Anx.33 B - M.Sc. Env.

Sci (SDE) 2007-08

Page 1 of 14

Annexure No. SCAA Dated

33 B 29.02.2008

BHARATHIAR UNIVERSITY: COIMBATORE 46 SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION M.Sc., ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE – SCHEME OF EXAMINATIONS

(With effect from 2007-2008 and onwards)

P A PER

PAPER CODE 07ESDC01 07ESDC02 07ESDC03 07ESDC04 07ESDP01

TITLE OF PAPER

EXAM MAXIMUM DURATION MARKS

Year I Paper 01 Paper 02 Paper 03 Paper 04 Practical I

Water Pollution and Management Air Pollution and Management Soil Pollution and Solid Waste Management Instrumentation Methods of Analysis Air, Water and Soil analysis Year II

3 3 3 3 6

100 100 100 100 100

Paper 05 Paper 06 Paper 07 Paper 08 Practical II

07ESDC05 07ESDC06 07ESDC07 07ESDC08 07ESDP02

Management of Energy Resources Natural Resources and Conservation Environmental Engineering Environmental Impact Assessment Waste Water Treatment

3 3 3 3 6 Total Marks

100 100 100 100 100 1000

Health effects of water pollution. Watershed Management . Primary and secondary treatment.K.E. BOD.S. DEE 5.V. electro dialysis.Dhruva Narayana. combined aerobic and anaerobic treatment process.Patnaik ***** . aerobic process.V.Anx.Tamilnadu Pollution Control Board. filtration and disinfection) .G.physico-chemical properties of water.activated sludge treatment .water quality standard for potability .Pollution parameters.Metcalf and Eddy 2. Env.Manahan 4. Environmental Chemistry -Anil Kumar. adsorption and oxidation. sedimentation.33 B . Industrial Chemistry . G Sastry. Coliform bacteria .Lund 8. Biological treatment: Kinetics of Biological growth .B.Birdie 10. Environmental Engineering .trickling filters .overall waste water treatment for sewage water. REFERENCE: 1.Gilbert M Masters 6.removal of dissolved organics and inorganic precipitation.S. Industrial Pollution Handbook .Sharma 7.Peavy et al 3. Concept and frame work . UNIT V: Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act 1974 as amended up to 1988 and Rules 1975. iron exchange. Waste Water Engineering . UNIT II: Treatment of water for potable purpose (mixing. industrial and agricultural waters.hydrological cycle . Introduction to environmental Engineering and Science . Environmental Chemistry -Stanley E.H. Pollution Control Legislation (VolI and II) . UNIT III: Advanced waste water treatment . coagulation.Water borne diseases. Water pollution treatment using constructed wetlands UNIT IV: Watershed management. 9.S.Water pollution . U. Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering .Birdies and J.anaerobic digestion. COD.Water Cess Act 1977 and Rule 1978. Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 2 of 14 PAPER 01: 07ESDC01 WATER POLLUTION AND MANAGEMENT UNIT I: Sources of water .M. water planning and management . Effects of water pollution on aquatic system.Sc.Domestic. reverse osmosis. softening of water . Removal of nutrients. Removal of heavy metals .case studies in Tamilnadu.Howard S.water harvesting and recycling. Sludge disposal.

Types.N.Basic principles of noise control.Rao 8. Air Pollution. acid rain.gaseous pollutants.Assessment and measurement of sound . I & II. Environment Chemistry -Stanly E. NOx. Effects of air pollutants on human health. Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering . ozone and hydrogen fluoride.Peavy et al. Windrose diagram.M. Nature of noise and introduction . combustion and condensation. animals.Vandana Pandey 13. Rao 3.V. Manahan. Gaussian plume model and co-efficient.temperature plume behavior. Pollution Control Legislation . Atmospheric dispersion .Tiwari ***** . Economic effects of air pollution. meteorology . Air Pollution .green house effect.Anx. Motor vehicle Act 1988.Vol. 7. UNIT II: History of air pollution: sources and classification.Effects of noise on People Sources of noise . wind pattern. Masters 5. Noise Pollution . Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 3 of 14 PAPER 02: 07ESDC02 AIR POLLUTION AND MANAGEMENT UNIT I: Importance of atmosphere .Kudesia and T.CFC.weather. Environmental Chemistry . S02. vegetation. humidity.33 B .A. Air Pollution -Raju 9.sound waves source and effects. Birdie 11. C02 and hydrocarbons.Birdie and 1. CO.Sc. stack height and maximum mixing depth.S. C02. Environmental Engineering .S. oxidants. Instruction to Environmental Engineering and Science. Env. Control of gaseous emission: adsorption by liquids. EPA sampling and measurement of particulate matters .Charavathy 1 2. Biotechnology and Alternative Technology .Howard S. 6. CO. air quality standards. Control of S02. Introduction to Air Pollution -Stern 4. ISI.Banerji.Gilbert M.M. photochemical smog . Tamilnadu Pollution Control Board 10.P. adsorption by solids. sources and its effects -Noise pollution . H2S.composition: structure . NOx. Rao and C. 2. S.N.C. UNIT IV: Radiation pollution .elemental properties of atmosphere chemical and photochemical reaction in the atmosphere. REFERENCE: 1. materials and structures. particulates and gaseous pollutants in the atmosphere.G. UNIT III: Air pollution monitoring . pressure. UNIT V: Air pollution and Control of Pollution Act 1981 as amended by Amendment Act 1987 and Rules 1982. Global effects of air pollution . Noise Pollution and its control.methods.S.

