UNIVERSITATEA “SPIRU HARET”

FACULTATEA DE DREPT

DREPT PARLAMENTAR
6,17(=

Profesor universitar doctor Mihai Constantinescu Asistent universitar doctorand Marius Amzulescu

CAPITOLUL I INTRODUCERE 
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1.1. Definirea Dreptului Parlamentar
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executare în parlament a mandatului parlamentar. De aceea dreptul parlamentar este o
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2

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Structura Dreptului Parlamentar Ca UH]XOWDW DO VSHFLDOL]ULL VDOH '5(378/ 3$5/$0(17$5 HVWH IRUPDW GLQ WUHL componente: 1. 'UHSW 3DUODPHQWDU LQVWLWXLRQDO – FDUH VH UHIHU OD RUJDQHOH GH OXFUX DOH Parlamentului – SUHúHGLQWH ELURX SHUPDQHQW FRPLVLH SDUODPHQWDU úL DOWHOH - úL OD organL]DUHD IXQF LRQDUHD FRPSR]L LD ORU SROLWLF úL UROXO SH FDUH vO DX vQ IXQF LRQDUHD Camerelor. 2. Drept Parlamentar al mandatului reprezentativ – FDUH VH UHIHU OD VWDWXWXO parlamentarilor potrivit mandatului lor reprezentativ (dobândire, încetare, dUHSWXUL úL
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3. Drept Parlamentar al procedurilor parlamentare care cuprinde regulile specifice
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1.2 Izvoarele Dreptului Parlamentar Izvoarele de drept sunt formele de exprimare a normelor juridice. In Dreptul
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regulamentele Camerelor, cutuma. a. &RQVWLWX LD
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reprezentativ (definitoriu pentru statutul parlamentarului), legiferarea controlului
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3

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b. Legea
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parlamentari). c. Regulamentele Camerelor constituie izvorul privilegiat al dreptului parlamentar deoarece obiectul lor este chiar de a
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d. Cutuma
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4

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Parlament a unui partid ce nu a fost votat la alegeri (cum a fost APR rezultat dintr-o
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genera practica boicotului parlamentar sau a grevei parlamentare. 1.3. Principiile Dreptului Parlamentar
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Pactul Atlanticului de Nord) etc.
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- specializarea dreptului parlamentar - PDMRULWDWHD GHFLGH RSR]L LD VH H[SULP - WUDQVSDUHQ D 
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(Camerele acestuia) fiind autonom, nici un alt principiu, specific altei ramuri sau subramuri de drept nu-i poate fi aplicabil întrucât i-DU QHJD VXE DVSHFW MXULGLF DFHDVW
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concluzie, deoarece în liPLWHOH DXWRQRPLHL VDOH UHJXOLOH GUHSWXOXL FRQVWLWX LRQDO vL VXQW
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5

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Camere. 
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grupurilor parlamentare (birou permanent, comisii parlamentare etc.); liberul acces al tuturor parlamentarilor la procedura parODPHQWDU
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6

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parlamentare, în cadrul negocierilor dintre grupurile parlamentare, când plenul a decis ca
úHGLQ D V ILH VHFUHW HWF 7UDQVSDUHQ D QX HVWH XQ VFRS vQ VLQH FL SHQWUX UHDOL]DUHD GLDORJXOXL VRFLDO 7UDQVSDUHQ D DVLJXU XQ FRQWDFW SHUPDQHQW vQWUH 3DUODPHQW úL RSLQLD SXEOLF FRQWUROXO ORU UHFLSURF GH DFHHD LPSOLF FRQWDctul cu mass-media, cu grupurile de SUHVLXQH DFWLYLWDWHD SDUODPHQWDULORU vQ WHULWRULX FRQWDFWXO FX DOHJWRULL  REOLJD LD SDUODPHQWDULORU SULYLQG GHFODUD LD GH DYHUH HWF

CAPITOLUL II
'5(378/ 3$5/$0(17$5 ,167,78,21$/

INTRODUCERE (ASPECTE GENERALE)
3URFHGXUD SDUODPHQWDU FD úL VWDWXWXO SDUODPHQWDULORU VXQW LQGLVROXELO OHJDWH GH VWUXFWXUD 3DUODPHQWXOXL $FHVWHD YRU IL GLIHULWH vQ IXQF LH GH WLSXO GH 3DUODPHQW XQLFDPHUDO VDX ELFDPHUDO 6WUXFWXUD 3DUODPHQWXOXL UH]XOW GLQ SUHYHGHULOH DUW  DOLQ  dLQ &RQVWLWX LH vQ FDUH VH DUDW H[SUHV F ³3DUODPHQWXO HVWH DOFWXLW GLQ &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU úL 6HQDW´ 'H DFHHD XQ SULP DVSHFW vO FRQVWLWXLH SUHPL]D LQVWLWX LRQDO GH RUGLQ FRQVWLWX LRQDO SH FDUH R UHSUH]LQW ELFDPHUDOLVPXO 'HWDOLLOH GH QDWXU organizatoULF úL IXQF LRQDO DOH ILHFUHL &DPHUH VXQW UHJOHPHQWDWH vQ UHJXODPHQWHOH DFHVWRUD LDU FHOH SULYLQG &DPHUHOH UHXQLWH vQ úHGLQ  FRPXQ vQ UHJXODPHQWXO úHGLQ HORU FRPXQH 2UJDQHOH GH OXFUX VXQW GHILQLWH GH DFHVWH UHJXODPHQWH úL GH XQHOH SUHYHGHUL constitX LRQDOH FH LQWU vQ VIHUD 'UHSWXOXL SDUODPHQWDU

2.1. Principiul bicameralismului
%LFDPHUDOLVPXO D H[LVWDW vQ DUD QRDVWU VXE LPSHULXO &RQVWLWX LLORU GLQ   VL  ÌQ SHULRDGD UHJLPXOXL FRPXQLVW D H[LVWDW R UHSUH]HQWDQ  QD LRQDO XQLFDPHUDO QXPLW 0DUHD $GXQDUH 1D LRQDO ÌQ VWDWHOH IHGHUDOH ELFDPHUDOLVPXO VH MXVWLILF SULQ LQVúL VWUXFWXUD VWDWXOXL XQD GLQ &DPHUH UHSUH]LQW LQWHUHVHOH ILHFUXL VWDW LDU FHDODOW &DPHU D FRUSXOXL HOHFWRUDO DO IHGHUD LHL vQ DQVDPEOXO HL ÌQWU-un stat unitar, cum este 5RPkQLD WHPHLXULOH ELFDPHUDOLVPXOXL VXQW GDWH GH QHFHVLWDWHD HYLWULL FRQFHQWUULL SXWHULL SROLWLFH vQ 3DUODPHQW úL GH DVLJXUDUHD XQHL SHUFHS LL FULWLFH D FHOHL GH D GRXD &DPHUH vQ SURFHVXO OHJLVODWLY ID  GH OHJHD DGRSWDW GH &DPHUD FH D IRVW SULPD VHVL]DW FHHD FH HVWH HVHQ LDO SHQWUX DVLJXUDUHD FDOLW LL OHJLL %LFDPHUDOLVPXO PLQLPDOL]HD] ULVFXO GRPLQD LHL PDMRULW LL vQWUXFkW IDYRUL]HD] GLDORJXO vQWUH PDMRULW LOH GLQ FHOH GRX &DPHUH FD úL între grupurile parlamentare ce constituLH RSR]L LD 3RWULYLW &RQVWLWX LHL &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU úL 6HQDWXO DX R SR]L LH HJDO FH UH]XOW

7

GLQ DFHHD F DPEHOH VXQW DOHVH vQ DFHODúL PRG SULQ YRW XQLYHUVDO HJDO GLUHFW VHFUHW úL OLEHU H[SULPDW FHHD FH OH FRQIHU DFHHDúL OHJLWLPLWDWH 3H FDOH GH FRQVHFLQ  DPEHOH &DPHUH DX DFHOHDúL SXWHUL ELFDPHUDOLVP LQWHJUDO  &DPHUHOH VXQW HJDOH GDU QX LGHQWLFH FRPSR]L LH SROLWLF GLIHULW FD XUPDUH D QRUPHL GH UHSUH]HQWDUH PDL VHYHU SHQWUX 6HQDW GDWRULW QXPUXOXL PDL PLF GH VHQDWRUL úL D FHQVXOXL GH YkUVW SHQWUX VHQDWRUL GH  GH DQL ID  GH GHSXWD L GH  GH DQL

Avantaje: FHOH GRX &DPHUH ILLQG HJDOH VH YRU vPSLHGLFD UHFLSURF V GHYLQ GHVSRWLFH evitându-VH DVWIHO R GLFWDWXU FROHFWLY SULQ GHGXEODUHD JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH DOH PDMRULW LL úL RSR]L LHL HYLWDUHD SUDFWLFLL PXOWLSOHL OHFWXUL FHO SX LQ  FDUH DUH ORF vQ SDUODPHQWHOH XQLFDPHUDOH SHQWUX HYLWDUHD DGRSWULL XQHL OHJL IU R DQDOL] úL GH]EDWHUH VXILFLHQW GH DFHHD OHQWRDUHD SURFHGXULL QX HVWH R FRQVHFLQ  D ELFDPHUDOLVPXOXL FL D lipsei de YRLQ  SROLWLF vQ SURPRYDUHD VROX LLORU vQ 3DUODPHQW H[LVWHQ D XQXL GLDORJ UHDO vQWUH FHOH GRX &DPHUH UHDOL]DW vQ FDGUXO SURFHGXULL GH

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mediere a conflictelor dintre Camere;
FUHúWHUHD FRQWUROXOXL *XYHUQXOXL UHDOL]DW GH ILHFDUH &DPHU vQ SDUWH DVLJXUDUHD XQXL FDGUX GH DQDOL] VXFFHVLY D OHJLORU GH FWUH GRX FRUSXUL GH OHJLXLWRUL GLIHUL L 3URFHVXO GH OHJLIHUDUH QX HVWH PDL FRPSOLFDW GDU PDL SURIXQG GHRDUHFH UHOXDUHD SURFHGXULL FX RFD]LD ILHFUHL OHFWXUL vQJUHXQD FkWHRGDW DUWLILFLDO SURFHdura, evitându-VH R VLPSOLWDWH GXQWRDUH LQWHUHVHORU JHQHUDOH

Dezavantaje
)LLQG HJDOH FHOH GRX &DPHUH DU SXWHD V VH SDUDOL]H]H UHFLSURF LDU SHQWUX HYLWDUHD XQHL DVHPHQHD VLWXD LL $GXQDUHD &RQVWLWXDQW D KRWUkW vQWUXQLUHD &DPHUHORU vQ úHGLQ  comun SHQWUX GH]EDWHUHD SULQFLSDOHORU SUREOHPH SROLWLFH DOH QD LXQLL FXP DU IL DSUREDUHD EXJHWXOXL GH VWDW SULPLUHD PHVDMXOXL 3UHúHGLQWHOXL GHFODUDUHD PRELOL]ULL JHQHUDOH VDX SDU LDOH FD úL D VWULL GH U]ERL VXVSHQGDUHD RVWLOLW LORU PLOLWDUH H[DPLQDUHD UDSRDUWHORU &RQVLOLXOXL 6XSUHP GH $SUDUH D ULL úL DOH &XU LL GH &RQWXUL QXPLUHD 'LUHFWRUXOXL 6HUYLFLXOXL 5RPkQ GH ,QIRUPD LL HWF 'H DVHPHQHD &DPHUHOH VH UHXQHVF vQ úHGLQ  FRPXQ vQ FD] GH GLYHUJHQ  LUHFRQFLOLDELO vQ SURFHVXO OHJLVODWLY VSUH D VH evita QDYHWD FRQWLQX vQWUH HOH D XQXL SURLHFW SkQ OD VWLQJHUHD RULFUHL GLYHUJHQ H ùHGLQ D FRPXQ D &DPHUHORU 3DUODPHQWXOXL QX UHSUH]LQW R D WUHLD VWUXFWXU LQWHUPHGLDU vQWUH FHOHODOWH GRX FL GRDU R PRGDOLWDWH GH OXFUX vQ FRPXQ D &DPHUHORU LQVWLWX LRQDOL]DW GH DUW  GLQ &RQVWLWX LH &RQVHFLQ HOH ELFDPHUDOLVPXOXL LQWHJUDO RULFH &DPHU SRDWH IL VHVL]DW SULPD vQ ELFDPHUDOLVPXO LQHJDOLWDU VHVL]DUHD VH IDFH GRDU OD &DPHUD FDUH GHFLGH vQ ILQDO H[LVWkQG DVWIHO ULVFXO VXSUDDJORPHUULL DFHVWHLD  o lHJH DGRSWDW GH R &DPHU VH WULPLWH VSUH GH]EDWHUH FHOHLODOWH &DPHUH SHQWUX UHSHWDUHD SURFHGXULL OHJLVODWLYH vQ VFRSXO DGRSWULL OHJLL vQ DFHHDúL IRUP GH DPEHOH

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Camere; PHGLHUHD GLYHUJHQ HORU úL VROX LRQDUHD FHORU LUHFRQFLOLDELOH vQ úHGLQ D FRPXQ D

Camerelor; repetarea procedurii legislative în cadrul procedurii complementare de reexaminare a
OHJLL vQFHSkQG FX SULPD &DPHU VHVL]DW LQL LDO

8

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ILHFDUH &DPHU SRDWH FRQWUROD VLQJXU H[HFXWLYXO SDUODPHQWDULL vúL SRW H[HUFLWD PDQGDWXO QXPDL vQ &DPHUD vQ FDUH DX IRVW DOHúL  2UJDQL]DUHD LQWHUQ D &DPHUHORU

&DPHUHOH 3DUODPHQWXOXL vúL FRQVWLWXLH VWUXFWXULOH FDUH SRWULYLW DUW  GLQ &RQVWLWX LH FRQVWLWXLH RUJDQHOH GH OXFUX DOH DFHVWRUD úL DQXPH SUHúHGLQWHOH ILHFUHL

Camere, ales pe durata unei legislaturi, biroul permanent ales pe durata unei sesiuni,
FRPLVLLOH SDUODPHQWDUH RUJDQHOH GH OXFUX QX VH FRQIXQG FX DSDUDWXO IXQF LRQDO DOFWXLW GLQ IXQF LRQDUL SDUODPHQWDUL %LURXULOH SHUPDQHQWH úL FRPLVLLOH VH DOFWXLHVF vQ IXQF LH GH FRQILJXUD LD SROLWLF a ILHFUHL &DPHUH 1X WUHEXLH FRQIXQGDWH &DPHUHOH FX VWUXFWXULOH ORU LQWHUQH DFHVWRUD GLQ XUP UHYHQLQGX-OH XQHOH vPSXWHUQLFLUL SURSULL IU vQV V SRDW KRWUv vQ ORFXO &DPHUHORU SOHQXOXL  FL GRDU V DLE XQ URO DMXWWRU SHQWUX FD SOHQXO V SRDW GHFLGH vQ FXQRúWLQ  GH FDX] vQ PRG RUGRQDW úL HILFLHQW 'H DVHPHQHD RUJDQHOH GH OXFUX VH FRQVWLWXLH GH SOHQXO &DPHUHL úL vúL GHVIúRDU DFWLYLWDWHD VXE FRQWUROXO SOHQXOXL SH ED]D PDQGDWXOXL DFRUGDW GH FWUH DFHVWD FDUH vO SRDWH RULFkQG PRGLILFD VDX UHWUDJH $WULEX LLOH RUJDQHORU GH OXFUX DOH 3DUODPHQWXOXL VXQW SUHY]XWH GH UHJXODPHQWH VDX UHSUH]LQW vQVUFLQUL GDWH GH SOHQ FX H[FHS LD XQRU DWULEX LL SUHY]XWH GH &RQVWLWX LH FD GH H[HPSOX GUHSWXO SUHúHGLQ LORU &DPHUHORU GH D VHVL]D &XUWHD &RQVWLWX LRQDO VDX GH D IL FRQVXOWD L GH 3UHúHGLQWHOH

României la dizolvarea parlamentului. 2.2.1. Plenul Camerei
3OHQXO &DPHUHL HVWH DOFWXLW GXS FD] GLQ WRWDOLWDWHD GHSXWD LORU VDX D VHQDWRULORU

confundându-VH FX &DPHUD vQVúL Pentru a se asigura caracteruO GHOLEHUDWLY DO úHGLQ HORU &DPHUHORU PDL PXOWH UHJXOL trebuie avute în vedere: • FYRUXPXO FDUH UHSUH]LQW QXPUXO PLQLP GH SDUODPHQWDUL vQ SUH]HQ D FURUD &DPHUD • • •
VH SRDWH vQWUXQL úL OXFUD OHJDO FRQGXFHUHD OXFUULORU GH FWUH SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL DMXWDW de secretari, sau, în lipsa DFHVWXLD GH FWUH XQ YLFHSUHúHGLQWH DúH]DUHD SDUODPHQWDULORU vQ VDOD GH úHGLQ  SH JUXSXUL SDUODPHQWDUH FXWXP VSUH D VH SXWHD XUPUL FRPSRUWDPHQWXO PDL DOHV OD YRW D ILHFUXL SDUODPHQWDU LQHUHD OXFUULORU vQ KHPLFLFOX vQ WLPSXO VHVLXQLL úL vQ úHGLQ HOH SURJUDPDWH SULQ SURJUDPXO GH OXFUX úL SRWULYLW RUGLQLL GH ]L 

3UHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL

- HVWH OLGHU SROLWLF GLQ FDUH FDX] H GXEODW GH R DOW VWUXFWXU SROLWLF ELURXO SHUPDQHQW vQ modelul opus (modelul englez) prHúHGLQWHOH VSHDNHU QX H OLGHU SROLWLF úL DUH SUHURJDWLYH
PXOW PDL PDUL QHILLQG DMXWDW GH XQ ELURX SHUPDQHQW FL GH R VWUXFWXU GH IXQF LRQDUL

parlamentari; - HVWH DOHV GH SOHQ SH GXUDWD OHJLVODWXULL SUHúHGLQWH GH OHJLVODWXU  - SULQFLSDOHOH DWULEX LL DOH SUHúHGLQWHOXL VXQW FX FDUDFWHU QHXWUX GLQ SXQFW GH YHGHUH
SROLWLF GLQ FDUH FHOH PDL LPSRUWDQWH VXQW FRQYRDF &DPHUD vQ VHVLXQL RUGLQDUH VDX H[WUDRUGLQDUH SUH]LGHD] OXFUULOH vQ SOHQ ILLQG JDUDQWXO OLEHUW LL WULEXQHL SDUODPHQWXOXL

9

DFRUG FXYkQWXO PRGHUHD] GLVFX LLOH VLQWHWL]HD] SUREOHPHOH VXSXVH GH]EDWHULL DVLJXU PHQ LQHUHD RUGLQLL vQ WLPSXO GH]EDWHULORU úL UHVSHFWDUHD UHJXODPHQWXOXL SURFODP UH]XOWDWXO YRWXOXL UHSUH]LQW &DPHUD úL LQWHUHVHOH HL LQFOXVLY SH SODQ LQWHUQD LRQDO SUH]LGHD] OXFUULOH %LURXOXL SHUPDQHQW FRQGXFH RUJDQHOH GH RUGLQH

- 3UHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL DUH úL XQHOH DWULEX LL GH RUGLQ FRQVWLWX LRQDO VDX OHJDO FDUH DX
FRORUDWXU SROLWLF GHúL VXQW PDL SX LQ LPSRUWDQWH $VWIHO SUHúHGLQ LL &DPHUHORU VXQW FRQVXOWD L vPSUHXQ FX OLGHULL JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH GH FWUH 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL OD GL]ROYDUHD 3DUODPHQWXOXL SRW VHVL]D &XUWHD &RQVWLWX LRQDO vQ FRQGL LLOH SUHY]XWH GH DUW OLW D úL E GLQ &RQVWLWX LH SDUWLFLS OD FRQVXOWULOH SROLWLFH RUJDQL]DWH GH 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL SULPHVF MXUPkQWXO XQRU GHPQLWDUL HWF

- SRDWH IL UHYRFDW GH SOHQ ILLQG vQ H[HUFL LXO XQXL PDQGDW vQFUHGLQ DW GH DFHVWD - vQ RUGLQH SUHúHGLQWHOH 6HQDWXOXL úL SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL 'HSXWD LORU DVLJXU LQWHULPDWXO IXQF LHL GH 3UHúHGLQWH DO 5RPkQLHL FRQIRUP DUW GLQ &RQVWLWX LH 3UHúHGLQWHOH 6HQDWXOXL UHVSHFWLY DO &DPHUHL 'HSXWD LORU SRW IL vQORFXL L vQ H[HUFLWDUHD XQRU DWULEX LL GH YLFHSUHúHGLQ L OD 6HQDW vQORFXLUHD vQ FD] F SUHúHGLQWHOH OLSVHúWH VH DSURE GH SOHQ úL VXQW DMXWD L vQ vndeplinirea sarcinilor ce le revin de parlamentari vQGHSOLQLQG XUPWRDUHOH IXQF LL 9LFHSUHúHGLQ LL - vQGHSOLQHVF VDUFLQL vQFUHGLQ DWH GH SUHúHGLQWH VDX GH %LURXO SHUPDQHQW

Chestorii - YHULILF PRGXO GH JHVWLRQDUH D SDWULPRQLXOXL &DPHUHL IXQF LRQDUHD úL FDOLWDWHD VHUYLFLLORU &DPHUHL 'HSXWD LORU úL IDF SURSXQHUL FRUHVSXQ]WRDUH %LURXOXL SHUPDQHQW - H[HUFLW FRQWUROXO ILQDQFLDU DVXSUD FKHOWXLHOLORU - SUH]LQW %LURXOXL SHUPDQHQW SURLHFWXO GH EXJHW úL H[HFX LD EXJHWDU - DVLJXU PHQ LQHUHD RUGLQLL vQ úHGLQ HOH SOHQXOXL - OD VIkUúLWXO ILHFUHL VHVLXQL FKHVWRULL SUH]LQW &DPHUHL XQ UDSRUW FX SULYLUH OD UH]XOWDWHOH controalelor efectuate. Secretarii - întocmesc lista înscrierilor la cuvânt; - SUH]LQW SURSXQHULOH DPHQGDPHQWHOH úL RULFH DOWH FRPXQLFUL DGUHVDWH DGXQULL - HIHFWXHD] DSHOXO QRPLQDO - QXPU YRWXULOH - LQ HYLGHQ D KRWUkULORU DGRSWDWH - YHJKHD] OD vQWRFPLUHD VWHQRJUDPHL úHGLQ HL - vO DVLVW SH SUHúHGLQWH OD UHDOL]DUHD DWULEX LLORU FH vL UHYLQ vQ FRQGXFHUHD OXFUULORU SOHQXOXL úL vQGHSOLQHsc orice alte sarcini primite de la acesta sau de la Biroul permanent. 2.2.3. Biroul Permanent al Camerei HVWH XQ RUJDQ FROHJLDO DOHV GH &DPHU DOFWXLW GLQ SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL YLFHSUHúHGLQ L VHFUHWDUL úL FKHVWRUL - durata mandatului membrilor bLURXOXL HVWH GLIHULW $VWIHO SUHúHGLQWHOH HVWH DOHV SH GXUDWD XQHL OHJLVODWXUL LDU FHLODO L PHPEUL SH GXUDWD XQHL VHVLXQL

- activitatea Biroului Permanent este sub controlul Camerei, membrii acestuia putând fi

