Database Upgrade Guide Upgrade to Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.

2): UNIX
For Oracle Patch Set Release 11.2.0.2 and 11.2.0.3
Target Audience fi«£z% Technology Consultants fi«£z% System Administrators fi«£z% Database Administrators fi«£z% Developers

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Document History

CAUTION

Before you start the implementation, make sure you have the latest version of this document. You can find the latest version at the following location: http://service.sap.com/instguides Database Upgrades Oracle The following table provides an overview of the most important document changes.
Version Date Description

3.02 3.01 3.00 2.10 2.01 2.00 1.14 1.13 1.12 1.11 1.10 1.01 1.00

2012-10-30 2012-08-08 2011-12-20 2011-09-16 2011-05-19 2011-04-14 2010-09-10 2010-08-25 2010-08-03 2010-06-15 2010-06-09 2010-04-27 2010-04-01

Minor corrections in chapter Updating the Oracle Installation Scripts Various corrections Major update for Oracle Patch Set Release 11.2.0.3 Various corrections Various corrections Major update for Oracle Patch Set Release 11.2.0.2 Chapter Changing the Location of the JDBC Driver added Various corrections Various corrections Change to section Updating BR*Tools Major update including upgrade from Oracle 9.2.0.8 Various corrections Initial Version

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 Chapter 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Chapter 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.5.1 3.5.2 3.5.3 3.5.4 3.5.5 3.6 3.7 Chapter 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3.1

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAP Notes for the Upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . More Information on SAP Service Marketplace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5 6 6 7

Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Checking the Original Version of Your Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Checking Hardware and Software Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Reviewing the Oracle-Specified Kernel Parameters and Shell Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Checking Additional Requirements for the Upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Checking the SAP System Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Checking the Correct UNIX Users, Groups, and Authorizations . . . . . . . . . . . Checking the Directory Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Updating the Oracle Installation Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Checking the Software Installation Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Database Software Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Checking and Setting the Environment Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Backing Up the Central Oracle Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing the Oracle Database Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing the Required SAP Bundle Patch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Copying and Adapting the SQL*Net Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Running the Pre-Upgrade Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Running the Pre-Upgrade Scripts (Oracle 9.2.0.8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oracle Database Upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Backing Up the Oracle Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shutting Down the SAP System and Oracle Listener Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Database Structure Upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting the Database Upgrade Assistant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 13 13 15 16 17 17 19 20 21 22 22 24 27 27 27 28 28

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4.3.2 4.3.3 Chapter 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19

Starting the Database Upgrade Assistant (Oracle 9.2.0.8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Checking the oratab Entry (Oracle 9.2.0.8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Post-Upgrade Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finalizing the Environment of the ora<dbsid> User . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating a Symbolic Link for Runtime Oracle Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Checking the Upgraded Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Updating BR*Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Performing Post-Upgrade Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating a Symbolic Link for the Data Shared Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Backing Up the Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting the Listener Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Renaming or Deleting the Old $ORACLE_HOME/bin Directory . . . . . . . . . . Checking the Read Authorization of the <sapsid>adm User . . . . . . . . . . . . . Updating the Oracle Instant Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Updating the SAP Kernel from 640_REL to 640_EX2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Changing the Environment for the <sapsid>adm user . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Updating the SQL*Net Configuration Files for the <sapsid>adm and ora<sid> Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Checking SAP Profile Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Changing the Location of the JDBC Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting the SAP System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Checking the National Character Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Configuring the New Features for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 35 36 36 37 38 39 39 40 40 40 41 41 41 42 43 43 46 47 47

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1

Introduction

1 Introduction

This documentation describes how to upgrade the Oracle database for the SAP system on the UNIX operating system: u¹£ì™j From source release Oracle 9.2.0.8, Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.4 or 10.2.0.5), Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.1), or higher u¹£ì™j To target release Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) (11.2.0.2 or 11.2.0.3 or higher) This guide is suitable for both major release upgrades (for example, from Oracle 9.2.0.8 or Oracle 10.2.0.5 to Oracle 11.2.0.2 or Oracle 11.2.03) and for patch set upgrades (for example, from Oracle 11.2.0.1 to 11.2.0.2 or 11.2.0.3). In both cases, the upgrade target release is the current 11.2 patch set release. This guide does not cover upgrades of Oracle databases with Real Application Clusters (RAC) Automatic Storage Management (ASM), or Exadata. We plan to document these at a later date. If your source database is Oracle 9.2.0.8, there are some differences in the procedure and these are clearly marked in the text.
CAUTION

Oracle 11.2 is only supported for SAP systems with an EX2 kernel or higher.
Implementation Considerations

u¹£ì™j For more information about implementation considerations, including the most important SAP Notes for the upgrade, see Planning [page 9]. u¹£ì™j Be sure to read the relevant SAP Notes before beginning the upgrade. These notes contain the most recent information about the upgrade, as well as corrections to the documentation. You can find the most recent version of the SAP Notes at http://service.sap.com/notes u¹£ì™j You might find useful information for the upgrade in the following Oracle documentation: u¹£ì™ Oracle 11gR2 Upgrade Companion [ID 785351.1] u¹£ì™ Operating Systems Installation and Configuration Requirements Quick Reference (8.0.5 to 11.2) [ID 169706.1] u¹£ì™j You use the tools Oracle Universal Installer (OUI), MOPatch (Opatch), Oracle SQL*Plus, and Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant (DBUA) to perform the upgrade. u¹£ì™j To make this documentation easier to read, only the location for 64-bit platforms is used. If your database runs on a 32-bit platform (Linux 32–bit), replace as appropriate occurrences of 64 with 32. For example, replace 112_64 with 112_32.
Naming Conventions

We use <DBSID> for the database instance identifier and <SAPSID> for the SAP system identifier. These can be different if your SAP system uses Multiple Components in One Database (MCOD).

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2.1 1.0: Database Parameter Settings Oracle 11.2.1 New Features For the complete list of new features of the Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.3 Describes the shell and SQL upgrade scripts for 11. RECOMMENDATION Especially when you are performing a major release upgrade – that is.2 Lists the status of Oracle patches and bundle patches for 11.2. when when you upgrade from 9i or 10g – we recommend that you check the most important new features in the Oracle documentation.2) Describes the Oracle Instant Client Installation and Configuration 1431796 1431797 1431799 1503709 1631931 1431793 1431794 819829 6/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 .2.2 SAP Notes for the Upgrade Make sure that you read the following SAP Notes: Number Title Remarks 1431800 1454627 1398634 1431798 Oracle 11.2. see the New Features documentation from Oracle.0: Troubleshooting the Database Upgrade Oracle 11.0: Current Patch Set Oracle 11.0: Instant Client Oracle Instant Client Installation and Configuration on Unix Provides a starting point for information about Oracle 11g with multiple links to notes on Oracle 11g.1 Introduction New Features 1. More Information Configuring the New Features for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.0: Patches / Patch collections for 11.2.2.0.0 Required for upgrading Oracle client software to Oracle 11g Release 2 (11.com/technology.2.2).0 Upgrade Scripts Oracle 11.2.2.2.0. Required late-breaking information Provides information about integration of Oracle 11g products and options within SAP Provides information about Oracle initialization parameters that need to be reset to their default values or that need to be removed Describes software installation problems and solutions or workarounds Describes database upgrade problems and solutions or workarounds Describes the current Oracle patch set Lists the status of Oracle patches and bundle patches for 11. You can access the complete Oracle documentation at the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) website at www.oracle.2.2.0.3 Oracle 11.0: Patches / Patch collections for 11.2.0: Troubleshooting the Software Installation Oracle 11.0: Central Technical Note Additional Info / Corrections to Oracle 11g Upgrade Guide Oracle Database 11g: Integration into the SAP environment Oracle 11.0.2) [page 47] 1.2 Oracle 11.

2. which replaces the native CONNECT role from Oracle Describes how to use OPatch with Oracle – Windows only Describes how to use MOPatch with Oracle – UNIX only Describes the support offered by BR*Tools for Oracle 11g Describes the configuration of an SAP installation with the SAP-specific database user profile SAPUPROF Contains the newest installation scripts Describes how to deinstall the Oracle 11g Release 2 (11.com/ instguides Database Upgrades Oracle https://service.com Oracle Download Area oracle-download 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 7/52 .0: Setting of ORACLE_BASE in SAP Environments Describes the current Oracle security fixes Describes how to update the SAPDBA role after the upgrade Describes the new SAPCONN role.sap.2) software Describes how to set ORACLE_BASE in an SAP environment 1.1 1.3 More Information on SAP Service Marketplace You can find more information as following on SAP Service Marketplace: Description Internet Address http://service.sap.com/swdc http://service.2.sql) Oracle Database 10g: New database role SAPCONN Using OPatch to install Oracle patches MOPatch – Install Multiple Oracle Patches in One Run BR*Tools Support for Oracle 11g SAP Database User Profile SAPUPROF Oracle 11.sap.sap.sap.3 Introduction More Information on SAP Service Marketplace Title Remarks Number 850306 134592 834917 839182 1027012 1430669 1519872 1524205 1525025 1521371 Oracle Critical Patch Update Program Importing the SAPDBA role (sapdba_role.com/notes www.com/irj/sdn/ Title SAP Notes Oracle Database Administration None SAP Database Guide: Oracle SAP ON ORACLE KNOWLEDGE CENTER Documentation ora SAP None Upgrade to Oracle Database <Version>: UNIX SAP Software Distribution Center Oracle Database Upgrade Guide – that is.0: Software Installation Oracle Software Deinstallation Oracle 11. the guide you are now reading Oracle download area for patches and software http://service.sdn.

