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O AN MON HOC QTTB

Muc luc
1 M AU................................................................................................2
1.1 Gii thieu s lc ve mt...............................................................2
1.2 Gii thieu s lc ve bm nhiet..................................................2
1.3 Phng phap thc hien qua trnh cong nghe:..........................2
2 PHAN TNH TOAN..................................................................................4
2.1 Tnh can bang vat chat va nang lng...................................4
2.1.1 Cac thong so cua khong kh ngoai tri............................4
2.1.2 Cac thong so cua mt............................................................4
2.1.3 Cac thong so cua buong say:............................................5
2.1.4 Tnh toan qua trnh say ly thuyet:.......................................5
2.1.5 Tnh toan qua trnh say thc:.................................................7
2.2 Tnh chon may nen......................................................................10
2.3 Tnh toan thiet b boc hi...........................................................12
2.4 Tnh toan thiet b ngng tu trong................................................16
2.5 Tnh toan thiet b ngng tu ngoai..............................................19
2.6 Tnh chon quat ly tam...................................................................23
2.7 Tnh chon quat hng truc...........................................................24
2.8 Tnh s bo gia thanh...................................................................24
3 KET LUAN & ANH GIA...................................................................25
4 TAI LIEU THAM KHAO........................................................................26

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O AN MON HOC QTTB

1 M AU
1.1 Gii thieu s lc ve mt
Mt -Artocarpus heterophyllus- thuoc ho Dau tam- Moraceae. Cay
go cao 12m ti 20m. La hnh trai xoan nguyen hay chia thuy ve 1
pha, dai 10-20cm. Cum hoa c (dai Mt) va cai nh tren than
cay hoac tren cac canh gia. Qua to hnh trai xoan hay thuon,
dai ti 60 cm, nang ti 20-30kg hay hn na. Qua mt chn co
mau luc vang, la 1 loai qua kep gom nhieu qua be mang bi
1 bao hoa nac tren 1 e hoa chung. Moi hoc la 1 hat (thc ra la
qua be) bao bi 1 lp nac mem mau vang ( tc la bao hoa).
Mt co nguon goc mien Nam An o va Malaysia, hien c
trong khap nc ta, trong cac vn gia nh, quanh khu dan c,
tren nng ray.
Nhan dan ta dung qua mt con non e an luoc, xao, nau
canh, hoac muoi da chua; x mt tham gia vao thanh phan 1 loai
da goi la nhut (co vung lam nhut noi tieng nh Thanh Chng
Nghe An); x mt chn cung dung muoi nen an c nh da
chua. Qua mt chn co cac muoi mt to, thm ngot dung e an
ti, che nc sinh to, an luoc hoac phi kho lam rau an hoac
lam mt kho hay ngam trong xiro e trang mieng. Ngi ta
xac nh thanh phan chu yeu trong phan an c cua mt:
nc 72.3%; protein 1.7%; lipid 0.3%; ng tong so 23.7%. Trong
100 gam an c co: Ca 27g; P 38mg; Fe 0.6mg; Na 2 mg; K 407 mg;
va cac vitamin: tng ng caroten 235 UI; B1 0.09mg; B2 0.11mg; P
0.7 mg; C 9 mg. C 100 g mt se cung cap cho c the 94 calo.
Hat mt cung an c, co the luoc, nng hay rang chn, phi
kho lam bot hoac ghe vi cm; bot nay co khi c tron vi
bot au tng e lam au phu. La mt dung e nuoi gia suc
co tac dung kch thch s tiet sa.
1.2 Gii thieu s lc ve bm nhiet
Nam 1852, Thomson (Lord Kelvin) sang che ra bm nhiet au
tien cua the gii. Song song vi ky thuat lanh, bm nhiet co
bc phat trien rieng cua mnh. Ngay nay bm nhiet a tr
nen quen thuoc va c ng dung trong cac nganh kinh te s
dung nguon nhiet nhiet o thap nh:
- Cong nghe say va hut am
- Cong nghe chng cat, tach chat
- Cac qua trnh thu hoi nhiet thai
- Cong nghe thc pham
1.3 Phng phap thc hien qua trnh cong nghe:
Ta se thiet ke he thong say mt s dung bm nhiet, nang
suat san pham 50kg/me.

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O AN MON HOC QTTB


Mt nguyen lieu trc khi em vo buong say a c chan s,
nhiet o cua mt luc a vao buong say la 35oC.
Sau khi mt c at tren cac khay a vao buong say th ca
buong se ong kn, khong kh trong buong se i qua bo x ly
khong kh (gom thiet b boc hi, thiet b ngng tu, quat ly tam),
khong kh se lan lt c lam lanh tach am (trong thiet b boc
hi)roi c un nong( trong thiet b ngng tu), sau o nh quat ly
tam a vao buong say. Khong kh sau khi qua buong say se lai
c a vao bo x ly khong kh, roi lai vao buong say.
Khong kh trc khi vao buong say co nhiet o 41oC, o am
tng oi 60%. Khong kh ra khoi buong say co nhiet o 34oC,
o am tng oi 96,4%.

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O AN MON HOC QTTB

2 PHAN TNH TOAN


2.1 Tnh can bang vat chat va nang lng
2.1.1 Cac thong so cua khong kh ngoai tri
o am tng oi:
= 80%
Nhiet o:
to= 27oC
Ap suat hi bao hoa:
4026.42
4026.42

Pb = exp 12
= exp 12
(theo [8] cong

o
235.5+ t (C )
235.5+ 27

thc 2.31)
=0.0355 (bar) =26.613(mmHg)
Ap suat rieng phan cua hi nc
P = Pb. =0.035x0.8=0.0284 (bar) =21.291(mmHg)
Ap suat khong kh:
B=0.993 (bar)=745(mmHg)
2.1.2 Cac thong so cua mt
Nhiet o vao cua mt : tv1=35(oC)
Nhiet dung rieng : C=1360.6 (j/kg o)
f = 1.38(m2/kg vat lieu kho)
Kch thc 1 mui: 5.5x3x1 (cm)
G2 (nang suat): 50kg/me
o am tuyet oi ban au W1 :257%
o am tuyet oi cua san pham W2 :40%
o am tuyet oi can bang Wcb :15%
Khoi lng vat lieu kho:
G .100
Go = 2
= (50x100)/(100+40)=35.714 (kg/me)
100 + W2
So mui/kg vat lieu kho: N*= 276 (mui/kg vat lieu kho)
So mui mt ng vi G2 :
N= NxGo=276x35.714=9857.06 9858 (mui) (lam tron len)
Dien tch 1 mui chiem cho tren khay:
s=(5.5+0.2)x(3+0.2)/10000 =0.001824 (m2)
Khoi lng am con lai trong vat lieu sau khi say:
Ga2 = G2 Go =50-35.714=14.286 (kg/me)
Khoi lng mt trc khi say:
W
G1 = Go (1+ 1 ) =35.714x(1+275/100)=127.500(kg/me)
100

