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21 - Offshore Construction - Part 2

21 - Offshore Construction - Part 2

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ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering

Lecture 21: Offshore Construction – Part 2

Shawn Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. Assistant Professor Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Memorial University of Newfoundland spkenny@engr.mun.ca

Lecture 21 Objective
„

to examine tie-in methods used in offshore linepipe construction

2

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Tie-In Overview
„

Pipeline Transportation System Connection
¾ ¾ ¾

Offshore production facility Shore approach Existing or future subsea pipeline or wellhead Surface or subsea Mechanical loads Flanged connection Welded connection (wet or dry)

„ „

Location
¾

Design Issues
¾ ¾ ¾

3

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Tie-In Overview (cont.)

4

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Tie-In Overview (cont.)

5

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Tie-In Overview (cont.)

6

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Surface Tie-In
Ref: 4Engr (2008)

„

Gulf of Aqaba Pipeline Crossing (2003)
¾ ¾

Midline surface tie-in 15km; 36” OD; 35mm WT; X65

7

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Surface Tie-In (cont.)

Ref: Saipem (2008)

8

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Subsea Tie-In Sleds
„

Systems
In-line Sled ¾ Pipeline End Termination (PLETs) ¾ Pipeline End Manifold (PLEMs)
¾

„ „

Connections
¾

Single or multiple hub

Auxiliary Equipment
Actuated and manual valves ¾ Chemical injection, gas lift ¾ Pig launching capabilities
¾

9

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Mardi Gras Wye Sled

Ref: Offshore Technology (2008)

10

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Mardi Gras PLET and Jumper
Ref: Offshore Technology (2008)

11

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Mardi Gras Jumper

Ref: Offshore Technology (2008)

12

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Thunder Horse Sled

Ref: FMC (2008)

13

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Mid-Line Tie-In Sled

Ref: Oil States (2008)

14

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Mid-Line Tie-In Sled (cont.)

Ref: Oil States (2008)

15

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Mid-Line Tie-In Sled (cont.)

Ref: Oil States (2008)

16

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Mid-Line Tie-In Sled (cont.)

Ref: Oil States (2008)

17

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Collet Connector

Ref: Oil States (2008)

18

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Collet Connector (cont.)

Ref: Oil States (2008)

19

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Horizontal Stab-In Retrievable

Ref: Oil States (2008)

20

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Horizontal Stab-In Retrievable (cont.)

Ref: Oil States (2008)

21

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Horizontal Stab-In Retrievable (cont.)

Ref: Oil States (2008)

22

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Vertical Stab-In Retrievable (cont.)
Ref: Oil States (2008)

23

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Vertical Stab-In Retrievable (cont.)
Ref: Oil States (2008)

24

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Vertical Stab-In Retrievable (cont.)
Ref: Oil States (2008)

25

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Vertical Stab & Hingeover
Ref: Oil States (2008)

26

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Vertical Stab & Hingeover (cont.)
Ref: Oil States (2008)

27

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Vertical Stab & Hingeover (cont.)
Ref: Oil States (2008)

28

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Diver Assisted Hot-Tap Tie-In

Ref: Oil States (2008)

29

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Diver Assisted Hot-Tap Tie-In (cont.)
Ref: Oil States (2008)

30

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Diver Assisted Hot-Tap Tie-In (cont.)
Ref: Oil States (2008)

31

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Diver Assisted Hot-Tap Tie-In (cont.)
Ref: Oil States (2008)

32

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Diverless Hot-Tap Tie-In
Ref: Oil States (2008)

33

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Diverless Hot-Tap Tie-In
Ref: Oil States (2008)

34

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Diverless Hot-Tap Tie-In (cont.)
Ref: Oil States (2008)

35

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Diverless Hot-Tap Tie-In (cont.)
Ref: Oil States (2008)

36

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Diverless Hot-Tap Tie-In (cont.)

Ref: Oil States (2008)

37

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Remote Hot-Tap Tie-In
Ref: Berge et al. (2005)

38

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Misalignment Flange Connection
Ref: Oil States (2008)

39

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Swivel Ring Flange Connection
Ref: Oil States (2008)

40

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Hyperbaric Welding
„ „ „

Dry Habitat Pressure = hydrostatic (500m) Issues with welding

Ref: Hydro (2001)

41

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

Atmospheric Welding
Sophisticated Equipment „ Superior Weld Quality „ 1500m Water Depth „ Critical Element Pipeline Seal
„

42

© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

References
„ „ „ „ „ „ „

http://www.4engr.com/product/catalog/12996/ind ex.html www.fmctechnologies.com http://www.hydro.com http://www.offshore-technology.com http://www.oilstates.com http://www.saipem.eni.it Berge, J.O., Apeland, K.E., Naess, T.I., Ahlen, C.H., Moller, E. and Evans, K. (2005). “Remote Hot-Tapping Into Subsea Pipelines.” Proc., OTC, OTC-17659, 6p.
© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 21

43

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