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PassPro Techniques and Skills

PassPro Techniques and Skills

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Published by Rudy Wyland

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Published by: Rudy Wyland on May 27, 2013
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Last Revised: 12/24/08

Table of Contents:
• • • • • • • Fundamentals → Slide 4  Common Pass Pro Mistakes → Slide 11 Defeating Pass Rush Moves → Slide 14 Intro to Pass Pro System → Slide 16 61/62 Quick Game Protection→ Slide 21 67/68 Sprint Out Protection→ Slide 32 51/52 Empty Set Protection → Slide 41

There is a quote by Vince Lombardi that states  “Mental Toughness is essential for success” and  we will abide to that belief. We must all posses the  desire to be the best at everything we do.  We  must want to win in everything we do on and off  of the field.  You must attempt to win every  individual battle, We must attempt to dominate  every defense, You must attempt to Win in every  class with an A and when you get knocked down,  get back up.  With the proper desire and attitude  you will find success in everything you do. “WHATEVER IT TAKES”


The Stance • Feet slightly more than shoulder width apart (may be  adjusted based on body size • All 5 fingertips touch the group in a claw like form but be  able to pick up down hand without falling forward • Back should be as flat as possible with knees bent and heels  slightly off the ground • Eyes up with neck bolted back • Off hand should rest on the side of the thigh with hand in a  relaxed fist .

The Stance: Example .

Pass Protection Fundamentals • FEET The feet must be flat with your weight on your insteps.  From behind.  Knee bend is the way we lower our center of  gravity.  This will give us the best combination of balance.  However. you should not be able to see  your elbows.  The feet will be even to a slight toe to instep stagger. it is your center of gravity  which is important.  No bend in the waist will keep your chest up and form a slight arch in your back. this does not lower their  center of gravity.  Bend in the waist makes you more susceptible to being pulled forward  and beaten.  It does not matter how low your helmet is.  Our knee bend will enable us to move quickly  and react to the movement of the defender.  Only  the outside foot can be staggered.  Toes will point forward to  maintain the power angles.  This will help us to get inside hands and keep the defender from getting into  our chest. • ELBOWS . strength. • KNEES It is necessary to keep the knees bent. We want our elbows rolled inside. which is essential in all of our blocking.  The inside foot must be up at all times.  and the ability to move quickly. • WAIST We can never bend at the waist.  When linemen get tired they begin to straighten  their knees and so they bend at the waist to stay low.  Our feet will be no narrower than our armpits and no wider than  slightly outside our shoulders.

Turning your shoulders will also shorten the path to the QB. SHOULDERS A linemen's shoulders must remain parallel to the L.S and the door as a lineman.O. When defender comes near we deliver a blow and continue to deliver blows until we hear the whistle. for as long as possible. If they are not parallel you will not be able to stop the defender from getting up field. When the door is not parallel it is open and people can get in.Pass Protection Fundamentals  Continued … HANDS Hold your hands chest level in “ice pick” position. He is afraid he will get beat around the corner so he turns his shoulders thinking this will help when actually it aids the speed rusher. Think of the wall as the L. This will help prevent you from overextending. If the defender makes a move back to the inside when you have turned your shoulders you must drop your inside foot back which opens the door to the QB.O.S. CHIN Pull your chin in against your chest when you punch. So often a tackle has a fast speed rusher to the outside. Keep your shoulders parallel. When the door is parallel with the wall the door is closed and no one can get in. .

Remember we must always step parallel to the L. The punch itself will only travel six inches. Whenever giving ground to the outside. PUNCH The power from our punch must come from the Lats. and right. We can give ground to the outside particularly at the tackle position. This will enable us to cover up the defender keeping him from getting up the field. a speed rusher. If it is. left. A good punch becomes more critical as the defenders become bigger and more powerful. when we move to the inside. TARGET We must have a target on our pass protection. If you move to your outside to cover up your target by taking a right step then a left and your target moves back to the left your next steps would be left. The heel will serve as a more penetrating punch. Pass Protection Fundamentals  Continued … . right. right or you will narrow your base to much. The tackles should use a one handed punch vs. For example. Your footwork must be right . you will have to drop your left foot back. The punch should travel slightly upward in direction. If we took a target directly down the midline we would be suspect to a quick inside move or a quick outside move. Most of the time our target will be a small area slightly inside or slightly outside the midline of the defender. A good punch is penetrating and slows the pass rush. We will strive to punch and lock out. By moving our target slightly off the midline.S. if you are moving to your outside to cover up your target and you take a step with your right foot and then your target moves back inside your next step can not be with your left foot. we must widen the defender.MOVEMENT You must be able to move and change directions quickly and at the same time maintain your demeanor.O. opening the door to the QB. Make contact with the heel of the hand instead of a flat palm. we eliminate the potential to be beat with a quick move to that side. If you pull your chin in against your chest it will keep you from lunging.


