment and air-tasking systems could also slow the sending of reinforcements and greatly impede air interdiction operations. In the first Korean War, the Chinese intervened with massive numbers of troops. In the second one, they might only have to send electrons. The real payoff for Beijing, though, is in what the Pentagon report describes as China’s envisioned third phase of cyber-operations. This is the point at which the information advantage – that is, the ability to coordinate one’s own field operations while the adversary’s have been completely disrupted – is translated into material results in battle. The Pentagon describes cyberattack at this point as amounting to a major “force multiplier.” Gaining such advantage means winning campaigns and battles with fewer casualties relative to those inflicted upon the enemy. In this respect, computer-driven “bitskrieg” could, it is thought, generate results like those attained by mechanised blitzkriegs –

which also aimed at disrupting communications. In the Battle of France in 1940, for example, where the Germans had fewer troops and tanks, the Allies lost more than four times the number of soldiers as the Wehrmacht.

flows, while keeping one’s own communications secure, would be the key to gaining a war-winning advantage in conflicts to come. But this would only hold true, we affirmed, if senior leaders recognised that cyberwar poses “broad issues of military organ-

The militaries of most advanced countries think of cyberwar as a new form of strategic attack on power grids and such. The Chinese view differs.
John Arquilla
US Naval Postgraduate School

When my long-time research partner David Ronfeldt and I introduced our concept of cyberwar 20 years ago, the second and third phases of cyberattack that the Pentagon report describes are what we had in mind. In our view, striking at an enemy’s ability to maintain information

isation and doctrine.” The point being that technology alone doesn’t create or sustain the advantage. In the case of blitzkrieg it was concentrating tanks in panzer divisions and closely linking them with attack aircraft that made the difference.



US Navy hails ‘milestone’ drone launch Scientists make golden discovery
THE US Navy successfully launched an unmanned plane off the deck of an aircraft carrier for the first time Tuesday, in what officials called a breakthrough for robotic aviation. The bat-winged X-47B drone was launched by a catapult aboard the George H.W. Bush aircraft carrier off the coast of Virginia, a Navy spokeswoman said. The aircraft carried out several low approaches to the carrier before landing in Maryland at the US naval air station at Patuxent River after a 65-minute flight, the Navy said. The test flight marked the first catapult launch of a robotic, unmanned plane from a carrier at sea, and Navy officers called it a “milestone.” “This historic event challenges the paradigm of manned carrier landings that were first conducted more than 90 years ago,” Rear Admiral Mat Winter, who oversees unmanned aviation for the Navy, wrote on the service’s website. The experimental aircraft, which looks like a smaller version of the B-2 stealth bomber, is supposed to clear the way for a new line of drones that would carry out bombing raids from a carrier. The Air Force and Army already have a large fleet of robotic aircraft kilometres (2100 nautical miles), and has two weapons bays that can carry a payload of up to 2040 kilograms (4500 pounds). With a much longer range than manned fighter jets, the robotic bomber could transform naval warfare in the same way drones have reshaped the battlefield on land. Controlled by mouse click from a “mission operator” on the carrier, the aircraft has more autonomy than current robotic aircraft, said Northrop Grumman, which makes the drone. Rights groups have voiced concern over the advent of more autonomous combat aircraft that could allow robots to wage war semi-independently. Human Rights Watch has cited the X-47B in particular as a potentially alarming advance. The group has called for a “preemptive prohibition” on fully autonomous robotic weapons, which it says would endanger civilians and violate the principles of international humanitarian law. – AFP SCIENTISTS said on May 14 they have found a way to extract gold from ore using a seemingly unlikely pantry item – cornstarch. Traditional leaching employs poisonous cyanide to dissolve and extract the gold in mineral ore – but the method is polluting and controversial. Despite being banned in several countries, it is used to extract more than 80 percent of gold around the world. Now an international team of scientists said it has accidentally stumbled upon an alternative while doing simple test tube chemistry experiments. Team member Zhichang Liu mixed a sugar named alpha-cyclodextrin, which is derived from cornstarch, with dissolved gold salt in the hope of creating a three-dimensional cubic structure. Though initially disappointed when his experiment failed, Zhichang soon realised he may have discovered something potentially more lucrative, said the study published in Nature Communications. “Zhichang stumbled on a piece of magic for isolating gold from anything in a green way,” wrote the team. “We have replaced nasty reagents with a cheap, biologically friendly material derived from starch.” Spills recorded from mining sites that use cyanide leaching have put human lives and the environment at risk. While Europe allows the use of cyanide in mining, Germany, Czech Republic and Hungary have outlawed it and in 2010, the European Parliament called for these national bans to extend to the continent as a whole. “The elimination of cyanide from the gold industry is of the utmost importance environmentally,” study leader Fraser Stoddart of Northwestern University’s chemistry department said. The new alternative, alpha-cyclodextrin, is “very cheap and easy to handle”, he told AFP. “The most important thing is the immeasurable environmental benefit for us and future generations.” – AFP

‘This historic event challenges the paradigm of manned carrier landings.’
Rear Admiral Mat Winter

but the Navy hopes to catch up with the X-47B, the unmanned Fire Scout helicopter and other drones that can stay in the air for hours to spy or attack an adversary. The X-47B can reach an altitude of 12,200 metres (40,000 feet) with a range of about six hours or 3900

30 THE MYANMAR TIMES MAY 20 - 26, 2013


WORLD EDITOR: Geoffrey Goddard |


Embrace entomophagy, urges FAO in plea to Western consumers
BEETLES, caterpillars and wasps could supplement diets throughout the world as an environmentally friendly food source if only Western consumers could get over their “disgust”, the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation said on May 13. “The main message is really: ‘Eat insects’”, Eva Mueller, director of forest economics at the FAO, told a news conference in Rome. “Insects are abundant and they are a valuable source of protein and minerals,” she said. “Two billion people – a third of the world’s population – are already eating insects because they are delicious and nutritious,” she said. Insect farming was “one of the many ways to address food and feed insecurity”, said a report coauthored by the FAO and Wageningen University in the Netherlands. “Insects are everywhere and they reproduce quickly and they have high growth and feed conversion rates and a low environmental footprint,” said the report. But the authors admitted that “consumer disgust remains one of the largest barriers to the adoption of insects as viable sources of protein in many Western countries”. Mueller said that brands such as yoghurt maker Danone and Italian alcoholic drinks maker Campari used dye from insects to colour their products. It suggested that the food industry could help in “raising the status of insects” by including

Erdogan’s moment o
BY FOUAD AJAMI THE car bombs that killed more than 40 people on May 11 in a town in southern Turkey are a reckoning for Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. He had made himself party to the fight over Syria and vowed that he would see the end of Bashar al-Assad’s rule. But Assad has hunkered down, and Erdogan, who was due to meet President Barack Obama in Washington on May 17, faces a dilemma. In the face of Syrian provocations, Erdogan threatens dire consequences, yet draws back, sheltered behind the assertion that his country won’t be drawn into a full-scale war with the regime in Damascus. The bombs in Reyhanli, a quaint border town in the province of Hatay, were just the latest in a series of provocations by Syrian forces. Give Assad credit for his audacity. Like a gambler with steady nerves, he has bet that Erdogan won’t pull the trigger. In June 2012, a Turkish F-4 fighter jet was downed over Syrian territorial waters. In October, Syrian mortar shells hit a Turkish border town, killing five civilians. There have been other attacks. Life alongside the Syrian killing fields has exacted its toll on the Turks. More than 300,000 refugees have spilled over the border.

‘Insects are a valuable source of protein and minerals.’
Eva Mueller Food and Agriculture Organisation

them in recipes and putting them on restaurant menus. The report also called for wider use of insects as feed for livestock, saying that poor regulation and under-investment meant it “cannot compete” with traditional sources of feed. The report said a total of 1900 species of insects are consumed around the world. It said trade in insects was thriving in cities such as Bangkok and Kinshasa and that a similar culture of insect consumption – entomophagy – should be established elsewhere, stressing that it was often cheaper to farm insects. The report concluded: “History has shown that dietary patterns can change quickly, particularly in a globalised world. The rapid acceptance of raw fish in the form of sushi is a good example.” “Not everybody is ready to pop a bug in their mouth,” Mueller said. “It will probably take a while. But some people are already doing it.” – AFP

The regime change in Syria to which Turkey is committed is not Washington’s program.
Fouad Ajami Stanford University

The bomb-damaged remains of a building at Reyhanli, near Turkey’s main border crossin


Bangladesh cleans up amid relief at low cyclone toll
BANGLADESH began cleaning up on May 17 after a killer cyclone wrecked thousands of homes along its coast while breathing a sigh of relief that the damage was not much worse. Fourteen people were so far known to have died in Bangladesh after Cyclone Mahasen, which has since been downgraded to a tropical depression, lashed southern coastal regions with winds of up to 100 kilometres (62 miles) an hour. But there was a wider sense of relief that the damage and death toll was not higher. Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has “expressed gratitude to the Almighty” in the aftermath of Mahasen and asked people to “offer thanksgiving prayers” on May 17, her spokesman Abul Kalam Azad told reporters. At one stage, up to a million people had taken refuge in makeshift shelters along the coast, mainly in the densely-populated stretch between the second city of Chittagong and the Cox’s Bazaar tourist region. Most people however have since returned to their homes after the storm passed over, heading towards India as its strength waned. Hundreds of thousands of people who live in low-lying areas and islands in the vast Meghna river estuary were the most affected, as thousands of their houses were levelled by the cyclone as it made landfall in the area. “At least 15,000 mud-built houses were damaged by the cyclone in our district,” Sirajul Islam, government administrator of Noakhali district, told AFP, adding villagers and fishermen in remote river shoals were the worst hit. “We’re still assessing the damage. We’ve sent our officials to do surveys,” said Nurul Amin, provincial commissioner, who said the death toll in the cyclone stood at 14. India’s meteorological department said Mahasen was headed over northeastern parts of the country such as Assan, Manipur and Nagaland. But it is now officially a tropical depression and unlikely to do no more than trigger flooding in isolated regions. – AFP

The overwhelming majority of them have settled in Hatay, a region with a complicated history and a tangled demography. It was once a Syrian district, Alexandretta, with communities of Turks, Kurds, Turkmen, Orthodox Christians, Armenians, Sunni Arabs and Alawites. The Turks annexed it in 1939, after the French Mandate authorities gave it up. The border didn’t annul the bonds of language and ethnicity and sectarian attachments. Antioch (Antakya) is a bilingual city, as Syrian in culture as

it is Turkish. The Sunnis from Aleppo and Idlib streaming into Hatay find relatives and kinsmen on the Turkish side of the border. They also find Alawites, supporters of Assad who bristle at the favouritism shown to the Syrian rebels by Erdogan’s ruling Justice and Development Party. A year or so ago, there was facile talk in Turkey of a neo-Ottomanist calling. Erdogan himself was prone to that vision. For him the drive of the modern Turkish state for a place in Europe held no attraction. Syria, by virtue of its geographic contiguity, was a special prize. Erdogan’s options in Syria have narrowed by the day. He has arrayed his government on the side of the Sunni Arab states of the Persian Gulf, an alliance that is not popular in Turkey. He wages his political battles under

the gaze of secularists at odds with his pan-Islamic vision. At the altar of this vision, Erdogan broke off Turkey’s tight cooperation with Israel that was forged by his country’s military and intelligence services. For four years, he has courted the Arab street with an ardent anti-Zionism that puts the most passionate Arab nationalists to shame. His condemnation of the recent Israeli airstrikes – on Damascus depots of Iranian missiles meant to be delivered to Hezbollah – is a stark example of the triumph of ideology over realpolitik. The sincerity of his attitude toward the slaughter in Syria might be conceded. But the plunge into a quagmire was made easier by the Turkish leader’s conviction that the US was bound to ride to the rescue. The prime min-


US, Turkey say Assad must go amid s
US President Barack Obama and Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan insisted on May 16 that Bashar al-Assad must step down amid a flurry of moves to organise peace talks to end Syria’s bloody civil war. The two met in Washington as efforts to bring the Assad regime and the Syrian opposition together at an international conference next month gathered pace. At a joint White House news conference, the Turkish and US leaders restated their position, but Obama admitted: “There is no magic formula for dealing with an extraordinarily violent and difficult situation like Syria’s.” Obama has made strenuous efforts to court the Turkish leader but there are signs of frustration in Ankara, which is struggling under a tide of Syrian refugees, at Obama’s cautious approach on Syria. The president has balked at providing arms and ammunition to the guerrillas, fearing they could fall into the hands of extremist elements linked to al-Qaeda. After meeting Erdogan, Obama gave no sign his position has changed. “We both agree that Assad needs to go. He needs to transfer power to a transitional body,” he said. “That is the only way we’re going to resolve this crisis.” Earlier a Turkish official told AFP Erdogan would push for direct US


Fashion brands back workplace safety agreement for Bangladesh

Tensions soar between Taiwan and the Philippines

Space station trio return to Earth and one’s become a star

of reckoning

Indonesia calls for treaty to help build trust in Asia
Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa says the treaty is needed to help resolve tensions and build confidence among nations in the Indo-Pacific region
INDONESIA’S foreign minister has called for a new treaty spanning across Asia to help build trust, warning of the potential for conflict in the fast-changing region if tensions fester. On a visit to Washington, Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa said on May 16 that a new treaty could help end “the all-too-familiar vicious cycle of tensions” in Asia and instead encourage confidence by bringing countries together in their goals. Without directly mentioning a rising China or the United States, Natalegawa said that the region did not want “the unchecked preponderance of a single state” or the uncertainty created by feuds among rival powers. “Instead, peace and stability in the region ought to be brought about through the promotion of an outlook that speaks of common security, common prosperity and common stability,” he told the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Natalegawa said an “Indo-PacificWide Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation” would be along the model of the ASEAN bloc’s Treaty of Amity and Cooperation, which bans the use


‘The new treaty can help end the vicious cycle of tensions in Asia.’
Marty Natalegawa Indonesian Foreign Minister

of force in settling disputes in Southeast Asia. The treaty, first signed in 1976, is credited with winding down Cold War-era divisions among members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. China, India and the United States have since acceded to the treaty. The Indonesian foreign minister defined the Indo-Pacific as stretching across the Indian and Pacific oceans, saying that the region formed a key engine of world growth and was too often viewed in distinct sections. Natalegawa, who later met with Secretary of State John Kerry, was general in the details of his proposal, saying it was most important to offer new ideas. He called for the region to be upfront about its frictions, saying that

nations should acknowledge territorial disputes and not “attempt to create new realities on the ground or at sea.” Some of China’s neighbours, including Vietnam, the Philippines and Japan, have accused Beijing of aggressive encroachment to exert territorial claims. Natalegawa warned that the recent crisis over North Korea could mark “a significant leap” in tensions and hinted at fears that neighbouring nations would eventually seek their own nuclear arsenals. North Korea’s nuclear program “may actually be altering the security equation in the region. Proliferation pressures, not unlike for example those in the Indian subcontinent, may ensue,” he said. – AFP

ister convinced himself that he had a close bond with Obama. It is forgotten now that Obama’s first Islamic journey as president was not to Cairo but to Ankara. The Turks misread him: They weren’t prepared for the large-scale American retreat from zones of American primacy. Turkey wanted the Syrian rebellion armed and supported; it wasn’t troubled by the Islamist groups that had taken up arms. Moreover, the Muslim Brotherhood leaders were a known entity – Istanbul is their favoured base – and the “Turkish model,” they proclaim, is what they want for Syria after the fall of the dictatorship. The regime change in Syria that Turkey is committed to is not Washington’s program. Two secretaries of state, first Hillary Clinton, and now John Kerry, have petitioned Russia to abandon Assad. At the core of Obama’s Syria policy is an unstated commitment to a negotiated settlement between the Alawite regime and the Sunni rebellion. The Turks know there can be no middle ground between the two. The Turkish leader who was to meet Obama last week is politically weakened; the Arabs he bet on appear in no need of a new Ottoman sultanate. And the American leader he was to sit down with has shown a disturbing ability to avert his gaze from the pain and the ordeal of Syria – and from Turkey’s stakes in that conflict. – Bloomberg News
Fouad Ajami is a senior fellow at the Stanford University’s Hoover Institution and author of The Syrian Rebellion.

ng with Syria, on May 14. The twin car bombings killed 50 people. Photo: AFP

Kirkuk Maliki blames killings on ‘sectarian hatred’

strains over aid to rebels
military aid for the rebels. “Everyone in the international community is very much concerned, worried about the radical elements,” he said. “We are of course concerned more than anyone else, being a neighbour of Syria – but the way to deal with that problem is not withholding your support. Not doing anything is not a solution.” Turkey also seems sceptical that the peace conference Washington is planning with Assad’s main ally Moscow will lead to a roadmap to a political transition. “We have to be... realistic and very careful as to not turn this into an open-ended process which would give the opportunity to the regime to gain time and to continue its campaign of violence,” the official said. The Washington meeting came as rights groups said the death toll from the Syrian conflict had risen to 94,000. – AFP

A suicide bomber attacked Shia mourners in north Iraq on May 16, killing 12 people, and 13 died in other violence throughout the country, officials said. The attack on the mourners in Kirkuk, where bombers killed 10 people the previous day, was the latest in a wave of assaults targeting both Sunni and Shia places of worship. In Baghdad, car bombs in Shiamajority suburbs killed 10 people, officials said, a day after bombings in the capital killed 21 people in mainly Shia areas. “The bloodshed... is a result of sectarian hatred,” Maliki said in televised remarks. Tensions are festering between the government of Maliki, a Shia, and members of the Sunni minority who accuse authorities of targeting their community.

“Definitely, air strikes will be used when necessary,” he said. A force of “several thousand” soldiers along with fighter jets and helicopter gunships have been deployed for the offensive in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states, he added. The operation follows President Goodluck Jonathan’s decision to a impose a state of emergency in all three areas after it was seized by the rebels, who declared war against the government.

Washington US slams Osaka mayor’s ‘outrageous’ comments

Sydney Horse infected with deadly bat-borne virus

Kano, Nigeria Nigeria launches offensive against Islamist rebels
Nigeria’s military said on May 16 that it was ready to launch air strikes against Boko Haram Islamists as several thousand troops moved to the remote northeast to retake territory seized by the insurgents. “The entire Nigerian military is involved in this operation, including the air force,” defence spokesman Brigadier General Chris Olukolade told AFP.

Australia reported its first case of the deadly bat-borne lyssavirus in a horse on May 17, warning that transmission to humans was possible. Biosecurity Queensland said the horse was euthanised earlier this month after falling ill with what was initially suspected to be infection with another deadly virus, Hendra, which has killed four Australians since its discovery in 1994. Tests were negative for Hendra but came back positive for Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) –the first time a horse has been known to contract the disease, which is even more fatal to humans than Hendra. Lyssavirus in humans usually causes death by respiratory paralysis. All three Australians infected with lyssavirus since its discovery in 1996 have died. They had been in direct contact with an infected bat in Queensland.

The United States on May 16 denounced as “outrageous” comments by an outspoken Japanese mayor who said “comfort women” forced to provide sex during World War II were a military necessity. Osaka Mayor Toru Hashimoto, whose comments have triggered an outcry, offered on May 16 to meet former wartime sex slaves to apologise for their suffering. But he again insisted that Japanese soldiers were not the only forces who had brutalised women. “Mayor Hashimoto’s comments were outrageous and offensive,” State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki told reporters.

Kuala Lumpur Couple jailed for maid’s death by starvation

A Malaysian court on May 16 sentenced a couple to 24 years in jail for starving their Cambodian maid to death. Hardware store owners Soh Chew Tong, 44, and his wife Chin Chui Ling, 42, were found guilty of culpable homicide at a court in the northern state of Penang, said prosecutor Tan Guat Cheng. The 24-year jail term is to run from the day of their arrest in April last year, soon after their maid Mey Sichan, 23, was found dead by paramedics. She weighed just 26 kilograms (57 pounds) and had bruises on her body. – AFP

32 World International


Canadian spaceman returns to Earth a star
Canadian Chris Hadfield’s regular updates on Twitter provided a fascinating glimpse of life aboard the International Space Station
CANADIAN spaceman Chris Hadfield on May 14 returned to Earth along with two other astronauts after a half-year mission to the International Space Station that saw him shoot to global stardom through his Twitter microblog. Hadfield landed safely in the Kazakh steppe along with American Tom Marshburn and Russian Roman Romanenko aboard a Russian SoyuzTMA capsule that had left the space station earlier on May 14, Moscow mission control said. Russian state television pictures showed the giant white parachute of the Soyuz capsule unfurling successfully after re-entry and the capsule then touching down in the Kazakh steppe, sending a plume of dust upwards into the sky. The Soyuz touched down in the steppe south of the central Kazakh city of Karaganda. The Soyuz landed on its side rather than vertically, but this is a relatively common occurence. On a sunny spring morning, all three astronauts were successfully removed from the capsule by recovery teams who rushed to the scene in helicopters. They were then placed in special chairs amid the long steppe grasses, covered in special thermal blankets and offered tea by the ground crews. All three appeared in good health. The trio was then whisked away to a medical tent for checks before taken by helicopter to Karaganda. Romanenko will then fly on to Moscow while Hadfield and Marshburn will be taken by NASA to Houston. Hadfield captured the public imagination with regular updates on Twitter that gave an unprecedented insight into daily life in space and access to spectacular images taken from the ISS. In a fitting climax to his mission, Hadfield posted a cover version of the David Bowie classic “Space Oddity” that showed him singing and even playing the guitar aboard the station. The video shows Hadfield singing with an impressively melodious voice as he floats through the station in the zero gravity with a guitar which he also plays with some aplomb. “Ground control to Major Tom/



Jail, ban from politics sought for Berlusconi over sex with teenager
ITALIAN prosecutors called on May 13 for former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi to be banned from politics forever and serve six years in prison for having sex with an underage prostitute and abusing his official powers. “There is no doubt that Silvio Berlusconi is guilty of the crimes he is accused of,” prosecutor Ilda Boccassini told the Milan courtroom at the close of a two-year trial that could rock the country’s newly formed grand coalition government. “He had sex with her and he knew she was a minor,” said the prosecutor, who has locked horns repeatedly with Berlusconi in past legal cases. “We request a sentence of six years in prison” for the senator, she said, adding: “We ask for a perpetual ban from holding public office.” The trial relates to crimes allegedly committed in 2010 when Berlusconi, 76, was prime minister for the third time in his career and revolves around what prosecutors say were raunchy “bunga bunga” parties at his luxury residence outside Milan. “The women invited to the then prime minister’s private residence were part of a prostitution system set up for the personal sexual satisfaction of the defendant,” Boccassini said. Berlusconi, who was not present at the hearing, hit back in a statement saying the case was built on “theories, conjecture, distortions and falsehoods inspired by prejudice and hatred”. Berlusconi’s defence lawyers will have a chance to present their final arguments on June 3. The verdict could come at the hearing after that, which has been scheduled for June 24. Both Berlusconi and the woman involved have denied ever having sex. Berlusconi is accused of paying for sex on several occasions with Moroccan-born Karima ElMahroug, a then 17-year-old exotic dancer nicknamed “Ruby the Heart Stealer” who was spotted by one of his associates at a beauty contest in Sicily in 2009. The scandal-tainted politician’s legal woes are straining relations within Prime Minister Enrico Let-

Statuettes of Berlusconi, including one showing him as as a dog, on display at a shop in Alberobello, near Bari, Italy, on May 7. Photo: AFP

Canadian Chris Hadfield gives the thumbs up after the Russian Soyuz space capsule landed in Kazakhstan on May 14. Hadfield, Russian cosmonaut Roman Romanenko and US astronaut Tom Marshburn returned to Earth after a six-month mission on the International Space Station. Photo: AFP/Pool

‘Hadfield captured the world’s attention.’
Canadian Space Agency

Lock your Soyuz hatch/ And put your helmet on,” he sings, looking wistfully out into deep space through one of the portholes of the ISS. His lyrics lightly adapted Bowie’s 1969 original, somewhat more suggestive, original words which were: “Take your protein pills/ And put your helmet on.” The impressively-performed video became an immediate hit on YouTube and earlier on May 14 barely two days after it was first posted had attracted almost five million views. Using the power of social networks more effectively than anyone in the history of manned space flight, Hadfield has arguably become the world’s most prominent astronaut since the days of Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. He has also blazed a new trail for how astronauts can inspire the public at a time when some scien-

tists question the need for manned space flight to the ISS amid constant budget pressures. Tweeting under the Star Trek-like name Cmdr_Hadfield, the astronaut posted spectacular pictures of the Earth seen from the sky and also insights on the mundane aspects of eating and washing in space. “Hadfield captured the world’s attention,” the Canadian space agency said in a statement after the landing. His final tweet from space was a spectacular image of the sun glinting over the Earth as it rose. “Spaceflight finale: To some this may look like a sunset. But it’s a new dawn,” Hadfield wrote. Raised on a corn farm in southern Ontario, Hadfield become a top fighter pilot for the Canadian air force before being selected from more than 5000 people in 1992 to be one of four new Canadian astronauts. This was his third space mission, after flying with the US shuttle to the now defunct Russian Mir station in 1995 and to the ISS in April 2001. Hadfield, who was commander of the station, also oversaw a dramatic spacewalk by Americans Marshburn and Chris Cassidy on May 11 to halt an ammonia leak. – AFP

ta’s coalition government in which Berlusconi’s People of Freedom party is a crucial partner. Berlusconi has been under investigation or on trial ince entering politics in the 1990s after a career in construction and media. A Milan court this month upheld his conviction on tax fraud charges related to his business interests, confirming the punishment of a year in prison and a fiveyear ban from public office which is frozen pending a second appeal. Prosecutors in Naples have also requested a trial against Berlusconi on allegations that he bribed a left-wing senator with three million euros (about US$3.86 million) to join his party and topple a past centre-left cabinet. Even if convicted after exhausting two rounds of appeals, Berlusconi is unlikely ever to see the inside of a prison cell because of relatively lenient sentencing guidelines for over-70s. – AFP

‘He had sex with her and he knew she was a minor.’
Ilda Boccassini Prosecutor

NOTICE is hereby given that Lotte Chilsung Beverage Co., Ltd. of 1322-1, Seocho-dong, Seocho-ku, Seoul, Republic of Korea is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark: -

MUNDIPHARMA AG, a company incorporated in Switzerland, of St. Alban-Rheinweg 74, CH-4020 Basel, Switzerland, is the Owner of the following Trade Mark:-

AVENTIS PHARMA S.A., a company incorporated in France, of 20 Avenue Raymond Aron 92160 Antony, France, is the Owner of the following Trade Mark:-

(Reg: No. IV/9212/2012) in respect of goods/service in Class 32 “Fruit juices; Vegetable juices (beverages); Soft drink; Mineral and aerated water; Spring water (beverages); Beers; Syrups for beverages. Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Lotte Chilsung Beverage Co., Ltd. By its Attorneys Ageless P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 20th May, 2013

Reg. No. 3373/2013 in respect of “Class 5: Pharmaceutical preparations and substances”. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L for MUNDIPHARMA AG P. O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: Dated: 20 May 2013

Reg. No. 4142/2000 in respect of “Pharmaceutical products”. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L for AVENTIS PHARMA S.A. P. O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: Dated: 20 May 2013

International World 33

Russia orders expulsion of alleged CIA agent
RUSSIA on May 14 ordered the expulsion of an alleged American CIA agent working undercover at the United States embassy who was discovered with a large stash of money trying to recruit a Russian agent. Russia’s Federal Security Service (FSB) identified the man as Ryan Fogle – third secretary of the political section of Washington’s embassy in Moscow – and said he had been handed back to the embassy after his detention. The foreign ministry slammed Washington for what it described as “provocative acts in the spirit of the Cold War”. It declared Fogle to be persona non grata who had to return to the US “as soon as possible”. US State Department spokesman Patrick Ventrell later confirmed that an American staffer at the embassy had been briefly detained, but refused to respond to allegations that the man was an undercover CIA agent. “We can confirm that an officer at our US embassy in Moscow was briefly detained and was released,” he told reporters. A US official, asking not to be named, said that in such cases “when there are orders to remove our personnel, we comply with that.” Footage published by state English language television RT showed Fogle being pinned face down to the ground and having his hands put behind his back for the arrest, while apparently wearing a blonde wig under his baseball cap. He was then shown being questioned at the Federal Security Service while documents such as his passport and a stack of 500 euro notes along with some letters were displayed. The FSB footage also displayed supposed espionage equipment including two wigs as well as a compass, a mundane atlas of Moscow and an old model mobile phone. The FSB said in a statement that “recently, the US intelligence service has made repeated attempts to recruit the staff of Russian law enforcement agencies and special services”. Russian state television shown footage provided by the FSB in


