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Broad-crested weirs

**Classified under the term 'broad-crested weirs' are those structures over which the
**

streamlines run parallel to each other at least for a short distance, so that a hydrostatic

pressure distribution may be assumed at the control section. To obtain this condition,

the length in the direction of flow of the weir crest (L) is restricted to the total upstream

energy head over the crest (HI). In the following sections the limitation on the ratio

H,/L will be specified for the following types of broad-crested weirs:

4.1 Horizontal broad-crested weir;

4.2 The Romijn movable measuring/regulating weir;

4.3 Triangular broad-crested weir;

4.4 Broad-crested rectangular profile weir;

4.5 Faiyum weir.

For details on other types of broad-crested weirs see Bos et al. (1984) and Bos (1985).

4.1

Horizontal broad-crested weir

4.1.1

Description

**This weir is in use as a standard discharge measuring device and, as such, is described
**

in the British Standard 3680, 1969, which is partly quoted below. The weir comprises

a truly level and horizontal crest between vertical abutments. The upstream corner

is rounded in such a manner that flow separation does not occur. Flow separation

also can be avoided by using an upstream ramp which slopes between 2 - to - 1 and

3 - to - 1 (horz. to vert.). See Figure 1.34 for a longitudinal profile. This upstream

sloping face is a cost-effective solution if the weir is constructed in concrete. Downstream of the horizontal crest there may be a vertical face or a downward slope, depending on the submergence ratio under which the weir should operate at modular

flow.

The weir structure should be rigid and watertight and be at right angles to the direction of flow.

The dimensions of the weir and its abutments should comply with the requirements

indicated in Figure.4.1. The minimum radius of the upstream rounded nose (r) is O. 1 1

HI,,,, although for the economic design of field structures a value r = 0.2 HI,,, is

recommended. The length of the horizontal portion of the weir crest should not be

less than 1.45 H,,,,. To obtain a favourable (high) discharge coefficient (cd) the crest

length (L) should be close to the permissible minimum. In accordance with Section

2.2 the head measurement section should be located a distance of between two and

three times HI,,, upstream of the weir block.

4.1.2

Evaluation of discharge

**According to Equation 1-37 Section 1.9.1, the basic stage-discharge equation for a
**

broad-crested weir with a rectangular throat reads

121

Figure 4.1 Dimensions of round-nose broad-crested weir and its abutments (adapted from British Standards

Institution 1969)

**For water of ordinary temperatures, the discharge coefficient (cd) is a function of
**

the upstream sill-referenced energy head (HI), and the length of the weir crest in the

direction of flow (L). It can be expressed by the equation (Bos 1985)

Cd = 0.93

+ O.IOH,/L

(4-2)

**The appropriate value of the approach velocity coefficient (C,) can be read from Figure
**

1.12 (Chapter 1).

The error in Cdof a well maintained broad-crested weir, which has been constructed

with reasonable care and skill, can be deduced from the equation (Bos 1985).

X,

=

i-(3 I HJL- 0.55 1

+ 4) per cent

(4-3)

**The method by which this error is to be combined with other sources of error is shown
**

in Annex 2.

Table 4.1 gives a series of rating tables for rectangular weirs. The groupings of weir

width were selected to keep the error due to the effects of the sidewalls to less than

1%. Ratings are given for a number of sill heights to aid in design. Discharges in

these tables are limited to keep the approach channel Froude number below 0.45.

Interpolation between sill heights will give reasonable results. If the approach area

is larger than that used to develop these rating tables, either because of a higher sill

or a wider approach, the ratings must be adjusted for C, (see Figure 1.12). To simplify

this process, the discharge over the weir for a C, value of 1 .O is given in the far right

column of each grouping. This discharge column is labeled as pI = co, since for C,

= 1.0 the velocity of approach is zero, as would be the case if the weir were the outlet

122

.