2.  Not establishing the proper relationship with the rusher. Foot to crotch.  Jumping on outside fakes such as head movements.  Over aggressiveness‐ Trying to knock him out instead of punching him. 3. 6. V of  neck.  Turning your shoulders parallel to the sideline giving the rusher an open inside lane.  Dropping your head and losing your balance. 10.  Raising the elbows giving the rusher handles to grab.  Move feet first‐The hands will follow. 7.  Failure to set quickly. 5  Base to wide. toes pointing out.  Straightening the legs and losing mobility. not at your waist. 4. • • • • • • • • .  Cover up.  Bend at your  knees.  Not concentrating on the target. losing mobility.Common Pass Pro Mistakes • 1. 9.

  Failure to squeeze the outside rusher. • • • • • .  Allowing the rusher to gain too much depth. 14. 12.  you sit and wait for the rusher.Common Pass Pro Mistakes  Continued… • 11. 15.  Allowing the rusher to keep his hands on you.  (Film Study!) 13. we will be aggressive and punish the rusher every  chance we get. 16.  Failure to get enough depth on the LB set causing him to get caught in the  LOS and becoming unable to execute his assignment. Do not just “wait and catch”.  Being surprised by a change in a rusher’s technique. It is a common misconception that in pass protection.  LACK OF AGGRESSION.


  This pass rush is common with line stunts.  Punch your inside hand  through the defenders inside number.  Snap your head back on contact and give the  defender nothing to grab.  Mirror defender with your feet. DELAYED RUSH Do not overextend or lunge at defender. pop the defender up.  If you are still being bulled into the QB.  Sink your butt down and get separation. or punch your outside arm on defender's inside hip and run him past QB.  Let the defender  make the first move. pushing up  underneath his forearms near the elbow. RIP Clothesline defender with outside arm and punch inside arm in the lower back of the  defender. lifting style of punch. BULL Use an uppercut.Defeating Pass Rush Techniques • SWIM Swat the defender's club hand with your outside hand.  Be patient. keep your hands on him and maintain separation.   Don’t lose contact.  PULL‐ If you make contact with your helmet and lose your demeanor it is more likely that the  defender will use this type of pass rush.  When he initiates  the spin.  If the defender's arms are locked inside of yours. snatch the top of his shoulder pads and snap the defender to the  ground. cut him SPIN Important to stay square and keep your hands on the defender. to lift his head and get separation.  Let him come to you. • • • • • .  If his head  is really low on his rush.


 Each  offensive lineman to the call side is responsible for blocking a specific  gap. defensive structures.GENERAL COACHING POINTS Depending on defensive personnel. It is imperative that offensive linemen are very efficient when they  execute the slide protection scheme as it relates to the 3‐step or 5‐step  launch point of the quarterback. blitzes. twists and personnel match‐ups.. that  may vary depending on our opponent’s defensive structure and blitz  package for that week. it is important to  incorporate half and full‐line slide protection schemes into the 3 and 5‐ step passing game. It is crucial the offensive linemen to the call side maintain the  proper spacing in order to decrease the pass rush lanes for the defense.  line stunts. however. WE WILL PUT YOU IN A POSITION TO SUCEED BUT YOU MUST EXECUTE  . Half‐line slide protection is a zone protection scheme to the slide (or call)  side. The center will make the call and the guards will echo the call. dogs. slants. Slide protection is a zone protection scheme. This  means we don’t chase defenders.  Most of the time we will slide away from the tight end.

 Full go vs. On air. blitz pick up ‐ INDY TIME 4. focus on footwork and eyes – Pre Season and  INDY TIME 2. 1st level assignment ‐ INDY TIME ‐ ‐ ‐ Including 1 on 1 drills ‐ ‐ ‐ 3. defense (team.Teaching Progression 1. blitz pick up periods) . 1st. 2nd level assignment.

Eyes must always be in your gap 2.Slide Protection Tips: 1. Stab and ride with inside hand and always keep outside hand/shoulder  open 6. NEVER give inside leverage to the defender 3. on the insteps of feet. SLIDE SIDE FOOT ALWAYS MOVES FIRST  7. The length of the slide step should be in accordance with the alignment of  the defender 5. Know where your help is 4. Leaning too far forward or  backwards is a recipe for defeat . BALANCE – It is imperative that you keep your weight centered between  their ankles and hips.

e. : 68 Sprint Out Protection .What is my gap ? LT LG C RG RT B A A B C i.