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O AN MON HOC QTTB


Khoi lng am trong mt trc khi say:
Ga1 = W1. Go/100 =275x35.714/100= 91.786 (kg/me)
Lng am tach ra:
G a = Ga1 Ga2 =91.786 -14.286=77.500 (kg/me)
2.1.3 Cac thong so cua buong say:
*Khay:
Kch thc 1 khay: chieu dai Lk =1(m) , chieu rong Wk =1(m), chieu
cao Hk =0.04 (m)
Dien tch be mat 1 khay: S= 1 (m2)
So mui tren 1 khay :
N = S/s = 548.25 549(mui/khay) (lam tron len)
So khay can:
n= N/N =9858/549=17.956 18(khay)
*Buong say:
Tng buong say lam bang gach o day 0.25m co he so dan
nhiet 0.7W/m2K.
Chieu dai buong say Lb =1.3(m)
Chieu rong buong say Wb =1.5(m)
Chieu cao buong say Hb = 1.4(m)
Chieu cao 1 mui mt m =0.01(m)
Chieu cao 18 lp mt:
Hm = m .n =0.01x18= 0.18(m)
Chieu cao cua 18 khay:
Hk = n.Hk = 18x0.04= 0.72(m)
Khoang cach t san buong say cho ti tam che pha tren khay
th 18: Hb=0.9(m)
Dien tch t do cho tac nhan say i qua:
Ftd =Lb.Hb Lk.Hm=1.3x0.9-1x0.18=0.99 (m2)
Dien tch nen :
Fn = Lb.Wb = 1.3x1.5 = 1.95(m2)
Dien tch 4 tng xung quanh:
Ft = 2( Lb.Hb + Wb.Hb) =2(1.3x1.4+1.5x1.4)=7.84(m2)
2.1.4 Tnh toan qua trnh say ly thuyet:
Chon van toc cua tac nhan say v=1.800 (m/s)
t1 : 41(oC)
1 :60%
Ap suat hi bao hoa cua tac nhan say vao buong say:
4026.42

Pb1 = exp 12
= 0.077 (bar)
235.5+ 41

Ham am cua tac nhan say vao buong say:

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O AN MON HOC QTTB

1Pb1
= 0.622x0.6x0.077/(0.993-0.6x0.077)=0.030
B 1Pb1
(kg am /kg khong kh kho)
(theo[7] cong thc 1.6)
Entalpy cua tac nhan say vao buong say:
I1 = [t1 +d(2500+1.842t1)].1000=[41+0.03(2500+1.842x41)]=
119174.991
(j/kg khong kh kho) (theo [7] cong thc 1.15)
Khoi lng rieng cua khong kh vao buong say:
.T 0.378 .Pb
1 = o o 1
=[1.293x273/(273+41)](1-0.378x0.6x0.077/0.993)=
T
B

3
1.104 (kg/m )(theo [7] cong thc 1.11)
Trong o
o = 1.293 (kg/m3)
To = 273(oC)
B = 0.993(bar)
d1 = 0.622

Chon nhiet o tac nhan say khi ra khoi buong say t2 =34(oC)
4026.42

Pb2 = exp 12
= 0.053 (bar)
235.5+ 34

I2 =I1 = 119174.991 (j/kg khong kh kho)


I 2 /1000 t2
d2 =
=(119174.991/1000-34)/(2500+1.842+34)= 0.033
2500 + 1.842t2
(kg am / kg khong kh kho)
Bd2
2=
.100% = 0.993x0.033/[0.053x(0.622+0.033)]=95.336%
Pb2 (0.622 + d2 )
(theo [8] cong thc 2.19)

Gia tr 2 kha phu hp do o ta se lay nhiet o t2 = 34oC nh


a chon luc trc.
.T
0.378 .Pb
2 = o o 1
=[1.293x273/(273+34)](1T
B

0.378x0.953x0.053/0.993)
= 1.128 (kg/m3)
Khoi lng rieng trung bnh cua tac nhan say trong buong say:
=( 1 + 2 )/2=(1.104+1.128)/2=1.116 (kg/m3)
Lng khong kh kho can thiet e boc hi 1 kg am:
1
lo =
=1/(0.033-0.03)=346.705 (kg khong kh kho/ kg am)
d2 d1
(theo [8] cong thc 7.14)
Lng khong kh kho can thiet trong 1 gi:
Lo = lo.W =346.705x26869.661 (kg khong kh kho/h)
(theo
[8] cong thc 7.14)
He so trao oi am:
p = 0.0229+ 0.0174v =0.0229+0.0174x1.8=0.054 (kg/m2.h.mmHg)

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=40.668 (kg/m2.h.bar)
(theo [7] cong
thc 5.64)
Cng o say:
Jm = p (Pm P) =40.668(0.065-0.048)=0.678 (kg/m2h)
(theo [7]
cong thc 5.52)
Trong o
Pm =(Pb1 + Pb2 )/2: ap suat hi tren be mat vat lieu say(tnh 1
cach gan ung)
P =(P1 + P2)/2 : ap suat hi trong tac nhan say
Toc o say ang toc :
N = 100Jmf =100x0.678x1.38= 93.504 (%/h)
(theo [7] cong
thc 5.63)
He so say tng oi:
1.8
=
= 1.8/257=0.007
(theo [8] cong
W1
thc 5.25)
o am ti han:
1
Wth = + Wcb =1/0.007+15=182.778(%)
(theo [7] cong

thc 3.36)
Thi gian say ang toc:
1 = (W1 Wth)/N =(257-182.778)/93.504= 0.794 (h)
(theo [7]
cong thc 5.67)
Thi gian say giam toc:
W Wcb
2.3
2.3
182.778 15
2 =
(Wth Wcb )lg th
(182.778 15)lg
=
=2.904(h)
N
40 15
W2 Wcb 93.504
(theo [7] cong thc 3.44)
Thi gian say tong cong:
= 1 + 2 =3.698 (h)
Lng am thoat ra trong 1 gi:
W= G/ =77.5/3.698=20.957(kg/h)
2.1.5 Tnh toan qua trnh say thc:
*Ton that qua ket cau bao che:
Tng buong say lam bang gach o day 0.25m co he so dan
nhiet 0.7W/m2K.
Gia thiet nhiet o be mat trong cua tng la tw1=33.924 (oC)
Nhiet o trung bnh cua tac nhan say trong buong say:
tf1=(t1+t2)/2=(41+34)/2=37.5(oC)
Mat o dong nhiet do trao oi nhiet oi lu gia tac nhan say
va mat trong cua tng:
q1 = 1.715(tf1 tw1)1.333 =1.715(37.5-33.924)1.333= 9.374 (W/m2)
(theo [8] cong thc 7.50)
Mat o dong nhiet do dan nhiet:

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(t t ) =0.25(33.924 tw2)/0.25
(theo [8] cong
w1 w2
thc 7.43)
Vi q1 = q2 nen co c tw2 = 30.576 (oC)
Mat o dong nhiet do trao oi nhiet oi lu gia mat ngoai
cua tng vi khong kh xung quanh:
q3 = 1.715(tw2 tf2)1.333 =1.715(30.576-27)1.333= 9.374 (W/m2)
(tf2 la nhiet o moi trng xung quanh tf2 =27oC)
Kiem tra lai ieu kien q3 = q1 nen gia tr tw1 = 33.924oC chon ban
au la chnh xac.
Ton that ra moi trng xung quanh:
Qt = 3600.q1.Ft = 3600x9.374x7.84=264582.776 (J/h)
Ton that qua nen:
Qn = 3600.qn.Fn =3600x33.375x1.95= 234292.5 (j/h)
Trong o qn = 33.375(W/m2) (gia s buong say xay cach tng
nha 1m)
(theo [8] bang 7.1 trang142)
Tong ton that qua ket cau bao che:
Qbc = Qt + Qn =264582.776+234292.5= 498875.276 (J/h)
qbc = Qbc/ W=498875.276/20.957 =11178.021(J/kg am)
q2 =

*Ton that do vat lieu say mang i:


Chon nhiet o ra cua mt la tv2=36(oC)
Ton that nhiet do vat lieu say mang i:
Qv =G2Cv(tv2 tv1)/ =50x1360.6(36-35)/ 3.698 = 18398.916 (J/h)
qv = Qv/W =18398.916/20.957= 877.806 (J/kg am)
*Tnh
= Ca tv1 - qbc -qv = 4180x35 - 11178.021 - 887.806 = 134234.173(J/kg
am)
(theo [8] cong thc 7.20)
*Tnh toan lu lng tac nhan say:
i2 =1000(1.842t2 +2500) =1000(1.842x34+2500) = 2562628 (J/kg am)
Cdx(d1) = 1000(Cpk + Cpad1) =1000(1+1.842x 0.03) = 1055.910 (j/kgo)
(theo [8] trang173)
C (d )(t t )
d2 = d1 + dx 1 1 2 =0.03+1055.91(41-34)/(2562628-134234.173)=
i2
0.033
(kg am/ kg khong kh kho)
I2 =[t2 +d(2500+1.842t2)].1000
=[34+0.033(2500+1.842x34)].1000=119583.595
(J/kg khong kh kho)
Bd2
.100% =0.993x0.033x100%/
2 =
Pb2 (0.622 + d2 )
(0.053(0.622+0.033))=96.421(%)

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1
=1/(0.033-0.03)=328.543(kgkhong kh kho/kg am)
d2 d1
L =lW =328.543x20.957 =6886.297 (kgkhong kh kho/h)
Khoi lng rieng cua khong kh kho nhiet o trung bnh trong
buong say:
T
' = o o =1.293x273/310.5=1.286 (kgkhong kh kho/m3)
T
T : nhiet o trung bnh trong buong say (oK)
Khoi lng am ng vi 1 m3 khong kh kho ( nhiet o trung
bnh trong buong say):
'.(d1 + d2 )/ 2= ' d =1.286x0.0315=0.041 (kg am/m3khong kh kho)
d =(0.03+0.033)/2=0.0315(kg am/kg khong kh kho)
Lu lng khong kh kho qua buong say:
V=L/ ' =6886.297/1.286=5355.092 (m3 khong kh kho/h)
Lu lng khong kh am qua buong say:
V=(L + V '.d )/ =(6886.297+5355.092x1.286x0.0315)/1.116
=6366.855 (m3 khong kh /h) = 1.769 (m3 khong kh/s)
Toc o cua tac nhan say:
v = V/Ftd = 1.769/0.99=1.786(m/s)
Sai so cua gia tr v chon ban au:
v-v'
v=
.100%=(1.8-1.786)x100%/1.786=0.759(%)
v'
Vay gia tr v a chon ban au co the xem la hp ly.
l=

*Bieu dien qua trnh say tren o th I-d

I
(kJ/kg
kho
ng
kh
kho
)

d(kg a
m/kg kho
ng kh kho
)
+ A:(1)
IA =I1 = 119174.991 (J/kg khong kh kho)
tA = 41(oC)
+ B: (2)
dB =0.033 (kg m/kg khng kh kh)
IB = I2 = 119583.595 (J/kg khong kh kho)
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tB = 34(oC)
+ C : (3)
dC = dB = d2 = 0.033(kg am/kg khong kh kho)
Bdc
PbC =
= 0.993x0.033/(0.622+0.033)=0.051(bar)
0.622 + dc
tC =(4026.42/(12-ln(PbC))-235.5=(4026.42/(12-ln(0.051)))235.5=33.223(oC)
IC =[tC
+dC(2500+1.842tC)]1000=[33.223+0.033(2500+1.842)]1000=118758.48
6
(J/kg khong kh kho)
+ D: (4)
dD = dA = d1 =0.030(kg am /kg khong kh kho)
BdD
PbD =
=0.993x0.03/(0.622+0.03)=0.046(bar)
0.622 + dD
tD =(4026.42/(12-ln(PbD))-235.5=(4026.42/(12-ln(0.046)))235.5=31.629(oC)
ID =[tD +dD(2500+1.842tD)]1000= [31.629
+0.03(2500+1.842x31.629)]1000
= 109280.411(J/kg khong kh kho)
2.2 Tnh chon may nen

P(bar)

h(kj/kg)

iem
1
1'
2
3
4
5

t (0C)
3
6
68.1
45
45
3

P (bar)
5.487
5.487
17.266
17.266
17.266
5.487

H (kJ/kg)
705.38
707.6
736.77
716.3
555.97
555.97

Trang 10

v (dm3/kg)

s(kJ/kg)

43.77

1.752
1.752

O AN MON HOC QTTB

qo = h1 h5 =705.38-555.97= 149410 (j/kg)


Lng hi thc te hut vao xylanh:
G =Q/qo =23000/149410 =0.154(kg/s)
(theo [5] trang102)
Lay Q=23(KW)
The tch hi thc te hut vao xylanh:
V=G.v1 =0.154x0.04377= 0.0067379 (m3/s)=24.256(m3/h)
(theo [5] trang102)
He so ch th the tch:
P + Pd P0 Ph
P Ph
i = 0
C k
(theo [5] trang102)