Top brands back deal on better safety in Bangladeshi factories
GLOBAL high street brands including Benetton, Carrefour and Marks & Spencer on May 14 committed to abide by an agreement to improve working conditions in Bangladeshi factories after a plant there collapsed killing more than 1100 people. The announcements came after clothing giants Inditex of Spain and H&M of Sweden said on May 13 they were signing up to the Accord on Fire and Building Safety following the disaster at a garment factory that supplied Western retailers. The agreement commits retailers to paying for factory repairs and ensuring an efficient system for building and fire safety inspection. “We recognise the need for a safer garment industry in Bangladesh,” said Krishan Hundal, director of sourcing at Britain’s Marks & Spencer. “All our suppliers must adhere to our strict ethical standards as a condition of working with us,” including regular safety checks and the use of single occupancy factories, Hundal said. M&S buys from about 60 factories in Bangladesh. The pact with the union federations IndustriALL and UNI, which represent tens of millions of garment industry workers, is overseen by the United Nations International Labour Organisation. Activists had set May 15 as a deadline for signing. The full list of signatories was yet to be revealed on May 14, but US-based PVH, owner of the Tommy Hilfiger and Calvin Klein brands, and Germany’s Tchibo, were among the first to back it, said antisweatshop network The Clean Clothes Campaign. French retail giant Carrefour, British supermarket Tesco and Canadian fashion chain Joe Fresh also backed the scheme late on May 14. However, the world’s largest retailer, US retail giant Walmart, said it was “not in a position” to sign up to the IndustriALL plan. Walmart argued, in a statement, that while the scheme contained some useful initiatives, it “also introduces requirements, including governance and dispute resolution mechanisms, on supply chain matters

‘We recognise the need for a safer garment industry in Bangladesh.’
Krishan Hundal Marks & Spencer

An image published on the website of Russia’s state-run English-language RT television station on May 14 showing the arrest of a man identified as Ryan Fogle, a third secretary at the American embassy in Moscow. Photo: AFP

‘We can confirm that an officer at our US embassy in Moscow was briefly detained.’
Patrick Ventrell US State Department

which Fogle is seen sitting down in a checked shirt as a man – presumably a Russian security officer – tells the suspect about his alleged crime. He is then accused of offering US$100,000 for espionage to a security service employee who is involved in counterinsurgency work in

the Russian North Caucasus. “We did not believe this at first, because as you know the FSB has been actively helping the investigation of the Boston blasts,” the officer says as Fogle and three men silently listen with arms crossed. The incident comes amid a new downturn in Russian-US relations sparked by the Syrian crisis and concern in Washington over what it sees as President Vladimir Putin’s crackdown on all dissent. The last major spy row between the two former Cold War rivals involved the glamourous Anna Chapman and large group of Russian spies who were arrested on the US East Coast in June 2010. That spy scandal – which ended with their swap for four Russians convicted of spying for the West – was a huge embarrassment for Russia’s foreign intelligence at the time. – AFP

that are...necessary to achieve fire and safety goals.” The US company instead announced in-depth safety inspections of all 279 of its Bangladesh suppliers and ordered its production stopped at facilities “where urgent safety issues are identified.” Bangladesh is the world’s secondlargest apparel maker behind China, and the US$20 billion industry accounted for up to 80 percent of annual exports last year. There are about 4500 garment factories in Bangladesh, churning out products for Western fashion labels which sell the clothing at many times the cost price. The announcements came as Bangladeshi troops wrapped up the search for survivors in the collapsed nine-storey building outside the capital that imploded on April 24, killing 1127. Police have arrested 12 people over the tragedy, including the owner of the building and four factory owners who are accused of forcing staff to return to work a day after cracks emerged in the structure, prompting evacuation. Hundreds of factories which form the hub of Bangladesh’s garment industry have been forced to shut indefinitely after worker unrest sparked by the accident. Benetton, which has around 6500 outlets in 120 countries, was one of the companies that was being supplied by the building that collapsed, along with Britain’s Primark and Spain’s Mango. The accord is a five-year commitment by all stakeholders towards improving working conditions in the garment industry. – AFP


Britain moves closer to EU vote
BRITAIN moved closer to a referendum on Europe after a eurosceptic lawmaker said on May 16 that he would put forward legislation backed by Prime Minister David Cameron guaranteeing a vote by 2017. Cameron ordered all Conservative lawmakers to give their full backing to the bill, which was rushed out earlier last week in a bid to satisfy the increasingly rebellious eurosceptic wing of the party. Conservative MP James Wharton confirmed he would table the centre-right party’s EU referendum bill in parliament after he came top of a ballot to see which lawmakers may put forward so-called private members’ legislation. Parliament will formally debate the draft bill, probably in early July, although under the complex British parliamentary system there is no guarantee

Thai Paper Co., Ltd., a company incorporated in Thailand, of 1 Siam Cement Road, Bangsue Subdistrict, Bangsue District, Bangkok, Thailand, is the Owner of the following Trade Mark:-

‘It is about time that this issue was tackled head-on by parliament.’
James Wharton Conservative MP

that it will reach a vote or become law. In January Cameron vowed to renegotiate Britain’s troubled relationship with the European Union and then hold an in-out referendum by the end of 2017, provided that he wins the next general election in 2015. But disgruntled Conservative eurosceptics want him to enshrine that promise in law before the election to stop any backtracking, as well as to head off the rise of the anti-EU UK Independence Party (UKIP). “It is about time that this issue was tackled head-on by par-

liament,” Wharton told the BBC. He admitted the “arithmetic” of getting it to become law was “difficult” as it will likely be opposed by the Liberal Democrats, the pro-EU junior partners in Cameron’s coalition government, and by the opposition Labour party. The bill requires a referendum to be held before December 31, 2017, on the question: “Do you think that the United Kingdom should remain a member of the European Union?” Wharton was among the one-third of Conservative lawmakers who voted in favour of

a parliamentary motion on May 15 criticising the government for failing to include the referendum in its plans for the coming year. Cameron’s spokesman said the prime minister would give the bill his “full support.” Labour has accused Cameron of losing control of his party over Europe. French President Francois Hollande reacted by saying that he hoped the UK remained in the bloc, but added: “Europe existed before Britain joined.” The Conservatives are having to rely on Wharton alone to put forward the bill – instead of putting it forward themselves as a government bill – because their coalition partners the Liberal Democrats would not support it. The earliest that the bill can be debated in parliament is July 5. – AFP

Reg. No. 8601/2009 in respect of “Class 16: Uncoated paper for printing, uncoated paper for writing, copying paper”. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L for Thai Paper Co., Ltd. P. O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: Dated: 20 May 2013

34 World Special


In Mali, fears of an extended war
An increase in suicide bombings in northern Mali since a French force drove jihadists from Timbuktu and other towns in the region has raised concern that the conflict is far from over, writes Sudarsan Raghavan
AT the entrance to this fabled city, Malian soldiers clutching Kalashnikov rifles did not dare approach the truck. Instead, they shouted from a distance of five metres (15 feet) for the passengers to step out, lift up their shirts and turn around. The soldiers were searching for explosive belts. They did not find any, but they weren’t taking any chances: Suicide bombers had killed several of their comrades in recent weeks. The soldiers allowed the truck to pass, still peering at its passengers suspiciously. Three months after French forces intervened in northern Mali to prevent jihadists from gaining more territory, the conflict is increasingly evoking similarities to the battlefields of Iraq, Afghanistan and Somalia. The radical Islamists and al-Qaeda militants have been pushed out of Timbuktu and other major towns, but they are now dispatching suicide bombers and using improvised explosive devices to attack their enemies. Many have melted into the population, creating an underground force of potential spies and recruits. On May 10, at least five suicide bombers staged attacks in two northern towns, seriously wounding at least two Malian soldiers, said a military spokesman, Captain Modibo Niaman Traore. “The jihadists spent 10 months here,” said Colonel Keba Sangare, commander of the Malian forces in Timbuktu, which are now fighting alongside the French and other African forces. “Some got married. Some have children. They have links here. Even if they are physically not here, spiritually they are. “Even when there are no attacks, it doesn’t mean we are in peace. We are definitely at war.” In Timbuktu, once the primary base of the jihadists, the tensions are evident. While there is collective relief that the militants’ rule has ended, the mud-walled city remains a

An ancient mud-walled mosque, believed to have been built in the 16th century, in Timbuktu. The jihadist occupation of the fabled town has decimated the tourism industry on which most of its residents depended for a living. Photo: The Washington Post/Sudarsan Raghavan

shadow of its illustrious past. Once bustling with traders and visitors, including Western tourists, the streets are deserted. Most shops are shuttered. Prices of staple items such as gas and couscous have soared. Tens of thousands of residents who fled during the jihadists’ reign have yet to return, remaining in refugee camps outside Mali or with relatives and friends in the capital, Bamako, and other southern towns that the conflict never reached. Nearly all of Timbuktu’s

minority light-skinned Tuareg and Arabic-speaking Moor population has also fled. Many members collaborated with the Islamists or supported a separatist Tuareg rebellion that helped trigger the Islamist takeover. Even those who supported neither movement left, fearful of reprisal attacks by Mali’s darker-skinned ethnic groups who were persecuted the most by the Islamists. “The city has changed,” said Nadjim Al Mubarak, 52, a tailor, as he walked down a desolate,

sand-covered street. “There used to be traffic, business and people everywhere. Now, life is dead.” France plans to withdraw about three-quarters of its 4000 troops by the end of the year. Replacing them will be a 12,600-member UN peacekeeping force, scheduled to arrive ahead of Mali’s planned elections in July. But the peacekeepers’ mandate prevents them from using force except in self-defence, posing long-term challenges to efforts by France,

NOTICE is hereby given that FULL MOON INTERTRADE CO., LTD. a company organized under the laws of Thailand and having its principal office at No. 488/447 the 4th Floor, Bobae Tower, Damrongrak Road, Khlong Maha Nak Sub-district, Pom Prap Sattru Phai District, Bangkok, 10100, Thailand is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademark:-

NOTICE is hereby given that Uni-Charm Corporation a joint stock company duly organized under the laws of Japan, Manufacturers and Merchants of 182, Shimobun, Kinsei-cho, Shikokuchuo-shi, Ehime-ken, Japan is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark: -

Sister hood

(Reg: No. IV/2156/2013) in respect of:- “men’s underwear, women’s underwear, swimsuits men, swimsuits woman” – Class: 25 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for FULL MOON INTERTRADE CO., LTD. P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 20th May, 2013

( Reg: No. IV/7695/2006) in respect of:- “Drugs for medical purposes, sanitary napkins, panty liners (sanitary), sanitary pants, menstruation tampons, napkins for incontinents, pads for incontinents, pants for incontinents, sanitary masks, absorbent cotton, breast pads, and deodorants other than for personal use” Class: 5 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Uni-Charm Corporation P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon Phone: 372416 Dated: 20th May, 2013


the United States and other countries to stop a jihadist haven from emerging in West and North Africa. The United States has also deployed a small number of troops and is setting up a drone base in neighbouring Niger. The US role may grow if Mali chooses a president democratically, which would remove legal restrictions on military aid imposed after a military coup in March 2012. The jihadists took advantage of the chaos surrounding the coup, joining with the Tuareg separatist rebellion, and overran the north. They included militants from al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, the terror network’s West and North Africa affiliate, and other radical Islamists who called themselves Ansar Dine or “defenders of the faith.” By last April, the rebels had arrived in Timbuktu. Soon, the radicals turned against the Tuareg separatists and asserted control. They swiftly imposed Islamic sharia law on the moderate Muslim population, enforcing their codes through public amputations, stonings and prison sentences. In Timbuktu, an ancient centre of Islamic learning nestled on the edge of the Sahara Desert, the jihadists destroyed several earthen tombs of Sufi saints, declaring such shrines as idolatry and a sin under Islam. The jihadists’ goal of setting up their own Islamic emirate was disrupted in January when France launched its assault, pushing the jihadists out of the city and from their strongholds in the cities of Gao and Kidal. The fighters have disappeared into the desert and mountains and into remote villages. From

‘Even when there are no attacks, it doesn’t mean we are in peace. We are definitely at war.’
Colonel Keba Sangare Commander, Malian forces in Timbuktu

there, they stage attacks. During the past three months, there have been at least eight suicide bombings in Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu, as well as several other attacks, killing and injuring soldiers as well as civilians. “The situation here is not completely without threat,” said Colonel Mamadou Mangara, the governor of Timbuktu province, of which the city is the capital. “But we understand their system, and we are taking precautions to limit their activities.” There’s not much of a city to govern. Basic services are woeful; residents get only five hours of electricity a day. Only a handful of local administration officials have returned. The rule of the jihadists, who have kidnapped Westerners, decimated the tourism industry, the economic life support of most residents. Most hotels and curio shops have been shuttered since the takeover. “The situation of the city is that there are no jobs,” lamented Abdoulaye Toure, 32, a slipper maker. “Why would anyone want to return?” – The Washington Post

International World 35

US east coast braces for deafening invasion…by insects
THE hordes are rising. A cicada invasion is imminent in the US, with millions of the large cricket-like insects poised to emerge from the earth after 17 years lying in wait. The first of the bugs that are expected to blanket the US east coast have already been spotted in North Carolina and New Jersey. “The Brood II emergence has begun!” cheered the site cicadamania. org on May 13, where the subculture of insect fans can record sightings. But the onslaught will truly begin later this month, once the average ground temperature reaches 17 degrees Celsius. At its peak, there could be swarms with between one and two thousand chirping insects a square metre (yard). Although cicadas are common around the world, this cyclical phenomenon happens only in the United States. Every 17 years, these “periodical cicadas” mature, mate, lay eggs and die in a deafening concerto. Their offspring – which won’t be seen again for another 17 years – burrow into the ground, 20 centimetres (8 inches) deep, where they will feed on the sap from roots until their day in the sun arrives. The broods – there are 15 of them – are classified by Roman numeral. Most are on a 17-year cycle, though three reproduce every 13 years and the cycles are staggered, meaning that at least one of the broods hatches each year. But not all broods are created equal and “Brood II” is a big one. During the coming weeks, they will emerge and launch a reproductive orgy when the larvae split their skins and mature into adult form, said University of Maryland entomologist Michael Raupp. “Then they’ll scramble in a flight to the treetops. The males will begin to court the females. They will mate,” he added. The females will “lay their eggs, these eggs will hatch and will tumble down to the earth, and feed again for another 17 years.” The insects, of the scientific order Hemiptera, are about 3 centimetres (2.5 inches) long. They’re black and have red eyes and translucent wings with orange veins. They don’t sting and only threaten the young trees they will pump for sap. And they will be loud. The males sing to the females in a mating call created through their tymbal, an abdominal membrane. By the thousands, the unique chirp rises to a deafening roar. Most of the cicadas will die quickly, preyed on by birds and small mammals, including mice and even dogs. “Adult cicadas are a huge source of food for various animals,” said Andrew Liebhold, Agriculture Department entomologist. “They are a very good source of nutrition and enhance reproduction of several species of birds and mammals.” – AFP

Under fire Obama goes on offensive
PRESIDENT Barack Obama launched a multipronged counterattack on May 15 at Republicans who had described a trio of alleged scandals as flagrant evidence of abuses of power and cover-ups. Obama seized the initiative after days of criticism over the assault on a US mission in Libya, the targeting of conservative groups by tax officials and a Justice Department trawl of reporters’ phone records. On a day of high drama, the White House released 100 pages of emails which it said debunked Republican charges that it had covered up the true circumstances of last year’s Benghazi attack, which killed four Americans. Then, Obama sacked the acting head of the Internal Revenue Service and pledged full cooperation with Congress over claims that the agency had unfairly investigated right-wing groups hostile to his White House. He also backed a “reporter shield” bill designed to strengthen the rights of journalists to protect sources, as a controversy intensified over the government’s seizure of Associated Press reporters’ call logs. pundits have alleged that Obama’s aides engaged in a cover up to disguise the involvement of Islamic extremists in the attack and to head off damage to his re-election campaign. The correspondence appears to show that the CIA, and not senior White House or State Department officials, took the lead in developing talking points for members of Congress and the press and in omitting key information about possible action by extremists. CIA deputy director Michael Morell is seen removing references to al-Qaeda, and Libya-based extremists linked to the group, from the talking points, later used by US ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice on television. The correspondence also appears to suggest that officials erred on the side of caution on the question of whether the attack was planned and carried out by extremists. The White House also backed legislation to strengthen journalists’ rights to protect sources, after government agents secretly collected AP phone records in an apparent search for national security leakers. – AFP



Indian company fined $500m for tainted drugs
AUTHORITIES in the United States announced a US$500 million dollar fine against Indian generic pharmaceutical manufacturer Ranbaxy on May 13 after it pleaded guilty to selling adulterated drugs in the US. Ranbaxy USA, the US subsidiary of Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited, which is based near New Delhi, pleaded guilty to seven counts of felony after it distributed several Indiaproduced adulterated generic drugs in the US in 2005-2006. It agreed to pay a criminal fine and forfeiture of $150 million and another $350 million to settle civil charges, the Justice Department said in a statement. The Justice Department said it was the largest drug-safety settlement with a generic drug manufacturer. A former Ranbaxy executive, Dinesh Thakur, will receive about $48.6 million from the fines as a whistle-blower in the case. Ranbaxy, taken over by Japan’s Daiichi Sankyo in 2008, had imported to the US adulterated batches of the acne drug Sotret (isotretinoin), the epilepsy drug gabapentin, and the antibiotic ciprofloxacin. The drugs were all made in its Paonta Sahib facility near Chandigarh, which US Food and Drug Administration inspectors cited for

The number of charges to which Ranbaxy USA pleaded guilty after distributing adulterated generic drugs


US President Barack Obama's counterattack came after days of criticism. Photo: AFP

After meeting senior Treasury aides, Obama appeared in the East Room of the White House to announce the acting head of the IRS, Steven Miller, was out. Obama said that abuses by the IRS, revealed in a report by a government watchdog released on May 14, were “inexcusable.” The document release showed the development of the administration’s narrative in the days after the Benghazi attack on September 11 last year. Many Republican lawmakers and

poor record keeping and an inadequate testing for the stability of the drugs over time. The company also admitted to making false and fraudulent statements to the FDA in 2006-2007 on stability tests made on several other export drugs. “The investigation that led to this settlement uncovered evidence showing that certain lots of specific drugs produced at the Paonta Sahib facility were defective, in that their strength differed from, or their purity or quality fell below, that which they purported to possess,” said John Roth, director of the FDA’s Office of Criminal Investigations. Since last year the Paonta Sahib facility and another, in Dewas, have been blacklisted from producing drugs for the US market until they can meet US drug standards. – AFP

Morningstar Foods LLC,a Delaware Limited Liability Company,having its office at No. 2711,North Haskell Avenue,Suite 3400,Dallas,Texas 75204,U.S.A.,is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademarks: AVOSET POUR N’ WHIP
Reg. No. 4/3695/2013 Reg. No. 4/3697/2013

SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED, a company organized under the laws of Delaware, U.S.A., of 2200 Pacific Highway, San Diego, California 92101, U.S.A., is the Owner of the following Trade Mark:-

Reg. No. 1075/2010

Reg. No. 4/3696/2013

In respect of: Non-dairy based mix for making whipped icings,toppings and fillings in Class 29 Icings,toppings and fillings for pastry and confectionery in Class30 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks will be dealt with according to law. KHIN MAUNG CHO & ASSOCIATES For Morningstar Foods LLC No.183(A),1st Floor, 38th Street,Kyauk-ta-da Township, Yangon. Ph: +95-9-5128853 Dated: May 20, 2013

in respect of “Int’l Class 7: Gas turbines and parts and equipment therefor; weatherproof and acoustically treated containers and modules to contain turbo machinery and ancillary equipment; gas compressors and parts and equipment therefor for the oil and gas industry and for power generation; mechanical drive packages for driving compressors; gas turbine driven equipment and gas turbine packages; internal combustion gas turbines engines (except for land vehicles) and parts and equipment for internal combustion engines, gas turbines, and gas compressors for the oil and gas industry and for power generation, power generation equipment, power packages, and parts therefor, excluding power generation equipment solely for harnessing energy from the sun”. Reg. No. 1076/2010 in respect of “Int’l Class 9: Computer hardware and software for controlling, managing, maintaining, remotely monitoring,

diagnosing, and communicating with gas turbines, gas compressors, internal combustion engines, power generation equipment, and power packages; computer hardware and software for controlling, managing, maintaining, remotely monitoring, diagnosing, and communicating with parts and equipment for gas turbines, gas compressors, internal combustion engines, power generation equipment, and power packages”. Reg. No. 1077/2010 in respect of “Int’l Class 37: Repairing, servicing, maintaining, manufacturing, fabricating, and leasing gas turbines, gas compressors, internal combustion engines, power generation equipment, and power packages; repairing, servicing, maintaining, manufacturing, fabricating, and leasing parts and equipment for gas turbines, gas compressors, internal combustion engines, power generation equipment, and power packages, excluding power generation equipment solely for harnessing energy from the sun”. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A.,H.G.P.,D.B.L. for SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED P.O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: Dated: 20 May 2013

36 World International


CO2 levels breach ‘new danger zone’
THE world has entered a “new danger zone” with levels of Earth-warming carbon dioxide in the atmosphere never experienced by humankind, the UN’s climate chief warned on May 13. When it breached the CO2 threshold of 400 parts a million (ppm) the previous week, the world “crossed an historic threshold and entered a new danger zone,” Christiana Figueres said in a statement urging policy action. The level measured by US monitors has not existed on Earth in three to five million years – a time when temperatures were several degrees warmer and the sea level was 20 to 40 metres (64 to 128 feet) higher than today, experts say. Before the Industrial Revolution, when man first started pumping carbon into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels, CO2 levels were about 280 ppm – rising steadily since records began in the 1950s. The 400 ppm symbolic threshold had been expected to be breached for some time, but campaigners say it should nevertheless serve as a wake-up call in efforts to curb greenhouse gas emissions through fossil fuel use. “The world must wake up and take note of what this means for human security, human welfare and economic development,” said Figueres, who oversees global negotiations aimed at limiting warming-induced climate change. “In the face of clear and present danger, we need a policy response which truly rises to the challenge.” Negotiators under the auspices of the United Nations are seeking by 2015 to develop a new, global climate treaty to take effect by 2020. Nations are simultaneously trying to find short-term solutions pre-2020 to closing the growing gap between agreed carbon emission targets and the actual curbs required to contain warming. The UN is targeting a maximum temperature rise of 2 degrees Celsius on pre-industrial levels for what scientists believe would be manageable climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which informs policy makers, has said atmospheric CO2 must be limited to 400 ppm for a temperature rise of 2-2.4C. On May 10, however, the National Oceanic and AtmosCO2 levels recorded at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii
(Figures taken from May each decade)

CO2 Concentration (Parts per Million)



300 200 100 0

322.87 335.05

385.38 350.99 366.60








Source: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory

pheric Administration’s monitoring centre in Mauna Loa, Hawaii, released data showing the daily average CO2 over the Pacific Ocean was 400.03 ppm as of May 9.

A separate monitor at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in San Diego, California, measured 400.08 ppm. “We still have a chance to stave off the worst effects of

climate change, but this will require a greatly stepped-up response,” Figueres said on May 13. Global climate negotiations have been making poor progress and the yearly rise in emissions has led many scientists to conclude that warming of 3 or 4C is probable by century’s end. Last year’s meeting in Doha, Qatar, saw the 27-nation European Union, Australia, Switzerland and eight other industrialised nations sign up for binding emission cuts until 2020 under an extension of the Kyoto Protocol. Together, the countries represent only 15 percent of global emissions. The United States, China and India, the world’s biggest emitters of CO2, have no binding targets. – AFP

NOTICE is hereby given that Kracie Home Products, Ltd. a company incorporated under the laws of Japan, Manufacturers and Merchants of 20-20, Kaigan 3-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan is the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademarks:-


Disasters displaced 32.4m in 2012: watchdog
NATURAL disasters ranging from floods to earthquakes forced 32.4 million people to flee their homes worldwide last year, watchdog group the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre said on May 13. While Asia and west and central Africa bore the brunt, 1.3 million were displaced in rich countries, with Hurricane Sandy in the United States accounting for 900,000 alone, the Geneva-based IMDC said. Internally displaced is a label given to individuals who remain in their homeland, to distinguish them from those who cross borders and are counted as refugees. The hardest-hit countries in 2012 were India and Nigeria. Flooding in both countries forced 6.9 million and 6.1 million people, respectively, to flee. During the past five years, 81 percent of global displacement has occurred in Asia, the IMDC said. But in 2012, Africa reached its highest number with 8.2 million people newly displaced. The figure was four times that seen in any of the previous four years. Natural disasters compound the impact of other crises, the IMDC said. “In countries already facing the effects of conflict and food insecurity such as in Nigeria, Pakistan, and South Sudan, we observe a common theme,” spokeswoman Clare Spurrell said in a statement. “Here, vulnerability to disaster triggered by floods is frequently further compounded by hunger, poverty and violence, resulting in a ‘perfect storm’ of risk factors that lead to displacement,” she added. International experts have warned that the number of people displaced by disasters is set to rise in the face of climate change. While Hurricane Sandy spotlighted the impact of extreme weather on rich nations

The number of Africans in millions left homeless by natural disasters last year


( Reg: Nos. IV/5661/2006 & IV/8374/2009 )

( Reg: Nos. IV/5658/2006 & IV/8375/2009 )

NOTICE is hereby given that OLEEN CO., LTD. a company organized under the laws of Thailand and having its principal office at No. 33/21-33, Sukhumvit 11, Klongtoey-Nua, Wattana, Bangkok 10110, Thailand is the owner and sole proprietor of the following trademarks:-

( Reg: Nos. IV/5660/2006 & IV/8377/2009 )

such as the United States, the IMDC noted that poor nations bore the biggest burden by far. “In the US following Hurricane Sandy, most of those displaced were able to find refuge in adequate temporary shelter while displaced from their own homes,” said Spurrell. “Compare this to communities in Haiti, where hundreds of thousands are still living in makeshift tents over three years after the 2010 earthquake mega-disaster, and you see a very different picture,” she added. – AFP

(Reg: No. IV/2166/2013) ( Reg: Nos. IV/5659/2006 & IV/8378/2009 ) The above four trademarks are in respect of :“Soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions, dentifrices” – Class: 3 

(Reg: No. IV/2167/2013) Libby’s Brand Holding Limited, of Vanterpool Plaza 2nd Floor, Wickhams Cay 1, Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands, is the Owner of the following Trade Mark:-

( Reg: Nos. IV/5657/2006 & IV/8376/2009 ) The above trademark is in respect of:“Soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions, dentifrices, non-medicated bath additives, bath salt, bath oid, bath essence, bath liquid, bath gel” – Int’l Class: 3 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for Kracie Home Products, Ltd. P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416 Dated: 20th May, 2013

(Reg: No. IV/2168/2013) Reg. No. 5541/1999 Reg. No. 731/2010 in respect of “Beverages, food and ingredients of food”. Fraudulent imitation or unauthorised use of the said Trade Mark will be dealt with according to law. Win Mu Tin, M.A., H.G.P., D.B.L for Libby’s Brand Holding Limited P. O. Box 60, Yangon E-mail: Dated: 20 May 2013

(Reg: No. IV/2169/2013) The above four trademarks are in respect of:“Refined palm olein cooking oil” – Class: 29 Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according to law. U Kyi Win Associates for OLEEN CO., LTD. P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon. Phone: 372416