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UHYRFD L vQDLQWH GH H[SLUDUHD PDQGDWXOXL Oa cererea grupului parlamentar pe care îl UHSUH]LQW SULQ YRWXO PDMRULW LL VHQDWRULORU UHVSHFWLY OD FHUHUHD JUXSXOXL SDUODPHQWDU care i-D SURSXV VDX D FHO SX LQ XQHL WUHLPL GLQ QXPUXO GHSXWD LORU SURYHQLQG GLQ minimum trei grupuri parlamentare. RevocarHD SRDWH IL DWkW FX WLWOX GH VDQF LXQH GLVFLSOLQDU SHQWUX QHvQGHSOLQLUHD REOLJD LLORU FH OH UHYLQ vQ FDGUXO %LURXOXL 3HUPDQHQW VDX D FHORU OHJDWH GH VDUFLQLOH SURSULL FkW úL FD XUPDUH D UHWUDJHULL VSLMLQXOXL JUXSXULORU

parlamentare care au propus candidatura. - DUH R DFWLYLWDWH SHUPDQHQW DGLF úL vQ SHULRDGD GLQWUH VHVLXQL - SULQ PRGXO GH DOHJHUH D PHPEULORU HVWH XQ RUJDQ UHSUH]HQWDWLY DO RS LXQLORU SROLWLFH GLQ
3DUODPHQW ILLQG DOFWXLW SRWULYLW FRQILJXUD LHL &DPHUHL - DVLJXU FRQGXFHUHD OXFUULORU &DPHUHL EHQHILFLLQG GH R FRPSHWHQ  GHOHJDW GH UHJXODPHQWXO &DPHUHL $VWIHO %LURXO SHUPDQHQW DUH XUPWRDUHOH DWULEX LL SULQFLSDOH D SURSXQH &DPHUHL GDWD vQFHSHULL úL GDWD vQFKHLHULL VHVLXQLL SDUODPHQWDUH E H[HUFLW LQL LDWLYD UHJXODPHQWDU ILLQG garantul autonomiei regulamentare a &DPHUHORU ÌQ DFHVW VHQV VXSXQH DSUREULL SOHQXOXL UHJXODPHQWXO &DPHUHL SUHFXP úL

propunerile de modificare a acestuia;
F SRDWH FHUH vQWUXQLUHD 3DUODPHQWXOXL vQ VHVLXQH H[WUDRUGLQDU FRQYRFDUHD VH IDFH GH SUHúHGLQWH G DVLJXU SUHJWLUHD OXFUULORU SHQWUX GHVIúXUDUHD SURFHGXULL SDUODPHQWDUH vQ SOHQXO DGXQULL vQWRFPHúWH SURLHFWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L SULPHúWH SURLHFWHOH FX FDUH HVWH VHVL]DW Camera aducându-OH OD FXQRúWLQ D SOHQXOXL úL GLIX]DUHD ORU ILHFUXL SDUODPHQWDU, VHVL]HD] FRPLVLLOH SHQWUX H[DPLQDUHD DFHVWRU SURLHFWH VROX LRQkQG úL HYHQWXDOHOH FRQIOLFWH GH FRPSHWHQ  SR]LWLYH VDX QHJDWLYH GLQWUH FRPLVLL HWF  H DVLJXU FRQVWLWXLUHD FRPLVLLORU SDUODPHQWDUH I DVLJXU UHVSHFWDUHD UHJLPXOXL GH SURWHF LH D PDQGDWului parlamentar; J DVLJXU FRQGXFHUHD VHUYLFLLORU DGXQULL úL DSURE VWDWXO GH IXQF LL úL UHJXODPHQWXO

serviciilor Camerei;
K DSURE UHJXODPHQWXO SULYLQG SD]D DFFHVXO úL VHUYLFLXO GH SHUPDQHQ  vQ VHGLXO

Camerei;
L SUH]LQW &DPHUHL VSUH DSUREDUH SURLHFWXO GH EXJHW DO DFHVWHLD úL FRQWXO GH vQFKLGHUH DO H[HUFL LXOXL EXJHWDU M RUJDQL]HD] UHOD LLOH &DPHUHL FX SDUODPHQWHOH DOWRU VWDWH úL FX RUJDQL]D LLOH SDUODPHQWDUH LQWHUQD LRQDOH VWDELOHúWH FRPSRQHQ D QRPLQDO D GHOHJD LLORU N SRDWH vQGHSOLQL úL DOWH DWULEX LL VWDELOLWH SULQ OHJH VWDELOHVF WLPSLL GH DQWHQ SHQWUX DOHJHUL VDX SRDWH RUJDQL]D FRQVXOWUL SROLWLFH FX JUXSXULOH SDUODPHQWDUH HWF  - vQ H[HUFLWDUHD vPSXWHUQLFLULORU SURSULL PHPEULL %LURXOXL SHUPDQHQW QX DQJDMHD] UVSXQGHUHD DFHVWXLD FL SURSULD UVSXQGHUH

2.2.4. Comitetul ordinii de zi - IXQF LRQHD] QXPDL OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU - HVWH DOFWXLW GLQ OLGHULL JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH VDX GLQ ORF XLWRULL DFHVWRUD ILHFDUH FX GUHSWXO GH YRW DO JUXSXOXL vQ WRWDOLWDWHD PHPEULORU &DPHUHL SUHúHGLQWHOe Camerei SUH]LGHD] GDU IU GUHSW GH YRW DSURE VSWPkQDO RUGLQHD GH ]L úL SURJUDPXO GH DFWLYLWDWH OD SURSXQHUHD %LURXOXL SHUPDQHQW OD 6HQDW RUGLQHD GH ]L úL SURJUDPXO GH DFWLYLWDWH VH DSURE GH SOHQ OD

11

SURSXQHUHD %LURXOXL SHUPDQHQW OUJLW FX SDUWLFLSDUHD SUHúHGLQ LORU GH FRPLVLL úL D

celor de la grupurile parlamentare; DSURE UHSDUWL LD WLPSLORU DORFD L vQ FD]XO úHGLQ HORU RUJDQL]DWH úHGLQ H SH R GXUDW OLPLWDW FX vPSU LUHD DFHVWHLD SULQ DORFDUHD XQRU GXUDWH OLPLW ILHFUXL JUXS parlamentar); la 6HQDW DFHDVW DWULEX LH VH vQGHSOLQHúWH GH ELURXO SHUPDQHQW OUJLW

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2.2.5. Comisiile parlamentare se constituie dintr-XQ QXPU UHVWUkQV GH VHQDWRUL VDX GHSXWD L GXS FD] SRWULYLW
FRQILJXUD LHL SROLWLFH D &DPHUHL DX R VWUXFWXU RUJDQL]DWRULF SURSULH LDU FRPSRQHQ D ORU HVWH VWDELOLW SULQ DFRUGXO OLGHULORU JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH úL VH DSURE GH SOHQ FRPLVLLOH VXQW FRQGXVH GH ELURXUL IRUPDWH GLQ XQ SUHúHGLQWH  YLFHSUHúHGLQ L úL  VHFUHWDUL FX H[FHS LD FRPLVLHL SHQWUX UHJXODPHQW FDUH HVWH IRUPDW GLntr-un SUHúHGLQWH XQ YLFHSUHúHGLQH úL XQ VHFUHWDU OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU úL XQ SUHúHGLQWH -2 YLFHSUHúHGLQ L úL - VHFUHWDUL OD 6HQDW 0HPEULL SRW IL UHYRFD L GH JUXSXO SDUODPHQWDU care i-D SURSXV UVSXQGHUH SROLWLF VDX SRW IL FRQVLGHUD L GHPLúL GH GUept în caz de DEVHQ  QHMXVWLILFDW R GXUDW PDL vQGHOXQJDW

-

organele de lucru ale comisiei sunt:
D ELURXO FRPLVLHL FDUH GXS FD] VWDELOHúWH VDX SURSXQH • RUGLQHD GH ]L D ILHFUHL úHGLQ H • VDUFLQLOH FH UHYLQ ILHFUXL VHQDWRU vQ FDGUXO FRPLVLHL • constituLUHD GH VXEFRPLVLL FX YRWXO PDMRULW LL PHPEULORU FRPLVLHL VWDELOLQGXFRPSRQHQ D úL VDUFLQLOH • DOWH PVXUL FH LQWHUHVHD] EXQXO PHUV DO DFWLYLW LORU FRPLVLHL

le

b) SUHúHGLQWHOH FRPLVLHL DUH XUPWRDUHOH DWULEX LL • DVLJXU UHSUH]HQWDUHD DFHVWHLD vQ UDSRUWXULOH FX %LURXO SHUPDQHQW úL FX FHOHODOWH comisii; • FRQGXFH úHGLQ HOH FRPLVLHL • LQYLW GLQ SURSULH LQL LDWLY VDX OD VROLFLWDUHD PHPEULORU FRPLVLHL V SDUWLFLSH OD
OXFUULOH FRPLVLHL SHUVRDQH GLQ DIDUD HL GDF LQWHUHVHOH OXFUULORU UHVSHFWLYH R FHU inclXVLY SUHVD DXWRULL DPHQGDPHQWHORU FD úL UHSUH]HQWDQ LL FRPLVLLORU GH DYL]DUH DX DFFHV OD OXFUULOH úHGLQ HORU IU GUHSW GH YRW UHSUH]HQWDQ LL *XYHUQXOXL VXQW REOLJD L V VH SUH]LQWH GDF OL VH FHUH DFHDVWD GH FWUH FRPLVLH HL SRW SDUWLFLSD GLQ proprLH LQL LDWLY DUH DFFHV VDX SRDWH GHVHPQD XQ DOW UHSUH]HQWDQW DO FRPLVLHL OD úHGLQ HOH DOWRU FRPLVLL FDUH H[DPLQHD] OXFUUL FH SUH]LQW LPSRUWDQ  SHQWUX FRPLVLD SH FDUH R FRQGXFH vQGHRVHEL GDF SRWULYLW UHJXODPHQWXOXL FRPLVLD D HPLV XQ DYL] ; îndeplinHúWH DOWH DWULEX LL SUHY]XWH GH UHJXODPHQWXO SURSULX GH RUJDQL]DUH úL IXQF LRQDUH F 9LFHSUHúHGLQWHOH FRPLVLHL vQGHSOLQHúWH vQ OLSVD VDX OD FHUHUHD SUHúHGLQWHOXL DWULEX LLOH DFHVWXLD G 6HFUHWDUXO FRPLVLHL DUH XUPWRDUHOH DWULEX LL • LQH HYLGHQWD SUH]HQ HL VHQDWRULORU OD úHGLQ HOH FRPLVLHL

• •

12

• • • •

DVLJXU UHGDFWDUHD WXWXURU DFWHORU FRPLVLHL WLQH HYLGHQ D DPHQGDPHQWHORU GHSXVH vQ VFULV HOLEHUkQG R GRYDG vQ DFHVW VHQV QXPU YRWXULOH H[SULPDWH vQ úHGLQ HOH FRPLVLHL XUPUHúWH vQWRFPLUHD SURFHVHORU- verbalH DOH úHGLQ HORU FRPLVLHL vQGHSOLQHúWH RULFH DOWH DWULEX LL QHFHVDUH EXQXOXL PHUV DO DFWLYLW LORU

comisiei.
H UDSRUWRUXO FDUH HVWH SUHúHGLQWHOH FRPLVLHL VDX DOW PHPEUX GHVHPQDW GH FRPLVLH V vQWRFPHDVF UDSRUWXO FRPLVLHL YRWDW GH PHPEULL úL V-l prH]LQWH úL VXV LQH OD OXFUULOH

plenului - caracteristici generale ale procedurii în comisie : • FRPLVLLOH VXQW RUJDQH LQWHUQH GH OXFUX DOH &DPHUHORU D FURU DFWLYLWDWH DUH
FDUDFWHU SUHJWLWRU SHQWUX D RIHUL &DPHUHL WRDWH HOHPHQWHOH QHFHVDUH OXULL

deciziei; emit în acest scop rapoarte sau avize; •
QX DX SXWHUH GHFL]LRQDO GHFL]LD ILLQG OXDW GH SOHQ GDU ILLQG ODERUDWRDUHOH GH OXFUX DOH &DPHUHL SUHILJXUHD] FOLYDMXO SROLWLF úL GHFL]LD SOHQXOXL GH UHJXO FHHD FH FRPLVLD SURSXQH YD IL DGRSWDW GH SOHQ  GH acHHD GDF DSDUH R SUREOHP QRX vQ FXUVXO GH]EDWHULORU vQ SOHQ HD VH

supune, pentru adoptarea deciziei, analizei prealabile a comisiei de specialitate; • • • • •
úHGLQ HOH QX VXQW SXEOLFH GDF vQVúL FRPLVLD QX KRWUúWH DOWIHO WRDWH DXWRULW LOH VXQW REOLJDWH V SXQ OD GLVSR]L LD FRPLVLHL LQIRUPD LLOH QHFHVDUH SHQWUX GHVIúXUDUHD DFWLYLW LL DFHVWHLD OD úHGLQ HOH FRPLVLHL SRW SDUWLFLSD LQL LDWRULL SURLHFWHORU GH OHJL PHPEUL DL *XYHUQXOXL LQYLWD L GDF SUH]HQ D ORU HVWH FHUXW GH FRPLVLH DFHDVWD

devine obligatorie;
FYRUXPXO SHQWUX GHVIúXUDUHD OHJDO D OXFUULORU FRPLVLHL HVWH PDMRULWDWHD DEVROXW LDU KRWUkULOH VH LDX FX PDMRULWDWHD PHPEULORU SUH]HQ L YRWXO ILLQG GH UHJXO GHVFKLV FRPLVLLOH OXFUHD] vQ SDUDOHO FX SOHQXO GDF vQ SURJUDPXO GH DFWLYLWDWH Qu VH SUHYHGH DOWIHO SUHFXP úL vQ SHULRDGD GLQWUH VHVLXQL FX DSUREDUHD

Biroului permanent - Tipologia comisiilor: a. Comisiile permanente
ƒ ƒ
VH FRQVWLWXLH REOLJDWRULX SH GRPHQLL VSHFLDOL]DWH vQ FDGUXO FURUD GHVIúRDU R DFWLYLWDWH QHvQWUHUXSW SH WRDW GXUDta legislaturii; SDUODPHQWDULL VXQW REOLJD L V IDF SDUWH GLQ FRPLVLL SHUPDQHQWH FX H[FHS LD FHORU FDUH RFXS DQXPLWH IXQF LL - SUHúHGLQWH YLFHSUHúHGLQ LL úL SDUODPHQWDULL FDUH VXQW úL membri ai Guvernului - úL OH HVWH LQWHU]LV GH D IDFH SDUWH GLQ PDL Pult de o comisie SHUPDQHQW OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU úL GH GRX FRPLVLL SHUPDQHQWH OD 6HQDW SDUWLFLSDUHD PHPEULORU FRPLVLHL OD OXFUUL HVWH REOLJDWRULH &RPSHWHQ D FRPLVLLORU SHUPDQHQWH

ƒ ƒ

dezbat proiectele de acte normative cu care au fost sesizate de biroul permanent;
GDF QX VH FRQVLGHU vQ FRPSHWHQ D ORU GLPSRWULY FRQVLGHU F vQ PRG JUHúLW D IRVW VHVL]DW R DOW FRPLVLH VH DGUHVHD] ELURXOXL SHUPDQHQW LDU vPSRWULYD

deciziei acestuia plenului;

13

VH

SURQXQ  PRWLYDW vQ FDOLWDWH GH FRPLVLH VHVL]DW vQ IRQd, asupra amendamentelor formulate, prin acceptarea sau respingerea lor, în vederea SUHJWLULL GH]EDWHULL vQ SOHQXO DGXQULL SULQ UDSRUWXO SUH]HQWDW vQ DFHODúL VFRS VH SURQXQ  úL DVXSUD DPHQGDPHQWHORU VDX DOWH SUREOHPH WULPLVH GH SOHQ VSUH examinare; astIHO SUHILJXUHD] GHFL]LD &DPHUHL DVLJXUkQGX-i fundamentarea;

ƒ

cu acordul Camerei, pot efectua anchete în domeniul lor de activitate;

([HPSOH GH FRPLVLL SHUPDQHQWH HFRQRPLF MXULGLF GH GLVFLSOLQ úL LPXQLW L SHQWUX vQY PkQW úWLLQ  WLQHUHW VSRUW SHQWUX HFKLOLEUXO HFRORJLF úL SURWHF LD PHGLXOXL SHQWUX LQGXVWULH úL VHUYLFLL SHQWUX EXJHW úL ILQDQ H SHQWUX DJULFXOWXU VLOYLFXOWXU LQGXVWULH DOLPHQWDU SHQWUX PXQF VQWDWH SURWHF LH VRFLDO úL VWDWXWXO

femeii în societate; pentru privatizare; pentru drepturile omului; pentru cercetarea
DEX]XULORU úL SHWL LL SHQWUX SROLWLF H[WHUQ HWF ([LVW XQHOH FRPLVLL SHUPDQHQWH FDUH VXQW FRPXQH DPEHORU &DPHUH FRPLVLD 3DUODPHQWXOXL 5RPkQLHL SHQWUX LQWHJUDUH HXURSHDQ FRPLVLD FRPXQ SHUPDQHQW SHQWUX H[ercitarea controlului parlamentar asupra DFWLYLW LL 6HUYLFLXOXL 5RPkQ GH ,QIRUPD LL PHPEULL VL QX SRW IDFH SDUWH GLQ DOWH

-

comisii) b. Comisiile temporare
ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ
SRW IL DOHVH SHQWUX RULFH GRPHQLX VDX SHQWUX RULFH SUREOHP FRQFUHW DWXQFL FkQG VXQW vQILLQ DWH OL VH VWDELOHúWH QX QXPDL FRPSHWHQ D FL úL VWUXFWXUD WHUPHQXO GH SUH]HQWDUH D ORU vQ OLPLWD PDQGDWXOXL úL DOWH DVSHFWH GDF H FD]XO H[LVW SkQ FkQG úL-DX WHUPLQDW PLVLXQHD SHQWUX FDUH DX IRVW vQILLQ DWH vQ FDGUXO

mandatului stabilit (îndeosebi a termenului);
PHPEULL FRPLVLLORU VSHFLDOH vúL SVWUHD] úL FDOLWDWHD GH PHPEUX DO FRPLVLLORU

permanente;
H[HPSOH GH FRPLVLL WHPSRUDUH GH PHGLHUH GH DQFKHW VSHFLDOH SHQWUX DYL]DUHD VDX HODERUDUHD XQXL SURLHFW DYDQWDMXO HVWH F SURLHFWXO QX VH PDL VXSXQH DOWRr comisii).

• -

Tipologie: Comisiile de mediere

VH vQILLQ HD] vQ WHPHLXO DUW  DOLQ  GLQ &RQVWLWX LH vQ FDGUXO SURFHGXULL GH PHGLHUH GLQWUH &DPHUH vQ SURFHVXO OHJLVODWLY SHQWUX FRQFLOLHUHD GLYHUJHQ HORU GLQWUH &DPHUH HVWH DOFWXLW GLQ  VHQDWRUL úL  GHSXWD L FRPLVLH SDULWDU  FRQGXFHUHD OXFUULORU VH UHDOL]HD] SULQ URWD LH GH FWUH XQ GHSXWDW VDX XQ VHQDWRU

stabilit de comisie;
KRWUkULOH FRPLVLHL VH LDX FX DFRUGXO PDMRULW LL PHPEULORU DFHVWHLD vQ FD] GH HJDOLWDWH OD  YRWXUL YRWXO SUHúHGLQWHOXi este decisiv; DFWLYLWDWHD FRPLVLHL vQFHWHD] R GDW FX GHSXQHUHD UDSRUWXOXL RUL vQ FD]XO vQ FDUH PHPEULL VL QX DMXQJ OD XQ DFRUG vQ WHUPHQXO VWDELOLW • &RPLVLLOH GH DQFKHW DX FD VFRS RE LQHUHD GH LQIRUPD LL DVXSUD XQXL VXELHFW GHWHUPLQDW vQ RULFH GRPHQiu de activitate economico-VRFLDO SHQWUX UHDOL]DUHD FRQWUROXOXL SDUODPHQWDU GDF DQFKHWD VH HIHFWXHD] FX DSUREDUHD SOHQXOXL GH R FRPLVLH SHUPDQHQW HD SRDWH

-

avea loc doar în domeniul de activitate al comisiei;

14

-

-

SUH]LQW FRQFOX]LL SOHQXOXL DGXQULL FDUe le-D vQILLQ DW PLMORDFHOH GH LQYHVWLJD LH VXQW GH UHJXO DXGLHULOH GH DVHPHQHD SRW IL FHUFHWDWH GRFXPHQWH úL DOWH PLMORDFH GH SURE VH DSOLF SULQ DQDORJLH UHJXOLOH SUREDWRULL GLQ SURFHGXUD FLYLO VLQJXUD OLPLW D XQHL DQFKHWH SDUODPHQWDUH HVWH vQFHSHUHD DF LXQLL SHQDOH FRPLVLD vúL vQFHWHD] DFWLYLWDWHD R GDW FX GH]EDWHUHD UDSRUWXOXL SUH]HQWDW vQ SOHQXO &DPHUHL LQGLIHUHQW GH IDSWXO F DFHDVWD D DGRSWDW VDX QX XQ DFW vQ XUPD DFHVWHL

dezbateri. • Alte comisii speciale pot avea ca scop avizarea unui proiect de act normativ, în
YHGHUHD SUHJWLULL GH]EDWHULORU vQ SOHQ VDX HODERUULL XQHL SURSXQHUL OHJLVODWLYH HIHFWXULL XQXL VWXGLX SHQWUX GRFXPHQWDUHD 3DUODPHQWXOXL HWF ([LVW XQHOH FRPLVLL VSHFLDOH FRPXQH DPEHORU &DPHUH 'H H[HPSOX &RPLVLD SDUODPHQWDU SHQWUX FRQWUROXO DSOLFULL /HJLL QU SHQWUX FLQVWLUHD HURLORU PDUWLUL úL DFRUGDUHD XQRU GUHSWXUL XUPDúLORU DFHVWRUD UQL LORU SUHFXP úL OXSWWRULORU SHQWUX YLFWRULD 5HYROX LHL GLQ GHFHPEULH  &RPLVLD VSHFLDO D &DPHUHL 'HSXWD LORU úL 6HQDWXOXL SHQWUX H[HUFLWDUHD FRQWUROXOXL SDUODPHQWDU DVXSUD 6HUYLFLXOXL GH ,QIRUPD LL ([WHUQH &RPLVLD SDUODPHQWDU SHQWUX HODERUDUHD 3URLHFWXOXL GH KRWUkUH SULYLQG PRGLILFDUHD úL FRPSOHWDUHD 5HJXODPHQWXOXL úHGLQ HORU FRPXQH DOH &DPHUHL 'HSXWD LORU úL 6HQDWXOXL

-

- 

6WUXFWXUD SROLWLF D &DPHUHORU

- grupurile parlamentare

-

UHSUH]LQW VWUXFWXUD RUJDQL]DWRULF D &DPHUHL SH ED] GH DILQLWDWH SROLWLF

grupurile parlamentare sunt forma LXQL LQWHUQH UH]XOWDWH GLQ UHXQLUHD VHQDWRULORU VDX
GHSXWD LORU DYkQG DFHHDúL FRQFHS LH SROLWLF VDX FRQFHS LL SROLWLFH vQUXGLWH GDF VXQW FRQVWLWXLWH SH ED] SDUWLQLF OH UHSUH]LQW SDUWLGHOH vQ 3DUODPHQW VLQJXUD FRQGL LH GH ordin formal este ca grupuO V ILH DOFWXLW GLQ FHO SX LQ  VHQDWRUL VDX  GHSXWD L FUHDUHD JUXSXULORU UHSUH]LQW R IDFXOWDWH QX R REOLJD LH VXE DVSHFW H[FOXVLY MXULGLF QX H[LVW QLFL XQ UDSRUW vQWUH JUXS úL SDUWLGXO SROLWLF vQWUXFkW LQ GH RUGLQL MXULGLFH GLIHULWH VH DSOLF WHRULD PDQGDWXOXL UHSUH]HQWDWLY úL LQWHUGLF LD – nulitatea celui imperativ); GHSXWD LL UHVSHFWLY VHQDWRULL XQXL SDUWLG VDX D XQHL IRUPD LXQL SROLWLFH QX SRW FRQVWLWXL GHFkW XQ VLQJXU JUXS SDUODPHQWDU OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU UHVSHFWLY OD 6HQDW

-

-

în regulamentul Senatului se interzice trecerea de la un grup parlamentar la altul, iar
VHQDWRULL FDUH SUVHVF XQ JUXS SDUODPHQWDU QX VH SRW DILOLD DOWXL JUXS SDUODPHQWDU úL QX SRW UHSUH]HQWD SDUWLGH VDX IRUPD LXQL SROLWLFH FDUH QX DX RE LQXW PDQGDWH vQ 6HQDW în urma DOHJHULORU VDX QX DX SDUWLFLSDW OD DFHVWH DOHJHUL DFHOHDúL UHJXOL VXQW úL OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU XQGH DX vQV XQ FDUDFWHU FXWXPLDU SDUODPHQWDULL DOHúL FD LQGHSHQGHQ L VDX GHYHQL L LQGHSHQGHQ L SULQ SUVLUHD JUXSXULORU

-

parlamentare nu se pot asocia între ei pentru constituirea unui grup parlamentar;
JUXSXULOH SDUODPHQWDUH vúL DOHJ XQ SUHúHGLQWH XQXO VDX GRL YLFHSUHúHGLQ L úL XQ

secretar;
RULFH PRGLILFDUH LQWHUYHQLW vQ FRPSRQHQ D XQXL JUXS SDUODPHQWDU VH DGXFH OD FXQRúWLQ  vQ VFULV SUHúHGLQWHOXL &DPerei.