P0
P0
P0
Chon C=0.05
Pd = Ph =0.1(bar)
17.266 + 0.1 5.487 0.1
5.487 0.1
i =
0.05
5.487 =0.873
5.487
5.487

He so ton that khong thay c:


T
W' = 0 =(273+3)/(273+45)=0.868
(theo [5]
Tk
trang102)
He so lu lng cua may nen:
= i. w' =0.873x0.868=0.757
(theo [5]
trang102)
The tch chuyen di cua pittong:
Vh = V/ = 0.0067379/0.757=0.008896 (m3/s)
(theo [5]
trang102)
Cong suat oan nhiet:
Na = G(h2 h1)= 0.154(736.77-707.6)x1000= 4490.396 (W) (theo [5]
trang102)
Hieu suat ch th:
i = w' + bt
. o =0.868+0.0025x3=0.875
(theo [5]
trang102)
oi vi R22 chon b=0.0025
Cong suat ch th:
Ni = Na/i = 4490.396/0.875=5129.392 (W)
(theo
[5] trang102)
Cong suat ma sat:
Nm = Vh.Pmx102x1000 = 0.008896x0.5x100x1000=444.825 (W)
(theo [5] trang102)
Cong suat hieu dung:
Ne = Ni + Nm =5129.392+444.825 =5574.217 (W)
(theo
[5] trang102)
Cong suat tren truc may nen truyen ong trc tiep:
N=Ne = 5574.217 (W)
(theo [5]
trang102)
He so lanh hieu dung:

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O AN MON HOC QTTB


Ke =Q2 /Ne = 19708/5574.217=3.536
(theo [5]
trang102)
Theo [5], phu luc 2, trang 526, ta chon loai may nen pittong 1 cap
loai F4C cua hang MYCOM (Nhat Ban), co cac ac tnh ky thuat:
D=65(mm)
S=50(mm)
z=4
Toc o quay:1000(v/phut)
The tch hut: 39.8(m3/h)
Nang suat lanh:22700(kcal/h) 26.36(kW)
Cong suat tren truc: 6.9(kW)
2.3 Tnh toan thiet b boc hi
Cong suat = (IB ID)L/3600= (119583.595-109280.411)
x6886.297/3600=19708.551 (j/s)
Chn Q2 =21000 (j/s)
S dung thiet b boc hi canh phang co ong lam bang ong,
canh lam bang nhom
Chon bc canh SC =0.005(m)
Be day canh c =0.0004(m)
Bc ong ng S1 = 0.04(m)
Bc ong doc theo dong lu chat ngoai ong S2 = 0.04(m)
ng knh trong dtr = 0.014(m)
ng knh ngoai dng = 0.016(m)
Chon van toc dong kh v2 (m/s) =4.5(m/s)
Chon so cum ong theo chieu khong kh z =2
Chieu dai canh theo chieu dai khong kh:
L = S2.z=0.04x2=0.08(m)
ng knh tng ng:
2(S1 dng )(Sc c )
2(0.04 0.016)(0.005 0.0004)
dt =
=
=0.00772(m)
(S1 dng ) + (Sc c ) (0.04 0.016) + (0.005 0.0004)
(theo [5] trang 150)
vd
Re = 2 t =4.5x0.00772/(1.5x10-5)= 2316.084
v
v=1.5x10-5(m2/s)
Cong thc dung e xac nh Nu noi tren co the s dung c
bi v
(theo [5] trang 150)
Re=2316.084
trong khoang 500-2500
dng=0.016(m)
10-16mm
L/dt = 0.08/0.00772=10.362
4-50
SC/dng=0.005/0.0016=0.313
0.18-0.35
S1/dng=0.04/0.0016=2.5
2-5
tkh =(tB +tD)/2= (34+31.629)/2=32.815
-40oC-40oC
n = 0.45+ 0.0066

L
=0.45+0.0066x10.362=0.518
dt

trang 150)
Trang 12

(theo [5]

O AN MON HOC QTTB


Re
m= 0.28+ 0.08
=-0.28+0.08x2316.084/1000=-0.095
(theo [5]
1000
trang 150)
Re
B = 1.36 0.24
=1.36-0.24x2316.084/1000=1.304
(theo
1000
[5] trang 150)
A =0.321
(theo [5]
trang 150)
C = AB =0.419
(theo [5] trang
150)
m

L
0.518
x 10.362 -0.095 =18.648
Nu = C.Re
=0.419 x 2316.084
d
t
(theo [5] cong thc 6.20)
He so toa nhiet oi lu ve pha khong kh:
Nu.
kk =
=18.648 x 0.0257 /0.00772=62.078(W/m2K)
dt
kk= 0.0257(W/m.o)
(theo [10]
trang 149)
He so toa nhiet qui c:
1
q =
-3
1
+ Rc + Rn =1/[1/(62.078 x 4.184) + 5x10 + 0.00162]=95.518
kh
(theo [5] cong thc 6.69)
Vi Rc , Rn : nhiet tr cho tiep xuc gia canh va ong, nhiet
tr do nc ngng tu.
Lay Rc =5.10-3(m2K/W)
(theo
[5]trang 226)

Rn = n =0.001/0.6176=0.00162(m2K/W)
n
Vi n , n la chieu day lp nc (m), he so dan nhiet cua
nc .
Lay n =0.001m, n =0.6176 (W/m.K) (lay 30oC theo [10] trang133).
d
= 1+ 2480 =1 + 2480 x 0.003 /2.371=4.184
t
(theo [5] cong thc 6.71)
d, t : bien thien ham am va nhiet o khong kh trc va
sau khi i qua be mat truyen nhiet.
d =dB dD = 0.033 - 0.03=0.003 (kg am/ kg khong kh kho)
t = tB tD =34 31.629 = 2.371 (oC)
2 kh
2 62.078 4.184
Thong so m=
=
=79.887
c c
203.5 0.0004
(theo [5] cong thc 6.74)
Trong o
He so dan nhiet cua canh c =203.5 (W/mo)
(theo [5] trang 237)
n

Trang 13

O AN MON HOC QTTB


Chieu cao qui c cua canh:
h' = 0.5dng( 1)(1+ 0.35ln ) =0.5 x 0.016 (2.875-1)
(1+0.35ln2.875)=0.021(m)
(theo[5] trang 151)
Trong o :
B
= 1.15
=1.15S1/dng =1.15x0.04/0.016= 2.875
(theo [5]
dng
trang 152)
Hieu suat cua canh:
th(mh
. ')
E=
=th(79.887x0.021)/(79.887x0.021)=0.565
(theo
mh
. '
[5] trang 152)
Dien tch canh cua 1 m ong:
2

