Renewable Energy Roadmaps for Islands

Dolf Gielen
Director, IRENA Innovation and Technology Centre, Bonn, Germany GREIN Power Grid Interest Cluster, Auckland, New Zealand, 24 March 2013

SPC .Roadmap for global doubling of the RE share National level  Proper pathways at a national level are critical in the regional/technological contexts   Regional and technical frameworks for the Pacific roadmaps Outer islands study.Energy efficiency and renewables Sector level  RE for manufacturing industry  RE for cities  Grids & storage enabling technologies Plans for 2013 • • German Voluntary Contribution  Three island roadmaps “blueprints” 2 New staff being hired . roadmap review  Tonga roadmap   • Nauru roadmap From scratch together with GIZ. OWC marine technology assessment.IRENA Engagement on Renewable Energy Roadmaps • • Global level  REMAP 2030 .

Tuvalu. Jamaica. US Virgin islands. C. FSM. roadmaps. 3 . Haiti. Nauru. Maledives. Samoa. Mediterranean and South China Sea) region: Cape Verde. charts which lay out implementation plans and strategies are critical to achieve the transition to RE in islands. Mauritius  Any others? • Pathways. Indian Ocean.SERMS (regional roadmap)  AIMS (Africa. Dominican Republic. energy plans.Some islands RE roadmaps • Existing and planned RE roadmaps  Pacific region: Cook Islands. Vanuatu  Caribbean region: Antilles. Tonga.

Portugal Combining wind energy and pumped hydro which targets to cover 75% of the island's electricity demand and the remaining 30% to be achieved by direct wind penetration into the grid. Canary Islands. the power system will be converted to 10 MW wind. Azores. largely through solar PV with lead-acid batteries. 4 . El Hierro. Achieving the goal of 100% electricity. 1 MW PV. Spain Tokelau Graciosa. To achieve a transition to 100% renewable energy island. power generation and residential heating are now completely based on renewable resources. 3 MW NaS batteries.Some Islands in Transition Iceland Due to favorable geology and geography abundant hydropower and geothermal resources.

Korea © IRENA 2013 5 . wind and geothermal using ICT infrastructure for the power system management. and a further goal of 100% of all energy use by 2030. Strong focus on electric vehicles. France A goal of meeting 50% of the island’s electricity needs with renewable energy by 2020. Samsoe. Technically 100% renewable energy island where the all the electricity on island is generated by on shore and off shore wind turbines – grid connection to mainland.More Islands in Transition Reunion island. throughout the island. Establishment of a sustainable energy supply system through the integration of renewables including solar. Projects include ocean thermal and wave power to solar PV and small-tomedium scale hydro. Denmark Jeju island.

offshore and floating wind etc © IRENA 2013 6 Palau . Fafa etc. Other marine technologies still in at experimental stage  Wave.What is the right power technology? A roadmap question • Hydro. tidal current where possible should be a priority  • • Low cost solutions high civil engineering content (local activity) Onshore wind where resource is adequate and land use issues can be resolved Biomass potential is generally limited   Coconut oil better used for transportation sector Bagasse and other residues offers some potential • PV is the most expensive but widely available solution   • Vanuatu Cost coming down rapidly. economic for daytime use Electricity storage batteries for all-day use can double cost – Tokelau. geothermal.

What is needed for a successful roadmapping process ? Best practice includes: • • • • A clear understanding of the current state Objective setting and pathway development An enabling political. and institutional framework for implementation Stakeholders engagement • • Resource mobilization Plan – Do – Check – Act cycle © IRENA 201 Pacific leaders summit. 12 Jan 2012. Abu Dhabi .

evaluation  Grid Stability Study • Objective setting and pathway development  Energy planning starting from today‘s situation with a 10-20 year time horizon  Policy objectives and policy framework should be credible and stable  A pathway with concrete actions and milestones to get from today‘s situation to end point • An enabling political and institutional framework for implementation  Leadership at a high level (eg a ministerial/CEO level steering committee)  An institutional framework that can carry a transition  Public and private sector on board 8 .Roadmap development and application for islands • Develop a clear understanding of the current state (baseline)  Reliable energy use statistics  Renewable Readiness Assessment / Resource Assessment  Regional/technological context assessments incl.

sustainable business models etc • Plan – Do – Check – Act cycle  Compare eg ISO 50 000 energy management standard  Monitor and report progress against roadmap  Adjust roadmap regularly if necessary © IRENA 2013 9 . NGOs. financing.) • Stakeholders engagement  Local communities.Roadmap development and application for islands (contd. other interests • Resource mobilization  Identify a sustainable strategy to maintain or obtain necessary expertise  Bankable project proposal development.

Development Methodology for Renewable Energy Roadmaps IRENA approach Renewable Readiness Assessment: Assessing the current situation Scenarios and Strategies: Identifying Potential Futures Grid Stability Planning Studies Roadmaps: Prioritising Action Items Share of renewable energy 2010 2030 10 .

Roadmap Step 1: Renewable Readiness Assessment RRA: Assessing the current situation .Regional context .Financing and investments .Create a country taskforce .Identify key stakeholders and legal structure .Country profile .Human capacity © IRENA 2013 11 .Energy policy and regulatory framework .

Consider technical potential .Propose solutions for reliable grid operation © IRENA 2013 12 .Analyse energy system design and integration . environmental and social impacts Grid stability studies .Determine economic.Explore design constraints for RE power expansion .Roadmap Steps 2 and 3 Scenarios and strategies: identifying potential futures .Explore drivers .

List technology options and associated opportunities/barriers .Organise stakeholder workshops to rank technology options and prioritise action items .Determine a vision .Establish implementation mechanisms .Develop indicators to monitor progress © IRENA 2013 13 .Identify champions .Roadmap Step 4: Agreeing on Priority Actions for the Island Roadmaps: Prioritising action items .


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