2578 .O65 .0421 .O484 .O65 I .O665 .2348 .0654 .0812 .I65 .I50 .0385 .090 .I172 .O46 .O053 .0611 .O244 .0429 .O41 1 .O44 .I35 .I004 .0157 .1176 .0528 .O907 .0961 .1285 .O56 .0257 .1026 .2741 .3034 .200 .0792 .21 I9 .2892 .I228 .0107 .O742 .I10 . I606 .O076 .1387 .O80 .I974 .O90 .0600 .50m L = 0.O435 .3404 .1180 . I070 .0357 .1715 .1020 .0383 .1291 .0528 .20 < b.0142 .2121 .030 .I486 .0026 .I861 .I234 .O032 .O70 .I789 .I344 .1017 .O293 .310 .O86 . I852 .O748 .I45 .2m 0.0700 .I525 .2709 2866 .195 .O28 .0840 .190 .0928 .O150 .2205 . I587 .300 .O240 .1064 .75m hl (m) hl (m) q hl q (m3/sper meter width) (m) (m3/sper meter width) hl (m) 0.1762 .2480 .1681 .0046 .3524 .0562 .O084 .O460 .1983 .0131 .0239 .2264 .1380 .1910 .0379 .2262 .O40 .1359 .0965 .O956 .2625 .O133 .I094 .170 .I565 .050 .1492 .O3 I 2 .I30 .0449 .230 .0453 .0977 .0245 .O2 19 .100 .1567 .O236 .0444 .155 .140 .O153 .O161 .I923 .0529 .I911 .135 .0764 .0283 .0869 .0323 .O423 .1801 PI = 0.0436 .O35 .O42 .3799 .0272 .0652 .I349 .290 .O570 .I442 .240 .O32 .1965 .0070 .205 . I720 . <0.2752 230 235 .IO11 .2610 .0157 .1 m PI = 0.130 .2272 .0419 .O68 .O213 .0303 .0390 .O82 .1183 .I15 .0671 .2419 .1173 .O320 .185 .O519 .1147 .0741 .0644 .O95 .O48 .1489 .0026 .O50 .1177 .0688 .1730 .O494 .30 4 b.3078 .O34 .I70 .O22 .330 .I972 .1219 .O138 .I233 .0209 .O70 .0307 .O242 .060 .I967 .2130 . I846 .0656 .I35 .0499 .I530 .0470 .O122 .O787 .O377 .o212 .O079 .140 .O088 .05m m PI = 0.I80 .240 .I20 .1061 .1375 . I656 .0561 .O880 .0338 .I741 .0655 .I552 .3083 .O062 .O60 .016 .200 .0032 .O535 .2047 .165 .1014 .I849 .O758 .I396 .235 .125 .O700 .0223 .0184 .260 .0209 .O248 .o5 I2 .I15 .O80 .O72 .0352 .O84 .0822 .O96 .1701 .O60 .1798 .O646 .O064 .O783 .0567 .O9 I6 .1504 .1077 .0602 .10 < b.O80 .220 .0117 .1166 .lm m .O55 .I60 .O40 .1 m PI = .120 .1840 .0476 .O408 . < 1.3355 .1297 .O36 .O307 .0278 .I90 .O85 .O197 .O91 I .0252 .0094 .O132 .0416 .2125 .O52 .1225 .3613 .I I18 .O24 .210 .O95 .I50 .0214 .1 Rating Tables for rectangular Weirs in Metric Units with Discharge per Meter Width* L = O.0583 .O14 .O26 .1314 .O2 16 .215 .155 .O342 .O342 .0183 .1371 .I409 .O621 .O435 .O66 .I304 . 2 0 m q (m3/spe* meter width) PI = PI = 0.0971 .0521 .O45 .O802 .0543 .0732 .O45 . 4 0 .0039 .0850 .O75 .O060 .O50 .IO5 .2196 .O164 .225 .O068 .2927 .0923 .O285 .I686 .I062 .0540 .0949 .O275 .1987 .o2 I o .110 .2056 .O156 .0608 .O524 .I80 .O71 1 .185 .0694 .O160 . I 121 .0626 .2775 .0500 .I430 .0407 .0555 .225 .O18 .0561 PI = m = 00 .O78 .O414 .IO41 .1693 .058 .IO0 . I843 .I60 .O128 .O038 .0482 .O4 1 2 .O90 .O264 .O245 .0274 .0746 .0336 .IO5 .I068 .140 .O339 .0608 .0106 .0476 .3 178 .O60 .0365 . I257 .O20 .o IO8 .O085 .I15 .O64 .0717 .I20 .0233 .175 .O6 I2 .I70 .O131 .O186 .1439 .0341 .0833 .1770 .2090 .0m L = 0.0112 .5 < b.1508 .I25 .O76 .3253 .280 .O107 .250 .2m PI = 0.0854 .O65 .35 m 0.O160 .0488 .I593 .1074 .1618 .0738 .5m 0.I I I5 .0182 .320 .0855 .1422 .I625 .155 .2336 2479 .1312 .I116 .0989 .O896 .O92 .O702 .I559 .I493 .0488 .1191 .0506 .2557 .O50 .1555 . I067 .175 .O175 .I927 .0357 .0350 .2407 .I623 .O108 .0085 .0197 .21 I3 .3242 .205 .2056 .0212 .1340 .055 .I612 . I786 .0697 .0251 PI = O.0130 .I25 .2060 2197 .Table 4.0278 .O451 .3431 .O3 16 .0242 .0962 .O450 .0374 .3 m PI .I45 .I95 .0889 .0221 .O322 .1633 .0274 .0308 .O75 .O90 .070 .0793 .0798 . I272 .025 .I80 .I671 .O438 .0337 .0470 .0369 .0577 .1824 .1831 .0054 .0606 .O103 .O806 .I671 .I278 .O189 .210 .O80 .0861 .0250 .O62 .O490 .0181 .I90 .I10 .I122 .O30 .1464 .0939 .I429 .O353 .O75 .I65 . I202 .I469 .O54 .1332 .1014 .200 .3025 .O65 .IO0 .0133 .O94 .O902 .I403 .0185 .O95 .O88 124 .1286 .O85 .0570 .O106 .O875 .0563 .I009 .1132 .O38 .2908 .0308 .1251 .070 .2m q (m3/sper meter width) PI = 0.IO5 .I50 . I723 .1435 .O453 .0828 .O063 .3 188 .I45 .O843 . I498 .0371 .O376 .30m L = 0.0347 .130 .1236 .O905 .O402 .1451 .230 .0210 .O454 .0519 .1919 .I95 .0378 .2217 . I60 .O185 . I 125 .1243 .O285 .0097 .O183 .0776 .0296 .0045 .210** 220 .0309 .O468 .I549 .185 .I902 .0270 .0173 .O85 .O28 I .O55 . < 0.0395 .O752 .O74 .1366 .270 .0393 .0488 .O305 .0956 .I128 .0220 .215 220 .O186 .I75 .0270 .O321 .O35 .1325 .1981 .0188 .O40 .0693 .0396 .