15

-

JUXSXULOH SDUODPHQWDUH vQ IXQF LH GH PULPHD ORU vúL FRQVWLWXLH XQ VHFUHWDULDW WHKQLF D FUXL VWUXFWXU VH VWDELOHúWH GH %LURXO SHUPDQHQW

- organele de lucru ale grupului parlamentar sunt:
D 3UHúHGLQWHOH JUXSXOXL FX XUPWRDUHOH DWULEX LL • propune SOHQXOXL UHSUH]HQWDQ LL JUXSXOXL vQ FRPLVLD GH YDOLGDUH • SUH]LQW SOHQXOXL FRPSRQHQ D QRPLQDO D JUXSXOXL SDUODPHQWDU • UHSUH]LQW JUXSXO vQ QHJRFLHULOH SHQWUX FRPSXQHUHD %LURXOXL FRPLVLLORU SHUPDQHQWH úL D DOWRU FRPLVLL VDX GHOHJD LL SDUODPHQWDre; • SURSXQH FDQGLGD LL JUXSXOXL SHQWUX IXQF LLOH GLQ %LURXO SHUPDQHQW • SDUWLFLS OD úHGLQ HOH %LURXOXL SHUPDQHQW RUL GH FkWH RUL HVWH LQYLWDW

SHUPDQHQW

• •

poate cere încheierea dezbaterilor în plen; poate cere revocarea membrilor Biroului permanent sau a membrilor birourilor
FRPLVLLORU SHUPDQHQWH SURSXúL GH JUXSXO SH FDUH vO UHSUH]LQW LQIRUPHD] PHPEULL JUXSXOXL DVXSUD DFWLYLW LORU SOHQXOXL úL DOH FRPLVLLORU

• • •

parlamentare;
UHSUH]LQW JUXSXO RUL GH FkWH RUL HVWH QHYRLH vQ DFWLYLWDWHD SOHQXOXL G PDQGDW XQXLD GLQWUH YLFHSUHúHGLQ L SHQWUX vQORFXLUHD VD E 9LFHSUHúHGLQWHOH JUXSXOXL vO vQORFXLHúWH SH SUHúHGLQWH vQ OLSVD DFHVWXLD VDX RUL F 6HFUHWDUXO JUXSXOXL LQH HYLGHQ D SUH]HQ HL úL DVLJXU UHGDFWDUHD SURFHVHORU-

de câte ori este nevoie, în baza mandatului. verbale. Caracteristici generale: ♦ JUXSXULOH SDUODPHQWDUH UHSUH]LQW VWUXFWXUL RUJDQL]DWRULFH UHVWUkQVH vQWUXFkW QX
FXSULQG GHFkW R SDUWH GLQ PHPEULL &DPHUHL SUHFXP úL vQFKLVH vQWUXFkW UHXQLXQLOH ORU QX VXQW GH UHJXO SXEOLFH HOH QX VXQW H[SUHVLD XQXL GUHSW de asociere ci structuri UH]XOWDWH GLQ ED]D HOHFWLY D 3DUODPHQWXOXL RUJDQL]DUHD JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH UH]XOW GLQ XUPWRDUHOH UHJXOL QXPUXO PLQLP GH PHPEULL HVWH GH  GHSXWD L VDX  VHQDWRUL GH SH OLVWHOH XQXL SDUWLG SDUODPHQWDULL FDUH nu întrunesc QXPUXO QHFHVDU SHQWUX D FRQVWLWXL XQ JUXS SUHFXP úL GHSXWD LL LQGHSHQGHQ L VH SRW UHXQL vQ JUXSXUL SDUODPHQWDUH PL[WH VDX VH SRW DILOLD JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH FRQVWLWXLWH HVWH LQWHU]LV FD PHPEULL XQXL JUXS V ILH vPSUXPXWD L asemenea grupuri mixte (cuWXP SDUODPHQWDU  GHSXWD LL FDUH UHSUH]LQW RUJDQL]D LLOH FHW HQLORU DSDU LQkQG PLQRULW LORU QD LRQDOH DOWHOH GHFkW PLQRULWDWH PDJKLDU SRW

constitui un singur grup parlamentar; formarea de grupuri parlamentare ale unor
SDUWLGH FDUH QX DX RE LQXW PDQGDWH vQ XUPD DOHJHULORU HVWH LQWHU]LV XQ SDUODPHQWDU

-

nu poate face parte din mai multe grupuri parlamentare, deoarece nimeni nu poate face parte din mai multe partide; HVWH SRVLELO FD XQ SDUODPHQWDU V SUVHDVF JUXSXO SDUODPHQWDU úL V LQWUH vQWU-un alt
JUXS SDUODPHQWDU GDF DUH ORF R VFL]LXQH VH SRDWH IRUPD XQ QRX JUXS GDF VH vQWUXQHúWH QXPUXO PLQLP FHHD FH YD DWUDJH vQ VHVLXQHD XUPWRDUH PRGLILFDUHD FRPSR]L LHL SROLWLFH D RUJDQHORU GH OXFUX ELURX SHUPDQHQW FRPLVLL HWF  grupul parlamentar se EXFXU GH XQHOH IDFLOLW L VSD LX WHOHIRDQH ID[XUL SHUVRQDO GH VHFUHWDULDW úL GH VSHFLDOLWDWH DXWRPRELOH HWF FDUH V OH DVLJXUH ORJLVWLFD QHFHVDU vQGHSOLQLULL DWULEX LLORU 5ROXO JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH UH]XOW GLQ XUPWRDUHOH DVSHFWH

-

-

16

ƒ

grupurile fDF SURSXQHUL SHQWUX DOHJHUHD SUHúHGLQWHOXL &DPHUHL PHPEULORU Biroului permanent, pentru numirea comisiilor parlamentare permanente sau
WHPSRUDUH úL D DOWRU VWUXFWXUL FXP VXQW GHOHJD LLOH SDUODPHQWDUH SURSXQHULOH VH IDF vQ FDGUXO QXPUXOXL GH ORFXUL FH UHvine grupurilor, SRQGHUHD ORU vQ &DPHU DOJRULWP 

ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ

în raport cu

grupurile pot prezenta amendamente în numele membrilor
OLGHULL JUXSXULORU GH OD &DPHUD GHSXWD LORU SDUWLFLS OD OXFUULOH &RPLWHWXOXL

ordinii de zi;
vúL SRW GHVHPQD XQ UHSUH]HQWDQW FDUH V H[SULPH vQ SOHQ SR]L LD vQWUHJXOXL JUXS PDL DOHV OD úHGLQ HOH RUJDQL]DWH 

liderul grupului poate cere verificarea cvorumului;
JUXSXO SRDWH VHVL]D &XUWHD &RQVWLWX LRQDO FX YHULILFDUHD FRQVWLWX LRQDOLW LL

regulamentului Camerei. 2.7. Alte structuri constiWXLWH SH SULQFLSLXO FRQVWLWX LRQDO DO DXWRQRPLHL SDUODPHQWDUH
'DF VWUXFWXULOH DQDOL]DWH VXQW PHQ LRQDWH GH DUW  GLQ &RQVWLWX LH úL GDF vQILLQ DUHD ORU HVWH REOLJDWRULH &DPHUHOH SH WHPHLXO DXWRQRPLHL SDUODPHQWDUH SRW FRQVWLWXL úL DOWH VWUXFWXUL FXP sunt: ¾ GHOHJD LLOH SDUODPHQWDUH FH VH FRQVWLWXLH FX UHVSHFWDUHD FRQILJXUD LHL SROLWLFH D

Camerei;
¾ JUXSXULOH GH SULHWHQLH FX DOWH SRSRDUH úL VWDWH vQ FRQVWLWXLUHD FURUD QX LQWHUYLQH vQ
QLFL XQ IHO DSDUWHQHQ D SROLWLF ÌQ DOWH SDUODPHQWH H[LVW úL JUXSXUL GH SUHVLXQH DOFWXLWH QX SH FULWHULXO DSDUWHQHQ HL SROLWLFH FL vQ IXQF LH GH DGHUHQ D SDUODPHQWDULORU OD R LGHH FXP DU IL

egalitatea sexelor, sau grupuri de studiu, pentru informarea parlamentarilor asupra unor aspecte de interes deosebit. CAPITOLUL III MANDATUL PARLAMENTAR 
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parlamentului.

17 

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18

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19

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20

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21

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mandatului lor:
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parlamentare), dreptul de a demisiona Y Drepturile patrimoniale

22

- se refer OD FRQVHFLQ HOH SDWULPRQLDOH DOH PDQGDWXOXL UHSUH]HQWDWLY GHPQLWDWHD GH SDUODPHQWDU UH]XOW GLQWU-XQ UDSRUW GH GUHSW SXEOLF vQ FDGUXO FUXLD GUHSWXULOH SDWULPRQLDOH UHSUH]LQW FRQWUDSUHVWD LD VHUYLFLXOXL SUHVWDW - IDF SDUWH GLQ PVXULOH GH SURWHF LH DOH PDQGDWXOXL SDUODPHQWDU vQWUXFkW VXQW GHVWLQDWH V DVLJXUH LQGHSHQGHQ D SDWULPRQLDO D SDUODPHQWDULORU DX DSUXW FD XUPDUH D JHQHUDOL]ULL YRWXOXL XQLYHUVDO FH D SHUPLV DFFHVXO vQ SDUODPHQW D XQRU SHUVRDQH IU DYHUH VSUH deosebire de votul cenzitar cH DVLJXU VHOHFWDUHD GRDU D FHORU FH SOWHDX XQ DQXPLW QLYHO de impozit - FHQVXO GH DYHUH  VXQW FRQVHFLQ D IDSWXOXL F IXQF LD GH SDUODPHQWDU FRQVWLWXLQG R GHPQLWDWH SXEOLF FD úL RULFH DOW GHPQLWDWH FXP HVWH DFHHD GH PLQLVWUX MXGHFWRU HWF LPSOLF SODWD XQHL UHPXQHUD LL D VHUYLFLXOXL SUHVWDW LQGHPQL]D LD OXQDU VDX DFRUGDUHD XQRU IDFLOLW L vQ OLSVD FURUD VHUYLFLXO QX V-ar putea presta (transportul, FD]DUHD SODWD FKHOWXLHOLORU SH SODQ ORFDO SHQWUX OHJWXUD FX DOHJWRULL HWF

Y

,QGHPQL]D LLOH úL Dlte drepturi

patrimoniale

- FXDQWXPXO LQGHPQL]D LHL OXQDUH VH VWDELOHúWH SULQ OHJH - LQGHPQL]D LD FXSULQGH R SDUWH IL[ úL XQD YDULDELO OHJDW GH SDUWLFLSDUHD OD úHGLQ H GLXUQD GH úHGLQ   - LQGHPQL]D LD HVWH GH RUGLQH SXEOLF GHFL QX VH SRDWH UHQXQ D la ea; - DOWH GUHSWXUL SHFXQLDUH VH UHIHU OD GHFRQWDUHD FKHOWXLHOLORU GH WUDQVSRUW úL FD]DUH
vQGHRVHEL SHQWUX SDUODPHQWDULL GLQ SURYLQFLH OD VXPD DFRUGDW SHQWUX UHSUH]HQWDWLYLWDWHD

pe plan local, cum este biroul senatorial etc. 
2EOLJD LLOH SDUlamentarului:

- SDUWLFLSDUHD OD OXFUULOH FRPLVLLORU úL D SOHQXOXL - încadrarea într-R FRPLVLH SHUPDQHQW - UHVSHFWDUHD SURFHGXULL SDUODPHQWDUH úL D UHJXODPHQWHORU - declararea averii înainte de validare - DVLJXUDUHD XQXL FRQWDFW SHUPDQHQW FX DOHJWRULL GLQ FLUFXPVFULS LD HOHFWRUDO 
6DQF LXQL 3RW IL GLVFLSOLQDUH SHFXQLDUH úL SROLWLFH

a) 6DQF LXQL GLVFLSOLQDUH - DSOLFDWH GH SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL DYHUWLVPHQWXO FKHPDUHD OD RUGLQH UHWUDJHUHD
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23

VH H[HFXW GH FWUH FKHVWRU úL vQ FD] GH RSXQHUH FX DMXWRUXO IRU HL SXEOLFH SXVH OD GLVSR]L LD &amerei - GH UHJXO VDQF LXQLOH VH DSOLF JUDGXDO vQV vQ FD]XO XQHL IDSWH PDL JUDYH VH DSOLF R VDQF LXQH PDL JUDY

b) 6DQF LXQL SHFXQLDUH - UHGXFHUHD LQGHPQL]D LHL QHDFRUGDUHD GLXUQHL GH úHGLQ  VXQW VSHFLILFH SHQWUX combaterea absenteismului - VDQF LXQH SHFXQLDU FRPSOHPHQWDU SLHUGHUHD GUHSWXOXL GH SUHPLHUH DQXDO c) 6DQF LXQL SROLWLFH - VSHFLILF SDUODPHQWDULORU GLQ VWUXFWXULOH GH FRQGXFHUH HVWH SRVLELOLWDWHD UHYRFULL ORU FD urmare fie a unor fapte imputabile, fie a pierderii sprijinului politic; - sanF LXQHD PD[LP HVWH F QX YD PDL IL DOHV ILH FD XUPDUH D SLHUGHULL VSULMLQXOXL SROLWLF
DO SDUWLGXOXL ILH D VDQF LRQULL FRPSRUWDPHQWXOXL VX VDX DO SDUWLGXOXL GLQ FDUH IDFH SDUWH GH FWUH DOHJWRUL  3URWHF LD PDQGDWXOXL SDUODPHQWDU

A.

ÎmpotrivD SUHVLXQLORU DOHJDWRULORU úL D SDUWLGXOXL FX VSULMLQXO FUXLD D LQWUDW vQ

3DUODPHQW PDQGDWXO SDUODPHQWDU HVWH DSUDW GH GLVSR]L LLOH DUW  DOLQ  FDUH LQWHU]LF

mandatul imperativ; - LQWHUGLF LD PDQGDWXOXL LPSHUDWLY HVWH XQ PLMORF GH SURWHF LH D OLEHUW LL úL LQGHSHQGHQ HL parlamentarilor; - SURJUDPXO SROLWLF SH ED]D FUXLD SDUODPHQWDUXO D IRVW DOHV QX DUH VHPQLILFD LD XQXL
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drepturile patrimoniale la care ne-am referit.
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24

- UHVSHFWDUHD ELFDPHUDOLVPXOXL GXFH OD LQWHUGLF LD GH D RFXSD vQ DFHODúL WLPS IXQF LD GH
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Y

,QFRPSDWLELOLWDWHD PDQGDWXOXL SDUODPHQWDU FX DOWH IXQF LL

membru al Guvernului; - DOWH LQFRPSDWLELOLW L VWDELOLWH SULQ OHJH RUJDQLF IXQF LD GH SULPDU FRQVLOLHU ORFDO secretar al Consiliului local. - QHHOHJLELOLW LOH VXQW PLMORDFH GH SURWHF LH D FRUSXOXL HOHFWRUal reprezentând cauze care
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Y

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b) Imunitatea paUODPHQWDU
HVWH XQ PLMORF GH SURWHF LH D PDQGDWXOXL SDUODPHQWDU ID  GH HYHQWXDOHOH SUHVLXQL VDX

abuzuri care s-ar comite împotriva persoanei sale. Ea are scopul de a garanta libertatea de H[SULPDUH D SDUODPHQWDUXOXL úL SURWHMDUHD DFHVWXLD vPSRWULYD XUPririlor judiciare
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Y

prezentate din partea comisiei din care face parte etc. - LUHVSRQVDELOLWDWHD MXULGLF SHQWUX YRWXO VDX RSLQLLOH H[SULPDWH QX H[FOXGH UVSXQGHUHD
GLVFLSOLQDU SHQWUX vQFOFDUHD UHJXODPHQWHORU UVSXQGHUHD SROLWLF D SDUODPHQWDUXOXL úL QLFL UVSXQGHUHD VD SHQDO VDX FLYLO SHQWUX VYkUúLUHD XQRU IDSWH VWULQH PDQGDWXOXL SH FDUH vO H[HUFLW - HD QX DSU SH SDUODPHQWDU SHQWUX IDSWHOH VYkUúLWH vQ DIDUD PDQGDWXOXL DUWLFROH PDQLIHVWD LL GHFODUD LL OD WHOHYL]LXQH VDX UDGLR HWF VDX SHQWUX SURIHUDUHD GH LQMXULL FKLDU OD

tribuna parlamentului)

25

- HVWH R LPXQLWDWH IXQF LRQDO vQWUXFkW SULYHúWH H[HUFL LXO PDQGDWXOXL = se rHIHU OD LQWHUGLF LD DUHVWULL SHUFKH]L LRQULL UH LQHULL VDX WULPLWHULL vQ MXGHFDW SHQWUX IDSWH SHQDOH VDX FRQWUDYHQ LRQDOH D SDUODPHQWDUXOXL IU vQFXYLLQ DUHD &DPHUHL GLQ care face parte - HVWH R LPXQLWDWH GH SURFHGXU vQWUXFkW SRDWH vPSLHGLFD DFWHOH GH SURFHGXU
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Y Inviolabilitate

deci o modalitate de control al executivului care este autorul cererii de ridicare a
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$OWH PVXUL GH SURWHF LH D PDQGDWXOXL SDUODPHQWDU

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26

CAPITOLUL IV INTRODUCERE IN DREPTUL PARLAMENTAR AL PROCEDURII PARLAMENTARE 
3UHPLVH FRQVWLWX LRQDOH  &RPSHWHQ D 3DUODPHQWXOXL

- HVWH GDW GH &RQVWLWX LH QX SRDWH IL QLFL H[WLQV úL QLFL UHVWUkQV SULQWU-un alt act ; - FRPSHWHQ D 3DUODPHQWXOXL HVWH GH D GHOLEHUD DVXSUD SUREOHPHORU QD LXQLL GHFL DUH XQ
FDUDFWHU JHQHUDO FRPSHWHQ D VSHFLDO HVWH vQGHRVHEL vQ PDWHULH GH OHJLIHUDUH FRQWURO

numiri etc. ; - vQ FDGUXO FRPSHWHQ HL JHQHUDOH HVHQ LDO HVWH FDOLWDWHD VD de unic organ legiuitor; - FRPSHWHQ D 3DUODPHQWXOXL HVWH OLPLWDW GH D VXSUHPD LD &RQVWLWX LHL FDUH FRQVWUkQJH
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FX 3UHúHGLQWHOH 

)XQF LLOH

Parlamentului

a) )XQF LD GH OHJLIHUDUH - H[LVW DQXPLWH OLPLWUL FDUH GHILQHVF vQWLQGHUHD OHJLWLPLW LL FRQVWLWX LRQDOH D IXQF LHL GH legiferare:
vQFOFDUHD GUHSWXULORU úL OLEHUW LORU IXQGDPHQWDOH HVWH VDQF LRQDW FX QHFRQVWLWX LRQDOLWDWHD OHJLL * nucleXO GXU DO &RQVWLWX LHL OLPLWHOH UHYL]XLULL SUHY]XWH GH DUW GLQ &RQVWLWX LH  UHVSHFWDUHD SULQFLSLXOXL VHSDUD LHL SXWHULORU 3DUODPHQWXO QX VH SRDWH VXEVWLWXL

Guvernului sau altor organe publice); - FDOLWDWHD 3DUODPHQWXOXL GH XQLF DXWRULWDWH OHJLXLWRDUH QX H[FOXGH LQWHUYHQ LD DOWRU
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27

