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2013-05-22 Rational Functions 4

# 2013-05-22 Rational Functions 4

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Name:_______________________ Date assigned:______________ Band:________
Precalculus | Packer Collegiate Institute

Rational Functions #4

Warm Up 1: SKETCHES
A sign analysis tells you where a function is positive or negative. The only ways a function can switch from being positive
to being negative (or being negative to being positive) are at x-intercepts, vertical asymptotes, and holes. However, we
have seen that just because a function might switch signs at x-intercepts, they don’t have to switch signs.
Below you are going to draw quick sketches of examples of functions with the following properties…
x-intercept at x=2 VA at x=2 Hole at x=2
Switches
from – to +
at x=2

Switches
from + to –
at x=2

Stays –
at x=2

Stays +
at x=2

Warm Up 2: I have the function
(2 5)( 1)
( )
( 1)
x x
p x
x
+ +
=
+
.
(a) What would this function look like when graphed?

(b) There is a hole on this graph. What is the height of the hole?

2

Section 1: From a graph to a sign analysis, and vice versa…
1. Draw a sign analysis for the following
graph…

2. A function has the sign analysis below and a horizontal asymptote at 1 y = . Come up with a potential sketch!

(Hint: Draw the VA and HA dashed lines first! That helps!)

÷10 ÷9 ÷8 ÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
÷9
÷8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
x
y
÷10 ÷9 ÷8 ÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
÷9
÷8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
x
y

3

3. A function has the sign analysis below and a horizontal asymptote at 3 y = . Come up with a potential sketch!

(Hint: Draw the VA and HA dashed lines first!)

4. A function has the sign analysis below and no horizontal asymptote.
(a) What is the end behavior?

(b) Come up with a potential sketch!

÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y
÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y

4

Section 2: Graphing Rational Functions from Scratch
1. Analyze
2
2
( 2)( 3)
( )
( 1) ( 3)
x x x
f x
x x
+ +
=
÷ +

(a) Find the holes, VAs, and x-intercepts. Also, answer what the domain of the rational function is.

(b) Determine the end behavior (Is there a HA? If not, what’s the graph going to be doing for large positive and
negative values?)

(c) Do a sign analysis of the function!

(d) Do a quick sketch!

÷10 ÷9 ÷8 ÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
÷10
÷9
÷8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
x
y

5

Section 3: Problems
Come up with a decent sketch of the rational functions below. Check your graphs on Geogebra or your graphing
calculator. Both won’t show you holes, however. Ah, computers. Inferior to the human mind.
(1)
2
2
1
( )
2 3
x
f x
x x
÷
=
÷ ÷

(2)
2
( )
1
x
g x
x
+
=
÷

÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y
÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y

6

(3)
3 3
( )
2 4
x
R x
x
+
=
+

(4)
2
1
9
x
y
x
÷
=
÷

÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y
÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y

7

(5)
2
2
12
4
x x
y
x
+ ÷
=
÷

(6)
2
5 4
( )
5
x x
k x
x
+ ÷
=
+

÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y
÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y

8

(7)
2
4 12
( )
4
x x
f x
x
÷ ÷
=
÷

(8)
3
9
x
y
x x
=
÷

÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y
÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y

9

(9)
2
1
( )
1
x
g x
x
+
=
+

(10)
2
1 x
y
x
÷
=

÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y
÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y

10

(11)
1
y x
x
= ÷ [hint: rewrite]

(12)
4
2
1
( )
4
x
f x
x
÷
=
÷

÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y
÷7 ÷6 ÷5 ÷4 ÷3 ÷2 ÷1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
÷7
÷6
÷5
÷4
÷3
÷2
÷1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
x
y

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