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3.2 2.2) in manual mode (in this guide we only describe the database upgrade using the DBUA) /jeÃ%« If the source database runs Oracle 10.0. Process 1. 5. you need to first upgrade the source database to at least patch set 10. Prerequisites In the following special cases you need to obtain more information: /jeÃ%« If you are upgrading from Oracle 10. You check the hardware and software requirements [page 10]. see the documentation for the Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. obtain more information. 1. You check additional requirements for the upgrade [page 10]. To check the original version of your database. if necessary.1 Checking the Original Version of Your Database You need to check the original version of the database you want to upgrade and. 2.2 to Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. For more information in the special cases mentioned above. You review the Oracle-specified kernel parameters and shell limits [page 10]. You check the SAP System prerequisites [page 12].2. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 9/52 . 2. You check the original version of your database [page 9]. make sure that you perform a test upgrade on your backup system.2. 2.2.1 Planning Checking the Original Version of Your Database 2 Planning RECOMMENDATION Before the production upgrade.0. 4.5. do one of the following from the environment of the source database: /jeÃ%« Enter the following command: sqlplus —version /jeÃ%« Enter the following commands: sqlplus / as sysdba SQL> select version from v$instance.2) upgrade at the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) website.

2). To check for your application or product. 2. which you can find at: www.1I up to and including 4. and SAP kernel release 640_EX2 and above.2 Checking Hardware and Software Requirements Procedure You need to check that you meet the hardware and software requirements for running the new Oracle release.sap. For these older releases. Make sure you have read the SAP Notes for the upgrade [page 6].2).4 Checking Additional Requirements for the Upgrade You need to check the additional requirements for the Oracle database upgrade as described in this section.6C. see the Product Availability Matrix (PAM) at http://service. NOTE There is no general release provided for older SAP releases 3. Download the recommended documents from My Oracle Support (formerly Oracle Metalink) at https://support. For access to My Oracle Support. see SAP Note 758563. Procedure Obtain the recommended shell limits and kernel parameters from the relevant Oracle database installation guide for your operating system.oracle. These are only recommendations from Oracle for optimizing the system performance in production environments. 2.sap. only an upgrade certification is provided for valid upgrade paths – for 10/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 . which you can find at http://service. Procedure 1. If the recommended settings are not suitable for your system you must tune the kernel parameters accordingly.com/pam. You can access the complete Oracle documentation as a member of the Oracle Technology Network (OTN).com/notes 2. Oracle 11.2 2.com.2 Planning Checking Hardware and Software Requirements 2. The complete list of hardware and software requirements for every platform is included in the Oracle documentation.com/technology/documentation Select the appropriate documentation for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2 is only released and certified for SAP products running with SAP BASIS 640 and above.oracle.3 Reviewing the Oracle-Specified Kernel Parameters and Shell Limits You need to review the Oracle-recommended kernel parameters and shell limits for your operating system with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.

2).2 2. If you have a 640_REL kernel. Download the Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.8 and your SAP kernel is 640_REL kernel. more information.4 Planning Checking Additional Requirements for the Upgrade 3. make sure that you install all these patches. download the 640_EX2 kernel from SAP Service Marketplace.0.2. RECOMMENDATION 5. We do not support running a 640_REL kernel with the Oracle 11.2.com/swdc 8.sap.2 Instant Client software from: http://service. BR*Tools supports the Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. You can download the patches from: http://service.2) installation guide for your operating system from the Oracle Technology Network (OTN). If you have access to My Oracle Support.5B) or EX2 kernel (for release 4. You need this document to review the hardware and software requirements and to configure the kernel parameters and shell limits.6C). The patches listed in the SAP Note referenced in SAP Note 1431800 are mandatory. RECOMMENDATION 4.com/oracle-download CAUTION 6. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 11/52 . Make sure that you download the complete 640_EX2 kernel: both SAPEXE. To upgrade from a remote PC. you need X-Windows software on the PC.10 (patch level 30). the SAP kernel needs to be EXT kernel (for releases 3.2) software and the latest patch sets and required patches or patch collection. as described in SAP Note 432861.com/oracle-download Download the latest version of the DBATOOLS (BR*Tools) to be used immediately after the database upgrade from: http://service. For upgrade certification. If your source database is Oracle 9.sap.20 (patch level 1) . see SAP Note 1430669. The SAP Note with the list of patches is referenced in SAP Note 1431800. This document provides information on all operating system prerequisites and is regularly updated. Download the latest version of the Oracle 11.2 database. In some situations the OUI and DBUA screens are not displayed correctly when started remotely. In such cases we recommend you to start the OUI and the DBUA directly from the console. we strongly recommend that you read document 169706.1 up to and including 4.1.or Release 7. 7. as of release 7. For more information.SAR. To avoid severe database problems. you need to switch to the 640_EX2 kernel immediately after the database upgrade to Oracle 11. Download the Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. see SAP Note 1398634.sap.SAR and SAPEXEDB.

12/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 . and 1433301 if you are running any of the following support packages: úÜ~Ö#˚ SAP_BASIS 7.10 SP10 úÜ~Ö#˚ SAP_BASIS 7. apply SAP Notes 1416108.2 2.5 Planning Checking the SAP System Prerequisites 2. The error is fixed in later support packages. apply the advanced correction from SAP Note 1417124 This correction resolves an Oracle issue that results in an ABAP short dump during statistics updates.00 SP21 úÜ~Ö#˚ SAP_BASIS 7. 3. If your SAP system uses SAP Kernel 711.02 SP02 úÜ~Ö#˚ SAP_BASIS 7.5 Checking the SAP System Prerequisites Procedure 1. If your SAP system is SAP BASIS 7xx.20 SP02 This resolves an error in an ABAP program that causes it to report problems during the consistency checks within transaction SE14.11 SP05 úÜ~Ö#˚ SAP_BASIS 7. 1414733. This error is seen only after the database has been upgraded to Oracle 11. For SAP systems 7. 2.2.01 SP06 úÜ~Ö#˚ SAP_BASIS 7. For more information.XX when you are performing a major release upgrade. you need to use DBSL (dboraslib. see SAP Note 1456323.so) patch level 81 or higher.

If your source database is Oracle 9.2 Checking the Directory Structure You need to verify the availability and correctness of the following Oracle directories: .7O6óï stage directory . 4. log on to your system with the user root and enter the command: chgrp dba $ORACLE_BASE chmod 775 $ORACLE_BASE Check if you are able to start an XTERM as the Oracle user since this is the user who starts the OUI.4.0. you run the pre-upgrade scripts [page 22]. If your source database is Oracle 10. you run the pre-upgrade scripts (Oracle 9. You check the software installation prerequisites [page 16]. and Authorizations 3 Preparation You have to complete the following preparations: 1. groups. see SAP Note 1521371.0. You check the directory structure [page 13]. 3. since you perform the database installation as user ora<dbsid>. and authorizations [page 13].7O6óï Home directory 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 13/52 .2. 6.3 3. Procedure Enter the following commands: echo $ORACLE_BASE touch $ORACLE_BASE/write_test rm $ORACLE_BASE/write_test If the user ora<dbsid> does not have write authorization. Groups.2.8) [page 24]. You update the Oracle installation scripts [page 15].1 Preparation Checking the Correct UNIX Users. 3.1 Checking the Correct UNIX Users. You check the correct UNIX users. and Authorizations You need to check that the ora<dbsid> user has write authorization for the $ORACLE_BASE directory.8. 7.7O6óï Oracle inventory directory . 2.2. For information about $ORACLE_BASE. 3. Groups.0. 5. You install the database software [page 17].

Check the Oracle inventory directory.2 components such as database. only the software contained within the component database is used. In this case. Check the Oracle stage directory.0.3 3.2. Ensure that the stage directories contain enough freespace prior to extraction of the SAR files. For the upgrade to Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.SAR. If this directory does not exist. you only need to extract the database software. For a single-instance database upgrade.0.3). these 2 SAR files alone are sufficient. If there is not enough space. The path to the Oracle inventory directory is mentioned in the Oracle inventory pointer 14/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 . The Oracle inventory directory maintains the inventory of all Oracle software installed on the system.2: /oracle/stage/11202 T¢ªueh 11.2 Preparation Checking the Directory Structure Procedure 1. gateways. For the database upgrade.SAR SAPCAR –xvf OR211264. the following subdirectories exist under /oracle/stage/11202 or /oracle/stage/11203: T¢ªueh T¢ªueh T¢ªueh T¢ªueh T¢ªueh T¢ªueh database client grid examples gateways deinstall NOTE 2.2. When the RDBMS CDs have been mounted. which include the various Oracle 11. grid. create the staging directory as follows: T¢ªueh 11. you can delete previous stage directories. create it manually. The Oracle Database DVD contains a total of six or seven SAR files (depending on the platform).0. If it already exists it might contain software stages from previous installations or upgrades.SAR and OR211264. 3.2 or 11. use the SAP tool SAPCAR to extract all the RDBMS CDs to /oracle/stage/11202 or /oracle/stage/11203 as user ora<sid>. EXAMPLE For example. and so on. client.3: /oracle/stage/11203 2.2. you do not need to extract any other SAR files.SAR After you have finished the extraction of all the RDBMS CDs.2. If you only use a single instance database. 1. usually called /oracle/stage. the following commands extract the database software (on DVDs 1 and 2): SAPCAR –xvf OR111264.0. The database components are packed in the files OR111264.