SDUWDMDW E )XQF LD GH FRQWURO VH H[HUFLW vQ SULQFLSDO DVXSUD H[HFXWLYXOXL GDU SRDWH SULYL RULFH DOW GRPHQLX GH

activitate; VH UHDOL]HD] SULQ UDSRDUWH úL SURJUDPH SUH]HQWDWH 3DUODPHQWXOXL SULQ vQWUHEUL

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centre de reprezentativitate în dezbaterea unor probleme politice, îndeosebi mass-media
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reprezentativitatea pe criterii profesionale (nu politice), contactul cu structurile
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- QXPLUHD 'LUHFWRUXOXL 6HUYLFLXOXL 5RPkQ GH ,QIRUPD LL - QXPLUHD GH FWUH ILHFDUH &DPHU D WUHL MXGHFWRUL DL &XU LL &RQVWLWX LRQDOH GLQ FHL  FH
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UHSUH]LQW úL DXWRUL]DUHD DF LRQULL VDOH vQ MXVWL LH FHHD FH HVWH XQ HIHFW H[WHUQ )LHFDUH &DPHU vúL DGRSW SURSULXO UHJXODPHQW LDU &DPHUHOH UHXQLWH DGRSW UHJXODPHQWXO úHGLQ HORU FRPXQH DOH &DPHUHORU 5HJXODPHQWXO HVWH R ³UH]ROX LH´ VDX R YDULHWDWH GH KRWUkUH SULQ FDUH VH IL[HD] SULQFLSLLOH DFWLYLW LL SDUODPHQWDUH 5HJXODPHQWXO SDUODPHQWDU HVWH XQ DFW QRUPDWLY ILLQG VXSXV REOLJD LHL GH SXEOLFDUH vQ 0RQLWRUXO 2ILFLDO GDU VXE VHPQWXUD SUHúHGLQWelui Camerei. ([LVW FkWHYD GHRVHELUL HVHQ LDOH DOH UHJXODPHQWXOXL SDUODPHQWDU ID  GH OHJH $VWIHO - OHJHD RUJDQLF DUH XQ GRPHQLX UH]HUYDW DUW GLQ &RQVWLWX LH  - OHJHD HVWH UH]XOWDWXO YRWXOXL VXFFHVLY úL FRQFHUWDQW DO DPEHORU &DPHUH 3HQWUX adoptarea legilor – indiferent de natura lor – DUH ORF GH]EDWHUHD úL YRWDUHD ORU VHSDUDW LQFOXVLY SH DUWLFROHOH FH IDF RELHFWXO XQRU DPHQGDPHQWH vQ ILHFDUH GLQWUH FHOH GRX &DPHUH LDU DWXQFL FkQG DFHVWHD R DGRSW vQ úHGLQ D FRPXQ KRWUkUHD OXDW HVWH SUHFHGDW GH KRWUkUL SUHDODELOH DGRSWDWH GH ILHFDUH &DPHU - OHJHD HVWH VXSXV SURPXOJULL GH FWUH 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL - UHJXODPHQWHOH VH DGRSW GH ILHFDUH &DPHU vQ SDUWH FX YRWXO PDMRULW LL DEVROXWH D SDUODPHQWDULORU &DPHUHL DFHDVW PDMRULWDWH QX WUDQVIRUP UHJXODPHQWXO vQ OHJH FL XUPUHúWH DVLJXUDUHD XQHL UHSUH]HQWUL FkW PDL ODUJL D YRLQ HORU SDUODPHQWDULORU vQ DGRSWDUHD DFWXOXL QRUPDWLY FH FRQFUHWL]HD] DXWRQRPLD UHJXODPHQWDU D 3DUODPHQWXOXL - UHJXODPHQWHOH SDUODPHQWDUH UHSUH]LQW ³R SUHOXQJLUH D &RQVWLWX LHL´ vQ FH SULYHúWH RUJDQL]DUHD úL IXQF LRQDUHD 3DUODPHQWXOXL SULQ DFHVWH UHJXODPHQWH QX VH SRW LQVWLWXL UHJXOL SHQWUX SHUVRDQH GLQ DIDUD 3DUODPHQWXOXL VDX GH FWUH R &DPHU SHQWUX FHDODOW F 0R LXQHD DFWXO SULQ FDUH R &DPHU VDX &DPHUHOH UHXQLWH vúL H[SULP DWLWXGLQHD vQWU-R DQXPLW SUREOHP GDF DUH HIHFWH MXULGLFH FXP HVWH PR LXQHD GH FHQ]XU DGRSWDW HVWH úL XQ DFW

juridic; în caz contrar este exclusiv un act politic. - QX HVWH REOLJDWRULX FD PR LXQHD V VH FRQFUHWL]H]H într-un înscris putând rezulta numai din vot (cum ar fi respingerea unei legi); - H[LVW GRX FDWHJRULL GH PR LXQL PDWHULDOL]DWH vQWU-XQ vQVFULV VLPSOH úL GH FHQ]XU despre care ne vom ocupa la procedura de control; d) Actele interne ale Parlamentului - QX DX IRVW FXSULQVH vQWUH $FWHOH 3DUODPHQWXOXL GDWRULW IDSWXOXL F DX FDUDFWHU LQWHUQ
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celeilalte Camere, ordinea de zi etc. CAPITOLUL V
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VDOH FRQVWLWX LRQDOH úL OHJDOH - UH]XOW GLQ &RQVWLWX LH úL GLQ UHJXODPHQWHOH SDUODPHQWDUH - IRUPD VFULV HVWH HVHQ LDO GDU H[LVW úL UHJXOL FXWXPLDUH VDX SUHFHGHQWH FX FDUDFWHU FRPSOHPHQWDU FDUH vQV GHYLQ REOLJDWRULL vQ VHQV QRUPDWLY GRDU GXS UHFHSWDUHD ORU FX WLWOX GH FXWXP YDORDUHD SUHFHGHQWXOXL HVWH DFHOD D XQHL VROX LL FH QX DUH FDUDFWHU REOLJDWRULX VLPLODU FX SUHFHGHQWXO MXGHFWRUHVF  - SURFHGXUD WUHEXLH V DVLJXUH SDUWLFLSDUHD RSR]L LHL vQ IXQF LRQDUHD &DPHUHORU úL vQ

structurile organizatorice ale acestora, pentru a se valorifica pluralismul politic; - vQ SURFHGXUD OHJLVODWLY H[LVW UHJXOL GH DSOLFD LH JHQHUDO úL UHJXOL VSHFLDOH GLVWLQF LH H[FOXVLY PHWRGRORJLF  VLQJXUD WLSRORJLH úWLLQ LILF Hste aceea dintre regulile procedurale
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de lege sau propunerilor legislative înscrise pe ordinea de zi a unei Camere. 5.1.1. Sesiunea - VHVLXQHD HVWH SHULRDGD vQ FDUH R DGXQDUH SDUODPHQWDU vúL H[HUFLW vQ GHSOLQWDWH FRPSHWHQ D VD FRQVWLWX LRQDO VDX DOWIHO VSXV SHULRDGD FkW plenul se poate întruni în
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- în afara sesiunii parlamentarii nu pot adopta acte valabile ; - GRX VXQW SULQFLSLLOH VSHFLILFH VHF LXQLL * SULQFLSLXO VLPXOWDQHLWLL FDUH UH]XOW GLQ FHO DO ELFDPHUDOLVPXOXL SRWULYLW DFHVWXL principiu , nu poate fi FRQYRFDW vQ VHVLXQH QXPDL R &DPHU QX SRDWH IL GL]ROYDW QXPDL
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Parlamentului; a. 6HVLXQHD RUGLQDU - VXQW GRX VHVLXQL RUGLQDUH SH DQ IHEUXDULH-LXQLH úL VHSWHPEULH-decembrie, totalizând una din cele mai lungi perioade din Europa; - SH SHULRDGD VHVLXQLL RUGLQDUH 3DUODPHQWXO vúL SRDWH H[HUFLWD RULFDUH GLQ IXQF LLOH OXL - GHVFKLGHUHD VHVLXQLL DUH GRX HIHFte specifice: încetarea mandatului membrilor biroului
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CAPITOLUL VI PROCEDURILE PARLAMENTARE GENERALE Procedurile parlamentare generale = cuprind acele reguli aplicabile LQGLIHUHQW GH SURFHGXUD VSHFLILF SUREOHPHL FH IDFH RELHFWXO GHOLEHUULL UHJXOLOH GH FDUH GHSLQGH FRQVWLWX LRQDOLWDWHD H[WHUQ IRUPDO D DFWXOXL DGRSWDW VH UHJVHVF vQ &RQVWLWX LH GDU XQHOH DX IRVW OHJLIHUDWH vQGHRVHEL vQ PDWHULH GH QXPLUL restul sunt SUHY]XWH H[KDXVWLY vQ UHJXODPHQWHOH SDUODPHQWDUH - SURFHGXUD SDUODPHQWDU YDORULILF QX QXPDL GLPHQVLXQLOH MXULGLFR-VWDWDOH FL úL FHOH SROLWLFH DOH 3DUODPHQWXOXL DVWIHO SURFHGXUD SDUODPHQWDU WUHEXLH V vQOHVQHDVF GH]EDWHUHD OLEHU úL FRQWUDGLFWRULH D problemelor de pe agenda de lucru a 3DUODPHQWXOXL WUDQVSDUHQ D YLH LL SDUODPHQWDUH SHUPL kQG UHFHSWDUHD úL FXQRDúWHUHD VD SUHFXP úL FRQWUROXO RSLQLHL SXEOLFH

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efect, nu constituie o sesizare; ƒ
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VHVL]DUHD SHQWUX VYkUúLUHD XQRU DFWH FX FDUDFWHU VROHPQ SUHVWDUHD MXUPkQWXOXL GH FWUH 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL HWF sesizarea pentUX GH]EDWHUHD XQRU SUREOHPH SROLWLFH DOH QD LXQLL GH FRPSHWHQ D 3DUODPHQWXOXL FXP VXQW PHVDMHOH 3UHúHGLQWHOXL 5RPkQLHL VDX GHFODUD LLOH SROLWLFH DOH

primului ministru
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VHVL]DUHD SHQWUX H[HUFLWDUHD GH FWUH 3DUODPHQW D FRPSHWHQ HL VDOH GH QXPLUL FXP este cHUHUHD SHQWUX DFRUGDUHD YRWXOXL GH vQFUHGHUH vQ YHGHUHD IRUPULL *XYHUQXOXL VHVL]UL SULQ FDUH VH SXQH vQ PLúFDUH FRPSHWHQ D GH FRQWURO D 3DUODPHQWXOXL PR LXQHD GH FHQ]XU UDSRDUWHOH FRPLVLLORU GH DQFKHW UDSRDUWHOH $YRFDWXOXL 3RSRUXOXL DOH &XU LL GH &onturi etc. 6HVL]ULOH SRW IL LQWHUQH SDUODPHQWDUL JUXSXUL RUJDQH GH OXFUX VDX H[WHUQH *XYHUQ 3UHúHGLQWH FHW HQL  OD FHUHUH FHHD FH HVWH UHJXO VDX GLQ RILFLX FXP DU IL WULPLWHUHD

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legii spre dezbaterea celeilalte Camere) sesizarea este, de reguO IDFXOWDWLY FX XQHOH H[FHS LL VXSXQHUHD VSUH DSUREDUH GH
FWUH 3DUODPHQW D PVXULORU H[FHS LRQDOH OXDWH GH 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL vQ ED]D DUW   GLQ &RQVWLWX LH SUH]HQWDUHD UDSRDUWHORU FRPLVLLORU GH DQFKHW VXSXQHUHD VSUH dezbatere a rapoarteloU XQRU DXWRULW L SXEOLFH $YRFDWXO 3RSRUXOXL 65, &XUWHD GH

Conturi etc.) 'HVHVL]DUHD DUH FD HIHFW vQFKHLHUHD SURFHGXULL GH VROX LRQDUH D VHVL]ULL GH DFHHD HVWH LUHYHVULELO  3URFHGXUD GH SUHJWLUH D OXFUULORU &DPHUHORU (ILFLHQ D DFWLYLW LL SDUODPHQWDUH GHSLQGH GH SUHJWLUHD OXFUULORU VSUH D HYLWD GHVIúXUDUHD ORU vQ PRG GH]RUGRQDW úL IU R IXQGDPHQWDUH SUHDODELO 0HWRGHOH XWLOL]DWH VXQW SURJUDPDUHD GH]EDWHULORU VXE IRUPD RUGLQLL GH ]L úL DQDOL]D SUHDODELO vQ FDGUXO

comisiilor parlamentare 6.2.1. Procedura "Ordinei de zi" 3ULQFLSLX &DPHUD HVWH VWSkQD RUGLQLL GH ]L HVWH R JDUDQ LH vPSRWUYD LPSURYL]D LHL úL VXUSUL]HL úL GHúL VXE DVSHFW MXULGLF UHJOHPHQWHD] RUGLQHD GH]EDWHULORU SULQ FRQ LQXWXO VX HVWH XQ DFW HVHQ LDOPHQWH

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politic; coQ LQXWXO SURLHFWXOXL RUGLQLL GH ]L úL D SURJUDPXOXL GH DFWLYLWDWH HVWH UHJOHPHQWDW GH
UHJXODPHQWHOH &DPHUHORU SUHFXP úL GH UHJXODPHQWXO úHGLQ HORU FRPXQH RUGLQHD GH ]L úL SURJUDPXO GH DFWLYLWDWH DOH 6HQDWXOXL VH DSURE GH SOHQXO 6HQDWXOXL OD propunerea BLURXOXL SHUPDQHQW OUJLW FX SDUWLFLSDUHD SUHúHGLQ LORU GH FRPLVLL úL D

liderilor grupurilor parlamentare; OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU SURLHFWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L úL D SURJUDPXOXL GH DFWLYLWDWH VH întocmesc de Biroul permanent, cu consultarea grupurilor parlamentare úL VH DSURE GH &RPLWHWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L SUH]LGDW GH SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL IU GUHSW GH YRW FH DSDU LQH QXPDL OLGHULORU JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH ILHFDUH FX SXWHUHD GH YRW D JUXSXOXL vQ SOHQXO &DPHUHL &RPLWHWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L HVWH DOFWXLW GLQ OLGHULL JUupurilor SDUODPHQWDUH VDX GLQ ORF LLWRULL DFHVWRUD OD HODERUDUHD úL DSUREDUHD RUGLQLL GH ]L HVWH LQYLWDW úL UHSUH]HQWDQWXO *XYHUQXOXL SHQWUX

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a fi consultat;

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SURLHFWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L FXSULQGH vQ VXFFHVLXQHD GHWHUPLQDW GH LPSRUWDQ  SURLHFWH GH lege, propuQHUL OHJLVODWLYH UDSRDUWH LQIRUPUL úL DOWH DFWH SUHY]XWH GH OHJH SHQWUX D IL GH]EWXWH GH &DPHUH SUHFXP úL GXS FD] vQWUHEUL LQWHUSHOUL GHFODUD LL VDX DOWH

probleme propuse de Guvern, de Biroul permanent ori de parlamentari; OD vQWRFPLUHD úL DSUREDUHD RUGLQLL GH ]L vQ GRPHQLXO OHJLVODWLY VH DVLJXU SULRULWDWH GH]EDWHULL SURLHFWHORU GH OHJH vQ SURFHGXU GH XUJHQ  úL D UDSRDUWHORU vQWRFPLWH GH FRPLVLLOH GH PHGLHUH GHFUHWHORU 3UHúHGLQWHOXL 5RPkQLHL SHQWUX UDWLILFDUHD WUDWDWHORU LQWHUQD LRQDOH SUHFXP úL UDSRDUWHORU VDX GHFODUD LLORU SULPXOXL- ministru cu privire la

politica Guvernului; SURLHFWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L SHQWUX VSWPkQD XUPWRDUH HVWH VXSXV VSUH DSUREDUH 6HQDWXOXL úL VH DGRSW FX YRWXO PDMRULW LL VHQDWRULORU SUH]HQ L vQ XOWLPD ]L GH DFWLYLtate în plen D VSWPkQLL SUHFXP úL ]LOQLF LDU OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU VH DSURE GH &RPLWHWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L SkQ OD VIkUúLWXO ILHFUHL VSWPkQL GH OXFUX D &DPHUHL OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU PRGLILFDUHD RUGLQLL GH ]L VDX D SURJUDPXOXL GH OXFUX VH DSURE în ca]XUL H[FHS LRQDOH GH &RPLWHWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L OD FHUHUHD %LURXOXL SHUPDQHQW LDU OD 6HQDW RUGLQHD GH ]L SRDWH IL PRGLILFDW QXPDL OD FHUHUHD %LURXOXL SHUPDQHQW D XQXL

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grup parlamentar, a unei comisii a Senatului sau a Guvernului pentru motive bine întemeiDWH úL XUJHQWH LPSRUWDQ D SROLWLF D RUGLQLL GH ]L H[SULP SROLWLFD OHJLVODWLY D &DPHUHL RUGLQHD GH ]L HVWH VSWPkQDO FX H[FHS LD úHGLQ HORU FRPXQH FkQG VH UHIHU OD SUREOHPHOH SHQWUX FDUH D IRVW FRQYRFDW úHGLQ D FRPXQ

înscrierea unui proiect pe ordinea de zi este un act ireversibil întrucât el nu mai poate
IL UHWUDV GH LQL LDWRU úL OD ILQHOH OHJLVODWXULL VH WUDQVPLWH QRXOXL 3DUODPHQW RUGLQHD GH ]L SRDWH IL PRGLILFDW OD 6HQDW GH SOHQ LDU OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU GH

Comitetul ordinii de zi. 6.2.2. ([DPLQDUHD úL DYL]DUHD LQ FRPLVLL VH H[DPLQHD] SURLHFWHOH GH OHJL SURSXQHULOH OHJLVODWLYH úL DPHQGDPHQWHOH SUHFXP úL DOWH DFWH VDX SUREOHPH FX FDUH FRPLVLD HVWH VHVL]DW GH %LURXO SHUPDQHQW VDX GH

plenul Camerei ; HVWH R ID] SUHDODELO SUHJWLWRDUH vQ FDUH VH DVLJXU IXQGDPHQWDUHD VROX LLORU DQDOL]D SUHDODELO vQ FRPLVLL HVWH XQ PLMORF GH SURWHF LH D SOHQXOXL vPSRWULYD VXUSUL]HORU úL LPSURYL]D LHL úL GH DVLJXUDUH D IXQGDPHQWULL VROX LLORU GLQ FDUH FDX] SUHILJXUHD] GHFL]LD SOHQXOXL VXE DVSHFW MXULGLF úL SROLWLF UHIOHFW DGHYUDWXO URO DO RSR]L LHL SDUODPHQWDUH GHFL FOLYDMXO SROLWLF FRQFUHW ID  GH SUREOHPD GH]EWXW  1HDMXQVXO VROX LHL vO FRQVWLWXLH SRVLELOD vQWkU]LHUH D OXFUULORU HVWH JURSDUXO XQRU LQL LDWLYH ID  GH FDUH JUXSXULOH SDUODPHQWDUH QX PDQLIHVW YRLQ  SROLWLF GH D OH VXSXQH GH]EDWHULL SOHQXOXL FXP DX IRVW PDMRULWDWHD RUGRQDQ HORU HPLVH GH *XYHUQ vQ

legislatura 1996 – 2000); SURFHGXUD GH DYL]DUH vQ FRPLVLL HVWH GLIHULW vQ IXQF LH GH RELHFWXO OXFUULL úL GH FRPSHWHQ D FRQVWLWX LRQDO D 3DUODPHQWXOXL ; VXQW VHVL]UL FDUH QX IDF RELHFWXO GH]EDWHULL vQ FRPLVLH PR LXQHD GH FHQ]XU PHVDMXO 3UHúHGLQWHOXL 5RPkQLHL GHFODUD LLOH SULPXOXL- ministru etc. ;

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6.3. Procedura dezbaterilor GH]EDWHUHD úL GUHSWXO OD FXYkQW VXQW GH HVHQ D SDUODPentarismului deoarece în acest fel VH H[SULP GLYHUVLWDWHD GH RSLQLL GUHSWXO OD FXYkQW SRDWH IL XWLOL]DW vQWU-R PDQLHU REVWUXF LRQLVW VSUH D vPSLHGLFD VDX vQWkU]LD OXDUHD XQHL GHFL]LL GH DVHPHQHD HVWH HVHQ LDO FD RSR]L LD V VH SRDW H[SULPD GH DFHHD SURFHGXUD GH]EDWHULORU WUHEXLH V ILH FRQWUDGLFWRULH úL V HYLWH SH FkW SRVLELO SUDFWLFLOH REVWUXF LRQLVWH úHGLQ D HVWH GHVFKLV GH SUHúHGLQWH VDX vQ OLSVD VD GH XQ YLFHSUHúHGLQWH SDUODPHQWDULL LDX FXYkQWXO vQ RUGLQHD vQVFULHULL OD FXYkQW SH R OLVW SUHVWDELOLW GDF SUHúHGLQWHOH QX KRWUúWH DOWIHO H[FHS LL SDUODPHQWDULL DX GUHSWXO V LD FXYkQWXO vQ DIDUD OLVWHL vQ SUREOHPH FH LPSOLF SHUVRDQD ORU FXP DU IL R LPSXWD LH LQFRUHFW VDX vQ

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chestiuni procedurale; FXYkQWXO VH DFRUG GH SUHúHGLQWH úL VH URVWHúWH GH OD WULEXQD &DPHUHL VSUH D VH vQFXUDMD HORFLQ D vQ SUDFWLF OXDUHD GH FXYkQW HVWH úL GLQ VDO FHHD FH vQFXUDMHD]

caracterul viu al dezbaterilor; GH UHJXO OXDUHD GH FXYkQW HVWH OLPLWDW OD R LQWHUYHQ LH GH FHO PXOW  PLQXWH OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORr; YRUELWRULL VXQW REOLJD L V VH UHIHUH H[FOXVLY OD FKHVWLXQHD SHQWUX GLVFXWDUHD FUHLD V-au vQVFULV OD FXYkQW LQWHUYHQ LH FDUH V DVLJXUH FRQWUDGLFWRULDOLWDWHD R LQWHUYHQ LH FRQWUD úL DSRL DOWD SHQWUX VROX LD SUH]HQWDW GH LQL LDWRU 

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Camera poate decide sistarea dezbaterilor;
GDF GH]EDWHUHD HVWH RUJDQL]DW FXP DU IL GH H[HPSOX OD PR LXQHD GH FHQ]XU VDX OD GH]EDWHUL JHQHUDOH SULYLQG XQ SURLHFW GH OHJH VH H[SULP UHSUH]HQWDQ LL JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH vQ GXUDWD GH WLPS DORFDW RUJDQL]DUHD GH]EDWHULORU VH DSURE GH &RPLWHWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU HVWH LQWHU]LV GLDORJXO vQWUH FHO GH OD WULEXQ úL SHUVRDQHOH GLQ VDO SURIHUDUHD GH

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injurii, calomnii sau tulburarea dezbaterilor
GH UHJXO vQ SOHQ GH]EDWHULOH VXQW SXEOLFH în comisii, dezbDWHULOH QX VXQW SXEOLFH GDF FRPLVLD QX GHFLGH DOWIHO OD GH]EDWHUL SRW SDUWLFLSD PHPEULL *XYHUQXOXL vQ FRPLVLL SRW SDUWLFLSD IU GUHSW GH YRW úL GLYHUúL LQYLWD L FHL FH DX IFXW DPHQGDPHQWH HWF GH]EDWHULOH VH FDUDFWHUL]HD] SULQ RUDOLWDWH ILLQG LQWHU]LV FLWLUHD FXYkQWXOXL URVWLW úL

contradictorialitate. 6.4. Procedura de vot 9RWXO UHSUH]LQW PDQLIHVWDUHD GH YRLQ  FDUH H[SULP DFRUGXO VDX GH]DFRUGXO

parlamentarilor unei Camere sau a Camerelor reunite pentru a lua decizii referitoare
OD PVXUL GH RUGLQ OHJLVODWLY SROLWLF SURFHGXUDO HOHFWLY RUL GH DOW QDWXU FH DX IFXW RELHFWXO GH]EDWHULL DE LQHULOH DEVHQ LL FD úL FHL SUH]HQ L FDUH QX YRWHD] DX VHPQLILFD LD XQXL YRW ³FRQWUD´ GHRDUHFH vPSLHGLF IRUPDUHD PDMRULW LL QHFHVDUH DGRSWULL PVXULL VXpuse votului ; GHFL]LD HVWH H[SUHVLD YRLQ HL PDMRULWDUH RELHFWLYL]DW SULQ vQVXPDUHD YRWXULORU LQGLYLGXDOH vQ UH]XOWDWXO YRWULL GXS FH PLQRULWDWHD FH V-D RSXV DGRSWULL PVXULL V-a

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putut exprima ;

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este un drept – IXQF LH vQ VHUYLFLXO SRSRUXOXL úL QX DO SDUODPHQWDUXOXL FDUH vO H[HUFLW GH DFHHD SDUODPHQWDULL QX SRW UHQXQ D OD GUHSWXO GH YRW úL QX vO SRW WUDQ]DF LRQD vQ interes personal ;
&DUDFWHULVWLFLOH YRWXOXL vQ 3DUODPHQW YRWXO HVWH XQLYHUVDO vQ FDGUXO FRPXQLW LL parlamentarilor, egal, direct, puEOLF FX H[FHS LD FHOXL VHFUHW GDU QX HVWH OLEHU H[SULPDW GDWRULW REOLJD LHL SDUODPHQWDULORU GH D VH SUH]HQWD OD úHGLQ D GH YRW ; YRWXO FRQVWLWXLH SXQFWXO FXOPLQDQW DO GH]EDWHULL ILQDOL]DUHD DFHVWHLD vQ FXUVXO YRWULL QX VH DFRUG GUHSWXO OD FXYkQW :