Dated: 20th May, 2013

38 World Asia-Pacific


Najib says cabinet will work for national reconciliation
MALAYSIA’S premier on May 15 unveiled a cabinet which he said would foster reconciliation after a racially divisive election, but which was attacked by the opposition as merely the status quo. Prime Minister Najib Razak’s team was closely watched for indications of how he would approach the race divide and fulfil promises to invigorate government, amid declining support for the 56-year-old regime he heads. “Over the past months and years, divisions have opened up in Malaysian society. Now it is time for all of us, in government and beyond, to put the bitterness behind us,” Najib said in introducing his line-up. “Together we will act to bring about national reconciliation, secure Malaysia’s economic future and build a stronger, more harmonious society.” But the line-up was panned by the opposition as proof his Barisan Nasional (National Front) government remained averse to real change despite the shock of winning only a minority of the popular vote in the May 5 election. The cabinet features some new faces but key ministries remain in the hands of familiar figures from his United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). UMNO, which represents Muslim Malays, the country’s largest ethnic group, controls Barisan. The choice of just one ethnic Chinese among 33 ministers seemed likely to fuel a debate over race in the multiethnic country. Najib fended off a strong challenge from an opposition alliance led by Anwar Ibrahim. But the ruling coalition was abandoned by voters from the economically powerful Chinese minority that comprises 25 percent of the country’s 28 million people, weakening his claims to multi-ethnic rule. Chinese and Indians have expressed increasing resentment at Malay political domination and policies favouring Malays in business, education and other spheres. For the first time in decades, the cabinet had no representation from the Malaysian Chinese Association, part of the ruling coalition, which suffered declining support from Chinese voters. Its president had vowed to accept no cabinet posts if its support further declined in the polls. The MCA earned just seven seats in the 222-member parliament, down from 31 in 2004 polls. – AFP

‘Together we will act to…build a stronger, more harmonious society.’
Najib Razak Malaysian Prime Minister


Sex workers in China are beaten, tortured in custody, says watchdog
CHINESE sex workers are being subjected to widespread abuse by authorities, including beatings and torture in police custody and detention without trial, Human Rights Watch said on May 14. “Sex workers are treated as if they have no rights,” the international watchdog’s China director Sophie Richardson told a news conference in Hong Kong during the launch of a report on the subject. “Rather than being protected by police, sex workers are regularly subjected to beatings, ill-treatment and torture in custody,” she said, adding they could be detained in “re-education through labour” camps for up to two years without trial. “I was beaten until I turned black and blue because I wouldn’t admit to prostitution,” one woman, named Xiao Yue, said in was quoted as saying in the report. Another told how she and two other sex workers had been tied to trees by police, had cold water thrown over them and were then beaten. The report said some of the abuses suffered by sex workers in custody “constitute torture under domestic law”. It added that the government periodically carries out vigorous nationwide crackdown campaigns against prostitution and pornography, including raids on sex worker venues and the detention of large numbers of women. Sex workers who have reported crimes against them, including rape, have themselves been arrested after revealing to police what they do for a living, Richardson said, as prostitution of any kind is illegal under Chinese law. “I’ve been raped several times,” one sex worker identified as Mimi was quoted as saying in the report. “But because I am a sex worker, and selling sex is a violation of the law, I could be arrested. They are considered a “social evil” and are often referred to by Chinese officials as fallen women, she said. The report found that poverty was one of the driving factors leading women to become sex workers, as well as a lack of education and employment opportunities, job loss, divorce or separation. In China’s poorest regions gender inequality is endemic, with women twice as likely as men to be illiterate, the report said. It added that many women over the age of 40 had turned to prostitution after being laid off by state enterprises in the late 1990s. The New York–based watchdog conducted studies between 2008 and 2012, mainly in the Chinese capital Beijing, including interviews with 75 sex workers. Zi Teng, a Hong Kong–based group that offers support to hundreds of migrant sex workers from mainland China in the city said it hoped the report would raise international awareness of the issue. Spokeswoman Ann Lee also called for the Chinese government to decriminalise sex work and make it a legitimate job to prevent future abuses. "If the sex workers are victimised, or criminals go to their place and harass them, sex workers can then go to the police directly and ask for help," Lee said. – AFP

‘Sex workers are treated as if they have no rights.’
Sophie Richardson Human Rights Watch

So I have never been willing to report to the police. I just have to grin and bear it.” Sex workers are also subjected to forcible testing for HIV, with their privacy and patient confidentiality disclosed to third parties, the report said. Richardson said there had been “an extraordinary boom in sex work” since Chinese economic reform began in the late 1970s and there were an estimated four to six million sex workers in China.


An endangered orangutan an National Park on Indonesia’s April 10. The Indonesian gove two years a logging ban aime came despite fierce pressure f was criticised by green group


Schools close in Nepal as sex fungus harvest begins
THE annual rush to the hills by villagers keen to harvest a rare aphrodisiac fungus dubbed “Himalayan Viagra” has emptied rural schools in Nepal and forced them to shut, a local official said on May 14. Parents, students and even teachers have left home in pursuit of “yarchagumba”, a high-altitude caterpillar fungus which is eagerly sought for its reputed sexual enhancement. “In this district alone, about 8000 students have left school for the expedition,” Prakash Subedi, an official at Jajarkot district education office, told AFP. “Without the students, there’s no point running the school so we close them. Even the teachers go to collect it,” Subedi said. Some schools might hold extra classes in the autumn so children’s education does not suffer, he added. Yarchagumba, which in Tibetan means “summer grass, winter worm,” is produced when Cordyceps fungus spores attack a caterpillar larva underground, kill it and cause a mushroom to sprout out of its head. Nepalese villagers flock to high meadows each spring in search of the specimens. China and other Asian markets have huge appetites for the obscure fungus, pushing prices above US$11,500 a pound (450 grams) and putting its value somewhere between silver and gold. “We urge the parents not to take their children along with them,” Subedi said, adding that parents typically ignore the plea because children can earn up to 100,000 rupees ($1140) during the harvest. No definitive research has been published on the qualities of “Himalayan Viagra”. But Chinese herbalists believe the fungus – an excellent balance of yin and yang, as it is both animal and vegetable – boosts sexual performance. Boiled in water to make tea, or added to soups and stews, it is claimed to cure a variety of ailments from fatigue to cancer. – AFP

Lahore PM-elect Sharif pledges to work with Imran Khan

The price in US dollars for 450 grams of the fungus

Pakistan’s incoming prime minister nawaz sharif pledged on may 14 to work with his rival imran khan for the good of the country as he visited the cricketer-turned-politician in hospital. During campaigning Sharif and his PML-N party were harshly critisised by Khan, who is recovering from a fractured spine. “I told him that we should work together to bring prosperity to the people of Pakistan,” Sharif after visiting Khan. Partial official results released on May 14 confirmed Sharif’s Pakistan

Asia-Pacific World 39

Taiwan spurns Aquino’s apology for man’s death
Taiwan describes an apology for the shooting death of a fisherman as ‘unacceptable’ as it widens sanctions on the Philippines over the incident
TAIWAN on May 15 imposed sanctions on the Philippines, including a ban on the hiring of new workers, rejecting an apology by President Benigno Aquino for the killing of a Taiwanese fisherman. Philippine coastguards shot dead the 65-year-old on May 9 after they said his vessel illegally sailed into Philippine waters and outrage in Taiwan at the incident grew amid a perceived lack of remorse in Manila. In a bid to contain the diplomatic fallout, Aquino sent Amadeo Perez, chairman of the Manila Economic and Cultural Office which handles relations with Taiwan, to the island on May 15 to act as his “personal representative”. “(The envoy) will convey his and the Filipino people’s deep regret and apology to the family of Mr Hung Shih-cheng, as well as to the people of Taiwan over the unfortunate and unintended loss of life,” presidential spokesman Edwin Lacierda said in Manila. Premier Jiang Yi-huah said Taiwan acknowledged Lacierda’s statement but deemed it “unacceptable” that the death was described as unintended. “Perez did not have sufficient authorisation and this shows the Philippines’ lack of sincerity in resolving the incident and therefore our second wave of eight sanctions are initiated immediately,” Jiang told reporters. These include a “red” travel alert pino people should be treated “calmly”. Taiwan earlier on May 15 suspended the hiring of Philippine workers and recalled its envoy to Manila in protest at the killing. It rejected an initial apology made by the Philippines’ de facto ambassador early on May 15 as inadequate. President Ma Ying-jeou insisted Manila offer a formal apology and compensation, apprehend the killer and launch talks on the fishing industry. Lacierda urged Taiwan not to implement its threatened sanctions and to reverse its decision to ban new Filipino workers while appealling for calm. There are 87,000 Philippine workers in Taiwan and labour authorities said nearly 2000 new applications to work are submitted monthly. Maritime tensions are already high over rival claims in the South China Sea, next to where last the May 9 shooting took place. China, the Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei have competing claims all or part of the South China Sea. – AFP

The number of Filipinos working in Taiwan


urging Taiwanese not to visit the Philippines and the suspension of exchanges between high-level officials, as well as a halt to exchanges on trade and academic affairs. Jiang urged Taiwanese to support the government in pressuring the Philippine government but said the Fili-


SKorean media slams photo of Japanese PM
MAJOR South Korean newspapers splashed a photo of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in a military trainer jet on their front pages on May 15, saying it was a reminder of Japan’s colonial-era atrocities. The picture showed a smiling Abe giving a thumbs-up while sitting in the cockpit of an air force T-4 training jet emblazoned with the number 731. The number evoked memories of Unit 731 – a covert Japanese biological and chemical warfare research facility that carried out lethal human experiments during the 1937-45 Sino-Japanese War and World War II. The unit was based in the northeastern Chinese city of Harbin, and held prisoners from China, South Korea and the Soviet Union. The press in Seoul suggested the Abe picture was an intended affront to countries such as China and South Korea which suffered under Japanese occupation and colonisation. “Abe’s endless provocation!” said the picture caption on the front page of the country’s largest daily, the Chosun Ilbo. “Abe’s pose resurrects horrors of Unit 731,” ran the headline in the Englishlanguage Korea JoongAng Daily. The picture was taken on May 12 at gested the number on the trainer was simply coincidental. “There was no particular meaning in the number of the training airplane the prime minister was in on Sunday. Other than that there is nothing we can say,” a ministry spokesman told AFP in Tokyo. South Korean ambassador to Japan Shin Kak-Soo said he knew of nothing that indicated there was any intent behind the use of a plane numbered 731, but that Japan needed to pay attention to perceptions. Likening Japan’s sticky relationship with its neighbours to that between a school bully and his targets, he said: “There is a gap between the perception of a victimiser and that of a victim.” He said Japanese empathy towards Koreans on the history issue “would prompt a faster curing of wounds”. The prominence given to the photo will likely fuel public anger in South Korea which has already been aroused by the recent visit of Japanese cabinet ministers and lawmakers to a controversial war shrine. The Yasukuni shrine in central Tokyo honours 2.5 million war dead, including 14 leading war criminals and is regarded by South Korea and China as a symbol of wartime aggression. – AFP

nd her baby in the rainforest of the vast Leuser Sumatra island, in a photograph taken on ernment said on May 15 it was extending by ed at protecting rainforests. The move, which from the palm oil, timber and other industries, ps as not going far enough. Photo: AFP
Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N) on 123 seats, with the Pakistan People’s Party on 31, and Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) on 26. Another 18 of the 272 directly elected seats in the national assembly were still to be declared.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in the T-4 training jet on May 12. Photo: AFP/Jiji Press

an air force base in Japan’s Miyagi Prefecture. Abe was visiting the base as part of a tour of areas affected by the 2011 tsunami. The Japanese Defence Ministry sug-

Manila Aquino wins comfortably in mid-term elections

Philippine President Benigno Aquino on May 14 secured big wins in midterm elections seen as vital to his ambitious reform agenda. Aquino’s ruling Liberal Party and its allies were set to gain control of both houses of Congress, showed the official election tally with more than 75 percent of the votes counted in the May 13 election. Most crucial was control of the Senate, with Aquino allies on track to

win nine of 12 seats contested in the mid-term elections to give the president a comfortable majority that would allow him to much more easily pass legislation. “Since we will have a greater support in the Senate, that means we will be able to push our reform agenda, the laws that we feel are our priorities for the country,” presidential spokesman Edwin Lacierda told reporters.

Tang Jianhua was condemned to death with two years’ reprieve for taking bribes, a Chongqing court official told AFP. Under Chinese law the punishment is normally commuted to life imprisonment. Tang was a deputy to Wang Lijun, Chongqing’s police chief and right-hand man to Bo, who was then the Communist Party chief in the metropolis.

Beijing Suspended death sentence for cop linked to Bo scandal

The former deputy police chief of the chinese megacity of chongqing has been given a suspended death sentence for bribery, a court said on May 15, in the latest episode in the scandal that brought down disgraced former Politburo member Bo Xilai.

Seoul South Korea regrets North’s negative response on talks

South korea voiced regret on may 16 at north korea’s decision to spurn an offer of formal talks on removing goods from a joint industrial complex closed by military tensions. “It’s very regrettable,” said Unification Ministry spokesman Kim

Hyung-Suk, again urging Pyongyang to negotiate over the South Korean firms forced to withdraw from the Kaesong zone, 10 kilometres (6 miles) inside North Korea. At the request of President Park Geun-Hye, the Unification Ministry formally proposed talks at the truce village of Panmunjom in the Demilitarised Zone which bisects the Korean peninsula. But the North reacted negatively on May 15, calling the offer “a crafty ploy” to deflect blame for the suspension of operations at Kaesong.

New Delhi Fatal gang-rape suspect badly hurt in jail attack

A defendant on trial over a fatal gang-rape in new delhi last december is critically ill after being attacked

in prison, his lawyer said on May 15, weeks after the main accused died in the same jail. Vinay Sharma was rushed to the state-run Lok Nayak Hospital in New Delhi on May 14 with chest injuries after he was assaulted in Tihar Jail, lawyer A. P. Singh told AFP. Sharma, 20, was “beaten up and thrashed” by fellow inmates at the maximum-security jail, Singh said. One of Sharma’s co-defendants, bus driver Ram Singh, was found hanged in his cell in the same prison in March. Although an inquest ruled he had committed suicide his lawyers allege that he was murdered. Sharma is one of four adults still on trial for the murder and gang-rape of the 23-year-old student who was attacked on a bus on December 16 and died 13 days later. – AFP

40 the THE MYANMAR TIMES APRIL 22, 2013. MONDAY pulse Analysis socialite 40 World



street artist
by night
ing my desires and I want people from all over the world to know about it. Myanmar artists copy art from other countries but we can create art just like other people around the world.” In recent months, Arker Kyaw has continued to test boundaries by painting yet another mural of a president, but this time with an eye closer to home. Last month, he painted a mural near Chawtwingone in Mayangone township in honour of President U Thein Sein’s 68th birthday. It was an effort to send a simple message directly to the president – a birthday wish from Arker Kyaw. “If U Thein Sein sees my graffiti, he can’t pay anything to me and I can’t get anything from him,” he said. “Most elderly people in Myanmar do not accept graffiti art and they think we spoil their walls. That’s why I try to paint subjects that can appeal to many people.” As with most art, Arker Kyaw’s work has garnered mixed reactions. Former graffiti artist Wunna Lynn said he did not understand the purpose of Arker Kyaw’s portraits of famous people. “Arker Kyaw is a great artist and he possesses great skill, but he doesn’t seem to understand the purpose of graffiti. He seems to be chasing only popularity, but graffiti is street art that should give people an alternative point of view,” Wunna Lynn said. “Many people in Myanmar enjoy graffiti as a form of entertainment, but in other countries it’s a way to communicate new ideas.”

Filmmaker by day,






WEEK before US President Barack Obama made his historic trip to Myanmar last year – to encourage the government and the people to continue on their path of openness and change – a young graffiti artist spray-painted a large mural of President Obama’s image on a wall near Yangon’s Kandawgyi Park. Shortly afterwards, authorities whitewashed the image. A few days later, the artist returned to the same wall, undeterred, and re-painted it. But later that day, it was again covered over, this time with black paint. Determined to send his welcome message to President Obama, the artist returned yet again. With the third attempt, the mural was documented and posted on Facebook, and within hours it had caught the eye of international media, becoming a symbol throughout the world of a nation on the verge of change. The young artist was a lanky 20-year-old named Arker Kyaw. When his mural went viral on the internet, Arker Kyaw was already a rising star in Myanmar, known both as a graffiti artist – who goes by the tag name “Night” – and as a promising young filmmaker. His first short film, titled The Night, was a documentary about the thriving graffiti scene in Yangon. It received honours as a top-five film in Yangon’s Art of Freedom Film Festival in January 2012. According to Arker Kyaw and his friend Tin Win Hlaing – who directed The Night – they didn't make the film to seek recognition. Rather, he said, they were just two artists trying to tell a story. “We have been friends since childhood,” Arker Kyaw said. “At

first, we did not aim for the festival. We were just making a documentary for ourselves. When the Art of Freedom Film Festival asked to use the film in the festival, we became interested in participating. "We were so happy when they chose our film for the top five, because we had produced it just for ourselves.” By day, Arker Kyaw continues to make films. He and a group of friends – including his brother, Soe Wai Htun, and Aung Khant – have founded an entertainment group called ART, through which they direct music videos, and have teamed up with a production group called Nut and Butter to release the film Floating Bliss. It will be featured in the Singapore-Myanmar Film Festival in Singapore in July. But by night, Arker Kyaw is an artist. Graffiti art, he says, is where his real passion lies. As a young boy, he watched his father draw pictures and became eager to try it out after finishing his matriculation exams. “There were a lot of things I wanted to do,” Arker Kyaw said. “I wanted to sing a song. I wanted to paint.” Arker Kyaw started testing his talent around Yangon in 2009. He was inspired to begin experimenting with graffiti after coming across a quote from author John Lee. “He said everybody possesses one talent and we have to find out what it is and try to upgrade that talent to make money. So I thought about what my talent might be, and I chose painting,” Arker Kyaw said. “I am not making graffiti to gain popularity – I am just following my desire,” he said. “In the future, I will keep express-

'Most elderly people in Myanmar do not accept graffiti art and they think we spoil their walls. That’s why I try to paint subjects that can appeal to many people.'
Arker Kyaw Street artist
Photos: Aung Htay Hlaing

the pulse 41

Diramore promotes Myanmar classical music
LOCAL musician Diramore is collaborating with a Japanese production company to promote Myanmar classical music internationally in the lead-up to the Southeast Asian Games, which will be held in Myanmar this December. Diramore said that since 2010 he has been planning to produce Myanmar classical music albums, and he has already prepared a list of songs to record. “In January, a sound engineer from Airplane music label in Japan visited Myanmar, and I told him about my plan. He was interested so we recorded a demo that he took back to Japan. His producer was also interested, and they offered to help produce internationalquality recordings,” he said. Airplane’s executive producer, Ms Harue Kawabadta, then came to Myanmar to observe how local musicians and technicians work. She also came up with the idea of distributing Myanmar classical recordings to universities in Japan where music is taught. Airplane usually produces pop, rock and jazz music. This project marks their first attempt at producing traditional music. “I’m organising the project, but I’m not participating as a musician," Diramore said. "We are not using any of my compositions either. We have already recorded 10 albums for the project. The plan is to distribute the classical recordings in Myanmar and Japan,” he told The Myanmar Times. He said all the recordings were made in Myanmar, but with technicians from Japan. The recording process started at the beginning of April and the technicians will return home later this month. The mixing and mastering will be done in Japan. “We are not doing this with a contract. Airplane is just helping out. When it comes to distributing the music in Myanmar and Japan, then we will make a contract.” He said that nowadays it’s difficult to find recordings of Myanmar classical songs in local stores. “Some foreigners visit Myanmar and they want to know about traditional music but we don’t have any albums to play for them. The ones we have are rare and the quality is not good,” Diramore said. Of the 10 albums that have been recorded, two focus on vocal-based music, including one consisting of classical love songs sung by Shoon Lai Aung. Another album contains songs dedicated to the Buddha. The other albums are mostly instrumental music, although some songs — such as nat chin, dedicated to spirit worship — feature some vocal accompaniment.

– Lwin Mar Htun

42 the pulse local


Seven days in Myanmar

“I LOVE this photo I took on a narrow street near the Sule pagoda, at night, of a vendor pushing his cart,” says photographer Catherine Karnow. Karnow took an assignment to photograph Yangon artists and film stars for the "7 Days in Myanmar" project. Twenty-one seasoned photographers from around the world and nine from Myanmar joined the project, aiming to create a pictorial book. The photographers travelled around cities to capture the great diversity of Myanmar's countryside, people and tradition within seven days, embarking on their quest on April 27 and returning on May 4. “The changing lights from the nightclub across the street from

the mosque bathed it in different colours, and there is a very shallow depth of field,” Karnow told The Myanmar Times by email. “I just love the light and the mood,” she added. Her assignment included meeting with famous artist and filmmaker Pangyi Soe Moe. “It was wonderful to spend the day with Pangyi So Moe and hear his wonderful stories. We spent the whole day together,” she said. “I loved his enthusiasm and energy. He told me about his painting styles and how he captured the colours of each country, and about a portrait he painted of The Lady (Daw Aung San Suu Kyi) which hangs in her house,” she added. Karnow said his studio was very photogenic and their shoot together was entirely collaborative as the artist had many ideas about lighting and composition. “He never got tired either. Usually when I photograph a person, I have to make all the decisions on how and where to shoot and apologise for taking up too much of their

time,” she said. “He was tireless with enthusiasm,” she added. Photographer Thet Htoo explored landmarks in Pha-an in Kayin State such as Zwekapin mountain and caves Myawaddy,

‘It was wonderful to spend the day with Pangyi So Moe and hear his wonderful stories. We spent the whole day together.’
Catherine Karnow Photographer which he had never visited before, and Mount Kyaikhtiyo in Mon State. He said he could concentrate on taking pictures and contribute good photos when he didn’t have worry about money. “I chanced upon a boxing camp in Pha-an where I had dreamt of photographing traditional boxers long ago. I got pictures of them training,” he said. “The man who drove me to Phaan said the place was not much frequented by tourists in the past. Shops and food stalls were closed by 8pm and the natural limestone caves in Pha-an remained untouched by tourists,” he said. “I met a foreign photographer who was looking for the natural limestone caves where Buddha statues lie. He was asking local people by showing the picture of the statue inside the cave and said he really wanted to take pictures of it,” he added. Thet Htoo said his pictures of the Pha-an caves would stir the interest of people around the world and attract them to visit Myanmar.

A night vendor near the Sule pagoda in Yangon. Photo: Catherine Karnow

Kyauk Kelap looms in the background as photographer Thet Htoo sets up for his shot. Photo: Supplied by the photographer

Reuters photographer Soe Zeya Tun said the project gave him his first real taste of photographing while relaxed. “In the nature of things, as a Reuters photojournalist I have to send pictures as soon as I take them. But here we had plenty of time. There was no need to rush, so I could take time to get good photos and could photograph what I like,” he said. During the seven-day trip, Soe Zeya Tun chanced upon a ritual

chanting of Kayan women with brass coils around their necks in Loikaw. “My arrival coincided with the start of their ritual celebration,” he said. “The Kayan in Panpae village differ from those in Inle. They are very natural. I saw them in their rustic simplicity,” he said. For the project, photographers had to submit 250 pictures each. Soe Zeya Tun said the images of Myanmar taken by the 30 photographers would become a colourful history of Myanmar for the future.

Yangon filmmakers showcased in Korea 50 years of good

Pansodan Street. “I wanted to highlight the importance of maintaining heritage A YOUNG punk, an historic buildbuilding's like this. I just simply ing and a Burmese butterfly will gave the building name for the feature in this year’s International title.” Women’s Film Festival in South The documentary is Ma Cho Korea. Pyone’s final submission for her The film festival will host seven film course. of Myanmar’s young female talents, The themes were provided to all students from the Yangon Film the students by their teachers, alSchool (YSF). though all the creative mechanisms The festival will screen an array behind the making of the film are of films made by female filmmakers the students’ own work. from around the world, screening The building - which is located drama, documentaries, animations in one Yangon’s busiest city streets and an experimental genre. - is more than a hundred years old Myanmar will showcase six and hosts the Pansodan Art Gallery, works in the documentary and a tea shop, a guest house and many short fiction film categories. poorer families who dwell in the “My film is about a colonial 10- square-feet rooms. building which is very old,” says Ma “There are many people who live Cho Pyone, the director of No. 62 in that building, but nobody cares to maintain it,” Ma Cho Pyone said. “Many families are those who work on the street and every day they are busy just trying to survive. Maintaining its heritage value would be the last thing they would be thinking about.” She says the building deserves respect, having survived a hundred years through tropical storms, several wars and A crucial scene from the short film, Burmese decades of neglect. Butterfly, directed by Hnin Ei Hlaing. “I feel like it’s an old Photo: Supplied by Hnin Ei Hlaing person - as it gets older,

nobody wants to take care of it anymore,” she says. “It is very sad.” The short film Burmese Butterfly directed by Hnin Ei Hlaing, stars a twenty-one-year-old hairdresser who has to confront his turbulent upbringing and describes how difficult it is to come out in Myanmar. The film provides a rare glimpse into the emergent gay community in the country. Other documentaries that made the cut are Hey, Girl directed by Khin Myo Myat; The Bag, directed by Thet Su Hlaing; Koran Karate; directed by War War Hlaing; and Unreported Story, directed by Lay Thida. The films will screen at the International Women’s Film Festival in Korea from May 24 to May 30.

literature lost
NYEIN EI EI HTWE CENSORSHIP cost the country half a century of good literature, participants in a literary gathering heard last week. Writer Pe Myint, speaking at the workshop on Myanmar literature on May 11, said the now-defunct Myanmar Press Scrutiny and Registration Board (PSB) had restricted the freedom to write for 50 years. Pe Myint made his remarks while discussing his thesis A consideration of the situation of Myanmar literature at the event, hosted by publishing house Nagar Ni at the National Theatre. Other authors including Mg Khin Min (Danuphyu), Tun Oo (Mandalay), Thint Naw, Mg Zay Yar and Juu also discussed their ideas. Others challenged Pe Myint’s thesis. Writer Maung Maung Soe Tint attributed the decline in Myanmar literature to Western influence. “The famous writers of 50 years ago preferred to translate foreign best-sellers rather than create their own work,” he said. He criticised authors for failing to develop their own imagination and producing work designed to sell. “Writers like that are greedy and think they are always right. They are overconfident and never want to discuss their work. The decline of Myanmar literature is mostly the fault of writers,” he said.

The Korea Festival in ASEAN (Myanmar)
The Korea Festival in ASEAN will feature in Myanmar at the National Theatre of Yangon on May 28 at 7pm. Three Korean dance troupes will perform contemporary choreographies and Myanmar dancers will showcase their traditional styles. Entry is free, with a first come, first serve policy.