RUNINSTALLER_CHECK. Before starting the installation of the new Oracle software on the database host. By default in Oracle 11. make sure that the variable inventory_loc in the file oraInst. enter: .loc file does not exist. This script supports installation in response file mode (interactive) and silent mode. For more information. and starts the Oracle installer. make sure that the file oraInst.loc is present in either the directory /etc or directory /var/opt/oracle and check that it has the following entries: ˜Y5|‚ inventory_loc=<location of the oracle inventory> ˜Y5|‚ inst_group=dba If the Oracle Universal Installer has already been run on this host. generates the response file. Prerequisites The SAP-specific installation scripts RUNINSTALLER./RUNINSTALLER -help ˜Y5|‚ RUNINSTALLER_CHECK This script performs product-specific prerequisite checks with the following command: .3 Preparation Updating the Oracle Installation Scripts 3.com/cd/E11882_01/em.sh script as super user from the <oraInventory> location.sh This is the main script behind RUNINSTALLER and RUNINSTALLER_CHECK. enter the location where you want the inventory log files to be written to. and 11ginstall. you must create it at the end of the installation by running the orainstRoot. If this is the first installation of Oracle database software on the host and the oraInst.3 Updating the Oracle Installation Scripts If a newer version is available. which are attached to SAP Note 1524205. 3.loc points to the location where the Oracle inventory is located.3 3. the inventory is created in /oracle/oraInventory.htm./RUNINSTALLER For help.112/ e12255/oui2_manage_oracle_homes. file oraInst. If this is the first time that the OUI has been executed on this host. see http://docs. From there you can download the relevant package for your release. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 15/52 . we recommend that you update the Oracle Installation scripts.oracle./RUNINSTALLER_CHECK ˜Y5|‚ 11ginstall.loc. After you have extracted the Oracle software to the staging area.2.sh are located in directory SAP in the Oracle database software stage: ˜Y5|‚ RUNINSTALLER This script installs the software with the following command: . you need to update the installation scripts.

zip. Checking prerequisites for the OUI: . kernel parameters): 16/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 . 2./rootpre.3: cd /oracle/stage/11203/database As the user root.zip 3.4 Checking the Software Installation Prerequisites You must check the prerequisites for the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI). The zip file contains the current version of the installation scripts. Change to the relevant directory as follows: WÙxM*£ 11.2. Prerequisites Make sure that the DISPLAY environment variable is set correctly./runInstaller –executeSysPrereqs 2. which is attached to SAP Note 1524205. 3. 2. 5.4 Preparation Checking the Software Installation Prerequisites Procedure Updating the Installation Scripts 1. patches. Download the file 11ginstall_<release>_<patch_level>_complete. 2.2. WÙx¢m=‰«óÀåä¹lÂù˙6Ï»JÿY®qT¾3V0ʤªSÒ-L5 On AIX.old Extract the zip file: $ unzip 11ginstall-<release>-<patch-level>-complete.2: cd /oracle/stage/11202/database WÙxM*£ 11.0.3 3.sh: . 3. Copy the file to the database directory in the Oracle software stage directory: $ cp 11ginstall-<release>-<patch-level>-complete. Log on as the Oracle user ora<dbsid>.0. call the script rootpre. Checking operating system requirements (release. call the script rootpre.sh WÙx¨m=…ł«¼Ð忹 ÂÑ˙˙ÏÃJ9Y Procedure 1.zip /oracle/stage/112_64/database Go to this directory: $ cd /oracle/stage/112_64/database Rename the existing SAP directory as follows so that you have a saved copy of the previous version: mv SAP SAP. 4.sh: WÙx¨m=…ł«¼Ð忹 ÂÑ˙˙ÏÃJ9Y WÙx¢m=‰«óÀåä¹lÂù˙6Ï»JÿY®qT¾3V0ʤªSÒ-L5 1. Change directory: cd /oracle/stage/11202/database Execute the following commands: 1.

3 3. Apply missing OS patches and set OS kernel parameters as recommended by the OUI. 3.2 software. This means that you do not need to install Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.5 Database Software Installation As part of preparations.1) before installing the new patch set release.0.5 Preparation Database Software Installation cd SAP . NOTE You can install the database software while the SAP system is still running with the existing database (that is.2.2). 3. You copy and adapt the old Oracle SQL*Net files [page 22]. see Changing the Environment for the <sapsid>adm User [page 41]. 2. You can install the new database software while the SAP system is running with a lower patch set version. NOTE For more information about changes to the environment of the SAP user <sapsid>adm. 4. You install the required SAP bundle patch [page 21]. you need to check and set the environment variables of user ora<dbsid> because this user installs the Oracle software.2. Process Flow 1. You check and set the environment variables [page 17]. You run the Oracle Universal Installer [page 20]. Oracle 10.2 patch set. Starting with the Oracle 11. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 17/52 ./RUNINSTALLER –check 4. to reduce downtime you can perform the following steps before you stop your system. You back up the central Oracle inventory [page 19]. 3. Therefore.0. Prerequisites Make sure that you set the environment variables as described below for the duration of this session only. Oracle Database patch sets are full installations of the Oracle Database software.5. you install the Oracle 11.1 Checking and Setting the Environment Variables To install the database software. 5.

2. or 3) to 11. /oracle or /oracle/<DBSID> For more information.3 3. SAPDATA_HOME VÕ«Fª¥¬YWˆËùëY üðñÇ_ł¦ÉÆ?REÇÖU+ MflˆóF|á− /oracle/<DBSID> VÕ«Fª¥¬YWˆËùëY üðñÇ_ł¦ÉÆ?REÇÖU+ MflˆóF|á− LIBPATH VÕ«Lª¥¬QWC˶ëIQü¼ñï_¶¦±ÆùRV VÕ«Fª¥¬YWˆËùëY üðñÇ_ł¦ÉÆ?REÇÖU+ Dfl‰F‹á—‹/¥ÊRçxÑfi9QZ‡õ>î!»ð®$ôý©ä.Y (where Y > X): /oracle/<DBSID>/112_64 NLS_LANG One of the following values: AMERICAN_AMERICA.X (where X = 1.§fi“-Y9ºÂr⁄W+Þ¶.2 (10.WE8DEC AMERICAN_AMERICA.2. <DBSID> ORACLE_SID ORACLE_HOME Make sure that it is set to the value of the current runtime Oracle home. see SAP Note 102402.5) to 11.<h˙‚ $ORACLE_HOME/lib:$LIBPATH VÕ«Lª¥¬QWC˶ëIQü¼ñï_¶¦±ÆùRV VÕ«Fª¥¬YWˆËùëY üðñÇ_ł¦ÉÆ?REÇÖU+ Dfl‰F‹á—‹/¥ÊRçxÑfi9QZ‡õ>î!»ð®$ôý©ä.ôá©ø.2. EXAMPLE VÕ«©‘k When upgrading from 10.2. we strongly recommend moving it to WE8DEC or UTF8 before the upgrade.X: /oracle/<DBSID>/102_64 VÕ«©‘k When upgrading from 11.flåFŁá®‹a¥°Rž§6ѳ9gZðõ5îu»Ð®. You make them permanent in the database structure upgrade.0 NOTE <hostname>:0. We recommend you to back up the old environment files before making the changes permanent. For more information about WE8DEC.0.4 or 10.0.0.2.UTF8 If your database still runs with the character set US7ASCII.<h˙‚ LD_LIBRARY_PATH VÕ«Lª¥¬QWC˶ëIQü¼ñæ_¯¦ÉÆ RXÇxÖY? . Procedure 1.ôá©ø. Value <hostname>:0. Make sure the following environment variables are not set: VÕ«©‘k TWO_TASK VÕ«©‘k ORA_NLS VÕ«©‘k ORA_NLS32 VÕ«©‘k ORA_NLS33 VÕ«©‘k ORA_NLS10 Make sure that the following environment variables are set as described: Environment Variable DISPLAY 2. see SAP Note 1521371.flåFŁá®‹a¥°Rž§6ѳ9gZðõ5îu»Ð®.0. 2.5 Preparation Database Software Installation CAUTION Do not make the changes to the environment permanent while the old database is still running.§fi“-Y9ºÂr⁄W+Þ¶.0 is the host on which the Oracle Universal ORACLE_BASE Installer (OUI) is to be displayed.¬fi-v 18/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 .¬fi-v $ORACLE_HOME/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH VÕ«Lª¥¬QWC˶ëIQü¼ñæ_¯¦ÉÆ RXÇxÖY? .0.

oracle. Linux: /etc/oraInst. Check if the temporary directory (usually /tmp) has at least 1024 MB of free space.cµºý»m·°xÐ ˛SÙ PATH PATH includes $ORACLE_HOME/bin of the current active ORACLE_HOME.2 -> 11. When you perform a patch set upgrade from 11. RECOMMENDATION You can check the correctness of the new environment with the UNIX env command.112/e12255/oui2_manage_oracle_homes.5 Preparation Database Software Installation Environment Variable ð"j:·ÔÝpè&O½lñø`cflºÉ»`·…xç ÏSŠø}ófl?ÓU9ntX2È Value ð"j:·ÔÝpè&O½lñø`cflºÉ»`·…xç ÏSŠø}ófl?ÓU9ntX2È SHLIB_PATH ð"j0·ÔÕp±&0Olªø. set up the TEMP or TMPDIR environment variables to specify a temporary directory on the filesystem. The setting of the DISPLAY environment variable is described in SAP Note 432861. Or you can run the UNIX umask command and check that the returned value is 22. When you perform a major upgrade from 10. Procedure 1. check its location by looking at the entry in one of the following files: ð"jÕ4y HP-UX. For more information about which platform uses which location. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 19/52 . If not. the run-time Oracle home path does not change and therefore no change in PATH is required. Make a backup of your existing Oracle inventory before you start the Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. 3.cµºý»m·°xÐ ˛SÙ $ORACLE_HOME/lib:$SHLIB_PATH ð"j0·ÔÕp±&0Olªø.2.com/ cd/E11882_01/em. you need to back up the central Oracle inventory.2 to 11. you need to modify PATH after the upgrade.2. see http://docs.2) software installation.htm. Solaris: /var/opt/oracle/oraInst. PATH can only include one $ORACLE_HOME/ bin. To make sure that the OUI screen can be displayed correctly on your system. you might have to start an X terminal (xterm) session and run the command: $ xhost + 3. If the Oracle inventory exists.loc ð"jÕ4y AIX.3 3.loc The location is shown as follows: inventory_loc=<path to Oracle inventory> 2.5. This means that you have to adapt PATH when ORACLE_HOME is changed.2 Backing Up the Central Oracle Inventory Before you install the new Oracle database patch set software.