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0RGDOLW LOH GH YRW D GHVFKLV SXEOLF  FkQG VH SRDWH úWL YRWXO ILHFUXL SDUODPHQWDU PRGDOLW LOH VDOH VXQW

votul prin ridicare de mâini sau în picioare, prin apel nominal (fiecare parlamentar este FKHPDW OD WULEXQ úL VH SURQXQ  “contra” sau “pentru” prin vot electronic cu listing
E VHFUHW FXP HVWH YRWXO FX ELOH ILHFDUH SDUODPHQWDU LQWURGXFH R ELO DOE VDX QHDJU vQ XUQ ELOHOH LQWURGXVH vQ XUQHOH GH DFHHDúL FXORDUH HVWH YRW ³SHQWUX´ LDU FHOH vQ XUQH GH

culori diferite, vot “contra”), cu buletine de vot pentru numiri individuale sau votul HOHFWURQLF IU OLVWLQJ ; - SUHúHGLQWHOH YRWHD] XOWLPXO ; - UHSHWDUHD YRWXOXL VH SRDWH IDFH SHQWUX YLFLL GH SURFHGXU VDX YLFLL vQ GHUXODUHD YRWULL
VDX vQ FD] GH SDULWDWH GH YRWXUL GDF úL D GRXD RDU SDULWDWHD VH PHQ LQH YRWXO HVWH ³FRQWUD´ UHWUDFWDUHD YRWXOXL QX HVWH DGPLVLELO YRWXO RGDW H[SULPDW HVWH GREkQGLW ; &YRUXPXO DQWHULRU YRWULL 6HQDWXO DGRSW OHJL KRWUkUL PR LXQL úL DOWH DFWH FX FDUDFWHU SROLWLF vQ SUH]HQ D PDMRULW LL VHQDWRULORU vQ RULFH DOW VLWXD LH FYRUXPXO HVWH GH R WUHLPH GLQ QXPUXO

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senatorilor; &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU DGRSW OHJL KRWUkUL úL PR LXQL vQ SUH]HQ D PDMRULW LL GHSXWD LORU vQ RULFH DOW VLWXD LH FYRUXPXO D IRVW GHVILLQ DW ÌQ FDGUXO SURFHGXULL OHJLVODWLYH FRQGL LD FYRUXPXOXL VH DSOLF QXPDL OD YRWXO SHQWUX DGRSWDUHD OHJLL vQ DQVDPEOXO HL SUHFXP úL DWXQFL FkQG SRWULYLW SUHYHGHULORU UHJXODPHQWXOXL VH VXSXQH OD YRW

respingerea proiectului de lege sau a propunerii legislative la propunerea comisiei VHVL]DWH vQ IRQG GXS GHzbaterile generale, deci înainte de dezbaterea pe articole.
9HULILFDUHD vQWUXQLULL FYRUXPXOXL VH SRDWH GLVSXQH QXPDL OD úHGLQ HOH GH YRW ILQDO GH FWUH SUHúHGLQWH LPHGLDW vQDLQWHD YRWULL GLQ SURSULH LQL LDWLY RUL OD FHUHUHD OLGHUXOXL unui grup parlamenWDU ÌQ FD]XO vQ FDUH FYRUXPXO QX HVWH vQWUXQLW úHGLQ D VH VXVSHQG LDU SUHúHGLQWHOH YD DUWD FkQG VH UHLDX OXFUULOH DPkQDUHD YRWULL DUH ORF úL DWXQFL FkQG QX HVWH vQWUXQLW FHO SX LQ PDMRULWDWHD GH GRX WUHLPL QHFHVDU DGRSWULL XQHL OHJL FRQVWLWX LRnale; SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL DPkQD YRWDUHD GDF QX HVWH vQWUXQLW FYRUXPXO vQ SUDFWLFD SDUODPHQWDU DPkQDUHD YRWXOXL V-D IFXW úL vQ LSRWH]D vQ FDUH R PVXU QHSXWkQG IL OXDW GHFkW FX R PDMRULWDWH FDOLILFDW V-D FRQVWDWDW F SUH]HQ D HVWH LQIHULRDU DFHOei PDMRULW L ÌQ DFHDVW LSRWH] GDF VLWXD LD VH UHSHW YRWXO DUH ORF GHúL FRQVHFLQ D VD

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este respingerea propunerii. Deci, rezultatul votului ar fi fost cunoscut înainte de a fi H[SULPDW DúD vQFkW VXSXQHUHD OD YRW DU IL IRVW LQXWLO 'H DFHHD V-a amânat votul, iar
OD FHD GH D GRXD YRWDUH GDF HVWH vQWUXQLW FRQGL LD GH FYRUXP PVXUD YD IL VXSXV OD YRW FKLDU GDF QXPUXO FHORU SUH]HQ L HVWH vQ FRQWLQXDUH LQIHULRU FHOXL QHFHVDU SHQWUX DGRSWDUHD DFHOHL PVXUL

37

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vQ VWDELOLUHD UH]XOWDWXOXL YRWXOXL HVHQ LDO HVWH QXPUXO PLQLP GH YRWXUL QHFHVDU SHQWUX FD GHFL]LD UHIHULWRDUH OD PVXUD FH D IFXW RELHFWXO YRWXOXL V SRDW IL OXDW $FHDVWD PDMRULWDWH SRDWH IL VLPSO DEVROXW VDX FDOLILFDW ([LVW PDMRULW L GH FRQMXQFWXU vQ FDUH SDUODPHQWDULL PDMRULW LL YRWHD] FX RSR]L LD úL LQYHUV SURFODPDUHD UH]XOWDWHORU YRWXOXL VH IDFH GH FWUH SUHúHGLQWH ; SXEOLFDUHD YRWXOXL VH DVLJXU RGDW FX SURFHVXO YHUEDO DO úHGLQ HL ; YRWXO HVWH SHUVRQDO úL QX VH SRDWH GHOHJD GH DFHHD SDUODPHQWDULL DEVHQ L VXQW H[FOXúL de lD YRW LQGLIHUHQW GH PRWLYXO FDUH D VWDW OD ED]D DEVHQ HL ORU FXP DU IL vQGHSOLQLUHD XQHL vQVUFLQUL GDWH GH &DPHU ; YRWXO VH H[HUFLW QXPDL vQ VDO DVWIHO XQLL SDUODPHQWDUL SRW IL H[FOXúL GH OD YRW FD XUPDUH D DSOLFULL VDQF LXQLL GLVFLSOLQDUH SULYLQG LQWHU]LFHUHD SDUWLFLSULL OD OXFUULOH &DPHUHL SHQWUX R SHULRDG GH WLPS  ùHGLQ D FRPXQ D &DPHUHORU UHXQLWH SURFHGXUD HVWH FHD GH GUHSW FRPXQ FX XQHOH SDUWLFXODULW L úL DQXPH %LURXULOH SHUPDQHQWH VH UHXQHVF úL KRWUVF vQ FRPXQ SUHúHGLQ LL FRQGXF OXFUULOH SOHQXOXL SULQ URWD LH

• • • • -

raportul comisiei sesizate în fond este comun pentru comisiile permanente ale celor
GRX &DPHUH FRPLVLLOH VWDELOHVF WHUPHQXO SkQ OD FDUH YRU SULPL DYL]HOH FHORUODOWH

comisii sesizate pentru avizare; ordinea de zi se DSURE úL VH PRGLILF GH SOHQ PRGLILFDUHD VH SURSXQH GH SUHúHGLQWH la cererea Biroului permanent sau grupului parlamentar a unei Camere ori a Guvernului;
YRWXO HOHFWURQLF HVWH QXPDL VHFUHW YRWXO SUHúHGLQWHOXL HVWH GHFLVLY vQ FD] GH SDULWDWH

de voturi; peQWUX VLWXD LL VSHFLDOH UHJXOLOH GH GUHSW FRPXQ VH FRPSOHWHD] FX SURFHGXULOH
VSHFLDOH SUHY]XWH vQ UHJXODPHQWXO úHGLQ HORU FRPXQH SH FDUH OH YRP DQDOL]D vQ FHOH FH XUPHD]

CAPITOLUL VII PROCEDURILE PARLAMENTARE SPECIALE 
3URFHGXUD OHJLVODWLY

cuprinde:

• DQVDPEOXO UHJXOLORU GH OD ³FRQWXUDUHD LGHLL´ SkQ OD HODERUDUHD SURLHFWXOXL GH OHJH • HWDSD SUHDODELO FX FDUDFWHU DGPLQLVWUDWLY ; • ID]D SDUODPHQWDU ; • SURPXOJDUHD úL SXEOLFDUHD LQ 0 2I 7.1.1. Conceptul de lege În sens material: totalitatea actelor QRUPDWLYH FDUH DOFWXLHVF OHJLVOD LD vQ DQVDPEOXO HL
ÌQ VHQV IRUPDO DFWXO DGRSWDW FX DFHVW WLWOX GH FWUH &DPHUHOH 3DUODPHQWXOXL vQ DFHHDúL IRUP SURPXOJDW GH FWUH 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL úL SXEOLFDW vQ 0RQLWRUXO 2ILFLDO RSR]DELO HUJD RPQHV D FUXL DSOLFDUH GDF HVWH QHFHVDU VH DVLJXU FX DMXWRUXO IRU HL

coercitive a statului. 
3URFHGXUD GH OHJLIHUDUH ID]D SDUODPHQWDU D SURFHGXULL OHJLVODWLYH

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WRWDOLWDWHD UHJXOLORU SHQWUX SUHJWLUHD GH]EDWHULORU GH]EDWHUHD úL YRWDUHD XQXL SURLHFW GH

lege sDX D XQHL SURSXQHUL OHJLVODWLYH vQ ILHFDUH &DPHU VDX vQ &DPHUHOH UHXQLWH vQ úHGLQ D
FRPXQ 3URFHGXUD OHJLVODWLY SDUODPHQWDU FXSULQGH VXFFHVLY HWDSD GH SUHJWLUH D OXFUULORU ; HWDSD GHOLEHUDWLY 3ULPD HWDS SULYHúWH vQ SULQFLSDO vQUHJLVWUDUHD úL GLfuzarea proiectului parlamentarilor úL FRPLVLLORU SDUODPHQWDUH DQDOL]D vQ FRPLVLL úL vQVFULHUHD SH RUGLQHD GH ]L $ GRXD HWDS SULYHúWH GH]EDWHUHD úL YRWDUHD SURLHFWXOXL vQ SOHQXO &DPHUHL ÌQWUXFkW SURFHGXUD SDUODPHQWDU SHQWUX SURLHFWHOH GH OHJH VDX SURSXQHULOH OHJLVODWLYH HVWH DFHHDúL vQ

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continuare ne vom referi doar la proiecte, pentru ambele categorii. - WUVWXULOH SURFHGXULL GH OHJLIHUDUH a) contradictorialitatea, în cadrul binomului majoritate – RSR]L LH ; b) UROXO KRWUkWRU DO JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH vQ GHVIúXUDUHD SURFHGXULL c) FDUDFWHUXO UHSHWLWLY DO SURFHGXULL QX QXPDL FD HIHFW DO ELFDPHUDOLVPXOXL GDU úL DO d)
IDSWXOXL F RULFH vQWRDUFHUH D SURFHGXULL FXP DU IL vQ FD]XO SURFHGXULORU FRPSOHPHQWDUH GH UHH[DPLQDUH D OHJLL vQVHDPQ UHSHWDUHD HL  oficLDOLWDWHD vQ GHVIúXUDUHD SURFHGXULL vQ VHQVXO F SURFHGXUD SDUODPHQWDU RGDW GHFODQúDW VH GHVIúRDU vQ WHPHLXO REOLJD LLORU FRQVWLWX LRQDOH úL UHJXODPHQWDUH FH UHYLQ RUJDQHORU GH OXFUX DOH 3DUODPHQWXOXL FX XQHOH H[FHS LL FXP DU IL SRVLELOLWDWHD

retragerii proiectului, prezentarea amendamentelor etc.; e) GUHSWXULOH FH VH H[HUFLW vQ FDGUXO SURFHGXULL SDUODPHQWDUH – GH LQL LDWLY OHJLVODWLY de vot, de a cere reexaminarea legii etc – prin natura lor privesc un interes public ; f) caracterul public al procedurii; g) VWUXFWXUD SURFHGXULL vQ PDL PXOWH ID]H VXFFHVLYH SUHDODELOH OD GH]EDWHUHD vQ SOHQ úL ID]D GHOLEHUULL SOHQXOXL &DPHUHL ; h) SR]L LD GH HJDOLWDWH D &DPHUHORU i) FDUDFWHUXO LPSHUDWLY úL GH GHFGHUH D WHUPHQHORU vQ FDGUXO SURFHGXULL SDUODPHQWDUH j) publiciWDWHD úHGLQ HORU vQ SOHQ úL OLSVD SXEOLFLW LL OD úHGLQ HOH FRPLVLLORU k) FDUDFWHUXO VFULV DO SURFHGXULL SDUODPHQWDUH FX H[FHS LD GUHSWXOXL OD FXYkQW ;
$ (WDSD SUHJWLWRDUH

- VHVL]DUHD &DPHUHL HVWH SRWULYLW FHORU DUWDWH DQWHULRU OD FDSLWROXO SURFHGXUL JHQerale, în
OHJWXU FX VHVL]DUHD 3DUODPHQWXOXL

Aspecte de ordin procedural:
SURLHFWHOH VH vQUHJLVWUHD] vQ RUGLQHD SUH]HQWULL ORU OD %LURXO SHUPDQHQW DO &DPHUHL OD FDUH DX IRVW GHSXVH (OH WUHEXLH V ILH vQVR LWH GH R H[SXQHUH GH PRWLYH LDU SURSXQHULOH leJLVODWLYH WUHEXLH UHGDFWDWH vQ IRUPD FHUXW SHQWUX SURLHFWHOH GH OHJH ; • GDF QX VXQW vQVR LWH GH DYL]XO &RQVLOLXOXL /HJLVODWLY úL FkQG HVWH FD]XO GH FHO DO &RQVLOLXOXL (FRQRPLF úL 6RFLDO SURLHFWHOH VH WULPLW DFHVWRUD DYL]XO XUPkQG V ILH HPLV vQ termenul SUHY]XW GH OHJH • SURLHFWHOH GH OHJH VH vQUHJLVWUHD] QXPDL OD XQD GLQ &DPHUH úL QX WUHEXLH V ILH ORYLWH GH YLFLL GH LQDGPLVLELOLWDWH %LURXO SHUPDQHQW DUH FRPSHWHQ D GH D FRQVWDWD H[LVWHQ D

cauzelor de inadmisibiltate ;

39

GHRDUHFH SDUODPHQWDULL vúL SRW H[HUFLWD DWULEX LLOH GRDU vQ &DPHUD SHQWUX FDUH DX IRVW DOHúL GHSXWD LL SRW VHVL]D GRDU &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU LDU VHQDWRULL 6HQDWXO ; • GXS vQUHJLVWUDUH OD %LURXO SHUPDQHQW DO &DPHUHL VHVL]DWH SURLHFWHOH VH GLVWULEXLH SDUODPHQWDULORU úL FRPLVLLORU SDUODPHQWDUH FRPLVLD VHVL]DW vQ IRQG úL FHOH SHQWUX DYL]DUH GHRDUHFH SDUODPHQWDULL vúL SRW H[HUFLWD DWULEX LLOH GRDU vQ &DPHUD SHQWUX FDUH DX IRVW DOHúL • SURLHFWHOH VXQW DGXVH OD FXQRúWLQ  &DPHUHL GH FWUH SUHúHGLQWHOH DFHVWHLD SULQ DQXQ DUHD WLWOXOXL D LQL LDWRUXOXL D FRPLVLLORU VHVL]DWH vQ IRQG úL SHQWUX DYL]DUH SUHFXP úL

a termenului de depunere a raportului. • proiectele nu pot fi trecute pe ordinea de zi într-un interval de timp mai mic de 10 zile
GH OD GDWD SULPLULL ORU FDUH UHSUH]LQW XQ LQWHUYDO GH UHIOHF LH SHQWUX SDUODPHQWDUL SHQWUX FD DFHúWLD V SRDW IRUPXOD DPHQGDPHQWH SUHFXP úL SHQWUX DQDOL]D úL GXS FD] DYL]DUHD ORU GH FWUH FRPLVLLOH GH VSHFLDOLWDWH • FRPLVLD VHVL]DW vQ IRQG HVWH DFHHD FDUH YD vQWRFPL XQ UDSRUW DVXSUD SURLHFWXOXL FX care a IRVW VHVL]DW FXSULQ]kQG SURSXQHUL PRWLYDWH SHQWUX DGPLWHUHD SURLHFWXOXL IU PRGLILFUL UHVSLQJHUHD SURLHFWXOXL VDX DGPLWHUHD OXL FX PRGLILFUL FD úL PRWLYHOH QHDFFHSWULL XQRU DPHQGDPHQWH RUL DYL]H UDSRUWXO VH WUDQVPLWH %LURXOXL SHUPDQHQW FDUH îl va GLIX]D SDUODPHQWDULORU *XYHUQXOXL úL LQL LDWRUXOXL FX FHO SX LQ WUHL ]LOH vQDLQWH GH GDWD GH]EDWHULL vQ SOHQ GDF GXS GLIX]DUH FRPLVLD SULPHúWH XQ DPHQGDPHQW VDX DYL]

suplimentar, va întocmi un supliment de raport; • pentru avizarea proiectului pot fi sesizate una sau mai multe comisii; avizul se trimite
FRPLVLHL VHVL]DWH vQ IRQG FD úL DPHQGDPHQWHOH SDUODPHQWDULORU GDF XQ DPHQGDPHQW VDX R SURSXQHUH OHJLVODWLY LQL LDWLY SDUODPHQWDU VDX SRSXODU DUH LPSOLFD LL EXJHWDUH HVWH REOLJDWRULX V VH VROLFLWH punctul de vedere al Guvernului; • SURLHFWHOH HODERUDWH GH R FRPLVLH VSHFLDO QX VH PDL VXSXQ H[DPLQULL vQWU-R DOW

comisie • %LURXO SHUPDQHQW UH]ROY FRQIOLFWHOH GH FRPSHWHQ  FDUH SRW DSDUH vQWUH FRPLVLL
FRQIOLFW SR]LWLY vQ FD]XO vQ FDUH GRX VDX PDL PXOWH FRPLVLL VH GHFODU FRPSHWHQWH VDX QHJDWLY DWXQFL FkQG R FRPLVLH vúL GHFOLQ FRPSHWHQ D vQ IDYRDUHD DOWHL FRPLVLL FDUH úL HD UHIX] vQ FD]XO vQ FDUH FRPLVLD FH D GHFODQúDW FRQIOLFWXO QX HVWH GH DFRUG FX VROX LD Biroului permanent, ea se poate adresa plHQXOXL FDUH YD GHFLGH SULQ YRWXO PDMRULW LL SDUODPHQWDULORU SUH]HQ L • vQ VHQV VWULFW MXULGLF DFHDVW HWDS QX FRQVWLWXLH R ID] GHFL]LRQDO GDU DUH UROXO GH D SUHJWL IXQGDPHQWD úL FKLDU GH D SUHILJXUD GH]EDWHULOH úL UH]XOWDWXO YRWXOXL GLQ &DPHU • pURFHGXUD vQ FRPLVLH HVWH vQ HVHQ  DFHHDúL FX FHD GLQ SOHQ GDU PDL SX LQ IRUPDOLVW GH]EDWHUHD DUH FDUDFWHU YLX úL QX H[LVW QLFL R QRUP FX SULYLUH OD OLPLWDUHD QXPUXOXL GH LQWHUYHQ LL VDX D GXUDWHL ORU YRWXO HVWH GH UHJXO GHVFKLV SULQ ULGLFDUH GH mâini, iar în caz H[FHS LRQDO VHFUHW • SULQFLSDOD GHRVHELUH ID  GH SURFHGXUD GLQ SOHQ HVWH F GH UHJXO vQ &RPLVLH GH]EDWHULOH QX VXQW SXEOLFH OD OXFUUL SDUWLFLS IU GUHSW GH YRW UHSUH]HQWDQ LL LQL LDWRULORU SDUODPHQWDUL GLQ DOWH FRPLVLL FDUH Du formulat amendamente, spre a le VXV LQH LQYLWD LL FKHPD L GH FRPLVLH FXP VXQW H[SHU L VDX UHSUH]HQWDQ L DL DXWRULW LORU SXEOLFH GDF VH FHUH SUH]HQ D UHSUH]HQWDQ LORU JXYHUQXOXL DFHDVWD HVWH REOLJDWRULH úHGLQ HOH FRPLVLLORU SRW IL FRQFRPLWHQWH FX Dle plenului; în acest caz, la chemarea SUHúHGLQWHOXL FH SUH]LGHD] OXFUULOH vQ SOHQ SDUODPHQWDULL VXQW REOLJD L V vQWUHUXS úHGLQ D FRPLVLHL VSUH D VH SUH]HQWD OD SOHQXO &DPHUHL LQL LDWRUXO SURLHFWXOXL SRDWH V-l

40

UHWUDJ V-O PRGLILFH RUL V-l rectifiFH SkQ OD GDWD vQVFULHULL DFHVWXLD SH RUGLQHD GH ]L • vQWRFPHúWH SURLHFWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L FH VH DSURE GH &RPLWHWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L GXS SULPLUHD UDSRUWXOXL FRPLVLHL VHVL]DWH vQ IRQG %LURXO SHUPDQHQW DO &DPHUHL 'HSXWD LORU úL de plen la Senat (a se vedea caSLWROXO SUHYHGHUL JHQHUDOH vQ OHJWXU FX DSUREDUHD RULQLL GH

zi); Regimul amendamentelor
6HPQLILFD LD DPHQGDPHQWXOXL FRQVWLWXLH R PRGLILFDUH GH IRUP FH SRDWH DYHD úL VHPQLILFD LD XQHL PRGLILFUL GH IRQG DGXV XQXL WH[W VXSXV GHOLEHUULL - este o modaOLWDWH GH SHUIHF LRQDUH D OHJLL vQ FDGUXO SURFHGXULL SDUODPHQWDUH GDF FHOH PDL PXOWH úL LPSRUWDQWH LQL LDWLYH VXQW JXYHUQDPHQWDOH vQ FH SULYHúWH DPHQGDPHQWHOH VLWXD LD HVWH LQYHUV UHHFKLOLEUkQGX-VH DVWIHO UHOD LD GLQWUH *XYHUQ úL 3DUODPHQW - dreptul GH D SURSXQH DPHQGDPHQWH GHULY GLQ GUHSWXO GH LQL LDWLY OHJLVODWLY úL GUHSWXO GH YRW GDF SDUODPHQWDUXO HVWH FHO FH DGRSW OHJHD HVWH ILUHVF V SRDW DUWD FXP vQ HOHJH V R DSUREH  GH DFHHD GUHSWXO GH D IRUPXOD DPHQGDPHQWH UHYLQH QXPDL FHORU FDUH paUWLFLS OD SURFHVXO OHJLVODWLY SDUODPHQWDUL úL JXYHUQ FRQVWLWXLQG SULQFLSDOD FRQWULEX LH

a parlamentarilor la elaborarea legii în Parlament; - amendamentul este un drept procedural, care este conferit numai de regulamente, de aceea unii titulari ai drepWXOXL GH LQL LDWLY OHJLVODWLY – FHW HQLL vQ FDGUXO LQL LDWLYHL SRSXODUH úL 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL vQ FDGUXO LQL LDWLYHL FRQVWLWX LRQDOH – QX VH EXFXU GH dreptul de a formula amendamente; - amendamentele sunt supuse votului, ele fiind în final, chiar daF DSDU LQ RSR]L LHL
H[SUHVLD DFWLYLW LL QRUPDWLYH D PDMRULW LL - RSR]L LD SRDWH DGRSWD GRX SR]L LL REVWUXF LRQLVW SULQ DPHQGDPHQWH LQDFFHSWDELOH

pentru majoritate, având deci un scop exclusiv dilatoriu; constructive, reprezentând o
FRQWULEX LH SHQWUX vPEXQW LUHD UHJOHPHQWULL VDX FDUH UH]XOW GLQWU-R QHJRFLHUH SROLWLF SUHDODELO SHQWUX HYLWDUHD DPHQGDPHQWHORU REVWUXF LRQLVWH UHJXODPHQWHOH DX LQVWLWXLW XQ

regim specific al amendamentelor; ♦ 7UVWXUL DOH GLVFLSOLQHL DPHQGDPHQWHORU • sub aspect fRUPDO DPHQGDPHQWXO VH SUH]LQW vQ VFULV FX H[FHS LD DPHQGDPHQWHORU RUDOH FDUH SULYHVF SUREOHPH GH UHGDFWDUH VDX GH PLF vQVHPQWDWH úL FDUH SRW IL SUH]HQWDWH úL GLUHFW vQ úHGLQ D &DPHUHL PHPEULL FRPLVLLORU SRW SUH]HQWD DPHQGDPHQWH RUDOH vQ FXUVXO úHGLQ HORU GH DQDOL] úL GH]EDWHUL vQ &RPLVLH • DPHQGDPHQWXO VH SUH]LQW PRWLYDW úL VXE VHPQWXUD LQL LDWRUXOXL FX SUHFL]DUHD GDF

este cazul, a grupului parlamentar din care face parte. • VH VXSXQ GHOLEHUULL RUJDQXOXL XQGH DX IRVW GHSXVH OD FRPLVLD VHVL]DW vQ fond sau
FHOH RUDOH vQ SOHQ  GDWD DPHQGDPHQWXOXL HVWH GDWD vQUHJLVWUULL VDOH OD FRPLVLH $FHDVWD YD LQH R HYLGHQ  VSHFLDO D WXWXURU DPHQGDPHQWHORU SULPLWH úL OD FHUHUH YD HOLEHUD DXWRUXOXL R GRYDG F D SULPLW DPHQGDPHQWXO • OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU Sarlamentarii, grupurile parlamentare sau Guvernul au dreptul GH D SUH]HQWD DPHQGDPHQWH OD FRPLVLD VHVL]DW vQ IRQG SkQ OD vPSOLQLUHD XQXL WHUPHQ GH  ]LOH vQDLQWH GH GDWD VWDELOLW SHQWUX GHSXQHUHD UDSRUWXOXL OD 6HQDW WHUPHQXO HVWH GH 