4081 .1 m 0.2563 .2268 .120 .460 .2750 . La > Hlmax.4802 .2760 .1 m 0.2427 .2900 .245 .4738 .5m PI PI = m = PI = PI 0.370 .O753 .380 .440 .4905 SO74 .2917 .330 .lHI AH = 0. 4 1.6448 .410 .20$ b C 4 0 .O61 3 .O806 .O98 .3032 .75 m 0.3873 .105** .1 (continued) 0.4806 .6888 .390 .270 .4409 .3624 .4421 .3473 .0656 .4258 .4181 . ** Change in head increment AH = 0.2m m PI PI = 0.IHI AH = .50m L = 0. 3 0 m L = 0.260** .310 .360 .304bC40. La + Lb > 2 to 3 times Hlmax.0700 .5418 .3988 .3042 .lm 0.3m m PI = = = .3736 .420 .028 m or 0.6391 .O531 .5769 S948 .1H1 0.490 SO0 AH = 0.400 .3568 .470 .5601 SS09 . 0.05m m PI = 0.I10 .5397 .063 m or 0.2m = PI O.2716 .4620 .350 .048 m 0.01 2 m or O.3186 .6183 .3531 .3907 .O789 .6601 .2097 .10$bC~0.3088 .5776 .4998 .4053 .5978 .4378 .20m L = 0.3325 .35 m PI = PI = 0.6019 .4248 .6667 .5 4 b.2225 .6232 .O861 .4610 .4994 .3697 .3777 .3623 .450 .2488 .5593 .0918 .3441 .1H1 (continued) 125 .2355 .0649 .025m or O.2872 .300 .250 .280 .2623 .320 .3932 .0581 .4089 .3808 .1H1 * L~ = 2 or 3 times p I .2 m 0.IO0 .3262 .0m L = 0.3195 .O571 .430 .2587 .290' .4235 .3361 .480 .044 m or 0.Table 4.027 m 0.2414 .o5 15 .4438 .2 I96 .5245 .2034 .O744 .125 .0600 .2349 .130 .I15 .0699 .340 .4573 .5196 .5185 S379 376 .