the Manufacture Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules 1989 .Trivedi 7.water and air in the soil . Soil Physics -Helmut Kohuke 4. fixation of hazardous solid waste prior to disposal.Peavy et al 5.Dhaji 2.Tamilnadu Pollution control Board. The nature and properties of soil .Stanly Manahan 10. formulations and classes of substances. Soil Chemistry and its Application .Sc. hazardous waste in land fill. UNIT IV: ' Municipal solid wastes .quantities and characteristics. incineration.agricultural chemicals. Environmental Chemistry . UNIT II: Soil pollution . pyrolysis. base and ion exchange in the soil macro and micro nutrients in the soil.Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 1998 . Environmental Engineering .PC Mishra 6. insecticides.acid. The text Book of Soil Science . composting .Anx. UNIT V: Hazardous waste (Management and Handling) Rules 1989 .R. 1 & 11. ***** .P. waste collection and transports. herbicides and metals.33 B . UNIT III: Hazardous wastes compounds. Treatment process for unseggregated waste.Malcom Cresser 8. Basic Environmental Technology . chemical classification of hazardous waste. hazardous waste management. Soil Pollution and Soil Organisms . waste processing and resources recovery and recycling. pesticides. Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 4 of 14 PAPER 03: 07ESDC03 SOIL POLLUTION AND SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT UNIT I: Nature of the soil . Environmental Agricultural Pollution .M. segregation and recovery of hazardous waste components. ferti1izers. Pollution Control Legislation Vol. REFERENCE: 1.soil erosion. fungicides.Nathensan 9.Harry 0 Buckman 3. industrial and hospital hazardous waste. Env.vermicomposting and sanitary land fills and anaerobic digestion.Plastic Act 1999.

correlation . Denney.Eiassett.Ion Selective Electrodes.chemical interferences . principle.interaction of radiation with different types of molecular energy. Plasma excitation . test of significance t. Bio-statistics . principle.Chatwat and Anand 5. Voges Text Book of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis and Elementary Instrumental Analysis . Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Waste water . IR and NMR. R. Merril and Dean 4.types of diagrams and graphs measure of centre value and dispersion .Instrumentation . classification and minimization of errors.AAS. instrumentation and environmental applications of flame photometer . basic principles. UNIT IV: Introduction. Atomic Emission Spectroscopy. West 2. ion exchange.Anx.Conductometry . TLC. instrumentation and applications of UV and Visible spectrophotometer. UNIT III: Introduction. Env.Palanisamy 6. Principles of Instrumental Analysis .flame excitation .C.laser excitation .L. G.concentration range . Atomization flame atomization graphite furnace atomizers. Instrumental Methods of Analysis . paper chromatography.Willard. Instrumental Methods of Chemical analysis .B.K. HPLC.APHA 7.Turbidometry . instrumentation and application of Naphelometry . UNIT V: Rules for construction of diagram and graphs . instrumentation and application of solvent extraction.33 B . Electromagnetic radiation spectrophotometry . application of AAS.Mass spectrophotometer. Instrumental Methods of Analysis .Sharma ***** .H. Jeffery. X2 and ANOV A.quantitative analysis .S. J Mendham 3.Sc. UNIT II: Limitations of analytical methods accuracy and precision. electrophoresis.M.P. Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 5 of 14 PAPER 04: 07ESDC04 INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS UNIT I: Basic principles.direct reading spectrometers.Dougles A Skoog and Donald M. GC.Potentiometry . REFERENCE: 1.regression.