41

zile de la difuzarea proiectului; • SHQWUX SURSXQHULOH OHJLVODWLYH HODERUDWH GH R FRPLVLH SDUODPHQWDU DPHQGDPHQWHOH VH
GHSXQ OD DFHD FRPLVLH vQ WHUPHQ GH  ]LOH GH OD DQXQ DUHD vQ SOHQXO &DPHUHL 'HSXWD LORU ÌQ DFHHDúL ]L SURSXQHUHD OHJLVODWLY VH FRPXQLF *XYHUQXOXL &RPLVLD HVWH REOLJDW V vQWRFPHDVF vQ XUPWRDUHOH  ]LOH XQ UDSRUW DVXSUD DPHQGDPHQWHORU 1XPDL GXS vPSOLQLUHD DFHVWXL WHUPHQ SURSXQHUHD OHJLVODWLY SRDWH IL vQVFULV SH RUGLQHD GH ]L úL GDF HVWH FD]XO FRPXQLFDW vQ IRUPD VD GHILQLWLY GHSXWD LORU úL Guvernului.; la Senat nu H[LVW R SURFHGXU VSHFLDO • DPHQGDPHQWHOH *XYHUQXOXL VH GHSXQ QXPDL VXE VHPQWXUD XQXL PHPEUX DO

Guvernului. • FRPLVLD VHVL]DW vQ IRQG VDX GXS FD] FRPLVLD VSHFLDO VH SURQXQ  DVXSUD WXWXURU amendamentelor înregistrate; numai vQ FD]XO vQ FDUH FRQVLGHU QHFHVDU FRPLVLD YD VROLFLWD
úL DYL]XO XQHL DOWH FRPLVLL • SHQWUX D VH SXWHD SURQXQ D FRPLVLD YD WUDQVPLWH *XYHUQXOXL DPHQGDPHQWHOH FDUH LPSOLF PRGLILFDUHD EXJHWXOXL GH VWDW VDX D EXJHWXOXL DVLJXUULORU VRFLDOH GH VWDW SRWULYLW aUW  GLQ &RQVWLWX LH $PHQGDPHQWHOH OD FDUH vQ WHUPHQ GH  ]LOH GH OD SULPLUH *XYHUQXO QX VH RSXQH VH FRQVLGHU DFFHSWDWH 5VSXQVXO *XYHUQXOXL SRDWH IL GDW QXPDL VXE VHPQWXUD XQXL PHPEUX DO DFHVWXLD • HVWH LQWHU]LV SUHúHGLQWHOXL &DPHUHL V VXSXQ GHzbaterii sau votului un amendament DVXSUD FUXLD FRPLVLD QX V-D SURQXQ DW SHQWUX DPHQGDPHQWHOH RUDOH SUH]HQWDWH vQ SOHQ GH UHGDFWDUH HWF FRPLVLD VH SURQXQ  SULQ UDSRUWRU • GH DVHPHQHD QX VH SRW IRUPXOD DPHQGDPHQWH GH úHGLQ 

¾ la deliberarea raportului comisiei e mediere ¾ OD DSUREDUHD XQRU GRFXPHQWH LQWHUQD LRQDOH WUDWDWH FRQYHQ LL SURWRFRDOH  FL VH SRW

IDFH UH]HUYH VDX GHFODUD LL vQWUXFkW DFHVWH GRFXPHQWH RUL VH DFFHSW RUL VH UHVSLQJ - amendamentele de fond direct în plen nu sunt permise, cu H[FHS LD VXEDPHQGDPHQWHORU SURSXQHUH GH PRGLILFDUH D XQXL DPHQGDPHQW DFFHSWDW  D FHORU FH SULYHVF PRGLILFULOH LQWHUYHQLWH vQ XUPD H[DPLQULL úL GHILQLWLYULL WH[WXOXL vQ FRPLVLL VDX D FHORU GH PLF vQVHPQWDWH VDX GH UHGDFWDUH FRUHODUH WHKQLFR-legislaWLY JUDPDWLFDOH VDX OLQJYLVWLFH  vQ PRG H[FHS LRQDO GDF SOHQXO DSURE SUH]HQWDUHD XQXL DPHQGDPHQW GH IRQG VDX GDF DFFHSW XQ DPHQGDPHQW UHVSLQV GH FRPLVLH úL XQ VXEDPHQGDPHQW FX FRQVHFLQ H LPSRUWDQWH DVXSUD SURLHFWXOXL SUHúHGLQWHOH vQWUHUXSH GH]EDWHULOH úL WULPLWH WH[WXO VSUH

reexaminare comisiei sesizate în fond; - SULQ DPHQGDPHQWH GH]EDWHUHD úL YRWXO VH VSHFLDOL]HD] vQ VHQVXO FRQFHQWUULL ORU DVXSUD problematicii unui articol.
% (WDSD GHOLEHUDWLY

a) Dezbaterea în plen - are loc în succeVLXQHD VWDELOLW GH RUGLQHD GH ]L ; - vQFHSH FX DGXFHUHD OD FXQRúWLQ  SDUODPHQWDULORU D RUGLQLL GH ]L úL DUH ORF vQ úHGLQ D
&DPHUHL SRWULYLW SURJUDPXOXL GH DFWLYLWDWH DSUREDW SRDWH DYHD ORF vQ SDUDOHO FX úHGLQ HOH comisiilor parlamentare (la chemarea prHúHGLQWHOXL úHGLQ D vQ FRPLVLL VH vQWUHUXSH GH GUHSW LDU SDUODPHQWDULL DX REOLJD LD V SDUWLFLSH OD úHGLQ D SOHQXOXL 

- cuprinde trei etape : • GH]EDWHUHD JHQHUDO ;

42

• •

dezbaterea pe articole; votul final.

D 'H]EDWHUHD JHQHUDO

- începe cu prezentarea de FWUH LQL LDWRU D PRWLYHORU FDUH DX FRQGXV OD SURPRYDUHD
SURLHFWXOXL OD 6HQDW *XYHUQXO HVWH UHSUH]HQWDW vQ PRG REOLJDWRULX GH XQ PHPEUX DO VX - XUPHD] DGXFHUHD OD FXQRúWLQ  D UDSRUWXOXL FRPLVLHL VHVL]DWH vQ IRQG - SHQWUX GH]DEDWHUHD JHQHUDO SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL G FXYkQWXO XQXL UHSUH]HQWDQW DO ILHFUXL JUXS SDUODPHQWDU vQ RUGLQHD vQVFULHULL - LQL LDWRUXO DUH GLQ QRX GUHSWXO OD FXYkQW vQDLQWHD vQFKHLHULL GH]EDWHULL JHQHUDOH

- în cazul în care în raportul comisiei se propune respingerea proiectuluL SUHúHGLQWHOH YD
VXSXQH YRWXOXL DFHDVW SURSXQHUH FH SRDWH IL DFFHSWDW FX PDMRULWDWHD VLPSO FKLDU GDF

legea are caracter organic. In acest caz, întrucât un proiect respins nu mai poate face
RELHFWXO XQHL QRL VHVL]UL vQ DFHLDúL VHVLXQH VSUH D VH HYLWD XQ SURFHGHX REVWUXF LRQLVW DYkQG FD HIHFW UHOXDUHD LQXWLO D SURFHGXULL SDUODPHQWDUH VHPQLILFD LD YRWXOXL LQGLIHUHQW GH UH]XOWDW HVWH DFHHD D XQHL OHFWXUL GDF SURLHFWXO QX D IRVW UHVSLQV DFHDVWD QX vQVHDPQ F QX DU SXWHD IL UHVSLQV OD YRWXO ILQDl.

a.2. Dezbaterea pe articole - GH]EDWHUHD SH DUWLFROH VH IDFH vQ RUGLQHD ORU GLQ SURLHFWXO GH OHJH úL QXPDL D FHORU OD care s-au formulat amendamente, admise sau respinse în raportul comisiei sesizate în IRQG GH DFHHD GDF QX H[LVW DPHQGDPHQWH GXS GH]baterile generale se trece direct la vot; - discutarea articolelor începe cu amendamentele, prin care se propune suprimarea unui text, apoi cu cele care privesc modificarea sau completarea acestuia; Camera se
SURQXQ  SULQ YRW DVXSUD ILHFUXL DPHQGDPHQW

-

în cursul dezbaterilor parlamentarii, Guvernul sau grupurile parlamentare pot pune în

GLVFX LH DPHQGDPHQWHOH UHVSLQVH GH FRPLVLD VHVL]DW vQ IRQG VDX DPHQGDPHQWHOH GHSXVH OD FRPLVLH GDU FDUH QX ILJXUHD] vQ UDSRUWXO DFHVWHLD - vQ FD]XO vQ FDUH H[LVW PDL PXOte amendamente care nu se exclud, ele se supun la vot

în ordinea în care au fost prezentate, începând cu cele cuprinse în raportul comisiei sesizate în fond , evitându-VH DVWIHO VROX LL FRQWUDGLFWRULL GH H[HPSOX SULQWU-un amendament se propune ca un termHQ V ILH GH  ]LOH DOWXO GH  ]LOH úL DOWXO GH  ]LOH  - vQ SOHQXO &DPHUHL QX SRW IL GHSXVH DPHQGDPHQWH GH IRQG vQV VH SRW IRUPXOD subamendamente (care privesc un amendament adoptat) sau amendamente de corelare tehnico-OHJLVODWLY JUDPDWLFDOH RUL OLQJvistice; - ILHFDUH SDUODPHQWDU vúL SRDWH H[SULPD SXQFWXO GH YHGHUH SHUVRQDO VDX DO JUXSXOXL GLQ care face parte; - FkQG GH]EDWHUHD XQXL DPHQGDPHQW VXEDPHQGDPHQW UHOHY FRQVHFLQ H LPSRUWDQWH DVXSUD SURLHFWXOXL VDX SURSXQHULL OHJLVODWLYH SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL poate trimite textele în
GLVFX LH FRPLVLHL VHVL]DWH vQ IRQG DXWRULL DPHQGDPHQWHORU úL UHSUH]HQWDQ LL *XYHUQXOXL DYkQG GUHSWXO GH D IL DVFXOWD L vQ FD]XO FRPLVLHL - vQ ILQDOXO GH]EDWHULORU ILHFUXL DUWLFRO LQL LDWRUXO SRDWH OXD FXYkQWXO - articolul amendat VH VXSXQH OD YRW PDMRULWDWHD FHUXW HVWH FHD VLPSO LQGLIHUHQW GH

43

natura legii respective; a.3.Votul final - VH UHDOL]HD] vQ ILHFDUH &DPHU FX H[FHS LD OHJLL EXJHWXOXL FDUH VH DGRSW vQ úHGLQ  FRPXQ ; - YRWXO ILQDO DFRSHU FHULQ D FRQVWLWX LRQDO D PDMRULW LL QHFHVDUH vQ IXQF LH GH WLSXO GH OHJH $VWIHO OHJLOH FRQVWLWX LRQDOH VH DGRSW FX YRWXO XQHL PDMRULW L GH FHO SX LQ GRX WUHLPL GLQ QXPUXO VHQDWRULORU OHJLOH RUJDQLFH VH DGRSW FX PDMRULWDWH DEVROXW LDU FHOH ordinare cu majoritate simpO ; - vQ FXUVXO YRWULL QX VH SRDWH DFRUGD FXYkQWXO ; - vQDLQWH GH YRWDUH SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL SRDWH FHUH YHULILFDUHD FYRUXPXOXL SULQ DSHO
QRPLQDO VDX SULQ QXPUDUH GH FWUH VHFUHWDUL 3DUODPHQWDULL FDUH QX vúL H[HUFLW GUHSWXO GH

vot, dar care au fost SUH]HQ L vQ VDOD GH úHGLQ  LQWU vQ QXPUXO UHJXODPHQWDU GH VWDELOLUH
D FYRUXPXOXL 'DF vQ VDOD GH úHGLQ  QX VH DIO PDMRULWDWHD VHQDWRULORU UHVSHFWLY GHSXWD LORU SUHúHGLQWHOH DPkQ YRWDUHD SkQ OD vQWUXQLUHD FYRUXPXOXL OHJDO ; - 9RWXO ILQDO SULYHúWH DQVDPEOXO UHJOHPHQWULL &DPHUD SRDWH KRWUv OD SURSXQHUHD SUHúHGLQWHOXL FD YRWXO ILQDO V SULYHDVF SU L GLQ DQVDPEOXO UHJOHPHQWULL vQ PVXUD vQ FDUH ILHFDUH SDUWH FRQVWLWXLH R UHJOHPHQWDUH XQLWDU ÌQ DFHVW FD] HVWH REOLJDWRULX FD WRDWH SU LOH DVWIHO VHSDUDWH V ILH VXSXVH VXFFHVLY OD YRW vQ DFHHDúL úHGLQ  3DUWHD FDUH QX D IRVW DGRSWDW VH HOLPLQ GLQ FXSULQVXO UHJOHPHQWULL ; - VHPQLILFD LD YRWXOXL ILQDO HVWH H[SUHVLD DWLWXGLQLL vQGHRVHEL SROLWLFH D ILHFUXL SDUODPHQWDU vQ SDUWH ID  GH SURLHFW (deci în principal a grupurilor parlamentare) ; - Votul final poate avea loc a finalul dezbaterii pe articole sau într-R úHGLQ  FRQVDFUDW DFHVWXL VFRS úHGLQ  GH YRW  vQ RUGLQHD GHILQLWLYULL SURLHFWHORU FD XUPDUH D GH]EDWHULL SH articole; în cazul îQ FDUH SkQ OD GDWD úHGLQ HL GH YRW VWDELOLW SULQ RUGLQHD GH ]L dezbaterea pe articole nu s-D vQFKHLDW YRWXO ILQDO VH DPkQ GH GUHSW úHGLQ HOH FRQVDFUDWH H[FOXVLY YRWXOXL ILQDO SUHY]XWH vQ RUGLQHD GH ]L VH DGXF GLQ WLPS OD FXQRúWLQ  &DPHUHL GH FWUH SUHúHGLQWHOH DFHVWHLD FDUH YD SUHFL]D GDWD úL RUD FkQG YRU DYHD ORF ; - proiectul la care nu s-DX IFXW DPHQGDPHQWH SkQ OD GDWD úHGLQ HL GH YRW VH VXSXQH GLUHFW YRWXOXL ILQDO GXS SUH]HQWDUHD GH FWUH LQL LDWRU D H[SXQHULL GH PRWLYH úL GH FWUH comisLD VHVL]DW vQ IRQG D UDSRUWXOXL SUHFXP úL GXS DXGLHUHD SXQFWHORU GH YHGHUH DOH UHSUH]HQWDQ LORU JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH ; - UHVSLQJHUHD SURLHFWXOXL FD XUPDUH D YRWXOXL ILQDO GH FWUH &DPHUD LQL LDO VHVL]DW HVWH GHILQLWLY 'DF SULYHúWH XQ SURLHFW DGRSWDW DQWHULRU GH FHDODOW &DPHU SURLHFWXO UHVSLQV se retrimite la Camera care l-D DGRSWDW vQ vQFHUFDUHD GH D VH JVL R IRUPXO GH FRPSURPLV LDU QXPDL R QRX UHVSLQJHUH HVWH GHILQLWLY 8Q SURLHFW GHILQLWLY UHVSLQV QX SRDWH IDFH RELHFWXO XQHL QRL LQL LDWLYH OHJLVODWLYH vQ DFHHDúL VHVLXQH E $GRSWDUHD OHJLL GH FWUH FHD GH D GRXD &DPHU 6ROX LRQDUHD HYHQWXDOHORU GLYHUJHQ H

- XQ SURLHFW DGRSWDW HVWH OHJH FDUH vQV QX H GHILQLWLY GHFkW GXS DGRSWDUHD HL úL GH FWUH D GRXD &DPHU GH DFHHD OHJHD vQ IRUPD UH]XOWDW GXS YRWXO ILQDO GLQ SULPD &DPHU VHVL]DW VH WULPLWH FHOHL GH D GRXD &DPHUH XQGH VH UHLD SURFHGXUD GH DGRSWDUH SRWULYLW regulamentului acelei Camere; - GDF SURLHFWXO GH OHJH VDX SURSXQHUHD OHJLVODWLY VXQW DGRSWDWH GH DPEHOH &DPHUH vQ

44

DFHHDúL IRUP VH WULPLWH VSUH SURPXOJDUH 3UHúHGLQWHOXL 5RPkQLHL E 6ROX LRQDUHD GLYHUJHQ HORU - 'DF SURLHFWXO D IRVW DGRSWDW vQWU-R UHGDFWDUH GLIHULW GH FHOH GRX &DPHUH VROX LD FRQVWLWX LRQDO D GH]DFRUGXOXL VH UHDOL]HD] SULQ GRX SURFHGXUL VXFFHVLYH

a. Medierea dezacordului prin intermediul unei comisii paritare de mediere.
E 6ROX LRQDUHD GLYHUJHQ HORU QHFRQFLOLDWH SULQ PHGLHUH vQ FDGUXO úHGLQ HL FRPXQH D

Camerelor reunite. a. Comisia de mediere
HVWH SDULWDU ILLQG IRUPDW GLQ  GHSXWD L úL  VHQDWRUL GHVHPQD L GH ILHFDUH &DPHU FX UHVSHFWDUHD SULQFLSLXOXL UHIOHFWULL FRQILJXUD LHL SROLWLFH GXS vQWUXQLUH FRPLVLD vúL DOHJH XQ ELURX úL vúL VWDELOHúWH UHJXOLOH GH OXFUX LQFOXVLY WHUPHQXO vQ FDUH XUPHD] V SUH]LQWH UDSRUWXO OXFUULOH VXQW FRQGXVH SULQ URWD LH GH XQ GHSXWDW úL GH XQ VHQDWRU YRWXO HVWH GHVFKLV GDF FRPLVLD QX KRWUúWH DOWIHO FRPLVLD SRDWH DGRSWD XQD GLQ SUHYHGHULOH WH[WHORU vQ GLYHUJHQ  VDX XQ WH[W FRPXQ FX YRWXO PDMRULW LL VLPSOH D PHPEULORU vQ FD] GH SDULWDWH YRWXO SUHúHGLQWHOXL FDUH FRQGXFH úHGLQ D vQ DFHD ]L HVWH GHFLVLY

*

raportul comisiei se supune spre aprobare Camerelor, atât cu privire la fiecare

SUHYHGHUH vQ SDUWH FX PDMRULWDWH VLPSO FkW úL vQ DQVDPEOXO VX FX PDMRULWDWHD FHUXW FRQVWLWX LRQDO vQ IXQF LH GH WLSXO GH OHJH GDF DPEHOH &DPHUH DSURE UDSRUWXO GLYHUJHQ D HVWH VWLQV ; GDF vQV FRPLVLD QX SRDWH V DSODQH]H GLYHUJHQ HOH UHSUH]HQWDQ LL &DPHUHORU situându-VH SH SR]L LL ULJLGH VDX &DPHUHOH RUL XQD GLQ HOH QX DSURE WRWDO VDX SDU LDO UDSRUWXO FRPLVLHL GHFODQúkQGX-VH GLQ RILFLX SURFHGXUD GH VWLQJHUH D GLYHUJHQ HORU vQ úHGLQ D FRPXQ D &DPHUHORU ; DFWLYLWDWHD FRPLVLHL vQFHWHD] R GDW FX GHSXQHUHD UDSRUWXOXL SUHFXP úL vQ FD]XO vQ

care comisia nu a ajuns la un acord asupra raportului în termenul stabilit;
vQ FHHD FH SULYHúWH FRPSHWHQ D FRPLVLHL GH PHGLHUH SRW DSDUH VLWXD LL vQ FDUH DGRSWDUHD XQRU VROX LL V DLE HIHFWH SULQ ULFRúHX DVXSUD XQRU WH[WH DGRSWDWH vQ DFHHDúL IRUP GH FHOH GRX &DPHUH vQ DFHVW FD] FRPSHWHQ D HVWH LPSOLFLW SHQWUX D VH HYLWD DGRSWDUHD XQRU UHJOHPHQUL QHFRUHODWH VDX FRQWUDGLFWRULL

b. 5HXQLUHD &DPHUHORU vQ úHGLQ  FRPXQ
vQ úHGLQ D FRPXQ VH VXSXQ GH]EDWHULL QXPDL WH[WHOH FDUH QX IXVHVHU DGRSWDWH vQ DFHHDúL IRUP GH FWUH &DPHUH * daF QLFL XQD GLQWUH &DPHUH QX D DGRSWDW WH[WXO FRPLVLHL GH PHGLHUH VH VXSXQH OD YRW PDL LQWkL WH[WXO DGRSWDW GH SULPD &DPHU úL GDF QX D IRVW DGRSWDW FHO YRWDW GH D GRXD &DPHU ; GDF XQD GLQ &DPHUH D DGRSWDW WH[WXO FRPLVLHL GH PHGLHUH DFHVWD VH VXSXne primul la YRW úL QXPDL vQ FD]XO vQ FDUH QX HVWH DGRSWDW VH VXSXQH WH[WXO GLQ &DPHUD FDUH QX D YRWDW

textul propus de comisia de mediere;
vQ FD]XO vQ FDUH QLFL XQXO GLQWUH DFHVWH WH[WH QX D vQWUXQLW PDMRULWDWHD QHFHVDU vQ IXQF LH GH WLSXO GH OHJH HOH VH HOLPLQ GLQ IRUPD ILQDO D OHJLL