Pe Myint said that if Myanmar literature was judged by three criteria - reflection, criticism and leading trends, it was possible to see the decline over the past 50 years. “How could writers reflect the situation around them? We’ve all read earlier books that did so. But from 1962, any literature that dealt with politics, economics or social welfare was subjected to repression,” he said. PSB was founded in 1962 to impose pre-publication censorship, a practice that effectively ended in 2011. “We couldn’t reflect the real situation and we couldn’t criticise. The main problem for writers was how to escape the censorship. There were successful books about people living in poverty. But it was not permitted to say why they were living in poverty,” said Pe Myint, adding that the number of publishing houses also declined. “The only way to discuss the causes of poverty was to sit in a teashop.” A famous writer who wished to stay anonymous told The Myanmar Times there were other reasons for the decline. “There are interruptions in literature in every era. It isn’t limited to Myanmar,” he said, adding that it was not clear that Myanmar literature was in decline. “Some books have been reprinted several times. And I don’t think writers had any problem associating with each other,” he said.

the pulse local 43

Discover a monk's life in Myanmar through a new e-book


ERE’S an odd couple: a Buddhist monk and a Danish journalist on a voyage of discovery, and self-discovery, in Myanmar. The journalist, Christina Lund Sorensen, has now published her account of the trip Ashin’s Spring as an e-book in English. Sorensen reported back from Southeast Asia for the Danish media. It was here she met Ashin and decided to write a book about the developments, both before and after the reforms in Myanmar. But the book is much more than just a slavish exposition of the political process. The focal point is the monk Ashin. For years, Sorensen travelled with Ashin, a critic of the regime. He was one of thousands of monks who demonstrated on the streets in September 2007. Unlike many other

monks, who left Myanmar to live in exile after the violent government crackdown, Ashin stayed. As the two embarked on a journey throughout the country, Sorensen found out what it’s like to grow up and live under a military dictatorship. The insights Sorensen gained don’t always fit western stereotypes of Buddhist monks – but that’s precisely what makes the book refreshing. Sorensen describes Ashin as “nuanced”. First you meet the man then the monk. The further you get into the book, the more you understand that Ashin chose the religious life due to circumstance, not faith. Because of this, Ashin thought many times about giving up the monkhood so he could live

‘Ashin has considered many times to give up the monkhood and have a life ... where love for a woman is not a sin.’

a life in which it is not wrong to go to the movies, and in which love for a woman is not a sin. Along the way, the two become close friends. Ashin enlightens her on how he wants to be reborn as a Manchester United player if he cannot attain Nirvana. Even though it’s forbidden for monks to own a television, Ashin has one hidden away in his monastery. Nothing can keep him from following the matches of his favourite team – it’s his little break in an otherwise tough day. For people who are well acquainted with Myanmar’s history, the exposition can sometimes feel a bit long-winded. But the portraits, travelogues and analysis make for a great combination. Sorensen manages not to overstuff the story with facts, or to allow focus to drift away from the fascinating Ashin and the contrast between them. So whether you’ve just stepped off the plane at Yangon airport or you live here permanently, it’s certainly worth checking out the e-book – you will be insightfully and charmingly entertained throughout.

The cover of the e-book Ashin’s Spring. Photo: Supplied by author

Totty Swe: still drawing inspiration
Everyday life can be challenging for most, but Totty Swe finds humour in it
ZON PANN PWINT CARTOONIST Totty Swe’s earlier works, drawn just after he quit the University of Arts and Culture in 1998, aimed to challenge the status quo by questioning governmental authority and highlighting corruption, civilian conflicts and other social ills. His current work-displayed at an exhibition last week to celebrate his 34th birthday still convey these important themes. Yet it was nearly all lost when Totty Swe became disheartened by the previously strict censorship laws in Myanmar that saw around four out of every five pieces of his works rejected on a regular basis and banned from publication. “I almost gave up my pen,” Totty Swe told The Myanmar Times at his exhibition. “When the censorship laws were relaxed in 2011, I tried again,” Totty Swe said. “When more of my cartoons got published, it gave me the courage to keep persevering.” Totty Swe is a regular contributor to the Yangon-based Irrawaddy magazine, where more than eight of his cartoons appear monthly: an incredible feat when just a few years ago, cartoonists in Myanmar were actively persecuted by the government. He is now hugely successful in his home country, selling 34 pieces of his artworks for US$50 apiece over the course of his birthday exhibition. Totty Swe said that fortunately for him, the hardships he faced provided him with a good amount of fodder to keep up the humour in his cartoons. “Cronies and parliament representatives turn out to be the characters in my cartoons and the limited supply of electricity, traffic jams, communal conflicts and public protests become the subjects,” he added. Fellow cartoonist Soe San Win agrees that since the censorship laws have been relaxed there has been growing confidence in the artistic community. Yet he cautioned that the influx of work from artists, cartoonists and writers should be tempered. “Since the restrictions were lifted, more cartoons commenting on political situations through their characters have been coming from the cartoonists,” he said. “However, the officials and occasionally the community are painfully slow to reform,” “We shouldn’t use our art as a platform for personal criticism or it will become another excuse for people to become bitter about our words,” he said. But Totty Swe said he could not decide to what extent his cartoons are provocative. Much of his work depends on satirical observations and whether people found them funny or not was just a matter of taste, he said.

U Khin Nyunt with guests at the opening of the Nawaday Art Gallery on May 11. Photo: Boothee

A gallery, fit for a former prime minister, opens
NUAM BAWI FORMER prime minister U Khin Nyunt has opened an art gallery in Yangon. He says he will exhibit pictures on a first-come-first-served basis so that unknown artists can gain wider recognition. Nawaday Art Gallery opened at 27 Nawaday Street, Mayangone township, on May 11, alongside a coffee shop and “souvenir corner”, and the whole complex is surrounded with trees and flowers. “As I’m getting old now, I look forward to a peaceful life. I practise my religion and do community work, but it isn’t enough. I had this idea to invite artists to hang their paintings in my gallery to bring peace and delight,” the former leader told The Myanmar Times at the opening ceremony. He would accept paintings from whichever artists come first, without any other selection criteria, and display them without charge for a week, he said. “When artists hang their paintings only at home, no collector will see them. They will sell them only at a low price and the value of the art will be reduced. My gallery can’t promote every artist, but I can support some,” he said. “Only by exhibiting in a gallery can artists get the true price for their work. We need more galleries like this,” he said. Two small bungalows nearby sell Myanmar cultural artefacts, including sculptures, gold and silver embroidery and accessories. A business run by U Khin Nyunt’s wife, Dr Daw Khin Win Shwe and his son, Ye Naing Win, operates the open-air Nawaday Coffee Corner as a branch of Café Aroma. The garden is open from 9am to 9pm every day.

Cartoonist, Totty Swe, poses in front of his cartoons at an exhibition, held to celebrate his 34th birthday. Photo: Supplied by the artist

44 the pulse health


Jolie shocks world with double masectomy
Actress undergoes preventative procedure after learning of high cancer risk


LREADY a UN ambassador on refugee issues and an Oscar winner, Jolie is receiving accolades from health activists, doctors and fans for her revelation that she has had her breasts removed to reduce her cancer risk. The 37-year-old actress underwent a double mastectomy to minimise the risk that she might develop breast cancer as a result of inheriting a “faulty gene,” and chose to publicise her surgery as

an example to other women and mothers. Her partner and fellow star actor Brad Pitt led a worldwide choir of praise, declaring her heroic, followed by her doctors, fellow stars and thousands of supporters, who took to social media to praise her openness. “We hope that the awareness she is raising around the world will save countless lives,” Jolie’s surgeon Dr Kristi Funk of the Pink Lotus Breast Center in Los Angeles wrote on a blog, praising her patient’s

Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie posing at the Japanese premiere of Pitt’s film Moneyball in Tokyo, 2011. Jolie has publicly announced she is recovering from a double masectomy. Photo: AFP

“bold choices.” Jolie’s mother, Marcheline Bertrand, died of ovarian cancer at the age of 56 and passed on the “faulty” gene, BRCA1, that put the actress at higher risk. Her doctors estimated she had an 87 percent risk of developing breast cancer and a 50 pc risk of ovarian cancer, prompting Jolie— who has six children—to take action to reduce the chances that she might die at a young age. Revealing the procedure in an article in The New York Times, Jolie said her chances of developing breast cancer are now just 5 pc - although she still runs a relatively high risk of contracting ovarian cancer. “I started with the breasts, as my risk of breast cancer is higher than my risk of ovarian cancer, and the surgery is more complex,” she wrote. “I can tell my children they don’t need to fear they will lose me to breast cancer,” said Jolie. She and Pitt, a Hollywood power couple dubbed “Brangelina” in the tabloids, have three adopted and three biological children. Cancer campaigners cheered Jolie but warned women against rushing out to be tested for the gene mutation that threatened her life. Not only is the BRCA1 mutation rare in the overall female population, they said, but it is also expensive to test for at a US laboratory that controversially claims patent rights to the gene. In a blog, Funk wrote that the main surgery on February 16 went smoothly. Two days later, good news: “The pathology returned and I called Angelina to confirm our biggest hope - all of the breast tissue was benign.” The final operation was carried out on April 27, reconstructing

the Oscar-winners’ breasts with implants. “Breast and ovarian cancers take lives every day,” Funk said, adding that knowledge and action can help prevent the premature loss of life.

‘I can tell my children they don’t need to fear they will lose me to breast cancer.’
Angelina Jolie Actress Jolie described a several-stage surgical process, the main one of which is an operation that can take up to eight hours as the breast

tissue is removed and temporary fillers are put in place. “On a personal note, I do not feel any less of a woman,” Jolie wrote in an article for The New York Times. “I feel empowered that I made a strong choice that in no way diminishes my femininity.” Jolie, respected for her humanitarian work overseas with the UN, said she was speaking out to help other women understand their options, and also to urge authorities to help women in lower-income countries to get the health care they need. “I am writing about it now because I hope that other women can benefit from my experience. Cancer is still a word that strikes fear into people’s hearts, producing a deep sense of powerlessness,” she wrote. – AFP

Sri Lanka sexes up image of Ceylon tea
A HOT cup of Ceylon tea is better known as being soothing and relaxing, but Sri Lanka is now marketing its most profitable export as a luxury boost for the libido. The tea industry is increasingly plugging Ceylon’s supposed aphrodisiac qualities in a bid to radically change perceptions of the brew, which manufacturers say can sell for less than water in some markets. “We are highlighting the properties of tea that can give you an edge in the bedroom,” said Rohan Fernando, whose firm HVA Foods sells a small 60-gram jar of premium Ceylon for US$350. among well-heeled Chinese businessmen along with rich Saudis and Japanese, Fernando said. Unlike orthodox teas, the white varieties are made with just the tender tea buds, which are sun-dried and carefully tended until they turn gold or silver in colour. At his tea factory in Kandana town, north of the capital Colombo, Fernando held up a ceramic urn wrapped in black velvet and sealed with a gold ribbon, explaining that a “cuppa” is not only good for sexual health. The tea contains polyphenols, flavonoids and anti-oxidants - known to improve the immune system and blood circulation. Leading tea maker Herman Gunaratne is also keen to promote such qualities in his rare “virgin white” tea, so called because it is untouched by human hands in production, unlike orthodox types hand-plucked from the tea bush. The product retails at the Mariage Freres tea emporium in Paris for $88 for a 20-gram box, the equivalent of $4,400 per kilo. “When your overall health improves, your sexual performance automatically increases,” Gunaratne said. Tea is not indigenous to Sri Lanka, but after Scotsman James Taylor planted the first tea bush, Camellia Sinensis, in 1849, it became a primary export. Last year, tea brought in nearly US$1.5 billion to the country’s coffers. Sri Lanka also conducts the world’s largest weekly tea auction where 5to 6 million kilos (10 to 13 million pounds) change hands. But the island may soon be reaching its “We need to re-brand tea,” he said. “We have the potential to increase our tea income four-fold.” The Sri Lanka Tea Board is about to embark on a major international marketing campaign for the first time in decades, which will promote the health benefits of a high-end cup. Currently only 42 to 43 percent of Ceylon is exported in packets of less than three kilos each, but the target is to raise this to 60 pc in the next five years, board director Hasitha de Alwis said. Anil Cooke, head of Sri Lankan tea broking firm Asia Siyaka Commodities, agreed that Ceylon - known by the country’s colonial name should be “re-positioned globally” with a focus on increasing its value. “It is being done in a small way by a few companies, but it can be given a bigger boost,” Cooke said. Leading the way is Gunaratne’s tea plantation in the south of the island, which has become a key tourist attraction with a tea museum, tours and tasting sessions. Despite cutting daily tea leaf production from 20,000 to just 2,000 kilos a day, his gourmet products now sell at 10 times the average retail price of loose tea in the local market. “Since shifting to highly specialised teas... I earn double what I did before,” said Gunaratne. Cooke said he was not sure if the aphrodisiac properties or the big bucks from his Ceylon had put a permanent smile on the 69-year-old tea maker’s face. — AFP

‘We are highlighting the properties of tea that can give you an edge in the bedroom.’
Rohan Fernando Tea expert “Tea has traditionally been the poor man’s drink. We want to be at the top-end of the supply chain,” he said. The industry may not yet have hard medical proof of Ceylon’s performance-enhancing powers, but they have long been the stuff of legend among Sri Lankan tea lovers. The brews known for their potency are the top-quality white teas, known as Silver Tips and Golden Tips, which are gaining popularity

Health, well-being and a great sex life in a cup of tea. Photo: Ishara S. Kodikara

maximum production capacity after exporting nearly 320 million kilos last year. Gunaratne is among the tea purists who want to guard Sri Lanka’s reputation as a maker of clean tea - product that is free of pesticide residue and other contaminants - and he is keen to see more high-end varieties rather than the traditional export of cheap bulk products.

the pulse food and drink 45

Banana blossom salad: a healthier choice on the dinner table


2½ tablespoons of grated jaggery (white ones) 1/ cup of fresh lime juice 3 1/ cup of fish sauce 3 1 teaspoon of chilli oil 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil PREPARATION OF THE BANANA BLOSSOMS Peel off the red dark leaves from the banana blossoms until you get to the light yellow creamy colour. Discard the entire little banana between the leaves, but reserve a couple of nice and beautiful reddish leaves to use as cups. Before cutting the banana blossoms, prepare the acidic water to prevent it from colouring the blossoms. Prepare 1 litre of water with ¼ cup of fresh lime juice. Then slice the banana blossoms thinly and cover with water until you are ready to make the salad. PREPARATION Peel the shell from the prawns and discard the black vine from the back. Keep the tail attached. Wash and drain well. Then heat the vegetable oil in a frying pan and fry the prawns for 2-3 minutes. Prepare the chilli oil with 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil and 2 teaspoons of chilli flakes – use small chilli flakes. Go for nga yoke thee ahkyenthemote at the market. Heat the oil in a pan until it’s really hot, then turn the heat down low and fry the chilli flakes quickly. Turn the heat off almost immediately. Let the oil cool down. You can store the rest of the oil in a jar, it can be used for up to a month. For the dressing, grate the jaggery finely or chop them. Dissolve them in lime juice then add fish sauce and set a side. Squeeze the banana blossoms gently to drain excess water and add into a big bowl. Add the prawns, dried shrimps, chilli, sliced onions and chopped coriander, and toss with

ast week’s recipe was Mexican-inspired. Now we are back in the Asian kitchen with my mum as inspiration. She often cooks banana blossoms and dried shrimp curry and it’s one of my favourite meals. When I moved to Sydney, I discovered a new-found love for banana blossoms, which were a popular ingredient used in salads at the many Thai restaurants there. They give a different texture and very fresh taste to a meal. Since then, I have loved banana blossom salad and it’s one of the regular dishes I order at Thai restaurants. When I came back to Myanmar, I was thinking of making banana blossoms salads all the time. They are everywhere and just inviting me to pick them up. Finally I did, as I didn’t want to cook in this weather. The heat makes me want to eat something light and fresh. Banana blossoms have a nice crunchy texture, but they need strong flavours like sweet and sour dressing. It’s easy to find at the markets or supermarkets. In Myanmar, it’s called hnetpyawphu. The recipe for the Myanmar banana blossom curry will come later, but first you can get a taste for the other Asian-style salads. THAI-STYLE BANANA BLOSSOMS SALAD INGREDIENTS 2 small banana blossoms 6-8 medium-sized prawns 2 onions (thinly sliced) ¼ cup of coriander (chopped) ½ red long chilli (optional) 1 tablespoon of fried onions 2½ tablespoon of dried shrimp

dressing. Lay a couple of leaves on the plate and put the salad on them to serve. Garnish with fried onions. You can spice up the salad with extra lime juice, fish sauce, jaggery or chilli to get the exact sweet, sour and spicy balance for you. VIETNAMESE-STYLE BANANA BLOSSOM SALAD INGREDIENTS 2 small banana blossoms ½ BBQ chicken (roasted or grilled) 4 spring onions (slice the white part only) ¼ cup of coriander (chopped) 1/ cup of mint leaves (loosely 3 packed) 1 small carrot (grated or julienned) 2 tablespoon of roasted peanut

DRESSING 2½ tablespoons of sugar 2½ tablespoons of fresh lime juice 1 long red chilli sliced ¼ cup of white vinegar 3 cloves of garlic (crushed) ¼ cup of fish sauce 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil ½ cup of water PREPARATION Prepare the banana blossoms as in the first recipe. Then make a dressing. Dissolve the sugar in the white vinegar and then mix with the rest of the ingredients. Set aside. Shred the meat from the BBQ chicken. In a big bowl, add the banana blossom after squeezing them gently.

Add shredded chicken, mint leaves, grated carrots, sliced spring onions and crushed roasted peanuts and mix with the dressing. MAIN TIPS Slice the onions thinly, soak in water for 10 minutes and wash them. Squeeze the excess water and pat dry. They will taste less intense. You can add glass noodles into the salads as well – you can ask at the market for pae`kyar san. QUOTE “Intellectual property has the shelf life of a banana” – Bill Gates NEXT WEEK Asian fusion mango salads.

Kentucky Fried Chicken comes to town
NUAM BAWI THOUGH Myanmar is no stranger to fried food, or chicken, the news that Kentucky Fried Chicken was to open an outlet in Yangon must have sent a frisson through many a lover of Western food, whether Myanmar or foreign, yet another benefit brought to us by the lifting of international sanctions. This time it’s the real thing, not a lookalike like the place that recently sprang up in Dagon township. To set local mouths watering on May 11, KFC held a tasting session at Inya Lake Hotel. My friends and I arrived at 4pm, which just happens to be the time we normally stop work for a snack. So after listening to the welcoming speech of the vice president and chief marketing officer of Yum Restaurants International, Vipul Chawla, we were ready to sample the goods. First I went for the original recipe: attractively aromatic, crispy without excess oil. From my first bite I found it pleasingly crunchy on the outside and juicy and moist within. But it was quite salty, so I think it will go well with rice. Then I turned to the hot and spicy version. I believe many Myanmar will find this most palatable, along with other similar dishes on the menu, though perhaps the original recipe is preferable for children. In other countries, KFC adapts its fare to local taste. In Thailand, for instance, you can get chicken with rice and green sauce. Here in Myanmar, they are already busily researching local eating habits to craft a product aimed at Myanmar taste buds. When KFC does officially open, their menu will feature fried chicken, sandwiches and salads, along with various drinks. This month's tasting session represents KFC’s first attempt to survey local demand and assess consumer needs in Myanmar. Now they are going to decide where, when and how many KFC outlets they will open.

RED WINE Vignerons St Tropez Cotes De Provence Rosé 2011 The beautifully shaped bottle gets extra points, although there is actually no distinct flavour in the taste department. Might be a good introductory drop for those who would like to try rosé for the first time.

Ks 14, 000


Score BOX


WHITE WINE Plaimont Cotes Gascogne Blanc 2011 A decent early monsoon drop that is semi-sweet, with top notes of kiwifruit and gooseberries. A good quaffing wine for a hot climate. Best enjoyed from a ceramic mug.

Mr Vipul Chawla speaks at the launch of Kentucky Fried Chicken last week. Photo: Thirilu

Ks 10, 000


Score BOX


46 the pulse socialite


Golden Myanmar Airlines Launch

My Yangon Office Launch

SOCIALITE launched her week on May 7 by attending I Home Company’s first anniversary celebration at Excel Treasure Tower in Bahan township. During the next two days she hunkered down in front of her computer to get some work done, but on May 10 she was back on the scene with two events: the grand opening of the My Yangon office in Dagon township, and the launch party for Mg Wint Thu’s new book at IBC Centre. The next day, Socialite woke up early and donned her most stylish ensemble for a day jam-packed with exciting events, starting with the prize-giving ceremony for the OSIM photo contest, followed by the official launch of Golden Myanmar Airlines at Yangon International Airport. From there, she blitzed her way through the KFC launch event, the opening of Nawaday Art Garden on Nawaday Road and, finally, the wedding reception for Myanmar Times reporter Yu Yu Maw and Ko Sithu Hein at the Moe Gote Vipassana head office.

Ma Zin Phoo Wai, Ma Ou Ou Khin and Ma Kay Zin Tar Airline officials

Ma Kay Zin Tar, Ma Wut Ye Hlaing and Ma Nan Shwe Yee Phyo Guests

Phyo Phyo and models

I Home Company First Anniversary

Ma Wai Me Han, Ma Wint Thu Shein and Ko Aung Thu


U Than Tun Soe, U Soe Myint, Daw Aye Thu and U Maung Sein

Daw Moh Moh Aung and Daw Moe Moe Tun

OSIM Photo Contest

Writer Mg Wint Thu Book Launch

Narijana Neimarevic and Philippe A May Moe Lin and Mg Thway Thit

Guests receive prize from Ko Min Thaw Htun

Mg Wint Thu

Aung Htet Myat and Ko Min Thaw Htun

Ma Thet Su Aung,Ma Yin Mon Aung, Ko Ye Lin Yu and Guest

Ba Maw’s family

U Myo Aung
Ko Sithu Aung and Ma Yu Yu Maw’s Wedding Reception

the pulse socialite 47
Nawaday Art Garden Opening Ceremony

U Khin Nyunt U Myat Swe, Ko Zaw Win Than and Jesse Gage

U Lun Gywe

U Aung Maw Thein and guest

U Ko Ko Htwe Ei Ei Toe Lwin, Nyein Ei Ei Htwe and Thae Thae Htwe Ko Sithu Aung and Ma Yu Yu Maw

Daw Swe Zin Htike and Guest

King Kaung

Thiha Toe, Nuam Bawi and Aye Sapay Phyu Nan Tin Htwe and Geoffrey Goddard

Wedding couple and parents

KFC Launch

Noe Noe Aung and Myat May Zin

Ko Nyan Kyaw

Ma Ngu Thazin Abel and Ko Thein Aung Tan

T C Leong

Iris Cheong and Madelene

Kenox Garden Restaurant Opening

Regina, Ko Nyi Nyi Naing and Michael Gabriel Ma Lay Nwe Oo, Ko Nyi Nyi Naing, Ko Brian Sai and Steven

48 the pulse travel


Days Flight Dep Arr Days Flight Dep Arr Days Flight Dep Arr Days Flight Dep Arr Days Flight Dep Arr Days Flight Dep Arr Days Flight Dep Arr

MON 6T 401 UB-A1 UB-B1 UB-C1 TUE UB-A1 UB-B1 UB-C1 WED UB-A1 UB-B1 UB-C1 THUR UB-A1 UB-B1 UB-C1 FRI UB-A1 UB-B1 6T 211 UB-C1 SAT UB-A1 SUN UB-A1 MON UB-A2 UB-B2 UB-C2 TUE UB-A2 UB-B2 UB-C2 WED UB-A2 UB-B2 UB-C2 THUR UB-A2 UB-B2 UB-C2 FRI UB-A2 UB-B2 6T 212 UB-C2 SAT UB-A2 SUN UB-A2 MON YJ 891 YH 917 Y5 234 6T 401 YH 909 K7 222 YJ 001 YJ 201 YJ 511/W9 7511 YJ 761 YH 727 K7 622 YJ 781 6T 501/K7 224 YH 731 TUE YJ 891 YH 917 Y5 234 6T 401 K7 222 YJ 201 YJ 001 8M 6603 YJ 251/W9 7251 YJ 761 YH 729 K7 822 K7 622 YJ 781 6T 501/K7 224 WED YJ 891 YH 917 Y5 234 6T 401 K7 222 YJ 143/W97143 YJ 201 YJ 001 YJ 751/W97751 YH 737 K7 622 YJ 791 6T 501/K7 224 THUR YJ 201 YJ 891 YH 917 Y5 234 6T 401 K7 222 YJ 143/W97143 YJ 001 8M 6603 YJ 511/W9 7511 YJ 601 YH 729 K7 226 YJ 201 6T 501/K7 224 6:20 7:45 11:30 16:00 7:45 11:30 16:00 7:45 11:30 16:00 7:45 11:30 16:00 7:45 11:30 15:30 16:00 8:00 15:30 9:15 13:00 17:30 9:15 13:00 17:30 9:15 13:00 17:30 9:15 13:00 17:30 9:15 13:00 17:00 17:30 10:00 17:00 6:10 6:10 6:15 6:20 6:30 6:30 8:00 7:00 10:00 11:00 11:15 12:00 14:30 14:30 15:00 6:10 6:10 6:15 6:20 6:30 7:00 8:00 9:00 11:00 11:00 11:15 11:30 12:00 14:30 14:30 6:10 6:10 6:15 6:20 6:30 7:00 7:00 8:00 10:45 11:15 12:00 14:30 14:30 6:00 6:10 6:10 6:15 6:20 6:30 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 11:15 12:00 11:30 14:30 7:15 8:45 12:30 17:00 8:45 12:30 17:00 8:45 12:30 17:00 8:45 12:30 17:00 8:45 12:30 16:25 17:00 9:00 16:30 10:15 14:00 18:30 10:15 14:00 18:30 10:15 14:00 18:30 10:15 14:00 18:30 10:15 14:00 17:55 18:30 11:00 18:00 8:15 8:40 7:30 9:00 8:10 8:40 8:55 8:25 11:25 12:55 13:25 13:25 15:55 16:35 17:10 8:15 8:40 7:30 8:25 8:40 8:25 8:55 10:10 12:55 12:55 14:15 12:55 13:25 15:55 16:35 8:15 8:40 7:30 8:25 8:40 8:20 8:25 8:55 12:40 13:25 13:25 16:25 16:35 7:25 8:15 8:40 7:30 8:25 8:40 9:05 8:55 10:10 11:25 12:25 14:15 13:25 12:55 16:35





YJ 211 YJ 891 Y5 234 6T 401 YJ 211 YH 917 K7 222 YJ 143/W97143 YJ 001 YJ 751/W97751 YH 727 K7 824 YJ 791 6T 501/K7 224 YJ 891 YH 917 Y5 234 6T 401 K7 222 K7 244 YJ 201 YJ 001 YJ 601 YH 729 YJ 781 6T 501/K7 224 YJ 211 YJ 891 YH 917 Y5 234 6T 401 K7 222 YJ143/W9 7143 YJ 001 8M 6603 YJ 251/W97251 YJ 751/W97751 YH 737 K7 622 YJ 781 6T 501/K7 224

7:00 6:10 6:15 6:20 11:30 6:10 6:30 7:00 8:00 11:00 11:15 13:00 14:30 14:30 6:10 6:10 6:15 6:20 6:30 6:45 7:00 8:00 11:00 11:15 14:30 14:30 7:00 6:10 6:10 6:15 6:20 6:30 7:00 8:00 9:00 11:00 11:00 11:15 12:00 14:30 14:30 8:10 8:10 8:30 8:30 9:20 9:00 11:00 11:30 16:50 16:35 16:40 16:45 16:50 16:10 17:10 8:10 8:40 8:30 8:45 9:00 16:50 16:35 11:30 11:00 16:10 16:40 17:20 18:00 18:00 18:05 8:10 8:40 8:30 8:45 9:00 9:20 9:30 11:00 11:30 16:40 16:40 16:50 17:25 17:50 8:10 8:40 8:30 8:45 9:00 9:20 11:00 15:50 16:35 16:10 16:50 10:30 17:20 18:00

8:25 8:15 7:30 8:25 12:55 8:40 8:40 9:05 8:55 12:55 13:25 14:25 16:25 16:35 8:15 8:40 7:30 8:25 8:40 8:10 8:25 8:55 12:25 14:15 15:55 16:35 8:25 8:15 8:40 7:30 8:25 8:40 9:05 8:55 10:10 12:25 12:55 13:25 13:25 15:55 16:35 9:25 10:15 10:25 10:25 11:20 11:05 11:55 12:55 19:00 18:00 18:05 18:10 18:15 18:15 19:15 9:25 10:45 10:25 10:45 11:05 19:00 18:00 12:55 11:55 18:15 18:05 18:30 19:25 19:25 19:30 9:25 10:45 10:25 10:45 11:05 11:15 10:30 11:55 12:55 18:05 18:45 19:00 18:50 19:15 9:25 10:45 10:25 10:45 11:05 11:15 11:55 17:15 18:00 17:35 19:00 11:55 18:30 19:25





MON Y5 233 YH 910 YJ 892 YH 918 6T 402 K7 223 YJ 002 YJ 202 6T 502/K7 225 YJ 762 K7 623 YH 728 YJ 518/W97518 YJ 782 YH 732 TUE Y5 233 YH 918 YJ 892 6T 402 K7 223 6T 502/K7 225 YJ 762 YJ 202 YJ 002 YJ 782 K7 623 8M 6604 YH 730 K7 823 YJ 252/W97252 WED Y5 233 YH 918 YJ 892 6T 402 K7 223 YJ 143/W97143 Y5 132 YJ 002 YJ 202 K7 623 YJ 792 6T 502/K7 225 YH 738 YJ 752 THUR Y5 233 YH 918 YJ 892 6T 402 K7 223 YJ 143/W97143 YJ 002 K7 227 YJ 762 YJ 602 6T 502/K7 225 YJ 202 8M 6604 YH 730