gasification of biomass-Biodiesel.tidal energy.M. Basic Environmental Technology .conversion to electricity – solar cells . Problem of our Physical Environment .origin and resources of petroleum and natural gas .Solar energy .Carnot theorem (arnot cycle) .Jerry Anathansan 5. Unit V: Biochemical and chemical methods of energy production from biomass .Anx. classification and characterization of biomass and other solid wastes.Kayatar. Sulthanpet .Enthalpy . Unit II: Sources and classification .Puri and Sharma 6.geothermal energy .gas hydrates. Environmental Biotechnology .conversion to heat .cleaner coal combustion . Environmental Pollution .Muppanthal.converting heat to work reversible process . Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 6 of 14 PAPER 05: 07ESDC05 MANAGEMENT OF ENERGY RESOURCES UNIT I: First law of thermodynamics . safety measures.wind energy . Unit IV: Sources. combustion or biomass. Unit III: Forest fuels .Priest 3. liquefied coal .Gibbs and Helmolts free energy. Environmental. Env.Joseph Priest 2.efficiency .John Moore et al 4.ranking and analysis of coal.33 B . bioenergy from wastes.pyrolysis of biomass.concept of entropy entropy pollution free energy . biofuel cells.composition and classification of petroleum . Physical Chemistry . REFERENCE: 1.methane fermentation / anaerobic bio gasification of biomass. alcoholic fermentation.second law of thermodynamics .petroleum refining environmental problems associated with petroleum products. Energy Principles Problems Alternatives . Chemistry .origin and development of coals .Laure 7.coal gasification . Environmental problems related to radioactive materials radioactive waste disposable methods . hydrogen gas production.Jogdamd ***** . Atomic Energy nuclear reactors.Sc.

properties of water .M.our water supply and its renewal .Importance of Natural areas Wilderness . Western and eastern ghats.land use . UNIT II: Water .a case study in water management (the Columbia River).Word Conservation.Expanding our supplies through substitution and conservation. vegetation. Use of minerals . UNIT IV: Minerals: A non renewable resources. UNIT III: Soil and land resources: Soil resources . conservation and efficiency.Environmental implications .Rangelands . Land resources .water conservation . chemistry of the atmosphere.Conservation of land resources. sinks of atmospheric constituents. Global Diversity . Hotspots.Forests . The Environment .Freshwater rangelands Coastline and Estuaries .K.Innovative approaches to water resource management .S. Brain Groombridge 2.biological species .diversity – conservation .Sc.minerals distribution and abundance -mineral formation and extraction .A fragile resource.restriction to release.Wildlife management . Importance of water .Agricultural lands .Anx.Human causes of endangered species and Extinction .Classification.Parks and wildlife refuges .Wildlife conservation . Air resources. Germ plasm .increasing our mineral supplies . effects in the biosphere.Indirect solar energy . oceans. Resources Ecology . Terrestrial and marine mineral resources.Introduction of genetic resources . Importance of wild life .33 B .gene bank – Database.Raven 3. Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 7 of 14 PAPER 06: 07ESDC06 NATURAL RESOURCES AND CONSERVATION UNIT I: Natural resources .other renewable energy sources.Endangered and extinct species . Env.Agarwal ***** . REFERENCE: 1.mineral resources .soil problems soil conservation and regeneration.Direct solar energy . renewable energy and conservation . UNIT V: Wild life: Our plant and animal resources.distribution of soil resource .

sludge drying beds.Birdies and J. & II .W. Environmental Engineering. sludge digestion and thickening . rectangular and circular sedimentation tank.M.Garg 3. Env.Anx.Metcalf and Eddy. Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 8 of 14 PAPER 07: 07ESDC07 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING UNIT I: Design facilities for water treatment plant: Principles and Design of plain sedimentation tank. UNIT V: Design of air pollution control equipment: Principle and design of minimum stack height.s. UNIT III: Design facilities for aerobic treatment of waste water: Principles of biological treatment. UNIT II: Design of pre and primary waste water treatment plant: Principle and design of screen. 5.Sc.Howard S. slow and rapid and filtration . Activated sludge process and oxidation ditch. Wastewater Engineering .S.G. cyclone collector. UNIT IV: Design facilities for anaerobic treatment of waste water and sludge.Disinfection of water. Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering . REFERENCE: 1. Vol.33 B . disposal and reuse .treatment. Design of trickling filters. sedimentation with coagulation. New Delhi.S. settling chamber.Reverse osmosis.pressure filters water softening by zeolite and ion exchange process . design of anaerobic digesters and septic tank. George Techbanoglories ***** PAPER 08: 07ESDC08 . 4.lnc. Equalization tank.Wesley Eohenfeldes Jr. grit chambers. Phanpat Ral Publishing Co.G. Environmental Engineering .Peavy: Dolad R Rove. 1998 . Industrial Waste Water Pollution Control. 2.Birdie. fabric tilter and ESP.