 Back goes to Odd #side.3 Step Half Slide: 61/62 * 61 (Shown Below)= 6 Man Protection.  B Gap ‐ Gap Protection Scheme: Eyes must be on your gap ‐ All Linemen with exception of backside tackle will slide step opposite of call QB .

 for timing purposes. QB can give fake if needed QB .5 Step Half Slide Adjustment •61 (Shown Below)= All Rules still apply. RB crosses face of QB.

 4‐2  B E N B T E ‐Width of slide step will depend On alignment of defender ‐Tackles with C gap threat may  cut defender if game planned ‐If uncovered.61 vs. you will execute slide  Step then kick step backwards with  eyes open for delayed blitz QB .

 4‐2   B E N B T E QB Click to Play .61 Protection vs.

61 vs. 3‐3  B T B N B T QB .

 3‐3 with Blitz Threat  B T B N B T QB ‐Incase of a walked up LB the linemen with the potential gap threat will call “smoke” notifying his teammate backside that he may  have to take a hard slide step to pick up the defender closest to his gap “Where there's smoke.61 vs. there's fire” .

61 vs. 3‐3 with Blitz Threat  B T B N B T QB Click to Play “Where there's smoke. there's fire” .

Various Other Situations 61 Protection: Smoke call made by TE. make a smoke‐switch tag putting the H in motion and on snap taking the responsibility of the tailback in 61  protection. Could possible add this to a  flare out by the TB or even out of an empty backfield  . QB responsible for 7th defender in 61/62  protection 61 Smoke Switch: A possible tag with the Use of an H back.

Various Other Situations 61 Protection:  By game plan. this would be probably be a knife tag added due to the  gap alignment of defenders. also a “Dog” tag  echoed alerting the TB that he will have to  come hard. TE will also make a smoke call  alerting the RT to take a hard slide step to  gain leverage on the Sam 62 Protection: RT makes “Dog” (mascot name) Call to alert TB of immediate responsibility Credit for Diagrams: Ken Wilmesherr  .

e.Cutting the Defender “Knife” • Aim Point: Your backside shoulder to their far  thigh pad (i. blocking left. right shoulder to  the far thigh pad of the defender) • Get your head across their body and keep  your head up • When should I cut the defender ? When he is  close enough for you to step on his toes .


67/68 Protection Sprint Out Pass Game Gap Protection Scheme Rules: ‐ Back will go to the call side D gap (7 left. 8 right) ‐ RB is also responsible for recognizing +1 rush threat  (defense is bringing 1 more than we can block= scat  release) ‐ Line will also slide step to call side ‐ BST (and BSG if uncovered) will step and hinge but  still protection their inside gap  .

67/68 Protection (68) shown below) QB .

68 Protection with Stay call for TE QB .

 Even B E N B T E QB .68 Protection  vs.

68 Protection w/ Stay Call  vs. Even B E Y B T N E B QB Click to Play .

 Odd B T N B T B QB • If LB is walked up on LOS PST must make “Mascot Name” call to alert RB of immediate threat .68 Protection  vs.

68 Protection  vs. Odd B T N B T B QB Click to Play .

 Odd  B T B N B T $ QB • TE makes Smoke “Mascot Name” call to RB alerting him he is leaving and there will be an immediate gap threat .68 Protection to TE  vs.


51/52  Protection 5 Man Protection Scheme for Empty Sets 51= QB is responsible for 6th rusher from left 52= QB is responsible for 6th rusher from right Man Protection Scheme 5 on 5. QB is responsible for 6th defender OL is responsible for down linemen and most  dangerous LB • Covered OL= Man on • Uncovered OL= Post step inside then vertical  set with eyes open • • • • • • .

52 Protection vs. 32 B T N B T QB QB should declare vocally any possible blitz threat from trips or twins side .

52 Protection vs. 33 B B B B N T QB .

 33 B B B T N T QB Click to Play .52 Protection vs.

 34 B B B N B T B QB .52 Protection vs.

 42 B E N B T E QB .51 Protection vs.

 43 B E N B T B E *if there was a 7 man box vs.51 Protection vs. empty set our first thought is to throw* QB .

51 Protection vs. empty set our first thought is to throw* QB . Bear B B B T N T B *if there was a 7 man box vs.

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