Y5 233 YJ 211 YJ 892 YH 918 6T 402 K7 223 YJ 143/W971431 Y5 132 YJ 002 YJ 212 6T 402 YH 728 6T 502/K7 225 K7 825 YJ 792 YJ 752/W97752 YJ 752 Y5 233 YH 918 YJ 892 6T 402 K7 223 YJ 143/W97143 Y5 132 YJ 002 YJ 202 YJ 762 YJ 602 YJ 782 6T 502/K7 225 YH 730 Y5 233 YH 918 YJ 892 6T 402 K7 223 YJ 143/W97143 Y5 132 YJ 002 YJ 212 YJ 782 6T 502/K7 225 K7 623 8M 6604 K7 823 YH 738 YJ 752

8:10 7:00 8:30 8:40 8:45 9:00 9:20 9:30 11:00 12:00 8:45 16:45 16:50 17:40 16:40 16:55 17:50 8:10 8:40 8:30 8:45 9:00 9:20 9:30 11:00 11:30 12:35 16:10 16:10 16:50 18:00 8:10 8:40 8:30 8:45 9:00 9:20 9:30 11:00 12:00 16:10 16:50 16:40 17:20 17:20 17:25 17:50 6:10 6:10 6:20 6:30 6:30 14:30 14:30 15:00 6:10 6:10 6:20 6:30 14:30 14:30 6:10 6:10 6:20 6:30 6:45 7:00 14:30 6:10 6:10 6:20 6:30 7:00 14:30 6:10 6:10 6:20 6:30 6:45 7:00 14:30 6:10 6:10 6:20 6:30 7:00 14:30 14:30 6:10 6:10 6:20 6:30 7:00 14:30 14:30 14:15

9:25 8:25 10:25 10:45 10:45 11:05 11:15 10:30 11:55 13:25 10:45 18:10 19:00 19:05 18:45 19:00 19:15 9:25 10:45 10:25 10:45 11:05 10:45 10:30 11:55 12:55 14:00 17:35 18:15 19:00 19:25 9:25 10:45 10:35 10:45 11:05 10:45 10:30 11:55 13:25 18:15 19:00 18:05 18:30 18:45 18:50 19:15 7:30 7:45 8:15 7:50 8:55 17:20 16:40 17:55 7:45 7:30 7:40 7:50 17:20 16:40 7:45 7:30 7:40 7:50 8:05 8:20 17:20 7:30 7:45 7:40 7:50 8:20 17:20 7:30 7:45 7:40 7:50 8:05 8:20 17:20 7:30 7:45 7:40 7:50 8:20 16:40 17:20 7:30 7:45 7:40 7:50 8:20 16:40 17:20 16:25

MON YH 918 YJ 892 6T 401 YH 910 K7 225 YJ 782 6T 502/K7 225 YH 732 TUE YJ 892 YH 917 6T 401 YJ 782 6T 502/K7 225 WED YJ 892 YH 917 6T 401 YJ 143/W9 7143 K7 225 6T 502/K7 225 THUR YJ 892 YH 917 6T 401 YJ 143/W9 7143 6T 502/K7 225 FRI YJ 892 YH 917 6T 401 YJ 143/W9 7143 K7 225 6T 502/K7 225 SAT YJ 892 YH 917 6T 401 YJ 143/W9 7143 K7 225 YJ 782 6T 502/K7 225 SUN YJ 892 YH 917 6T 401 YJ 143/W9 7143 YJ 782 6T 502/K7 225 MON YJ 201 YJ 511/W9 7511 K7 622 TUE YJ 201 YJ 251/W9 7251 K7 622 WED K7 622 THUR YJ 201 YJ 511/W9 7511 FRI YJ 211 SUN YJ 211 YJ 251/W9 7251 K7 622 MON YJ 202 K7 623 TUE YJ 202 K7 623 YJ 252/W9 7252 WED K7 623 THUR YJ 202 SUN YJ 211 K7 623 YJ 252/W9 7252 MON YH 917 YJ 891 6T 401 K7 828 YJ 761 YH 727 6T 501/K7 224 K7 224 YH 731 TUE YJ 891 YH 917 6T 401 YJ 761 K7 822 6T 501/K7 224 7:45 7:45 8:30 8:55 16:40 16:55 17:40 17:55 7:45 7:45 7:55 16:55 17:40 7:45 7:45 7:55 8:35 16:40 17:40 7:45 7:45 7:55 8:35 17:40 7:45 7:45 7:55 8:35 16:40 17:40 7:45 7:45 7:55 8:35 16:40 16:55 17:40 7:45 7:45 7:55 8:35 16:55 17:40 10:00 10:00 12:00 6:00 11:00 12:00 12:00 12:45 10:00 6:30 6:00 11:00 12:00 13:05 15:10 9:05 15:10 16:35 15:10 15:50 9:05 15:10 16:35 6:10 6:10 6:20 10:00 11:00 11:15 14:30 14:15 15:00 6:10 6:10 6:20 11:00 11:30 14:30 10:25 10:25 11:20 10:15 18:00 18:15 19:00 19:15 10:25 10:45 10:45 18:15 19:00 10:25 10:45 10:45 11:15 18:00 19:00 10:25 10:45 10:45 11:15 19:00 10:25 10:45 10:45 11:15 18:00 19:00 10:25 10:45 10:45 10:45 18:00 18:15 19:00 10:25 10:45 10:45 10:45 18:15 19:00 12:50 12:55 14:55 8:50 13:55 14:55 14:55 15:35 12:55 9:20 8:50 13:55 14:55 15:55 18:05 11:55 18:05 19:30 18:05 18:40 12:25 18:05 19:30 9:15 9:00 9:55 11:15 12:10 12:40 15:40 15:30 16:25 9:00 9:35 9:20 12:10 13:45 15:40

WED YJ 891 YH 917 6T 401 YJ 143/W97143 YJ 751 YH 737 K7 826 K7 224 YJ 791 6T 501/K7 224 YJ 792 THUR YJ 891 YH 917 6T 401 YJ 761 YJ 143/W97143 K7 828 6T 501/K7 224 FRI YJ 891 YH 917 6T 401 K7 242 YJ 751 YH 727 YJ 791 6T 501/K7 224 K7 224 YJ 792 SAT YJ 891 YH 917 6T 401 K7 224 YJ 761 K7 826 K7 224 6T 501/K7 224 SUN YH 917 6T 401 YJ 751 YH 737 K7 822 6T 501/K7 224 K7 224 MON YH 918 YJ 892 6T 402 K7 223 YJ 761 6T 501/K7 224 YJ 762 YH 728 YH 732 K7 829 TUE YH 918 YJ 892 6T 402 K7 223 YH 712 6T 501/K7 224 YJ 762 YH 732 K7 823 WED YH 918 K7 243 YJ 892 6T 402 K7 223 YJ 143/W9 7143 6T 501/K7 224 YH 738 K7 827 YJ752/W9 7752 THUR YJ 892 YH 918 6T 402 K7 223 YJ 143/W9 7143 YH 712 YJ 762 YH 732 6T 501/K7 224 YJ 602/W9 7602 K7 829

6:10 6:10 6:20 7:00 11:00 11:15 12:30 14:15 14:30 14:30 15:55 6:10 6:10 6:20 11:00 7:00 10:00 14:30 6:10 6:10 6:20 6:45 11:00 11:15 14:30 14:30 14:15 15:55 6:10 6:10 6:20 6:45 7:00 12:30 14:15 14:30 6:10 6:20 11:00 11:15 11:30 14:30 14:15 9:15 9:15 10:10 9:50 11:00 16:00 15:50 16:00 16:25 16:30 9:35 9:15 9:35 9:50 11:55 16:00 15:50 16:25 17:10 9:35 9:15 9:15 9:35 9:50 10:05 16:00 16:40 16:30 17:40 9:15 9:35 9:35 9:50 10:05 11:55 15:50 16:25 16:00 16:25 16:30

9:00 9:35 9:20 9:50 12:10 12:40 13:45 15:30 15:40 15:40 18:45 9:00 9:35 9:20 12:10 9:50 11:15 15:40 9:00 9:35 9:20 9:00 12:10 12:40 15:40 15:40 15:30 18:45 9:00 9:35 9:20 9:00 8:10 13:45 15:30 15:40 9:35 9:20 12:10 12:40 13:45 15:40 15:30 10:25 10:25 11:20 11:05 12:10 19:00 18:00 18:10 19:15 17:45 10:45 10:25 10:45 11:05 14:00 19:00 18:00 19:15 19:25 10:45 11:30 10:25 10:45 11:05 11:15 19:00 18:50 17:45 18:50 10:25 10:45 10:45 11:05 11:15 14:00 18:00 19:15 19:00 17:35 17:45




YH 918 YJ 892 K7 243 6T 402 K7 223 YJ 143/W9 7143 YH 732 6T 501/K7 224 YH 728 YJ 892 YH 918 6T 402 K7 223 YJ 762 YH 732 6T 501/K7 224 K7 827 YH 918 6T 402 K7 223 6T 501/K7 224 YH 738

9:35 9:15 9:15 9:35 9:50 10:05 16:25 16:00 16:00 9:15 9:35 9:35 9:50 11:50 16:25 16:00 17:10 9:35 9:35 9:50 16:00 16:40 11:45 6:45 14:30 14:30 14:30 11:15 14:30 6:45 14:30 11:05 13:30 8:55 16:15 16:15 16:15 13:35 16:15 8:55 16:15 7:00 7:00 12:15 7:00 11:15 11:30

10:45 10:25 11:30 10:45 11:05 11:15 19:15 19:00 18:10 10:25 10:45 10:45 11:05 14:00 19:15 19:00 18:25 10:45 10:45 11:05 19:00 18:50 13:10 8:40 15:55 15:55 15:55 13:15 15:55 8:40 15:55 12:30 15:30 10:50 17:40 17:40 17:40 15:00 17:40 10:50 17:40 9:05 9:05 14:25 9:05 13:15 13:40

THUR K7 319 FRI K7 319 SAT K7 319 6T 707 YJ301 SUN K7 319 6T 707 MON K7 320 TUE YJ 302 K7 320 WED K7 320 6T 708 THUR K7 320 FRI K7 320 SAT K7 320 YJ 302 6T 708 SUN K7 320 6T 708 MON K7 420 YH 503 6T 607 TUE K7 422 YH 729 WED YH 737 THUR K7 420 YH 729 FRI YH 727 6T 605 SAT YH 729 SUN K7 422 YH 737 MON K7 421 YH 505 6T 608 TUE K7 423 YH 730 WED YH 738 THUR K7 421 YH 730 FRI K7 243 YH 728 6T 605 SAT K7 245 YH 730 SUN K7 423 YH 738

7:00 7:00 7:00 11:15 12:45 7:00 7:30 11:30 14:40 11:30 11:30 15:40 11:30 11:30 11:30 16:40 15:40 11:30 11:55 6:45 10:30 11:45 6:45 11:15 11:15 6:45 11:15 11:15 11:15 11:15 6:45 11:15 7:55 11:35 14:35 9:55 15:40 14:50 14:50 15:40 10:35 14:50 12:25 10:35 15:40 9:55 14:50

9:05 9:05 9:05 13:15 14:55 9:05 9:30 13:35 18:50 13:35 13:35 17:40 13:35 13:35 13:35 18:50 17:40 13:35 13:55 7:40 11:35 14:20 7:40 15:40 14:50 7:40 15:40 14:50 12:10 15:40 7:40 14:50 8:50 12:25 15:30 10:50 19:25 18:50 18:50 19:25 11:30 18:10 15:00 11:30 19:25 10:50 18:50


MON 6T 607 TUE K7 422 6T 611 WED 6T 611 THRU 6T 611 FRI 6T 605 SAT 6T 611 SUN K7 422 6T 611 MON 6T 604C 6T 608 TUE K7 423 6T 612 WED 6T 612 THUR 6T 612 FRI 6T 606 SAT 6T 612 SUN K7 423 6T 612 MON K7 319 TUE K7 319 YJ 301 WED K7 319 6T 707 YJ301







MON YJ 891 YH 917 6T 401 K7 222 YH 909 6T 501/K7 224 YJ 781 YH 731 TUE YH 917 YJ 891 6T 401 K7 222 6T 501/K7 224 YJ 781 WED YH 917 YJ 891 6T 401 K7 222 K7 242 YJ 143/W97143 6T 501/K7 224 THUR YJ 891 YH 917 6T 401 K7 222 YJ 143/W97143 6T 501/K7 224 FRI YJ 891 YH 917 6T 401 K7 222 K7 242 YJ 143/W97143 6T 501/K7 224 SAT YJ 891 YH 917 6T 401 K7 222 YJ 143/W97143 YJ 781 6T 501/K7 224 SUN YJ 891 YH 917 6T 401 K7 222 YJ 143/W97143 YJ 781 6T 501/K7 224 K7 224

Domestic Airlines
Air Bagan Ltd.(W9)
Tel : 513322, 513422, 504888, Fax : 515102 731-35991~3.Fax: 951 532333


Air KBZ (K7)
Tel: 372977~80, 533030~39 (Airport), Fax: 372983

Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)
Tel: 95 9 400446999, 95 9 400447999, Mobile: 95 9 5020711, Fax: 95 9 73256067

Air Mandalay (6T)
Tel : (Head Office) 501520, 525488, Fax: 525937. Airport: 533222~3, 0973152853. Fax: 533223.

Yangon Airways(YH)
Tel: (+95-1) 383 100, 383 107, 700 264, Fax: 652 533.

Asian Wings (AW)
Tel: 951 516654, 532253, 09-

FMI Air Charter Sales & Reservations
Tel: (95-1) 240363, 240373 / (+95-9) 421146545


International Airlines
Air Asia (FD)
Tel: 251 885, 251 886.

Air Bagan Ltd.(W9) Air China (CA)
Tel : 666112, 655882.

Tel: 95 9 400446999, 95 9 400447999, Mobile: 95 9 5020711, Fax: 95 9 73256067

Tel : 513322, 513422, 504888, Fax : 515102

Malaysia Airlines (MH) Myanmar Airways International(8M)
Tel : 255260, Fax: 255305

Tel : 387648, 241007 ext : 120, 121, 122 Fax : 241124

Air India

Tel : 253597~98, 254758. Fax: 248175

6T = Air Mandalay W9 = Air Bagan YJ = Asian Wings K7 = AIR KBZ YH = Yangon Airways UB = FMI UB Charter Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines

Bangkok Airways (PG)

Silk Air(MI)
Tel: 255 287~9, Fax: 255 290

Tel: 255122, 255 265, Fax: 255119

Subject to change without notice

Condor (DE)

Thai Airways (TG)
Tel : 255491~6, Fax : 255223

Tel: + 95 1 -370836 up to 39 (ext : 810)

Dragonair (KA)

Vietnam Airlines (VN)
Fax : 255086. Tel 255066/ 255088/ 255068.

Tel: 95-1-255320, 255321, Fax : 255329

Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)

Qatar Airways (Temporary Office)

Tel: 01-250388, (ext: 8142, 8210)

the pulse travel 49

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MON PG 706 8M 333 TG 304 PG 702 TG 302 8M 331 PG 704 Y5 237 TG 306 TUE PG 706 8M 333 TG 304 PG 702 TG 302 8M 331 Y5 237 PG 704 TG 306 WED PG 706 8M 333 TG 304 PG 702 TG 302 8M 331 Y5 237 PG 704 TG 306 THUR PG 706 8M 333 TG 304 PG 702 TG 302 8M 331 Y5 237 PG 704 TG 306 FRI PG 706 8M 333 TG 304 PG 702 TG 302 8M 331 Y5 237 PG 704 TG 306 SAT PG 706 8M 333 TG 304 PG 702 TG 302 8M 331 Y5 237 PG 704 TG 306 SUN PG 706 8M 333 TG 304 PG 702 TG 302 8M 331 Y5 237 PG 704 TG 306

7:15 8:20 9:50 10:30 14:55 16:30 18:20 18:05 19:45 7:15 8:20 9:50 10:30 14:55 16:30 18:05 18:20 19:45 7:15 8:20 9:50 10:30 14:55 16:30 18:05 18:20 19:45 7:15 8:20 9:50 10:30 14:55 16:30 18:05 18:20 19:45 7:15 8:20 9:50 10:30 14:55 16:30 18:05 18:20 19:45 7:15 8:20 9:50 10:30 14:55 16:30 18:05 18:20 19:45 7:15 8:20 9:50 10:30 14:55 16:30 18:05 18:20 19:45 8:30 12:50 17:50 8:30 12:50 17:50 8:30 12:50 17:50 8:30 12:50 17:50 8:30 12:50 17:50 8:30 12:50 17:50 8:30 12:50 17:50 0:25 8:00 10:10 10:25 11:30 11:30 16:40 0:25 8:00 10:10 10:25 11:30 11:30 14:25 16:40 8:00 10:10 10:25 11:30 11:30 16:40 8:00 10:10 10:25 11:30 11:30 14:25 16:40 8:00 10:10 10:25 11:30 11:30 15:05 16:40 0:25 8:00 10:10 10:25 11:30 11:30 16:40 9:30 10:05 11:45 12:25 16:50 18:15 20:15 19:50 21:40 9:30 10:05 11:45 12:25 16:50 18:15 19:50 20:15 21:40 9:30 10:05 11:45 12:25 16:50 18:15 19:50 20:15 21:40 9:30 10:05 11:45 12:25 16:50 18:15 19:50 20:15 21:40 9:30 10:05 11:45 12:25 16:50 18:15 19:50 20:15 21:40 9:30 10:05 11:45 12:25 16:50 18:15 19:50 20:15 21:40 9:30 10:05 11:45 12:25 16:50 18:15 19:50 20:15 21:40 10:20 14:05 19:35 10:20 14:05 19:35 10:20 14:05 19:35 10:20 14:05 19:35 10:20 14:05 19:35 10:20 14:05 19:35 10:20 14:05 19:35 5:00 12:25 14:40 14:45 16:05 16:05 21:15 5:00 12:25 14:40 14:45 16:05 16:05 17:10 21:15 12:25 14:40 14:45 16:05 16:05 21:15 12:25 14:40 14:45 16:05 16:05 17:10 21:15 12:25 14:40 14:45 16:05 16:05 19:30 21:15 5:00 12:25 14:40 14:45 16:05 16:05 21:15

SUN MI 509 8M 231 Y5 233 SQ 997 3K 586 8M 6232 VN 942 8M 233 MI 517 MON 8M 501 AK 1427 MH 741 AK 1425 TUE AK 1427 8M 501 MH 741 AK 1425 MH 743 WED AK 1427 8M 501 MH 741 AK 1425 THUR AK 1427 MH 741 AK 1425 FRI AK 1427 8M 501 MH 741 AK 1425 MH 743 SAT AK 1427 8M 501 MH 741 AK 1425 SUN AK 1427 MH 741 AK 1425 MH 743 TUE WED THUR SAT SUN MON TUE WED THUR FRI SAT SUN CA 906 CA 906 CA 906 CA 906 CA 906

0:25 8:00 10:10 10:25 11:30 11:30 14:25 15:05 16:40 7:50 8:30 12:15 16:45 8:30 7:50 12:15 16:45 16:55 8:30 7:50 12:15 16:45 8:30 12:15 16:45 8:30 7:50 12:15 16:45 16:55 8:30 7:50 12:15 16:45 8:30 12:15 16:45 16:55 14:15 14:15 14:15 14:15 14:15 17:40 8:40 11:20 8:40 17:40 11:20 8:40 10:50 10:50 11:35 10:50 10:50 10:50 11:35 11:35 10:50

5:00 12:25 14:40 14:45 16:05 16:05 17:10 19:30 21:15 11:50 12:50 16:30 21:00 12:50 11:50 16:30 21:00 21:10 12:50 11:50 16:30 21:00 12:50 16:30 21:00 12:50 11:50 16:30 21:00 21:10 12:50 11:50 16:30 21:00 12:50 16:30 21:00 21:10 21:55 21:55 21:55 21:55 21:55 22:15 13:15 15:50 13:15 22:15 15:50 13:15 16:10 16:10 17:20 16:10 16:10 16:10 17:20 17:20 16:10 18:00 17:35 18:00 18:10 17:35 17:35 18:00 18:00 17:35 18:00 17:35 18:00


MON 8M 335 TUE 8M 335 TG 782 WED 8M 335 THUR 8M 335 FRI 8M 335 TG 782 SAT 8M 335 TG 782 SUN 8M 335 TG 782 MON TUE WED THUR FRI SAT SUN MON TUE WED THUR FRI SAT SUN MON TUE WED THUR FRI SAT SUN 8M 335 8M 335 8M 335 8M 335 8M 335 8M 335 8M 335

8:25 8:25 9:30 8:25 8:25 8:25 9:30 8:25 9:30 8:25 9:30 8:25 8:25 8:25 8:25 8:25 8:25 8:25 10:45 10:45 11:55 10:45 10:45 10:45 11:55 10:45 11:55 10:45 11:55 15:15 15:15 15:15 15:15 15:15 15:15 15:15 15:00 15:00 15:00 15:00 15:00 15:00 15:00 17:20 17:20 17:20 17:20 17:20 17:20 17:20


FD 2751 FD 2755 FD 2753 SAT FD 2751 FD 2755 FD 2753 SUN FD 2751 FD 2755 FD 2753 MON SQ 998 3K 585 8M 6231 8M 232 MI 520 Y5 234 MI 518 TUE SQ 998 3K 585 8M 6231 8M 232 MI 518 Y5 234 WED SQ 998 3K 585 8M 6231 8M 232 MI 518 Y5 234 THUR SQ 998 3K 585 8M 6231 8M 232 MI 518 Y5 234 FRI SQ 998 3K 585 8M 6231 8M 232 MI 518 Y5 234 8M 234 MI 520 SAT SQ 998 3K 585 8M 6231 8M 232 MI 518 Y5 234 8M 234 MI 520 SUN SQ 998 8M 6231 3K 585 8M 232 MI 518 Y5 234 8M 234 MI 520 TUE WED THUR SAT SUN CA 905 CA 905 CA 905 CA 905 CA 905

7:15 11:10 16:35 7:15 11:10 16:35 7:15 11:10 16:35 7:55 9:10 9:10 13:25 22:10 15:35 14:20 7:55 9:10 9:10 13:25 14:20 15:35 7:55 9:10 9:10 13:25 14:20 15:35 7:55 9:10 9:10 13:25 14:20 15:35 7:55 9:10 9:10 13:25 14:20 15:35 20:30 22:10 7:55 9:10 9:10 13:25 14:20 15:35 20:30 22:10 7:55 9:10 9:10 13:25 14:20 15:35 20:30 22:10 8:05 8:05 8:05 8:05 8:05

8:00 11:45 17:20 8:00 11:45 17:20 8:00 11:45 17:20 9:20 10:40 10:40 14:50 23:35 17:05 15:45 9:20 10:40 10:40 14:50 15:45 17:05 9:20 10:40 10:40 14:50 15:45 17:05 9:20 10:40 10:40 14:50 15:45 17:05 9:20 10:40 10:40 14:50 15:45 17:05 21:55 23:35 9:20 10:40 10:40 14:50 15:45 17:05 21:55 23:35 9:20 10:40 10:40 14:50 15:45 17:05 21:55 23:35 13:15 13:15 13:15 13:15 13:15 8:00 11:15 13:50 16:15 8:00 11:15 13:50 15:55 16:15 8:00 11:15 13:50 16:15 8:00 11:15 16:15 8:00 11:15 13:50 15:55 16:15 8:00 11:15 13:50 16:15 8:00 11:15 15:55 16:15 16:35 15:50 10:30 15:50 16:35 10:30 15:50 9:50 9:50 10:35 9:50 9:50 9:50 10:35 10:35 9:50



MON MU 2031 13:30 TUE CA 905 12:40 MU 2031 13:30 WED CA 905 12:40 MU 2011 8:20 THUR CA 905 12:40 MU 2031 13:30 FRI MU 2031 13:30 SAT CA 905 12:40 MU 2031 13:30 SUN CA 905 12:40 MU 2031 13:30 MON AI 227 FRI AI 227

13:55 13:15 13:55 13:15 11:30 13:15 13:55 13:55 13:15 13:55 13:15 13:55

Three freebies in Shanghai
BY JOE MCDONALD CHINA’S biggest city and financial hub is known for designer boutiques and fine dining. Yet wallet-draining Shanghai also offers activities that cost nothing, from walking on the riverfront Bund to sculpture parks and historic sites. Here are three of them. The Bund A walk along the Bund is an introduction to the essence of big, bold, fashionable, commercial Shanghai. The avenue is lined with art deco buildings from the 1920s and 1930s, when Shanghai was the New York of the Far East. The Bund was its Wall Street, home to international banks and trading houses. A handful of foreign and Chinese entrepreneurs made fortunes. The city’s relative stability attracted migrants who left behind poverty and fighting among warlords elsewhere. Other areas of the city have been bulldozed to make way for office and apartment towers, but the Bund’s classic appearance has been preserved and its buildings renovated. At the Bund’s north end is the Peace Hotel, one of Shanghai’s most famous buildings, where celebrities such as Cole Porter stayed before World War II. Nearby is a statue of Chen Yi, the city’s first communist mayor in the 1950s. Farther south, buildings including the former headquarters of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank have been renovated and now house designer shops like Ermenegildo Zegna and Cartier. At the corner of Guangdong Road, the seventhfloor terrace of restaurant M on the Bund offers a panoramic view across the river to Pudong, the financial district that was constructed from scratch over the past two decades. The Bund’s name, which rhymes with fund, comes from the Hindi word for barrier and refers to the riverside embankment where ships were loaded and unloaded. Today, the commercial piers are gone and the view of the river from the street is blocked by a floodwall built in the 1990s. Visitors can climb to the top of the barrier where a wide pedestrian walkway gives a view of the river and Pudong’s forest of skyscrapers, with the Oriental Pearl Television Tower looming over them. Art Districts The Hongfang Creative Industrial Zone, created in 2005 out of a cluster of renovated factories, houses galleries including the Shanghai Sculpture Space, open Tuesday to Sunday, which shows work by Chinese and foreign contemporary artists. The building surrounds a grassy courtyard with sculptures that include bulls and horses made of auto parts and car-size heads of Albert Einstein and former Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. The district is on Weihai West Road, a fiveminute walk east of the Hongqiao Road station on the No 3 subway or 10 minutes west of Weihai West Road station on the No 10. The Moganshan Road Art District, on the bank of Suzhou Creek, is older, grittier and more commercial. The city’s most prominent contemporary galleries – locals as well as outposts of European and US galleries – are housed in converted textile factories and warehouses dating to the 1930s. Moganshan’s mix of industrial and arty is a favourite backdrop for Chinese fashion photographers. It’s a 20-minute walk south of the Zhongtan Station on the No 3 or 4 subways. Sculpture Garden Jing’an Sculpture Park, on Beijing West Road west of the North-South Expressway, is an oasis of green among high-rise apartment blocks. The 6-hectare (15-acre) park has monumental works in stone, steel and other materials by artists including American Jim Dine, Belgium’s Wim Delvoye and Ram Katzir of Israel. Some are sturdy enough for children to climb. On weekends, kids skate on the sidewalks while adults play badminton on the lawn. – AP