4037 .4788 .5577 5932 .1253 .1756 .051 1.8600 .4701 .I30 .4m PI = 0.002 1.270 .0675 .3623 .101 3762 .180 .7042 .0671 .6020 .474 1.3472 .4248 .3242 .4573 .3698 .6295 .1112 .3498 .4999 .257 1.1426 .2027 .250 .840 .2859 .O90 . 3 2.2m = PI = 0.4868 .I161 .8271 .0369 .800 380 .2116 .O683 .560 .1319 .0604 .153 1.252 I .5075 320 .300 .I004 .3909 .O8I 1.4055 .320 .3101 .7815 .5472 .8615 .3m (m) PI = 0.3606 .0450 .0680 .I60 .9674 1.2725 .117 1.3180 .1459 . I 198 .330 .0374 .4505 .O597 .3032 .3525 .3165 .900 .3323 .3776 .I224 .8319 .7699 .580 .0 < b.1601 .5190 S385 .0801 .480 .4424 .2436 . I268 .3409 .3306 .2058 .1946 .4261 .1583 .48 I O .0521 .6425 .0531 .380 .I20 .4738 .1732 .3997 .2334 .1977 .9214 .9063 .O28 1.5588 .310 .O960 .5447 .210 1.2259 .652 1.8212 .O706 .9527 .191 .O516 .140 .0524 .1375 .2199 .460 .O695 .1487 .400 .161 1.230 .1794 .4088 .O976 .0691 .2405 .O298 .2160 .O6 I 6 .I295 .780 1.3738 .393 1.I079 .3025 .420 1.2733 .7041 .3083 .500 .1545 . b.I718 .1473 .346 1.0508 .740 .O29 1.I267 .720 .540 .260 .111 1 .1067 .0852 .2389 .O788 .6636 .6878 . I 185 .7425 .6007 .420 .3812 .4409 .1056 .4231 .1668 .5815 .5002 .320 .2542 .4395 .1 (continued) 1.3188 .140 .5582 .I90 .4806 .I326 .2624 .430 .299 1.135 1.350 .340 .422 1.7331 .100 .340 .O885 .6437 .Om hl (m) hl (m3/s per meter width) q PI = 0.1896 .O298 .2579 .0 m L = 1.5103 . < 2.0696 . I046 .6840 .410 .O70 .380 .311 1.367 1.530 1.3176 .O900 .2013 .535 1.1493 .6m PI = 00 .5200 .290 .0771 .5626 .3024 .3828 .9025 .2291 .260 .3404 .I099 .220 .0m L = I.014 I .4614 .0506 .7884 .I339 .1982 .0442 .2101 .0608 .314 I .O445 .I20 .2805 .4238 .0889 .3008 .2283 .3483 .4343 .620 .478 1.200 .280 .3569 .390 .I60 .2344 .520 .6664 .205 1.4905 .9441 .5069 S257 .4m 4 (m3/s per meter width) PI = PI co 0.360 .O521 .360 .1769 .I596 .2864 .262 1.2245 .4 168 .3681 .4406 .9864 .4083 .I70 .i Table 4.6239 .0300 .3355 .1711 .3931 .9537 1.200 . I408 .9765 1.2m PI = 0.370 .O782 .I283 .2477 .366 1.7458 .O73 1.420 .4883 .2749 .2194 .4441 .5851 .O301 .8758 .O62 .0858 5229 .I80 .280 .440 .5182 .440 .5241 .660 .860 .3875 .2927 .7265 .O864 .O370 .207 .1924 .240 .o51 I .2774 .240 .3661 .8144 .3337 .26 I2 .4889 .586 1.600 .3015 .I50 .O866 .I090 .1827 .O877 .4056 .I842 .4520 .100 .760 .3914 .5401 .I961 .2477 .300 . I646 .4153 .I10 .210 .3727 .4624 .0m 126 .5607 1.2086 .0304 .680 .2708 .2873 .O439 .1838 .1525 .220 .2214 .0985 .4744 .640 .2519 .441 .1704 .3337 .4556 .O80 .2691 .7796 .1059 .450 .1513 .2565 .400 .2889 .2461 .593 1.160 1.700 .