S Agarwal 7.recent approach in ElA studies carrying capacity. tanneries.environmental quality as a public welfare social functions.EIS .Sc. USA.A Erikson 3.E. assessment of surface and sub surface hydrology.AY. Environmental Economics. Biswar & S. Pollution as an economical problem optimum level of pollution. 11. UK.contents of EIA . environmental valuation techniques. refineries. roads. cost and benefit analysis.Rao & U.economics externalities .M.R. use of resources.Graw Hill. UNIT V: Coastal Regulation Zone Notification 1991 . Vol I & II . 1994 * **** . Env.Environmental Inventory Environmental Assessment .Hanely and C. management planning cell. Perspectives in Environmental Management -R.concept of welfare economics .Industrials Areasecologically sensitive areas. 1980 5. EIA Principles and Applications . Hagerty. ecological survey methods. Integrated Regional Risk Assessment.Munn (score 5) 2. A practical guide to EIA . 1993.hydroelectric projects.P. environmental indicators of water quality . overlay check list matrices and network methodologies. UNIT III: Impact assessment methodology . soil flora and fauna macro and micro climate.K. Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 9 of 14 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT UNIT I: Environmental Impact Assessment: General Introduction . analytic and integrative approach. ecological indicators an laboratory studies. Gheorghe and M. J. Environment Assessment Source book .Historical perspective . Edward Elgar Publication.Goals of ETA . Field survey .Shankaran.AErikson 4.Nicolet.EMP.World Bank Technical Paper Series 9. control methods. Environmental quality.33 B . control of pollution. EIA .EIA of India. Environmental Impact Assessment: Principles of Procedure .Biological factors. S. textiles and dyeing industries. Environmental Assessment and Statements . power plants.constitution of panel for public hearing in districts.benefit analysis.1994 and Amendment . EIA for developing countries – A.data collection . 1977 6.Buckley 8. Cost Benefit Analysis and the Environment ~ N.Van Nostr and Renhold. UNIT IV: Case studies . REFERENCE: 1.E Heer and DJ. mines.Anx.B. Criteria for water related projects .L Spach. EIA analysis: hand book . cost .Organization responsible for EIA . special and uniques habitats. UNIT II: Guidelines for EIA: Industries and Environmental Guidelines .S.P.Wotten.Environmental setting. Cleaner Production Technologies.various steps EIA. Moniver Kluver Academic Publication 1995 10. airports .The Environmental Impact Assessment Notification . MC. citing criteria.environmental Assessment Process .

potassium. NOx. chloride. Measurement of particulate matters (SPM) – by high volume of air sampler – Estimation of metals in SPM. **** .determination of optimum pH. CO and Ammonia. Metals: Cr. nitrite. phosphate. 4. COD. TOC. TOC and NPK. Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 10 of 14 PRACTICAL I: 07ECDP01 AIR. Disinfection – chlorine break point – residual chlorine . Cd. 3. sludge volume. BOD.M. Env. ammonia and nitrate before and after treatment. sulphate. Biological treatment: Activated sludge treatment – with mixed culture – determination of pH. CO2 . Nitrate before and after treatment with alum. pH.Sc. methane. turbidity. Phosphate. nitrate. Total hardness. Water. Chemical treatment: Faster technique . Cu and Fe ***** PRACTICAL II: 07ECDP02 WASTE WATER TREATMENT Waste water treatment: 1. Sludge volume. turbidity. magnesium. Pb. acidity. calcium. Solid waste management – biomethanization of solid and liquid waste – total gas measurement.Anx. 2. total nitrogen. alkalinity. COD. DO.microbial population count by MPN. waste water and soil analysis: pH. 2. WATER AND SOIL ANALYSIS Air Analysis: 1. Conductivity.33 B . CEC in soil. Analysis of S02.