1
dng
2
2
Fc = 2 S1S2

S =2[0.04x0.04 - 3.14x0.016 /4]/0.005=0.56(m /m)


4

c
(theo [5] trang 198)
Dien tch khoang gia cac canh cua 1 m ong :

Fo = dng 1 c =3.14x0.016x(1-0.0004/0.005)=0.046 (m2/m)
(theo
Sc
[5] trang 198)
Tong dien tch mat ngoai co canh cua 1 m ong:
F = Fc + Fo =0.56+0.046=0.606 (m2/m)
(theo [5]
trang 198)
Dien tch be mat trong cua 1 m ong:
Ftr = dtr =3.14x0.014=0.044 (m2/m)
He so lam canh:
= F / Ftr =0.606/0.044=13.782
He so toa nhiet ve pha khong kh qui oi theo be mat trong
cuaong:
F
F
qtr = q c E + o =95.518x(0.56x0.565x0.85/0.044+0.046/0.044)=68
Ftr
Ftr
5(W/m2K) (theo[5] cong thc 6.73)
Trong o =0.85
Chon nhiet o vach tv =7.599(oC)
Mat o dong nhiet ve pha khong kh qui oi theo be mat trong
cua ong:
qtr= qtr (tkh tv ) =685(32.815-7.599)=17272.96 (W/m2)
(theo [5]
cong thc 6.76)
Dien tch be mat truyen nhiet:
Q
F *tr = 2 =21000/17270.332=1.216(m2)
(theo [5]
qtr
cong thc 6.77)
Dien tch cho khong kh i qua:
fkh = V/v2 =1.769 /4.5=0.393 (m2)
Dien tch be mat truyen nhiet cua 1 cum ong ( khi bo tr cac
cum ong doc theo chieu chuyen ong cua khong kh):
Trang 14

O AN MON HOC QTTB


F 'tr = fkh

dtr

2 h
( theo[5] cong
S1 dng + c
Sc

thc 6.79)
=0.393x3.14x0.014/(0.04-0.016-2x0.0004x0.012/0.005)=0.782(m2)
Trong o h = (S1 dng)/2 =0.012(m)
So cum ong lam viec song song:
z*=F*tr/Ftr =1.216/0.782=1.555
(theo [5]
cong thc 6.80)
So sanh vi gia tr z a chon ban au ta se chon z=2, ta se co
truyen nhet ln hn dien tch can thiet va lay no lam cong
suat d tr cho thiet b.
*Nhiet o soi cua R22 trong thiet b bay hi la to = 3oC
Khoi lng rieng cua R22 long =1274.2 (kg/m3)
Neu ta xem lng nhiet lam qua nhiet hi R22 trong ong la
khong ang ke th van toc cua R22 long trong ong la:
4.Q 0
=
=4x21000/(3.14x0.0142x2x149410x1274.2)=0.35(m/s)
.dtr2 .z .q0 .
(theo [5] trang 238)
Trong o qo = h1 h5 =149410(J/kg)
Mat o dong nhiet ve pha R22 do long bay hi:
0.5


2.5
0.5
qatr = [ A(tv to )]
= [1.355(7.599-3)] (x1274.2/0.014) =17301.97
d
tr
2
(W/m )
(theo[5] cong thc 6.50)
Trong o A=1.355
(theo [5] bang 6.28
trang219)
V qtr qa-tr t o ta thay chon tv = 7.599 oC hp ly.
Tong chieu dai ong trong 1 cum ong :
fkh
L1 =

2 h =0.393/(0.04-0.016-2x0.0004x0.012/0.005)=17.8
S1 dng + c
Sc

(m)
(theo[5] cong thc 6.81)
So hang ong trong 1 cum ong :
L1
m=
=[17.8/(0.04x1.93)]0.5=15.184 chon m=18
S1K
Trong o chon K=1.93
Chieu dai cua 1 ong trong cum ong :
l = L1/m =17.8/18=0.989 1(m)
*Kiem tra lai van toc khong kh sau khi chon m:
+Dien tch tiet dien cho khong kh i qua cua 1 m chieu dai
ong co canh:
2.5

Trang 15

O AN MON HOC QTTB


f 'kh =

(S1 dng )(Sc c )

=(0.04-0.016)(0.005Sc
0.0004)/0.005=0.0221(m2/m)
+ Tong dien tch cho khong kh i qua:
Fkh = m.l.fkh =18x1x0.0221=0.397(m2)
+ Van toc khong kh :
v1 =V/Fkh = 1.769 /0.397=4.45(m/s)
+ So sanh vi van toc a chon ban au v1 =4.5m/s ta co:
v -v '
v1= 1 1 .100% =(4.5-4.45)x100%/4.45=1.126(%)
v1'
Vay cac thong so a chon la hp ly.
Lu lng R22 long i trong ong :
G*=Q2/qo =21000/149410=0.14(kg/s)
V v1. kk=4.5x1.116=5.022 (kg/m2s) nen theo [5] th vi van toc
khoi nay cac hat nc van cha bay i theo gio, do o ta khong
can phai at cac thiet b chan pha sau thiet b bay hi.
2.4 Tnh toan thiet b ngng tu trong
Cong suat Q1 = (IA ID)L/3600 =18926.948(j/s)
Chn Q1 =19500(j/s)
S dung thiet b ngng tu canh phang co ong lam bang ong,
canh lam bang nhom
Chon bc canh SC =0.003(m)
Be day canh c =0.0003(m)
Bc ong ng S1=0.04(m)
Bc ong doc theo dong lu chat ngoai ong S2=0.04(m)
ng knh trong dtr =0.014(m)
ng knh ngoai dng=0.016(m)
Chon van toc dong kh v1 =4(m/s)
So cum ong theo chieu khong kh z=6
Chieu dai canh theo chieu dai khong kh L = S2.z=0.24(m)
ng knh tng ng:
2(S1 dng )(Sc c )
dt =
(S1 dng ) + (Sc c )
=2(0.04-0.016)(0.03-0.0003)/(0.04-0.016+0.003-0.0003)=0.0049(m)
Cong thc dung e xac nh Nu noi tren co the s dung c
bi v
vd
Re = 1 t =4x0.0049/(1.5x10-5)=1078.053
trong khoang 500v
2500
dng=0.016(m)
10-16mm
L/dt =0.24/0.0049=49.444
4-50
SC/dng=0.003/0.016=0.188
0.18-0.35
S1/dng=0.04/0.016=2.5
2-5
tkh =(tA+tD)/2=(31.629+41)/2=36.315oC
-40oC-40oC
Trang 16

