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Breathing new life into the Norwegian shelf Dutch debut for tight-gas horizontal well fracturing
Beefing up in Brazil
PLUS: HAS ANYONE FATHOMED THE POTENTIAL ForOUT reprints please contact the MARKET Publisher. DEPTH OF SEABED-BASED SEISMIC?
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The largest semisubmersible production platform yet built in Brazil – P-55 – takes shape for Petrobras at the Rio Grande Naval Hub in preparation for a scheduled September 2013 startup in the 1500-1900m water depths of the Campos Basin’s Roncador field. Not all of Brazil’s ambitious floating hardware construction efforts are going strictly to plan, however, with the Petrobras hierarchy laying the blame on ‘excessive optimism’ and ‘unrealistic ramp ups’ (see page 31).
Volume 37 Number 10
With massive investment and aggressive technology development required to match world energy demand in coming decades, South America’s ‘southern cone’ will have a big role to play. Russell McCulley reports from Rio de Janeiro. PLUS: Statoil plans four-well Barents drilling campaign – but its Arctic ambitions go much farther; Caribbean concerns over regional spill preparedness; magnet motor is the key to new multiphase subsea pump system; DNV-FNI study looks to bridge the Arctic ‘perception gaps’. New software for the offshore and shipping industries, including optimal voyage planning for safe journeys and minimum fuel consumption, are expected to emerge from a partnership agreement between Star Information Systems and weather experts StormGeo. Meg Chesshyre explains. Sometimes the surf seems to be up, but those big waves that make the surfer’s day just don’t quite materialise. That more or less sums up where proponents of ocean bottom seismic surveying sit right now, observes Andrew McBarnet. Brazil’s oil & gas potential continues to grab the industry headlines, with Petrobras confirming more than a score of offshore discoveries, most of them deepwater, in the last 18 months alone. Newcomer OGX confirmed a number of discoveries too, albeit in the country’s shallower waters. It’s not all plain sailing though, as Jennifer Pallanich notes.
Pemex payback; braked Alaska; BP’s saline solution; Chinook online; Ghana gains; Mozambique move; Berangan break; Bonita bounty; Plains sailing; Åsgard tie-in first; Geitungen delivers; Gorgon grows; Norway’s mature mix.
w w w . o f f s h o r e - e n g i n e e r. c o m
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A number of operators on the Norwegian shelf revealed updates of their field development plans at the recent Offshore Northern Seas (ONS) conference in Stavanger, with a substantial list of projects and refurbishments going forward as part of the revitalisation of the Norwegian shelf. Meg Chesshyre has the details. The effective development of lowpermeability tight gas reservoir resources requires operational efficiency to improve production performance. In this opener to OE’s two-part drilling & completions review, Erik Schrama, Robin NaughtonRumbo and Fred van der Bas, Shell; Josef Shaoul, Fenix Consulting Delft; and Mark Norris, Schlumberger discuss the North Sea’s first true tight-gas horizontal well fracturing application. An innovative cased-hole expandable liner system has been deployed to repair casing corrosion in an offshore Congo well. Weatherford’s Scott Durment and Doug Farley explain why and how. ‘Effective tension’ is one of the key concepts in pipeline and marine riser engineering since it tells the user how to account for the pressure in the fluid inside and outside the pipe. Although known and understood for at least 60 years, engineers still sometimes overlook it and get into trouble. Prof Andrew Palmer and Agustony Sabtian discuss the outcome of a recent National University of Singapore experiment aimed at removing any remaining uncertainty. New or upgraded vessels have been very much in evidence lately as the subsea and deepwater vessel markets continue to grow and more renewable energy opportunities emerge. Reports by Meg Chesshyre and Russell McCulley. As Israel/Iran tensions ratchet up, Prof Michael J Economides sees an interesting sub-text developing over the role of Iran’s traditional backer, Russia. OE contacts (6), Contracts (10), Offshore data (15), Rig market (20), Letters (22), Products in action (65/66), Firms & Faces (69-73), Diary (74), Display advertisers index (77).
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OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012
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Clair Ridge. Braked Alaska Shell revised its 2012 drilling program offshore Alaska after a containment dome. which BP started investigating in the 1990s. O F F S H O R E E N GI N EE R | For reprints please contact the Publisher. with the Mad Dog phase two project in the Gulf of Mexico expected to be the second application of Lo Sal. The Bicentenario rig is drilling ahead to explore deeper Paleocene reservoirs.000m3/d of gas. Total holding the remainder. The company estimated the find could contain recoverable reserves of 350mmboe. is based on a fundamental understanding of the chemistry which binds oil molecules to rock surfaces in reservoirs. part of an Arctic spill containment system. moored in 2500m of water in Walker Ridge block 205. which will have two platforms and is expected to come onstream in 2016. Shell’s 2012/13 Alaska w w w . US regulators in August signed off on top hole drilling but are waiting for the containment system to be successfully tested before granting final approval to the program. Petrobras operates Chinook with 66. West Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . of Shetland. Cascade is 100% owned and operated by Petrobras. drilling program calls for up to four wells in the Beaufort Sea and up to six wells in the Chukchi Sea. The Chinook-4 well taps Lower Tertiary reservoirs at a depth of around 8000m. The FPSO has a processing capacity of 80. The operator estimates this will enable the production of some 42 million barrels of additional oil compared to waterflooding with untreated seawater. drilled in 2500m water depths 39km south of the maritime border with the US.67% interest. and an oil storage capacity of 500. BP found that by injecting lower salinity water into reservoirs. BP plans to deploy Lo Sal in all appropriate oil field developments from now on. Trión 1 is Pemex’s first well in nearly a decade of deepwater exploration to discover commercially viable crude oil reserves. for reservoir waterflooding at the £4. The well encountered 320m of pay in formations with 18-25% porosity and permeability of up to 250mD.000b/d. was damaged during testing. and has at least five new and retrofit projects under evaluation beyond Clair Ridge.000b/d of oil and 500.digest Pemex payback digest Chinook online: Petrobras announced first production from the Chinook field in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico 6 September. c o m Saline solution BP is to use its proprietary Lo Sal enhanced oil recovery technology for the first time on a large-scale offshore project. october 2012 Mexican state operator Pemex chalked up its first deepwater light crude oil discovery in the Gulf of Mexico in late August with the Trión 1 well.not for reproduction or retransmission. allowing more oil to be flushed out. will include desalination facilities at a cost of around $120 million to create low salinity water from seawater.e n g i n e e r. The wells will be capped and temporarily abandoned while the company awaits final regulatory approval of its multi-year exploration plan.000 barrels. a little more than six months after the nearby Cascade field went onstream. 9 . Lo Sal. these bonds can be weakened.’ Pemex said. making a significant contribution to the estimated 640 million barrels of recoverable oil from the development. o f f s h o r e . the region’s first FPSO. Both fields produce to the BW Pioneer. Rather than drilling to hydrocarbon zones as planned. the operator opted to drill as many top hole wells as possible before the Arctic drilling season ends. ‘just enough to guarantee productivity and an estimated flow of up to 10.5 billion Clair Ridge development.
it calls for the delivery of some 380 subsea wellheads and installation tools. The well is 35km southwest of the Barra accumulation. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. . o f f s h o r e . The contract covers the supply of 12 flexible flowlines with a total length of 19km. as well BP’s 100% stake in the Horn Mountain field. The equipment will be used in the drilling of deepwater wells offshore Brazil starting in 2H 2013. Statoil estimates recoverable oil equivalents of 140-270mmb at Geitungen. Lundin CEO Ashley Heppenstall said Berangan is the company’s third gas discovery in SB303 and the fourth in the contract area which also includes the Titik Terang discovery. we will connect the pipeline from these to the hot-tap tie-in point. Berangan break Lundin Petroleum’s Berangan-1 well in block SB303 offshore Malaysia encountered a gross gas column of more than 165m in mid-Miocene sands. operating interest in five fields and working interest in two others. known as Moita Bonita.500boe/d. $650 million contract with Petrobras for the supply of subsea wellhead systems and associated tools. The vertical well was drilled to a total depth of 1709m in 70m of water offshore Sabah. Jacques Marraud des Grottes. l Baker Hughes has reached an agreement with Statoil to provide integrated drilling services for 25 fields on the Norwegian continental shelf. Plains will take 100% ownership of BP’s Marlin. The acquisition will give the company a production boost of 59. 10 O F F S H O R E E N GI N EE R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Mozambique move Total has signed a farm-in agreement with operator Petronas to acquire a 40% interest in the PSCs covering two offshore Mozambique blocks – areas 3 and 6 – in water depths ranging up to 2500m. l Russia’s Vostochniy Offshore Structures construction yard was selected by Rosneft and ExxonMobil to conduct a concept evaluation and feasibility study for a relocatable Arctic gravity base platform capable of extending the drilling season in the Kara Sea’s shallow waters (up to 60m) by several months. marking the company’s 15th discovery in Australia since mid-2009. Total is entering into the southern part of the prolific Rovuma Basin. collectively known as the Marlin Hub. Working from Technip’s Skandi Arctic. l Technip secured a €210 million offshore commissioning contract from Inpex covering the FPSO and central processing facility for the Ichthys LNG project in the Browse Basin. the remaining 50% interest in the Holstein field from Shell. The 1-BRSA-1088-SES well. At a cost of $5. Eni said. where the 1-SES-158 well discovered what Petrobas deemed ‘the first significant signs of gas in ultra-deep waters in the Sergipe-Alagoas Basin. l Kvaerner will perform the offshore hook-up and commissioning of Lundin Norway’s 21. l Schlumberger’s Framo Engineering won a $100 million contract with Norske Shell for the supply of a subsea multiphase booster pump system in 250m of water on the Draugen field offshore Norway. l Technip was contracted by Swiber Offshore Construction to supply flexible pipe to support Brunei Shell Petroleum’s Champion waterflood project offshore Brunei.’ said the French supermajor’s SVP exploration & production. The Sankofa East-1X well in 825m of water was drilled to a total depth of 3650m and encountered 76m of gross oil pay and 28m of gas and condensate in Cretaceous sandstones. The company plans to drill more wells to determine the size of the discovery. with over 75% of the parts expected to be made in Brazil. added Torstein Vinterstø.55 billion. was drilled to a depth of 12. Ghana gains Eni reported the first oil discovery in the Offshore Cape Three Points block in Ghana’s Tano Basin.’ Geitungen delivers Statoil logged an oil discovery in the Geitungen prospect on Utsira high in the Norwegian North Sea’s PL265 licence.’ said Statoil project manager Kjell Edvard Apeland. In May Kvaerner landed the platform’s NKr8 billion topside EPC contract. with options to extend by four years.e n g i n e e r. found a 300m hydrocarbon column with 52m of porous sandstones bearing light oil. A remote-controlled drilling machine then tapped in to the line with no effect on pressure or production. ‘The four gas fields lie within a 10km radius and present a clear opportunity to evaluate the potential for a gas cluster development. in the WA-374-P permit off Western Australia. encountered a 35m oil column in a Jurassic reservoir.’ commented energy minister Ola Borten Moe. l Subsea 7 landed a $60 million EPIC contract from Talisman Energy for development of a gas export pipeline at Norway’s Varg field. Worth almost $1.33% non-operating interest in the Diana-Hoover field. Statoil’s portfolio manager for subsea compression projects. The well. Chevron’s Satyr-2 well in the Greater Gorgon Area found 128ft of net gas pay. Brazil’s Sergipe-Alagoas Basin. The hot tap operation took ten days with no interruption of production. setting a cost-saving precedent for future projects. w w w . ‘After Kenya and Uganda.’ he added. The firm two-year portion of the contract is worth about NKr3 billion. l Dril-Quip won a four-year. ‘When the compressor module and the manifold for Åsgard subsea compression are installed next year. gas and condensates. The NKr2 billion deal begins 1 February 2013 and includes several extension options. Plains also acquired. scheduled to start up in 2015 (OE April).1 billion. Exploration well 16/2-12. Western Australia. ‘Exploration results in recent years have shown that there is still significant potential for discovering new resources.digest CONTRACT BRIEFS l A subsea wellhead production systems contract awarded by Petrobras to GE Oil & Gas is being hailed as the world’s largest to date. 33. for around $560 million. whose potential might equal the gas potential of the northern part. drilled by the Ocean Vanguard to a vertical depth of 2045m in 115m of water. Installation is planned for summer 2014. also in mature areas. Plains sailing Gorgon grows Bonita bounty Petrobras reported a good quality oil and gas discovery in 2775m of water at the SEAL-M-499 concession in Houston-based independent Plains Exploration & Production acquired a significant chunk of mature deepwater Gulf of Mexico acreage in a $6. The ministry plans to award new production licences under the round in January 2013. Dorado and King fields. Statoil said.000t Edvard Grieg topsides under a NKr525 million contract.454ft in 3570ft of water. Schlumberger landed a four-year contract with Statoil for electric wireline services on the Norwegian shelf. teams used subsea robotics to weld a T-piece onto the live pipeline. 31% interest in the Ram Powell field and a 50% operating interest in the Holstein field. and has received applications from 47 companies. An exploration well is planned by year-end. Tie-in time saver: Statoil performed what the company claims is the first subsea hot tap installation of a new tie-in point on a live gas pipeline without the line being prepared in advance. The well produced around 5000b/d during a production test with flow rates constrained by surface infrastructure.11 billion deal with BP and Shell. The tie-in was installed on the Åsgard B production flowline in 265m of water as part of the Åsgard subsea gas compression project. Mature mix Norway’s ministry of petroleum & energy reports record interest in the 2012 Awards in Predefined Areas (APA 2012) on the Norwegian continental shelf. near the Swedish operator’s Tarap and Cempulut gas discoveries.not for reproduction or retransmission.
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Financial Sense.not for reproduction or retransmission. reduced costs. Yokogawa’s expertise extends beyond the control room and into the boardroom.com www. Bringing financial benefits as well as technical sophistication to oil and gas operations. As the first choice for reliable control & instrumentation solutions.Total Control. From the control room to the boardroom. improved safety. For more information contact us now on 01928 597100 info@uk. 25/06/2012 For reprints please contact the Publisher.yokogawa. many of world’s leading energy companies working in the North Sea and beyond trust the strength of Yokogawa. By choosing Yokogawa to deliver an integrated plant control solution. Yokogawa is your partner for success.com/uk Yokogawa Ad – Off Eng 255x180.yokogawa. all resulting in increased revenue and profitability. 15:34 .indd 1 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . organisations achieve long term business success through increased production.
twice as abundant as all of the remaining natural gas and petroleum reserves in the whole world.ANALYSIS Brazil to play key role in energy future analysis With massive investment and aggressive technology development required to match world energy demand in coming decades. the US Department of Energy’s statistics division. projects that the world holds nearly ten times the 600tcf of shale gas already proved in the US. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. ‘The Department of Energy calls these methane hydrates the world’s largest untapped fossil energy resource. Sieminski said the EIA. the US has pledged $5 million to investigate the use of marine methane hydrates for gas.e n g i n e e r. c o m Moreover. T hanks in large part to Brazil’s pre-salt discoveries. president of the International Gas Union. Sharing a dais with World Petroleum Council president Renato Bertani and Jerome Ferrier. unconventional gas prospects in the US and the Gulf of Mexico’s nascent deepwater plays.’ But Sieminski and his fellow panelists acknowledged that efforts to harness those resources will not come easy. ‘The conclusion that I draw from all of this is that resources are not going to be a binding restraint. US Energy Information Administration chief Adam Sieminski told an audience midway through this year’s Rio Oil & Gas expo and conference.’ Sieminski noted. Bertani. 13 . Russell McCulley reports from Rio de Janeiro. or cheap. ‘peak oil’ warnings from a decade ago proved to be premature. South America’s ‘southern cone’ will have a big role to play. october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . w w w . CEO of Rio de Janeiro-based Barra Energia and the first representative from Brazil to hold the top job at the WPC. o f f s h o r e .not for reproduction or retransmission.
Other potential stumbling blocks are restricted access to acreage and a shortage of workers.’ he said.’ Ferrier said. governments have to be responsible to their people and to the companies that are operating in their countries. At the same time. for example. Argentina and Bolivia.not for reproduction or retransmission. see feature page 31.5% from fields currently onstream. could require an investment of up to $20 trillion between now and 2030. he said. he said – provided technology keeps pace. we will witness an annual production decline of 3. gas pipeline. Sieminski acknowledged that oil producers are often hampered by the difficulty of planning investments in an industry beset by price volatility and the ‘problem of statistical transparency’ in many developing. . has proven to be a global leader in terms of both oil production and advanced technology. But they are also necessary for dealing with the challenges of providing energy supply in the 21st century. While some estimates put the remaining global oil reserves at 1. ‘there is no single company or group of companies that will singly be able to place 60 million barrels of oil per day in the market’. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. This does not even have to be a problem for state owned oil companies as long as the model they are working under is appropriate for the goal. demonstration and development of new energy technology. ‘We need trained people. ‘Nevertheless. and not only here in Brazil. Bertani said.3% annually.’ OE l Rig delays dampen deepwater carnival.’ Bertani said. ‘These conditions are the basis for providing the foundation of economic growth. he said.’ he said.e n g i n e e r. WPC president Renato Bertani.’ Strong capital markets. innovative technology and ‘competent education. or any other century. both in supply and demand.’ he said. Transnational potential Noting that ‘Brazil will play a key role in the energy future’. universal education’ are critical to sustain growth. to 108-110 million barrels per day by 2030. including difficult-to-produce very heavy oil. But the pre-salt revolution in Brazil. To keep the taps running. w w w . Sieminski said the money to fuel growth in the industry should be readily available ‘as long as markets are allowed to function’. like Venezuela’s PDVSA. including a transcontinental 14 O F F S H O R E E N G IN E E R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . has the potential to transform our energy supply in the 21st century in ways that we could hardly have dreamed only a few years ago.’ Others.45 trillion barrels. and in operations and controls. resource-rich and energy-hungry countries. ‘Second. and ‘regulatory integration’ to ensure safe practices. South American leaders and stakeholders should meet to discuss the development of LNG infrastructure. ‘International oil companies will invest if the rate of return is attractive. the oil sands of Canada and America’s shale boom ‘could dramatically alter the politics of oil in the next few decades’. Globally. Saudi Aramco. he continued. said Sieminski. leaving a gap of around 60-65 million barrels per day that will have to be filled to keep pace. the conditions essential for industry growth come down to five points. ‘Spending on research. the reserves are there and are constantly being replaced. Ferrier focused on the potential for a transnational LNG industry in the southern reaches of South America. o f f s h o r e . ‘Not all countries are on the same level in terms of safety. pointed out that world oil consumption is projected to grow by 2. and called for development of unconventional resources in Brazil. ‘We need fair and consistent legal systems in the countries that are producing the energy. The IGU president said industry groups. IBP president Joao Carlos de Luca (moderator) and IGU president Jerome Ferrier.analysis Rio Oil & Gas conference panel in session (left to right): EIA chief Adam Sieminski. struggle to maintain production as governments extract a heavy toll from profits.
04) 2012 (27.45) 47.06 (6867.30 (1696.38 27.61 (2756.50 2510. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .08 14. Trinidad’s energy minister Kevin Ramnarine has aggressively sought to position the nation as a regional energy hub. concerns have surfaced about the region’s ability to respond to a Macondo-style subsea leak.253.377. Mexico.59 11.867.006.998.069.49) 2014 (34.815 50101 131.432. so totals for previous years continue to change. Officials from the US and Cuba are fine-tuning protocols of a joint spill response plan.256. Hunt said. In September. although it’s not 100% complete.05 (3150.82 50.121.50 (6567.326) Global offshore reserves (mmboe) onstream by water depth 2010 (9834.370.38) 2015 (40.304.99 (10.567. are responsible for a large share of island income.00 6450.73 (1321.207 4275 410 5686 10.55) Ultra-deep (last month) 938.06 (938.74) (11.’ he said.38 31.482.410. Note: Shallow water: <500m Deep water: 500-1500m Ultra-deep: >1500m Note: Operators do not announce discovery dates at the time of discovery. Lee Hunt.not for reproduction or retransmission.23) 6948.49) 69. they have the ports.734. o f f s h o r e . october 2012 15 . Exploration offshore the Bahamas is planned. Cuba’s entry in deepwater E&P just months after Macondo raised fears in the US that a spill could reach its shores and that the 50-year old US embargo could prevent American companies from offering well control help.47) (12.121.25) 159 (163) 14.94 Production systems worldwide (operational and 2012 onwards) Floaters: Operational Under construction/conversion Planned/possible Fixed platforms: Operational Under construction/conversion Planned/possible Subsea wells: Operational Under development Planned/possible (last month) Greenfield reserves 2012-16 Water Field depth numbers Shallow Deep Ultra-deep 1216 (1221) Liquid reserves (mmbbl) (last month) Gas reserves (bcf) (last month) 263 37 313 613 9573 146 1488 11.25 (798.26 (35.304.28 61.80) 2636.824) 3117.208 62.’ Spain’s Repsol launched a deepwater drilling program off Cuba this year.00 107.225) 83 (86) 15. the ability of Cuba and its neighbors. including the US.821. president emeritus of the International Association of Drilling Contractors and organizer of the conference. I think centralizing a staging area is very much part of his plan. Trinidad.05) 6230.37 3764.66 7624. ‘They know they need to have industry provide the capacity and the resources to handle that third dimensional problem. they have the harbors.00 1690.181.64 51.235) 360 34.’ RM Quick stats New discoveries announced Depth range Shallow Deep Ultra-deep Total 2009 113 37 32 182 2010 2011 2012 92 26 31 149 102 24 19 145 39 14 24 77 analysis OE ’s at-a-glance guide to offshore hydrocarbon reserves and key offshore infrastructure globally is updated monthly using data from leading energy analysts Infield Systems (www.74 (77.619.371 (613) 71. w w w .069.60) (61.00 16.94) 662.73 779. A consortium led by Shell has spudded the first deepwater well off French Guiana.093. while Trinidad recently granted leases for offshore blocks to a number of operators. ‘So rather than duplication [of response systems].784. Jamaica.000.98) 2682.84 All reserves figures are proven + probable. including provisions that grant US companies authority to respond to an emergency in Cuban waters. a subsea response.619. Michael Bromwich. O F F S H O R E E N G IN E E R | For reprints please contact the Publisher.53 40.00 3258.infield. to respond to a spill in Cuba is 100% better than it was two years ago.00 (36.com). ‘The professionals in the [US] State Department have come to recognize the significance of US interests in helping the region plan for a potential spill.533. The inaugural ‘One Caribbean – One Response’ forum drew about 100 participants from eight countries.00) 1458 101.891.94) Total 13.45) 3500. as well sharing the very robust spill response plan that has just been developed for Trinidad & Tobago. The roster of speakers included the former US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management.75 1760.196. Regulation & Enforcement director. ‘My assessment is.03 36.964 75. as well as a hub of general deepwater drilling services for the surrounding companies.40 10.047 47.135. they have the facilities.450. officials from several Caribbean nations joined energy industry representatives in Port of Spain. Hunt said. Reserves in the Golden Triangle by water depth 2012-16 Water Field Liquid Gas depth numbers reserves reserves (bcf) (mmbbl) Pipelines (operational and 2012 onwards) <8in Operational/installed Planned/possible 8-16in Operational/installed Planned/possible >16in Operational/installed Planned/possible (km) (last month) Brazil Shallow Deep Ultra-deep United States Shallow Deep Ultra-deep West Africa Shallow Deep Ultra-deep (last month) 37 17 31 22 33 30 129 46 15 (371) 3923.508.00 8970.49 (15. including the Bahamas.77) 4262.764.53 53.Caribbean concerns A s a number of Caribbean nations set sights on developing potential deepwater reserves.311 85.00 8585.76) 7542.891.40 58. pending results of an April 2013 referendum on offshore oil & gas activity.23) 2754.94) (132.68 (5097. would likely serve as a response staging hub and storage site for a well containment system. The topic is especially prominent in a swath of sea where tourists.78 4314.00 40.096.767. drawn by picture-perfect beaches and rich undersea life. who oversaw the restructuring of the US offshore regulatory regime after Macondo. including one in Cuba.824. which has existing offshore oil and gas infrastructure and is less reliant than its neighbors on tourism. to discuss lessons from Macondo and to lay the groundwork for a regional emergency response effort.25 (15.210. ‘He wants to promote Trinidad being the hub for any spill response planning in the region.e n g i n e e r.13) Deep (last month) 1316.00 (2721.99 (71.49) 2013 (55.032.26) 1686.756 22. said the region has sufficient capacity for surface spill containment but lacks equipment to handle the ‘third dimensional’ nature of a subsea blowout.00 2490.176.45 (2945.45) Shallow water (last month) 9836.79 30.00 (49.441.51 45.25 1416.811) (121.06) 35.97 12.36) 2016 (54.95 1749.264 122. They have the infrastructure.94) 2011 (10. Cuba and Trinidad & Tobago.’ he said.711. including BP.13 (2422. adding that Trinidad & Tobago.191 (62.61 2422.54 (9849.
