9/10/2007

NET212
Desktop Environments

WHY USE A GRAPHICAL DESKTOP?
Don’t need for a server X and desktop environments require resources
CPU time Disk space Significant memor memory

KDE/ GNOME make Linux accessible
Activate content through clicking icons Copy/paste content between applications Save/restore sessions Aids as to where user is Themes Customizations

INTRO TO KDE
Open source (1996) Kparts – programs embedded within programs Configure everything in KDE through GUI
There are underlying text files to configure Easier E i to use GUI

Internet integrated into file browser Drag-and-drop KDE Help Center Save sessions (Session Management) Anti-aliasing Run all X apps (does not session & drag-n-drop)

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INSTALL KDE
Use install discs or download it www.kde.org Packages
aRTS – real-time-sequencer for multimedia apps Kdelibs – essential libraries for kde to run Kdebase – core programs, like file manager/browser, window mgr, panel Kdegames Kdegraphics Kdeutils Kdemultimedia Kdenetwork Kdeadmin Kdepim – personal information management Kdeedu Kaccessibility Kartwork Kde-i18n - language Kdetoys Kdewebdev Koffice Developer tools

USING KDE
Panel – fast access to apps Workspaces – virtual desktops Kmenu – like the Windows Start button Applets – little programs designed to run in panel Konsole – KDE t K l terminal i l PDFs – Kghostview, kpdf, Adobe reader KDE Help Center KDE Control Center
Backgroup Window styles and colors Internalization Many other configurations

KONQUERER
Webbrowser and file management Open man pages
Alt+f2 -> man:ls

Open info pages
info:gcc i f

Activate search engine
gg:linux

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INTRO TO GNOME
Complete desktop environment like KDE Can run all X apps Simplicity is its goal Newest version http://gnome.org Has a flexible panel

USING GNOME
Basic tasks
Open an item in panel – click the panel Start a program – click the button on panel Move items around the desktop Move items in the panel Organize items on the desktop – right click desktop Open item on desktop – double click it Get options of an object – right click it Paste text into any text area

THE PANEL
Can create new ones to customize Right click to add new application launchers Right click to add applets
Notification area (like system tray) Netapplet ( h N l (choose network connections) k i ) System monitor Workspace switcher Window list Battery charge monitor

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NAUTILUS
Gnome equivalent of Windows Explorer and KDE Konquerer
It is for file management and web browsing

Avoid window clutter
Right click -> browse folder > Shift click

OTHER GNOME APPLICATIONS
Gconf – XML-based configuration for desktop apps
Lock down desktop Should be located in menu on panel (or type gconfgconfeditor) editor) Share keyboard shortcuts, themes among apps

Evolution mail, calendar, contacts Check out other Gnome apps at http://gnome.org

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