O AN MON HOC QTTB


L
=0.45+0.006x49.444=0.776
dt
Re
m= 0.28+ 0.08
=-0.28+0.08x1078.053/1000=-0.194
1000
Re
B = 1.36 0.24
=1.36-0.24x1078.053/1000=1.101
1000
A=0.049
(theo [5]
trang150)
C = AB =0.049x1.101=0.054
n = 0.45+ 0.0066

L
0.776
(49.444)0.194=5.766
Nu = C.Re
=0.054x1078.053
d
t
cong thc 6.20)
He so toa nhiet oi lu ve pha khong kh:
Nu.
k =
=5.766x0.0257/0.0049=30.53(W/m2K)
dt
kk= 0.0257(W/m.o)
trang 149)
n

(theo [5]

(theo [10]

2 k
=[2x30.53/(203.5x0.0003)]0.5=31.625
c . c
Trong o
He so dan nhiet cua canh c =203.5 (W/mo)
(theo [5] trang 237)
Chieu cao qui c cua canh:
h' = 0.5dng( 1)(1+ 0.35ln ) =0.5x0.016(2.875-1)
(1+0.35ln2.875)=0.021(m)
Trong o :
B
= 1.15
=1.15x0.04/0.016=2.875
dng
Hieu suat cua canh:
th(mh
. ')
E=
=th(31.625x0.021)/(31.625x0.021)=0.879
(theo [5]
mh
. '
cong thc 6.22)
Dien tch canh cua 1 m ong:
2

1
dng
2
2
Fc = 2 S1S2

S =2[0.04x0.04 - 3.14x0.016 /4]/0.003=0.933(m )


4

c
Dien tch khoang gia cac canh cua 1 m ong :

Fo = dng 1 c =3.14x0.016(1-0.0003/0.003)=0.045(m2)
Sc
Tong dien tch mat ngoai co canh cua 1 m ong:
F = Fc + Fo =0.933+0.045=0.978(m2)
Dien tch be mat trong cua 1 m ong:
Ftr = dtr =3.14x0.014=0.044(m2)
Dien tch be mat ngoai cua 1 m ong:
m=

Trang 17

O AN MON HOC QTTB


Fng = dng =3.14x0.016=0.05(m2)
He so lam canh :
F
= =0.978/0.044=22.245
Ftr
He so toa nhiet ve pha khong kh qui oi theo be mat ngoai:
F
F
kh ng = kh c E + o
F
F
=30.53(0.933x0.879x0.85/0.978+0.045/0.978)=23.163(W/m2K) (theo [5]
cong thc 6.21)
Trong o =0.85
Chenh lech nhiet o trung bnh gia moi chat trong bnh ngng
va khong kh :
t t
m = A D
t t =(41-31.629)/ln[(45-31.629)/(45-41)]=7.765(OC)
ln K D
tK tA
Trong o tK =45oC la nhiet o ngng tu cua moi chat trong bnh
ngng.
Chon gia tr =tk - tv =1.143oC ( o chenh gia nhiet o ngng tu
va nhiet o vach)
Mat o dong nhiet ve pha khong kh theo be mat trong cua
ong:
m
7.765 1.43
qkhtr =
F
2
F
1
= 1
0.044
2 0.044 0.002
tr
tr
+
.
+
.
khng F Ftr + Fng 23.163 0.978 0.044 + 0.05 85.37
=3374.043(W/m2)
(theo [5] trang188)
ongthau = 85.37W / mK
(theo [5] trang
622)
= dtr dng =0.002(m)
He so toa nhiet ve pha R22:

a = 0.724

i. 3g
vdtr

(theo [5]

trang188)
=0.72[180800x1108x0.07663x9.81/(1.96x107
x0.014x1.43)]0.25=2951.116(W/m2K)
Trong o
i =h2 h4 =736770 - 555970=180800(J/kg)
=1108 (kg/m3)
= 0.0766(W/mK)
= 1.96x10-7(m2/s)
Mat o dong nhiet ve pha R22:
qatr = a . =2951.116x1.43=3374.011(W/m2)
(theo [5]
trang189)
V qkh-tr qa-tr nen gia tr a chon ban au la chnh xac.
Dien tch be mat trong cua bnh ngng:

Trang 18

O AN MON HOC QTTB


Q1
=19500/3374.011=5.77(m2)
qtr
(theo [5] trang189)
Tong chieu dai ong cua bnh ngng:
F'
L = tr =5.77/0.044=131.1(m)
(theo [5]
Ftr
trang189)
Chon chieu dai 1 ong la: l (m)
Tong so ong trong bnh ngng:
L
n = =131.1 132 (ong)(lam tron len)
(theo
l
[5] trang189)
Chon so ong thc n=132(ong)
So ong bo tr tren mat chnh dien:
n'
n1 = =132/6=22(ong)
(theo [5]
z
trang189)
Dien tch tiet dien cho khong kh i qua cua 1 m chieu dai ong
co canh:
(S d )(S )
fkh = 1 ng c c =(0.04-0.016)(0.003-0.0003)/0.003=0.022(m2/m)
Sc
(theo[5] trang198)
Tong dien tch cho khong kh i qua:
Fkh = n1.l.fkh =22x1x0.022=0.475(m2)
(theo [5]
trang190)
Van toc khong kh:
v1=V/Fkh =1.769 /0.475=3.969(m/s)
(theo [5]
trang190)
So sanh vi van toc a chon ban au v1 =4m/s ta co:
v -v '
v1= 1 1 .100% =(4-3.969)x100%/3.969=0.779(%)
v1'
Vay van toc a chon ban au la hp ly.
Lu lng R22 long trong thiet b:
G=Q1/(h3 h4) =19500/(716300-555970)= 0.123(kg/s)
F 'tr =

2.5 Tnh toan thiet b ngng tu ngoai


Lu lng R22 long trong thiet b:
G=G* - G =0.14-0.123=0.017(kg/s)
Q3* = G(h3 h4) = 0.017(716300-555970)=2725.6(J/s)
Lay cong suat cua thiet b ngng tu ngoai Q3 =2800(J/s)
Nhiet o khong kh vao va ra khoi thiet b lan lt la:t1 = 27oC
,t2 = 29oC
Nhiet o trung bnh cua khong kh trong thiet b: 28oC
Thong so nhiet vat ly cua khong kh 28oC (theo [5] trang 186)
Ckh =1009(j/kg)
kh =1.169(kg/m3)
Trang 19