Canada to begin later this year. The rig has been prepared for Arctic conditions and is scheduled to begin drilling the Skrugard prospect in December. Lisyansky and Kashevarovsky blocks in the Sea of Okhotsk. Dodson said. Statoil entered a joint venture agreement with Rosneft to team up on bidding for Arctic licences offshore Norway and to explore the Perseevesky block in the Russian Barents Sea and the Magadan 1. in blocks 5 and 8. w w w . he added.6% stake in the Cairn Energyoperated Pitu prospect. Statoil will return to the Hammerfest Basin to drill exploration wells at Ensis and Askepott near the existing Goliat and Snøhvit discoveries. Ongoing research includes the development of an Arctic drilling rig capable of dynamically positioned station-keeping at shallow water depths of 40m. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. no robust solution exists for dynamic positioning in ice. tatoil will spud the first of its planned Skrugard wells in the Barents – at Nunatak – in December and drill and complete four wells at the Nunatak. EVP of technology. Kramsno. in block 6. no robust solution exists for dynamic positioning in ice. Dodson said.not for reproduction or retransmission. said Margareth Ovrum. The Norwegian operator’s executive vice president of exploration. But its Arctic ambitions go much farther. . Statoil also plans to triple its Arctic research budget S from NKr80 million in 2012 to NKr250 million next year. Seismic exploration Statoil has contracted Seadrill’s West Hercules ultra-deepwater semi for its Arctic exploration programme.’ Ovrum noted. Tim Dodson. which the company says could contain 20%-25% of the word’s undiscovered conventional oil & gas reserves. and in early 2012 acquired a 30. The Norwegian Barents Sea is one of the Arctic’s less challenging areas because it lies in a year-round ice-free zone. Seismic data acquisition is also being gathered at the Shell-operated Anu and Napu prospects offshore west Greenland. the company announced at this year’s Offshore Northern Seas (ONS) conference in Stavanger. o f f s h o r e . Revitalising the Norwegian shelf.e n g i n e e r. as Russell McCulley reports. Drilling in the Russian Arctic could begin in 2016. ‘We see great potential in the Arctic. Statoil and researchers from the Norwegian University of Science & Technology launched a research cruise to northeast Greenland in September. projects and drilling. ‘we believe these petroleum resources will be critical for a growing world’. Statoil has secured Seadrill’s West Aquarius rig for a threewell drilling programme offshore Newfoundland. With the Arctic region believed to contain up to 25% of the world’s yet to be discovered hydrocarbons. he said. Norway will hold a Barents Sea drilling round in spring of 2013. where Statoil holds 40% interest with operator Chevron holding 60%. respectively. Statoil holds non-operating interest in the blocks. Hoop includes the Atlantis and Apollo fields and will mark the northernmost wells drilled in Norway. see feature page 36. Seadrill’s West Hercules semi will conduct drilling under a five-year contract. In May 2012. is under way in Beaufort Sea licence 460 offshore western Canada. According to earlier Statoil briefings. Statoil used the biennial ONS conference and exhibition to set out its multi-year strategy for exploration in the Arctic.’ Margareth Ovrum ‘We see great potential in the Arctic. Dodson said the company would make a ‘drill or drop’ decision for the Pitu block next year.ANALYSIS ‘So far. Skavl and Iskrystall prospects over the following six months. with 72 offshore blocks on offer. Meanwhile. the rig will operate in a range of Arctic water depths ‘and will involve integrated operations in drifting ice’. The mission will test technologies in ice management. Although Ovrum stressed the need for greater co-operation among operators to overcome the considerable technological challenges of Arctic E&P. Later in 2013. she said Statoil is working in-house on the Arctic rig concept and development of seismic data acquisition in ice conditions.’ Tim Dodson Statoil sets sights on northern lights Statoil will launch a drilling campaign in the Norwegian Barents Sea before the end of the year with four exploration wells in the Skrugard area. The wells are planned for the Harpoon and Cupid prospects in the Flemish Pass and the Federation prospect in the Jeanne d’Arc Basin. said at ONS that first production from Skrugard is tentatively scheduled for 2018. Ovrum said. 16 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .’ The drilling program will continue with two to three wells in the Hoop prospect in summer 2013 targeting shallow reservoirs 600m below the surface. ‘So far.
or at deepwater sites.not for reproduction or retransmission. construction companies and diving services. Website: www.GreenesEnergy. Greene’s expertise will safely improve the productivity of your pipeline assets. on the continental shelf.Greene’s Pipeline Services For operators. . Either onshore. cleaning and testing to dewatering and abandoning.com For reprints please contact the Publisher. Our services include: • Pipeline Pigging • Pipeline Abandonment • Pipeline Flooding • Pipeline Cleaning • Pig Sales • Hydrostatic Testing (Digital Available) • Drying • Umbilical Testing • Water Treatment • Rentals • Purging • Chemical Treatment • Portable Separation Toll Free: Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only800-324-1213 . Greene’s Energy Group is a company to rely on for safe and efficient pipeline solutions– from flushing.
a 6MW multiphase pump FMC is developing will be able to withstand pressures of up to 15. FMC Technologies and Sulzer Pumps confirmed during Stavanger’s ONS show. differs from pumps powered by induced electrical currents in that the permanently magnetized motor reduces the overall package size while allowing a wider liquid gap between the pump’s rotor and stationary elements. there’s a limit to how far you can go. where it starts to differentiate is that it gives you a broader application envelope than what’s currently on the market.2MW multiphase subsea pump system capable of operation in pressures up to 5000psi has now been completed. The new pump. 18 O F F S H O R E E N G IN E E R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Magnet motor key to subsea step change F ull qualification testing of a 3. described it as a key component in the company’s goal of developing a full subsea ‘factory’ by the end of the decade. ‘If you go with a conventional motor. Unveiling the new system.’ Halvorsen said. ‘If you’re an operator.not for reproduction or retransmission. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher.000psi and be designed primarily for the Paleogene prospects in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. w w w . FMC director of subsea processing Rob Perry said combining Sulzer Pumps’ proven hydraulics with FMC’s high-speed permanent magnet motor technology created what will be a robust and efficient pumping system.’ Perry said. the hydraulics are field proven. at an equivalent rate of an induction machine.analysis The new 5000psi-rated. you like to have multiple choices. and each year we have targeted what we intend to develop and have qualified. you can break through that limit. ‘The motor is new technology. courtesy sulzer pumps . with less energy use. 3.’ RM courtesy fmc technologies The pumping system’s permanently magnetized motor.2MW multiphase subsea pump system during final qualification testing. ‘We have a technology roadmap that takes us from today’s position all the way to the ambition where we think we can have a truly subsea based system. o f f s h o r e . The resultant reduction in drag losses means the pump can operate faster or. ‘With this technology. FMC’s senior VP of subsea technologies.’ Multiphase pumps enable the entire production stream to be gathered and boosted.’ Perry noted. and the systems around the pump really call on FMC’s subsea experience. Tore Halvorsen. The motor is the key. And this product. According to Perry. Perry said.e n g i n e e r.
Photo courtesy of ENSCO.* Our enhanced completion technology enables us to develop customized solutions. Our experience. ENSCO 8502 The deeper the water. And when it comes to completions. . decrease total costs. and make sure each completion is as efficient as it is effective. integrate across services and disciplines to reduce NPT. For reprints please contact the Publisher. and collaboration with our customers every step of the way have made Halliburton the completions leader worldwide. *Based on Spears & Associates Oilfield Market Report. Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Our expertise is second to none. the greater the challenges.Completing offshore? Complete with the leader. no service company has taken on more deepwater challenges than Halliburton. commitment to the highest quality service. technological innovations.not for reproduction or retransmission. Halliburton has been involved in over 90% of all deepwater operations worldwide. Let’s talk about your offshore completion challenge. Contact us today to schedule a meeting or to receive more information at Halliburton.com/ Complete1 © 2012 Halliburton All rights reserved. ™ Solving challenges.
. The Gulf of Mexico deepwater rig market is experiencing tightness as many of the units currently in the region are carrying out development work. ‘However. The study cites the delimitation agreement between Russia and Norway as a model for settling remaining territorial disputes in the region. with most resources clearly under the jurisdictions of the Arctic coastal nations of Russia. chief operating officer of the class society’s Norway. up to 15 newbuilds will be making their way to the Gulf of Mexico on long-term contracts. o f f s h o r e . many are moving forward with exploration plans. The study.e n g i n e e r. fortunes and job opportunities along Arctic coasts. evacuation and rescue of personnel are not managed sufficiently today. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. ‘Important remaining challenges require strong focus on technology development. Floater utilization in the Gulf of Mexico is a robust 93% (excluding cold stacked rigs and rigs that will be leaving the region once they have completed their shipyard stay).’ While noting that some barrier disputes remain. w w w .com Rig market Utilization for the worldwide mobile offshore drilling fleet continues to hold steady at 77% – almost five points higher than this time last year.analysis OE ’s analysis of current rig market data is updated monthly using statistics provided by Rigzone. Canada and Denmark/Greenland. The trailing twelve-month utilization average is at 75%. risks and responsible management. but also to develop systems that can handle emergencies. Norway. the US. fuelled by melting sea ice. calling for a major effort to reduce the probability of incidents. ‘Oil spills in ice and escape. Worldwide rig utilization 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 08/11 09/11 10/11 11/11 12/11 01/12 02/12 03/12 04/12 05/12 06/12 07/12 08/12 Bridging the Arctic ‘perception gaps’ D Semi Drillship Jackup 20% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% Gulf of Mexico rig utilization Jackup Semi Jackup 08/11 09/11 10/11 11/11 12/11 01/12 02/12 03/12 04/12 05/12 06/12 07/12 08/12 Semis Drillship NV and Norway’s Fridtjof Nansen Institute released a joint study during ONS calling for improved technology.’ said Knut Ørbeck-Nilssen. The recent central and western Gulf of Mexico lease sales saw vigorous activity for deepwater blocks. While most operators in the region are focused on development work in the near term. this is a highly diverse region that defies simple. governments and society ‘to bridge perception gaps’. promises of vast energy and mineral resources. better spill response preparation and greater co-operation among stakeholders in order to safely develop Arctic resources.not for reproduction or retransmission. the DNV-FNI study maintains that the Arctic ‘is more characterised by co-operation than by conflict’. A few newbuilds have already arrived and a steady stream of new units will arrive 2013/14. 75 permits for new wells (both exploratory and development) in water depths greater than 500ft had been approved by the US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management.’ RM 20 O F F S H O R E E N G IN E E R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . proposes a ‘performance-based system’ to manage risk in the Arctic along with greater communication between industry. to prevent accidents from happening. clear-cut definitions and generalisations. Russia and Finland division.’ the report concludes. Energy and the environment – Arctic resource development. Along with recent contract announcements in the ultra-deepwater sector. There are great variations within the Arctic and the public perceptions of promises and risks are polarised as never before: the Arctic as unspoilt nature with an acute need for protection from modern civilisation’s onslaught versus the great new energy frontier that can provide energy security. As of early September. ‘Interest in the Arctic is growing rapidly. prospects of shorter shipping routes and confidence that enhanced scientific knowledge and maturing governance processes will ensure Arctic peace and predictability.
Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .not for reproduction or retransmission. For reprints please contact the Publisher. .
c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. then warned of massive power cuts as a result of retiring the nuclear fleet. On 5 September. OE August 2012). and installations. Designed to monitor the position or state of actuators on subsea tools too ols modules.zetechtics. comparatively inefficient and polluting existing plants and scale back A new industry standard in Subsea Sensing The Zetechtics range of Jupiter Subsea Control Systems have lead to the development of a range of stand-alone battery powered subsea sensor systems.LETTERS OE welcomes letters reflecting all shades of offshore industry opinion but reserves the right to edit and condense.On now dismisses such concerns as unfounded even though it. 14 were coal fired plants (15. too. E. considering that a total of 17 previously planned coal projects with a combined capacity of 14. that some of the projects at the planning stage in April 2012 will not make it to project sanction. Some of these were at the very early scoping/ planning stages and not all would necessarily be realised. Arguably. datalink. And that trend is continuing. As of April 2012. Between March and April a further nine coal fired plants were then apparently axed. o f f s h o r e . E. some 69 POWER PLANTS POSER power plants with a total capacity of 36GW were planned or under construction. • 3. mailbag Sir. RWE. In March 2012 there were still 23 coal fired plants with a combined capacity of 24. 25 gas fired. these these systems sy ystems do d not require a complex control system or da atalink. therefore. declared in 2011 that it had no plans for new fossil power projects because of their ‘poor prospective economics’.000msw rated rugged design • Stand alone operation with long battery life • Ultra low power with selectable dormant state Tel: +44 (0) 1653 602020 Email: sales@zetechtics. While RWE then warned of severe power shortages. This freebie allows generators to continue to operate very profitably their long-written-off. Germany’s other power giant. It is not unreasonable to assume.com Zetechtics Ltd 22 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . either.7GW under construction or planned. The reasons for shelving plans for new fossil plants appear to be twofold: first there is the massive build-out of renewables and second there is the marketdistorting gift of free CO2 certificates bestowed on power companies by the German government. Professor Economides’s claim that Germany will build 84 new power plants just to offset the retirement of its nuclear assets is not plausible (‘Marching to the wrong tune’.not for reproduction or retransmission. Of these. a not insignificant proportion of those 14 coal fired plants are intended to replace existing facilities whose average age exceeds 30 years and whose efficiency lags some 6% behind modern plants. .e n g i n e e r.6GW had already been cancelled at that time.On announced that it will not build any new coal fired or gas fired power plants in Western Europe because ‘the European market does not until 2020 require additional capacity beyond those projects already under way’. w w w .com Website ite: www. 22 wind and four pumped storage plants.7GW).
Economides’s claim that Germany is forced to buy in nuclear-generated electricity from France has been repeatedly debunked as pure power industry propaganda. but the time when much of it will not be. utilities may indeed have a clear view of the further inroads renewables will have made by 2020. Renewables rise The relentless rise of renewables must have influenced these decisions. Joachim Groeger Independent petroleum management consultant. Schneverdingen.e n g i n e e r. Prof Economides is correct in saying that significant fossil generating capacity is still needed. second only to that of lignite-fired generating plants. to France where additional supplies are needed to shore up its system because the country’s nuclear plants can frequently not meet demand. may not be too far off. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .not for reproduction or retransmission. By the middle of 2012 installed solar generating capacity in Germany totalled 32GW. Germany WORLD RECORD On May 14. This torque-precise tool beat the prior record-holding industrial impact wrench in Speed. Precision and Safety. Company. which arises as a result of renewables enjoying priority access to the grid.com/worldrecord w w w . october 2012 23 .torcgun. the opposite is true! Utilities must frequently sell at knock-down prices their surplus electricity. given that past projections have consistently and significantly underestimated their growth. Uncertainties attached to predictions of the renewables’ market penetration over the next decade may have been one factor. TorcGun. 2012. the Thrill™. o f f s h o r e . too. and are therefore disinclined to invest in new fossil projects now in order to meet a notional capacity shortfall after 2020 that may never come to pass. Solar capacity in the first half of 2012 alone grew by up to 7GW while wind added another 1GW.LETTERS investment in lower return new projects. www. set 3 World Records with the very first torque/impact gun. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher.S. and it continues to grow. while total installed wind capacity stood at around 31GW. Watch the World Record Run. a U. The renewables’ share of the German electricity supply has now reached 25%. Increasingly often there is a surplus of electricity attributable to renewables that sometimes cannot even be given away. On the other hand.
The contract with Solstad Offshore also includes Star IPS functionality covering planned maintenance. acquired all outstanding shares of Houstonbased ImpactWeather from Universal Weather & Aviation. including optimal voyage planning for safe journeys and minimum fuel consumption. StormGeo. Another large software upgrade project currently under way is for Dutch offshore contractor Van Oord’s 90-strong vessel fleet. SIS and StormGeo believe that this data becomes New software for the offshore and shipping industries.not for reproduction or retransmission.’ StormGeo chairman Erik Langaker observes: ‘We recognised that there could be an opportunity for StormGeo to integrate other software suppliers’ asset data with our more traditional meteorological forecasting and risk assessment models. StormGeo lays claim to being the world’s leading provider of meteorological decision systems to the offshore industry and is experiencing rapid growth in the more traditional shipping sector. OE 24 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Ocean Rig. StormGeo is looking to benefit from a SIS customer base of more than 1500 ships. Offshore clients include BW Offshore. Meg Chesshyre reports. and its chairman Erik Langaker becoming SIS’ non-executive chairman – the two companies are looking to have the first fruits of their partnership on the market within 12 months. SIS. SIS has recently completed the installation of its Star Information & Planning System software package for Solstad Offshore’s fleet of 50 fully owned/jointly owned and leased vessels. o f f s h o r e . asset management. S even more powerful when it is combined with operational data from engine management for handling events and initiating safety measures. For its part. The combined group now covers all geographic areas of the world on a 24/7 basis. Petrofac and Seadrill. purchasing and logistics within both the shipping and offshore sectors. Japan Drilling. w w w . is expanding its operations in Singapore and Brazil. We also see that their activity is increasing in more demanding locations. We hope to be able to take optimal voyage planning to a new and more sophisticated level – both on an individual vessel basis. However. The ultimate goal of our new relationship with SIS is to provide customers with an optimum decision platform for safe journeys and minimum fuel consumption. meanwhile. projects and document management. Two years ago it acquired Swedish company Seaware. Odebrecht. Northern Offshore. StormGeo operates out of 12 offices in nine countries. with an option to increase this in the future. SIS chief executive Per Anders Koien says: ‘We see that our customers are facing new and more demanding requirements for safe operations from the authorities and their own customers.BUSINESS Safer hands across the sea tar Information Systems (SIS) is among the largest providers of software systems for maintenance. as well as over 150 offshore units operating globally.e n g i n e e r. as part of a strategic move into the US market for meteorology and weather related services.’ Extended network StormGeo’s Erik Langaker (left) and Star Information Systems CEO Per Anders Koien shake on last month’s deal. safety management. In agreeing to work together on the development of leading edge software – with StormGeo taking a 15% stake in SIS. By combining machinery and operational performance information with weather forecasting we can help our customers to build a safer and more cost efficient operation. IAN MCINNES . adding ship dynamics and performance expertise to the mix. are expected to emerge from a partnership agreement between Star Information Systems and weather experts StormGeo. guarantee claims. Detailed meteorological information and decisions already provide the shipping and offshore industries with crucial tools to safeguard people and equipment while operating in harsh conditions. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. SIS is expected to benefit from StormGeo’s extended network of office locations around the world – particularly Houston and Dubai. COSL. such as Arctic areas. In May this year. as well as for large fleets servicing offshore and shipping segments. Cotemar.
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PRE-ORDER the NEW 2013 Editions of both the Gulf Coast Oil Directory* and the Houston/Texas Oil Directory**.Obtain the most comprehensive list of Oil & Gas contacts across the U.com/directory firstname.lastname@example.org Each 2 The 2012 Gulf Coast Oil Directory & 2012/ 2013 Houston/Texas Oil Directory Purchase 3 Included: PRE-ORDER The NEW 2013 Gulf Coast Oil Directory* & NEW 2013 Houston/Texas Oil Directory** INDIVIDUAL PRICING Order individual directories based on your speci c needs.oilonline. Mississippi. and Florida 30% OFF Retail (for both directories) $139. 60th Edition Gulf Coast Oil Directory Covers South Texas. Oklahoma. and parts of New Mexico Obtain the nal inventory of the 2012 Gulf Coast Oil Directory and the 2012/2013 Houston/Texas Oil Directory.S.00 20% OFF Retail (for both directories) $159.000 Companies 1 Purchase Individually $89.00 42nd Edition Houston/Texas Oil Directory Covers Texas. **The 2013 Houston/Texas Oil Directory is a PRE-ORDER and will be available for shipment July 2013.not for reproduction or retransmission. Order the Gulf Coast Oil Directory and Houston/Texas Oil Directory to maximize your database! 50. Gulf Coast Region.1480 www. Do not miss out on gaining extensive data to reach individuals throughout the oil and gas communi*The 2013 Gulf Coast OIl Directory is a PRE-ORDER and will be available for shipment February 2013. . Alabama. For reprints please contact the Publisher.654.com Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Louisiana.000 Contacts 10. Company Name Address Email Address Contact Name Direct /Cell Phone #’s Web Site Title Company Detail: Company Size Revenue Areas Operated in past 12 months Operations (onshore/o shore) Stock Data +1800.
o f f s h o r e . sit right now.’ G&G NOTEBOOK by Andrew McBarnet andrewmcbarnet@dc. The argument in favour of OBS is well known. oil companies have plenty of ostensibly viable technology to choose from and they have the cash.rr. market conditions look as favourable as they possibly could be. The main contractors concluded a long time ago that ocean bottom cable (OBC) seismic amounts to a high maintenance operation. That more or less sums up where purveyors of all options for ocean bottom seismic (OBS) surveying. The good news is that a modest crescendo of industry voices is beginning to sing the praises of seabed seismic. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. for which few oil companies would be prepared to pay the premium price needed to make it viable. Placing recorders on the seabed still provides indisputably better (multi-component) imaging of the w w w . Some of this could be put down to the difficulty of a small. It is of course true that the OBS experience to date has not been an especially happy one. and yet orders for any form of OBS amount to no more than a ripple. both retrievable and permanent. Early successes were followed by an implosion from which the company has still to properly recover. 27 . Is there a seabed seismic shift? No-one seems to have fathomed out the depth of the potential market for seabed-based seismic surveys. asset heavy company maintaining investor confidence in the market october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . c o m subsurface than towed streamer data. but those big waves that make the surf boarders’ day just don’t quite materialise. S ometimes the surf seems to be up. The use of any form of seabed cable or node does restrict the operational use of OBS to location-specific reservoir appraisal or production monitoring projects.e n g i n e e r. Andrew McBarnet reviews the state of play. tried to challenge the orthodoxy by launching a fleet of customised OBC vessels. On the surface.‘A modest crescendo of industry voices is beginning to sing the praises of seabed seismic.not for reproduction or retransmission.com Norway’s Ekofisk complex: site for CGGVeritas OptoWave PRM solution. The case for some permanent facility for seismic monitoring of fields over time also seems very persuasive in the context of improved oil recovery. but this is where it can provide the improved high resolution data needed to optimise the extraction of oil and gas. The Norwegian start-up company Reservoir Exploration Technology (RXT). In the last decade contractors have preferred to focus their attention on refining towed streamer technology to provide an increasingly acceptable and significantly cheaper way of achieving 4D seismic. where OBC would otherwise be the obvious solution in terms of repeatability and quality of data. equipped with a full wave ocean bottom digital recording system from Input/Output (now ION Geophysical). even if the level of current activity does not reflect this.