10:35 13:20 10:35 13:20

FD 2761 FD 2761 FD 2761 FD 2761 FD 2761 FD 2761 FD 2761 12:45 12:45 12:45 12:45 12:45 12:45 12:45

THUR W9 9608 17:20 18:10 SUN W9 9608 17:20 18:10 MON WED FRI SAT SUN

VN 957 VN 957 VN 957 VN 957 VN 957 16:35 16:35 16:35 16:35 16:35

18:10 18:10 18:10 18:10 18:10

MU 2030 14:40 MU 2030 14:40 MU 2030 14:40 MU 2030 14:40 MU 2030 14:40 MU 2030 14:40 MU 2030 14:40

TUE VN 943 11:40 13:25 THUR VN 943 11:40 13:25 SUN VN 943 11:40 13:25 MON WED FRI SAT

8M 602 8M 602 8M 602 8M 602 9:20 9:20 9:20 9:20 6:15 6:15 7:25 6:15 6:15 6:15 7:25 6:15 7:25 6:15 7:25


TUE 8M 603 11:10 12:15 THUR 8M 603 11:10 12:15 SUN 8M 603 11:10 12:15 MON FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 334 TG 301 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 PG 705 Y5 238 Tue FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 334 TG 301 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 PG 705 Y5 238 WED FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 334 TG 301 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 PG 705 Y5 238 THUR FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 334 TG 301 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 PG 705 Y5 238 FRI FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 334 TG 301 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 PG 705 Y5 238 SAT FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 334 TG 301 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 PG 705 Y5 238 SUN FD 3770 TG 303 PG 701 8M 334 TG 301 PG 703 FD 3772 TG 305 8M 332 PG 705 Y5 238 MON FD 2751 FD 2755 FD 2753 TUE FD 2751 FD 2755 FD 2753 WED FD 2751 FD 2755 FD 2753 THUR FD 2751 FD 2755 FD 2753 7:15 7:55 8:50 11:30 13:00 16:45 16:50 17:50 19:15 20:15 21:10 7:15 7:55 8:50 11:30 13:00 16:45 16:50 17:50 19:15 20:15 21:10 7:15 7:55 8:50 11:30 13:00 16:45 16:50 17:50 19:15 20:15 21:10 7:15 7:55 8:50 11:30 13:00 16:45 16:50 17:50 19:15 20:15 21:10 7:15 7:55 8:50 11:30 13:00 16:45 16:50 17:50 19:15 20:15 21:10 7:15 7:55 8:50 11:30 13:00 16:45 16:50 17:50 19:15 20:15 21:10 7:15 7:55 8:50 11:30 13:00 16:45 16:50 17:50 19:15 20:15 21:10 7:15 11:10 16:35 7:15 11:10 16:35 7:15 11:10 16:35 7:15 11:10 16:35 8:00 8:50 9:40 12:15 13:45 17:35 17:35 18:45 20:00 21:30 21:55 8:00 8:50 9:40 12:15 13:45 17:35 17:35 18:45 20:00 21:30 21:55 8:00 8:50 9:40 12:15 13:45 17:35 17:35 18:45 20:00 21:30 21:55 8:00 8:50 9:40 12:15 13:45 17:35 17:35 18:45 20:00 21:30 21:55 8:00 8:50 9:40 12:15 13:45 17:35 17:35 18:45 20:00 21:30 21:55 8:00 8:50 9:40 12:15 13:45 17:35 17:35 18:45 20:00 21:30 21:55 8:00 8:50 9:40 12:15 13:45 17:35 17:35 18:45 20:00 21:30 21:55 8:00 11:45 17:20 8:00 11:45 17:20 8:00 11:45 17:20 8:00 11:45 17:20


12:30 12:30 12:30 12:30 7:35 7:35 8:50 7:35 7:35 7:35 8:50 7:35 8:50 7:35 8:50


CZ 3056 8M 711 CZ 3056 8M 711 CZ 3056 CZ 3056 8M 711

MON 8M 336 TUE 8M 336 TG 781 WED 8M 336 THUR 8M 336 FRI 8M 336 TG 781 SAT 8M 336 TG 781 SUN 8M 336 TG 781 MON TUE WED THUR FRI SAT SUN 8M 336 8M 336 8M 336 8M 336 8M 336 8M 336 8M 336


16:05 16:05 16:05 16:05 16:05 16:05 16:05 7:35:00+1 7:35:00+1 7:35:00+1 7:35:00+1 7:35:00+1 7:35:00+1 7:35:00+1

MON FD 2752 FD 2756 FD 2754 TUE FD 2752 FD 2756 FD 2754 WED FD 2752 FD 2756 FD 2754 THUR FD 2752 FD 2756 FD 2754 FRI FD 2752 FD 2756 FD 2754 SAT FD 2752 FD 2756 FD 2754 SUN FD 2752 FD 2756 FD 2754


MON CI 7916 TUE CI 7916 BR 288 WED CI 7916 THUR CI 7916 FRI CI 7916 BR 288 SAT BR 288 SUN CI 7916



MON MU 2032 14:40 TUE CA 906 14:15 MU 2032 14:40 WED MU 2012 12:20 CA 906 14:15 THUR CA 906 14:15 MU 2032 14:40 FRI MU 2032 14:40 SAT CA 906 14:15 MU 2032 14:40 SUN CA 906 14:15 MU 2032 14:40 MON AI 234 FRI AI 234


14:05 15:05 14:05 15:05

THUR W9 9607 14:20 16:10 SUN W9 9607 14:20 16:10 MON WED FRI SAT SUN

VN 956 VN 956 VN 956 VN 956 VN 956 19:10 19:10 19:10 19:10 19:10

MON MI 509 8M 231 Y5 233 SQ 997 8M 6232 3K 586 MI 517 TUE MI 509 8M 231 Y5 233 SQ 997 3K 586 8M 6232 VN 942 MI 517 WED 8M 231 Y5 233 SQ 997 8M 6232 3K 586 MI 517 THUR 8M 231 Y5 233 SQ 997 3K 586 8M 6232 VN 942 MI 517 FRI 8M 231 Y5 233 SQ 997 3K 586 8M 6232 8M 233 MI 517 SAT MI 509 8M 231 Y5 233 SQ 997 8M 6232 3K 586 MI 517


21:30 21:30 21:30 21:30 21:30

TUE VN 942 14:25 17:10 THUR VN 942 14:25 17:10 SUN VN 942 14:25 17:10 MON WED FRI SAT


MON AK 1426 MH 740 8M 502 AK 1424 TUE AK 1426 MH 740 8M 502 MH 742 AK 1424 WED AK 1426 MH 740 8M 502 AK 1424 THUR AK 1426 MH 740 AK 1424 FRI AK 1426 MH 740 8M 502 MH 742 AK 1424 SAT AK 1426 MH 740 8M 502 AK 1424 SUN AK 1426 MH 740 MH 742 AK 1424 MON TUE WED THUR FRI SAT SUN CZ 3055 8M 712 CZ 3055 8M 712 CZ 3055 CZ 3055 8M 712

6:55 10:05 12:50 15:05 6:55 10:05 12:50 14:45 15:05 6:55 10:05 12:50 15:05 6:55 10:05 15:05 6:55 10:05 12:50 14:45 15:05 6:55 10:05 12:50 15:05 6:55 10:05 14:45 15:05 14:45 14:15 8:40 14:15 14:45 8:40 14:15 7:00 7:00 7:45 7:00 7:00 7:00 7:45 7:45 7:00

TUE 8M 604 13:15 16:20 THUR 8M 604 13:15 16:20 SUN 8M 604 13:15 16:20


WED QR 618 21:05 07:00+1 THUR QR 618 21:05 07:00+1 SUN QR 618 21:05 07:00+1 WED 8M 404 20:15 21:40 SAT 8M 404 20:15 21:40 MON KE 471 TUE KE 471 WED KE 471 0Z 769 THUR KE 471 FRI KE 471 SAT KE 471 0Z 769 SUN KE 471


18:40 18:40 18:40 19:50 18:40 18:40 18:40 19:50 18:40

22:55 22:55 22:55 23:25 22:55 22:55 22:55 23:25 22:55

MON NH 913 10:30 15:30 WED NH 913 11:10 17:05 SAT NH 913 11:10 17:05 MON WED FRI SUN


KA 250 KA 250 KA 250 KA 250 21:45 21:45 21:45 21:45 10:50 10:50 10:50 10:50 10:50 10:50 10:50 23:30 23:30 23:30 23:30 12:15 12:15 12:15 12:15 12:15 12:15 12:15 13:50 13:50 13:50 13:50 13:50 13:50 13:50


8M 601 8M 601 8M 601 8M 601 7:00 7:00 7:00 7:00 8:20 8:20 8:20 8:20

MON QR 619 8:15 THUR QR 619 8:15 FRI QR 619 8:15


11:15 11:15 11:15

WED 8M 403 16:50 19:15 SAT 8M 403 16:50 19:15 MON TUE WED THUR KE 472 KE 472 KE 472 KE 472 0Z 770 FRI KE 472 SAT KE 472 SUN KE 472 0Z 4763 MON TUE THUR SAT KA 251 KA 251 KA 251 KA 251

23:45 23:40 23:40 23:40 0:35 23:40 23:40 23:40 0:35 1:10 1:10 1:10 1:10

8:05+1:00 8:05+1:00 8:05+1:00 8:05+1:00 9:10 8:05+1:00 8:05+1:00 8:05+1:00 9:10 6:00 5:45 5:45 5:45

MON CI 7915 TUE CI 7915 BR 287 WED CI 7915 THUR CI 7915 FRI CI 7915 BR 287 SAT BR 287 SUN CI 7915



FD 2760 FD 2760 FD 2760 FD 2760 FD 2760 FD 2760 FD 2760

MU 2029 13:55 MU 2029 13:55 MU 2029 13:55 MU 2029 13:55 MU 2029 13:55 MU 2029 13:55 MU 2029 13:55

FD & AK = Air Asia TG = Thai Airways 8M = Myanmar Airways International Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines PG = Bangkok Airways MI = Silk Air VN = Vietnam Airline MH = Malaysia Airlines CZ = China Southern CI = China Airlines CA = Air China KA = Dragonair Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines IC = Indian Airlines Limited W9 = Air Bagan 3K = Jet Star AI = Air India QR = Qatar Airways KE = Korea Airlines NH = All Nippon Airways SQ = Singapore Airways DE = Condor Airlines MU=China Eastern Airlines BR = Eva Airlines DE = Condor



MON NH 914 21:30 06:40+1 WED NH 914 21:30 06:40+1 SAT NH 914 21:30 06:40+1


Subject to change without notice

Visitors admire “Ray” a sculpture by Indian artist Subodh Gupta at Jing’an Sculpture Park in Shanghai, China. Photo: AP

50 the pulse international


Berlin’s Barbie Dreamhouse: a pink feminist nightmare


HE opening last week of the first life-sized Barbie Dreamhouse in Berlin may be the fantasy of many little girls, but Berlin feminists are mobilising against what they call a sexist icon. With her ironed-straight blond tresses, doe-like baby blue eyes, blinding smile and super-human measurements, the mistress of the giant Barbie mansion became a lightning rod for criticism ahead of last week’s opening on May 16. Feminist activists were among several dozen people who demonstrated against the opening of Europe’s first life-sized Barbie Dreamhouse, slamming it as a sexist cliche. On a fountain in the form of a high heel, an activist had her naked breasts covered by the slogan “Life in plastic is not fantastic” while burning a Barbie doll on a cross. Later, another protester went to throw the crucifix into the fountain, prompting members of the site’s security to intervene and resulting in some brief jostling in front of news cameras. Just a few steps from Alexanderplatz, the main shopping district of east Berlin, the 26,900 square foot slice of Malibu lifestyle is nestled between a railway and old communist housing blocks. Inside, young Barbie fans can pretend to bake cupcakes in a marvellous kitchen, rummage through her sequin-studded wardrobe in the blonde bombshell’s “endless” walkin closet and lounge in her – pink, of course – living room while admiring hundreds of dolls on display. “For US$29, you can have two careers – model or pop star. What kind of image is that to present to young women?” Michael Koschitzki grumbled. He is the proudly feminist male leader of a grassroots group of opponents of the Barbie Dreamhouse, and a member of the youth wing of the far-left party Die Linke.

A Facebook faction called “Occupy Barbie Dreamhouse”, created in March with a wink at the New York anti-greed movement, Occupy Wall Street, has drawn more than 1,000 supporters since its launch in March when the Berlin plans came to light. It regrets that: “the vast majority of little girls play with a doll that, if she were real, would be anorexic and whose life would consist of waiting for Ken in the car,” Mr Koschitzki said.

'For US$29, you can have two careers - model or pop star. What kind of image is that to present to young women?'
Michael Koschitzki Feminist A campaign of 10,000 flyers against the Barbie Dreamhouse have been published in a bid to publicise the fight against such “sexist propaganda” in a country headed by a childless woman and in which battles of the sexes are being fought on several fronts. Germany, where combining family and work is notoriously difficult, has a fertility rate among the lowest in Western Europe and is debating binding quotas for female executives to diversify its overwhelmingly male-dominated boardrooms. Having weathered half a century of feminist rage, US Barbie manufacturer Mattel notes that it has modernised the doll’s image,

moving beyond the beach beauty to create surgeon dolls and even a presidential candidate. “Barbie has again become a tool for some to advance their own agenda,” a spokeswoman for the company’s German unit said. A 28-year-old Israeli tourist who gave her name as Lucy said all the pink caught her attention as she pulled out her camera. Having played with Barbies as a child, she did not see a problem with the Dreamhouse, although she admitted it could “influence a young girl so she thinks that everyone has to be blonde, tall and big-breasted”. – AFP
Photo: Flickr Creative Commons

MAY 20 TO 26, 2013


AQUARIUS Jan 20 - Feb 18 Don’t say you can’t stand discomfort. Instead, give up your cosy atmosphere and head out into the wilderness of your intuition. What you will find will be the wonderfully interdependent system of physical and mental nature. PISCES Feb 19 - Mar 20 Get rid of pessimistic thoughts that will block your way to new horizons or destroy your hopes for future gain. Unworthiness can destroy beautiful relationships and will lead to a foundation for a shaky comfort zone. You will soon learn how to pay careful attention to those who are under the influence of delusion. ARIES Mar 21 - Apr 19 Show your desire for a purer expression of the ideal and try to apply this

purity to your thought processes and emotional life. Sometimes a spiritual journey is all it takes to find the simplest solutions to the greatest problems. TAURUS Apr 20 - May 20 A lack of objective consideration may be leading to a blind spot in your emotional perspective. Advice from old partners are valuable in decisionmaking. Remember, in overcoming obstacles the best heart is colourblind: Use your psyche, not your eyes, to find the path to happiness. GEMINI May 21 - Jun 20 Your focus this week should be on not losing sight of the bigger picture. Once you’ve learned the habit of responding to life with this new perspective, problems that seemed insurmountable before will begin to seem more manageable all of a sudden, and you will soon discover much that is of value.

CANCER Jun 21 - Jul 20 The purpose of life isn’t to get it all done, but rather to enjoy each step along the way. All you really have to do to live a life filled with love is to tune in to the hearts of others. Before the start of each conversation, remind yourself to be patient and wait instead of jumping too quickly. LEO Jul 23 - Aug 22 Practise the expression of your perfection and you’ll deepen your understanding of your own self. Love is the very basis of spirituality and it needs to flow continuously through your soul. If unexpected problems are leading to long-term misunderstandings, the only way to end them is with wise communication. VIRGO Aug 23 - Sep 22 Use your wholesome desires to cultivate your morals – and your morale. Don’t be frustrated and uptight about everything. If you can figure out the

link between your expectations and your frustration levels, you’ll be able to approach every single day without worry or stress. LIBRA Sep 23 - Oct 22 Allow yourself to enjoy the excitement of uncertainty and you’ll leave sorrow and pride behind. Remember that you have the ability to take risks: these can help you open a new chapter in your life. Make it part of your daily agenda to look for things that are going right. Always give yourself and others the benefit of the doubt. SCORPIO Oct 23 - Nov 21 Take pleasure in risky action and cultivate social understanding of yourself so others can access your sympathetic nature. Realise the truth in your emotional perfection and expend your knowledge in ways that will help all living beings. Social rivals should be made new partners from whom you can gain valuable information about the future.

SAGITTARIUS Nov 22 - Dec 21 Readjust your mental attitude to coincide with the constructive nature of your soul and you’ll find satisfaction. Small mistakes in your creative activities could lead to big consequences but you should be brave and challenge your emotional desires and wants. Don’t neglect to rectify small problems in friendships. CAPRICORN Dec 22 - Jan 19 A vital transmission of impulses from the senses to your brain will serve to convey–and confirm information. Accept help from well-wishers and wellknown people to strengthen your social networks. By dreaming big, you can manifest your heart’s wishes and desires. FOR A PERSONAL READING CONTACT: AUNG MYIN KYAW 4th Floor, 113, Thamain Bayan Road, Tamwe Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 09-731-35632 Email:

52 the pulse cartoon


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NATTHMEE Classical Travels Taunggyi-InlyKalaw-Pindaya 2starrate hotels + Transportation + breakfast,lunch,Dinner Package Trip for 4 night 5 days 180000 kyats for one person. Chaungtha Beach HotelMax,Belle Resort + Transportation + breakfast,lunch,Dinner 65000 kyats for one person.( 1 night ) 120000 kyats for one person ( 2 night ) Ph: 09-450059037. SHAN YOMA Travels & Tours Co., Ltd : Winner of Tourism Alliance Awards for 2011 & 2012. Arranging all tourism related services.124/126, 50th St, 295510, 299389. www.exploremyanmar. com TO FOREIGNERS, TAXI service with an English speaker. Feel free to ask by yourself. Ph: 09 -517-9125

SAFARI Phone Software & Hardware Service, Ph: 09-504-1229. HTET, Jade & Jewellery Shop, Ph: 09-504-9892, 09-500-9219.

JAPANESE LANGUAGE center : Tokyo School, Learn Japanese Language & Bisiness Centre. Rm 707, 7 Flr, Yuzana Tower, Shwe Gone Dine, Bahan. Ph: 01-558171. Email:actualtokyomax@ ENGLISHClasses:English for Young Learners & Adult. General English (4 skills). Foundation English Course. Business English Course. One to One, Special class & Home. Sa Ya Zaw Myo Win, Ph: 09-730-26906. TEACHING Myanmar language (4 Skills) for foreigners Near Myay Ni Gone City Mart Ph: 09-4200-30 782 HLC, High Language Centre. Hindi, English & Myanmar. (Writing, Reading & Speaking) by an Expert Teacher. Ph: 09-4210-98790. MYANMAR Language teaching for Foriengers. It is 24 hours teaching in a month. Teacher Htay Win, Ph: 09-4252-95641. A FOREIGN Language tutor is available for learners, residing at Kyaukmyaung area. Pls contact Saya David, personally at 44, Athoka St, 3rd flr (left), Nat chaung Ward, Tamwe between 6 & 7 pm. MYANMAR LANGUAGE Training Course For Foreigners, Contact: 09-518-1316 or 09-73127074 for Registration. GLOBAL Enchanting Education Centre. English Class for Mom. IELTS. General English. Business English. Registration Now! Contact: 09-73224316, 09-731-27074, 01-2305534. FOR FOREIGNERS, If you would like to learn spoken Myanmar at your home. And who need study guide for children who are studying at English school. feel free to ask by yourself. Ph: 09-517-9125 SAYA DENNIS Special : English Four skills (Intro-Advanced) , IELTS (Foundation & Prepa ration) , communi cative skill in English, English for Grade 11, Business English, Job Interview and affair. Ph: 09-401604365

Public Notices
ANY PROBLEM with your company? (or) Want to improve your company with systematic and international process? (or) Want to expand your company? Just implement your company through Project Management. The Trainers are from internationally well experienced & included consultancy service. Pls contact to : U Than Lwin, Managing Director, Myanmar Access International Co., Ltd. Ph:09-730- 39536. Email :

Expert Services
REAL ESTATE : We have Lands for sale suitable for making Industrial buildings in large area. Buyers can Contact Us on 09-450059037. (There is no pay for Agents & Third party Warmly welcome the buyers) GSM/CDMA line cards with or without Internet are available now. With complete documents that foreigners can easily manipulate. Contact 09 310 65271 for pricing. HOME DECORATION if you need how to decorate your home please do contact ph:552317 Ma Pan Nu IF YOU WANT to change from International Driving Licence to Myanmar Driving Licence.Our Services can do.Please, Answer the following data and mail me for your application. I type the forms and continue, Name, passpost No, Myanmar immigration admitted date, date of expire, date of birth & place, blood type, driving licence No, date of expire, issue date,issue country, licence class, present address, your rank & duty in Myanmar Office,Company or Orginazation, your apply officer name, rank & duty. Ph: 09-730-08426 Email: kaungthetservices@ IF YOU NEED house, building apartment, Office Room to rent or buy. Pls do contact ph: candlelight295@gmail. com

Hlaing Golf. 1500 Sqft, 2MBR, 2SR. USD 3500. Ph: 09-4211 77105. 09420-114749. BAHAN, (1) New University Rd, 80' x 60', 2 storey new house. Ks 45 lakhs. (2)Moe Myint San Condo, 2400 sqft, f f, 5 A/C, 30 Lakhs (3) Pearl Condo, 1750 sqft, 1 MB, 2 BR, 5 A/C, f f, 25 lakhs. Call Maureen: 09518-8320. YANKIN, Moe Kaung Rd, 50' x 90' RC, 1 storey house. 25 lakhs. Maureen : 09-5188320. HLAING, (647), # 8-C, Inya View Condominium, Pyay Rd. Ph: 09-4200-35206, 09-4200-767665. (No Agents). BAHAN, University Avenue compound 85' x 120', 3 MBR, 1 reading room, living room, dinning room, kitchen, servant quarter, BBQ house in the garden, ph, 3AC. Ph: 09-513-7802, 534542. BAHAN, (1) May Li Kha housing, driving to Yankin Center (20minutes).2700 Sqft 2 RC, 3 MBR, 2 BR. USD 4000. (2)Golden velley, 2100 Sqft, 2RC, 1MBR, 3BR, Fully furnish, USD 4000. (3)Inya Rd, 1 RC, 6400 Sqft, 2MBR, 1SR, Fully furnish, USD 5000. (4)Near Thai Embassy, 2100 Sqft, 3 MBR, 1SR, USD 5000.(5) Aye Yeik Mon housing, Driving to Hlaingtharyar (25 minutes) 2 RC, 3MBR, 1 SR. USD 2300. (6) Near Inya Rd, 3RC, 6 MBR, Fully furnish. USD 10000. Ph: 09- 492-14276. APARTMENT at Pearl Condo Block-B, Kabaye Pagoda Rd, Sqft 1750, 1MB, 2BR, 4AC, Fully furnished, Heater, Ext ph. 2500 USD. Ph: 09-5164684,09-514-1315.

BAGAN, 5.13 acre Land for hotel development. 5.10 min from the Bangan airport. Offer price USS 3 Ph: 09-421-012489. MAYANGONE, Apartment 1320 sqft 4 rooms, 8 mile condo apartment to be sold direct by First Owner. Call 09-514-2568. SANCHAUNG, 12.5’ x 55’, 2 Flr, 1 A/C. 1 ine ph. 350 Lakhs. Negotiable. Ph:09- 501-2801, 519 268 MAYANGONE, 9 miles Bonyarna Lane, 50'x 70' garden with including house (3700 Lakhs) no agent pls. Ph: 09-5036519, 09-421-029911. HLAING THARYAR, 129 (A), Thakin Pholagyi 5 St 20’x 60’ (PriceNegotiable), (Near to Shwe Yin Aye Market & bus stop) Ph:09-43129221, 09-731-35807 MINGALAR TAUNG NYUNT; (506/1), Kyi Taw Housing, Kyi Taw St, 14'x55', Corner Rm 5th Flr, 2 Bedrooms, 2 Balcony, porcelain floor, Toilet. Price - 340 lakhs. Ph: 09-421-111893