O AN MON HOC QTTB

kh =2.57x10-2(W/mK)
kh = 15.91x10-6(m2/s)
Lng khong kh can thiet e giai nhiet bnh ngng:
Gkh =Q3/[Ckh(t2 t1)]=2800/[1009(29-27)]=1.388(kg/s)
The tch khong kh giai nhiet:
Vkh =Gkh/ kh =1.388/1.169=1.187(m3/s)
S dung thiet b ngng tu canh phang co ong lam bang ong,
canh lam bang nhom
Chon bc canh SC =0.004(m)
Be day canh c =0.0003(m)
Bc ong ng S1=0.05(m)
Bc ong doc theo dong lu chat ngoai ong S2=0.05(m)
ng knh trong dtr =0.01(m)
ng knh ngoai dng=0.012(m)
Chon van toc dong kh v3 =3(m/s)
So cum ong theo chieu khong kh z=1
Chieu dai canh theo chieu dai khong kh L = S2.z=0.05(m)
ng knh tng ng:
2(S1 dng )(Sc c )
dt =
(S1 dng ) + (Sc c )
=2(0.05-0.012)(0.004-0.0003)/(0.05-0.012+0.004-0.0003)=0.0049(m)
Cong thc dung e xac nh Nu noi tren co the s dung c
bi v
vd
Re = 1 t = 3x0.0049/(15.91x10-6)=1271.54 trong khoang 500-2500
v
dng=0.012(m)
10-16mm
L/dt = 0.05/0.0049=7.415
4-50
SC/dng=0.004/0.012=0.333
0.18-0.35
S1/dng=0.05/0.012=4.167
2-5
tkh =(t1+t2)/2=(27+29)/2=28oC
-40oC-40oC
L
=0.45+0.0066x7.415=0.499
dt
Re
m= 0.28+ 0.08
=-0.28+0.08x1271.54/1000=-0.178
1000
A=0.37
Re
B = 1.36 0.24
=1.36-0.24x1271.54/1000=1.055
1000
trang150)
C = AB =0.37x1.055=0.391
n = 0.45+ 0.0066

(theo [5]

L
0.499
x7.415-0.178=9.676
Nu = C.Re
=0.391x1271.54
d
t
cong thc 6.20)
He so toa nhiet oi lu ve pha khong kh:
Nu.
k =
=9.676x0.0257/0.0049=36.875(W/m2K)
dt
n

Trang 20

(theo [5]

O AN MON HOC QTTB

kk= 0.0257(W/m.o)
trang 149)

(theo [10]

2 k
=[2x36.875/(203.5x0.0003)]0.5=34.757
c . c
Trong o
He so dan nhiet cua canh c =203.5 (W/mo)
(theo [5] trang 237)
Chieu cao qui c cua canh:
h' = 0.5dng( 1)(1+ 0.35ln ) =0.5x0.012x(4.792-1)
(1+0.35ln4.792)=0.035(m)
Trong o :
B
= 1.15
=1.15x0.05/0.012=4.792
dng
Hieu suat cua canh:
th(mh
. ')
E=
=th(34.757x0.035)/( 34.757x0.035)=0.687
(theo [5]
mh
. '
cong thc 6.22)
Dien tch canh cua 1 m ong:
2

1
dng
2
2
Fc = 2 S1S2

S =2(0.05x0.05-3.14x0.012 /4)=1.193(m )
4

c
Dien tch khoang gia cac canh cua 1 m ong :

Fo = dng 1 c =3.14x0.012(1-0.0003/0.004)=0.035(m2)
Sc
Tong dien tch mat ngoai co canh cua 1 m ong:
F = Fc + Fo =1.193+0.035=1.228(m2)
Dien tch be mat trong cua 1 m ong:
Ftr = dtr =3.14x0.01=0.0314(m2)
Dien tch be mat ngoai cua 1 m ong:
Fng = dng =3.14x0.012=0.0377(m2)
He so lam canh :
F
= =1.228/0.0314=39.119
Ftr
He so toa nhiet ve pha khong kh qui oi theo be mat ngoai:
F
F
kh ng = kh c E + o =36.875
F
F
(1.193x0.687x0.85/1.228+0.035/1.228)=20.76(W/m2K) (theo [5] cong
thc 6.21)
Trong o =0.85
Chenh lech nhiet o trung bnh gia moi chat trong bnh ngng
va khong kh :
t t
m = 2 1
t t =(29-27)/ln[(45-27)/(45-29)]=16.98(OC)
ln K 1
tK t2
m=

Trang 21

O AN MON HOC QTTB


Trong o tK =45oC la nhiet o ngng tu cua moi chat trong bnh
ngng.
Chon gia tr =tk - tv = 4.6oC ( o chenh gia nhiet o ngng tu
va nhiet o vach)
Mat o dong nhiet ve pha khong kh theo be mat trong cua
ong:
m
qkhtr =
2Ftr
1 Ftr
(theo [5]
+
khng F Ftr + Fng
trang188)
=(16.98-4.6)/{0.0314/(20.76x1.228)+2x0.0314x0.002/
[(0.0314+0.0377)x85.37]}
=10446.078(W/m2)
ongthau = 85.37W / mK
(theo [5] trang
622)
= dtr dng =0.002(m)
He so toa nhiet ve pha R22:
i. 3g
(theo [5] trang188)
vdtr
=0.72[180800x1108x0.07663x9.81/(1.96x107
x0.01x4.6)]0.25=2266.569(W/m2K)
Trong o
i =h2 h4 = 180800(J/kg)
=1108 (kg/m3)
= 0.0766(W/mK)
= 1.96x10-7(m2/s)
Mat o dong nhiet ve pha R22:
qatr = a . =2266.569x4.6=1046.216 (W/m2)
(theo [5]
trang189)
V qkh-tr qa-tr nen gia tr a chon ban au la chnh xac.
Dien tch be mat trong cua bnh ngng:
Q
F 'tr = 1 =2800/10446.078=0.268(m2)
(theo [5]
qtr
trang189)
Tong chieu dai ong cua bnh ngng:
F'
L = tr =0.268/0.0314=8.553(m)
(theo [5]
Ftr
trang189)
Chon chieu dai 1 ong la: 0.8 (m)
Tong so ong trong bnh ngng:
L
n = =8.553/0.8 11 (ong)(lam tron len)
l
(theo [5] trang189)
Chon so ong thc n=14(ong)
So ong bo tr tren mat chnh dien:

a = 0.724

Trang 22

O AN MON HOC QTTB


n'
=14/1=14(ong)
(theo [5]
z
trang189)
Dien tch tiet dien cho khong kh i qua cua 1 m chieu dai ong
co canh:
(S d )(S )
fkh = 1 ng c c =(0.05-0.012)(0.004-0.0003)/0.004=0.035(m2/m)
Sc
(theo[5] trang198)
Tong dien tch cho khong kh i qua:
Fkh = n1.l.fkh =14x0.8x0.035=0.394(m2)
(theo [5]
trang190)
Van toc khong kh:
v3=Vkh /Fkh =1.178/0.394=2.99(m/s)
(theo [5]
trang190)
So sanh vi van toc a chon ban au v1 =2.5m/s ta co:
v -v '
v3= 3 3 .100% =(3-2.99)x100%/2.99=0.33(%)
v3'
Vay van toc a chon ban au la hp ly.
n1 =