CGGVeritas. Apache must consider this large-scale node-based survey and the expected multi-component. all deploying technology based on products from its Sercel manufacturing subsidiary. as it was then. However. Not that the customer base is likely to be that large. From a historical perspective this may be a surprising conclusion. w w w . The arrangement suits Fugro’s strategy of wanting to divest from the volatile seismic exploration market and focus more on the extended production phase period in the life cycle of oil and gas fields. the company struggled to find consistent backlog with cost and operational issues big hurdles along with insufficient funding. the result of a conversion from an ocean 28 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Of the main players CGGVeritas and WesternGeco but not Petroleum Geo-Services (PGS) have kept their toe in the water. FairfieldNodal has sensed an opportunity in the even more exotic market of permanent reservoir monitoring (PRM). for the time being at least. the company is due to launch a node-based semi-permanent PRM system aimed at March of the nodes Leading the march of seabed nodes into the seismic market is the privately held company FairfieldNodal. and has had a continuing contract with Shell since Easter 2010.g&g notebook European Supporter: addition to the FugroNodal fleet. which has deployed a far greater number of nodes on projects – in the North Sea and the Gulf of Mexico – than any of its rivals. It will be joining FaifieldNodal’s New Venture and C-Pacer as part of a ‘super crew’ in the Main Pass area offshore Louisiana. the betting probably has to be on node-based seabed solutions rather than OBC. cable-laying vessel to a hybrid nodal seismic vessel that can serve as a source vessel with its own node-handling ability. which has dabbled in node technology in the past. But a key feature of the deal is that the two companies will pool their respective resources to form a Seabed Geophysics joint venture which includes Fugro’s and CGGVeritas’ ocean bottom nodes businesses and CGGVeritas’s transition zone.e n g i n e e r. It is working its way back to operating two crews and its Brazilian partnership GeoRXT in which it has a 45% interest has 12 months of work with Petrobras. The ongoing contracts at least suggest that oil companies view OBC as a viable technology. the North Sea and the Gulf of Mexico respectively. The company has conducted 12 deepwater node-based operations in the Gulf of Mexico. A detailed assessment of the implications will have to wait another issue. Obviously towed streamers can cover a much wider area but wide-azimuth surveys are big and costly operations which is why providers such as WesternGeco. In the early 2000s SeaBed Geophysical. which continues to languish in the doldrums. Chevron and BP in West Africa. The acquisition said something about Fugro’s faith in node-base seabed seismic. The survey will involve the company’s latest fleet addition European Supporter. CGGVeritas and TGS have so far adopted a multi-client approach. The crew will be able to deploy over 4500 nodes at 50m station spacing using 225. CGGVeritas startled the market with the purchase of Fugro’s entire Geoscience division in a $1. or buy in technology. It is just about to embark on a job for Apache in the Gulf of Mexico which will set a new benchmark for node deployment and OBS surveys in general. If the market is going to be propelled forward. But RXT also seems to have been dogged by some ugly operational and financial challenges. o f f s h o r e . RXT vessel Vikland: operational problems have hampered performance. A towed streamer alternative existed for some projects and the extra value of the OBC multi-component data was by no means a slam dunk. the first for BP in 2006. Fugro will make a cash payment of €225 million to CGGVeritas for a 60% controlling interest. The company attracted support from Significant backlog majors notably Total. On the positive side RXT has generated some significant backlog. full azimuth imaging results as the most cost-effective method for appraising a large swath of acreage. WesternGeco has been operating just the one crew working mainly for BP using Q-Marine-inspired equipment. This is of course easy for it to say. The new nodes were scheduled to be commercially available earlier this year. given that deepwater offshore operations the world over are really the preserve of the supermajors and some savvy national oil companies with the resources to fund these hugely expensive projects. downturn a year or two ago. CGGVeritas has two OBC crews working on long term contract in the Middle East and two in the Far East. However. FairfieldNodal also offers its deepwater Z3000 system which requires ROVs like the CGGVeritas and Fugro competition. The deep pockets of parent Schlumberger could always be called upon to rapidly augment its OBS offering. Judging from its recent filings. so called ‘nodes on a rope’ because they can be placed and retrieved without ROV assistance.1 billion transaction. At the Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG) annual meeting in Las Vegas next month. intrigued the market by winning a contract to carry out a seabed seismic survey in the Caribbean using node receivers positioned by ROV. The company line has long been that ocean bed seismic is still a business best left to the niche players. and late last year ‘confirmed’ its commitment to what it referred to as the emerging deepwater node market with an order for the manufacture of an additional 800 Trilobit four-component (4C) ocean bottom nodes (OBN) to make a total of 1000 units in its equipment pool.000m of recovery rope in a single patch. . It is early days but in certain circumstances this type of survey appears to present a potential challenger to the towed streamer wide azimuth approach to imaging complex geological settings found in the Gulf of Mexico and elsewhere. there clearly has not been a queue of oil companies wanting to employ the service. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. ocean bottom cable and permanent reservoir monitoring activities. making it the world’s largest oceanbottom nodal crew.not for reproduction or retransmission. should the pay-off on investment look sufficiently inviting. but that is by no means the end of the story. The Z3000 crew has also worked for Shell in Brunei and for Chevron in the North Sea. Just as OE went to press. The mega survey is expected to cover some 1100 blocks using the company’s Z700 nodes. but there is no news yet of their deployment on a commercial contract. OBC projects were always likely to be the first to be shelved by oil companies as a bit of a luxury. But in a virtual replay of RXT’s experience. the company acknowledges that it still has some work to do to address those issues. PGS. This proved to be a one-survey wonder until 2006 when SeaBird Exploration acquired the company and launched the custom-built Hugin Explorer for node-based surveys. This latter was taken care of this year with the purchase of SeaBird’s entire node operation for $120 million by Fugro.
to provide over 100km of cable for the field’s proposed deepwater (1700m) PRM system. which has to be a major feather in its cap. ie it is unrealistic to expect perfection over such a long period and interventions are probably inevitable. Nor does money upfront suit asset managers who are under pressure to show return on new investments over a very short period. The trouble is that capital outlay is all upfront requiring the oil company to take a long term perspective when the outcome is by no means clear cut. supplier of the seabed cable to all the BP projects. It would be based on a spread of proven Z3000 deepwater autonomous (battery powered) ‘optical nodes’ from which recorded data can be extracted ‘optically’. w w w . initiated what should evolve into a major PRM contract for the Snorre and Grane fields offshore Norway. Meanwhile ROV deployment/ recovery operations mean reduced installation costs. october 2012 Life of field surprise Given the circumstances. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher.e n g i n e e r. even though you would have thought that the potential additional reserves and ultimately the contribution to the bottom line would offer a massive incentive for operators of giant fields around the world. But it does not resolve the technology debate and probably complicates it. Of course we should not get too excited by the addition of this PRM option into the mix. Then there must be the nagging feeling that retrievable OBS systems and/or increasingly sophisticated broadband-based towed streamer techniques are perfectly viable and cheaper options. This should have been dual sensor system. Instead the oil companies appeared to get themselves hung up on a number of issues which rightly or wrongly provided the recipe for procrastination. PRM advocates argue that it does not take many repeat surveys for the permanently installed system to end up cheaper than conventional 4D seismic monitoring surveys using towed streamers or conventional OBC.9 million contract from the BC-10 Consortium offshore Brazil. proposed that the no in-sea electronics alternative provided by fibre-optic cable would be a more reliable. the PGS GeoStreamer was inadvertently referred to as a dual streamer system. Most recently Statoil. no cable required. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . The debate over PRM technology is of course much more nuanced in the sense that companies have to be convinced that it is worth gambling on existing equipment when. something better will almost certainly come along sooner rather than later. For quite some time no companies followed the BP lead. repair and potential upgrade. flexibility in the spread design. Tenth anniversary Those who follow the scene will know that the life of field seismic (LoFS) project on BP’s Valhall field offshore Norway will be celebrating its 10th anniversary next year.not for reproduction or retransmission. The UK-based group WGP announced the other day that it had just completed the 15th monitoring survey over the field adding weight to the numerous testimonials to the fact that PRM works. OYO Geospace won these contracts against competition from other conventional OBC and fibre optic tenders. OYO Geospace will be supplying 600km of cable worth $160 million over three years. Assuming all the pre-award conditions are met. BP has needed no convincing. 29 . price and how rapidly the equipment could be manufactured and supplied. and have no incentive to leave the benefits and kudos accruing for their successors on the project. o f f s h o r e . and TGS (Stingray). Experience suggests that it may only serve to prolong understandable but nonetheless frustrating oil company indecision.g&g notebook meeting some of the existing oil company resistance to wider adoption of PRM. The nodes can effectively be switched on and off as required to preserve battery life and can remain on the seafloor for an estimated 3-4 years. long lasting option evidenced by the performance of ocean cable for the telecommunications business. operated by Shell. Placing the nodes Fugro style. OE Correction: In the August issue. which has partner knowledge of the Valhall project and has extensively tested fibre optic systems. CGGVeritas (OptoWave). As a completely new technology there were immediate questions about whether the buried conventional OBC system supplied by OYO Geospace would last the anticipated 25 year life of the field. It is said that all PRM systems in place have experienced problems which in a way is what you would expect. because it followed Valhall with a further LoFS project on the Clair field in the UK offshore sector and a LoFS adaptation on the Azeri-ChiragGunashli fields in the south Caspian. a real turn up for the book this year has been the award of two LoFS cable system contracts to OYO Geospace. Post tender feedback suggests that the oil company clients were persuaded by track record. Meanwhile PGS is in the process of setting up a life of field seismic system for the Petrobras Jubarte field offshore Brazil. A number of companies. To date two new companies have been persuaded. including PGS (OptoSeis). More interestingly there is an impression that oil companies may be becoming less fixated on the reliability of the system over the life cycle of an oil field. Jubarte plan: what the PGS OptoSeis PRM system will look like. ConocoPhillips installed the CGGVeritas system on the Ekofisk field and at least four repeat surveys have been conducted. in a technology driven business such as seismic. in other words the seismic data really does provide valuable information to the reservoir management team in the bid to optimise the field’s development. This is why the flexibility and lower initial cost built into the FairfieldNodal PRM system may attract some interest. Earlier in the year OYO Geospace won a $14. plus ease of maintenance.
terceloilfield. generating crucial geological information and giving operators the ability to analyze a continuous flow of valuable formation material.* *Dependent on bit size or www. For reprints please contact the Publisher.com Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .not for reproduction or retransmission.MicroCORE™ Simple two in one innovation Improved geological insight while drilling faster The MicroCORE™ Drill Bit improves ROP by up to 35%. Visit us at ATCE stand 119 or at ADIPEC stand AD159 . while delivering high quality undisturbed cuttings.
‘The loss in oil [from drilling rig delivery delays] is enormous and it cannot happen again. most of them deepwater. in the last 18 months alone. has created new production unit departments in China. During an event outlining the 2012-16 plan. it is also focused on the rigs it has ordered in the last 18 months or so. The company’s 2011-15 business plan assumed production of 4. and are still arriving this year.e n g i n e e r. Rig delays dampen deepwater carnival with the production curve that was assigned to some of the reservoirs. including ‘unrealistic ramp ups’ and optimistic production curves as well as optimistic timing for well construction and interconnection.2 million boe/d. . Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo to track progress on the rigs daily.64 billion contract in February 2011. while the 2012-16 plan has lowered that target to 4. It’s not all plain sailing though. 31 . While the company works to bring in the drilling rigs that were delayed. P etrobras’ discoveries in the deep waters offshore Brazil represent 63% of all deepwater finds off the country in the last five years. 2012. The first seven are slated to begin operations in 2015 following construction by Sete Brazil and the Estaleiro Atlântico Sul shipyard (EAS) in Brazil. And finally . according to Maria das Graças Silva Foster. Korea. o f f s h o r e . who replaced Sergio Gabrielli at the helm of the Brazilian state operator in February. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. Jennifer Pallanich updates OE’s files on the Brazilian scene. albeit in the country’s shallower waters. Brazil’s oil & gas potential continues to grab the industry headlines. The october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . in its efforts to minimize the chance of further delays in the arrival of drilling rigs. The delays in drilling rig delivery run from just over 80 days to over 850 days. with Petrobras confirming more than a score of offshore discoveries.’ There are other reasons Petrobras reset its production goals. The company’s 2012-16 business plan attempts to answer a shortfall of 700.not for reproduction or retransmission. Graça Foster said Petrobras is watching rigs under construction very closely ‘because the loss in oil is enormous and it cannot happen again’. and 2013. Despite the level of exploration activity and success. c o m Petrobras. Petrobras awarded the first seven in a series of 28 newbuild drilling rigs with a $4. Construction delays have stalled some projects lately and another deepwater field was compromised by a subsea blowout.9 million boe/d in 2020 from its Brazilian operations. we have significant delays on new rigs that should have been arriving in Brazil by 2010 and early 2011. But with this we have a big impact in our production targets for 2011.’ Maria das Graças Silva Foster BRAZIL OFFSHORE Berthing of the P-62 at Atlantico Sul shipyard in Brazil. Petrobras E&P director José Miranda Formigli said ‘excessive optimism’ had originally informed the schedule for the delivery of new units. ‘Sometimes we were also very optimistic w w w . . Newcomer OGX confirmed a number of discoveries too. the company is working through some delays that affect its production targets.000b/d to 1 million b/d on production targets through 2020 that Petrobras set out in its 2011-15 plan.
but the partners requested a delay to the end of 2013 to allow for three additional exploratory wells and an EWT.’ José Formigli newbuilds will have an average dayrate of $430.e n g i n e e r. the FPSO Cidade de Anchieta saw first oil from the pre-salt Baleia Azul field in the Campos Basin. is slated to begin in 2016. with three each to be operated by Odfjell and Seadrill. the well was expected to flow for about six months to allow Petrobras and its partners to gather technical data on the behavior of the reservoirs and the oil flow in the subsea lines.000m in up to 3000m water depth. Petrobras finalized the contracts with Sete Brasil for six semi drilling rigs. will be used primarily for pre-salt drilling in the Santos Basin. Block operator Petrobras said it expects the well to flow at about 10. . Drillships are slated for delivery beginning in 2016 to drill wells up to 10.000. expected to be in operation by the end of 2014 with the installation of the 150. is in 2212m of water depth. The well produced an average of 28. Iracema lies in block BM-S-11. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. Going online in 1Q 2012.000m and operate in 3000m water depth. The 18in pipeline can transport up to 10mmcm/d of gas from the pre-salt cluster. Petrobras (45%) operates block BM-S-9. The nine represent the final phase in Petrobras’ plan to order 21 rigs from Sete Brasil. Delivery for the semi drillers. Elsewhere in the pre-salt. o f f s h o r e . Earlier this year. restricted. Pre-salt production Petrobras has already seen a bit of production from its pre-salt fields through extended well tests (EWT) since 2009. The line.brazil offshore ‘Sometimes we were also very optimistic with the production curve that was assigned to some of the reservoirs. 32 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Petrobras saw its first well begin producing on a commercial basis in the Santos Basin pre-salt cluster in July 2011 with the 9-RJS-660 well in the Lula field. Petrobras had a 216km pipeline installed to serve block BM-S-11. which are part of the 21-rig package announced in February 2012. Partner BG said all information gathered through the well test would support the development of the final production system in the area. Petrobras ordered six drillships to be built by Estaleiro Jurong Aracruz. The rigs will be chartered for 15 years to Petrobras. A few months prior to that. the FPSO is expected to reach a production level of 100. during the test phase. the Carioca Nordeste EWT to the FPSO Dynamic Producer started in November 2011 at 23. held by Petrobras (65%). Odebrecht and Etesco are also involved in the contracts. The FPSO. Also in August 2012. The following month. More recently. Petrobras and its partners were to file a commercial viability announcement on the Carioca area that same month. and Odebrecht will operate the final rig. Petrobras announced it had approved the award of 21 rigs to Sete Brazil and five to Ocean Rig.322boe/d.000 to $475. Petrobras signed on for nine drillships to be built in Brazil and chartered to the operator for 15 years. starts in 2145m of water from the Cidade de Angra dos Reis FPSO in the Lula field and runs to the Mexilhão platform in 172m of water. Queiroz Galvão will operate two.not for reproduction or retransmission.000m long in water depths of 3000m. which went onstream in September 2011. BG (25%) and Galp Energia (10%). on behalf of BG (30%) and Repsol-Sinopec (25%). Known as the Lula-Mexilhão gas pipeline.400b/d. In July 2012. and Petroserv will operate three. producing to the BW Cidade de São Vicente FPSO in 2120m of water. the FPSO BW Cidade de São Vicente received first production in the Iracema pre-salt area. to be delivered in 2016. Petrobras started an EWT in the northeastern part of its Lula field. w w w . to the Cidade de Angra dos Reis. Petrobras expects to use the drillships primarily in the pre-salt region of the Santos Basin. The SBM Offshore-operated FPSO FPSO Cidada de Anchieta in Keppel Shipyard. or 36. This year.436b/d of oil. which is connected to the RJS-647 well. intended for drilling up to 10.000b/d.000b/d. containing Carioca. A year after that. The units. The units are specified to be able to drill up to 10.000b/d capacity FPSO Cidade de Mangaratiba. the system connects the Lula field to the shallow water Mexilhão platform. Singapore.
not for reproduction or retransmission. With the industry’s most modern fleet and flexible. job-critical equipment. 25 20 15 Average Age of Global Stimulation Fleet.com instrumentation and redundant. Drawing on our global expertise. years Competitor 1 10 5 0 Stop waiting for old boats and outdated equipment. For reprints please contact the Publisher. we minimize offshore NPT while delivering the right treatment—the first time and every time. Our stimulation fleet includes many of the industry’s newest. All Rights Reserved. . most innovative vessels incorporating advanced © 2012 Baker Hughes Incorporated.Don’t put your offshore stimulation program on hold. skid-mounted stimulation systems. Competitor 2 Baker Hughes . Of course. it takes more than modern technology to ensure your well gets the right treatment the first time. we carefully plan each job to ensure a customized fluid system is delivered reliably and efficiently—lowering NPT and risk while Contentyour is copyright protected provided for personal use only enhancing production andand profits. 36209 Source: Lloyd’s List Intelligence bakerhughes.
each hull will move to a different construction site for installation of the production plant and the oil & gas processing modules. Lula Alto. 19% for exploration and 12% for infrastructure. Roncador itself has been onstream for years.6 billion total E&P investment. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. First oil is targeted for September 2013. Jurong do Brasil Prestação de Serviços and Mendes Jr Trading Engenharia/OSX Construção Naval. Roncador Module 4 is expected to begin production through 17 wells to the P-62 FPSO in March 2014. Petrobras has opted to postpone certain Campos Basin projects. First oil has been targeted for July 2013. The project. P-76 and P-77 platforms. as well as integration packages. The company has pinned the breakeven range for the first pre-salt fields at $35-$40/bbl.000b/d. Petrobras said it expected to award contracts for the final two topside modules.000b/d of oil and 3. The project is expected to produce 120.6 billion. The fourth module is expected to reach similar production levels to Module 3.2 million b/d of production onshore and offshore Brazil. Following conversion. with 69% of that allocated for production development. w w w . Petrobras expects to see pre-salt production making up 40. Sul de Guará. with their hulls being built in Brazil. which cover the processing plant.000b/d and 6mmcm/d capacity. Two months earlier. Carimbé. 34 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Lula Central. Lula Ext Sul. the partners in Iara expect an EWT in 2013 and to declare commerciality in December 2013. OAS and UTC Engenharia. These steps are intended to help the company reach its 2020 goal of 4. From 2016 to 2018. Rates are expected at 180. The contracts. Based on the experience it has has gained to date from pre-salt activities. utilities and living quarters. . but that the company wants to be realistic about the performance of the reservoir. o f f s h o r e . Petrobras lined up a series of four VLCC conversions. the same targets hold true for the Carioca area. a dozen production units under construction are expected to go onstream – to the tune of 1. went to DM Construtora de Obras/TKK Engenharia.’ OE Petrobras completed what the company deemed a record-breaking heavylift during the deck mating operation for the P-55 semisubmersible at the Rio Grande Naval Hub. The units are expected to operate at the Franco and Tupi Northeast prospects. Of the $131. Lula Sul. In July 2012. Petrobras expects production Pre-salt calculations from Sapinhoá Norte and Iracema Sul in 2014.000b/d and compression capacity of 7mmcm/d. Caracá.5mmcm/d of gas. The FPSO. By 2020. Jupiter. Each platform is planned to have production capacity up to 150. At the end of 2011. For instance. just over half – 51% – will go to the pre-salt cluster. following next year’s anticipated startup of production from the Sapinhoá and Lula NE pilots.000b/d of total capacity. IESA Oleo e Gas.7 billion contract with a consortium formed by construction companies Norberto Odebrecht. the P-74 conversion will be completed in March 2014. Formigli has told investors the reserves are there and EWTs have shown good results. The pre-salt region figures heavily in Petrobras’ calculations. This field holds an estimated recoverable volume of 2. First oil from the Sapinhoá pilot project is expected in January 2013. Petrobras has been increasing the capacity of units planned for the pre-salt area. The business plan calls for Petrobras’ E&P Brazil segment to invest $131. has the capacity to process 100. Peak production is expected in June 2015. such as Aruanã and Carindé.not for reproduction or retransmission. progress was at 52%. The work. Aruanã.000b/d with peak production slated for April 2015. Carioca 1. Petrobras declared the Guará field commercial and renamed it Sapinhoá. Beyond the salt The Papa Terra project. First oil from the Lula Nordeste pilot is slated for May 2013. and Franco 5 in 2018. Lula Norte and Franco 2 in 2016. The field in block BS-M-9 contains 30°API oil. The VLCCs will become the hulls of the P-74. to the same companies within the next 18 months. which will operate in the pre-salt transfer of rights area in the Santos Basin. Under Petrobras’ 2012-16 business plan. along with the integration of the units. the P-75 in October 2014 and the P-76 and P-77 in 2015. the Sapinhoá north FPSO will have a 150. According to the latest business plan’s production curve. with production reaching 120. relies on mass-produced FPSOs. At the same time. which was leased by Petrobras. Of the FPSOs. and Franco 4.1 billion boe.5 billion in contracts for the construction of six of eight topside modules for planned replicant FPSOs. partners in blocks BM-S-9 and BM-S-11 approved $4. Iara NW and Franco 3 in 2017.e n g i n e e r. announced in May 2012. which is moored in 1221m of water. both located in the Santos Basin pre-salt. which entails an FPSO and a TLWP. with two allocated for the Sapinhoá field in BM-S-9. received first oil on 10 September. according to Formigli. Iara Horst. with 140. At the time.2 million b/d of increased capacity – between 2012 and 2015. Produced natural gas will be pumped through the Sul-Norte Capixaba pipeline to the Cacimbas natural gas treatment unit on the coast of Espírito Santo. Petrobras will see seven new systems per year. six are reportedly slated for the Lula field in block BM-S-11.5% of Brazil’s oil output. Tome Engenharia/Ferrostaal Industrieanlagen. NE Tupi. will see 30 producers and injectors brought online. with production peaking in 2014. Keppel Fels do Brasil. Under the $1. Franco 1. Part of Petrobras’ production strategy for the pre-salt area. will be done at the Inhaúma Shipyard. Any unit placed in the fields would be ‘probably very customized to the location.brazil offshore FPSO Cidada de São Paulo. According to co-venturer BG.000b/d and 5mmcm/d of gas. as outlined in PLANSAL. with planned progress of 65% – at late June. was behind schedule in June. Roncador Module 3 is expected to begin production from 17 producer and injector wells to the P-55 semi. P-75.
