ALLOYS

BY : AMIR FIKRI AZHAR AB HALIM MOHD AMIR SAARI CLASS : 4K3
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ALLOYS
Contain more than one element Usually mixtures of metallic elements (two or more metals).

Made for certain purpose.

An alloy is a mixture of two or more elements with a certain fixed composition in which metal is the major component
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PURPOSE OF MAKING ALLOYS
To increase the strength and hardness of a pure metal. To prevent corrosion. To improve the appearance of a pure metal.

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ARRANGMENT OF ATOMS IN METALS

FORCE

 In pure metals, atoms are all of the same size.  They arranged in layers.

When a force is being applied….

The layers can slide over each other easily.
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FORCE

Thus, pure metal can easily change its shape.

They are said to be :
1.Ductile as they can be drawn into long wires. 2.Malleable as they can be hammered to form any shapes.

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•Alloys have more than one kind of atoms.

•Different atoms have different sizes.
•They are mixed when they are in molten state (liquid).
Pure metal A

ARRANGEMENT OF ATOMS IN ALLOYS

ALLOY Pure metal B
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ARRANGEMENT OF ATOMS IN ALLOYS
 When a force is applied….  The layers of atom in an alloy cannot slide over each other easily.  The movement of atoms get jammed up. This make them difficult to move.

 Thus make an alloys not ductile and not malleable but harder and stronger than the original constituent metals.
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COMPOSITION,PROPERTIES AND USES OF ALLOYS
ALLOY
MAJOR COMPONENT

COPPER

IRON

ALUMINIUM

TIN

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1.COPPER
TYPE OF ALLOY

COPPER

BRONZE

BRASS

CUPRONICKEL

BRONZE (90%Cu,10% Sn) • Hard and strong • Does not corrode • Shiny surface USES : • Building statue • Medals • Sword • Artistic materials

BRASS (70% Cu,30% Zn) • Hard and strong USES: • Musical instrument • Kitchenware

CUPRONICKEL (75%Cu,25% Ni) • Shiny • Hard • Does not corrode USES: • Making coins

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2.IRON
TYPE OF ALLOY
STEEL
(99%Fe,1% C) Hard And Strong Uses: Construction Materials (74%Fe,8%C,18% Cr) STAINLESS STEEL Shiny,Strong,Does not rust

IRON

Uses: Making cutlery
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3.ALUMINIUM

Type of Alloy

ALUMINIUM

DURALUMIN (93% Al,3%Cu,1%Mn) • Light and Strong USES: • Building body of aeroplane and bullet train

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4.TIN
TIN

Type of Alloy

PEWTER (96%Sn,3%Cu,1%Sb) • Luster • Shiny • Strong USES: • Making souvenirs

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