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FINAL EXAMINATIONS JUNE 2010

_________________________________________________________________________ COURSE CODE AND NAME: CJT 220 DATE AND TIME: CRIMINOLOGY

MONDAY 21ST JUNE, 2010 (1:00AM 4:00PM)

DURATION OF EXAMINATION: THREE (3) HOURS _________________________________________________________________________ INSTRUCTION TO CANDIDATES: 1. Follow carefully all instructions in the examination booklet. 2. Read all questions carefully. 3. Answer THREE (3) questions. 4. Begin each answer on a new page. 5. DO NOT write your name on the examination booklet.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

QUESTIONS

INSTRUCTIONS: Answer ANY THREE (3) questions. 1. The crime problems being presently experienced in Trinidad and Tobago relate directly to the strain theory in criminology. Examine the extent of validity in this statement. Explore and explain the various criminological principles of punishment, emphasizing the extent to which each focuses on the offence on the offender as far as sentencing is concerned. To what extent does the social reaction theory in criminology applies to the casual factors for crime in any Caribbean territory. Discuss and critically evaluate the contributions of: (a) Rational Choice Theory (b) Routine Activities Theory, to the study and practice of environmental crime prevention. What is Anomie? How is Mertons definition of anomie different from Durkheims? Discuss any three modes of individual adaptation that according to Merton will lead to higher level of anomic and criminal activity. The Classical Criminology is based on the concepts of deterrence and incapacitation. These concepts have no effective value in crime prevention today. Discuss. Write short notes on five of the following: (a) Theory of Differential opportunity (b) Differential of Association Theory (c) Differential of Reinforcement Theory (d) Neutralization Theory (e) Hirschis Social Bond Theory (f) Globalization and crime (g) Left Realism (h) Restorative Justice Write an essay on the theory of re-integrative shaming and discuss whether it can be effective in Trinidad and Criminal Justice system. END OF PAPER
Cipriani College of Labour & Co-operative Studies CJT220 June 2010 2

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