The well is the third drilled in the Iara area. Petrobras. in the Santos Basin pre-salt. l The Iara Horst well in block BM-S-11 confirmed the reservoir’s 28°API oil quality. l Also in November 2011. 7km from FPSO Cidade de Vitória on the eastern side of Golfinho field. is in 1208m of water depth. designed to bolster the production of hydrocarbons in new discoveries close to existing production systems. This well found a 300m hydrocarbon column with 52m of sandstone bearing light oil. l Petrobras found 15°API oil in the post-salt layer of block ES-M-661 of the Espírito Santo Basin. Petrobras’ pre-salt Baleia Azul field in the Campos Basin sent first oil to the SBM-operated FPSO Cidade de Anchieta on 10 September. l Petrobras announced a new pre-salt oil accumulation in the Albacora field in 380m of water. o f f s h o r e . The find. Located 3km from the Marlin field in the Campos Basin. l Over 700 million barrels of light crude and 3tcf of gas is in the pre-salt Pão de Açúcar area. showed 31°API oil.4 million boe of 34°API oil for Bauna and 83. In February 2012. has initially confirmed oil via cable test oil sampling in the pre-salt carbonate reservoirs. The operator announced the find in July 2012. The Dolomita Sul well. Petrobras reported in February 2011. Brazil’s national oil.e n g i n e e r. The well is the first drilled following the transfer of rights agreement. Petrobras said the well turned up a 93m column of light crude. w w w . The well was drilled in block SEAL-M-426 in the Sergipe-Alagoas Basin by operator Petrobras (60%) on behalf of IBV (40%). c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Gávea and Pão de Açúcar discoveries. Petrobras (66%) operates the block on behalf of Petrogal (14%). Petrobras (45%) operates the block on behalf of partners BG Group (30%) and Repsol Sinopec Brasil (25%). At this development. Petrobras was still drilling ahead but had verified 295m of oil column. in 2027m of water. Petrobras reported in November 2011 finding 25°API in 2180m of water. which operates the concession on behalf of BG (30%) and Repsol (25%). october 2012 35 . Petrobras announced the find in September 2011. with 1 billion of that coming from the pre-salt area. lies in 2202m of water in the Santos Basin. initially reported in February 2012. Petrobras declared the pair of fields commercial. located in block BM-S-40. l The April 2012 discovery Dolomita Sul pushes the potential of the pre-salt region beyond initial expectations. This March 2012 discovery had located an oil column over 290m in thickness in the pre-salt carbonate reservoirs when Petrobras announced the find in the transfer of rights area. confirmed the discovery of good quality oil in the area known as Tupi Northeast. Barra Energia (10%) and Queiroz Galvão E&P (10%). l The Abaré well in the Carioca area of block BM-S-9 located 28°API oil in November 2011. The well was drilled in 2775m of water. found oil and gas. In August 2012. found 32°API oil in a lower interval and 43º API oil in an upper interval. drilled north of the Lula field in the Santos Basin in 1747m of water. operator Petrobras (88. Petrobras (66%) operates the block on behalf Petrogal Brasil (14%). Petrobras (45%) operates the block on behalf of BG (30%) and Repsol Sinopec (25%). at the time. l At Biguá. Barra Energia do Brasil Petróleo e Gás (10%) and Queiroz Galvão Exploração e Produção (10%). natural gas and biofuels agency. Petrobras E&P director José Miranda Formigli has said the find of over 700 million barrels of recoverables at ‘Pão de Açúcar was responsible for the opening of a new frontier in the pre-salt oil province’. BG said the Iara West appraisal well in 2150m water depth encountered 21-26°API oil in the pre-salt carbonate reservoirs. in 523m of water. Petrobras announced the find in August 2012. the discovery lies in BM-CE-2 concession. Repsol Sinopec (35%) operates the consortium on behalf of Statoil (35%) and Petrobras (30%). Petrobras expects to see first oil this month. which Petrobras (65%) reported on behalf of partners BG Group (25%) and Galp Energia (10%) in March 2011. Petrobras operates the concession with 100%. preliminary volume estimates were 350 million barrels of light oil. Carioca Sela recovered 27°API in block BM-S-9. l The 1-BRSA-976-RJS well drilled northeast of the Lula field in a water depth of 2131m found 26°API oil.1%) announced in November 2011. Petrobras (45%). l In April 2012. Drilled in 1900m of water in block ES-M-525. l Malombe well in 980m water depth found oil in block ES-M-414. which is the fourth well drilled in the transfer of rights area of the Santos Basin. Petrobras (40%) operates the block on behalf of partners IBV (30%) and Anadarko (30%). The Grana Padano well. the well is operated by Petrobras (65%) on behalf of Shell (20%) and Inpex (15%). which is in the transfer of rights area. The well is in block BM-S-8.1 million boe of 32°API oil for Piracaba. in 2341m of water. l The Southern Guará well. Petrobras found good quality oil with the Patola well in 299m of water in the south Santos Basin. Petrobras operates block BM-S-11 holding Iara with 65% interest on behalf of BG (25%) and Galp Energia (10%). Block BM-C-33 in the Campos Basin holds the Seat. found 28°API oil in 2024m of water. l The Franco SW well. Petrobras (65%) operates on behalf of partners BG Group (25%) and Partex Brasil (10%). Tucura is also part of the Varredura project. According to Petrobras’ April 2011 report. The platform SS-11 Atlantic Zephyr takes first oil from the Tiro and Sídon areas through an extended well test in 2010 in the Santos Basin. Petrobras has a string of reported discoveries to its credit. l The Carioca Nordeste well in 2151m of water turned up 26°API oil in the pre-salt reservoirs of block BM-S-9. l The Tucura well. l The Brigadeiro discovery in the Cretaceous reservoirs of the Espírito Santo Basin was reported in June 2011. Petrobras reported in February 2012. was drilled as part of Petrobras’ Varredura project. l A second well drilled after the execution of the transfer of rights agreement with the ANP. l The Pecém accumulation in the deepwater Ceará Basin was discovered in August 2012. gas and condensate. are in shallow water. announced the results – which includes 250m of good quality reservoir – in January 2011. l The Barra 1 extension well found oil about 30km away from the Moita Bonita well. Located in the area known as Tiro and Sídon. l The Gávea discovery in 2708m of water depth was reported in June 2011. Petrobras reported the discovery in November 2011. estimates total recoverables of 113. l The Carcará appraisal in block BM-S-8. Repsol Sinopec holds the remaining interest. is operated by Repsol-Sinopec (35%) on behalf of Statoil (35%) and Petrobras (30%). Petrobras (66%) operates the block on behalf of Petrogal Brasil (14%). The Pão de Açúcar well was drilled in 2800m water depth and encountered 500m of hydrocarbon column with about 350m of reservoirs.not for reproduction or retransmission. l Petrobras reported the Pé de Moleque and Quindim finds in 1900m of water in the Espírito Santo Basin in July 2011. Company CEO Maria das Graças Silva Foster said the 2011 discoveries alone added 1. Petrobras announced the find in August 2012. Petrobras announced the find in August 2012. with production peaking in January 2014. The finds were in block ES-M-525. The well has turned up over 400m of oil column. Located in 2129m of water. l The Barra well.24 billion barrels of equivalent oil to Petrobras’ numbers. 64km away from the Golfinho field. l The Macunaíma well in 2134m of water discovered 26°API oil in the pre-salt Santos Basin. l Petrobras found 31°API oil in March 2012 with the Carcará drilled in the Bem-te-vi prospect in 2027m water depth in the Santos Basin. l Drilled in 2149m of water about 4. The find. the Tambuatá well found natural gas and light oil in 1520m water depth. found 28°API oil. drilled in 1860m of water.5km from the discovery well. l In January 2012. which Petrobras operates (60%) on behalf of BP (40%). according to block operator Repsol-Sinopec. The fields. Barra Energia do Brasil Petróleo e Gás (10%) and Queiroz Galvão Exploração e Produção (10%). the new well turned up 36°API oil. according to Petrobras. Block partner Petrobras said the Pão de Açúcar well confirms the potential of block BM-C-33. which operates with 100%.brazil offshore Petrobras discoveries Over the last 18 months or so. l The Moita Bonita well in the Sergipe-Alagoas Basin in block BM-SEAL-10. turned up 20°API oil in the post salt. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. The accumulations were renamed Bauna and Piracaba. l Franco NW.
field in the Campos Basin showed test rates of 4000b/d to 18. The Aker Wayfarer handled subsea installation. In August. OGX has said it intends to drill a significant number of production wells in the Campos Basin in the next four years. Paulo Mendonça. from Singapore. In addition. concluded in June 2011. respectively. Based on those results.e n g i n e e r. chief executive of OSX. first oil is expected in 2H 2013 using the FPSO OSX-3 and the wellhead platform 2. who served as general executive officer until being assigned the post of CEO in April. declared the field commercial in 1H 2012. OGX has had a few shifts in management this year. which OGX operates with 100% interest. OGX said the ideal flow rate will be 5000boe/d per well. formerly Waimea. GE will supply drilling & production equipment for three fixed production platforms for the Waimea and Waikiki fields under a contract valued at up to $230 million. was named CEO of OGX. As of mid-June. Wellstream supplied the flexible lines. Now to be known as Tubarão Martelo. in April 2012. without water injection. It anticipates recovering 285 million barrels of oil from the pair of Campos Basin blocks. the company expects to have two more producers as well as two injectors connected to the shallow water FPSO. the EWT for the Tubarão Azul. It is under a 20-year charter to OGX.brazil offshore The OSX-1 FPSO is serving OGX’s Waimea field in the shallow waters offshore Brazil. OGX. Paulo Ricardo dos Santos was named exploration and reservoirs officer. those vessels are expected to begin receiving production in 2H 2013. Eike Batista is the chairman. OSX-2 and OSX-3. was named special advisor to the chairman of EBX Group. arrived in Waimea well test B Rio de Janeiro in October 2011.not for reproduction or retransmission. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. Baker Hughes supplied the electric submersible pump. Paulo de Tarso was named exploration director. neighboring accumulations in the adjacent block have shown 26-28°API oil. respectively. OGX is awaiting the delivery of two more FPSOs. Oceaneering produced the control umbilical. showed a production potential of 40. Luiz Eduardo Guimarães Carneiro. First oil came in January via an extended well test (EWT) to the FPSO OSX-1 just over two years after the field was discovered with OGX-3 in December 2009.000b/d of 20°API oil at the OGX-26 and OGX-68 wells. The OSX-1 was built in Korea and customized by Keppel in Singapore. so named for oil & gas plus the mathematical multiplier symbol. o f f s h o r e . OGX ordered wellhead platforms 3 and 4 from Techint. enabling it to recover over 100 million boe from the field in block BM-C-41 in 135m water depth. The oil was discovered with the OGX-25 well in December 2010. Also in April.000 barrels of oil and handle production of up to 80. the accumulation spans across the shallow water blocks BM-C-39 and BM-C-40. OE 36 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . OGX declared the Waikiki accumulation commercial in April this year. razilian independent OGX kicked off 2012 with production at its offshore Waimea development. w w w . are building. In June. The drill stem test of the first production well for the field.000b/d of 23°API oil. By mid-2013. which can store up to 900. which Modec and Techint. . Wellhead platforms 1 and 2 are scheduled to be delivered by 1H 2014 for the Waimea and Waikiki complexes. the 272m long vessel.000b/d. Reinaldo Belotti production officer and Roberto Monteiro CFO.
or OGX-31. The Illimani. The well. well found an oil column of 95m with about 42m of net pay in the Albian. OGX announced the results in April 2011. which operates the block with 100% interest. The Chimborazo. Maersk Oil operated BM-C-37 with 50% on behalf of OGX with 50%. which announced the find in March 2011. The well in 127m of water in Campos Basin block BM-C-41 is operated by OGX with 100%. The Maceió. was drilled in 150m of water. The Campos Basin well in 135m of water is operated 100% by OGX. which operates with 100% interest. In a March 2012 deal.5mmcm/d in a horizontal well. drilled in 185m of water. or OGX-52. The well was drilled in 105m of water. which could reach 2. well intersected a hydrocarbon column of 1000m in the Albian with about 110m of net pay. OGX. drilled in 102m of water. confirmed the find in January 2012. well in block BM-C-41 hit an oil column of 149m with 48m of net pay in the Albian and a 59m column with 23m of net pay in the Aptian. A September 2011 drillstem test on OGX-11D in the Natal accumulation indicated a production potential of 1mmcm/d and 1200b/d of 47°API condensate in a vertical well and up to 5mmcm/d and 6000b/d of 47°API condensate with a horizontal well. announced the find in April 2011.not for reproduction or retransmission. or OGX-47. The Salvador. The well. in May 2011. is in block BM-S-57 in the Santos Basin. well found 174m of hydrocarbon column with 96m of net pay in the Albian section and a 12m hydrocarbon column with 5m of net pay in the Santonian. The OGX-40D Pipeline appraisal well drilled in 130m of water found an oil column of 204m with about 107m of net pay in the Albian. The Tambora. The well. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. The well was drilled in 130m of water in block BM-C-41. well found a 330m hydrocarbon column in the Albian age. In a March 2012 deal. OGX announced the find in July 2011. both at absolute open flow. OGX acquired an additional 20% interest as well as operatorship of the block. or OGX-20. is in 125m of water. or OGX-28D. or OGX-30. or OGX-79. in Santos Basin block BM-S-58. OGX announced the find in April 2011. OGX. The well in Santos Basin block BM-S-59 is in 180m of water. OGX announced the find in February 2011. indicated a production potential of 1mmcm/d in a vertical well.e n g i n e e r. was announced in July 2011. which announced the find in April 2012. The Itacoatiara well. or OGX-33. A later drillstem test. well found a 52m hydrocarbon column with 24m of net pay in the Albian. Operator OGX (100%) confirmed the find. well in 130m of water in block BM-C-41 found an 80m oil column with about 50m of net pay in the Albian section. OGX operates the block with 100% interest. operator with 100%. with three production intervals. OGX. OGX-36. or OGX-63. OGX. The Osorno. announced the Albian find in October 2011. OGX said. which operates the block with 100% interest. The Tupungato. well in Santos Basin block BM-S-59 found a hydrocarbon column of 131m in the Santonian section with about 51m of net pay. The block BM-C-39 well. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .BRAZIL OFFSHORE OGX delivered its first shipment to Shell Western Supply & Trading from the FPSO OSX-1 this March. It operates the well in block BM-C-41 with 100% interest. The OGX-41D Waikiki appraisal well in block BM-C-39 in 105m of water found an oil column of about 148m with about 92m of net pay in the Albian-Cenomanian. Maersk Oil found 14m of potential net pay in the Santonian as well as 43m of potential net pay in the Albian and 12m of potential net pay in the Aptian sections of a Campos Basin BM-C-37 well in 135m of water. announced the results in March 2011. w w w . OGX acquired an additional 20% interest from Maersk as well as the operatorship of the block. Maersk Oil operated BM-C-37 with 50% on behalf of OGX with 50%. which operates the block with 100% interest. in March 2011. in Campos Basin block BM-C-41. o f f s h o r e . The OGX-35D appraisal of the Waikiki accumulation in Campos Basin block BM-C-39 discovered an oil column of 158m with about 80m of net pay. The OGX-25 well in block BM-C-39 found a 198m column with total net pay of 145m in the Albian and Cenomanian sections and additional pay in the Eocene. At the time of discovery. At the time of discovery. which it operates with 100% interest. october 2012 37 . The well is in 130m of water in the Campos Basin. announced the discovery in January 2011. hit 136m of oil column with 60m of net pay. The Fortaleza. OGX operates the block with 100% interest. OGX announced the find in January 2011. which OGX operates with 100% interest. The well. The Carambola-B well in Maersk Oil-operated block BM-C-37 found up to 17m of potential net pay in the Albian section. in 128m of water. OGX announced the find. OGX discoveries Maintaining a steady level of exploration activity. found a hydrocarbon column of about 150m with 64m of net pay in the Albian section in the Campos Basin. is 100% operated by OGX. OGX operates the block with 100% interest and announced the Eocene discovery in January 2011. OGX. in 155m of water. an appraisal of the Pipeline accumulation in Campos Basin block BM-C-41. OGX has marked a number of successes.
ADIPEC Hall: 11 Stand 11065 eclipse.magnetrol. For reprints please contact the Publisher.not for reproduction or retransmission. .com Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .
During the seep incident. fabrication oversight. a JV of Inpex. o f f s h o r e . and the company can be fined nearly $1 million per incident.0037 DELMAR w w w . Later. • Provided project engineering. the companies involved face penalty fines.365.. Australia Delmar Systems.0180 Fax: +1 337.com Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Chevron also suspended all drilling operations offshore Brazil indefinitely. Chevron operates Frade. operational procedures.not for reproduction or retransmission. Ltd. Operations and Headquarters 8114 West Highway 90 Broussard.000b/d. • Maintains the largest inventory of certified mooring components available to support any mooring project. which was drilling on the field.delmarus.7 billion civil lawsuit against Chevron and its partners. The ANP’s report on the incident found Chevron culpable on 25 infractions. and installation services for the installation of LLOG’s OPTI-EX facility • Installed and recovered more suction pile foundations than any other contractor in the world.7140 Perth.. The report cleared Transocean’s Sedco 706 semi. www.000boe/d. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. ANP ordered Chevron to shut in one of the 11 Frade producers and four water injectors. Chevron maintained full production activities at Frade with output of about 79. The Brazilian federal government filed a $10. october 2012 39 . there was never any oil flow from the wellhead but rather about 2400 barrels of oil had come from nearby seep lines on the ocean floor. Let Delmar put their experience to work for you. of responsibility. causing heavy seeps. a secondary leak became evident in March this year. Louisiana USA 70518 Tel: +1 337. c o m Technical and Engineering 2424 Wilcrest Dr. ANP has pegged the number at more like 3700 barrels. Delmar Sistemas de Ancoragem. effectively. Inc.252. With an unwavering commitment to developing the most highly qualified and skilled professionals and innovative technology.. Brazil Aberdeen. In addition to the civil lawsuit. In November 2011. however. the ANP said Chevron missed an underwater blowout and that its failure to properly manage pressure during drilling led to the kick. Scotland Delmar North Sea Ltd. According to Chevron.BRAZIL OFFSHORE Frade seeps continue to haunt O il seeps at Chevron’s Frade field nearly a year ago have led Brazilian regulator ANP to assess millions in fines against Chevron and ultimately halted output at the troubled Campos Basin field.7100 Fax: +1 832. with 51. installation engineering. Texas USA 77042 Tel: +1 832. Sojitz and Jogmec (18. which began production in 2Q 2009. the Power of Innovation For over 44 years. ANP told Chevron in July that the company could resume production but not water injection or any new drilling.e n g i n e e r. • Over 300 subsea component installations using the patented heave compensated landing system (HCLS). INC. output was at 60. prompting Chevron to ask for a temporary suspension of production at the field. Rio de Janeiro. Delmar Systems. DELMAR SYSTEMS. At that time. and efficiently. OE The Strength of Experience. While the immediate leak was halted within days of the 9 November 2011 incident. Pty.3%). has been serving the oil and gas industry around the world.7% interest on behalf of partners Petrobras (30%) and Frade Japão Petróleo. Chevron P&A’d an appraisal well after oil seeps were found in the Frade area in 1200m (3800ft) of water.252. Ltda. In its report on the leak. Delmar ensures that every job is performed safely. Suite 225 Houston.365.
c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. This will be the world’s largest spar. and the first with condensate storage. Three concepts are under consideration – a circular unit with storage.8 billion research budget is earmarked for projects to improve recovery. The harsh environment and water depth of 1300 metres pose particular technical challenges. research institutions and suppliers to increase recovery. w w w . leading to a final investment decision and PDO submission in 2014. A pipeline solution requires more capex and offshore loading more opex. tatoil is targeting concept selection for the Skrugard area development in the Barents Sea in 2013. It will be a flexible development based on standard solutions. The operator is hoping to turn the development into a field centre. and Havis in January this year. including a special centre for increased recovery in Trondheim. Statoil’s sub-surface team on the Øseberg field was awarded the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate’s prize for improved oil recovery (IOR) for its work 40 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Statoil VP development Erik Strand Tellefsen revealed. according to field development SVP Øivind Reinertsen. ‘We work internally in the company and together with partners. Skrugard. Technip has a letter of intent for the hull and will lead the project in a consortium with Hyundai Heavy Industries of Korea. . contain an estimated 4-600 million boe. discovered in April 2011. From last year to this year the average oil recovery rate for Statoil-operated fields in Norway rose from 49% to 50%.norway offshore Revitalising the Norwegian shelf A number of operators on the Norwegian shelf revealed updates of their field development plans at the recent Offshore Northern Seas conference in Stavanger.e n g i n e e r. with a substantial list of projects and refurbishments going forward as part of the revitalisation of the Norwegian shelf. dependent on subsurface conditions. a ship-shaped until with storage or a 240km pipeline to shore. o f f s h o r e . A total of about 40 wells are planned over an eight year drilling programme.not for reproduction or retransmission. Statoil has also set itself an ambitious target to achieve an average recovery rate of 60% from the fields operated by the company on the Norwegian continental shelf. the first on the NCS. Pre-drilling is expected to start in 2016 leading to first production in the later part of 2018. Meg Chesshyre has the details.’ explained Siri Espedal Kindem. ‘We begin this work before a field is even developed and we continue this through the entire production phase. Statoil is planning to deploy a spar on the Aasta Hansteen field (previously Luva) with an investment decision end 2012/early 2013 ready for first oil end 2016. Concept selection for the giant Johan Sverdrup (previously Avaldsnes/Aldous S Major) discovery on the Utsira High is targeted for the end of next year with submission of a field development plan in late 2014 and first oil from an initial phase in 2018. Statoil’s SVP for technology excellence. constituting 327 million barrels of oil.’ Half of the company’s NKr2.