2. make sure that you have updated the installation scripts as described in Updating the Oracle Installation Scripts [page 15].0 export DISPLAY Bourne shell (sh) C shell (csh) Korn shell (ksh) setenv DISPLAY <host_name>:0.2. Choose OK and then Next.2. Start the OUI with the user ora<dbsid> as follows: IJZû¾é 11. Make sure that the DISPLAY environment variable is set to <host_name>:0. You only need to install the current Oracle database patch set. Procedure 1.5 Preparation Database Software Installation 3.3 3. where <host_name> is the host on which you want to display the GUI of the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI). For more information about how to install Oracle database 11.2 software. 2. CAUTION Before starting to install the Oracle software.2: cd /oracle/stage/11202/database/SAP .3: cd /oracle/stage/11203/database/SAP .5.0 3. For more information about the current patch set. Confirm the default selections by choosing Next.0 export DISPLAY=<host_name>:0.3 Installing the Oracle Database Software Starting with the first patch set for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. Shell Used Command DISPLAY=<host_name>:0. 20/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 .0. Respond to the OUI as follows: Prompt or Condition Action Configure Security Updates Select Installation Option Grid Installation Options Select Product Language Do not select the checkbox. Confirm the default selection Single Instance Installation and then choose Next. you can switch to user ora<dbsid> by entering the following command: su – ora<dbsid>.2). Confirm the default option English and then choose Next. see SAP note 1524205. Since you are already logged on as user root. Log on as user ora<dbsid> or oracle (Oracle software owner).0. see SAP note 1431799. Oracle Database patch sets are full installations of the Oracle database software.0./RUNINSTALLER IJZû¾é 11./RUNINSTALLER 4. The runInstaller issues a warning.0.

NOTE You must install the SAP bundle patch using the Oracle tool MOPatch. See SAP Note 1521371 to set ORACLE_BASE for your configuration. Review the information displayed on this screen and choose Finish. It also displays the value for ORACLE_HOME. choose Exit and confirm the dialog box that appears. these are dba and oper. Select this option and then Next. This screen displays the operating system groups for the DBA and the operator. which you can find at SAP Note 1027012. RECOMMENDATION Summary Finish We strongly recommend you to make sure that there are no failed checks before starting the software installation.5. You only need to install the latest SAP bundle patch because these patches are cumulative. Finish the software installation by executing the root. you can fix these problems (either by installing the missing patches or configuring the kernel parameters) and run the check again by choosing Check Again. This screen displays the value for ORACLE_BASE which is set in the environment. 3. which should be /oracle/DBSID/ <release>. you do not need to install any critical patch updates (CPUs). 5.4 Installing the Required SAP Bundle Patch After the Oracle database software installation. Normally. After installing the SAP bundle patch. using the Oracle tool MOPatch.3 3. you need to install the required SAP bundle patch. This is referred to – for example. in SAP Notes – as <IHRDBMS>. If some of the checks are displayed as Failed.5 Preparation Database Software Installation Prompt or Condition Action Select Database Edition Specify Installation Location Privileged OS Groups Perform Prerequisite Checks Confirm the default option Enterprise Edition and then choose Next.sh script as the root user from another session. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 21/52 . To exit the OUI. Result The patch set software is now installed in the installation Oracle home. This screen checks if all the required system prerequisites for installation of the database software have been met.

you must copy and modify the old SQL*Net files.ora. Copy the SQL*Net parameter files from <old_ORACLE_HOME>/network/admin to <new_ORACLE_HOME>/network/admin. Procedure 1. NOTE If you use the dbua.sap. Log on as user ora<dbsid>. If not available.5 Copying and Adapting the SQL*Net Files After the database software installation. 3. and tnsnames. Since your database is still running in the old environment. which automatically perform various tasks and checks on your database. 3. 2. listener. sqlnet. do not start the listener with the new listener. 2.ora. Procedure 1. Set ORACLE_HOME to the new installation Oracle Home <IHRDBMS>. EXAMPLE setenv ORACLE_HOME /oracle/<DBSID>/11203 3. Install the SAP bundle patch according to the instructions in the SAP bundle patch README file. Prerequisites Check SAP Note 1431800 to find a cross-reference to the current SAP Note with the list of required patches to be installed. Be sure to adapt the value of ORACLE_HOME in the listener.6 Running the Pre-Upgrade Scripts You run the Oracle pre-upgrade scripts.6 Preparation Running the Pre-Upgrade Scripts The SAP bundle patch also delivers a set of upgrade scripts that automate most of the pre-upgrade and post-upgrade tasks. Edit the new SQL*Net files by adapting all file paths for the new directory. See SAP Note 1431793.5. Log on at the operating system level as the ora<dbsid> user. add the following entry to the file listener.sh wrapper to perform the database upgrade with DBUA. 22/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 .ora: ADR_BASE_<listener_name> = /oracle/DBSID/saptrace Note that this is the same value as set in the database profile parameter diagnostic_dest.3 3.ora. that is. the SQL*Net files are automatically copied from the source Oracle Home to the target Oracle Home. For more information.ora file at this point. 4. 3. see SAP Note 1431793.ora file.

2. Execute the following commands to check the pre-upgrade status of your database: sqlplus / as sysdba SQL> @pre_upgrade_status. Prerequisites You are logged on as user ora<dbsid> in the Oracle 10.0.2 software home): S=Ç÷ 11.2. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 23/52 .0.sql Result You can check the results of the pre-upgrade scripts by looking at the following log files: S=Ç÷ pre_upgrade_status. which can improve the performance of the upgrade process: sqlplus / as sysdba SQL> spool pre_upgrade_tasks. Change to the correct directory by entering the relevant command (since the scripts have been extracted to the Oracle 11.0.2. or 11.2: /oracle/<DBSID>/11202/sap/ora_upgrade S=Ç÷ 11. 10.2.2 environment with the database also started up.2.log SQL> @pre_upgrade_tasks.2 software home directory: S=Ç÷ 11. 11.2: cd /oracle/<DBSID>/11202/sap/ora_upgrade/pre_upgrade S=Ç÷ 11. By default.0. The directory where the upgrade scripts are installed is called ora_upgrade.0.sql SQL> spool off 3.0.6 Preparation Running the Pre-Upgrade Scripts This section only applies if your source database is Oracle 10.0.8.log S=Ç÷ pre_upgrade_tasks.0.2.3 3. see Running the Pre-Upgrade Scripts (9. the scripts are installed as part of the SAP bundle patch in the relevant Oracle 11.3: cd /oracle/<DBSID>/11203/sap/ora_upgrade/pre_upgrade Execute the following commands to perform pre-upgrade tasks.2.8) [page 24].5.2.3: /oracle/<DBSID>/11203/sap/ora_upgrade Procedure 1.2.4.0.2.log You can run the pre-upgrade scripts as often as necessary. The scripts do the following on your pre-upgrade database: S=Ç÷ Provide information on the database S=Ç÷ Suggest any changes that you need to make to the database before you start the upgrade S=Ç÷ Perform some of the pre-upgrade tasks on the database NOTE You always execute these scripts as the ora<dbsid> user connected to the database as sysdba in the pre-upgrade environment of the database to be upgraded. If your source database is Oracle 9. 2.2.1.0.

you must ignore the warning regarding the possible setting of the database parameter remote_os_authent.2 software home directory: /oracle/<DBSID>/112_64/sap/ora_upgrade Procedure 1.3 3. 24/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 .7 Running the Pre-Upgrade Scripts (Oracle 9. which automatically perform checks on your database. By default. NOTE You always execute these scripts as the ora<dbsid> user connected to the database as sysdba in the Oracle 9.2. which is reported as DEPRECATED.2. You can run the pre-upgrade script as often as you like on the pre-upgrade Oracle 9. If your source database is Oracle 10.2 software home): cd /oracle/<DBSID>/112_64/sap/ora_upgrade/pre_upgrade 2.log.2.2.8. Prerequisites ùQ°º² You are logged on as user ora<dbsid> in the Oracle 9.7 Preparation Running the Pre-Upgrade Scripts (Oracle 9.2 database.log SQL> @utlu112i.0.5. 3.0.0. the scripts are installed as part of the SAP bundle patch in the relevant Oracle 11. otherwise you might have problems during the upgrade.4 or 10.2. However.0.8) You run the Oracle pre-upgrade scripts. ùQ°º² The directory where the upgrade scripts are installed is called ora_upgrade.8) CAUTION Make the changes listed in the log file. This section only applies if your source database is Oracle 9. Make sure that you check any warnings and perform the suggested corrective actions mentioned in the log file. Change to the correct directory by entering the relevant command (since the scripts have been extracted to the Oracle 11.2 environment with the database also started up. Execute the following commands to check the pre-upgrade status of your database: sqlplus / as sysdba SQL> spool utlu112i.2 environment. see Running the Pre-Upgrade Scripts [page 22].sql Result You can check the results of the pre-upgrade script by looking at the following log file utlu112i.0.

otherwise you might have problems during the upgrade.8) CAUTION Make the changes listed in the log file. you must ignore the warning regarding the database parameter remote_os_authent. However.7 Preparation Running the Pre-Upgrade Scripts (Oracle 9.2. which is reported as DEPRECATED.3 3.0. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 25/52 .

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/oracle/<DBSID>/112_64. 2. 2. 2. Procedure 1. 4.4 4.1 Oracle Database Upgrade Backing Up the Oracle Database 4 Oracle Database Upgrade This section describes how to upgrade the Oracle database. are not active during the upgrade. Check that the backup is usable. for example. Procedure 1. see SAP Note 1431797.1 Backing Up the Oracle Database You must have a complete and usable database backup otherwise you might lose data. or /oracle/ <DBSID>/920_64. NOTE If you have problems during the upgrade. You upgrade the database structure [page 28]. You back up the Oracle database [page 27]. 1. 4. such as CRON jobs. You shut down the SAP system and Oracle listener process [page 27]. in /oracle/<DBSID>/102_64.2 Shutting Down the SAP System and Oracle Listener Process You need to shut down the SAP system and the Oracle listener running process running in the old ORACLE_HOME. Create a complete database backup. Stop the SAP application server by entering the following command as user <sapsid>adm: stopsap r3 Stop the Oracle listener by entering the following command as user ora<dbsid>: lsnrctl stop NOTE Make sure that processes that log on to the database. Make sure that you reschedule these processes when the upgrade has finished. If for any reason you have problems during the upgrade you must be able to restore the database from this backup. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 27/52 . 3.