Write an account sludge disposal methods? 8.M. Give an account on the physico-chemical properties of water and water quality standards for potable water? 2. Write on acid rain. classification and effects of air pollution on human health. Describe various sampling procedure for collection of particulate matter? .Sc.Anx. Env. Explain various control measures to reduce gaseous emissions? 4. Explain water shed management? Describe a suitable example? 5. Write a note on Atmospheric dispersion and plume behavior? 2. Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 11 of 14 M. Describe various methods to remove dissolved organics from water? 7. vegetation. Give a brief account on the sources. Write briefly on the role of constructed wetlands for water pollution treatment? 4. Define noise? Discuss sources and effects of noise on people? 5. animals.33 B . Write the effects of water pollution on aquatic ecosystem? PAPER 02: 07ESDC02 AIR POLLUTION AND MANAGEMENT Time : 3 Hours Total Marks : 100 Answer any Five questions (5X20) All questions carry equal marks 1.Sc. and CFC? 8. Describe various sources and effects of radiation pollution? 7. materials and structures? 3. Describe methods of treatment of potable water? 3. Environmental Science – SDE MODEL QUESTION PAPERS PAPER 01: 07ESDC01 WATER POLLUTION AND MANAGEMENT Time : 3 Hours Answer any Five questions All questions carry equal marks Total Marks : 100 (5X20) 1. Discuss the importance of Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act 1974 and Water Cess Act 1977 in water resource management? 6. Write briefly on Motor Vehicle Act and Air Pollution Control Act of 1981? 6. photochemical smog.

Explain the process of composting in MSW management? 7. Describe methods of disposal and management of hazardous hospital waste? APER 04: 07ESDC04 INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS Time : 3 Hours Total Marks : 100 Answer any Five questions (5X20) All questions carry equal marks 1. 5.M. Describe the principle and applications of HPLC? 2.Sc. Describe ANOVA.33 B . Write on different types of diagrams and graphs? . Biomedical Waste Rules 1998 and Plastic Act 1999. AAS? 4. Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 12 of 14 PAPER 03: 07ESDC03 SOIL POLLUTION AND SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Time : 3 Hours Total Marks : 100 Answer any Five questions (5X20) All questions carry equal marks 1. 3. Briefly explain the applications of I. Write on flame excitation and laser excitation mass spectrophotometer? 5.Anx. Describe the principle and applications of GC? 7. Describe the nature and various components of soil? 8. Env. Describe various types of soil erosion? Write briefly on the various sources and effects of soil pollution? Define hazardous waste? Describe disposal techniques? Discuss the importance of MSW recycling? Write on the Hazardous Waste Rules 1989. Write the principle and applications of turbidometry and potentiometry? 8. 6. Write the environmental applications of graphite furnace atomizers. NMR II. regression? 6. 2. 4. Spectrophotometer 3.

Write on the various developmental process of coal? PAPER 06: 07ESDC06 NATURAL RESOURCES AND COSERVATION Time : 3 Hours Total Marks : 100 Answer any Five questions (5X20) All questions carry equal marks 1. Give a brief note on geothermal energy and its advantages? 3. Write on petroleum and petroleum products and its importance as an energy sources? 4. 4. 5. Describe the process of methane fermentation? 7. Explain the Composition and classification of petroleum? 8. 7.Anx. 8. Describe various renewable energy resources? Write on the importance of water resource conservation? Explain hotspots and natural resource conservation? Write notes on land resources? Discuss the marine mineral resources? Briefly describe the importance of gene bank in biodiversity conservation? Explain wildlife and its management? Write on the environmental implications of mineral extraction? .Sc. Env. Discuss on biodiesel? 5. 6.33 B . 3. 2. Describe the methods of energy production from biomass? 6. Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 13 of 14 PAPER 05: 07ESDC05 MANAGEMENT OF ENERGY RESOURCES Time : 3 Hours Total Marks : 100 Answer any Five questions (5X20) All questions carry equal marks 1. Describe Gibbs and Hlmolts free energy? 2.M.

Anx. 2. 2. Explain the water softening techniques? Write on the principle and design of sedimentation tank? Explain the biological treatment of wastewater? Describe the sludge treatment techniques? Explain the design and application of cyclone collector? Describe the principle and application of trickling filter? Explain the water disinfect ion methods? Write the process of reverse osmosis? PAPER 08: 07ESDC08 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Time : 3 Hours Total Marks : 100 Answer any Five questions (5X20) All questions carry equal marks 1. tanneries? Write short notes on Costal Regulation Zone Notification 1991.Sc. explain the various steps in EIA process? Write about the environmental indicators of water pollution? Explain the various EIA methodologies? Describe the EIA case study for refineries. Define EIA. Write briefly on cost benefit analysis? 7. 6. 4. 5. Env.33 B . Write on the EIA case study for hydroelectric projects? . 4. Explain cleaner production technologies? 8. EIA Notification 1994? 6. 7. 8. 3. 3. Sci (SDE) 2007-08 Page 14 of 14 PAPER 07: 07ESDC07 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Time : 3 Hours Total Marks : 100 Answer any Five questions (5X20) All questions carry equal marks 1.M. 5.

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