45

F 7ULPLWHUHD OHJLL VSUH SURPXOJDUHD úL SXEOLFDUHD OHJLL

- OHJHD DGRSWDW vQ DFHHDúL IRUP GH FHOH GRX &DPHUH VHPQDW GH SUHúHGLQ LL DFHVWRUD
FX PHQ LXQHD WLSXOXL GH OHJH RUGLQDU VDX RUJDQLF GXS FDUH XUPHD] SURFHGXUD SUHDODELO WULPLWHULL VSUH SURPXOJDUH úL DQXPH OHJHD HVWH GHSXV VSUH FRQVXOWDUHD SDUODPHQWDULORU OD VHFUHWDULL JHQHUDOL DL &DPHUHORU úL VH WULPLWH OD &XUWHD 6XSUHP GH -XVWL LH úL *XYHUQXOXL LDU GXS vPSOLQLUHD XQXL WHUPHQ GH  ]LOH vQ cazul legilor adoptate vQ SURFHGXUD RELúQXLW úL GH  ]LOH vQ FD]XO FHORU DGRSWDWH vQ SURFHGXU GH XUJHQ  VH WULPLWH VSUH SURPXOJDUH 3UHúHGLQWHOXL 5RPkQLHL WHUPHQHOH VXQW GH SURWHF LH D GUHSWXOXL SDUODPHQWDULORU GH D DWDFD OHJHD OD &XUWHD &RQVWLWX LRQDO FX R RELHF LH GH QHFRQVWLWX LRQDOLWDWH GLQ FDUH FDX] GDWD GHSXQHULL vQ SOHQ D OHJLL OD VHFUHWDUXO JHQHUDO DO &DPHUHL VH HQXQ  vQ SOHQ úL FXUJH GH OD GDWD DFHVWHL vQFXQRúWLLQ UL RELHF LD GH QHFRQVWLWX LRQDOLWDWH SRDWH IL LQYRFDW SkQ OD SURPXOJDUH LDU WHUPHQHOH PHQ LRQDWH DX FD HFRX HYLWDUHD XQHL SURPXOJUL SUHFLSLWDWH FX VFRSXO GH D QX VH PDL SXWHD LQYRFD RELHF LD GH QHFRQVWLWX LRQDOLWDWH SUHúHGLQWHOH SRDWH LQYRFD RELHF LD GXS SULPLUHD OHJLL VSUH SURPXOJDUH GXS SURPXOJDUH OHJHD VH WULPLWH VSUH SXEOLFDUH GH FWUH SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL 'HSXWD LORU QXPDL OHJLOH RUGLQDUH úL RUJDQLFH VXQW VXSXVH VSUH SURPXOJDUH GHRDUHFH OHJHD FRQVWLWX LRQDO HVWH ³GHILQLWLY´ GH OD GDWD DSUREULL VDOH GH FWUH FRUSXO HOHFWRUDO SULQ referendum, iar autenticitatHD UH]XOWDWXOXL UHIHUHQGXPXOXL HVWH DWHVWDW GH &XUWHD &RQVWLWX LRQDO ; - &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU DVLJXU HYLGHQ D úL SVWUDUHD RULJLQDOHORU WXWXURU SURLHFWHORU GH OHJL DGRSWDWH D FHORU SURPXOJDWH úL D IRUPHORU LQL LDOH DOH DFHVWRUD FX FDUH D IRVW VHVL]DW 3DUODPHQWXO úL QXPHURWDUHD OHJLORU DGRSWDWH GH 3DUODPHQW vQ RUGLQHD SURPXOJULL ORU WULPL kQGX-le spre publicare în Monitorul Oficial al României, Partea I. G 3URFHGXUD GH XUJHQ  DUH FDUDFWHU H[FHS LRQDO úL UHSUH]LQW R SURFHGXU DFFHOHUDW GH DGRSWDUH D OHJLORU RUGLQDUH úL RUJDQLFH QHILLQG DSOLFDELO OHJLORU FRQVWLWX LRQDOH SURFHGXUD VH DSOLF FX

aprobarea Camerei sau de drept;
3URFHGXUD SH ED]D DSUREULL &DPHUHL - OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU OD FHUHUHD *XYHUQXOXL VDX OD SURSXQHUHD %LURXOui permanent, JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH RUL FRPLVLLORU SHUPDQHQWH SURFHGXUD GH XUJHQ  VH DSURE GH &RPLWHWXO RUGLQLL GH ]L LDU OD 6HQDW VH VXSXQH DSUREULL SOHQXOXL OD SURSXQHUHD %LURXOXL SHUPDQHQW DSUREDUHD VH VROLFLW FRQFRPLWHQW FX DQXQ DUHD vQ SOHQ D proiectului întrucât HD SULYHúWH úL HWDSD SUHDODELO GH SUHJWLUH D GH]EDWHULORU FkW úL SH FHD D GHOLEHUULL

Procedura de drept: SURLHFWHOH GH OHJH SHQWUX DUPRQL]DUHD OHJLVOD LHL FX FHD D 8QLXQLL (XURSHQH úL RUGRQDQ HOH GH XUJHQ  VH VXSXQ de drept DSUREULL vQ SURFHGXU GH XUJHQ  OD &DPHUD
'HSXWD LORU OD 6HQDW SURFHGXUD GH XUJHQ  VH DSOLF GH GUHSW GRDU RUGRQDQ HORU GH XUJHQ 

46

G &RQ LQXWXO SURFHGXULL

:

/D &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU GXS DSUREDUHD SURFHGXULL GH XUJHQ  FRPLVLD VHVL]DW vQ IRQG

va întocmi raportul în termen de 3 zile, iar amendamentele se depun la acea comisie în maxim 48 de ore ; * proiectul se înscrie cu prioritate pe ordinea de zi;
OD GH]EDWHUL SDUWLFLS UHSUH]HQWDQ LL JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH IU D SXWHD GHSXQH

amenGDPHQWH VDX VXEDPHQGDPHQWH vQ SOHQ GHFkW FX SULYLUH OD FKHVWLXQL OHJDWH GH IRUP
GH]EDWHUHD vQ SOHQ D SURLHFWXOXL QX SRDWH GHSúL GXUDWD GH WLPS DSUREDW GH &DPHU OD SURSXQHUHD ELURXOXL FRPLVLHL VHVL]DWH vQ IRQG vQ VLWXD LD vQ FDUH DFHVW WLPS V-a epuizat, GH]EDWHUHD VH vQFKHLH LDU SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL VXSXQH YRWXOXL ILHFDUH DPHQGDPHQW FXSULQV vQ UDSRUWXO FRPLVLHL VHVL]DWH vQ IRQG GXS FDUH YD SURFHGD OD YRWXO ILQDO D UHJOHPHQWULL vQ DQVDPEOXO VX

La Senat
H[LVW R SURFHGXU VLPLODU GHRVHELUHD ILLQG GRDU F WHUPHQHOH VXVPHQ LRQDWH VH DSURE GH ELURXO SHUPDQHQW G $OWH SURFHGXUL FDUH DX FD HIHFW XUJHQWDUHD DSUREULL SURSXQHULL

a) DQJDMDUHD UVSXQGHULL *XYHUQXOXL - HVWH R SURFHGXU PL[W GH OHJLIHUDUH úL FRQWURO vQWUXFkW GDF PDMRULWDWHD QX H UVWXUQDW
SULQ DGRSWDUHD XQHL PR LXQL GH FHQ]XU FDUH FRQVWLWXLH R SURFHGXU GH FRQWURO SURLHFWXO VH FRQVLGHU DSUREDW FHHD FH FRQVWLWXLH HIHFWXO XQHL SURFHGXUL GH OHJLIHUDUH UD LXQHD GDF *XYHUQXO vúL DQJDMHD] VRDUWD SDUODPHQWDULL WUHEXLH V-úL DVXPH UVSXQGHUHD ILH GH a-O GHPLWH ILH GH D DGRSWD SURLHFWXO IU GH FDUH *XYHUQXO FRQVLGHU F QX QDL SRDWH IXQF LRQD FRQ LQXWXO SURFHGXULL - SRDWH DYHD FD RELHFW XQ SURLHFW GH OHJH R GHFODUD LH SXEOLF VDX XQ SURJUDP - proiectul de lege sH FRQVLGHU DGRSWDW VDX GXS FD] GHFODUD LD SROLWLF RUL SURJUDPXO DSUREDWH GDF vQ  ]LOH GH OD DQJDMDUHD UVSXQGHULL QX VH GHSXQH R PR LXQH GH FHQ]XU VDX DFHDVWD D IRVW UHVSLQV - DQJDMDUHD VH IDFH vQ ID D &DPHUHORU UHXQLWH vQ úHGLQ  FRPXQ - dac ELURXULOH SHUPDQHQWH UHXQLWH FRQVWDW F QX V-D GHSXV PR LXQHD OHJHD HVWH DGRSWDW RUL GHFODUD LD VDX SURJUDPXO DFFHSWDWH XUPHD] SURFHGXUD SUHDODELO WULPLWHULL OD SURPXOJDUH úL DSRL WULPLWHUHD OHJLL VSUH SURPXOJDUH - GDF V-D GHSXV PR LXQHD GH FHQ]XU VH DSOLF SURFHGXUD VSHFLILF DFHVWHLD LDU vQ FD]XO vQ FDUH *XYHUQXO HVWH GHPLV SURLHFWXO GH OHJH GHFODUD LD SROLWLF VDX SURJUDPXO VH FRQVLGHU UHVSLQVH E GH]EDWHUHD OHJLL EXJHWXOXL GLUHFW vQ úHGLQ D FHORU GRX &DPHUH UHXQLWH vQWUXFkW

asWIHO HD HYLW UHSHWDUHD GHOLEHUULL vQ ILHFDUH &DPHU FD úL SURFHGXUD GH VROX LRQDUH D
GLYHUJHQ HORU GLQWUH HOH - UDWLILFDUHD WUDWDWHORU LQWHUQD LRQDOH vQWUXFkW QX VH SRW IDFH DPHQGDPHQWH OD DFHVWH WUDWDWH FRQ LQXWXO ORU ILLQG H[SUHVLD XQXL DFRUG LQWHUQD LRQDO FL QXPDL FX UH]HUYH

47

e) Procedurile complementare =constau în repetarea, în anumite limite, a procedurii parlamentare încheiate prin
DGRSWDUHD OHJLL FD XUPDUH D UHH[DPLQDULL DFHVWHLD OD FHUHUHD 3UHúHGLQWHOXL 5RPkQLHL VDX în urma decizieL &XU LL &RQVWLWX LRQDOH SULQ FDUH D IRVW DFFHSWDW R RELHF LH GH QHFRQVWLWX LRQDOLWDWH H 5HH[DPLQDUHD OHJLL OD FHUHUHD 3UHúHGLQWHOXL 5RPkQLHL

- 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL SRDWH FHUH vQDLQWH GH SURPXOJDUH R VLQJXU GDW UHH[DPLQDUHD legii pentru PRWLYH GH FRQVWLWX LRQDOLWDWH RSRUWXQLWDWH GH LPSDFW LQWHUQD LRQDO HWF ; - GLVFXWDUHD VH IDFH vQFHSkQG FX &DPHUD vQ FDUH D IRVW LQL LDO VHVL]DW GDF OHJHD D IRVW
DGRSWDW GH &DPHUHOH UHXQLWH vQ úHGLQ  FRPXQ FHUHUHD VH DGUHVHD] DFHVWRUD - CamHUHOH SRW DFFHSWD VDX UHVSLQJH FHUHUHD 3UHúHGLQWHOXL FH VH GH]EDWH SH UkQG vQ ILHFDUH &DPHU LDU GDF PRGLILF OHJHD DFHDVWD VH YD IDFH FX UHVSHFWDUHD UHJXOLORU SURFHGXULL RELúQXLWH - SUDFWLF vQ OLPLWHOH FHUHULL 3UHúHGLQWHOXL UHH[DPLQDUHD DUH VHPQLILFD LD XQHL QRL OHFWXUL D OHJLL DVWIHO vQFkW FHUHUHD vQWkU]LLQG GHILQLWLYDUHD DUH VHPQLILFD LD XQXL YRW VXVSHQVLY - FHUHUHD VH VROX LRQHD] FX DFHHDúL PDMRULWDWH FX FDUH D IRVW DGRSWDW OHJHD IDSW SHQWUX FDUH XQLL DXWRUL QX R FRQVLGHU FD ILLQG XQ veto suspensiv; - GXS UHH[DPLQDUH OHJHD UHWULPLV SUHúHGLQWHOXL VH SURPXOJ vQ WHUPHQ GH  ]LOH H 5HH[DPLQDUHD vQ XUPD GHFL]LHL &XU LL &RQVWLWX LRQDOH SULQ FDUH D IRVW DFFHSWDW R RELHF LH GH QHFRQVWLWX LRQDOLWDWH

- controlul poate fi GHFODQúDW OD VHVL]DUHD D  GH GHSXWD L VDX  GH VHQDWRUL D &XU LL
6XSUHPH GH -XVWL LH D *XYHUQXOXL D XQXL GLQWUH SUHúHGLQ LL FHORU GRX &DPHUH VDX OD VHVL]DUHD 3UHúHGLQWHOXL 5RPkQLHL GDF &XUWHD &RQVWLWX LRQDO YD FRQVWDWD F OHJHD VDX R SUHYHGHUH D Hi, ce face obiectul VHVL]ULL VXQW QHFRQVWLWX LRQDOH OHJHD VH WULPLWH VSUH UHH[DPLQDUH &DPHUHORU LDU FI DUW GLQ &RQVWLWX LH GDF 3DUODPHQWXO DGRSW OHJHD vQ DFHHDúL IRUP FX R PDMRULWDWH GH  GLQ QXPUXO WRWDO GH PHPEULL SURPXOJDUHD HVWH REOLJDtorie; împotriva legii astfel DGRSWDWH QX VH YD SXWHD ULGLFD SH YLLWRU R H[FHS LH GH QHFRQVWLWX LRQDOLWDWH - FRPLVLD VHVL]DW vQ IRQG vQWRFPHúWH UDSRUWXO DVXSUD GHFL]LHL &DPHUD VH SURQXQ  SULQWUXQ VLQJXU YRW GDF vQ DPEHOH &DPHUH QX VH vQWUXQHúWH PDMRULWDWHD GH GRX WUHLPL WH[WHOH QHFRQVWLWX LRQDOH VH HOLPLQ GLQ FXSULQVXO OHJLL LDU OHJHD DVWIHO PRGLILFDW VH WULPLWH VSUH SURPXOJDUH VDX GDF RELHF LD SULYHúWH OHJHD vQ DQVDPEOXO VX FXP D IRVW vQ FD]XO OHJLL SULYLQG LQIRUPD LLOH FODVLILFDWH  HD QX VH PDL VXSXQH SURPXOJULL

7.3.

Proceduri de control

- FRQWUROXO SDUODPHQWDU HVWH SULQ H[FHOHQ  SRVWHULRU vQ VHQV ODUJ FRQWUROXO SDUODPHQWDU VH UHIHU OD WRDWH GRPHQLLOH GH DFWLYLWDWH ILLQG R FRQVHFLQ  D SULQFLSLXOXL UHSUH]HQWULL - tot în sens larg, dHOLEHUDUHD XQHL OHJL DUH VHPQLILFD LD XQXL FRQWURO DVXSUD IXQGDPHQWULL VHVL]ULL ORU - VXE DVSHFW WHKQLF FRQWUROXO SDUODPHQWDU VH UHDOL]HD] GXS DQXPLWH SURFHGXUL

48

SUHY]XWH GH &RQVWLWX LH úL GH UHJXODPHQWHOH SDUODPHQWDUH úL DQXPH vQ RUGLQHD LPSRUWDQ ei.

7.3.1. Întrebarea
FRQVW vQWU-R VLPSO FHUHUH GH D UVSXQGH GDF XQ IDSW HVWH DGHYUDW GDF R LQIRUPD LH HVWH H[DFW GDF *XYHUQXO úL FHOHODOWH RUJDQH DOH DGPLQLVWUD LHL SXEOLFH vQ HOHJ V FRPXQLFH &DPHUHL LQIRUPD LLOH úL GRFXPHQWHOH FHUXWH GH &DPHU VDu de comisiile SHUPDQHQWH RUL GDF *XYHUQXO DUH LQWHQ LD GH D OXD R KRWUkUH vQWU-R SUREOHP GHWHUPLQDW

• • •

- GLVFLSOLQD SURFHGXULL vQWUHEULORU SULQ QDWXUD ORU vQWUHEULOH VXQW XQ PLMORF GH LQIRUPDUH D SDUODPHQWDULORU vQGHRVHEL cu privire la probleme rezXOWDWH GLQ DFWLYLWDWHD ORU vQ WHULWRULX úL FDUH REOLJ DVWIHO XQ PHPEUX DO JXYHUQXOXL VDX R DGPLQLVWUD LH SXEOLF V VH MXVWLILFH ILHFDUH SDUODPHQWDU SRDWH DGUHVD vQWUHEUL PLQLúWULORU VDX DOWRU FRQGXFWRUL DL RUJDQHORU DGPLQLVWUD LHL SXEOLFH SHQWUX RE LQHUHD XQHL LQIRUPD LL FRQFUHWH 3UHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL DUH GUHSWXO V QX DGPLW vQWUHEULOH FDUH a) privesc probleme de interes personal sau particular; b) XUPUHVF vQ H[FOXVLYLWDWH RE LQHUHD XQHL FRQVXOWD LL MXULGLFH c) VH UHIHU OD SURFHVH DIODWH SH UROXO LQVWDQ HORU MXGHFWRUHúWL VDX SRW DIHFWD
VROX LRQDUHD XQRU FDX]H DIODWH vQ FXUV GH MXGHFDW

• • •

d) SULYHVF DFWLYLWDWHD XQRU SHUVRDQH FDUH QX vQGHSOLQHVF IXQF LL SXEOLFH
vQ SULQFLSLX PLQLVWUXO UVSXQGH SH ORF GXUDWD vQWUHEULL úL UVSXQVXO HVWH OLPLWDW úL QX HVWH XUPDW GH GH]EDWHUL OD vQWUHEULOH RUDOH úL OD vQWUHEULOH VFULVH PHPEULL *XYHUQXOXL QX UVSXQG GDF FHO FDUH D DGUHVDW vQWUHEDUHD QX VH DIO vQ VDOD GH úHGLQ H vQ FD]XUL WHPHLQLF MXVWLILFDWH GDF FHO FDUH D DGUHVDW vQWUHEDUHD QX SRDWH IL SUH]HQW vQ VDOD GH úHGLQ H vQ ]LXD vQ FDUH VH SUH]LQW UVSXQVXO HO SRDWH FHUH DPkQDUHD UVSXQVXOXL R VLQJXU GDW FHUHUHD GHSXWDWXOXL GH DPkQDUH D UVSXQVXOXL VH GHSXQH OD VHFUHWDUXO GHVHPQDW DO &DPHUHL úL VH FRPXQLF PLQLVWUXOXL SHQWUX UHOD LD FX 3DUODPHQWXO vQ FD]Xl în care deputatul care D DGUHVDW vQWUHEDUHD QX HVWH SUH]HQW vQ VDO GXS FRQVWDWDUH DFHVW IDSW VH DQXQ  vQ SOHQ GH FWUH SUHúHGLQWHOH GH úHGLQ  LDU PLQLVWUXO YL]DW SUH]LQW UVSXQVXO OD vQWUHEDUHD DGUHVDW vQWUHEULOH OD FDUH QX V-D UVSXQV VH SXEOLF vQ 0RQLWRUXO 2ILFLDO DO 5RPkQLHL 3DUWHD D II-D OD VIkUúLWXO ILHFUHL VHVLXQL RUGLQDUH RELHFWXO vQWUHEULORU RUDOH VH QRWLILF vQ VFULV úL VH GHSXQH OD VHFUHWDUXO GHVHPQDW DO &DPHUHL FDUH vO LQIRUPHD] SH PLQLVWUXO SHQWUX UHOD LD FX 3DUODPHQWXO DVXSUa vQWUHEULORU RUDOH OD FDUH PHPEULL *XYHUQXOXL XUPHD] V UVSXQG vQ FXUVXO úHGLQ HL

• •

consacrate acestora; •
vQWUHEDUHD RUDO HVWH H[SXV VXPDU vQWU-un interval de timp de cel mult un minut, iar PLQLVWUXO FRPSHWHQW UVSXQGH OD vQWUHEDUHD FH L-a fost adresaW vQ FHO PXOW  PLQXWH DXWRUXO vQWUHEULL GXS DXGLHUHD UVSXQVXOXL SRDWH LQWHUYHQL FX SUHFL]UL úL FX FRPHQWDULL IU D GHSúL GRX PLQXWH LDU PLQLVWUXO SRDWH H[HUFLWD GUHSWXO OD UHSOLF vQ DFHODúL LQWHUYDO GH WLPS IU FD R DOW LQWHUYHQ LH SH PDUJLQHD vQWUHEULL UHVSHFWLYH V PDL SRDW DYHD ORF

49

• • •

vQ VLWXD LD vQ FDUH PHPEUXO *XYHUQXOXL FUXLD vL HVWH DGUHVDW vQWUHEDUHD QX HVWH SUH]HQW UVSXQVXO YD IL GDW vQ úHGLQ D GLQ VSWPkQD XUPWRDUH vQ WLPSXO FRQVDFUDW vQWUHEULORU RUDOH 3UHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL vO LQIRUPHD] SH SULPXO PLQLVWUX DVXSUD UVSXQVXULORU DPkQDWH SDUODPHQWDULL FDUH DGUHVHD] vQWUHEUL VFULVH YRU SUHFL]D GDF GRUHVF XQ UVSXQV vQ

scris sau oral de la tribuna Camerei;
vQWUHEULOH VFULVH VH WUDQVPLW PHPEULORU *XYHUQXOXL úL FHORUODOWH DXWRULW L SXEOLFH GH FWUH VHFUHWDUXO GHVHPQDW DO &DPHUHL LDU UVSXQVXULOH OD vQWUHEULOH VFULVH VH WUDQVPLW

în cel mult 15 zile;
vQWUHEULOH OD FDUH VH VROLFLW XQ UVSXQV RUDO GH OD WULEXQD &DPHUHL VH vQVFULX SH RUGLQHD GH ]L D úHGLQ HL vQ VXFFHVLXQHD SULPLULL UVSXQVXULORU GDU QX PDL WkU]LX GH  ]LOH GH OD GDWD vQUHJLVWUULL DFHVWRUD UVSXQVXULOH OD DFHVWH vQWUHEUL VH GDX vQ FHOH  GH PLQXWH FDUH XUPHD] WLPSXOXL DIHFWDW vQWUHEULORU RUDOH IU D SXWHD GHSúL  PLQXWH WLPSXO SHQWUX UHSOLF HVWH GH cel mult 3 minute; QLFL XQ GHSXWDW QX SRDWH DGUHVD PDL PXOW GH GRX vQWUHEUL vQ DFHHDúL úHGLQ 

7.3.2. Interpelarea
FRQVW vQWU-R FHUHUH DGUHVDW *XYHUQXOXL GH XQ JUXS SDUODPHQWDU GH XQXO VDX PDL PXO L GHSXWD L SULQ FDUH VH VROLFLW H[SOLFD LL DVXSUD SROLWicii Guvernului în probleme LPSRUWDQWH DOH DFWLYLW LL VDOH LQWHUQH VDX H[WHUQH GLVFLSOLQD LQWHUSHOULL LQWHUSHODUHD VH IDFH vQ VFULV DUWkQGX-VH RELHFWXO DFHVWRUD IU QLFL R GH]YROWDUH úL SULYHúWH XQ DVSHFW SROLWLF DO DFWLYLW LL *XYHUQXOXL GuvernuO úL ILHFDUH GLQWUH PHPEULL VL VXQW REOLJD L V UVSXQG OD LQWHUSHOUL vQ FHO PXOW GRX VSWPkQL LDU SHQWUX PRWLYH WHPHLQLFH &DPHUD SRDWH DFRUGD XQ QRX

-

• • •

termen;
vQ WLPSXO VWDELOLW SULQ RUGLQHD GH ]L GLQ úHGLQ D FRQVDFUDW GH]EDWHULL LQWHUSHOULORU XQ

grup parlamentar nu poate prezenta mai mult de o interpelare; în cazul în care timpul
FRQVDFUDW LQWHUSHOULORU SHUPLWH XQ JUXS SDUODPHQWDU SRDWH GH]YROWD úL R D GRXD LQWHUSHODUH RUGLQHD OXULL GH FXYkQW PDL vQWkL LQWHUSHODWRUXO úL DSRL UHSUH]HQWDQWXO

primului-ministru sau ministrul interpelat; • •
LQWHUSHOULOH SULPXOXL-PLQLVWUX VH SRW IDFH GLQ GRX vQ GRX VSWPkQL úL WUHEXLH V YL]H]H SROLWLFD *XYHUQXOXL vQ SUREOHPH LPSRUWDQWH DOH DFWLYLW LL VDOH LQWHUQH VDX

externe; fiecare interpelare se expune într-un LQWHUYDO GH WLPS GH FHO PXOW GRX PLQXWH LDU
SULPXO PLQLVWUX VDX PLQLVWUXO LQWHUSHODW UVSXQGH OD LQWHUSHODUH vQ FHO PXOW  PLQXWH DXWRUXO LQWHUSHOULL GXS DXGLHUHD UVSXQVXOXL SRDWH LQWHUYHQL FX vQWUHEUL VXSOLPHQWDUH úL FX FRPHQWDULL IU D GHSúL GRX PLQXWH LDU FHO LQWHUSHODW DUH OD GLVSR]L LH GRX PLQXWH SHQWUX UHSOLF IU QLFL R DOW LQWHUYHQ LH &DPHUD SRDWH DGRSWD R PR LXQH FD XUPDUH D UVSXQVXOXL *XYHUQXOXL OD LQWHUSHODUH spre a-úL H[SULPD SR]L LD FX SULYLUH OD SUREOHPD FH D IFXW RELHFWXO LQWHUSHOULL

7.3.3.