8) [page 30].2.3 Database Structure Upgrade As part of the Oracle database upgrade [page 27]. EXAMPLE W¢C¡Ÿ Enter these commands to upgrade from 10.3: setenv ORACLE_HOME_SRC /oracle/<DBSID>/112_64 setenv ORACLE_HOME_TGT /oracle/<DBSID>/11203 2.0.2. Change to the correct directory: 28/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 .sh sets the environment internally.2. The DBUA tool is a graphical tool that leads you step by step through the upgrade. you start the Database Upgrade Assistant to perform the upgrade [page 28]. W¢C¡Ÿ Before you start the DBUA make sure that the DISPLAY environment variable is correctly set. Result Now continue with the Post-Upgrade Steps [page 35].2. Start the DBUA.0.4 4.3 or from 11.2. Prerequisites You have installed the database software [page 17].3: setenv ORACLE_HOME_SRC /oracle/<DBSID>/102_64 setenv ORACLE_HOME_TGT /oracle/<DBSID>/11203 W¢C¡Ÿ Enter these commands to upgrade from 11.3.0.8) [page 30].sap.2. 4. dbua.2.2. you upgrade the database structure. Procedure 1.0.x to 11.2. W¢C¡Ÿ If your source database is Oracle 9. Process Flow Perform one of the following.2 to 11. see Starting the Database Upgrade Assistant (Oracle 9. If your source database is Oracle 9.0.2.sh is a wrapper script to automate most of the post-upgrade tasks.3 Oracle Database Upgrade Database Structure Upgrade 4. 1. W¢C¡Ÿ Ensure that you have write permissions on /etc/oratab.0.0. depending on your source database: W¢C¡Ÿ If your source database is not Oracle 9.0.sap. you need to start the Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant (DBUA).8.2.8.0.1 Starting the Database Upgrade Assistant To upgrade the database structure. Set ORACLE_HOME_SRC and ORACLE_HOME_TGT.8.0.0. Prerequisites W¢C¡Ÿ dbua.1 to 11. you start the Database Upgrade Assistant to perform the upgrade (Oracle 9.

2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 29/52 . The most common warning or information messages are as follows: Message Explanation or Solution Information message: Database is using a timezone file older than version 14 Warning message: Database contains schemas with stale optimizer statistics Warning message: Database contains INVALID objects prior to upgrade Explanation: Upgrade of TSTZ data is done automatically if the DBUA was started using dbua.sh -q 4.3 Oracle Database Upgrade Database Structure Upgrade cd $ORACLE_HOME_TGT/sap/ora_upgrade/post_upgrade 3.sap.sql to identify any new invalid objects due to the upgrade. you need to analyze and act on these warnings. After the upgrade.sh “œϱ For silent mode.sh -help. Run this script in query mode initially to verify that the environment is correct: .4 4. Choose Next to continue.sap.sh -silent 2. and issues warnings if necessary.sql. Select the correct database and choose Next. The DBUA now analyzes the database to be upgraded. use SQL*Plus to execute the script $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlrp. Respond appropriately to the DBUA dialogs: The Welcome screen provides information about the upgrade assistant 1.sap./dbua. Solution: Run the following command: brconnect -u / -c -f stats -t oradict_stats Solution: To recompile any invalid objects.sap. RECOMMENDATION If the DBUA warns you of issues that need to be fixed before the upgrade.sap.sh./dbua. see SAP note 1431793 or run dbua. Run DBUA as follows: “œϱ For interactive mode./dbua. During this step. For more information on how to use dbua.sh. enter the following command: . 2. The Databases screen lets you select the database to be upgraded. run ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/ utluiobj. Any invalid SYS/SYSTEM objects found before upgrading the database are stored in table registry$sys_inv_objs Any invalid non-SYS/SYSTEM objects found before upgrading the database are stored in table registry $nonsys_inv_objs. the SQL*Net profiles are copied. performs pre-upgrade checks.sap. enter the following command: .

Make sure that the database instance has stopped after the upgrade. the DBUA automatically proposes the number of parallel processes to be used for the recompilation. if required. parameters to be added. The upgrade process itself runs for some time.3 Oracle Database Upgrade Database Structure Upgrade 3. 6. If the database server has multiple CPUs. 5. Start the database upgrade by choosing Finish. and choose Next.4 4. 7. The screen Management Options lets you set up the database so that it can be managed with the Enterprise Manager. This includes the warnings that you ignored or did not fix. Make sure that Configure the database with Enterprise Manager is not selected and choose Next. the DBUA displays a summary of the changes to be made. Optionally. 3. see the documentation for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. 6. select Recompile invalid objects after the upgrade. you do not need to select the Backup option on this screen. and changed after the upgrade. Since you have already performed the database backup [page 27].2). Select Do not move the database files as part of the upgrade and choose Next.3. For a complete list of obsolete and deprecated parameters. Before you start it. 30/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 . select Specify Flash Recovery Area if you have set up a restore point on the database to facilitate database recovery in the event of problems. The screen Recompiling Invalid Objects lets you choose whether the DBUA has to automatically recompile all PL/SQL modules after the upgrade. you need to start the Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant (DBUA). Review the summary of changes and choose Back to make any final adjustments. 4.2 Starting the Database Upgrade Assistant (Oracle 9. The DBUA automatically removes the database initialization parameters that are now obsolete in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. make sure that you also specify the location and the size of the flash recovery area and its files. The DBUA tool is a graphical tool that leads you step by step through the upgrade. If you select this option.8) To upgrade the database structure. components to be upgraded. 4. Accept the default values. The screen Move Database Files lets you move the database files during the upgrade process. 5. On the screen Recovery and Diagnostic Location. depending mainly on the size of the database and the capacity of the hardware.0.2. When the DBUA has completed successfully the results of the upgrade are displayed Review the changes made and exit the DBUA.2). delete the environment variables ORACLE_HOME_SRC and ORACLE_HOME_TGT. removed. NOTE 4.

3 Oracle Database Upgrade Database Structure Upgrade This section only applies if your source database is Oracle 9.sql. Select the correct database and choose Next.2.8. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 31/52 . Choose Next to continue. Start the DBUA as follows: . see Starting the Database Upgrade Assistant [page 28]./oracle/<DBSID>/112_64/sap/ora_upgrade/ post_upgrade/sapuprof_profile 3.sql. 2. Go to <target Oracle home>/bin.sql./oracle/<DBSID>/112_64/sap/ora_upgrade/ post_upgrade/set_compatible.4.0. 2. The Databases screen lets you select the database to be upgraded. If your source database is Oracle 10. Respond appropriately to the DBUA dialogs: The Welcome screen provides information about the upgrade assistant 1.0. and issues warnings if necessary. RECOMMENDATION If the DBUA warns you of issues that need to be fixed before the upgrade. you need to analyze and act on these warnings. performs pre-upgrade checks. Prerequisites Æ^[éˆK You check the oratab entry [page 33]. Æ^[éˆK Ensure that you have write permissions on /etc/oratab./dbua -diagnosticDest /oracle/<DBSID>/saptrace -recompile_invalid_objects true initParam audit_file_dest=/oracle/<DBSID>/saptrace/audit -emConfiguration NONE upgradeTimezone -postUpgradeScripts /oracle/<DBSID>/112_64/sap/ora_upgrade/ post_upgrade/post_upgrade_tasks. The most common warning or information messages are as follows: Message Explanation or Solution Information message: Database is using a timezone file older than version 14 Warning message: Database contains schemas with stale optimizer statistics Warning message: Explanation: Upgrade of TSTZ data is done automatically using one of the postupgrade custom scripts. No action is necessary. Procedure 1.2. Æ^[éˆK Before you start the DBUA make sure that the DISPLAY environment variable is correctly set. Solution: Run the following commands: brconnect -u / -c -f stats -t oradict_stats brconnect -u / -c -f stats -t system_stats Solution: To recompile any invalid objects. The DBUA now analyzes the database to be upgraded./oracle/<DBSID>/112_64/sap/ora_upgrade/ post_upgrade/set_remote_os_authent.4 4. use SQL*Plus to execute the script $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql.

Updating BR*Tools [page 37].3 Oracle Database Upgrade Database Structure Upgrade Message Explanation or Solution Database contains Any invalid SYS/SYSTEM objects found before upgrading the database INVALID objects prior to are stored in table registry$sys_inv_objs upgrade Any invalid non-SYS/SYSTEM objects found before upgrading the database are stored in table registry$nonsys_inv_objs. Information Message: Explanation: Obsolete/Deprecated The pre-upgrade check script lists the obsolete or deprecated parameters. run ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utluiobj. no further action is necessary as the DBUA automatically switches this parameter after the upgrade. specify the location for the datafiles along with the size and other attributes by entering the following: Datafile: /oracle/<SID>/sapdata1/sysaux_1/sysaux. Accept the default values. Parameters: No action is necessary as these parameters are automatically removed by Information Message the DBUA. 5.1. Warning Message Solution: Parameter Update "compatible" must be set to at least 10. make sure that you also specify the location and the size of the flash recovery area and its files. 4. Size: 2048 MB 32/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 . Information Message: Explanation: SYSAUX Tablespace No action is necessary as the tablespace is created automatically by the DBUA.4 4. select Specify Flash Recovery Area if you have set up a restore point on the database to facilitate database recovery in the event of problems. If the database server has multiple CPUs. Warning message: Solution: Deprecated CONNECT The default connect role is deprecated as of Oracle 10g.sql script after the database upgrade as described in roles. you do not need to select the Backup option on this screen. For this warning. and choose Next. On the screen SYSAUX Tablespace. Since you have already performed the database backup [page 27]. 3. If the check asks for space extension in any particular Tablespace Size tablespace. If you select this option.data1 Check Reuse Existing Filename.sql to identify any new invalid objects due to the upgrade. Select Do not move the database files as part of the upgrade and choose Next. select Recompile invalid objects after the upgrade. The screen Recompiling Invalid Objects lets you choose whether the DBUA has to automatically recompile all PL/SQL modules after the upgrade. the DBUA automatically proposes the number of parallel processes to be used for the recompilation. After the upgrade. On the screen Recovery and Diagnostic Location. You need to run role granted to some user/ the sapconn_role. you need to perform this.0. You need to adapt all other parameters as suggested by the pre-upgrade check. The screen Move Database Files lets you move the database files during the upgrade process. 6.