920 .9835 1 .6440 .638 1.6496 .580 .7279 .7350 .8861 * L~ = 2 or 3 times pI.7936 .6130 .539 1.047 m or 0.1 (continued) b.6025 .O83 I .6682 .610 .7478 .O59 I .0m 1.520 .7814 3050 .960 .560 .124 m or O.5837 . 4 2.642 .0 m L = I.6455 5674 .9041 .4m PI = 0.588 1.9249 0.640 .1H1 0.6646 .O34 I .9550 .670 1 .773 1.7122 .550 q (m3/s per meter width) = PI = 1.9274 .600 3290 .6608 .6189 .7038 .5950 SI0 .8776 .8624 .7702 .8385 .IH1 0.5641 .7442 .877 AH = 0.7059 . La ** Change in head increment PI 0.470 .056 .8836 .Table 4.5782 .7065 .5984 .5771 .0 m L = 1.630 .460 .480 .O08 .1H1 0.o00 1.3 m = PI .689 .490 1.110 = 0.63 I2 . 2 2.6236 .570 .9782 1 .6m .O28 0.7636 .8158 .9343 .8390 .O30 1.490 so0 .660 .9102 .9588 .9527 .7249 .6238 .530 .8532 .Om q (m3/s per meter width) hl (m) p1 = 0.O04 1 .8632 .4m .6035 .1H1 .8029 .O03 I .6855 .960 .IH1 + Lb > 2 to 3 times Himax 127 .650 .897 1.8429 .7715 .8228 .7257 .5246 S419 394 .8159 . La .590 .9024 .6822 .540 .7929 .2m .712 1.700 .066 m or O.9790 2 HImax.758 817 .8844 .940 .6896 .620 .087 m or = O.6398 .9077 .086 m AH 1.2 m hl (m) PI PI = 0.834 1.9312 .6869 .7580 PI = 0.7495 .7832 .980 I .046 m or 0.0 4 b.8613 .

can be determined./p. arise from difficulties experienced when the Froude number Fr.05 times L. ratio H1/p2 Figure 4. The limitations on H./pz 128 . 4.4 Limits of application a. / B . 15.) must not rise beyond a certain percentage of the upstream energy head over the weir crest (HI)./L should therefore range between 0.1. Values of the ratio H. modular limit H2/H. The practical lower limit of h.4. d. to the boundary roughness. is related to the magnitude of the influence of fluid properties.3 Modular limit The flow over a weir is modular when it is independent of variations in tailwater level. assuming subcritical conditions in the tailwater channel. the height of the weir above the bottom of the tailwater channel (p. and the slope of the back face of the weir.1. and to the accuracy with which h. Hence.2 The modular limit as a function of H. ~ approach channel exceeds 0.) should be such that the weir operates at modular flow at all discharges. The breadth (b. c.7.) of the weir crest should not be less than L/5.06 m or 0. = V . The recommended lower limit is 0. whichever is greater.45. A more accurate design value of p2 may be established by the method persented in Section I . The modular limit can be read from Figure 4./L arise from the necessity of ensuring a sensible hydrostatic pressure distribution at the critical section of the crest and of preventing the formation of undulations above the weir crest. the tailwater energy level (H.in) ~the . The limitations on HJp. b.2 as a function of H.08 and 0. / ( ~ A . For this to occur.

The telescoping Romijn weir consists of two sliding blades and a movable weir which are mounted in a steel guide frame: a. the movable weir is connected by two steel strips to a horizontal lifting beam.3). after whom the structure is named. Its upstream nose is rounded off in such a way that flow separation does not occur.5 H. max STIFFENER iR PLATE ' or 50. the bottom slide is blocked in place under operational conditions and acts as a bottom terminal for the movable weir b. A description of the weir was published in 1932 by Romijn. 2 p5m 5 0.3 The Romijn movable weir 129 .2 The Romijn movable measuring/regulating weir 4.) which has been selected for the dimensioning of the regulating structure (see Figure 4.5 p2min or 3 0.4.15 m BOTTOM S I D E Figure 4. c.2. the upper slide is connected to the bottom slide by means of two steel strips placed in the frame grooves and acts as a top terminal for the movable weir.1 Description The Romijn weir was developed by the Department of Irrigation in Indonesia as a regulating and measuring device for use in relatively flat irrigated regions where the water demand is variable because of different requirements during the growing season and because of crop rotation. The weir crest is horizontal perpendicular to the flow and slopes 1-to-25 upward in the direction of flow. The operating range of the weir equals the maximum upstream head (h.