The recovery success story on Øseberg began with the Troll Øseberg gas injection project (TOGI). Removal of the old PCP. It has a processing capacity of 120. Hod 2 and Valhall Flank West (VFW) between 2015 and 2020 as part of the Greater Valhall appraisal programme. In addition.not for reproduction or retransmission. ØYVIND HAGEN work proceeds on tying back new discoveries to existing installations. The Stjerne development will come onstream next year. In addition to further drilling on the four permanent installations on Øseberg. there are plans for more seabed templates and a fast-track development project in the prospective Øseberg area. in increasing recovery by means of gas injection at ONS (pictured above). It has a design life of 40 years. at the end of August. A new platform. QP and Hod1 platforms is scheduled for 2020-25.e n g i n e e r. It is powered from shore via a 294km long DC cable from Lista. Norway. DP. Since then the Øseberg field has used its own gas as pressure support to extract more oil. c o m due to subsidence in the seabed and the need for more efficient operation of the field. w w w . installed in 2010. From 1991 to 2002 some 21. The old PCP platform was shut down in late July. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. had 59. BP Norge’s new Valhall process and hotel platform is expected to start production later this year. New wells and major workovers are also planned on Ula/Tambar starting october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . and replaces the QP. double the amount produced from the Valhall area so far. The hotel facilities were put into use last year. 41 . held in Stavanger.NORWAY OFFSHORE ONS 2012.000b/d of oil and 143mmcf/d of gas. The aim is significantly to increase the Hod recovery rate and to enhance the development of the west flank of the Valhall field.000 more than in 2010.7bcm of gas were injected into Øseberg.913 visitors – a new record – almost 10. This represents an investment of NKr25-30 billion including drilling of between 20 and 30 production and injection wells in phase one. By 2050 BP aims to have achieved its vision of around 2 billion barrels of oil produced. BP is also mulling the construction and installation of two new platforms. There are 180 single bed cabins. which came on stream in 1991. was required Øseberg field centre. o f f s h o r e . DP and PCP platforms.
for a production start in the autumn of 2016. The development consists of subsea wells tied into an FPSO with offshore loading to shuttle tankers and gas export through a new pipeline system into the UK Segal system. operated by det norske oljeselkap. and weather delays last winter affecting the riser pull-in campaign. The 2/7S jacket for Eldfisk II is under construction at Dragados and is due for installation next year. and Prosafe is supplying 42 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Sanction is currently anticipated end 2012/beginning 2013 ready for first production in 3Q 2015. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. will be installed on Ekofisk in 2013. and Kvaerner Stord the 21.e n g i n e e r. The Polar Pioneer is carrying out development drilling. built by Kvaerner Stord. and on Bøyla. was installed in July this year. Transocean Searcher will start drilling six production wells mid-2013. The topsides (constructed by Aker Egersund) go in next year. The 2/4L jacket (built by Kvaerner Verdal) and the bridges (built by Smoe in Singapore) were installed on the field in June. A lease-and-operate contract for the Knarr FPSO was awarded to Teekay in June 2011 and construction is well under way at the Samsung yard in Korea. Swedish spend Sweden’s Lundin Petroleum is planning capital expenditure of NKr25 billion in Norway over the next four years. a recent strike in Norway. w w w . of which NKr15 billion will be on its operated Edvard Grieg and Brynhild fields. The Ekofisk South project includes the construction of the Ekofisk 2/4Z wellhead platform and the subsea facility Ekofisk 2/4VB. currently being constructed by Smoe. Transport and installation has gone to Saipem. Through the three development projects. The jacket (built by Dragados) and bridge are due for installation this year. The owners are investing NKr83 billion in the various development projects (2011 value) on Ekofisk and Eldfisk. o f f s h o r e . BG Norge is looking at start-up from the Knarr field in block 34/3 in 1Q 2014. Start-up has been delayed for a number of reasons – construction delays in Korea. First production from BP’s Skarv field (Skarv FPSO pictured above) in the Norwegian Sea is now looked for in the fourth quarter of this year.000te jacket in March 2014. The topsides. Total capex for Grieg is NKr24 billion. The topsides being built by Kvaerner Stord will be completed in 2014. . Ekofisk South and Eldfisk II.not for reproduction or retransmission.000te topsides in April 2015. which is expected to start up in the autumn of 2016. Kvaerner Verdal is due to deliver the 13. Submission of the Ivar Aasen PDO is planned in December 2012. A commercial agreement is in place for a co-ordinated development with Ivar Aasen (previously Draupne).norway offshore next year to extend field life to 2028 and beyond. with subsea wells tied into a leased FPSO. In addition extensive modifications are being carried out on existing facilities within the Greater Ekofisk area. The proposed development concept for the Bream field (17/12-1) is similar to Knarr. ConocoPhillips says it is now laying the foundations for value creation in the Greater Ekofisk Area over the next 40 years. ConocoPhillips Norway has three large projects currently in the execution phase – the Ekofisk 2/4L accommodation and field centre. Production start up from Edvard Grieg (previously Luno) in block 16/1 is looked for in October 2015. A new equipment room for Eldfisk 2/7A. in which it is a partner. Lundin has selected Norwegian fabrication contractors for Edvard Grieg.
Commercial viability as well as potential further upside will need to be confirmed during appraisal drilling in 2103. c o m range between 60 and 160 million barrels of recoverable oil. A contract for the 16. sales@tetratec. Preliminary resource estimates for Skarfjell. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. Statoil is responsible for the export lines. Technip (pipelines and installation) and Maersk Drilling (jackup). The expansion plans are reflected in the rapidly growing number of employees. w w w .com +1. Maria has an estimated 60-120 million barrels of oil as well as 2-5bcm of recoverable natural gas. An appraisal well in May confirmed the upper end of the discovery estimate.com www. Total Norge is hoping to award topsides. Petoro 30% and Statoil 19%. In 2013 the Wintershall head count in Stavanger is set to rise from over 200 to 300. ‘When we evaluated thoroughly you need to add another six months’ minimum construction time [building in Korea]. a tieback to the Haewene Brim FPSO located at Shell’s UK sector Pierce field. october 2012 43 . It has total recoverable reserves estimated at 189 million boe. 30/4 and 29/6 by the end of the year. Wintershall’s target is to raise the daily production more than tenfold to 50.not for reproduction or retransmission. OE Proven Well AbAndonment & decommissioning solutions » » » » » » » Project Engineering and Management Rigless and Subsea P&A Wireline Services Topside and Subsea Cutting Diving and Marine Heavy Lift Installation & Construction ® ® ® A TETRA Company A TETRA Company TETRA Technologies. Last month Lundin confirmed an option in the Edvard Grieg topside contract for Kvaerner to perform the offshore hook-up and commissioning assistance. Concept selection is expected in early 2013. The company is looking at either a standalone facility or a subsea tieback to the Heidrun or Kristin fields.281. is expected in 4Q 2013. but the contract has yet to be awarded.e n g i n e e r. Production drilling starts in 2014 and first production is looked for in 2016. 29/9. First oil from Lundin’s Brynhild field. Development of the discovery is planned with a subsea facility tied back to Alvheim (pictured above right). He observed that Korean yards lacked co-ordinated engineering and procurement. and time was lost with equipment manufactured in Europe being transported to Korea and back. managing director Wintershall Norge said at ONS.NORWAY OFFSHORE a newbuild flotel.500te jacket for the field was awarded to Kvaerner in February. Partner interests are Total (operator) 51%. Technip has EPIC contract for the subsea facilities.’ he explained. Wintershall is now eyeing a 2017 production start for the Maria discovery in Norwegian block 6406/3. Expected production start-up is end 2013 or beginning 2014. Bernard Schrimpf. Lundin project director Bjorn Sund is confident of meeting a tight 36-month delivery schedule through the use of Norwegian yards. Inc. discovered in March this year about 17km south-west of the Gjøa field.367.1983 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Additional exploration wells are also planned for 2012/13. and on Catcher and Cladhan in the UK. o f f s h o r e . SURF and FSO contracts for the Martin Linge (previously Hild) field in blocks 30/7. which means that you are losing a season. Marathon submitted a PDO for Bøyla (previously Marihøne) in block 24/9-9S in June.000 barrels of crude oil equivalent by 2015. Among the contractors are Aker (subsea production system). and FID in late 2013/early 2014. A PDO for the NKr26 billion field development was approved by the Storting in June. Field development in Norway will concentrate on Knarr and Edvard Grieg.tetratec. Shell is responsible for topsides modifications on Pierce. By the end of 2015 Wintershall is planning to invest up to €2 billion in exploration and field development in Norway and the UK.
For reprints please contact the Publisher.not for reproduction or retransmission. .Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .
The effective development of low-permeability tight gas reservoir resources requires operational efficiency to improve production performance. which should connect with the various reservoir sections that are separated by a thin shale layer. A 1. operational issues. The conversion was planned to provide redundancy in executing each treatment and to allow the vessel’s stimulation capacity to be attractive to other users in the area. Drawing on the lessons learned from these previous drilling campaigns. gave initial production rates ranging from 0. The fracture geometry will be radial shape. Fenix Consulting Delft. Coiled tubing reel. Schlumberger discuss the North Sea’s first true tight-gas horizontal well fracturing application. It also showed an optimized fracture half-length of about 50m. Robin Naughton-Rumbo and Fred van der Bas. the well was drilled in the direction of maximum horizontal stress. which was also experienced in the vertical wells. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher.5km long horizontal reservoir section was completed with a 41/2in cemented liner with advanced flexible cement technology to minimize the effect of pressure and temperature cycles. A specially converted platform supply vessel (PSV) to serve as the stimulation vessel. The well was completed with 51/2in x 5in Cr-13 production tubing. The reel was lifted onboard from the jack-up barge at its previous Table 1. Principal items of equipment on vessel. To lift the 42te. o f f s h o r e .2 million Nm3/d to nearly 0.e n g i n e e r. This high-viscosity fluid. which included drilling a deviated appraisal well and fracture stimulating the first horizontal development well. which should prevent potential interaction between the fractures. was secured and converted to suit the needs of the job. Table 1 provides the equipment listing for the vessel. w w w .drilling & completions The Olympic Princess during fracturing operations in the North Sea.09 million Nm3/d. These developments. Schlumberger and Fenix Consulting Delft joined forces in 2008 to drill a horizontal sidetrack and place five hydraulic fracture stages to effectively drain the reserves in the block. This article reviews the drilling and fracturing operations in the development of this well. ince its discovery in 1986. The Olympic Princess (above). 23/8in coiled tubing reel onto the jackup barge. factors such as liquid loading soon brought the production rates down to the range of 0. the reel was stripped of internal pipework and a drop-in power stand was selected to reduce weight. but large washouts were seen in the shale sections (up to 10in in shales vs 6in in sandstone). The selected fracture treatment includes a delayed borate crosslinked gel and coarse resin-coated proppant (16/20 mesh intermediate strength proppant) at a target average concentration of 2. which is a common fracturing treatment in the North Sea. The shale layer acts as a barrier for gas flow. which was selected to allow for high pumping rates and running of composite bridge plugs (as a contingency for sand plugs).07-0. a modern DP2 PSV. october 2012 45 . Several components were brought together to conduct this operation. Shell. including the fracture design methodology. and Mark Norris. The distance between the fracture initiation points is around 200m. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . The well was drilled with an oil-base mud. Due to the shape of the reservoir and the location of the field with respect to the platform. but does not contain the fracture height growth.not for reproduction or retransmission. Erik Schrama. combined with the designed pump rate of 25bpm. enhances fracture height growth.1mD) in the Dutch sector of the North Sea has undergone several well developments aimed at draining the reservoir at sufficiently high and sustainable rates. Shell. Inflow modeling suggested that the orientation of the fractures is longitudinal compared with the well trajectory.5-3lb/ft2.09 million Nm3/d. post-fracturing production analysis (with more than one year of Tight-gas horizontal well fracturing in the North Sea S production history) and a production forecast. a tight gas field (average reservoir permeability below 0. However. and fracture conductivity. Josef Shaoul. Drilling the sidetrack The fracturing plan The key parameters in the fracture design were the fracture height. such that the fractures were longitudinal.
o f f s h o r e . A hydraulic fracturing spread of 12. a heater. Slurry stages from 1ppa to 10ppa were then pumped. The vessel sailed to the Netherlands in preparation for the first fracture treatment. brine and chemical additives were stored in IJmuiden. 12 perforations were made at each interval within 0. 46 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . The perforations were made by pumping a linear gel laden with 100-mesh sand at a specific rate for a specific time period before pulling out of hole (POOH) by 0. Each fracture treatment was designed for 250. w w w . Figure 1.000lbs of proppant was placed in the formation for stage one. Fracture dimensions and conductivity for Fracture 1. The multiphase loop could be activated at any time and consisted of two high-pressure sand knockout vessels.5ppa to make the proppant plug. Following a series of datafracs to measure injectivity. The liquid-only loop consisted of an adjustable choke and a shaker system to take returns during coiled tubing interventions when the formation is plugged off and an overbalance maintained. a high-risk activity given the number of coiled tubing interventions planned. stock tanks.000 gallons of fluid storage was designed and installed. Proppant. gauge tank. In total.25m. allowing the vessel to rapidly re-supply after each fracturing operation.e n g i n e e r. Coiled tubing was used to clean out sufficient fill to access the next stage and sand-jet perforations. high-pressure dual sand filters. a high-pressure separator.000lbm of proppant storage and 400. and were completed and commissioned within three weeks. This same general process was repeated for the remaining four fracture stages. Following a liner cementation check and depth reference run on coiled tubing. . The flowback spread consisted of a liquid-only flowback loop and a multiphase flowback loop. Flowback spread. with a tail-in of 14. A pressure test was conducted on the remaining fill to test its suitability to isolate the first stage treatment. The efforts avoided any need for spooling and/or welding offshore.drilling & completions Table 2. The closed in tubing head pressure (CITHP) was increased to 345 bar and held for 10 minutes with success. and water treatment facilities. A total of 128.000lbm of proppant to be placed using 150. Following well clean up. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. the main fracture treatment was pumped at 30bpm. Fracturing procedure Fracturing operations began in November 2009. and the gel and sand were cleaned out. Scotland. Results of breakdown analysis.75m. Vessel rigging up operations commenced in early October 2009 in Montrose.3% of the total fracturing fluid injected.000hhp with 700.not for reproduction or retransmission. A circulation sub was then opened with a drop ball.000 gallons of fluid at a pump rate of at least 20bpm and surface pressure of 8000psi. The slurry was displaced with 35bbl crosslinked gel followed by linear gel. location and sea-fastened for the journey to the normally unmanned installation. during which the volume of fluid returned on location was 13. the well was hooked up to the facilities and production commenced. a choke manifold. the first set of perforations was made with a sand-jetting toolstring containing three nozzles at 120° phasing.
The resulting fracture half-lengths were also shorter. it took one year for the propped fractures to fully cleanup. Results of main fracture treatment analysis. The estimated permeability. which was used for history matching the first year of production with a full 3D reservoir simulation model. and a much better length of 55m for the final fracture (#5). The first step in the history matching process attempted to match the observed water rate and the production logging tool (PLT) results.02-0.02-0.drilling & completions Table 3. Because no well test (with buildup) was performed following the initial cleanup. suggested that the poorer-than-expected production could be due to poor cleanup of the proppant pack. porosity. which is based on the fluid leaking off from the fracture while it is closing. Fracture treatment analysis The fracture treatment data was evaluated on a zone-by-zone basis to estimate the average formation permeability and the fracture dimensions. A summary of the breakdown injection analyses is shown in Table 2. with less propped fracture width. The average formation permeability in the history-matched model was about 0. these increases were most pronounced after each well shut-in. A w w w .e n g i n e e r. During the first year of production. which led to a reduced effective propped length . Figure 2.a phenomenon often observed in tight-gas wells. A 3D reservoir simulation model was created by upscaling the geological model. as summarized in Table 3. This analysis was used to predict long-term production. The simulated fracture dimensions for Fracture 1 (Figure 1) were slightly smaller than the total payzone height. a measured water rate was also available. To avoid screenout in subsequent zones.03mD at initial water saturation. c o m calculated bottomhole pressure (BHP) was generated using a wellbore model. during the initial cleanup period. varied from 16µD to 40µD. which agreed well with the permeability of 0. it was only possible to match early time behavior. and the surface pressure remained constant at 33 bar.04 mD estimated from the fracture treatment data analysis. permeability and water saturation data were also upscaled. which also gave valuable information about the reservoir pressure evolution. An initial analysis with a simple 2D model. It was also noted that to match the buildup data. With these parameters. This match was made by increasing the effective length of each of the five fractures over time. the gas rate did not exhibit the steep decline typical of tight-gas wells. The simulation model was constrained by using the measured (allocated) daily gas production rate. it was possible to match both the water production and the PLT results. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. The results of this initial matching of the early time production gave an estimated effective fracture half-length on the order of 25m for the first four zones. Post-fracture Initial post-fracture production from the well was lower than expected. By reducing the effective fracture length for the different zones. The pressure distribution at the end of the first year of production. However. o f f s h o r e . there was uncertainty in trying to ascertain the cause of the production discrepancy. consistent with convergent flow in the fracture due to the very short perforated intervals. Matching the remaining part of the first year of production required an improvement to the model to reflect that the actual well production index (PI) was increasing during that time. treatment execution was altered by pumping smaller proppant volumes with larger pad volumes and lower maximum proppant concentrations. all five fractures were producing with their total propped length open to flow. 47 . corresponding to the points where the well’s PI increased. At the end of the simulation.not for reproduction or retransmission. using only the first few weeks of production data. a significant near-wellbore choke effect had to be added to the model. shown in Figure 2. Pressure distribution in the reservoir after one year of production. combined with the large diameter proppant (16/20 mesh). This was quite close to the pre-fracture estimate of 50µD average permeability to gas (at in situ conditions). Screenout was attributed to a width restriction at the wellbore. The production record contained several shut-ins. based on pre-fracture simulations. october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . In this interpretation.
He built up his competence as a completions and well interventions (C&WI) supervisor and engineer with NAM in the Netherlands and on assignment to Pinedale. After his physics study he joined Shell Research in the petrophysics department and then moved to production technology working on well stimulation research projects with a focus on fracturing. and the production simulation predicted that this would occur in the higher permeability layers after more than two years of production. where he has worked for more than 30 years. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. As a global leader. Fracpro training courses. The production improvement compared to an unfractured horizontal well approached a factor six. At this point. Asia and Africa. He has over 20 years’ industry experience and received his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from MIT in electrical engineering and computer science. US. sustainable products to every corner of the world – even if yours is in the middle of the sea. a variety of methods can be used to reduce the effect of Future recommendations broadening his expertise as a contract holder. is involved in multidisciplinary engineering for major North Sea stimulation campaigns while extending support and experience to the operational phases. During 2009/10 he project managed the drilling and hydraulic fracturing phase of the first offshore tight gas development using a horizontal well with multiple fractures. While the new perforations may not hit the longitudinal fracture. any increase in inflow area will significantly reduce the near-wellbore pressure drop. He currently works as a senior production technologist for Shell subsidiary Petroleum Development Oman.drilling & completions Figure 3. conducts fracture stimulation studies. After two years in R&D and technical services and a spell working in Siberia’s Salym field. engineering manager at Fenix Consulting Delft (formerly StrataGen Delft). it is recommended to increase breaker concentration in the flush fluid. Stock symbol UTX. 48 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Given the low permeability.e n g i n e e r. highlights the elliptical pressure around the horizontal well. Finally. welltest analysis. China as C&WI operations team lead for the exploration and appraisal activities on two unconventional gas fields. to try to reduce proppant pack damage in the near-wellbore area caused by pressure testing of the proppant plugs. Carrier Marine & Offshore Systems offers cooling and refrigeration solutions customized to the unique conditions found on offshore platforms. convergent flow at the perforations.not for reproduction or retransmission. where he was the lead software engineer for development of Fracpro. w w w . A member of the United Technologies Corporation family. And in many cases. He spent two years For the first time in the North Sea a true tight gas reservoir was successfully developed using a horizontal well with multiple fractures. jet or perforate additional holes over the same interval. Mark Norris. London. Production forecast for four years based on history match of first year’s production.marinesystems. Fred van der Bas is a subject matter expert on hydraulic fracturing at Shell based in the Netherlands. For future wells of this type. We would go to the ends of the Earth to bring safe. For more information visit www. reliable solutions to our customers. The forward simulation (Figure 3) also predicted that the total water production after five years will still be only 1400m3 out of the 2100m3 of fracture water pumped into the well. l Tail-in with a small volume of an even larger proppant size (ie 12/18). he joined Shell’s offshore operating unit in the Netherlands in 2006. o f f s h o r e . He is currently on assignment in Sichuan. l After executing all the fracture treatments. reservoir simulation studies and software development. the reservoir boundary had not been reached. on-site fracture engineering. The one-year production match using a numerical reservoir simulator has provided valuable insights to explain why the well’s production has remained constant for such a long time. stimulation domain manager and engineering advisor for Schlumberger Well Services in Aberdeen. we do. . he has accumulated over 30 years’ industry experience working in well construction and reservoir stimulation and was recently recognized by the SPE for his contribution to industry. the main proppant for the treatments could actually be a smaller size (ie 20/40). which should also reduce the risk of near-wellbore screenout. He worked at RES from 1989-96. He is currently supporting the design.com ©2012 Carrier Corporation. OE Robin Naughton-Rumbo joined Shell in November 2005 having earned his Master’s degree in mechanical engineering from Imperial College. Wyoming.carrier. increasing the total perforated length from 600mm by a factor of two or three. we work to bring safe. execution and evaluation of Shell’s fracturing operations in Europe. Since receiving his Bachelor’s degree with honors from Robert Gordon University in engineering. Josef Shaoul. Erik Schrama studied offshore engineering at Delft University of Technology and joined Shell in 2003 as a production technologist. which is very encouraging for future tight gas developments.
technology and environmental care.0ft LOCATION LOWER TERTIARY GULF OF MEXICO 750ft FACILITY FIRST FPSO IN GULF OF MEXICO 1500ft DEPTH 8. For reprints please contact the Publisher. 5250ft 6000ft 6750ft 7500ft 8250ft Quality that makes the difference. Ultra deepwater ﬁelds like Cascade and Chinook require the highest levels of experience. On every count.887 FT / 2. .000 PSI 2250ft TEMPERATURE 250°F SERVICE HP/HT SOUR ENVIRONMENT 3000ft CASCADE AND CHINOOK 3750ft 4500ft THIS IS NO PL ACE TO COMPROMISE. 9000ft Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Exceptional R&D that leads to better solutions. Tenaris delivered. Quality manufactured line pipe products.740 M PRESSURE 19. That’s why more operators turn to Tenaris. Expertise gained in extreme offshore environments around the world.not for reproduction or retransmission.