depending mainly on the size of the database and the capacity of the hardware. This section only applies if your source database is Oracle 9. 4.2.2).0. you can set up the database so that it can be managed with the Enterprise Manager. Prerequisites You can find the oratab file as follows: 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 33/52 . Increment Size 100 MB Maximum Size: Unlimited Choose Next to continue.sh wrapper script. This includes the warnings that you ignored or did not fix. if required. NOTE 5. removed. {CñÉ‚k You only have to perform this step if DBUA needs to find the database and Oracle Home to be upgraded from the oratab file.sap. 7. Make sure that Configure the database with Enterprise Manager is not selected and choose Next.0.2). parameters to be added. the DBUA displays a summary of the changes to be made.2. When the DBUA has completed successfully. you can also skip this step.3.4 4. You do not always need to perform this step: {CñÉ‚k For manual upgrades.8. Start the database upgrade by choosing Finish. DBUA will update the oratab with the new Oracle Home after or during the upgrade (dbua must have write permission). see the documentation for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.8) To upgrade the database structure. you need to check the entry for the oratab file. For a complete list of obsolete and deprecated parameters. 8. Before you start it. On the screen Management Options.3 Checking the oratab Entry (Oracle 9. The upgrade process itself runs for some time. you can skip this step. components to be upgraded. the results of the upgrade are displayed Review the changes made and exit the DBUA. 6. and changed after the upgrade. Review the summary of changes and choose Back to make any final adjustments. {CñÉ‚k For upgrades with the dbua.3 Oracle Database Upgrade Database Structure Upgrade 4. The oratab file contains information about existing databases and the corresponding Oracle Homes on the database server. The DBUA automatically removes the database initialization parameters that are now obsolete in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. Check AUTOEXTEND ON.

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EXAMPLE The entry for a system with a <DBSID> equal to C11 is as follows: û_*j¼› Oracle 11.‹$óÍlŸ. insert it using a text editor. 34/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 .0. û_*j¼› Oracle 9.2.0.2 source database C11:/oracle/C11/102_64:N. Make sure that the oratab file contains the following entry: <DBSID>:<old_ORACLE_HOME>:N Where old_ORACLE_HOME stands for the path to the old oracle software installation.1 source database: C11:/oracle/C11/112_64:N û_*j¼› Oracle 10.2.2 source database C11:/oracle/C11/920_64:N 2. If this entry does not exist.2 source database: C11:/oracle/C11/11202:N û_*j¼› Oracle 11.ÞÆ»łÏæÉVŠ²±5ÿF0º Procedure 1.

You check the upgraded database [page 36].1 Finalizing the Environment of the ora<dbsid> User You need to make sure that the changes you made to the Oracle user environment are permanently stored in the profiles (. 4. You update the Oracle Instant Client [page 41].1 Post-Upgrade Steps Finalizing the Environment of the ora<dbsid> User 5 Post-Upgrade Steps After the Oracle database upgrade. . you finalize the environment of the ora<dbsid> user [page 35]. 7. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 35/52 . you change the national character set of your database to UTF8 [page 47]. You start the listener process [page 40]. 14. You create a symbolic link for the data shared library [page 39]. If your SAP kernel is 640_REL.sh. You update BR*Tools [page 37]. 3.cshrc.2) [page 47]. You check the SAP profile parameters [page 43]. You create a symbolic link for the runtime Oracle home [page 36]. you need to perform the steps described here. 9. 1. You update the SQL*Net configuration files for the <sapsid>adm and ora<sid> users [page 42]. 19. If you are doing a major release upgrade. 13.dbenv_<hostname>. 11. 15. You only need to perform this procedure if you are doing a major release upgrade.5 5. If your source database is Oracle 9.dbenv. and so on). 12. You back up the database [page 39]. You configure the new features for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. If necessary. You check the read authorization of the <sapsid>adm user [page 40]. you change the location of the JDBC driver [page 43]. see the introduction to this guide [page 5]. . 8. 5. 5.csh. For more information about major release upgrades and patch set upgrades. 16. It is not necessary if you are doing a patch set upgrade.csh. You rename or delete the old $ORACLE_HOME/bin directory [page 40]. 6. You restart the SAP system [page 46]. You perform post-upgrade tasks [page 38]. you update the SAP kernel to 640_EX2 [page 41]. 10.dbenv. Procedure Check the values for the environment variables as described in Checking and Setting the Environment Variables [page 17].2. You change the environment for the <sapsid>adm user [page 41]. 2. . 17. 18.

2 Post-Upgrade Steps Creating a Symbolic Link for Runtime Oracle Home NOTE Make sure that the environment does not contain any variables that still refer to the old database release. 2.1 1. Log on to the database as the ora<sid> user.2 Creating a Symbolic Link for Runtime Oracle Home This procedure is only necessary for the update from 11.2. It links the runtime Oracle home <OHRDBMS> to the installation Oracle home <IHRDBMS>. 1.5 5.1 Oracle home. Procedure 1. detach this Oracle home from the inventory and rename the old Oracle home: mv 112_64 11201 3.0.3 Checking the Upgraded Database You need to check the upgraded database. 3.2 Delete the old symbolic link: rm 112_64 Create a symbolic link to the new Oracle home: ln -s 11203 /oracle/<DBSID>/112_64 Restart the database. 4.2. In particular.2) environment by entering the following commands: 1. Procedure Upgrading from source database 11.2. see SAP Note 1525025. make sure that ORACLE_HOME is set to the runtime Oracle home: /oracle/<DBSID>/112_64 5. Create a symbolic link to the new Oracle home: ln -s 11203 /oracle/<DBSID>/112_64 Restart the database.0.2.2.1 or 11. Check that the database is now running with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2. Change to the required directory: cd /oracle/<DBSID> Upgrading from source database 11.2) software in an Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. For more information on this step. 2. 5. Change to the required directory: cd /oracle/<DBSID> If no database is still running from the old 11.0.0. 36/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 . 4.0.

Check that the value for the version returned from the above command is the same level as the installed patchset. For example.4 Post-Upgrade Steps Updating BR*Tools 2. you need to update the SAPDBA role using the script sapdba_role.8. 3. with the latest patch level. Do not switch back to the initialization file after the upgrade.8. RECOMMENDATION If the old database used an initialization file init<DBSID>. the above command should also report the version for the CATALOG and CATPROC components as 11.sql: SQL> @post_upgrade_status. Procedure 1. This is essential so that the new release of BR*Tools works correctly. If your source database was Oracle 9.2. EXAMPLE This is an example of the output from this command: COMP ID VERSION STATUS CATALOG 11.sql.3.0. Change to the correct directory: cd $ORACLE_HOME/sap/ora_upgrade/post_upgrade Enter the following command to start SQLPLUS: sqlplus / as sysdba Run post_upgrade_status.sql and create the SAPCONN role using sapconn_role.5 5.com/swdc CAUTION 2. 5.0.ora.2.0.4 Updating BR*Tools You update BR*Tools to the latest release.2. Download the most current version of the BR*Tools from SAP Service Marketplace at: http://service. the DBUA automatically creates an spfile. Make sure that the command returns the status VALID.2. We recommend that you continue to use the spfile.3.0 VALID CATPROC 11.0 VALID 2. if the installed patchset is Oracle 11.sap. 4.0. Perform the following steps only if your source database was Oracle 9.2.0.2.sql Check the log POST_UPGRADE_STATUS. Execute the following commands as the ora<dbsid> user to update the SAPDBA role: cp /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run/sapdba_role.2.log.0.sql $ORACLE_HOME/dbs cd $ORACLE_HOME/dbs 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 37/52 .2. The script is automatically extracted when you extract BR*Tools.

sql from SAP note 403704. Implement SAP delivered statistics from SAP Note 1020260.5 5. Execute the SQL script sapconn_role.sql as follows: cd $ORACLE_HOME/sap/ora_upgrade/post_upgrade sqlplus / as sysdba @sapuprof_profile.sql or dbcheckora11_oltp. Check database compatibility by executing the following command: SQL> show parameter compatible If not set to 11.2. perform the following tasks before gathering the Oracle optimizer statistics using brconnect: 1.2.8. you have to enter both commands. Apply script dbstatc11. 3. Make sure that you execute this command for every SAPSCHEMA_ID in your database.sql as follows: cp /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run/sapconn_role.5 Post-Upgrade Steps Performing Post-Upgrade Tasks x¤Þ€ º —§ÞÍ–ÔJœ’¹Gªš„6‡˜ÍËU‰ûÞ…†×Ç´)Tõî©©? sqlplus /nolog @sapdba_role <SAPSCHEMA_ID> x¤Þª º—þÞ‡–ÄJÇܹoª»„W‡)ÍU– x¤Þ€ º —§ÞÍ–ÔJœ’¹Gªš„6‡˜ÍËU‰ûÞ…†×ÌŠ)cõß©©? sqlplus /nolog @sapdba_role <SAPSCHEMA_ID>DB x¤Þª º—þÞ‡–ÄJÇܹdªŸ„`‡˘ÍU– NOTE If you have an ABAP+Java system.0. If your source database is Oracle 9. 2.5 Performing Post-Upgrade Tasks You need to perform certain post-upgrade tasks. CAUTION 3.sql 5. Apply script dbcheckora11_olap.0.sql from the same note 3. change database compatibility by entering the following as the ora<dbsid> user: cd $ORACLE_HOME/sap/ora_upgrade/post_upgrade SQL> conn / as sysdba SQL> @set_compatible 2. Gather Oracle optimizer statistics by executing the following commands as the ora<dbsid> user: brconnect -u / -c -f stats -t system_stats brconnect -u / -c -f stats -t oradict_stats 38/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 . execute the SQL script sapuprof_profile.sql $ORACLE_HOME/dbs cd $ORACLE_HOME/dbs sqlplus /nolog @sapconn_role 4. Procedure 1. If not executed by dbua as part of the post-upgrade scripts.