.if the centre line of the weir structure is parallel to or coincides with the centre line of the undivided supply canal (in-line structure) or if the water is drawn direct from a (storage) basin. The reason for this is that especially under submerged flow conditions the nappe will deflect upwards due to the horizontal thrust of the eddy. intermediate piers should be provided so that two-dimensional flow is preserved over each weir unit. The weir abutments are vertical and are rounded in such a way that flow separation does not occur. the bottom slide. is blocked in place during normal flow conditions.. the maximum flow capacity beneath the lifted bottom gate must be less than the flow over the weir in its lowest position. the control section is situated more towards the end of the crest than if the crest were truly horizontal.-value. The movable gauge is attached to the extended lifting beam as shown in Figure 4. upstream of the head measurement station and extend to the downstream edge of the weir crest.4. the degree of downward curvature of the overflowing nappe has a significant influence on the C. Above the I-to-25 sloping weir crest the streamlines are straight but converging so that the equipotential lines are curved. The downstream weir face. To avoid extreme velocity differences over short distances. Therefore. of semi-circular or tapered semi-elliptical profile (i-to-3 axis). whichever is greater.with a minimum of 0.. the travel of the upper gate is restricted so that the bottom gate cannot be lifted higher than 0. the weir is equipped with a gauge that moves up and down with the weir crest (see Fig. the thickness of the intermediate piers should be equal to or more than 0.5 Hlma. To avoid this procedure.. Zero level of this gauge coincides with the downstream edge of the weir crest. resulting in up to 7% lower weir flows. both slides can be unlocked and raised by moving the weir crest upward. After flushing operations the slides are pushed in place again by lowering the weir crest. so that the upstream head over the crest equals the immersed depth of the gauge and can be read without time lag. The at a distance of between two and three times Hlmax dimensions of the abutment should comply with the requirements indicated in Figure 4.Although the Romijn weir has been included in this chapter on broad-crested weirs. from a purely hydraulic point of view this is not quite correct. allowing the upstream head over the weir to be measured independently per unit. and thus the upper slide..30 m. At the same time. The radius of the upstream rounding-off of the abutments may be reduced to r k Hlma. 4. For this to occur. 130 . a fixed staff gauge at the head measurement station does not provide a value for the upstream head over the crest unless the weir crest elevation is registered separately in terms of gauged head. which breaks the force of the eddy should have a minimum height of 0.or O.7. 'As mentioned. the weir should have a vertical downstream face.65 Hlma.e. 15 m.above the approach channel bottom.5 pzmln or 0.4). Piers should have streamlined noses. However. To discourage misuse of the weir.5 Hlma. i. Since the weir crest moves up and down. to flush sediments that have collected upstream of the weir. To prevent the formation of a relatively strong eddy beneath the weir crest and the overflowing nappe. is measured in this approach channel upstream of the weir face. If several movable weirs are combined in a single structure. h. The upstream head over the weir. A rectangular approach channel is formed to assure an even flow distribution. The parallel section of the pier should therefore commence at a point located at a distance of H.

12 as a function of the dimensionless ratio Cdhl/(hl p. may be read from Figure 1.5 as a function of the ratio HJL. Over the range of p.-values. Engineers therefore tend to use either a constant C.1. Since the weir crest height above the approach channel bed (p.2 Evaluation of discharge According to Equation 1-37. is known.2 t03H1max TRANSITION arrangement 3 2 times maximum depth to I water surface in well Figure 4.9. the basic head discharge equation for a broad-crested weir with a rectangular control section reads Values of the discharge coefficient Cd may be read from Figure 4.5 to determine Cd by assuming that h./L or use Figure 4.-value of 1.055 for all values of H.).-value may be used in Equation 4-4(see also Figure 4.2 H p u ~ .. an average C.where p. is the variable height of the movable weir crest above the bottom of the rectangular approach channel. Section 1. Values for the approach velocity coefficient C.__ aeration groove 3 5H. the approach velocity cannot be predicted unless p.2.- 22H1max.) is variable and to a certain extent independent of the head over the weir crest h. N H I . + 131 ..4 Hydraulic dimensions of weir abutments 4..8).max - DIVERTED FLOW - .

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