000+ Since the inception of KONG® Impact Resistant gloves.4% impact absorption o ers sidewall and complete ngertip protection. The first and only impact resistant glove developed solely with the Oil & Gas Safety Committee and industry experts KONG® Knuckle Protection 90% impact absorption.000.Join the other companies that have seen proven results and have reduced or eliminated hand injuries by using KONG® Impact Resistant gloves Product of the Year OHS 2010 Award Winner 1. Patent Pending Finger Protection 76.orrsafety. over a million pairs of hands have been better protected 502. KONG® Metacarpal Protection 80% impact absorption.com/KONG Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Zero hand injuries.6455 www. kong@orrcorp. .not for reproduction or retransmission.com For reprints please contact the Publisher.774.IMPACT PROTECTION GLOVES Reduces the three most common hand injuries in the Oil & Gas Industry: Hairline Fractures Bruising Blows Pinched Fingers 3 1 0 • • • Exclusive Palm Material 25% more abrasion resistant than normal synthetic leather.
combined with the presence of H2S gas. the system can be reset and can be expanded with repeated stroking of the jack system. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . In addition. they can become high risk. In addition. 51 . OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. The integral carbide anchoring mechanism positively locates the liner in position and prevents any further movement. the solid expandable system provides permanent isolation to the damaged section of the casing.e n g i n e e r. safety and environmental risks. scab liners or straddle-pack assemblies all restrict the original hole size. For example. has produced viscous oil and experienced significant water encroachment with water cut of 96% due to corrosion. Short term. which prevented the operator from using a typical workover rig. regardless of the damage mechanism and provides a larger ID and better access to reserves than scab liners for future drilling. production or injection operations. Designed to bridge the casing-repair gap between cement squeezing and scab liners. including deformation or complete separation due to formation movement.not for reproduction or retransmission. if cement squeezes are not properly deployed. The rig then simply pulls a cone through the liner. any length of casing can be isolated depending on well objectives. Because multiple joints of this cased-hole liner can be connected downhole. crane and blowout preventers. given the economic balance between a mature-field remediation program and its cost. The system is typically installed in one day and in a single trip. The installation process involves positioning the liner system to the desired location downhole and applying surface pressure to expand and set an internal jacking system to anchor the liner. Several standard approaches exist. C Congo platform showing the basic parameters of the rig. additional liners. o f f s h o r e . but have demonstrated varying degrees of success and may negatively impact the economics of the w w w . the desired solution also needed to be efficient and provide a long-term benefit that precluded the need for another intervention. Weatherford’s Scott Durment and Doug Farley explain why and how. By using a downhole hydraulic jack there is no need for high-volume pumping services. An innovative cased-hole expandable liner system has been deployed to repair casing corrosion in an offshore Congo well. exposing the formation to high pressures and contamination of the reservoir from the cement during the squeeze. they can prove unpredictable requiring multiple squeezes to be run. the cement may break down. The objective was to repair the corroded casing to regain well integrity. and corrosion due to the properties of the well effluent. thus reducing production. makes production operations challenging and calls for platform personnel to consistently remain vigilant of any potential health. An operator working in a mature shallow-water (197ft) field off the coast of the Republic of Congo needed a cost-effective and long-term solution to repair a section of corroded casing at a depth of 385m to 423m on one of its wells. erosional wear by workovers or drilling activity. Weatherford has developed an alternative casing-remediation solution with the MetalSkin cased-hole solid expandable liner system. Longer term. completion. the low-pressure reservoir. located 820-1312ft below the sea floor. Over the course of its nearly 40-year operating history. commence oil production and shut off water flow while maintaining a safe working environment. Alternatively if the rig or work string is limited.drilling & completions Restoring well integrity Congo-style asing damage in older wells comes in many forms and from many sources. Because there october 2012 Second skin for casing Resolving these situations to get drilling or production back online requires an intervention. thus expanding it from the bottom up. well. The inner diameter of the expandable liner and the connections are never exposed to expansion pressure. the well in question was in a remote location and produced from an offshore platform with both deck-space and weight limitations. This. In addition. thereby maintaining the integrity of the system.
drilling & completions
are no darts, plugs or shoes required to generate pressure when the anchor is set, no drillout is required. The casing can be tested immediately and the subsequent operations can commence. Once installed, the cased-hole liner provides minimal ID reduction to the casing, which helps optimize completion designs for higher production or injection rates.
The MetalSkin expandable cased-hole liner.
Because of the economic and long-term benefits of solid expandable liner, the company was selected to install an H2S-resistant, 51/2in x 7in, 29# expandable cased-hole liner in the Congo well between 1224ft and 1608ft. The remote location and safety concerns made the intervention more difficult and required significant pre-job planning. Because of deck space and weight limitations and no present workover rig, special consideration and planning was conducted prior to the installation. The liner casing would be deployed using a mast with a maximum over-pull of 12te, and a maximum height under hook of 41ft . The equipment would be conveyed into the wellbore using a surface jack system that is unique to this field given platform’s limitations with a working travel of 63in, using 1.6m cylinders capable of 80 tons of force. Equipment
Planning and risk assessment
OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012
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handling and peripheral operations would be performed using a crane with a maximum load of 3.8te at 18m. Blowout preventers are located 6.6ft below the main deck. In addition, prior to the installation, the company collaborated with the operator to evaluate the potential risks in working in the H2S environment. These risks were documented and a mitigation plan was implemented that was designed to address the potential release of H2S during the operation. High priority was given to adhering to and implementing the safety policies developed jointly between Weatherford and the client. Safety meetings and job safety analysis (JSA) were conducted before each phase of the equipment and well preparation and prior to the expandable installation to ensure that all personnel were completely aware of the actions during each segment of the installation process. These meetings offered an opportunity for all personnel to ask questions, make comments or suggestions and be made aware that they were all empowered to shut down the operation if they questioned an activity or if they observed anything that could be unsafe. At times, work was stopped to ensure that safety remained the utmost priority.
Pre-job operations included a clean-out trip with bit and mill assembly to ensure that all downhole obstructions or tight spots were cleared, as well as a caliper log to verify the inside diameter of casing down to and across the planned setting depth of the expandable liner. Once satisfied with the condition of the wellbore and casing to accept the expandable liner, installation commenced. Thirteen connected liner joints were tripped in hole with a workstring to TD at a maximum run-in-hole speed of 60ft/min. The entire liner assembly was run 2-3ft past setting depth and picked back up to the setting depth mark on the pipe, which closed the slide valve in the string. The liner was then expanded using a setting tool requiring 5000psi inside the workstring to achieve expansion and anchoring the liner. Once anchoring was confirmed, a jack system pulled the workstring out of hole so as to expand the liner in 5ft intervals. Expansion continued using an over-pull of 36-40 tons. During this time, the rig was pumping water in the hole to prevent the release of gas. The cone section was pulled out of the top of the liner on joint number 13, which was verified by a weight drop from nine tons to three tons on the indicator. The liner top was confirmed at a depth of 1224ft.
DRILLING & COMPLETIONS
The expandable liner was successfully installed and expanded at the proper depth in a single trip, isolating the corroded zone. The installed liner provided a post-expansion drift of 5.265in to enable the well to be produced at a rate of 250b/d, with no water production. The minimal ID restriction in the wellbore post remediation allowed the client to continue production with the same completion strategy without having to downsize the electric submersible pump. Finally, through continual communication with the client, all operations were performed without injury in a safe and professional manner, allowing the client to resume production with full HSE integrity. OE Doug Farley is global product line manager for Solid Expandable Systems at Weatherford. A graduate of Texas State Technical College, he has over 30 years’ experience in operations, manufacturing, and engineering of drilling and completion tools and has been involved in international manufacturing facilities start-up. Albert Durment is a project coordinator for the Critical Wells Team Wellbore Construction group at Weatherford. Based in Houston, he has over 30 years’ oil & gas industry experience, with a diverse background ranging from positions as a floorhand, technical advisor, to his current role.
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Effective tension and compression in pipeline and riser buckling
t has been known for a very long time, at least since the early work of Lubinski (1950), that buckling calculations about the longitudinal force in a pipeline or a riser need to take into account the longitudinal force in the fluid contents as well as the longitudinal force in the wall of the pipe. That is why a longitudinally-constrained pipe can buckle under internal pressure alone, as can readily be demonstrated by experiment (Palmer & Baldry, 1974). In that instance, the longitudinal force in the pipe wall is tensile because of the Poisson effect, but there is a larger longitudinal compressive force in the contents, and so the resultant longitudinal force is compressive and the pipe can buckle if the resultant longitudinal force is large enough. It turns out that the condition under which buckling can occur is a simple one: the constrained pipe buckles when the resultant compressive force, counting both the pipe wall and the contents, is equal to the calculated buckling force that corresponds to the pipe dimensions, material and end conditions. The reality of this effect is understood and recognised, and it routinely forms part of calculations (see, for example, Sparks, 2007) and of codes (see for example, Det Norske Veritas, 2010, section 4 G 306). Neglect of it has occasionally led to accidents. However, arguments about the point still surface occasionally. They are often based on an assertion that the contained fluid cannot exert a lateral force on a pipe, and that in consequence the pipe cannot buckle, or alternatively that a pipe cannot buckle if the pipe wall is in tension. The objective of the experiments described here is to demonstrate the effect by a simple theoretical analysis, followed by a straightforward experimental demonstration, designed to leave no room for argument about the details.
‘Effective tension’ is one of the key concepts in pipeline and marine riser engineering since it tells the user how to account for the pressure in the fluid inside and outside the pipe. Although known and understood for at least 60 years, engineers still sometimes overlook it and get into trouble. Prof Andrew Palmer and Agustony Sabtian discuss the outcome of a recent National University of Singapore experiment aimed at removing any remaining uncertainty.
Figure 1. the column between two parallel lines drawn perpendicular to the chain-dotted line. Figure 1(b) is an expanded view of the element AB and the lines that define it, and shows the forces and moments that act on it. At the upper end A, there is a downward force equal to the compressive force in the column, as can be confirmed by considering the equilibrium of the column section above A. At the lower end B, there is an upward force equal to the compressive force in the column. Because the column is deflected, the downward force at A is not in line with the upward force at B. That offset creates a couple: if element AB is to be in equilibrium that couple has to be balanced by bending moments at A and B. It is because those moments create curvature that the column can buckle, even though there is no lateral load. The analysis of Euler buckling looks for the condition under which an initially-straight elastic column can remain in equilibrium even though it has deflected sideways. The lowest critical load at which that can happen is close to the load at which real slender columns buckle. At the cost of increased mathematical complexity, the analysis can be made more sophisticated by taking account of large deflections, but the practical conclusion is essentially the same.
It is helpful first to consider an initial straight column rather than a pipe. That example has the advantage of not being controversial: nobody argues that an Euler column cannot buckle because there is no lateral force on it. The classical structural analysis shows that the column buckles under a load that can readily be calculated, and many experiments confirm that.. Figure 1(a) shows a weightless column. Initially the column was straight and stress-free, and lay along the chain-dotted line. Under load, the column has deflected away from the original line. It is loaded by equal and opposite compressive forces that act along that line; there is no lateral load. AB is an element of
OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012
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Consider next the pipe shown in Figure 1(c), internally pressurised by a weightless fluid and deflected away from its initial position in which the tube axis lies along the chain-dotted line. Again define an element of the pipe and its contents AB between two parallel intersecting planes perpendicular to the line. That element is redrawn in Figure 1(d). The downwardpointing heavy arrow at the top represents the force exerted by the pipe and the fluid above A across the plane A and onto the element AB. The upward-pointing heavy arrow at the bottom represents the force exerted by the pipe and the fluid below B across the plane B and onto the element AB. Those forces are not in line, and again the offset creates a couple. Figure 1(e) shows the fluid (not the tube and fluid together) between the parallel planes A and B. The heavy arrows represent the forces exerted on the fluid element between A and B, by the fluid above the element at A and below the element at B. Again those forces are not in line, and together they create a couple. There is no shear across the fluid boundaries at A and B. The element of fluid is in equilibrium. There must therefore be a balancing couple, represented by the circle with arrowheads, which is the resultant couple that corresponds to the forces exerted by the wall of the tube on the element of fluid. An equal and opposite couple is exerted by the fluid element onto the wall of the tube between A and B. Exactly as in the case of the Euler column in Figure 1(a), it is that couple that can create buckling, and that needs to be accounted for in calculations. These issues are explored at greater length in numerous publications. They take account of additional factors such as the weight of the fluid contained within the tube, but again without altering the underlying conclusion. Lubinkski’s original work (1950) did not use the term effective tension, and that came in later (Lubinski, 1977). In retrospect, it was perhaps not the ideal choice of words, but it is nowadays so widely used that it would be counter-productive to try to change it.
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Figure 2(a) is a uniform straight tube. Two possible loading systems are illustrated in Figure 2(b) and 2(c). Loading 1 in Figure 2(b) loads the tube as a pin-ended column, as in the classical Euler buckling analysis; the internal pressure is atmospheric. The axial load is transmitted to the pipe wall by end plugs. The tube wall is under longitudinal compression, and the longitudinal stress is compressive and equal to the
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but now the plugs are slightly different. and therefore the tube wall carries a longitudinal tension of 89N. The scheme described in Figure 2(c) is an ideal experiment with frictionless end plugs. on the other hand. The circumferential hoop stress is zero.research Figure 3. the 0. loading 2. The same set-up was used for loading 1. outside diameter 9. w w w . 13FLP100A potentiometers.25mm. . axial load divided by the cross-section area of the pipe wall. It is to be expected that the tube will be put into tension. then the pipe will not buckle at all in loading 2. the longitudinal force in the contents does not need to be taken into account. Figure 4 is a photograph of the end bearings in loading 1. and the internal pressure can be increased up to the point at which the pipe bursts. Sabtian (2012) describes the experiment in detail. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. valve and pressure gauge removed. Figure 6 plots the longitudinal force against the lateral movement at the mid-height of the tube. This allows a straightforward experimental test of the theory. the load cell force is 571N and the pressure multiplied by the internal area is 660N.5GPa. Figure 5 is a detailed drawing of the top end plug in loading 2. and the ultimate tensile stress 580 MPa. The longitudinal force in loading 2 is the force measured by the load cell. each of them has an initial Experiment The tube was Swagelok 316L stainless steel. and the tube would therefore shorten longitudinally because of the Poisson effect. At the end of the test. so that absolute deflection could be calculated as the vector sum of the two deflections. The pressure is contained by frictionless end plugs at both ends. Figure 3 is a sketch showing how the tube was mounted in the Tritech 100kN testing machine. The circumferential hoop stress is tensile.5% yield stress was 280MPa. The tube was mounted so that it could laterally deflect freely in any direction. If. Significant departure from linearity began when the stress reached 175MPa. for loading 1 (longitudinal compression applied externally) and loading 2 (internal pressure). The longitudinal force in loading 1 is the force measured by the load cell. and the central deflection was measured by two perpendicular pairs of Sakkae Figure 5. the longitudinal force is carried wholly by the pipe wall in loading 1 but wholly by the pipe contents in loading 2. wall thickness 1. In summary. A practical implementation has to contend with some friction in the end plugs. but the plugs are free to rotate in the plane of the diagram. for the test under internal pressure. because in the ideal situation with frictionless plugs (Figure 2(c)) the pipe wall would be in pure circumferential tension. but because of the effect of friction on the end plugs that force is a little smaller than the measured internal pressure multiplied by the internal cross-sectional area. but with the pump. It can be seen that the loads at which the deflections become large agree well. 56 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Loading 2 in Figure 2(c) loads the tube by applying internal pressure. The longitudinal stress is zero.e n g i n e e r. so as to provide the same pin-ended end conditions as in loading 1. Partial frictional restraint therefore puts the tube into longitudinal tension. The accepted theory of effective longitudinal force tells us that the resultant longitudinal force at which the pipe will buckle will be the same in loading 2 as in loading 1. o f f s h o r e . The plugs have to be constrained so that the internal pressure does not push them out of the tube. Figure 4. as objectors to the effective force concept occasionally argue. The elastic modulus measured in a tension test was 188. It is not to be expected that the deflections will coincide perfectly. The force on each plug is the internal pressure multiplied by the internal cross-sectional area of the tube. then. so that they are free to move axially within the tube.not for reproduction or retransmission. Although the two tubes in the two tests were nominally identical.53mm. Two different tubes were used for loading 1 and loading 2: they had the same specification and identical dimensions.
elastic modulus E and second moment of area I is π2EI/L2.885×105N/mm2). the buckling load derived from the plot is 652N. o f f s h o r e .9mm. In this instance E is 188. I is 285. u (mm) Figure 6. and the out-of-straightness will not be exactly the same: this point is quantified below. The slope of the resulting line is 1/Pcr. That component becomes dominant as the load approaches the Euler w w w . His method makes it possible to determine the elastic critical load and the initial out-of-straightness without continuing the test to the point at which the deflections become large and the column begins to deform inelastically.research Experimental load deflection curve Compressive force (N) Measured midpoint deflection. The relationship between the load and the lateral deflection becomes (Britvec. and the intercept on the u/P axis is ∆0/Pcr. u is the additional lateral deflection that occurs when the compressive force is increased from 0 to P. Equation (1) rearranges into (2) Southwell plots u/P against u. the buckling load derived from the plot is 630N. and the initial out-of-straightness is 0. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. and the initial out-of-straightness is 1. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . The corresponding buckling load is 626N. Southwell plots A real column can never be perfectly straight.5GPa (1. The same graph includes the calculated buckling load. The linearity of the Southwell plot depends on the dominance of the first Fourier component of the out-of-straightness.e n g i n e e r.9mm. out-of-straightness. 1973) (1) where P is the compressive force in the column Pcr is the Euler critical load ∆0 is the initial out-of-straightness when the compressive force P is 0. Southwell (1936) put forward an elegant method for analysing buckling tests on columns. october 2012 57 . Figure 7 shows the Southwell plots for loadings 1 and 2.not for reproduction or retransmission. In the loading 1 case.0mm4 and L is 920mm. In the loading 2 case. and so it begins to deflect at loads less than the buckling load. The Euler buckling load of an elastic pin-ended column with length L.
pressure and weight on pipe and riser deformations and stresses. loading 1 experiment. Britvec.research Loading 1 – Southwell plot Loading 2 – Southwell plot u/P (x10-2mm/N) Measured midpoint deflection. Gulf Publishing. reprinted in Developments in petroleum engineering: Collected works of Arthur Lubinski (ed Miska. his studies focused on offshore engineering. Norway. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. The linearity will not be retained once plastic deformation begins. Det Norske Veritas. Vol106. as follows: experiment. American Petroleum Institute. pp46-54.au 58 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Sparks. 1973.e n g i n e e r. Drilling and Production Practice. It is consistent with the accepted effective tension theory of how to treat longitudinal force in internally pressurized pipes. Hopefully this will resolve the argument once and for all. March 1984. Reprinted in Developments in petroleum engineering: Collected works of Arthur Lubinski (ed Miska. Oxford University Press. u (mm) Agustony Sabtian recently received his BEng (Honours) in civil engineering from the National University of Singapore. 1974. u (mm) Figure 7. critical load: that is discussed in detail by Britvec (1973). OE Andrew Palmer has divided his career equally between practice as a consulting engineer and university teaching. Lateral buckling of axially-compressed pipelines. Offshore Standard DNV-OS-F101. OK. According to the counterargument. 1950. Prof Palmer is the author of three books and more than 200 papers on pipelines. Lubinski. w w w . 2012. Sabtian. Pergamon Press. Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering. The results allow a three-way comparison between two independent experiments and theory. Det Norske Veritas. S). loading 2 theory buckling load (N) 652 630 626 u/P (x10-2mm/N) Measured midpoint deflection. geotechnics and ice. Southwell. His final year thesis is used as reference for this article. In 1996 he became research professor in petroleum engineering at Cambridge University.not for reproduction or retransmission. A. He is currently Keppel Professor at the National University of Singapore. o f f s h o r e . National University of Singapore. JAS. 178-214. During his undergraduate years in the NUS Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering. An introduction to the theory of elasticity for engineers and physicists. Gulf Publishing. The stability of elastic systems. pp1283-1284. In Fundamentals of marine riser mechanics. Pennwell. S). Høvik. A. CP.com. SJ. A. 2007. In 1975 he joined RJ Brown & Associates. The influence of tension. Lubinski. . The agreement is good. References inpexcareers. 1984. Tulsa. Effective tension in pressurised pipelines. Revue de l’Institut Français du Pétrole. 1936. (1988). Necessary tension in marine riser. and in 1985 he founded Andrew Palmer & Associates. It gives no support to those who have argued that internal pressure cannot create buckling. offshore engineering. 2012. A study of the buckling of rotary drilling strings. 1977. Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Vol26. Unpublished BEng dissertation. AC & Baldry. Submarine pipeline systems. (1988). CP. Palmer. and it vindicates that theory. there ought to be no buckling under loading 2: that is incontrovertibly not the case. RV. Pipe and riser deflections and global stability: the effective tension concept. Sparks. Acknowledgement The authors thank Charles Sparks and Jack Bayless for their participation in the stimulating discussions that led to the tests described in this article. Journal of Petroleum Technology. A further comparison can be made with Figure 6.