Check the Oracle database parameters against SAP Note 1431798 and adjust them if necessary.sl libnnz10. Update the Oracle database statistics with BRCONNECT as follows: brconnect -c -u / -f stats -t all –f collect -p 4 NOTE 6. NOTE This step is included as part of the software installation as of patch set 11. Procedure 1.sap.com/irj/sdn/ora SAP ON ORACLE KNOWLEDGE CENTER SAP Documentation Run post_ugprade_status. see SAP Note 1449619.3O¼ .6 Creating a Symbolic Link for the Data Shared Library You need to create this link so that BR*Tools (which is linked to the Oracle 10.ôHqŠ/yŠœ£U ln –s libnnz11.7 Backing Up the Database You need to back up your upgraded Oracle Database 11g database.sl s0ÇýCÌçŠï|DáGÞþxz¡”Îfiùµ©fBlËrn For more information. From this directory start sqlplus.3.exe and enter the following commands: SQL>connect / as sysdba SQL>@post_upgrade_status.5 5. 5. create a symbolic link in $ORACLE_HOME/lib as follows: cd $ORACLE_HOME/lib s0Ç÷CÌŠçÎï3DñG–þ4z•”úfiôµıfulˇr(¶ˇ*ÇÊh8±Çiê¡!|V9{=Çàâ.0. 5. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 39/52 . For more information about update statistics. see the documentation SAP Database Guide: Oracle at: www.2.so libnnz10. You can find an automated script in SAP Note 1171650 to help you check whether your SAP system complies with the database parameter recommendations at any given point in time.sql This provides an overview of the status of the upgraded database.6 Post-Upgrade Steps Creating a Symbolic Link for the Data Shared Library 4. Open a command prompt and change to the directory <new_oracle_home>/sap/ora_upgrade/ post_ugprade. 5.2 clients.sql.so s0ÇýCÌçŠï|DáGÞþxz¨”×fi„µÇfVlr|ãˇǸc8åÇIê©=|J9p=\àÍ s0Ç÷CÌŠçÎï3DñG–þ4z•”úfiôµıfulˇr(¶ˇ#ÇÓ˛8ßÇ}êh3 ln –s libnnz11. After the software installation has finished.sdn.2 client) can use the newer Oracle 11.

2 software.9 Renaming or Deleting the Old $ORACLE_HOME/bin Directory Once the database is running correctly. 5. 40/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 . you need to rename the bin directory from the old $ORACLE_HOME (from release 10.40 and lower) running on the database server. Prerequisites Make sure that you have copied the SQL*Net configuration files from the old Oracle installation to the location of the Oracle Database 10g or 9.8 Starting the Listener Process You start the listener process. If you want to delete the old Oracle home. Procedure 1.2 or 9.8 Post-Upgrade Steps Starting the Listener Process CAUTION You risk losing data if you do not back up your database. 2. Procedure Rename the old Oracle home directory bin with the following command: mv <old_oracle_home>/bin <old_oracle_home>/bin-old CAUTION Do not rename the entire old_oracle_home in case you have SAP systems (SAP kernel release 6. see SAP Note 1525025 (for Oracle release 11. 5.5 5. as described in Copying and Adapting the SQL*Net Files [page 22]. This is because the SAP system running on the database server might still use the Oracle 9i client software. Procedure Perform a full database backup. Start the listener: lsnrctl start Check that you can remotely connect to the database through the listener: sqlplus SAP<SAPSCHEMA_ID>/pwd@SID 5.2) to prevent accidental usage of the old binaries.10 Checking the Read Authorization of the <sapsid>adm User You check the read authorization of the <sapsid>adm user.2 and higher).

8 database to Oracle 11.8 database.0. performing the kernel switch as described in SAP Note 1058988.2.11 Updating the Oracle Instant Client You need to ensure that the SAP system runs with at least Instant Client release 10. Procedure Update the Oracle Database Instant Client for UNIX as described in SAP Note 1431794.XX kernels). Procedure 1.2.4 or 11. The Instant Client 10. 5. you must update it to 640_EX2. If this is not true.0. On the database server. enter the following command as the ora<dbsid> user: chmod 755 $ORACLE_HOME 5.2.2.2.12 Updating the SAP Kernel from 640_REL to 640_EX2 If you are running a 640_REL kernel.2.13 Changing the Environment for the <sapsid>adm user You have to change the environment for the <sapsid>adm user. for example: 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 41/52 . but only on the database server. Procedure Update your SAP kernel to 640_EX2.0. 2.0.0.2. We do not support running a 640_REL kernel with an Oracle 11.0. Make sure that the <sapsid>adm user has read authorization for the directory $ORACLE_HOME. NOTE You do not need to change the environment for <sapsid>adm on application servers if you are still using the old Oracle 10g clients.5 5. 5. NOTE This step also applies to SAP systems running the 640_REL kernel with the Oracle 9.2 database.2. Prerequisites You have an SAP System running with 640_REL kernel and you just upgraded your Oracle 9. set the ORACLE_HOME environment variable to point to the location of the Oracle Database 11g software installation.11 Post-Upgrade Steps Updating the Oracle Instant Client Procedure 1.4 Version 5 (V5) or Oracle 11.2 is used immediately after the kernel switch to 640_EX2 or higher (including SAP 7.

and so on). Procedure Adapting the SQL*Net Files for the ora<sid> User ORACLE_HOME>/network/admin if they 1. Make sure that the change to the user environment is permanently stored in the profiles (.ora file for the <sapsid>adm and ora<sid> users after the upgrade: á^fl³¾Æ For the ora<sid> user.dbenv_<hostname>. 4.ora file that is used by the <sapsid>adm user: LISTENER_<DBSSID>.cshrc. 2. á^fl³¾Æ If the environment variable TNS_ADMIN is not set.ora file that is used by the <sapsid>adm user: 42/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 . Log out and log on again as the <sapsid>adm user. the startdb or stopdb script fails with the following error message: ORA-00119: invalid specification for system parameter LOCAL_LISTENER Adapting the SQL*Net Files for the <sapsid>adm User 1. Add the following entry to the tnsnames. Without this entry. .WORLD = (ADDRESS = (COMMUNITY = SAP. you need to adapt the SQL*Net files that are located in the directory pointed to by the environment variable TNS_ADMIN. the SQL*Net files are used from the specified location (even if ORACLE_HOME is set). á^fl³¾Æ For the <sapsid>adm user. you need to adapt the SQL*Net files are located in the directory $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin. NOTE DBUA modifies the SQLNET profiles in the directory <new already exist when the upgrade is started. Add the following entry to the tnsnames.5 5. Determine the SQL*Net files used by <sapsid>adm as follows: á^fl³¾Æ If the environment variable TNS_ADMIN is set.14 Updating the SQL*Net Configuration Files for the <sapsid>adm and ora<sid> Users You need to update the tnsnames.14 Post-Upgrade Steps Updating the SQL*Net Configuration Files for the <sapsid>adm and ora<sid> Users /oracle/<DBSID>/112_64 2. it is recommended to repeat the change described above on all application servers. 3.csh.ora file under /etc and use this file for the change described below in the next step.WORLD)(PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = <hostname>)(PORT = <listener_port>)) NOTE Although this entry is only needed on the database server or on central systems where the startdb or stopdb scripts are used. Check whether R3trans can connect to the database: R3trans –d 5. look for a tnsnames.

it is recommended to repeat the change described above on all application servers.15 Checking SAP Profile Parameters You have to check the following SAP profile parameters: ‡h·Ò−° ‡h·Ò−° ‡h·Ò−° DIR_ORAHOME DIR_CLIENT_ORAHOME DIR_SERVER_ORAHOME Procedure 1.5 5. the startdb or stopdb script fails with the following error message: ORA-00119: invalid specification for system parameter LOCAL_LISTENER 5. ‡h·=¯~}¡ùd˙‰ƒý⁄ÂVbã(×QŁo_8Y~7°+|ôÙ¼m:x.WORLD = (ADDRESS = (COMMUNITY = SAP.WORLD)(PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = <hostname>)(PORT = <listener_port>)) NOTE Although this entry is only needed on the database server or on central systems where the startdb or stopdb scripts are used.15 Post-Upgrade Steps Checking SAP Profile Parameters LISTENER_<DBSSID>. These variables point to the ORACLE_HOME used by the application server. 2. Without this entry. Set DIR_SERVER_ORAHOME in the default profile to the value of the ORACLE_HOME environment variable of the ora<dbsid> user on the database server.=†!n‘—º°Gƒ0T¨mµ¬˝²ï3ñ¥’E˘Íj. Set DIR_ORAHOME and DIR_CLIENT_ORAHOME in the instance profiles to the corresponding values of the ORACLE_HOME environment variable of the <sapsid>adm user.

Òí–YÀ“ܯghÔÈq 5.2. the Oracle client major version as used in the procedure below is Oracle 10.16 Changing the Location of the JDBC Driver If you have an SAP system with Java components. ‡h·Ò−° At the publication time of this guide. Otherwise the J2EE Engine cannot start because the location of the JDBC driver might still point to the path of the old Oracle server or client software home. You change the location of the JDBC driver as follows: 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 43/52 . NOTE ‡h·Ò−° You only need to perform this procedure if your source database was Oracle 9. you might have to change the location of the JDBC driver after you have upgraded the database server or client software. So you need to replace occurrences of the variable <Oracle_client_major_version> with 10.