2.6 Tnh chon quat ly tam


Tr lc qua thiet b ngng tu trong:
0.23

S
1 = (6 + 9z) (Re)0.26 =(6+9x6)(0.04/0.016)-0.23(1078.053)-0.26=7.909
d
(cong thc II.72 trang 404 tai lieu [10])
v2
P1 = 1 1 =7.909x1.116x42/2=70.612(Pa)
2
Tr lc qua thiet b boc hi:
1 =(6+9x2)(0.04/0.016)-0.23(2316.084)-0.26=2.593
P2 =2.593x1.116x(4.5)2/2=29.3(Pa)
Cac tr lc khac lay bang P3 = 20(Pa).
Chon van toc khong kh trc khi vao quat la5.5(m/s) va khi ra
khoi quat la 9.5(m/s).
2
P =
vra v2vao =1.116(9.52 5.52)/2=33.48(Pa)
2

Trang 23

O AN MON HOC QTTB

Cot ap tong:
P = P1 + P2 + P3 + P =70.612 + 29.3 + 20 + 33.48 = 153.392(Pa)
Ta chon quat C 4 70No 6.
Toc o khong kh vao quat:
vvao = V/Svao =1.769/(3.14x0.6352/4)=5.586(m/s)
Toc o khong kh ra khoi quat:
vra = V/Sra =1.769/(0.426x0.426)=9.75(m/s)
Van toc khong kh vao ra thc te xap x gia tr chon ban au,
do o ta se chon quat nay.
Cong suat tren truc ong c ien:
V '.P.g.
N=
=(1.769 x 153.392 x 9.81 x 1.116)/(1000 x 0.6 x
1000 .tr
1)=4.95(KW)
tr =1 (lap trc tiep truc vi ong c ien)
=0.6
2.7 Tnh chon quat hng truc
Tr lc qua thiet b ngng tu ngoai:
0.23

= (6+ 9z) S (Re)0.26 =(6+9x1)(0.05/0.012)-0.23(1271.54)-0.26=4.962


d
2
v
=4.962x1.16x(3)2/2=25.9(Pa)
P =
2
Cot ap ong:
P =1.16x(32)/2=5.22(Pa)
Cot ap cua quat:
P =25.9+5.22=31.12(Pa)
Chon quat hng truc bon canh C A loai M C No 4
Cong suat tren truc ong c ien:
N=(1.187x31.12x9.81x1.16)/(1000x0.55x1)= 0.764(KW)
2.8 Tnh s bo gia thanh
STT

Chi tiet, thiet b

n gia
(nghn

Trang 24

So
lng

Thanh
tien

O AN MON HOC QTTB

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

Thiet b ngng tu
trong
Thiet b ngng tu
ngoai
Thiet b boc hi
May nen
Xe goong
Buong say
Quat hng truc
Quat ly tam
Nhiet ke thuy ngan
Nhiet ke ien tr
Ap ke lo xo
Cac thiet b t ong
ng ong
Cac chi tiet phu
khac

ong)

(cai)

8000
1000
3000
10500
1500
2000
800
9000
50
200
300

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
2
2

(nghn
ong)
8000
1000
3000
10500
1500
2000
800
9000
200
400
600
10000
1500
1000

Tien vat t tong cong: 49.5 trieu ong


Tien cong che tao ( lay bang 300% tien cong vat t):148.5 trieu
ong
Tong so tien can thiet :198 trieu ong.

3 KET LUAN & ANH GIA


Thiet b ket hp c 2 kha nang lam lanh hut am va lam
nong nen tiet kiem c nang lng. Thiet b phu hp vi
nhng trng hp say vat lieu khong s dung nhiet o
cao(no co the ng dung trong say lanh). Thiet b co cau tao
kha n gian.
Hieu qua tach am cua thiet b khong nhng phu thuoc vao
ieu kien moi trng ben ngoai, loai vat lieu say, ma con
phu thuoc vao o kn cua he thong.
Ben canh viec s dung thiet b boc hi e tach am th ta co
the dung cac loai vat lieu tach am (silicagel) e lam cong
oan tach am.
Ta co the tan dung nhng may lanh co san tren th trng
e lap at nhanh.

Trang 25

O AN MON HOC QTTB


e am bao thiet b hoat ong an toan th can phai co cac
thiet b an toan va cac thiet b ieu khien t ong. Ngoai ra,
e co the theo doi c cac thay oi ve nhiet o, o am,
van toc khong kh, th ta cung can co cac thiet b o.
Trong qua trnh tnh toan can bang vat chat ta a s dung
nhng cong thc gan ung, t o dan en nhng sai so cho
qua trnh chon thiet b sau nay

4 TAI LIEU THAM KHAO


[1]. Pham Van Bon, Qua trnh va thiet b cong nghe hoa hoc
va thc pham-tap5-Qua trnh va thiet b truyen nhiet, NXB
HQG Tp.Ho Ch Minh, 2002.
[2]. Pham Van Bon, So tay dan nhiet khong on nh-thong so
nhiet ly cua thc pham va nguyen lieu, Tp.Ho Ch Minh 2004.
[3]. Tran Ngoc Chan, ieu hoa khong kh, NXB Xay Dng, Ha Noi
2002.
[5].Tran Thanh Ky, May lanh, NXBHQG Tp.Ho Ch Minh, 2004.
[6]. Nguyen c Li, T ong hoa he thong lanh, NXBGD, 2002.

Trang 26

O AN MON HOC QTTB


[7]. Nguyen Van Lua, Qua trnh va thiet b cong nghe hoa hoc
va thc pham-tap7-Ky thuat say vat lieu, NXB HQG Tp.Ho Ch
Minh, 2001.
[8]. Tran Van Phu, Tnh toan va thiet ke he thong say,NXBGD,
Ha Noi, 2000.
[9]. Pham Van Tuy, Bm nhiet say lanh va hut am BK-BSH18,
KH&CNN, No65, 2005.
[10]. Tran Xoa, Nguyen Trong Khuong, So tay qua trnh va thiet b
cong nghe hoa chat-tap 1,2, NXB Khoa hoc va ky thuat, Ha
Noi, 1992.

Trang 27