Want To Buy
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UN Positions
THE EMBASSY of India, Yangon, has a vacancy of an Assistant for the Cultural Wing. Candidates should have a university degree with minimum 3 years proven experience in a relevant field, working knowledge of computers, excellent communication skills in English and Myanmar. Please send CV to Head of Chancery, Embassy of India, 545-547, Merchant St, Kyauktada, not later than May 24, 2013 or Fax: 254086. THE EMBASSY of the Republic of Korea is looking for energetic Security Guards. The application must be Excellent interpersonal skills anf good command of oral communication in English and Myanmar Languages; The ability to work as part of a team; The ability to work flexible hours; Experience & knowledge of securityprocedure will be advantage. Submit your application form with a recently taken photo to No 97, University Avenue, Bahan. For more information, call 01-527142~144 in office hour. skills are necessary, domonstrated by 3 years experience. Good in English & Myanmar (Speaking Mon &/or Mon would be an advantage). Computer literacy. Pls submit application to IOM Mission in Myanmar -Yangon, 12th Flr, Traders Hotel :.223, Sule Pagoda Rd, Yangon. Email:, Website: http://www. essential. Knowledge in MS Word, Excel, Power Point & Internet is essential. Knowledge in SPSS software & Access is desirable. (3) Design, Monitoring and Evaluation Facilitator in Thayetchaung, Coastal Region : Bachelor University Degree in any discipline. Competent in use of Microsoft Office computer programs including Word, Excel & Power Point. 2 years of progressive experience in project programming and monitoring. Good command of Myanmar & English and report writing skill is desirable (3)Customer Services Coordinator in Konkyan, Shan (North) State; University Bachelor Degree in any subject. 2 years experience in the field of customer services in commercial/ public institutions/ INGO. Strong Communication skills in English & Myanmar (Chinese language, Kokant dialogue is preferable). Excellent computer aptitude and experience in word processing, database management, & spreadsheet software. Pls submit resume (clearly identify the post you apply) by post to HR Department, World Vision Myanmar or in person to application drop-box at No (18), Shin Saw Pu Rd; Ahlone, Sanchaung PO or send to Closing date : May 28, 2013. www.worldvision. MYANMAR Red Cross Society is seeking RFL Coordinator, Restoring Family Links (RFL) Unit (1) post in Nay Pyi Taw: University Degree in Social Work, Psychology, Education or other relevant area. 2 years of experience in project management preferably related to psychosocial support and child protection in emergency situation. Excellent command of English and Myanmar especially in translating, including written, spoken and typing. Well development computer skills, with demonstrated competence in Excel, Word & Power point (English & Myanmar). Pls submit a letter of application, CV, Photo with necessary documents to mrcshrrecruitment@ (Cover Letter CV documents only need to be sent via e-mail) MEDECINS Sans Frontieres is seeking Deputy Project Medical Coordinator 1 post in Maungdaw : MBBS Degree (essential). 1 year clinical experience (essential). Computer skills, Microsoft office, Excel specifically (essential). 2 years experience as Medical Doctor in project with MsF (desirable). Pls send application letter, CV & passport-photo, copies of education qualifications & references to: MSFHolland/ AZG (Yangon Coordination). No.62-A, Bawdiyeiktha - Thanlwin Rd, Bahan, Yangon or through msfh.myanmar. recruitment@gmail. com, Closing date : 23th May 2013. SOLIDARITES Int'l (SI) is seeking (1) Logistics Manager in Sittwe, Rakhine State: 3 years experience in Logistics field with INGO/ NGO. University Degree or Diploma. Knowledge of IT management & MS office. (2) Deputy Administrative & Finance Manager in Sittwe, Rakhine State: University level or equivalent in accounting/ management/ admini stration. 1 year experience in a similar position with NGO. Excellent knowledge of Word & Excel. Fluent in English & Myanmar. (3)Hygiene Promotion Manager in Sittwe, Rakhine State: 2 years experience in INGO. Good level in English. Excellent computer skills(4) Construction Manager in Sittwe and Pauk Taw, Rakhine State : Civil Engineer Degree; B.Tech (Civil) or B.E (Civil). 2 years professional experience in INGO. Knowledge of the Rakhine State. Good in English. Excellent computer skills & skill in AutoCAD (optional) is an asset. (5) Deputy Logistics Coordinator in Yangon: 4 years of professional experience in Logistics field with INGO/ NGO. University Degree or Diploma (preferably in Logistics Or related proven experience in similar area.). Knowledge of IT management & MS office. Fluent in English & Myanmar. Pls submit application (CV, cover letter, references) to Logistics Coordinator, Yangon Logistics UnitSolidarites Int'l office: 44-A, Tharyarwaddy Lane, Bahan, or per email: recruitment@ (PC & Marine) Job Responsibilities : Introduce, promote & sell our Client's Protective Coatings/Marine paints to allocated customers and geographical territories, Follow-up on projects by co-ordinating and monitoring closely with project personnel to ensure our Client's products are used, Close follow-up on customer demands, expectations and complaints to ensure good customer service, Monitor collection to ensure customer payment is received within agreed term to achieve budgeted days outstanding. Requirements : Bachelor degree in Business Administration (Marketing or related fields), 2 years experience in sales (preferably in Oil & Gas, Marine, Mining and Power Plant industries), Fluent in English (Mandarin would be an advantage), Computer literate, Good interpersonal skills. (2) Customer Service Executive Job Responsibilities : Manage all incoming orders for processing, billing and delivering by planning, coordinating and monitoring status of all orders, Coordinate the shipment of imported goods from other countries by administering the relevant paperwork and documents to ensure smooth and efficient deliveries, Coordinate with relevant internal departments (Sales, Accounts etc.) and inter-companies to ensure efficient service to customers, Respond to customer enquiries on status orders Requirements : Bachelor degree in Administration (or any related fields), 3 years experience in Import/Export is a critical requirement, Fluent in English, Computer literate, Strong team player. Pls submit the resume to Manager, Career Development Section, RVi INSTITUTE: 44, Than Lwin Rd, Bahan, Yangon or to rvinstitute. within 7 days. PHP Web Developer Gender M/F 2 posts : Highly skilled in Javascript, HTML, CSS, PHP, 1+ years of experience in developing & implementing websites & web applications, Extensive Knowledge in CMS (Content Management Systems) & Web Design, Must be able to work & coordinate with the technical team, Excellent communication & problem solving skills, Diplomas/certificates from reputable institutes Pls send CV attached with photo & other relevant certificates/ documents to 104, 1st Flr, Bogyoke Rd, Pazundaung , Yangon. Tel : 01-297238. Pls also mention expected salary and detailed working experience in the CV. CAR DRIVERS - 5 posts : apply with ID card, labour card, police record, etc. Address: 160, Wardan St, Lanmadaw, Ph: U Kyaw Oo 01-212-454, 01-212-456. WE ARE looking for (1).Graphic Designer (Assistant)-F3posts: 1 years design experience in relative field, Knowledge of In Design, Photoshop, Knowledge of MS Office would be an advantage, can type Myanmar font is also preferable, Must be Enthusiastic, team player with positive attitude, Punctual, Excellent multi-tasking & communication skills, Work with design dead line, The salary for this post is commensurate with experience. All candidates should be good in communication & interpersonal skills. Pls bring CV along with a copy of your credentials to 235,ShukhinntharMyo Pat Rd, Thaketa, Yangon. Ph:450396, 450397 Closing date : May 30, 2013. DHAMMADUTA Tours is seeking On call Guide (part time) . No 254 -256, Rm 401, Pansodan St, Kyauktada. Ph: 391718, 398102. IGCSE Assistant Teachers wanted. Send your CV to ielts. Teacher Solomon : 095417781. HOTEL Shwe Gone Daing is seeking (1) Front Office Manager - M/F 1 post: Any graduate, 3 ~ 5 years experience in hospitality industry. Excellent command on English in four skills, Chinese, Japan and be a computer literate. (2) Front Office Supervisor - M/F 1 post : Any graduate. 2 years of relevant full time work experience. Excellent in English, Computer literate. Able to travel and stay at Nay Pyi Daw hotel zone.Pls send CV with 2 photos & other required certificates/ documents to email : monyeekyaw@gmail. com, No 273(A), Shwe Gone Daing Rd, Bahan, Yangon. NYLECT Technology (Myanmar) ltd., is need Senior Professional Accountant contact: 09-420309073 & email. or MYANMAR Wonders TravelLtdislookingfor:(1) Operation Executive. (2) Travel Designer: Good communication in English. Bilingual English & French is advantage. Excellent knowledge of MS office applications, 1 ~ 2 years experience. (3) Chief Accountant : B.Com. 2 years experience as Chief Accountant in Travel Agency. Able to communicate in English Computer literacy. Pls call 09-512-0848, 09731-40535 & email CV to hr.myanmarwonders@ or Address: 256/266, 10 D, Shine Condo, Seikanthar St (Upper), Kyauktada. WUNZIN HOTE l, Meikhtila is seeking (1) FO Supervisor- M/F 1 post (2)HK Supervisor - M/F 1 post (3) F&B Supervisor- M/F 1 post (4) Gardener Supervisor M 1 post. Pls. send CV and necessary documents to sales@ tpleasanthotelmyanmar. com or apply to Original Group Co., Ltd : 110, Kabaaye Pagoda Rd, Bahan, Yangon. Tel : 552955, 540644 EUROPEAN LAW FIRM establishing in Yangon is looking for smart associates (with 2 to 6 years working experience) for corporate work (advising foreign investors). Teamplaying, enthusiasm, internatio nal spirit and proficiency in English are requested. Interesting salaries. Pls send cv with picture to yangonexecutive2013@ ISBC Company is seeking an Administrative Assistant - F 1 post: Any Graduate, Age 20 ~ 30, 2 years experience. Good in spoken & written English. Proficiency in MS office. Have knowledge of bookkeeping/accounts, good interpersonal, public relation & organizing skills, positive attitude & be initiative. Pls email CV with contact details to com, Ph: 09 -420110451 within two weeks. NURSERY TEACHER wanted for 6 weeks from


WORKING at the Baron Bakery, 2/112 Ballandella Rd, Pendle Hill, NSW 2145, Sydney, Australia : Must have or Minimum English requirement is IELTS average 5 or above for submission to immigration. Prefer Male and under 30 year age. Prefer with experience at the local bakery or the hotel bakery. Minimum 3 years contract to get the PR visa. Send application to Email : au, & Ph : 02 9631 3000, 61 400 836 164

Ingo Positions
THE INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS Alliance is seeking a Regional Advisor to provide technical oversight and support to the delivery of the Link Up programme. The successful candidate will ensure that projectspecific objectives, strategies and technical support, are relevant to the entire portfolio of Alliance HIV/SRH efforts in the region. Importantly, the Regional Advisor will be responsible for the strategic and operational oversight of the programme in their region.The ideal candidate will be highly motivated, flexible, capable of working both independently and as part of a team. A strong commitment to HIV, Health and Human Rights is essential, along with the ability to represent the Alliance at a senior level. For more details on this post, including Job Description and Person Specification please visit our website www. and click on ‘jobs’. Previous Applicants need not apply. Application deadline:Midnight UK time on Sunday 19 May 2013. Interviews: Weeks commencing 27 May and 3 June 2013 MYANMAR Red Cross Society is seeking Shelter Office 1 post in Rakhine Project (Sittwe): Completion of university education in civil engineering with expertise in/ focus on shelter construction or similar related fields. Good computer skills. 2 years experience in constructing and rehabilitating shelter or infrastructure.Pls submit: a letter of application, relevant documents & CV, 1 passport photo & necessary documents (Cover Letter CV documents only need to be sent via e-mail) to mrcshrrecruitment@ before 28th May 2013. WORLD Vision Myanmar is seeking (1) Project Technical Office r (Income and Economic Development Project) in Yangon Region: Bachelor of Economics/ Agriculture Economics is essential. Master in Business Administration or Master in Public Administration is preferable. Excellent command of Myanmar & English and excellent knowledge in report writing.(2) Economic D e v e l o p m e n t Specialist (NonAgriculture) in Yangon : Master of Business & Administration (MBA) Degree holder is

UN Positions
IOM Int'l Organization for Migration is seeking(1) Microscopist - Malaria in Myawaddy, Kayin State. Desired Experience, Competencies and Skills: Myanmar national. Able to speak local languages would be considered as an advantage. High school or higher education. (2) Mobile Clinic Laboratory Technician in Myawaddy, Kayin State: Myanmar national. Able to speak local languages would be considered an advantage. Laboratory technician (Grade II). Direct experience on microscopic training on malaria. Pls submit CV to IOM Mission in Myanmar - Yangon. 12th Flr, Traders Hotel, No.223, Sule Pagoda Rd, Yangon. Email: iomyangon@iom. int, Website: http://www. IOM Int'l Organization for Migration is seeking (1) Community Service Provider in Thaton, Bilin, Kyaikto & Ye Townships in Mon State: Must have a client-oriented, resultorientedmind-set&uphold the programme values of caring, innovating, partnering, demonstrating competence & working for positive change. Able to spend up to 80% of the time travel to remote, hard-to-reach areas to accomplish his/her responsibilities as noted in this TOR. Myanmar plus Kayin and/or language proficiency.(2) Senior Driver/ Mechanic: Myanmar National. Valid Driving License. 3 years experience as a driver with safe driving record. Strong Mechanical knowledge. Good knowledge of written & spoken English. Pls submit CV to IOM Mission in Myanmar - Yangon. 12th Floor, Traders Hotel, No.223, Sule Pagoda Rd, Yangon. Email: iomyangon@iom. int, Website: http://www. IOM Int'l Organization for Migration is seeking(1) Treasury Assistant in Mawlamyine, Mon State: Academic background in Business Administration or related field. 2 years of progressive experience in related field. Excellent computer skills. (2) DRR Community Project Assistant in South-East Region (Thaton/ Bilin Tsp, Mon State) . (3)Medical Doctor (Officer) - HIV/ AIDS in Mawlamyine, Mon State : Advanced university degree in Nursing, Public Health or Medicine (must have a valid license to practice). Strong management

Local Position
COATING company is seeking Sales Representative with 1 ~ 2 years experience in building materials. Basic skill in English. Able to stay & work in Yangon, Nay Pyi Taw or Mandalay. Please submit CV with 2 photos & other required certificates/ document to Block 8, MICT Park , #06-01 ,Universitie’s Hlaing Campus, Hlaing Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Contact person – Ma Thein Thein Aye ( 01 654810 – 654817 ). WE ARE looking for personal driverfor diplomat who live in Pun Hlaing Estate. The applicant must- can drive well, non alcholic, not be a reckless driver. For more information please contact to 01527142~144 in office hour. WE ARE looking for a Manager! Has significant management experience and can lead a team to success, Has a graduate degree, preferable in marketing and/or management, Is fluent in English, Is a proactive, enthusiastic person that can clearly communicate with management, Has a good personality, is self-motivated and mature in meetings, Has experience in marketing and sales, Is familiar with the Real Estate market, Has computer and internet skills, Has a foreign education (not required), Female or Male (full time), Age between 25 ~ 35. Pls send CV to Rocket Internet Myanmar (we recommend to upload your CV and apply via! You can also send your CV to mm or call 01-2305629 for more info. OUR CLIENT is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of paints, coatings and powder coatings. The group has 74 companies and 39 production facilities in all continents. In addition, it has agents, branch offices and distributors in more than 80 countries. In Asia, it is one of the fastest growing paint companies with factories and it is rapidly expanding into new markets. In line with this expansion, it is now looking for ambitious and result-oriented employees to be based in Yangon, Myanmar. (1)Sales Executive

June 10th to July 18th. Monday ~ Thursday, 8am - 1pm Location near Inya Lake Hotel. Ideal candidate would have experience working in an international nursery with 2-3 year olds, have first aid knowledge, and speak fluent. Myanmar and excellent English. Pls contact Mandi on 0973197545 or red9uk@ (1)SERVICE Technician - M : B.E, B.Tech, AGTI Mechanical/Electrical/ Electronic, Age 25 ~ 35, Must have knowledge on Diesel Engine driven Generators & Marine Engines, 2 years experiences. Responsible for general maintenance. (2)GPMust know how to maintain the machine : 10th standard Pass, Age 20 ~ 30, 2 years experiences. Pls submit CV to Block No 2, Ywama Curve, Bayint Naung Rd, Hlaing. Email : kyinliu@ CAREER OpportunitiesAn excellent chance to get trained by the int'l profesisonal telecom experts and work in the upcoming Telecom Industry. (1) IT/ Telecom Engineers - 30 posts. University Graduate in Engineering (Electronics, Computer Science, Computer Technology) or IT related professional certificate holders. 1 year in IT and Telecommunication field. Age under 35. Fluent in English. Presentation & Strong organizational skills. Able to travel. Fresh graduates are welcome (2)Logistics Manager - 1 post : University Graduate. 3 years experience in Logistics such as stock, warehousing, transportation, etc. Age under 40 years. Fluent in English. Able to travel Fresh graduates are welcome. Pls send applications with updated resume. Email - icservices@myanmar., Contact Person - Aunt Khant (01-9000821) EXOTISSIMO Travel Myanmar is looking for (1) English Tour Operator1 year experience. Strong sales & customer service focus. Possess computer proficiency: Good communication in English. (2) Language Speaking Tour Operator (German, French, Spanish)- 1 year experience. Strong sales & customer service focus. Computer proficiency. Good communication in respective language i.e. German, French, Spanish (written & spoken).(3) Adventure Tour Operator- 2 years experience. Strong sales & customer service focus. Computer proficiency. Good communication in English. Pls send resume with recent photo & other relevant documents to HR Manager: Email: memecho@exotissimo. com L E G E N D A R Y Myanmar Co., Ltd. (1) Office Staff (Export/ Import) - F 3 Posts. (2) Documentation (Export/ Import) - M/F Post. (3) Tour Operator (Travel & Tours) - F 1 Post. (4) Office Staff (Travel & Tours) - F 4 Posts. Requirements: 1 year experience. University Graduate, Spoken & Written English, Good computer knowledge. Pls apply CV, 2 recent photo, with necessary document to 9, Rm (A-4), 3rd Flr, Kyaung St, Myaynigone, Sanchaung. (1) LAUNDRY Super visor - M 2 Post : Any Graduate/ 10th standard passed. Age under 40. 3 ~ 5 years experience. Can handle guest laundry and room linen. Can work day/ night shift. Good knowledge in

using laundry chemical. Communicate in English. (2) Computer Operator - M 1 Post : Any Graduate. Can use MS Office very well. Age 18 ~ 25 . Basic computer knowledge. Willing to learn new software. (3) Senior Accountant - F 1 Post : Any Graduate (LCCI-III) or B.Com. ACCA, CAT, CPA is more preferable. 3 years experience. Can prepare financial reports. Pls apply with complete documentations to Hanse Care & Clean Services Co., Ltd: 11, Swe Taw St, Kyan Khin Su Ward, Mingalardon. (Near Yangon International Airport). (1) SALE & Marketing Manager (Lignting) M/F 1 Post. (2) Sale & Marketing Executive (Lighting) M/F 2 Post. (3) Electrical Installation M 1 Post. (4)M&E Engineer (E.P Only, AutoCAD, Draft) - M 1 Post : Age above 30. (5) Chief/ Senior/ Junior Accountant F 1 Post. (6)Driver - M 2 Post. Myint Mo Hein Co., Ltd, No.(107/A), Damazedi Rd, Kamaryut, Yangon. THEPROMISE set up the branch in Myanmar in 2009 to dedicate development is seeking Finance & admini strative Coordinator 1 Post in Yangon : University degree – Bachelor’s Degree or equivalent in Accounting, Finance or related field, Basic skill in English & Korean (Desirable), Computer skill in MS Office , Willing to learn or adapt to new ideas & procedures, Salary : From 130,000 to 150,000 MMK (Providing lunch). Pls submit an application letter, with full CV detailing experience, knowledge and skills by email to thepromise. or The Promise Myanmar office : 12(B/1), Sandar Myang Condo, Hledan St, Kamaryut, Ph: 503307(217). Email: com Your application letter should include a contact email address & phone number. Closing date : May 24, 2013 KELVIN CHIA Yangon Ltd is a foreign legal consultancy firm is invite motivated @ committed individuals to join as(1) Lawyers who will work on a variety of corporate & commercial matters & transactions in Myanmar. If you are a Myanmar-qualified lawyer with strong English language skills, you are invited to apply to join our Myanmar practice group. Myanmar nationals admitted to int’l bars are also welcome to apply. Training will be provided. Pls submit to (2)Corporate Affairs Executive/Assistant A a corporate affairs executive/assistant, you will be involved with business development, networking, market research & liaison work. Applicants should be proficient in English, energetic & self motivated. All nationalities are welcome (Myanmar, Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Taiwanese, etc). Pls apply to kk@kcyangon. com (3) Administrative Assistant : Must have good written & spoken communiction skills in English. Mature & capable of supervising & directiong subordinates. Must be well-organized, meticulous, have initiative & execute instructions promptly. Some accounting backgroud & experience preferred. Pls apply full resume stating their current & expected salaries, together with a recent photo to chw@

The Essentials
EMBASSIES Australia 88, Strand Road, Yangon. tel : 251810, 251797, 251798, 251809, 246462, 246463, fax: 246159 Bangladesh 11-B, Than Lwin Road, Yangon. tel: 515275, 526144, fax: 515273, email: mm Brazil 56, Pyay Road, 6th mile, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. tel: 507225, 507251, 507482. fax: 507483. email: Administ.yangon@ Brunei 17, Kanbawza Avenue, Golden Velly (1), Bahan Tsp, Yangon. tel: 566985, 503978, fax: 512854 email: bruneiemb@ bruneiemb. Cambodia 25 (3B/4B), New University Avenue Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. tel: 549609, 540964, fax: 541462, email: RECYANGON @mptmail. China 1, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. tel: 221280, 221281, 224025, 224097, 221926, fax: 227019, 228319 Egypt 81, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. tel: 222886, 222887, fax: 222865, email: egye mbyangon@mptmail. France 102, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. tel: 212178, 212520, 212523, 212528, 212532, fax: 212527, email: ambaf rance. rangoun@ Germany 9, Bogyoke Aung San Museum Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. tel: 548951, 548952, fax: 548899 email: info@rangun. India 545-547, Merchant Street, Yangon. tel: 391219, 388412, 243972, fax: 254086, 250164, 388414, email: indiaembassy @mptmail. Indonesia 100, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. tel: 254465, 254469, 229750, fax: 254468, email: kukygn Israel 15, Khabaung Street, Hlaing Tsp, Yangon. tel: 515115, fax: 515116, email: info@ Italy 3, Inya Myaing Road, Golden Valley, Yangon. tel: 527100, 527101, fax: 514565, email: ambyang.mail@ Japan 100, Natmauk Road, Yangon. tel: 549644-8, 540399, 540400, 540411, 545988, fax: 549643 Embassy of the State of Kuwait Chatrium Hotel, Rm: No.416, 418, 420, 422, 40 Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe Tsp, Tel: 544500. North Korea 77C, Shin Saw Pu Road, Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. tel: 512642, 510205, fax: 510206 South Korea 97 University Avenue, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. tel: 527142-4, 515190, fax: 513286, email: Lao A-1, Diplomatic Quarters, Tawwin Road, Dagon Tsp, Yangon. tel: 222482, fax: 227446, email: Laoembcab@ mptmail. Malaysia 82, Pyidaungsu Yeiktha Road, Yangon. tel: 220248, 220249, 220251, 220230, fax: 221840, email: mwkyangon@mptmail. Nepal 16, Natmauk Yeiktha, Yangon. tel: 545880, 557168, fax: 549803, email: nepemb Pakistan A-4, diplomatic Quarters, Pyay Road, Yangon. tel: 222881 (Chancery Exchange) fax: 221147, email: pakistan@ myanmar. Philippines 50, Sayasan Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. tel: 558149-151, fax: 558154, email: p.e. Russian 38, Sagawa Road, Yangon. tel: 241955, 254161, fax: 241953, email: rusinmyan@mptmail Serbia No. 114-A, Inya Road, P.O.Box No. 943-Yangon. tel: 515282, 515283, fax: 504274, email: serbemb@ Singapore 238, Dhamazedi Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. tel: 559001, fax: 559002, 559922, email: singemb_ ygn@_ sgmfa. Sri Lanka 34 Taw Win Road, Yangon. tel: 222812, fax: 221509, email: slembassy.,, Thailand 94 Pyay Road, Dagon Township, Yangon. tel: 226721, 226728, 226824, fax: 221713 United Kingdom 80 Kanna Road, Yangon. tel: 370867, 380322, 371852, 371853, 256438, 370863, 370864, 370865, fax: 370866 United States of America 110, University Avenue, Kamayut Township, Yangon. tel: 536509, 535756, 538038, fax: 650306 Vietnam Building No. 72, Thanlwin Road, Bahan Township, Yangon. tel: 511305, fax: 514897, email: vnemb myr@ Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia No.287/289, U Wisara Rd, Sanchaung Tsp. tel : 01-536153, 516952, fax : 01-516951 UNITED NATIONS ILO Liaison Officer Rm (M1212~1220), 12 Fl-A, Traders Hotel. 223, tel: 242 393, 242811. fax: 242594. IOM 12th Flr, Traders Hotel, 223, tel: 252560 ext. 5002 UNAIDS Rm: (1223~1231), 12 Fl, Traders Hotel. tel: 252361, 252362, 252498. fax: 252364. UNDCP 11-A, Malikha St, Mayangone tsp. tel: 666903, 664539. fax: 651334. UNDP 6, Natmauk Rd, Bahan tel: 542910-19. fax: 292739. UNFPA 6, Natmauk Rd, Bahan tsp. tel: 546029. UNHCR 287, Pyay Rd, Sanchaung tsp. tel: 524022, 524024. fax 524031. UNIAP Rm: 1202, 12 Fl, Traders 254852, 254853. UNIC 6, Natmauk St., BHN tel: 52910~19 UNICEF 14~15 Flr, Traders Hotel. P.O. Box 1435, KTDA. tel: 375527~32, fax: 375552 email: unicef.yangon@unicef. org, UNODC 11-A, Malikha Rd., Ward 7, MYGN. tel: 666903, 660556, 660538, 660398, 664539, fax: 651334. email: www. UNOPS Inya Lake Hotel, 3rd floor, 37, Kaba Aye Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp. tel: 951657281~7. Fax: 657279. UNRC 6, Natmauk Rd, P.O. Box 650, TMWE tel: 542911~19, 292637 (Resident Coordinator), fax: 292739, 544531. WFP 3rd-flr, Inya Lake Hotel, 37, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd. tel: 657011~6 (6-lines) Ext: 2000. WHO 12A Fl, Traders Hotel. tel:250583. ASEAN Coordinating Of. for the ASEAN Humanitarian Task Force, 79, Taw Win st, Dagon Township. Ph: 225258. FAO Myanma Agriculture Service Insein Rd, Insein. tel: 641672, 641673. fax: 641561.

General Listing
Avenue 64 Hotel No. 64 (G), Kyitewine Pagoda Road, Mayangone Township. Yangon. 09 8631392, 01 656913-9 Chatrium Hotel Royal Lake Yangon 40 Natmauk Rd, Tarmwe. tel: 544500. fax: 544400. Sweet Hotel 73, Damazedi Road, San Chaung Tsp, Ph: 539152 Sedona Hotel Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Yankin. tel: 666900. Strand Hotel 92 Strand Rd. tel: 243377. fax: 289880. Summit Parkview Hotel 350, Ahlone Rd, Dagon Tsp. tel: 211888, 211966. Thamada Hotel 5, Alan Pya Phaya Rd, Dagon. tel: 243639, 243640, 243641. Traders Hotel 223 Sule Pagoda Rd. tel: 242828. fax: 242838. Windsor Hotel No.31, Shin Saw Pu Street, Sanchaung. Yangon, Myanmar. Ph: 95-1-511216~8, www. Winner Inn 42, Than Lwin Rd, Bahan Tsp. Tel: 503734, 524387. email: reservation@winner Yangon YMCA 263, Mahabandoola Rd, Botataung Tsp. tel: 294128, Yuzana Hotel 130, Shwegondaing Rd, Bahan Tsp, tel : 01-549600, 543367 Yuzana Garden Hotel 44, Alanpya Pagoda Rd, Mingalar Taung Nyunt Tsp, tel : 01-248944 Golden Hill Towers 24-26, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Bahan Tsp. tel: 558556. ghtower@ Marina Residence 8, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Mayangone Tsp. tel: 6506 51~4. fax: 650630. MiCasa Hotel Apartments 17, Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd, Yankin Tsp. tel: 650933. fax: 650960. Sakura Residence 9, Inya Rd, Kamaryut Tsp. tel: 525001. fax: 525002. The Grand Mee Ya Hta Executive Residence 372, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, Pabedan Tsp. tel 951-256355 (25 lines).

No.7A, Wingabar Road, Bahan Tsp, Yangon. Tel : (951) 546313, 430245. 09-731-77781~4. Fax : (01) 546313. Confort Inn 4, Shweli Rd, Bet: Inya Rd & U Wisara Rd, Kamaryut, tel: 525781, 526872

Chigo 216, 38 St (Upper), Kyauktada Tsp, tel : 373472

No. (356/366), Kyaikkasan Rd, Tamwe Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Ph: 542826, Fax: 545650 Email: reservation@ Hotel Yangon 91/93, 8th Mile Junction, Mayangone. tel : 01-667708, 667688. Inya Lake Resort Hotel 37 Kabar Aye Pagoda Rd. tel: 662866. fax: 665537. MGM Hotel No (160), Warden Street, Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. +95-1-212454~9. www.

(Nay Pyi Taw)

The First Air conditioning systems designed to keep you fresh all day GUNKUL Engineer supply Co., Ltd. No.437 (A), Pyay Road, Kamayut. P., O 11041 Yangon, Tel: +(95-1) 502016-18, Mandalay- Tel: 02-60933. Nay Pyi Taw- Tel: 067-420778, E-mail : com. URL: http://www. General 83-91, G-F, Bo Aung Kyaw St, Kyauktada Tsp, tel : 706223, 371906

Emergency Numbers
Ambulance tel: 295133. Fire tel: 191, 252011, 252022. Police emergency tel: 199. Police headquarters tel: 282541, 284764. Red Cross tel:682600, 682368 Traffic Control Branch tel:298651 Department of Post & Telecommunication tel: 591384, 591387. Immigration tel: 286434. Ministry of Education tel:545500m 562390 Ministry of Sports tel: 370604, 370605 Ministry of Communications tel: 067-407037. Myanma Post & Telecommunication (MPT) tel: 067407007. Myanma Post & Tele-communication (Accountant Dept) tel: 254563, 370768. Ministry of Foreign Affairs tel: 067-412009, 067-412344. Ministry of Health tel: 067-411358-9. Yangon City Development Committee tel: 248112. HOSPITALS Central Women’s Hospital tel: 221013, 222811. Children Hospital tel: 221421, 222807 Ear, Nose & Throat Hospital tel: 543888. Naypyitaw Hospital (emergency) tel: 420096. Worker’s Hospital tel: 554444, 554455, 554811. Yangon Children Hospital tel: 222807, 222808, 222809. Yangon General Hospital (East) tel: 292835, 292836, 292837. Yangon General Hospital (New) tel: 384493, 384494, 384495, 379109. Yangon General Hospital (West) tel: 222860, 222861, 220416. Yangon General Hospital (YGH) tel: 256112, 256123, 281443, 256131. ELECTRICITY Power Station tel:414235 POST OFFICE General Post Office 39, Bo Aung Kyaw St. (near British Council Library). tel: 285499. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Yangon International Airport tel: 662811. YANGON PORT Shipping (Coastal vessels) tel: 382722 RAILWAYS Railways information tel: 274027, 202175-8.

No. 205, Corner of Wadan Street & Min Ye Kyaw Swa Road, Lanmadaw Tsp, Yangon. Myanmar. Tel: (95-1) 212850 ~ 3, 229358 ~ 61, Fax: (95-1) 212854. info@myanmarpandahotel .com http://www. PARKROYAL Yangon, Myanmar 33, Alan Pya Pagoda Rd, Dagon tsp. tel: 250388. fax: 252478. email: enquiry.prygn@ Website: parkroyalhotels. com.

Reservation Office (Yangon) 123, Alanpya Pagoda Rd, Dagon Township Tel : 951- 255 819~838 Royal Kumudra Hotel, (Nay Pyi Taw) Tel : 067- 414 177, 067- 4141 88 E-Mail: reservation@

50th Street 9/13, 50th street-lower, Botataung Tsp. Tel-397160.


Green Garden Beer Gallery Mini Zoo, Karaweik Oo-Yin Kabar.

Reservation Office (Yangon) 123, Alanpya Pagoda Rd, Dagon Township Tel : 951- 255 819~838 Hotel Max (Chaung Tha Beach) Tel : 042-423 46~9, 042-421 33, E-mail: reservation@

No.(1), Inya Road, Kamayut Tsp. Tel: 01-527506 email:

Royal White Elephant Hotel No-11, Kan Street, Hlaing Tsp. Yangon, Myanmar. (+95-1) 500822, 503986. Savoy Hotel 129, Damazedi Rd, Kamayut tsp. tel: 526289, 526298, Seasons of Yangon Yangon Int’l Airport Compound. tel: 666699.