3. you use the J2EE Engine Config Tool to change the JDBC driver location.jar.driverLocation. Make sure that you nonetheless replace the old driver location in all locations belonging to your SAP system. you use a text editor to change the JDBC driver location. where XXXXXXX is the instance number 44/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 .jar In the same directory as in the first step.sh file. Change to the correct directory containing the file config. Use the Edit mode to replace the driver location in the following property sheets that contain the string rdbms.5 5. start the J2EE Engine . CAUTION Depending on your SAP version.driverLocation= followed by the driver location: ó(oÌ cluster_data/Propertysheet instance.properties as follows: 1.jar where <Oracle_client_major_version> is the major version of the Oracle client that you are using after this upgrade.properties: ó(oÌ ó(oÌ 2.jar ó(oÌ ojdbc6.8Á‚ /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/JC<instance_number>/j2ee/configtool ó(−3ú´Ł.B»¬ùÁ)Ÿ— /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/DVEBMGS<instance_number>/j2ee/configtool ó(−3ú´Ł. which is one of the following: ó(oÌ classes12. ó(•3ú¼Łw–8§?Â&©£óî°B|ŽÐËÅ´â#ÏŽNÎQ.16 Post-Upgrade Steps Changing the Location of the JDBC Driver ó(oÌ In files that are located in the database. Replace the old driver location with the new one: /oracle/client/<Oracle_client_major_version>x_64/instantclient/ <java_class_archive>. Procedure 1.ConfigTool by double-clicking the configtool. Change to Configuration Editor mode. some of the JDBC driver references stated in this procedure might not exist in your SAP system.IDXXXXXXX/ IDXXXXXXX.properties.–G8·d”&−£öîU·B³ŽÞ ó(•3ú¼Łw–8§?Â&©£óî°B|ŽÐËÅ´â(ϺNùQ 8›Á§ºGÎaŸ4#È<|Ä'gðÓ7flıÉ|. CAUTION Do not change the file <java_class_archive>.jar ó(oÌ ojdbc14.8ÔÁ„ºÎ8aš4|È[|ì'ð7È Open the file with your text editor and search for the property rdbms. 2.jar ó(oÌ ojdbc5. Change the file config. ó(oÌ In files that are not located in the database.–G8·d”&†£ÕîbƒB8Žè’ÅââÏÃNòQ. 1.JavaParameters 2.

16 Post-Upgrade Steps Changing the Location of the JDBC Driver NOTE Make sure that you change all occurrences. Close the J2EE Engine .yRÕÛ‡. 3.ConfigTool.JavaParameters properties in the property sheet. Ck Ck cluster_data/dispatcher/IDXXXX/kernel/propertysheet ConfigurationManager cluster_data/server/IDXXXX/kernel/propertysheet ConfigurationManager where XXXX is the instance number NOTE 3.|éûÜ×ã /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/JC<instance_number>/j2ee/cluster/bootstrap Cô‹¥óÂÜÙ’dw"¥'ü—‰Õ~jS†{c Cþ‹¥óÊÜ•’Mtwy¥kß—”Õ(jT†´c–ñN. There might be several IDXXXXXX. Open the file with your text editor and search for the property j2ee/dbdriver. Replace the old driver location with the new one: /oracle/client/<Oracle_client_major_version>x_64/instantclient/ <java_class_archive>. Change to the correct directory containing the file bootstrap.properties as follows: 1. If you have more than one server or dispatcher you must modify all relevant property sheets. 3. Change to the correct directory containing the instance profile <SAPSID>_JC<instance_number>_<host>: /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile 2.jar 4. Cþ‹¥óÊÜ•’Mtwy¥kß—”Õ(jT†´c–ñN.yYÕø‡. Change the file bootstrap. Change the driver location in the instance profile as follows: 1.5 5. 3.properties: Ck Ck 2.

jar 5.yRÕÛ‡.sdc as follows: 1.yYÕø‡.|éûÜ×ã /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/JC<instance_number>/SDM/program/config Cô‹¥óÂÜÙ’dw"¥'ü—‰Õ~jS†{c Cþ‹¥óÊÜ•’Mtwy¥kß—”Õ(jT†´c–ñN. Change the file sdmrepository. Cþ‹¥óÊÜ•’Mtwy¥kß—”Õ(jT†´c–ñN.|ØûW×ÕéØ-u@y˝oˇ'’‰JÝÛfýu⁄Ç]á°µaï?@á™´ /usr/sap/<instance_ID>/DVEBMGS<instance_number>/j2ee/cluster/bootstrap Cô‹¥óÂÜÙ’dw"¥'÷—¨ÕIjb†ðc=–ªNmyrÕ¢‡|éû ×þé>؈uEyCo~’fiJ˝Û: Open the file with your text editor and search for the property rdbms.driverLocation. Replace the old driver location with the new one: /oracle/client/<Oracle_client_major_version>x_64/instantclient/ <java_class_archive>. Change to the correct directory containing the file sdmrepository.sdc: Ck Ck 2.

|ØûW×ÕéØ-u@y˝oˇ'’‰JÝÛfýu⁄Ç]á°µaï?@á™´ /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/DVEBMGS<instance_number>/SDM/program/config Cô‹¥óÂÜÙ’dw"¥'÷—¨ÕIjb†ðc=–ªNmyrÕ¢‡|éû ×þé>؈uEyCo~’fiJ˝Û: Search for the following text: 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 45/52 .

jar 6. start the SAP system: startsap Check the new Oracle version using SAP transaction ST04.UÉh #FF— /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/JC<instance_number>/j2ee/deploying ušº ¨9−”îݡxÂó%. If required. replace the old driver location with the new one: /oracle/client/<Oracle_client_major_version>x_64/instantclient/ <java_class_archive>. Replace the old driver location with the new one: /oracle/client/<Oracle_client_major_version>x_64/instantclient/ <java_class_archive>.vÉ_ FÍ— 2Š» çû˘KÙµ@Ò´‡ øÔÑ©ZBâåh÷áufiX° /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/DVEBMGS<instance_number>/j2ee ušº ¨9−”îݡxÂó%. Change to the correct directory containing the file rdb. Procedure 1.jar ušº ¨9−”îݡxÂó%.properties as follows: 1. Change to the correct directory containing the file templateconfigurator.ýJ»¡µ©}˜fi$èæôC îE.properties as follows: 1.ýJ»¡µ©}˜fi$èæôC îE.properties: uš_(f uš_(f 2. 3.ÉT #F’— 2Ö»H âûGKbÙš@ Òu‡U Open the file with your text editor and search for the property RDBMS_DRIVER_LOCATION.properties: uš_(f uš_(f 2.ýJ»¡µ©}˜fi$èæôC îE.UÉh #FF— /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/JC<instance_number>/j2ee ušº ¨9−”îݡxÂó%.)"> 3. If R3trans connects without problems.vÉ_ FÍ— 2Š» çû˘KÙµ@Ò´‡ øÔÑ©ZBâåh÷áufiX° /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/DVEBMGS<instance_number>/j2ee/deploying ušº ¨9−”îݡxÂó%.ÉT #F’— 2Ö»H âûGKbÙš@ Òu‡U Open the file with your text editor and search for the property rdbms.jar 7. Replace the old driver location with the new one: /oracle/client/<Oracle_client_major_version>x_64/instantclient/ <java_class_archive>. 46/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 .driverLocation. uš° ¨1−×h¨%wýb»⁄µÈK˜×$Ðæ¯C]în.5 5.17 Post-Upgrade Steps Starting the SAP System <Param type="String" hide="false" name="jarPaths" encrypted="false" displayName="Driver Paths (separated by . Change the file templateconfigurator. 3.ýA»‡µžL˜˘$Þ uš° ¨1−×h¨%wýb»⁄µÈK˜×$Ðæ¯C]îe. Change the file rdb.Ùô@"Ò±‡Mø¸ü©PBoå] 5.ýA»‡µžL˜˘$Þ uš° ¨1−×h¨%wýb»⁄µÈK˜×$Ðæ¯C]îe.ÉT #F’— 2Í»C çûUK.17 Starting the SAP System You need to restart the SAP system. uš° ¨1−×h¨%wýb»⁄µÈK˜×$Ðæ¯C]în. 2.

2) features. Procedure For more information about new features with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.18 Checking the National Character Set If your database still runs with a national character set (NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET) different from UTF8.2) You need to configure the new Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. This note provides links to other SAP notes that describe how to configure or activate each new feature. You can expect to experience severe problems during SAP upgrades if the database national character set is not set to UTF8.18 Post-Upgrade Steps Checking the National Character Set 5.19 Configuring the New Features for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11. follow SAP Note 669902 to change the national character set to UTF8.2) see SAP Note 1431800. you need to change it to UTF8. 2012-10-30 CUSTOMER 47/52 . Procedure If necessary. 5. If you already use a Java system or plan to use one in the future.5 5. the national character set must be UTF8.

com /example 123456 Example Example EXAMPLE EXAMPLE 48/52 CUSTOMER 2012-10-30 . Arrows separating the parts of a navigation path. menu names. 'º³È. These include report names. pushbutton labels. and key concepts of a programming language when they are surrounded by body text. for example. Cross-references to other documentation or published works 'º³È. and menu options. transaction codes. File and directory names and their paths. SAP Note 123456 'º³È. program names. screen titles. These include field labels. and names of installation. for example. and database tools Technical names of system objects. menu options Emphasized words or expressions Words or characters that you enter in the system exactly as they appear in the documentation Textual cross-references to an internet address Quicklinks added to the internet address of a homepage to enable quick access to specific content on the Web Hyperlink to an SAP Note. for example. for example. Output on the screen following a user action. SELECT and INCLUDE Keys on the keyboard http://www. upgrade. messages 'º³È. database table names. Words or characters quoted from the screen. “Enter your <User Name>”. for example. names of variables and parameters.sap. Source code or syntax quoted directly from a program 'º³È.Typographic Conventions Example <Example> Description Example Example Example Example Angle brackets indicate that you replace these words or characters with appropriate entries to make entries in the system.

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