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A further riser installation programme possibly stretching the season into November is under discussion with Statoil. It has a 2100m2 deck area and crane coverage to enable HV cable splicing. The vessel will have a 3000te heavy 60 O F F S H O R E EN G INEE R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . took delivery of its first newbuild deepwater. It also has a mobile reel drive system for up to 4 x 300te reels. Next year it already has cable installation for Statoil on Gudrun and for Eni on the Barents Sea Goliat project. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. I think. ‘Fitted with bundle-lay capability. Looking ahead to 2014. the Lewek Connector is one of the most efficient and complete installation vessels in the market. The company currently has a long-term agreement with ABB for the Lewek Connector in connection with the installation of power cables and related services. is due to come into operation in the second quarter of 2014.vessels in action New or upgraded vessels have been very much in evidence lately as the subsea and deepwater vessel markets continue to grow and more renewable energy opportunities emerge. of a good project team. good integration with the yard. it will offer superior manoeuvrability and a high transit speed with a multi-lay system that can support both rigid and non-rigid pipelines.9m and breadth 32m. regional head for Emas AMC Europe and Africa. It is currently carrying out cable installation for the German sector DolWin offshore wind farm. Transit speed is 16 knots.’ The vessel’s first job was riser replacement for Statoil on Snorre B. A second vessel. The DP3 Lewek Connector is capable of operating in 3000m water depth and has two turntables with a total payload capacity of 9000te. multi-purpose. as a consequence.e n g i n e e r. reported Emas AMC vice president strategic projects Bjarne Birkeland. According to Emas AMC.’ explained Svein Haug. vessels in action SURF sisters Emas AMC. will join Lewek Connector (pictured top) in the Emas AMC fleet in 2014. to provide additional power to run two compressor drive systems. Lewek Constellation. currently under construction in Vietnam. flexlay subsea construction vessel Lewek Connector in March this year. Lewek Connector has been fully employed with no technical downtime since delivery. Lewek Constellation.not for reproduction or retransmission. The vessel also has bundle-lay capability. a large ice classed multi-lay vessel with heavy lift capabilities. and good technical people. ‘We have not had a single hour of technical downtime on a brand new vessel. Length overall is 156. Reports by Meg Chesshyre and Russell McCulley. o f f s h o r e . a large ice classed multi-lay vessel with heavy lift capabilities. Emas AMC was awarded a contract by ABB last month for cable installation between Statoil’s Troll A platform and the land station at Kollsnes. . which allows for the laying of several cables simultaneously. then a second riser replacement campaign for Statoil from May until August. followed by highvoltage cable installation between Wales and Ireland for ABB in late April/May. formed last year when Emas acquired Aker Marine Contractors from Aker Solutions. w w w . ‘The large pay load capacity increases the efficiency of cable-laying operations by avoiding the time-consuming splicing of cables and reducing the need to reload products.’ Upcoming sister vessel Lewek Constellation. Despite testing weather conditions on its first two assignments. will also be equipped with DP3 and rated for 3000m-plus water depth operations.
Technip is also building a new pipelayer. For reprints please contact the Publisher. breadth of 46m.e n g i n e e r. c o m O F F S H O R E EN G INEE R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Norway. four 1200te rigid pipe storage reels and a 19m x 8m moonpool. two 1250te flexible pipe carousels. Deep Energy will have the capability to handle rigid pipe up to 18in OD with a maximum coating thickness of 2in and flexible pipe and umbilicals up to 23. fast organisation and deliver a result. The company is looking at establishing a marine/spool base in Norway’s Stavanger area. Deep thinking: Technip expects to take delivery of its big new pipelay vessel. The company currently has around 200 engineers. Following this October’s launch from the Vietnamese yard. It will then go to China for installation of the 3000te Huisman crane. the vessel will have 3000te crane. Due for completion late next year. There is also an option to install J-lay. but we have proved with the Statoil riser replacement programme that we can go in as an agile. Designed for North Sea. With a length of 178m. Birkeland said the new vessels marked the company’s entry into the SURF market. Deep Orient.not for reproduction or retransmission. Lewek Constellation is scheduled for delivery late May 2013.’ he added. Atlantic basin and inter-continental operations. and has identified two sites. a 900te hang-off clamp. at Spain’s Metalships yard.6inOD. will have a high transit speed of 20 knots. and deck area (without reels) of 4200m2. Emas AMC has offices in Houston. Oslo and Singapore. but the headcount is expected to grow as more high-end vessels join the fleet. The contractor claims the vessel. It will incorporate an innovative PLET handling system. Deep Energy (pictured above). mid-2013. o f f s h o r e .vessels in action lift crane. currently under construction by STX in Fløro. it will be deployed in the Far East. 61 . plus a London consulting group concentrating on heavy lift work. w w w . then to Huisman’s Schiedam facility in the Netherlands for the installation of a thirdgeneration multi-lay system. ‘Today we are not Technip or Subsea 7.
was the last stop for Canyon Offshore’s Grand Canyon offshore construction vessel as the newbuild was readied for North Sea service under a five-year fixed-rate charter with owner Volstad Maritime.not for reproduction or retransmission. the Norwegian port from where a good many of its marine crew hail. Outfitting of sister reel pipelay vessel LV105 was completed in May and it is booked for a maiden assignment in Asia in water depths up to 4430ft. being a family owned business. tentatively named Lay Vessel 108 (LV108). The 125m x 25m DP3 Skipsteknisk design vessel will operate out of Ålesund. The LV108 is expected to meet this need. russell mcculley . with a nominal 2500te reel payload. although it would likely involve trenching or construction in the North Sea. w w w .’ said Stephen Johnson. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. Artist’s impression of the new reeled pipelay vessel LV108. the Grand Canyon’s first mission was ‘up in the air’. Outfitting of the custom-designed lay system will begin following delivery of LV108 around 3Q 2014. ‘LV108 is another milestone in our vessel renewal programme focusing on the subsea construction market for flexible and rigid product installation. 62 O F F S H O R E EN G INEE R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . ‘We look forward to LV108 joining the LV105 and other vessels in our fleet in 2014.’ As of late summer. Volstad. Canyon Offshore VP for trenching and renewable energy Gary Aylmer enthused: ‘I went to see the boat in February.4m long DP2 vessel. ‘Market analysis indicates that the subsea and deepwater construction market is expected to continue to grow and there is demand for more tonnage in both the rigid reel lay and flexible lay markets. and is to be built to similar specifications at the Metalships & Docks yard in Vigo. Next up would probably be a job installing inter-array Poised for pipelay McDermott International is building a new high-capacity reeled pipelay vessel with top-tier payload capacity. really is proud of the ship. president and CEO of McDermott. Aylmer said. Other features include two portside AHC main cranes – 100te and 400te – for subsea lifts and construction support. Spain.’ The 132.vessels in action Versatile vessel Norway’s Bergen Group Fosen shipyard. The vessel will be a sister ship to the recently completed subsea construction vessel North Ocean 105 (LV105). and I was impressed that the captain and chief engineer were standing by the boat then. The recently completed LV105. and they’d been on there a long time. will target pipe diameters in the 4-16in range. o f f s h o r e . chairman.e n g i n e e r. McDermott said anticipated transit speed is 15 knots. LV108 will have accommodation for 120 and a 450te/150te A&R system rated for pipe abandonment or subsea lowering to 3000m water depth. just outside Trondheim.’ said Johnson. Equipped with a high-capacity tower with 400te tensioner and tilting angles from 28-90° for rigid and flexible pipelay.
Following its launch by Ulstein Verft in December. ‘Because of its size. w w w .not for reproduction or retransmission. ‘It’s setting the bar high. The vessel will accommodate the new T1200 jet trencher and two 200HP XLX ROV systems and is equipped with a 250t crane.’ Aylmer observed.5m and 16 knot service speed. Fax: +49 2522 77-1778 ws. moonpool and a reinforced deck that can support not only the trenching system but a reeled lay system and carousel. The 175-turbine project in the Thames estuary is expected to occupy the new vessel for more than 100 days.com. IMO is Watching You. the contract for delivery of Grand Canyon 2 is worth more than $800 million. with a crew capacity of 90. A third sister vessel is also in the works. VIKING RAID: Ulstein Group. length of 106. 59302 Oelde. noting that it can switch easily between oil & gas or renewable energy operations. Germany Phone: +49 2522 77-0. www.’ Aylmer said. GEA Westfalia Separator Group GmbH Werner-Habig-Straße 1. a next-generation IMR and light construction vessel. The Ice-C class vessel.e n g i n e e r. Aylmer explained. will be co-owned by Eidesvik and Subsea 7 under newly created joint venture Eidesvik Seven. the ship maintains position with four tunnel thrusters. The Grand Canyon (OE October 2011) is well suited to this kind of shallow-water operation because it has no azimuth thrusters forward.info@gea. the under-deck stiffening we put in. According to Volstad Maritime.com engineering for a better world Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Eidesvik Offshore and Subsea 7 have joined forces to develop the Seven Viking. The new OCV is scheduled for delivery in 3Q 2013 and is earmarked for service in the Gulf of Mexico. moulded breadth of 24. c o m O F F S H O R E EN G INEE R | For reprints please contact the Publisher. Comply with IMO regulations the economic way. Grand Canyon’s amenities include carefully detailed rooms. allowing it to work in depths as shallow as 10m and to hold station ‘comfortably’ in 3 knot currents with thrusters running at 50% power. o f f s h o r e . ‘I don’t think we want to pigeonhole the vessel.5m. october 2012 63 OI-215-1-006 . Keep Below 15 ppm! De-oiling of drain water with GEA Westfalia Separator eagleclass: recovers the oil and keeps you below 15 ppm at any time. Canyon Offshore and parent company Helix Energy Solutions Group have reached agreements with Volstad Maritime and Bergen Group Fosen for the construction and chartering of an identical sister vessel. the beam. it will go on long-term charter with Subsea 7 working under contract for Statoil. it’s a very versatile vessel.gea. Rather. large picture windows in some common areas and a small swimming pool on a side deck.vessels in action cables for the UK’s major London Array wind farm development.’ And a rather plush one: accommodating a crew of 108.
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you eliminate the associated safety risks that engineers face when undertaking the work.e n g i n e e r. the resulting 9283ft run was completed in just over 300 circulating hours. significant productivity and sustainability improvements can also be realised by extending equipment life and oil drain intervals. president. which enables operators to monitor proactively the condition of lubricants and address conditions that could potentially lead to unscheduled downtime. formulated to help oil & gas companies operating in extreme environments to reduce unscheduled downtime and maximise productivity. ‘Safety is the number one concern for oil & gas companies and by reducing scheduled and unscheduled maintenance. regardless of well-inclination angle. ‘With its on-demand capabilities and unlimited activations and deactivations of the cutter blocks. For hydraulic equipment operating in even colder conditions. customers can optimize their underreaming program in real time. bearing. The company also offers a proprietary online oil analysis service. is a next-generation reaming tool that provides unlimited activation of the flow actuation system to reliably enlarge boreholes. Signum. c o m Robust actuators pile on the pounds Expanding its portfolio of hydraulic actuators for the surface drilling sector. one North Sea customer undertook a long and challenging 91/2in x 101/4in w w w . The hydraulic oil is part of the high performance Mobil SHC brand of synthetic lubricants.’ noted Dean Watson.2%. which alongside their cold temperature performance and energy efficiency potential. as well as offering improved safety features including: a quick-disconnect design that enables removal of the actuator from the bonnet within the valve operating stroke.’ In addition to SHC 500. The Rhino XC was run. ensuring the lubricant is in place to protect machine components. At –400°C. turbine and gas engine oils. president of the GE Oil & Gas Pressure Control business. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. EAME industrial lubricants marketing advisor for ExxonMobil Lubricants & Petroleum Specialties. the operator required on-demand capability to close reamer flow to the annulus. 65 .not for reproduction or retransmission. GE Oil & Gas launched a CHA hydraulic actuator series at ONS that accepts supply pressures up to a maximum of 6000psi. Gear and Polyrex series. and a captured spring design that prevents release of the preloaded spring during repair or actuator removal.’ Offshore Norway. allowing it to circulate around the hydraulic system faster at start up. The range includes gear. allowing cycling of the reamer multiple times during the course of the run. a new run-length record for the client. when compared with standard mineral hydraulic oils.’ said Akram Reda. Schlumberger Drilling Tools & Remedial. The CHA series offers two Hydraulic oil shows Arctic promise Recent tests on Mobil Industrial Lubricants’ Arctic performance hydraulic oil have reportedly shown that it can help reduce hydraulic system energy consumption by up to 6. a powerful dualcoil spring package is capable of shearing standard 7/32in braided cable. o f f s h o r e . compressor.PRODUCTS IN ACTION section with the potential for several hole-related issues. released at ONS by Schlumberger. Pegasus. For flexibility in handling borehole instability. allowing valve closure. this provides huge savings for our customers by enabling faster and reliable activation. Ian Milne. Russia and the Nordic countries. ‘Alongside the safety benefits. other Mobil high performance lubricants developed for the oil & gas industry include the SHC 600. specialised products such as Mobil Univis HVI or Mobil Aero HF-A have been developed. According to Schlumberger. without depressurizing the valve and releasing hydrocarbons. The company’s earlier cost-effective RA series could manage supply pressures up to 3500psi. are claimed capable of extending the service life of machine components by lasting between three-to-six times longer than mineral oil based products. Building on Rhino XS hydraulically expandable reamer technology. the Rhino XC is designed to provide complete control of reamer cutter-block deployment. SHC 500 is said to be four times thinner than similar viscosity index conventional mineral hydraulic oils. said the new actuator line is more robust and increases the company’s market competitiveness. Given pride of place in ExxonMobil’s ONS display in Stavanger this summer. the Mobil SHC 500 series has been engineered to help protect hydraulic equipment operating on offshore and onshore oil & gas rigs and platforms located in extremely cold climates such as the Arctic. ‘In deepwater environments. Its flow activation system eliminates the need for time-consuming pumpdown device activation. allowing the reamer to be placed below inner diameter-restricted bottomhole assembly components resulting in a reduced pilot-hole interval at total depth. october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . simply by changing the pump flow rate in a predetermined sequence. products in action Rhino reamer delivers on-demand The Rhino XC on-demand reamer.
VP and GM of Archer’s Oiltools division. o f f s h o r e . . the top section can be milled easily to release the slips.PRODUCTS IN ACTION Does Your Digital Oilfield have a Language Barrier? record to the high-differential ball valve. Upstream Standards. The darts are deployed with hardened landing shoulders and dual sheer points. the combination of advanced seal engineering. Its dual probe option is said to optimise monitoring capability for all types of NORM including Radium and Lead-210 based scales. Rapid set and seal. large-diameter ( /2in) LP actuator ports: one for easy alignment to supply lines. w w w . for total security in permanent well abandonment. Open data exchange standards from Energistics are embedded in more than 40 software packages used by more than 100 oil and gas companies globally. 66 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . ‘The MX system allows the use of rigid Smart Darts for multi-cycle control and exploits their robustness and resilience to high pressure/ high temperature (HPHT) environments to deliver greater speed. According to Churchill. barrier failure can prove disastrous – for rig teams. with high efficiency and low operating costs. pressure testing from below and pre-set seal surface cleaning takes Lock seal assurance to ISO 14310 V0 level. The advanced technology behind our new Lock series of well suspension plugs provides the assurance and protection the industry needs. added to Tracerco’s range of radiation monitors at ONS. anti-debris filter and conclusive pull-and-rotate release mechanism. DAV MX mechanical extrusion dart activated bypass valve deployment achieved its 100% reliability target last year.e n g i n e e r. Should well conditions prevent normal retrieval. The series comprises four application-specific products: SafeLock. StormLock for storms. and a 100% retrievability record combine to provide absolute protection. The company attributes Lock’s impressive retrieval Want to Improve Digital Oilfield Communications? Energistics has a Standard for that. ‘When sealing wells for suspension or abandonment. minimising debris buildup.’ According to Archer.’ said the downhole tool developer. simplified slip design. was specifically developed to meet the requirements of the oil & gas industry in detecting and quantifying naturally occurring radioactive isotopes. Bottom Line Results. Designated the NORM Monitor-IS. 1 ‘Smart darts’ hit reliability target Aberdeen-based Churchill Drilling Tools had on display at ONS an innovative dart activation system now being deployed for technically challenging high-angle sections in Norwegian continental shelf wells.not for reproduction or retransmission. you never have to worry that something will get lost in translation. reliability and performance than with conventional ball activation through polymer extrusion. and LastLock. was unveiled by well integrity specialist Archer during ONS. designated the Lock series. Radiation monitoring The new NORM (naturally occurring radioactive material) monitor. easy move and reset. extended periods or harsh conditions. Well integrity on the upgrade With Energistics’ Standards. TimeLock for longterm suspension or harsh conditions. according to Rolf Haaland. the robust and intrinsically safe portable unit can also measure contamination levels. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. it adds. the local environment and an operator’s reputation. for short to medium term suspension periods. A new range of four gastight well suspension plugs. and one with an optional safety head designed to protect the actuator from overpressurization.
Protecting people and business Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .VIKING-life.not for reproduction or retransmission.Offshore wind safety solutions . ETSO approvals) Emergency equipment and signs Fire safety equipment and pyrotechnics Order your free copy of the VIKING safety catalogue at www.com VIKING LIFE-SAVING EquIPMENT . Get VIKING’s full safety package with all the documentation: n n n n Evacuation systems Protective suits and lifejackets (incl.full protection in harsh environments When you’re 60 meters above sea level with strong winds blowing. . For reprints please contact the Publisher. there’s no room for mistakes.
not for reproduction or retransmission. For reprints please contact the Publisher. .Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .
OFFSHORE ENGINEER | september For reprints please contact the Publisher. and Leo Koot. Based in Rio de Janeiro. Taqa recognises that it’s going to take innovative commercial solutions to maximise the potential of the UKCS. Anticipating an even bigger turnout this year. It is expected to be operational in 2Q 2013. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . o f f s h o r e . as the ‘premier forum for celebrating the very best in the offshore industry’. Over 70 entries were received for the 2012 awards.’ Forum Energy Technologies is planning to build a new 150. Great Large Company. be recognised.not for reproduction or retransmission. Kromav has a team of some 200 people specialising in engineering services for offshore platforms.e n g i n e e r.’ Further details of the awards and how to enter can be found at www. not only because they celebrate success throughout the industry. and Significant Contribution (previously Lifetime Achievement). impact as projects move into deeper waters further from shore. said: ‘The success we saw after re-launching the awards last year was hugely positive and demonstrated that the awards have a firm place in the energy sector calendar. Leo Koot. the organisers are switching the 21 March 2013 black tie awards ceremony to the Aberdeen Exhibition & Conference Centre. The 2013 categories are: Export Achievement. the Society of Petroleum Engineers Aberdeen Section is again hosting the Offshore Achievement Awards with the support of main sponsor Taqa Bratani. the awards will focus on particular innovations. managing director of main sponsor Taqa Bratani. Offshore Renewables. Young Professional. Safety Innovations. newly elected chairman of the SPE Aberdeen section. Busy planning an even bigger Offshore Achievement Awards ceremony in Aberdeen next March are (left to right): CO2DeepStore director and SPE board member Ian Phillips. a privately owned Brazilian engineering firm with over 400 marine and offshore projects to its credit.FIRMS & FACES firms Amec is acquiring a 50% stake in Kromav Engenharia. so it’s important that companies with a creative approach to doing business are awarded. the Expro Group. Ian Phillips. but because they recognise innovation. as well as individual success. subsea compression will become widespread. Aker Solutions and Statoil were jointly awarded the ONS Innovation Award in Stavanger for their work investment plans include construction of a 200m long quayside with an artificial bay to protect against the river’s high currents and allow fast access to the new facility for seagoing vessels needing to install. reflecting the growing reach of the North Sea industry. director of CO2DeepStore and the SPE board member responsible for organising the OAAs. The $19 million on the Åsgard subsea gas compression system (OE April).000m2 production facility in southern Brazil alongside the Itajai-Açu river in Navegantes. Working Together. Great Small Company. 2012 69 . said: ‘I’m particularly pleased that we’re supporting the 2013 Offshore Achievement Awards. managing director of the awards’ main sponsor Taqa Bratani. The 27th Offshore Achievement Awards are open to entries until 1 December from UK-registered companies in both the offshore oil & gas and renewables sectors.000ft2 facility in St Martin Parish.’ Describing the awards.org w w w . Santa Catarina state. commission and test Huisman systems and equipment onboard. Phillips said it was vital that the talent responsible for shaping today’s industry. originally run by Scottish Enterprise. and the winners included Amec. With the forecast growth of subsea developments. Emerging Technology (previously New Idea). 3sun and Professor Alex Kemp.spe-oaa. The Innovator. BRAZIL BERTH: Dutch offshore lifting and drilling solutions provider Huisman has begun the landfill works for a 15. having even more OFFSHORE ACHIEVERS Following a successful re-launch last year. Louisiana to produce onshore and offshore drilling equipment for global customers. however criteria remain the same. safety breakthroughs and collaborative efforts. FPSOs and other marine applications. as well as the high performers and pioneers who will develop tomorrow’s cutting edge solutions and innovations. ITF’s Anthony Onukwu. Aker CTO Åsmund Bøe commented: ‘This technology has the potential to change offshore gas field developments worldwide. In addition to recognising exceptional business growth. Subsequent Technip has completed the acquisition of Stone & Webster process technologies and associated oil and gas engineering capabilities from Canada’s Shaw Group. The titles of two categories have changed this year.