$QFKHWD SDUODPHQWDU

LQYHVWLJDUHD GH FWUH SDUODPHQWDUL D XQHL VLWXD LL úL LQIRUPDUHD &DPHUHL DVXSUD FHORU

constatate;

50

• •

FDUDFWHULVWLFLOH HVHQ LDOH DOH SURFHGXULL

:

VH HIHFWXHD] SULQ LQWHUPHGLXO XQHL FRPLVLL DG-KRF LQVWLWXLW vQ DFHVW scop sau unei comisii permanente, abilitate de plen în mod expres, cu precizarea datei când se va prezenta raportul; GDF DQFKHWD VH IDFH SULQWU-R FRPLVLH &DPHUD VWDELOHúWH RELHFWXO DQFKHWHL FRPSRQHQ D LQkQG FRQW GH FRQILJXUDUHD SROLWLF D &DPHUHL FRQducerea comisiei, SUHFXP úL GDWD FkQG WUHEXLH SUH]HQWDW UDSRUWXO GDF VH HIHFWXHD] SULQWU-o comisie SHUPDQHQW &DPHUD VWDELOHúWH GRDU RELHFWXO úL GDWD SUH]HQWULL UDSRUWXOXL UHJXOLOH GH OXFUX DOH XQHL FRPLVLL GH DQFKHW VXQW VLPLODUH FHORU SULYLQG FRPLsiile

• • • • •

permanente;
FRPLVLD GH DQFKHW QX VH SRDWH VXEVWLWXL RUJDQHORU GH MXVWL LH RULFH DXWRULWDWH HVWH REOLJDW V UVSXQG DQFKHWHL FRPLVLHL GH UHJXO VH IDF DXGLHUL DSOLFkQGX-VH SULQ DQDORJLH UHJXOLOH GH SURFHGXU SULYLQG citarea martorilor, dar se cerFHWHD] úL GRFXPHQWH ; au fost cazuri când s-au prezentat úL UDSRDUWH SDUDOHOH ; DQFKHWD VH ILQDOL]HD] FX XQ UDSRUW GXS GH]EDWHUHD UDSRUWXOXL PLVLXQHD FRPLVLHL vQFHWHD] DQFKHWHOH QHILQDOL]DWH OD ILQHOH OHJLVODWXULL GHYLQ FDGXFH Camera poate adopta o PR LXQH vQ FDUH V-úL H[SULPH SR]L LD ID  GH RELHFWXO DQFKHWHL

7.3.4. -

0R LXQHD GH FHQ]XU

HVWH H[SUHVLD UVSXQGHULL SROLWLFH D *XYHUQXOXL úL XUPUHúWH GRX VFRSXUL FRQMXJDWH DQJDMDUHD XQHL GH]EDWHUL SXEOLFH vQ &DPHUHOH UHXQLWH vQ úHGLQ D FRPXQ DVXSUD SROLWicii de ansamblu a Guvernului;

demiterea Guvernului;

- FDUDFWHULVWLFLOH HVHQ LDOH DOH SURFHGXULL • • • • • • •
FD UHJXO HVWH LQL LDW GH RSR]L LH GDU SRDWH IL LQL LDW úL GH PDMRULWDWH DWXQFL FkQG D SLHUGXW vQFUHGHUHD vQ *XYHUQ úL XUPUHúWH IRUPDUHD XQXL QRX *XYHUQ SRDWH IL LQL LDW GH FHO SX LQ  GLQ QXPUXO WRWDO DO GHSXWD LORU úL VHQDWRULORU SDUODPHQWDULL FDUH DX LQL LDW R PR LXQH GH FHQ]XU vQWU-R VHVLXQH FDUH D IRVW UHVSLQV QX R PDL SRW UHLWHUD vQ DFHHDúL VHVLXQH DIDU GH FD]XO vQ FDUH *XYHUQXO úL-a angajat UVSXQGHUHD GHRDUHFH vQ DFHDVW VLWXD LH PR LXQHD HVWH SURYRFDW GH vQVXúL *XYHUQXO PR LXQHD GH FHQ]XU VH GH]EDWH úL VH VXSXQH OD YRW vQ úHGLQ D FRPXQ D &DPHUHORU GH OD GHSXQHUHD PR LXQLL OD %LURXO SHUPDQHQW GXS XQ LQWHUYDO GH PD[LP  ]LOH PR LXQHD VH SUH]LQW GH UHSUH]HQWDQWXO LQL LDWRULORU vQ SOHQ úL VH UHGH]EDWH vQ  ]LOH WHUPHQ IL[ GH OD DFHDVW SUH]HQWDUH GH]EDWHUHD HVWH SUHFHGDW GH SUH]HQWDUHD PR LXQLL GH FWUH LQL LDWRU XUPDW GH cuvântul primului-ministru sau a altui reprezentant al VX OXULOH GH FXYkQW VXQW SRWULYLW UHJXOLORU úHGLQ HORU RUJDQL]DWH vQ WLPSXO DORFDW úL vQWU-o DOWHUQDQ  FDUH V DVLJXUH FRQWUDGLFWRULDOLWDWHD vQWUH VXV LQWRULL *XYHUQXOXL úL DFHLD

care au cerut demiterea lui);
PR LXQHD GH FHQ]XU VH DGRSW FX PDMRULWDWH DEVROXW úL DUH GUHSW FRQVHFLQ 

demiterea Guvernului.
51

7.3.5.

0R LXQHD VLPSO

H[SULPDUHD SR]L LHL &DPHUHL vQWU-R DQXPLW SUREOHP GH SROLWLF LQWHUQ VDX H[WHUQ GDF HVWH LQL LDW GH RSR]L LH IXQGDPHQWDUHD SR]L LHL FRQVW vQ FULWLFD SROLWLFLL Guvernului IDFH SDUWH GLQ SURFHGHHOH FRQWUROXOXL IU VDQF LXQH vQ SOLQ GH]YROWDUH vQ

parlamentarismul modern; • • •
FDUDFWHULVWLFLOH HVHQ LDOH DOH SURFHGXULL SRDWH IL LQL LDW GH  GHSXWD L VDX  GLQ VHQDWRUL WUHEXLH PRWLYDW QX SRDWH YL]D ILQDOLW L VSHFLILFH PR LXQLL GH FHQ]XU FHL FH DX semnat-R QX PDL SRW VHPQD R DOW PR LXQH SULYLQG DFHLDúL SUREOHP úL QLFL QX VH SRW GH]LFH GXS FH D IRVW vQVFULV SH RUGLQHD GH ]L VH GHSXQH OD SUHúHGLQWHOH &DPHUHL vQ FXUVXO úHGLQ HL VH FRPXQLF *XYHUQXOXL VH aduce la cXQRúWLQ D &DPHUHL úL VH DILúHD] GXS FDUH VH GH]EDWH vQ FHO PXOW  ]LOH GDF SULYHúWH SUREOHPH GH SROLWLF H[WHUQ WUHEXLH vQVR LW GH DYL]XO &RPLVLHL GH SROLWLF H[WHUQ FX FRQVXOWDUHD 0LQLVWHUXOXL $IDFHULORU ([WHUQH

-

• •

amendamentele nu sunt admisibile;
SRDWH IL DGRSWDW FX YRWXO PDMRULW LL PHPEULORU &DPHUHL PDMRULWDWH DEVROXW 

7.3.6.

6XVSHQGDUHD GLQ IXQF LH D 3UHúHGLQWHOXL 5RPkQLHL

SURFHGXU SUHDODELO UHIHUHQGXPXOXL SHQWUX GHPLWHUHD 3UHúHGLQWHOXL vQ FD]XO vQFOFULL JUDYH GH FWUH DFHVWD D SUHYHGHULORU &RQVWLWX LHL

• • •

- DVSHFWH HVHQ LDOH DOH SURFHGXULL FHUHUHD SRDWH IL LQL LDW GH FHO SX LQ R WUHLPH GLQ QXPUXO WRWDO DO SDUODPHQWDULORU GHSXWD L úL VHQDWRUL  VH DGXFH OD FXQRúWLLQ D SDUODPHQWDULORU GXS FDUH DFHúWLD constituie o comisie dH DQFKHW GXS SULPLUHD UDSRUWXOXL FRPLVLHL úL D DYL]XOXL &XU LL &RQVWLWX LRQDOH FUHLD L VH WULPLWH FHUHUHD GXS vQUHJLVWUDUH  GH]EDWHUHD DUH ORF FX SULRULWDWH FX SDUWLFLSDUHD 3UHúHGLQWHOXL GDF DFHVWD GRUHúWH cererea se supune votului secret cu biOH SRDWH IL DGPLV FX PDMRULWDWHD DEVROXW D SDUODPHQWDULORU GXS FDUH vQ  GH ]LOH DUH ORF UHIHUHQGXPXO SHQWUX GHPLWHUHD SUHúHGLQWHOXL vQWUH WLPS IXQF LD 3UHúHGLQWHOXL VH DGXFH OD vQGHSOLQLUH GH SUHúHGLQWHOH LQWHULPDU vQ RUGLQH SUHúHGLQWHOH 6HQDWXOXL úL GDF QLFL DFHVWD QX SRDWH vQGHSOLQL IXQF LD FHO DO &DPHUHL 'HSXWD LORU 7.3.7. 5LGLFDUHD LPXQLW
LL SDUODPHQWDUH

SHQWUX FD XQ SDUODPHQWDU V SRDW IL SHUFKH]L LRQDW UH LQXW DUHVWDW úL WULPLV vQ MXGHFDW SHQDO VDX FRQWUDYHQ LRQDO - CaracteULVWLFLOH HVHQ LDOH DOH SURFHGXULL • FHUHUHD GH ULGLFDUH D LPXQLW LL VH IDFH GH PLQLVWUXO MXVWL LHL HVWH R SURFHGXU GH FRQWURO DVXSUD MXVWLILFULORU SUH]HQWDWH GH H[HFXWLY VXSXVH H[DPLQULL FRPLVLHL

juridice; • •
FHUHUHD GH ULGLFDUH D LPXQLW LL úL UDSRUWXO comisiei se dezbate în plen cu prioritate; ULGLFDUHD LPXQLW LL VH IDFH FX YRWXO PDMRULW LL DEVROXWH D SDUODPHQWDULORU &DPHUHL

52

7.3.8. 3XQHUHD VXE XUPULUH SHQDO D PHPEULORU *XYHUQXOXL
SHQWUX GHFODQúDUHD XUPULULL SHQDOH QX vQOWXU SUH]XP LD GH QHYLQRY LH LDU FRPSHWHQ D GH MXGHFDW HVWH D &XU LL 6XSUHPH GH -XVWL LH

• • •

FD XUPDUH D FHUHULL PLQLVWUXOXL MXVWL LHL VDX SULPXOXL PLQLVWUX GDF FHO YL]DW HVWH FKLDU PLQLVWUXO MXVWL LHL  GXS DQDOL]D vQ FRPLVLH VH GH]EDWH vQ SOHQ FX SULRULWDWH GDF VH DSURE GHFODQúDUHD XUPULULL VH DSURE úL ULGLFDUHD LPXQLW LL SDUODPHQWDUH GDF HVWH FD]XO YRWXO HVWH FX PDMRULWDWHD DEVROXW D PHPEULORU &DPHUHL LDU GDF VH DSURE începerea XUPULULL HVWH VHVL]DW vQ DFHVW VFRS PLQLVWUXO MXVWL LHL úL SHQWUX VXVSHQGarea din IXQF LH D PLQLVWUXOXL 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL

7.3.9.
DXWRULW L

$XGLHUHD úL GH]EDWHUHD XQRU GHFODUD LL SROLWLFH VDX UDSRDUWHOH XQRU

&XUWHD GH &RQWXUL &RQVLOLXO 6XSUHP GH $SUDUH D ULL $YRFDWXO 3RSRUXOXL %DQFD 1D LRQDO HWF = proceduri de LQIRUPDUH GDU úL GH FRQWURO vQWUXFkW REOLJ DXWRULWDWHD V VH MXVWLILFH IDFH SDUWH FD úL PR LXQHD VLPSO GLQ VIHUD FRQWUROXOXL IU VDQF LXQH vQ SOLQ GH]YROWDUH vQ

parlamentarismul modern. • • Caracteristici specifice ale procedurii:

SURFHGXUD LPSOLF ILH FRPSHWHQ D ILHFUHL &DPHUH UHJXOD  ILH D &DPHUHORU UHXQLWH vQ úHGLQ  FRPXQ GH H[HPSOX PHVDMXO SUH]LGHQ LDO UDSRUWXO &RQVLOLXOXL 6XSUHP GH $SUDUH D 7ULL HWF  FX H[FHS LD GHFODUD LHL SROLWLFH FRPLVLD GH VSHFLDOLWDWH DQDOL]HD] UDSRUWXO úL SUH]LQW GXS UDSRUWXO DXWRULW LL SURSULXO VX UDSRUW GXS GH]EDWHUL &DPHUD SRDWH DGRSWD R PR LXQH H[SULPkQG DWLWXGLQHD ID  GH FHOH SUH]HQWDWH VDX VH SRDWH UH]XPD OD VLPSOD DXGLHUH vQVR LW VDX QX GH GH]EDWHUL

7.4. -

Proceduri de numiri

FHD PDL LPSRUWDQW SURFHGXU VH UHIHU OD LQYHVWLUHD *XYHUQXOXL FDUH FXSULQGH SDWUX HWDSH VXFFHVLYH GHVHPQDUHD GH FWUH 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL D FDQGLGDWXOXL OD IXQF LD GH prim-PLQLVWUX VWDELOLUHD GH FWUH DFHVWD D OLVWHL *XYHUQXOXL úL D SURJUDPXOXL GH guvernare; solicitarHD GH FWUH FDQGLGDW D YRWXOXL GH vQYHVWLWXU ID]D SDUODPHQWDU  QXPLUHD *XYHUQXOXL GH 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL úL SULPLUHD MXUPkQWXOXL GH FUHGLQ 

- caracteristicile fazei parlamentare:
FDQGLGDWXO GHVHPQDW GH FWUH 3UHúHGLQWH HVWH REOLJDW FD vQ WHUmen de 10 zile de la GHVHPQDUH V FHDU 3DUODPHQWXOXL DFRUGDUHD YRWXOXL GH vQFUHGHUH DVXSUD SURJUDPXOXL úL

listei Guvernului;
FRPSHWHQ D GH GHOLEHUDUH DSDU LQH &DPHUHORU vQ úHGLQ  FRPXQ FDQGLGDWXO OD IXQF LD GH SUHPLHU vQDLQWHD] OLVWD FX PHPEULL *XYHUQXOXL vPSUHXQ FX

programul de guvernare la birourile permanente reunite ale Camerelor;
SkQ OD úHGLQ D GH vQYHVWLUH ILHFDUH FDQGLGDW OD IXQF LD GH PLQLVWUX YD IL DXGLDW GH FRPLVLLOH GH VSHFLDOLWDWH DOH FHORU GRX &DPHUH vQ úHGLQ D FRPXQ * vQ XUPD DXGLHULL VH SUH]LQW SUHPLHUXOXL XQ DYL] FRQVXOWDWLY PRWLYDW VH FUHHD] DVWIHO SRVLELOLWDWHD vQORFXLULL SH OLVWD D FHORU FDUH QX DX WUHFXW WHVWXO

53

FRPLVLHL SHQWUX D VH HYLWD UHVSLQJHUHD GH FWUH SOHQ D OLVWHL *XYHUQXOXL vQ DQVDPEOX OLsta HVWH EORFDW ILLQG VXSXV OD YRW vQ vQWUHJLPH QX ILHFDUH PHPEUX vQ SDUWH  vQ ]LXD vQYHVWLULL GXS SUH]HQWDUHD SURJUDPXOXL úL D OLVWHL LDX FXYkQWXO UHSUH]HQWDQ LL JUXSXULORU SDUODPHQWDUH úHGLQ D ILLQG RUJDQL]DW ILHFDUH JUXS SRDWH XWLOL]D GRar timpul DORFDW LDU RUGLQHD DVLJXU DOWHUQDQ D GLQWUH FHL FH VSULMLQ *XYHUQXO úL FHL FDUH L VH RSXQ  DSRL VH YRWHD] SULQ PRGDOLWDWH YRWXOXL VHFUHW FX ELOH UH]XOW F vQYHVWLWXUD *XYHUQXOXL HVWH FROHFWLY úL QX LQGLYLGXDO - alte proceduri GH QXPLUL SHQWUX GLUHFWRUXO 6HUYLFLXOXL 5RPkQ GH ,QIRUPD LL OD SURSXQHUHD 3UHúHGLQWHOXL 5RPkQLHL FRPSHWHQ  SDUWDMDW FX 3UHúHGLQWHOH  SHQWUX DOHJHUHD D WUHL MXGHFWRUL DL &XU LL &RQVWLWX LRQDOH GH FWUH 6HQDW úL D WUHL MXGHFWRUL GH FWUH &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU SHQWUX DOHJHUHD FRQVLOLHULORU &XU LL GH &RQWXUL SHQWUX DOHJHUHD

membrilor Consiliului Superior al Magistraturii etc; în toate cazurile alegerea în plen
HVWH SUHFHGDW GH R DQDOL] úL SURSXQHUH D FRPLVLHL SHUPDQHQWH GH VSHFLDOLWDWH

7.5.

Procedura de YDOLGUL

SHQWUX DWHVWDUHD OHJDO D DOHJHULL 3DUODPHQWDUXOXL

• •

- FDUDFWHULVWLFL HVHQ LDOH DOH SURFHGXULL DOHJHUHD GXS vQWUXQLUHD 3DUODPHQWXOXL QRX DOHV D XQHL FRPLVLL GH YDOLGDUH OD &DPHUD 'HSXWD LORU HD HVWH SH vQWUHDJD OHJLVODWXU OD 6HQDW DWULEX LLOH VDOH VH H[HUFLW GH FRPLVLD MXULGLF FRPLVLD GH YDOLGUL FRQVWLWXLH JUXSH GH OXFUX FH H[DPLQHD] GRVDUHOH DOHJHULORU VROX LRQHD] FRQWHVWD LLOH QHUH]ROYDWH úL vQWRFPHúWH XQ UDSRUW FXSULQ]kQG OLVWD SDUODPHQWDULORU FH VH SURSXQH D IL YDOLGDW úL SDUODPHQWDULL D FURU PDQGDW VH SURSXQH D IL LQYDOLGDW SH SDUFXUVXO OHJLVODWXULL SURSXQH YDOLGDUHD LQGLYLGXDO D VXSOHDQ LORU GDF vQWUXQHVF FRQGL LLOH OHJLL V QX-úL IL VFKLPEDW RS LXQHD SROLWLF úL V RFXSH SH OLVW ORFXO LPHGLDW XUPWRU  lista se supune în bloc votului; invalidarea se supune individual; votul este cu
PDMRULWDWHD UHODWLY PDMRULWDWHD SDUODPHQWDULORU SUH]HQ L

7.6.

3URFHGXUD GHSXQHULL MXUPkQWXOXL GH FWUH 3UHúHGLQWHOH 5RPkQLHL

GH OD GDWD MXUPkQWXOXL SUHúHGLQWHOH DOHV vQFHSH V-úL H[HUFLWH PDQGDWXO úL vQFHWHD] PDQGDWXO SUHúHGLQWHOXL DQWHULRU

• •

&DPHUHOH UHXQLWH vQ úHGLQ  FRPXQ SULPHVF MXUPkQWXO GXS SUH]HQWDUHD KRWUkULL GH YDOLGDUH D DOHJHULL QRXOXL SUHúHGLQWH GH FWUH SUHúHGLQWHOH &XU LL &RQVWLWX LRQDOH úHGLQ D HVWH SUH]LGDW GH FWUH SUHúHGLQ LL FHORU GRX &DPHUH 'XS MXUPkQW SUHúHGLQWHOH URVWHúWH XQ GLVFXUV LDU &DPHUHOH UHXQLWH DGRSW R GHFODUD LH GH FRQVWDWDUH D vQGHSOLQLULL SURFHGXULL

7.7.

Alte proceduri

= instituite pe temeiul autonomiei parlamentare Exemplu: pentru aniversarea XQRU HYHQLPHQWH ]LXD QD LRQDO 5HYROX LD URPkQ GLQ 
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1. Mihai Constantinescu, Ioan Muraru, Drept parlamentar românesc, Editura Actami,
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3. ,RDQ 'HOHDQX ,QVWLWX LL úL SURFHGXUL FRQVWLWX LRQDOH YRO ,, (GLWXUD 6HUYR-Sat, Arad, 1998 4. Tudor DrJDQX 'UHSW &RQVWLWX LRQDO úL ,QVWLWX LL SROLWLFH 7UDWDW HOHPHQWDU YRO ,,
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8. 0DULD 1VWDVH *HRUJHVFX 'UHSW &RQVWLWX LRQDO úL ,QVWLWX LL SROLWLFH (GLWXUD 6\OYL 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.
%XFXUHúWL  0DULDQ (QDFKH &RQWUROXO SDUODPHQWDU (GLWXUD 3ROLURP ,DúL  &ULVWLDQ ,RQHVFX 3ULQFLSLL DOH GHPRFUD LHL FRQVWLWX LRQDOH (GLWXUD /XPLQD /H[ %XFXUHúWL  9LFWRU 'XFXOHVFX &RQVWDQ D &OLQRLX *HRUJHWD 'XFXOHVFX &RQVWLWX LD 5RPkQLHL – FRPHQWDW úL DGQRWDW (GLWXUD /XPLQD /H[ %XFXUHúWL  &ULVWLDQ ,RQHVFX 'H]YROWDUHD &RQVWLWX LRQDO D 5RPkQLHL – $FWH úL GRFXPHQWH - , (GLWXUD /XPLQD /H[ %XFXUHúWL  'DQ &ODXGLX 'QLúRU 'UHSW &RQVWLWX LRQDO úL ,QVWLWX LL SROLWLFH (GLWXUD ùWLLQ LILF BucurHúWL  6LPLQD 7QVHVFX ùWHIDQ 'HDFRQX 'UHSW &RQVWLWX LRQDO úL ,QVWLWX LL SROLWLFH – Caiet de seminarii - (GLWXUD $OO %HFN %XFXUHúWL  0LKDL &RQVWDQWLQHVFX 'UHSW FRQWHQFLRV FRQVWLWX LRQDO 8QLYHUVLWDWHD (FRORJLF %XFXUHúWL  Mircea Preda, AXWRULW LOH DGPLQLVWUD LHL SXEOLFH (GLWXUD /XPLQD /H[ %XFXUHúWL

1999

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