Praktikum pbg I. II. III.

Nomor praktikum : 1 Nama praktikum : karakteristik sifat fisik dan kimia bijih Tujuan praktikum : praktikan mengetahui sifat kemagnetan, sifat kelistrikan, sg, warna, kilap, gores serta rumus kimia dari mineral utama maupun ikutan dari bijih timah, emas, tembaga, besi, nikel, alumunium Dasar teori: Definisi mineral: Contoh: A. Timah Mineral utama : cassiterite Rumus kimia : sno2 Kilap: adamantine or greasy Warna: black or reddish brown or yellow Gores: white, but at times brownish Keterdapatan: Kelistrikan: Sg: 6,99 Mineral asesori:kuarsa Rumus kimia: sio2 Kilap glassy Warna bening Gores putih Keterdapatan Kelistrikan Sg 2,65 Mineral asesori:pirit Rumus kimia: fes2 Kilap: metallic Warna: yellow Gores: greenish black Keterdapatan

IV.

Kelistrikan Sg 5.1 Mineral asesori: stibnite .3 Mineral asesori:pirit Rumus kimia: fes2 Kilap: metallic Warna: yellow Gores: greenish black Keterdapatan Kelistrikan Sg 5. emas Mineral utama: kalkopirit Rumus kimia: cuFeS Kilap logam Warna kuning terang Gores hitam kehijauan Keterdapatan Kelistrikan Sg 4.1 B.28 Mineral utama : aurum Rumus kimia : Au Kilap: metallic Warna: golden “butter” yellow Gores: golden yellow Keterdapatan: metasomatisme kontak dan larutan hidrotermal Kelistrikan: Sg: 19.

14 Mineral asesori: chalcosite Rumus kimia: cu2s Kilap logam Warna abu2 kehitaman sampai hitam Gores abu2 kehitaman* .28 Mineral asesori: cuprite Rumus kimia: cu2o Kilap sublogam atau intan sampai tanah Warna merah Gores merah kecoklatan Keterdapatan Kelistrikan Sg 6.63 C.Rumus kimia: Kilap logam Warna abu-abu timbal Gores abu-abu timbal Keterdapatan Kelistrikan Sg 4. tembaga Mineral utama: kalkopirit Rumus kimia: cuFeS Kilap logam Warna kuning terang Gores hitam kehijauan Keterdapatan Kelistrikan Sg 4.

26 Mineral asesori:pirit Rumus kimia: fes2 Kilap: metallic Warna: yellow Gores: greenish black Keterdapatan Kelistrikan .9-5.77 D. besi Mineral utama: hematite Rumus kimia:fes2 Kilap logam Warna abu2-hitam Gores merah gelap sampai coklat merah Keterdapatan Kelistrikan Sg 4.Keterdapatan Kelistrikan Sg 5.

1 Mineral asesori: ilmenit Rumus kimia:feTiO3 Kilap logam sampai sublogam Warna hitam besi Gores hitam Keterdapatan Kelistrikan Sg 4.Sg 5.0 Mineral asesori:niccolite Rumus kimia:NiAs Kilap metallic Warna copper red to pink Gores dark brown to black Keterdapatan Nickeline is formed by hydrothermal modification of ultramafic rocks and associated ore deposits. nikel Mineral utama : pentlandite Rumus kimia : (Fe. Iron Nickel Sulfide Kilap: metallic Warna: muted brassy to bronze yellow Gores: light brown to light bronze Keterdapatan: Pentlandite is the most common terrestrial nickel sulfide mineral formed from immiscible sulfide-silicate melts under normal mantle and crustal conditions.6-5. carbonate. and in association with copper arsenic sulfides). Kelistrikan: Sg: 4.72 E. or via metasomatism of sulfide-free ultramafic rocks. Kelistrikan Sg 7. and arsenic. and may be formed by replacement of nickel-copper bearing sulfides (replacing pentlandite.8 Mineral asesori:skutterudite Rumus kimia:CoAs3 Kilap metallci . where metasomatic fluids introduce sulfur. Ni)9S8.

gibbsite Rumus kimia : al(oh3) Kilap: dull Warna: white or colorless with shades of gray.Warna tin white to silver Gores black Keterdapatan It is a hydrothermal ore mineral found in moderate to high temperature veins with other Ni-Co minerals Kelistrikan Sg 6. blue and green Gores: white Keterdapatan: Bijih bauksit terjadi di daerah tropika dan subtropika dengan memungkinkan pelapukan sangat kuat. carbonatites.5 . gray Gores white Keterdapatan The mineral occurs as an alteration product of corundum or emery and is found in granular limestone and other crystalline rocks.8 F. including plutonic and intrusive igneous rocks andgranites.2 Mineral asesori:diaspore Rumus kimia: AlO(OH) Kilap vitreous. regional metamorphic schists.Kelistrikan Sg 4. white. Also in detrital river and beach deposits.3-3. andhydrothermal replacement deposits (including veins in alpine cavities). metamorphic gneiss and schists. Kelistrikan Sg 3. Kelistrikan: Sg: 2. alumunium Mineral utama : bauxite. kadar Fe rendah dan kadar kuarsa (SiO2) bebasnya sedikit atau bahkan tidak mengandung sama sekali.5-6.4 Mineral asesori: rutile Rumus kimia: tio2 Kilap intan Warna Gores coklat muda Keterdapatan Rutile comes in several different environments. pearly Warna colorless. Bauksit terbentuk dari batuan sedimen yang mempunyai kadar Al nisbi tinggi.

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