Shyamal Bhattacharya (pictured) has taken over as operations director at Indian state oil company subsidiary ONGC Videsh. The company’s team there. and the development of new product lines in the ocean sciences and survey markets. Harold Kvisle (pictured). a 30-year oil & gas industry veteran. he worked internationally for BP and its heritage company Amoco (UK) Exploration for over 30 years. he will oversee the company’s Africa-focused exploration activities. last month. He steps up from VP of Houston onshore. offshore platforms. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher.e n g i n e e r. GE completed its acquisition of Bergen. Davis. as executive director of energy & sustainability in a joint appointment to the UC Davis Graduate School of Management & Institute of Transportation Studies. Gardline Geosciences and Canyon Offshore have established a three-year strategic alliance to provide seabed drilling. including president of BP Indonesia. The second tug. succeeds Watkins as VP international production operations. Swedish polymer and syntactic foam specialist Trelleborg officially opened its newly constructed facility in Macaé.firms & faces Audubon Engineering. will directly oversee the company’s operational business groups. w w w . was due for delivery in September. remaining for three years afterwards mainly in the role of Atlantic region EVP. Amy Myers Jaffe has joined the University of California. Jens Pace became COO of African Petroleum on 1 October. Norway headquartered Naxys. following the integration of Smit’s terminal handling activities with Lamnalco in July 2011. he once headed the Institute of Reservoir Studies in Ahmedabad. She previously served in senior posts with BP. Aquaterra Energy opened an office in Aberdeen last month. this is the first of two newbuilds contracted for a five-year period by Total Gabon to provide support in the offshore oilfields and to assist tanker operations at the onshore terminal of Cap Lopez. GL Noble Denton has established a global design centre for floating structures at its offices in Brevik. fittings and fluid control devices. a post now occupied by Michael Northcott. plant will replace an existing facility in nearby Broussard. has stepped up to president and CEO of the Canada-headquartered E&P company following the departure of John Manzoni.not for reproduction or retransmission. at Port Gentil. the commercialization of its Robotic Hull Cleaning systems. currently VP of International Production Operations (IPO). the first tug branded under its new corporate identity. Carri Lockhart (pictured) is Marathon’s new UK North Sea asset team MD. Julian Hammond was promoted to CEO and president of 70 O FFS H O RE E N G I N EER | s e p t e m b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Norway. BRAND NEW: Smit Lamnalco recently launched SL Gabon. which supplies leak detection and condition monitoring sensors for the subsea sector. sampling in situ services for the offshore site investigation market. faces Gretchen Watkins. Mark Roberts has been promoted to EVP operations for Houston-headquartered Gertjan van Mechelen has joined ERHC Energy as exploration manager. SL Libreville. Mitch Little. A geoscientist. has taken over from the retiring Jim Bowzer as Marathon Oil’s VP North America production operations. The company also announced that it is planning to install ‘the largest hydrostatic pressure testing vessel in the world’ at the new facility. IPT manufactures high and medium pressure subsea valves. The acquisition further expands GE’s portfolio of monitoring and sensing solutions and will be part of the company’s Measurement & Control business. Ciaran O’Donnell (pictured) has been appointed CEO of subsea project and integrity management specialist Flexlife. subsea templates and the like. last month. Brazil. Marathon’s Norway business manager. The company’s drilling technologies business will be the main beneficiary of the expanded Stockton-on-Tees presence. . working on drilling riser systems. Anne Drinkwater (pictured) has become a non-executive director of Tullow Oil. Pennsylvaniabased Innovative Pressure Technologies. Roberts. a director of Talisman Energy. o f f s h o r e . Previously with ConocoPhillips and TransAtlantic Petroleum. He was co-founder and CEO of CSL before its 2007 sale to DOF Subsea. Built by Damen Shipyards Galati in Romania. where she served as director of the energy forum at the James A Baker III Institute for Public Policy. Swagelok has acquired the assets of Erie. This is backed up by the infrastructure and long-term established engineering team in Norwich and Cambridge. Aker Solutions is opening an engineering office in the northeast of England.’ SeaRobotics Corporation has teamed with a private equity group led by Ocean Investments Capital to fund the expansion of the company’s core business. including the production of unmanned surface vessels (USVs). An acknowledged authority on IOR. She has spent the past 16 years at Houston’s Rice University. Her earlier posts include asset team manager for Marathon Alaska operations and business development director for North and South America. is headed by GM Eric Doyle who commented: ‘We are developing the expertise to provide high value engineering and technical support at a local level.
not for reproduction or retransmission.O.Box 50110. For reprints please contact the Publisher.net protected and provided for personal use only . . Content Kindgom ofis Bahrain copyright Tel: +973 1767 4119 Fax: +973 1746 4913 T E: aos@asry.LEADING LEADINGRIG RIGAND ANDSHIP SHIPREPAIR REPAIR IN INTHE THEARABIAN ARABIANGULF GULF SINCE SINCE1977 1977 ISO 18001 ISO 28000 & 20858 ISO 9001 & 14001 ISO 27001 & ISPS Code ASRY Y Offshore Services P.net www.asry. Hidd.
firms & faces Tethys Petroleum following the resignation of David Robson on health grounds. 72 O FFS H O RE E N G I N EER | s e p t e m b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Calixto Deberaldini has been appointed BDM and strategy adviser at Brazil’s Fluke Engenharia. Peter Lilley took over as non-executive chairman. He was with Subsea 7 for seven years. Åge Landro (pictured) has rejoined Norway’s AGR Group after a short break. John Hunter (pictured) has been appointed project engineering manager at Divex’s Westhill. Brady Parish joined the company as VP investor relations. Alfonso Leon has been promoted to SVP and chief of staff at Apache. Bob Coates (pictured) has been named COO of Aberdeenheadquartered FPSO moorings and marine engineering services company Sigma Offshore. latterly as Aberdeen-based GM of Europe & West Africa ROV operations in its iTech division. Greg Hewitt (pictured) becomes the saturation diving systems supplier’s Asia Pacific region GM. o f f s h o r e . a newly created post. and prior to that spent more than a decade with Oceaneering International Services. w w w . Both are chartered engineers. Hunt hailing from Flexlife and Acergy and Lutfy from Subsea 7 and DOF Subsea UK. Scotland headquarters. Chor How Jat. North and Central America. Deberaldini joins the Acteon group business unit from GE Oil & Gas where he served as the subsea division’s Brazil sales manager. . Aimee Marsh (pictured) is the new Energy Industries Council executive director. now part of Singapore-based Ezra Holdings. She previously worked for Canyon Offshore and Saipem America. reporting to MD Laurent Maubré. Pat Haggerty (pictured) has joined Modus Seabed Intervention as head of projects.e n g i n e e r. John Lindsay has been promoted to president and COO of Helmerich & Payne. Rahul Dhir stepped down as MD and CEO of Cairn India.not for reproduction or retransmission. based at the EIC Houston office. executive director of Singapore’s Keppel Shipyard has assumed the role of acting MD of the yard’s businesses and operations following the sudden death of Nelson Yeo. reportedly to pursue other business opportunities. Previously a director of London Marine Consultants. Navarre previously served in various positions with Global Marine and Horton Wison Deepwater’s sister company Wison Offshore & Marine (USA). Coates is tasked with developing Sigma’s presence in London having just opened a new office there. Previously with the group’s field operations unit for seven years. He joined the company in 1987 as a drilling engineer and most recently served as EVP and COO. Gregory Navarre (pictured) has stepped up from COO to president of Horton Wison Deepwater following the departure of Jim Maher to pursue other interests. David Hunt (pictured left) and Faris Lutfy (below) head up an expanded engineering division at Aberdeen-based Ecosse Subsea Systems. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. he returns as EVP of its global Petroleum Services division.
at Greene’s Energy Group. has joined Zenith in a similar capacity covering the Asia-Pacific region. Karen Christie (pictured) has joined Aberdeen consultancy Maxoil Solutions as global business development director. he served most recently as Amec’s operations director for West Africa. Lifting capacity on our DP2 vessels is achieved with two 900t mast cranes. Versatility is enhanced with the addition of dedicated project equipment such as. Baker Hughes and Seaweld Engineering. He was previously with Accenture. previously with Weatherford. Install. with Steve Blake slotting in to Hayden’s former role. Jon Robertson has taken over the role of MD at ROV supplier Saab Seaeye following the departure of Dave Grant to pursue other interests. Chris Peeters has been appointed EMEA region director of Schlumberger Business Consulting. He recently retired from ExxonMobil. Chris Charman (pictured) takes over from the retiring Hugh Williams as CEO of the International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA) in December. Our concept “Lift. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Eddie Moore has joined Zenith Oilfield Technology. 2012 73 . 50 man accommodation block. David Hayden has stepped up from technical manager to MD of Harris Pye UK. Tom Trigg (pictured) has been appointed global technical advisor for drilling waste management specialist TWMA. Previously with Hamworthy. technology and business development – rental & products. replaces AWT founder Cameron Manifold who will continue to advise the Perth-based company in a strategic capacity. tubular running services. he will initially support Acteon’s Asia-based Cape business unit as it expands its subsea pipeline sector product and service offering. Ship. based at the company’s Houston office.not for reproduction or retransmission. as manager of sales and operations for the Middle East and Africa. recently acquired by Lufkin Industries. He was previously with Weatherford International as director of global quality and training. Previously with McKinsey. Richard Jenkins (pictured) has joined Claxton Engineering as VP operations. heave compensation devices. Previously VP operations in Wasco Energy’s pipe coating division. working out of Oman. Over the last 10 years Jumbo has built up a solid and reliable reputation as a safe transport and offshore installation contractor. based in Kuala Lumpur. She was previously with Wood Group Integrity Management.nl w w w . pile driving hammers.firms & faces David Kirk became CEO of Australian geosciences and well engineering consultancy AWT International on 1 October. Arthur D Little and Booz Allen Hamilton. Kirk. deep sea winches. A versatile partner Jumbo Offshore transports and installs heavy subsea structures and mooring systems in water depths up to 3. R Michael Haney (pictured) has joined Douglas-Westwood to head up its new office in Houston’s central business district. based in Paris. who previously acted as Woodside’s Pluto LNG project development manager. Kevin Revere (pictured) has joined the Acteon group as VP. Phil Keating has been appointed energy sector BDM for pneumatic motion and fluid control technology provider Norgren. Doyle Boutwell (pictured) has been named as manager. Since leaving the Navy he has worked as a loss adjuster and held various risk management and risk financing posts. All in one go.e n g i n e e r. based in Houston. etc. www.” continues to provide an extremely efﬁcient solution. Peter Smith (pictured). O FFS H O RE E N G I N EER | s e p t e m b e r For reprints please contact the Publisher. o f f s h o r e . he will manage SBC’s utilities practice.jumbo-offshore.000m.
Conference. www. the largest industry event in the Middle East.theeagc. Galveston TX.offshoremiddleeast. Abstracts by 28 January 2013. Ravenna. Total SVP Michael Borrell and Robert Blaauw. Conference. www. Stavanger.icota-europe.com 20/21 Critical issues Middle East.amiplastics. takes place 11-14 November.iadc. Abstracts by 19 October. NOSCA seminar. l www.com 21-23 Offshore Middle East. a senior advisor at Shell. Conference & exhibition.org 29-2 Nov Africa oil week.oilcomm. Conference & exhibition. . www.com 15-18 Lessons learnt from recent oil spills. Scheduled speakers include Jostein Mykletun. Jakarta.org/events 18-20 Pipeline coating.iadc. go to www. Conference & exhibition. Conference & exhibition.iptcnet. Conference & exhibition. Lisbon. IADC conference.mcedd. Galveston TX.seg.com 22/23 Produced water management.org 7 Subsea pipelines integrity management. Sao Paulo. Conference & exhibition. w w w .subseauk. Amsterdam. www.worldfuture energysummit. More than 45.subseaasia. www. l www. Conference & exhibition. Cape Town.santosoffshore.com l The Arctic Technology Conference will be held 3-5 December in Houston. London. go to www.adipec. Conference & exhibition.com December January 2013 15-17 Underwater intervention. Conference. and also calls for papers to: email@example.com. Conference & exhibition. SPE conference & exhibition. Houston.com 23-25 Oilfield engineering with polymers. Consul General of Norway. exhibition and meeting entries.it 74 O F F S H O R E EN G I NEE R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Conference 7 exhibition. For further details.arctictechnology conference. Kuala Lumpur. www.org/atce/2013/ 22-24 October 2013 Asia Pacific Oil & Gas. www. spe@rodgerandco. Perth.not for reproduction or retransmission. Conference & exhibition.iadc.org 8-10 ATCE. OPITO conference. Conference & exhibition. Amsterdam.subseasurvey.asmeconferences.adipec. Houston.com 23-25 Drilling & completing trouble zones. Scotsdale AZ. www. Doha.org 11-14 ADIPEC. IADC conference & exhibition. www. www.com 20 Global safety and competence.000 attendees and 1500 exhibitors are expected at this year’s gathering. Vienna.org November October 4-9 Society of Exporation Geophysicists annual meeting. www. Conference & exhibition. Conference & exhibition.uk Please send conference.org 18-20 MCE deepwater development.com 28/29 IMCA annual seminar. www.offshore-europe. Aberdeen. www.events Call for papers 18-20 March 2013 MCE deepwater development. drilling. www.org 21/22 North Sea decommissioning.com.petro21. Conference & exhibition.oceancouncil. Conference & exhibition.co. The Hague.ru/en/Home 16-19 Santos offshore. Amsterdam. Conversations on and off the floor will zero in on the latest developments and best practices in well completion and intervention.wplgroup.gastech. Johannesburg. Aberdeen.com. www. www. www.co. www. Moscow. Houston. www. l www. Scheduled panel sessions cover topics including growth and sustainability. www. Abstracts by 14 January 2013. Singapore.uk 9/10 Dynamic positioning. Persian Gulf. spe. go to www.org 9-15 International mechanical engineering. Aberdeen. Las Vegas. ASME congress & exposition. projects.russianoilgas. www.com 21-31 Gulf oil & gas cruise.nosca. Houston. Conference & exhibition. field development.dynamic-positioning. For further details. www.org 3-5 Sustainable ocean summit. Conference & exhibition. and the future of the role of gas.underwaterintervention. firstname.lastname@example.org 6-8 OilComm. www. Conference & exhibition. SPE/IADC conference & exhibition.no 16/17 Contracts & risk management.iadc. HSE and asset integrity. Technical sessions cover the spectrum of challenges facing companies as they move further into northern climes.com l The European chapter of the Intervention & Coiled Tubing Association (ICoTA) will host the SPE ICoTA European Well Intervention Conference in Aberdeen 14/15 November. Houston.bh/geo2012 22-24 Asia Pacific oil & gas.org 5-7 Drilling.com diary 3-5 Subsea Asia. Meeting. Washington DC. Abu Dhabi. Conference. IADC conference. SPE conference & exhibition. Conference & exhibition. www. Abu Dhabi. offshore-energy. Houston.iadc.au March 2013 4-8 CERAWeek. San Antonio TX. Conference. www.org 8-11 Gastech. The Hague. technology deployment. www. Infield Systems senior analyst Jamie Balmer. Abu Dhabi. www. www. For further details. Abstracts by 3 December. Conference & exhibition.opito-oscc. human capital. www. IADC conference & exhibition. www.org/2012 3-6 September 2013 SPE Offshore Europe.com 15-17 World future energy summit. www.com 7-9 IADC AGM. www.offshore-europe. l www. Conference. New Orleans.com.e n g i n e e r. Vienna.spe. London. www.org 16/18 Russian oil & gas exploration & production.com Looking ahead l The Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition & Conference (ADIPEC).com 14/15 European well intervention. www.org 23/24 Offshore energy.com 24/25 Drilling Africa.co. www.spe.com 3-5 Arctic technology.com 27-30 OSEA. Conference & exhibition. New Delhi. SPE conference & exhibition. Conference. www. The technical program covers topics relating to geosciences.ceraweek.imca-int.omc. o f f s h o r e . Dubai.com/events/ 20-22 Australian oil & gas.no/intconf February 2013 5/6 HSE & training. Perth. Meeting. www.org 5-8 Subsea survey IRM. which focuses on core issues affecting the industry. www. SPE/ICoTA conference & exhibition.com 13/14 European autumn gas conference.com 28/29 Offshore wind economics & finance. London. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. New Orleans.com 20-22 OMC. www. Rio de Janeiro. Houston.fairconsultants.spe. www. Conference.uk 30 Sept-2 October 2013 SPE ATCE. www. MERL conference.drillingtroublezones.arctictechnology conference.oilgascruise.biz 23/24 Oil & gas Africa upstream logistics and supply shairn. www.aeminfo.tekna. Brazil.br 17-19 Geo India. www. London.decomworld.
there’s no risk of contamination or breakdown in oil viscosity. Predictable performance for unpredictable gases.not for reproduction or retransmission. Inc. The result? Quantum leaps in Mean Time Between Maintenance (MTBM). . Texas +1-713-655-0015 sales@kobelco-kca.Maximize MTBM Kobelco Oil-Free Screw Compressors for Vapor Recovery Unpredictable gas composition causing problems in your oil-injected compressors? Turn to the solution proven by offshore industry leaders: Kobelco oil-free screw compressors. Houston. www. With no oil in the compressor chamber. Ltd. Tokyo +81-3-5739-6771 Munich +49-89-242-1842 Kobelco Compressors America.com Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Ask Kobelco For Oil-Free Screw Compressors! Kobe Steel. Kobelco oil-free screws can handle it. No matter how dirty or corrosive the gas may be. improved productivity and enhanced environmental compliance.com For reprints please contact the Publisher.kobelcocompressors. Kobelco oil-free screw compressors for offshore service. Increased profits.
RUSSIANOILGAS. Rosneft.COM 16 18 OCTOBER 2012 Attend the number one meeting place ‘by the industry for the industry’ and engage face-to-face with Russia’s exploration and production community. Registration Open www. Industry-leading Committee Join Victor A.russianoilgas. Shell. featuring key industry speakers from BP. Programme Commitee Co-chairs to discuss all major issues in the area of hydrocarbon exploration and production. TNK BP. NGK Slavneft and Sergey Kolbikov. Novatek. A Focused.The premier meeting place for the Russian Oil and Gas industry SPE Russian Oil & Gas Exploration & Production Technical Conference and Exhibition 2012 ALL RUSSIA EXHIBITION CENTRE. High-Calibre International Event Visit the exhibition hosting over 80 companies showcasing leadingedge technology. Weatherford and more. PAVILION 75. RUSSIA WWW.not for reproduction or retransmission.uk Platinum sponsors: Sponsors: Organised by: Energy & Marine Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .com For reprints please contact the Publisher.co. including a dedicated Knowledge and Science Zone and Technology Incubator new for 2012 2012 sponsors: Contact us today: Tel: +44(0)20 8439 8890 Email: rog@reedexpo. Saveliev. MOSCOW. Technical Conference Programme Discover the 18 technical and 3 plenary sessions which make up the 2012 conference programme. .
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Whatever one thinks of Vladimir Putin’s politics. . the Nabucco project. Israel. he and Israeli prime minister Netanyahu agreed a deal to form a junior company to Gazprom that would help develop Israel’s Leviathan gas field in the eastern Mediterranean. one thing is clear: he is a shrewd. and neighbouring and potential partner EU-member Cyprus. a whole new. Putin and Russia’s energy giants are not idly awaiting the vicissitudes of the market place. Russia’s gas giant Rosneft. With the looming threat to the economy all too real. can easily prove to be a Trojan Horse in any major future natural gas development. often ruthless. And in recent weeks. where Peter Glover is the Europe editor. .’ It seems that Putin’s Russia is playing a long game of its own. University of Houston. operator on the global stage. . OE l Michael J Economides is a professor at the Cullen College of Engineering. Many observers assume that Russia. Meanwhile. Last year saw Russia outmanoeuvre the EU once again when its Nord Stream pipeline came online way ahead of the EU’s ‘great pipe hope’ to help it diversify away from Russian gas dependency. Potential partnerships between Gazprom and Shell are also in the offing. game chip is now in play: Moscow’s interest in Israeli energy. In the same week that Putin visited Jerusalem. in a bid to retain a key stake in its European export market – Russia supplies a quarter of all Europe’s (rising) natural gas demand – Moscow is set on doing all in its power to protect its ‘captive’ market. surging global shale development in the wake of the transforming US shale revolution. or delay our efforts? I don’t know. More recently. having helped construct Iran’s nuclear plant at Bushehr as part of a long-standing relationship with Tehran. Meanwhile. would be likely to become embroiled directly in support of its Middle East allies in an Israel-Iran conflict.’ by Professor Michael J Economides and Peter Glover s the tension between Israel and Iran ratchets up. According to reports. while publicly playing down the impact that shale gas and oil is likely to have. Putin is privately urging Russia’s energy majors to learn all they can about hydraulic fracturing techniques. of course must be quite aware that Gazprom. has cut Arctic exploration deals with Norway’s Statoil and with Italy’s Eni. an Israeli news report quotes a senior Israeli gas executive as saying: ‘The Russians have been poking around here for a while. Putin flagged new tax breaks for offshore oil and gas to make far-flung projects more viable. In April. Russia’s battering ram. A 20 million tonnes per year liquid natural gas (LNG) export from the eastern Mediterranean into Europe would amount to about one third of current Russian exports. higher value. Everyone knows about the Russian interest in controlling the European energy market. the Kremlin appears to have higher economic and political priorities. Russia has ramped up its militarization of the Arctic in support of its energy claims there. In March. confirmed that Iran is suing Russia for damages to the tune of some $4 billion in the Court of Arbitration in Geneva for cancelling . an interesting sub-text has developed over the role of Iran’s traditional backer. Putin is only too aware of the triple whammy of falling domestic energy productivity. 78 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . But Putin’s Kremlin is clearly rattled by the threat of decline for that which underpins Russia’s entire economy: its energy hegemony. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. While many Western observers continue to raise the spectre of a ‘wider Middle East conflagration’. a contract to sell five divisions of the S-300 long-range anti-aircraft missile system worth an estimated $800 million to $1 billion. Chief among them: ensuring its vast energy resources help it to remain a global superpower. Putin and Gazprom have pursued a flurry of new developments aimed at making Russia a ‘more open’ proposition to foreign investors.not for reproduction or retransmission. . The views expressed in this column do not necessarily reflect OE’s position. and a new threat posed to a European market still dependent on Russian gas imports – the significant potential of Israeli and Cypriot gas exports. . operator on the global stage. Do they want to buy from us. France’s Total acquired a 20% stake in another Russian gas venture in the Arctic.e n g i n e e r. But there is now a new kid on the block that could pose a very clear and present threat to Russia’s vital European market: Israel along with Cyprus and their upcoming potential status as gas exporting energy superpowers. and one that could drag in Russia. It will try to affect a project that could certainly lessen its energy stranglehold over Europe. In recent days. However.ebb & flow ‘Whatever one thinks of Vladimir Putin’s politics. Nabucco is developing at a glacial pace and still lacks a Why Russia toys with new partnerships A substantive gas supplier. Here is a fascinating new play in the Israel-Iran nuclear saga. Development of the eastern Mediterranean’s newfound natural gas wealth could well end up reaching the European market. w w w . Designed to pipe Caspian region gas to Europe avoiding crossing Russian soil along the way. Russia. o f f s h o r e . the answer may have been settled with Putin’s Russia having already sold out its Iranian ‘partners’ for an attempted hand into Israeli gas. one thing is clear: he is a shrewd. Eurasia Monitor reported that ‘the government agency that oversees Russia’s arms exports and imports . often ruthless.’ The same report also cites Israeli energy website Tashtiot as claiming that during Putin’s recent visit to Israel. But they are here. and editor-in-chief of the Energy Tribune. So what Russia would do if Iran was attacked? Intriguingly.
Umbilicals technology: just another example of ingenuity delivered by Aker Solutions Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . All rights reserved. It’s the low-risk. power cables. The result is the ultimate in geometric ﬂexibility. and ﬂowline heating systems engineered to meet the unique demands of any subsea production scenario” Each unique package utilises our custom proﬁling approach to hold the elements inside the umbilical within a ﬂoating matrix application.akersolutions.not for reproduction or retransmission. to help safeguard your valuable assets and secure your production success. Trade Mark of Aker Solutions and its subsidiaries. reliable way to keep your ﬁeld ﬂowing. risers. www.Any location Any environment Any application Any depth “Aker Solutions provides umbilicals. © Copyright 2012. For reprints please contact the Publisher.com/umbilicals .
eliminating pumpdown device actuation to efficiently enlarge boreholes in a variety of formations. 12-DT-0171 The Rhino XC reamer’s self-contained flow actuation technology provides unlimited. on-demand reaming Rhino XC and Rhino are marks of Schlumberger. The Rhino XC has over 1.not for reproduction or retransmission. © 2012 Schlumberger.Rhino XC on-demand hydraulIcally acTuaTed reamer Reliable. . Search slb.com/RhinoXC Global Expertise | Innovative Technology | Measurable impact Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Measurable Impact is a mark of Schlumberger. adding to the industry-leading Rhino integrated borehole enlargement system’s record of more than 6 million ft. For reprints please contact the Publisher. reliable cutter block activation.000 ft reamed in a range of conditions.000-circulating hours and 50.
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