Strand Bar 92, Strand Rd, Yangon, Myanmar. tel: 243377.fax: 243393,


Tel: 09-7349-4483, 09-4200-56994. E-mail: aahappyhomes@, http://www.

Lobby Bar PARKROYAL Yangon, Myanmar. 33, Alan Pya Phaya Road, Dagon Tsp. tel: 250388.

A Little Dayspa No. 475 C, Pyi Road, Kamayut, Yangon. Tel: 09-431-28831. Acacia Tea Salon 52, Sayar San Rd, Bahan Tsp, Tel : 01-554739. Cafe47 47-A, Pyay Rd, 7½ miles, Mayangone Tsp, Tel : 01-651774. Traders Café Traders Hotel, Yangon. #223, Sule Pagoda Rd. Tel: 242828 ext: 6519


MHR 905, 9th floor, Modern Iron Market(Thanzay Condo) Lanmadaw St. Tel: 707822. NLEC 82 Anawrahta Rd, Corner of 39 St, Kyauktada Tsp. Tel: 250225.


24 hours Laboratory & X-ray No. (68), Tawwin Street, 9 Mile, Mayangone Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : (951) 9 666141 Fax : (951) 9 666135

M A R K E T I N G & C O M M U N I C AT I O N S


SAIL Marketing & Communications Suite 403, Danathiha Center 790, Corner of Bogyoke Rd & Wadan Rd, Lanmadaw Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: (951) 211870, 224820, 2301195. Email: admin@ www.advertising-myanmar. com

Spa & Boutique Fashion No. 24, Inya Road, Kamaryut Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: 951 534 654, 09-73200147



Sein Shwe Tailor, No.797 (003-A), Bogyoke Aung San Road, Corner of Wardan Street, MAC Tower 2, Lanmadaw Township, Yangon, Ph: 01-225310, 212943~4 Ext: 146, 147, E-mail:

Yangon : A-3, Aung San Stadium (North East Wing), Mingalartaungnyunt Tsp. Tel : 245543, 09-730-37772. Mandalay : Room No.(B,C) (National Gas), 35th St, Btw 80th & 81st, Chanayetharzan Tsp. Tel : 09-6803505, 02 34455, 36748, 71878.

Est. 1992 in Myanmar Cold Storage Specialist, Solar Hot Water Storage Solutions. Tel: 09-504-2196, 09-73194828. E-mail: gei.ygn2@, glover2812@ Est. 1992 in Myanmar Electrical & Mechanical Contractors, Designers, Consultants. Tel: 09-504-2196, 09-73194828. E-mail: gei.ygn2@, glover2812@ Traders Health Club. Level 5, Traders Hotel Yangon#223 Sule Pagoda Rd, Tel: 951 242828 Ext: 6561

Diamond Queen 75, Oo Yin Lane, New University Avenue Rd,  Bahan Tsp. Tel : 01- 548001, 704398 Diamond & Me Junction Square, Ground Floor, Kamayut Tsp. Tel : 01- 527242, (Ext : 1082)


Innwa Book Store No. 246, Rm.201/301, GF, Pansodan Street (Upper Block), Kyauktada Tsp. Tel. 389838, 243216, 374324, 514387

24 hours Cancer centre No. (68), Tawwin Street, 9 Mile, Mayangone Township, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel : (951) 9 666141 Fax : (951) 9 666135

Marina Residence, Yangon Ph: 650651~4, Ext: 109 Beauty Plan, Corner of 77th St & 31st St, Mandalay Ph: 02 72506



Balance Fitnesss No 64 (G), Kyitewine Pagoda Road, Mayangone Township. Yangon 01-656916, 09 8631392 Email - info@

Aesthetic Medical Spa 5 (C), Race Course Condo, South Race Course Street, Tarmwe, Yangon. Mobile: 09-5202781

LS Salon Junction Square, 3rd floor.
Pyay Rd, Kamayut Tsp. Tel 527242, ext 4001

• 150 Dhamazedi Rd., Bahan T/S, Yangon. Tel: 536306, 537805. • Room 308, 3rd Flr., Junction Center (Maw Tin), Lanmadaw T/S, Yangon. Tel: 218155, Ext. 1308. • 15(B), Departure Lounge, Yangon Int’l Airport. • 45B, Corner of 26th & 68th Sts., Mandalay. Tel: (02) 66197. Email: MYANMAR BOOK CENTRE Nandawun Compound, No. 55, Baho Road, Corner of Baho Road and Ahlone Road, (near Eugenia Restaurant), Ahlone Township. tel: 212 409, 221 271. 214708 fax: 524580. email: info@

Zamil Steel No-5, Pyay Road, 7½ miles, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. Tel: (95-1) 652502~04. Fax: (95-1) 650306. Email: zamilsteel@


Myanmar Research | Consulting | Technology

193/197, Shu Khin Thar Street, North Okkalapa Industrial Zone, Yangon. Tel: 951-691843~5, 9519690297, Fax: 951-691700 Email: supermega97@ www.

Life Fitness Bldg A1, Rm No. 001, Shwekabar Housing, Mindhamma Rd, Ph: 01-656511, Fax: 01-656522, Hot line: 0973194684, Email: natraysports@

Ruby & Rare Gems of Myanamar No. 527, New University Ave., Bahan Tsp. Yangon.

24 Hour International Medical Centre @ Victoria Hospital No. 68, Tawwin Rd, 9 Mile, Mayangon Township, Yangon, Myanmar Tel: + 951 651 238, + 959 495 85 955 Fax: + 959 651 398 24/7 on duty doctor: + 959 492 18 410 Website: “ One Stop Solution for Quality Health Care “ PHIH-Specialist Clinic FMI Centre (4th Floor) #380, Bogyoke Aung San Road, Pabedan Tsp. tel: 243 010, 243 012, 243 013

Tel: 549612, Fax : 545770.

Shwe Hinthar B 307, 6 1/2 Miles, Pyay Rd., Yangon. Tel: +95 (0)1 654 730

Mr. Betchang No.(272), Pyay Rd, DNH Tower, Rm No.(503), 5th flr, Sanchaung Tsp, Tel: 095041216 The Yangon GYM Summit Parkview Hotel 350, Ahlone Rd, Dagon Tsp. tel: 211888, 211966.

La Source Beauty Spa
~80(A), Inya Rd,

Kamayut Tsp, tel: 512 380, 511 252.


Duty Free Shops Yangon International Airport, Arrival/Departure Tel: 533030 (Ext: 206/155) La Brasserie (International) PARKROYAL Yangon. 33, Alan Pya Phaya Road, Dagon Tsp. tel : 250388. Office: 17, 2nd street, Hlaing Yadanarmon Housing, Hlaing Township, Yangon. Tel: 500143, 500144, 500145.

Dance Club & Bar No.94, Ground Floor, Bogalay Zay Street, Botataung Tsp, Yangon.Tel: 392625, 09-500-3591 Email : danceclub.
(Except Sunday)

Natural Gems of Myanmar No. 30 (A), Pyay Road (7 mile), Mayangone Tsp, Yangon, Myanmar. Tel: 01-660397, 654398~9. E-mail: spgems.myanmar


No. 589-592, Bo Aung Kyaw St, Yangon-Pathein highway Road. Hlaing Tharyar tsp. Tel: 951645178-182, 685199, Fax: 951-645211, 545278. e-mail: mkt-mti@

Lemon Day Spa No. 96 F, Inya Road, Kamaryut Tsp, Yangon. Tel: 514848, 09-732-08476. E.mail: lemondayspa.2011

No. 214. 1st Floor-Right, Waizayanter Road, Thingangyun Tsp, Yangon. Email: vibhavadimyanmar, Website: myanmar.php. Hot line: 09-2011-772, 09-731650-45, 09-86-250-86

The Uranium Dance Studio Pearl condo Bldg (C), 2nd flr, Bahan Tsp. Tel: 09731-42624, 09-514-0404.

Floral Service & Gift Shop No. 449, New University Avenue, Bahan Tsp. YGN. Tel: 541217, 559011, 09-860-2292. Market Place By City Mart Tel: 523840~43, 523845~46, Ext: 205. Junction Nay Pyi Taw Tel: 067-421617~18 422012~15, Ext: 235. Res: 067-414813, 09-49209039. Email : eternal@



22, Pyay Rd, 9 mile, Mayangone Tsp. tel: 660769, 664363. Franzo Living Mall 15 (A/5), Pyay Rd, A-1, 9 Miles, Mayangone Tsp, Yangon. Ph: 664026

Floral Service & Gift Centre 102(A), Dhamazaydi Rd, 500142 Summit Parkview Hotel, tel: 211888, 211966 ext. 173 fax: sandy@ Foral Service & Gifts shop No.2, Corner of Khay Mar St & Baho Rd (Near Asia Royal Hospital), Sanchaung Tsp, Yangon. email: yangonflorist@ Tel: 01-510406, 09-73184714.

98(A), Kaba Aye Pagoda Road, Bahan Township, Yangon. Tel: 553783, 549152, 09-732-16940, 09-730-56079. Fax: 542979 Email: asiapacific.

Acupuncture, Medicine Massage, Foot Spa Add:No,27(A),Ywa Ma Kyaung Street, Hlaing Township, Yangon. Tel: 01-511122, 526765.

Piyavate Hospital (Bangkok) Myanmar Represent ative (Head office) Grand Mee Yahta Executive Residences. No.372, Bogyoke Aung San Rd, PBDN. Ph: 256355, Ext: 3206. Hotline: 09-7377-7799. Email: mm, piyavate.cnt@gmail. com, Website: www.

European Quality & Designs Furniture Suitable for Outdoor or Indoor Use No. 422 - 426, FJVC Centre, Ground Floor, Room No. 4, Strand Road (Corner of Botahtaung Pagoda Road), Botahtaung Township, Yangon 11161, Myanmar. Tel: 01 202063, 01 202064 H.P: 09 509 1673 Fax: 01 202063 E-mail: contact@ Website: www.

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58 Sport BRIEFS
SEATTLE Man dribbling ball to Brazil killed by car



A goon’s life
Boogaard a sad example for fighters, writes TIM DAHLBERG
The lawsuit doesn’t read nearly as well as the story, which laid bare the life of an NHL enforcer for all to see. The way John Branch wrote about Derek Boogaard in The New York Times should have been enough to cause even the most hardcore ice hockey fan to reconsider the peculiar role that goons, or fighters, play in the sport. It was a sad and troubling tale of a kid growing up in Canada, raised to do just one thing — fight on the ice. A big, hulking man, Boogaard was so good at it that he not only made it to the NHL but had a contract with the New York Rangers paying him US$1.6 million a year when he died of an overdose of painkillers two years ago at the age of 28. Now his family is suing the league, claiming it should have done more to prevent both Boogaard’s brain injuries and his addiction to pain pills. “He was there protecting his teammates at all costs,” his mother, Joanne, said in a statement released by her lawyers, “but who was there to protect him?” Just how much merit the suit has will, of course, be decided in court, though it’s worth noting that it had barely been filed in Chicago when speculation began that it could be a forerunner in the NHL to the NFL’s burgeoning concussion lawsuit. Like the story, though, the biggest value of the suit may be that it helps Reggie Fleming liked to bust heads too, a quality that helped him stay in the league for twenty years with seven different teams. He was also diagnosed with CTE after his death in 2009 after suffering from mental problems for years. Boogaard wouldn’t even make a top 10 list of best fighters, but that was his job, too. According to his family’s lawsuit he was involved in 66 fights in his six-year career and he, too, was found to have CTE in a post-mortem exam. He fought through both the pain and the haze of painkillers. While others scored goals, he bloodied faces. Sometimes it was his face that got bloodied, because that was part of the deal, too. The NHL, meanwhile, stood by and silently applauded. Fighting, we’re reminded time and again, is part of the fabric of the sport, at least in North America. It’s a timehonored tradition in the NHL, and it draws fans to the games the same way they go to auto races to see crashes. But times have changed. We’re finding out the long-term consequences of repeated blows to the head, and it’s not pretty. While the NFL searches — albeit belatedly — for ways to prevent concussions, the NHL still allows its players to trade punches to the head with no fear of repercussions other than a few minutes in the penalty box. There are other troubling aspects to the Boogaard story, particularly how he was handed pills like they were Halloween sweets to help deal with pain and injuries. When he was playing the 2008-09 season for the Minnesota Wild, the suit says, team doctors, dentists and others gave him over 40 prescriptions for a whopping 1,021 pills. He took Vicodin and Oxycodone for the pain, sometimes by the handful. Then he took sedatives to sleep at night. Finally he took too many, and was found dead in his apartment in Minneapolis. The suit by Boogaard’s survivors says the NHL had a responsibility to keep him “reasonably safe” in his career and to help him avoid being hooked on pain pills. Others may counter that it is the player’s responsibility, not that of the league, but CTE can make the brain malfunction in many ways. Unfortunately, no one can assure anyone they will be safe playing any sport. That’s especially true in ice hockey, where the combination of speed, power, hard ice and even harder pucks can take a toll on even the best players, who usually avoid fights at all costs. But hockey can be a beautiful game at the highest level without anyone dropping their gloves. No one fights in the Olympics, yet the gold medal game between the U.S and Canada in Vancouver was one of the greatest ice hockey games of all time. It’s a violent sport, yes. But there’s no reason anymore for it to be that violent. – AP

A Seattle man trying to dribble a soccer ball 10,000 miles (16,000 kilometers) to Brazil in time for the 2014 World Cup died on May 14 after being hit by a pickup truck on the Oregon Coast.

Richard Swanson Photo: AP

Police in Lincoln City, Oregon, said 42-year-old Richard Swanson was hit at about 10 am while walking south along US Highway 101 near the city limits. He was declared dead at a local hospital. The driver has not been charged. Swanson set out on the trek to promote the One World Futbol Project, which donates durable soccer balls to people in developing countries.

SAN FRANSICO America’s Cup officials say race will continue

The America’s Cup, which begins in August, will go on as planned after the death of a sailor during a training run last week on San Francisco Bay, officials said on May 14. America’s Cup officials made the announcement at a news conference in San Francisco. The officials also said they expected all four entrants to compete, including Artemis Racing. One of Artemis’ two boats was badly damaged when it capsized and broke into pieces on May 9. Strategist Andrew “Bart” Simpson was trapped under the wreckage for more than 10 minutes and was pronounced dead shortly after the accident. The 72-foot catamaran was attempting to change direction and turn downwind when it capsized, officials have said. – AP

Number of prescriptions given to Boogaard during the 2008-09 season, according to the lawsuit


End it lik
avid Beckham’s retirement will bring an end to a footballing career that went far beyond his sport, and turned a gangly teenager from east London into one of the most recognisable faces on the planet. Hugely gifted as a player, though far from ranking with the greats such as Pele, Maradona and Lionel Messi, Beckham’s true genius has been his marketability. Guided by his Spice Girl wife Victoria, Beckham progressively became a fashion icon, a global brand and the world’s highestpaid footballer with a fortune estimated by The Sunday Times Rich List at around 165 million pounds (US$250 million). “I am a footballer that has played for some of the biggest clubs in the world and played with some of the best players in the world, played under some of the biggest and best managers and achieved almost everything in football,” Beckham said May 16 after announcing he would retire at the end of the season. His career, the first half of which was spent with the Manchester United team he grew up supporting, reads like a Who’s Who of club football. Critics of his fame, wealth and enduring good looks often overlook an important fact: Everywhere he went, Beckham won trophies. The high point of his decade with United was undoubtedly winning the treble in 1999. At the Champions League final in Barcelona, Beckham replaced the suspended captain Roy Keane in central midfield for a game that finished in dramatic style — with United scoring twice in injury time to beat Bayern Munich 2-1. Beckham’s stamina, work-rate, pinpoint passing and deadly free kick abilities helped United to six Premier League titles and two FA Cups by the time he became one of the few Englishmen to be sought by a major European club. By joining Real Madrid in 2003, Beckham became one of the “Galactico” stars in a team that also included Zinedine Zidane, Ronaldo, Luis Figo and Roberto Carlos. His four years in Spain brought a relatively meager return in terms of major trophies. However, Beckham managed to sign off with the Spanish league title before starting arguably his biggest adventure as a player — and as a lucrative vehicle for merchandising and sponsorship — in the United States. Given his many friends in the world of show business on both sides of the Atlantic, it seemed almost inevitable that if Beckham was going to try and raise the profile of the game in the U.S., it would be on Hollywood’s doorstep. The Los Angeles Galaxy signed him to a five-year contract in 2007 and Beckham instantly became the face of U.S. soccer, setting up home in Beverly Hills and spending time with friends like Tom Cruise and Snoop Dogg. Though there was the inevitable criticism of his lifestyle and earnings, along with his off-season spells with AC Milan, Beckham was ultimately able to answer that by helping the Galaxy to two MLS Cup titles. “I don’t think he would ever need to prove he was worth bringing here,”

PHILADELPHIA Sixers tap Hinkie to revive title dreams

Thirty years after winning their last NBA title, the Philadelphia 76ers are turning to former Houston Rockets executive Sam Hinkie to revive championship hopes. The 76ers announced that Hinkie had been hired as the team’s new president of basketball operations and general manager. He spent the past three years as executive vice president of basketball operations for the Rockets.

further expose the bizarre and dangerous culture of the enforcer in the NHL. And if that helps lead toward the elimination of ice hockey goons — and hockey fights — then Derek Boogaard’s survivors will have done their job. We all know ice hockey players are tough. They don’t have to fight to prove it. And teams certainly don’t need to be paying big guys (Boogaard was 6-foot-7, 2.01 meters) big money just to have them on hand when it comes time to settle scores. But fight they do, sometimes at a terrible cost. Bob Probert was one of the most feared enforcers in the game, playing 16 seasons in the NHL despite struggles with alcohol and drug addiction. He died of heart failure in 2010 at just 45, and when they examined his brain they found he had chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), caused by taking blows to the head.

Global sports icon David B

DUBLIN, Ohio Tiger commits to defending Memorial crown

The world's number one golfer, Tiger Woods announced that he will defend his title at next month’s PGA Memorial tournament, using the event as his final tune-up for the US Open. Woods became the first fivetime winner in the history of the Memorial, hosted by golf icon Jack Nicklaus at Muirfield Village. The event will be played May 30June 2. Woods has won 14 major titles, four shy of the record 18 majors won by Nicklaus; and 78 career PGA titles, four short of the all-time record of 82 won by the late Sam Snead. – AFP

An file photo shows Derek Boogaard of the New York Rangers (94) fighting a player from the Philadelphia Flyers during an NHL game. Photo: AP

Sport 59

Political foes unite on the mat
CALL it peace through fighting, but wrestlers from the United States, Iran and Russia provided New York with an unusual vision of international harmony when they took to the mat on May 15. The top-level sportsmen, grappling in an ornate side hall of Grand Central rail station in Manhattan, met as part of a campaign to persuade the International Olympic Committee to go back on its shock decision to scrap wrestling after the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Games. By setting up the “Rumble on the Rails” in Grand Central’s Vanderbilt Hall at rush hour, organisers hoped to demonstrate that the sport, written off by Olympic leaders as too obscure, belongs right in the middle of things. But there was a broader message from the three-nation bout: Wrestling’s strong men can also show the world how to get along. “We have Russia, Iran and the US on the same page, with a united front,” an announcer declared triumphantly during a pause in bouts between top-flight Iranian and American wrestlers. The antagonism between Washington and Tehran over Iran’s nuclear program and persistent US-Russian tensions – resurfacing this week in Moscow’s claim to have caught a wig wearing CIA spy – were far away. On the mats, the fighters pulled and threw each other about, but they embraced warmly between fights, while in the stands a fervent Iranian fan contingent more than held its own against opposing chants of “USA, USA!” “I think for the average American it’s eye-opening. You realise there’s very little difference between us,” said surgeon and one-time college wrestler Michael Deehan, 50. “But I hope our wrestlers win,” he added quickly. The wrestlers’ main worry, of course, was not world peace, but survival of their sport’s Olympic status. Ironically, wrestling was one of the very few sports played by ancient Greeks in the original Olympics. The IOC declared in February that
Photo: AFP

it wanted the sport ejected, apparently because it might be too macho, or complicated, or untelegenic. But after initial hunger strikes by coaches and Olympic champions sending back their medals in protest, wrestling is fighting back. Leaders of the international wrestling federation, FILA, are considering introduction of new outfits for competitors and streamlined rules to broaden the appeal, but admit they face an uphill battle. The full IOC will give its decision September. Will O’Connell, a New York bank analyst with an Iranian fiancee, said he

‘I think for the average American it’s eye-opening. You realise there’s very little difference between us.’
Michael Deehan New York surgeon

England’s David Beckham celebrates after scoring the opening goal during the Round of 16 World Cup soccer match against Ecuador on June 25, 2006 in Stuttgart, Germany. Photo: AP

ke Beckham
Greece in 2001 that put his country into the following year’s World Cup, he has also been a figure of hate. His red card against Argentina in the 1998 World Cup led to death threats and the hanging of an effigy of him outside a London pub. Substituted due to injury, Beckham broke down in tears on the bench as England bowed out of the 2006 World Cup quarterfinals against Portugal. The following day, he stepped down from the captaincy and was subsequently frozen out by new coach Steve McClaren. Highly-publicized allegations of an affair in 2004 — which Beckham denied — did nothing for his image as a family man. Yet he remains a popular and hugely successful figure in the world of sport. Far bigger than just football, Beckham also played a part in bringing the Olympics to London as one of the bid ambassadors — though he was not selected for the Great Britain team. FIFA President Sepp Blatter described Beckham on May 16 as “one of the most iconic figures in global football” and his retirement as “the end of a chapter of an amazing story.” His wealth, showbiz lifestyle and celebrity status have clearly taken Beckham a world away from rainy training sessions with United’s youth team, and practicing in the park with his dad. Yet the trappings of material success are not the legacy he wants to leave behind. “I just want people to see me as a hardworking footballer,” Beckham said in a television interview on May 16. “ – AP

Beckham calls time on stellar career

was impressed that the US was standing shoulder to shoulder with Iran on the matter. “It’s a big help to Iran because this sport is one of the only ways they win Olympic medals, so it’s one of their main ways to get out into the international community,” O’Connell said. Leila Irani, a 36-year-old Iranian woman working as a designer in New York, suggested that politicians should be in the audience. “During the matches you saw how respectful they were with each other, winner and loser,” she said of the cauliflower-eared competitors. “I think people have no problems – only politicians.” – AFP

Kyle Dake (R) of the US throws Hassan Tahmasebi of Iran during “Rumble on the Rails,” a wrestling exhibition, at Grand Central Station in New York on May 15.

AFC Cup Knockout Round Results
Al-Kuwait  Al-Faisaly  Arbil  Al-Qadsia  Semen Padang  Kelantan  New Radiant  East Bengal  1–1 (4–1 PK) 3–1 3–4 4–0 2–1 0–2 2–0 5–1

 Duhok  Al-Riffa  Al-Shorta  Fanja  SHB Da Nang  Kitchee  Selangor  Yangon United

Galaxy coach Bruce Arena said in November 2011. “He’s done great things for this franchise and great things for this league.” Beckham’s final stop, a brief sojourn in the French capital with newly-rich Paris Saint-Germain, has yielded his final league title and now a final curtain to a unique footballing career. However, Beckham’s appeal is not

universal. Not everyone likes his success and his changing hairstyles, and he has had to face some major setbacks, both on and off the pitch. Like every England player since 1966, Beckham failed to win a trophy with his country. And although he will be remembered for making a record 115 appearances as an outfield player, and for a stunning free kick against

60 THE MYANMAR TIMES MAY 20 - 26, 2013

SPORT EDITOR: Tim McLaughlin |

Myanmar U-23 squad heading to Vietnam

Down and out

JOHANNESBURG Petersen to replace Smith for Champions Trophy

Toothless Yangon United eliminated from AFC Cup


AUNG SI HEIN injury leaving him unable to keep up with East Bengal’s quicker players. “East Bengal deserves the win. Today my team played very bad. As many of the first line players can’t play, I had to use young players. It is very bad that their concentration failed in the second half,” Kolev said after the match. The goals came early and often for East Bengal. It took only three minutes for midfielder Penn Orji to score off a pass from Ishfaq Ahmed. In the 25th minute a pass from the right

ANGON United FC was knocked out of the AFC Cup in embarrassing fashion after being handed a 5-1 thrashing by India’s Kingfisher East Bengal in Kolkata on May 15. East Bengal, the unbeaten winners of Group H, advance to the quarterfinals, the first leg of which will be played on September 17, while Yangon United returns home disappointed to finish the second half of the domestic season in the Myanmar National League. Yangon United entered the match plagued by injuries and suspensions that sidelined five of their regular starters. Veteran defender Gnonsian was forced to sit after receiving two consecutive yellow cards in previous matches, as was the injured Aung Thaik. This left coach Ivan Kolev to field a young, inexperienced defensive line-up. Adding to Yangon’s woes was the questionable fitness of captain Khin Maung Lwin who was suffering from a nagging ankle

wing by Andrew Barisic found Chidi Edeh who punched it home to put the home side up 2-0. With their hopes of a victory quickly fading, Yangon were unable to find the back of the net before the half when a shot by striker Cezar was blocked by goalkeeper Abhijit Mondal. Star Lion’s striker Adama Kone, who had tallied nine goals in the tournament coming into the match, was held silent by left stopper Uga Okpara. After the break the East Bengal onslaught continued. Captain Hossain Mehtab pushed the team's lead to 3-0 three minutes after halftime. Yangon goalkeeper Naing Zayar Tun looked utterly hopeless as Edeh added two more goals at the 71st and 76th minutes to complete his hat trick, putting East Bengal up an insurmountable 5-0. Yangon’s lone goal came in the 79th minute when a pass from substitute Si Thu Aung was put past Mondal by Cezar, but

‘We played good football throughout the 90 minutes. Yangon was totally outplayed.’
Trevor Morgan East Bengal coach

it was far too little, far too late for the hapless lions. “We played good football throughout the 90 minutes. Yangon was totally outplayed. It was a big match for the club,” said East Bengal coach Trevor Morgan. East Bengal became the first Indian side to reach the last eight of the AFC Cup since Dempo SC advanced to the semi-finals in 2008. After the loss, Yangon United president Pyae Phyo Tay Za took to the team’s Facebook page to apologise to disappointed fans, saying that changes needed to be made and would be announced in the coming week. FULL AFC RESULTS SPORT 59

Cricketer Alviro Petersen has replaced fellow opening batsman Graeme Smith in South Africa’s squad for next month’s Champions Trophy. Head selector Andrew Hudson says Petersen is “the obvious choice” to come in for former limited-overs captain Smith, who was ruled out of the ODI tournament to have surgery on his injured left ankle. Petersen is currently playing for Somerset in English county cricket and is familiar with local conditions ahead of the Champions Trophy in England and Wales. Petersen is Smith’s regular opening partner in test cricket for the Proteas, but has only played 17 one-day internationals, the last of which was in January 2012. – AFP

YANGON Two Two wins Golden Belt Championship

Yangon United player Kyi Lin reacts after falling during the team's May 15 match in Kolkata. Photo: Supplied

Challenger Two Two added an exclamation point to a dominating performance and secured the Golden Belt Championship on May 12 with a third–round knockout of reigning champ Win Htun. Two Two pummeled Win Htun early in the first round, landing a series of face and body punches and receiving cheers from spectators gathered at Yangon’s Thuwunna Stadium. Two Two’s impressive form continued into the second round before he knocked out Win Htun in the third. In the day’s second title fight, Dagon Aunglan Champion Soe Linn Oo fought Asian Muay Silver Champion Htun Htun Min. Fans had high hopes for the match. Both young fighters have risen quickly through the ranks and have showed tremendous potential. The two battled for the full five rounds before the match was called as a draw shortly after the final bell. The bouts, along with four undercard fights, were organised by the Ministry of Sport, Myanmar Boxing Federation and KSM group. – Kyaw Zin Hlaing

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